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Home > Learn > Planning Your IIS 7 Architecture > Management Tool Options > Getting Started with IIS Manager

Getting Started with IIS Manager
• Author: tobint Published on November 16, 2007 by pharr Updated on May 28, 2009 by pharr Tags: IIS Manager

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all making it easier to find what you're looking for. configuration for an application http://www. set IIS configuration in web.NET Framework. New Look and Feel: The IIS Manager needed a new. 2) show the administrator/user where configuration is being written. For example. The new functionality would have required many more of new tabs. Windows Vista may not have some of the functionality/features discussed in this document. treeview nodes.config. With IIS 7. and then goes on to describe the look and feel. This article contains: • New Look and Feel . • • Anything else to know? Once we decided to rewrite IIS Manager.config file. This document was written for Windows Server® 2008. The Internet Information Services (IIS) Manager is entirely new in IIS 7. if permitted. select "All Properties".Introduction This IIS Manager overview explains why IIS 7. and there comes a point where updating existing software becomes more labour intensive and costly that rebuilding the software. making it firewall friendly and easier to manage. an unacceptable option. New IIS Manager extensions are automatically detected and downloaded by remote IIS Manager clients connecting to the server. as well as configuration for ASP. and menu items.NET and relevant portions of the . The new IIS Manager has to: 1) allow an administrator to control the configuration permitted in web.NET work together: IIS 6. and web.0. new requirements. IIS Manager was approaching the end of its shelf can be written to the root config file applicationHost. and the resulting feature list view resembles the Control Panel. all using managed code and WinForms.config files. The new IIS Manager makes it much easier to add feature pages. The older IIS Manager was not up to these challenges. more scalable model for exposing settings.config file.contoso.0 has an entirely new user interface. Remote Administration: Remote administration is all done over HTTPS. we took the opportunity to improve in a number of key ways: • Extensibility: Extending the IIS 6.0 version of IIS Manager was prohibitively difficult. and get a dialog with a number of tabs for different settings. Time brings new technologies. and viewed in different ways. interaction with configuration. A list view can be sorted. IIS Manager navigation has also taken on a more browser-like feel with an address bar a la Windows Explorer. Failed Request Tracing. and Request Filtering. new conventions. The Web Management Service (WMSVC) is the optionally installable component that enables remote administration. grouped. to the site http://www. feature delegation. IIS Manager needed to show configuration for new features like Output Caching.config files. Engineering Reasons: Software has a shelf life.NET configuration system means that users can. • • Note: This document was written for Windows Server 2008. Delegated Administration: Moving our configuration from the metabase to the . Why did it have to change? Here are a few top reasons: • IIS and ASP. Windows Vista® may not have some of the functionality/features discussed in this document. or directly to the application's web.0 users right-click on a web site.

Site and Application Connections Configuration Status Bar Example: Writing to ApplicationHost. The feature list in the middle can be sorted by feature name or description. Unlocked Configuration Web Management Service (WMSVC) Security New Look and Feel Internet Information Services (IIS) Manager has had Back/Forward type navigation in past releases.config Example: Writing to Locked vs.• • • • • • • • • • • • • Home Page Feature Page Layouts Content View Feature Delegation Configuration Locking Site and Application Administrators Server.config vs. . root Web. Figure 1: New IIS Manager Home Page The Home Page will become very familiar as soon as you start using IIS Manager. and viewed in different layouts. grouped by area or category. and the new IIS Manager takes this even farther by adding an address bar that works like the new Windows Explorer.

data. application. These features appear on the server Home Page only because they are server-wide configuration. or information: • • • • ISAPI and CGI Restrictions Certificates (but doesn't appear at all in remote connections) Management Service (but doesn't appear at all in remote connections) Worker Processes These features appear everywhere except the server Home Page because they are application configuration and they aren't logical at the server level. virtual directory. or because they just work better that way (SSL): • • • Membership Users Membership Roles Profile .Figure 2: Grouping in IIS Manager Feature Scopes Server. and folder nodes in the treeview all show a Home Page with a feature list. Most features appear on Home Pages for all these nodes. site. but there are exceptions.

Figure 3: IIS Manager List Page The Add/Edit/Remove tasks in the task pane let you manipulate the contents of the list. like Sites and Application Pools. property grids. let you to filter the list entries by searching in a list column for entries that match a search string. Site and Application nodes Feature Page Layouts There are three types of pages in IIS Manager: list pages. specifying that custom errors should be overridden by detailed errors for local requests. are generally configured through the Edit Feature Settings… task. e. List Page List pages contain lists. Feature settings that aren't specific to a list entry.• SSL The features associated with delegation have special rules for where they appear: • • Feature Delegation: always appears only for the root node of a connection Administrators: appears only for Server. . The main list pages. Most list pages let you group by values in one or more columns. and dialog pages.g.

Figure 4: IIS Manager Actions Property Grid Property grid pages show grids of related properties. move. and are generally the most familiar type of page. The Display selector at the top of the property grid lets you choose whether you would like to view friendly property names. or delete files or folders in this view. you can't create. Figure 5: Property Grids in IIS Manager Dialog Dialog pages have checkboxes. the configuration property names. copy. The screenshot below shows both names. textboxes and radio buttons. or both. Use Apply/Cancel in the task pane to save changes. You can get into Content View by clicking "Content View" in the Features View/Content . Content View Content View is a read-only display.

For an in-depth walkthrough.config: <location path="" overrideMode="Allow"> <system.View switcher at the bottom of the IIS Manager middle pane. The only way to set configuration for a file is to switch to Content View.config.webServer> .config (generally. one IIS configuration section is one IIS module) the set of site and application users that are permitted to use IIS Manager to view configuration and set configuration for features with unlocked configuration sections What follows is a cursory explanation of feature delegation in IIS Manager. Configuration Locking If a configuration section is "locked" by default. IIS Manager provides a means for server administrators to "unlock" IIS configuration sections.config files by non-administrators.0 feature delegation means managing: • • configuration section locking to control what configuration can be set in web. the httpErrors section will appear inside a location tag with overrideMode="allow" in applicationHost. Figure 6: Switch to Features View Feature Delegation You might be interested in feature delegation if you are a server administrator and you are not the primary person providing content on your server. or if you are a developer and you want more control over IIS configuration for your application.web/httpErrors configuration section. and click "Switch to Features View" in the right-click menu or in the task pane. IIS 7. see How To Manage Feature Delegation. it can only be configured in applicationHost. select the file. the "Custom Error Pages" feature in IIS Manager interacts with configuration in the "system. For example.webServer/httpErrors" section. or by right-clicking a treeview node and selecting "Switch to Content View". Once a section of configuration is unlocked. it can be set in web. If the server administrator uses IIS Manager or appcmd to unlock the system.

webServer> <httpErrors> <remove statusCode="404" subStatusCode="-1" /> <error statusCode="404" path="/errors/404.<httpErrors/> </system.webServer> </configuration> See the "Server. For in-depth information on configuration locks.webServer> </location> OverrideMode="allow" means that it's valid to set configuration for httpErrors in a web. see How To Use Configuration Locking.config file: <configuration> <system.aspx" responseMode="Redirect" /> </httpErrors> </system. Site and Application Administrators . Site and Application Connections" section below to see how configuration locking affects connections.

config files) View locked configuration settings without being able to modify them Add other site or application administrators for their site or application For information on how to create site and application administrators.config: if the feature is listed under the ASP. Application connections can only write to web. designated Application Administrators.config in a location tag. the corresponding feature will be read/write in a server connection because configuration changes are written to applicationHost. at some point you're going to wonder how IIS Manager decides where to write configuration. can connect to an application. Configuration Even if you never change configuration locking and never use feature delegation.Additionally.0. Figure 7: Configuration Hiearchary in IIS Manager Machine administrators.config files.config files under the application's root folder.NET area in IIS Manager.NET . Machine administrators and designated Site Administrators can connect to web sites. see the online documentation Create Site and Application Administrators for Delegation.config or the site's web.config.config (even in a location tag). the corresponding feature will appear read-only in site connections because site connections cannot write configuration to applicationHost. applicationHost. root Web. site or application. If a configuration section is locked in applicationHost. Site connections can only write to web.config. server administrators can enable non-administrators to use IIS Manager to connect to a site or application. If a configuration section is locked in applicationHost. see the online documentation on Managing Connections in IIS 7. Site and Application Connections Only machine administrators can use IIS Manager to connect to a web server. the corresponding feature will appear read-only in application connections. Server connections can write to both root configuration files. There are two rules that define this behavior: • ApplicationHost. Server.config vs. and they can: • • • Manage unlocked configuration for their site or application (settings are written into web. For information on how to connect to a server. Non-administrators that can connect to sites or applications are called "Site Administrators" or "Application Administrators".config file for . server level configuration will be written to the root web. and all distributed web. This affects both machine administrators and Site Administrators.config and root web. and Site Administrators for the application's parent site.config. If a configuration section is locked in applicationHost.config file.config files under the site's root folder.

config": applicationHost. • Locked vs. root web.config file in the Default Web Site's physical folder "localhost/Default Web Site/careers/technical": the web. "localhost/Default Web Site": the web. Status Bar The status bar shows where IIS Manager will write configuration: Configuration: '<config_file_object_path>' <config_file_name>. or an application's configuration if the configuration is changed for an application. IIS Manager will write to the site's web. applicationHost. IIS Manager will always write to applicationHost. . For locked sections. for example: • • • "localhost": server-level configuration. If the feature is listed under the IIS area in IIS Manager. root web.config for ASP. <location path="<path>"> The <config_file_object_path> is the path to the configuration file object.NET configuration sections. Unlocked Configuration: All ASP.NET features.config file in the physical folder that maps to the URL "/careers/technical" under the Default Web Site The <config_file_name> is the name of the target configuration file. For unlocked sections.config even when modifying configuration for sites and applications.NET features "web.config": a web. are unlocked by default. server level configuration will be written to applicationHost. which is in the Authentication feature under the IIS area. This portion of the text only appears if the feature's configuration section is locked at a higher level.config for IIS features. see Configuration Overview).Framework v2. and a few IIS configuration sections.0. Most IIS configuration sections are locked by default.config or root Web.config if the configuration is changed for the site. The only exception to this rule is Forms Authentication.config for ASP. for example: • • "applicationHost.config for IIS features.config file in the web namespace The <location_path> is the location path to the object being configured (for more information on location paths.config.

Example: Writing to ApplicationHost.config file. If you've navigated to the server-level . %windir %\Windows\\Microsoft.NET Compilation is .config: <urlCompression doStaticCompression="false" /> .config vs. root Web.config Example: Writing to Locked vs.NET Framework configuration. IIS Manager will add the defaultLanguage attribute to the compilation section in the root web. IIS Manager will write this configuration into %windir %\Windows\system32\inetsrv\applicationHost. and it appears under IIS if you group/filter the home page feature list by Area. and it appears under ASP. If you've navigated to the server-level Compression page and you disable static compression.NET if you group/filter the home page feature list by Area.config: <configuration> <system. IIS Manager will write this configuration to %windir %\inetpub\wwwroot\web.50727\CONFIG\web. If you configure the default document for the Default Web Site. Unlocked Configuration The IIS "defaultDocument" configuration section is unlocked by default.NET\Framework\v2.config Compression is an IIS feature.e.config or root web.webServer> .NET Compilation page and you set the default language to C#.0. i.config: <compilation defaultLanguage="C#"> The status bar for both these situations will read: Configuration: 'localhost' applicationHost.

IIS Manager will write this configuration to %windir %\Windows\system32\inetsrv\applicationHost.config The IIS "httpErrors" configuration section is unlocked by default.config: <location path="Default Web Site" overrideMode="Allow"> <system. If you customize the HTTP 404 response for the Default Web Site.aspx" /> </defaultDocument> </system.webServer> </configuration> The status bar will read: Configuration: 'Default Web Site' web.<defaultDocument> <files> <clear /> <add value="default.webServer> <httpErrors> <remove statusCode="404" subStatusCode="-1" /> <error statusCode="404" path="/err/404.aspx" responseMode="Redirect" /> .

0. depending on what the user selected when they were asked to provide credentials in the connection dialog.axd Login Requests IIS Manager sends a login request across the wire to WMSVC to intiate a connection.0 through IIS Manager. It expects to receive only 4 types of requests.</httpErrors> </system.axd Management service requests to service. Web Management Service (WMSVC) The Web Management Service (WMSVC) is a stand-alone web server (hostable web core (HWC)) hosted in an NT service.axd Ping requests to ping.config. <location path="Default Web Site"> IIS Manager remoting for IIS 6. IIS Manager remoting must be explicitly enabled. All remote management is done over HTTPS and is handled by an IIS component called the Web Management Service (WMSVC). With IIS 7. it listens on port 8172 on all unassigned IP addresses.webServer> </location> The status bar will read: 'localhost' applicationHost. and each is serviced by its own handler: • • • • Login requests to login. After WMSVC is installed and started. If you want enable remote management of IIS 7.config or root web.axd Code download requests to download. . read How to Enable IIS Manager Remoting.0. and previous versions of IIS. Authentication is either NTLM or basic. was through MMC and was always enabled.

runtime state.g. Management service requests direct module services in WMSVC to read/write configuration. Service Configuration WMSVC has very small set of editable configuration stored in the registry. WMSVC returns a list of UI modules for the connection. Management Service Requests After the connection is established. Each time the service is started. If there's a module that IIS Manager doesn't have. even by administrators. . Ping Requests Ping requests are made from within the WMSVC service to the web server (HWC) it hosts. the web configuration files are regenerated in %windir %\ServiceProfiles\LocalService\AppData\Local\Temp\WMSvc<GUID>\.Figure 9: Specifying Credentials Code Download Requests If login is successful. For example. and providers on the server. it will request to download the module binaries (e. each IIS Manager page like "Custom Error Pages" corresponds to a module. this would happen if a server administrator installed a new RSA Security product on his production server. but didn't install the product on his desktop machine that he uses to connect to the server). the end user interacts with IIS Manager causing management service requests. Ping requests are a simple mechanism to ensure the hostable web core continues to be responsive. The web configuration files cannot be edited.

application pools enhance Web site or application reliability by isolating applications and the worker processes that service those applications. In IIS 6.Figure 10: Changing Configuration in Registry Security IIS Manager and Web Management Service (WMSVC) remoting has been through a series of reviews to ensure the functionality is simple and secure.0) Important This feature of IIS 6. you can configure an application pool to be supported by multiple .0 is available only when IIS is running in worker process isolation mode. including a minimal set of required modules and carefully crafted request filtWhat is IIS WEB GARDENS?ering rules.0 (IIS 6. Configuring Web Gardens with IIS 6. These are a few of the security measures taken: • • Requires SSL (HTTPS) for all connections to secure data passed between the remote IIS Manager client and WMSVC Runs as Local Service with a reduced permission set Locked down Hostable Web Core (HWC) configuration. For even greater reliability.0 worker process isolation mode.

right-click the application pool. each new TCP/IP connection is assigned. to a worker process in the Web garden. log on to your computer by using an account that is not in the Administrators group. and under Web garden. To configure a Web garden by using IIS Manager 1. As a security best practice. Click the Performance tab. In IIS Manager. you can configure a Web garden by setting the metabase property MaxProcesses. This helps smooth out workloads and reduce contention for resources that are bound to a worker process. and then click Properties. A Web garden is configured on a single server by specifying multiple worker processes for an application pool. At a command prompt. when a script engine stops responding). To configure an application pool so that it is a Web garden. according to a round-robin scheme. If a worker process fails. and then use the runas command to run IIS Manager as an administrator. The worker processes in a Web garden share the requests that arrive for that particular application pool. in the Maximum number of worker processes box. another worker process can continue to process requests. Important You must be a member of the Administrators group on the local computer to run scripts and executables. Click OK.msc". An application pool that uses more than one worker process is called a Web garden. Web farms use multiple servers for a Web site. Creating a Web garden for an application pool can also enhance performance in the following situations: • Robust processing of requests: When a worker process in an application pool is tied up (for example. (You must type a number greater than 1 for the application pool to become a Web garden. type the number of worker processes that you want to assign to the application pool. Procedures Important You must be a member of the Administrators group on the local computer to perform the following procedure or procedures. expand Application Pools. other worker processes can accept and process requests for the application pool. A value of zero indicates an unmanaged application pool that is not served by a worker process. log on to your computer by using an account . Note Web gardens are different from Web farms. Optionally. 3.worker processes. type runas /user:Administrative_AccountName "mmc %systemroot%\system32\inetsrv\iis. As a security best practice. • Reduced contention for resources: When a Web garden reaches a steady state. which is the default number of worker processes that service an application pool. expand the local computer. The MaxProcesses property determines the maximum number of worker processes that an application pool allows to service its requests. set the MaxProcesses property to a value greater than 1. 2. The default value for the MaxProcesses property is 1.

For more information about configuring Web gardens. In the Run dialog box. At a command prompt. type runas /profile /user:MyComputer\Administrator cmd to open a command window with administrator rights and then type cscript. type cmd.that is not in the Administrators group.exeScriptName (include the script's full path and any known parameters). and then use the runas command to run your script or executable as an administrator. Bottom of Form . To configure a Web garden by using Adsutil.vbs set W3SVC/AppPools/ApplicationPoolName/MaxProcesses n Replace n with the number of worker processes that you want to service the application pool. and then click OK. At the command prompt. 2. type: cscript %SystemDrive%\Inetpub\AdminScripts\adsutil.vbs 1. see MaxProcesses Metabase Property.