You are on page 1of 5

Description of individual blocks
1. 3 Phase Asynchronous Machine Block

We choose Torque Loading as we are interested in simulating the load test on the machine. The block provides 3 frames of reference:
y Rotor y Stationary y Synchronous

This block is available under the SimPowerSystems blockset. It is the block which simulates a 3 phase induction motor, both Squirrel Cage and Slip Ring . The properties of the block are shown below: Configuration Tab

We choose Stationary because it is best suited for modelling, as recommended in the Help section. Parameters Tab

The rotor type provides an option to choose between a Squirrel Cage and a Wound Rotor (Slip Ring) machine. For both kinds the procedure of entering the values is the same. The block contains a number of preset models. But since we are modelling the machine present in our laboratory, we choose the Preset Model option as No . There are two ways by which the machine can be loaded:

This is a very simple and straight forward block. We require entering the machine parameters here. Since the machine is rated 5HP at 440 V, 50Hz, with 1 HP = 746 W, we enter the value of nominal power as 3730 W. The values for resistance and inductance for rotor and stator and mutual inductance are entered as calculated previously while solving the per phase equivalent circuit of the motor. Note: It is observable that there is no place to enter the value of the shunt resistance. Actually SIMULINK by itself assigns a value to the resistance depending upon the values of the other parameters we enter.

6.2. We enter the frequency as 50 Hz and since we want the analysis of the fundamental component we enter 1 in the Harmonic space 7. The original block on the left can be suitably converted to the one on the right by choosing the option R in Branch Type as shown: These blocks are found in the SimPowerSystems blockset and are used just like we use voltmeters and ammeters in a physical experiment. It can be used to model the harmonics in the voltage wave forms also. RMS Block This block is found in the SimPowerSystems blockset and is used to process the rms values of the outputs of the voltage and current measurements blocks. but here we did not use that feature. The output of magnitude can be further divided by to get the rms value. Fourier Block This block is found in the SimPowerSystems blockset and is used to calculate both magnitude and angle of a signal. The output of angle can be used to calculate the power factor (  ) later. Active & Reactive Power Block This block is found in the SimPowerSystems blockset and is used to calculate both Active and Reactive powers. 5. But it is required that the input at the V and We enter the Vrms = 400 V and the frequency as 50 Hz. Voltage and Current Measurement Block This block is present in the SimPowerSystems blockset and it allows us introduce resistance to the rotor of a slip ring machine. 3 Phase Series RLC Branch Block 4. 3 Phase Programmabl e Voltage Source Block This block is found in the SimPowerSystems blockset and used as the source for excitation of the asynchronous machine block. The neutral point of this block N has to be connected to a ground block. . 3.

Bus Selector Block This block can be found in the Signal Routing section of the Simulink blockset. It is used to display numerical values. It is used to route the information available at the m port of the Asynchronous Machine block for other purposes. we selected the corresponding signals from the available options on the left side as shown in figure below. Since we wanted the measurements of the torque and speed output of the machine. Note: We can have the other quantities like Rotor Current . .I terminal is provided from the output of the Voltage and Current Measurement blocks. 8. We choose the format as Bank because it displays the values rounded off to 2 decimal points which are sufficient for us. 9. Display Block This block can found in the Sinks section of Simulink blockset. We enter the frequency as 50 Hz. Stator Current also at the display.

In our case. element by element. It is used in the machine environment to act as a source to the slider. Divide Block: It is used to divide. it is used to add the outputs of the power measurement blocks Gain Block: It is used to multiply the incoming signal with a factor specified by the user. It generates a constant output according to the value we mention. element by element.g. Mathematical Blocks a. e.2. Constant Block This block can be found in the Sources section of the Simulink blockset. it is used for the calculation of efficiency. it is used at various places. In our case. In our case. two incoming signals. Ramp Block This block can be found in the Sources section of the Simulink blockset. a constant source) and allows the user to conveniently change the . c. Trigonometric Function Block: It is used to do a given trigonometric function. This block is being fed by a constant source of 25. In our case. It is used in the machine environment to act as a load which increases linearly with time. to find the rms from the output of Fourier blocks.10. d. it is used to find the Output Power . value with a pre-multiplication factor the user specifies.2 = 30 Output . two incoming signals. It is analogous to a potential divider. Commonly used Math Operations blocks These blocks are found in the Math Operations section of the Simulink blockset. The purposes are: Addition Block: It is used to add two incoming signals. It generates a ramp output according to the slope we mention after the time we mention. b. Slider Block This block takes the input from a any source (in our model. We have selected the Low to be 0 and High to be 1. In our case. which means that 25*1. it is used to find the power factor (  ). Dot Product Block: It is used to multiply.

.e.