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Collisions ± Tutorial Sheet

1. Consider a head-on collision between two particles of masses m1 and m2. The initial speeds of the particles are u1 and u2 in the same direction. The collision starts at t = 0 and the particles interact for a time interval (t . During the collision, the speed of the first particle varies as

Y (t ) ! u1 

t (Y1  u1 ) . (t

Find the speed of the second particle as a function of time during the collision. 2. A block of mass 200 g is suspended through a vertical spring. The spring is stretched by 1.0 cm when the block is in equilibrium. A particle of mass 120 g is dropped on the block from a height of 45 cm. The particle sticks to the block after the impact. Find the maximum extension of the spring. Take g = 10 m/s2. 3. The friction coefficient between the horizontal surface and each of the blocks shown in the figure is 0.20. The collision between the blocks is perfectly elastic. Find the separation between the two blocks when they come to rest. Take g = 10 m/s2. 1.0 m/s
2 kg 4 kg

16 cm 4. A particle of mass m1 collides elastically with a stationary particle of mass m2 (m1 " m2 ) . Find the maximum angle through which the striking particle may deviate as a result of the collision. 5. Three identical discs A, B, and C (as shown in the figure) rest on a smooth horizontal plane. The disc A is set in motion with velocity v after which it experiences an elastic collision simultaneously with the discs B and C. The distance between the centers of the latter discs prior to the collision is L times greater than the diameter of each disc. Find the velocity of the disc A after the collision. At what value of L will the disc recoil after the collision; stop; move on? B A y

Y

C

Problem 7

6. Two bodies A and B of masses m and 2m respectively are placed on a smooth floor. They are connected by a spring. A third body C of mass m moves with a velocity v0 along the line

The ball hit the wall. and (ii) the spring constant. A disc at rest on a smooth surface is hit by another identical disc moving with speed 5 m/s such that at the time of collision. If the coefficient of restitution between them is 2/3. The fragments separate horizontally after the explosion. The explosion releases internal energy such that the kinetic energy of the system at the highest point is doubled. A block A of mass 2m is placed on another block B of mass 4m which in turn is placed on a fixed table. There is no friction between the two blocks. At a certain instant of time t0 after collision. At the highest point of its path the projectile explodes and breaks up into two fragments of masses 1kg and 4kg. Determine (i) the common velocity of A and B at time t0. Calculate the separation between the two fragments when they reach the ground. see fig) of the block B and perpendicular to its face with a speed v collides elastically with the block B at a height d above the table. the line joining their centers makes an angle of 600 with the initial velocity of the second disc. find their velocities after the collision. find the distance (from the point P in the figure) at which the mass m falls on the table after collision. An object of mass 5kg is projected with a velocity of 20 m/s at an angle of 600 to the horizontal. The pendulum is pulled away from the wall to a horizontal position and released. as shown in fig. Further. at this instant the compression of the spring is found to be x0. (Ignore the role of friction during the collision.) [IIT 91] . A small object of mass m moving horizontally along a line passing through the center of mass (cm. [IIT 90] 9.joining A and B and collides elastically with A. A simple pendulum is suspended from a peg on a vertical wall. it is found that the instantaneous velocities of A and B are the same. What is the minimum number of collisions after which the amplitude of 5 oscillation becomes less than 60 degrees? [IIT 87] 8. the coefficient of 2 restitution being . a) What is the minimum value of v (call it v0) required to make the block A topple? b) If v ! 2v 0 . the coefficient of friction (both static and kinetic) between the block B and the table is . 10. The two blocks have the same length 4d and they are placed as shown in fig. [IIT 84] B C A 7.

The coefficient of friction between each of the blocks and the inclined plane is 0.0 m/s up the inclined plane.05 and g = 10 m/s2. Two blocks of mass 2kg and M are at rest on an inclined plane and are separated by a distance of 6. Calculate the coefficient of restitution between the blocks and the mass of the block M.25.0 m Homework: Gupta & Gupta Chap±8 H C Verma Chap±9 .0 m/s when it reaches its initial position. [Take sin U } tan U ! 0.5m up and comes to rest. It collides with M. comes back and has a velocity of 1.A 2m B m d P 4d cm 4m 2d 11. The other block M after collision moves 0.] [IIT 99] M 2 kg 6.0 m as shown. The 2kg block is given a velocity of 10.