Our organization background New Humanity is an international N.G.O. supported by P.I.M.E. (Pontificio Istituto Missioni Estere Pontifical Institute for Foreign Missions). Our organization is legally registered in Italy, and also approved by the Royal Government of Cambodia. In April 1992, New Humanity addressed a written statement of intention to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs–International Cooperation in order to open our head office in Phnom Penh and to start operations in Cambodia. Thus on October 23, 1992, our first agreement was signed with the Ministry of Education. Since then we have signed several other Memorandums of Understanding (MoU) with the Ministries of Education, Social Affairs and Agriculture. In 2009, we renewed our agreement for a project supporting People with Disabilities in Kompong Chhnang and Kandal provinces. The same year, we signed a new MoU about a project on Agriculture Development in Kompong Chhnang province. In 2010, we have established two new agreements: one for a project on Early Childhood Care and Education and another one in favor of Primary Education and Basic Health care for Indigenous Children, both in Kompong Chhnang and Mondolkiri. Our Vision and Mission We envision a society where everyone can receive education and care, according to his/her needs and abilities, and participate to the development of his/her own rural or urban community. Therefore, the main mission of New Humanity is to promote education in order to contribute to the fight against all forms of poverty and exclusion, affirming the dignity and rights of every human being. Our core values In order to accomplish this mission we want to promote subsidiarity, reciprocity, co-responsibility and cooperation, inspired by values of: Fraternity, mutual confidence and open dialogue. Respect for the value of life, the dignity of the human person and its culture. Concern towards the poorest. Solidarity, conceived as “strong determination to work for the common good of every single person”. Our commitment in 2010 New Humanity contribution in Cambodia is based mainly on 2 programs: Education and Disability. The program related to Education is at the same time subdivided into 3 different projects: the first one is Early Childhood Care and Education located in Kompong Chhnang and Mondolkiri Provinces; the second one is a project of Sponsorship for primary school students in Mondolkiri; and the third one is a Master program in Anthropology-Sociology at the Royal University of Phnom Penh. The program on Disability is mainly focused on the development of Community Based Rehabilitation Centers located in Kompong Chhnang and Kandal Provinces. These centers are opened to all kinds of people with disabilities; however, most of our beneficiaries are people with intellectual disabilities. In order to respond to the needs of our beneficiaries, New Humanity has established 3 components inside both main programs: the first is linked to health care and sanitation to improve and monitor the health condition of our beneficiaries; the second is linked to agriculture development to ensure food intake and income generation; and the third component aims to respond only to emergency cases related to basic health, nutrition and housing. Our activities in 2010 Education: establishment and management of 19 pre-school classes, sponsorship of primary school students who are mainly from the Phnong ethnic group in Mondolkiri, and support to Master program at the Royal University of Phnom Penh. Disability: establishment and management of 5 Community Based Rehabilitation (CBR) centers to provide special education, physiotherapy, occupational therapy, health monitoring and parenting skills. Health: health education and care for children and their families involved in our education and disability programs, teacher's basic health training, children's hygiene and health monitoring as well as referral. Agriculture: mobile training for agriculture development skills on rice cultivation, gardening, natural fertilizer, livestock, poultry, fish and cattle rearing. Some parents of our 2 main programs are part of this component. Emergency relief: Response to unforeseen situations of distress caused by natural disasters or poverty.

NEW HUMANITY STAFF 2010 (78 people)

CHEUNG Veasna Program Manager

NGOY Sovannarem Training Officer

SOK SOcheat Program Officer

WONG Lucia Education Advisor

MOP Phoeun Program Officer AGATEA Stefania Health Advisor NHEK Chamroeun Program Officer


CHENG Chandy Program Manager

LIM Heng Program Officer

EK Samboun Project Officer

OP Vanna Psychologist

NICOT Mathilde Speech Therapist


LEGNANI Franco PIME Representative to NH

ROQUEPLAN Hervé Country Director

AYALA MOREIRA René Assistant Director

CHHY Sophearith Monitoring & Evaluation Officer

CHHIM Sok Eim Finance Officer

CHUM Vey Administrator

KONG Sothearith Admin. & Finance Assistant

SOM Sopheak Admin. & Finance Assistant

OURN Chanthy Secretary & Accountant

NH Cambodia


Demographics Population (2009) Population Growth Rate (2009) Population Density per Square Km. Urban Population (2008) Average household size (2008) HDI (Human Development Index) in 2005 Ethnic Groups Education Literacy rate (15 years old +) 2010 Pupil-Teacher ratio in Primary 2008 National Budget for Education 2010 Enrolment ratios1 2010 GER Pre-primary 46% Primary 96.1 % Lower Secondary 56.6 % Upper Secondary 33.2 % Health Life Expectancy (2008) Total fertility rate (15-49) HIV Prevalence (per 1000 adults 15-49) Population using safe water

14,805,358 Female 51.36% 1.5 % Age Structure (2009) 75 Under 18 33.7 % 19.5 % Under 5 10.2 % 4.7 Over 65 years 4.2 % Rank: 124 on 169 countries (UNDP) Khmer (90%), Vietnamese, Chinese, Hill Tribes, others.

87.5 % 49 16.40 % NER n/a 93.4 % 33.9% 20.8%

Quality & efficiency in Primary Education (2009/2010) Pupil-class ratio at Primary Education 38 Teacher-class ratio 0.78 Pupil-textbook ratio at grade 1-3 (1 set:3) 2.8 Repetition rate 7.1% 2 Dropout rate 8.7 % 2 Survival rate 91.3% 2 Completion rate 85.3%

62 years 3.4 8 61%

Under-5 Children underweight 2009 Infant Mortality (per 1,000 live births) 2009 Under-5 Mortality (per 1,000) 2009 Population using sanitation facilities

29% 68 88 29%

Economic GDP 2009 $ 9.87 billion GDP Growth 2009 -1.9 % Contributions to GDP 2009 Agriculture 35 % Industry 23 % Services 42 % Population below poverty line (2007) 30.1 % Disability Population living with disability (2008) Disability by Type of impairment Vision Hearing Speaking

GNI per capita 2009 Inflation rate 2009 Population by sector 2009 Agriculture 74.2 % Industry 7% Services 18.8 %

$ 610 5.1%

1.4% 29.97 % 7.93 % 8.68 % Mobility Mental 40.83 % 21.59

Sources: National Institute of Statistics (NIS) for demographics, UNESCO for Education, Ministry of Education Youth and Sport (MoEYS), World Bank, and UNDP.
1 Percentages of children in school are represented by Gross Enrolment Ratios (GER) and Net Enrolment Ratios (NER). GER is the number of pupils enrolled in a given level of education regardless of age expressed as a percentage of the population in the theoretical age group for that level of education. NER is the number of pupils in the theoretical age group who are enrolled expressed as a percentage of the same population. 2 According to EFA Global Monitoring Report the dropout rate for school year 2007/2008 was 46%, survival rate 54%, and completion rate was 48%.

Early Childhood Care and Education Despite of great achievements with a net enrolment ratio in primary education of 96.1% for 2010, Cambodia's education needs improvements on repetition (7.1%) and dropout (9%) rates, according to the last figures given by the Ministry of Education. A strategic approach to decrease these rates lies in Early Childhood education, a program recognized by the Royal Government of Cambodia as an important means of promoting enrolment rates and reducing repetition rates in grade 1 and 2, thus minimizing the possibilities of dropouts caused by earlier failures. In this regard, NGOs working in this sector are implementing preschool programs to bridge the gap of early care and education services in rural areas and remote communities where the lack of or total absence of preschool services remain a challenge. It is in this context that New Humanity is attempting to give its contribution to ensure preschool children enrolment in grade 1 by collaborating with the local authorities and communities. Our results in numbers for the School Year 2009/10 In the school year 2009-2010, there were altogether 19 pre-school classes: 14 classes in Kompong Chhnang province (KCN) and 5 classes in Mondolkiri province (MDK). We got a total of 518 children (female: 257) enrolled in the 19 pre-school classes: 383 children in KCN and 123 children in MDK. By the end of the school year 506 children (female: 254) completed the year. Therefore the dropout rate equals 2.3%. In average the attendance rate in the 19 preschool classes was equivalent to 76.1% of 198 school days attended. In KCN the attendance rate was up to 82.6% while in MDK it was only 69.6%. Children developed their skills through activities regarding Social Responsibilities, Sensorial Development, Language Development, Early Mathematics and Gross Motor Skills. All children received health and hygiene monitoring during the school year. Therefore the percentage of children with very good hygiene condition increased from 72% at the beginning to 85% at the end of the school year. All children received daily breakfast; thus, the percentage of children with healthy weight increased from 86% to 94% at the end of the school year. Parent's contribution, for the daily breakfast, reached 63% of the total expected amount of rice for this school year (1kg/month/parent). 76% of parents also contributed in the preparation of the breakfast, thus 37% of them came more than once a month, and 39% came just once. Regarding parent's involvement, 79% of them, in average, attended the 108 meetings on parenting organized by NH in both provinces. Meetings on Mother and Child health care issues (90 meetings) were attended by 90% of the parents. One of the most relevant impacts of our basic health training for parents was the use of mosquito net, the number of families using this device properly increased from 52% to 89%. Concerning capacity building for the teachers, all of them have had external and internal training. The external training was given by organizations like Krousar Yoeung, Save the Children Norway, and Aide & Action. Besides, in order to broaden their vision, there was an exposure trip to Hong Kong. The outcomes of these trainings are monitored and coached by our education advisor and training officer. School Year 2010/11 For the new School Year 2010/11 we have open a new pre-school class, giving a total of 20 preschool classes (15 in Kompong Chhnang Province and 5 in Mondolkiri Province). We got a total of 580 children (female: 302) enrolled in the 20 pre-school classes: 439 children in KCN and 141 children in MDK. Problems found New local teacher recruitment and retention of the staff already recruited due to the constant search for better income generation. Disinterest for proper personal and family hygiene behavior. While parents have brought an important contribution in feeding their children, program's expectations are still to be fulfilled in order to get closer to sustainability. Partial interest of local authorities to disseminate information about the program among all villagers.

Laying the foundations for tomorrow's education in rural Cambodia

Ms. Sopheap is a Phnong preschool teacher in Krang Tes Village, Mondolkiri Province. She is 24 years old and she has been working for NH since 2008. “When I started to work for NH as preschool teacher my teaching skills were not good, because I had difficulties in understanding how to prepare and use lesson plan, arrange teaching materials, and I did not have really experience in teaching methodology. I felt upset with the results I got, I was sure that children were able to do better. Through training, experience and support I started to prepare better lesson plans, teaching activities, teaching materials, and my teaching methodology has improved a lot. Another important thing I learned is about the nature of the kids, how they think and what is important for them. Now I am more empathetic with them … my behavior and attitude towards the children have also changed. I love my work with the children. The more energy I put in my commitment, the greater achievement and satisfaction I have and the high attendance rate is one, which is always almost 100 percent. Some parents of former pupils have approached me to show their satisfaction and gratitude for the good results obtained by their children in primary school. They told me that my students are progressing quicker than those children who never attended preschool classes. I am very happy to hear about these good results. Although I gained lots of experiences, I have faced some problems in encouraging all parents to be involved in our activities like meetings and breakfast preparation. This happened especially during planting and harvesting seasons. Sometimes I do not know what to do, I know that they have to ensure their food first. But when farming season is over, I do my best to encourage them to participate in our activities". Ms. Ya Teh, is a widow 33 years old and a mother of a 5-year-old girl, Nhel Theara who is currently attending the NH's pre-school class for the school year 2010/2011. “We are 4 members in my family; my daughter, my parents and I. I was divorced when I was pregnant. My main occupation is selling groceries at home. Since my daughter started to attend preschool, I noticed that she is able to recognize the Khmer alphabet and numbers. She also knows how to read some words learnt at school. I am very happy with what she can do. I am very grateful that she can go to preschool because not only my child can learn but also I have time to do my work. I am sure that for the next year I will send her to primary school and if possible finish high school so she can help to improve our living condition in the future. I have tried to be faithful in attending all the monthly meetings. I found them useful because we can learn about health care, hygiene, common diseases, and especially understand what our kids are able to do at this age. My favorite topic is about health, I learned about the symptoms for most common diseases and what to do in case getting one of them. For example when my daughter has fever, I give her something against the fever, but if she doesn't get better I brought her quickly to the health center".

Yoe Koe is a 5-year-old boy of Pnong minority. He is studying in Leng Chhung Preschool in Mondolkiri Province. His parents are farmers. “I like the school very much because I have "bobo" (rice porridge) every morning. I like to eat because it is so delicious. I am also happy to play with my friends and learn Khmer letters, numbers from my teacher. We also draw and sing. Next year I would like to come again to this school, I’ve made a lot of friends and I like my teacher, I also want to be teacher".

Primary Education and Basic Health Care for Indigenous Children in Mondolkiri While primary education in general has seen evident improvements, the situation in remote areas, where most indigenous groups are located, is not as encouraging as the rest of the country. There is still a lack of qualified teachers who are keen to be assigned in these remote regions. This fact makes the education system in these places extremely poor. According to the current reports of the Ministry of Education, the attendance of students is poor, teachers are often absent and textbooks not always available. It is in such context that NH is currently implementing a program on Early Childhood and Primary school in Mondolkiri, especially among indigenous children. The program aims to increase enrollment rates and retaining students at school by providing them with studying materials and feeding program while improving school facilities and ensuring additional training for the teachers. Achievements in numbers After a campaign for school enrollment in Mondolkiri, according to school directors and teachers, the number of students enrolled in this new school year has an increase of 9% compared to that of last school year. Our sponsorship program for primary school students is currently reaching a total of 1,117 children. However, non-sponsored children in the same schools also benefit from the program. Therefore, the total number of beneficiaries rises to 2,620 children in the provinces of Kompong Chhnang (733) and Mondolkiri (1,887). We have provided studying materials and school uniforms to a total of 2,445 students (female: 1,119), 1,712 students from Mondolkiri and 733 from Kompong Chhnang. Regarding school improvement, 6 wooden kitchens were built in 6 schools located in indigenous communities and the classroom floors in one primary school were cemented. Local community was involved in all these activities of school improvement, mainly through labor contribution. In order to tackle teacher absenteeism, a system of monthly merit-based incentive grant of 20 US Dollars for teachers and school directors was established. With the aim to make school libraries more functional, we recruited 6 local people who have received a training to become school librarians in Mondolkiri. To facilitate the access to safe water, we distributed 69 Ceramic Water Purifiers (CWP) among families in 2 villages. Other 26 CWP were given to 6 schools. Besides, wells in bad condition within the school were repaired to ease school feeding activities. In regard to hygiene behavior, 6 workshops were conducted, reaching the participation of 1,327 students and 17 school teachers. Other 6 trainings on hygiene were held, with the participation of 85 mothers. Within the framework of health care, 1,825 students received a health check-up with the collaboration of local Health Department staff. In addition, personal hygiene stuff was provided to 141 pre-school students. To ensure the daily breakfast for children 8 cooks were hired for 6 schools in Mondolkiri. Thus, currently 694 students are receiving daily meal, a number that is expected to double by the next year. In the frame of community development, 15 trainings on agriculture were conducted for members of 13 villages. The trainings reached 592 villagers interested on rice intensification system. After consultation with local population, 2 rice banks were established within the schools of Poulung and Srae Khleng village. NH has contributed to these new rice banks with 6 tons of rice. To this point there are 150 villagers registered as members. Problems found Local committees for quality education are difficult to establish and once done, it is even more complicated to make them functional. Concerning teacher training for quality teaching in Mondolkiri, NH agreed to provide technical support to all teachers of primary school during regular meetings organized by the provincial office of education. However, due to communication issues, so far such an input has not yet been put into practice. NH proposed to villagers the use of dry pit latrines for a better sanitation; however, this idea was not approved by most of them.

Inclusive education for indigenous children in Mondolkiri

Mr. Chan Thoeun, has been working as the school principal of Pou Loung primary school since 2002. “I am very happy since NH has started working in my school. This year I got an important support of materials for the children's hygiene. Most importantly, the construction of the kitchen for school feeding and the community rice bank storage, the receiving of ceramic water purifiers and books for our existing library, the repair of the school well in the school compound. All these enormously improve the school facilities. I am very grateful with the fact that my students can have a good breakfast every morning. That is essential for their health especially here in Mondolkiri as parents do not have enough rice to feed their children before coming to school. Here the kids feel very happy when the time for breakfast comes, after that they are full of energy and eager to continue their school activities. Before the well was repaired, my school didn’t have enough water to use. Now we have enough water for cooking the breakfast and for the latrines. Sometimes some villagers who live around our School also get water from this well. My teachers have also received technical support from NH’s staff through training and monitoring. That is very helpful for me and besides they are improving their quality of teaching. According to what I observed, the students’ attendance is better than before and the dropout has been decreased remarkably. I hope that all this will go on until the end of the school year". Ms. Swem, 40 years old, is a widow living with 5 children. 3 are going to Pou Loung School. They are in Grade 6, Grade 3 and preschool class. “Thanks to the support of NH, my children are very keen to go to school. They feel proud in their new uniforms and learning materials. This support also helps me reduce my expenses for their study. I decided to join the turns for cooking the breakfast for my children and all the students 3 times a month. I think that education is very important for my children and for my family. Sometimes I feel worried about the studies of my children at school. I am concerned when their progress is not good. Every day I try to encourage my 3 children to go to school because I want them to be able to read and count, I want them to have a good job in the future". Dina is a 13-year-old Phnong girl, studying in Grade 3 at Leng Chhung Primary School. She has 2 brothers and her parents are farmers. “This year I got a school uniform and study materials for the first time. These materials really help me in my studies. I am very happy because I have a new uniform to come to school, books, pens, and my own bag... my mother needs not buy these things for me. I enjoy eating my rice porridge every morning because after eating I am not hungry anymore, so I can listen to my teacher attentively. In my classroom we have a container where we can take safe drinking water. I really like to come here, I like to learn and become doctor one day, because here in my village we do not have doctors to cure us when we are sick".

Higher Education: Master program of Sociology-Anthropology According to the last updates given by the Ministry of Education, education in Cambodia has shown progresses at all levels, from preschool to higher education. In quantitative terms higher education currently counts with 91 state and 34 public institutions. However most of them (57) are located in Phnom Penh and the rest distributed in 18 provinces. Currently there are 12,887 students taking Master degree program, of this 18.8% are female students. The government's goals for this sector involve quality and capacity improvement but also a focus in the development fields such as education, anthropology, health and agriculture. In 2004 NH started to implement a Master degree program with 60% major in SociologyAnthropology, with 50% the aim to strength 40% the capacity building of lecturers at the 30% Royal University of 18% Phnom Penh and 20% 15% students of social 8% sciences. The 10% objective of this 0% program was to Government staff support and encourage scientific research in the fields of sociology and anthropology, skills relatively new in Cambodia's context. Until 2010 New Humanity has achieved to support 3 intakes since October 2004, promoting a total of 54 master degree holders. According to our impact survey among the students from the 2 first intakes, we know that most participants of the first batch were involved as university staff which, a logic trend, knowing that the main targeted group at that time were the lecturers of the Sociology Department. In the case of participants of the second batch, most of them graduated students of social sciences, found work rather in NGOs. Both trends are equally important, thus lecturers can ensure the transmission of knowledge and practice about social research, while NGOs workers can help to develop more adapted aid program within Cambodian context.

Current Job of Former Master's Students




15%15%15% 11% 8% 0% University staff International agencies staff Company/Private sector staff 10%


15% 5% 0%

NGO staff





35% 30% 25% 20% 15% 10% 5%

The third intake was the last year of New Humanity's involvement at the Royal University of Phnom Penh after 16 years of partnership. Through Current Field Research of Former Students the collaboration of New Humanity, in 1994 the Department of Sociology was 31% established and Department of Philosophy restored. Later a research 26% 26% 24% training program was conducted from 21% 21% 21% 2000 to 2004 in order to reinforce 18% 18% qualitative research approach, and finally 16% 16% 16% 13% a Master Program was designed to 11%11% 11% strengthen Sociology and Anthropology within the spectrum of social sciences in Cambodia.

0% Rural Development Ethnic groups Migration Social & cultural change Education Other

Our presence in RUPP was valued by the Academic authorities and government underlining our achievements and commitment.




For families in situation of distress we set up a component to tackle emergency cases like disease, food scarcity, housing, and water access. Thus, in 2010 we collaborated in the construction of 15 new wells for families and students in the public schools. We also repaired 3 old wells, so people can have easy access to drinking water. Thanks to this concrete intervention, 76 families as well as 1,024 students in 2 different public schools are now secured with safe water source. In case that a member of a poor family experiences a severe type of disease and need urgent intervention, the program brings hope to the sick person by providing immediate referral to adequate health care facilities. This year, 91 people benefited from this intervention. Among them, 63 were completely relieved and 28 are still under treatment. We also extended our hands to 10 families who were not able to repair their modest houses. We provided some basic materials so they could finish their repairs. These 10 families were composed by a total of 64 members who are now living in a safer house. Recovering hope PhimThol, 43 years old, is a farmer living in Chak village in Kompong Chhnang Province. She is married with 2 children. “One of my children is attending New Humanity's preschool class in Svay Kal Primary school. I attend the parents meeting about health issues organized every month. Once, during the health training, I had the chance to discuss with NH trainer about my health condition, and then I mentioned about the pain I have had for a long time. Sometimes I was not able to sleep because of the pain. The trainer advised me to go to the health center and asked for an ultrasound. Therefore, one day I decided to have this ultrasound and finally the doctor told me about a tumor in my ovary. After knowing my illness, I lost my hope and when I arrived home, I told my husband that maybe I would die soon. Fortunately, I met Ms. Saokea, a health field worker working for NH. I told her about my situation and she immediately arranged a surgery at Preah Kosamak Hospital in Phnom Penh. Before going for surgery, I stayed at Elizabeth Sick Shelter in Phnom Penh, a place hosted patients from the countryside while under treatment in PP. With NH’s co-ordination, I stayed there until the day of the operation. After my surgery, I felt much better. I would say 80 percent better than before. I am very grateful to NH. Without its intervention I could not have been able to cover the costs of such an operation and pay for the treatment… because I am very poor and my husband never care about me. New Humanity really supported me when it was urgently needed. In my last visit to the doctor I was very happy to be informed that there was no sign of cancer. The doctor added, "You are so lucky”. Listening to these words my hope was completely recovered".

One of the newly built houses

Many families in our targeted areas have not enough food to feed their children, and then prevalence of malnutrition among children and mothers is very high. We try to tackle this problem only among the poorest families. In 2010 we supported 27 families with rice. Each of these families received a ration of 20 kilograms per family. Because of this support 174 children were able to eat a portion of rice. This support was also extended to young children by providing them with powder milk for their normal development, thus 5 babies received this monthly contribution.

3 underweight babies in February 2009 and in December 2010

Community Based Rehabilitation Centers Currently the total population of people with disabilities, according to the last General Population Census of Cambodia 2008, is 1.4%. With the aim to respond and integrate this segment of the population, the Royal Government of Cambodia has passed two major legislations: a policy on Education for Children with Disabilities (2008) and the law on the protection and the promotion of the rights of People with Disabilities (2009). These policies attempt to increase awareness and acceptance of people with disabilities, to develop early identification and intervention, and to provide quality education and care. Several organizations in Cambodia are currently assisting people with physical disabilities, a group that has drawn most of the attention in the past years, due to their link with victims of landmines. However, although the more low profile group of people with intellectual disabilities has not yet captured fully the attention, some organizations have started to work seriously on the identification and assessment of children with this type of disability. Nevertheless this sector is still lacking of care and specialized service to improve their lives and their inclusion in their own communities. It is in this spirit that New Humanity has concentrated its efforts to welcome children with intellectual disabilities in our Community Based Rehabilitation (CBR) Centers, and provides them with physical and psychological care. Currently we have 5 centers and a home-based care program in Kompong Chhnang Province in order to reach as many beneficiaries as possible. Achievements in 2010 In 2010, we reached a total number of 98 (females: 48) persons with physical and intellectual disabilities. Among them, 68 (females: 32) are receiving services in our 5 CBR centers, and the other 30 (females: 16) receive similar services through Home Based Care. In regard to teaching activities, we have 74 beneficiaries who are learning multiple subjects, while 14 of them are learning just one subject due to their limited capacities. Because of age and condition of their impairment there are 10 children who do not participate at all in any of those activities. Our physiotherapy activities are reaching 50 (females: 23) beneficiaries who suffered some kind of physical impairment: 37 (females: 14) are coming to our CBR centers and 13 (females: 9) are part of the Home Based Care project. About referral for sick people, 72 out 98 beneficiaries were referred to the hospital or health care centers. 62 of them were cured relatively fast while the other 10 are still under treatment. Concerning counseling activities, 22 out of 98 People with Disabilities received counseling. Each one of them has received 4 individual sessions in average. In the case of parents, 59 have received at least 2 counseling sessions. Our special needs teachers have also received counseling by group and individually. Thus in 2010, 33 group sessions were conducted and each teacher received 5 individual sessions in average.

Beneficiaries by main impairment in 2010
Moving difficulties, 27 Learning difficulties, 45

Psychological difficulties, 10

Speaking difficulties, 1

Other, 4

People who have fits, 6

Seeing difficulties, 3 Hearing difficulties, 2

Thanks to a developed networking with other organizations working in the sector of disability, 30 out of 98 beneficiaries received assistive devices such as prosthesis and wheelchairs from Cambodia Trust and other 3 beneficiaries received hearing aid devices from the Jesuit Service. Another outcome of networking activities is the acknowledgment by the Ministry of Social Affairs, Veterans and Youth Rehabilitation (MoSVY) of our centers as model for CBR centers' best practices and place for staff exposures. In the spirit of self-help group, we organized a total of 23 home visits. The families of our beneficiaries received the visit of other children with disabilities, some parents, and other members of the community. Regarding sustainability and parent's involvement, we organized a total of 33 meetings for parents of children going to our CBR centers. The aim of these meetings was to provide information about disability and basic health training. In terms of poverty alleviation we have provided agriculture training for home gardening to 68 families with children with disabilities so they can improve their livelihood. A propos of inclusive education, we have ensured the integration of 20 out of 98 beneficiaries into local public schools for the school year 2010/2011. Activities of raising awareness about disability, we supported the participation of 15 children to be part of the Special Olympics Games for persons with intellectual disabilities at the National Olympic stadium. We also facilitated the participation of 25 children to the 28th International Day for Persons with Disabilities on December 2010 in Kompong Chhnang. A total of 175 people with disabilities attended this event. A research called "Intellectual Disability in Rural Cambodia: Cultural Perceptions and Families' Challenges" should be finalized and published by the mid 2011. Besides, another small survey was conducted in order to determine prevalence of children with disabilities in public schools of Kompong Chhnang Province. Finally we conducted a baseline survey to identify the prevalence of people with disabilities in 25 villages of the same province. Through this survey, we found 123 PwDs in need. Capacity building for our staff is crucial for quality service delivery in favor of our beneficiaries. It is in this line that NH provides internal and external ongoing training to our special needs teachers and staff in charge to deliver physiotherapy. Problems found Because of constant responsibility towards children with intellectual disabilities our staff are frequently stressed, a problem that is partially solved by counseling sessions. This counseling facilitates their quality work and empathy towards our beneficiaries. The body of knowledge and practice of on-going training is not rich enough due to the lack of professionals in the sector. Therefore, the staff improve their skills slowly. This fact also has an impact in the accuracy of monitoring and assessment of the condition of our beneficiaries. Involving parents in the project activities is one of our aims; however, the outcomes so far are limited, with few parents deeply committed. In rural Cambodia, hygiene is a permanent challenge and risk for our objectives on basic health care as parents do not fully grasp its importance. Our staff is permanently monitoring our beneficiaries and their homes to encourage this behavior.

Some of our Research's Recommendations
Family members of the children with intellectual disabilities should have more access to information on how to care and deal with their children’s situation. The cultural approach should be considered in the dissemination of information and in trainings. More programs and trainings should be developed and provided to school teachers that introduce them to special curriculum and techniques on how to teach children with intellectual disabilities More health care providers need to be specialized on maternity care as well as on intellectual disability. Mutual cooperation between government and nongovernment institutions must be supported and reinforced In the framework of a program for children with disabilities, each child with intellectual disabilities should be treated as unique. Service providers, parents, relatives and the community in general must learn to recognize and advocate against acts of discrimination inside and outside their communities

The challenges and joys of living with people with disabilities

Pang Raden, 53 years old, is a widow and mother of 3 children. Hang Somaly, her daughter, is autistic and has problems of epilepsy. “I can remember that the CBR center of New Humanity welcome my daughter in 2009. Externally the condition of my daughter has not changed since then, but I can recognize some changes like the frequency of convulsions she used to have decreases. She had attacks 2 or 3 times per week but now I see her more calm, and convulsions occurred just 2 or 3 times per month. Sometimes, when I have time, I go to the center to observe how my daughter and other children with disabilities are cared for. I learn from the patience, and attentiveness. When my daughter and other children have health problems, they are referred to the hospital in Phnom Penh. We can go with them to discuss with doctor directly about our children. I learn from my visits to CBR center that people like my child should not be mistreated, abused or even avoid offensive words towards them. When there is a meeting I do not miss the activity because I know that I need to learn more about how to deal with my daughter. Since the first time my daughter attended the center I have had more time for farming, besides my daughter receives food, care, and education, this has become a real support for me and for my family".

Mr. San Tith is a 24-year-old Special Needs Teacher in our CBR Center of Chak village. “I have been working with NH in this CBR center for almost two years. For me, this work is very important because if there is no CBR Center here, children with disabilities will not have the opportunity to get these services. I think that most people with disabilities do not receive enough care from their relatives. Very often I found them not clean and neglected, and here in the center we try to change that. To care a child with disabilities adequately is costly. That is why most parents cannot afford all the expenses. Our CBR centers support medical expenses, transport cost, and regular food for these children. The current condition of children in our center will not be the same with just their family support. I believe that our work here is helping people with disabilities to develop their abilities. Since we provide them with regular physiotherapy, their mobility is stable and for some their original condition has improved visibly. Frankly speaking, when some of them came for the first time here, their condition was alarming, no movement, no energy, no life but now they are more active. Some are even able to play with others in group. I love my work. I really want to continue this work with NH in the future as I want to help more people with disabilities. When I saw children with disabilities in the village, I wish I could help them to play and be happy because most of the time they stay isolated. I still need to get more experience and knowledge to improve my service but I feel confident that in the future my skills will become more effective".

A typical day in our CBR Centers

Early morning we are brought to the centers by our Tuk-Tuk and we enjoy the ride.

As soon as we arrive we start to study … the big ones, can you see them?

Not everything is very formal, we have also moments to share our friendship and play together…

… some others received physiotherapy, they feel cool! After the teaching we have some other activities like occupational therapy…

After lunch we take care of our personal hygiene And then, we can have a rest…

Before to leave the center, we play once more together…

So, are you ready to come and visit our CBR?

Mobile Training for Development (MTCAD) Community Agriculture 2 additional agricultural trainings were conducted in 2 public schools, reaching 97 students. A total of 14,000 booklets were published, 2,000 for each subject training given to our trainees and other villagers interested.

According to the last Cambodia development figures in 2010, we are still among the poorest countries in Southeast Asia, with one of the highest prevalence rates of undernourishment and child malnutrition. Although economic growth is following a rapid pace, better nutrition, unfortunately, is being left behind. Besides the population growth rate is increasing while income per capita do not showed signs of augmentation. Therefore, our objective is to target actions that can improve the income per capita, thus families and especially children can ensure daily food intake and reduce malnutrition. As all the beneficiaries of New Humanity live in rural areas, our targeted action was to respond to the concerns of the villagers on how to improve food production and take advantage of it. Thus, we have been implementing a project linked to agricultural training. This project aims to support the transmission of agricultural techniques and coach villagers in putting into practice everything that was acquired during the training sessions. Achievements in 2010 122 meetings with local leaders were organized in Boribor and Tuek Phos Districts (Kompong Chhnang Province). After these meetings we received applications from different villages. 159

Impact of agriculture training on peoples' livelihood According to our impact survey 76% of respondents have partially applied all what was taught during the training, while 14.6% have fully applied the knowledge acquired. 81.3% of them expressed that their income has increased due to agriculture activities. In average the increase, compared to previous year, was equal to 534,000 riels (133 USD). Because of extra income 114 out of 261 respondents (43.7%) could buy a new mean of transportation, in most cases a bicycle. Because of agriculture improvements 78% of respondents said that their daily food consumption is a "little better", while the 14% stated that food security is definitely "better" than before.

Therefore we delivered 118 agricultural trainings out of 100 initially planned. There were 7 subjects within the frame of the training: rice intensification system, vegetables, natural fertilizer, cattle, livestock, fish, and poultry. These trainings reached a total of 2,655 villagers, of whom 1,722 were female.

Number of training by topic

Rice cultivation, 10 Fish rearing, 4 Cattle rearing, 12

Vegetable cultivation, 7

Natural fertilizer, 10

Pig rearing, 18

Poultry rearing, 57

NH Cambodia

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