# PEKA SCIENCE FORM 2

SCIENCE FORM 2 SET 3 STUDENT MANUAL LEARNING AREA: 7.0 Dynamics LEARNING OBJECTIVE: 7.3 Application of Frictional Force ASSIGNMENT SAMPLE: Task Report Element 1 : C3, C4, C6, C8, C9, C10, C11 Element 3 : C17 INSTRUCTIONS: 1. Conduct activity. 2. Make observation, collect, analyze and interpret data. 3. Write a task report. TASK REPORT FORMAT: 1. Title: Application of Frictional Force 2. AIM: To study the effect of different types of surfaces on the magnitude of frictional force. 3. C11 : State the relationship between the type of surface and the magnitude of frictional force 4. Variables: C10: (i) Manipulated:…………….. (ii) Responding:……………… (iii) Fixed/Controlled:………….. 5. Apparatus/Materials. 6. Procedure (in passive form) 7. Results/Observation. • C6 – Communicating. (record readings/results in Table 6.1) Based on the data collected, also draw a bar graph to show the effect of different types of surfaces on the magnitude frictional force. • C 3 – Measuring and using numbers. (table showing correct measurement and units.) 8. Discussion and analysis: Answer the questions given. • C8 – Based on the experimental data. 1. a) Between the different types of surfaces, which gives the (i) greatest magnitude of frictional force? (ii) lowest magnitude of frictional force? b) What is the condition of the surface that cause the: 1

PEKA SCIENCE FORM 2 . • (i) increase of the frictional force on the wooden block? (ii) decrease of the frictional force on the wooden block? c) Arrange in descending order the types of surfaces based on the magnitude of frictional force. • C4 – 3. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Content Title Aim Variables Apparatus/ materials Procedure Observation Discussion/ analysis Conclusion Yes 2 . C9 – Define operationally “frictional force”. Conclusion: Do different types of surfaces change the magnitude of friction? Task Report Checklist: No. a) What can you infer from the results of the experiment? b) Suggest one way to decrease frictional force on the surface of table 9.

thread. 4. 4) The wooden block is pulled along the table and the reading of the spring balance is taken when the block starts to move. 2.0 APPARATUS/MATERIALS : Spring balance.6 N C3:3 C1:3 Sandpaper on surface of table Very rough 6. aluminium foil. the greater is the magnitude of frictional force on the wooden block.3 APPLICATION OF FRICTIONAL FORCE. sandpaper. 7.0 AIM : To study the effect of different types of surfaces on the magnitude of frictional force. 5) The experiment is repeated by pulling the wooden block on three other different types of surfaces 6) All the readings were recorded in a table.0 LEARNING OBJECTIVE : 7. 3) The wooden block is then placed on the surface of the table.0 OBSERVATION/RESULTS : a) Table of results: Type of Surface Surface of wooden table Aluminium foil on surface table Oil on surface of table Condition of Surface Rough Smooth Very smooth Reading of Spring Balance/(N) 5.0 HYPOTHESIS: The rougher the surface. 2) A wooden block is hooked to a spring balance with a thread.8 N 4.0 PROCEDURE(& diagram) : 1) The apparatus setup is as shown in the figure. 6.0 VARIABLES : a) Manipulated b) Responding : Type of surfaces : magnitude of frictional force / Reading of spring balance c) Controlled/fixed : Size of wooden block C11:3 C10:3 5.5 N b) Graph of magnitude of frictional force by types of surface.PEKA SCIENCE FORM 2 SCIENCE FORM 2 SET 3 SAMPLE TASK REPORT 1.5 N 3. graph paper. oil/grease. wooden block. 3 . 3. table.

2 a) Frictional force is the reading of spring balance when the wooden block is pulled on the surface. ii) The oily surface gives the lowest magnitude of friction b) i) The rough surface increases the frictional force on the wooden block.2 a) The types of surface influences the magnitude of frictional force b) We can reduce friction by putting oil/grease/aluminium foil on the surface of table. ii) The smooth surface decreases the frictional force on the wooden block 8.0 DISCUSSION/ANALYSIS: C8:3 8. 7. 8. 7.8 4.1 a) i) The surface of sandpaper gives the greatest magnitude of friction.1 Reading of spring balance is the magnitude of frictional force. b) Frictional force varies with / depends on the types of surfaces.5 3.0 CONCLUSION : Different types of surfaces can change the magnitude of frictional force. C9:3 8.6 wooden table aluminium foil sandpaper oil/grease C6:3 Types of surface 7.5 5.3 Yes. the different types of surfaces affect the magnitude of frictional force.PEKA SCIENCE FORM 2 MAGNITUDE OF FRICTIONAL FORCE BY TYPE OF SURFACE Magnitude 7 of frictional 6 force 5 4 3 2 1 0 6. C4:3 4 . 9.2 The reading of spring balance just before/ when object starts to move represents the maximum magnitude of friction that acts on object.

5....... 2.... 2....... 6.....PEKA SCIENCE FORM 2 SCIENCE FORM 2 SET 3 Guided TASK REPORT LEARNING AREA:..0 APPARATUS/MATERIALS : Spring balance...The wooden block is then placed on the surface of the table.. graph paper.. c) Controlled/fixed : Size/ mass of wooden block 4.... LEARNING OBJECTIVE:.. aluminium foil.. oil/grease. thread.....0 VARIABLES : a) Manipulated b) Responding : ........ wooden block....The wooden block is pulled along the table and the reading of the spring balance is taken when the block starts to move.A wooden block is hooked to a spring balance with a thread...All the readings were recorded in a table. sandpaper...on the magnitude of frictional force....... 4.............The apparatus setup is as shown in the figure....0 AIM : To study the effect of .0 PROCEDURE(& diagram) : 1.................0 TITLE: 7.......... 1.....The experiment is repeated by pulling the wooden block on three other different types of surfaces 7...3 APPLICATION OF FRICTIONAL FORCE........... : ........0 OBSERVATION/RESULTS : a) Table of results: Type of Surface Surface of wooden table Aluminium foil on surface table Oil on surface of table Sandpaper on surface of table Condition of Surface Reading of Spring Balance/(N) rough smooth Very smooth Very rough 5 ....... 3..... 6.............. wooden table.............. 3...

.................................2 The maximum magnitude of friction that acts on object is ....1 The magnitude of frictional force depends on .0 CONCLUSION : 8.......on the surface of table......... 7................surface increases the frictional force on the wooden block....1 Reading of spring balance is .............is the magnitude of frictional force on the wooden block.................. 7.... 2....gives the greatest magnitude of friction........change the magnitude of frictional force..3 ...4 The ........... 6.. 6 . 7..........3 Ways to increase friction 1................... 2........the type of surface.................... b) The ......... the ..................... we can reduce friction ....... the ..1 a) The ... 8............. 7... 1.....PEKA SCIENCE FORM 2 b) Graph of magnitude of frictional force by types of surface...................... Ways to decrease friction By putting .....0 DISCUSSION/ANALYSIS: 7........................ 6...........2....... Types of surface 6.

...............................................the type of surface.... 6.........3 Ways to increase friction 1................ 6.................1 a) The surface of.................. 7..... 1... 2........................................... b) The ...1 ......... 8.......4 The ............................. on the surface of table will reduce frictional force......... 7.............................gives the greatest magnitude of friction.........................PEKA SCIENCE FORM 2 supplementary GUIDED ANSWERS: 6....2...1 Types of surfaces influences/ determines the............. 7................................ Ways to decrease friction By putting .. is used to measure the magnitude of frictional force..............change the magnitude of frictional force Magnitude of frictional force Types of surface 7......surface increases the frictional force on the wooden block..................2 The maximum magnitude of friction that acts on object is the....... 7 . the ................................is the magnitude of frictional force on the wooden block.. ..... 2..........3 The ...