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CHI SQUARE TEST goodness of fit (Non-parametric) Objectives To find out if there is any significant differences in frequency

across response categories. (To know whether an observed pattern of frequency corresponds with an expected pattern of frequency) Software used : SPSS 17 Steps: To conduct a chi-square test for goodness of fit (assumed equal frequencies) 1. Enter variables and the respective data (Initially we have to tell the program that the data for frequency are in the form of frequency counts and not scores. This can be done using the Weight Cases option) 2. Select the Data menu 3. Click on Weight Cases….. to open the Weight Cases dialogue box 4. Click on the Weight Cases by radio button 5. Select the variable you require (frequency) and click to move it to the Frequency variable box 6. Click on OK. The message Weight On should appear on the status bar at the bottom right of the application window. 7. Select the Analyze menu 8. Click on Nonparametric Tests and then Chi-square…. To open the Chi-square test dialogue box 9. Select the variable you require (attitude) and move it into the Test Variable list box 10. Click on OK.

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Output : a) From the output it can be seen that the chi-square value is significant (p<0.30) Working Example: The attitude of 60 people towards Indian military bases in Sri Lanka were collected. To open the Chi-square test dialogue box 3.To conduct a chi-square test for goodness of fit with unequal expected frequencies 1. Select the variable you require (attitude) and move it into the Test Variable list box 4. Type 15 in the box and click on Add 6. Result: As p<. Therefore it can be concluded that there are significant differences in the frequency of attitudes towards the subject research methodology. Therefore it can be concluded that there are no significant differences in the frequency of attitudes towards the subject research methodology.05 there is a significant differences in the frequency of attitude towards Indian military bases in Sri Lanka 2 . Type another 15 in the box and click on Add 7. (When expected frequency for each category in not evenly balanced. In the Expected Values box. Type 30 in the box and click on Add 8. Select the Analyze menu 2. say for ex: the expected frequency is 15. Click on Nonparametric Tests and then Chi-square…. Click on OK.15. (In this case expected frequencies in the above example represent a 1/3:1/:1/3 split) b) From the output it can be seen that chi-square value is not significant (p>0.05). click the values :radio button 5.05). A chi-square test for goodness of fit will allow us to determine if differences in frequency exist across response categories.