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Knowledge Is Power SM

Apparatus Maintenance and Power Management


for Energy Delivery

R-X Diagram
Basic Protective Relaying

Ed Khan

Proprietary and confidential


1
R-X Diagram
ZL2
R-X Diagram
ZL1
Zs Relay

Zs=1<85
70 deg.
ZL1=3<70
70 deg. R
ZL2=6<70

85 deg.
Location of Relay
X
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Basic Protective Relaying Seminar Knowledge Is Power SM
Apparatus Maintenance and Power Management 2
for Energy Delivery
R-X Diagram
ZL2
ZL1
Zs 200<-37
Relay

Bus 1 voltage is
70 deg. 132 kV—132<0
Amps flowing
R
70 deg. away from
Location of Relay Bus 1 is 200 A
at 37 degrees
85 deg. 200<-37

X
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Basic Protective Relaying Seminar Knowledge Is Power SM
Apparatus Maintenance and Power Management 3
for Energy Delivery
R-X Diagram
ZL2
R-X Diagram
ZL1
Zs Relay 1200<-37

Bus 1 voltage is
70 deg. 132 kV—132<0
Zload
R Amps flowing
70 deg.
away from
Location of Relay Bus 1 is 1200 A
at -37 degrees
85 deg. 1200<-37
1200 A=274 MVA (approx.)
X
Zload=kV*kV/MVA=63.59<37 deg
– Proprietary & Confidential
Basic Protective Relaying Seminar Knowledge Is Power SM
Apparatus Maintenance and Power Management 4
for Energy Delivery
R-X Diagram
ZL2
R-X Diagram
ZL1
Zs Relay 1200<-37

Bus 1 voltage is
70 deg. 132 kV—132<0
Zload
R Amps flowing
70 deg.
away from
Location of Relay Bus 1 is 1200 A
at -37 degrees
85 deg. 1200<-37
1200 A=274 MVA (approx.)
X
Zload=kV*kV/MVA=63.59<37 deg
– Proprietary & Confidential
Basic Protective Relaying Seminar Knowledge Is Power SM
Apparatus Maintenance and Power Management 5
for Energy Delivery
R-X Diagram
ZL2
ZL1
Zs Relay 1200<-37
Leading Load into Bus

Lagging Load out of Bus

R
Lagging Load into Bus
Leading Load out of Bus

-X
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Basic Protective Relaying Seminar Knowledge Is Power SM
Apparatus Maintenance and Power Management 6
for Energy Delivery
Any Questions?

Thank you

– Proprietary & Confidential


Basic Protective Relaying Seminar Knowledge Is Power SM
Apparatus Maintenance and Power Management 7
for Energy Delivery