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Separatist movements of India

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There are various separatist movements in India, mainly in the north-east and north-west of the country. There have been 8 secessionist movements namely Khalistan, Assam [1][unreliable source?], Tripura, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Manipur, Nagaland and Arunachal Pradesh. The most high profile separatist actions have been in Kashmir, with the assumption that the Muslim majority Kashmir Valley would join Pakistan or become independent, but that Hindu majority Jammu and Buddhist majority Ladakh would stay in India.[original research?]

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1 History 2 North East India

2.1 Greater Assam

2.2 Bodolan d

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2.3 Tripura 2.4 Arunac hal Pradesh

2.5 Nagalan d

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3 Khalistan 4 See also

the term is also tied to the geographic uncertainties surrounding the "Indies" during the Age of Exploration. It had to be withdrawn later under pressure from Bengali speaking people in Cachar. . To the west. In the 1980s the Brahmaputra valley saw a six-year Assam agitation [2] triggered by the discovery of a sudden rise in registered voters on electoral rolls. Historically. c1826. the Government of Assampassed a legislation making use of Assamese language compulsory. introduced by the Indianized kingdoms of the 5th to 15th centuries. Greater India overlaps with Greater Persia in the Hindu Kush and Pamir Mountains. [ edit]North East India Assam Main article: Insurgency in North-East India [edit]Greater The Ahom Kingdom. but may also extend to the earlier spread of Buddhism from India to Central Asia and China by way of the Silk Road during the early centuries CE. people from present-day Bangladesh (then part of Pakistan) have been migrating to Assam. This concerns the spread of Hinduism in Southeast Asia in particular. In 1961. Since the mid-20th century.• • • [ 5 References 6 Further reading 7 External links edit]History The term Greater India refers to the historical spread of the Culture of India beyond the Indian subcontinent proper.

The post 1970s experienced the growth of armed separatist groups like the United Liberation Front of Asom (ULFA) [2]and the National Democratic Front of Bodoland (NDFB). . The new states ofNagaland. namely Udalguri and Darrang. Assam is in the eastern-most projection of the Indian Plate. dissected hills of the South Indian Plateau system and with the Himalayas all around its north. After the Indo-China war in 1962. with plains. Assam and its Environs: As per the plate techtonics. now a part of Guwahati. north-east and east. The capital of Assam was shifted from Shillong toDispur. Arunachal Pradesh was also separated out. Regional autonomy has been ensured for Bodos in Bodoland Territorial Council Areas (BTCA) and for the Karbis in Karbi Anglong after agitation of the communities due to sluggish rate of development and aspirations for self-government. As the situation in Assam has turned very serious as communal clashes continue in two central districts of the state.Assam till 1950s. Assam possesses a uniquegeomorphic environment. Meghalaya and Mizoramformed in the 1960-70s. So therefore. where the plate is thrust beneath the Eurasian Plate creating the Himalayas over a subduction zone and[3].

[6] The major leaders of the organisation are:     Paresh Baruah (Commander-in-Chief) Arabinda Rajkhowa (Chairman) (in Government of Assam custody) Anup Chetia (General Secretary) (in Government of Bangladesh custody) Pradip Gogoi (Vice-Chairman) Muslim United Liberation Tigers of Assam (MULTA) is a Separatist organization founded around 1996 in the eastern Indian state of Assam.[4] [edit]Tripura Both the National Liberation Front of Tripura and the All Tripura Tiger Force. an economically disadvantaged community. [edit]Bodoland Bodoland is an area located in the north bank of Brahmaputra river in the state of Assam in north east region of India. Chirang and Udalguri in the state of Assam. [edit]Arunachal Pradesh . Baksa. Military operations against it by the Indian Army that began in 1990 continues till present. The map of Bodoland overlaps with the districts of Kokrajhar.000 people have died in the clash between the rebels and the government. by the foothills of Bhutan andArunachal Pradesh. while the US State Department lists it under "Other groups of concern". which claim to represent the Tripuri people. Currently the hypothetical map of Bodoland includes the Bodoland Territorial Areas District (BTAD) administered by the non-autonomous Bodoland Territorial Council (BTC).[5] ULFA claims to have been founded at the site of Rang Ghar on April 7. The South Asia Terrorism Portal (satp. also known as NDFB or the Bodo Security Force. The Government of India had banned the organization in 1990 and classifies it as a terrorist group. In the past two decades some 10. is a separatist movement that is predominantly christian which seeks to obtain a sovereignBodoland for the Bodo people in Assam. continues to lead the organization. The NLFT. The NLFT is currently proscribed as a terrorist organization in India. founded in 1989.[4] among many other such groups in North-East describes it as part of the All Muslim United Liberation Forum of Assam (AMULFA). Ransaigra Nabla Daimari.[7] It is alleged that MULTA is supported by the Pakistani Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI) agency. and that Muslim United Liberation Front of Assam (MULFA) is a sister organization under the AMULFA umbrella. inhabited predominantly by Bodo language speaking ethnic group.[4] a historic structure from the Ahom kingdom.The United Liberation Front of Asom is a separatist group from Assam. 1979. It seeks to establish a sovereign Assam via an armed struggle in the Assam Conflict. aims for independence for Tripura. The National Democratic Front of Bodoland.[8]. alias Ranjan Daimari. The founder of the organization.

Himachal Pradesh and some other Punjabi speaking parts of states like Gujarat and Rajasthan. [ edit]Khalistan Main article: Khalistan movement Khalistan Khālistān (Punjabi: ਖਾਿਲਸਤਾਨ) is on actually proposed Sikh homeland. The Khalistan movement is a movement in Indian Punjab to create "The Land of the Pure" as an independent Sikhstate in all Punjabispeaking areas. also known as the East India Liberation Front. Manipur and Myanmar. is a violent secessionist movement in the eastern Indian state of Arunachal Pradesh.[9] [ edit]See also                Aspirant states of India Assamese Separatist Movement Insurgent groups in Northeast India Mangalorean regionalism Insurgency in North-East India Insurgency in Jammu and Kashmir The Khalistan movement The Gorkha National Liberation Front Naxalite Naxalite-Maoist insurgency Red corridor Tamil Tigers Unified Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist-Leninist) The Compact Revolutionary Zone .The Arunachal Dragon Force (ADF). Nagaland. [edit]Nagaland The NSCN factions and Naga National Council have been fighting for a greater Nagalim.. The ADF seeks to create an independent state resembling the pre-British Teola Country consisting of area currently in Arunachal Pradesh as well as neighboring Assam. which include Indian Punjab. Haryana. which constitutes areas of present day Assam.

469f3a9453. the Muslim League and the demand for Pakistan by Ayesha Jalal (Cambridge University Press.469f2ddf2. [ List of terrorist organizations in India edit]References 1. ^ "Muslim United Liberation Tigers of Assam (MULTA)". Published by Research Publications.463af2212. 1995. 2000)  The Sole Spokesman: Jinnah. ^ Country Reports on Terrorism. Retrieved 2009-08-14. by Prakash Singh. edit]External links    The Kashmir Dispute The Sikh separatist movement and the Indian state: A retrospect 'History of Naxalism'. ^ "Sikh separatists 'funded from UK'". Johari. .Terrorist Group of Assam 5. BBC.Dawn 7. [ edit]Further reading  Inventing Boundaries: gender. 2006 6. 2008-03-04. ^ Wandrey 2004 p3–8 4.0. ISBN 8171672949. ^ a b c United Liberation Front of Asom (ULFA) .assamtimes. South Asia Terrorism Portal. C.   [ The Naxalite Movement. 1974 The Naxalite Movement in India.unhcr. ^ a b Hazarika 2003 3. by Biplab Dasgupta. Published by . Institute of Constitutional and Parliamentary Studies. New Delhi. ^ Five killed in Assam bomb blasts . Hindustan Times . ^ http://www. politics and the Partition of India edited by Mushirul Hasan (New Delhi: Oxford University Press.htm l 9. ^ http://www. 1985)  Naxalite Politics in India. Retrieved 2008-0828. Published by Rupa.html 2. by J.

• . 28-page report.[1]      Categories: Secession in India Parvinder Singh. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation. 2009. Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License.. additional terms may apply. a non-profit organization. London: Nectar. Punjab: The Knights of Falsehood by K P S Gill The Ghost of Khalistan . See Terms of Use for details. Inc. [2] The Kashmir Dispute The Sikh separatist movement and the Indian state: A retrospect • • • • • • Log in / create account Article Discussion Read Edit View history Top of Form Bottom of Form • • • • • • Main page Contents Featured content Current events Random article Donate to Wikipedia Interaction • Help • About Wikipedia • Community portal • Recent changes • Contact Wikipedia Toolbox Print/export Languages • 中文 • This page was last modified on 9 May 2011 at 06:40. 1984 Sikhs' Kristallnacht. Barbara Crossette. 2004.Sikh Times Jaskaran Kaur. Twenty Years of Impunity: The November 1984 Pogroms of Sikhs in India.

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