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Okinawa Affirmative

Extensions: Advantage I (A)

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___. Prostitution is rampant on Okinawa due to the US base, even though prostitution is illegal in Japan.

WFGS 2007 (Women for Genuine Security) "Okinawa: Effects of long-term US Military presence" http://www.genuinesecurity.org/partners/report/Okinawa.pdf 7/11/10 In the past, as many as one in thirty Okinawan women were employed as prostituted women for the U.S. military in "A sign" bars. Entertainment districts were built close to military bases immediately after the war. In some cases U.S. military authorities returned land taken for bases to Okinawan planners for purposes of building entertainment areas. In 1969, at the height of the U.S. War against Vietnam, the Okinawan police estimated that 7,362 Okinawan women were working in prostitution though others estimated this number to be 10,000 or more. Before reversion in1972, the discussion of an anti-prostitution law was brought up in the Okinawan government assembly on two separate occasions, but nothing was done because of the large economic benefit contributed by these women--larger than the agricultural industry (pineapple and sugarcane combined). The women were coerced into prostitution through economic hardship, given the lack of meaningful alternatives. Although counted as part of the underground economy, their wages made a significant contribution to the Okinawan economy. Today, some 7,000 Filipinas (and the number may be much higher), whose home economy is far weaker than that of Japan, are the prostituted women--on entertainment visas--for U.S. military personnel in Okinawa, even though prostitution is illegal in Japan.

especially in Okinawa. her teachers. the soldiers were invariably loud. While the rest of the bus was deathly silent (Japanese people do not make noise on public transportation). The bus driver complied. I`m sure that many members of the US Military are adapted to Japanese culture and sensitive. previous cases of US military members involved in crime in Okinawa. with interviews of the victim`s family. The Statistics are irrelevant. He was visibly shaken by the "confrontation" and cursed the American (after he was gone). even though it was highly irregular. Once. due to the SOFA Agreement (which the Hatoyama government seeks to change). trumping all of these concerns. which again. it is a question of Japanese perception Dean February 3rd. Perhaps. is besides the point. cracking jokes in English. My point is that for Japanese people. military personnel are frequently returned to their base for trial/extradition to the US after a crime as opposed to being tried under Japanese law. Okinawans feel they are under seige from a "crime wave" by US military personnel. and local residents. Statistically. But it only takes a few to set in stone the image that a)the military are criminals and b)they get off easy. the US Military seems a menace rather than a protector. rightly or wrongly.Okinawa Affirmative Extensions: Advantage I (A) Page 2 of 4 ___. I have visited Okinawa only once (and had to bypass two bases to get to my hotel) but I have had some experience with US Military personnel at Camp Fuji in central Japan. whether that is statistically true or not. crimes committed by the US military are not more than those of the general Okinawan public but the nature of the crimes and especially the way they are played up in the media makes them seem most sensational. to Japanese people at least. there were always a few US military members on the bus. surely. were invariably listed. The case of the 1995 rape of a school girl by three US servicemen based in Okinawa was brought up again and again. Fuji (one I have visited 6 or 7 times) with my family. Dramatic background music was played (Japanese news stories often have background music that dramatizes and emotionalizes the story). And that. . are hotbeds of crime. is the emotional issue of "military crime". even though it had no direct connection to the hit and run case. As long as the media reinforces this and the US Military members do not do more to "combat" the impression.org/story/world/2010/02/03/crime-andthe-us-military-in-okinawa. and. 2010 Geoff Dean . most intimidating. When a recent case of hit and run charged to a military member in Okinawa was discussed in the Japanese media. seems to suggest to some that US military criminals get off easy. I fear the Futenma impasse may not be truly settled for quite a long time. When I took a bus to and from a campsite near the base of Mt.php 7/11/10 Still. a member ordered the bus driver to stop where there was no bus stop so he could get off.American who has lived in Japan for 20 years "Crime and the US Military in Okinawa" The SOP http://thesop. Rightly or wrongly (and surely there is some xenophobia involved). It served to reinforce the feeling that US Military Bases.

Vol.S. with 533 of them heinous crimes (1972-2004). ___. Mixed-race Amerasian children fathered by U. 2000). and the Japanese government continues to shunt the unwanted installations to the disposable land of the "little yokels.jp/cgi-bin/nn20100429f1. servicemen don't treat us as humans and their mind-sets could be the same as those of some of the people who once were in Japan as part of the U.S. Okinawans feel dehumanized The Japan Times: "Bad memories of U. .S. These crime figures are a conservative estimate as many crimes are not reported. Even minimal standards of decency and justice should compel us to close the Okinawa base. Occupation army." 900 miles to the south." the 62-year-old Yamazaki said. military people were here to protect Japanese citizens ." Defense Ministry data show that 7. military personnel were reported in the five years through March 2009. the promised "peace dividend" remains unseen. ___. pp. I feel like I've been betrayed. troops (including rape. bases linger" Thursday. 2010 http://search.S.S. Official reports estimate more than 5.394 military crimes against Okinawan people from 1972 to 2005. 17. That should be followed by a genuine commitment to accommodating their reasonable wishes. Oregon or Michigan to maintain an immense. Yes.org/partners/report/Okinawa. perhaps especially violence against women.277 accidents and criminal cases involving U. the national government in Tokyo clearly has legal sovereignty over the island . .html "I thought U. It is to ask what they themselves want. of which 6. and how long would Congress persist? Yet ten years after the evaporation of the global communist menace. troops have often been abandoned by their fathers and experience discrimination from local people. For Okinawans.but could Washington compel the people of. "Some U.S. the Pentagon still wants its outpost.180 occurred when the personnel were off-duty. and murder) are not.Okinawa Affirmative Extensions: Advantage I (A) Page 3 of 4 ___.S. April 29. say.pdf 7/11/10 The rape of this girl was reported worldwide.co. unwelcome military establishment on their best land? How long would Americans of any state tolerate that. The bases are also associated with drug use and the spread of HIV/AIDS. Arrested military personnel suspected of committing these crimes numbered 678. No.genuinesecurity.japantimes. assault. Many Crimes go unreported WFGS 2007 (Women for Genuine Security) "Okinawa: Effects of long-term US Military presence" http://www. Feifer 2000 George Feifer the author 0/Tennozan: The Battle of Okinawa and the Atomic Bomb "The Rape of Okinawa" World Policy Journal. . but most crimes by U. 33-40 JSTOR 7/12/10 The test for the fairness and decency we talk so much about is even simpler than asking what we would want if we were in the Okinawans' shoes. 3 (Fall.

October '09 Natioanl Post.edu/us/lnacademic/result s/doc view/d ocview.lexisnexis.do?do cLink Ind=true&risb=21_T9727527985&format=GNBFI&sort=RELEVANCE&startDocNo=1&resu ltsUrlKey=29_ T9727527989&cisb=22_T9727527988&treeMax=true&treeWidth=0&csi=10882&docNo=13> Japan is threatening to ask U. Katsuya Okada. The Daily Telegraph. presence for more than 60 years.Okinawa Affirmative Extensions: Advantage I (A) Page 4 of 4 ___. said he wanted the troops to remain in Japan but the concentration on its most southerly islands needed to be reduced.ezproxy. The new government is reviewing an agreement with Washington on U. About 50. troops based in Okinawa to leave the country amid growing resentment over high crime rates. "Japan threatens to kick out US troops". the Japanese Foreign Minister. S. US Military crime is a big issue to the Japanese. military facilities and keeping a campaign pledge to islanders who have borne the brunt of the U. World Report. troops are based in Japan.cameron. S. Tokyo.com. 08 October 2009. Published: 6:11PM BST 07 Oct 2009.000 U. National Post. Resentment against their presence has grown after a series of crimes committed by service personnel. two thirds of them in Okinawa. S. S. . LexisNexis Academic <http://www.