Tess of the D’Urbervilles Essay

The events of chapter 4 and the baptism extract make us feel the most sympathy for Tess, from feelings such as sympathy and admiration. In chapter 4 Tess’ father is told that his family the “Durbeyfields” are descendants from a great rich family called the D’Urbervilles. Tess’ father celebrates this by going to an off license and having a drink. Mrs Durbeyfield goes to fetch him from there because he has to deliver beehives to the retailers in Casterbridge, early in the morning. But they ended up staying talking about using Tess to become rich. Then Tess has to fetch them and her father couldn’t go to market, so Tess and Abraham go to market instead. They end up falling asleep on the carriage and they wake up to Prince (Their horse) lying dead. The father won’t sell the horse’s dead body and buries it. In chapter 14, Baptism extract, Tess cannot baptize her child because she was a single mother which was frowned upon, so she baptized the child herself in her bedroom filled by her siblings. She calls the baby Sorrow and it then passes away in the night. The feelings Thomas Hardy creates for Tess in these two parts of the novel are feelings such as sympathy, admiration and respect, also make us want her succeed. We feel these feelings for Tess on Chapter 4 because of four main scenarios. The first one being where in Rollivers inn. Tess’ mother has to go pick up the father who is drunk in the pub, it says “she unfastened the stair door like one whose fingers knew the latches well.” This shows that obviously Tess’ father and mother are talking about sending Tess off to claim Kin; this creates sympathy for Tess because they are using her to make money already deciding her future, as if she is an object. Also Tess decides she will go to market and her mother suggests that she gets a boy to do show that her mother is again using her daughter to an advantage, but it also shows that Tess is being the adult in the situation. The scene where Abraham and Tess are about to go to market it says “The rickety little wagon was already laden, and the girl led out the horse Prince, only a degree less rickety then the vehicle”. Which shows that the horse prince , is very old and weak, and not very reliable and could show what is about to happen and giving a sign. When Tess and Abraham are in the carriage it says “He learnt back against the hives, and with upturned face made observation on the stars, whose cold pulses were beating amid the black hollows above in scene dissociation from these two wisps of human life”. This creates sympathy for both Tess and Abraham because it is kind of

saying that they are just a small dot in the universe and they won’t really have an impact I life. Later on in this chapter Abraham is talking to Tess about stars she says “most of them splendid and sound- a few blighted” Abraham then asks “which do we live onsplendid one or a blighted one?” she ten replies “a blighted one”. This creates sympathy for Tess because she knows that she is set for a bad life and is just accepting that. And she knows that more bad things are in the store for her in the future. Later on in that chapter it says “Abraham soon grew drowsy. Tess was not skillful in the management of a horse, but she thought that she could take upon herself the entire conduct of the load for the present, and allow Abraham to go to sleep if he wished to do so. She made him a sort of nest in front of the hives, in such a manner that he could not fall, and taking the reins into her own hands, jogged on as before.” This shows Tess as a motherly figure and that she acts like an adult and this also gives a sign for the future. The man who they crashed into says “you have nothing to fear” this could be a sense of irony, because again this could be a sign of the future. Tess later blames this saying it’s because she lives on a blighted star, which creates sympathy for Tess because this them makes her believe that this is true. Her father, when the horse is dead, decides not to sell the horse and instead buries this is quite childish because the family needs that money to live which again shows that Tess is the adult in the family. Hardy writes that he worked harder the next day digging a grave for Prince in the garden, than he had for months. This shows that he doesn’t do that much to earn money for the family which then makes him, use to Tess for money, this creates sympathy for Tess because she has to do most of the work, and then she is being used like an object. The very last line on chapter 4 is “her face was dry and pale as though she regarded herself in the light of a murderess” this line is irony because this exactly what Tess turns out to be, a murderess, giving the reader a sign of what will happen in the future. The next chapter 14 starts off with “the infants breathing grew more difficult, and the mother’s mental tension increased. It was useless to devour the little thing with kisses. This creates sympathy for Tess because she is trying her best to save this baby but she knows that this won’t happen. She then says “O merciful God, have pity ; have pity upon my poor baby’ Heaps as much anger as you want to upon me, and welcome, but pity the child” This creates sympathy for Tess because she thinks it is her fault that Alec raped, it also creates admiration for Tess that she would do anything to save her child. It later says in the paragraph. “She took the baby from her bed – a child’s child” which shows that Tess is still a child and isn’t old enough to be parent.

Hardy describes her as “her figure booked singularly all and imposing as she stood in. Her long white gown” which creates admiration for Tess but it also makes her look like a saint, as if this is of how nice a person she is again another quote that does this is, the weakness of her eyes – her high enthusiasm having a transfiguring effect upon the face which had been her undoing,” this shows that she was born with this beauty, as if she is special. All the children are asking Tess to have another baby, this creates sympathy because they think she can just have another baby when she wants, but she originally didn’t want one. Also she uses a washing rack. This creates sympathy for them because she is trying her best to make it as real possible, because she wants it to be like a normal baptism but she knows this won’t happen. She then covers the baby in a huge cross; this is so that she wants her baby to go into heaven like any other baby. This creates the sympathy for Tess because she knows that this won’t do it, and she loves the baby that much and thinks the baby should not be punished but she should, and she is also blaming herself, when it wasn’t her fault. Tess names the baby “Sorrow” this creates sympathy for Tess because this basically sums up her life at the moment, and this baby will give her bad memories of the past and what has happened. Also her brothers and sisters still call her “Sissy” this shows that she is still just a child, and not old enough to be a parent, as Hardy also pointed out earlier saying “ she took the baby from the bed – a child’s child” Hardy also writes “So passed away Sorrow the undesired – that intrusive creature, that bastard gift of shameless nature”. This shows that the baby was not meant to happen, and it was a mistake, but Tess wants his baby to live. In conclusion I think Thomas Hardy made the reader feel for Tess very well, by simply indicating also that she is still a child very much such as things like “Child’s child”. He also included a lot of iron, to indicate what would happen later on in the story such as calling her a murderess. This is very smart because if the reader reads it for a second time, they will notice this, and realize this.

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