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MISSION FLO WN COllY

NO.

60 106

61

8 APR 1945 NO.

HE'AI:lQ.UARTffiS XXI BOMBHl. COMM.iND
APO 234

TACTICAL MISsION REPCRT Field Order No.

54
lapan

Missions on the Islnnd. of Rlfushu.

No. 60 & 61

'l'argets

7·8

April

1945

TABLE OF CONI'ENl'S To.ctical Narrative ••••

. . , . . . . " . ..
• • • • •

Prlge

..No, .
1

••••••• Chart. • •• Part II - Banbardiersl Aiming Pointe. Fort III .. Flight Engineering Charts Port IV ~ Radar ·Scope Photos ••••• Part V - Air--5ea Rescue Chort. • • • Ann.EiX B ~ weather. • .. • • • • ••• Port I - "\;eather Sumnary ••• ••• Part II - Forecast \"ieather VB. Observed ~enther • Part III - Prognostio Mal' •••• Part ;tv • Synopt io Map • • •

Annex.A • Operat ions • • • • Part I - .i'hvigution

· . •. ·. . ·..

ii 17
19
21 22' 23

8 9 10

18

Ann@}C - Communications C • • , • • • • • • • ,'. Part I - Radar Counter Measures. • •• Part II - Radio. Allilex D - Intelligence ... , Part I - Enemy Ail;' Opposition. Part I I - EnemyAntiairc.raft • Annex E - Consolidated Statistical

25

24

25

26

Part III - Damage Assessment •

..
. .. . ..

27
27

27
29

SUI1Im'lry"
Order • •

Annex F - J!XI Bomber COIl1Im,nd Field Annex G - Distribution •••• ,•

39

Prepared

by: 11.-2 Section :lOI:r .Bomber Ca:nma.nd

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SECRET -....

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SSTFIED

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1::::::11,1 SEORET IBy Auth of C.G.

XXI Banber cCD1U4

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Date

45

HE;.DQUARTERS

...... ......

Initials
: : :

J])G=
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XXI B CMBER CMlAHD
~O 234

• 18 Ihy 1'46
SUBJOOT:

Report of Operations.

7 - 8 April

1945
~ D.C.

TO

Ccm:manding eneral, Twentieth A1r·Fol'Oo" G 1. Identificmtion of Missions:

a. Field Order No. 54. Headquarters XXI Banber CCIIIIIImd, dated 7 April 1945. directed the 73rd aId 31J1;h Banbardment lfiDgs to participate i.n an attack against targets on I"1wshu. b. Targets Specified: (1)
Primary

Visual:

(a) (b) (2)

7.3rd Wing, Mission No.

60. D.noya Airfielcl.

31_3th Wing, Mission No. 61: D.nO)'ll. ast Airfield. E

Secondary Visual: (a) (li) 73rd Wing. Mission No. 60: 31.3th Wing, Mission No. 61: Izumi Airfield. K"okubu irfield. A Center of City

(3) of IOlgoshima. 2. Strategy

Primary Radar. Missions 60 and 61:

am Plan, of Operations:

a. (1) A.request by the U.s. Navy fOX'attacks against .Japanese Airfields in support of the Okinal1a operations VIas the primary reason far these e.~tacks.. ' (2) These 2 airfields Vi"~e selected far attaok since they were the most important of the ~hu bases from which the .Japanese were stagins aircraft far a:ttacks directed, againet units engaged i~ the QlQ.nawa campaign. b. Det'ails
(1)

of Plannipg - Operat12nal:

BombingPlans: (a) Determination
of BombLela'!:

1. ~: The 500-pound general-purpose bomD )'ffiS cOD.sidered the most effective high-explosive '11eapon,inasmuch as the prinei pal bui l di.ngs in the target are of simple truss strue .. tures with long coniinuous span. The most destructive effect of these bombs on this type installation is one of blast and fragmen~ tation. The presence of smaller buildings and parked aircraft in the target area were also considered. This mission was canmitted to an attack on the target lluilding area. The assumed large number of hits' obtainable by use of the 500-pound bcmb1T0uld assure a

better chance of interrupting operation. It ia considered to be more effeotive ton for ton against these airfield installati0D8 than other ai ze bcmbs ,

i. Fuzing: The instantaneous fuze was selected to obtain bomb burst on roof structure level. Blnst would bring the structure down, thereby destroyiD8 equipnent inside the buildins. This fuzing was also selected so that._in the event af'ZllDGI' JAt... .., banb bursts would be obtained at ground level. oausing maximum blast effect to parked airoraft and nearby buildings. The .025 delay taU fuzing was an aasurance fuze only. J. Aircraft· were to be loaded to obtain maximum tonnage of high explosives on the target.
to give the greatest the target area.

Al.

possible

Minimum

train release was seleoted in order concentration of high explosi'W88 withiD.

(1:1)' BanbiPB Pl!!lUliM

I

1. The prim!ry obj'ective of this mission was the destruction at aircraft installationsr and o.iJOr.ettJ theret-o~t.lle axes of attack were planned so that the MPI would be centered on ha~ws and on aircraft JBrked in the vicinity of beDS81's. ,g,. To achieve proper dietritiutlon of bcmbB,2 aiming points were assigned the 73rd Wing; these aiming pOints were selected in han&ar areas on opposite sides of the airfield. One aiming point was assigned the 3l3th Wing; this aiming point was surrounded by workshops. Hits on any of the surrounding buildings would cause crippling damage to these installations •
oth€r pertinent

.1. B'ombing altitudes, axes of attack, infor.mation are listed below:
_!.

drift

and

BombingAltitudes: Axis of attack:

Drift: 1 • 3 degrees right Length of Run: 21 miles Aiming Points: Ground Speed: 193 m.p.h. Time of Run: G min1,l.tes30 seconds Int~valCl!Jeter Setting: MiIUmlllll BombingAltitude: Azis of Attack: Drift: Aiming Point I Length of Run: Ground Speedl Time of Run: Interval ometer S ett j'. 3l.3~h Wing:

18,000 to 19,000 feet 288 degrees true from initial (3l/17'N - 13~08'E)

73rd Wing:

point
Annex A

See Part II,

17,000 ~o 18,000 ~eet 273 degrees true fran initial

2 aegree,s left! See Part II, Annex A 28 milee 200 m.p.h. 8 minut~s 30 seconds i.ng: M'illimurn

(31/22IN. - 1)1/2l'E)

point

_2.

(2)

Navigational

Planning:

Assembly VlSS to be made in the Iwo Jima area inasmuch Base as the radio range could be utilized. The area a180 would to provide good visual landmarks for assemlUy. Iwo Area to landfall and IP would provide a good upwind run 3117N :.. l3108E {#60) 3122N - 1~121E (#61) on the target.
,to

TARGEl' to Iwo to Base

A left

turn was to be made after

leaving the target.

,

A good check point

halfway between the target and base. It would also provide an emergency landing field. Flight Engineerins:

(3)

(8) Flight Plan: Speeds and altitudes. except bombing run. were used to obtain maximum fuel econemyand safety.

tar

(b) Loading: Fuel reserve data of formation missions to Kyushu nt the altitude planned indicated that the average aircraft o·f the 73rd Wing would require full wing and center wing tanks. Total fuel Would be approximately 67.50 gallons. It uas estimated that the average aircraft of the 3l3th Wing ..auld need, in addition to full uing and center 'fling tanks. 1 full banb bay tank for a total fuel of approximately 7300 gallons.

1...

BombLoad:

!_. No maximum minimumload uas specified. or The average bombload for the 7Jrd 'fiing, fused on previous missions, was estimated a1l approxima.tely 9000 pounds. That for tre 3l3th Wing (based on previous missions) uas estimated at 8000 pounds.

pounds. (4)

]'.

.Ammunitionload was estimated at 1.500

Radar Planning:

(a) Radar scope photographs on hand gave no indication that the airfields could be bombedby direct radar methods. Offset technique might have been used but the results would probably not have been good. Therefore, the center of the City of Kagoshimawas chosen as the primary radar target. All effort was to be made to fly directly ov.er the visual target. If cloud c'over were to 'SlCist, all aircraft were 1:'0 turn right and bombKagoshim. The IP and landfall were identical and easily indent:i1'h. bl~ on the AFQ.-13. (Il) Actual scope photos of the area (with a map giviIlf the location of the pic.turesJ were provided for the radar operators. They were also provided with a :uadar navigOltion chart. (See Annex At Part IV). '
I '

(5) Radar Counter Measures: planned for these missions.

There were no ReMsearches

-3-

(6)

Air-Sea Rescue Planning:

(a) The Navy was furnished 17ith the details of the missions and requested to furnish facilities for air-sea rescue purposes. The following facilities Tiers made available: 1. Three submrines were to be at the following positions for the entire mission: 30/001N - 13l/30IE; 30/00'N - 132/00 IE; 30/001N - 132/30IE. 2. Tr... surface craft were to be at the following o positions: 26/451N - 138/00'E frcm07220az.to o8080OZ; IS/OO'N - l44I30'E for the entire mission. from 080630Ztill

1. One Navy Dumbowas to be at 20/00'N- 143/00'B the end of the mission.

,It. Crash boats w~e to be in the Vicinity of Saipan ani Tinien during take off and landiIl8S until such times as relieved by the control, tower. (b) to 26/00'N - l39/00'E c. Details This Commandssigned I Super-Dumboairplane a fran oB040az to OB0530Z. (B-29)

of Planning - Intelligence:

(1) EnemyAir Opposition: Defense forces assigned to K;yushu the time of this mission planning were not considered adequate at to offer more than moderate opposition to B-29s. (2) Enen.vAntiaircraft Ooposit ion: Fran interpretation of available photography of the Banoya Airfield area, there were a total of 32 heavy antiaircraft guns and 200 automatic 'l7eapons. The heaVy guns are dispersed in an oval defense around Kanoya B.nd Kanoya East Airfields.

3. Execution of the Missions:
a. iling 73rd 313th TOTAL Take-Off: Aircraft Airborne Actual take-off uas accomplished as follows: Last Aircraft Take-Oft 071734Z 071804Z 071804Z

First Aircraft Take-Off 07l715Z 071724Z 071715Z

....£L
53

,32

b. Route Out: The course floon was generally as briefed with an edd i.t i onnL 12 to 15 minutes necessary for reassembly due to instrument conditions at the point of clim'Q. c. Over T"lrgets: Forty-t,wo aircraft dropped a total of 166 tons of bombs on uhe City of Kagosh,inJl,. radar through 10/10 clouds. by SU: aircraft dropped a total of 26.3 tons of banOOon Banoys East Airfield by radar. Fi ve ai;rcre.ft were non-effective. incident. d. Route Back: Return to bases was eecanplished without

-4-

e•

Landill8: landed at bases under good weather conl&nding

di tions

(1) Aircraft as l'011oos : First

Last landing

313th

73rd
TOTAL

OB073OZ o80644Z 08064420

08 Oft!OZ OB075OZ 080820z

The above d.oes not include to refuel and returning late.

5

aircraft

'

landing at l'I1o J1ne

(2) Losses: One aircraft -from the 313th Wing crashed and exploded approxilm tely 2, m.iles from the end of the !l'WIWllf shortly atter taking off. Four survivors and one body were picked up by crash boats.
f.

Operations (i) (2)

SUDl!Mry: (See Annex A, Part I, for track omrt)
far

Navigation:

Bombing: (See Annex AI Part II.

aimiDg Points)

(a) In one Wing seme confusion was caused by the plurality of targets and sorne aircraft bombed t;he primary visual ts.rget by radar. There was also.some difficulty with assembly pro .. cedure, resUlting in mixed formations over the target .Correcti'UI action has been taken by adopting the policy of assigning specific assembly points to each Wing. (b) Other minor deviations fr·am the briefed plan were made by formations over the targets. For example, one formation did .not bomb on the .specific axis of attack 'iIIhile another made a second run over the target ~ charts): (3) Flight Engineerins:(See Annex A. Part III, for

!. Initial Cruise and. Assembly: The initial cruise to the w.ing assembly point at IV10Jima was :flown byindividual aircraft. The balsn.ceof the low-level cruise uas flown between 1500 and 7000 fe\'lt in. Wing forlmtiOD.
2. Clim.b to bOlJlb.ingaltitude (17 .50'0 ft an average of 4e minu.tes •

.2. Cruise to Target: in format.ion was made without difficulty •

The eruise

to targe~

.!!.' Return to Base: The return was made by individual aircraft from. 15. DOD to 25 ,000 iJeet. Fuel consumptions f·(E both \"fings were as predict!;'ld.
(4) Badal": (Sse A.nnexA, Part IV, for Scope Photos)

-5-

(8) the target. operative. and

Equipment Performance: aver

94

1. AJG.-13 sets ners 93 per cent operative per cent operati va on landing.

g.

SCR-718 and SCR-695 were 100 per cent

3..- APN-4 was 92 per cent operative.
(b) Radar Navigation: rSllBe. statioIi station No.3,

1. Total Loran fixes numbered 364. Meu:iDium No.2. was 900 nautical miles and ]]2XiDnun range •. was 1000nautical miles.
the

g. Maximum. range of APQ.-13 was 100 miles, average being 69 miles. Average range of japanese coastline at lB,OOOfeet altitude was. 57 miles.
d;Viation

1. Two radar winds were repcrted:. from average wind was 5 degrees ani 6 knots.

Average

li.. Beacon operation was reported by 12 aircraft. Maximum range of 180 miles was obtained at 10,000 feet. Average range at 7000 feet was 160 miles.
(c ) Rader Bombing: craft

1. TheI'e were 5 radar releases with 43 airdropping on lead air~raft. Direct radar bombing was employed.
(5) GUDnexY:
PD

aircraft

these (6)

missions.

Since there were no attacks by enenzy the guns were only test fired. (Sse Annex A, Part V, for Chart).

Air-Sea Rescue:

g. "eather: (See Ann.eJC B, Part It for details) :leather was apprOX.im,ately as forecast ,except for a trontjust50U.th of :r<yushu, re.sulting in poor ta.rget conditions. Wee.ther conditions at bases 'l7ere good for both take-oft' and landing.

h.

Communications:
Measures:

(1) Radar Counter on these missio.DS.

There was no RCMactivity

(2) Radio: (Se.e Annex C. Part II t for details) Little interference was encount er ad on t.heee miss i ons , Radio d.isc .ip1in.<ll was extremely good. Only' Strike Reports uere received.
i.

Intelligence

Summary:

(l)EnelllY Air Oppositio.p.: There was ao enemy air opposition. although a f.lisht of 20 Bod a flight of 11 singleengine, unidentified. enemy aircre.ft were Sighted. over Ragoshi.m8 •

..e...

(2) Enemy Antia.ircraft: Enany antiaircra1't repc:rted consisted of a total of 6 burst.s of heavy inaccurate fire. 001011'and 'tiehind. Tlio aircraft reported this fire. (3) BambingResults and Damage Assessmept: (See.AnneX D, Part III. for det'ails) A total at 1,260 ,000 square feet of the resident le.1 sect ion at J(agOShimaU-8S d eetrayed.

~r.-t/HIAy
CURTIS E. LelIA]' M:lj or General, U.s .A.

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OP!BATIOlS Part I - Navigation Chart

Part II - Banbardier' a Aiming Poim. Part III - Flight ·Engineering Ohart"
Par'll IV - Radar Soope Photoa

Part V - Air-Sea. Rescue Chart

Mis-aiona No. 60 and 6i.

7-

a

April

1945

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APRIL 1945

PART

. MISSION

NO~........=.1.o!

DATE~;;:.:...:..:.!.=.~~ XXI BOMCOM._-I

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KANOYA

AIRFI.ELD

MISSION NO.60

AIM'G POINTS

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TRACK CHART XXI BOMBER COMMAND SECRET RE'PRODUCED 35th.P. T. U.

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WFATHm Part I - W ther S1.IlII$.ry ea Weather
VB.

Part II-

Chart -Forecast

Observed Weath lSI'

Part III - Prosnostic Map
Part IV - Synoptic :IMp

M1Z!1siona.No •. 60. and 61

7 - 8 April 1945


.. 18 -

[l!QB.E1

PARTI ,.

JiFATHER

SUMMARY

PI.ANN'lJqG FORECAST ~ES: 4-6/10 lew cloud, base 1800 ft, top 7000 ft, IS ,000 ttl in afternoon with light shewers. few to lO-

RomE:

TO 240M: 7/10 lew cloud, base 1700 top 7000 ft. S/10 middle cloud, base 11,000 ft, top 14,000 ft. 2 oMto 28ON: 8/10 100 cloud, liase 1800 ft. top 6000 tt, 9 10 middle clol1d in layers batT/een 10,000 and 15.000 :ft, 7/10 high cloud. 27.000 ft to 29,000 ft, light rain~ 280N to coast: 6/10 la.v cloud, base 2000 ft. top 6000 tt.

:NI,

TARGETS: Tokyo and NagOya: 3/10 low cloud, base 2500 ft. top 5000 ft increasing to 6/10 in afternoon. Kobe: 3/10 low cloud, base 3000 ft, tOJl 5000 tt becaning 7/10 by l600K. . ~: 7/10 1011cloud, base 2000 ft, top 5000 ttl with slightly less cloud to west of larger hills. Operational Forecast Weather Encouphred 4-5/10 101'1 cloud, base 1800 ft, top 5-7000 ft; visi bili ty unrestricted. To·19~: 4/101011 cloud, base 2000 ft. top 5000 it. 190M to 22~: 8/10 lew cloud. base 1500 ft, top 7000 itj 8/10 middle cloud, bose 9000 ft. top 10,000 ,tj light shoUers. 220N to 24~: 4-5/10 100 cloud, base 2000 ft. top 5000 ft; 3/10 middle cloud, base 9000 ft, top 10,000 ft. 24?N to 2ZON: 8/10 l~ cloud. base 1600 ft. top 8000 ft; 10/10 middle cloud, base 9000 ft, top 12,000 ft. Moderat e rain. 27CN to SOON: 5-6/10 1011cloud. base 2000 ft, top 5000 ft; 3-5/10 midale cloud, base 10,000 :ft, top 12,000 ft; visibility unrestricted. 30~ to Target: Lw cloud unobserved j '10/10 middle cloud, top 12-13,000 ft; 4/10 high cloud. base 26~ooo ft.

Base at 3/10 1017cloud, base 1800 ft, Take Off: t op 5000 ft; 4/10 high cloud, base 30,000 ft; visibility 15 mdles. Route To·19CNi 3110 low cloud, base Out: 2000 ft. top 5000 ft; 4/10 high cloud at 30,000 ft; visibility 15 mdles. 190 N to 22~: 7/10 100 cloud. case 1500 ft, top 7-9000ftj 4/10'middle cloud, base 12,000 ft, top 14.000 ft. ligpt rain shorrers reducing visibility from 12 miles to 2 miles. . 22~ to 249N: 6/10 low cloud base 2000 ft, top 6000 ft; 2-4/10 middle cloud, bose 12,000 ft. 24~ to 270N: 7/10 101"1loud, c base 1500 ft. top 8000 ft; 9/r 0 middle cloud, oose 10,000 .ft. top 15,000 ft~ 7/10 high cloud, base 26,000 ft, moderate rain reducing visibility frem 12 miles to 1 mile. 27~ to SOON: 6/10 10\'1cloud. base 1800 ft. top 6000 ft; 5/10 mid,dle cloud, buse 13,000 ft, top 15.000 ft; 4-~/lO high cloud, 28.000 ft. Light rime icing in middle clOUd. 30CNto Target: 5/10 100 clqud. base 3000 ft. top 5000 ft; visibility 15 miles. Target: 5/10 101'1 cloud. base 3000 ft., top 5000 ft; visibility 15.miles.

L= cloud unobserved J 10/ 101Il:L4dle cloud, top 12-13,000 ftl 4/10 high cloud at 25.000 ft; vis ibili ty un-

restricted

... 19 ...

Route RE1turning:

Same as Route Outgoing.

Same as Route to 25.000 !tat

Outgoing except 2QOJq.

far 'OCcasional cumulus built up
base 2000 ft 3-4/10 cumulus, base 1800 ft. top 5000 .:f't; visibility unrestricted.

Base on 4/10 101'1 cloud.

Return: top 7000 f't; 2/10 middle

cloud, at 10,000 .f't, 3/10 hiBb cloud at 30,000 ft·. Visibility 15 miles. winds Aloft Base to 12~ 12~ - Forecast

to 28~

g8~

to

31~
-25 ..15 .6
i2
8 13

~
280/85 280/70

25,000 20;000 15;000 10,000 5;000 2,000 Surface

3'20/15 320/15 330/15 360/10 360/15 0]0/15

-20

~9
0

7
13 23 27

080/12

280/40 280/]2 280/25 280/18 .325/15 015/17 050/12

-20280/70 -10 280/55 -2 290/40 7290/25 17 340/18 20 40/16

-27 ..6 1
-4 -4
11 15

23 70/12.

17

350/2Q 50/20 60/15

29035

290~b

6

Winds AlOft

- .Obsel'ved

20;.000 15.000 5;000 2,000 Surface

2800

50X*

2800

4SX

*18,000 ft. HEMlJllG: Front believed to be just south ot l{yushu was not as forecast. and poor target cOnditionl:'! l'6sul t ed , Ex;cep1; for this area. the forecilst was good.

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APR'j

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.1LIl

ANNEX.

c

C!?MM!JNICATIQNS Part I .. Ra.dar Counter Par t II - Radio M(!lI.suros

MissiOQ§ No.

eo and

61

., .. 6 Ap.rll 1945

.. 24 ..
.§!QJjJ,I

PART I -

llAIWl

COUNTER Ei\SUBES M

There was no R~

activity

........

on these

milsions

PAM' II -

RADIO

1. Btr ike Reports I Five Strike Reports (Bombs htray) messages were scheduled to be transmitted. Only 4 were received. One 73rd Wlng message was not received due to an airplane transmitter not being properly tuned. 2. Fox TranmnJ.uionll Time Signals and UOCl'AC weather trnnlfmi tted on tre hour and ha.lf hour as scheduled. were

3. Freauencies I Very little OW interference was encountered. Atmospheric interference was slight to moderate on the strike frequencies, Moderate 0\1 on 3145 and 11080 kcs wo.s reoeived after 0200Z. Following is a percentage breakdown of traffio per frequency: 15 per oent on 3 megacycles; 40 per cent on 7 mego.cycles; and 45 per cent on II megacycles. 4. Nnvigntionql Aids: Five llF/IF requests were received (lnd answered. 'l'wo VHF/IF benrings ware requested nnd obtnined. Rnnge and homer fncUi ti.es on Saipan, Guo.m, Tinian nnd Iwo J Imn wero used with good results, 5, Net Discipline and Secur i tv: no outstnnding errors in net diSCipline 6. miSSions No violo.tions of security were reported. and

Enemy Trwmissions I The following incidents of eneJny tro.naand interference were reported during this missionl

a.
effoctive. b. c. effectiw. d. 7.

3145

kg6

I

Stondy note when penr Jo.p const

WClIII

modero.tely

6055 kcs:

Negligible. Unknown stntions sending over tnrget were In-

11960 kcs:

3410, 7310 nnd 11160 k!s:

Negligible. messages were received,
1 inoperative,

Distresp:

No emergency or distress

B. Equipment M!\lfungtion. I SCR-522 I inoperntive, ~, 1 nntenno.wiro tangle, sense nntenno. broken. IFP: 1 inoperntive.

WJJl.N-71

BC.346: 1 erro.ticl

1

1

D

lliTElLlQElIlE

Port I • Enemy Ai r Opposi tlon Part II - EnemyAntlnircratt
P'lirt lIt .. D.IlIIIDgeil.usslIIllsnt-

Mlspiens No. 60 ap451
76 April 1945

• ~6 • ~.!LQ~ll!1

PkaT I - RiE},!! AIR OPPOSITION 1. There wns no enemy ~ir opposition.

2. Two flights of enemy aircraft. consisting of 20 and 11 aIrcraft re.pectively. were Sighted Over Ka!o Shima. None of the8e aircro.ft ntto.cked the .B-29' •• PlIRT II - ENEMYANTI4lRCWT

1. Enemy antio.ircraft reported con8isted of a. tot~l or 6 bur8ta of heavy. inaccurate fire. below and behind. 2.

Two aircraft reported this fire.

PhRT III
Mission No.

- DAMAGEASSESSMENt
- 130/33E)*

Ki.GOSHIMACITY (3l/33N

3PR5M 135 Altitude

D~te Flownl
I

12 AprU 45

33.000 Feet

This report assess damage to Ke.goshim~ Oi ty resulting from Bomber Command MiSSions 60 and 61 of 8 April 1945.

UI

Post-strike photos sho, 2 areas of destruction in n residential section in the north-central part of the city. The destroyed c.reas total approximately 1.260.000 squaro feet, Annotations on the accompany1ng photo! Area No, 1; ~60.000 square feet, iu'eo.. No, 21 500.000 square feet.

·lXI Bombor Command

a,I.u.

Damage Assessment Report No. 40.

':"27 -

£igs'1I

,1/

DAMAGE

ASSESSMENT

MISSIONS·-60 a 61 8 APRfL 1945

FOR

ANNEX-DPART-IIISEORET

l.1.Q.lJl

qcmSOLlpM'ED STATISTJC AL

"'P9JX

.1

Mhsiona.

No. 60 and. 61

7 .. 6 Apr.1l 1945

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MISSIOII_~60=...l&:L..:II:61 FLIGHT DATA
&:

_

FUEL CONSUMPTION

DATE._~8:...A!!.Ipr=U::....=194.C1i11:5;.... 1 3t WiN 16

A/C COMPLETING FLIGHT DATA

MISSION

*

#60 73 Wil'lol!: 27

Avg. Time

At Low Altitude

6:55 :40

7:39 :30 :38 13:44 2636

Avg. Time Of Climb To Bombing Altitude Avg. Time Avg. Flying Avg. Uistance FUEL CONSUMPTION Consumed To Targetz Average
UiB:rlmum Minimum

~t Bombing Time

Altitude

:4.2
14:33 2761

Flown (Nautical Air Ililel5)

3985 41.45 3685

376L~ 4299 3265

~

CODSUlJlled From Target To Base: (A/C Without Malfunotion) Ho. Of Aircraft Average Maximum
lfininlUlll

25 2109 2)19 1595

16 2254 2542 1968

Consumed From Target To Base: (A/C With Malfunction)
No. Of Aircraft

,
2 2172 2220 2124
None

Average
llaxi.1llWlI

-

Minimum Tota.l Fuel Used: Average Maximum Minimum Total Fuel Remaining: Average
Maximum lI1niDIum

6082 6495 5667

6094 6380 5645

639 1155 105 418.8 2.21 186455

1076 1524 765 443.0 2.31 123630 (Elcclu::lesA/e Larxiing At Iwo Jima).

Avg.

Gals. ConsUllled Per Hour Per Mile

Avg. Gals. Consumed
TOTAL

FUEL USED ON AIRBORNE Aje

... Alc

tar

"hioh fuel data are available.

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p

IXI BOlliER IXW\ND nap 91.

M!s,1oPlNo·

60

and §l

7 ~ 8 April 1945

- 39 -

§.l!.Ql!!l1

F'ROij: TO:

COl.! GEN XXI BOll COM COM GEN 73 BO::J!WING Cct\' GEN 31:3 BOlf WING COM GEN 314 BOU WING I.X I ROI!. COM !lifO
JRU PHOTO RECON SQUI\DRON

-----SECRET

By Auth of CG XXI BC

INFO:

cro 93.11

.61;) Initiale

9tiJIJ~
7te
COMMAND

XXI BOUB~

GUAM

0&:Xl 9 Jlpril 1945 FAlliSH 1.
Chart

PIEW

ORD$

NUMBEW54

CHECKBOOK 1

~!/.PS FOR PLO'!'TING: J,,;::a:, Aviation .1..

1:2LB,S90 •

tlni t t-~d • The XXI Born Com~i:.\.acke target& on Kyushu with.,1x squadrons Pr1Jnary Radar Target: Center of City of Kngoshima. ?.eference: Map ~.!-lO air objecti Vel folder 90.3~ Kyushu Sl)Uth.
a.

2.

on D-Dtly.

3.

73 t'ling

<1)
(2)

Target:

Kanoya Air Field Axis

(Checkbook No.1)
of Attack from IF True True

Aiming Point

Force Required
2 Sq11a.d.rons

041113 029039
AP Reference.:

2gg Degrees 2gg Degrees Litho-Hosiac

1 Squadron
Target No. 137grt•

!!Kanoya Airfield.

(3) Base Altitud'f: Attack: of
(4) Route:
Base

18,000 feet.

3117N - 13108]; (IP)
Target Make left Iwo Jima
Base

Minami-I. Jima

(Illest Side)

(Assembly

P·oint)

(Departure Point)

ta rn after

leaving

target.

(5.) Secondary

Visual

Target:

IzUlJli ;\i.rfie1d Force Required

,~iming Point

107095 0$20136
Referenca
b,

2 Squadrons 1 Squadr-on
1C{I Bam Gam Mosiac "Izumi Area".

313 Wing
(1) (2) Target! Aiming 101128 AP Re[",ponc e:
0

Kanoy... $.8t Airfield Point Axis

(FOOlish No.1) Ferce Required

of t.ttack from IP True Air/i

273 Degrees
Li tno-I.\.oaiae of Attack:

.3 Squadrons
61<1.

Kanoya East 1'7,000 feet.

(3)

Be.99

-AU.itude

leo'll';.

FIELD ORDER NUMBER 54 CONTINUED

(4) Secondary Visual Target:
Aiming point 063124 (5) Route: Base Miniami-Io JLna 3l22N - l312lE

Kokubu Airfield Force Required

3

Squadrono

Make left turn after Iwo Jim.a Sase c, x, Omitted. (1) (2) D-Day and D-Hour:

Target

(East Side) (IP)

(Assembly Point)

(Departure Point)

leaving target

080715K

Method of Attack: By squadrons in colunm attacking with minimum time interval between squadrons. The primary villlal am secondary vi sual, target wi 11 be attacked by visual bombing method8 if possible and til! pr:i.JMry radar target will be attack.16 ed by radar bombing methods if nec.)s56.17. Alc will be flown in squadron formation from a~sembly points to the target. If reassembly. is necessary the IP will be used as reassembly point.

(3)

(4) BombLoad:
(5)

500 1b

Gpls

instantaneous

nose and 1/40 tail_

Lead squadrons of each wing will leave departUl"e point at D-Hour in visual contact with each other if possible, will attempt to hit assigned targets roncomitantly.

am by remaining

4. a. No change.
b. XXIBornComTacticaJ, lUssion No:

(1) Checkbook 1 No. 60
(2)

Famish 1

No.

61
reports, con-

5.

Reference XXIBornComCommunication Sal and SOPfor strike tact reports and IFF pr-ocedur a,
LEMAY COM GEM XXI BOM COM

&~A'~~ MON~.mRY
D/oPNS DISTRIBUTION:
/;. AND D

G

DIStRIBUTIQN

LIm:

Mh,ioQS

No. 60 g,nd 61
1945

? - aAprll

- 42 ;§

.m _g lULl

PlSIRUlYTION
TACTICAL .!.lISSION RWQ!tTS
Copy No 1 2
3

4 5 6
7

6
9

10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17
18

19
20

22

23
24 25 26 27 .. 26 29 30 ... :n 32 33

34
35 36 31 38 39 40

41
42

.. 4'1

..77

Commandlng G(lnero.l, Twentieth Air Force Comma.nding Genera.l, XXI. Bomber CO!lllllMd Dap uty CO!llmander, Twentieth Alr Force Chief of Sto1'f. Twentieth Air Force Chi efof Sto.ff. XXI B ember Oommo.nd Deputy CiS. Op.na. IXI Bombe.r Oommand Deputy CiS. Sup &I Maintt XX! Bomber Command 11.0 of S, 11._2. XXI Bomber Commo.nd Oommo.ndlng Genero.I. ArlJlY Air Forces J..T'lNz AC/AS, Intelligence Oommo.nder in Chi-ef. Pnc 1flc Ooean.it.rena (Adv Bq) CommQllder in Chief, Po.c if 10 Ooenn Are 0.8 (ReD.!' Hq) Ch1ef' of Na.val Operations. OP.. 16-V J01nt 1ntelligenoe Center, P~cif1c DOGo.D Arone Commander All' Force. Pllc1f'10 Fleet Commo.nder. F1£thFleet Commnndsr. Flrst Currier Tusk Force Commo.ndsr. Fo rwo.rd Areo. CommnndingGeneral. u.s. f.:rlJlY Forces in Fo.r Eo.st COlluno.ndi.ng Genero.l,U .•S.· Army Forces, Pacifio Ooeo.n Areas Comm.andln.g Genero.l. AIUed. Air Foroea Southwest Pacifi.C Areas Commanding Generd, SQuthwest Paoific Araas. ATTN: 1]..2 (For Seotion 22. RCM) COl!!lll.o.ndingo.enero.l. Far EMt Air Forces Commnndl.ng Genernl. U.S_ StrategiC Air Forces ill Europe Co.mmn:nding Genernl. Eighth Air Forco Commanding Gener 0.1. Medi terr Me un Allie d Jdr Forces Commanding Gener nl. F if te·1;Inth Air For ee Commo.nding Generd. Seventh ·hr li'o'rce Commc.nding Genernl, VIr Bomber Commo.nd Commanding General. VII Fight,er Commnnd Commanding Genero.l, Eleventh Air Force Commo.bdi ng Genernl, XX Bombee GPI!!lM.nd Commllllding Generc.l. 38th Flying Tra.ining Wing C01llll'lO.ndingGeneral. 58th Bombo.rdment Wing Comma.nding GelV"rc.I,. 73rd Bombardl!lent Wing Commanding Oane1'",1, 313th Bombard.rnent Wing CO.lllPIanding General. 314th Bombnrdlnent 1'I':1ng Command! ng Gener aI, 315th .Bom l::uroiment Wing Commanding Offioer. 3rd Photo Recon SqlJo.dron Co.mmll.ndlng O1'n eel'. 33rd.Sto. t1stionl ContX' 01 Unit Chemioallinrf 0,.1'13 Ofr ieer I XXI Bomber Command Taoticl)' and l'rr..lning Section, 11.-3, XXI B0mber Commnnd Ordnanoe orr ie 031'. XXI Bombor Co.mmlllld Comma.nd.lng Orficer, XXI Bomber Commnnd. CombQt Stt1.ging Conter (Provlsiono.l) H1storico.l Offioer. XXI BOmber Command. Cotnmo.ndin.g General, Army Fo reel !'I ATTNlAC/ AS In:tell!gen.(l.~, Gollect.ion Dl vl.s1on Commanding General. bmy Air Forces PQ,olfl0 Ocellll Areas ISTN I 1l.IlF Eve.luntion Board

Cepy He 79 Cemm~dlng General, Army Air Fercss Pacific Ocean ~ea8 ATTNI Directer ef Communications For: Counter MenBures Air Ana1YBi.a Center Cel!ll!lo.nding Offic.er, 6th Bom.b Group (VB) Commo.nding Officer. 9th Bom.b Group (VB) COllJlltl1ldi.ng Officer, 16th Bomb Group (VB) Commanding Oi'f.icer, 19th Bemb Group (VB) Commnnding Officer, 29th Bomb Greup (VB) Commo.nding Officer, 39th Bomb Greup (VB) Oemmanding Officer. 40th Bomb Greup (va) CO!lllllanding Officer, 330th Bomb Gro!4p (VB) CO!lllllanding Orficer, 331st Bomb Group (VB) COl!ll!lnnding arricer, 444.th Bomb Group (VH) Oommanding Officer, 4S2nd Bomb Group (VB) CO!lllllanding Officer. 468tb. Bomb Group (VB) Cornmm..nding OffiCer, 497th Bomb Group (VB) Commanding Off.icer, 498th Bomb Group (VH) Commanding Officer, 499th Bomb Group (VB) Commanding Officer, 500th Bomb Group (VB) Cornmc.ndlng Officer, 50lst Bomb Group (VB) Ot'lmmo.nding Officer. 502011 Bomb Group (VB) Commanding Officer. 504th Bomb Group (W) Command.ing orr io. er , 505th Bo.mb Group (VB) Oommo.nding Officer, 655th Bomb Group (VH) Commanding Officer. Twentieth l..lr .Force Lend. Orew SC.hool COlIWlandingOfficer, 15th Fi.ghter Group Commanding Offioer, 21st Fighter Group Comma.nding Offioer. S06th Fighter Group Reporting Uni t. A_2. XXI Bomber Comma.nd (File Copy) Reporting Unit, 11.-2, XXI Bomber Command

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