You are on page 1of 6

Driving a vehicle may sound fun but for new drivers, paying close attention to driving tips to get

acquainted to key basic ru of driving is les important to safe-guard their safety. Here are some key car driving tips to share with which might save your life in time of emergency; a. Before starting the vehicle - Adjust the rear view mirrors properly to get a fine clear rear side view. Adjust yourself in the driving seat to a position w here you are most comfortable with. Sit up-right. There should be at least a gap of one-feet between you and the steering wheel to enable a swift control of the steering wheel. - Make sure that the gear is in neutral position before starting the engine. Stop turning the starter after the engine has started. - Fasten your safety belt before starting the car. If you have children below 12, always buckle them up in the back seat. b. Day Time driving - Always keep a safe distance between your vehicle and the vehicle in front of you. Before making a turn, or changing lanes, tu on your rn signal at least 20 meters before the turn. Giving signals to others that you wish to make a turning is crucial so that the ve hicles close to you will not get too close to you then. - Obey the traffic lights by all means - Don't ever drink and drive. Avoid smoking while driving. - Avoid zigzag driving. Drive at constant and safe speed. c. Driving in heavy rain - Driving in heavy rain can be life-threatening. Therefore try not to drive if it is pouring cats and dogs out there, but to wait till the rain drizzle off before continue your journey. If you really need to drive in heavy rain, focus 100% and drive at a lower speed th in the an daytime. - Don't overtake other vehicles in heavy rain as that's very risky because the road is slippery and your vision might have been affected by the pouring rain. d. Long distance driving - Rest and take a nap for 20 minutes after 3 hours of continuous driving. A short rest is essential in such case to resume your energy and focus. - Don't speed and rush on the highways. Don't because you wanted to reach the destination faster. e. Driving at night - Traffic death is three times greater at night as compared to daytime driving. The darkness at night largely affect the driver's vision and it is more difficult to judge other vehicles' speed and distances at night. - Keep your headlights on low beams to avoid blinding the driver ahead of you. Step 1 - Find a Large Safe Area Day 1 of learning a standard transmission is very important and you must find a large safe area to practice driving the car. Try to learn in an area where there is no or little traffic, pedestrians, or, obstacles. A learner must hire a driving instructor with a car that has brakes on both seats, I mean driver s seat and front passenger s seat where the instructor is sitting because sometimes it is not possible to avoid crowd and when the learner loses confidence and is unable to hit the brake pedal, the instructor can to avoid injury to pedestrians or a motor vehicle accident. Now in step 2, only instructor and learner should be sitting inside the car and there should be no third personis the back seats to avoid distraction. Step 3 - Moving the Car in First Gear In this step, pull up the hand brake or parking brake of your car and press with your foot on the clutch, brakes, and accelerator. Your instructor will make you friendly with them. Remember, clutch is to be pressed for changing gears, brakes to stop the car, and accelerator to the move the car. Now, your instructor will make you familiar with the shifter. For example if your car has five gears, first one in front, second one in back, then third one in front and fourth one in back and then fifth one in front and reverse gear at the back. Neutral is always in the center. All the gears are mentioned on the gear stick and need to be understood before utilizing. You don t nee to use third d gear until and unless you are familiar with starting using first gear and second gear with the manual transmission because using higher gears or high speeds in the training period can make you lose control on the car and cause an accident.

very little of that will not move your car. Okay it s in neutral now what. don t do it because it will put unnecessary pressure on yourclutch plates and gear mechanism. so your both feet need to work simultaneously so you need to practice it several times until and unless you consider turning the second gear. Now start the car. release the hand brake. and press with your feet on the clutch completely.Step 4 . very much of that can stop the car with a jump or jerk.Learning Second Gear The most difficult part of driving a standard transmission is to make your car moving and that work is accomplished with the first gear because your car will not pick up on other gears and if it can. Now put on first gear and release the clutch slowly and slowly and also press the accelerator a bit. you need to learn how to use clutch and accelerator simultaneously. . remember only a bit or the car will turn off with a quick jerk.First Gear Continued Now before starting the car check if your shifter is in neutral. First of all. Driving a standard transmission car Step 5 .

Step 6 . For motorists. only a fraction of the power from the engine reaches the driveshaft. Once you have learned the first gear.first. make sure there are no people blocking your way. Follow all traffic rules and regulations. Clutch control Clutch control refers to the act of controlling the speed of a vehicle with a manual transmission by partially engaging the clutch plate. when you areable to do it with hand brakes.Learning High Speeds Now in step 8. via the clutch plate. with normal brakes. Now. you are all set to move forward with higher speed gears. Step 8 . give some time to the reverse gear. allowing the clutch to slip. . Also be wary when you're public paking areas r and driveways. using the clutch pedal instead of (or in conjunction with) the accelerator pedal. now apply first gear and use clutch and accelerator simultaneously at the same time release the parking brakes. there is full contact between the engine and the driveshaft. Slow down when you're in highly populated places like markets. Safe driving begins as soon as you turn the car key. 3. clutch. Step 7 . it wo not be uld really difficult for you to understand the second gear. again repeat all the steps till second gear and then use the third gear for higher speeds. press the clutch. Before pulling out. but then also avoid driving initially high traffic zones and on streets with hills. Now your car will be moving really smoothly in second gear.Getting Familiar with Gears Now in step 7. and malls. Once you are confident about first and reverse gears. Now st p the car and o do this again and again until and unless you are familiar with neutral. accelerators and other things including left and right indicators. However. pull on the hand brakes. school zones. second. put on first gear. Step 10 . move the vehicle and when the car is in moving a little bit. so no power can pass from the engine to the driveshaft and wheels. With the pedal entirely released. Be as considerate as you can when you're driving. If your car stops with a jerk. here are some driving tips: 1. there is no direct link b etween the engine and the driveshaft. start the car.Second Gear Continued Now when you are all set with the first gear.Parking Car in Reverse Using Rear View Mirror Other important thing is to park your vehicle in reverse which you will also learn slowly and slowly. drive on until you reach a point where you will go back down stop your car . Overview With the clutch pedal completely pressed or a motorcycles clutch lever pulled entirely towards you. pull on your hand brake. 2. press the clutch again and put on second gear. As a result. brakes. Step 9 . release the parking brake.Moving the Car Uphill in First Gear Now comes the most important step where not only beginners but sometimes old car drivers lose control and that is handling a car uphills or on an incline. practice doing it without parking brakes or hand brakes. which means that the engine can apply power directly to the driveshaft. This time you will need to use a little more acceleration as it is uphill. do the procedure again and again until and unless you are able to take your car up the hilly road. in need of a safe area to drive as you will get to know about all the gears. Slowly and steadily you will not be . Take your standard car to a nearby hilly road. it is possible to have the clutch plate partially engaged. and reverse gears. Keep in mind that pedestrianswaiting the cross always have the right of way. Benefits There are benefits to the use of clutch control in specific circumstances: .

see Hill-holder and Hill Start Assist When pulling away on an uphill slope the chance of stalling the engine is greater. However. Changing from first to second gear under maximum power As the clutch slips. Excessive use of clutch control or riding the clutch will cause further damage. wear out the clutch faster. n Uphill start For mechanical aids to hill-starting. Any vehicle with a standard transmission can operate with an engine speed slightly above idle when following the proper gear sequence. and as a result it can be beneficial to engage the clutch more slowly than normal while revving higher than normal. Problems Even normal use of clutch control increases the wear (and decreases the lifespan) of the clutch. often accompanied with normal braking. Pulling away requires progressively slower engagement of the clutch as the gear increases. with a combination of clutch control and careful use of engine speed. In most car engines the torque output is higher as the engine speed increases up to 4500RPM or more [1]. however. as well as the risk of wheels locking up and a subsequent loss of proper vehicle control. when a vehicle is stationary on an uphill slope it is necessary to use the handbrake in conjunction with clutch con to prevent trol the vehicle from rolling backwards when pulling away. for example in slow moving traffic. the clutch can be used to balance the uphill force from the engine with the downhill force of gravity. in certain off-road and racing conditions. engine speed is lost but torque is not lost except through the effect of the new engine speed on the engine torque itself. T benefit of he this is that there is no need for the hand. however. or. to attain higher speed and better performance. This particular use of clutch control is frequently taught to learner drivers as a way to control acceleration when pulling a way from a complete stop or when driving at very slow speeds while minimizing the chance of stalli g the engine. It is not necessary to maintain high engine speed to properly operate a motor vehicle. the clutch can be fully engaged and speed can then be controlled either by varying theengine speed or by partially disengaging the clutch again if necessary. As the vehicle is decelerating the clutch can be further released to transfer more energy to keep the engine spinning as quickly as possible. in the case of adverse weather conditions. it is recommended to pull away in as high a gear as possible to minimize torque on the wheels and thereby maintain traction with the road. However. and in a high gear it is necessary to engage the clutch slowly to avoid the increased risk of stalling the engine. small variations in engine speed translate to large changes in acceleration and engine braking. This is achieved by placing the vehiclein a gear that would ordinarily be too low for the current speed and momentum of the vehicle and by partly engaging the clutch. notably snow or ice. So slipping the clutch actually gives more torque to the wheels even though the fraction of power wasted in the clutch increases much faster. Balancing the clutch Normally. Deceleration Typically with motorcycles and in motor sport.Low gear and low speed When a car is in first gear.or foot-brake. Adverse road conditions In adverse road conditions. a much smoother ride can be achieved: by allowing the clutch to slip . the practice of clutch control plays an integral part in doing so. variations in engine revs are not immediately translated into changes in drive shaft rotation speed. in situations where the vehicle must be stopped briefly. When this happens momentum energy from the inertia of the vehicle is taken away to spin the engine as close as possible to its maximumcapability. If the clutch is controlled improperly while this is being attempted. spinning the wheels. damage or extra wear to the engine and gears is possible. but rather the friction on the clutch plate allows the drive shaft to gradually equalize with the speed of the engine. the clutch is often used to facilitate the use of resistance from the engine spinning at high speeds to decelerate the vehicle more quickly. Once the clutch is entirely released this cycle proceeds downwards through the gears to further assist deceleration. Prolonged use . Once the car reaches a suitable speed. and the driver can pull away more quickly. Using this technique will. The clutch can be operated normallywith no sacrifice in performance.

This results in the clutch disc slipping ag ainst the flywheel and some engine power not being transferred to the drive train and wheels. if the clutch is released slowly the clutch disc will "slip" against the flywheel. Train your foot never to rest on the clutch while driving. this friction permits the enginea smoother transition to its new rotation speed. The car stall (Turns off) when the clutch is notused properly so learn this well. a definite lurch can be felt as the engine and driveshaft re-engage and their speeds equalize. Everything you need to know about the clutch will be taught to you by your driving scho instructor. but with better clutching/shifting technique it can be minimized. Riding the clutch occurs when the driver does not fully release the clutch pedal. where the clutch is pressed down fully allowing t e car to roll h either downhill or from inertia. Such routine slippage causes wear on the clutch analogous similar to the wear-and-tear on a brake pad when stopping. the driver "shifts" to another gear and then releases pressure on the clutch pedal to re-engage the engine to the driveshaft. it is enough to keep the release bearing against the release springs. because during the driving test the instructor will be testing you on how your legs control theclutch. so that the car stays in about the same place. It is. The alternative to this technique of staying stationary on a hill would be to put the vehicle in neutral and apply the brake. Some amount of wear is unavoidable. usually in a drag race. ol . And take note when you want to slow down your vehicle use the clut h and the c foot brake simultaneously. The clutch. can cause unnecessary damage to the clutch. However. When shifting properly. then apply again. Slipping the clutch is known to be hard on the clutch surface due to the sliding friction created. riding the clutch refers to the practice of needlessly keeping the clutch partially disengaged. Most drivers routinely use this inefficiency effectively when driving in reverse (as fully engaging the reverse gear results in velocity too great for the short distance traveled) or in stop-and-go traffic (as it is easier to control the throttle and acceleration at very slow speeds). Riding the clutch In a vehicle with a manual transmission. which leads to premature bearing failure. Excessive engine revolutions Excessively revving the engine while using clutch control. The clutch is the 'main' pedal used in a manual car. a common practice to roll into a parking space or overspeed bumps via momentum. however. Slipping the clutch is a popular term in drag racing culture and is done when launching a car.. While this is not damaging to the car. Riding the clutch should not be confused with "freewheeling" or "coasting". Remember the clutch pedal must be in all the way to change gears. Slipping the clutch Slipping the clutch (sometimes referred to as feathering the clutch) is a term used by automotive enthusiasts to describe when the driver alternately applies and releases the clutch to achieve some movement of the car. as when a driv habitually er rests his/her foot on the clutch pedal instead of on the floorboard or dead pedal. A common example of riding the clutch is to keep slight continual pressure on the clutch pedal whilst driving. etc. Some contend that slipping the clutch is the best way to launch a front-wheel drive (FWD) car as it prevents Torque steering that many FWD cars experience when too much power is put to the front wheels. once a car has picked up sufficient speed the clutch should be fully engaged (pedal released). This causes the bearing toremain spinning. Controlling A Car At The Wheel The Three (3) Foot Controls Of A Vehicle. This results in the clutch being unable to fully engage with the flywheeland so causes premature wear on the disc and flywheel. Drivers can frequently be observed slipping the clutch when they are trying to stay stationary on a hill without using neutral and the brake. They apply the clutch to climb a bit. Although this slight pressure is not enough to allow the clutch disc itself to slip. If the pedal is released quickly.While the use of clutch control at low speed can be used to obtain greater control of acceleration and engine braking. It's called slipping because the clutch plate will slip against the flywheel surface when such an action is performed. then release to roll back. It is essential that during you driving lessons you r learn to control the clutch. Also in your driving license test do not only use the clutch to slow your car down. it can be considered a dangerous way to driv since one forgoes the e ability to quickly accelerate if needed. To learn more please read below: Clutch The clutch is used to change gear and only the left foot is used for the clutch control.. the brake and the accelerator. or keeping the clutch partially engaged while accelerating with the gas pedal.

Inform the driver ahead of you through horn or dipper ( at night) that you wish to overtake him. A very important rule about using your gear lever is to always press the clutch in with your foot every time when changing gears. The driver ahead will give you the signal to overtake him. Wait till the coast is clear and then make your move. the braking distances increase considerably. When doing your driv licence ing test you need to pull up your hand brake at every stop to ensure that your car does not roll forward or backwards. Skidding means you lose control on your car which is a sure sho recipe to t disaster. Make sure you are confident with your indication methods before you do your test. make sure that you do not come too close to the other vehicle. In your anxiety to overtake. The term 'petrol' refers to how much pressure you put on the acceleration pedal. What is worse. bring it backto the position it was in before you turned. drive slower and more cautiously in rainy season than you would in dry season. So the moral is. Hand Brake The hand brake is applied when your car is at a stand still and is used to prevent your car from moving. By law both your hands should always be on the steeringwheel. Ask your driving (Traffic) school instructor to show you the safest way to the emergency stop. If they are not you will be failed.It is mostly useful for highway driving. when you brake as hard as you can to stop the car in the smallest amount of time possible. The right foot is used when applying the brake. Also please check befor your licence e test that all your lights are in good working order. Also make sure that your vehicle passes at a sufficiently high speed to overtake the other vehicle. Keep an eye on the road ahead to make sure that no vehicle is advancin towards g you from the other direction and that the road condition is suitable for overtaking. that is why it is vital to learn how to do this safely. When doing the emergency stop there is a chance that you might loose control over the car. The best way to learn to steer is in an anti-power steering car as no power steering is normally present in the car you do your driver's license test in. The Steering Wheel The steering wheel of a car is what controls the vehicles movements. it means stop! The brake pedal is the main foot control that is used to stop the car. the tyres may skid on braking when you apply brakes at high speed and even at moderate speed on wet roads. Be very careful with the accelerator as it is very sensitive. do not take undue risks on sharp curves or steep gradients.e. (b)While overtaking. And don t attempt to change the lever whiles turning on a sharp curve. i. The Gear Lever Always start your car with the gear lever (Stick) in neutral. When you do your drivers licence test you will be required to do an emergency sto This is p. Acceleratored to apply pressure on the car and therefore speeds it up. thumbs on the inside rim. Most people are used to driving a car with one hand but in your driving licence test both your hands h to be ave on the steering wheel at the ten to two or quarter to three position. The accelerator is used by the right foot and works together with the clutch to obtain clutch control. The only time both your hands do not need to be onthe steering wheel are when you are changing gears or when using the hand brake. [H] Overtaking (a) This is an advanced technique which should be tried only after you have gained proficiency in the above mentioned skills. [I] Rainy season driving (a)With water on the road. downwards = left and upwards = right. Remember after turning the steering wheel. Just remember that the indicators work on the basis of which way you are turning. Indicators The indicators can be tricky to get used to. . Car Lights It is important to know how to turn the lights on in your vehicle that you will be doing the test in.Brake When you hear the driving instructor say brake.