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A Confirmation and Discovery of Witchcraft

By John Stearne 1648
Transcribed into Modern English by Steve Hulford Man being born in sin, has thereby since the fall of our first parents lost the Image of God in which he was created, through the temptation of Satan, and is naturally wholly polluted with sin and corruption, whereby he is become of very near kin unto the Devil, even his own child. And that being his child, he will do the lusts of his Father and that no doubt in one thing as well as another, for men love darkness more than light. Yea, and naturally are given to work all uncleanness even with greediness, so captivated are they to their lusts. For Satan has his wiles, his devices, his depths and policies, his snares to catch people unawares. And being thus furnished, he dare set upon any, yea upon our Saviour Christ himself, to solicit him, yea, and to a most execrable impiety, even to have Christ to fall down and to worship him a Devil, for he watched opportunities, he seeked occasions, and the least offer he espies and quickly takes the fame, and so prevails often, not only with the rude , but with the greatest spirits and sharpest wits many times. For man being given over to his unruly passion, is violent, inconsiderate and vehemently greedy to have his desired ends, by what means so ever he can attain them; which makes him seek means of the Devil to become enjoyer of his inordinate desires, regarding more the having of his present will, than respecting his future state after death and is more taken up to obtain what he likes for the body and outward state in this world, than with the care of his spiritual condition and state before God in the world to come, which the natural man very little or nothing at all regards. This being the condition of a natural man who remains still unregenerate and given over of God unto Satans’ temptation in this kind, how can they resist? Man is weak, Satan is strong and withal subtle to beguile, they may easily yield, for that he hath over mere natural men a ruling power, who are already in his snare, and at his own will are taken captive. Here some will say, you go about to make all subject to Witchcraft, or at least all unregenerate persons. I answer, it said “That which is born of the flesh is flesh and that witch is born of the spirit is spirit“: and therefore Witchcraft being as St. Paul said “Amongst the fruits of the flesh one may fall into this sin as well as into any other, if God prevent it not. Wherefore it behoves man (if he would prevent the power of the Devil and whatsoever Witches can do) to labour to entertain and uphold the preaching of the Gospel. For

where it comes, down goes the power of Witchery. History likewise tells us, where the Gospel came among the heathen, there the hellish power of Devils and spirits greatly diminished and we hear now by travellers, that in other Countries where the Gospel is not preached and where they still remain (as I may say) according to the abominations of the Canaanites, I mean in such places where the Heathens still remain, as in the Indies, where they by travellers relations, worship the Sun, Moon and Stars, Nay I have heard from some places, the Devil himself, where the popery and prophetess is with contempt of Preaching or vile neglect thereof, there Witch-craft is most rife. Therefore it behoves men to labour to bring forth fruits worthy of the Gospel and amendment of life. For God hedges the virtuous man about, so as Satan cannot come at him, without very special licence from God and that only for trial. The Angles of God do also pitch their tents about such, yea and have charge over them to keep them in their ways. And to have religious duties in our families: and as the Apostle says; to pray continually . And as St. James tells us, that the prayer of a righteous man avails much if it be fervent.

For the text says. nor any Divination against Israel. Pauls mentioning Witch-craft amongst the works of the flesh. So upon. Thirdly. of Simon Magus. of Manasseh. blessed be the name of the Lord. Fourthly. Wizards. (as before) St. Thirdly. nor (for ought we know) had any suspicion of them. And therefore conclude that all is from the Devil with gods permission. Gods threatening damnation upon Sorcerers. from some Comparisons or Similes fetched from witch-craft which were absurd if there were no witches. to trust in God only. which if there were no Witches. let him do what seems to him good. his commandment to put Witches to death. what need the laws? Secondly. who will keep you under the shadow of his wings. It is the Lord. for surely there is no enchantment in Jacob. and sanctified his children and family. as the scripture tells us. in forbidding the practice of Witch-craft and that none among his should be Witches. Secondly . Fourthly. Sixthly. So we read of other Witches which were of Balaam. from the history of the Bible. it makes mention of the practices of Witches. that he encompasses the world to and fro. First. First. but returned home to bless his house. it relates how some Kings put them to death and cut them off. Gods judgements against them. for we find that God has often sent the Devil. They made no mention of Witches. it speaks of some going to them and sending to them. No man shall need to fear Witches or devils. Thus we see Devils immediately sent from God without any instigation of Witches. that they cannot do the very least harm unto any of the least creatures of God without leave from him: no. the contrary tenet is undeniably true. Necromancers and such like.David did not only serve God openly in the Tabernacle. of Israel. and there are no Witches at all. knowing ever this. Fourthly. And God gave to Israel a law to sanctify their houses. It is the lord that gives. as amongst the Egyptians. And so going ever well armed against these rulers of darkness. which names to us certain Witches. and that the people which brought the possessed to our Saviour. And Job every day sacrificed to God. And so we read of a Legion sent by Christ into the herd of swine. the Laws of Nations both Heathen and Christian against them. Secondly in forbidding any to go to them. . not to enter into the herd of swine of the very Gardarens. He is ready (if God give way) to be a lying spirit in the mouth of Prophets to seduce him and to beguile. But whosoever you be of this opinion and although many have gone about to prove that there are no Witches: yet besides the former reason. as the executioner of his displeasure without any means of a Witch. complained only of the Devil. it is the Lord that takes away. devils and evil spirits. Fifthly. that there are Witches. going up and down like a roaring lion seeking whom he may devour. And therefore many yield thus far as that Satan needs no provoker to set him forward. And amongst the Nations driven out before the children of Israel. the truth of Histories and many relations of their Arraignment and conviction. furnished with the heavenly furniture and spiritual weapons of which the Apostle speaks and being thus qualified and armed. from the laws that God himself has made against them. as the Sorcerers of Egypt. all this should be false if there were no Witches. Seventhly. he sent evil Angels. Thirdly.

young folks. but yet not withstanding all this. A daughter of Abraham and Mary Magdalene and can counterfeit the resemblance of an holy man. by which occasions the Devil takes advantage and works to have his will. yea and for a long time. having distempered passions. As likewise when any are addicted to the reading and study of dangerous books. and can enter into children. from a child till one be grown up. so that one shall not able to lift up himself. So in time of dearth through extreme poverty it many times cases many to be desperately impatient. as when any fall into a passionate sorrow.Eighthly. and therefore we are as like to have such miscreants amongst us as our Forefathers. and make one lunatic. by several shapes he appears in. Soothsayers and all kind of Magick art. he can even enter in and possess any really and make them invincibly strong. and vain curiosities. be it by what means it possibly can be. accompanied with solitariness for some love. So you may read of Elymas the Sorcerer who resisted the Apostles in the time of the Gospel. dumb and blind. you may read who they were. even eighteen years. To this I answer and grant it for truth and not be denied. Yea through the permission of God. not having respect of religion. that were the oppossers of the truth. as that they be in such a distempered passion. And if what has been already spoken will not give satisfaction herein. But the Gospel frees us not. that then it might be so. or so impatient through poverty when they would needs be rich. but however we may read there. And we are as impatient. and therefore do you not conceive that there are still such people remaining among us? Yea certainly there are. as husband. greatly trouble us. And Satan still remains amongst us. Wizards. bow the body together. and women. and yet work by Witches. and come out of the same. children or such like. as is before expressed. Sorcerers and the Magicians of Egypt. or is familiar with such as be Witches. As we may read in ’Exodus’ where we may see that Pharaoh called the Wiseman. Thus by these and such other like means as may be gathered from the confessions of witches. but where the Gospel is faithfully preached as with us in England and Scotland etc. it was a powerful persuasion to overcome. for the Devil needs no provoker as before. (as I may say) right or wrong. and you shall find they were such as Pharaoh called to him. as you shall read hereafter more at large when I come to speak of what sorts of people are most addicted to Witchcraft. for he goes thither where he is either sure or hopes well for entertainment. Necromancers. the Devil offers himself to comfort such in their sorrowful melancholy mood. profane. For in ‘Genesis’ We may learn there that the devil may enter into a dumb creature. if god permit. and then search who they were. who did with their enchantments in like manner as Moses and Aaron. as in the before mentioned places. he chooses such creatures as they themselves are most addicted to. this is sufficient to prove that there are Witches in some Countries. Now here some may say. or when one is enraged with anger. But I pass by the proofs out of the Old testament for this I desire to give such satisfaction (as I am able) that it may appear that there are Witches now as in former ages. though all these sins still remain. as you shall hereafter find by their confessions. that there are not any. violent in affection. they prepare themselves for Satans temptations. such as be the elect of God. and Witches likewise. enticing to the practice of hidden mysteries. no not since the coming of our Saviour. Hereafter. experience amongst ourselves and in other Countries. and so we read of seven Devils in one at once and more. who with their enchantments did the like as Moses had done. deaf. together with the confession of some of those Witches condemned and executed since May 1645 in the several Counties afore mentioned. given to ill company. plotting revenge. Yea a whole legion and sometimes the Lord is pleased to send Devils as executioners of his displeasure. to draw them to Witchcraft. I hope will give all sufficient satisfaction that there are Witches. but how will you make it appear that there have been any since the Gospel preached amongst us? For many are of opinion that there are Witches in other Countries where the Gospel is not at all. or very little regarded. and yet the Devil does all this. as I could instance in those innumerable examples. even against Gods providence. and work other effects. He therefore watches the time when he may best offer his service to such as any way he finds the least kind of preparedness in. herein expressed. more than the Law did our forefathers. there are Witches likewise. I answer that if any man can make it appear that the Gospel free us from sin. utter a voice intelligible and offer conference (if any will listen) to deceive as our Witches nowadays confess and that he chooses the subtlest creature to deceive by. . and unconscionable as ever. and the weaker vessel to confer with. Sorcerers. of Magick and Enchantments. and more if God permit. for he can. For we are as sinful as in the time of the law. But you will still say it does not yet plainly appear to be so since the Gospel. and can bereave one of his wits. as they would have their wants satisfied and their desires fulfilled. but by the confessions of Witches now lately detected. wife. or at least have been in former times with us here in this Country. but such as Jannes and Jambres with withstood Moses.

which is easily to be discerned and known. Such an one used Charms to tame Serpents. and after the coming and ascension of our Saviour. for those which remain doubtful either being bewitched or of Witches themselves. Sixthly. Jannes and Jambre. which were crept into the Church to seduce them. as for this thing only they deserve death in the highest degree: for the Law of God says without exception. Eighthly. which have made an express league with the Devil. as thw Witch is with the Devil. These are only expressed in the Old Testament: But the New speaks. But if you would but rightly observe that place in the Bible. which the world so much runs after. we read of such as Pharaoh sought to. besides the relations of learned men writing concerning Witchcraft. besides in diverse other places speaking expressly of Witchcraft. one which by gaping on the Heavens could also foretell something. Thirdly. so untruly called as well as other. And so I might nominate diverse other places. which comprehends all the ten aforementioned. by which we may plainly see that there were Witches in the time of the Gospel. as we call them Juggler. Such Pharaoh called to him to oppose Moses. Tenthly. one joined in league with another. But yet I say all Witches are bad. we read of an Enchanter. Such an one was the Pythoness which brought her mistress much gain. besides their confessions hereafter herein expressed. Fifthly. or searcher out. I proceed to distinguish between those called bad Witches. Likewise of the Pythoness which brought her mistress much gain. and ought to suffer alike. we read of a magician. We read in the Bible of an Observer of times. so do those also resist the truth. which tell people their fortune by the time of their birth. or Soothsayer. After this sort the people sought also. Ninthly. as now we term a wife man. These are now (as I have read) translated Charmers. And such an one was Manasseh. or Conjurer. where sin and ignorance besides so much abounds? Or do you desire to have proof of Witches since then. as our white Witches do. As we may read in the Bible of a diviner foreshowing things to come. and we read no more about him in all the New Testament. have their part in the lake which burns with fire and brimstone. being both in league with the Devil: for so is the good. If a Witch justly convicted. called a Whisperer. To these the Egyptians sought after. for they have gone the way of Cain. and so likewise was Manasseh. And what was Elimas the Sorcerer spoken of in the Bible. were guilty. and he was baptised. Seventhly. saying this man is the great power of God. to renounce God. Some hold them to be callers of nativities. To such the people had regarded and encouraged one another thereunto. and betake themselves to the devil. Death is due to . or a wife woman. and those called white or good Witches. Many such were in Babylon. as in the last aforementioned place is expressed. you shall find that in the last days shall come perilous times. beguiling the eye-sight. you shall have enough of their confessions to make this evident. Such the people delighted in and consulted with. And therefore I conclude. whether there be any now? Do any think that we be free from such. endeavouring to help man or beast. we read of a Necromancer. only in general against Witch-craft. we read of an Observer of times. as I may say. Such an one was the Witch of Endor. There you may see plainly that there should be such to the latter end. we read of a Whisperer with secret or soft words. deceivers. Secondly. of whom St. Also in ’Revelations’ you may read how Sorcerers shall with other sinners there reckoned up. which speaks rather of those called the good. one that could deceive the Eye-sight by making something to appear otherwise than it is. And so likewise we read in the Epistle of Jude the Apostle speaking there of false Teachers. And the Scripture make mention only of ten sorts. and ran greedily after the error of Balaam. but because their own confessions clear this evidently besides the forenamed places. One which observed times to know when it was best to begin business: as Witches did by casting of lots before him. Paul speaks of. One also which could foretell some things and so called for his or her foreknowledge. but that there are such to this time. one that consults with the dead.So likewise was Simon Magus a sorcerer. we read of a Wizard. as they did to their Idols. Of this Manasseh also was guilty. and do any doubt then. to whom they all gave heed from the least to the greatest. because that for a long time he had bewitched them with sorceries. and that they all ought to suffer alike. And therefore it cannot be denied. To these likewise did the people give ear. THOU SHALL NOT SUFFER A WITCH TO LIVE. An art so execrable. for whose damnable doctrine and manners. all that are in league with the Devil ought to die. Herein. Fourthly. we read of one which hath a spirit in him or her which does give answer to such as come to enquire of them. horrible judgement was prepared and woe unto them. either open or implicit. And as Jannes and Jambres withstood Moses. such was one in Balaam. than the other.

but all these sorts are in league with the Devil. In the several Counties aforementioned. men rather uphold them and say. middle. For it is not to be doubted. For. why should any man be questioned for doing good. Yet of Witches in general. As of those of Burton-old. at Chelmsford. as ELIZABETH CLARKE. where nineteen assembled. or form of prayers. and they do it only for mischief. there are commonly more women then men. and Simon Magus. and but two men. or Familiar Spirits. Seek one out. as appears by their own confessions. as in his displeasure he mentioned it many years after. by which they may be known and discerned by. when he said. and in all Countries. Some by using and saying superstitious words. and does he not by the Prophet promise to cut off Witch-crafts and Soothsayers. of which instances may be given. the one in the express and open league. in the summer 1645 were (as I remember) all women. from experience it is found true here. from Sauls speech. I answer. in naming a woman not a man. either by raising the Devil. Some by herbs. those in Lancashire. for those abominations the Lord utterly destroyed the Canaanites and plagued Manasseh. and plain proofs and reasons for the other. and of leading them away captive into a strange land. as well as the other. but for the Confirmation hereof their confessions will make it plainly appear. Some Charms. and of these young. who they are that make this express or open league. and ANNE LEECH confessed. and the Witch of Endor. when I come to speak of how they may be known. especially of hurting Witches. as well as the first. for so I term it. why it should be that women exceed men in this kind. and for the other most men. And at Tilbrooke bushes in Bedfordshire. especially of the hurting Witches. or anointing the Instrument which gave the wound to cure the wound. and of about two hundred executed since the said May 1645. and of them as hitherto not many. as for the first sort most women. Some to know where stolen goods are. For here some may first demand of me what sorts of people they be of either sorts. And did not good King Josiah put such sorts to death. be it express then confirmed. and old age. and to bring them again. because it is done by conference with the Devil. as a cause of removing the Jews from their land. and so likewise the same for lost goods. First. or secret league. only by confidence in believing. Some to cure diseases several ways. and that those of Warboys were women and only one man. or at least a brand. that such and such or such a thing shall produce such an effect. Some to set spells. Exodus 22. So that it is not to be questioned. So I could nominate far more instances in other places. And those at Bury St Edmunds. that Satans setting upon these . that they are most in number. I will not say. I have known more men. Some only by words. And the other is by implicit. which wickedness of his was abhorred of God. and so by such like ways and means do these work by: Yet many times they err. and so likewise Balaam. there is but one sort. though in several ways: for they take their Familiars: Some for one mischief. or for any party. All at one Goal delivery. All which makes this express or open league. Women therefore without question exceed men. that he might fulfil the Law? And so did Saul. And albeit there be sorts of both: as Elimas the Sorcerer. in the summer of 1645. Now. But for the hurting and cursing Witch. and so likewise find them to be so in Authors. with the stories and relations even from these in our own Kingdom. almost generally they be men. from Gods Law against Witches. has not the Lord threatened great Judgements in the aforementioned places? Yea. near adjacent Catworth. Some by both. all of these: For the Devil cannot perform his promise at all times. but I am certain the word of God is contrary. Secondly. but before any of them can have power to do any thing against. All of which I will make plainly appear. using good words to bad ends. when he intends to bless a Nation? Now. or washing clothes. there being about twenty eight. Now the first of these two have Familiars. This is evident. where sixty eight were (as I likewise remember) condemned most women. a woman that hath a familiar spirit. where there met above twenty at one time. that they confidently trust that their desires shall be effected accordingly to their belief. and have heard such as have gone to them say. and those which were condemned. No. or man or beast. either by words. or have any desired ends effected. as the curing Witches do of them which come to them for help. though made never so secret. where there met four score at a time. which speak of such and never knew any women questioned in that way but men. and that those that bewitched the Earle of Rutland were women. the league express or implicit is first made. the women far exceeded the men in number. Thirdly. For as before.such an one. in in Huntingfordshire. are both sorts. as JOHN WYNICK and others confessed in Huntingdon last May was two years: As also by the confessions of some others which suffered at Northampton not long before. but for the other. Some only by laying on of their hands. So likewise were those which met at Manningtree in Essex. When as there be two sorts of the other. some for another. And as I have read.

which she called Birds. and told her if she would she should never want. and have the use of her body. Innumerable of these instances I could nominate in many of their Confessions. if visible. who used to lie with her. then by the party. a silly ignorant woman being found with the marks. and to leave it to Children. if she would be ruled by him she would never want. where they can command they are more fierce in their rule. Secondly. as she confessed before the Justice of Peace. servants or to some others (but that you shall find to be a great inducement thereto by their confessions) or that. but then it was either when no Justice of Peace was near. and rest. the spirit or Imp so called should come. notwithstanding this. for I have found. a very ignorant sottish woman. for that they are commonly impatient. Paul says. of what rank or quality forever. because. that if the parties which watch them. I never knew any kept. as by experience plainly appears amongst us nowadays. which she called Blackman. it is for this end also. who told her. as is said in another place. three or four days. it will be either visible or invisible. and brought her two others the third time he came. and revengeful in setting such on work whom they can command. But I desire to Answer one objection before I proceed further (that is) some say. and had provision to rest upon. Witchcraft is most rife) and will speak only of such sorts as are called Christians and these are. if they follow their directions. that if the time has come. ELIZABETH DEEKES of Rattlesden in Suffolk. one white. if they were kept where no beds were. but should have what she desired. then the party presently after the time their Familiars should have come. which had sucked two or three times upon those marks found upon her.rather than man is. but only the keeping is. in black clothing. but that they had better provision. some were kept two. one may fall into this sin as well as into any other (if God prevent it not) and therefore whether men or women. but then they have had beds. nor invisible but may be discerned. and had two crop eared Imps. to the much prejudice of her Neighbours and Townsmen. she confessed. A very unnatural part so to use Christians. and confirmed the Covenant. which she called Teates. either upon a pair of stairs or ladder. ignorant people whose eyes are blinded by Satan and are led captive by him. first. These sorts following are the aptest. and some of the mischief’s she had done. the other grey. to see whether any of their spirits. either meat or drink. confessed that she was guilty. being the least. or cushions. wherefore the Devil labours most to make them Witches: for Satan is subtle and seeks whom he may devour. both to the Townsmen and after to the Justice of Peace. be so careful that none become visible. but had cloven feet. and confessed many other things then more at large. and so more apt to revenge according to their power and thereby more fit instruments for the Devil. yet I do not deny but at first. when her mother suffered. perchance somewhat baser. and being displeased more malicious. drink or rest. then it may be discerned by those in the room. and employed those Imps. which (she said) she likewise refused: but as she was going to bed. which (she said) she called Grizzell and Greedigut . and such like. silly ignorant persons many of them. which Imps (she said) came like mice. and for other provision. But I never knew any deprived of meat. yet she confessed he was uglier than man. or familiars come to or near them. for then . then at their own houses. This appears in those Witches commonly detected amongst us. But you watched them. or like to be. because of his unhappy onset and prevailing with Eve. but he as he had been some distance from her when he was with her. or when the witnesses against them could not go sooner. she did make a League and Covenant with the devil. if they fail. but she said she then refused: Whereupon (she said) her mother asked her to give her soul from God to the devil. Also JOANE WALLIS of Keyston in Huntingdonshire. yet afterward. and apt to be misled. But as St. and so made them say what you would. First. and many will and do say. For the watching. or their more credulous nature. for so (she said) they called themselves and that those after she had consented to the other of his demands. I answer so it were. which speaks to her like a man. her mother pulled her back in much danger of her life. she could and did employ as she then further confessed. and is false teachers. pillows. but had what was fitting till they were carried before some Justice of Peace to be examined. as she said. as you shall find in some of those following. if invisible. Witchcraft being amongst the fruits of the flesh. as bolsters. But for her ignorance she was saved at first. and kept them from meat. will presently confess. because they are more ready to be teachers of Witchcraft to others. confessed the devil came to her in the likeness of a man. or that. which Imp asked her to deny God and Christ. and her refusing those temptations. and sealed it with her blood. it is not to use violence or Extremity to force them to confess. I pass by Infidels and Heathen people in former times (from whom these abominations mentioned in the Bible came into Israel and savage nations now (amongst whom) by Travellers relations. drink. and not as her husband.

least have forsaken them.---.they think they will either come ------. .

and so she confessed their meetings. by their several names. and so particulized everything. when they were to be hanged. as she had formerly told us. and so died next day accordingly very desperately. as for example. but most of them (if not all) before the Justices of Peace. then say so. and so confessed what mischief she had done with her Imps. what is it? Then he replied and said. for she told us before what shapes they should come in. and had familiar spirits which sucked on them. Some by some of us. and the mercies of god. and some before the Bench and Country. the Townsmen desired me to go with her confession taken in writing by another. as she then affirmed to be the truth. and was one which caused her to be questioned. and when I asked her who she had accused. a proper man like yourself. which came in several shapes. yet said. when there were eighteen to be executed. she said. except one penitent woman which refused their Covenant or agreement: so she made it known. I will show you my Imps. But if honest godly people discourse with them. laying the heinousness of their sins to them. and is a great means (under God) to bring them to confession. a singing of a Psalm after they had done it. but you answered not. she confessed many things. in a large manner. and being asked which she had rather lie with. and so I did accordingly. and so afterward did come. Edmunds in Suffolk. I asked you a question of late. till there were some seven or eight seen. Then one of the company which was appointed to be with her that night. why should you ask such a question? he answered. and others by other some of us. and the manner how they worshipped the Devil at their meetings. she answered that they came double in several shapes. we were going away. tell the truth. and how he lay with her. and how she would have been my death. but affirmed it over and over again. it is true. they that are found with these marks that I am found withal. and said to us. and how they made. then she called again as before. and vanished. and her marks and confession. as I remember. because I would have swum her. and so watching has produced true and strange effects. I desire to know the truth and no otherwise. Another like a Ferret. to know of her who she did accuse. of that bigness. Jermarah. notwithstanding I lived then in Town. not to confess a word next day at the gallows. these ways will bring them Confession without extremity. the warrant was made for the searching of such persons as I would nominate. being kept three days and nights. and so told in what manner it should come. if it is the truth. so we did. ELIZABETH CLARKE of Manningtree in Essex. they will never confess. and said. with legs as long as a Stag. but if not the truth. then said Mr Hopkin. which was to tear me to pieces.Thirdly. will they do us no harm? no said she. but she said to us. but said. and so after that called more. one was still to come. and yet then confessed at large before two Justices of Peace. and some of them after they came into the Goal. whereupon. that all those that had those marks were Witches. and like a toad. say so. then I asked her if they were not all come. for if any of their society come to them to discourse with them. as the rest averred that saw it. notwithstanding they had formerly confessed. lest she had not slept before. it will make them break into Confession hoping for mercy. this was the first accused. and told me that now she would be even with me. Now that the Imps become visible. in what manner and likeness came he to you? She said. One like a Greyhound. to the Justices of the Peace for a warrant for those accused. and so that presently vanished. and so presently fell smacking with her lips and called Lought two or three times. then she said. are without question Witches. for the Justice gave me order that she should sleep before he examined her. which presently appeared to us eight (For there were six appointed to be with her that night before we went) in the likeness of a cat. for there were more come than she spoke of. black. as before. like a red or sandle spotted dog. and how he came in. after she had slept. with legs not so long as a finger (to our perceivance) but his back as broad as two dogs or broader. like a tall proper black haired gentleman. but how she was kept I know not well. if you will stay. REBECCA WEST of Lawford in Essex. the marks are difficult to find from natural marks. I would first go to her before the Warrant should be served. then I asked her why. what? Did you think I am afraid of my children? You shall sit down. that there might be some Witches which had not those marks. and spoke to her. then appeared another. they made a Covenant amongst themselves. where she appointed us. and one like a Rabbit. for I came not to her during that time. most of them kept in a barn together. Mr Hopkin being with me went together. then she fetched a sigh. and his habit. she said the Devil. and so did next day. Has not the Devil had the use of your body? She said. This was observed at Bury St. and in what condition they are in without Repentance and telling them the subtleties of the Devil. that Godly Divines and others might discourse with them. as I shall hereafter declare. and idle persons are kept from them. the beginning of our knowledge: Yet I confess. who . it is also to the end. who did accuse some others which lived in their several Parishes. Besse. for they are ready to come. it is true and apparent. and so in several shapes they appeared to us. Then said Mr Hopkin: Besse. said to her.

the Devil appeared to her in the likeness of a smoky coloured Dog. when I shall speak how to discover them. and her going in again. For she confessed in the time she was kept. and suckled her Imps in the yard. as an evidence against any. and so was she. because he pressed him for a soldier. and Gods Judgements. but because it is so apparent. or not above one night till we go there. But now to manifest that good Counsel will do it. NICHOLAS HEMPSTEAD of Creeting in Suffolk. and that sometimes she fetched blood in other places for them. neither did I ever do it but upon their own request. and the woman presently confessed it. upon those marks that were found on her. you swum some of them. and she went out. though everything necessary is afforded them. there came two more. and the hole was near a yard and a half from the ground. upon his promises she did. and of the Devil when they covenanted. I will answer more fully. who made very large confessions. for the blood has sometimes been found on the end of the mark. had an Imp come to her. this is apparent by that I nominated at Huntingdon. which was some nine Inches long. black on the backs and reddish on the bellies. Spirits or Familiars so called. which sucked her two or three times a week. notwithstanding he at first railed on me in very opprobrious terms. and how he killed a horse of one of the Constables. And as I remember. who made large confessions. that about twenty years before she was found with the marks. I caused her to be searched again. and flung it into the fire. he presently confessed that he had made a league and Covenant with the Devil. HENRY CARRS hereafter mentioned. I perceived by her carriage that she was feeding her Imps. for I hold they two depend most upon one: Then say I. which she said. This woman confessed the Devil sat in her likeness. saw one of them. Also ELIZABETH FINCH of Wattisham in Suffolk . and how he had confirmed it with his blood. she sat in. and laying the heinousness of the sin. when she was asked by the Justice of Peace. especially at the first. especially the first two. To this I might add. still to be tried. And the boys next. and diverse others which you shall here find. So in the same town. and would have asked me forgiveness. and so further confessed. And so at Coddenham in Suffolk. hoping this is sufficient for that objection. which she affirmed was one of her Imps. as one BINKES of Haverhill had an Imp sucking of her whilst she was talking with others.was (as she confessed) married to the Devil. but she denied it: Yet presently after she confessed it was truth. and so it has been common in all our proceedings. they may be brought to confession. she also had her Imps come visible . and that whilst they were busy about that. that it is one way of distrusting of Gods providence. there has been no such course taken that I know of. because formerly I used it. nor used by any of us but . it is to be discerned. that has been used. one CLARKES wife skipped out at a hole in a stone wall. and that soon after that. putting confidence that that shall bring such or such an effect. I leave here. Also one at Chatterish there. Of these I could bring diverse instances. and five of the best in Colonel Rochesters Troop. which he so continued with (as I since heard) to his very execution without alteration. after the objections answered. at Huntingdon. neither was it ever given in or taken. and presently confessed it. and so likewise without keeping. But then some will say. and let him have blood to seal or confirm the Covenant or agreement. but it was at such a time of the year as when none took any harm by it. and there was alteration of the marks. and afterward went away. and a great cause for keeping them. one which was with her to look to her. And the shape of his Imps. And another at Wimblington there now lately found. and threw her out of the chair. as the other two affirmed. but I will proceed. As I could instance the one half of their confessions. it was the same woman. and the manner. and yet one pulled her back again. which was done accordingly. and were to such as first were found with the marks. and but little to be seen of her but one leg. she confessed the other came. making a very large confession. and some four and a half broad. she sat still in her chair. They come likewise invisible. being told how a woman there carried her self. was not that extremity? I answer. and made a large confession. For I am of the opinion. all the one side head and all. but because it falls out better. if not. One at March there. but now lately. and yet have their confessions. but I am sure of Keyston in Huntingdonshire. which asked her to deny God and Christ. or to be stroked out when they are taken on a sudden. yet presently sent for me. but now lately keep none. either by keeping. with a great deal of penitence and sorrow. and I durst not go about to clear myself of it. when two more in the yard saw her go out into the yard. in the time she was kept. nobody knew how: yet I say. or event. and Gods mercy and the like. Another whilst I was in the room with her. which hurt her forehead and wrist. above half a foot thick. that to the thinking of two which were with her. if those which look to them are careful. that upon good exhortations after the marks found. I laid it to her charge. and gave it to them. thinking to burn it. Witness those executed at Ely. that I know. but of her confession more at large hereafter. I instance no further. a little before Michaelmas last. And diverse other things he had done. as I never did otherwise. as occasion shall serve. being found upon exhortations. confessed.

where the act should be done. either to give offence to any. as he was in a Barn. Neots in Huntingdonshire. (I suppose the Jury had hopes of his amendment. or Imps. for they can hide their marks sometimes. the Goaler sent forthwith to the Prisoners house. and that the Devil appeared to him. which he had over night. full of revenge. there in an Inn. But as I have heard. was caused to be viewed. they did it. that when he lived at Thrapston in Northamptonshire. forewarned it. where he lived. Of a boy of Rattlesden in Suffolk. it has ever since been left. and upon threatening speeches. Yet under favour. and would carry him whither he desired. whereas it fell out otherwise. or keeping. or bruised on the other parts in a most fearful manner. it has been taken as no evidence. he without watching. who have shown themselves to be such. when he was under nine years of age. presently a geld bitch seized on him. and so apprehended again. and did. when. except they had been shifted. and that he had more familiar spirits. I should be sorry to speak anything. between the time he was released. voluntarily confessed. and nominated some. or to be a means to animate any in such courses. which was. with bitter bannings and curses. having shackles on as he went out. and deeds of Witches convicted. a very remarkable thing concerning this. for that she fled or went away after she was searched twice. as you shall herein. or themselves under the water. as he said. This one more. not long after the Assizes. and told him he should find him with his wife. or presently after. and had it at command to do mischief. that was done at St. he was in a passion for his purse and money. upon the least displeasure. as he was making up bottles of hay. having hearts swollen with rancour. and showed where. and refreshed every way. up to the shoulders. as they call them. A Dog was seen in yard. if the water is enchanted. when the other lay toppling on the water. but cannot. These are some similitudes. whom he kept double shackled. as the killing of some Chickens and some other mischiefs he had then done. that he suckled an Imp. and committed again. malicious people. together with the reasons he caused his Imp to kill the Chickens. about the Michaelmas 1645 and then was he first questioned. being at least twelve miles. or May 1645. it was then the desire of such persons themselves. that there is something in swimming (if lawful) but to proceed. and then the dog got away: so it remained. and bit him on the neck. and known to be in perfect memory. or to come out of the water. the first since these wars. and found bitten on the neck. Secondly. When Divines gave their opinion of the unlawfulness thereof. of a woman that had been searched two or three times. when JUDGE CORBOLT that now is. as afore said. But there is one. For if any did confess. the Goaler missing a Prisoner in the morning. But I pass. agreeing with the confessions of Witches. for she suffered for Witchcraft. neither can they bring out water in their mouths. But after he was in Bury Goal. a notorious offender. where he then voluntarily confessed likewise his renewing of the league and Covenant with the Devil. that it is a true rule in one respect. after his mother was hanged. which a Mastiff Dog would not seize on. To about the middle of August next following. or further: But because it is held unlawful.the first summer. though they are foretold of it. for some are not found at first. and put into prison. in the likeness of a black brown Mare. as the said JOHN WYNNICK confessed. tied after the same manner. and in part from the man himself. yet are in the end: So at her return some would swim her. because the man which owned them had chidden him for spoiling his grass. that the water enters not into any of them. as the boy has said. she was not further meddled with then. quality words. who was accused. and the sealing of it with his blood. and there found him at his house. whereupon. he having lost his purse with some seven shillings in it. rather than to go into the water. This boy being young. intending only to take the heads. that ignorant people are most apt to be Witches. where they had formerly cast a freeman in. and confessed abundance of mischief he had done. or requitals: this is manifested by the nature. and so has all other forcement been. from March. but the free person will presently be choked. where he continued for some time. so the next time he saw them there. the Goaler questioned the boy. but his son struck at the dog. and not many before so used: Notwithstanding. that he had gone home on his Mare over the walls. and went to Town again. as I confess I then had) he was then released. the boy confessed. when all know he could not be of much capacity. he did it. thinking thereby to clear themselves. threatening revenge. and gave him some shucks. and in such a rage of binning and . for so they will. as he confessed. yet was still in great suspicion of many of the Townsmen to be guilty (the brand is difficult to find if she had notice) and the rather. though they swim both alike. nor spit clear water. for the water enters them not when it will the other Thus far I have observed. and was suspected again for further mischief. superstitious and Idolatrous persons. she swum apparently. striving to get their heads. Let me speak one thing that I have found in that way. when it will into a free person. Will this with the other give you satisfaction? But I might add this. and hit him two or three blows over the back. but this woman not being seen in the street as formerly. and not found. as ever found so to be.

he had killed two. or Imps. or Kittens. it fell out accordingly. or do anything. if he would fall down and worship him. confessed that she had two Imps. before the devil. one MOORES wife of Sutton. but how. and he bade her pay for that she had had first. some thirty years together: sometimes once a week. according as he formerly said. after to the time he was taken. But what she did after. and told him. and found it accordingly. and the Imp returned. the last words he spoke. and then he asked him to deny God and Christ. in which she said. which she saw. (here was a preparedness for the Devil) for he confessed. which spoke with a hollow. though he went to the devil for it. Also a young man of Denford in . of a blue colour. my God. but confessed. which told him. and take them for his Gods. saying he could not depart this life. and sorry for it. to see for his purse and money. and begging for Alms. and that she sent her Imp Hangman to kill a horse of one WILLIAM BALDWINS of Thorpe. shrill voice. for that she had bought a Pig from him. which man. he would help him to his purse. they came the same night. so she was sent for. and then he should never want. and then soon after he died. was soon after taken sick. and money again. she was the cause of the childs drowning. which she said he did before she was out of sight. which the first told him he must worship also. or their Familiars. Likewise she further confessed. Bench. then he demanded blood. that it was malice that had brought her to that she was come to. for have it he would. there appeared two more. and in his sickness. and confessed her self guilty before the Judge. being so desirous to speak with her in such extremity. or at her Execution. so he killed them both. asked her for it. So this woman confessed diverse other things. who had a child drowned. on the side of his head. and seemed to be very penitent. at their times appointed. As she went over the way from the house. which she confessed she did use a long time. or at least to hurt him. she bade her go home and look to the rest. he must fall down and worship him again. confessed. the devil in the same shape appeared to him again. which mark was seen at his Trial. and that many times. so he did fall down and worship him. in the likeness of a Bear. Also she confessed. they were known to be in another mans ground. and confessed at the Gallows. he would be a loving husband to her. in the Isle of Ely. and so he said. until he had spoken with her. and Country. lest she lost more. and in one night they were gone. above one load. confessed. as they were to be hedged out. But as I have since heard. and were at his command. and serve him as Lord. she did. then he confessed. he knew not till then. no man knew what way.cursing. and they should be at his command. which Hog died accordingly. and afterward he coming to her door. so he skipped on his shoulder. and fetched blood with his claw. which he confessed he consented to. if she would consent to him. but not above the bigness of a Rabbit. which he had caused to be laid to fence his fences. that she sent one of her Imps to kill a man. that before he could tell it. the Devil appeared to him immediately. and sealed with her blood. that being at STEPHEN HUMFRIES in Thorpe aforesaid. THOMAZINE RATCLIFFE of Shelley in Suffolk. for what she asked him to bring her in some wood. he would revenge her of all her enemies. act. meaning Witchcraft. and said. which she said. cried out of her. whereupon (he lying in such extremity) she was by some of his friends. before the justices of the Peace. but came in the likeness of Cats. that he was saying to himself. falling out with one MARTIN’s wife. but she refused. her Imp Hangman appeared to her. at his request. Also. And next day he came again. forced to go to him. for still you must remember. and told her he had done. as he then confessed more at large. that soon after her husbands death. after she had confessed the Covenant. until such time as she confessed her Imp did it. or gave her such words as she liked not of. then that like a Bear turned like a Rat. Also ANNE RANDALL of Lavenham in Suffolk. above twenty years before her confession. he did. some two miles from Lavenham. for that she called her a Witch. and there some. until she confessed it of herself. that Satan often tempted her to banning. and that those sucked on the marks found upon her body. and he bade him take it. would he know where he might go to a cunning man for it. and shge bade him go and kill one of his Hogs. called Hangman and Jacob. he chided her. and then he fell down. and told her. and asked her what he should do. and that she should never miss anything. here some. which horses were killed (but in such a temper) as was supposed by a Devil in Thunder. I know not. but said. and that she. who confessed. after she had confessed the league and Covenant made. for she confessed. sometimes once a fortnight. for they were languished together. Oh my Lord. and paid him two shillings. swearing and cursing. and then he told her. for she wept at her trial. saying. he came home well. and she being at the door. which were heavy and soft. in the County of Cambridge. into bed with her. for two shillings and two pence. and one died suddenly after. all along the hedge side. and so those sucked on the tree marks I found on him. she found him a liar. she sent her Imp Jacob to carry away bushes. I thank you. next day about the same time. and that he should have it where he stood. that she being angry with one MR COPPINGER of Lavenham . there came one in the likeness of a man. that this is first done.

or works there. and said. by such means. that in pride of heart. and then he would confess all. And such as profess to cure diseases. as not bounding themselves within limits of reason. he fell into poverty before his death. for about three weeks. I hope is sufficient. he had made fourteen widows in one quarter of an hour. by reason of his knowledge. Charms. to be equal. and so many other things he confessed. (if not a Cambridge Scholar) and was well educated. to know things to come. as if water had been boiled in a pot. or work of nature to do the Cure. that Michaelmas time 1645 at Bury St. both by Sea and Land. and more to get them home inot his yard again. or one of our doings. they were hairy and heavy. Also I may add. to this. nor have by any ordinance of god. Edmunds. or at least. and asked him what he should do. and had three Familiars or spirits. and some other things besides. but had been indicted for a common imbarriter. where he preached. or most of them at least. above thirty years before. he said until he came on the Gallows to be hanged. that other confessions have been printed. To these likewise might be added. bur rather consume their estates. in a short time. after he was found with the marks. and the practitioners either Witches already. if it did not grieve him to see so many men cast away. the devil took advantage of him. who had been a Minister (as I have heard) in one Parish above forty years. as he told me (for he took his confession) asked him. and for my part bitterly renounce all former. but that was always his answer. as he stood and viewed it. who I have heard was a Scholar fit for Cambridge. I never knew any. Those that are given to over much curiosity. And so for this. forthwith appeared to him. he would confess no more. and was arraigned at the Bar. and the Cattle ran so violently away foaming. the water was more boisterous near that than the rest. and sealed it with his blood. Confessed. and viewed the Ships on the Sea as they were sailing and perceived that Ship immediately. because he would not let him keep them. he was joyful to see what power his Imps had. fall fowl unawares upon the Devil. one of his three Imps. tumbling up and down with the waves. for he said. who suffered for Witchery since the said time. and so likewise confessed many other mischiefs. as if it had been of ours. at Northampton. Such are those. for he confessed enough for that. and made his slaves by his enticements. nor of Gods revealed will. for he confessed. which I have heard has been printed. but as for that I think it is seldom or never known. but if it were so. and so seeming to bewail his condition. Such be they that use Spells. as he walked upon the wall. The wicked man thrives as well as the godly in this world: But for Witches. and he died in Goal at that time: So it was conceived to be pride of heart. and yet by reason of an Alarm at Cambridge. yet I confess. in pride of heart to go beyond others. one HENRY CARRE of Rattlesden . as I could particularly instance. in Suffolk. amongst the middle of the rest (as I remember) one that belonged to Ipswich. which sucked on those marks. he saw a great sail of Ships pass by. he confessed. that any get estates or thrive. for he was hanged. that he being at Landguard Fort in Suffolk. the Goal delivery at Bury St. that he had two Imps. and he covenanted with the Devil. or rather above God. . as he paraphrased it himself. Thus was PARSON LOWES taken. to give all satisfaction. and he bade it go and sink such a ship. two years together. and therefore would confess no more. when all the rest sailed away in safety. it was neither of Mr Hopkins doing nor my own. any such operation to heal the infirmity. and had a charm to keep him out of Goal. as have no reason. namely his yellow one. which he felt often. and did much harm. especially by Sea. which sucked on the marks found upon his body. yet he was much importuned to it. And therefore such remedies must be Diabolical. to one COCKE’s Cattle of Denford. said. from his word. there he confessed. and soon after (he said) in a short time it sank directly down into the Sea. but he swore by his maker. Edmonds was adjourned. when as I know. if they have any: yet the word of God says. that thus give themselves over to Satan. for all confessions. and confessed. for we never printed any thing until now. for that it falls out so fit for this purpose: Yet I have heard. and showed his Imp a new Ship. to seek after vain Knowledge. in his confession. that he sent one of his Imps. and make all other known he knew of. he never had any hand in any. but in the mean time. three or four times. or by their implicit faith. by one of our contents. I found upon him. and are in great danger to be entrapped by him. those observers of times. and he stood still. and God him. in Suffolk. so he confessed the Imp went forthwith away. and that he should be the cause of so many poor widows on a sudden. yet fell into this grievous sin.Northamptonshire. I do this (he being dead) but make no use of any confession taken by him. and hanging. no. but therein the Devil deceived him. but only this. to be in more trouble and danger than the rest. that he had forsaken God. the next door to Witchcraft. that the owner had much ado to catch them with a horse. but he made a very far larger confession. and for Witchcraft. Then Mr Hopkin. who now. and the grand Jury (as I have heard) found the bill for a common imbarriter. and that as they were sailing by. nor did. before he was condemned. and came in the like ness of Mice. which was the first original cause. to understand secret and hidden things. tend to prove this in some part.

though I might instance diverse examples more. that if she denied God and Christ. which they have put her to for denying their demands. Whom himself was delivered from. Here you may observe. and they pricked her finger with a pin. he had blood of one of her little fingers. who confessed. who . and then they demanded blood. two or three times a week. To this I may add. whose names she called Touch. if she would consent to them. she said. and she said. As MERIBELL BEDFORD of Rattlesden aforesaid confessed. but she said. which being done. and did suck upon those marks found upon her body. which she consented to: then she said. she should never want. as she freely confessed with much penitence. they told her again. The Mystery of Witchcraft. and the other like a Wasp called Nann. and said. she should lose her fowl. Christ. Then I asked her whether they brought her any money or no. if she would. or money. and all his works. Those who with greediness gape after worldly wealth. two like little Boys. ALICE WRIGHT of Hitcham in Suffolk. two or three times a week. and Christ. and that they came sometimes severally. that above thirty years. is called an abomination before God. to perform the Covenant. one ELIZABETH HUBBARD. that she was much troubled. to seal the Covenant. One like a Miller called Tom. and that they use to suck on those marks which were found upon her. and it dies accordingly. and that they scratched her back. will it not move men to seek help of a Spirit. but that is but seldom. What are the Fortune tellers and such like? But apt to be Satans slaves in Witchery. confessed that in the field called Horsecrost or Hog-Marsh. There came a black thing to her. by Gods preventing grace. and that he came back again. confessed that she had four Imps above three score years. to draw them into the pit of Magick. and told her he had struck it on the right side. and that she carried three home. and so had it again after the same manner thrice. she had three things come to her in the likeness of Children. and so many other things. One like a Spider. which witches usually have. and Sorcery. or fear poverty. if she would. and fetched blood to seal the Covenant. that above six years before she was found with the marks. as if he had been grieved. and I never knew any that had any money before. drink. or clothes. and to delude them that way. and sometimes six shillings at a time. they found none. sometimes once a week. and asked her to go into the field. and how she sent her Imp Touch to kill a Bullock. Thomas. sometimes once a fortnight. and told her. there appeared in a bush like Chickens. and Witchcraft? As one Mr Cooper speaks of. Paul says Children of disobedience. to some Cattle of her Neighbours. I pray to God to do to him. for through curiosity of knowledge. which she confessed. as they are his otherwise in impiety. but when they came to the place where they appointed her to go. which then she confessed she did. and that she did agree to give them her fowl. further confessed the sucking of her marks. and in extreme pain. and asked her to deny God. that she took her older brother with her. and did much harm. as he dealt by me (meaning a man of the same Town) and he languished and died. which they caught.and such like. and that she caught three of them and the rest ran away. One like a Doe. and to cleave to them. after they had nipped or sucked her. and called Meribell. or a Spinner called Joane. sometimes altogether. Furthermore. except of CLARKE’s wife of Manningtree. and she should want nothing. where her marks were found. but she said she told them. but after had ease. and went into the field. in his book. one like a Lamb. about five or six. but should be avenged of all her enemies. she should never want meat. who confessed the same. which was perfect money: But this RUCE. pluck. and she should have money. I forebear further. and the fourth like a grey Buzzard. and many other things she said she did. and there dropped six drops of blood. who is ready at hand to attend. which soon after turned to the likeness of Mice. and that they often asked her to go and do mischief. of Stow Market in Suffolk. and showed some which the said Imp brought her. and should never miss or want anything. called Tib. and that she felt on them. which asked her whispering to deny God. These said. and Christ. the reality whereof. which asked her to deny God. and told her. as the invocating of a Spirit. sometimes four shillings at a time. and asked her to deny God and Christ. as they named themselves. during the said six years. and that she did say. and that they would do more for her than she thought for. and what are Jugglers and legerdemain Companions? For that they sport with such resemblances. and that the biggest boy spoke to her with a great hoarse voice. that if he cannot prevail for want. which spoke to her with a great hollow voice. Richard and Hobb. As he did ELLEN GREENLIEFE OF Barton in Suffolk. and she nipped her forefinger. then he promises to free them of hells torments. and that she uses often to be in pain and trouble. they were more able to save her soul than God. but because as yet. and utter words. were called. widow. called. but was ashamed to tell them. and as St. and Take. four more came. JOANE RUCE ulver of Polstead in Suffolk. and said she was stopped and could not confess when she would. about break of the day. if reason and Art fail. These she confessed were at her command. and tormented. and that they were soft. these have not been commonly found out nowadays. and to curse God two or three times.

then I asked her why she did it. and at no other time but as beforesaid. and then he should have her soul. and bade her not be afraid of him. heavier. she said she was left weak. the other two in the likeness of reddish dun Mice. but advised her to stand out and not to confess. for he could save her. and used to come to bed her. and could not perform nature as a man. but she said she could not tell whether he performed nature or not. and instance some few more examples. one like a Rat. and Cows. or ill parents. but afterward this Maiden went to her and scratched her till she got blood of her. so heavy as she could not speak. Revenge. standing by her bed side. there came two things more like Mice. that breast is dry. and other things then at large. and tore her as she confessed. and that Mole spoke to her with a great hollow voice. but be avenged of all her enemies. and the Teat thereof extended longer than any womans that gives suck. she answered. when those which were with her saw it not. and will be much extended as aforesaid. to have a care to bring their Children up in the nurture and fear of God. The third like a Mouse. and that her Imps used to suck her two or three times a week. which was to deny God and Christ. bad and wicked parents. as for example: she wished one GOODMAN GARNEHAM might be lame. Besides the former marks know this. her Imp in the shape of a Mole came to her. Then I asked her if she did grieve for it after she had done it. and they sucked her twice a week severally. And further confessed that the Devil had use of her body. And that the Mole said she should be questioned in some short time. for if she did he would cause her to drown herself. who she thought was against her having relief at her Masters. before the devil had her blood. for he could perform what he promised. nor to be observed. or any one may be a means to draw one to Witchcraft. and so it was. confessed that about three weeks after her husbands decease. and that MASTER LOCKWEED might have Lice. and so he had. be it on man or woman. but said the Devil spoke in a hollow voice. and heavier. because he formerly accused her for sending. when it was done it was too late to repent. cold and ragged. and if on a woman that gives suck. And that her Imp like a Rat went upon her. or causing him to have some when she did it not. who she said spoiled her. and had the use of her body. for if she did he would have the upper hand of her. for nineteen years together. which used to suck her about twice a week during that time. which spoke to her with a hollow voice. and Will. as the sending of her Imp . and easily to be discerned by feeling of it. or fearfulness of hell torments. that she had three Imps about seven years together. which she said she promised faintly. through want and otherwise. being above fifteen years before she was questioned. before she went to the Justices of Peace. I will put them together. the Devil appeared to her in the shape of a young black man. but she said he was colder than a man. The next like a Mole. and then she should never want. and serve him. As one BUSH of Barton aforesaid widow. for that the breast is all shrunk up. and the Devil got the upper hand of her for want of faith. and so he was. whereupon she consented. that it is more easier to find them on the breast than in any other place. and confessed how she sent an Imp to torment a Maiden. if she did not betray him. but confessed the promise was first made by her. I should think this should give all satisfaction. cold. though it took effect there) But she confessed the killing of three and twenty Turkeys at one time. that when she prayed she prayed to the Devil and not to God.confessed that three things came to her. and then she confessed she had no further power over her (but this is not always true. and after when she was kept. that gain. which she consented to. called Jack. This woman also confessed. but the teat will stick out longer there than the other. fear of want. One more which I should think should be warnings to others. with a Circle round about it as if it were sucked. and such as are over-much given to lust. and it dropped on a paper. and then used to kiss her. or poverty. yea and lust also. or put herself to death. and insensible as aforesaid. as she felt on him. and confessed the employment of her Imps. As for ill company. she also confessed the Devil had use of her body. but should be avenged of all her enemies. and is nothing but skin. and came into bed with her. and asked her to deny God and Christ. as if he would have torn her to pieces. and said she could not confess before much company. because she had confessed. and that soon after she had consented to the Covenant and given her blood. and confessed that her wishes came to pass. all in one night. and that she had her Imps from her mother in Law. which he drew out of her mouth. which was done. The one in the likeness of a Sparrow called Harrie. for where the Imps suck there will come no milk. or company. Of one ANNE CRICKE of Hitcham aforesaid widow. and to serve him. because he said he would go for the Searchers. and the Devil fetched blood on her left Arm to seal the Covenant. and that he used to have the use of her body two or three times a week. soft and cold. but was soft. then he told her she should never want. then she said he kissed her and asked her for blood. wishing to lame RALPH LOGGARD’s Horse or Mare. and asked her to give her soul and body to him. and how her Imps returned and told her it was done. and so should continue her lifetime.

confessed the Devil appeared to her in the likeness of a man. and she could not keep from going. cursed her and bade the Devil take her. I answer no. who confessed the Devil used to have the use of her body. and that the Devil in the likeness of a Calf asked her to deny God. and that the Devil in the likeness of a black man used to come in at the keyhole. and Robbin like a Dog. and so confessed many things she did. abd to serve him as Lord. because she was denied Eggs and such like things. she should never want. and he should miss nothing. and to bed to her. and that she should never want anything. which she said (very like to be true) for MASTER CAMPE averred that a Mole to their thinking was seen in the house. but was heavier and colder. widow. but what he did with all she knew not. which was above twenty years before she was questioned. and to serve him. complained of one SWEETING coming to her with one GOLDING. and that through her wilfulness. if all these sorts be Witches. but she said the Devil never performed anything but revenge. nor could tell what became of it in the end. and Tom like a Mole. Robbin. about three years before she was questioned. for he promised her that she should be saved. the Devil in the shape of a white Cat appeared to her. for she said so he was that she called DANIEL THE PROPHET. which she called Tom. then most parts of the world be so. and lay all over her as man. Christ and her Baptism. and never suffer or feel torments. and so many such like things. and that man asked her to deny God and Christ. then I should have no end. Also. and got blood into his mouth. and then one vanished away. yet she said he told her she must go to hell. because the Devil promised her revenge. then is the Devil busy to work . and poverty. called DANIEL THE PROPHET. then he told her he would avenge her of her enemies. she said they must needs go the Devil drives. CAMPE’s child. it being asked her why she went. and lay only on part of her. but afterward I heard she made a very large confession. and therefore but this one more. and spoke to her with a low voice. which she sent to kill MR. and Christ. for honest persons may be given to these. which she said she did. with desire or revenge. but she said she told him she was a poor widow. confessed that soon after her Aunts decease. for it was her Aunts spirit. and another there. and that they used to suck her twice a fortnight on those marks found upon her. Also one RICHMOND. but said he was heavier and colder than man. of Creeting there (as I remember) confessed that soon after her mothers decease. and that he promised them that they should only walk to and fro the earth as their Imps did. she said the devil. and sealed it with her blood. a woman which lived in Brampford. and Christ. and yet be free from Witchcraft. for she often wanted after. but have her desire. But if I should go to pen all of these sorts. and to serve him. and she confessed she had three more.Harry to JOHN LEVERISHES of the same Town. ELIZABETH GURREY of Rifden in Bedfordshire Widow. and that they had much ado to keep it out. and asked her to deny god. Also SUSAN SCOT of Lavenham aforesaid. and asked them why they fought. and bade her trust in him and he would avenge her of all her enemies. and she further confessed that he bit her on the second finger. and then he said if she would serve him. and then came to her into bed and had the use of her body. going towards the room where the child lay. Now some may say. and bade her not to be afraid of it. and that she had two Imps like Cats and Dogs. as she said. none shall need question it. and have the use of her body. and the manner how. and took her by the hand. and would do for her what she desired. or at least too big a volume. for he promised her to free her of hell torments. and she died after she had lain some eight weeks. there came two Imps to her. she denied God. ANNE HAMMER near Needham in Suffolk. and confessed the Devil desired her to use cursing. but said amongst other things that she found him a liar. who answered that they would fight for all of her. confessed that as she awoke out of a dream she saw ugly men (as she thought) a fighting. and they burnt his ears. that ANNE BOREHAM of Sudbury. confessed that the Devil had the use of her body. Also ANNE GOODFELLOW of Woodford. and spoke to her with a great easy voice. and then asked her for blood to seal the Covenant. and another like a Dog called James. in Northamptonshire. One like a Hog called Jack. she confessed her Covenant was to deny God. in the County of Suffolk widow. the daughter of one Mr. but be saved. and as she thought performed nature. but should not be tormented (a fearful and subtle delusion) for I have been with some who have confessed the same. and whatever she desired should come to her. and told her that if she would he would free her of hell torments. and confessed what she had done to one WILLIAM DICKENS. One like a rough red brindled Dog with cloven feet. and she consented. who bade her not to be afraid of him. and lay heavy on her. Christ and his Ministers. for he would curse her enemies. But this is only to show when any are given to be extreme in any of these. to kill him a Hog. and used not to speak but only to ask to lay with her. which sucked on those marks found upon her. and how she was the Death of THOMAZINE. and divers other things. COPPINGER there. and then she consented. by her means. about five or seven years before she was found with the marks. during that time. for he was so. and that after falling out with her neighbour.

for I conceive them to be unlawful altogether. and then sends them Familiars more or less. who upon a small occasion of falling out with one of his Neighbours in the field. First Divine. as take but this last when she saw that fight of fighting (as she thought) would not a good Christian have had her thoughts upon God. and I have heard of some scholars want of Learning. and Will. a very aged man. As CHERRIE of Thrapston. the man was soon after strangely taken. one of the two (I do not now well remember which) scared some Cattle off the ground. and so proceeds by degrees: So you may find as I said before. hanging only by the roots thereof within his mouth. and put it to the place where the marks were found. he confessed that within a fortnight after there came two more. with a Dog. besides the unlawfulness held by Divines.upon them. only upon that occasion. as being one of the greatest works of darkness committed this day under the Sun: for that natural causes may arise very strong. and kept it some certain time there. Now I will procede to prove that Witches may be found out. and many relations made of the evident discourse of Witches. and executed the Law upon them. in putting confidence that such means will make the Witch known. I cannot deny but those may be just grounds of suspicion. and so likewise upon burning anything of the party suspected to be bewitched. which she knew could be no less but the Devil. and have suffered since aforementioned time: bit I forebear to speak any further of those ways. This CHERRIE confessed himself. of a whitish dun colour. and MR. but upon such as he finds some kind of preparedness in. and died in miserable condition. which implies a Discovery of them. For it is said Saul found out Witches. Thou shall not suffer a Witch to live. for then he could not have come into the room. But these cannot be denied to be just grounds as aforesaid. those of such parents. and many may cunningly counterfeit outward appearances. but not always certain. and not ot be used. and some through overmuch. confessed that about three years before he was accused to be searched. whereupon CHERRIE wished that his tongue might rot out of his head. else it could never be put in execution. and so the agreement past. and withal use threatening to be revenged. which means have partly been the cause of the questioning of many. where the Cattle the other kept was to go. and desire of revenge. as for example. and so proceeded. and so good King Josiah. Secondly. and so if you do but truly observe little or more in all their confessions. and cause of questioning them. who have found no less than Witches. which he called Tom. and no man. and confirms it with blood. After which Confession. because of the strange imagination they have through many seeming probabilities. and that he was his death. and thereupon evil to happen. if any shall come (though peradventure accidentally) and so sometimes something else. and then makes the league. First. there came a thing into his house of a grey colour. for he was a heathenish man. for in his confession more at large. or was he desirous to be one?) I conceive he did desire to be one. which many times have produced strange and sometimes true effects. that it came to be known. but the first he called Harrie. but could not be kept all in his mouth. Thirdly. with imprecations upon slight occasion. extreme poverty. As when one shall be given to cursing and banning. to much enraged with anger and desire of revenge. where they kept Cattle. passionate sorrow accompanied with solitariness. and laid it down on his belly. and Witnesses may fake their accusations out of malice. being transported with rage and uncharitableness. and then as you have heard by these confessions past he appears in several shapes. is so close and hidden. from God in giving of his Law against Witches. and his tongue did come out of his mouth. and less than the other. of the bigness of a great Rat. and all that I have formerly reckoned: you see by their confessions. which he took up and put into a box. or put them to death. and so continued to his death. Secondly from the History. PARSON LOWIS. the many Trials in our own Country at many Assizes: So it is clear that Witches may be discovered. and effect their desires: Yet to proceed as I have said. that the extreme makes a preparedness. because the secrecy of the grounds of Witchcraft. as is instanced before. of about a quarter of an ell long. for he does not upon all that are given to these ways. taken in the worst sense. and that in a manner it . Some for words. Some upon some sudden sight of some creature . to be learned have grown to it. for Satan appears not to them in any shape until he find some preparedness. and so I could reckon diverse instances of several ways. many of the townsmen of Thrapston aforesaid averred that he died with his tongue out. we have Chronicles. where he said it sucked half an hour. rather than to have suffered one to come to bed with her. fir it cannot be conceived and less than a distrust in Gods providence. Likewise JOHN SCARFE of Rattlesden aforesaid. or deeds. and then took it out. in Northamptonshire. the said CHERRIE and the other fell at odds and words. though it cannot be denied but that there is some difficulty therein. but to show his willingness to put it to the place. as thatch over the door or such like of the parties suspected to be a Witch. and so should be a Law of no purpose. (Did he prepare himself. Was there not a preparedness in BONEHAM.

the same day he should have been tried. to seal the Covenant. And so confessed how the devil in the likeness of a dun Dog. Likewise I may add. for that all his kindred were nought. When the party suspected makes enquiry after the party taken sick. He answered again. Billa vera. Then I asked him how it was possible they could suck without his consent. or used to have: as ANNE LEECH of Lawford in Essex confessed in her Confession. To this I might add the aforenamed THOMAZINE RATCLIFF who upon the falling out with another woman about the death of a child. told him they would not suck him any more at that time. The more he gave him. And being asked whether he did not do SIR JOHN WASHINGTON. but cannot help it. and had little blood. his grandmother burnt for Witchcraft. not long before he was searched. to deny God and Christ. to a woman whom he had bewitched. A just judgement of God: for it was reported that a night or two before. notwithstanding he confessed the sucking of such things above sixteen years together. lest she lost more. with promise of freedom from hell-torments: and that his Imps. as well as he gave to others. He could not help it. and his mouth stopped full: and when it was pulled out. because he was an old man. according as is expressed in others. in the . but freed. and living aforesaid. and wrote her name thereon with her consent. that he could not reckon them all. as before expressed. but was suspected for doing mischief. He answered. a Knight which lived in the same town. and might add implicit confessions: As. for that he had suffered strange losses. or such like. as KING of Acton in Suffolk confessed. as I then told him of. and the sealing of the Covenant with the Devil with his blood. as having lived in Town. As for example. but torment him. This man is yet living. and particularized the death of much cattle. It being asked her why she did it. she answered. you may observe in most of their Confessions. Her mother might have paid her for work she had done. answer is made. Hereto I might add such as said they have such things as Familiars suck on them. and so told me his mother and aunt were hanged. in affording him relief constantly. but should be avenged of her enemies. but said he could not help it. and to serve him the devil for revenge. That he had been the death of so many of his. and had a piece of paper in his hand. If he or she were not the cause of such or such a thing. he confessed that he had been at a bridge going into Thrapston town. such things as they desired. what a miserable condition the poor man died in. This CHERRIE confessed presently after he was searched. for that all his generation was naught. died in a strange and miserable condition. as you may observe in many of their confessions. yet never questioned. This CHERRIE also confessed diverse other things and harms he had done. And one died suddenly after. because she was not at Church: whereupon she sent her spirit to him who did accordingly. Likewise one ANNE PARKER. which by his confession. who died at Northampton in the Gaol there. as it was reported. much about the time the Grand Jury had found the Bill of Indictment against him. but as he came into a house accidentally where I was. they did it because they had not. or not done so and so. any harm in his cattle or otherwise. and those that knew their deaths. Then I asked him again why he should do it. when a question is asked the suspected party. miserably. but cannot help it. being asked why she did one PRYER mischief. why he would offer it to SIR JOHN who had been so loving to him. they are sorry for it. and that she should never want. but would not give her any. being a man whom I had formerly acquainted withal. saying. the laming of as child of one TURNERS. or the party the suspected: For many have confessed that after they have done a thing. the more power he had over him to do mischief: for he said his Imps must be employed. besides the death of two or three. A fearful thing to be thought of. CHERRIE likewise confessed the death of two more. had three drops of blood under her tongue. and presently confessed these particulars. He or she might have let me alone. or desires to visit the party. He said he did consent to that. when he had reckoned up as many as he could well remember. Of these kinds I could nominate diverse more. He might have given her money upon Thanksgivingday. his coat was all rent right down on the back. she answered. Then it was demanded of him. and so proffered himself to be searched. else they would not let him be quiet. ALEXANDER SUSSUMS of Melford in Suffolk.rotted. and so by that means brought to trial. and so promised her money. he confessed he did. when as God was so merciful towards him. the last time they sucked him. bade her go home and look to the rest. and had a cord found about his neck. confessed that he had things which did draw those marks I found upon him. and some others of them questioned and hanged. through his wicked cursing (as he confessed) and so confessed many other notorious facts he had done.

are sorry for it. Then appeared Familiars. there are just grounds of suspicion: for they cannot always do their mischiefs according to their desires. as he said. saying they had it from their parents. set Spells. where the party suspected was to be carried to be examined. that after she was scratched. which will show the other in glasses. and help or cure mad Dogs. there where her confederates met. as to think or believe it is lawful for any to go or send to such. much after the book of Common prayer. feeling by the Law of God they ought to die. and as she confessed. And the holy Scripture utterly . and the initiation of a Witch. and held in it. who require faith to believe they can cure. of one at Hedenham in the Isle of Ely in the County of Cambridge. that it was she that had hurt the child. her mother was asked whether her daughter was acquainted with the matter in hand. not long since. as the aforenamed REBECCA WEST. very seriously) but she said it was to the devil. and bade her to work hard so that she might go: and as they went. as well as the other. with the suckling of her Imps upon those marks upon her. then. but where there are just grounds of suspicion. which she confessed. as its strength would afford. I might add the apparition of the party suspected to the party sick. and such-like. Then she was entertained. This young woman confessed the naming of their Imps. and could nominate some Instances thereof. and told him what Imp she had sent to hurt the child. boast of Their doings therein. she confessed how the devil took her by the hand. and how she had sent one of her Imps a little before she was accused. using these words. And I have heard some of these. especially. else I could instance more. as in Northamptonshire. at the house where her mother went. and the help one of another. she not stirring. who said. or Wise-woman. but consent to them.time she was in her extremity. meaning him. and found with the marks) to destroy or spoil a whole field of corn in that Parish. where the Witch confessed. and were not their parents good Christians? And they do but use the words for good ends. This child being very sick. Oh my God. before she could be entertained. she told her she must not say anything whatsoever she saw. on a sudden it arose of itself. and not the LORD. who was drawn to it by her mother. as we untruly call them. and as she affirmed. as I have instanced enough of those. and he told her he could not undo what he had done. putting their confidence in their words. which I am ashamed to express. But when she came there. That the devil imitates God in all things as he can . who accordingly did it To confirm this. called your White Witches. But those called Wise-men. as the world thought. where such meetings are. before they will undertake it. and so she was asked then if she was willing to be entered into their society. (if proved) is not sufficient? But I hope there are none so ignorant or blind. that was one. or undo what the other have done. and at last herself. was sat in a chair. my God. and told her of another that could. or any bitten by them. Then in his outward Worship. She was. and one that was then suspected. and so one after another. rather than in the living God. Here you may observe the former Confessions. who’s faith it is an abomination to him. I can tell you of a very remarkable example much tending to this particular. She likewise confessed that her mother prayed constantly (and. and got hold of her face to scratch her. where a child suspected to be bewitched. But one thing observe. much less to put any confidence or trust in them. and first kissed the woman of the house. or at least suspect. White or good Witches. also the sucking of her body on the marks. and cannot help it: (This it is renounce God and Christ) for this woman presently confessed. when the shall say that by words they can charm. and the sealing of the Covenant with her blood. and the manner and words were used at her Marriage. and elsewhere: but because apparitions may proceed from the fantasy of such as the party used to fear. because I would not that any should be accused. long before he was questioned: but this woman desired him to undo what he had done. as she said: for her mother asked her to go to Manningtree with her. and so made a very large Confession. (as some of them do) yet it is distrust of Gods providence. but as soon as the party who was suspected came in. she had no further power over that party. the devil appeared. and do as they did. but told her he was sorry for it. and the manner. for this woman stood still: and so you may perceive that many of them. So likewise of those born of ill parents. (as aforesaid in other Confessions) besides other mischiefs which she did. and the occasion why she did it. This I put in the rather. or such-like enticements. I forbear. was carried to the Justice of Peace in his house. if their carriage be not otherwise. and then she should be a happy woman. after they had done mischiefs. May not Spell-setters and Charmers be also added? For I cannot conceive any less. through her diabolical practice. when she was married to the devil (as she confessed): a fearful thing to declare. and the Covenant sealed with her blood. who answered She was. and every particular thing at large. which was about a mile. without their meetings. though it be by their implicit league. (for she had been searched. because you may take notice. (as she confessed) after a strange manner.

is familiar. in my hearing. and not some of their own society: For besides the former reasons. who suggests this course unto them. but many rather fall upon me for what has been received: but I hope such suits will be disannulled. and he consented. without which (notwithstanding great shows of probabilities) I know not. and that by their outward carriage. as was before sufficiently proved by Saul and Josiah in the aforementioned places. one or more. Now we should not be like the abominable heathen in any evil. And for ever accusing one wrongfully. as I may so call it. as the said ELIZABETH CLARK confessed who averred that all were Witches who had such marks as she was found with. I call God to witness. for they have only the brand. whereby it may appear there is a league made with the devil: for notwithstanding all former reasons. Yea. either by words or deeds. which asked him to deny God. to convict or prove one guilty of Witchcraft. stands the very reality of a Witch. confessed that the devil came in at his window in the shape of a rugged sandy-coloured dog. and that in many places I never received penny as yet. got so much as I did by my Calling and Practice. Then some will say. & confessed at the gallows before her death. I answer. seeing it is that which makes a Witch. and his Baptism. but what I openly took the view of the Townsmen where I came. Christ. and had familiar spirits more or less. or how shall they be found out. are bewitched in so thinking . For it is found true by daily experience amongst our selves. And as for taking any money or other thing.forbids any going to them. nor cannot conceive how any can be properly said to be Witches: For the devil (through Gods permission) may hurt mens bodies. which must be for this League. For if you do not observe these and such-like other reasons as may be thereby gathered. which is to be proved: for they that make this League. and th Now whosoever thou be that thinks I ever made such gain of the way. as JOHN BYSACK. I never. after their League made. and so by that means discovered and made known. notwithstanding I have hands for satisfaction. if these difficulties be? For it cannot be denied but that many of them have made great shows of Religion. which by their carriage seemed to be very religious people. and think they work in Gods name. who suffered also. and Gaol-deliveries. there will appear just grounds of suspicion. which though never so secretly made. maliciousness. and but grounds to make enquiry and search. is to prove a League made with the devil: in this one act. as one of Catworth in Huntingdonshire. but only I desire to prove the League. except I should sue. haunted themselves by an evil spirit. of Waldingfield in the County of Suffolk. together with their Confessions. much more than such as should be guilty themselves. and by his power. and that where I have been out moneys for Towns in charges and otherwise. you may observe it as a general rule in all their Confessions. and so they have nowadays. one time with another. is express as before. where it is said. And they which seek to them. that I may be satisfied and paid with reason. by which. I never did. Then he said Satan asked him for blood to seal and confirm the covenant or agreement. as ever any did. and kill their cattle. which he spoke with a great hollow voice. and the time I expended thereabouts. and would constantly repair to all Sermons near them: yet notwithstanding all their shows of religion. and Assizes. whereby they were suspected. such course will be taken. besides the Confessions of Witches lately executed herein expressed. that he will set his face against such as shall seek after those that have familiar spirits. towards the maintenance of my family. in a manner. or took bribes. yet it is to be discerned. Likewise one LENDALL of Cambridge. and many others. or go under a general suspicion of Witchcraft. it is an heathenish practice to seek to such. or such born of such parents. whereby they may be brought to be questioned. and so were taken by some. or devils mark. so have many of these Witches made outward shows. It is truth: as the devil can transform himself into an Angel of light. are commonly wicked and evil people. such as esteem of these. as if they had been Saints on earth. they work their mischief. carried herself as if she had been no less: and so did the mother of the said REBECCA WEST. and that there were some which had none. my conscience is clear before the . alias GLEEDE. and he bade him take it. as is likewise proved by their Confessions. neither one way nor other. but for the other. and so searched. nor any am like. either by ill company keeping. and persecuted others. more or less: For as soon as the League is made. revengeful persons. when Witches were known to have Familiars. that those which most use them. by way of bribe or gift. How shall they be known one from another. or one way or other as aforesaid. or favoured any. much less in these abominations. as I might instance. have a familiar or spirit. to the value of one penny. which I have found to be true. and will cut them off from amongst his people. you shall find that they prepare themselves in some kind or other. there appeared some of these probabilities. that considering the charge of going to several places. and ill perhaps may fall out upon his or her cursing. who made as large a Confession. the Spirit or familiar.

as was falsely reported of him. was. because I desired so to satisfy the world in this particular. before I would ever question with them: but now lately. evidence was not taken till after they rested. I never used any but as aforesaid. And though many of these things may seem very strange. if any favour. or at least in such a way as not to make them incapable: but if he ever did at first. that it must needs be a great error to save such. who knows the secrets of all hearts: For. as before mentioned. but when some have been watched before I have come to them. who likewise was an agent in the business. as many of his generation had done before him. or at least. and therefore without doubt within the Covenant. escaped. we have been both much injured in words. Therefore let no man take upon him either to speak or write more than he knows to be the truth. and not to question others at all. yet desire it might be left to the Almighty. though never so guilty. And for my part. I never knew that he either unjustly favoured any. And in truth. and ever since the Michaelmas after the first beginning. many Towns used extremity of themselves. he soon left it. only at first. and hardly to be believed.Almighty: and I ever desired equal punishment to all that were guilty. I never watched any at first. which after was laid against us. yet this is the very truth. The reason why I did thus. so as any way at all to disturb them in their brains. that it might be to those who confessed: but those still suffered. I have caused them to take their rest. FINIS . for this I am able to manifest and prove to be truth. with consent of the Justices. they being all guilty alike. before he or I ever went. blessed are they that do his commandments. or received bribes. and that he was the son of a godly Minister. and not otherwise. And I do not deny but at first he might watch some. And so I leave myself to the censure of the world. after a long sickness of a Consumption. but to my knowledge. for my part. concerning him who is dead. or used such extremity as was reported of him. and others. nor ever did. But to my knowledge. and he since his death: but I am certain (notwithstanding whatsoever has been said of him) he died peaceably at Manningtree. without any trouble of conscience for what he had done.

17 illustrations. In fact the first accusations were made by John Stearne and.Loved this book? Other books that may be interesting to you: George Lyman Kittredge : "Notes On Witchcraft Ocr Version" George Lyman Kittredge February 28 1860July 23 1941 was a scholar of English literature and a professor at Harvard University. Between his position at Harvard and his editions of major literary figures notably William Shakespeare he was one of the most influential American literary critics of the early 20th century. John Stearne : "A Confirmation And Discovery Of Witchcraft" John Stearne was an associate of Matthew Hopkins the Witchfinder General. Rich full account of charges against witches witch trials practice of the black arts.. He was known at various times as the witchhunterand witch pricker John Stearne a family man and land owner from Lawshall near Bury St Edmunds was 10 years older than Hopkins..Kittredge was born in Boston and studied at The Roxbury Latin School and later Harvard with Francis James Child. Introduction by Montague Summers. Excerpts from Inquisition interviews with convicted witches discussions of alchemy astrology much more.. Abner Cheney Goodell : "Further Notes On The History Of Witchcraft In Massachusetts Orc Version" HISTORY OF WITCHCRAFT IN MASSACHUSETTS CONTAINING ADDITIONAL EVIDENCE OF THE PASSAGE OF THE ACT OF 1711 FOR REVERSING THE ATTAINDERS OF THE VlTCHES ALSO AFFIRMING THE LEGALITY OF THE SPECIAL COURT OF OYER AND TERMINER OF 1692 WITH A HELIOTYPE PLATE OF THE ACT OF 1711 AS PRINTED IN 1718 AND AN APPENDIX OF DOCUMENTS ETC... >>read more<< Reginald Scot : "The Discoverie Of Witchcraft" Remarkable 16th-century classic attempted to disprove existence of witches. >>read more<< . Indispensable primary source on witchcraft. . He maintained a house in Manningtree which is where he met Hopkins following Stearnes accusations against witches. BY ABNER CHENEY GOODELL JR.