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01. Which of the following can be inferred from


ENGLISH LANGUAGE
the given passage ?
Directions (Q. 01-10): Read the given (A The use of all chemical products should
par graphs carefully and answer the ques- be immediately stopped.
tions which follow each of these.
(B) Scientists will have a hard time to
Directions (Q. 01-02): We are living in esitmate the rate of change of tempera-
the midst of a great chemical experiment, and ture in the years to come due to enor-
some serious consequences are becoming appar- mous changes in environment.
ent to scientists. More than two billion pounds of
(C) The environmental disaster in the future
chemicals are spewed into the air each year which
will happen as a result of increased us-
are brewing a disastrous stew. The greatest con-
age of fossil fuels.
sequences of the atmosphere crisis may be glo-
bal warming and the ozone depletion. The Earth (a) Only A (b) Only C
appears to be warming due to greenhouse ef- (c) Both A and C (d) Both B and C
fect. Scientists estimate that average tempera- (e) None of these
ture could climb about 2 degrees Celsius in 20
02. Which of the following best explains the us-
years. Global warming is the predicted result of
age of the phrase ‘brewing a disastrous
the greenhouse effect, created by the greenhouse
stew’?
gases, such as carbon dioxide and methance, in
the atmosphere. This change in the global climate (a) Th continuous rise in Earth’s tempera-
would have disastrous results, including drought, ture has proved to be very dangerous.
coastal flooding and increased species extinction. (b) Lack of efforts to curb the greenhouse
Also, the scientists have discovered a hole in the effects would degrade the environment
ozone layer. The ozone layer is the only protec- in the near future.
tion for life on Earth against deadly ulatraviolet (c) The harmful ultraviolet readiations are
radiation from the sun. Once the ozone layer is slowly destroying the life on Earth.
completely destroyed, all life on Earth will cease
(d) The fraternity of scientists has been op-
exist, killed by the deadly readiation. The planet
posing the process of industrialistion.
will become a barren rock deviod of all life. And
when this happens the process fo industrialistion (e) The increased discharge of chemicals
would have to take the blame which has resulted in the air is resulting in a atmosphere
in increased use of fossil fuels such as coal, pe- crisis.
troleum and diesel.

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Directions (Q. 03-04): Fashion has be- Drections (Q. 05-06): The government
come one of the largest fads among the youth. cannot afford compartmentalise education. It has
The amount of time wastage and expenditure on to be emphasised that country which does not
fashion is very large. What bothers, however, is have a good university education will never be
the fact that fashion is here to stay despite countles listed as an independent country and will neve be
arguments against it. What is required, therefore, able to progress. Only countries prepared to tol-
is that strong efforts should be made in order to erate a secondrate and subjugate status in the
displace the excessive craze of fashion from the world would neglect higher education. If India
minds of today’s youth. has had any position in the comity of nations than
03. Which of the following statements finds the many of its Asian counterparts. This clear em-
phasis on higher education, however, does not
least support by the argument made by the
author in the given paragraph ? imply that is should be supported and developed
at the cost of primary and secondary education.
(a) Youngsters should be motivated to do
constructive business rather than wast- 05. Which of the following best explains the
main idea of the paragraph ?
ing time on fashion.
(b) The world of fashion being glamorous (a) The government has made a wrong
move in compartmentalising education.
and glittery attracts people towards it-
self. (b) To highlight the superiority of India in
higher education as compared to the rest
(c) Following the latest fashion increases
the self-efficacy people, thus increas- the world
ing their overall mental abilites. (c) To emphasise more on primary educa-
tion rather than higher education
(d) Many universities have implemented a
dresscode to put a check on the increas- (d) Higher education is important for the
ing fad amongst the youth which was growth of country.
affecting their grades. (e) None of these.
(e) None of these 06. Which of the following is the most likely title
04. Which of the following can be inferred from of the bigger passage ( having the same main
the given paragraph ? idea as that of the given paragraph) in which
(a) The author has made strong efforts to this paragraph might have appeared ?
wipe-out fashion from the minds of (a) Education - a fundamental right of ev-
youth. ery child
(b) Steps need to be taken in order to con- (b) Indian education - an unfortunate ne-
trol the growing fad of fashion amongst glect of primay education
the youth. (c) Lack of higer education opportunities in
(c) The author is upest with the shift of fash- India
ion from the traditional ethnic wear to (d) A comparison of higher edcuation in In-
western outifts. dia with that of the west
(d) Fashion world is responsible for lack of (e) Importance of higher education in the
creativity among the youth. growth of a country
(e) None of these.

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Directions (Q. 07-08): Although an eco-friendly Directions (Q. 09-10): The human civilization
process and one of the main ways to save the stands on and edge of destiny. It lies today on the
environment, recycling is not gaining pace in the mercy of nuclear weapons, which have the power
industry. The process of recycling undergoes to destroy us completely lest develop sensitivity
many processes. First is collecting and sorting of towards the basic values of life. It includes an
garbage. This requires a lot of manpower and explicit realisation that humans swim in an ocean
tools which are expensive. Another disadvantage where they must swim together and sink together.
of recycled material is not highly demanded since At this juncture, a single rotten fish would dam-
is quality is not as good as the original material. age the ocean as a whole. Man cannot afford to
So if the marketing of recycled goods is not worth tamper with his loyalty to peace and international
while, then the whole process of recycling can- understanding, which is the only way to deal in-
not be economically efficient. Recycled products ternational understanding, which is the only way
face other disadvantages as well, such as short to deal with the situation. Anyone who does so,
shelf life, difficulty in deinking the dyed products dooms the entrie past, present and the future of
and less durability. the human civilisation.
07. The author has listed the disadvantages of 09. What, according to the author, should be
recycling to done to avoid the destruction of life by
(a) explain the reason why recycling is not nuclear weapons
a popular option besides having various
(a) Ban the use of nuclear weapons
positive effects on the environment
throughout the world
(b) give arguments to support the stopping
(b) Enforce stricter law and boycotts
of the process of recycling completely.
against the nations using nuclear weap-
(c) predict the effects of stoppage of recy-
ons
cling on the environment.
(c) Generate more awarerncess regarding
(d) Show that there are better options than
the harm of using nuclear weapons
recycling available for utilization.
(d) Work towards international harmony
(e) None of these
and understanding
08. Why is the marking of recycled porducts
not worthwhile, accoring to the author ? (e) None of these
(A) The original products are being sold at 10. Which of the following can be inferred from
a much lower price as compared to the the given paragraph ?
recycled products. (A) Nuclear war, one day or the other, is
(B) The overall effect of recycling on the poised to end the human civilisation .
environment is detrimental rather than (B) It is not possible for the countries to ex-
beneficial. ist in unison regardless of what happens
(C) It does not give appropriate economic in other countries.
returns since recycled products lack de- (C) Unless all the nuclear weapons on earth
mand in the market. are destroyed , peace cannot be restored.
(a) Only A (b) Both B and C (a) Only (b) Only B
(c) Only C (d) Both A and B
(c) Only B and C (d) Only A and C
(e) None of these
(e) None of these

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Directions (Q. 11-17): Which of the phrase (a), nization


(b), (c) and (d) given below each statement should (e) None of these
be placed in the blank space porvided so as to 15. _________before being packaged for dis-
make a meaningful and grammatically correct tribution in the market.
sentence? If none of the sentences is appropri-
(a) The milk is pasteurized
ate, mark (e) as the answer.
(b) After the milk is pasteurized
11. When we reached the crash site, we were
delighted ___________ (c) Until the milk is pasteurized
(a) On seeing no survivor (d) Firstly the pasteurization of milk
(b) We saw everyone living (e) None of these
(c) To seeing no one breathing 16. ___________to control industrial pollution,
the pollution from small scale industries has
(d) To see everyone alive
eluded solutions.
(e) None of these
(a) Instead of doing good job
12. Even though the school premises had a lot
(b) While a commendable job has been
of space,_____________.
done
(a) He is a brilliant performer
(c) Despite being succeeding
(b) He tried his best to entertain everyone
(d) Even after failing
(c) His performances are generally boring
(e) None of these
(d) Although he performed after a very long
17. Owing to the scare of the highly contagious
time
disease widespread in the town
(e) None of these
___________.
13. _________ but today, his performance was
fairly interesting and riveted every one to (a) Many people thronged to the mulitplexes
their seats. and malls during the long weekend
(a) He is brilliant performer (b) People have been advised to gather at
the town square
(b) He tried his best to entertain everyone
(c) government has failed to make any ar-
(c) His Performance are generally boring
rangement for vaccination
(d) Although he performed after a very long
(d) Most of the people decided to stay in-
time
doors during the weekend.
(e) None of these
(e) None of these
14. In order to help the organization come out
of the huge losses, the employ- Directions (Q. 18-22): In each of the fol-
ees____________. lowing questions, rearrange the given sentences
(A), (B), (C) and (D) and indicate the correct
(a) demanded a compensatory package
sequence in which these sentences must appear
(b) started an agitaion against the manage- so as to make a meaningful paragraph.
ment
18. (A) By increasing these connections the in-
(c) decided to join the rival organization telligence is also increased.
(d) decided to file a case against the orga- (B) Classical music has been proved to be
very helpful in child development.

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(C) Many doctors now a days use it for 21. (A) Along with missing their education, these
thereapeutic purposes which are based children also face life-threatening dan-
upon the findings of this research. gers by working in hazardous chemical
(D) The research has demonstrated that lis- factories.
tening to classical music increases the (B) Child labour has been interfering with
rate of nervous connections in brain. the education of millions of children
(a) BDCA (b) DBAC across India.
(c) ACBD (d) BDAC (C) However, there is a dire need to rein-
(e) BCAD force these laws strictly throughout the
country.
19. (A) This right, however comes along with
the responsibility which the press is (D) Many laws have been framed in order
forced to work with. to curb this evil.
(B) It means matters related to public and (a) BADC (b) CBAD
national interest. (c) DBAC (d) BDAC
(C) Such responsibilities include not broad- (e) BACD
casting matters related to national se- 22. (A) Their invention has been proved to be a
curity and other sensitive issues. boon to the society since many diseases
(D) Freedom of press is symbolic of democ- caused by the microbes could be cured
racy. by these antibiotics.
(a) DBCA (b) DBAC (B) The scientists, therefore, face a
(c) ABCD (d) BDAC continuos challenge to keep inventing
(e) BCDA newer drugs to counter this problem.
20. (A) A popular example of this damage is the (C) A major hurdle in the use of antibiotics
Taj Mahal, whose marble has been cor- however, is that the microbes develop
roded due to acid rain. resistance to the antibiotics, thus ren-
dering these ineffective.
(B) It changes the acidic content of water
(D) Antibiotics which are capable of inhib-
bodies, thus affecting the lives of the
iting the growth of other microbes.
living organisms of this habitat.
(a) BACD (b) CBAD
(C) Acid rain has been a major factor re-
sponsible for the degradation of the en- (c) DABC (d) DACB
vironment. (e) ABDC
(D) Along with affecting the living beings, it Directions (Q. 23-27): In each of the fol-
is also responsible for the corrosion of lowing sentences, an idiomatic expression or a
several heritage buildings, thus causing proverb is highlighted. Select the alternative which
irreparable damages ot them. best describes its use in the sentence.
(a) CBAD (b) CDBA 23. Although Ravi felt lonely in his fight against
the wrong, he decided to take the bull by
(c) BADC (d) BDAC
the horns.
(e) CBDA

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(a) Ravi decided to convice others of his (e) None of these.


stance. 27. The bankrupt organisation has been handed
(b) Ravi decided to give up his fight. over to its new owners, lock stock and
(c) Ravi decided to put forward all his cour- barrel.
age and strength. (a) Only a few departments of the bank-
(d) Ravi decided to apologise for his actions. rupt organisation have been taken over
by the new owners.
(e) None of these
(b) The new owners have bought the bank-
24. As the situation got out of control, the
rupt organization for a very nominal
speaker of the parliament tried to put oil
amount.
over troubled waters.
(c) The owners have bought bankrupt
(a) The speaker tried to calm the situation.
organisation in a hurry.
(b) The speaker tried to take advantage of (d) The new owners have completely taken
the situation. over the bankrupt organisation.
(d) The speaker remained indifferent to the (e) None of these.
situation.
Direction (Q. 28-30): In each of the given
(e) None of these sentences select the sentence which either
25. The researcher tried his best to explain the follow or precede the given sentence in a gram-
importance of his new discovery to the panel matically and conceptually appropriate manner.
members but soon realised that he was cast- The instrucation is given at the end of every state-
ing pearls before a swine. ment.
(a) He realised that the panel members 28. Therefore, the army was called upon
would take his suggestions seriously. immediately for relief operation and rescue
(b) He realised that he disclosed the infor- people in the storm-hit-town. Which of the
mation to a greedy panel. following sentences would immediately
(c) He realised that he had come to the right follow the above sentence.
group of people. (a) A severe storm is expected to hit the
(d) He realised that the panel members can- coastal town on wednesday.
not appreciate his findings. (b) The town had not expected such a storm
(e) None of these. in several decades.
26. The chairman had to eat a humble pie af- (c) However the local force was unable to
ter the workers decided to go on strike to hadle the intenses situation alone.
protest against the biased promotions. (d) They, however, took a very long time to
(a) The chairman politely refused to take reach the area as all the approach ways
the promotion orders back. were blocked.
(b) The chairman gave up his pride and (e) None of these.
apologised for the mistake. 29. The accused was shocked and begged to
(c) The chairman had to face defeat by a the judiciary for mercy on ground of his old
group of ordinary workers. age. which of the following sentence would
(d) The chairman’s career was tinted due immediately precede the above sentence?
to the allegations of biased promotions.

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(a) The 72 yearold man was arrested on needed. Good negotiation was the (34) to mak-
charges of human trafficking. ing good trads. while the barter system (35) based
(b) He was sentenced to five years of rig- on basic needs, today the barter system contin-
orous imprisonment by the judge. ues to thrive. The barter system transcends the
monetary system. The barter system is maing a
(c) He, however, mentional that the old man
(36) today. What makes the barter system even
deserved the punishment.
better today than ever before is that it can now
(d) Disappointed with the court’s decision, be done globally. In the past, bartering was sim-
his lawyer decided to move to the higher ply done with those that were located nearby.
court. Today, the barter system can be used in a much
(e) None of these more (37) way than ever before yet it carries
30. Shreya was elated and jumed with joy when with it the same basic motivation the need for
the president called out her name on the stage. something that you don’t have and the excess of
Which of the following sentences would im- something that someone else wants.
mediately precede the above sentence ? The barter system is enjoying (38) interest
(a) Shrey waited with bated breath for the today. Bartering allows you to get the things you
results as she had worked very hard need without having to (39) additional money. In-
throught the year. stead, you can use the things you no longer need
(b) Sreya worked very hard since she or want to get the things you do need. There are
wanted to win the employee of the year swap markets and online auctions that (40) you
award, due in couple of months. to sell or trade your itemp or to purchase items
that you want. Negotiation takes place just like it
(c) Her career snowballed from this point
did hundreds of years ago.
and eventually she became the presi-
dent of the company. 31. (a) discovered (b) dates
(c) began (d) started
(d) The president expressed his disappoint-
ment at the dismal performance of the (e) initiated
organisation 32. (a) bought (b) imagined
(e) None of these (c) began (d) emerged
Directions (Q. 31-40): In the following pas- (e) invented
sage there are blanks, each of which has been 33. (a) buy (b) sell
numbered. These numbers are printed below the (c) exchange (d) give
passage and against each, five words/phrases are (e) return
suggested, one of which fits the blank appropri- 34. (a) important (b) essential
ately. Find out the apporpriate word/phrase in each (c) result (d) key
case. (e) intention
The barter system for getting goods and ser- 35. (a) originated (b) stood
vices (31) back many centuries. In most cultures (c) generated (d) created
the barter system was used before money was
(e) produced
(32). People who had specific items or services
would (33) these with others for the things they 36. (a) issue (b) comeback
(c) withdrawal (d) recall

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(e) fading
37. (a) primitive (b) appreciated
(c) promoted (d) sophisticated
(e) better
38. (a) diminishing (b) revivel
(c) perishing (d) declining
(e) renewed
39. (a) expend (b) exchanging
(c) expand (d) consume
(e) cost
40. (a) insist (b) force
(c) allow (d) lure
(e) constraint

ANSWERS
01. b 02. e 03. c 04. b 05. d 06. e
07. e 08. c 09. d 10. a 11. d 12. b 13. c 14. e
15. a 16. b 17. d 18. d 19. b 20. e 21. a 22. d
23. c 24. a 25. d 26. b 27. d 28. d 29. b 30. a
31. b 32. e 33. c 34. d 35. a 36. b 37. d 38. e
39. a 40. c

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