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1. Mafabi Wabusimba Kennedy S08B27/425

2. Tusiime Annah Mary S08B27/802

3. Otim Ivan S08B27/602

4. Ariyo Emma Tumwine S08B27/016

5. Muwonge Carol S08B27/431

6. Mwesigire Troshbert S08B27/424


QUESTION: Mukono district has a project to increase pit latrine coverage in Nama
sub-county from A-D. Using the illustrations from such a project,
explain the meaning of the following terms.

Project Monitoring
It means to keep a careful check of project activities over a period of time.
Mukono District can monitor the pit latrine coverage project by:

Using Regular Reports

These reports must state the activities and achievements. They should be very clear and
not very long.
Reports give a careful record of what is happening on ground and what has been
achieved. For example: reporting on the latrine construction progress in a specified time
This kind of report will help them in future planning and would clearly inform the
Government or a donor agency of what has taken place.

Encouraging use of project work diaries

Keeping a work diary like this will help one to record his or her own work and what is
being done that is most helpful and brings effective results. For example: Taking time to
ask people in the community about how they feel about the latrine coverage project and
recording the findings.

Other ways that the district could use to monitor the project could be through keeping
track on the finances for example through budgeting and establishing good procurement
Regular meetings is also another way through which monitoring could be done. It helps
to build trust and keep a check up on the human resource.

To work to its full potential, any kind of project needs to set out proposals and
objectives. Then a monitoring system should be worked out to keep a check on all the
various activities, including finances. This will help project staff to know how things are
going, as well as giving early warning of possible problems and difficulties.

Project Evaluation
Evaluation is systematic and objective assessment of an ongoing or completed project.
The Mukono district can evaluate this project of latrines by gathering, analysing,
interpreting and reporting information about the entire process. The information should
be based on credible data and a systematic and objective assessment of an ongoing or
completed project.

The most common ways of evaluation used are: internal or self assessment, external
evaluation, Ex–ante evaluation (before implementation of the project), Ex-post
evaluation (after the project is complete).

Project outcome
Project outcome measure the result of a system relative to the aim of the project. An
outcome measure is used to measure the success of a system. For example, the outcome
measure could be the percentage of people who use the newly constructed latrines in
Mukono District. Care should be taken to define good outcome measures to use in
determining the success of programs and in determining whether improvement projects
result in improved outcomes.

Project Output
Output measures the activity of a project-the immediate result of completing an activity,
in this case of Mukono District latrine project, the output is the number of latrines built
as a result of the project. Project output also is a measure of the level of resources
committed to a process.

An indicator can be defined as the measurement of an objective to be met, a resource
mobilized, an effect obtained, a gauge of quality or a context variable. An indicator
produces quantified information with a view to helping actors concerned with public
interventions to communicate, negotiate or make decisions. For instance, the reduction
of diarrheal diseases as a result of extensive latrine usage is a great indicator to help
actors in the district communicate and make informed decisions.

This can be defined as the powerful effect that something has on somebody or it can also
be as positive and negative, primary and secondary long-term effects produced by a
development intervention, directly or indirectly, intended or unintended. An impact
assesses changes in the well-being of individuals, households, communities or firms that
can be attributed to a particular project in this case the project being latrine coverage.
An example of the impact of such a project would be change in the behavior of the
people by stoppage of open defecation and increase latrine usage.

Irrefutably, the consideration of the above dimensions throughout the process of project
planning, implementation and evaluation is necessary for its success and sustainability,
this means that the procedure should be handled by an experienced party and with
extreme caution.

References:>topic>poverty>impact evaluation