)_~_~_tj_J

(Dpt")

By aut.ncr-r ty of e.G .• T',lenti

.' r 1:

r? &<?-

5'

UISSION

NO:

48

FLOWN

. 1 APR 1945 C OPYNO. 105

30 MARlS

S

51

\

'.

XXI Bombor Command '1U,"t02";I~; a !Speoial operatiol'! e.Ild .ill special distribution.

• ••••
lf1&810,n No. 50 was directed

targets on the Island of Iyushu. The report for that mi8sion was oombined with thnt for Mi.sien No. 46, also directed against tar~ts on Kyushu.

116ainat

XXI

HEADQ.UARTERS
BOMBm

APO

234

COllt,1A.NI)

TACTICAL MlSSION REPORT

314th Wing Field Order. No.2, Target: Mit'subishi Aircraft
.30 March

1945

Engine plant.

Nlgoya

Missi .. No. 48 (Target 193)

73rd Wing Field Order No. 70 Mis.ion NO. 51 Te.1'get: NUa,jima Aircraft EDgil:te Works, TOkyo (Target 357) 1 April 1945
Table

or

Contents

Tactical Narrative •••••••••
Annex A. - Operations •••••••

. .. . . •
0
• • • • • • •

Page No.

••••
• • ••

1

F8rt II - Radar ApprOllcn charte and Scope Photos part III .. Flight Engineering ~ts • • • •• Part_ IV ... Target PictU1"eIJ and Aiming pointa.. pert V - RadlU' Report. • part VI - .A.ir-see Reseu.e chart •••
_0 • • •• 0 • • • • , • • 0 ,. --0 • • ••

part I - ~vigaticn Chart. • • • • •

• • • • • • • ••

11 12 18 20 21

10

16

Annex IJ - Weather. • Part i - UeathE',ll"sUZIIIIary Micssion No. 48 •••• part II\ieathl;lr S\IID:lIBl'y MiSsion No. 51 • part III - Charts - Forecast Weather Va
0• • • • • • • • • • • • • • •

22

••
••

23

24 26 .29
28
27 &: ,30
&I

part

Part

Obse·rvedUq:ather. ••••••••• IV - progn'¢"sj;_ic l'&9.ps. • • • • • • • • • •
V - SynQptl"y Mape ••••••••••

31

- COlIlIIunieotions • • • ." • • • .• • • • • • • • • Part I .. Radar counter Measures, Mission No. _48. • .0 •••••••• put II ... Radar Counter Mea.sures,
Mi,$$

32
3.3

pert III ...CCIIIlluniea:t

ion No.

i OJ1S 0

51 • • • • • • • •• •. •
• •
II • "

••

35
38
ij2

3.3

~ Intel' ige:n,ca • • • .. '. • • • .. • .. • • .. • • .. pert I .. Enemy Air OpposittOD. ••••
PUt II .. ;Eliemy Ant ia !.reraf't and Air ..to-Air:BcmbiDg • • • • • • • • •

37

Pert II I - DamageAs~essment..
AIllles:

••••••••
o ..

41

E - Con~olida.ted

statistil. cal

S\ml!!lS.l'y
.. ,.

..
• .. •

. .' . "
.. II' • II • .. lit • ,. • • • • -.: " " • • ... •

43

Annex F .. Field ord.ers. ••• ••••• part I .. XXI Bomber Comna.ndr ~ Part II - 314th Banb' Wing•• ' .. part III ... 73Z'd Bonb fling.
Annex G
"!

• ..

.. •

54

..

iii

"

ill

..

55 56 60 66

Distributi()l1

••••

•.

..

..

..

Ii

II!!I

..

:Prepared BY: A..2 Section XXI Sember C crmmand

Oorraeted

PaSIll

.IJ.Rl.ll

., ••••••• '.1.111 •• ' ••••••••

,..
t

8ICRI'1' • By Auth. ot tm O. O. • DI B_ber 00__ •

t

3

May 1945
Date

__

I

lD1tlal1

JJ) Gr

I, I

111111111111111111111111111

m

BJW)QUAR'l'ERS
BOMBER .coWAHD APO 234

SUBJECT 1

.port

of Operations,

30 Karoh and 1 April

19~.

TO.

Cammanding General, Twentieth

All' Poroe, 'faIb1qtoa

•. , D.O.

1.

IDENTIFICATION

or MISSIONS.

a. Phid Order No. 23, Headq,uarter. 31'th Bo.~nt 'Wi.. dated 30 llaroh 19&5, direo~ed aircraft from the 19th BOllbar'-Dt Or., to take part on 30 March in an experimental .iI.lon on the JI1.t'ubl.h1 Airoref't Engille Plant in the northea.stern part of Nagoya.
b. Fle14 Order No. 70, HeadqUarters 73rd BombardB8nt W1~ dated 31 Maroh 1945, directed tba 497th' '~th, 499th an4 SOoth Bam. bardment Groups to participate 1 April ill ~ maximum-ettort attack on the Musa.shino Plant of the Nakajima Aircratt Engine larks in Tokyo. c. Target, Specified:

(1) ·Primary Target I The 3Uth Wine" Ws-t ftI tM Ii1taubiah1 plant (as shown on m Bomber CommandLi tho.uoaa1c 90.20Target 193), while the 73rd Wing Primary target "'u: the Muauhino . plant in the northwest 8uburbs of Tokyo (as .hown in AA1' Objeot1,.. Folder 90.1', farget 357). target,
while the 73rd Wing speoified

(2) SecoMvy

Tarcet.

Tokyo,
Wint.

the

The ~Uth Wing had no •• oondary
W'ban indultrlal
aJ'Oa of

(3)

&aPt Resort Target'

None was speoified
I

tor elther

2.

STRATEGY AND PLAN OP OPERATIONS

a. lotroduotloA! BecauBe of the Ocmmandl• auooea.rulInoendiary millsiona and the enemy's apparent tn.abil1ty to oop. with this type of attack it WilS believed night preoiSlon bombln& could be ettectlwly employed 'r;aina high pr:lority target;. In ad.dition, nlr;ht low-level a~ta9tB would permit bombing un4er the cloud layer that U8uo.lly Wa5 encount~l'.d o~r Japan a:t 10,000 too 12,000 toot 10... 1•• & There were differences of opinion in regard to effecti ...e tartet 11~ting method.. The 3l4th Wing propo.ed to uae speCial ll&htlng aircraft on such a minion, while the 731'4 Wing ravord plaoing flares In ea,ch aircraft. Each Wing was 4irected to plan and execute an experimental mission ~'lnst a high priority indu8trial target, The 131'd Wing reqUElsted and l'eoeived· t.he target and aiml.ng point froln the XXI ~ Command.. The 314th Wing formulated and oxeOl1ted 1U own pl~

b. Reasons for Selection of Tarr.;eti!l.1 Both tar~ets had been the objective of preVious high-level mission by this Comm~d when poor weather had contributed to poor results. Each Wing Comma..nder W1U!I: given the responsibility of deo.icllng lI,l'propri.ate attQok time ,and, in each instanoe, firm deCision to strike was made on basis of favorable weather prediotions. o.
Importance of Tqrgetsr

(1) These 2 pla.nts are the largest Japo.nese oombat air. or aft engine manufactures, accounting for about three-fourths of the &pire's output.

(2) The Mitsubishi Airoraft Engine Works (Tar~et 193) produoes 14 different types of engines for both Army and Navy planes. Nine airframe assembly plo.nts reoeive engines from the plant, and a tota.l of 20 different pInnas uses their engines.
(3) The Nakajima Airoraft Company, Musashino Plant (Tnreet 357), is producin~ engines for the newer Ar~ fighters. At I_Qat 6 maj or o.i r craft assemb ly pI e,nts are s uppl1e d by the l'nc tory • d. Deto,ils of PlooniUe: (1) Bombing Plans: (a.) Determinqtion
Of

.. Operational:

314th Wine Bo.mb Load:

1. Each airora.ft carried 20 SOO-pound ANM-64 genera.l-purpose bombs, except the first, fifth and ninth planes which carried 48 AN-M-26 flares. In addition to general-purpose bombs, the lo.st .4 aircraft of the main force carried 5 AN M ... ..26 flares.
~. General-purpose bombs were fUled with 1/100 noae and non·delay tail. considered most effecti va in penetrating buildings that constituted the ta.rget··'one-story, light steel-trome. sa.w-tooth root structures. Maximum blast effect woUld be obtained from this fuzing, and penetration of the 500-poundbomb was considered .ufficient. del~

get tor maximum lighting and burning time.

A.

FlBres

were set

to open 3000 feet

above tnr ...

i. Ten aircraft were equipped with 1-19 B oamera., eaoh carr,yins 1 K-46 photo flash bomb to obtQ!n strike photographs.

1. A minimum intervalometer fi.d tor a Conoentrated bombing pattern.
(b) Determinatign

8.tti~ was apeoi-

of .73rd }'fing Bomb Load I

1. All airoraft carried 4 M-26 flares fuzed to open 3000 feet above the ground o.nd loaded to drop bat in order to provide illumination tor suoceeding planes. Fl~oa were to be toggled at l-Iecond intervale atter the i~tervalometer had run through.

A. All planes carried 56 500-pound gen.ral-p~r. pose bombs. To prevent the to.rget from 'being obscured by smoke and' bomb bursts, the follOwing delmy fuzings were speoified i~ order to enable aircratt to bomb vis.allYI

499th SOOth 497th 498th specified.

Non-dehy Non-dela.y Non-d.elay 1/10 sec. delay ~.

1 or 2 hour delay 1 hour or lS~inute IS..inute delQy m Non ..elay d

delay

A minimum Intervalometer

setting waS

(G) Bombing PlQnning for 3l4th Wine:
The aiming point selacted. grid coordinate. 90.20-193, WaS at the Center of the eo.st edge of the large assembly building in the eo.stern part of the plant. This point was to permit train. of bombs to drop on important ports of the plo.nt. -Specified altitude of attack was 7000 to 8000 feet on an 67-degree uxis nnd minimum interval between aircraft (See Target Photo. Po.rt IV, Annex A).
123069 on XXI Bomber Command Litho-Mosaic

1.

(d)

Bombing Plnnning

for 73£d ''fing:

runs WGr6 to be acoomplished by indiv1dunl airoraft from o.ltitudez of 6000 to 6800 teet and ware planned to utilize moonlight as well as para. ehllte flores for target 111umin::l.tion. (See Target Photo. Pnrt IV. An-

03.081: for the first bqmb and 035086 (center.·-of. he:-plllDt.. t . o.reo.) '1'01' the lIIIl1rr nilhil1g- p-Mnt. on UJi.llOmbe1"' tJ~nt'l!' l.t.-tiid!:.Moaalc· !lO.l:,-3S1. B())nbing

1.

Aiming points selected were grid coordinQ,tos

nex A).

(2)

Naxi 'QUon :
(fl.)

The 3l4th WIng selected the follOwing rou.teI

Base Iwo Jima. 34/16N - 136/35E

to

to to

This utilized lwo Jlma as n navigational Landfall provided

oheck point.

a good la.nd.wnter oontrast.

35/09N - 136/04.8

(IP)

to
TDrl8t (123069)

In1tia.l point also provided

a good land-water oontrast.

Rlsht turn otter
Ta.l'get

to

Aiming point seleoted tor roo.sonS listed under Bomhin~ Plo.nnlng. This WIl' deSignated to get aircraft away trom tartet ~ qulokly a. possible. Iwo Jlmo. was aga.in usee! tor reasons list.ed o.bon.

two Jlma.
to
BIlS.

to

JJQRJI

(b)

The 73rd Wing planned the rollowin~
ReMon

route:

Ba.se to 27/15N - l40/S5E to 31/S1N - 138/S0E to
3'1' 47N - 139/23E
to

N1shino Shimo. WOoS utilized

a8

a

check point.

This turning point was used to get aircraft headed for ta.rget. O-Shima
~8

used as a. check point

3S/17/50N • 139/29E (IP) to Target to 34/36/30N - 13S/49E to 3P/OON - 137/45E to Iwo Jimn to
Bo.sc

E-No-Shima. wne designated as Initial Point beCause of its GaBy identification.

Lnnd's end provided

good land-water

oontra.st.

This route took o.lrcraft west of 'Jo,pa.nese-held islo.nds. This enabled use of lwo Jima
a.B

a. ohec.k: poInt.

(3)

Flight Engineering:

(II.) Flhht Pla;t Speeds aM o.ltitudes. except for bombing run. were to be used to obtain mnx.imum fuel economy nnd ant_ty. No aBsemblies would be mnde.

(b)

Loading:

1. Fuel reserve data. of previous low-o.ltitude missionsindioo.ted o.vero.geaircraft of the 73rd Wing would require full wing o.nd oenter wing tnnks for 0. totnl lOaQ of npproJdmately 5750 gn.llone. It Wo.B estimated average n1rcr::U'tof the 314th Wing would reqUire, in addition to full wing o.nd oenter w1n~ tnnka. one full bomb bny tnnk for Q. total loDd of npprox1mntely 'SOO gallona • .!.
BI.\I8d on previous BgU LgQd
t

.A. Ho mo.xilDWDor III1nimWll oad 1fO.S specified. l missions, average led for tho 73rd Wing wa.a est11!la.ted at opproximntely 18,000 pounds. while o.voro.gll load for the 314th Wing waa ostimntod at 10,000 pounds. rounds

,SO caliber.

1.

Ammunition

loB4 ~ns estimated at 400

(0) ror the bomb run, the 3l4th Winr; dell1pla.te4 n oalibrated nir speed of 220 mph, while the 73rd Wing speCified 240 mph.

(,) Radar Planning!
(a) Crews of the 314tb Wing were instructed to arep bombs by radar if conditions would not permit visua.l relea.se. Ott.et teohnique with stop-wa.toh timing was to be used in ra.dar bombing.

(b) The 73rd Wing planned an ea.l3llyd1stin~u1.aho.blC1 ro.do.r orv1sual attack route from Nl1 Shima, Raclar waS to be used. only as n homing device to place aircraft on 11 proper o.xh of' a.ttack for Q. visual bombing run,
(s)

Radqr Counter UOQluroBI.

(0.) One ReM observer wile to p Ilrtio ipo.te with the 314th Wing to search in Qands 7S'to 85mc and 1000 to 3000 me, (b) Four am.!: observers were to take part with the 73rd Wing to search various bands from 4mc to 3000 mo. (6) 314th Wing's

/dr-Seg,

BoSQUO

Plaooing:

(a) The Navy was furnished with the details of the mission and requested to provide avail able fD.cilities for nir-seo. rescue purposes. Facilities to be furnished by the Navy follow: 135/00E. 137/00E from301100Z

1.

Two submarines

were assigned to 30/00N -

1. One surface vessel was o.ssinged to 28/00N • to 3l0822Z unlOIHl relieved earlier by Super Dumboe,

from 302030Z to end of mia.ion.

A.

One DumboWaS assinged to 20/00N - l4~OOE

(b) The 314th Wing assigned 2 Super Pumbos to orbit the submarine position. 3O/00N • l35/00E. from 30lS00Z to 30l730~.
t1o. were made availnble l39!15E

(0)

For the 73rd Wing's mission the following haiHby the Navy I

1. One submerlne was a&si~ned to 32/00N during the return flight.

~ Two surface vessels were assigned ns follow., 1 trom OllOOQZ unt1l completion of the mission at 26/00N • 140/30E and 1 through the entire mi.sion at lS/OON - l4';SOE.

A. A Dwn.bo was aulSfted at 20/00N - H3/00E trom 0119001 until ~omplet1on of the ml.sion.
the submarine (4) The 73rd Wing assigned 2 Super Dttmbo•• 1 to orbit polltloD from Oll830Z until 012000Z and 1 to orbit 30/001 -

14qfOOB trom 0118301 until 01203OZ.

4. Re',il, Af PlonpiPC • Iptol1i,onpol
(1)

EDIIY Air Oppo.ltloD!

en) On tbe balia of current photo reconnaissanoe, the enemy wa* ostiaated to have 321 .1nglo-englno and 57 twin-eDgine airplane, at Toyoha.hl. Oit.u. Tokushima, Iiyolu and Keljl. HOwever. on 23 Maroh m1s.ion against Nagoya. only approximately 20 plano. ware alrborne and th•• e aircraft were not aggra •• iva and mado no attaok •• (b) On tbe ba.ai. of recent experienoo, the 73rd Wlng oould oxPoot fighters to attempt interception from before landfall uat11 o.tter landl• end. but they were not expected to be effective •

•5-

JJ21iJI

(2)

Anttaircraft
(0.)

Opposttion!

At Nagoyu the following defenses existedl

1. One hundred and twenty-eight heavy anti~iror~ft guns would be within range of aircraft flying at a 7000 foot a.ltitude. The 87 degree axis of attllck was chosen beoause the flrlt 31 miles of c aurae from the Inltia.l point to the tllrget would not be defended by heavy antiairoraft. Aircruft on this oourse would only be within range approxim~tely 8 miles from the tnrget. Adjacent flak areaS \vors Ho.mamatsu (15 guns) and Toyoh'lshi (14 guns),
J. There Yo\!Ire searchlights in the im.m.edlata 25 vioinity. and 12 s6o.rohlights were known to be on the route from the initial point to the target in the northwestern outskirts of Nagoya. :s in vioini ty of Nagoya. Castle flying at o.pproximate1y
0.10ng the waterfront sightings were a.sfollowsl 5000 feet and 1 area El.t npproximately 5400 feet.

A.

Bnrra.ga balloon

(b) The 73rd Wingl s ano.lysis of antiairoraft oppo .. e1tlon waS the so.me o.sused on previous missions to Tokyo (See Tnctlco.l Mission Report No. 40). It wns antiCipated that seo.rohlight activity in the target viCinity would be heavy.

3.

EXECUTION or THE MISSIONs
8..

Take-ofr
,itirc·rnft

I

TakE)~off was accomplished Fif!!!tTake~off
300652Z Oll020Z

:loS

follows,
Trucs

Airborne

Lnst

~o.f'f'

314.th 73rd
0.

14 121

30070SZ

Oll14lZ

It took the 73rd Wing's aircraft 81 minutea ·to become airborne aa result of severnl aircraft aborting on the runways nnd 1 Qra.sbing in Mng10ienne Ba.y due to unknown reasons.
b.

Boute Out

I

(1) Aircr0.1'tof the 3l4th Wing, with the execption of 1 pl0.D8 that di4 not renoh the target due to nnviga.tion error, flew aa briefed. Control times over tllZ'getwere o.S plo.nned in o.lmoat all ca8es. Oele.tial navigation ~ ma.de diffioult by a high overca8t. (2) The· 73rd Wing tound thnt the u.e of island. facilitated loftli-rangena.v1gation. naviga tora taking tull a.dvo.ntngeof Rada.r ANI .dPQ13 to obtain a.ecura.tefiXel, The initial point (E ..No .. h1ma.) did not S apprear prominently on the radar scope. It 18 possible that 2 of' the W~'. mi •• lng a.ircraft may have oollided nSar lito. Iwo Jima.. e, Onr Targett

(1) The 314th 'fing had 12 o.i:rer~t drop 4.9.B ton. of bombs on the primary target batween 30l446Z rund 301550Z ~t altitudes trom 6800 to 7910 feet. The target was completely obscured by a so11d underoart whioh prevented planned visual ~ttack. In ~coordnnoe with iDstruot1oD4. 0. second bomb run was made tor rado.r release. Severn1 planes made a third run before releasing ~eir bombs. Results wer@ Ql)Obse"04.. "la.k: wns mea~r. a.nd there was no enemy o.ir oppos1tion.

-

<)

-

JJ.Q..Bil

(2) Ot the 121 nircraft of the 7!3rd l~n't 115 dropped 1018.8 tons of bombs on the prim~ry target between 011702Z ~ftd 011829Z at altitudes from 5830 to 7960 feet. Seventeen bombed v illuru.ly Illld ge bombed by rado.r. A ground hue restricted visibility because of light refhctGd from 1'lares. Searchl1ghts prevented many bombnrdiers from Seeing the target. Due to the pnrticular weath~r condition •• flares proved to be a dhndva.nto.ge. No bomb. were dropped on other tlll'gets. , d. Route Bm I Routes to bases were flown generally as briefed. Seven aircraft of the 73rd Wing landed at lwo Jima, 5 because of fuel shortage. I beoause of battle damage, nnd I bec~u8e of misunder-

(3)

ato.nding o.bout weather e. LQndinu,

conditions.

Aircrc.f't landed at home bases as follows1

l'l.ni
314th
73rd

tu:u
301lJJ,16Z OU308Z

~
3023a5Z 020229Z

r. Lguea l The 314th Wing Buffered craft of the 73rd Wing were lost o.s follows t
(1) Enemy aircraft. 1. (2) Enemy antiaircraft - 2.
(3) (t) No orow members g. Ornshed Collision were rescued. e.fteT take-off
Gn

no losses, while 6 dr-

- 1.

route to target • 2.

Opergt10ns (1) (a)

Summary'
See Part It Annex A, for NaVigation

No.vigatlonl BmbinCI

(a) Four verified IIlalfunctiona were reported by o.irorc.tt of tb8 3U,th Wing that bombed the primary tnrget. Moat im.portllDt ot the.e wu the tnl1W's or bombs to relea.u a.utomo.ticl111ybeoQ.ua8 ot 4001' limit aw1tch ma1r~Gtion. Bombing results were poor, no new dam-

~

belns 91.ibl••

(b) The 73rd Wing'. v1.ibility was restrioted ~eOaUi. of hale whioh al.o reflected light from tlares nnd searChlight •• The prooedure or releasing flares trom eaoh airoraft waS considered aa.tista.ctory, arid distribution over the target wall continoue. It wa.. toQDd thnt when flying toward the moon, land-water contrast was ea8ily discernible. R.sults'o1' thi. mission indicated tha.t when possible wo.ter oheck points .hould be und aa 0. guide to targets, Me! 11' neal" wget tbey should be utili,e4 al offset aimin~ points. Type. or sighting oontrol reported were radar, radar-vi.ual and DR. Few visual oorrectiOQ8 were made. Primary malfunctions were in the A.2 relea.e aystem and intervo.lometers. Failure on the part of one bombardier to plaoe hh train .eleot switoh into .eieot 0.8 briefed cauaed jettisoning of bomba. 8o~. 1ng re.ults were oonsiderod poor, and no visible damage :repo~

wa.

- ,. JJ.QJll

(0) As n result of these two missions it is believed night precision bombing oannot be sucoessfully oarried out by this Commt\lld until eff e ott va tar get mark! ng .methods o.re develope d. Exper iments ar e being conducted to perfect such procedures. (3)

Flight EngineerlD&1
(0.) Climb

to Bpmb,ipg Altihg4;

Md Orul,. tg tM TVgsi'

Both the 314th and 73rd Wings climbed immedhtely following take-otf to B. bombing a.ltitude of a.pproxlmately 6000 to 8000 feet, cruise to target being o.coompl1shed without d1fficul ty. SpeedS in the target. o.ree. varied between ,220 nnd 240 calibrated airspeed. (b) R;turn to Bass, Returns to bns6 were m~e o.t to 15,000 feet ns indl vldunl o.i ronft. ,Fuel consumptions were predicted.
10,000
El.5

(c)
Age fuel

Cgmm6ntP on Results

of Misslop§!

bombs. pated.

~ The 73rd Wing flew the mission with nn aver· loud of 6500 go.l1ons D..ndo::l.rried nn avero.g~ of 19.428 poundll ot greatest ~vern~ bomb lond carried to date to Japan. j. Fuel consuniPtions to tnrgets were
nS

antlc!.

~. Average fuel reserve for the 73rd ~ing was 737 go.l1ons, which w"'.s high conSidering the sma.ll fue.1 Lend and the largo bomb lond carried. Average fuel reserve for the 3l4th Wlng wa.
0.8

predicted.

Consolidnted

Sta.tistical

J.. For fuel Qonsumptlon
Summary.
I

and 'Weight do.to. aee

(d)
bomb lond aee Chart

~GJbit§

111.1,

1.
~

For vertioo.l plot. Part IU,'-Annex A. For hilltorionl

fuel oonsumption,
of past missloos,

and see

Chart IB', Po.rt
leG

III, ~nnex A.

reoord

~

(4r) ~l (Por ra.dar approaoh ohnrts nod 8cope photol Put U, Annox A, and for Radnr Report ee8 Pa.rt V, Annex A) Radar an exoellent Da.viga.tlonQl o.ld.
(5) QuAMa,

a.Dd .50-cali'ber

mo.ohine gune

OPO Equiplllent was 100 per oent 95 per cent operative.

we,.

opern.tlva,

(6) Air.SIA Re!Q)&t' One 73rd Vling o.iror:U'tore.a.hedo.n4 ezploded in ¥o.gioienne B~y immediately after tQke.otf. Crash re.cue boo.te mnc1e 0. nego.tlve searoh, Super Dumbos made naga.tlve search tor lurv1vora ot wbnt wo.s reported to be a mid-air 00111110n ot 2 B_~t8 at Ph,OON - HolooS. Nego.tlw uaroh .allo WtlS ma.de in vioini ty of' 25/~N l41/00E where an a.1l'l'lane had been reported in 1'lnmea.

h. Weather.
0.

(See Annex

low overO£l..t IIIOvedin berers the bomb Nn could be mn.de, wMle haae, whioh hnd not been ~t1oip~ted, interfered with'M1s.1on No. 51 •

B. for detail •• )

On Misllion No. 48

•e-

i. for deto.lls)

Oommunications:
(1)

Wnr Counter Mog.suf(!s:
r .

(See Port

I,

Annex C,

(0.)

possible use of radar
(b) the few ro.dnr-control teen

Seflrch results on Mission control for fInk. Clear

No.. 48 indicnted for

signo.ls interoepted

wec.ther mo.y ho.ve been responsiblC5 on Mission No. 51.

(2) .BwU.e: (See Pnrt II, Annex C, for deto.lls) Eighstrike reports were received. No.vigo.tionnl aids were used with excellent resultS. j. deto.ils)

Intelligence Summaty:

(1) En(;!myAir OppoBitlonl (.'i;le Pnrt I, ),nnex 0, fot No fighter oppoBition WOos encountered on Mission NQ. 48, wberens 39 o.tto.cka woro mnde by 25 ::;ircroi't during MissiQn No. 51. Claims wore 1 dostroyed, 1 probo.bly destroyed nnd 1 d~o.gad, and 1 B-29 was lo.t to enemy nit nction,
(2) Enemy Antio.irgroit. Air-to-Air Bombing and Rookets: IIIj .b.rmex 0, for deto.lls) On M1ssioh No, 48, a.ntinircro.f't opposition was negligible. On mission No, 51, 2 aircraft were lost to nnd 9.dnmaged by flak, 'In addition. the 73rd Wing reported rocket (See Part

tire.

(3) Bombing RMults !'Gaul ware poor, nnd post-strike ts visible on either target.

.
qnd

Dqmn~ Mseumenj: Bombing photogruphy s hewed no new damage

JIi"-U CURTIS E. Lew"yf Mnjor Gonera.l, U.S.A. COmlDt'.nding

Ilk,,?;, f...t

ANNEX

.A

QPER

AU ON S
ChtU't!l Oho.rts and Soop.ePhotoli

Part Part Pa.rt Po.rt Part Part

I .. Navigation II

... Kader Appronch

III

.. FUgbt
Target

Engineering PicturGS

Oho.rtB

rv
V..

and .. mlng points U

Rl1do.r .R.aport

VI .. i.lr ..Sea. Rosou.G Cha.r:t

30 "roh

o.nd l J,.pr111945

- 10 -

.'IIJOolT

.\:MI,...,. '.........

......",,,...,.,, 145<

130·

135·

Q

MISSION NO. 48 -51 DATE .31 March '45 1 APRIL '45

XXI
-:-K -----

BOMCOM
E Y _,_ 162 April'45

314tll. 30Morch'45 73rd.

Q

'.
\ 1 \ \. . TURNING 1st. POINT

j

-

.

II

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73 - OII?4H· -

OI~751i!

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II

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NISHINO 1st. SHIMA Lest

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OKINAWA

1

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Last

LANDING lst, Last

GUAM \

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314- 300652 i!- 300705Z!- 302216i!-302325l

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REPRODUGEOiiY-35T';P-Hi:il'O'i"'; ~H

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UI'II'f

A-2 XXI

SECTION BOMBER COMMANC

PART
SCALE

IT
AREA

Radar Navigation Chart
Mission 48

CHART

NO. R-I

OSAKA

RESTRICTED

I; 1,000,000

35·

35°

34'

0®-..

TARGET INITIAL AIM'G POINT LANDFALL
-----~
137" ..

e-

-

..

33·

A-2

SECTION

PART

IT

Radar Navigation Chart
CHART NO R-2

l(XI BOMBER COMMAND

SCALE "1,000,000

TOKYO AREA

Mission

51

_

RESTRICTED

o
®

LEGEN
TARGET

CONFIDEN.TIAL

APPROACHES
lOW

TO TO KYO

ACTUAL SCOPE PHOTOS ALTITUDE (APPROX.7000FEET)

ARSENAL AREA

FUJI-SAN

YOKOHAMA

SHIZUOKA

-ZAKI

APRIL

1945

REPRODUOED BY 949TH Et<iGR AIIN TOPO 00

CoNFIDENTIAL APPROACHES ACTUAL SCOPE PHOTOS LOW ALTITUDE (ABOUT 7,000')

RCH

1-0

5

NAGOYA

RS-19

,,.TIIOIII

XXI BOMBER COMMAND

R~PRODUCED

BY 949TH

ENGR

AVN

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(FT.)

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I4RGET
PArlF
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PART

Y-~

,RWOIT

1.

Equipment performance

was"a.S

tollow.,

n. Of the aircraft completing the mission 92t ~d 95% had operational A~APQ-l3 over target and upon landing respectively. b. a,
d. 2.

SCR-6g5 (IFF) SCR-UB
~N-4

WaS

100% operational

throughout ~he mission.

reported 90% operat.iona1. reported e9.C operation~l.

RAdar NaVigation.

a. A total tOl' ..Sttttiolll!. dnd :5 2

of 160 Loran fixes W!l.sreported being 1200.

with

maximum "range

b.
miles.

';'verll.ge maximu.m range

of' the Al(/ .APq.13 wo.s 55 ne.utioal

c.

.i..vere.ge lo.ndto.ll fix was 36-40 miles.

d. Of 15 radar wind runs, the nvernge deviation from the a.vernge wind was 131 degrees and 7 knots.
:5. Radar a.. Sombin, a

One Wing made 0.11 visual releases. kvern~ deviation from axis was 2 degrees. aid to navigation and waa

b.

4. SID!!lI!Ill'Y' Rndl1r was an exoellent u80d to JDnke the ;rP turns.

- 20 ..

PART

.::n. AIR

SEA

RESCUE

MAP

SECRET.

Q

,

~O

MISSION NO 46"51 DATE 31 March'45 . I Aprn '45. XXI aOMCOM. K
-----314111. ----73rd.

E

V
Mission 48' No. Mi&$ionr,.lo, 51

NOTE:

Numbe.r Beside Symbol Indicofes Mission.

I'

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I I
I
o
48

KEY v....
I

Sobmorln"

S ... foc, Navy

Dumbo

.supor Oumbo

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145·

SEC RET --.,...~- ....

ANNEX
B

WEATHER

Part 1-

Weather Summary.~Uss1on No. 48

Port II - Weather .BUIn.-nary, Mission No. 51 Part HI - Charts - Forecast vs- Observed Woather part IV - Prognostic Maps
Part V - Synoptic Maps

Missiogs No.

A8and

51

30 March and 1 April 1945

..21 ..

11£111

Part

I -WEATHER

SUMMARY- MISSION

Nq.

48

PLANNING FOBEC~ST
BASES: 5/10 low cliWds, bese 1400 ft, tops 7000 ft; ;3/10 middle cloud, base 13,000 tt;. 4/10 high cloud at 30,000 ft. Scattered· light to mod.erate showers.
ROUTE: To 20~: Same as bases. 20"N to 2.3Cl_N; 5/10 low cloud, bese .2.000 ft, top 6000 ft; 4/10 m.iddlecloud, base 13,000 ft, top 14,000 ft·. 23 NOto 2T1l: 8/10 low cloud, baae 1500 ft, top 10,000 ft; 7/10 middle cloud., base 13,000 ft, top 17,000 ft. 27~ to the const: 5/10 low cloud, base ;WOO ft, top 6000 ft; 6/10 middle cl.oud, base 14,.000 ft, top 16,000 ft. Tokyo: 4/10 low cloud, !::ase 2000 ft, top 5000 ft; 4/10 middle cloud, moving in, ih afte·rnoon. Nagoya: 6/10 low cloud, be,se 2000 ft, top 6000 ft; 4/10 middle cloud, base 16,000 ft, top 17,000 ft ;4/10 high cloud, 29,000 ft increasing to 7/10 low, 7/10 middle with light rain after 04002.
Wen ther

TARGET:

o,pera ti onal_Forecast Base at Take off: 5/10 low clouds, base 1800 ft.,top 6000 ft; 3/10 middl.eclouds at 11,000 ft; 5/10 high clouds at .30,000 ft. Route Out: to 23~: 7/10 low clouds just north of Sai.pan With showers· becoming 6/10, base 1800 ft, to}) 6000 ft; 7/10 middle clouds becoming .3-5/10 betwee.D 11,000 and 12,000 ft; 5...6/10 high clouds at 30,000 ftj vis1bili ty 14 J}!i.1es. • 23~ to 26'if: 9/10 low clouds, h:l.se 1500 rt; 9/10 middle clouds, base 9000 ft, top 1),000 ft; 5/10 high clouds at 26,000 ft. Visibi11ty 12 miles lowering to 1 mile in modera.te showers. 26"" to 29<lti: 7/10 low clouds,
5000

Encountered

7/10 low cloud, base 2000 ft; top ft; 6/10 middle cloud at 11,000 ft.; visibility 12 miles.
To 2a~: 7-9/10 low clouds, 2000 ft, top 5000 ftj 3-5/10 base

middle clouds, bo.se 11,000 tt, top 12,000 ttj scattered showers nt 24~ redUcing visibility from 15 miles to .3 mUes.

tff g £8 hg~~f?ugs Elt ~ •.8&F •

2S"N to 31~: 10/10 low clouds, bc.se 1500 ft, top 6-8000 ft; 10/10 middle olouds, base 9000 ft, top 14,000 ft; modertlteBhowers reducting visibility from 15 miles to 1 mile. .31 to the coo.st: 8/10 low clouds, ~ base 1800 ft, top 6000 ft; 9/10 bfse 2000 ft, top 6000 ft; 4/10 middle clouds, b'.se ll,OOO f't, middle clouds between 11,000 ft l!..0 high .C.I0udll~;!C top 12,000 rt: visibility 6-8 61ld. 1,.' 000 ft.. f.2 00 i-£~ .'2iuN 3.~.~... ~Q'1tl/-~ ~ miles due to haze. 10/10 low clouds, base 2000 ft, top 6000 ft; 9/10 middle clouds, bn se .u,OOO ft, top 12,000 tt; visibility 6 miles due to hase , Same as Route Outgoing •

Ta.rget: 6/10 low olouds, base 2000 ft, top 6000 ft; 7/10 middle clouds, OCSS 15,000 ft, top 17,000 ftl 8/10 high clouds nt 26,000 ft. Visibility 12 miles. . oute Returning: R

Outgoing.

Same

88

Route

...2$-

Base an Return: 4/10 low clouds, base 1800 ft, top ?ODO ftj 4/10 middle cloud, base 12,000 ft; Top

~~

~.coo ttl

t$"

?/,)/I'

v1albllUy

W&b 010·1&d at

14 miles.

4/10 low clouds, base 4.000ft; 7/10 middle 12,000 ft; 4/10 high 28,000 ft; visibility

2000 ft, top clouds, base clouds at 12 miles.

Winds Aloft - Forecast

10,000 ft. 7,000 ft. 5,000 ft. 2,000 ft. Surface

Base to 20~ 10 150/20 16 140/20 140/20 19 120/20 27 90/14 24

20~ to 2~~ 8 280/15 310/17 13 17 330/18 40/18 21 70/12 23

260/2S 280/22 300/20 40/16 76/10

22~ to ~~0Zf

.2

7 9 14 17

~ 40 -3 230/35 2 210/28 5 130/15 9 90/10 11

Winsls Aloft - Observed

10,000 ft. Surfa.ce

7,000 ft.

to 23~ 130/19 110/25
Bnse

23tlN to 28~ 210/20 330/24

28~~ to 34°N

Target

260/30 290/30

245/38

REMARKS: Lights were seen on approaching the area moved in before bombrun could be made ,

but low overcast

fart

II

- WEATHER SUMMARY - HISSION

NO.

51

PLANNING FORECAST

BASES: 5/10 low cloud,
with light

!::ase 1400 ft, top 7-9000 ft, in the morning showers becoming 3/10 low cloud; 3/10 middle cloud; 5/10 high cloud in the afternoon.

ROUTE:

To 24e>ri: 6/10 low cloud, base 1800 ft, top 6000 ft, with 3/10 middle between 12,000 and 1.3,000 ft. 24e>rio 26Dtl: 8/10 low clouds, base 1400 ft, top 8000 ft; t 10/10 middle oloude between 12,000 and 15,000 it with light sh~ers. 26"N to 320N: 6/10 low cloud, base 2000 ft, top 7000 ft; 3/10 middle cloud between 13,000 and 14,000 ft. 32Dn to the Coast; Weat cold tront with 10/10 low clouds, base 1500 ft, top 8-12,000 ft; 10/10 middle, b<>.se 0,000 tt, 1 top 18,000 tt; 6/10 high at 30,000 ft.
ft, top 5000 ft; 10/10 middle, bnse 10,000 rt, top 15,000 ft; 6/10 high cloud at 28,000 ft. Lowcloud to brenk to .3/10 and middle cloud to 4/10 by midnight.

TARGET: 6/10 low cloud, base 2000

-

DECISION: Mission to Tokyo night

or

1-2 April 1945.

--~--SECRET

Operntionnl Forecast Base at Take Off: 5/10 low cloud, bnae 2000 ft, top 6000 ftj 3/10 middle clouds, Pase 13,000 ft, top 14,000 ft. Visibility 15
miles.

Veather

Encountered

5/10 low cloud, buse 1000 rt, top 2500 ft; 3/10 middle cloud at 16000 ft; widely scattered light
showers.

Route out:

To 19'1l: 5/10 low cloud, b&se 2000 ft, top 6000 ft; 3('10 middle cloud, base 1),000 ft,

To 19~:

19~ to 26 N: 10/10 low cloud, base 1500 ft, top 5-7000 ft; 8/10 middle cloud, base 12,000 rt, top 14,000 ft; showers reducing visibili ty from 12 miles to 1 mile.

tOE 14,oOOoft.

4/10 low cloud, base 2000 rt, top 6000 ft; 4/10 middle cloud, base 16,000 ft, top 17,000 ft. 7-9/10 low clouds,

base 1500 ft, top 7-8000 ft clearing to 4/10 in vicinity of 24~. 10l1o middle cl.ouda, baae 9000 ft, top 16,000 ft becoming 20,000 rt It t 230f.l. Showers reducing visi-

190tI to 28~!

14,000 ft; light rime ice in middle clouds. 31 ~ to 33<>r~: 8/10 low clouds, base 2000 ft, top SODa ft; 4/10 middle, base 15,000 ft, top 17 000 ft. 3.3llNto Target Area: 4/1,0 low cloud, base 3000 ft, top 6000 ft.
Tt'.rget:

middle

26~ to 31~: 5/10 low cloud, base 2000 ft, top 5000 ft; 2/10
cloud, base 13,000

ft, top

bility from 12 to 1 mile. 280tI to 30"N: 5/10 low 01ouds, base 2000 ft, top 6000 ft; 10/10
m1ddleclouds,

top lS,DDO ft.

bose 13,000

rt,

30Dr-lto Tnrget Area: 4.'10 low clouds becoming clear. Haze over land reducing vi.stbility to 4-6 miles.

4/10 low cloud, base 3000 ft, top 6000 ft; vi~ibility 12 miles.
Same as Route

Clear; haze.

visibility 4-6 miles due to

Route Returning:
Outgoing.

Same as Route outgoing.

Base on Return: 4/10 low cloud, base 1800 ft, top 7000 ft; 3/10 middle cloud, base 13,000 ft.

5/10 low cloud;

2/10 middle clouds.

top 14,<X0 ft; .cattere4 l1g"
showers; visibility 14 miles.

Winds Aloft - FOllcnet 15,000

10,000 ft.

ft. ft. ft. ft.
ft.

Bftse to 25~

Surface NOTE:

8,000 6,000 4,000 2,000

155/22 150/20 150/20 130,119 110/13

-1 9
1)

25~ to 340ti 290 32 -5
290/24

145/20

135/20

17

24 27

20

.310/22 :nO/21 010/20 040/17 060/12

7 10 13
17

3

20

Tar,et 280 40 290/30 300/26 320/23 340/20 010/15 030/10

-7 4 7 10
1.3

o

15

Only Winds Aloft

observed were 320/35 nt 6000 ft.

at Target.

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c
COMMUNICATIONS

Part I - Radnr

C01!l1ter

Mensures - Mission No.

48

Part II - Radar CotmtGr Maasures - MissiOn No. 51

Part III - Radio

Part 1. General.:

.I - RlWARCOUNTER J,WtSt!RES... MISSION NO.

48

a, One ReM equipped search· ·aircrl-Jft participated in nnd completed this mission. Results were limited to 3 signals because of eqUipment failure.a. The frequency bands 75-85 me and 10003000 mo lVare searched. b. 2. No offensive counter
tnet<SUl'ea

Wdre employed ..

Rssui ts of Seurch: (coord1natesare location of

a. Total signa.Is intercepted intercepts) :

(1) 77/---/;Z/3515N - 13645 E. This Signal WI.'!Sintercepted in the t.c-.rget urea and was associated with flak. Four bursts of flak I'lererepbrted 1000 feet off the left .. ng 'i'OO feet high. A d 10/10 cloud. coveraee prevailed. The signal was traoking the aircra.ft.
antenna rate of this is unk%10J-lD.

(2)

2340 'noo Estimated
signal

Vias approximntely

/1...2/35200 - 13655E. The
20 rPl!l. Its

identity

(3) l07/490/25/3400N - lJ630E. This signal was tracking and vms probably the Mark 1 Modell intercepted in the Daio Znki area.

3.
propereq

Conclusions:
0..

No n/F'ing uiplQen.t.

of signals

was I\Ccomplished due to lack of

b. The 71/--/2 signal w,",s presumed to be the Mark TA Model 3 equipment. Coincidence with flak seemed to indicate ita possible use for radar control.
c. No

vlere encountered

fighters,
Db this

observation. aircraft, mission.

or searchlights

Pnrt

II

-RADAR COUNTER ~!ASURES - MISSION NO.

51

1. Genernl:
a, Four ROMse:1rch uircrc.ft pc.rticip.!!ted in this Frequency banda from 70 to 3000 me were senrch.ed. mission.

b. A tote 1 of 16 signals WaS intercepted, but nfter a.nalysU for repetition and nmbig1lity these \'lera resolved into I! different signals. This lllllllysis was bo.selil on dbUlparison with previOUS enemy flak, weather, false and other intercepts. Not. many interoepts wat's Made on this mission. This rnny be due to the fact that monitoring WEtS mainly performod in the higher frequenoy banda where few signds appeared.

2.

Result;!! of Setlrch: n, Intercepts were as follows:

(1) 200/2600/S/352;N - 13930E. Enemy nction connected with this interc.ept Will'! limited to meager and light, inaccurate to uccur-a te flak. Bt'Lrrllge and continuously pointed A/A fire was used. The weathor was claar. Intercept was in the target area ,

(2) 185/450/.3-4/3515N - IJ410E. cepted twice in tho tnrget ureo..
coincide

This signnl 'finsinter-

laying
area.

(3) 235/2600/3/J545N - 13915E. This frequency did not with o.ny known enemy er~u1pment. It wr..spossibly a gunor searchlight signaJ. that was originating from the target

(4) JOIO/Hlgh/7.i!:st1mted/324ON - 13905E. This signnl was intercepted neur Tokyo, Another 10 em Signal, 3010/2000/6. was intercepted in this (lren on Mission No. 40 nenr K.atsura.
intercepted ce~ted is (5) 190/350-450/5/34100 - 13935E, This signlll .3 times en route to the target.
was

(6) 196/---/4/34400 - 13925E. This aignal twice en route to the target. on this

was inter-

(7)

avialable

3120/---/---/351;N - 13940E. No more informatIon intercept, made near Hnehljo Ji~.

made near 3.

(8) 200/1000/9/3435N - 13650E. This intercept was Iro Zak1 and WAIl '.:.l1eved to be the Mark 1 MOdel 2 i.1r aeuch.
and Conclusions; due to lack of aircraft of fit

Analysis

proper
point

No n/Fl1ng of any dgnal was possible Coordinut~s given lVere positions of interception.

equipment. b.

a.

disappeared.

the Mark 2 Model 2.
c.

The JOlO/High/7 Estimn ted signo.l was believed to be The signal was henrd faintly J times nnd then

onl1 a few gun-laying and searchlight radar-control signels being intercepted since previous intercepts indicated many signals of this type in the Tokyo area. It had been noted m previous missions that such signals wore limited to a few when a smnll formation npproo.ched or clear weather existed.

tor

Clear wop.thor in the target

oren may have been on.,

"'alOft

d. A few attacks Were IDlldeby eriemy fighters, but no evidence was found that they were night-fighters.

Part

III

- CONSOLIDATED MISSIONREPORT MISSIONSNO. COHMUNICAT!ONS

4S

and 51

1. Strike Re ports: Eigh teen Strike R.eports (Bomba Away) messages were received by the ground stntions. Ten were transmitted by 73rd Wing aircraft, and a were sent by .314th Wing Ai.rcraft. 2. Fox Transmissions: Although heavy traffic nt dlfferent inter~uls interrupted the u~Ufll schedule for transmission of weather and time signals, the weather reports were sent as "F" messages out of schedule to inform a.ircre.ft of Loce.I Vleather conditions.

3. Frf¥l1lencies: Atmospheric nnd jalI'ming interfGrences were moderate during these missions \'lith euch of the strike frequencies receiving quite n bit of the nircraft's transmissions. A percentage breakdown of traffic per frequency is as follows: 25 percent on 3 megacycles; 30 percent on 11 megacycles and 45 percent on 7 megacycles.
4. Navigntional Aids: Sixteen requests for HY/DF bearings were mttde by flircrl1f't. Of these, 14 were obtained. The 2 not obtained were due to mnlfunction of the D/F indicator and interference. However, these nircraft Inter received bearings. Five requests for VHF/DF from Condor Base were obtained. Rru1ges, homers and OWl Broodeast station, Saipun, were used with excellent results. 5. Net Discipline und Security: Discipline and security ",ere both reported as good, with no outs~~ding reports of transmission errors or security Violations recorded. The 7Jrd Wing reported trouble with a Weather airoraft nnding nr11l11y nbmbered meau;get not in the proper order. Steps have been taken to prevent a recurrence.

6. Enemy Trnnsmissions: The following cases interference were noted during this mission: n. J145 Jtes:
(1) Jap net working during night

of jamming and

wns ineffective. effective.

(2) Unreadable OW over tnrget
characters ineffectl ially

was partinlly

(J) Intentlonnl CW jnmming ronde up of \1llinteUiglble nt l6JOZ was partially effective.

(4)
va.

A varying

CW note at l600z for 30 minutes

1mB

(5)
effective. b.

Long clashes ond VI s west ot !WO Jimn were pP..rt-

6055 kcs: (1) (2) R/T Approximntely Wenk, ineffeotive 1 hour from targ~t OWwas encountered
WllS

ineffectl

ve.

throughout

themasion.

(3) Unknown station aending Vt S find "GPAR" at same time as ground station during time tick and weather wos effective.
51.u tion'. bearingcs wacs :)05 dogrool!l • • 35 ..

.~--- ~~

.. --"

-----~-~-----------------'

(4) An unknown st,"'.tion using AJ emitlsion s~dd, "HELLO RUMROGER" at 1904Z tll1d 1908Z. J It vms ineffective. effective.

c.
d.

l108D kcs: 3990 kCSI 7415 kcs: 10820 kosI

VSs-KA-K IS nerrr Iwo Ji!llD. were

pf.l'!"

tillIly

Negligible.
Stop tone j!.U1lming nt l7DlZ was portl~lly

e. effeotive.

r.

NegliFiible.

7. Distress: An YXXurgent signal crnft, indication possible ditching. A radnr W~tS notified and the aircJ'aft 11f1B Fifteen minutes c.fter obtnining e.nother ported landing at his home base.
S. output,

was received

fl'em

bearing wns obtnined. ADCC ce.Ll.ed for long dashes. b;ollring, the eircr!l~t re-

1,

Ilir-

Equipment Malfunctions: AN/ART-l3: 2 no Sidetone, 2 weak 1 incperl'.tive, 2 fixed antennue broken. ~: 1 inoperI..tive on "AVe" pnsition. AN/AFN-7:.3 cases of excessive hunting of needle, 4 cases sense antenna broken. 3CR-522: 1 inoperl'.tive on Channel "B", 1 inoper!"ltive en Channel "AI' end "B".RC-J6: 3 foct switches inoperative. RL-A2= 11 tnoperntdve , ---

-

-36-

.. ..,

AJIlNE%·
D

INTEU.IGm.K:lE part I - Enemy Air Oppoai t ion
PfU't

II - En~

Antiaireraf1;

am.

Air-to~Air sonbing

part III

- De.ma.ge Assessment

.!!ions
.,. ~qh

:No, 9 4

Ie

31

• 1 .April ,191J.5

\

P4RT

I - ENPlIY ngmER

JtEhCTIOH

- MISSIONS

NO. 48 • .61

fill., No lighter oppoll1t1on was auata.1ned on MillSion No. 46. On l4iasion No. 51, 39 attaok. were made by 25 r1ghter!', predomi nantly twin.englne.

'b. One B-29 was lOllt to enemy aircre.tt olalmed 1 enemy aircraft delltroyed, 1 probably 4s.ma,ged.
0.

fire. 11-291 ~estroyedt and I

Pew attaoks

ware austalned

TaU and noso qu... ters r&oeived tbe bu.lk of the attCloka. r by the left and right quarters.

d. Some ev1dGnoe of fighter coordination wltb t'learch~ light. and flak was ,..ported. Bombers ollught ln aearchl1ghtll were ..ttaoked by fighters u.ntll the bomber oame to flaJc-detended aUa.s when the air defenle ohanged over to ground deten.e~ e. Landing lights were again reported turned on by tbe Jap flghtera when ~ttaoking.
2.

t¥P,

of Enemy Aircrgtt

Attas;k;1ng

I

a. AI] attacks ocourred on Mi.slon No. 51. It waa (:).,1mated that 2S enemy air-oroft made the 39 atto.c5tll. All but 8 _re 1dent1fied as to elther name or type. They were predominantly tw1n~llgine.

!me Airardt

No. of

Attaok'

~s Uaidentified
Unidentif1ed
'lOll)'

Irvinc

a, AirQratj; Slmted But lot A**1ul No enemy airoratt wbloh d1d DOt attaok were lighted on Ki.alon No. 51. FQ~' enemy alrcr.,rt whioh 41d not attaGk were soeft on Ki .. Ion No. &s, Two were alngle.eng1n., 1 'fta tL tw1n-engine, and the other wa.'
u.n1den'lt led.

liM.

R10le

S/E UnIdentIfied
TOT1.L

4.

Pir.attAD spd

Level

of Attackl

a. The tan IlD.d no., ,,,arter. 1'0091ved the 'billie of the e.1rtack. Qft tIli. million, sllatainlng· 19 and 12 a.tta.ck., r .. peot1vely. Few attadc., I) and S, weN nata.1n.d 'by the lett and right quutera. ectin 1)".

"'.p

".
dlr80t101\

and lhe1,

Following 11 a. breakdown 01' attaok.

on the bull

of

- :Ie -

Direet!

ot Iilnemy Aircraft
Total

on and Level

of .Appro!l.ch

or

N'wnber A.ttllcke
39

1

I

1

FR;OM ABOVE

Ie
1<1
ZI

FROM LEVEL FROM BElD'V

1

1I6re loat to other cQ,ueell. ~ 6. type. upper tllrret

5. .Acouracy Enemy F1t61 No B...29 ns loat or do.magedon liil!l8!on No. '6; however, on Mission No. 51. 1 ILirora.tt (.9% ot that mission's 1'oroe) Wall loat to enemy o.1rol'o.tt tire, o.nd 5 B... 9a £

or

or

Pro 1e9t11e
mounted

I

An Irving was reported
the

jUllt behind

oanopy.

f'1ri~

a two-

'

1, Enemy Tapt1p.:
It.

st(U"ted

0.

pur.ul'l: -ourve,

Pa.U. j

One Gb.e.mye.ircZ'lli't was seon high at ., ololook. but brOke aWay o.t B olobolc at lboOye.rda.
t

1:1.. defended

Flter...rlak...searohl1

dence tha..t e 001' dinati on. axis. light., the tighter, wre a.otive
by flak.

netenso
n aom

until

'WIll! .ome eviin aoaJ'¢hthe bomber rel.\ched o..n uoee. I

Thel'O
Wll.'

er

c. o.nd:runnlng

Land~ng Li~~U Soveral f'1thtera lights to illuminate the B.l39a.,

used

theb

lnndlnc

-:59 ..

Coordinated AttD..oka lOne ooordlno.tad o.tto.ck wall made while the bomber '1'1'0.8 l11umino.ted by e:ea;rch .. light beOJllll ovor the target. The o.ttaokll were level to poIOW' at 8 to 10 0' Glock and pre8lled taBOO y~rdll. The braa:ka.w.ay wa. un.obse rved.
by 3 enemy a.lrortrl't

d.

e, Flying Objecta: One B..29 creW', while the I •.P., observed 0. dark objeot coming tOWlll'd it clo~ed a5 a. flghternormally doell, 1 t 8eemed to (ro.thcr than explode). When:l. t hit the ground,o. 'I'ro.1I II e·en .•

or

iJl the v:Lclnity them, but before dll!1:Lntegro.te large explosion

f. Po.slbleRemote Control Flying Bomb I The tail gunner on tM.II $£Lll'Iepla.ne. 0.11 it o.pproo.ehed ltUld'llend. reported tho.t something Wo.l5 followi.ng the B-29 and go.lIrlng on it. The pilot gro.duo.lly Increo..!ed power but the ohjoct Qont.inued to gcd.n even with theB-29 fly1.ng o.t ra.ted power, The B.. 29 ronda gentlo turns. The object followed and during the turns the tni! gunnor SQ.W .2 l.ong Itreo.m,s or flnme eoming from it. Shortly the'ren1'ter. he observed the obj.ct to explode .~Gn it hit tbe ground, o.nothGr G)L}Ilol!l1onoecl1rred. g. Poasible Rocket Bomba: On o.pproaohing land.'s end. '0. long streak or flame wna ob'G.rwd well below 0. B...29. It apl'Ge.red th.o.t the I'1 MEl or ob je 0 t (nothing bllt tbe flame Wo.lI ·Bt)on'hoUl whioh the flrune emanated wall tzo!lvel1ng eo.stwo.rd. The objeot pu.lled up into 0. steep Gl1mb o.nd mnde 11 tl.lrn to the right, coming o.rou.M in tront and well Qhead at the B..29. Appa.rently.it oiroled the B..29. Wh.en it QamG o.l'ound to the reo.r ot the B..29, the object exploded, Whan first sean, it o.ppoa.red tho.t the Object 1fO.SteJc1nt orr from: the ground. 6. aro1't 9.
we.~

Bnemv Aircrot't LigAH: Unldentitied. the only mo.rklnga obaarved.
Oy,t

11ghtaon

o~

air ...

tg.gtic.I CbD.ngfll5

qn4 Ph:opqwU n.

EMmy Aircraft·: and 1 ner9e.aed
.151'8

e.. b.

weN uled by B.29. to thwut enemy tightel"
the

or

al tt tude.

t1gh t tur-no.

ed.

&nemyo.irernft.
frOlll holll.

the

Some Boobll held fire \U\tll eMmy a.1:rcra1't fired. _ra dllo;ollro.ged 1n a.t'iaOkl.ng by .hart 'bur.ts ta.1l. guM. Enemy t.1ghtere were reported .ta¥:Lne; all'~ tedl ~ner.1 Can. ot tire.

two

0.'

10, Rusty

ot Hits on

iuomv

41rQrg.t$:

o.
11.

Oro..hed on ground - 1 N:l.ok. ShOOK underlmpe.ot of hi ta a.nd 80.n to go down • 1 T/E V/I Rose on tire .. 1 T/E (ponlb.ly Irv:Lng).

Qlq.ilQl

kY Type EMp
Probably

A4rcratt

Qud Gun PglitioDt DqmBnd Gun Pst.it1a,g

oflltrp'ypd 1 Hlole

Desk oYP'"

ta
1 TIE V/I ta:11

.........

1 T/E Irving'

TaU

'"

.40..

PilRT II .. EHMWl;"IIlCRitFT
HI§SIQN NO. 48

AND 4Ut TO bIR BOMBIID
&

51

1.
be ·b.. ·'M.n

Enemy

AlA

F,n!l

A/C 01' the 314th Wing bombed the Prll1lfll'Y TllJ'get 1'rom 660·O.'J900 ft. tlv'al.lgh lor 101ln:6e.ro.et uti n~ a.iea or nttaok from. fi7.i.:t.350• The wind owr ·the target, at bont1S-lng :.,Hit.ude, ..v~r.e.g6d from 24So lit 38 K. One'A/iJ 01'" the 314tl'1W1ng 1io~ed Sete, Targeter Opportunity. b. AI A oppo s i tion WOo" ne gl1 gl bIe I

r4-46.. 1S50Z

a.

Twelve

(1 ) lmmed 1e.te ly o.f te r 1 andfe.l1. mea.ger !'lnd 1.oaccure. te Q.utomatic weapo.nl fire WtUI reported by 1 J./C. (2) Over the target. heo.V"yflo.k WIl8 reported. oontinuously poin.ted and bQ.tro.ge type's were met. The firS" measer in intene! ty and generally ino.ct:uro.te. (J) fire
Wo..8 reported

Both
Wo.6

In the by 1

AlO.

vic ini ty of Seta,

heo.vy,

menger,

p;ocuro.te

c.

There

wn8 no flak

lose

or do.mo.ge.

d. SenrchligbtlS fo.Hed to l.llwnino.to My of t~ we on this m1u10n, o.lth.ough m.olt i.;a obse.rved. sso.rahllghta. The graa.test n.wnber or aeo.rchlighta reported by My ",\Ie was B. Two aen.roh. .. l1ghtll were reported loca.ted on t.he east brui.k of the liso River ne Tsus blma.

0.,.

e. 'l'Iie RaM .ob-eGnar pn tb1a mlulop. ro,portlld lnt,roopt.ion in tlla to.rgeto.roll of 1 ligonl wi thgun ..lo.yi.ngOha.ro.cteri8tics
ooincident w.ith flo.k bursts. be trail. the Mo.rk Til M04el III f. One hundred Thh 77 lit c. Jap ro.dlll'. slgno.l WM pre.umed. to

f1fteen A/e of the 7Srd Wing bombed the 1702~829t. from l$a3"Oo.796b -1'(: 01&-,,"1' ' Yt8Q.tber (l)/~O). Ulept for Ught 19"ound.,ha.n, using uea: or at~ck ar.m 355P.~30'. - Wind over ""th.e target o.t bo.rllb1ng a.lUt"dew"-ll trOll! :5200 a.t 35 I. g. AI A tire WD.sreported 0.11 follows:

PrimOl'y To.rget betwun

in

(l)
Islo.D:i, medium

J../ A.

Scattered meager

bur.y were encountered to innoeunte.

frOll! 0- Shim"

(2) At la,nd1'o.ll and on tm r.tl'llt part otthe medium nnd hoa.vy flnk, continuously pointod nnd barrage, to lnte~. a.nd ina.ooura.te 19'0.8onooWlterad. target,

bomb runt
modera.te

(3) On the lo.lIt hnH' of the bo.mb run and over the flak wa.s medlW1l and heo.vy, moderate to Int8n111o,o.nd fdrly (LecUJ'a.w. Both contlnuo".ly pointed tireo.nd bo.r.rQge wer!J onoOWltered, In tlP vlo1.n1 ty ot the bomb relene8 Uno, a.n intense bo.rrage of medium AlA "0.11 plOoO"ed tn thlOl po.th of the o.ttae)c.ing It/C. (4) On withdrawal from the tll.rget,
t'lck boco,me mengel'

to 1\11.

a, Searohlight covered the entiDe area in and out. Tb.ey seemed to work in groups of .5. They were'll'ell coordinated and passed Ale !'rom 1 group of lights to the n~t. Medium AlA waa reported firing o.nly on Ale cone(\ by searchlights. APJll;'oximate numbers of searchlights at various loeationa along the route given ware as fo11ovul:

OkJino Shima North edge of sagami Bay O...,shima FUjisawa Tachi Kawa !G:1wasak! Oda\'rara Along the bomb run. Tokyo Target

2 12

S

15

2

B 2

20 - ,30

60 - 100

j.. The crews empllasized a definite tendency in Japanes.e heavy A/A to be consistentlyccrrreet in altitude, even when the fire wae not aceurate in &z.imuthor elevation.

action ion)

2.

our Tactics "II'e:t'sus AlAI Both \\ings reported conSisting of 'turns and changes in altitude •
Air- t Q...Air BOlIlbinp;and Rockets: a. b. None were reported (See ala
0

us~

e'Vasive

.3 •

Enemy Ail" Opposit.

by the 314th Wing. as £ollQ9's:

'I11e 7.3rd Uing reported

(1) A red ball 0.£ fire at 35/S0 JJ .. 1.39/Sl'E was .seen ' dropping sldl'(ly fran 1,000 ft. to 500 ft .. below and ahead of a B..2.,. Then it df'opped like a bullet and explodedo.n the ground. (2) One from them just before have been a fighter. it turned. ~ baUs of did not set close, crew repClL"ted s.eeing scme object gOing away t.hey reached the target. It was believed: to Flames seemed to be caning fran it I and as fire came up toward tbe 13-29 fran behind but

(3) One eret1 reported that. 10 JJtiles trail.. tte target. nat appeared to be flares or rockets were fired at the nose of their Ale. Fifteen to20 projectiles were eOWli:ed.
(4.) Two cases were reporhd by 1 1!lrew of being :f01· lowed by FiA emitting intermittent trails of fire. These exploded beneath the 13-29I and then fell to the ground, exploding once m.Ol'a.

'" ... '" '"
PART , III 1. BQIlbi~ results

,.,

'"

.. DJJvI'AGEASSE3SMENI' werepoat'. showed no

2. "post-strike either target.

photography-

new daJDe:gev~ible

on

- 42 Corrected
Page

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NIGHT OPERATIONS AGUNST
JIt~~

PINPOINT

_

TAR

FLIGB'I'DATA & FOEL CONSUMPTION #48 6!51 #55 s/c COMPLETING
nIGHT DATA
i'l.l I -~.;,,~

DATE 30 March - 3 April
'l1'1 I:ing

#56
6S

#57
71
'l.

MISSION

*

13

~

""':1

'"Ii

nD'

'~, I,

~iina

Lnz

110

24

107

Avg. Time At Low Altitude Avg. Time Of Climb To Bombing Altitude Avg. Time At Bombing Al ti tude Avg. Flying Time Avg. Distance Flown (Nautical Air Miles)

:23 8:19 15 :57 2910

:2L,

:31 6:::25
14:;(,5

7:08 4:16 2769

6:37 13:37 2692

6 :3L, 13:47
2721

2509

FUEL CONSUMPTION
Consumed To Target: Average
Me:rlmum
Minimum

3938
!..4L..o

3377
3940 306S

3/+60

3550

3902 3136

3330 3800 2961

3191 3897 2799

Consumed From Target To Basa: (A/c Without Malfunction) Ho. Of Aircraft Average Maximum
llinimWII

13 2561 2655 2163

106
2388

23 2650 3053 2353

65 ?4S1 2925 1899

104 2516 3054 2106

2805 2027

Consumed From Target To ,Base: (A/C With Malfunction) Ho. Of Aircraft Average
IlaxllDllJl Minimum

None

0499 6880 . ()122
.

4 2679 2820 2569

1 3287 3287 3287

.3 2(;67 2780 25g0

3 3035 3.314 2762

Total Fuel Used: Average
ilaxilllUll
#

5754 6275 5288

6162 6851 5666

5797 6226 5130

5715 6294 5095

llini1BUll

Total Fuel RellB.ining: Average
IfaxiIllUl'l
Min1.mll

852 1218 400
Per Hour Per lfile

737 1212 325
L;J.'7.6

1126
17/+4 344

947 1570 532
L106.2

796 1405
266

Avg. Gals. Consumed Avg. Gal8. Consumed

407.5
2.23

427.3 2.46 395706

419.6 2.12 646887

2.11 6991.4'7

2.09 42055:3

TOTAL FUEL USED DB AIRBORNE

A/e

95559

* Ale

tar which fuel data are available.
Remuining On l\ircrr~ft u'.nding At 11m Ji:na \,i tIl Fue:i. Shortoge: Mis 51on ,1 - 6 Ale - 1100, 1100, 1l4~, 1275, 1JOO, l'~OO ge\l::;. " 56 - 2 piC - 147j, 154'7 gals. " 57 - 4 Ale - 402, 1300, 1308, 1400 gals.

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11.2.B!1

ANN.
F

P lEU) ORDERS PART I .. XXI BOMBER Cao&AND PARt II - 314TB \VING

PART III

... 73RD WING

MilltgA' Ro.

40 •

51 1045

SO Jlaroh 41 1 April

- '4 ..
l1R.lJl

'ROll:
TO:

. COlI GIN .XXI BOil COIl
COM GW 73RD Ela.f '.lrmG Cau. GEN JlJ'llI SCI.{ WING

§.!g,!!I
By AlltO of CO

CCl( GEM :nATH BCl!: "rING OW GEM 7TH FTIt COl(

MO:

(l(ilj
GUAM

I

ro

BC

tnI't.1aJ.G ~

t·( I dr
'Date

XXI BOMBER CO!IMAND

oaoo

6 A~U 1945

FmD

ORDER NUYBER 51 !NXINDLE

6
1:ll8",880'

MA.PSFOR PLOTTING: Jllptm Avi ...tion Chart 1.. 2. Omitted.

'lb. XXl.Bauher Cc¥.Imard. a;ttaeke Enkindle., on niSht o.f 1/2 AprU 1945. a.

the Japanese maWand

3.

7.3rd W1n&.
(1.) Tue ottak.e (2) off:
Ol202OK.

Target: Primary visual. W.tsubichiaircraf't plant atUUeaM~o. Aiming Point: 03 50S6. Re!el"ences: XX.! Bomber COID.IDa.nd Litho-Yoaiac

90.17,,357.

b.

O:nitted.

c. ODit·ted..
x,
(1)

Bomb load to be eelected by ~ CQmmS:no.er and thiaheadquarters notified o£ same lJr ,U1GOR. (a) (b) (0)
No ch9.nse.

4. a. (1)

'l'h1e 111 XXI

BQw.

Co::!. Tactical UiB&1oll No. 51

~iaG !1elo. order will reach thi.s headquarters by 311SOOK.

5.

No change.

/

(IP·... ~A
DIMS
2

·I!ONTGO~'

I
-

mtA.Y CCIlGEN XXI

B<J,(

C(Jl

DISTRmUTION :

ea Wj,n&

98/1

JJ>O 246 On1t 2 15001" 30 Mar 4$

!l"rH :eM WING

FO 25 Erndloa:te w,pS, Omitted

6.

InteUlt;enoe
b. 2. Ai.r Se D. Rescue: Annex 2

nth

19th Op 11'111 Atk to.rget 193 (XXI BC Li£ho-Mollo.1c 'O.20 ... 9~' 1 1.3AlC on 'D· Da.y. first Ala to take orf o.t 15SOX. '0' Oo.y 30 Ma.r 45.

Route tBa..a I'IiUJJMA 34.lCSN .. U6315 I!l

(n') (12306g)(MPI) R1sbt turn tU'tor to.rget Tnrget
Z509lf ...1M04E

two

JIMh

Stilo

ot Atk I 8"~. l!lIthod ot Atk: 1ndiv1dua.l 1./0 with ndn1JWm.lntuval bet19'ee.tJ. jJrJ. ftadU' bombing :ru.n will be I!IQ.do tram IP to terget untll
Axil

vhuo.l oorreotiona Altitudo &nI'oute:
Altltl.l4o
21.

ot i~tIcI

mr;Ule. to 8000 ft or '7000 to BOOO tt:,
be 7000

oan.

500 rio

·Ofttop'.

a.

BOIII.b 100.dl

6110h

fIfth, and n1fttb JlC will Oal'ry 4& AN 14.26 Plilru . and lo.st fOIlZ' Ale 11'111 oarry 6 AN 11.. 26 flu ... a.ob lnGd.dl tlOD. to 2Cbx 100 (It.

Ale ~n.rr1e.

20

x

500

(Fexoep'tlrs',

(1) sod

1_

ap 1/100 no _

and. non delay \;0.11

(., •• 4. ••
f.

14.16 tler ...

et to open at 21000 tt above ta.rget.

CAS on ~CDb1D6 run UO mpb. In.l'ftloaeter Alao t
IS

IOttinSt

m1ntawa

&DO I'U per

au
:s I

1ft tall, upper a.tt.
Pluh Photo.

a;ft4

lonr

aft.

Ale

OGMra.
lI:.

will OU'ry Se. ~

1 ea K-46 Photo

bClllbJI aDd 1.1",

(1)

Boab.iagillltruotloJUlI will bop bClllb. only it they... target, othemlll8 I tbly w111 lUke IlQOtbN

.row.

bombrwt.
(t) Owmory 1natl'llotlonl tarsetl lUll••• tired !DaY tire ..t. targeta,
t

SUJlft$J"8 ,,111 no", tire upon. <htntte .. of ~

at ~

Il&rJAt

"

10

ob.a.Q&.

119..11.%

.2 lLQ .!.§ l

5.

0..

Radio s11enoe emerge.noy.

will

prevo.il

enroute

to targot

except

in.

b. luln.exos

I

Fir sto.nd ninth .11/ Cwill 1. Inte11 i&ence 2. Air Bell. Reeoue

tr!lJ1smi t strike

report!.

3. Photo
.. >II ,.. '" " ..

.Annex 1 PO 2SE:ro.dIoate

lntaillgenoe

5

!14.th Bam WING APO 246 Unit .2 15:001 30 Mar 45

1.'11..

EMmy SItuation

(1) 'lor gets (0Jn1 t.ted)
(2) Enemy Ait aefell.s08. (e.) Recent '91\0'0 reOODnaielMoe 0.1 rc·raf' t counts: TOYOHASHI: 349j';.lS719S~vy :5 SEt 36 TEl OI'l'StJ: '1'OKOSHIMA: e442H-1S122E 15 8E, .~ Til 3AOeN .. l:54S6B 140 SEt am (Navy i'rn.iniDg a.n,d J)opot)

revealed tM following
Bo.mber 'bId)

UYOSU:
IlEIJII

3513N... 1S650!
19 SEl, 10 'fE

S454]!f 1$702B1 ...

144 SE. B 'fB

(b)

'1111&.
(0) (s)

Oa the XXI BOIIiber COlllllland miss10n 01' 23-!4; lInrGh OVOI' RAGOYA, the Gloemy hQ.d o.pprox1ma.te Iy 10 Ala airborne. They W8re, however, not agcreu1ve G.nd 110 Q.ttD.Gk. or pa.ISOI _re' reported by 4/0 ot W. no ohnfta;o tranAMex

Othenr1ao 5.

I, 11'0 20, EJ"tI.cu.o te ..

!near Ground Deten.ol.
(a.) At the target there
IA

1he tll'at SI 1111181 ot Il oour.. of 570 f trom the IP to the target 1. over ,round whioh 1. underended bybeavy AA. Ale fly1ng 11.. cOl1r•• or IS? 401:1"$" w111 oem. witlUn raftg!! of HAApout emU.,. trom the ta.rS.t itselt _'

Ale flying a.t. 7000toet uti.de.

_0

128 HAA1f1tbin

I'O.Dp

or

.lj.2.lilI

(b)

Thore are o.pproxlmo:to1y 2$ S IL'. in thB illll:ll8d ..te l vicinity of theta.rgot.. Approximately 12S/L' II are known to oxlit o.long tbe route from the IP

-.e IIto rn.outElklrttl
(c) Reporta

to the target.

Theee al'8 looe.ted in the northott::heol1;y o.f NAGOYA. Jllghtlng' are
I

of bal'.rllgeba.lloon

3 ba.rrage ba.lloon. 1D. thO vicinity oa.stle flying about 5000 feet.

or

NAGOYA area.

fly1n, at about 54.00 foet. (d)A.dja.cont flak
t\r8a.1I

1 barrage

bo..lloon .raporbld

along

wnter tront

are

I

HAlUJ4ATSIJ .. 15 guM.

'I'OYOHASHI .. 14
• • II ..

gunll.

!It •

Annex 2 FO 2! St-a.d1ee:te 6 • .Air..seo. Ruone

314m. Bam WING APO 246 Unit .2 11500 I, SO Mo.r 45

ow gALL
50VT56 51V7&6

WCE gj,u.
PACEW.KER 50 P.AaEJ&AlDl51 GuBl'docll

PPSI'UOU
30005-135001
3000N.13S00E

Slffl §T'AtIOli
IAI IAI

:nOloOl to 3103301 $1 Q]. 001: to 310:55O(

'NClllOtlCl ••

1310lto.. snOKO OW, 44151:0' (Voice), Cha.nnol 101, and 50010. TronaDl11:S and reoeivClIl 011 44'75KO (cnr). 1160aw. 792010'. and S'7SSXC. Oon won.mit Oft 437 ltOS with lo1;t.,. 10-1 tor haalng 011 radio compall'.

a.

DumbOli. PPSITIOB

'Wi QYElt

§WI9N

RI1

20001.141OOB

PQSI'UOI

urRDCE

lOXn

SOOOR'-l3500E

HAOHIJO JD&A

ilg,.B.ll

VOICE CALL

P(§ITIQB
2aOON "1~700E,

IM
ea.rl1er

ON STATION

302100K to 31lB2~

unless seoured

by l!Iu.perdWlibo.

FZ'oquenohs $, Roforence

Gua.rd.d: 6475 XO'·Ow and' Vo~oe. 50010, and Cha.nnel IC·.
pointsl

Lif'egua.rd aubmo.rlnea I HACHIJO JIMA Sllperdumbo8: HA.CHlJOJlMA Dumbos &: Surfo.oElVeasell!l; NO JlMA. &: PAGAN ISLAND
.pOl'

Code no.mes 5e. SOP.2

'"

...

_ndment.
1. Air

1 FO 2~ Erndioo.te

..
.. 6.

'"
I

Amend Jum.x

2, FO 23 o,a f-ollowa Sea. Roscue FaoUi ties'. 2 FO 2~, Ero.dloa.te 6
I

D&lo.y all

times

2 hou.rll on

Amendment
1.

FO 23 18 redoSigno.ted

END

'" '"

....

FO 23. ErndlOa.te 6

314TH BOWl WINO ~O 246, Unit .2 15001, 30 Mar 45. Almex :5 FO 23 Erad10ate

PhotogZ'o.phy
1.

6.

All cdrero.tt engaged in bombing CAlC with rlo.res exoluded) will be equipped with one 11.46 Photo Plo.sh bomb and OM 1:-198 O&mera. 'rhe lollow1ng inau-uotioNi w111 be followed:

(e.) (b) (c) (d) Ce) (r)

Th8

flub bomb will be loaded to leave the bomb rack.

10

o.s to be the bat bomb

Tdl pla.te. 'Will be removed hom all ~-46 Photo Pluh bOlll.b ••
Pille .ettlng tor Photo Flub
NOM
I

bcmba

I

21.00

10001\da.

Oaaere. back tiltl Camero.expo.ure

1/85 seoond.

Camera ma.ter .wltch will be turl\Od on and the oamera doop. opened just prior to reach1~ tho Il'. The lIla.ter lIw1tch will be turned oft an4 the Oamera doora 010s0d 5 minute. atter leaving tho target aro«. the camera ma.ter .wltch may bo uaed to toke additional photo. after the flash banb bas exploded.

C,)
8.

the toklng ot racllU"photogro.pha 1. optional,

l.1i.QI11

Hq,S 7:3rd BBOM iVING. SAIP.A.N
310400Z Fe 70 MAR 45

MAPS'I

JAPAN AVIATION CHART, SCALE 112:16,880. AmING POINT REFEREOOE: XXI BOM COM LITHO UOSAI9 90.17-357.

1. A.
B.
1925K.

See Annex NR 1.
(1) (8.) (b) (0) For Dlllllbol lee,. Annex NR 2. 31:3th Wg Atka Nagoya. 314th Wg Atka Nagoya. Target Target 193, takes 198 • 2010,

off

Takes off 162:3K. 2. 73r~ Wg Atka Japan.
Primary Seoondary Target: Target:
90.17. 357

Urban Industrial

Area of Tokyo.

Method of Bombing: Primary. Individual aircraft using l'o.do.r o.pproach to IP, DR trom IP o.nd attaok Target viaually. Seoondo.ry • Complete radar approach
attaok. Soheme of Maneuver: Aircraft wUl prooeed en route nnd in target area at altitude. between 6000 and 6800 ft. Bombing airspeed will be 2~O mph CAS. Attn pa4.1ng BRL ataJ'1; One quarter needlewldth turn to left to heo.dint of 200 degrees true •. Aiming Point 035086. - Primary;

and

(Firat Bomb) - 034081, UPI (Primary)
I

Sa;.'lO

a.a

a1l1l10!;

pOint.

Secondary

35/39N .. 139/ "E.

lIPI (Seeondo.ry)

OAP - 35/38/30N

.. l39/48/30E. 6000 to 6800 ft.

Bombing Altitude: Route
Out

0.1\4 aok: B

Base O.Shima. (3'-' 4. TN • 139/ 23E) IP - Eno Shimll (35/1T/501 • 139/29E) Tnr!;Ot 3'.13e/30N - 13e/'9E 32,100N - 137/451 lwo Jll'11D. Baae

Niahino • Shima 31/511 • IM/SaE

• 60 •

3. A. ~9th Op To.kes off at Zero Hour. ~ircrQft ns Super Dumbo (See Annex NR 2). B. C. Super Dumbo. 1500th Qp Take. off ::.rur "99th
Gp.

499th Gop fUn

one

497th

Gp Tnkes off

Arter

500th Gpo '98th flies

D. 496th Op Tokes off last.
(See Ann.ex NR 2).
(l)
(2)

one aircrnCt as

x.

D Day:

1 April 45.
2020K.

Zero Houri

(3) If weathor condi tiona Ilre such that vi sual contllct with ground is not mo.de within two minutes a.fter po.ssing the IP a1r~ crttft will turn to a heading of 40 degree" true o.nd bo.mb the ucondo.ry torget by re.do.r. After bombing o.ircra.ft w111 make OnG quarter needle .. width right turn to hending not to exceed 135 degrees o.nd hold to coast

thence direct to I~~o.
(4) (5)

Dumboa.

30 alrcroft per Op will be flown .~luding

Super

chute flarea fuzed to drop Itl.st.

Bcmb Loadl All aircroJ't will cnrry 4. X M-26 pornto open 3000 ft. above the ground Ilnd 10ade4 a.

'0

(a)

fused no noae, 1 bour fus~d no nose, tused no noae.

or e

499th GpI

ho~r

delay tn1l.

36 X 500 Ib GP AM'lL or TNT tilled.

(b) SOOth Gp I 36 X 500 Ib GP Al4TL ol' TNT 1'11led. 1 bDur or 15 mln_ delay t&il.
(0)

15 min del~
(d)

fused 0.1 nose, non-delny tail. (S) Int&rvalometer

Qp t tn1!. . '98th Qp,
491th

:56 X 500 1.

GP AMTL
(It

OJ'

TNT t11104,

36 x 500 III

AItl'L or TNT tl11ed,

Settingl

50 ft.

(?) All aipcraft will wnit briefed time atter intervolOllllilter ru.n throu.gh Ilnd then toUle flarea at 1 see, intervo.lI baa (intervalometer will beset at 36 bomb. only).

ed with

200

rd. par gun.
(,)

(e)

Ammuniti.n Loo.d1nga Gunnery

Ta11 turrot. ooly w111 be load-

tired up.n.

llUItruction'l

Gunner. 1rlll t1re only wbell
90 dogree. CU'e

(10) Aborting a.lrcruf'ten route out w111 turn and fly tor 5 min. bafore turning on return heading. (11) bnsed

T1m. of Atk •• eqllenoe of Atk o.nd bomb hsing.

on interval 20 minutes prior and 20 minutes niter maximum lunar illumination. &mphallz. to orewl tbat aucoe.s of the mi •• ioD 11 pre. dioted on proper illumination both by flarol o.nd ~on nnd that .trict ndhereoce to btle1'ed fligbt plo.n i8 e.sential. (12) Aircraft w111 be ~d.4 6500 gill ot go.aolino. 50

of 011 per tank.

SQl

Jl!lR!t

4. 5.
73rd

No Ch~o

Bomb W@;.

A.

(1)

See Jbmoa 100 seriel,
See .Annex NR '.

.13rd Bomb Wg nnd cllrrent SOl,

(2) B.

Command POllta.
(1) (2)

Air- IndiVidual aircraft.
Ground - "'g Ground Station.

Annex 1 - Intelligence Annex 2 - Air Sea Rescue Annex :3 .. R C !if Annex • - Communioa.tions

•••••
Annex

mt 1 to PO 10 H~a 1!rd Bomb Wg.,

Intelligenoe
Section I. Enemy Order of Battle. Air.

Bo..e4 on recent experience fighters will nttompt. to intercept from _~efore landfall ~tl1 alter lnn4's end but will probnbly not be errectiTe. Section II. v1Cinit,y
Enemy

Enemy Antio.ircraft.
target.
dtuation at! poste4. Searchlights will be op-ero.tln
1ft

or

All.

Seotion III. Frion41y
No infllght

Situation.
south of 30 degrees I latitude will

be reporte' Section IV.

by

radio,

Naval alghti~B

Photography.

No Oamero.B will be installed

except 135' ••

Seotion V. List of Visual Target Data:

lJI BOUCau. Litho-Mo.aio 90.17-35' • 90.17.35TA lJI BOlCOM, Tokyo .Area. Oha.rt NRS XXI 1010014, Target Chart. NR .,• NRTA 73Bomb Wing Reproduction Target Approach Photo'.
Section VI, Li.t

m m

JTG. Intormation Sbeeiol (tor briefing)
BO)40014 Jumbo }loBaic 90.17.357

BOlCOl4, Ta.rget Intormo.tion Sheet, 3. March 4S (tor bl'lot1ftC)

(tor br1efi~)

ot Radar Material.t

lXI B01400M Naviga.tion Chart R-2 XII BOliICOY: Ra.dal' Approc.ch ChaJ't RA..3

XXI BOMCO!.! RadarPlottl.t11!; Chart R_70 73rd Bomb Wing Repl'oduotionsl Four Soope Photos

..

"''''.

ANNEX NR 2 F070,

Hq 75rd Bomb Wt.

Seotio.n

I.

St.rike

Super Dumbo•• !2:!,2! Cyclon. Cyclone

~iQa,n
:nV650
!52VB50

!2a.U
31 32

Pos:!,tton 32/00N 30/00N

.. ..

11M

139/15E 140/00~

020400K 0206001 0204.30K ... 020530K VHF110M ke.

..

F.requenolu Guarded: 4415 ko (voioe)., (OW) and 3145 ko (OW). Section II. Cill D\.unboll Vote,
None

500 kc, Ohannel '0·,

em

ca.ll

POli'j;:L0D
.eO/OON .. U3/00E

!!m!
020500 ..oompletion

21V890

Auigl1ed

Frequen.otes Guard.•d: 4475 ke, SOC life; C1bo;nnel '0-. !79 20 ke OW (Day} and 3"7Sl5 kG..CW (Night). Section III. Lif'egu.ard Sllbma..rines R;f,rence 32-QON • 139/1SE ~ch1jQ . Po:!, t A Jima During

'W!F1i

A,l.o ~l1rd.

:rim! 00 Sta.t:!,oQ return of flight ..

Voiee Call .for all Lifeguard Submarnies will be code name £o.r reterente point IHachljo Jima' f'rom SOP...:?.. Frequencies are 4475 kc (OW ..na. Voi.e), ChlUlnel'C' VHF (140.58 ae.), Section IV. Surface Vessels: Po§1:tigp nmp gpSt&:t:LgD

Yo:!,ce Ca.ll To tollow Invincible Frequencies VHF. Gu!'ade41

sa.QON ~ 140/30E
le/OOR ... lU/30E 4.4.15 ke (Voice

012000 ..Completion
Tb7u entlr. mi.slon udChannel ·0·

and CW). 500 ke,

•••••
ANNEX NR 3 TO FO '1'0, Hq. 73rd Bomb Wt.

Radar Counter l.ieallLlJ'OII.

1.

EaCh Op will Grou.p 491
498 499

search

the assigned
Primary

frequsnoy

band •• Secondary 170..00 3 170..300
"rO.. 170

1000... 3000
1000.3000

500

1000-3000 1000.3000

300 .. 1000

2.

Every effort

on the ISland.
:3.

will be mad_ to check tenati va location en route north of 330N

of 10 om radar

The 4.98th Op will install an AN.A!i'Ql in a lead aircraft to record erew observatlOJul and cOl!llllents one hour froln thirty for minutes prior to bombs aWay to thirty minutes after. 4. If ni~ht the aireorne f1ghters are repQrted an effort radar chlll'acteriaticil • will be made to determine

..."'' '

...

ANNEX 4 TO FO '70

Oommunications
1. Each Group will de81gn.ate one aircraft per Squadron to transmit Strike Reports. Call signs of aircraft so designated will be furnished this Headquarters prier to take-off. 2. Strike Reports I A special Strike Report will consht of Time OTer To.rget. Method of Bombing, Cloud Ooverage. 00n4i tion at Target. Fighter Oppesition and Fiak Opposition.

Time Method of Bombin~
Cloud Ooverage Situation at Target

V • V1aual
R - Radar

- Over

Target

(GMT)

N 1 A B

Fighter

Opposition

D - Faw Scattered E - Unobser'ved A- Heavy B • Moderate D - None A - Heavy B • lIod. r&to C - lIe.set D - NOlle

o-

- Nil vigation to 9 for tenths; I for - General Conflagration - Several Large Fire.

10/10

Manyfires

fires

a-

Meager

Flak Oppod tion

S. ". S.

IFF

f

See ourrent _ilenoe

SOl.

m

Bomber CODIIIlaJUi. in cale of extreme emergenoy.

Radio

en route

to tar,et except

6055 kc reoommended optimum frequency thil m1_,ion •

......

Amendment Nit 1 to PO 70. Hq'

1~ri !lomb
to reach

"g.

1.

Amene! Para 3. X (5) (d)
-'u&ed .1

No.e~ 1/40 Sec Tail·.

Amendment Nl ! to FO 70, Hq. '73r4 Bomb Wg 1. Amend Annex NR 8 to PO 70. Hq. "Srd Bomb .,

to read

1

Seot10n I - Strike Super Dumb 01, ew Cull Vli>ice 01111 . hb Sta.t1on . Jlos1:Uoll Time on Station 31VBSO Cyclone 31 A 3400N,,,,l400!OS 0203301.. 02053O]t 32V8S0 Cyclone 32 B !200N.14045E 020S45K.02053Q[ Frequenciss Guarded I Same. Section 11- DumboB

uvr

21V890

Call

Voioe Call

Position

'requencies

21VB90

Guarded:

30-00N - 143-00E Same.

Time on Station 020630( - Completion

Section III ..Lifeguards (Submarines): Sub Station Poa1tlon Re.ferenoe Point Time on Sta.tion A 34-00N ..l'O/SOE Hachijo Jima Durin, return of FIt. e 32/ooN ..HO/45E Ha.chljo Jima Durin~ return of FIt. ·Voice call for all lifeguard (Submarinas) will be code na.~ for Hfer enee point Raohijo Jima from SOP ..2. Frequenc iea aril 4475 kc 'CW e.nd Voice) Channel CharliE! VHF (140.58 me). Section IV .. Surface Voice oall Invincible Frequencies Amendment NR 3to 1. Vessell. Position Same Time on '!tation Entire

To follow

Guarded:

38/00N ..l4l/00E la/OON - 14~SOE

0201001 • Completion
mission

FO 70, Hq. 73rd Bomb W~.

Amend Para 1 SO as to delete

Pa.ra. 1 B. (1) (B) and Para I B, (1) (0) •

.Amendment Nr 1& to FO 70. Hqs 73rd Bomb Wg.

1. Amend Section IV of Annex NR 1 to read as follows

I

'Vertical Camera will be installed in at least three aircraft sched1.ll.. ed to go over tar~t last. All available 1..20 and K-3S cam.eras will be used. No rpt no photo flash bombs will be used. This is Bomber Canmand Miuion Number 51. All iD1.s1on phot()&ro.phs will be lettered accordingly. Chatlge SeCtion IV Annex NR 2 to reed: .. Position 28/00N .. 14O/30E .. time on Sta.tion

2.

Voioe call 'Warcloud' 0120001 to 0208301[.

-65-

ii.Q.lll

G

MigDgls

te ..

51

,so

Karoh aa4 ,1 April 1'1"

DISTRIBUTION

TACTI2Ak MISSION REPQRtS

1 4> 5
6

s

2:

'7
8 9 10'

11 12 13

16 1'1 18

15
IV

14

21

COlDlllan.d.1ng General, l' ao1f' 10 Arc QJI1 ColZlilUu1d1ng G.en&rtlJ., 22,Rb:) COlllJlland1ng GeneHl. CollltDandi.ng Gentral,
Europe·

Areas

GomtDe.nditl.,!!; Geneoral, Twe.ntieth Air Force GCIDmanding (lenerd. XXI :Bomber dommand Deputy COllllD.llndar, Twentieth Air PorCoii' C::lhief of Staff t Tw.enthth Ail" Peroe Ch1~ o.f' Starr. IXI Bomber Co_and Deputy CiS. Opn5, XXI Boaber OodmAnd. .Deputy CIS, Sup &:Ke..1nt. XU Bomber O~JDIIIN1d, AC of at A .. 2. XXI B.o:mb~ CollUriOl1d Gonme.ndl11e;f#eJl;tll)·!t.l, ArIDYA.r Fo rces, .AT'fth MJ/ AB Intel! i genoe! COIDmander in Oblei', PlloU,'lo Ooea;n .!l: $ lUI. (J.Qv8q) GODUIllUlder n Chief, hcitic ec"an Areas (rI.ea.r Hq) 1 Chief of lfavulOperatlohS. OP-16.V Joint lntelU,gence Center, Pae1t1c OOe.o.n.\reu . GO.!IlIlI:a.nderAir F'Oroe, Pe.alf1c ll'le",t COIllPla.nder, Fifth F~eet COllll1lander, First Oar-riel" Ta8k Foroe Commander. Forward Area COJ!!)llandlng Gene:ral. n. S. Army Forceii 1El Far Ee.s-t. COIliDa.nding Gen.eral. 0'.8, ArmY Forces, Pao1fiO Oo,ell:l:1 Allied Air Foroes, Bouthwe·s,t S'eOt1011 in

m",•. .1TT~h 0..2, (For

Far E..-1; -*11' Forces U.S. Stt'at.g:l.O .Mr Fore ..

a&
25 26 21' .•

as

29

50-81
33
:Yo 36

:sa

S6

37

sa

$9

4.0

4.1
4.8 4.3

"
46

At) .. 4,7

Eipt Air Fo1'olS 14'acUterranean All104 A1:r ForQea fU'teenth. .t.1r Porol CaJIIIlab.ding General. SeTenth.4.1r Force Co_s.nd1nc OeMr .. l, VII Beaber CoQ1U.i14 C0DllUm41Dg GeneroJ.. VII P 1Pter Com..e.n4 Oc.ian41ng GttI14lI"al, E1.,..b.th J.1itPoroe Coaaatld1D& Gellerd, JX BOIlljer 0aman4 00amar;L4lng Goneral, S&tb 117Ui Tra.1n1DC 'Il~ Oo-..nd1l1& O.Mral, !Seth BoIIbatuollt Wil3& C0llllP41DC 00%1$1'&1. 731'4 BOJIba.rdaeld: 'Ilrll C0IIII0.M1.JIg GeQDl'a1. 31.!th BOULbar4llent ,,~ O~ancl1D& rd. 3Uth BOlIb..,-d.llutllt "f.ln& aoeanal~. Gelleral. 31S:th. SQal'ba.r4,me;\t W1h, COIIQncUnr; orr 10.r,:lrd Photo ReQonSq~drotL O~411lS ortlcd', :131'4 Statl.t'10.1CoD:tlrol UD1t CJbeII10ctl Warfare otf'1oer~ XII !oll'ber OOllllll8:D4 TactI0. • 'l'rGJ.nlng ~ctlODt .L.a, XXX Boaber ~aIl OrdnaM8 t)tfloer, XXI lomb .. Caalb.ncU.~ Oen.e.r-.l, XU Bom:ber COIIDLlldt Dst8lOm.eot "A" llt.torloe.l otf'loer, m BOCDberOo~

Coumani:lng GeMrtll, C0llllllal!.d1nc ~no:ral. OoIllUAd.l.,. GAlul.

a...

ao_~

48 ... 77
'18

79 80 61
82 83 85

8'

86 87 88 69 90 91
9:2

93
94,

95 96
97

100
101 102

98 99

103 104. 105 .. US

COlmm~dIng ~neral. Army Air Foroe". ATTN AD/AS 1 IntellIgence, Co11~otlon rlIflsion AM' Eva lUlI.t ton Boat d, of 0 Hea.dq ue.rterlA.AF'POA Co~o.naing Officer, 6th .Bomb Group (VB) COl1Danding ~f' ICet,~ 9th Bomb Group (VH) Commandlbg Orf'lcer' 16th Bomb Group (VH) Oo~andlng Oi'f'lceri 19th Bomb Group (VB) Collli\andlag OffiOer' 29th Bomb Group(VH) C0llUl1and1ngOff1cBt', 39th Bomb Group (VB) Comma.nding orf1cer~ ~Oth Bomb Groul' (VH) Comme.ndi~ Officer. ~30th Bomb Group (VH) Co~andlng Officer; 331st Bomb Group (v~) Comma.ncling Officer .. '44th Bol!Ib Group (VB) Colmiand1hg: Officer. '-e~ Bomb Group (VH) Oommanding Officeri 458th Bomb Group CVH) Oomma.nding orrlcer, '91th Bomb Group (VX) Co.ananding ,OUlcer, 'seth Bomb Group (W) Commanding 01'tioe!'!, '99th Bomb Group (VR) Commandin,g Ol'fiQer, 500th Bomb Group (V-H) CommandIng orri~er, 501st Bomb Group (va) Commandln~ Officer, 502nd Bomb Group (VH) OOllllllandIn~ Ot'f'1cElr, 504th Bomb Gtoul' (va) Ccilllll1anding Officer, 505th Bomb (VH) Comm..nding Off1G'er, 65Sth Bomb Sq (H)<WR) CommandIng Of'flc~rf Twentieth ,!it Force Lead Brew SOh.col Ccama.ndln.g Oi'f'lcer, 15thF.lgh1;~ Qroup COIl8l1a.nding' otf.:i car. ~l.t.. :l.gl\ter Group p Oommuding- ott1cel', SOOth lI'igh"ter Gl[oup A-I, Reporting UnIt" XXI Sombar' dOlDmtJld (File Copy) ~~~ Report1ns Unit. XXI Bo_bar Qommani

oro~

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