VOL. 62 NO.




Admissions tougher, QPA's higher
By Margaret Coffey Merciad staff reporter The tougher admission's policy coincides with the higher QPA's of fall 1988 freshmen compared with freshmen of a year ago. According to director of freshman studies Bob Pagni, the tougher admissions standards are seen infreshmengradesfromthe fall term. In a larger class size,fewerfreshmenhave a QPA below 2.0 and fewer have below 1.75. Fewer freshmen also dropped out after the fall term. Fifteen didn't return for the winter term this year as compared to 21 who didn't return for last year's winter term, Pagni said. The fifteen 1988 freshmen represent four percent of the "traditional" freshmen enrolled. According to I Pagniv a traditional freshman is a full-time student who is not an adult studentt Last year's traditional freshmen represent 6 percent who didn * t return for the winter term. | Besides a change in the admission policy forfreshmen,the registration system has also been changed. Registration was held in Sullivan Hall in November instead of the Blue Room, which was subdivided into classrooms making it impossible to register there. According to registrar Bonnie Hall, a maze of tables in Sullivan Hall guided traffic flow. This "image effect deflected the rush of people, Hall said, making registration much easier and more organized. f Many students commented positively on the new registration process. Hall also said registration turned out well. There were no major problems with registration and many old problems were solved. | Even the new calendar system of having afloatingcourse didn't present any difficulties, according to Hall. Registration was also made easier by having die entire adult college process take place in the adult college office. Hall said.

One last time

OF friends (from right) Sharon Biss.Sean Hennessy\ Beth Savolsfas and Tom Stilley enjoy one of the last warm days of fall.

Academic Celebration will kick off new year
By Michelle Bush Merciad staff editor Students get a two-day vacation but they are still expected to attend seminars on campus. . , Mercy hurst begins its third annual Academic Celebration on Monday night, Jan. 30 and closes classes on Tuesday* Jan. 31 and Wednesday, Feb. 1 to hold a variety of presentations for the Mercy hurst Community. * "Although there are no classes, we encourage and expect full participation by as many students and faculty as possible," assistant to the president David Palmer said. Hie academic celebration will -Polish film festival | | speakers, films, demonstrations, debates, -Presentation on El Salvador workshops, panel discussions and perform- -Speaker on women's issues ances, according to Palmer. } -j v -Wine and cheese tasting event 1 The college's goal for the celebration is to -Dance performance make learning enjoyable. "The goal has -Presentation on local, state and national environmental problems always been to make the celebration intellectually stimulating, 5 provocative and fun," -Social science students* forum Palmer said. -Panel discussion on drug abuse The presentations for this year's celebration aren't confirmed yet, but Palmer gave Palmer explained what preparations are some examples of possible features: needed to produce this mixture of seminars. "It is a matter of soliciting recommendations r -Him on racism ! see Celebration, pg. 2 -Special showing of Our Town

Snyder releases book

At the same time she offers an alternative a Christian in today's world. By Maria Kelly "Writing the book has helped me view ofJesus as the Christ, which she bases on Merciad staff reporter clearly understand that there is an absolute the synoptic gospels, Snyder said. connection between what I say I believe about The main argument on the book, accordCollege professors have a great deal of Jesus Christ and how I relate to other people work correcting papers, taking classes and ing to Snyder, is that if Christology is fundain light of that belief, especially the poor and making up tests, but some still find time to mentally rooted in the historical Jesus rather suffering among us," die said. write and publish books. i than some philosophical work view, it would Unlike many authors, Snyder didn't have Dr. Mary Hembrow Snyder of the Reli- be more authentic and more liberating for the a hard time getting her book published. An gious Studies department had her book, The suffering people in our world today. 1 editorfromConnecticut, who Snyder went to Christology of Rosemary Radford Ru"My idea for the book came from two ether: A Critical Introduction published places,' * Snyder said. J' First, it cam from myschool with, showed interest in her book. own struggle with the question of what it "He said he couldn't promise anything, but October 1988. * } £ | The book is about the christology of means to say I believe in Jesus Christ in a he liked it and offered me a contract on Aug. 23,1987," Snyder said. I Ruether, who is a leading Catholic feminist suffering world as ours is today." This book isn't the only one Snyder in"And second, it came from my study of theologian in,North America. Ruether's tends to write. "I definitely hope to write christology, according to Snyder, is a study of Ruether's Christology," Snyder said. According to Snyder, the book was very gmore and continue my research, which will Jesus as die Christ and how die Christ symbol has been used tojustify oppression against the successful in answering some of her own enable me to be a better teacher," she said. Jews, women, the poor and the environment personal questions about what it means to be |"Teaching is my first love."


The Mertiad


Part 1 of a 6 part series

Coping with winter term stress Music major Frankenbury
admires Edwin Moses

* • * * (



« ^




v h




ites and he admires him for hi* musical expression in opera as well as piano. | Talented musicians,aren't the only receivers of Frankenbury's admiration. Because Frankenbury ran cross-country and track in high school, he respects runner Edwin Moses and says he feels he can relate to him. I From Toscanini and Moses, Frankenbury learned, "No matter how much it hurts sometimes, it doesn't mean you give up." Despite the temptation to give up when frustrated, Frankenbury says he sticks!to his music. "I would like a good foundation in piano," he says.

With his foundation in piano, Frankenbury says he wants to enter the D'Angelo Competition which is held each summer. Every third r The older I get, I see it doesn't year the competition revolves matter whether or not you're in the around piano and this year he says limelight; it's whether or not you've he hopes to win. "All you can do reached those around you,'' sopho- is try,'' he said. Frankenbury's 'future plans more Robert Frankenbury says. ,i|. Majoring in piano performance include conducting and opera. In and minoring in voice, • Frank- order to "complete these goals he enbury was interested in taking has to travel/ "A certain magnipiano lessons at age 3, but growing tude draws me to do so in Italy," he up in St Louis left him without says. access to a qualified piano teacher. He began performing around The older*i|get, I see it age 11, singing in his church choir doesn't matter whether and participating in band and chorus. In addition to piano and sing- or not you're in the limeing, Frankenbury also plays saxolight; it's whether phone and is currently playing bassoon in the Wind Ensemble^on you've reached those campus. around you.i In die future, Frankenbury said — Robert Frankenbury he and several of his friends plan to start a jazz band, According to Frankenbury, a Classical music and jazz are a few of Frankenbury's favorites. He music career doesn't usually proalso enjoys groups such as Breathe vide excessive wealth I but he and Sting. * 'Experimental music is doesn't focus tooimuch on the interesting," he added, explaining materialistic aspect of it. He that he enjoys it because of its me- doesn't like to hear a musician who v does either. "I don't care to listen lodic form. No matter what type of music to a performance by someone who J jg ^; ^ Frankenbury listens to, he appreci- does." ates it if it's good. "If it's good I like ,1 Music isn't a career someone it, if I like it, it's good." chooses Frankenbury says. According to Frankenbury, pi- "Music is a career that chooses i anist Toscanini is one of his favor- you." By Holly Fulmer p Merciad staff reporter

Pressure brought on by the rigors of college life can keep students from performing at their best and can cause physical pain- unless they know how to overcome it, according to sports psychologist, author and authority on human performance and pressure, Robert Kriegel, Ph.D., who spoke at the Associated Collegiate Press annual convention in Atlanta, October 28, about overcoming the pressures of college. The convention was attended by three Mercyhurstand five Gannon students. I The severity of pressure and pain among young people aged 1824 was documented by the landmark study on pain, the Nuprin Pain Report, Kriegel said. The report concluded that more young people suffer from pain than people in any other adult age group. Kriegel said there are practical ways for students to perform, rather than buckle, under stress. xiety over exams, moving to a new area or strained relationships leave little opportunity for college students to escape stress, which in turn causes pain,'' Kriegel said. "To be successful in such a demanding environment, students must learn how to cope with pressure and make it work for them.'' To control pressure and stress, Kriegel suggested that students ask themselves four questions: "What is in my control in this situation?" What are my strengths in this situation?" "What do I want to accomplish?** and "What do I have to do right now?" '/• ! He reminded students that they can not control other people, situations or outcomes, but they can control their own attitude and actions. 4 'Know your strengths and limitations. Identify what you do know and can do," Kriegel said. He also told * students to set specific "stretch*' goals that are challenging and motivating, but not to set "strain** goals that can cause panic. "The mind can only concentrate on one thing at a time. Focus your attention on the task at hand and you will finish it faster, easier and with more quality," he said. - Some pain can foe avoided by changes in lifestyle, Kriegel noted. The Nuprin Pain Report documented that heavy drinkers have a higher prevalence of pain than light drinkers, and light drinkers have a higher prevalence of pain than non« «

drinkers, he said.

Also, heavy television > viewers— "couch potatoes** are more likely to experience headaches, backaches and joint pains than nonviewers. ; Kriegel suggested that students do regular stretching exercises, like rolling shoulders, bending and reaching, to relieve tension-related pain. "Tension and pain can interfere with your ability to think clearly,** he said. "When you're not thinking clearly your performance suffers, you begin to feel depressed and you fail.'' Inevitably, this will increase stress even more. Kriegel, author of The C-Zone:

Peak Performance Under Pressure, (Doubleday 1984) has spent the last 16 years exploring, developing and applying the most advanced strategies to help people reach peak performance. His appearance at the Associated Collegiate Press Conference is part of a national college tour sponsored by Nuprin. To remind you how to perform at your best, Kriegel and the makers of Nuprin have \ developed! a 4 'pocket coach*' oftipsfor combating pressure and pain. For a free copy of the j. Nuprin. Pain Relief Guide, write to Nuprin, P.O. Box 14160, Baltimore. MD 21268.

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Academic Celebration 9
from academic departments, many of which are presentations by our own faculty and many authorities who are experts in agparticular field,' * he said. I The good turnout for die previ- j ous academic celebrations have' convinced the college to make this an annual event; "In the past two years this celebration has turned out to be very effective and we've been 9 encouraged to repeat it every year, * Palmer said. i The head count of those participating in last year's celebration was 2,723, according to director of external affairs Mary Daly. This head count also includes the public, who are invited to attend. According to Daly, promoting the celebration to the Erie community is "delicately handled,** because a problem of seating space will occur

continued from page 1 as the event gains popularity. Despite its expected growth in future years, the college intends to stay focused on the primary reason for beginning the academic celebration. "Mercyhurstlas a college ought to have a responsibility of not only showing the excellence of its own people, but ought to be a place where interesting matters of the day can be discussed,' * Palmer said.

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The Merciad


Take advantage of Academic Celebration
As the Academic Celebration diverse as the Lindburg baby kidnears and plans are being finalized, naping, the strength of the United many students look forward to two States Navy, to feminist theology. vacation days. • * If you look on page one, you Mercyhurst doesn' t go through will notice that an interesting variety all of the work putting it together so of subjects are scheduled for this students can have an extra two days year too. Some examples are: a to sleep in. a play, a presentation on El Salvador, The academic" celebration is (and everyone's favorite) a wine designed to give students an inno- and cheese tasting event I vative and fun way to learn someThe number of students attendthing, a breakfromthe boredom of ing last year was approximately everyday classes. S« vp 1000. The college enrolls twice as The sessions are very interest- many students as that The figures ing and they can aid students in their of those students attending this year major or other classes. Last year should be doubled. The college there!were sessions on tonics as wants to see all students come out for i t * : Mercyhurst does the students a favor by turning Jan. 31 and Feb. 1 into a time of enjoyable learning. There is nothing going on that interests you? Than what are you doing in college? College is a place where people go beyond the realm of average learning into afieldof intense intellectual study. The diverse subjects represented at the Academic Celebration reflect this intense intellectual study. 1 Try and make it to this year's celebration. The enjoyable learning experience can't hurt you.

Kovski Korner
Response to AIDS needs work
By Christopher J. Kovski Merciad Editor 1 J In the 1960's, the United States underwent a massive change in the treatment of minorities. • Civil rights bills were passed, and equal opportunity started to become a reality. Now, the U.S. is having a problem with discrimination against a minority, and it is not Blacks, Hispanics, or any other \ ' traditional' * minority. The discrimination is against homosexuals, i M v* In the 1980's, the U.S. is facing one of the most severe crises since the start of the Cold War. It is AIDS. While many downplay the need for action, and the severity of the problem, it won't go away. Instead, it is multiplying, killing infants and heterosexuals, not just homosexuals and drug users. * $No longer can certain groups call AIDS a curse that is giving homosexuals what they deserve. Do young children deserve to die because someone else was promiscuous, or because they needed a blood transfusion? C * I i • lEven so, homosexuals aren't to blame. Nor do they deserve to die because they're different in one aspect of their lives. i The Black Plague hit everyone. Yet people didn't try to blame any group because they got it first It just happens. $ i There isn't any time now for finger-pointing or fist-shaking. The time is here for action, and positive action, at that 3 Some comedians have suggested that the solution is to kill the homosexuals. Yet not only is that impractical, but ft can't stop the problem--nor could it have at any point i 4 \ -Many people have said that the attitude of the Catholic Church should be one of compassion — but not going so far as to try to stop the disease through suggestions which may violate some people's view of the Church's philosophy. By this I mean advocating the use of condoms. The Church's main I objection to condoms hinges on the fact that they prevent conception. This objection finds its roots in Genesis, with the story of creation. Since God created man and woman in certain roles, thoseof companions and procreators, the purpose of the male-female relationship is seen by the Church as twofold - for companionship and to continue the species. Yet homosexuals can argue, and quite convincingly, that the relationship) they have, with people of their own sex, are fulfilling in themselves. They do not need the companionship of the opposite sex, because they already have what they want fi For these people, the sex act is another part of the companionship. It is not intended to be a reproductive act nor could it be. So condoms are an adequate answer to the problems of the homosexual, because they prevent the spread of disease. j I The Church has people who have decided, for reasons of their own, to have a vocation and to take a vow of chastity. Yet no one ostracizes them for their not contributing to the continuance of the species. But their vow fits what they have chosen in life. «So homosexuals have to be considered in a context of their own.; They are people, so they deserve to be treated as such - with all of the compassion, as well as dignity, that is offered to any other member of the human race. i | •. ; | Rather than being abominations, they are people who have made a choice. While this choice may not be right for some, it is the one that homosexuals have made. We need to get away from the attitude of Archbishop John Foley, president of the Pontifical Commission for Social Communications, who claims that AIDS is a "natural sanction" against homosexual activity. | * ' IfFoley isright it is also a sanction against being unfortunate enough to be born to a person who made a mistake atone time. It is also a sanction against getting a life-saving blood transfusion before the blood supply was accurately checked. ^ ^ ^ ^ . ^ ^ ^ Rather than seeing AIDS as a sanction against certain activities, it is time that we see AIDS as a danger that faces all of our society. Instead of reacting with the hatred and prejudice of savages, we should be reacting with the compassion and earnest attempt to heal that Jesus exemplified. « AIDS isn't an attempt to remove a certain type of peoplefromour society. It is an opportunity for all the people of the world to pull tog to battle a truly profound problem.

Stress of college! recognized
Since the time colleges began it has been the opinion of college students that they are under great amounts of stress. Finally, though, a study on stress in the different age groups (the Nuprin Pain Report) proves what we students have known all along. Students are constantly bombarded with pressure and stress causing situations. For many students, college is theirfirstexperience with living awayfromhome. They must learn to manage their own time, learn to live with other people, and possibly, for the first time engage in mature relationships with members of the opposite sex. The student must also meet the demands and "deadlines of their schoolwork. If a student is taking three or four classes, it means they are going to have to complete three . or four projects or papers. Most likely they will all be due on or around the same date. Many students suffer from stress due to lack of sleep or quiet relaxation time. We students who live on campus are constantly faced with noise. Your apartment, dorm room, and even the library are noisy places and noise has been proven to be a stress causing factor. Stress may also be caused by a feeling of helplessness. If the student does not live near the campus he/she may feel helpless to a family crisis that arises at home. Because the student is at school, and the problem at home, stress may be felt by the student Students may also feel helplessness because of a lack of contact with the world off of Mercyhurst campus due to lack of transportation and location. The student feels ''closed in "and the affects of stress are felt t Some physical clues to stress are headaches, tense muscles, clenched jaw, back aches, and feelings of frustration and irritability. Stress can also contribute in the formation of serious health problems such as ulcers. ].. , Because of the seriousness of stress and learning to cope with stressful situations, The Merciad has decided to run a series on stress and the relief there of by Dr. Robert Kriegel, Ph.D, I - j \ : Kriegel is a best selling author, former Ail-American athlete, and mental coach for many Olympic and world class athletes Kriegel gives speeches and does consulting for major corporations worldwide on peak performance, leadership, and strategies for dealing with change.

The Merciad
Mercyhurst College's First-Class newspaper as rated by the Associated Collegiate Press
VoL 62 No. 10 Christopher J. Kovski Michelle Bush Karen Sampson Matthew J. Clark Patty Coneglio Liz Richards
PatSteckman Kerry Rimdzi us I

December 8,1988
Editor Editorial Board

Sports Editor Business Manager Photo Editor Photographer Cartoonists Faculty Adviser


Steve Rush Mara S weterlitsch John Kupetz Reporters Jill Chiccarino Margaret Coffi Brian DiPlacid Tina Fielding Holly Fulmer Bill Hogan Maria Kelly

Theresa Kloecker Sara Linehan Brian Maiden Kevin Mc Hugh Jennifer Montani Andy Penhollow Robi Taylor Andrea Tipton

The Merciad is the student-produced newspaper of Mercyhurst College, Box 161,501 E. 38th St. Erie, PA 16546. Phone: 825su omitted Monday before publication. Merciad welcomes letters to the editor. Letters he writer's name can be m

• ^

The Merciad



AIDS facts and figures:

So why not relax then for the AIDS Council of Erie County have By Christopher J. Kovski In the past lOyears, there has been a spreading of the disease that some Merciad Editor g acting as liaisons between the Church and the Catholic Conference sand 4 call "the Hlack Plague of the 80's." More than SO percent of the people and! Council, and suggestions have been made to ing of condoms in AIDS edi I that have this disease have died. This disease is Acquired Immune Karen Sampson Bishop Michael Murphy on setting up a task not to promote the use Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS). , J force. M ? merely to provide informal Merciad staff editor AIDS is a condition that affects the body's ability to combat disease. | "AIDS is no longer considered to be a the factual picture." The AIDS itself doesn't kill people; but a number of diseases that affect a The Gospel is a message of love, forgive- curse from God,'' McGraw says. The Roman Roman Catholic bishop afflicted with AIDS do. The two major diseases arc Pneumocystis ness, compassion and mercy. Catholic bishops wrote a letter as an attempt to sionsnow. carina pneumonia, a lung infection, and Karposi's sarcoma, a rare form In accordance with this message, the educate members of the Church on the nature The Ongoing Clergy Edi ofcancer. Catholic Church's main responsibilities to of the disease and the Church's acceptable tee of the Erie Diocese has a A virus called either HLTV-III or LAV causes AIDS. Hie virus persons with AIDS (PWAs) include listening, response. education on its agenda for th changes the structure of the cells it attacks. Infection with the virus can understanding, and using the Church's reJesus placed no condition on his concern but the date isn't set yet B < lead to AIDS or to a less severe condition known as AIDS-related sources (such as health for lepers and outcasts, are often shunned by theirfi complex (ARC). Some of the people affected with the virus don't care and counseling) to the bishops said in their pastors should be "an agent] develop either one; instead, they may remain in apparent good health, help, according to Faletter entitled "A Call to among families of PWAs,*f transmitting the virus during sexual contact An infected mother can also ther Michael McGraw, Compassion." In the Also, the Church is transmit the virus to her infant before, during, and after birth. letter, the bishops say, PW As in the mainstream o] director of Gannon Most people infected with the AIDS virus have no symptoms and feel University's Center for "If we are to follow His mends that they be allowed well. Some develop symptoms that may include fever, weight loss for Social Concerns. > example, our response to part in the Mass, as well no apparent reason, swollen lymph glands, fatigue or tiredness, diarrhea, those who are ill should Church-affiliated schools an "AIDS is not a'gay white spots or unusual blemishes in the mouth. These symptoms are also plague9,'* McGraw be that of compassion, the Church. symptoms of many other diseases, and can only be attributed to AIDS says. ] "Thef AIDS not judgment'' ^ "Since AIDS is not they are unexplained by other illness. Anyone with these symptoms for population is becoming W This letter has been casual contact, there should more than two weeks should see a doctor. widely accepted, with the don," McGraw says. But] heterogeneous,; so 1 The AIDS virus is spread by sexual contact, needle sharing (in priests have to make only controversy being don in the mainstream ma intravenous drug use), or rarely through transfused blood or its compo- sure that prejudices are over die mention of con- thing for young people wil nents. I doms. have a very low level ofimmi not reinforced." In reAIDS is not spread through casual contact with AIDS patients. It is sponsible communities, "Some people were have a lot of diseases ~ ki not spread by hugging, hand shaking, use of bathroom*facilities or AIDS is treated as a worried that the mention colds, or the flu," McGnv swimming pools, sneezing, coughing, spitting, or dishes and other 4 4 public health conof condoms would pro- nesses would be immediate! utensils handled by people with AIDS. i cern," not something FATHER MICHAEL M C G R A W : 'AIDS mote promiscuity/ * FWA. p£ J There is a test for the AIDS virus antibody, which indicates that the for gays and intrave- is not a gay plague.' McGraw. says. For exFor this and other person has been infected with th^ AIDS virus. It is estimated that morfe nous drug users to face, according to McGraw. ample, Cardinal John O'Connor of New York practicality ofclassroom edi than one million people have been infected with the virus. Some will H In larger cities, the Church has dealt with says that the mention of condoms in AIDS den people, each case must 9 develop AIDS, while others may stay well, without symptoms, but can the problem by setting up taskforces,which education programs is a' 'grave mistake ' and an individual basis. "Iff transmit the disease to others, ff • * ffS 5S55 "^5?* ^ capable, they should be abli include a cross-section of the community, was causing "serious confusion." ' The test wasfirstused by blood donation centers to prevent ADDS studying the issues, and making a series of and Church-affiliated scl from getting into the blood supply. People who may be at risk are told suggestions. The bishops then put the suggesThe opposing view is that the Church is says.! that they should not donate blood. Blood donation centers use needles tions forth in the diocesan paper, recommend- against die use of condoms because they preIn Roman Catholic once, then throw them away, which eliminates the risk of getting AIDS ing the suggestions for all groups (schools, vent conception. Yet homosexual sex doesn't never morally acceptable from donating blood. I involve die possibility of conception, just the condoms or engage in p etc.) affiliated with the Church. possibility of AIDS. Since homosexuals are focus in education should f UforwiaUoa takes from "AIDS: The Facts' from the American Red Cross. The Catholic Diocese of Erie doesn't have already considered by many to be damned, chastity, relationships, an an official AIDS policy yet, but there have would they suffer "eternity plus a million tive way - a healthy appi o been steps taken to formulate one. An example years' * for using a condom, columnist Col- God's gift C be manage in a loving and caring re f of this is members of the clergy on the board man McCarthy asks,

AIDS doesn't kill people9 related infections do

Catholic Church' s response to AI

The Merciad asks:

Approximately 95peiccntofthepersons with AIDS belong to one of the following groups: - Sexually active homosexual or bisexual men (73%) - Present or past abusers of intravenous drugs (17%) transfusions with blood blood products - Persons with hemophilia or other coagulation ais ders (1%) - Heterosexuals who have had sexual contact with i • someone with AIDS or atriskfor AIDS (1 - Infants born to infected mothers (1%) [y 5 percent of persons with AIDS groups, but researchers believe they came Some died before with the virus refused fro provide any personal information. |g There were 1,903 AIDS casesreportedsince June, 1981 in the state of Pennsylvania. Inthe year ending Sept 12,1988, there were 839 AIDS cases reported*

If your roomate had AIDS, would you conti

PA tanks seventh in the nation for number of AIDS cases.

Sandra Surianello Junior Cheryl Jones Freshman 44 4 'First you have to make a choice whether Yes, because I don't see how there's or not you want to deal with that type of any way I could get it" environment I chose not to live on campus because of many reasons (such as having to l : •*: with a roommate). If a did have a friend with it I probably would change but I probably would chose not tc living with roommate)."

Cathy Bich Sophomoi 4 * Yes. I don't living with them, thougl want me to. People enough and I don't need. They're goin need to be kept by corner away from c


The Merciad


bS improving, priest says
:tions? The U.S. Jied the mentionjption programs, fophylactics, but L 44 that is part of I letter froin die Undergoing reviication CommitinaronAIDS upcoming year, ise many PWAs ly and friends, lof reconciliation [cGraw says, to keep the life, and recom continue to take be educated at be employed by lined through {discriminaletimes, integranotbe the best 4 AIDS. W A s lity, and schools comir.g in with says. Such ill|y picked up by a such as the nfor bedriddetermined on fie physically l go to Church M ls, McGraw theology, it is people to use italsex. "The i teaching about igeinaposil to-sexuality as responsible way •nship," McGraw says. A factual sex education program, in the context of the positive aspects of human sexuality, should be taught at all age levels.** This education must be ongoing, McGraw says, because "the questions people ask as young adults are differentfromthose asked by adolescents.** What people need is a "convincing presentation of Christian sexuality in the context of faith,** McGraw says. This would balance the exposure to the "Playboy 9 philosophy,* which is an oversimplified picture of human sexuality. '* Sj The problem with AIDS is that it is not dealing with sex alone, and not dealing with death alone. Both of these are sensitive areas for society. "The problem is that AIDS deals with both, which makes it harder to handle,** McGraw said. t their buddies help them get through living with AIDS — through such problems as a low immunity to sickness. Buddy systems started with the gay communities in larger cities as a self-support system. Since no one else was willing to help, they did it themselves. "The Erie gay community has been very responsible, and has spent a lot of time on education,** McGraw says, i But now that AIDS doesn't just affect gay men and intravenous drug users any more, the concern has spread to the whole community. The Erie Buddy Support Network relies on die entire community, and draws membership from the entire community. $ To get the best buddies possible, the AIDS Council of Erie County accepts volunteers to become buddies. These volunteers are then screened in a group process, checking for things such as compassion, understanding, good listening skills, and no friends or family suffering an AIDS-related death in the past year (since they need time to cope with the death of die loved one before being involved with another PWA). 1 After screening, they are educated; and shown the proper ways to help a PWA. f Thefirstgroup of buddies just completed the program at the end of October. These 26 people are waiting to be assigned to a PWA. Presently, there are six or seven buddies that have been assigned to PWAs. Since there are more buddies than PWAs, the AIDS Council isn'tgoing to run another training program for a while. But people interested can contact the AIDS Council for more information. Six or seven PWAs for an area the size of Erie doesn't seem to be a significant number. But there are many that are not yet looking for buddies, are going out of the area for treatment, or are HIV positive—which means they carry the virus that may cause AIDS, but show no symptoms at the time. Itis important to remember that PWAs are equal people. "No victim is any more a victim than anvone else." McGraw savs.
si • •

Safer sex
Here are some ways to protect yourself against AIDS. 9 These guidelines are called "safer sex/ ' | |5 1. AIDS is passed when certain body fluids are exchanged. Don't allow any of your partner's body fluids to enter your body. Body fluids include semen, blood, menstrual blood, saliva, vaginal secretions, urine or feces. Thesefluidscan enter your body ^through the vagina, the urethra of the penis sore. (rubber) for vaginal II2. course, anal intercourse, and oral sex. Both men and women should carry condoms and insist that they be used. 3. Use birth control foam, cream or jelly along with a condom. Make sure it contains nonoxynol 9. This chemical may weaken the AIDS virus. 4. JDon't have sex when you're drunk or high. No matter how serious you are about safer sex, drinking or using other drugs makes it harder to follow safer sex guidelines.
Information taken from "Safer Sex," written by Jane Hiatt

'The problem is that AIDS with both sex and death,) makes it harder to handle.
— Father Michael McGraw Many people don't feel the need to tackle such a difficult issue in the Erie area, because they don't see any problem., The statistics for Eriearelow. This is, in part, because a person becomes a statistic in the city where they are diagnosed. Many Erie people go to Cleveland or Pittsburgh for diagnosis and treatment At present, there is a support group for PWAs in Erie. It is called the Buddy Support Network. | This group helps PWAs, their' 'significant others,-' and their families. The people who work in this group are called "buddies." A buddy is a person Who befriends a PWA, and provides companionship, non-judgmental support, and helps them through the social, legal, and medical organizations. In addition, since PWAs are living longer now due to a better understanding of the illness,

For more information contact...
The AIDS Council of Erie County The AIDS Council of Erie County is an organization formed to deal with the growing health concerns relating to Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) and the sprg&d of Human Immunodeficiency Vims (HIV) infection, a virus which may lead to AIDS. The purposes of the organization include meeting the health, social, and emotional needs ofpeople who have contracted AIDS; meet the needs of families, partners, and friends of those who have contracted *AIDS; to identify those atriskand provide information to stop the spread of AIDS and the HIV; to initiate educational and supports groups for the entire : community.' < • f The council is composed of nine committees, each dealing with a different aspect of the organization. The Professional Education Committee provides! accurate information on the ongoing AIDS research to professionals who may serve people who may be infected with the HIV. The General Education Committee provides accurate AIDS information to high risk groups and their families, schools, social and welfare agencies, business, industries, and the general public. The Policy and Procedure Committee helps local community agencies and organizations to form AIDS policy guidelines to better enable themselves to deal with AIDS/HIV issues. The Care and Support Services Committee formulates guidelines for health care and support services for people with AIDS or HIV infection and to coordinate community resources and support services for families, friends, and partners of AIDS patients. The purpose of the Confidentiality Committee is to make public statements on the absolute importance ofconfidentiality for AIDS and HIV related issues and to formulate guidelines to insure this confidentiality. The Public Relations Committee and the Membership Committee promote up-to-date and accurate information on all HIV/AIDS related issues and to encourage the Erie community to respond to the needs of this serious health threat There is an annual membership fee of $10 to join the organization and memorials or donations are greatly appreciated. To contact the AIDS Council of Erie: 823-0881 The AIDS Hotline j£ The AIDS Hotline averages 5 to 7 calls per day, according to Joe Pease, the person who takes these calls. He said that when the U.S. government released the Surgeon General's report on AIDS the number of calls sky rocketed to 30 to SO calls per day. According to Pease, most of the callers want to know where to get tested for the HIV infection or want information or statistics for classes or reports. They also receive what Pease refers to as'' guilt calls. * * * 'People do something that they shouldn't have and they start to worry if they are OK," Pease explained. ., ; „ According to a recent state health survey, most Pennsylvanians have a good understanding of the basic means of transmission of AIDS/HIV infection. Pease added, though, that some people are still worried that they can contract the infection from mosquito bites, infected waiters or other food handlers, or sharing food utensils (none of these are ways of contracting AIDS). f The AIDS Hotline and its counterpart, the Health Information Hotline, both give information and referrals free of charge to anyone who calls. It is an accurate and easy way to obtain confidential information or to answer 9 any "what if questions. The phone number for the AIDS Hotline is 1-800-342-AIDS (2437) and the number for the Health Information Hotline is 1-800-692-7254.


ue living with him/her?






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Tom Staab Junior keep living with him because I'd discontinue my parents would information that's been intimate contact, ar ize AIDS victims th mv roommates that is what they {die and they don't intimate Ives offin some ne else."

BillCrousey Freshman "No, because I'm totally against AIDS and I just don't think that I know if it's catchable from being around him. But still it would be scary living with him.' *




The Mertiad
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INCOMPLETE WORK ATTENTION SENIORS I All Fall incomplete work is to be Phi Eta Sigma National Honor submittedtothe instructor by Tues., Society will be awarding graduate 7 Jan. 3,1988. f *H? 1 and undergraduate scholarships and awards to selected members of Phi Eta Sigma. #L Any eleig ible senior member of SAC EVENTS FOR THE WEEK Phi Eta Sigma may applyforone of the graduate scholarships. For the *Fri., Dec. 9-- Blizzard of Bucks, 8 pan. at the Little undergraduate award, a sophomore or junior must be nominated by the | Theatre.| local chapter. Sat, Dec. 10 - Hockey vs. For applications or more inforBrockport State - vans I leave Baldwin at 6:15 p.m. mation, contact the chapter adviser, Dr. Bud Brown, in room 223 of and 6:45 p.m. 4 Sun., Dec. 11 - Vans to the Mall Preston Hall. The local deadline is Feb. 3.1989. W leave Baldwin at 1 p.m. HBO Movie, Union, 7 p.m. to Dance Department Presents 10 p.m. ; Wed., Dec 14 - Movie, East "Play of Eyes-' on Dec. 9-10 at way Plaza, vans leave at 7 8:15 p.m. and 2:30 p.m. respectively. Free admission if or the p j n . | *' Mercyhurst community. Thu., Dec. 15 - Christmas Carols BULLETIN BOARD If you have an announcement INTERN OR VOLUNTEER for the Bulletin Board, submit it to Box 161, campus mail, or handNEEDED The AIDS Council of Erie deliver it to The Merciad office, County is in need of a student intern 81B, Baldwin Hall. Typewritten or volunteer to help with the educa- material is appreciated. Items must tional activities of the AIDS Coun- be received by noon on the Moncil. If interested, contact Robert day before publication. Any items Hvezda, Cooperative Education after that time will be given consideration only if space permits. Coordinator, ext. 427.

OUTSIDE SCHOLARSHIPS Applications for the following scholarships are available in the Financial Aid Office: •% MENSA Scholarship (deadline 1/1/89) — based on word essay. AAUW Scholarships (deadline 1/27/89) — Erie County women in full or part-time four year degree program. Must have 3.5 QP.A. PA Federation of Democratic Women (deadline 4/15/89) - PA woman, junior, who is interested in a career in politics or government or planning on teaching government, economics, or history. Must possess a Democratic family background or be an active participant in Democratic Party activities. \

LIBRARY TELEPHONE EXTENSIONS .3 | | > v '\ . There have been a few changes in the library recently, s This has altered some of the telephone extensions, so here is a current library phone list: ' 825-0231 David Pinto, Director 0232 ! Marie Sosinski, Secretary ^ '? 0233 Earleen \ Glaser, Reference librarian 0234 Circulation Desk (Marge Fessler) 0235 Reference Desk 0236 Technical Services (Sr. Virginia Bernhart, Sally McCallion, Lynn Falk) | * 0237 Archives (Sr. Lawl rence Franklin) * '

RECRUITERS ON CAMPUS Seniors - The following job recruiter will ^ be on campus next week: U.S. Air Force, Dec. 12, 1988 - accepting all majors for Middle level managers. To sign up, or for more information, contact Career Services, Main 204. CLUB PICTURES Any club or organization that wants to be in the 1989 Praeterita should send a note to Box 162, stating the name of the group, approximate number of members, and a person to contact from the group. Submit the information no later than noon, Mon., Dec. 12. Pictures will betaken Dec. 13 and 14from6:30 p.m. to 8 p.m. in the Student Union.

Joe College
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The Merciad

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Men's basketball active in community service


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The Mercyhurst men's basketball team has and will be involved in a number of community activities. | On Fri., Nov. 11, die team attended the Erie Veteran's AdminiBy Matthew J. Clark stration Hospital and visited all the Merciad Sports Editor veterans on Veteran's Day. Basketball posters and season passes were Things don't always work out the distributed after a brief social greet^Gt*. way you planfthem. The popular ing. I phrase is quite appropriate in describOn Sat, Nov. 19, Sun., Nov. 20 ing what first-year head basketball and Sat, Dec. 3, the team had a coach Dr. Barry Copeland and the booth set up at the Millcreek Mall Laker men's basketball team have had collecting donations for the Gifts to face in the early going of the 1988For Kids Christmas program. This J 89 season. % * program was started in Erie in 1984 Less than a month ago, the outlook for the Lakers was promising. and has grown state-wide with While only a few recognizable names returned to the squad, it was headquarters in Erie. The team will obvious that the amount of talent Copeland had brought in, combined also distribute toys to kids through- with the returning veterans, would be enough for the Lakers to be out the season who are in need. J competitive with whomever they faced. ! i •• On Wed., Nov. 30, head coach Then, things seemed to unravel a bit Junior's Phalon Bass and Dr. Barry Copeland participated in Patrick Odhiambo were declared academically ineligible and shortly the March of Dimes Phone-a-thon thereafter, Senior forward Eric Franos and Freshman guard Tim Timko by making phone calls for dona- suffered injuries which have hampered their play. tions to the March of Dimes. f "A number of circumstances put us in a position that we didn't quite On Tue., Feb. 14, Valentine's expect," Copeland explains. ''With the injuries to Timko and Franos Day, the team will be visiting the and the academic situation with Bass and Odhiambo, we literally had to Shriner• s Crippled Children' s change our offensive and defensive strategies overnight" f f Home to spend time with the kids Copeland says that the loss of Bass and Odhiambo and the injuries AD BASKETBALL coach Dr. Barry Copeland was "arrestedjust prior to their game with Gannon to Franos and Timko have hurt the Lakers offensively and defensively. r Northwest Pa. March ofDunes that evening. i On offense, the Lakers lose the outside scoring threat in Bass. to helpfightbirth defects. The "outlaw* had J Other events are being sched- According to Copeland, this has forced the Lakers to use a great deal of unes uled and the Lakers and The Mer- patience and intelligence offensively, instead of attacking the opposiciad will notify the public when tion. Copeland mentions, too, that the Lakers have lost some quickness. impersonating On defense, with fewer players off the bench, the Lakers can ill other charges. Photo by Matt Clark. applicable. afford to get into foul trouble. ••% * J * | 1 i -4 This has forced the Laker defense to use' 'controlled aggression as opposed to risk aggression" and to be a containment-type defense ( instead of one that creates opportunities. Despite all the problems, and a 1-5 start, the players have kept a from Mercyhurst sports services than tripling the total number of stabilized the once-floundering positive outlook. i Si ^ei victories from the 1982-86 seasons Lady Laker program and is now "The players* attitudes are exemplary," Copeland says. "They're While the Laker women's bas- combined, the 1988-89 season will poised to move it forward. For the working hard." V} * . \ ;t first time in eight years, there is a ketball team has been able to claim be a turning point Copeland says that he's gotten feedback from around campus that 16 wins the past two years, more & Head coach Luke Ruppel has prospect of winning season for the this team has shown more effort and team spirit and has a higher morale Mercyhurst women's squad. than any seen at Mercyhurst in recent years. Entering his third season at the Of course, the Lakersiwill have to get along without Bass and Anyone interested in men's volleyball should attend a 'Hurst, Ruppel's 1988-89 squad is Odhiambo indefinitely but Copeland says the team will weather the meeting on Monday, Dec. 12 at 8 p.m. in the Campus assembled with recruits entirely his. storm. j * V Center, or contact Chuck Fleet at 825-0227; The Lady Lakers have relied on Of Bass and Odhiambo, Copeland contends that the coaching staffs the talents ofjunior Lisa Maxson for main interest is in making sure they graduate and receive a degree and the past two seasons, but this sea- not their eligibility. ' - • son, Maxson, a third-team Ail"Our interest is in helping them earn an education and if that American last year, fwill I have fa includes playing basketball, fine," he says. j"But they're? here for complete and talented supporting academics." 'V* cast THE SEARCH 18 NOW ON! Copeland says the Lakers are feeling the strain of this policy rights 4 A pair of transfers headline the now in the won-loss column. 1990 MISS PENNSYLVANIA USA® PAGEANT" Mercyhurst newcomers. Nancy "In the long run, the people of Mercyhurst will understand that we I NO PERFORMING TALENT REQUIRED Diallo, a native of Pittsburgh, joins have a priority system and we expect our people to live up to that If you are an applicant who qualifies and are the 'Hurst after a two-year Ailbetween the ages of 17 and under 25 by February system. |» American stint at Allegheny Com1, 1990, never married and at least a six month The coaching staff is evaluating the day-to-day progress of Bass and resident of Pennsylvania, thus college dorm munity College in Pittsburgh. A Odhiambo until they see enough improvement that they're confident the students are eligible, you could be Pennsylvania's junior, Diallo brings quickness to representative at the CBS-nationally televised players' troubles in the classroom have been alleviated.**^ the Laker backcourt * ' Miss USA® Pageant In Feb., 1990 to compete for As for on the court, Copeland says that the Lakers will have to do over $250,000 in cash and prizes. The Miss Pennj* *'She's the best guard I've ever sylvania USA® Pageant for 1990 will be a better job of adjusting to the team's "new style'' of play. coached," Ruppel claims. "Nancy presented in the Grand Ballroom in the Howard In light of all that's happened, and the fact that Copeland is a firsthas great ball handling and passing Johnson Hotel, Monroeville, Pennsylvania, March 10,11 and 12,1989. The new Miss Pennskills. She runs the floor extremely year coach in a city that loves its college basketball, I think Copeland and his coaching staff is to be commended for their handling*'of the sylvania USA® along with her expense paid trip M well. to compete in the Miss USA® Pageant, will academically ineligible players. receive over $2,000 in cash in addition to her Another transfer is junior Chris With the pressures to win in today's college game, an organization many prizes. All girls interested in competing for Kindlin. A fierce competitor, Kin- which puts the people first in its program should be applauded. the title must send a recent snapshot, brief Denise Epps 9 dlin comes to Mercyhurst from Copeland and his staff wants to make sure that their players are prepared Miss Pennsylvania QSA biographyi and phone number to: Carlow via Gannon University. She for life after basketball; ± will likely see action at the forward 1990 Miss Pennsylvania USA® Pageant Unfortunately, too many schools today succumb to those pressures c/o Trl-State Headquarters - Dept. CAf and center positions. to win and start breeding basketball players who know little else but 347 Locust Avenue, Washington, PA 15301 "Chris is a terrific post defenhoops and hardwood. It's encouraging to know that Mercyhurst is not Trl-State Headquarter* Phone Is 412/225-5343 sive player," Ruppel says. "She is one of those "basketball player factories" whose players win on the it Application 44 Deadline Is December 23, 1988. an aggressive rebounder who can court, but fall short in the classroom and short in life. A Carvern Production" * also put the ball in the hoop." 4 'I hope all coaches are trying to graduate all their student athletes," Copeland says. "It's an obligation." > see 'Excited/ pg. 8

Copeland's program puts players before victories

Roundball Roundup

Lady Lakers excited^about 1988-89 season







The Merciad


Lady Lakers take tourney9 show great promise as win streak reaches 4 games
By Bill Darling, Merciad sports reporter ^ This past Sunday, the Lady Lakers accomplished something they had never done before. They won a basketball tournament 1 "This team has great character showing it's ability to win on the road," head coach Luke Ruppel proudly states as he displays die first place trophy from the Tri-Campus Classic. By upsetting Utica Sunday, 6155, the Lakers improved their record to 4-2 and kept their winning streak going at four games. Tournament MVP Lisa Maxson explains that the key to the Laker's success has been the fact that "Everyone has been playing well which prevents opponents from keying on a particular player. Each game, a different player has had an outstanding game which has meant equal scoring distribution throughout the team."* The primary reason for their success has been a tenacious man to man defense which has created many opportunities for a -young offense. The Lakers have no seniors on the team and have relied on the «« IW erf Juniors Chris Kinlan and Lisa Maxson. Other players contributing to die team are Nancy Dilallo, Michdie Tomczak, Becky Schmidt, and Kelly Sullivan. i | : "Surprisingly, these girls are scoring in double figures, while Kinlan is leading die team in rebounding with 11 per game. As a team, the Lakers are averaging a phenomenal 73 points per game due

to a very unselfish attitude concerning their shot selection. $§M Ruppel praises the efforts of his underclassmen such as players like Ruth Henderson and Kelly S ullivan who have made a big contributions off the bench. | | • Other factors which have helped the team are the additions of new assistant coaches Jim Gray and Bill Pepicello. By having two assistants there s is more time for individual LAKER CENTER SCOTT Bwfoot (17)faces offagainst a Rochester foe in a Nov. 13 clash at the Erie Civic help which enables Ruppel to de- Center. The Lakers, in theirfirstseason as a varsity hockey team, eventually lost the hard-fought game, 7-5. r vote more to bringing all aspects of Lakers currently sport a 5-9 record. Ip f Photo by Kaien Sampson. the team together.

"This team will cut an opponent's heart out to win.
- Luke Ruppel

Lakers stumble at Edinboro. 72-59 y

By Kevin McHugh Merciad sports writer Despite dominating the backboards, the Lakers men's basketball team lost to Edinboro 72-59 on Monday, leaving the Lakers with a 1-5 overall record. The Lakers pulled down 42 rebounds compared to Edinboro's 27 but the loss of the top scoring Phalon Bass impaired the Laker's scoring resources. Bass, who had a scoring average of 16 points last year, and new recruit Patrick Odhiambo 6-8 have missed all six Laker games because of "academic difficulties." Freshman, Tim Timko also missed the Edinboro game because of "a disciplinary measure" taken by coach Copeland. Timko committed an act that "was not conducive to the philosophy of the Mercyhurst basketball program/'according to Copeland. The Lakers made a bright start tp the season, wetting the appetite of the fans with a dunking competition won by Bass, followed by an interteam scrimmage. With the renowned new head coach Dr. Barry Copeland and his rigorous training sessions, expectations were running high for a winning season. Such optimism was justifed by

It's rewarding to have all players working|well as a team and helping out each other. This team will cut an opponent's heart out to win . The only problem this team may encounter is staying healthy. Currently, Danielle Lipps is out with an injured back but will return soon, while Maxson and Kinlan have been playing injured on a day to day basis. The Lakers finally get a chance to show off at the Campus Center Friday against Immaculata. | iRuppel feels this team has the potential to be a winner and the heart to stay a winner.

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Women's Basketball (4-2) W - Utica 61155 | W - Hamilton 59-53^ I W - Penn State 88-65 | W - Pitt-Bradford 85-72 f L • SUNY-Buffalo 85-83 (2 ot) L - California 75-63 1 Men's Basketball (1-5) L - Edinboro 59-721 L • Clarion 61-64 § W -^-Bradford 73-59 L - WV Wesleyan 64-87 L - West Liberty 78-95 L - Indiana (PA) 79-62 Ice Hockey (5-9) i f L - SUNY-Cortland 5-41 W - SUNT-Binghamton 16-3 L - Slddmore 7-3l I| | L - SUNY-Ptattsburg 6-3 W - SUNY Binghamton 14-0 L - Canisius 4-2 l|-KIT 7-5 I W-Navyfl3-2 § L - SUNY Cortland 5-2 W - Penn State 6-2 L - Geneseo 7-S§ L-- Oswego State 7-2 W-Ithaca 16-1 L - Niagara (Canada) 5-3

the Laker's 77-71 exhibition vie- ties at the start of the game did not tory over Western Ontario =in the* please the J'Hurst supporters, the Campus Center on Nov. 18 .*Rich fans were subdued as they watchtd Lipscomb, Dave Quin, Eric Franos, the weakened Laker's team show Chris Mindach and Phalon Bass some shaky nerves, evident in the made up the first five. ? \ many turn-overs. Phalon Bass emerged as the 'Hurst's leading scorer with 14 Bass and Odhiambo have been points and Patrick Odhiambo suspended "indefinitely" and showed his worth with a score of 11. "until they get their priorities into All was set for the season opener perspective," according • to against the Indiana University of Copeland. "The kids are working Pennsylvania in front of the Laker's hard. We have seen improvement home crowd. However, it was the but we want to make sure that it is Indians who were to do the scalping. long term and not quick fix," said The game against f Indiana, in Copeland on Tuesday. 1 | which the 'Hurst suffered a 79-62 Timko, however is scheduled to loss, was played on Nov. 22 without play in the home game against SlipBass, Odhiambo and Timko. Bass pery Rock on Dec. 10. Copeland and Odhiambo were ineligible to said that Timko's suspension was play because of academic reasons, not because ofanything too serious. Despite the many setbacks both while Timko was out because of a dislocatedfinger.\ * coach and team have an optimistic outlook on the basketball program. Copeland is happy with die prog4 ofFreshmen Dave Constantino We're trying our best ress Jeff Fink who have been given and with what we've* got... an early! chance to prove themWe're giving 100 per- selves* Vinnie DiMella, who is|the cent. \ I Laker's top scorer with a 17 point • Eric Franos average, said' 'we're trying our best with what wegot" Eric Franos who is playing despite his injured thumb The sight of the three players said "we're trying, giving 100 persitting on the bench in their shirt arid cent but we miss Phalon."

Lakers excited, Ruppel jpleased,*
A couple of traditional freshman will also be making their collegiate debut at MercyhursL Both are local prep products. | f A All-Metro performer at St M Benedict's,^ Cheryl Tomczak is a welcomed addition to the 'Hurst In addition to being honored locally, she received All-State Honorable Mention honors as wdl. A wicked shooter, Tomczak can connectfromthe three point line as well. She will be an often-used guard for Ruppel. Becky Schmidt, a former i sport athlete for Cambridge Springs High School, is another talented newcomer joining the Laker roster. An All-Conference selection in both volleyball and basketball for the Blue Devils, Schmidt is obviously a scoring threat after averaging 24 points per game last year. Together, with the rest of the 'Hurst hoopsters, Coach Ruppel and Mercyhurst followers have a lot to look forward to this season. According to Ruppel, the teams' strengths win be the post play, both offensively and defensively, as well as the perimeter quickness and shooting ability. In

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addition, the third-year mentor is excited because of the squad's fantastic work ethic and reachability. "I have never, in my 12 years of coaching, had a team work this hard. Not only are they willing to work, but they enjoy working on improving together as a team." The leadershipfromthese captains and the coaching staff has resulted in what Ruppel calls "the willingness of everybody to do whatever it takes to make this program successful." |

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