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INSULATION POWER FACTOR (C&DF) TEST EQUIPMENT

1 
BIDDLE
Capacitance and
2 Dissipation Factor
Test Sets
3
• Interference suppression
4 circuits for testing in high-
voltage switchyards

5 • Automatic balancing of
dissipation factor

6 • Direct readout of
capacitance, dissipation
factor and watts dissipated
7
• Lightweight, compact design
8

9 2.5 kV and 12 kV Capacitance and


10
Dissipation Factor Test Sets
DESCRIPTION An extended-range version of the 12 kV transformers, cables and potheads,
11 The Biddle  Capacitance and test set is available for testing high- bushings, windings of rotating machines
Dissipation Factor (C&DF) Test Sets capacitance items. This unit is capable and protective surge arresters.
are used for evaluating the nature and of testing capacitances of up to 1 µF at Dissipation factor tests on high-voltage
12 quality of electrical insulation materials 10 kV when used with the Biddle insulation are frequently made in
and systems. Resonating Inductor. manufacturing facilities, repair shops
By measuring dissipation factor losses and in the field.
13 APPLICATIONS
in electrical insulation, these units can By measuring dissipation factor of
indicate the presence of contaminants, The test sets are used for testing high-
voltage electrical insulation systems the specimen plus capacitance,
fractures and punctures. undesirable conditions are found.
14 at the power frequency by applying
As part of a routine maintenence program, test voltages up to 12 kV. They include conditions caused by
capacitance and dissipation factor moisture on or in the insulation; shorts
testing can aid in predicting potential The purpose of the dissipation factor or opens in windings or insulation;
15 failure of deteriorating insulation. measurement of high-voltage and conductive contaminants in insu-
insulation is to find early signs of lating oil, gas or solid materials.
The C&DF Test Sets include interference weakness in the high-voltage insulation.
suppression circuits that assure accurate The test sets also detect the presence
16 Typical high-voltage equipment tested of internal partial discharges that oc-
measurements even under severe
interference or noise conditions such includes: high-voltage circuit breakers,
as those found in switchyards.
17
They are the lightest test sets on the CxH Black HV Lead H
market, making them extremely easy
18 to transport to the testing locations. CxL
Automatic balancing of dissipation C&DF Red
Test
factor (power factor) significantly Set
19 reduces the required testing time and
provides higher resolution.
Two types of C&DF Test Sets are avail-
20 able: one for measuring dissipation
factor losses at test voltages up to 2.5
kV; the other up to 12 kV.
21 The 12 kV version consists of two CHL
units, a measuring bridge and a high-
voltage power source. The 2.5 kV CLG CHG
22 version combines both units in one
self-contained test set.
Two-winding transformer tests

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INSULATION POWER FACTOR (C&DF) TEST EQUIPMENT

cur up to the level of the applied test These test sets make a direct measure- Dissipation Factor and Watts/
voltage. ment of test specimen capacitance, Milliwatts 1
The most important benefit to be dissipation factor and watts dissipated. 0 to 20% DF Range
The terms “power factor” and “dissipa-
gained from a typical dissipation factor Accuracy:±(2% of reading 0.05% DF)
tion factor” have the same numerical
test program is obtaining a benchmark
values for the usual operating range of Resolution: 0.01% DF 2
reference reading on costly and vital
insulation materials, so generally either 0 to 200% DF Range
high-voltage apparatus. term may be used. Accuracy: ±(2% of reading + 0.05%
Whenever possible, these initial DF) 3
Some simple conversions may be
readings should be taken when the needed when higher values (above 10%) Resolution: 0.1% DF
equipment is new and when the insulation are encountered. Because most name-
is clean and dry. Both positive and negative DF 4
plate values are given as power factor values are indicated automatically.
Later readings taken during the service (dissipation factor) by the manufac-
life of the apparatus can be compared turer, this test set provides quick, easy Values up to 1200% DF can be mea-
to the benchmark. Increasing values and direct test comparisons. sured by indirect methods. 5
of dissipation factor can represent LO/HI equivalent milliwatts/watts
deteriorating insulation and the need FEATURES AND BENEFITS dissipated in specimen.
for remedial action. • Interference suppression circuits 6
allow for accurate measurements Capacitance
Intervals of one to three years between
routine diagnostic tests are usually under severe interference or noise Range
observed for high-voltage transmission conditions. 0 to 220,000 pF in eight ranges; 7
and distribution apparatus. 110/220/1100/2200/11,000/
• Automatic balancing of dissipation
22,000/110,000/220,000 pF full scale
The Capacitance and Dissipation Factor factor allows the operator to perform
tests quickly and with higher resolution. Accuracy 8
(C&DF) Test Sets can perform the
following standard tests: ±(1% of reading + 2 pF) for
• Lightweight, compact design makes
ungrounded specimen test
the test sets extremely portable. These 9
Ungrounded Specimen Test (UST) are the lightest test sets on the market. ±(1% of reading + 6 pF)for grounded
This test is made when both specimen specimen test
• Fully shielded and guarded circuits
terminals can be insulated from ground. Resolution: 0.01% of range selected
eliminate the influence of stray 10
The test is often used to reduce the
capacitances to ground.
effect of stray capacitance losses Decade readout using three dials with
to ground and to reduce the effect of • Extended-range test set is capable of
eight-range multiplier switch.
interference pickup from nearby testing capacitances of up to 1 µF at 11
energized apparatus. 10 kV when used with the Biddle Extended-range test set capable of test-
Resonating Inductor. ing capacitances of up to 1 µF when
Typical test specimens include the used with the Biddle Resonating Induc-
capacitive grading foils used in high- 12
SPECIFICATIONS tor.
voltage bushings and the interwinding
insulation used in high-voltage Instrumentation Capacitance Null Detector: Phase-sen-
transformers. sitive, zero-center analog meter 13
Common to All Test Sets
with sensitivity selector switch pro-
Grounded Specimen Test (GST) Voltmeter and Ammeter viding six steps of gain control from
This is the most frequently used test Digital readout with LED display MIN to MAX. Automatic synchroni- 14
connection and involves all insulation zation of null detector to test set
Ammeter output current over entire operat-
between the high-voltage conductor and
ground. Typical test specimens include Accuracy: ±(1% of reading + 0.1 mA) ing range 15
transformer windings to tank and core, Resolution: 0.1 mA up to 200 mA;
circuit-breaker assemblies, coils of 1 mA above 200 mA Test Selector Switch
rotating machines, etc. Ammeter reads specimen current UST: Three switch positions. Two o r 16
only. three terminals of specimenare
Grounded Specimen Test with Voltmeter Accuracy: ±(1% of insulated from ground.
Guard Connection (GST-G) reading + 1 digit) GST L-GROUND: One switch position.
Resolution: 10 V
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This test is used to separate the total Test specimen has one insulated
values of a GST into separate parts for terminal and one grounded termi-
better analysis. Often this test is used nal.
with the GST to confirm the test 18
readings made using the UST. GST L-GUARD: Three switch positions.
Test specimen has one insulated
The C&DF Test Sets can perform excitation- terminal, one grounded terminal 19
current tests on transformer windings and one terminal raised to guard
or other insulated coil windings. A potential.
maximum of 400 mA can be used up to
6 kV when testing large windings. Note: These test switch positions are 20
defined in IEEE Standard 62, “Guide for
Changes in transformer excitation- Field Testing Power Apparatus
current measurements can indicate Insulation.” 21
internal faults caused by shorted turns in
the windings. This type of measurement
has gained wide acceptance in the util- The 12 kV test set with measuring unit
ity industry. and power supply 22

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INSULATION POWER FACTOR (C&DF) TEST EQUIPMENT

2.5 kV Test Set Interference Suppression Dissipation Factor (or equivalent


1 Separate capacitance and dissipation watts/milliwatts)
Input (specify one)
factor gain controls with three-position Automatic, direct readout on digital
120 V, 60 Hz, 3 A continuous selector switch (LOW/HIGH/OFF) LED at test voltages of1, 2, 2.5, 4, 5, 6, 8,
120 V, 50 Hz, 3 A continuous 10 and 12 kV
2 240 V, 60 Hz, 1.5 A continuous 12 kV Test Set
240 V, 50 Hz, 1.5 A continuous Interference Suppression
Input (specify one)
3 Output Separate capacitance and dissipation
120 V, 60 Hz, 10 A continuous factor gain controls with sevenposition
Voltage: 0 to 2.5 kV ac, digital readout 120 V, 50 Hz, 10 A continuous selector switches (a/b/c/d/e/f/OFF)
Current: 0 to 100 mA continuous 240 V, 60 Hz, 5 A continuous
4 240 V, 50 Hz, 5 A continuous Dimensions (each unit)
Dissipation Factor (or equivalent 12.5 H x 19.5 W x 15 D in.
watts/milliwatts) Output
310 H X 510 W x 380 D mm
5 Automatic, direct readout on digital Voltage: 0 to 12 kV ac, digital readout
LED attest voltages of 0.25, 0.5, 1.0, 1.5, Current Weight
2.0 and 2.5 kV. Indirect at intermediate High Range to 5 kV: 0 to 200 mA 2.5 kV Unit: 51 lb (23 kg)
6 test voltages continuous; 0 to 400 mA for 10 min 12 kV Measuring Unit: 48 lb (22 kg)
Low Range to 10 kV: 0 to 100 mA
continuous; 0 to 200 mA for 10 min 12 kV HV Power Unit: 63 lb (29 kg)
7 Cables Only: 34 lb (15 kg)

9
ORDERING INFORMATION
Item (Qty) Cat. No. Item (Qty) Cat. No.
10 2.5 kV Capacitance and Dissipation Factor Test Set Cable assembly
120 Vac, 60 Hz ...................................................... 670025 CxH high voltage, 70 ft (15 m) .......................... 30012-5
120 Vac, 50 Hz ................................................. 670025-44 CxL high voltage (red), 70 ft (15 m) ................ 25572-1
11 240 Vac, 60 Hz ................................................. 670025-45 CxL high voltage (blue), 50 ft (15 m) ............... 25572-2
240 Vac, 50 Hz ................................................. 670025-47 Cable carrying bag, canvas ...................................... 18313
12 kV Capacitance and Dissipation Factor Test Set Instruction manual ................................... AVTM670065JA
12 120 Vac, 60 Hz ...................................................... 670065
120 Vac, 50 Hz ................................................. 670065-44 12 kV Unit - 670070
240 Vac, 60 Hz ................................................. 670065-45 Cable assembly
13 240 Vac, 50 Hz ................................................. 670065-47 External interlock, 10 ft (3 m) ......................... 10229-5
12 kV Extended Range Capacitance and Dissipation Interconnection, five-pin ..................................... 27978
Factor Test Set Interconnection, eight-pin .................................. 27979
14 120 Vac, 60 Hz ...................................................... 670070 Ground, 15 ft (4.5 m) ........................................... 4702-6
120 Vac, 50 Hz ................................................. 670070-44 Line cord
240 Vac, 60 Hz ................................................. 670070-45 120 volt input ..................................................... 17032-4
240 Vac, 50 Hz ................................................. 670070-47 240 volt input ..................................................... 17032-2
15 Cable assembly
Included Accessories
CxH high voltage, 70 ft (21.3 m) ....................... 30012-5
2.5 kV Unit - 670025 CxL high voltage (red), 70 ft (21.3 m) ............. 25572-1
16 Line cord CxL high voltage (blue), 50 ft (15 m) ............... 25572-2
120 volt input ...................................................... 17032-4 Cable carrying bag, canvas ...................................... 18313
240 volt input ...................................................... 17032-2 Instruction manual ................................... AVTM670065JA
17 Cable assembly
CxH high voltage, 50 ft (15 m) ........................... 30012-1
CxL high voltage (red), 50 ft (15 m) ................. 25572-3 Optional Accessories
CxL high voltage (blue), 50 ft (15 m)................ 25572-4 All Units
18 Hot collar straps [3] ................................................... 670505
External interlock, 10 ft (3 m) .......................... 10229-3
Ground, 15 ft (4.5 m) ............................................ 4702-5 Tap connectors [2] ..................................................... 670506
Cable carrying bag, canvas ....................................... 18313 Calibration standard ................................................ 670500-1
19 Instruction manual ....................................... AVTM670025J Oil test cell ................................................................... 670511
Foam-padded case for calibration standard ........... 670635
12 kV Unit - 670065 Transit case, test set .................................................. 670626
20 Cable assembly Transit case, cables ................................................. 218744-1
Interconnection, four-conductor ........................ 30015
Interconnection, eight-conductor ....................... 30016 12 kV Extended-Range Unit Only
21 External interlock, 10 ft (3 m) .......................... 10229-3 Resonating inductor ................................................... 670600
Ground, 15 ft (4.5 m) ............................................ 4702-5
Line cord
22 120 volt input ..................................................... 17032-4
240 volt input ..................................................... 17032-2

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