Year of Publication
(lSSN O(l2ll'\~111

"'' ' ';[8,

Robert F. Scl)l>ul~

o.,-"uty Chi'" 0' Nov.1 upemtJ ..... tAIr 'Mlf,,,.~)



8. 8<1"'1 IV

N""~l .." $V$,,,ms Command

Copt" I~ 1:1I~~.,d C, Knt>U

H_ SIll"




The tlme-prO'ven value Of smphibious warfare IS becoming even. better as. Mer ine Corps Air changes and Improves.
The developments are impressive. "Marine Aviation Today" will bring you up to date on the state of the aircraft and weapons systems prognUflS, beginning 00 pega 4. Fortv-slx squadrons earned the CNO Aviation Safety Award last year and helped to keep Naval Aviation's safety record under control. VQ4, one of

Cel•• Ho<I<ard WII"",

EllII'" M."I'!l'Il&I An

SandV A.,.


As""".l" Ed,,,,,
~,5$QQrAje I;:4ltqr

tI~G" F. GoUIM Ch." .. c. CMft"'l

E:~'I"" 0,,,,,,,,,,

.102 l'1mo'lhy J, A"'&soCiat"

eM ~lmonn

J\~'''''IlfI' E!!il ..

H.",I" And_. Capl A""",,1b lliIu..

'ec~nI04I Mw",,,


LI Cd. ""IU' teHY c. Tr~U


-a..,. Rev, '" Ed,lor 6u.ope'" Co".spor"'~"1

Cdr ChIlG~s..'I!mon.

Collltlt>u!lr,g 1itI11Q'

COVER- This origi' nel rendition of the familiar F4U·1

Corsair was done by A. MIchael Leahy.
At the- ti me,it was
known affectionately

the recipients, nasa prcqrarn wbrtll a close 1001<. See "UniQI:Ji~ly Missioned" 011 page 14. The Naval R,eserve is mOving toward closer in tegration with the active Navy

as the "U-Bird."
Features Wings for Naval Aviation Supply Officers _ . • . . •. Marine- Aviation Today •........ , .• ' , " ....•.•• Cobra+ Lurking In the Shadows, ......• , _ ...•..•.. F4U U·Birds ••• , .•...... _ .....•..... , . . . . . •.. Un iquelv Missioned .. ,. _..... _ .• _ .• , .• , •...• _. Total Force-PuttingltAIITogether ..•.......... B'9gest Little NAR F in Europe. . . . . • • • • . . • . . . . . 1 4 10 12 14


release of

a study

to Congress

, by

the Navy John Lehman, called "T01al Force." The program ism"ssive and is happening now, so we've summarized the Naval AViation side of
Seese tarv of

the report


page 18.

1B Seabirds. , , , • , .•.. _ . . . . . . .. 20 TPS/NP$ Cooperative Program ..• , ... , ........• ,. 2-4
A Busy Lady - 30+ eatspult shots a day for 21 years •• 28

Steam Catapults - From Carrter Deck to FightinU
Allitude-in a Hurry I ... , .. , .•. _ . . . . . . . . . Naval Aviauon's Sa-fety Lah;!..•....•......•.•. , .. Awards, •......•.... _ . . . • . . . . . • . . . . . .• . . . . .. Departments Awards ................••.•..••...•.•• --_ 1

32 34

Depot·level rework IS a lougn snouqh job at 3' stateside NARF. Imagine deing it in a theater far from logistic support. The NallY'S European Repail' and Rework Activity (NE-RRAj in Naples not only does it, they make it look routine. See "Biggest Little NARF in


page 1B.

Hank Caruso has done it <lyain, This time he's captured the. essence of what it's Ilktl. fOT rha crew on the fiigl1L deck
paddles; and B B stackers. En.loy "Flight Deck Seabirds" OR pp, 20-23.. Career development for [unior officers received '8 lot of e!'liphaS'is lilti:ly_ Earnir1g Naval Test Pilot papers isa rernarkable and I enel1cial achfeveml",nt, but to be able to eelTl an M.S. degree, too, is worth investigating, Check mit (he "TPS!NPS Cooperative Program" on page 24.

Grampaw Pettibone , _. • . . . • . . . . • . . . . . . . . . . ..• 2 People-Planes-Places ..........•..•.•.. _• . • . .. 37 FlfghtBag " _ . •..•. .• .. . inside back cover
Naval A'Ilali()fI N~s is plllbli_shedbimonthly ll.'( the Ctri~1 01 Naval Operatt.ol1s·ilfi_d Naval A1r S)'Stems Command In aC<;<lfdance with N'alty Publlc;Jtien and Printing RegulllliG~s P 36 1levi'i!A May 1.979J Opir,fo"s expressed are not nec..ssa'ily mosl! Dl \ha Dep.rtm,ent 01 me Navv. Refll'!~nce It> 'eg~laljQ,lS. 'ders aod dlla'c' o m'll' ~s lor ,n!ormation onlv and does not bv publi.ali~n haTe,,, CoMtit~1e author ltv for -lIml,,!, , All malerl,,1 not copvrighleQ may b" ,ej:lfll1tElf.!,1'1"",,1 AllflltiOn New,; offie~ located in Building !S9E, Room 590, Was!llngoon Navy Yard Alina"" W(lsh(l'tgto", D.C 2037A. Ph"ne 1.2021433440718/9,aulOvon 288-440718/9, Annual

of a strperearrier, including purple, l'lrovvn, greell. yellow and blue shirts;



SUbscrJp uo 1'1 iSo 1!vall;;b)e 111,0 ug~ S uperln! endenl of Documeh!s, Go vel n men! PrinMII OflfoCll',Wiiiihinglt1'1, DeC :1040z. phon" ClOZI 783.:1:238. Second-class pO$t~ge p<lid \II Washifllilon. D.C., artd additIonal mailing of!1ce,. POSTMASTE-R:. Sena "dd,ess G'hanges II) GPO Orde' Desk. Superirlllfldent of Oocument3, War;h m,Glor" C,C. 20402,

Wings for Naval Aviation Supply


Rel!eTvlng (nllygY!"iI! £!t5 of llvia,tian .$upply Wr"g~ it the Aviation the 5 Balli ill Was'hfn9tDt1,. O.C., from VAdIT!. Roben". SehouIU .• USN, Deputy Chief of NffilaJ Operations (Air Worfarel. second from right, aro, Ilfft, Como_ J"'hn H. RlJehli", SC, USN. CO'l1ma,ndfng Officer, Ayiation Supply Office, VAdm. Eugene A. Grinstead, Jr., SC, USN, Di~&ctor. Defense Logistics Agoncy' and R Adm. And"ew .A. G{ordano. SC, USN(Ret.1, former Commanding Orijce r, Naval Supply Systell1$ Command.


he Chie] of Naval Operaticns has approved a plan to establish a Naval AViQtion Supply Officer Program and has authorized a unique breast insignia for qualifying Supply Corps officers. The first aviation supplv "wings" were presented recently by VAdm. Robert F. Schoultz, USN, Deputy Chief ef
Naval Operations (AiT Warfare). at the Naval Avlatfon Rail

in Washington, D.C. Receiving the insignia were VAdm. Eugene A, Grinsteil,d, Jr. SC, USN, Director, Defense Logistics Agency; RAden. Andrew A. Giorc;laf1o. SC, USN~Flet,l. former Commander, Naval SUpply Systems Command; and Como. John H. Ruehlin, SC, USN, Commanding Officer, Aviation Supply Office. Philadelphia, Pa. The Avi~tjon SUflply Office IASO) is-the lead activity
for program administration of the Naval Aviation Supply Officer (NASO) prq-fjram, h\ccording to Como. RuehHIi, the I,1)rogramwill givt'filffic-ers a l:~reer path t;hrowgh -aV(a· tion iogist1cs, and, Rrovide the Supply, Corps wIth a group ot uniquely qualified' aviation logistics specialists. Candidates for designation as Naval Aviation Supply Officers must undertake and successtulfv complete a

demanding qualification progri;lm Wllleh requires approxImately 350 hours of study and practical experience. Much of his program is-modeled on the PQS System. Cand[d<ite~ must also pass an oral examination administered by' supply and' av ietion maintenance officers at their operating sites, Final approval will be made by aircraft controlling eustedlens 0.&. air ~ype commanders). Only those Supply Corps officers who 'lire currently serving in dtiig:nHted aviaction su pply blUet!: 01\ Wno have been detached from such billets within tile pasrtwc vears are ellgfble to partici pate in the NASO Program.
Supply Corps officers wl'1o desire to (lltlnicipati:! in the NASO program will receive detailed information in OP· NA:VINST 1542,4 and NAVSlJP PUB 550, both of which

are eX·pected to be pu blished and dlstrfbuted later this year. Supply Clilrps "wings" will also 08 available in NaVy exchange.$ by that time. Aocordill9 to Cernmedere Rueht!n the standards for ill a program ere hign, and will remain high. 'We must develop the talent," he said, "to give the.Nav·y what It needs to be ready - and stay ready." •

Isbell Tro,phy
Tltl!' 1983 C~pl-all'l AI rl'llllJ Jay Iso",1 Trephy' tOI O\l."lall <lj(Ce.1 lljlflcC1! a,ld$up_lIr,OI p,erformanee In ill' annSlJbmar1cl'1~ Wa,faf!l"11a&, been awarded IC H5.2, HSL -35. V S.,a'3 ~f1 c/ V P·6 In me P!lcffTc Fleet: and HS~9, I-iSL·34. VS-22 and VP,10 111tM ,!\,!ia'Hlc FIMt. The a\Nard i$'sponsQred DV 1'~ Loci(lwed'Callfom]1I CQmp~n'1t In honor o~ the anusubrr-arine wartsre cornrnander IJnder w~o~e le,idru· sh'IP planes and escort carrie Is operatlngln lh", AtlantiC; d.atnll wW II developed ,tHo a poweriuj compat f~r~. Capt. Isbllli !NilS killed in acmon ,,, 1946' whoJ~ servm aboard the aircratr earlie( USS Ff'i#nklin.

David S. 109111105 Award
Capt. Michael ~. Burns, USMC, ls, the ninewenttl wJrln~; 01 Ihe Navy LeaQu-e'l; Dsv[(j S, j nga 11$Award as tl'te top fil91rt In~!,uC'ttlrof the Nilval Air Trllining Command ~or 19S5. Cabt. 8ur.n~.•S;1<lndflrd!' zatlon oflil:ar ,with M' Whiting Field, was ,elected from some 1,200 fliglh InSlruetors ~presentjn9 2' Navv tr1lining $quadron~. The ilWiIl'd ls named after RAdm. Davi¢' S. Ing811&,the Navy's first aCf/ who was II mllmber of thl! lamed Vale Reserve Unit In F.anc;e, WW I.


National AViation Hall of


F('Iul mdrvlduals reCQPl1lzei:J f(lr t~lIlir outstanding t:0ntrIb1J110n$ ,Ie av lilt I t;) M and tor rnen "cl1l~V~lTleh ts In arr 'arid ~pac~ t!lct)nology at~bllins enshrined In 'Ine Nauonel AViatIOn Hatl of Fame dUring

eNO Safety Awards
Til'!! fQUowi 119 are Ihe wjrmers. of the 19a3 CNO Aviatioll Ssfel'y

ceremElnlCj.Jul'l' 20·,21 in Cll'l'ldn. OMG. Worlcl War II ace JO$eph J. Foss as. a Marine COrps m"!Qr shot Clown 26 I>M(TW "laMs a'r'1d Was awarded the Gollgrentonal Me'dal 01 HOnor. He Iqt~' served in 1Me South Da ere te{jlsllnurll and then as Govornor He wa5 Il co1oMJ on lh9 -,\Ir Fore» c1unnll lhll KOn!iH1 War and Sill! laler pecalTli:! iii bfl9<ldiCf general and chillI of slsftollhe SQuth Oakotil Air Nama""! Guald. The other three Who are being honor!!Q ,lire !'filmy Ford, burloer of auromobtles, ",ir"r3ttsngJI1I!S and aircraft: AI'Pl1r! Boyd, who wa~ the ttl);! test pilot In thl;> Ai, Foroe; en(l JOl\fl L Atwood who made major llomributiclI:t:; It) thll dll5lgn of airGrafl and many

NeovAir'PliC-:V'As 52. 9'1 <lind 128, VAQ·132, V~W~l17, IIF·'211. VP-22, VQ·1" VRC-30., VS'29. He·ll, HS-8ano HSL.a:, NavAl! Lat1t: V A{, 45. 66" .and 75, VF-1'1, VF·3e, v04, 1,1$·30, HM·16, I-:IS-5,HSt34 and VAW-123_ FllJlfLant: VMFA'333, VMGR~2§2. ~nd HMMs 162 ant1264. FMFP.a~: VIVlGR·'52. HM 1--2617 and HMM~ 1,63, 262 and 265. CNAT,ai VTs 6. 22. 23 and 28. and HT·18. NailAi~e:sFof: VA,204, VAQ0209, VF·201. VP.92, VR.S8and HS.85 Fourth MAW: VMO-4 arld HMA,773. NavAlrSysCQm, NavPrIJ St. Lovis •

.. ~t<)spa~e


JulV-August 1984

3,000 broken, seven-miles vis-ihilJty with iI) ch.rnc:e Qf rain, Bad weather was massing to the namh and. on their arrival, the-fidd was SOU feet o-bscured with one-mile I'isihil ity in ligh~ snow and fog, The TACAN-only P-4s 'Were tQ fly an ASR approach to the fieid's 1l"OOO-foot~Jong s-outhwen strip. The flight spilt up aud the lead still1:ed ciOVlp. 'The pilot set half-Claps at 12 miles
ce prevent closing on a commercial

Airlio tlf'

Th e F-4 be gan 1\ slow rigln rell, corrected bJl the' pilot, foIlowe.d by Uluminatiol1 0 11 BLC (baundary layer control) malfu ncrion eaution lighL He inferrned ehe RIO who responded, "Pull flaps, !il0W we're
U P ilh ead,


0 J"tetl 1

pilot- extended


Neither Rain nor Sleet nor ....
A pair ~fPhill1tr:nru were rct!JmJug 10 NAS West COi.l.~r fter stan a display duty, When tlH:Y lirc!lt nted, the weather at th:eir plan f1'e!d rhird.leg., stopover poine, lL sou til west civilian airfield, was

. About tso reet above MDA (minimum descent nltitude),.at the one-mile point, the pilo~ pushed the stick r~ ward, reduced power and, passing thil thru.shuhl. retarded the throttle> tQ idle, He £Ianni r l'Irrell1J his sink rate, decelerating to a slow AOA chevron at rouclidown, 1,000 feC't lrorn the tlueshnld. Due ttl rhe crosswind :;Llltl wet runway be delayed deploying the. drdg chute until the Phantotl( was tmeking down tthe cerrterline, After the cit u te wa", dep lQyed, ltirspc1::d remained at 130 knots fQr :.I considerable tim{', 1'Iw lac\. illuminated runw,t.)' d.istll.llCC !1Ia:rkUI$, coupled with pOOl visibilh.y. prevented the rew fr m judging how rnuch runway remained,

und rep

y set (1j.1Ifia ['s.


The pilot m.un~il!n~.o full ah stick b'IJ I;: Iarer stated be did 1'01 appLy brnkc5


durillg rollout, As tht: JII'rmtv/!/ dnwcil. to LOO knots, rlre aircrew noticed a color change ill the nlilway lights tn amber. unaware mar chis meruit tht·), were 11 ~he last t .500 feet (J( 1I11lWay. TIle aircraft ya,wl!d riglll ann dnfted left. 'I'he ~ilot

physkally unable to move. Tlu' BIN had been f,)l:.~'!l,tvillg Ihe
other fnrruarion ;)ir~raft out the star board panel when rh lncident occurre 1. At 29,000 feer, the decornpr Ksion was a mildl} explosive ~\C, ion. <I ccom psuied hy .a lothl wh oosl1 iIIg sUl1m! and moderate dlsc'olnf'i;J.rt rc the ears, Startled. the L\j , IOQKed -at th .. brake lilt .til); and he made a poor decisl n to u ke with insuIfici.ellt r'lJ'II~ w:J'Y left even wi! h aftcrbW:IH'j which burned tlU-t tlu- drag chute panels, The1'e's ntore, bot the real problem here was continuing to the Civilian field with weather turning to worms, Altil()ugh this b;ISC h"d :1 repurarion for providing fllSl tun1an.>!JTlth, itll!ld rreitl rer ~,rn:sti !l,g _gl'~'r 110r d isranceremaining markers. IH!OOeti items when ir ' dark, WCf and hard to seu. The Phantom rrs had had a hard day. ex pnietjt;ing frustrating delays on previnus ~IUp'. plu, lQ.sing III!1 klil' su ppor tal tlte autscr t w hlc hied ro tilt' planned and cxh~uJiting ""or·leg return trip. Icady. "g<'l h nW-lt s" was a Iactor, En route [0 the civilian field th~y pre&s~J on despite worsening wt'aihl'f, d\'Cling IIO! l<) dJvl'~t tu ;1 more srrlrnble field, Whell Lhe mishap occurred r11~o;n'Ws wer compleriug til\! third leg. Alth(llIgh duty hadn't Yt\( vlOl:lted the ,3.111ght/6 ,S·hOllr guideline in OP AVJNST J7Hl.7K. lh"y did 111(t'ndlO reru rn to hnme, bali" thar arn e duy, w~j h would liave e}>cl\ClkJ tht! 11mit. Thl.' ,low right foil ..... en h extcI1dhlg the Ilaps ill I.he appruad, wa not considered ..lbhl'lnnaJ. lllumi-

vanced the throttles


Hght rlie nfccr·


Th~ RIO saw the runw:ty !;'ltd

ligh[~ and 5-;1 itt "Hook dnwu." TllC pH t swiped at the lifilllk haudle, unsure ;r i~went down, Th e port tire b Ie W f.I$ tlll' r --l- depa rrcd en e le rl.
side overrun. N CHing 80 knots 011 the Indica tor as the airci b rrners cur ill. the RIO eje l.d:i. The ph'lI/fom tmvcled nearly st cud. II ~ct ~)r railrc ad trae.ks, a hes vy-g:mge wire pcrimcrer kHc:e. another set of r:dlr<'lilJ t,ackJ ami "pole 12ill~hes in diameter - after whk-h du! pilot ejected. The F-t ~ollUllued across .1 four-lam bLRhWilY, sm'tsl1c.d into ell slm\11 building Mtd exploded ahuur 120 }'nrds {rom a llOltSlll~ ;Ire:l. TIll' pilm ~'iJff<:(\lJ III iner irljUftC_I>. till.' RIO 11(1]'1":.

pilot who was starlll~ slnJ;~bl head Wilh his <Inns hanging ~t 11j!> $idl's, The 11/ asked ,he pilot il' he was okav, but rC-C(1iwd 110 response. He ~uickly checked r11 e instrurueru panel but
could detect nothing wrUll.g. H", t!tell pushed Ih.: pil t's knee .iside to check the cockpit prellStln: gaugJ.: and veri-


rt'~~ ower



fled 29,OOO-ft1(lt

C;l0;11 net







Actjn;; qlllckly, ~htl BIN t¢"lched ross till' pilot, cok control of the . ir~Tarl »ud pushed over into ;l 1 idegH'€ dive, The .t1upceo built up ~luiddy lO ·r80 KJAS, nt wldeh point the l:I/N leveled off to blt!cd ofr some.

excess airspeed.

A few seconds

fa ter

Thl; second
I~j]d's problems,




eventually h~ IH.lcd on the 9,OOo-roo~ WC~t ruov.ay. Ih dr:l.g chute. fa.iled (if
had been drenched 011 II previous llll!, stopovct and froze at ... Utudt·) "bUt tho: I pilot hrougllt tho.' "jrCJaCl to a $10p



11. executed ,1 second 1.5-degree dive tlnd Jl'vcl.:-d at I 0.000 r~l.H altitude,
After a ~hlllrL t.irrll!. LlU' pUnt fl'n~vJ:-Tl;-d

nnd was 'lblt: to resume
the .. irclilt't.



As he descended, the BIN radio d the Oighc ]""1.dcr and explained the situation. The Ili_gh, leild!:, passed the

aft!.:f blmviJlg the eircs llnd
Icl:t side knots. ending

deparu rtg

lead Lind directed
proceed tressed

tlj.~' che:r o


runwa ,,~ realize that 3.000
were ,wallabJI'

of rhe runway .. t 35 up 60 eet [;'01U rhe edgf>. Till' aircrew di.Jn't

~" Rora. He jr\itlo:J tLt~ disWLngnI an and escorted the (lIght hOI k ttl ajes l l! a safe recovery, Pettibone



more of runway
ei ther a ir.1lntiskid



nation of the I1LC light was distract ing
but not viewed as a causal faetcll 111 !he 111is h'l fl. Thew were l'xp"dco(;ed airmen ur he pUI on a poor and eostly show. Professionalism rook u holiday,

~rar( liad u wh~lo:l bra ke s stem 1!111'talted.

~ l;r:u.f1p:lW .~\~


M, Grarupaw ~~,~

Pe rtibonc

sa ys:

(:I-eal !;I)(f ... ill' eardrums, rh i 'e uld f han' beeu very depn:s~illg had it nor been or Lh" tim I'll flcttQn of IIu:

whlll " bruin-hasher! These fl'llows shoulsl have ,rayed home. or ur 1e-';'1.S1l( i their l:)_stsrcpovcr p inc. Til wingrnnu did.,'t lose !til> bird hUI h e gt'ls. ItQ points roc wastiu!,l. J,nOO '·""1 0 rlih. wily. Amnng I 'ld's. miSCU~'5: dl<: nil ps wCJ'(: ftlUlld ~I ~he 011 Il<1lf sllninfr' inJintrlng dllH LIIl'y wtlrCll't ful! dowlI, h' Wi! high illld fa r du>e~in alid landed be, und N rOT'."50U-rc,ot limit (01' wet -:runway!'; 1.1.' LIS ,(1 Irnproprr slic,k pOS3rlQIl nil rollQl1t \vhih· NATOF'S ~a)'~ full forw3tu fOT wc:t runway dirl,'Ltional c01I11 I; he r. iI~d

BIN 10 the Rescue A,(J Intrllt_lWas prb~CIJJjtlg ill loose ,tui~.C' fo~rn Jtioll at F L290 from Lujes A F'RiA:;WTCS) ",n route io I{o,a, Spain. The pi1I,) t of che por:t wiug ~it.: f3 ft "h ~ d remuved his Qxyge11 mask to rJlk'l! <I tlri n k of watel.ln L1tt: pr(')ce", It., ,Kci.del1cly bumpC'd 11ll' Ctw-kril t:;Jb-ill prcss.u re ~wj n'II, (I-u pi ng cell':l.pi t m pressLI ri:t~ lio n ttl ill nti.l de of 11), bOO

A fllght of four USM

Tit isi uc id ..n 1 period when I he


rred duri np, a A-6 :IIrc,+;,ft hael

C'XIeri~IlL<ld rand In cockpit pres~u-Il'i~ pr blems, Th~· SIN. un.ihle .10

r~'cr MSl..Bcfme the pilC'lt CC'lUld feria,.: his l1'l\ygCIl mask and rc mn'
o ygen,
Hi! WlI.'

1.'1\,,,,c ttl.' judiciQU

~pecd~ ahovot





be lost I eful ,-olt.'lcintJ$lIcss,


{he didn't

~dll cvnsd<:lW

dt"<::umprcs:;lclll. rook positive [lCci0l1 ill 1!'cttJng "Iht· ailTrar'l down [0 saFe altitude, L~/N's calml. eorn'cOve action dming !lH' il1r;:-idcll1 i!> reflct.:li"c of i)'folcM1t111. I .altert'w knowledgi' ;md coord in.ulou, ;md pmsihly sand the Corps olll' A 6£ LlIlruJer. old CralnJ'£ pas~e$ to tins BIN. 1st LiClJ[crumt (now Captain) Joe Ihc.z, li Me v 1K (AW~-202. a "1.'1







bu t






Jl,Ilv, August 19.84·


Modernizing for he uture
By J02 Timothy J. Christmann

The 5upllrsonie.·wire. F/A-1S' Hornet is the Marine Corps' most" potent anrlalr weapon.



Lt.G.ell. William Fitch. USMC Depr.nv Chief Clf SliiJtf-for Avl,nlon, is pictured here in a General DYnamics F.16/79. He has flown more than 6.000 hours in taetiea!


'949, President Harry S. Truman .directed his Secre~a"y of Defense, Louis A. Johnson, to "trim the fat out of the Armed Forces:' Johnson went to the D'ePilnment of the Navy and told Admiraf Richard L. Conolly, then Cornmender in Chlef', U.S. Naval Forces Eastern Atlantic and Mediterrarwan, that there Was "no longer a need for the Marine Corps." He said the U.S.. ill its post.WW II years, would never need the Marines because amphibious opera ti nns were a th I ng of the past. On June,25, 1950., 60,000 NQrth Korean troops, spearheaded lJy more than 100 Russian-built tanks, crossed he 38th parallel and Invaded Soulh Korea. Three months later, elements of the First Marine Divtslen, under the command of General Douglas MacArthur, made a br lllraru amphibi-ous landIng at Inchon, Their assautt, which was heavily su epaned by Navy and Marine Corps fighter and attack planes, overwhelmed the enemy. American troops advanced inland behilld North Korean army tines and swiftly chan~ed the tide of tl,e war, By October 20, U.S. _and United Nations forces captured Pyongyong, Nor th Korea's capltal, and within a month pushed the retreating enemy Into China. The need for Marine Corps amph ibious and av,lat~on capability was vindicated. Today, the Marine Corps is part of one of the largest and most unique amphlbleus forces in the world. Larue because it bcests more than 190,000 troops, 942,000 tons of amphlbious shipping, and three air wings; unique because the Marine Corps can launch amphibious operations virtually anywhere in the world. at any time, under arw conditions. Such power projection capability. made famous during WW II and demonstrated more r'ac:ently in G renada, m ust rna inta in Its snengt hand seph isti catic n. TOokeep pace, the Marine Corps- is currently involved in a rnodernlzatlon program that includes extensive improvement of its

more ready," Lieutenant General WilHam H. Fitch, USMC Deputy Chlef of Staff for AViation, told the Senate Armed Services Comm i nee recently. The reason tor such strldes to improve the quality and quantity of Marine Corps Aviation is to better protect ground troops in combat. This is the prlmarv reasoo for a Marine Aviator's existence. It's his creed. Because tlf it, he has (:0 be a speolallst in close air support (CAS), which is the arrack on ground objectives by aircraft employin.\l allY or. all available weapons - bombs, machine guns. smoke, rockets - often within less than 20a yards of trent-line troops. Additionally. the Marine Aviator must place tremendous emphasis on air-to-ground coordination, espeelallv durlng the critical ship-to-shoea phase of a landing attack. For the Marine Corps to do its job in tcdav's centlnuoustv changing warfare environment, it needs aircraft and weapon systems that are up- o-date, rel iahle and, above all, capable of periormin the mrssfon. Among these aircraft are lhe F/A·18 Hornet, AV-8B Hsrrier, EA-68 Prowler, A·6 E Intruder, av-, 0 Bronco, CH·53E Super Stelllon, and the AH-1T Sea Cobra, Some of the older aircraft types. which will eventually be replaced or updated, continue to perform well. Thev are the A-4 Skyhsw«, F·4 Phantom, KC-13Q Hercules, CH· 53A/D Sea Stallion, CH-46E Sea Knight UH·1N Hueyafl(i A H-' J Sea Cobr:a. Among the most prominent "smart" weapon systems on

air arm.
"We are combat reatly and working hard to be even

The A·S Intrudet IS an all-weather .. ttack ;!Ii'Cfaft capable of deliYllting up [0 15,000 pounds of ordnance with pinpoint accuracy,

Julv·A.ugust 1984


yet retain its supsnor tu rning and air-to-air fighter caoabll itles - assets which far exceed either the FA or tl11!aging A·7 Corsair. In at.1lHtion. the F/A18 Is cornpatihle With all of the current conventional, precision"gu ided and stand-oft weapons which will make it superior In the arnphlbious

veer-etc Phantom is its ability to survwe in a high-threat environment, I can"rV a sIgnificant payload to a targe •

Objective area.
The vertical/abort takeoff and landing com bat jet AV 86 Harrier was developed to moeemlze the Marine COI'PS' IIghl aHaok force by replacing the 1960~' Vintage technology corrtained In both the conventienal A·4M Skvhawk and earl.y V/STOL AV-8A The AV·B8 has a ferry range of more than 2,000 nau llr:al miles and can cal ry more han 9,000 l)oUl1ds of ordnance - capabilities wnick far exceed those of its predecessors. "It's the greatest aircraft of its kind In -the world todav," said Gen. Kelley. "The Harrier's abilttv to operate from grass fields, roads. ships or prepared airstrips permits the Marine Air Ground Task Force commander to posh[on this critical fire-support element close to the flont llnes," he added, "This same flexlbflity may well result in the AV 88 being 'the only fi ed-winq su pport available du- il1g 01 i rnmed lately following the assault." The Marrier was designed to provide effectlv~ CAS and ln Tow-threat air snvironmen ts will enable Navy aircraft cart lers to redeploy for other trussions a an eallv stage in an arnnhlbtous operation. I ts combined avionics, weapon


A CH,S3E Super Stallion, Slllln here carryin!l a 16'1011 eemerrt block at MCAS!HI New River, S.C., can 1fJ1 'far more weighl than <lny Other type ef Manne hehcoplt:r.

want list are precisiun-quided munitions (PG Ms) like L6I~-er Maverick. Hellfire, and the Imaging Infra-Red (l2RJ Maverick. These missiles, which will revclutioruze the Marine Corps' present ordnance inventory, <Ire necessary "elf t)nly to increase combat etfectiveness, but to gIve aviators t~e option to shoot-and-Iaave rathe) thau If~maln vulnerable wh 110 gu idh'9 missiles to targets.

the Mar,lne Corps'

systems, advanced construction and
make the AV-SS

improved uniquely

vectored qualif1ed



thrust power plant to fulfill the CAS

"The HiJr,;~r is a long-awaited and verv needed weapon said Lieutenant General John H Miller, Com mahcill1g General of Fleet Ma me Force, Atlanuc, recently "We need a Lot more of them and we need them soon." So far, pilof production for 1he AV·88 is progressing on schedule. "VMAT 203, our Harrier trafning squadron, accepted the first AV-8B on January 12 and is projected to have eighL AV-88s on hilnd by August," .said l.t.Gen. Fltch, The Mi:lrine Corps plans to have 33 Herders by 19'85. when the first squadron becomes operational at MC-AS


A major development in Marrne Corps Avrtltlol1 has been ihe modern i<:<,Ition of its fighter/attack forces - the most
excil'ing being the arrival of the F IA·18 Hornet and the

scheduled augmentation of the AV-BB Harrier. The HOrbstis a twin-enqlhe, supersonic, single-pilman, ufgltal, fly bv-w re fIght r/attack aircraft. The Marines have
three F/A-18 squadrons at MCAS EI Tore, Callf .. and by the 19'905 hope to have 12 - many of whlch will replace squ adrnns presen tl y fl y ing the aging F-4 Phantom II, General Paul X I<ellev. Commandant of the MarinB Corps, [s Impressed with the F/A-18, and recelitly described the jet CIS the "Corps' most potent antiair weapon."

Cherry POint, N.C,
In addition to the AV·8B, however, Lt.Gsn. FTtcl, told the cornrnlttee that 1" order to IWlle a safe and etficien I transition to an all V/STOL <light attack force, the Marines must have the T AV·88 , a two-seat trainer vers.on of the new Hetrier . The TAV8B is needed because it rnamtains the control <lnd handling characteristics of the AV·8B. which makes it easy for a pilot to switch to the Harrier after tl'aining. Current funding schedule-s predict the T A V -86 will be dsllve red ir'I F Y 87 iI't nme to meet the Marine Corps' second year of Harrier tra1nil'l9 in 1986. The Marine Corps is continuing to operate the world's only all-weather, day/night attack aircraft, the A-6Imruder. The subsonic A-6, a twfrHlngine, low-level attack bomber whose ungainly shape IS packed with advanced electronic equipment including a digital computer, radar and Inertial navigation system, IS important to the Marine Corps- because it can deliver almost evercy type or airborne ordnance lup to 15,000 pounds) in the Navv's inventory,

''This IS an aircraft

hat can sam and rnalntaln

arr superi-

ority within the amphibious objective area and over any modern bartlefleld," he recently told the S-enate Armed Services: Committee. "At the sam time, its ability to nevigate. locate targets and accurately delille.- ordnance provides a tremendous force rnulriplier and, as such, enhances support for the ground commander," Added LLGen Fitch, "Equipped with stare-of-the-ert ordnance deliver)' systems and 1.1 night as welles u rider-theweather capabilitv, the Hornet represents a quantum leap over the venerable FA," Among the marw advantanes the Hornet has over the. 20-


In spite of night or bad weather cend iIions. the Intruder crew can nav Igate and deliver its weapons WI til pinpoint accuracy. Such seeing.-eyecapabilitv makes the A·6 Ideal as a bomber and as a pathfinder for other aircraft which lack such advanced electronic equipment. "1t''S a superb 'aircraft," said LLGen .. Fitch, who skippered an IntrudEr squadron in Vie-tnam and received a Silver Star for esucesssful single- A·,s night strike against a North Vietnamese target. He urged the committee to support the procurement of six intruders in the Department-of the Navy's 1985 budget The EA-6B Prowler, orte of the Free World's besreleetronic wal'faH! alrcraft, continul!s to be the key In dally Mar~ne Corps operatlons. training and contingency plan,nmg, according to Fitch. Dl:'Jllg:l1ed to disrupt enemy radar and communications with high·powered electronlc countermeasures, the Prowler is Indispensable also In screening strike force alroratt frorn surtace-ro-alr missiles and in protecting amphibious surface ships from cruise or other land-based missiles. "The importance of this aircraft grows- dally in view of rhe Soviet electronic order ot battle. which featlJres an ever more soptmtica,ted and dense AAA, SAM, fighter and elt!ctronlc warfare tflre'at," said Fitch. He added, however, -that the Marine Corps' 15-plane EA·6S Ptowlersquadron. VMAQ·2,cannoL meet all of today's necessary operational requlrernents and ~ha1; procurement of more such aircran Is vital to ensure success on the eleetronlc battlsfteld of the 1980s and 19905. VMAQ-2 is scheduled to' receive three more PrDwlers by 1988.
1=1 el icopte

ating, one al MCAS(HI Tustin and one at MCAS~H) New Riller, we are ~egularry supporting Ma rine ground units at Camp Pendleton, Cal if., and Camp Lejeune, N.C.,'j he said. The CH-5<;3E is 8 snipbQard.{]omp(ltible, he;;tvy.lift hellcopter that is capable of Ciirrvlng a,32,OOQ·pound pay~oad (m ore than tw tee its predecessor} over a 150·nauticalmile radlus, It can lift 93 percent of all ccrnbet-essenttel

rs and JV X

Modernization of the Marine Corps heevv-llft helicopter community is progressill9 "extremely wall" wiln the introduction of the CH·53E Super StafliM, accordTng to FHch. ''WIth twQ eornpleee 16-aircraft squadrons now oper-

The AV-8B Haml!r, li11iny. ·off here \IIInh 9.120 pounds of ()rdnance, is the baS! IIlrerafl of its IYPO in the world today.

for ·a Marine dlvislon, including towed artillery, other associated equ lpmarrt. I rr addition, it is capable of retrieving - lifting - all Mar ine tactical aircraft, Including self-retrleval. No other Fte.e World aircraft is capable of pe'r'f(')rhiing these tasks. "As part of the Marine amphibious unit composite helt· copter squadron, the CH-S3E performed admirably In SUIJPOIt of Marines in lebanon," FItch said. "I n Oetober 1983, we activated a CH·53£ tral nl ng element at MCAS( H) Tustin and they nave already received their Hrst of 10 aircraft. In October 1984. we will stand up our third CH-53E tactical squadron, alsoat MCAS(H) Tusrta,' he added. Fitch told the committee that three squadrons would only marginall.y meet the Marine Corps' current heavv-Itft requ irernents for snlp-to-shore movement, so there is a need for th res add ltional squ adrons to su ppo rt amphi bi eus operations. For many years, the Marine Corps has Used the CH-46 Sea Knight as its primary medium-lltt assault helicopter, each capable of oarrying 17 troops or 4,200 pounds of carqc, But age is catching v p with this aircraft and l.t.Gen, Fitch is -eoncerned the Marines' declining h1ve.l,tory of CH-46s might result ina critical shortfall of rnedlurn-lift capability in the 1990s. To avert this shortage, the Marine Corps Is rooking; at the Joint Services Advanced Vertical Lift Aircraft !JVXI, or tilt rotor. "As a replacement for the GH·46E, JV X provides assault transport that is self-deplovable worldwide," said Fitch, "Capable of Ilft~ng 24 Marillas 200 neutleal miles lor an ex ter nal pavroad of up to 10,000 pou nd s1, tne J V X wi'il be capable of rapidly penetrating deep into enllMly rear areas, and bypass'ing adverse terraln a nd weather til rea rs," he added. "It represents a quantum leap in snat!;lgic:mobil'i ty for converrticnal forces wher,e its glob-al self-dep,loyabillty provides the responsiveness to rapidly marry-up airlifted Marines with, for example, pre·positioned equipment in Norway and maritime pre-positicned ship's," According to FI rch. JV X meets the need 1'01' Increased stamloH dlstaaes s. fu rther enhancl ng over-the-horizon amphibious essaults with its 250-kno-r speed (300-knot dash), high transport productivity and abil ity to execute a two-wave assau I,t at a 50-,10 nauucal-rn lie radius witl"1out refueling. The JVX wilise ihe first transport aircraft to be constructed of all-cornpcsite material and bu il t wltl1 flybv-wlre corrtrots. In addition, it will have provisions for ,elf-def.ense m issi IeS,gu ns, night vision, advanced nov i gao tlcn/cornrnanlcatloes systems, and its tacti-cal versatllitv will complement both the landhig craft air cushion (LeAC) and the CH-53£. The Marine Corps anticipates a requirement for 55.2 JVXs in the 19905. One of the rnost versatile helicopters in the Marin.!!- aircr{lf\ st3bte is the: small, agile AH-1T Sea Cobra (see page 10). An assau It helicopter, the Sea Cobra give~ Marine,s a ground-attack capau:llity far beyond that of its predecessors which flew during the Vietnam conflict,
pri-me rnoversrand


Jl.lly-AuguS'! 19S4

The Bronco's armament system permits a mix of various weapons including a 20mm gun pod, four 7.62mm machine guns, rockets, miniguns. stores, and optional wing stations for AI M·9 missiles. The cargo bay can carry 3,200 pounds of cargo or four to tive eornbat-equlpped Marines - or two litter patients with ail attendant.
Smart Weallons

A rtulllimission OV-'IO Bronco. from Marine Observation Squadron Two, taxies down a road dUi'il1\l an operation.

"The Cobra, a true multlrnissiun aircraft. provldes armed escort for OUI uocp assault aircraft. antlsrmor capabillty with TOW and Hellfire, and close-in fire support for ground lcrces with torward-f ring rocket> and a 20mm gun," said Fitch. "The AH·1T has been further modified to develap a self-protection capablll ty with the addition of an AI M-9 SidewInder capability." Fitch added that these modifications have resulted in a weiyh t increase of 1,QOOpounds, which- has lett the Cobm "substantiaJl y U rsderpewared" with Its current T400 engine. He favors the Installation of the GE T700 engine. which is in the FY·85/FY-B6 procurements. The GE T700 will increase the operatlenal capability of the Sea Col",] substantially as well as Improve aircraft saf'etv, according to Fitch, "The Cobra ccmmunitv, due to weapon svstern versatllitv, remains our most heavily committed aviation community," he said. "FY-B5/FY-86 procurement is vital to alleviate existing critical inventory shortfalls in our fou r AH-1 squadrons." The Marine Corps has asked for 44 additional Sea Cobras to augment its attack helicopter force, A unique aircraft in the Marine Corps air wings is the multipurpose Ov-,O Bronco. The first pla8e designed specifically for counterinsurgency operations, the Bronco offers mission flexibility tailored to the tactical requirements of the Marine air-ground team in close-quarter battlefield actlon, paradrop missions, gunfire spotting, helicopter escort, visual reconnaissance, light close-air support and fmward air control (alrbome), and medical evacuation. I t is designed to fill the performance gap between jets, which are too fast for some aspects of the modern battlefield, and halos Which may bel too slow or vulnerable for some missions, With its short takeoff and landing (STOL) capabilities, rough field landing gear and low-support requirements, the a V-l 0 can be based where the action is for rapid su pport of ground unlts, 11 can flV as slow as 84 knots or as fest as :125 knots. Provision for carrying extra fuel has increased the Bronco's maximum ferry ran9~ by 500 nautical miles to an unrefueled distance of 2,100 nautical miles for aIIOV-TOs,

Because of the magnitude of the Soviet armor, threat, Marine Aviation is devoting a great deal of attention to weaocn svsterns that can successfully engage enemy armor at stand-off distances. "We feel that precisien-qeided munitions can best meet our antiarrnor requirements for close air support," said Lt.Gen. Fitch. "Two of hese systems are Laser Maverick and Hellfire - both of whfch can meet and defeat the hreat head-on without unacceptable attrition of friendly aircraft. " Laser Maverick is a deriVative of 'the current Air Force Maverick family of missiles that uses a laser seeker for guidance. The 650-pound forward· firing missile carries a 300-pound blast/flash penetrator w<ll'head for use against a wide tange of targets. "Thislaserjgulded munition is compatible with the F/A-18 Horner and AV-BB Harrier as delivered. and we ate modify. ing the A·6E Intruder and A-4 Skyhawk to give all our fixed wings the same tYPE! of aircraft stand-off survivability," Fitch said, "The key element in the OPtimization of Laser Maverick for the CAS environment is the ability of the ground commander to both select and designate the greatest threat to his unit or mission:' he addi'ld. "With its warhead, even a near miss will damage both hardened surface targets and the most heavily armored Soviet tank." "This weapon will provide the firST stand-off direct-fire. precision-guided munition for use by Manne tactical aircraft against land targets," said Lieutenant Colonel Bill Egen, ordnance program coordinator for the Marine Corps Aviatlor) Weapons Requirements Branch. "We've had no similar system available prior to this." Lt.Col. Egen added that the emphasis Leser Maverick provides In com nultv and coordination in the CAS arena Is that It works with ground.based modular universal laser eou ipment 1MU LEI. the grollnd designator. "The misslle searches and acquires automatically rna laser-designated target and tells the pilot where the target is," said Egen. "He doesn't have to pick out the target and lock 011 - the miss ila does it for him." Later Mwerick is also designed to provide the cruclal margin of safety for friendlY troops In CAS operations because the missile ,"as the capability to disarm itself. This is the first time the Marines nave had il weapon that could aecornp] ish this. In addition, the missile's sheet-end-leave performance provides airerew safety. Laser Maveriok has been in proeurernent since 1983 and the first weapon will be flelded by the Marlne Corps in mid1985." Heflfire La lOO'pound rnisslls 1 is the new laser-gu ided PG M being procured for U S8 by 01.1 r attack helicopter force, where It represents both a major improvement over and a complementary option to TOW:' said Lt.Gen. Fitch. "I t affords the option of a shoot-and- leave operation, unlike [the Vietnam-vintage] TOW which requires he


helicopter to remain vulnerable while the rnlsslle is guided in flight " "Like Laser Maverid," he added, "the gtOllfl(l commandsr can select ann designate he threat. and Lila hel; copter after firing Hellfire can depart bel ore Ill1lerll"ly the
enemy's antiaircraft k III zone."

The Marine Corps plans to modernizeA-6s to accommodate

its F/A-18s



general stated




FY·S6 mrtlal onera

Imaging Infra·Red ({2R) Maveriok. a deep dir support air to-ground weapon, which IS scheduled to be carried lly

rlonal capability (iOC). Hellftre will pruvrde the gru,md cGrrlmanoeJ wit!' a much nseo!!d increase in lClI,k·kiillng punch (whlch is the missile's PI !nlalV unction) Hellfi're Will be Installed first on the VIetnam-era AH·1J_s. whlen currantlv have no arnlarmcr capabilirv. The AH-1T!i Will carry both Hellfire and TOW. A cornplem nary weapon to Laser Maver;ck IS the

H ARM starti ng In 1985. these weapon systems will be a major advancement ovei the weapon systems the Marines are usilig right now, accordil'lg to Egen. "We're buying new Harrier-s and Hornets and there are plans tor improving the lmrudes, bu I III the past we ha-ven'L been keeprng pace With the development of new ordnance." He added tha t these new systems wi I! take lime to Jlnplamerlt and wfll cost a lot of money, but they will make Marine aircraft much more .effective .•


the F/A 18, A6E and eventually the AV-8B The /2R Malleric;k )5 a variant of the Maverick program, and the only differel1ce between the two svsterns IS their "seekers, " ,a ceo rdrl1.9 to Egen "Lacking the abllitv to discriminate between frler1u 01 foe hea t sigMtu res the {2 R Maveritk Is no r su had to U1e
CAS arena; however, It IS ideally sulted to interdiction missions against armored targets beyond the ffre support coerdinatren line," said LLGen_ Fitch, "Sharing I rs warhead with Laser MaveriCK, [the 12Rl represents a less expensive, rank-kllllnq altei nat Iva tor deep enernv target areas." Production of this weapon starts in 1985, Other Weapon_s Addlticne] devstcprnents In avlauon weapoClS include the GAU·12 25mm gun pod. Gator, and HARM_ ThIJ GA U 12 is a five-barreled Gatling gu n designed spec.flcallv for 'he AV-8.8. It shoots 3,600 rounds a rnlnurs and provides the Harrier with alr-to-qrocnd and air-to-air capability Accordinq to Lt.Col, Egan. H1e gun will stanu up With the [lrst tactical AV-8B squedrcn in 1985. The smaller. less effective GPU-5A 30mm gun pod will be tested to support an FY-87 JOC as ,HI enhancement of Marine reserve A·4 Skyhawks and F·4 Pnentom CAS capabil i tIBS, Gator is a spinoff 'Of 11 j01n1 Army./Air Force pfogr<rm. It Is an air-deliversble, .antilanl~ rnfne used to dellY or reduce iheertectiveness.ot apploaching armor. "A pilot drops a canister 01 Garor [there are 60 explr» srves In each canister I and they provlde scattarable rnlne amplaeements from tactical aircraft," E_gen added. "So you can Keep him mit of an area you don't want him in, or make hlm move to a place where you call concentrate on using the test of your ordnance all him," Because It's a free-fall explosive device. uke RQGkeye, Gator can be used by all USMC tactical alroratt, The Marines plan to employ this weapon In 1984 The high-speed, an r;lrad iatlon Jl1 iss: Je (H ARM) IS another weapon currsrulv in producticn for the Navy and Marines. MAR M is an effective SI! t suppression weapon whlch will allow tactical aircraft to put down an enemy radar- umbrella so It can work WI th other ordnance and arr-

Marine Corps A~ iation Squadrons

-and AIrcraft Summal'V
Tacti"lll F;";~'W(ng



Numbe, fIghter

All W~atl1e.r AUacK (eM
IUgflt AUack Reco nnaissa nee Tsnker


50, 120


land Type He-avy Ufr
Med,lJri'\ Attack

- 2!1


Force AvratiQn Squi!dron$


128 180


72 72

Fllled-W,f1tI Tra inlng, Squadroh:> - 4. Number Flghwr All W~athe! AHack Ught Att-aek Land Force A_labon
Squadro.ns 3

27 f5 31


Number Uft

Me<;JHIITl Attack Urility



12 8
Support - I' Number 1 :2

Base and Command Tvpe

V f>-G A

craftm the battle area.
"HARM [which weighs about 800 pounds] looks for emitters on the battlefield twO ways," said Lt.Col. Egen. "II either hits them and kills them. or it forces the enernv to shut down his radar because he knows the threat of HARM IS there-, rhus achieVing HARM'-s mission."

UC·12 HH·46

5 12






Cobra+ in the

S adows
By Second
lieutenant David A. Ezyk, USMCR

Lur {ins

A~ova, 'a n AH.1T Soper Cqpta profotY~
Is iiTa,JOII\I' !;lover at Bell Te¥tron. 5 Focrt Woedi fallihlY. N~ltt If;i9'bAt ~ "fhr~ pne 0.1 man), test flights.



is lhe official nsmetor the AH·' <lttack heticonter. Its presence in £he battlefield is welcomed by the Marines on the ground because of Its firepower and ability to strike a lethal blow swiftlY and unexpectedly. Perl sus hat's why hose who enjoy its protection call It the Snake. However, as good as it Is, the Snalre - theAH-1T OhfII

is getting better. The Marine Corps is well on the way to acqurring an improved version of the combat-proven AH·' T Cobra in the coming years and its name Is SuperCobra - the AH·' T plus. If the present Cobra is so great, why then is the Marine Corps aCQUiring this so-celled SuperCobra? The Navy's. first Cobra helicopter, the AH-1G HueyCobra. was initially fielded by the Marine Corps in April 1969 with VMO-2 ill Vietnam. Its mission was, and still is, to provide armed escort for transport hel icopters during a rbome assault operations. Othe-r tasks assigned to this uruqua battiefield aircraft inclUde close-in fire support, armed reconnaissance and destruction of threatening enemy armor. in 1971. the single-engine AH-1 G evolved into the AH-1J which had two engines, and greater reliability and malntalnebillty imprcvements. The AH-1T, with its lrnproved dynamic components, is being flown in 1ne Aeet rodav by the Marine Corps. The major difference between the present Cobra and the AH-l T +- SrJperCobra, which the Manne Corps has under devetcprnern, Is the replacement of the current engine with the General Electric T7DO. Durfng high-ahi-rude ocerarions in a hot environment. the Cobra is limited in payload, especially when requ Ired to hover out of ground effect (HOGE)_ With the nOQ, the suoercobr» can hover out of ground effect at 3,000 feet and 9 1,5 degr{l4!s with a payload of 3,750 pounds (fuel and ordinance). This compares With 1,500 pounds for the Cobre under the same conditions. Single-engine performance is espeeiatly notable, r.e., the prototype demonstrated the abiliry to maintain 120 knots while climbing at 600 feet per minute at a gross weight of 14,000 pounds. Being a new technology engme, thenOO delivers this increased power without an increase in fuel consumption.
The addltlon of the nOD to tile SuperCobra is not a new idea. In 1980 Bell Hellcopter funded an independent effort under which commercial engines were installed

The T700engine has proven capable in a number of other mill tarv helicopters as well. It is currently being used in the Army's AH-04 Apache and the Navy's Srl·60B SeahaWk. The engine commonaHty that will exist between these aircraft cannot help but reduce the loqlstic strain attendant on rhe incorporation of a new system. It is important 10 remember, however, that the nOD IS, being addled as a means of enhancing high/hot performance an(l providing ~ true single-engine capability. A by-product of this modest increase in power is an increase In alrspeed, but It IS not the primary reason of this etfort. Other features of the SuperCobra include a heads-up display. the Hellfire missile system and Sldewinders_ Hellfire will allow the AH·1T+ pilot to take on heavy armor with a high ptobabil[ty of kill. The missile's lock-onafter-launch capability avoids unnecessary exposure while engagll1g 'targets with plnpcint accuracy at significam standoff ranges. Another signHiC<lnt po-ml is that the Hellfire warhead is capable of defeating all known enemy armor. Additionally, Hellfire can be employed in a ripple mode which would allow de truction of as many as elght enemy tanks in a matter of minutes. As initially fi!!lded, He/lfire will rely on a remote laser designator that is situated on elther tne OV·10D Bronco or a ground-ba_sed spotter device such as the Modular Uri lversal Laser System (MULE). There is. however. ootermak to integrate a laser range fi,.,der!designator into the aircraft in order to provide an autonomous firing capability. A notable change in the hal lcopter's airframe IS the widened ammunition bay. This mcdiflcatlcn was incorporated in order 0 lrnprove the overall weight dis;tribution (balance) of the aircraft by moving the TOW avionics forward from the current location in the tail boom. The result of this shift is anirnprcvernent in the aircraft's handling qual ltles, A number of rnodlficauons are being proposed for me SupetCobra that w II enhance its cornbet survtvabll Ity even more, Noteworthy among these are the composite rotor blades, composite control rods, improved alrcrew armor and increased protection for fuel. Improvements that may be realized further downstream include Ily-by-wire or fiberoptic flight controls and increased use of composite materials throughout the airframe. Last January a Navy Prellrninarv Evaluation was done with very impressive results, In. early surnmei 1984, the AH·lT+ IS expected to complete its initial operational test and eveluatlon, which will open the door for additional funding to keep the proqrarn going. The first SUperCobra is scheduled to be delivered to the Marine Corps In June 1986. After that, two per month will be built and delivered to Marine squadrons until the contract for 44 AH-l T+s is completed. •


in an AH·1T. The results were impressive enough for the Marine Corps to press for a full R&D program aimed at refining the installation and culminating in a production incorporation.

BHII HelieoptQf Textron Inc.., according to an announcement on Mil V :3. has l.ueeo :aWH ,rded 11 a tllta nCf! a equ is itiD n CD n1 r act by the n Depilrtmenl of tnll l\Iavv tOI the IlTST22 U.S, Marine Corps AM.' T+ Sup8rCob~a5. de' "!!~'B$to begin in March 1986.

JulycAugU5t 1984


The year 1938 was marked by crisis in Czechoslovakia and diplomatic
defsat at M un ich, and a show of force was becornlnq the most persuasive

plane could dominate time and space.
The success of his flight suggested that the feat Qf a scientific fl vins expedition could be duplicated ey military aircraft loaded wit), explosive destruetion. The Navy set about procuring an aircraft with performance far in advance of what was then considered the top. and a remarkable fighter was conceived. On Ju ne , 1. 1938, the Bureau of Aeronautics ga~e Chance Vought A ircraft the go~aheadto build the fastest

Ww II. Below,

Pacific in figlH!lfS line up for launch from Task For..:e 77 carrio. du rj"9 Korean War. In foreground a ra Panther -fighters.




Navv Corsair

F3F-2 biwere the F2F, the SOC and the TBD. Howard Hughes flew around the world In 91 hours at an average speed of 206 miles per hour. dernonstratlnq how the air·

international arbiter. In that year, one of formideble Navy:Marlne planes was the Grumman plane fighter. Also flying

he most

Corps air-

fighter in the world, the XF4U-l Corsair. Two years later, the bent-wing U-Bird the air and zipped over a rneast, red course at 405 miles an hour, faster-than the 400-mph goal wAich had never been attained by previ ous fi gilte r ill ref aft. I t was as gl'aoeful as it was deadly, and as swift as i1 was tough. After observing the record-making fl ight, Rear Admiral John I-I.Towers, then Chief of the Bureau of Aeronautics, told witnesses that they had [ust seen a demonstration of the fastest, most powerful fighter ever produced [n this country.

hi.S was the F4U's first superlatlve, In its lifetime, the Corsair tallied many other firsts, lImong them the distinction of remaining in service as a first-I ine combat a ircraft longer than any other fighter. Down through the ,years, the Corsair demonstrated its adeptabilltv to various roles and its receptiveness to improvement by stJ rvivlng 981 major engineerTng changes and 20,000 pro-


I1C1V[lL. VlaTlcn a


changes. It served as fighter, interceptor, dive-bomber, fighter bomber, escort airplane, attack airplane and night fightel. During World War 11'., a number of modrfied \lersiOns appeared. Among them were il clipped-wmq tip version, the F4 U-l B tor the Br itrsh, he cannon-packlrHI F4U-l C. the- improved bomb carrying F4U-J D and the F4U-1 P photo plane. The Corsair's distinctive Inverted gull wing was designed to serve three good purposes; It raised the fuselage so that the 2,OOO·hp Pratt & Whitney R·2800 could swing the huge 13-foot Ham!1 ton Standard prop. the largest ever used on a single'engine airplane when the Corsair first flew; it perm itted use of a short, hence sturdy, landing gear capable of being retracted straight aft; and it cu t drag by P('i9· senting to the airs-tream a ~:JO-degree. wing-fuselage intsrsectlon. The production F4U·l which first flew in 1942 showed some marked changes from the crototvoe. The cockpit had been moved three feet aft to make way for self-sealing fuel tanks in the fuselage. replacing integral wing tanks In the "X," model. Four .5rJ. caliber machine guns fitted in the wings replaced a .30 and B .50 firing through the prop, and two .50s in the Wings whicn had originally been planned. Fuselage lines of the whole airplane were changed to aecommodate the new canopy, and extensive armor plating was installed. The procuction F4U had a maximum speed ra ed at 415 miles an hour, a sea-leva I cl im b rate of 3,120 feet per minute, a~d a service ceiling of 37,000 feet. In tests, it was found that because of the long nose and big power plant, the pilot's visibili y was poor, So, the seats were raised and bulged canopies installed, remedying the defect. Del ivaries began III October 1942, and it was 6 Marine Corps souaoron, VM F-124, that took the COfSf:Jk into action tor the first time in February 1943 at Bougs lnville. Once the Corsair pilots gained experience in the new pia ne, they acqu ired a masterv ove r the Japanese fighters whloh they never relinquished. Before long, Japanese pilots began referriflg to the Corsslr as Whistling Death and after the war Japanese senior officers said that they feared
JulV-August 1984

F4Us more than any other aircraft, One of the Corsair's toughest

battles in WW II was not against the enemy. lt was getting aboard carriers. "Prog ram D09." desig ned to irn prove the oleo characteristics of the landing gear, was Quickly inltlated, It was rushed to completion in 10 days and successfully removed the Corsair's built-In bounce which had been giving the trouble - putting the F4U into business as <I shipboard fighter. Proof that tile F4U was no longer a beast when It came to landing aboard earners occurred in operations off Okinawa. On a 30,OQlHoot patrol in Corsairs, three Marines wandered several hundred miles out to sea. They were almost out of gas when York· town heard their distress signals and directed them to land aboard. None of the Marines had ever made a carrier landing, One of them, after setting down perfectly on the deck, asked, "What was that man doing waving those paddles back there?"
"Brother," they told him, "that

was. the Iand ing signal officer gl\ling yciu a waveoffl" By war's end, the Corsair. which had begun its operational career chlefly with the Marine Corps, had joined the Navy in a big way. Produced by Goodyear Aircraft (the FG series) and by Brewster Aeronautlcal Corporation (the F3A series), as well as by Chance Vought, the V·Bird was one of the top carrier-based fighters, a versa t fI e ba ttl a-proven veteran. In 1946, with the war over and jets loamirn9on the horizon as the aircraft typ:e of the future, the. Navy nonetheless prudently ordered 300 F4U-5s on the theory that a top piston Fighter was needed to tide the fjeet over the uncertain day's of jet development. Later,

n1ght·fighter and photo-recon versions of this high-altitude fighter were also added. When the Korean War flared. it was good to have these aircraft on hand. for the Corsair moved qUickly and easily into the role of attack plane, a type much in demand in almost all phases of the war in Korea. Navy and Marine Corps squadrons in Korea tlew various models of the Corsair. M05l were later models with rno e horsepower and fire power than the WW II versions, but some were veterans. Operatinq from carriers and from land bases, F4Us resumed a type of warfare they had pioneered against a different enemy In the Marshall Islands years earl ier. They hit the Korean landscape With rockets, bombs and 20mm cannon shells. Winterized versions (F4U-4NLs/ operated in the frigid Korean wurters, while night fighters (F-4U·5Ns) struck enemy troops and convoys after dark. One Marrne Corps squadron, flying F4U 4B5, an aircraft designed as a hl_ghaltitude fighter. flew more than 1,'00 close-support sorties in one month. The CorS8ir was of dean and functional Iine. Pilots praised its ruggedness, h1gh performance and ability to carry out just about every mission It Was tasked with. The F4U-7 completed the COfS,tJir line. with the last plane I~aving the Vought plant in December 1952, ending more than a decade of F4U production.


The honor of be'ing the last Corsquadron was hilid by VC.4. whlch flew its tast F4U·5N In Decem bar 1955_ By the end of June 1957, the last of the Corsairs - the AU·, attack version - had disappeared from the Reserve fnventory, •

Ma ri"1I F4U

CtH-saifS on -Ilfou(ld

for maintenance.


V -4 Wins a C 0 Safety Award
Story and Photos by J02 Timothy J. Christmann


leet Air Reconnaissance Squadron Four (VQ-41. one, of eleven' Au l.ant squadrons singled out for a 1983 eND Aviatton Safety Award, is tasked witl, 3. misslon Its personnel hope Lhey will never have to carry out.

As a mobile backup for the Navy's shore-based communications statlons, the squadron's flight crews are responsibl for provid I n.g the crucial message link between the Com mander in Chief and u.s. Navv slJbmerged,lJallistic misslle submarines during a national elT)fHgem:v. Twen tv-feu r hou rs a day, 365 da ys out ot the year, at least one of the squadron's eight specially modified Lock· heed C~130 Hercules, home-based at NAS Patuxent River. Md., is airborne over the Atlantic. VU-4's counterpert, VQ.3, stationed at NAS Barbers Point, Hawaii, performs the same mission over the Pacific. Each aircraft carries the complex TACAMD communications system, which IS the
best and most survivable svstsm of its kind for contacunq

A reflective VAdm. Raben F. Scl10ultz en route to NAS Patuxent River, Md .. to Pfesent award. Right. VAdm. Schoultz congratulates several VQ-4 safety pet1y officers during his visit,

U.S. submarines. Since being established as an independent command on July 1,1968, VQ-4 has accumulated more than 139.000 aocident-free hours in 19.000 sorties. and today boasts a rsllabllftv status of 99.9 percent, Such efficiency has garnered the squadron many' awards, inc Iud iog the Battle E in 1974, 1978 and 1980; the eND Aviation Safety Award In 1978; and the Meritorious Unit Commendation in 1971 and 1976. VQ-4 was given its -second CND Safety Awan:j for flying 11',00C! accident-free hours in 1,500 sorties last year. Vice Admiral Robert F. "Dutch" Schoultz, Deputy Chief of Naval Operations (Air Warfarel, was so Impressed with their performance that he flew to Pax River on May 2 to personally commend them. "The significance of his tlJking a day out of his schedule to present the award to us, I think. revealed to everyone the importance of having safe operations;" said one VQ-4 crew member. "It Was a boost for our morals." In a speech before most CIfthesqu adro n 's 600 off icers


I1C1VClI.. ~\lIj;3T10n


-and enusted men, VADM Schsultz said that H)83 W~S another record·settlng saf1;lty year for Naval Aviation. The <ldmiral added, however, tbat if the entire Nava! Avlal.Ion community was as safety eanscious as VO-4, it would bs In far better shape. "N aval A v iation 's m ishaD rate decreased fro m 4.66 11nd 90 mishaps III 1$82 to 4.33ano 87 mishaps in 19,93," he stated. "It was our fourth record 5111e year in a row and it shows us we ',If[! headed in. the right direction." Rel10vermg from illihaky start thl& vaar, Naval Aviation Ii ODIl'(;'lTing more safely than ever before wrrh 2.62 and 22

VAdm. Schouttz, acccmpanled by Capl. Paul A. Flett.hjlr, speaks to- va,"", of1j".~to;;and ,en listed men dUrln!) hiS visit May 2.

rnlshans cemnarsd with 4.11 and 36 rrrisheps this same
a year


<lccor,ling to Schoults. Last ... ar "we failed to meet the CND mishap rate goal e 01 <1 fl, and we stili have a way to go," said VADM Schoultz. "The eND's gO;:l[ lS not a pie·in-the·skv goal bu I a realizable object ive i n d i C<I ted lJY t 111'l pe r fa rrnance of A I RP AC and

"For tha past four rnoruhs we have been opera I in9 well helow eu r goal oj 4.0:' h e stated .• 'In fact for th rea of the past four rnontns we naV,e been below 3_0. This aga In proves we can do It." VADM Schoultz, Who congril'tulatecl VO_·4 on their "su per b achlevement:'~ald he was tetl 109 them about the NavaJ Aviation safetv record because he didn't wan his "~al-ely pros" to become complacent. ,. Dun'l take shortcuts, .. don't rely on the ~thf!r guy. follow the checklist impliCitly, .. know arid follow the SOPs rlun"t let khe syndrome 01 ·We've a~wilV5 done It that way' keep yoU hom l~e(ng Innovative." he warned. "The bottom line is attention 10 detail and professionalism. This doesn't only apply in the ai, - w,e need to exert s;;IfelY' consciousness throughout our daily routine, H we lose one of OUr experienced personnel through any <n:cident, whe tl,er Il 'be ir"f an au terno Ie, 0 Ii 1;1 motorcycle, wh iIe operating power tools, or simplY slipping in the bathtub., Il is rhe sarne 10S''5 as it it were tn an aircraft mishap," said Sehoultz. "Don't fhinl( that tt can't hJl,pprm to me, bacause the: Safety Center arch i,v!!sare filled witlrr the ghosts of t'flose who beHeved that. DOI1't let ccmptacanev be part of your Hie - the Navy can't ar,ford it and neither can YO(;l." To a~ojd indifference, VQ·4 plans ro c.ontinut: employ·

rnem head safety review5. The-y meticulously search for safety hazards in aH areas, but pay particular attention to the squadron's weaker areas. according [0 Cdr, Dawson. "I have never been associated wit'h a squadron wfo!ich tracked safety factors with sulCi'l rneticutcus care-:' he said. "Thanks to the dedication. attention to detail, hard work (espeeia IIV by ou r sa fely petty oft leers], and successfu I battle against apathy, the program has paid off." VO-4's safety petty offlcers have been a tremendous asset to the squadron's success. a.ceording to Capt, Fletcher, In addition to their regu!ar- jobs, they perform myriad S<Jf'ety·rerat-ed tasks which include monitoring training records; ensul'fng shop saf~ry; supporting the quarterly safety re.views; checking the ha.ngar ba.y for improperly stowed geElr; and distributing safely·related material. "They are very professional and a super source of feedback for me," said Dllwson. He added. however, the Va-4's s-afetY record has been an all-hands effw't. "Everyone contributes."


"Squadron personnel don't just pass-off safety as belnq someone else's job," said Avfation Structural Mechanic First Class Richard S. Johnson, VO·4's leading safety' pettv officer. "I rl'Stead they either correct the problem themselves Of bring the discrepancy tosomeone else's attention - namely a safety plfftty officer." Unlike many operational squadrons, VQ'4 does not have
the luxury of planning s.afety stand-downs. They can't

ing the same methods that won them recng!"1ition 11'1 1983 lea~rsilip ill10 ansnrlon to detail. "The primary reason we won the eND Safety Award was because we had strong leadership from the G.O. [Cap, tain hu~R. Fletcherl on down," said Commander Donald

Dawson, VQ-4rss~fety


officer since September 1983.

just shut down operations and coordinate the type of train Ing that is necessary to their m ission, because a third of their flight crew is deployed at any given time. So, instead of standirl_Q down, VQ·4 uses videotapes to Inform squadron personnel about safety matters. These tapes are updated qu,arterly so that rerurningfl iflht crews. can receive the latest rnatenal. No matter what their job, VQ-4 personnel are well aware of the squad ran's mission and its lmportance to national security. But, j,t wasn't alway.s that way. Previously, VQ4· personnel wefe lold, "Hey guys, your
rnlssion is very serious," said Dawson. But its importance

didrl't jL1st give lip service to safetv, He was

serious about it, and his attitu:de- permeated the squadron." "Woe t ViI e've done is to prov ide stab iii ty to al rcreW plann ing and schedu Ii "_9, and pay pa rticular attention to errors that we've made:' siiid Capt. Fletoher, who's been C.O. since- 1982. "Being a communlcauons squadron, we are abte to comrnunlcate very w~11amongst ourselves. We. are able to. honestly report to one another when we have a problem, and we rectify our deficiencies before they turn into carastraphles." Another reason for VQ·" 's accident-free record i$ the attention to detail they applv during their monthly depart-

di.dn't re.gister urrtil squadron members began to cross-traln With people at submarine stations and military command center-s. "Only then did they see themselves in the overall bIg' picture," he added. "It's heartening for me to. see them worl< the way they do on a day-to-day basis just ta meet the squadron's commitment." Although VO·4 i5 more safelY conseieus now than ever before, squadron personnel can't sit back and rest on their laurels, because the lob goes on and complacency could result in something much more disastrous than a bad
safety record. '.

Jurv·Augu$1 19SA


of the Navy John Lehman delivered to Congress a Total Force report outlining present efforts and ongoing plans to enhance the role of the Naval Reserve by closer integration with active Navy assets and operational commitments. The report is, at the. least, described as an ambitious proposal that will expand the mission of the Naval Reserve Force far past any previous level, and Is designed to improve readiness In both reserve and active communities. The 175·page document, nearly a year in the, making. described a number of proposals that will affect reserve and active Naval Aviation assets, as well as the SUrface warfare cornrnunities. Some, such as modemization of reserve carrier wings, have already begun. Fighter Squadron 301 at NAS Miramar is already training and will begin receiving the F-14 Tomcat in late 1984. Sister squadron V F·3Q2 will follow, and is expected to go operational in 1986, a year after VF-301_


his spring. Secretarv

Fighter Squadron 303 at began flying the F/A·18 Hornet this year. To ensure adequate phasing of the F I.A·18 forces with deploying carriers, and to speed integration of this new, multimission aircraft into the Reserve Force, VFA-30J wHi initially train and operate in V FA-125 Hornets until rece Ipt of thei r OWn FJ A-18s 1 n 1986. A second reserve F/A-18 squadron, VFA-305, will be established in 1986. Efforts are al ready under way to upgrade the aircraft squadron augment units (SA.Us), to allow them to operate more closely to and in the same type alrcraft they would fly if mobilized. On the West Coast, SAU VF-1485 trains, using F-14 Tomcats belong to Fleet Readiness Squadron 124 at NAS Miramar, Whill:! VF-1486 at NAS Oceana on the East Coast files V F-1 01 Tomcats. A similar arrangement in the attack community has SAU VA-0686 flying A-BE Intruders in coordination with active Navy squadron VA-42 at Oceana, while
NAS Lemoore 16



~ ~



o -,

flies Intruders assigned ttl at NAS Whidbey Island. Integration of the SAU manpower assets into the nondeplovinq fleet replacement squadrons is a program that offers both the reserve and active


components ing well.


and is work-

In the E-2C community, SAU VAW·0285 trains, using RVAW-110

aircraft at NAS Miramar. The Navy also has $9.4 million

avallabl.e with which 10 ransfer some of the P'3C antisubmarine Warfare mission to the reserve by form'ing three f'·3C master augment units; (MAUs) In the P.eserv Force, and to provide 12 P-3C aircraft for training. The p·3C MAU established last Octebe! at Brunswlck is [he first ef these, and the first step in implementation of the program. Similar MAUs will be located at N AS J acksenv ille and NAS Moffett Field, standing up by 1988. Eventually I 24 creWs will be trained at each of these sites. A total of $40.4 million Mas been earmarked for the overall program. Also In the reserve tono- range patrol/ASW comrnunrtv, plans call for upgrading of the older P-3A and 1'·38 aircraft with the tactical and naviga· tlonal rnedemizatlon (TacNavModl kit, wilt, an expected increase in parforrnance of approximately 75 percent, The final lot of 27 TacNavMod kits will be received this year, with installation to be completed in 1986_ Additional modernization for the re serve P-3 community between now and 1989 Includes: AQA· 7 improvements with 'triple Verniar. ALA-66 ESM capabilltv: Infrared lADS; APS· 80 reliability improvement: A·1651 OTPI: and Parkhill communications equipment. Improvements are alsc pJannedin the ASW hehcopter comrnunitv, with a proposal 1'0 introduce LAMPS MK I to the reserves, with transition ot two squadrons to the newer SH·2F Sea. sprite by 1985. Additional f>CJuaaron changes cited in the report show E-2C Hswkeye air craft already assigned to VAW- 78 in NorfOlk, and it IS expected that the VAW force will be fully equipped with the newer "Cha tie" model Hawkeye in VAW-88 by 1988. Attack Squadra.n 205. presently (lyIng the older A·7B
CorSBlr "

will switch to the A-7E in

1985. three years earlier than oriqlnallyexpected

To improve availability of 'land· based tankers, the report calls for procurernerrt of four used, land-based aircraft. similar to the tanker configuration in use by Canadian forces. "Prlce-perfcrrnance return on used commercial a ire-raft, modified for the tanking mission, is lrnpresstve," noted the report. The authors gave as an example a converted Boeing 107. II
Jurv·AugIlS[ 1984

tanker that could operate as a pathfinder escort as well as a tanker between Oceana, Va .. and ROta. Spail1, more than 3,000 miles. Such a tanker could transfer 93,000 pounds of fuel to trail aircraft, and carry repair parts and maintenance person nel to suppo rt those 11 Ircraft. The report estimated an Increase In manning of 464 billets for four such aircraft. "providing a capability where none previously exlsted,' with the forrnstlcn of two land-based rsserve force tanker squadrons. Estabtishmerrt of two reserve squadron augment units to support carrier on-board delivery efforts is a step the report says could result in an estimated peacetime manpower cost savings of approximately $7.2 million, in addition to provldlnq valuable assets in ready manpower in an arnergency situatlcn, Formation of he augment untts is planned 10 coincIde With additional C--2A GreVhoUml procurement. .An expansion of reserve Naval Avla~ion assets is also expected in the airborne mine cocnrerrneeeures (AMCMl cornmuntty. The report calls for eontinued support of the two reserve alr~ berne mine countermeasures auqmsnt units based in Norfolk, HM·1486 and HM-' 686_ There are further plans. wrth vecelpt of the new MH-53E AMCr;''''dediceted helicopters by tile three actiVe squadrons, to form a new reserve AMCM squadron to fly the RH-530. To accommodate proposed modemizati on a-nd ex pansion, the reserve flying hour program was increased in FY 85 bV $24.9 million. 10 improve aircrew read ness, And an additional $38.4 million has been budgeted. [0 forestall any Naval AIr Reserve aircraft maintenance backlog. In the Sea and Air Mariner (SAMI program. FY 85's budget adds $3.2 million specifically for recruiting and adverttsln9_ Another $274.8 million has been allotted to expand SAM agenda and more rapldly fill the reserve need for lower-rated enlisted personnel. The re-port smgled out several mstancas Where reserve assets have alreadv been integrated into active Navy 'forces fQr operations, and in actual f;;lpid response to world tenslens,

The avlatton logistics cornm U r:) Ity, already 100·percent manned by reserve and TAR personnel. had a majm part in the Grenada rescue operations. Fleet Logistics Support Squadron (VR) 56 played ". .a crucial role by positioning the force commander, combat troops, State Department personnel and support staff on Barbados." said the report, and with less than , 2 hours advance notice. Other VR-56 aircraft transported Jamaican mllttarv forces 10 Barbados for "D-Day"oj.l6rations, Another reserve squadron, VF-58 out of NAS Jacksonville, also supported Grenada operations. along with VR·56, making numerous flTghts to and from the Island from October 26 through November 5, In Lebanon. within 40 minutes of the terrorist bombing of the Marine
headquarters at Beirut in 1983, a

Naval Reserve G·9S from VR-56, manned by re-sen!ists from Norfolk, launched for Beirut from NAS Sigo· nella with a naval medical team aboard, and brou!Jht back the firs't 12 MarIne wounded to Naples for hospital care. The report also cited numerous other Instances of inteqrarion of Naval Reserve assets into active forces during exercises. Among these we're 11 longrang!! patrol "Sqwijdrons providing ASW support to the fleet during operations off Bermuda, Lajes in the Azores. and Cub, POint. Philippines. In addition, reserve P·3 crews and a.rcraft flew numerous missions .n support 01 the Vice Presulent's drug inrerdictlorr program.
With tl1e continued growth of the Navy toward a level of 600 ships and 15 carrier battle groups, the report's authors noted in an execu'!ive summary that the Navy proposes to " .. ~ maximize contributions of both the active and the reserve component-s of the Total Force." Thei r comment reflected the statement of SBcretilry Lehman in a message to the entire Navy in 1984. "We will con mue to seize (In .. .opportunities to ensure that the Naval Reserve will be a lilly combat-ready elemeflf of the Total Force. The lniriatlve, resourcefulness and total commitment of' a/I of us will ensure that the NaV'v remains at the tiJJ of the spear in our national defense." II


Bigges Uttle NARF
Cdr. CharI;!! Sapp, Officer in Ch<!rgit. .

In urope
Aircraft inspection/damage
a complement

hose who make it run sometimes refer to the Naval AViation Lpgistici Cel'ter, European Repair and Rework Activi tv as "the biggest little NA R F in Eu rope." But the Naples, Italy·baseL! activl y isn't actually a NAR F (naval air rework facility), although they QI1.en perform many of the sa me tasks. The 2D·petson acrivitv, k nown as NERR A, is a vital component in the avlation maintenance system, keeping U.S. naval aircraft flying in Europe, the Mediter· ranean, Middle East and North Africa. "The miracle glue that holds this operation together isthe people," says ofiicer In charge Commander Charlie Sapp, "The people who work here ere not only very reliable but also extremely versatile. They Work well on their own, make decisions independently. and yet are able 1:0 adjust to rapidly shifting priorities thai demand the utmost In teamwork." Those In the aircraft inspe.ctof and field team leader I illstsare examples of this tvpe. They may spend as much as 200 days of each vear on the road. and there have been occasions where the entire staff was on the road at the same lime. In fiscal year '83, N E R RA personnel completed 117 aircraft inspections at locations as far away as Denmark, Laies, Cyprus, Bahrain and the I vary Coast, rctu rning 85 of them to service in short order, says Sapp, They received a letter of commendation from tbs Secretary of the Navy for this work, Although many of he a ire raft repairs: are relatively simple, some can be very complex. In one difficult job, major struetural bulkheads in two A-7E CQrSl}ir 1/ aircraft had to be replaced, requ.iring that both attack planes be literally broken Jn half to allow access by workers. The principal workload for NERRA centers around aircraft damage assessment ·~mdrepair, standard depot level maintenance (SDLM) for European theater loqistlcs aircraft andthe repair and overhaul of aviation ground support equipment.




oarrled out by

of two evlatlon structural mechanic senior ohiefs and one civilian employee. all assigned to the main

office at Capodichino Airport, Naples. The three also conduct 8i rcraft tour extension inspections. When it has been determined that a lrcraft damage is beyond he repair capabllitles of the squadron or the aircraft intermediate maintenance department, NERRA's Europeal1 aerospace contractors become involved. If the repairs needed are extensive bu \ ths plane is flyable, it is often mare cost,effl'lctive to fly it to the contractor's facility. Otherwise, the repalr crew goes to the aircraft. SttuctLlral t'epalrfreJd teams are normally made up of two civillan contract structural mechanics and a N ER RA fletd team leader. The field team leaders not only function as


1i~ld ream members and he,lo crewmen


on an SH·2


aboard the baltleship

New Jersev in the Mediterr"nean.


AK2: Diana Mobbs, above, I~ NEAR A's cor)ttact/fina",,:ia I Cfiorginatof. Center, a Field team i!nd USS New Jersev crewmen wane on an SH-2 helleo ptar enlline aboard the batt lesl1.ip.

Above, AMS1 !-larry Valinslw checks parts '01 an A·4 wing section at NERRA he<ldquarters in Naple s.

tinue to develop unpredictable structural problems, To send them back to he U,S. for the work or rleploy teams from the States woutd be extremely expensive. Lisbon is OJ11y a 45·m Inutefl~ght from Rota, and has the experience and personnel to correct a rnajor itv ef the defects. "I n fad," says Sapp, "during my three-vear tour, we have lixed

thrm., all in-theater."
to the work on prevlcuslv described landtill! Lisbon oontingel1l offers tile additional "advantage ot extensive Portuguese experience on their own A7P attack arreratt. "This makes them the logical choice and an invaluable asset in working on our own A·7Es:' eXjilains Sapp, "They were trained in the States and really know the Corsair." The SH-3G Sea King SDLM program is ccnducted at lndustrla Asronautlca Ml!ritJlonale In BrindiSi. ltalv, As part of the Agusta (Bell) consortium, they are lied directly to the only ecmpsnv in the world still manufacturing a varlant of the SH 3 aircraft, under license- from Sikorsky. The- N EA RA Rep Brindisi is a small office staffed parttime by one civilian. To support the repair efforts. th e Naples home otflce has an extenSIIi€ technical llbraiv, containing a broad ranye of p hllcations and drawings. covering all alrcratt operating in-theater, from the EA3B Skywarriorto the flew F/A-18

based aircr-aft,

In addition

Above, Ll.Cdr. Sle~e Auderson. NERRA's business manaqer, manM!l5 a smile dUr,og a busy wQrk schedule,

structural mechanics wnjle .(lJ1cludins ship!> 31 sea 1. bu t aim act as contracting officer technical representatives, and accept and verify he completed work. Th ree aircraft structural mechanics first class are assigned to these billets. NERRA works with European contractors home-based In Munich, Germany; Venice, Brindisi and Rome, I tilly; and Lisbon. !Portugal, The SDLM program for C-2 Grev· escorts for oralqn national


U.S. military


hounds, C-130 Hercules and C-131 aircraft permanently assigned to the Mediterranean is conducted by OGMA, the Portuguese Ail Forte Rework Facility located in l.lsbon. NEAR,A. malrnalns a branch office (NERRA Rep Alverca) at Lisbon. 1n recent veers the Lisbon branch office has gained
Importance. According to Cdr. Sapp, on-site contract admlnlstrenon, supply and product on support provided by

Homer. A c;-lvilian aeronautical engIneer with extensive NARF experience is assiqned to this office to develop and authorize repairs which exceed guIdance aVailable in the various aircraft structural repair manuals, NER RA.'s wound support equipment maintenance program is at a ccntractlnq facility In Ciarnpino, near Rome and is staffed by <InaViation support equipment technician senior c11(e1'and one aviatlon storekeeper second class. "We provide the nucleus U]JQI1 which any will·flghtlng
rnalrrtenance support would be IJuill in the European

[unscheduled] rnaintananca requirements. He points out that siyniFlcant in-depth structural work is done in Lisbon 00 Fleet Air Reconnaissance Squadron TWo aircraft based in Rota, Spain. The squadron's EP·3A and EA-3B aircraft, savs Sapp, are showing thel r age and con-

the seven-man rep drop-In emergency


thei e enable rapid response


theater." says NERRA's officer in charye, "But, if we had a motto that reflected our dav-to-dav activity and the fun part of thll: job," he. says with aqrin, "i t wou 10 be somethlng simple like 'We Fix Airplanes:" In an operating theater that has seen increasing activity by U.S. navat alrcratt in recent years, fi log aircraft is no small I'hln9. •

JuIV·Augu$t 1984



- - !."UR~

By Hank Cat usc


naval.. aviancn



, I'








CAT 13 c R 0 I,



TPS/NPS Cooperative Program

"Degree' etter
By J02 Timothy J, Christmann A.6 pilot LIeutenant Carlton Jewett used to be solelv a stick-and-throttle man. Strap him inside ali Intruder cockpit and he'd soar, tu rn, dive and land as proficiently as any skilled Nilval Aviator. Flying was exciting and
fun. but Lt, Jewett wanted to know more - not only about his own plan but about all U,S, naval aircraft, "I took for granted the simple th ings a bou t a irpla nes." sa 1d Jewett, "like how they fly and wh:y they are designed the way they are," F ortunatelv, Jewett's squadron e,o, at V A·35, Commander John M. Luecke. now skipper of VA-42, told

Test Pilots Made One

him about Test Pilot School (TPS) at Patuxent River, Md. Luecke, a former TPS graduate, said the training offered there would not onlyfamiliariz'e Jewett with a multitude of aircraft,

but satisfy his curiosity

and benefit

his career. Jewett applied for TPS at the same time that a special pro9ram was being implemented for top Quality Naval

ments ot Aeronautics at NPS and TPS endeavored to coordinate a program merging both of their curricula. Thls

Aviators, which Included attending lhe Naval Postgraduate School (NPS) at Monterey, Ca lif. Since the early 1970s, the Depart·

was essential because of the increa!iing number of Navy billets requiring graduates from the two schools. Their

- for sUllcessfuliv completing NPS and TPS. Althol.lgM a newcomer to the Strike Directorate, Lt. Jewett is a project officer with plans to test-tlv the updated A-6E tntruder and F/A-,8 Hornet. His. NPSITPS trClining has been so beneflclal and his qualifications are so high, that Jewett recently went to the Johnson Space Center, in Houston, Texas, to be interviewed for acceptance into the space program. He wasn't one of the six aviators chosen by the Space Center, but Jewett's background gave him "as good a chance as any of the other 38 pilots interviewed." In addition. he is el igible to compete for the program the next time the Johnson Space Genter selection board meets to decide on new candidates. 'The Naval Postgraduate School program is an add-on to the normal Test Pilot School selection process."
left, Cdr. William M. Siegel. Bottom. NPS students find some frea time to dISCUSS the grUeling currtculum.

said Cdr. Siegel. "Every TPS selection board [which meets every six months] picks two people for the cooperative program to start NPS at the cornpletion of their present tou r." Siegel added that all students must have a strong engineering underqraduate background, There are 110 exceptions. And, because entrance qualifications are geared 1:0 accommodate students with high grades, competitive averages typically fluctuate between 90·100. The Naval Postgraduate School, established in 1909, ranks academically with the best graduate in!>tl,tLJtions in America. I t is fu Ily accredited by the Western Association of Schools and Colleges with specific engineering curricula authorized by the Ac.credition Board for Engineering and Technology, Inc. Eighty percent of the
students in NPS proqrarns study at

Monterey. while the remaining 20 percent attend 50 civilian unlverslties In various parts of the U.S. More than 1,500 officers In the Navy, Marine

efforts resulted in the NPSi1"PS Cooperative Master's De~ree Program 1111981. "This program picks the best pilots to attend NPS tor one year, then follow on to TPS for 11 months," said Commander Bill Siegel, aeronautical engineering curricular officer at NPS. "Afterwards. avrators spend two vea rs in ii test directorate [as tes t
pilots] ." "I wish this program had existed when I was a lieutenant," said Com-

modore R.H. Shumaker, Superin· tenrlem, Nav-al Postqraduate School, In a speech recently. "It's a tough program, but one that is personally rewarding and which precisely fits the heed of Naval Aviation," Lt. Jewett. who gradUated from the U.S. Naval Academy in 1976, became the first aviator to go through this dual' program. He began NPS In October 1981, finished course instructiOn in September 1982., and three months later began TPS. Today. the 29-year· old tntruder p!fot is currently a test pilot in the S rike Directorate at NAS Patuxent River. and holds a Master of Science degree in aeronautical engineering - along with the dual subspectaltv codes XX71P and XX73G
July-August 1984

Lett to right. LI.Cdr, Charles 1'1, John:;t<:>n, and Lts. eeth Hilbert, dames Jones and B(l.1c·eRaItHel<.


Army. Air Force and Coast and U.S. Government civilians, as wet! as officers from 25 allied COUll tries, are being e.ducated at N PS. The variety of prograrns offered at the school includes computer science, oceanographY, management, national Corps, security affairs, cernmuntcancns,

fly virtually ~lny type of aircraft. According to Rear Adrnlral Edward J.


englneering_ There are currently 240 Naval Aviators attending N PS at Mlonter.ey, only a dozen of whom are involved in the ccoperatrve program, Three of thllse aviators gradUated III June, Ons of the , 2 students is Lieutenant Bsth Hubert, the first woman to be enrolled in the NPSfTPS svllabus, For these students, "NPS provides the technical rrrstrucrlon which allows them to better manage the procurement of naval weapon. systems in the Naval' Air eomrnunitv' said Cdr. Siegel. "They are provided graduate education in all areas of aerodvnarn ies, which includes gas dynamics. propulsion, struetu res and computer methods tn aeronautics," he added. "This training will also allow an aviator to interface better, later in hj$/her career, with .ens!neer~ and lndustrv," Acoordlng to Cdr. Siegel. the cooperative program "is an outstanding incenrlve for the. most Qualified officers to get two of the Navy's finest schools - N PS and TPS." Test Pilot School (see NANews. Julv-Auqust 1983, pages 6- t 3) is the second half af the cooperative program. It Involves classroom academic studies and test fHghts in up to 15 different aircraft, Each pilot is tasked with completing 50 project flights and submits more than 22 comprehensive and detailed reports. The curriculum is geared to teach aviators: how to effectively avaluate alrplanes and helicopters to the point where they can


Hogan, Commander, Naval Air Test TPS trainihg is the "ultimate level of partieipaticn in aviation." Unlike TPS, stucsnts don't fly at Naval Postgraduate School. Although they miss it, all agree that the one-veer layoff will not affect their ability to handle the aircraft once they get back
Center, Into the cockpit.

One student,

who used to be an A-7

"NPS classes begin at 8 OI.m and typically fILInuntil 4 p.m., according to Lt. Jewett. Afterwards, "you go home. Visit with your wffe for a little while, then lock yourself ina room and study for the rest of he night," "The biggest shock Upon arriving here 111Monterey is getting back into the study mode." said L1. Beth Hubert, an A-4M Skyhawk pilot fonnerly assrgned with VX·6 at China, lake,

Corsair flight instructor for V A·174 . (the RAG), said he worked with aviators who had .spent a year at postgraduate school and found theirtryfng skills weren't hampered by the layoff. "It's liKe riding a bicycle," he said. "You never forget hoW," Added Lt. Jewett, "For me, not flying for a vear wasn't detrimental." Normally, it takes 21 to 24 months

"That's the hardest thing abou t the Postgraduate School," added Lt. Jewett, "getting back into the' acadernie errvlronrnent. ! was out of the Naval Academy six year-s, and trying to get back into a study routine was difficult," Lt. Hubert, who majored in mechanical/nuclear engineering at Wash· Ington State Un iversity, added that the

to llnish NPS but, because it is irnpera~ive to get aviators back into the cockpi and tnte assigned billets which Utilize their education. the cooperative program is condensed to t 2 months.


to Lt. Jewett, the is "canned," i.e., there is

no flex! billW In the program. "There are so many CQurSi!S to take in order to meet he orit.eria for a master's degree, you end up wlth only one elec·
tlve," he- said.

"The ecorse

load is heavv- and

demanding," added lieutenant James A. Jones. Jr., an F·4 Phantom pilot fo rme rl y assign-ed to V F- 1 51 a boa rd MrdwBV. Although he was an asronautical engineering major at the Naval Acadernv, Lt. Jones added that the course lead at NPS is still"quite


before he graduates

and will probablv intensify in September.

Classroom sclln~ at NPS.


Monterey area is beeutiful and the R&R would be grea-t. except that you end up ~[Jeflding most of your tlme dOing course work. "You have to come to NPS with an open attitude," she said, "You have to be ready 10 buckle down and discipli('1e yourself - to get back tQ the discip: ine needed to sit down and

study." Added Lt. Jones, "You have to be willing to work herd and apply your

Lt. Hu bert Joined the Navy as a
step toward her ultimate goal getting [ruo till! space program, l l.'s a noble=arnblficn, espeCially when considerlng that 25 well-known astronauts, Including John Glenn, Charles Conrad, Richard Gordon and Alan Shepard went a similar IOU!!!. They Jorned the military and auended the Test Pilot School. Today, many TPS alumni are 1f'1I/01vedin the Space

and off carrier'S," she said. "After all, that's the ultimate il1 Naval Aviation. I t is what th is bu smass is a II abou t." Despite th'is obstacle, II Hubert is looking forward to attending TPS and afterwards being assigned to a tssr and evaluation area at the Test Center. "Nf'S is teaching us things you nortnally get from a master's degree and teetmlcal curriculum, a lot of theory to expand U,e way you look at things," said Lieutenant Commander Charles H. Johnston, Jr .. an A-7 Con;alr pilot. "However, I think the Navy's push in this lypt!! of education leans toward makTng you, thinR more ptactlcallv.'

Lt.Cdr. Johnston,

who started


NPS last September, was a flIght deck officer aboard JQfm F.. Kennedy prior to his arrival, He's been in the Navy



and a selected


including Captains John Young, Fred-

erick Hauck

and Dan BrandetlS1efn,

have [lown 51 uttlas ColumbIa and Challenger. By law, Lt. HUbert, who IS: qualified to land on aircraft carrlers, cannot be permanentlv assigned to operaticnal squadrons whioh are deployed aboard flattops. I t's a regulation she regrets. "It's to be able to fly the a Ircrafl hu I not be allowed to do with It what it's de-signed to do - fly on

ten-and-a-hat! years and has a B.A. In Aerospace Engineerlng from Missis· sippi State Universl tv, "I think NPS will make me a better aviator," Johnston remarked. "A her all, the better you understand everything going on In the airplane, the barter yOu can control those things. I rn not saying thls aducarlon will
me a better stlck-endthrcttle he added, "but part of flying tnvelves executing missions, end knowing the limits of an atrptane and how they change with varying conditions. NPS tr3in11'1gwill definitely help you yet a feel for these things." Lieutenant Bruce- Hernrck, an S·3 Viking pilot who started at NPS in April, agre.ed. "I think any time Y0U can increase your unde-rstanding of why_sirplanesfly, it will make VOI!l a better aviator," he said. "There are a lot of pilots who don't do any1hlng but fly - that's their onlv skill,' said L~. Jones. "1 feel this train ing will mene!it the Navy because it will make me more valuable and viable. Getting a subspecialty is alwavs advantageous for promotion make

Lt. Ca.-Ito n Jewerr exam; 111!5 -an arrcr a 1t wheel well at NAS Patuxent Rive «. Md.


areas, both the o perationa I environment and the research arid development lest and evatua Lion environment. For this reason ha's a more versatile person and more valuable to the Navv," Aside from the space program, which is the golden dream of many qualified aviators, there are hundreds of jobs available to either NPS or TPS· trained pilots. Bu t the cooperative program is qualifying people for the few bill e ts ths t require educat iQI' from both sehoois. These include billets in test and evaluation of aircraft and weapon systems at NAS Patuxent River, and management and procurement of weapon systems at the Naval Air Systems Command. Other billets lnclude .a v~rjety of jobs. at naval procurement offices and naval air rework fad I iti as. Cdr. Siegel is satlsified with the program and said he receives noth Irlg but "glowing reports" 01') his students.
With the grOwth of the cooperative program, aviators will not onlv receive

later on." Cdr. Siegel said that [he cooperauve program wfll help an aviator's career because the training gives the
aviator II capabllltv that other fleet pilcts do not have. "The student not only has opera-

N PS/TPS trainIng earlier in their careers, bu t ~hey w ill be able to ap pi Y
what they've period. teamed over a longel

ticrtal expertise g~ined through fleet experience but also technical expertise and demonstrarlve potential to do " more than just operate airplanes," ha ~ 3 said. "He now can function in two

"It's goin.g to be a definite asset." said Lt. Jewett. Such oornprehensive training will enable pilots to provide better feedback during test and evaluetlon of aircraft and weapon systems.
This wit! enhance the perforrnance of the final product, and keep COS-lS minimal .•


The sound of Lady lex's catapult firing can be a bit unnerving to a flight student in the advanced jet pipeline. But when it ~s heard last February 24, there was reason to celebrate. It was on that day she recorded her 250.00om shot on the starboard catapult. That works out to more than 30 shots a day for 21 years. lexington has averaged morethan 20,000 launches a year in the last 21 years in her role as a training carrier. The remarkable success LeKington
Pf-11 U,.1. Gr~lI

(AVT-16) has enjoyed over the years can be a1tributed in large measure to the lonq-terrn reliability of her catapu Its - those incredible. stearn-dr ive n devices bullt into he.r flight deck that have been lau nching naval aircraft for decades. Her steam catapults have been in service since 1955. While she has nearly 20 years on most of the student Naval Aviators she helps to train, she seems to never tire of her mission. But there is more to her legacy than her catapults.

The 25Q,Oootil sf;irboard

catapUlt 'iluncll aO LadV l-eX'.

l1ava~aVlaTnJf1 nEWS

3.0+ catapult shots a day for 21 years!
BV Helen Collins Lexington IS the fifth U,S. naval ship to bear the 'name that is woven into the page$ of Americqn history. Five 'ships of the fleet have carried the name since the famous Revolutionary War battle at leXington, Mass" on April 19, 1775. The first Lf!x[ngton was an 86·foot. 16-gun brig purchased by the ConCongress and commissioned in March' 776 to protectcoloniill

A Busy ady


shipplng from British men-of-war. In company wi h the brig Repri$81 and the cutter Dolphin, she harassed British commerce in the- English Channel and along the coast of France, capturing Hi! vessels befor-e being captured herself on September


The second was a 691-ton sloop of with 18 guns. CommissionedJune 11, , 826, Lexington transported troops and assisted in blockade dury dUrlhg the Mexican War. Sh.e was a stores ship for Commodore Perry's expedition to Japan il1 1853 and was decornrnlssloned two vesrs

commissioned December 14, 1927_ lderrtical to her sister ship Saratoga (CV·31. she had a 900-foot flight deck and displaced 33,000 tons. Her fighting career in WW II was brief but it packed ln plentY of action before it ended. Lexjn{fton and her aircraft f,ought in three engagements with the Japanese, inflicting heavy damage on the snernv before she was $U nk on May 8, 1942, during the Battle of the Coral Sea. Tcdav's Lexington, the fifth ln the proud tradition, was born to avenge the death of her namesake, While CV-2 was fighting off enemy planes in the South Pacific, another aircraft carrier Was under construction at the Fore River Shipyard in Quincy. Mass. When the workers. [earned of the sinkin§ of CV·2, they petitioned Frank Knox, then Secretary of the Navy, to pass the name Lexington on to the
new carrier. It took one day for

Se.cNav to approve the request and the
new Lexin(lton

(CV·161 was corn-

issroried February 17. 1943. Before the end of WW II. she had

The third Lexington, cernrnlssioned In August 1861, was an ironclad. stdewheel steamer with seven guns that was purchased by the Army and transtarred to the Navy in 1862.. She took part in several engagements in the Western Flotilla du ring the Civil War and was decommissioned June 2, 1865, CV·2, the fourth Lexington, was

exacted a full measure of retribution. destroying over 850 aircraft. sinking 300,000 tons of shipping and damaging another 600.000 tons as she took part in ne<lrly every major battle in the Pacific. Lexington was the only carrier not camouflaged at the time.
maintaining her original blue,yra.y color. As she prowled the Pacific in

search of the enemy. the Japanese reported her sunk at least four times, only to see her blue-gray hull steaming

Ju'y·AuguSl 1984


Into battle again. She acquired the nickname of the "Slue Ghost," the ship that couldn't be sunk. With the cutback in the armed forces after toe war, Le'xington was dace m m lssioned 0 cto ber 11, 1946, and placed in the reserve fleet in Bremerton, WacSo. LEd,! Lex came out of retirement in August 1956 as CVA-16 and, complete with a new <mg\ed deck, steam catsputts and other modern equipment, returned to her former battteqrourrd in the Pacific. As part ot the Seventh Fleet, her mission was to hel p preserve the peace. She alternated between Fat East deployments and West Coast carrier Quail fica~ions until mid-1962. In July of that vear, Lexington

USS JLexin!lton 'n aetton during IIVWIlin thu South Pacifie.

space. a ground control approach urnt (carrier control epproachaboatd ship)
and a meteorological station. Her repair and main terrance shops make her relatively independent of shore-

sailed from San Diego, Carli., for the last time, headed for the naval shipyard in New York tor a short overhaul. In October t~e carrier (redesignated CVS-16), with lWO weeks of r'ep;:lir work still uncompleted, was ordered to the ware rs off F lorTda tor operations WIth other Navy units during the Cuban missile r:;risis. Lexington finally arrived at her; new home port in Pensacola, Fla., December 20, 1962. to begin her career as the uafningcsrrfer for the Naval Air Training Commando. (She was redesignated CVT16 in1i969 and received her present designation of AVT,16 rn 1978.) Lady Lex operates primaril.y in the Gulf of Mexico off Pensacola, Corpus Christi and Key West. qu.allfying

based repalr facilities. Besides su ppor-tlng the T rainin,g Command, Lexjng-ron is also used to a • lesser degree for fleet and reserve pilot quali"f1cation training. She can CUfrentlv acoommodate all. of the Navy's training aircraft. and all fleet aircraft except the F·4, F-14 <lnd F/A-18. When she ·is. out 01 service for maintenance, selected restricted availi;1biHty or overhaul, the Navy uses Atlantic



Fleet carriers,

as available,

for training, Besldas her traininq mission, Lar.Jv Lex serves as an aid in recruiting and is also one of the Navy's best publ lc
relations toots, maintainrng a cruise tour program and open house for civ il ians, has till!! over 50.000 vis itors armuall v, Her pu bile r!llat,io 11S program Is a means of demOri5H(ltir'lg U.S, N~vy carrier aviation to ths genera.l public. Lexingron was scheduled to be retired a second time from active duty, and Coral Sea was. to take her place, However, she received a reprieve and willstav in the fleet Until at least 1989. This permits the Navy to

apprexirnatelv 1,500 students year.


She carries a crew of about 75 officer~ and 1.500 enl isted parse noel. Arou nd 145 of the eQi lsted and l' 3 of the officers are women. Dfspl.acing over 40,000 ton S, the carrier is 1BO feet wide and 910 {·eet long, more than three fontball fields. She is II selfcontained fl,oating dty with all the facilities of a civilian community, in addition to those raqulred for her military mission, Lexington boasts- all the eapabil mas ofa medium-sized airfield, including an air cperatlcns tower, hangar

maintain the I.argest possible number
of operational
a training tarrier battle groups. As carrier, Le:xingfon is under

the operational contrel of Chief of Naval Air Training and the administrat.ive centro! of Commander Naval Air
Force, U.S. Atlantic Fleet. C'liPtiiin Harold J. Bernsen is her commanding

A former crew member and pia 11k owner, Hurley Oberlill, Jr., visited Lexingtol1 last year, seeing her again fot the first 'time in 37 years. He had S~NBd aboard Irom he, commissjoning, In 1943 U'nt'iI she was mothba II ed in 1946. He. related how his station aboard ship was- Gun 8 on the port side and how he had spent many nights sleeping beside his gun mo_unt because of recurrinq general quarters. when Japanese pilots would swarm over the Carrier like "flies over sugar," many in karnikaze attacks. He s~id, "We lost all track ot nrne and learned to just take what came" as i1 carne .. _ . During her tfs,y, LexingttJIJ hea,ded the grea-rest armada Qf ,my navy on the seas. She· led the way, settl 119records that Will n ever be bra ken." Th IS IS o nil' old timer's oplnion, but L;3dy Lex is still setting records es ..he fives up to her motto, "We do the most more often and, most of all, we do Ii best." '.


Steam. Catapults
from Carrier Deck to Fighting Altitude - in a Hurry!
team catapult, were developed by the British about 1950 in response to the r ncreasinq energy requirements of hsavler aircraft and the limitations ofthe hydraulic catapults then in use. A U.S. Navy ... rsion of the British steam e catapult called the ell, was retrof ltted in many ships in


the mid-tittles, deck.

along with the jnstallation

of the angled

The C1 1-, catapults on Lex ingron are 200 feet long and develop 35-million foot-pounds of kinetic energy. enough to throw a Volkswagon Beetle nearly six tn iles in the air. The cross sectlon of the steam catapult resembles II dou ble- ba rre led sh O:J;gur. Each of the 1 n ch, slotted r cylinders contains a piston assembly connected to the shuttle, which It, turn is attached to the aircraft. Pistons

aircraft from zero to tlying speed through S"j)eciallv constructed launch valves from a steam aecumutaror. After the aircraft has been launched. the mass of pistons and shuttle is arrested by water-fllled cylinders called Water brakes, and reeled back to the original posit jon by a retraction engme, and made ready to lau ncb another aircraft. The steam catapult has proved to be durable and is one Of the most reliable systems in the Navy today. and shuttlepropel the






wlSI1 10 tn.nk

hut.t, N.J •• 'or I~I' p tax SYS em.

[hI!' Naval Air Englneellng cente, at Lakeccndenseo, "mpl" "xplanation 01 a very corn-

ssen here in the Guli of MSlCjco. a new record in one two-week cafqllal period in Marcl11·April of 1.627 traps, 217 of them a1 night. Lru<in!l1on.




aval Aviaian's a_B.y

The Aircrew




NWS Yorktown,



procedure.s and survival equipment :live;:;.

ensure "that they will work. and save SOPs - standard or;e:ratiny procedures - in Naval Aviation have proven to be rhe foundation for high operational readiness and satatv, It's a concept that works because gOing by the book pays off by be1ng able to
complete the mission without mishap.

likely h&ppen Hi' anaircrewman who did not follow the recommended parachute release procedures - that Is, release "Il approximately flfght deck heigll1 prior to·settling In the water. They were tasked to do the serles cf' tests by the NeVill All' Systems Cornmand Ilia the Naval Air Dev-elopmeni The Yorktown team is sort 'Of Naval Aviation's answer to the Consumer Product Safely Cornmlsston. The first step in the evaluation was to prepare a set of rigidly controlled engineering tests 10 simulate the freefall in9 condition of an airman who had relei'lsed his parachute and inflated his life preserver at-flight deck I~vel after


Leo C. Forrest

Center, Wllrminster. Pa,

SOPs are found everywhere "In Naval Aviation from maintenance and bookkeeping to training. but none are more important than the emergency procedures pilots, fli.9ht officers, apd -slrcrewmen _US'I! to take care 01 themselves when something goes wrong
wl1 ile in the air.

[Jallmg out,

Next, the engineers de-

Emergency procedures, however. don't just happen. I h itially. they are
the resuft of sornebodv's idea. tollewed by I eng-thy . careful testing. Once- the new procedure has proven Its worth,

signed a Isbor_atory lest fixrurH that WOu Id be u seLl to pas ftio n .an a rticu lated mannequin 31 fl i;9ht deck level

Scon after the first few simulations

it becomes "standardired'tand

is used

th rougnou t the fle-et. Let's take a look at one emergency procedure that has gone th fQ\.Igh lhe m i.I.1 1In9 become SOP, Last December, the Chief of Naval o perat re ns sen t a message (l61720Z DEC 831 to the tle-e't thatestabllshed policy an aircrew emergency overwater post-eqress procedures The message $pjd that after ejecting, "eallY release of the parachute canopy

were conducted. it became obvious to the eng meers tha I early re lease: WOll Id cause siqruf icarrt personal irrju ry to the
flyer usi 119, it. III one test, the rI'gilt 113nd of the articulated manrrequin was tom off at the wrlse. hi another, the lehleg amJ riglll arm wJ!re twisted anu broken.

In addition. the LPAiLPU


re:le'ilse fitting'S" overwater is not recemmended." The idea IS to avoid becom lng e-ntang.Ji::d In the parachute's canopy lind sh I'cud lines during
water entry.

A staff of engineers and Naval AVla rion technical expel ts at the Na~9,1
Weapo~s Station, Yorktown, Va" Aifcrew Survival Equipment Project, tested anu dernonstr atsd What wou It!

life preservers were torn and ripped In almost every tsst, Upon impactirlg the water, life; preservers were so severely damaged thaI they became incparable. Typi call Y. the air flotation bl adders ruptured and D-dng snap hooks straIghtened out. I n short. the test mannequin was slowly pounded to piec,es during the free-Iart tests from flighr deck level.

The feeling

at Yorktown abeut the


evaluation was that "lt Was better that it was tried on a test mannequi!'1 instead of an aviator who require~ years and almost two million dollars to train a,rd who may have lost his life," The results of the Yorktown tests concurred WiTh similar findings at rhe Naval Weapons Center, China Lake,

match problem between the beacon and fleet test eourornent, The engi· neers designed a prototype load adaptor and recommended that it be used by fleet units. The Naval Air Systems Command then directed that

exposed to aircra+t-slmulared shocks and vlbratlons, In the near future, Yorktown's
engineers will have additional cspabilities in the form of an oxygen analysis system to perform detailed evaluations of en-beard ox.ygel1

fleet units use


load adaptor

and 11

With the LPA/LPU evaluation


Yorktown engineers turned their attention to working on other problem areas in alrerew survival equipment needing answers. Throughout the past decade. the engineers have evaluated a wid Var ietv of survival equlpment problems, both


is toc(ay being faibric<!,ted at YorktoWn .. A! the present time, 10ur corncurers are used by the engmeering team to esta bl ish data bases and to manipulate and display large quan titles of informatlon on many Items of survival eqlliipment. The automated. equipment makes it possible for tlie engineers to conduct simultaneous

g&nerating svsterns, With a record of 10 year~ of avaluatlng airerew survival aquipmerrt for tleet aviators, the Aircrew Su rvival EqUipment Project engineering team is well qualified to conduct objective, independent field evaluation of new operational procedures and survival
hardware. Under the sponsorship of the Naval Ail System" Ccrnmand {A I R 4114C), the rnisslnn of the engilleering team is to saw lives by evalu'lting aircrew survival equipment and doing everyLhing teohnlcallv possible to ensure that the best, most reliable equipment

'Computers ceivsr/beaccn

electronic and mechanical. Typical ones inVOlved the AN/PRC·90 ernergellcy surviVal

and U1e special transevaluation system are



U RT-33 emergency survival beacons. and AN/PAT·S life Taft elflerger1CY
beacons. Antennas,

two of tnl! manY tools used by the engineering team to answer- cuesuons abou t survival equipment. Yorktown's environmental conditlorunq f-aclhties and radloqraobic

phones and squadron-level lest equipment also have been subjected to close scrutiny anei evaluation I ncludsd In the list are the LRIJ·13/A seven-man life raft. LPU·21/P alTcrewman's inflatable Ufe preserver, owl the 00· 1/CWU·16/P antlexoosure sult, One special project involved design Ing a fullV au tornated, compu tarcan trolled taboratcrv evaluation and data analysis system one of a kind for conducting transceiver and beacon evaluations. Wi Lh thls, thev can determine technical measurements of complex waveform patterns, sweep rates. modu lations, selectivity and
sensitivity. Using this SYS1em, rhe

capabllities also have been important tools. For example, because Yorktown
had the environmental facilities fa produce altitudes to 50.000 feet, a pressure-related altitude defect that

rendered the- AN IP A C 90 tr anscs iVlu useless was drscovered, Wrth Yorktown's I::apabiliw to sirnu lare temperature $hock from -95 degrees F to 350 degrees F in 15 seconds, environmental and service life deficiencies were detected in survival beacons and beacon/rraosceiver batteries. The defects WMe corrected. Other equipment in use at the
Yorktown facility includes environ-

available to ffeet aviators. When an aviator rs forced to leave his disabled aircraft, survival is his paramount concern. And regardless of the cond] ions, at sea or on land, in a combat or noncombat environment.

must have survival equlpmerrt that operates properly the 'first time, find use tested and proven emergency procedures thi;lt wll I aid his survlval, Special izsd engi neerinq expertise and sophisticated high-tech squlornent (lome together at Yorktown with lifesavmq results. I f the Aircrew Survival Equipment Proieet at Yorktown succeeded In


engineers wereable to detect and solve an electrical problem with the ANI U RT·33 beacons which were bemg rejected because at apparent low output power. The engineers datermined that 1-he beacons were bei,,!] rejected in error because of a rnls-

mental systems, such as conditlonll1g ovens that produce sl,lstainerl temperalures te 2,000 degrees F, and salt fog/sa'il sprav generators. Vibration and shock conditioning systems that sirnutate the environments aboard an aircraft are used to determine i'f an item like a transceiver or beacon will operate after being

saving just one life. it was worth the lime and effort. -



S;f11Ol~go,b:ased HC.J was recen tly ~WElrd8d lhll' Commande' If) Chu'l-I. u.s. Paolfie Fleet 1983 Golden Anel,o, Award In recognitiOn of In. dYflaln1c: retention ~rogram The award was Bstabllshed in 19-70 and
~ given annually to Quallfi~ units [n the pac,fu;ar&!! ro recognlla l!'-"c,~IIf!nc.. In Qar eer motlV1f[lorl pro

AWl James MeCros"v, a Kennedy s~II"'r.11as bel!n sel!l1!\ed S5 Commander Naval Air rprces-. Atl-antk Flm's-Saiiot 01 the VlIsr. Kennedy racenrlv com, pl"'ted a seven-month deploymenl to the rv1!l_di;urraIlll1;n. [n addTHon to t1is N<lVYduues. AW1 McC~osky has earned a B A In psychOlOgy dUf'ing hi'S pff· d"IY time. Three members Df Ihe N<lval Air Test Center's staff were hcncred at (he 36th annual reunion and symposium o( the Nallal Test PilOt ~hool last April, Marine Corps Capt, Christopl1el L. Becker was named Test Pilot of the Yei/r; Navy Cdt Allred G Harm, Jr • TeS,t NlIval F'1i91l1 OHice:r QI rile Ye<lr; and F-,anklln G. Dawsnn, TBr>tProject En~ineer Qf the Veer
V A-22 hT.l~lNon the 1983 Ltjg, at UCII Carrier Award, SJ)onsQre(f bv Cap-I. W,ti'am Carner, Jr" USN [t'i-el.l. In rnemorv of hrs 50~ The award is pre~!l(ltf.ld 10 the squadron wl1h rhe best ma,n enanee departrnent 11'1ComLAt· Wll1gp-ae

squadron, IrIc.l I. JOintly display th!l Golden Anchor In hom of thell sqlladroll spar;es. haying togelh.:r Won Ihe rell!/'I uon a.warcl fou r _011 of III e: I past j ille ye~t~.

gram~. HC-3 <lnd her

crew frorn WMitlng Flela fTlQllstra\ed rtt e NaW'J! q u ick rBspoml! 10 an -emerglll1cy C~lOt Gary FIfe, USMC, and two duderl1:S wMlle on a ClrOSlipoun(ry Iralfling tli9li't Were ow, Lake Charles, La .. when fhey learned that a private plane was makln9 a c-rash landIng. They reached the crash scene end lound r<;l~' adults with two dllld~en, one With til/ad inilJr,ie~, The lojlJred child and hl~ l11orl'ler WIl(e tlowrt to a flearpy hosnital, willie one Hudent rem,aiRed 10 <i~ISt the Olllllr$ untll addlllonal rescue means arrived The hellcOln13r and ,1-5 orew then resumed the ''-<linlng 1119". when rheir assistance was ne i(jngar needed
An HT·18


VP-G2, if reserve P-3 &quadran heme-eerted 1I NAS Jac.kSQ,flvlHe, Fill., t>as bean awardl1d the el)jef of NBval Reserve 8,,'lle E for 1983_ T~is fepr\!;!1m$ a Year 131 oll!~lImdlng P-t'rTQt('f1iflCe by Ihe >ttu,aciron In everv department. 311ld etaces VP-62 above (he 0 her 13 reservl.l P-3 ~QuaOIQ'1) throughout ,I'Ie U S, VP,62 IS under the drrec:t cnmrnend 0' Commander RIi!5!IIVB P<i!,ol Wings, Allan~lc. s:ta~ioned In Norfolk, Vd,

NAS KfOlY West's SAR team olten "'a& a busy week bu t snmll wlileks -arIII buster ,t'llm ethers. The first lncidsru had to no Wfth a stuoervt pliO!. Wayne Thompson,

lolt at n!"glll-ever W81~r He 1Ml' vecroren 1:1V n A,r Cnroada jf:n II n ..r to Miam i, and d by Miami cOlllroliets D Key West where a SAR team ,wung (nm ac.lio" Crnok radlJr conrrotlers led ov POl Mic;ha'l!l MacGnlgor !Juloed' Iwn to the air stauon, 10 runway seven wi'lerelhe fighrs were
rllrfled U-!l 10 maximum lownSllY There
-SA R hetQ e~(;o'

A NavaJ Research Laboratory P-3A Orion flig'ht crew was comm ndad 1)'1' ;llJtl1or;tjlll$ in Denmark lor rhSlr ~wift action In the rest;lJe 01
a Call!"'.ih fishing vessel, On F.ebNJary





[0 sa I II 1'0'-

TIle Black PaMfJfxs
NAS i'JavAlf Oceana, Va , won

QI VA-3.5, lt1l1 1983

Lanr Battle E. tor the East COlm medium <1lrack cor'r1lT1U"'t)l~ l,tawd C;>rt operauonal read Iness, n;'llll'\~ IIPrJ, Ilombin9 proflcfenwv. salelY, _ maintenance Of ,IlrC'<l It e Md -5,gnI11cant contribUliom to bOth 1M commururv and the Navy VA~35 receIVed rhe h~9lleslg'ad~ '" CVW-8 on lh~ 1nIl:l-Cru'5i1 alr cralt material

the Sb.R team lem tied III a approx,matelY 60 rrules 10 the 11or-tJ1we~t who had lost hh left irld~:; finger Il'I e11accident. SAR creWma11 P03, 1. O'WdHam wen aboard The


s h rlf'T'lp

boa t [0 Dr spare

Ihe fn/v reo







MQ~l ot the eru rs'e was ,perl1 off thl <least 0 f Leban on i n S'Ul:;lpon 0 f lhe Inll~rnrHjo .... 1 peawkeeping force VA-J5 al$o won the 1983 Hugh~

1983 l;even'lnr;)I;1lh-

M-eQ deph;>ylnefl\.



the second


<lweroed annually for e:Keel• lence in lh'~ employment Qf ~h,1t On", jiTtrUclo;4 Bomblhg De~bv

25. thB Orion crew wa~ askel:l by O"",-s'l1 air eontrollers on the islar~ 01 Bomholm r!1 the Baltic Sea IfJ helD locate the vll$sei Per (JaM. whloh was In d,s"t!'ejis_ Thlrry m'lnutes Iat!!' . the crew Sighted Per Dahl. A Os n Ish' s I up pfDtcede4:l to the scene and rasa-ued Ihe: vessel's ~t"VII rrir). rnents befOre PeT Datil sank. The crew would Undoubtedly have perished from eX~Qsul'e 111the neal freezing waters 01- the 6ah,c. The fllyl1l C'lJW members I~cruded:

for trajlsfel to the Cotlst Guard surtaes effects ship Shearwafer "(I.d from Ihert!
he was hO:;sted tQ thll al





lind transierred


I,hll hosPI\al Leter, a K.ey West SAR

hell:! JOIned
IJ f

the' CO<l_Sl GU!Jl'd II~ the rescue


Mou n\ and 114';Jiancee ?anl S-chaete.r
who 11ad ditched if\1he[r Cessna between Grand Cayma'l a",d Florida when bOTh ~n!3lfles malfuncnened slmultanElQU5ly. Tne IWO were Ir\jufed, P,a!!l Ilrltiea[lV. Flftellt') f.ar9"\l_sttarks were sillh(lld I~ tht, area ~ml ''I speci'lll.,. tr<!jned Navy ,swim· m~' [urnpad 'I1io II,,! warer to 1'I-S!llsl the rescue. Aboard lile hIla. the Iwa injured Nce1vecfemef!lenc.V treatment on their way to thl! air st<>tu;m and trQr'M .H~re to lhe h01;j;1Jtal.

LLCtl"t's. John Wel1s, Mark Pelersol1.
a nd J~m Jarvl~, l.ts, F ranc.s H iser end Bob Nlbl:)en; ATCS ..)Qhn UII·

A-6E and 1he 1983 Medium Alta!)"


AD I James E. StratJsl1all-!lh FlnQ hrsrarrulv. NAF Wastllngto-". DC, we-(~ 'ocen1Jy presented the Great AtJ'jer~1'I Family CommunIty Award by the Ame~'CM Family Sociely,
Flffit Lady NiI"cy RengaJ1 15 honorarv ehauman of Ihe socterv's award program .. The Suausballghs helle (l rllCXlrtl oj ,c:ommlHllly

rich, A TC WlillBnct Davis-; AMH 1 John Defevers; ADI 0:avld Rowlirl· son, AX2 Rex Wilde: Mf Ver" ROI sley; and M" Joa I Newcom t>. AD I Chnstophl!r

1:1. I!. only W

a speck

In 'the o-cc~n bLlt


back 13 yealS-.-

A, Mlu:hull received t~B 1984 Navy l,.eague Olvlc. Award from the Pensacola Council le<:en jy fOt oU~S-la"di'n9 ",dlllidulIl commUcI1itY $Ilrlli~~ Th~ Nalljll Avla lloJ1 School, Commlll'ld Milor Was S!1IUCled Irom ~mol'l9 19 Navy men and worn!?l'I. E·2 through E-6, Mil· cilel', who 15a rescue sWImmer at the Nallal AVIatIOn Schools Command. ifevote$ 30 !;;I 35 hours a. mom" 10
working With I'DutM_ He prOVides

to rha mernbers


I'\fghl!ght of tlWlr aCllve While on a routine patrol in their P·3 Orion in th" We$lern PllCIf1~. ,hey a smi'lll d!!i-dpidaied boar With 54 Vleln-Dme,e relwgees crowded "boerd, signall{ng an S'O$, T~e

VP-60 ir


w'" the

of reserlleS!'Iuadrotl



P<l crew C"Oflt;lcted a Danish cargo ship and 'Sfll\lEld 91 'the scene (JAVll everyo-ne flad bIlef1 picked UP.

COy 11 fl.9 to tli1e ci t\l'~ YOUthS seJi Ih rough _6;treet '1' mistry arid Ii1m i"lre~"l1Lalion programs f-1l181if1g TO inte-trarnHy reiatIon$; grolllling up. coping I.II,der $tress <H1d seU V\lOrtl1.

:.luly·Aug ust 1984


recernly people i" rwo heals wllp 11;;10aeen adnf1 Io ~ sl ~ days off Ftonda The larger 01 tfli'? tWO power boal9 hlld taken II"", smaller one ,n IQrty <ln~r If. Ilf'lgl(1e railed. and l~en became dISB01!!d uselt. A VP~S6 crew flYIng -ij 1'-3 Jocilwu rne dimbhlt'! 'cTafl, and John f(imctu;k (00·98,1) Waii dlrB~(l!d til (Me scene b.y the: Fleet ATe"
Three Navy command!; pooled If<teir 'Eftforu to save

WIth Ilia arr rvalul its new halo, HSL-35 tran~lerr-ed an alder 5H-2:F ro HSL-S4, the Naya] Air R'~sar\le· .. 11I's.1 LAMPS
M k I sqvadron

e.~plOl;ivl! ordnanciC' dis The EGD teem illso had talnlliari'>:~tIQrI classes Qn itw weaacnssvsrerns 01 r'M F1A·18 Hornet,
other, pm~1 resm rrain,lng


VMFAs 251 "nd 122. MAG·31,
PlI",clpated in Oper-ill lOon Te;JI'I> Work 84 e.arller lli;~ veer, ~he ISerges! NATO exercise helQso tar I>l 1.11,,,Ner!h A~I~,.,ti~ TM w~afher .au(ll'lg the el';ereis~ VIIi!$ .,h:rn'l 'n~tl1d by [ce.arrd ]nOV\l bllr bOlh squadrons fl~1N 2'1 to 30 m iSl!Ionstlall v .
The squ"drCl"s prOVIded siml,J lalecJ .. Io~e ait support j!rll:~ bsrrter com ba'i SIr p!l.trCl!~

Th ...Llon«


VP,9_0 '~rll/Md


at a high. lellll! 01 ASIN



Con I rei <Jf'l:dSurveillance

F~cjl>~Y 11'1

Jsoksonv.lle AbO'ilrd shiP'. the ~u''''ivw.s had (hetr' first full meal In 'almos1


ness alief O(Jf:l'!plErtll"!g five week~ of aclive dwry '[O! training la.1 sr;rr;ng lit NAS Barber:. POint, Hawaii Therr ['<llll It'll, eorl'lpll!1t!tl OJ 12'rnon rl, rranshion or iJ.rctews and fl1aiIltGr,,.Ilr.:e-per'S'o(1111l1leg thl!- P-3 B 'TauN<lvMod\ <I 'I rc raft



rhe Edge

H A L-5, OIiP ForGe. SQ\J8drOr..



(l'U i<;~ re-at:ti<:),n, dOSE! a" supoort far Navy mli-O;llll wa~-isre groups .anI;!other

raskep wftM

N_lllliJl Ai. RIi1erve ptoyidlng

NAS Norfolk's VAW·121 ~lJo.k,!,an In E~e,cIse Rf!~de)l; 7"84 oh' NS RQ(He" velt Raad s, P.R., in April. T"e 8:lueral/s: and CVW'"",,-.d11111ote of enrn'V r roreestll'jrlq rafli$ agall1st the lASS Ame.rIC;J battle gWLlp_ The- Sunday PLlncllef~ 01 V A-75 on M!)\/ 2 !.om a d~ploymef1l .rbO!lrd John F_ Kennedy Which beJ;lBI"i last S~ptembl!r ann touk. them llr~! to ibe SoeJtIi ,A:tl!)'1 (I~ijn" 11'1111'1 the E<lstem Medherr.lnelln roo off le.banon, There. they operated In support or the t'Ill,llllna!l,ma! pe;,,~ I<a!eplng !:orce Th~ IlfviSIl- <1150 mgrked cornplerion or I-our v.e;;>r~ or accidentere.. oper<ulQrls and (hair bp.ll1g namsd o~e QI ti'l<;: winn(J'l; 01 tlit' cNO 198'3 Saf.f!'I'Y Awards.
fehlr ... d to Noriol~ ~

T11e [ollowlng
p~r~o 1181 m,11 one.s I\ecehtlv: VS-lO, Cdr Sam HO\J!ton surpfmed 2,000 I'light "O\lr~ fn the 5·3





exarcises a, North SEAL re~!m. weollli boar uHits and the Navy'; ba~1c .. nder wetiH p,tfTlo11t1 Of'l ~eI1Q'Q The rea listie tra""~9 I I n~I"d~o;l Inse'tllor1ii. t:,;:-(r"ctlo~_ ril]lpe-Jling a~d l1oi,11I1(1 from 5pecial boa_. ',"1" Pij1TQII>, wl111 11\I.e"ring evo Iu.nons, In M;;rrcl,. VMA·231, flYing AV.a on tnchon, took un the rrussron
!;1llk fOlfe In

1r..silTlollaledmrtl'm" IslB'nd II'l Apr;l wJti"l

Viking. VP·lg ADC ErnnWH e CrQ~~er marked 10,000 fllQI'H hours 1 n tllll P 3 AI'BIC OriOI!. VF·2. Cdr, Htll'fll \;IUI'\'t~1' c!1ll'lked up ever 2.000 hours In 1'11.' F 1.4 Tomcst: Lt.Cdl. Bob WlU;;rd w~nt over , ,500 haUl s 1Iy1111l! C;dl' Bob Thoma. and LI.Cdr;. Bnan Dr:!mp· S~\I aM B'ad Rath flew ow' 1.000 flour, In Ihe F·l iI


01 pror~ctlngthe


Tf!amwork 84-; n the A I i<l 11UC. wl'rBn rile £~~Ig"ed carrier battle grol,l", <!!Iei'll! was unlible 11;) steam w'Itli (he' task force beea of oth et !;Ommit Ip en I,S Tha e:!(erCIS~ Invol"ad a war-at-sea scenarro .... ij, g,itish Sea Harner group ill:x:lard ith I-IMS 1I,/ulIfr;OU:;,


VP·31, NAS Monen

F i!lld, loS-


these day~ trs'I1Slt'On ing _p~trol !Q.Lladror' VP-4 fr(lm lhe P36 to tbe C modal. \fP-4 w,ill cemprete the prlllcJaJ;~ in .h,l~y
antli', In SePTember. transr: io I'll"'!! Gvd~

VP", wUI be,giil

tne addll:la n TO

MO"I) ,r.a,n 150 NATO t;hip~ aHti 300 ~ rrc(afll'a rtlt:lpllled I'n Team W".F~ 84. ~ N'ATo, Hallling exercise
WhIch tcok- piece 11'1 Ih~ North At· lanm:, NQrth S~a and .I'iIorwe.glen Sea, UnItS frvm Brttam, the Nedwrtands

the InI;JlI!.~sed I1l.1mb~r of and frillnin·9 ev,ahH(OIl~, Vp,.J-1 <;01'l11nue. 1'0 traIn replacsrnant B-ri'!w m_emben lor "e,el!iqlJadrcnl n~ndlrflg .tl.J,¢I~nt$ M'lIllluve'II7l!Hl KC·130 Hercules wi h a WI119~P"n ot 132 feellr,r-eugh na:rr!lW rnountam passe, near E~ Toro , C£ill·'.,

V F-2 Tomcat

In fllglftt.

amP" Ib~ou$

ilf1d I ~Jil \J S cencucted B corn billed a$~al.l ft i 1'1 ~t:lPPQr1 01
toroes -opl,lrBlmg north H&MS,31 deployed 70

em NOrway Martrl~ to ~uppor1 [l1g_h I op1"ra' lions pe,fmmed by VMf'A~ 122 and 261
H SL 35. NAS


wn lust

pa,'-I o,F fer




VMGR-2;3, GI1;lWlew.! Man;h While sr EI 'foro, squadroll personM.1 also recelwd I< C 130 si m uta10' reh'esiler tr"illinl1"a~ well as experl
ence in refu 611n9 helrcep ters ~rom H MH-

VF-14' j._:r,Ctlr, Jon A\ll! logg~tl 2,000 hO\l'~ If' lhe F ·14 Tames/:. VA"93 Cdr MI~e O-el(:h~!T'<:,"dy su rpas5etl 3.000 hours' 1M The A,.' Cor~';*-Il, \I AQ· i 36· Cdr. T J F,ord loyged 2.000 h"ur~IM Ihe EA-GS PrawflJf






No' th 1&I<ln'd, ,e"euwd the latest moi:Jel SH-2F Sl!!fIspr;zyJ liI$1 APril The n~w SH 2F has;an irnnrov<!d l-uel SYSl~1'Il,m~'" q~ar box, filII ro tor dri ve 5Y~lem. data I III k lind ,.ads" svs-

<lGS. Thstin,lIf.ld In air dlllt~ej,¥ and equ ip",en~ . etc
H&MS-49 reservists IfOIn

ot HOOps

il!!lll~v"'d 2,000 Pn;w/er.

hOI,lr~ in Ifill EA-6B


G.r_o e tpenl IWO .we&k~ of actIve dutv ... rems, as well 'IS mher Impro~emenn, train! ng 16s1 ~prln_g beside tlw", .<rOtl B V TI'I!i'Se,~~_'Tte VI<aS,fiO"ln b.ya "ql.ladran duti/CO.l.lnterparts 1" H&MS.1S. Thill' crew frorn the Kaman Ael'o.p~t.eCorp.o· complewd nuclear. anrJ dHim· 1J1 Cl:lI1ner:fiGt.lf to- North Is1:en dleal Tr-ajl'lH1!l:ilI El TarO; .Ome qllal:lfiso


sPf;!c'e"s.l-S and

TM ItrllOwlrlg lndividlli.lll; from VF~ 151 f'.loorded' personal rnilenQF1~_ Cdl, Dean. t., .$le.;le; L.I.CC!os_ Dav,d J. -Sv:ajd:l <'lud DOUllld S. S,-efa; ~nd Us. TlrfHllhy p SurhvlIn, Ja'lles J Cop· lIery IL Stephen R Howell and Slephen M, Hunl beQme do,uble celT~ lu.lon~ abo~rd Midway.








accldem tree

V ·124,

35,000 hours; HMT 30:3. 10,000; VA,lS, 20.000; VQ·:Z. 56,000; ~O. 20.00D; HMM·161. 15.000; 169.20,000; MAG':i9. 75,000; 36"3, 15.000; HMH465. 7.000: 261,85,000; I/MA-311, 20,000. 41,000; Bnd I-rM H-.361 , 30.000.

U.S. Navy Memorial Design Approved

ijnd MilChl"'lst'~ MatI! (MMI can hl,1W regina. as <lPPfI!!ltice: in the ciViI,an tNlj:las Of A<n;ltru,e Electr,c'St', Electr orucs MecherLlC vnd M1l',nt>ln;lnrno


a,dded to

Th(tS1! flllmgs
the N;Wq'I~1




Apprsruleeshrp Pmgram. man~9i!!d bY rha C,""ecf of Naval Edutailon and

Training In eoopetatio)1 with the U .5. De~~rTment 01 Labor. BeSln. ning Wlll'\' .,artV .offloer third ~la&5,
Irfdlv,duah may

be 9ral')ted


CVW·l~ was rEfestlltilislied 011 March 29, 1984, at NAS Oceana. wIth Capt J. f' Gay as commander he air wJngls a~lgl'led to Cora/Sea', home'pone-d In Norfolk, va., and rnctuces VA·55, fll'lng~A..gE Illrl'udlf,rl: VFA·131. VFA 132. VMFA-3J4 and VMFA<123, opeliillog F/A 18 Hornets; VAW-ITI ,HId us E.2C Hqwk.eyes,: and HB·j? III;lng SH.:t!l Sea Kings.

hou rs 01 '\IIIork exnanence futl year

fhllir 5erV'~"1l recerds valldllre- ..ervice at or abow that rM k up 1'0 a tllltsl of <4.000 hours , RegJ$"tranl. rnU~1 be 9faduatl~$ .of an
applicable Bliglble, A Or C sehoal Addilional to be IOn In fQrmetlon

\h€ NiI_tienal AppnlrltlueshlP Program for active rlu tv perscnne: com be
obtained Thp. US Navy Ml!mOri~1 Fo,undllllon Edu~,atlcm trorn me elll!!l <)1 Naval

has rBce '~lIdf mal apPfClvtjl from Congresll 101 us O(l'S't9n CorW']pl and the fund driVe I~ offl(;rally under 'Nmy. Rear Admll'<ll
Will iarn Thompson, USN(

and, Trail1lng ICod~ N-21, NAS ~et\$crQla, Fla. 32508 Auroven 9224201, commercial 1904} 452'4201 V FP-2Q6. one 01 l11e- fWO Naval Reserve phGtoreronj')&ls-sanc!! squad rcns baS!ld <It NAF WII~hlflg,IQI'I, D_C .. l1li,11pf(ILl,d~ the Blue Angina
with photographic sunpcrt tor their

The allowing

Prllsldelll 01 the U~. Nevv Mem()I ,al





FOllndatlon, SI1(;flH<lT\i of tt>a N1.lvy John Lehman II I; and Cruet of Naval

.saries In J~1I1Uljly: VA·1Ei, 47 Y!lars. HSL41, I yaar; and (ndBpef/Cl8,m:6 ICV-621,25 year. ihe Navy Astrcneuucs Group, " terlsrn command of thi;! Pacific Missll!! Test center 1;11P'Olnl Mugv, C"elebt~ll;!d us nne! birthday on Apr~110. The
aClIV(t\' 1I\Ins estill;lli9hed in 1962 10

I )

Admiral Jafll6$ O. W1Hkl'1~ view a model of Ihe memortal


hre1lkulg for th" rnernor lal

took place

lll'Jt May The,FolJlld31ion l~ .a dedlc<llOd



10 prBservmg


of Arn~r~ea"!' Navv IT1cn ;Jrld by bw IIdln9 I he memo rial, on Pennsylvan.a

wh,r.h wrll hI> located

1984 aj, snews, Tile sqUadron WII( pt]otQllr~ph 38 <l1rfl!~ld5I~ ltoe U.S" Cana<;la tlfld MllJIil'Q. which will E!I~ till< SfU~ .,m·w·rJate "Isusl ~elerer'ce'i andchll'Ol<)1Oln IS nai/r.led HI i=ll1rform therr IfltnC/tt1!' aerlill Qi~PI~vs

OIl.erSte lind malt)1alf1 the Navy Nav'gatlon
navigational Interruption

tha >ol11!lrhfl' of Satellite System,

Avanua on the hnart 01 WasllrlrglOI1, D.c. While rmm<lIIly ,11"1 lImpl,lthp.<1tp.r

and ha~ provIded accurate worldwide
pOSiTioning fix!!l; whhoUI since 1964. The group i. now an integral pan of the new Naval Space CC)r'rJm~nd with headqvarters 11'1

and csrerncmal
block com pie

features and svrnbchsrn, Construcucn of the ItrSl phase - p.'ilp.rythlr!g except tILe two


sue, rhe two-squareeornprtse many tullv express NavV l]iSIOIV

v e,

bllll~lings - IS exr:mcwd to IJ~ comptered dLlrin>l tIle summer ot 1985. 8)' cOr'ig,nssmnal mandate, all [(Intis
ror bl'II~ln1J fill' U.S. N""y Mempn;)1 must be ral,ad by p"l>atJl. Ja"'QedlJc uble

N-ARl" Nonh
Kingdom af!!

rnodemrze 15 F J PIWi1Qms which lne 8rrmh purchased from the U.S. Navy In 1983. TM air T<:lwork faO"llil\' is .also ng recnniclans and p-ilors of the Royal Air Force In the maintenance at the :lIfcr~Ft. Laler th,s vear rile Ilrst QI'OUp 01 tl1l1* Phan(omr will bl" 11[)1IIIt)
ro Ef1:Eliond b,V RAF .. itots-and navlgl'ItOT"

1,Iand and rne Unr~ed working togethe, III

cor ttl Jbu t ,on~.

No .(lOVIH nme nt fUI1 dl




An RF·8G ,squaClrons.


VFf) 20S. one


the Ni!Vy's two remaining


planes- lind aircrews, workong ClaS(!IV with th,. U S. Oustoms S .,v,ce. ~avy 5hlps and the Coast Gu.atd. are hell'lnS 1¢ stop the flow 01' Illegal d,'ugs
Navy rrlto rhe U.S. RII(;enl incidaf1!S involved a P-3 from NAS GjenVlilV\l's VP-60anl;l lin

With the addlllon




camere pod, VF·151 '5 ~-4 Pha(lt(im5 arenow caPable oi atr-te-err a. w~1j air -10ground photograpllV, tuppl~ma"lTl'Ig


E·2C Hawkuve 01 VAWd 16, NAS Mrromijr. In berh 1fIlerd ICl ions, the: craWS 11'1ereept~1:I d~u 9 sml>9!11lers allc \'Vera t In~rmmBntal In the seizure ~r the-drugs

thel! sttii;;e-flgh(r:!r rQI~, They have b>ee.) dernnnstratmg thQlf r1~W ~aiJal:llllty whrle
deploy~d to the Il'IdJan Ocean by t<lklpg

a Wide lIarf~1V of "hOt().Ilraph~ Ino ludll'lg the bmtlesh,p New Jersev and Stuurov«

Nally pettY offj~er:s .n the ratings.

rnlsslles launol~~o foqrn cernera-cenrvrnq a rrt fa ft


Electriclan·s Mate IAEI. Electrcmir:;s Tecnnic;ia'" IAT)

J,uIV·Aug,ust 1964



ReenllSlrnllnt~ haV!! become a Had," lion ownhe past 12 years for AZCS Ronald Alonzo, who hasoae[1 sworn ir) four times by the same (llheer. now retired Cdt JOhn T. Oista-d.

3.000 rnuesto VVrllow Grove and drove the rest of (he way from there 11;1 Patu;.:. en t Alvl!! 10ft ba eEl.l'eI'1'10f"lV.
,NAF W..shingtof1. DC .. Was rhe

Cl1angeof Command
USB Fommtlf. Car,n. Oar'lI!!1 P. Minch relieved CaPt 8. C. Lee, He-IT; Cdr. Martm LChamberlain relieved Cd!'. Terry C. Ulekev. H&HS. MeAS Yuma: Lt.Co! Lec:mimJ R. FLrehs, Jr., relleved Lr.(;ol Jerald R. A.ilflnb~oad. H&MS·31 L\.CQI. Gl}(lrge M. !<rolo· vee relieved Lt.Col. D. M. Bassett. HS.-6: Cdr. M.le& M Staley relreved Cdr Lewis 0 Madd.tln. HSI..J2;Qrlr John A. Grove II relieved Cdr A. J. O~I'l1~tllad, oJl. N.avFilWIlPSco I; Gdr. Joseph S". Daugh1ry, Jr .• relieved Odr. Chn.topher T.WTI~o". PMTC: Como. John R. Wil~on reo lIeved RAdm. J. a. Wilkinson. VA·204. Cdr. Kenneth A. McQluskey rel,,,,\(~d Cdr. jQs~ph A,-, Chronic. VAW'121. Cdr. .Johnnv L Aobf!m ,aile-lied cer, Terrjll J. Wendl. VF-1tJ2. Cdr. Ma're A Ostertag II relieved Cdr. WIlham W. Copeland. Jr. VMA·f513. LI.Col. G, S. KUlniewskl reliflved l.t.Co]: J. E. -Sabow. VMA-Jl1: Lt.Col, Gordon R. Jeflilr 10n reneved Lt.CoI. MIchael D, Smith. VP.,: Cdt. Denis. W. Dalear relieved Cdr. Mlc.hael O. Haskins VP-5: Cdr. Mark B. 8afdyrefielled Cdr. Norberr R R\~al'1. Jr. VP-24; Cdr. l.aurenee E. Jol'1'[1$on r@lleved D(lr. Wayne M, Vickery.

~rl" of


the National o.C8<1("(; lind Atmospheric Adrnlnlstrauon's INOAA) YI!<I.r (:If the O"ean d,,~play In March. The Year 01 the Oce~" cff i cfally l;Jeg~nMllrc.h 10, marking


anntversarv of Presl:i:lenl Al1aglln's pTor:;lam<Jrlon

1972; AZI Alon~Q, VA305, POInt M\.I~u. reenlrsred for two years, with squadron p ersonn I officer. Lt. Ot5tad, offlcillltl'lQ.

a 200"1'!'Ille-(lffshQfll "E;xEconprr,ic Zone;" NOAA'$ rnot.llf1ed P-J Ori(l(1 made three demoflStrlltjon flights lrom NAF fOI tne local ..nd nati on~ I oews media OWl the AtJentl' Qneen whilE the seien 1isis Oil ~6~rd tcmdlJctlld exper]rnen s TI,!! P·3·s normal duties h,(;hJdp. ~1lJdyon9 ocean currents, Go.ervlng arctic It.1! devslepments and mon,torirl.9 hUrdcr<J,nes and severa Horms. creating cllJslve Fifty 'fe-ars ago last wiJl(Ij', <l 5;': plaHI! formation of CO!1~olidalaO

1874. AZl Alon~Q. VA·305. raen11'led rcr four veers bV Lt. Olstad, II1"n .quadran aperalio "$ otHem.

P2.Y·ls. ~urprlSIlO [he avtatlon wnllrl hy com pleti ntl the fonge,! "o·rI~top lorm.ario.f! fllghl trorn Sail Fr.<!l1cis<:Q. Calli .• to pe<lrl -Harbor, HawaiI.


A previous ~:<juadroJ1 wfr'l1lne de9t!l nation VP·10F, cornptered the 2.-150· rril1JNcal·mil!\ journey which beg.m Jan\lary 10. 1914,ln 24 hqlmand35
IfliMU tes 40 minutes less Ih~11 t~ e old San Fr~]'[el!~o to Hawaii speed record ~et by tile Army in ~927. Today, VP10 operetss nir"l-eP-3C



B. Ro.ulswne

Updet~ II ASW arrcratt. The
In 198.3


rOI1I& a Winner of the Capt!!in ArnOld J Istell Trof)l'1y fOr ASW excellence

relieved Cdr Donald A. Minor. VT21: Cdt. Paul G. Habel r\ilievp.d Cdr. John W. DalllsQn VT 24. Cdr. 'Gerald E. Mitundotft reiteved Cdr. MicFtael J. Cor:II;a-nnOn.

l!!HB. Ale Alonzo. OVWR·30. Ala· meda, rsenhsted by Lt.Odr. D.IS<i3d. new a reservist. who flew from POint Mugu [0 AI<1meda for thl! c~temony

1'984 Azcs Alonzo, Naval Air Reserve Carner, NAS Patuxent River, reenljs1&11 tiy Cdr. Dln~d. now a li\QIlk orClk£H and C.O. of reserve sqwadrbli VA.147B, Point Mugu. Cdr. OfStad flew

A crowd Qatlilers at the SlISp 1.31'10anding in Pea rl Harbor on January l 1934, to greBI tha crews of VP·l Of. a her .heir htstorlc flight.



Flilll-lT IIAIl
C orr .. ut ";''11 s t(J "Nava,l Avrat10n W,jtlpS," Mareh-A.pril 1984, paga 1: Naval Avi;lt:1o,. Ob~l'var andFliglH Meteorologi5( """iogs hav~ II plain anl;hor vlea '<I toul anuhor, Qnd, in addition ~n,MlIr:ineCorp$ ~f1listed p!:lfsonrlll'l, e<J!mba~ Alrerl\w winos <Ira presently being worn bV serne Hmit'ed. clutyanrl warrllnl off1aers who quaJi1'iild for 'Iflem Ptllvlou~ly.

Patch Wanted
A few Yfla'~ agD , published an art Icls In the .Journal ,UI the AmerIcan Aviation Hlr<wrical Socfe.ty on the Hurricane HUfl1fJlS. SinGe that nrna, 1'\1£1
bee n sea re'll [ n,g fo r

NAS Grosse He'O.n 01 pers,ot'lnal <lUther ~ta!:ionild or formally empl;oyed

TM base, SeDreerllber 22, 1984,



If! Cowpens,

I:lSS CowPQns reunlon, jlJn~ 20·24" S.C For [ntormatron Wr:it" Mrs W. Oae.vliur\l, P.O. Bo:. 10,Gew

!iqIJ adro n

pa t eM

frcm VW.4, the Naw'~ hurrtcsne reeon squadron ",hu:h was- dea{)mm!~sj,o n ecl II' April 1975. I k now there must be en e- va VW4 palo," sOl'Tulwl1era.

old Offloers Club lit NAS Grosu lie. Co_nlaCt Otville Ritchey, 1'4341 O'undae_ Riverview, MI 491'9'2, 1313.1284-3117 . Aviatloll Boatswaih Ma,tes AS5Qciadar! sympo$lu i:r'l, Ju II' 18-2.1, Aiq;)QH H litO". Ph, l.adeJpM la, Pac' Contal1t L! .Cdl' P. Jone$, j804) ~44·3 381 I E@s1 CoaHI: ABCMi Cl'ramij Wyet1. !61'91 -431·5864

pen~. fie:

Gilry F Frey BOl< S89
Destrehan, LA 70047

Wagon ASSOCiation ICV·l/AV.-jI, uss Whipple ang USS Pilcos, reunicn In Omeha, Neb., &iJ;l1, 21-'23,. COntact E.L. DI)(on, 1075·215 Space Park,way. Mourn'll!' Vhi.w, CA94043, Phone; 141'5) USS L.angIII

A joint



IWijlit Coail); ar w.dt~ A.vf.ltlcm

Reunions, etc.
Fourth reunion of USS Ommalll!Y 8ay (CVE·19) and IImbQrlt;~d COITlf;!05il!l ~uadfcln VC·15. and f~milll1S of de-

~wa"ln MlltT#; A ...,octiijt/on. L~~8Ihjr~l, I'I/J 08733
,one Inrare,lud,

BOi!!· BQx 228.

USS Hancock leV/eVA-t9). reunion ~rid museum rcorn dedicatlol'ft in Cll'arl~ ten, S,c .. SepT. 21·29. ConT!l.ct Edmund Ofchow~~,I, 5421 B(js~rt S!.. Pilts· ""'<'91'1, PA 15206 Phon~_ (4121441

USS Langley ~CVL·2'T1 '0<1010". Anyple-ase r;orrt1lct A. !\lief(
11 BOlln1 Ave., Ham(:llbtl.

C!ll'llillri~, NJ;-I02'842

An'tli!tam '[CV/CVS·36l rtllJ[:Iion (n Pe"s·acola, Fla. COnl<l~1 Rober! E. Craly. 230 M05'5WOOd Cirele, Winter Sprll1gg, F"L .12708. P"'Orl~ (305)327.

ceased members" A"!llJst 30.Se-Qrembe, 2. If! Long 13eiicl1. Cela. Ctmtact Lloyd Seilll1·ley, 3920 Lloyd p,loot', San Diego, CA 92117,

USS Cabo~ (CVL.-281 ll""U;)'reunion In I-e~ V"9~'i, Nev .. Se'J',t. 5,9, ~'t U n Ib~ b'.la.ra Helel. Ce_n teef U:SS cabol As,s<il.Crallon. 5023 Royal 'Ave, La~ Voga" NV 89 103. P~,Qne; (02)873.


USS Sh",ng'i·La (CV·3a! reUllion. Aug, 3·5, in CcHumble, Md Send bust1l1l,!i."'5i ze, sel f-add(IlSse,d, sram peq en'1e'lope to BalJ· Keu~"llelm, _26 Magnolia Circle. SllreWll!<tr.,v , PA 1736" VR.·24 A.ssocration 14th annual reunion, Augu>! 16·19, 198<1, In S~n Dil1;9<:1,Calif, For rurrheinfa'mat,on, ccnracr Pet~ Owen. 24633 MulhoHa"d HI!'Il'Iwey. Calabasas. CA 91302. Pnone:
(21:3;) 348405'6,

WW II U.S. Navy Carner craft W-anted
du,,! In\l a O"I,Q!]Wu'le


VA,·35 Blao;:k f'lIfc1thers will hold \1 50th anniversary and first teunion, June 29·Ju 1'1' 1. at NAS Otea"a. va, For I-ntmmmion .tall 1804)4-25·2211'. e~l_ 4()6. Or w-me' VA.JS., NAS Qeean~'. VlfglfllaBeao:;h, VA 23460, Tha ,3th annu,,1 NaliQ.nal Steam'!'iln FrV·ln will be held al the." I I:!"",I ai(P_Q I fI Ga 1esbu r-9• I II., Sap"! _ 5-'9 For I"! rLirr:her 'lhrOfn\e~.ion eall Mr, Ted MeCU I feugh, 23) 0 MomT1ou th Blvd., Galet· burg, ,I L 61401 . Phone, 130_9)342-2298.

The Curatm 10' \MII Navy rs eonse.a' ~h fo+ a

WW II U,S, N~vy ('<lr'I!:1 airera,11 It w,l~ be featured as a malor arufacr I'" a WW II ,'!><l1lhl at the Navy Mamo1 lal \ Mu~eurn In the historiC precinct 01 rhe Wasru.,g\on Navy Ya,d, The permanent ","hl'blr, woen completed, , ...111 occupy nearly oneth irn of the 40,OOO-Plus $QUilfll- feel 01 \118 torrner Gun $I'IOp_ Arl suthen\ le;)11 resrored y SSD, F <IF. F 6 F or F4U "'111 ~ 11l~liglll Ihe major rote 'Of Naval AVIIl-tlOn In acrnevmc vrctcrv IlIl1la au ring WW II
I:I you have ally





Blue 'Eagle/World In_teresteru In a\tllllding




Wasp !CV·' 8:1 and WW II

may help ,n
tll-e~ CdPt;I; n sc 1 trj n &lffj~~~,


In IC:H'lIa~ inn I ~at nlease con,

Groups 14, 8.1 and 86 reunton, Feb. 1985. in Honolutu, Hawaii. Contact Sob Hansen, 31"42 COil, N,E:;·., G,tI!1d


M4 49505.


al the

Ms n ny SD~'5~, USN, WflO ir. Depu tv Dnllc· Nella,1 H Istorlca r Ceo ter,

World Travelers' Ball at Ce-dar Point Offic.ers Club. NASPa\uxem River, on July Ill, 1984. wrtre L!:Cdr_ Glel'1 Akin~ or Ll. Deb Winter, VKN·8, NAS Pa,UXent Alver, MD 20670, or call (3011863-45&2/471"

VP.14., VB·l02 and VPB·102 IWW H, Pacifid reunion irl Sacramo,I1!O, Ca'il'.,
OCl, la-:11_ Fo. i[1fortnatToTl call Gocoon A MHie, , 341.6 Strolll]"lg Hill'. Rd. Shlflgles Sp,'rngs, CA 95682 Pllone: 1916)677·5215

Wash ington
Wash In910n,

Nav" Yard, BI,dg 51. D,C. 203711 .. (202 ~ 433·

Parachu to Rlgller reunion, Augu 51 2326, at Lakehurst, N.J. Corna Ct PRcM R. L Brl'''~I, 'aurcvon 624·2687
or (20"! 323-2&87; or PRe M A. TI ug rer. -aulovon 624-2477 0, I:W 1)