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Culture and curriculum development 2011

Curriculum Development Process Curriculum development is much more than simply listing the content of a course, however. It takes into consideration the learning which the students achieve, the activities and experiences which bring the learning about, the process of planning and organizing these activities and experiences and the piece of writing which embraces this planning. Curriculum development is central to the teaching and learning process, and includes all the planning and guiding of learning by training or teaching organization, whether it is carried on in groups or individually, inside or outside a classroom, in an institutional setting or in a village or field (Rogers and Taylor, 1998)1. Therefor • Curriculum development is a flexible, dynamic process leading to products such as new or revised curriculum frameworks or detailed curricula which include objectives or learning outcomes, content and means of assessment and evaluation of learning. It can also involve identification and use of appropriate teaching and learning methods and materials - it is not a list of content. • Curriculum development is about planning and guiding - it is not a plan or a recipe. • Curriculum development can include anyone and occur anywhere – it is not exclusive. • Rather than a list of content, curriculum development is a continuous process which aims to guide all learning within a given programme of education or training. Why Curriculum development is important? If curriculum development is carried out efficiently and effectively, the learning needs of learners will be met, teachers will teach more effectively, using suitable, relevant methods and materials, a good service will be delivered, satisfying the demands of different stakeholders, and the goals and aims of the education and training programme will be achieved.

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Rogers, A. and Taylor, P. (1998), Participatory Curriculum Development in Agricultural Education. A Training Guide. Rome: FAO.

Khalid Mahmood email ikhalidm@gmail.nsf/0/614DF3FB10D4E1F847256A0E0033DF45/$FILE/F ULLTEXT.html on 26 March 2011 Hand-out 3 Dr.Handout-3 2011 Strategic Planning for changes Needs Assessment Program Evaluation (Analysis of Student Learning) Curriculum Development Cycle Learning Objectives Student Evaluation Teaching Methodology Learning Materials Curriculum Development Cycle2 2 Downloaded from http://www.org/mrc_en/doclib.com Page 2 .mekonginfo.

com Page 3 .Handout-3 2011 Students Assessment Subject mattercontent Curriculum Framework Curriculum Objectives C ur ric ul u m O bj ec tiv es Curriculum Framework Students Assessm ent Subject mattercontent A Generic Model of Curriculum Instructional Approaches Instructional Approaches A Generic Model of Curriculum Hand-out 3 Dr. Khalid Mahmood email ikhalidm@gmail.

com Page 4 . Khalid Mahmood email ikhalidm@gmail.Handout-3 2011 Education Aims Students’ Learning Achievements Curriculum Goals Curriculum Standards Learning Environment Pedagogy Content Standards-based Curriculum Hand-out 3 Dr.