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SCHOOL OF ENGINEERING AND MATHEMATICAL SCIENCES

BEng / MEng in Aeronautical Engineering BEng / MEng in Air Transport Engineering BEng / MEng in Mechanical Engineering BEng / MEng in Energy Engineering BEng / MEng in Automotive and Motorsport Engineering

**ENGINEERING MATERIALS: PROPERTIES AND SELECTION Module: ME1103
**

Part 1 Examination

Date: Friday 15 May 2009

Time: 1430 - 1630

Answer FOUR of the SIX questions

Answer books to be provided: ONE INCLUDING GRAPH PAPER Calculators permitted: Casio FX-83 or FX-85 MS/ES ONLY Tables / graph paper required: NO Can question paper be removed from the examination room: YES

External Examiner: Internal Examiner:

Professor R Crookes Dr R Goodey

[12 marks] 1 of 6 ME1103 Materials May 09 . [4 marks] b) On a single diagram sketch full stress-strain plots for the following materials: a. A ceramic b.Question 1 a) Using diagrams define the yield stress of a material. A ductile steel c. [9 marks] c) Discuss the four commonly occurring states of engineering stress. Make some comments about the relative ductility of each material. Nylon Label the points or regions relating to the Young’s modulus and the fracture strength. Use diagrams and give examples where these stress states occur.

254 107.7 0. F Load (kN) Extension (mm) 0 0 12.064 Table Q2 9mm 50mm 20mm F Figure Q2 a) From the given data generate a table of engineering stress versus engineering strain and plot these on a graph.076 76.98mm. [10 marks] b) Calculate the Young’s modulus from the graph.3 1. Calculate the Poisson’s ratio of the material.0 3.5 4.7 0.2 0. [5 marks] d) Hence calculate the apparent stress normal to the direction of load. Table Q2 gives the results in terms of load and deflection.1 0.025 38.016 159.8 0.152 92. The initial dimensions are given in Figure Q2.508 128. [5 marks] 2 of 6 ME1103 Materials May 09 . [5 marks] c) During the test the width of the sample was monitored.Question 2 A rectangular steel specimen is subjected to a tensile test.2kN it was found that the width had reduced to 19. When the load was 76.048 159.

[9 marks] 3 of 6 ME1103 Materials May 09 . Indicate why this material is chosen and describe briefly the processes required to manufacture each item. [8 marks] c) The outer case of a mobile phone. a) An engine block for a car.Question 3 Name the materials that are commonly used in the manufacture of each of the following three components. [8 marks] b) I-beams for large structures.

If the atomic weight is 52g/mol. Avogadro’s number is 6.Question 4 a) Draw a curve representing the relationship between separation distance and potential energy for a pair of atoms. Explain why the theoretical density differs from this value. [4 marks] e) Figure Q4(b) shows a single crystal of a material subjected to an axial stress. a.19g/cm3. [4 marks] d) Explain why. If the critical resolved shear stress is 30MPa will the crystal yield? If there is no yield what applied stress is required? [6 marks] φ = 60° λ = 35° Figure Q4(a) σ = 65MPa Figure Q4(b) 4 of 6 ME1103 Materials May 09 . [5 marks] c) The measured density of chromium is 7.02 x 1023 and the side length of the unit cell. [6 marks] b) Chromium has a body centred cubic crystal structure as indicated in Figure Q4(a). On this curve mark the point corresponding to where the force between the atoms is zero.125nm. Calculate the resolved shear stress. in general. is given by: a= 4R 3 Calculate the theoretical density of chromium. the radius of an atom is 0. ρmetals > ρceramics > ρpolymers.

8mm and hence (using Figure Q5) give the final yield strength. calculate the percentage cold work when the bar is reduced in diameter to 8.Question 5 a) Many engineering metals are polycrystalline. Indicate how the strengthening effect is achieved. The original sample was a cylindrical bar of diameter 10mm. Describe (with the aid of sketches if appropriate) how the crystal or grain structure might be affected by each technique. [15 marks] c) A sample of 1040 steel is subjected to cold work. [5 marks] Figure Q5 5 of 6 ME1103 Materials May 09 . Assuming the bar remains cylindrical. Describe what is meant by this and what affect this has on the material’s properties when compared with a single crystal of the material. [5 marks] b) Describe three techniques for strengthening metals.

85wt% Ag at 800°C iii. where there are two phases present. Give the melting point of the eutectic composition. 30wt% Ag at 1000°C ii. [5 marks] Figure Q6 6 of 6 ME1103 Materials May 09 . a) Describe the composition of the α and β phases respectively. determine the weight fraction of each phase. 40wt% Ag at 450°C [3 marks] d) For the compositions in part c) above. [5 marks] c) For the following temperatures and compositions give the phases present. [10 marks] e) Sketch and label the resulting microstructure of a copper-silver alloy at the eutectic composition that has been allowed to cool slowly from 900°C to a temperature below the eutectic isotherm. i. [2 marks] b) Determine the eutectic composition in terms of percentage silver by weight.Question 6 Figure Q6 shows the phase diagram for a copper-silver alloy.

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