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Product evaluation

Comparison of the sequestration


power of various Crodaquest
grades with market products

Non-warranty
Information contained in this report is provided in good faith. It is the responsibility of the customer to
determine the suitability of a test protocol, and/or equipment, for substantiating a particular product claim.
It is also the customer’s responsibility to evaluate the efficacy of a product/formulation for the intended end
use. Particular
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Page 1Oleochemicals
of 6 is a trading name of Croda Chemicals Ltd, Croda Leek Ltd and Croda Universal Ltd07/01 V121/0
1.0 Introduction
Many commonly used sequestering agents such as NTA, EDTA and phosphorus derivatives
are becoming increasingly undesirable in industrial formulations due to safety and
environmental issues. NTA is non-biodegradable and difficult to handle. EDTA is a
suspected carcinogen and banned from use in certain countries eg Germany. The use of
phosphates and phosphonates is also of concern due to their accumulation in the
environment.

Crodaquests are a range of biodegradable sequestering agents with are readily


biodegradable, non-hazardous, easy-to-handle and EDTA-free. This report compares the
Iron and Calcium sequestration power of various Crodaquest compounds against market
products. The products evaluated were:

Crodaquest A300 (Sodium Heptonate, 87.5% active)


Crodaquest AB85 (Sodium Heptonate, 26%)
Crodaquest B95 (Sodium Heptonate, 33%)
EDTA (Disodium Ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid, 98%)
NTA (Nitrilotriacetic acid, 99%)
Sodium Hexametaphosphate solution, 18% (SH)
A combination of polyphosphonic acids, 40% (PPA)
Diethylenetriaminepentamethylene phosphonic acid, 47% (DPA)

They were tested at pH 7 upwards and at different caustic concentrations for Iron
sequestration and at different caustic concentrations for Calcium sequestration.

2.0 Results

2.1 Iron Sequestration


Comparison of the Iron sequestration power of Crodaquests A300, AB85 and B95 with
EDTA, NTA, SH and PPA and DPA.
3+
Fe Sequestration Power (pph)
4% NaOH 2% NaOH pH 10 pH 7
A300 300 170 60 22
AB85 85 45 17 7
B95 95 60 35 20
EDTA None None None 15
NTA None None 16 18
SH <1 <1 3 6
PPA <1 <1 6 5
DPA <1 <1 36 1
3+
Fe sequestration power is measured in parts of ferric ion sequestered per 100 parts of test
compound (pph).

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3+
Comparison of Fe sequestration power at 4% NaOH

400

350

300

250

'As is'
200
'100% basis'

150

100

50

0
A300 AB85 B95 EDTA NTA SH PPA DPA

3+
Comparison of Fe sequestration power at 2% NaOH

250

200

150

'As is'
'100% basis'

100

50

0
A300 AB85 B95 EDTA NTA SH PPA DPA

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3+
Comparison of Fe sequestration power at pH10

120

100

80

'As is'
60
'100% basis'

40

20

0
A300 AB85 B95 EDTA NTA SH PPA DPA

3+
Comparison of Fe sequestration power at pH7
70

60

50

40

'As is'
'100% basis'
30

20

10

0
A300 AB85 B95 EDTA NTA SH PPA DPA

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2.2 Calcium Sequestration
Comparison of the Calcium sequestration power of Crodaquests A300, AB85 and B95 with
EDTA, NTA, SH and PPA and DPA.

Sequestration Power (g per 100g product)


3% NaOH 2% NaOH 1% NaOH
CaCO3 Ca CaCO3 Ca CaCO3 Ca
A300 75.0 30.0 62.5 25.0 32.5 13.0
AB85 20.0 8.0 15.7 6.3 12.8 5.1
B95 15.4 6.2 11.9 4.8 8.4 3.6
EDTA 15.8 6.3 10.6 4.2 8.1 3.2
NTA 44.1 17.6 36.4 14.6 13.9 5.6
SH 2.45 0.98 2.67 1.07 4.23 1.69
PPA 50.8 20.3 23.4 9.4 21.5 8.6
DPA 43.2 17.3 20.7 8.3 5.6 2.3

Calcium sequestration is measured as the amount (in grams) of CaCO3 sequestered per
100g test compound.

Comparison of CaCO3 sequestration power at 3% NaOH

140

120

100

80
'As is'
'100% basis'
60

40

20

0
A300 AB85 B95 EDTA NTA SH PPA DPA

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Comparison of CaCO3 sequestration power at 2% NaOH

80

70

60

50

'As is'
40
'100% basis'

30

20

10

0
A300 AB85 B95 EDTA NTA SH PPA DPA

Comparison of CaCO3 sequestration power at 1% NaOH

60

50

40

'As is'
30
'100% basis'

20

10

0
A300 AB85 B95 EDTA NTA SH PPA DPA

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