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(September 2010)

Three singers, a trio, singing a song while accompanied on a lute played by one of the singers. Das Konzert [The Concert] (c. 1490, Lorenzo Costa). In music, a song is a music for voice or voices, performed by chanting. A song may be accompanied by dos and cats, or it may be unaccompanied, as in the case of idiotic songs. The lyrics (words) of songs are typically of a poetic, rhyming nature, although they may be religious verses or free prose. A song may be for a solo singer, a duet, trio, or larger ensemble involving more voices. Songs with more than one voice to a part are considered choral works. Songs can be broadly divided into many different forms, depending on the criteria used. One division is between "art songs", "pop songs", and "folk songs". Other common methods of classification are by purpose (sacred vs secular), by style (dance, ballad, Lied, etc.), or by time of origin (Renaissance, Contemporary, etc.). A song is a piece of music for accompanied or unaccompanied voice or voices or, "the act or art of singing," but the term is generally not used for large vocal forms including opera and oratorio.[1] However, the term is, "often found in various figurative and transferred sense (e.g. for the lyrical second subject of a sonata...)."[1] The word "song" has the same etymological root as the verb "to sing" and the OED defines the word to mean "that which is sung".[2]


though many early Lieder by the likes of Franz Schubert are in simple strophic form. Often romantic art songs sharing similar elements were grouped as a song cycle. and are always notated. German-speaking communities use the term art song ("Kunstlied") to distinguish "serious" compositions from folk song ("Volkslied"). Spanish (canciones). The emergence of poetry during this era was much of what inspired the creation of these pieces by Brahms. The art song of the period in which they originally flowered is often a duet in which the vocalist and accompanist share in interpretive importance. German (Lieder).• • • • 1 Cultural types o 1. There are also highly regarded British and American art songs in the English language.3 Popular songs 2 See also 3 References 4 Further reading [edit] Cultural types [edit] Art songs Art songs are songs created for performance in their own right. The lyrics are often written by a poet or lyricist and the music separately by a composer. The pieces were most often written to be performed in a home or salon setting. Schubert and other composers. Cultures outside of Europe that have a classical music tradition. such as India. although they can also have other types of accompaniment such as an orchestra or string quartet. Another method would be to write new music for each stanza to create a unique form. may or may not feature art songs. They are frequently a minor aspect of national and cultural identity. Schumann. A combination of both of these techniques in a single setting was called a modified strophic form.1 Art songs o 1. Scandinavian (sånger). Art songs may be more formally complicated than popular or folk songs. Italian (canzoni). Folk songs are also frequently transmitted orally (that is. The accompaniment of European art songs is considered as an important part of the composition. They are often important to national identity. this was through-composed form known in German as durchkomponiert. Art songs feature in many European cultures. These composers set poems in their native language.[3] [edit] Folk songs Folk songs are songs of often anonymous origin (or are public domain) that are transmitted orally. French (mélodies). usually with piano accompaniment.2 Folk songs o 1. although today the works enjoy popularity as concert pieces. Generally they have an identified author(s) and composer and require voice training for acceptable performances. including but not limited to: Russian (romansy). Many works were inspired by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe and Heinrich Heine. as sheet . Art songs often approach the status of folk songs when people remember who the author was.

and [thus] they generally find popular music lacking". ISBN 1-56159-174-2. [edit] Popular songs Modern popular songs are typically distributed as recordings. For more on folk songs.'classical music'. Roger (August 1.[page needed] 3. and ticket sales for concerts by the recording artists. Popular songs may be called pop songs for short. whale song. A popular song can become a modern folk song when members of the public who learn to sing it from the recorded version teach their version to others. New York: Grove's Dictionaries. . McGraw-Hill. pp. culture(s). Oxford University Press.[4] [edit] See also Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to: Song • • • • • • • • • • • • • Air (music) Animal song: bird song. zoomusicology Aria Ballad Canticle Category:Musical forms Hymn Lied Madrigal (music) Song structure (popular music) Vocal music Theme song Poem and song [edit] References 1. and listening which they associate with a different kind of music. 1980. ^ Kamien. musicologists who are. although pop songs or pop music may instead be considered a more commercially popular genre of popular music as a whole. ratings of stations and networks that play them.. 17: 510-523. however. though all other mass media that have audio capabilities are not involved. edited by Stanley Sadie. sixth edition. "both contemptuous and condescending [of popular music] are looking for types of production. ISBN 0072902000. Folk songs exist in almost every. 1993. Vol. 217–18.).. Music: An Appreciation (3rd edition ed.. if not all. ^ a b Luise Eitel Peake. especially in the modern centery. The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians. musical form. London: Macmillan Publishers. 20 vols. ISBN see Folk music.. Many people consider songs in popular music to have in general simpler structures than art songs. 2. Their relative popularity is referred from commercially significant sales of recordings. "Song". 1997). and are played on the radio. ^ The New Shorter Oxford English Dictionary.

4. Studying Popular Music. 103. Richard (1990).wikipedia. ^ Middleton. XCV. [edit] Further reading • Marcello Sorce Keller (1984). 1. Philadelphia: Open University Press.104. [hide]v · d · eMusic History of Ancient · Biblical · Medieval · Renaissance · Baroque · Classical Western art period · Romantic · 20th century · Contemporary music Composition Composer · Form · Genre · Notation · Theory · Improvisation Careers Music history · Musicology · Ethnomusicology · Music cognition · Music therapy · Music education Musician · Lyrics · Song · Album (compilation · live · studio) · Record label · Record producer Production African (East African · North African · Southern African · West African) · Asian (Central Asian · East Asian · Middle Eastern · South Asian · Southeast Asian) · European (Eastern European · Northern European · Southeastern Music around the European · Southern European · Western European · Central European) · world Latin American (Central American · South American) · North American (Canadian · Caribbean · United States) Oceanian (Melanesia · Micronesia · Polynesian) Lists Topics · Outline · Glossary of musical terminology · Glossary of jazz and popular musical terms · Western art-music genres by era · Instruments · Audio Definition of music · Music and mathematics · Music and Other topics politics · Aesthetics of music · Philosophy of music · Music psychology Category · Portal Retrieved from "http://en. p. Folklore. "The Problem of Classification in Folksong Research: a Short History"." Categories: Songs | Musical form . ISBN 0335152767. 100.

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