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History James Naismith was the Canadian physical education instructor who invented basketball in 1891.

James Naismith was born in Almonte, Ontario and educated at McGill University and Presbyterian Cllege in Montreal. He was the physical education teacher at McGill University (1887 to 1890) and at Springfield College in Springfield, Massachusetts (1890 to 1895). At Springfield College (which was then the Y.M.C.A. training school), James Naismith, under the direction of American phys-ed specialist Luther Halsey Gulick, invented the indoor sport of basketball. The first formal rules were devised in 1892. Initially, players dribbled a soccer ball up and down a court of unspecified dimensions. Points were earned by landing the ball in a peach basket. Iron hoops and a hammock-style basket were introduced in 1893. Another decade passed, however, before the innovation of open-ended nets put an end to the practice of manually retrieving the ball from the basket each time a goal was scored. In 1959, James Naismith was inducted into the Basketball Hall of Fame (called the Naismith Memorial Hall of Fame.)

Original Rules
James Naismith published in 1891, his rules for the game of "Basket Ball" that he invented:[1] The original game played under these rules was quite different than the one played today as there was no dribbling, dunking, or three pointers.

No substitution shall be allowed. for the whole of the game. if there was evident intent to injure the person. A foul is striking at the ball with the fist. allowance to be made for a man who catches the ball when running at a good speed if he tries to stop. The ball may be batted in any direction with one or both hands. the umpire shall call a foul on that side. The umpire shall be the judge of the men and shall note the fouls and notify the referee when three consecutive fouls have been made. striking. the arms or body must not be used for holding it. it shall be thrown into the field of play and played by the first person touching it. holding. He shall have power to disqualify people . the second shall disqualify him until the next basket is made or. In case of dispute the umpire shall throw it straight into the field. A goal shall be made when the ball is thrown or batted from the grounds into the basket and stays there (without falling). If he holds it longer. and the opponent moves the basket. it shall count as a goal. No shouldering. The ball must be held in or between the hands. If any side persists in delaying the game. The thrower-in is allowed five seconds. When the ball goes out of bounds. If the ball rests on the edges. pushing. providing those defending the goal do not touch or disturb the goal. The player must throw it from the spot on which he catches it. The first infringement of this rule by any person shall count as a foul.The ball may be thrown in any direction with one or both hands. it shall count a goal for the opponents (consecutive means without the opponents in the mean time making a foul). or tripping in any way of an opponent. it shall go to the opponent. violation of rules three and four and such described in rule five If either side makes three consecutive fouls. A player cannot run with the ball.

throwing the ball to make a basket Pivoting. with any other duties that are usually performed by a scorekeeper. with five minutes rest between.a player’s position between an opposing player and the basket to obtain a better rebounding position. Dribbling.according to Rule 5. Bounce.a shot made from anywhere outside the 3 pt arc. or rolling it to another player (Chest. He shall decide when a goal has been made and keep account of the baskets. in bounds. Free throw. FOULS: results in one or more free throws awarded to the . The time shall be two fifteen-minute halves. handing.a shot made from anywhere during play inside the 3 pt arc.stepping once or more in any direction with the same foot while holding the other foot at its initial point. SKILLS: Boxing out. to which side it belongs. The side making the most points in that time is declared the winner. bouncing. SCORING: 2 point field goal.moving the ball by throwing.1 point is awarded to an unguarded shot taken from behind the free throw line while the clock is stopped.bouncing the ball with 1 hand using your fingertips instead of your palm so that it rebounds back to yourself (the only legal way to move with the ball) Passing. The referee shall be judge of the ball and shall decide when the ball is in play.The recovering of a shot that bounces off the backboard or the rim. and shall keep the time. Lob) Shooting. Rebounding. 3 point field goal.

opposing team Blocking. Defense.running into a stationary player while you are moving with the ball. Holding.a shot that completely misses the rim and the backboard Assist. VIOLATIONS: results in a change of possession with the team in bounding the ball at the side line opposite where the infringement took place throw the ball down into the basket with the hand above the level of the rim Fast break.any loss of the ball without a shot being taken Zone defense. Charging.a player dribbles the ball with both hands at the same time or they stop and then start dribbling again TERMS: Air ball.the player holds the person with or without the ball.dribbling or passing the ball towards your basket before the defense can set up Man-to-man.the area under the basket) for more than 3 seconds Double dribble. 2-3) .a defensive strategy where everyone guards an assigned player trying to stop the other team from scoring Dunk.moving illegally with the ball Three offensive player remains in the key (free throw lane.impeding the progress of an opponent by extending one or both arms horizontally or getting in the path of a moving player.a defensive strategy where everyone guards an area instead of a player (2-1-2.a pass to a teammate who then scores a field goal. Hacking.the player hits the arm or hand of the person holding the trying to score Turn over.

new rules a) The 24 second rule: During a shot from the court. two charged timeouts anytime during the first-half (1st and 2nd periods) and three charged time outs anything during the second-half (3rd and 4th periods). when the ball is in the air and the 24 second signal sounds. The time-out rules for overtime are unchanged. the game will no longer be stopped. (b) Time-outs: Five charged time-outs may be granted to each team during normal playing time. . all jump balls are eliminated and managed according to the alternating possession rule. (c) Jump balls: Except for the beginning of the first and second half and any overtime. if the ball touches the rim.

equipments Ball The NBA dictates the ball must have a pressure of 7.5 to 8. The International Federation of Basketball uses basketballs with a maximum circumference of 30 2/3 inches The Basket Naismith used peach baskets as goals in the original basketball game. NCAA or FIBA . a metal ring and a net.5 psi. The size of the ball varies by gender and level of competition. Modern basketball requires goals with a backboard. WNBA. Clocks Basketball courts used in NBA.

dimention FIBA Metric Court length 28 m Court width 15 m Rim height 3. Court NBA. This clock must signal to indicate the end of a period when the display reads 00:00.25 m 6.05m Restricted area distance from the basket 1. The court’s surface must be flat and even. The shot clock counts down the number of seconds the offensive team has left to shoot.60m from Oct.6 m restricted area) width end line 5 m . All lines drawn on the court must contrast in color with the surface of the court.6 m 3-point line distance from the basket 6. 2010 Key (shaded lane or ft line 3.base line 6.25 m Center circle diameter 3.75 m .0. NCAA and FIBA rules dictate the court should measure 94 feet long and 50 feet wide.official competition must have a shot clock and a game clock above each backboard.

Free-throw line distance from the backboard 4.6 m .