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XWentieth

Air ~.
VVJF=..<::..__;

~/-~~-z.f.._ "InlL!~l .. )~ ~ (Date)

.'-41 S SID N N O. F LOW~", COpy
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No feature of this report may be re ... produced or dis.semina ted wi th.out prior approval ot Headquarters .Arn:w

Air Forces.

...

~ ...

FOREI1QRD

This report covers XXI Baflber Con:ma.zx'l Miasions No. 173 (1.9 Msy). 17.5 (16 May). 177 (18 May). 179 (2Way). 180' (22 May). 182 (24 May). 164 (26 .May) • . m.165 (27 May). All were Illinill8 a missio.na flown by the XXI Bombe;t" Com.. lll9.nd I s 31.9th. Bombardment 'Jing •

........... * ••
For interinnnissions notooTered in this repcn"t. see the following XXI Bomber CamtaD1\ Tactical Mission Repo.rts·: _ Mi;3sion

Tsrget ,
Nagoya Urban ,t\rea

Issued

Date

174 176 176
181 183

8 J'ul,y 8 july
10 July . l2

~gota
.Area

South Urban

'Taehika.wa Aircraft PIand. & Depot Tokyo Urbap. A:rea Tokyo Urbs.n .Ar&a

Ju17

14 July

.....

SECRET

----~

HEADQ,UARTERS XXI B CMBER CCMMAND APO 234 TACTICAL MISSION REPORT 313th Field Bombardment Wing Ordera No. 49; 51;

53. 55. 57, 58, 60 & 61
Fukuoka.

XXI Bomber CmmaM Missions No. 173; 184

175: 177; 119. 180, 182,
&:

185

Target s :

Niigate. Maizuru, Tsuruga. Shimonoseki Straits Areas

Fushiki.

Nanao and

13. 16, 18, 20, 22, 24. 26.
Table Tactical Narrative •••

and

21 ~f 1945
Page No. •

or

Oontents

,

. .. . . . . . . • • • •

• • • • ••

1 11

.Annex A - Opera tiOllB • ...... •••••••••••••••• Part I _·NavigatioB Track Charts ••••••••• Part II - Mining • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Section A-Mining Results ana Code Designation at Mines and Mi ne Opera t iOM • • • • • • • • Section B-Ch'll'ts Showing Mine Location. Part III - Radar • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Bart IV - Gunnery. • • • ~ • • • • • • • • • • • • Part V - AirooSea l1escue Facilities Table • • • •• Annex B - Weath EIl'. ... • • ." ..... • • • • • • • Part I - Mission No. 173 •••• ~ Part II - Mission No. 175. • • • • Part III - Mission No. 177 ••••••••• Part IV - Mis.sion No. 179. • • • • Part V - Mia sion No. 180 • • • • • Part VI - Mission No. 182. • • • • Part VII - Mission No. 184 • .. • • Part VIII - Mission No. 18.5. • • •

l~

14 14 25 41
43

41 45 46 51 56
61 66 71 7A\
81

, •• • • • • • • •• • • • • • • •• • • • • • • ••
• • • • • • •• • • • • • • ••

• • • • • • •• • • • • • • ••

••

Annex 0 - Communiaations
Part Annex: D - Intelligence

• I - Radio •

•••

• • • • • •••

..

. . •• •• • • • • •• •• •• • •• •

86
87

••••••••

• • • • • • • • • ••

Part I - Enemy Air Opposition. • • • • • • • • •• Part II - Enemv Antiaircraft • • • • • • • • • ••
Annex E - Consolidated statistical S,.mm:Jaries • • • • • • ••

88
89 91

69

Annex F - Field
Part

Orders and Directives. • • • • • • • • • •• I - 313th Bombardment W1..ng, Field ardera • •• Part II - XXI Bomber Command .Directives, MMD Memos and Planning .Annex • • • • • • •• • • • .. • • • '. • • • • • " • • • ••

128

129

178

.Annex G - Distribution

193

.1 2 ..

Section

XXI .BcID.be:t' COJrmalld

z ~ : : ': ,:": : : :' ; '. : :

t ;' : ,: : = : : ~ : ~

S EGRET By Auth. ·of the C. G. XXI Bomber Oommand Date 0 c: Initials

I

27 ,l!M 46

:r

HEi.DQUJ..RTER S
XXI BOi~BER OOMMl.ND . APO 234

SUBJECT: TO:
1.

Report of Mtn.i.ng Operations, and 27 May 1945, Commanding General,T\'/G nt leth

13,

16, 18, 20, .22, 24.. 26, '_"asl'tlngton2B,

Air Force,

P. C,

IDENT IF I CATION QF hilISSIONS :

8., On. the bas.!s of XXI Boniber Command directives dated 2:5 January and 11 Ma.rch 1945, the 313thBombardment ·~rind continued mine .. laying operations a.g,ain::t stra.tegic Waterways in the Japanese homeland.

" b.Mis S ion. assignments by the 313th Bombardment !?th -Bomb.nrgment Group Ware as follows! Bomber Command Miss ion NlImbe r 313th WIng Date of Fi!(ld Order 12 Ma.y 14 MIl,Y
17

Wing iIb

Jbo

Fle1d Orge,r
49 51 53 55 57 58 60

Mining Mias lon Number

61
C. Tare;ets (1) Specie ied :

19 May 21 Ma.y 23 M3..y 25 May 26 May

May

Pr !mary Are as":

(e,) The 'iiestern .Am:q:oe.ch-co the ShimoD.osekl. Steai ta; .Minefield Mike, Mining MiSslOn8 No, 10, 11. 13. _.1.40. 15. ind 16, ... The ma in channels are used by the enemy through Mizushima Suido, between Futaoi Shima and Aino Shima and between Shira Shima and Myoken Saki. The anchorage area east of Mutsure Shima was also included. (b) 'Ill§! Eutera J,pproach to too ShlmoDO§ek~ stre.ita: ,Minefield Love. Mining Miss.ions No. 1,0, 12. 1'5, 14. 16. e,nd 17. -The m,ain channels are used by the enemy through the western ap;pll'oa.ch to Suo Nada, 1 bearing approximately 125 degrees true from He Said and the other 180 degrees true. The anchorage areas directly ea.st of He Saki and no,rth and east of MOjl were also iacluded. (Q) NHIIa,ta: Mlnefi2ld. Uncle. Mintn, Mt§sioll§ No. 10 am~,15 .... This is tbe area ....thin i the harbor limits of Nl1gata Ko, Yf1th the main minefield density tobs in the channel leading between the breakwaters frcm due north. The Waterfront area between wharves 1, 2,and3 waBabo Inc hrdsd,

-1...

··.·::tii .Q Ii, ~·.1

(d) Mllizuru: Minefie 1d .Zabra. !Unin, Miss ion!L No. II and 13. - The entrances to Ma.buru and Mlya.%u through, Miynzu We.D, with the main har:-.viest mine cono-antro.tions to be betweeD MUBOgll HCUlo. Md Bnkuchi )fisnk i an.d.b<3twa3n Eur o Sak ic-.nd Hamu, 1 (e) TBurulUl1 Minefield Zebra. Mining Mission N2. ~. - The entranoe tc Tsuruga thrcugh Tsuru@;o. ilD,with the main mine .. W field density tc be between Kc Saki and Oka Saki. (f) Fukuoka; No. 15 and 17. - The entrance to the heaviest mineconcentraticns Shima. and a.dditiona.l mines to be (g)
No ] 8, - The entrance 111 o.,r i.ill...Qhpr lie, Minior Miss ions. Fukuoke. through Fukuoka Wan. with to be benmen Ge nka I Shima and Shiga laid east of Nokono-Shima in Hakata 10.

minefield

density

Iara.t§ui Minefield Chorlie. MiniM Mission to Ka..ratsu through Karc.tsu lVan, with the main to be between K!:'.shlwC'. Shimn and Hime Shima.

(h) Fushikf: Minefield N;;tu. Minin; Missipns No. 15 Qud 15. - The entrnnce to Fushiki, with the heaviest mine concentl"a.tion to be across the mouth of Koyabe Ka.Wo. bet"reen Rokudojl nnd Fushiki.
The entrance

concentration reconnaissa.nce.

(1) Nanao! Minef;i.eld Na.n, ~Hnlnf! Masion No 15. to Nnnao through Ko Guchi and Nanno 1:1[an, ith the hea.viest w to be across the shipp ing lane e st..tb 11shed by ae r io.l (2) Secondary hreas:
the

specified

for

(a.) Any area within 0.11 mining missions.

Inland

Sea of Japan wa$

wi thIn

(b) For kining Tokyo Bay was spec if led.

Missions

No. 10 Qnd 15, an~ area

within
2.

(c) For Mining Miss ions Ho. 1:3 nnd 15, and o.ny CU'e~ I se Wan waS 1 iste d. STRJ..TEGY .A,.NDPLANS a, Strategy:
OF OPERATIONS I

(1) Mining Missions No.1 through 9 established minefields at Shimonoseki Straits and the Inland Sea arens. These missions were conp osed of 2 1Iling efforts plu s a. number of smnl1er miss ions tha.t "usod 20 to 30 air:>:'aft. ;~ study of the results obo~ainedby full '/{ing and by smaller f"orces indicated that the length of closure obtained with larger efforts was not in proportion at any specific port. Therefore, 1twa's conc luded thnt to obta in closure of a. pnrticul ar port or cha.nne l , frequent re-mining was preferred over Inrge-sco.le efforts Carried out once or twice a month. (2) Careful studies were made of ship traffic nnd of the preparntion of mines, taking into account the much greater desirability of sinking larger ships, and the nece s s ity of defeating enemy counter measures, 1n pa r t LouLar' the enemy Mark 3 sweep which was believed to be in possession of the enemy in quantity. This led to the conclusion that mines should be prepared to nullify the enemy Mark 3 sweep, and for selective sinking of shipping in accordance with studies of their traffiC. BeCaus6 of the existence of enemy Bucide sweeping, it Was

of partioular importance to prevent the firing of any minas on sm(lll ship13 or boats and, therefore, to avoid athl'fartshlp firing and the use of mines of excessive sensitivity. A preluainary estimate of the accura.cy derived from the Wing'B estimate of the poaitlons of mininl5 sticks, .togothor 'with the con~idoro.tlon of enemy. .. hip truff tc , Ie!. to the conclus ion that the llUtnberof ship pasu ag0.~ per we ek at Shimonoseki Straits and other targets oxoeeded by 11 or 5 times the number of mines per week whioh it was possible to place 1:1 the channols established by the enemy. It was therefo:;-e concluded thO:l.ta n(l.rrOW target width was desirable in order that maximwndamage wculd be done to each ship mined. sinoe a delay of a few days or ·.?3ak~ in ';:he firing of mines in the Channel could be tolerated to obtai!'). m",.:dmum mine effecti ve ness, 'l'hi s ooncIus ion was of pl'imary impo:r ';;ar.CEl .iir.co 1 twas in direct oontradietion to the theoretical concept tbat ma.ximum damage could be obt~ined if every ship passing was mined, oven with n very small damage, This previOUS concept was true only if the number of mines available to sink ships W!l.S consider'l.blv in excess of the weekly shi.p traffic. (3) These conclusions were implemented by directives to the l(ring which are in a p Innn Lng annex (in Part II., Annex F of this report) to the mine directive. On the basis of this annex, the Mine ModifiCation Unit prepared recommendations given in Sections B and C of J..nnex F which were followed by the 313th Wing in their mine order to the Mine ,I,.sse,mblyDepot. The orginal mino directive is given in Section D of Annex F andorig.inally contemplated tightening the blockade of the Kobe-Osaka region. as well as initiating the blockade of the North Honshu ports and maintaining the Shimonoseki Straits blockade. .1. car<;lful study of the enemy's shipping reaction led to the conclusion that the original mining in the Inland Sea area had greatly reduced t.he shipp iug there and that the enemy was diverting shippi~ to North Honshu ports. The original mining directive waS therefore modified in succeeding directives as the enemy's diversion continued •• These modifications are given in Sections E to J of An.ax F.
b.

Shippine:: S 1tUB. tion.1

(1) ~n analySis of traffic as determined by reconnaissance a.f'ter recent mining operations indiCated that following t:emporary olosure of mined ports, the Japanese resumed traffic aftar a brief attempt at envfleping? and absorbed losses of ships mined in order to obtain badly needed supplies. This is especially necessary to them because of the food shortages Caused by the burning of urban areas. J... study of the photos indicated that the width of shipping channels is not greater than 2000 feet. and that shipping attempted to naviga.·te in the center of these Channels, each ship following in the wake of the praced.ing ship, Only mines that fall in or near these channe Ls would be effective in mining ships. (2) The most important strategic ar-ea for mine attack continued to be Shfmono sekt Straits. It is believed that the loss of 30 sni::;-" per month in this area is not suf'f' iclent to stop enelnY ship traffic, which waS as h:l.ghas 200 ship paas agos psr week during peak periods. In o::-der to obtain losses high enough to prevent the use of the Straits by the enemy. the numbe of ships mined must be o.pprer cie.bly greater than at present. It was estimate that complete closure would only be attained if a.t least 60 mines per week vJere la.id in the channe La ,

(3) The enemy is making considert..ble prepo.ro.t1one for diverting shipping to northern Honshu ports, o,nd such diversion may have a.lready started. The mining of the ports from Nligata to Fukuoka was necessilry to disorganhe these diversions, tUld in particular, to prevent re lief of the burned cities through these ports by the importation of rood,. which is now one of the most critical items in J o.p 0.0. This is espeoially true of food !loming through the ports of l/iyazu, Maizuru, Tsuruga, Fushiki, and Niigato., \'ihicb csn supply the urban are-as of Nagoya. Kobe, Osako., Kyoto, and Tokyo. c. Mining Objeqtivesl

(1) The object ive of Mining Miss ions No. 10 through. 17 was to re-establish and maintain complete closure of Shimonoseki Straits to 0.11 vessels of 1000 tons or over by re-mining o.t frequent intervals, o.nd further, to establish closure at the diversionary ports of Niigata. Fushiki, Nanao. Tsuruga, Miazuru, Fukuoka. and Karatau. (2) Two new mine fir ing, mech!Ulisllls, the prell5ura mechanism and the subsonic mechanism, both of which are considered pzac> tica.lly unswe epab Ie , were to be used in these operations to assure either closure or ineffective sweeping by the enemy anq. a consequent high Shipp.ing oCl.5ualty ra.te. d. Details (1) of Planning:

Ooe.rg.tional Ph,nning:

(a) The g&nero.l planning for this operation was similar to the planning for previous mine-laying missions as outlined in the reports of Mining' Missions No. 1 through l~o. 9 with one exception. Because of the sustained nature of tho operations and the fact that they were being conducted by one Group, the 9th Bombardment GroUPt e. large portion of the planning was Carried out on a Group level. This made it possible to utlize in the planning of each mission the experience gained in imrtIediately preceding missions. (b) The s e lect ion of appr oache 8 and mine -laying runs was i.nfluenced mainly by radar reference points and the most f~vorable axis of attacks to pla~e a m~ximumn~~ber of mines 1n the channels. ~ntiaircraft concentrations Were also taken into consideration, but in several CaS08 it was necessary to penetrate heavily protected areas in order to place the mines where ~hey could be most effe~tive. Diversity in axes of attack Was employed wherever ?osslble. (0) In ~neral, altitudes of attack were kept o.s loW us possible consistent with enemy defenses arid torrain, In the missions against the northern Hcnahu ports, where it was nece aaar y to go to intermediate altitud.es to cross mountain ranges, altitudes of 8000 feet were used since fuel consumption did not permit descent to lower altitude in view of the climb that would have been necessary for tbe return trip. (d) All mine-laying runs were planned and briefed ra.dar runs. Radar counter meo.suz-e s wera to be useri in t1-)e heavily defended areas. Because of the fo.7cl'ab10 phas o of the moen, aJ.l crews Vi'3rebriefed in visual methods of mine-laying in the event that their rndar was inoperative.
0.5

-4-

(e) In all of these mLuiona. take-offs were SOP proceed~d independently to thr;! target. There waa no neoossity for 0. oomplex 9c.hedul1.ng system in view of the amull nutUbers of o.ircrlilft part 10 ips. t i ng,
o.nd o.ircraft

(f) The t£l.otico.l p l an for th() se operation", which were flow.n by the 9th Group, wo.s 0.11 follows I

all

of

1. On. 13 May, 12 o.lrcraft were to take off o.t 1600K,3 to mine the Shlmono8oki W'estarea o.to.n 0.1 titudltl of 6000 foot, 5 to mine the Shimonoseki Eo-st area o.t 7000 feat, and " to ml11ethc lH1go.ta ar ec at 8000 foot .•
a.t 180 OK. 24 to mina the Sh1rnonoseld Westare
foe·t and 6 to .mlne the Malzuru ~. On nreo.at
~. On. 16 May, 30 o.lrcrt\ft
0. 0.t

were to take otf o.no.l ti tude of 6500

7000 fa,et. alrc.rcU't were to take off of 6000

o.t ISOOK, 22 to mine the Sh~monoseki Eo.st c.rea at o.n altitude
.teet and 12 to mine the Tsuruga aro(l, at 6500 !'eet.

ra

Mo.y,34

j. Qn 20 May. 32 ·a.ireraft were to takeoff· at laOOK, 23 to mln.e the Shlmonossld ~!l'e8tl.l.l:'Oa o.t o.n altitude of 550.0.

feet, 5 to mine the Shimonos~ki East ClI"€Iaat nn altitude and 4 to mine the Mab:u.ru urea o.t 6500 feet,
Q;t laCCK.

of 6000 ree,t,

feetnnd feet.

.§.. Cn 22 Mo.y,32 airoraft wer!) to take off 1S to mine the Shimonoseki 1Nest o.l:'eo.o.t an oJ.tltude of 550.0. 6500. feet and 14 to mine the Shimonosokl East area o.t 7500

.§.. On 24 l1o.y.31 aircraft VlSre to take 6ff o.t laOCK. 10. to mine the Shimonoseki 'Nest .:ll'Oa o.t an alt1tud.eof 650.0. feet, 11 to mine the NUgato.arsa. at 80.0.0..feot, und 10 to min.Gthe lia.no.o-Fushikl areo.s at 8000 feet.

1. Op26 Ma.y, 30 aircrn.ft were to t!lk.e orf at 1800~, 2 to mine tho Shimonosoki Westo.ro.a. at o.na1tltudl' of 650.0. feet, 7 to mine th"" Shimo.noseki Bust are 0" !l.t: 650.0. feet, 15 to min.e the Fukuoka a.nd Karatsu areo.s at 5000 feGt, and 6 to mille the Fushikl
nre,o. o.t
aOOO

rest •.

~. On 27 Hay, 11 aircraft ware to take off CIt 1700K, 10 to mine the Shimono,seki East area. at an altitude of 7500 feeto.nd 1 to mine thGl Fuku.oka ar ea at 5000 f-eot. ,.

(2)
s rcns are

D~ta,1l€or

attQ,ck phDI these milt ..

(a) ;,,11 details of the atta.ck plans for gi.ven in 513th Wing Field Orders in Annox F. (3) Determ i nation of !,HUe Loa,g:

, a) On the b as La or oalcula tionlS 'by the :nng and Group Flight Engi ne el' a , it Was dec ide d to 0 arry nob amb b o.y tanks on those missions,. and to oarry 12 lOOe-pound mina" to all ports undel:' o.tt.o.ck, or 6 2000. pO\l.1d mines to themorQ, remote ports and 7mlnes to the closer targets.

(b,) As experience wa.s ga.in:Gd in oruise oontrol on these m.islIion,s, itwns found. that "I llQOO pound mdne s cou'l.d be carried na eo.sHy 0.3 6 to. all perts becauso of the m,ere fo.vora.ble Load dis ... tr ib 1,1tioll, Thls 10o.d:Lng wns theref ore 1,1 sed in Min lng Mia a:l. n No.. 15 o and eubseq1,lent mi5siens. ("c) Mine lending fer eacn o.ircrQft WD.S spec if 1ed ind lvidu all yin the anne xe s to. the £ io ld cr dor is fer the mi s s iellS • Fcr ,purpo sa s of se cur i ty o.nd·ease ef handli ng,. un mine s were ideot1:f' i,cd as to prep.nrntionby !l code de'signatlen nil set fcrth in the 313th Wing Tactical SOP No.. 15·8 (included in XXI Bomber Commo.nd To.otioal 14,18 s ion Report fer Miss ien. Number 47, 'Min.ing Miss 10n No.1.) (d ) The mi no p rep at at ien r 0 r the se opero.,t 10. s was n vary closely soheduledbeoause of' the 1n.tG D,rrivo.1 and unlo.lld.ing or thGsupply ships, wlththe resul tthQ;t tn very few e.Q;SClIl were mines Cl.lroil... o.blo more than 1 or .2 days be.f'ore each missien. The schedule for mIne Pl:'Gpa.rution was made out in accor-dance with the eriginal directive for the operations so as to. have minos with desirable tarj!;o1; \'fidths a.gtl.inst the distribution ef eMmy shipping expected in eo.ch port. cen·sidering depth of Wo.t03r, etc., availo.bla £01" each operation. ;'8 the, mission progressGd,. intelligence on enemy reaotiens mo.d6 it, necessory fer the XXI Bomber Cemmand to. change target prlorit·1es" so that in sG'vera1 caae s !D.ines were planted with e·xcessfve ta.rget Vlid.ths against tho shipp ing expected beco.use th9Y were the o.nlym ines availnble. In general. however. a target width of 100 feet was presented to the o:ve.rage ship by the mine distributien plantod in each field. aircraft (e ) Oeto. il a of hand 1 ing and lead ing of m1nos in were o.cco.rdingto To.ctical SOP No. 15-8. (4) M~nlng lnstruct.lons
i

(fl) •• 11 mine S vlI':lre to be laid by 1 0.1' the 3 fellowing ro.dnr me,thods: (l)By forword Blent _rl'.ngo to thG ra.dar alpl1ng po~ntlll, (2) By back slant range to the radar aiming pOints, and (5) timGd run-out to the radar aiming paints. In the event of radar f'ailu,re. bom.bardier pilotage and timed run en dead reckoning we.re to be used for plttntingmlnsB.

(h) Jetthoning o.reas were deslgnated immediately eff the runway e.ast of Tinian, en route to thG Jo.panese hom.eland, a.nd in area:s30 m.ile.s away from Iiloll islands en .route, as in previous minin~ missions. (e ) The .importanoe of ac cur My in p letUng mine pesitions waS atrsssedio all briefings. Mrcraft were fitted with radar scope C IlJIlGr to record as the position of' m.ine release, Detaih of rado.r scope photog!' aphy we re sp e c 11' le d Ln ths f is 1d orde r I!J.

(5) Ng.yi'Gt 10M! Plaooinu For datai1 aof route St manOUVGrs Elfte·r attack and other InfOl'matlon ol'lno.vlgatlonplanning, see tra.ck charts in ;'.nne.x,:". Part I, 0Jl4 Annex F fer 313tb Wing Field Field Orders.
\101"0.

planned

(6) Rruiar ,PIMQil).p J..tJ indice.ted, find briefed as radar runG.

all mina -laying

runs

C ondu

('7) Rgdar csnmtgr lieQ.5UrafUNc ROM Burch WaS to be cta d on the miss io. nStbu t .1 was planned to d iape noSe "r ope I t Cw indew) whenave r a i ro raft deemed it neoe es ary •

rescue 3.

(8) Air-Sea Rescue Planning', facilities, ae e Annex A" Part V,

For details

of air-sea

EXECUTION OF THEMISSIONS.
Toke-ofrs were (locomplished under favorable First Toke-Ofr l30800Z 160800Z 180800Z 200800Z 220801Z 24.080lZ 260800Z 2707003 Lalit Take-Off l30904Z 16084.0Z l8084lZ 200927Z 22084.0Z 240945Z 260B35Z 2707HZ

a, Take-pfr I c ord Lt Ie ne us followa: Mining l4isslon 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 b. Liisslons Rou1e{a

.h I r ore.i't .hirborne

12 30
34

30 32 30 30 11

Q\I:t :
out for Mining

(1) Thera were no dGvio;tlons in routes No. 10,- 12, 13, 16, o.nd 17.

(2) On Mining iii iss ion No. 11,. 2 o,ircra.ft hlld inoperative rc.do.r sets and dropped mines by dead reckoning In the Inlo.nd Sea.. ~nother plane could not release the mines Ilt the target, but finll1ly sa.lvoed its load in the Inland Sea, (3) On Mining Mission No. 14, 2 aircraft had inoperative Loran sets and these aircraft were blown off from 20 to 35 miles due to higher winds than had been foreoast. Bod we~ther conditionS prevented celestial fixes from b €ling taken, (4) On Mining Mission No. 15, .2 ~ircraft with inoparasets drogped mines in toe In1 and Sea, o.nd outilde Nagoya. Bay, respectively.

ti ve radar

c.

ave r Targets
(1) Primary

=

Areas:

(II.) Or the 209 aircraft airborne on these miss ions, 190 mined primnry areas. ;. totOol of 1284 mdno.s was pla.nted, of which 151 were 1000-poul\Cl and 1133 were 2000-pou.nd sizes, The mine Case" were fitted with 0. variety of presalre. sub-sonic, magnetic, and acoustic l11.ino-flring mechanisms to prevent effective enemy oounter mansures, :. deto.iled breakdown of mines dropped in each mine field 1s included in Part II, Section A. In gcnaro.l. unsweepa.blo types were- pIo.nted in tho Sh1monosekl Straits areas, (b) bymineflelds Mission Number were
0.5

Time's

of mine releases

en the various

mills ions

followSI

Mine!'ield Mike Love Uncle

First

Relense

Last Release 131545Z 131616Z 1316.29Z

10

131520Z 1315.24Z 13l541Z

-7-

.2!.Q.B!;'I,
Mission Number 11 12 13 Minefield Mike Zebra. Love ZebrQ Mike Love Zebra lUke Love Uncle
Nan

Fint

Releo.Be

Last

Releau

16154BZ 161614Z 1815623 1816062; 201548'a 201602Z 201608Z 221607Z 22160.2Z 241644Z 241818Z 241604Z 281602Z 261632Z' 261644Z 261643Z 271458Z 271516Z

1617263 1616l4Z IB1646Z 181709Z 201711Z 201636Z 201626Z 221664.Z 2217l1Z 241720Z 241759Z 24.l6S3Z 261825Z 261625Z 261730Z 261705Z 2715243 2715263

14 15

Mike

15

Niln

Love C ho.rlie Mike 17 Low Charlie

(c) 4~ltitudas feat and the co.libro.ted indicated 230 miles per hour.

of o.tta.ck ro.n@;edfrom 5300 to 8400 o.ir spe ed o.t mine release averaged

(2) Saeond.ilrv .:Joa.s:. Four aircraft dropped their full of mines in secondary arao.s, 3 in the Inland Sea nod 1 in Nagoya Bay, Two tdditiona1 nircraft pla.nted sfuglo minos due. to release aya .. tern malfunction on their initial run in the Inland Sea oreal bringing to 29 2000-pound mines the total planted in soconda~y areas. Detailed loco.tions of' these mine·so.re plotted on chll..rts .in Annex 1.., Part II. loads (3) Jetti§oneh .:. total of' 112 mines, 13 1000.pOllnd and 99 acOO.pound sizo, was dropped in jettisoning areaS speoified in field orders. Deta.i1ed 10c-ation.B of' these minGs are plotted on the charta in .~nnex .:.. Part II. d. Route Bhlck,- There were no substa.ntia.l briefed routes on these missions with the exception which landed a.t Iwo Jima nnd 2 at Okina.vm. e. Landings: Aircraft of' the missions deviations from of 13 aircraft

lo.nded as follows:

Mission Number 10 11 12 13

First

Le.ngine:

Last Lnndina:
132353Z 1700l6Z 19010lZ 202308t 222356Z 250052Z ,27Q05:3Z 272226Z

14
15 16 17

13215520 162125Z 182210Z 202146Z 222149Z 24214SZ 262204Z 272128Z

f. Losse!! I Five e.1rcra.!'t were lost to the following Causes:

on these missions

due

(1) (2) g.

Mechanioal and ace ident, Enemy antiaircr
Summary I

:5.

aft,.

2.

Ope rations

(1) Nlylutionl (See Annex A., Part I, for track oharta). The navigation on these missions was about as briefed. Deviations were mln.or and well within the limits of accurate naVigation. A high percentage of' radar sets was operative over the target areas" so that navigation generally was satisfac·tory, Loran Was effecti'V'e. (2.) Consolidated range Miningl: (See Annex A, Part II, f'o·r details) consumption data Bee

(3) ~llght Statistical (a)

Engine~~. (For fuel Summaries in Annex E. ) NarraUve

procedurs were used for all

of the Missiol1s as Flownl cruslng operations.

Maximum 12,561

(b) ~ The ruine load per aircraft averaged pounds and the fuel load consis~ed of full wing and center section tanks. Take-off gross weight averaged 133,619 pounda per aircraft. 152 gallons (c) Fue1Rpse!'ye ,. Fuel reserves remaining on landing.

were a.mple, averaging

or

(4)!UlJ.&t1 (See Annex A, Part III" for detailed repoct). the 190 airoraft mining primary areas,. 179 released mines by radar, (5) little Guo-narn (See Annex A, Part IV, for detailed gunnery necessary on these night missions. report),

There

waS

(6) Air-Sog. Rescue:. into the sea 10 to 20 miles off the and navigation instruments had been Eleven crew members bailed out and a he::..vy sea. h. i. Weatherz

On Miss ion No. 180 .. eo B-29 crashed
Japanese coast after 2 engines shot out by en.emy antiaicraft. 3 were rescued by a submarine in

(See Annex B, for weather

summariee

and oharts)

Coromunicationst

(1) Radar Counter Measures I No ROM search was oonducted. Rope was dispensed by individual aircraft 'rTi-t;h appnront1y good results whenever it was deemed necessary for proteotion from antiaircraft and searchlights.

(2) !allil (See Annex C, Part I, for were no incidents of jamming Or interference.
j.

details).

There

Intell 1genee

l

(1) Elnemy.A.ir Oppos1j;lopl details). One hundred and one aircraft made only 10 attacks.

(See Annex D, Part II toc sighted on these 8 miss ions (See Annex D, Pa.rt H. for deas meager to moderate and in-

tail a ).

(2) Enemy Antia.ircraft: In general, flak was reported

-9-

a.ccurll.te.

DispensIng of rope proved to be !lfrltative. (3) Mining Re.Bultu (See Annex .I!.. Po.rt H. for dot(\118.)

. (0.) Minefield M1jte - (lflo§!tQXJl r&pproQ.oh to Shimonoaeki StrQ,1ta>a Exoe 11 ent mi ne -layi ng was done in thl s fIe 1d. or tho 78 sorties made 55 plaoed their mines so that g. maximum number fell In the channele, (b) Minefiqld Loye .. (Eastern uQrQQcb to ,Sbimonosak1 Straits), Excellent mine-laying was done in -~hiB field. with 32 of the 48 sorties placing their mines so that a maximum number fell in
the channe-Ls,

Areas being

I _ The ar-e as

considered

(0) Mipefield a~ral (Tsuruga+ ijaizuru and Miya;U were effectively mined. '"lth 19 of the 21 sorties effective.

(d) Minefield Nan! CFMhikl!1lld NaM.9 Arus) I Four out of the 11 sort ias hi-tot the dlff Leu l t Fushiki area were considered effective and the other 7 placed mines in effective water depths. '!\vo of the 4 sorties to Nanao were placed g.t the entran.ce to the port. and the other 2 were placed in effective wator depth8. (e ) Minef hI d UncI e , (N iin ta, Are 13)I The mlnefield in th 1s area wa'splanted npproximate ly as br iered, with 10 of the lZ crews placing their mines effectively in briefed positions.

(f) Minefield Ch~l1eJ (Fukuokp. and Karatau Areas): Of the 15 sorties into these areas, 14 crews placed their mines into briefed pOSitions.

CURTIS E, LeMAY I liajo.r General, U. S.At

2lL', ~

1..;; I" Itt.-,

Command1D.!

A.

OP1!RATJ_g§ Part I . NIlvigAtion Track Cbart

F.:lI't II - Mining section
Section A • Mining Resulh B - charts and Radar Scope Pictures Shewing Mine Location.

~rt
part part

III - Radar
IV-Gunnery V - Air...$ea Rescue Facilities

Missions

No. 173, 175,

177, 179. 180, 182, 184
&

&

185

13, 15, 18, 20, 22, 24, 26

27 Mly 1945

0011-

AF'RIL 1945 130·

SECR€T

a

173-175 MISSION NO 177-17~ DATE 13-21 MAy'45 XXI BOMCOM.---,I 313th. WING

--

'.

--.--x-

------1
-----. ____

-KYi--

!

_35· • 175 177 179

\ Mission No.173

TARGET

II

~CHICHIJIMA

---+--25"
JIMA

I

I
I I
o

J

Force No.3

N

.I
I
TAKEOFF

#GUAM

1st l.alSt NO.I?3-130800Z 1309042: M 175al,60eOOi! 160827Z " 117.-11'0000:1:' 1000"t1 Z II 179=2008001: 200851! TRACK CHART XXI BOMBER COMMAND SECRET 7-43'5~

LANDING 1st, Last. 1321551 132353i! 1621251 170016Z lei!;ZIO~190101 i! 202146Z 20Z30Bi!

REPRODUCED 35th.P.T.U.

APRIL 1945

SEeR-'j

TARGET Mission No.180e • • 182• 184" 185l st, 2216022 241540i! 261532 Z 271'4582 '1'0 221711l 2417592 261730l 271526i!

lost

MISSION

180-182 NO 184 -185 ~

DATE 2.2 -28 MAY'45 XXI BOMCOM.---I, h. I

--

-K--~- MISSION

-1-- --;,,----------1 -----_<
I(

EY

-10;0
_l·-j~

I

. I'

\

I

\

lo.----~~~~--------~~~-----~~--~_r--~--------------r_------30D
(J.

e

. •.

"CHICHI JIMA

---+--25I
JIMA

I I
J
1J.: ---zOO ..:.....

I
I

0

I

TAKEOFf. Mission No,
184

LANDINJa Lost

1st

180 • fB2 •
IB5

22080lZ 240801 £
260S00l 270700£

2208401 2409415Z 2707142:

222149Z

1st.

260835Z

262204~ 2721282:

242145i

222356l 250052'l
270053Z

Laat

272226i!

TRACK

CHART

XXI' BOMBER COMMAND

SECRET

RE'PROOUCED~~I1\P 'ru .

.

_._-._ ..-

.-_ ..-.

--~--~--~--

PARI' II

- MINl.NG RESULTS'"

SEIJI'ION A

1. The follOwing report 1s submitted in accordance vdth War Department letter, AG 476.1 (20 October 1943)=
". •• I

.a. The oharts in this section show the positions of all mines. planted in: thea.s operations. Where the :t'esults more than 1 of mining mission are indioated on the m'rna chart, the mission number is given by the Roman numbersl adjacent to each string of mines. The preparation of individual mines in a string is .specified in Annex 2 to the respective Field Orders far the missions. referenced to the run number given by the Arabic numeral adjacent to the line of mines ,shown on tl?oe harts. The Field Order numbers for the various missions are c as followsl
Mining Mission
XI

Wing Fiel~ Order

Bom Com Mission No.t_

x

49

XIII
XVI XVII

XII

XIV XV

55 57 58 60
61

53

51

173 175 177 179
184
181 182

185

The legend on these charts further indiclltes the method of plotting so 8S to differentiate between positions esta~lished by radar scope photographs, by the navigator of the aircraft. or by the assumption that the crew planted their mines as briefed (where no other date was evailable). Positions e~tabliShed by radar scope photographs are believed 'lccur,~teto 1/2 mile, and those by the navigator to 1 mile. Principal navigational aids and enemy defenses encounts-red are given in other Specialist Reports in this Tlotical Mission Report. b. The number'of B-29 3ircraft scheduled for these operations was 2l2; of these, 209 were airborne and. 194 were effective in planting their mines in either primary or second3ry minefields. The breakdown by mission is as follows: Mining Mission
XI

Ale

SchGduled

Ale

Airborne
l2

ALa

Effective

x

XIII
XIV

XII
XV

30 34
32 31
32

12

rlI
XVII

_ll Total 212

30

-ll
209

30 34 30 J2 30 30

27 30

12

30
~

30 27

29

194

...The evaluated figures used in "this report were not available for inclusion in the Consolidated statistical Summariss.

c. A totH 6f 1284- mines of ·£111 types was planted in these ope.rations. Of these, 151 were lOOO~lb.slze and 1133 were 2000-1b. size.. The mines cOIltained 3 v·3.riety of firing mecb:misma operating on magnetic. accuat ic ,sub -soni c. a.nd pressure i nfluenca fields" Shl P counts end delSYed arming were used 00 the magnetic types • and sterilizers set ''It 200-dQY nominal ope.ratirigtim6 were employed gIl mines. The dehilEd preparation of each mine phnted cart be obt3ined from. the appended charts am .{,nnex2 of the Field. Orders. throush the Use of' the "Oode Desigll3t ion for Mine.s -:too .M1 PreptU'a tioD (17 ~y ne 1945)·.. A aUIIndry of the mine type,s planted in eachoper:ltion follows as Table I, and a sumtn..'U'Y mines dropped in other than prillllll'Y of' target is given in Table II.

in

Table

I to Section

A

~t:1FX
Mininr<; Mission

of Mines Pbnted or .MG:l'k36Ml

X - Mark 26-1

(lOOolf size)
T""tal

For~e I - Field Mi.ke. (Sbimbnoaeki str •• \rea) Planted Scheduled In Tat Q21-M

Force II '" Fielci Force III - Fiold Love (Shimonoseki)Un.ole (Niigsta str. Area) Are:!) . Planted Planted Scheduled In TAt Scheduled In T6t

.& ItT.
24 28

P..
2428

Q.31A8 ..

G 031-B8 033-B8 4. 8 0-41-B8 Total Mines - ··036
Total Sorties

Qh.l-A8

5 4

9

.5 4

9

13

7
8

6 4.

10

13 10 18

7

10

8

4.

4.

8

412

5 5

8 10 4. 12

5 4

19 18 19 19 12 l2 18 _J§

36
3

60

60
5

44
4-

43
4.

140 139
12 12

3

5

Mining Miss~<!.n XI - Mark 25 (2000# .slze) ForCe I ,.. Fi eld Mike (Sbimono.seki Str Area) .Planted Scheduled. 10. Ta.rget Total Force II - Field Zebra (M:l.zuru Area) Plant 00. Planted Soheduled In Tgt Scheduled In Target

Q21-A8
Q31-AB Q41-AB XlI-BS

B
11

6

B

9
22 4-1

10 7
18

11

6

X31 ..BB X51-B8
X71-B8 D12-BS

23

11

3.5 19 5
4
B
'22

22

9

41 23
10

10 7 18

35
8

Dll-B8

Total Mines

Dl3-BB

6 .J!..

9

.s:
116
20

lQ

Total Sorties

144
24

35
8

B

19
~

31 16
186

11

19 24
12

12

151

5

30

25

-15-

'§!QE!!

.§gQRE.!

M!ning Mission

XII - Mlark 25, (2000# size) Foroe II - Field Zebra ___jtsurusa Areal Planted In Tsrget Scheduled
Total'

Code

Foroe I - Field Love iShlmonosj'ki Str AreaL P.lanted ScheQ,uled l!n Target

Q;21 ...'\~ Q31-AB

XlI-BB XSI-B(;1 X'71-BB Vll-B!? Mll-IB Mll-M8 Ml.3-GB Ml3-KB M31-B6

Q4_1-A8

7
.3 7 .3 2 2

9

8

7 7 4

---

~ 8

Plant J,n Tgt

Z
2

38 3 1

29 2 2 1
(, 2

M31-G8 M:31-K8 M31-Mt;!

7 5 .3
16

N41-IB

N41':'Bt;!

4
2

.3
13

4

23
10 8 10

8 8 8

9

9 B B 23

38 12

9 7 3 7 3

7 7 4

g

2

29 11

i3

10 10

10 10

10

30
15
11

9

B

29 14 11 13

9

3
(,

10

14

Dl1-B6 Dl2-BB Dl.3-B8 Total Mines

4

6

.3

-2
l~ 22

_g

2

-84
12

16 6

13
(,

4

.2
84
12

2

2 _2

3

Total Sorti as

107
18 .. Mark

216

191

34
III - Field
_

30

M1n~~ Mission Force
str

XIII

~5 (2000# size)
~otee II - Field Force

I .. Field Planted In 1'8t 98

Mlke(Shimonoseki
Area)

Love(Shimonoseki

Scheduleel

str Area)' SchedulPlanted eel In Tgt

;;,;;A!;;,.; e:;.:a:,L> ..

Zebra (Mazuru
ad

Total ~ 1.32

WI-IS
MIJ-G8
Nlj.1-BB

vn-sa

..

Sehedul-

Planted In Tgt

P. 1.&
122
1 '1

102
27

30

Nlj.l-1B ___..2 Total Mines Total Sorties

27 _:z
13?
22

138 23

30

--24 4

24

14 1d.
28

1 1

1

B. 28 4

14

~

21

41

1 '1

41
~

196

184
,3$

5

4

.32

MininG Mission XIV .. Mark 25 (2000# size) Force I 'i Field Mike(Shimonoseki
~ X31-BB X51 ..BB ed In Tgt

Str Area) Schedul- Planted SohBdul- Planted Seheduled !n Tgt 2 ed

Force II .. Field Mike(Shimonosek~ Str Area)

Force III - Field Love(Shimonoseki str Area)
Planted In TBt

.At. 1.W 47 37
,38 1 ,32

Total P.

Dl-BB

X61-B8

21 12

16

20 11

14

11

6

13
-1.6-

1,3

9

16 15
12

16 15
1

1

11

44

35

1

~!.Q!!!1:

Code' .x71-B8 Mll-BB Mll-I8 MllooM8 MJ,3-GB

Force I - Field Mike(Shimonoseki str Area2 Sehedul- Ph,nted ed In Ts:!!

Force II - Field Mike(Shimonoseki Schedu,l- Planted ed In T~~t
12 11

str Area)

Force III - Field Love (Shimonosaki str Area2 Sobedu;!,-- PUnted In'Tst ed

Total

~

l.T.

P.
15 15

5

3

7 4

1

6

4

(,

4

1

Ml3-KB
Total

Mines Sorties

Total

54
'9

48 \

\

54
9

.J!
46
84

B

6

B

~ B

16 18
8 __§_
10

..l.
83

a

6

9

192 177
32

30

10

9

8 8

8

a

14

14

MiniM Mission

X!l - Mark 25 (2000# s~2e~ Force II - Field Nan {Nanao and Fus h iki Area 1 Schedul- Planted ed In Tgt Force III - Field Mi.ke (SJ?,imonosekl str Area2 Schedul- Planted ed In Ts:!1; 1
2

~
.x31-B8 X51-B8 X71-B8

Force I - Field Uncle (NEgata \Tea) Schedul- Planted ed In TB!

Total

p. ' 1 1

~
2

I.Tt.

nl-B8

1

1

I

M31-K8 M31-M8
N41-B8

M31-GS

Mll-BB MlI-IB Mll-MB Ml3-GB Ml3-K8

1 1

1
1

1

-.
5 5

1

3

2

3 3

2

3 3
2

4
4

.5 4
5

2

3 6 29
7 7

~
5 22

Total Mines Tot al Sorti as 11 Minins Mission

AGI-B8

Dll-B8 Dl2-B8 D13-B8

N41-18

4

2

17

7

7 7

4 7 6
6

7

7
I

9

,t

2f

'8 7 7 7

2 1 2

1
0

1 8

6

23

~7
18 17 38 7 4
7

7 7 6

20 11

'7

~5 5

1

47

77

9

62

13
9

J_
70
10

-6
63
9

22

.5

9

7

lr.

7Q
10

J
49
7

4

5

9

~ ~ 217 174

31

25

XVI - Mark ,2000tt size)
Force II ..Field Love (Shimonoseki str Area) Planted Scheduled In TarGet

Force I .. Fi eld Nan (Fushiki Area) Planted Scheduled In Target X51-B8 Vll-BB

X31-BB

7

M,31-GS

M31-BB

.4

4

7 7
2

7

7
2

7 7 7

-17-

.§!.£.R1L!

Force I - Field Nan (Fushik1 Area Planted Scheduled In Target

·

Force II - Field Love (Sh1monosek1 Str Area) Planted Scheduled ~ Target

N4h'I8 Dll-BB .5 Dl2 ..8 B 3 D13-B8 _g Total Mines .35 Total Sorties 5

N41... B8

M31':'M8

5
7 9

5
7
B

.4
8

4
8

.5
2 2

33

4 ....1'
49 7 Force
IV -

....l

4-

5
Mike (Shimonoseki

49 7

Force III - Field ChArlie (Fukuoka Area) $chedul- Planted ed In TIS! XlI-BB X31-BB X51-B8 X71-BB Vll-BB MIl-BB Ml.I-I8 Mll-Me

Field

str Area) Schedul- Planted ed In Tg!
1

Total Planted Scheduled In TarBet 28
1

--

19

l

J9

l
.3 3

2
1

1 2 1
2

17
2

28
17 6

1

M13-KB .3 M,31-BB M.31-G$ .3 M,31-KB 1, M.31-M8 N4l-BB Nlj,l-IB Dll':'B8 26 D12-BB 12 Dl,3-BB 11 Total Mines 96 Tota 1 Sorti es14

Ml3-G8

.3 .3 .?

2

6 7

2

.3 .3
2 2 1 1 2 1
1

.3 .3
2

2

7

--

.3

.3
1

1,3

.3

6

.3 1.3 6

1 10

1 8

26 12

98
14

n

14
2

2 1 1

14
2

2 1 1 ~

41
20

7 .9

10 7

28

_!.7, 194 28

19

4i

Mining Mission XVI ..Mark 26-1 or Mark 36-1 (1000# size) Force I .. Field Nan (Fushiki Area) S,chedul- Planted ed In Tg!
Q;21-AB

Force III - Field Charlie (Fukuoka Area) Schedul- Planted ed In Tgt

Total Scheduled Planted In Target
0 0

Q3l-A8 Q41-AB
C31-BB

4
6
2

o o

4
6
2 2

C33-B8 ? C41-B8 Total Mines 12 Total Sorties 1

.3

.3

o

0

.3

.:

..1.
12
1

2

.3

12 1

o
o
Mines •••

..:J.
24
2

J.
12 1

2

1000# 2000# Total Total

••••~• ?4 • • • • • • 196
220 jO

12
20 29

19~

Sorties ••

.. 8... 1

~EQB];I

Minins Mission XVII ~ Mark 25 (2000# size)
Force I ~ Field L~ve(Shimonoseki Str Area) , ' SchedulPlanted ad In Tst Xll-BB X.3l-B8 >51-B8 21 Force II ~ Field Charlie (Fukuoka area) , .. S,cheduled Planted In Tat

Total Planted I,n TarB§t Scheduled

9

Vll':'BB Mll-IB Ml.3-GB

X7l-B8

7 .3

14 7 5
2

n
4
1

4

11

9

14
7 .3
J..

7
J..

5
6 .3
2

1

4

9

1

M.3l-KB 4 ~l"MB 3 N4l-18 2 Dll':'BB 1 Dl2-B8 1 D13-l3B ...! ' Total Mines 70 Total Sorti 91310

M31':'ae

M3l-BB

M13-KB

3

6

1 2

1 2

....
2

7 1

5
'6
1 2

2

1

6

2

5

3

~

5
2

1 1 1

3

55

1

8

7

-;;
1

1

n
11

2 1 1

.3

1 1

1

1',

62
9

1

SUmmar): of Minig.s Misaions Total 141ssion NUmber Sorties Plant ~InTgt
Mk 26-1 or Mk 6-1 (lOOOill

X thro!!Bh XVII
,J

2

'l'ota1 Mines Mark 25

Plant'

(200oill

Total Sched. 186 216 196 192 217 220 Plant ~n TI'rt. 139 151 191 184 177 174 206

Schad! 12 25 30 30 140

In Ts!!
i39

Schad. 186 216 196 217 196

Plant In Tgt

XIV XV XVI XVII

XI XII XIII

X

12

140

34 .32
31

30'

---

32

30
212

11

-2
190

25 29

30

--... --24 164 Table II than those

192~

--151

12

....J1.
1280 A

151 191 184 177 174 194

-.11.
l444

1133

1284

62

to Section Planted

Summa'tx of Mines Other X ~ hrough XVII

in Target

In mining

Missions

No.

Mi1i'es ~MfSS1"OD.1 1 2 2 1 2

lNn----wo."--'SLze--]£[!--COOf'aI"nat,es'-

- "'"'Remarks Jettisoned

-

.

n
II

X

14
30

9

1000 2000
n

"
ft

1 1

III

" •

"

" "

" ..

II

Q41-AB 1620N Q.41_A8 325 ON X31-B8 X51-B8 11 X71-B8 Dll-B8 3332N Q}j.l-A8 " X31-B8 "

"

14534E 13220E

"

II

• "
n

~ 13215E

It

"

..
11

Al terna te Fld

... 19e];QRi'I

No. Mines Missign 1
3
XI
II II

Run No., !ll..a 30

Codt
J!31-B8

Coordinates

Remarks
Alte~te

1

2

22

2000
II

3332N 3435N
2611N

X71-BB

nu-ss
D12-B8 D13-B8 Q31-AB

1~15E I34JOE l3954E

"
"

" •

Fld,

2 1 1 1

II' I-

6 24
27 11

1
1 1 2 1 1 2 2 1 1 1 1

" •
"

"

..
'.
II

Dl2-BB
X71-BB

Dll-BB D11-B8
DI2-BB XlI-BB X31-BB

2<J20N 1,3612E 3401N l3123E 3402N l305BE

Jett~soned


" (land exploded)

2,3

II

• •

• •
n

" n

254BN
n
II'

14007E
II It

Jettisoned

" 2
9 10

1

XII
I

• •

11

"

q;;! l ...AB XU-BS X31-BB Q41 .. A6 M31-G8 Q21-AB

X51-BB

" 1122N
"
3358N l545N

14420E

"

" • •


"

. ..
"

" • •

13I32E Al terml.te Fld

1

1 1 1·


"
1\

"

"


14

"

" •
" •

~

14603tE Jettisoned

II

Q31-AB
Q4.1-AB

"

II

Vll-BB

N41-BB

"


" "

II

,

"

II

1
1 1 1

"

M31-BB

M31-MB

151930N 14606E
II II

"

6

4
6
2

1 1 1 1 1 1

• • • • • • •

II

"

N41-B8
Q4]...A8 Vll-BB Vll-BB DlI-BB MlI-IB
N41-BB Q31-AB

" •

20

" 16


II

• •

n n

• • " • •

II

" •
221bN

,.
• •

n

14246E 250,3N 14045E

"

Vll-BS

XIII

8

2000

X'7l .. BB Vll-B8
N41-IB

X51 ..B B


"


II

"
g

"
R

II

Take off

Ala

fei led to

"
11

26 26 "
7

Vll-B8

Ale blew-up

1 2 2

XIV

1 1
1 1

1 1 1

4


• " • •

• " • • " • " "


"

"
11
11

" "

"

15
2


• • •

• •
"
1\

"

1
1 1 2 2

21

• • •
"

II

X51-BB 3344N 13122E Jettisoned Mll ..8 B 1543.30N 14606E • XlI-Ba ." • X31-BB I' · X51-B8 ." " MlI-B8 2.l57J1f 142.5'.111 " Xil-BB· .• X31-BB R " X71-BB 3206N 13447E • X31-B8 3200N 13441E " N41-BB 375414N 13D1450E " M31-B8 343&N 13654E Alternate Fld. M31 ..B K "., • M31-MB ." " N41-BB • N41-IB • ,

on take off

No" Mines

Mission

Run No"

Size

Code

Qsordinates

Jlemarks

3

1 2
1 1

33

"
W

4

1
1 1 1

• •

• •
"

2000 M31-B6 3334N 13155E Alternate

" II
II

.,

II

3

1 1
2

1
2 1

1
1

• • • • • • • • •
'I

• • • " •

7

"

• •

M31-KB M31-M6 M31-KB M31-G8 N41-B8 N41-18 M31-B8 M31-KB M31-MB N41-BB N41-IB Dl2-BB
M31-GB Dll-BB D13-BB M31-GB

M]l-06

"

1457N 14611iE Jettisoned

" •

• • •

Field

"
1508N
II

II

"
"

14603E
• II

• •
25

R

"
It


II

"
"

II II

1553N 14606E
II

"

• •
"

II II

"

1
1

2 1 1 2 1 1 1 1

31

• •

"
'I

M_31-BB

" ,.
II

.

II

Mll-BB

M31-KB

"

II

"
II

" • • " • "

XVI
'I

2

g
3

'I

16
I II

1000

M31-B8 Xll-BS X31-B8 X51-BB N41-IB D12-B8

..--

.--

A/C failed T9.ke off
I

to

I

"

3355N 13615E 152BN 14623E 1530N 14615 E

Jettisoned

Q21-AB

u

2

1

XVII
II' I

1
1 1 1 1 1

• • •

6 3

" " 2000
"
If II


5

"

Vll-BB Xll-BS X31-BB X51-BB

Q31-AB Q4.1-AB XlI-BB 3341N

Q21-A8

2315N

l31321E Alternate Field 141lbE Jettis"oned

·

.

3

1 1

• •
"

"

X71-BB
Vl1-BB

• •
"

"

"

N41-IB

152BN 146l6E

160 Total


Total Total

II



II

Jf31-BB
X51-BB

Xll-BS

" "

·
II

"


II

,.

BALANCE Mines Planted in Primary • t • • • • Mines Not Planted in Primary , • • • Total Manes Scheduled operation ••• ••••

__1ful

1284

1444
Mine

d. All mines used in this Assembly Depot No.4, Tinian.

were obt':l.il1oo fran

e. The Mark 25 Mod 1. Mark 25 Mod. 2, and Mark 25 MM4 mines planted in this operation were equipped with 9-foot parachutes j all other mines had 6-foot parachutes. Nineteen paracbutes were seen to fail by crew members; 3 mines were observed to explode on impact, and 1 short static cord was returned in an airoraft.

-21-

f. The basic tactics' used in this operation were the S9.JDe as those previously employed in Mining Missions No. I through IX. g~ Casualties aus't a Lned in these operations include .5 a.ircrai't lost, 2 of which were presumed to have been 10 st to enemy action, 3 aircr8i't wi th majar d..:l.lI1clge, and 6 a1rcra ft wit h minor d unagEl;. Personnel casualtie.s numbered 29 killed or missing and 1 injured.

h. The cri t1que of mine-laying results that follows is b,~sed upon the most accurate data available on the final positions bf all mines planted. Radar confirmation 1'1aS used wherever possible, but in instances in which the data of the' combat crew flying the missions conflicted'with the radar photographs, the two were weighted clrefully. In general, if the radar data 3nd cawbat crew d~ta were in conflict, the radar photos were used for determining at le9st one point on the minelaying track of too aircraft, and the data of the combat arew for determining the rolease position with reference to this point.
(1) Minefield lIiJike ("/estern approach to Shimonosekl Straits) -.All of the mine-laying oorties to this field wer-e directed against nar-row ohannels and anchor- ge areas being used by the enilmy as determined by photographic recannaias~nce. In most instances, the channels wer e 1500 ta 2000 feet in width. In order ta mine these channels, it was necessary to dr.op'strings of mines at minimum spacing at variaus angles to the channels, using between 6 and 12 mines (depending on mine size) in order to place 2 or 3 in tM channel. A detailed study of the results of those missions Show that, of the 78 sorties • made to this area (including the 8 sorties to the Straits anchorages, listed as to Field Love' in the Field order but plotted with Field. Mike an the appended charts), 55 Crews placed their mines so that the maximum number fell in the cnanne Is , 11 crews placM sane-· rIl1nes but not the IDB.X:l.t1rum llUJDbe~ in the channels. 11 orews Pl?HI~4 all: thei,r mi nes out ~~q.e the Channal& but .~n ~ffe~tive· rnlte;r depths .. .and 1 crew placed its 'mines On land (MLltsure Islam). This is considered excellent rpinelaying, partioularly since 52 runs were confirmed by·radgr. 24 w~re .obtained from navigator's estimates, and only 2 were assumed as briefed.

(2) Minefield Loye (Eastorn appro"lch to Shimonoseki Straits) • Mine-laying in this ar-ea also was directed against narraw channels and anchorage areas. The plots show that the 48 sorties sent to this minefield (excluding the 8 considered. above with Mike) resulted in 32 crews placing their mines so that the m·-ulmum number fell in the channels, 9 orews placing some mines but not the maximum number in the channels, and 7 craws placing their minos outside the channels but in effective water depths. Tbis aga Ln is considered excellent mine-laying. Of the 48 runs, 36 were confirmed by r3dar phatogr~phs. and l? were established by navigatar's data only. (:3) Minefield Zebra (Tsuruga. Maizuru and Miyazu Areas) The minefields in these arons wer e planted approximately as briefed am probably di erupted shipping in the affected areas. An analysis .of the result.s showed. that of the 12 sorties to the Tsuruga field, all could be considered effectively in the briefed position, while of tho 9 sarties to the Maizuru.-Miyazu area, 7 could be considered effectively in the briefed posi tion,and 2 were outside t he briefed position but in effective water depths. The number of radar confirmed runs far those areas is 16, as against 5 in which the navigator's data alone had to be used.

-22-

(4) Minofield Nan (Fuahiki and Nanao Areas) - The mining of Fushiki is inhorent1y a difficult problem bec~uso of the very sm3ll area of mineable natersvailabls ani the poor radar reference points. A detailed ana Lyai.e of tho results at this port disclosed that 4 of the 11 crellt'J ovor the area placod their minos effoctively in the briefed position,· and tho remo.ining 7 pl'.lcod acme of their mines in effocti Ve wate.r d opths but not i n th 0 port are a. )l'our addi tiona 1 crews' placed 2 plane loads offoctively 11S briefed in the entr'311Ce to Nanao, end 2 plano loads in ei'hctivo wat~r dopths - not as briefed - but in g'O cd Lcea tions Of the 15 runs made on those areas , 12 are confirmed by radar photos rx1 3 are based on navigator's data.
0

(5) Minefield Uncle (Niigata Area) - The minefield in this area uas planted approximJ.tely as briefed, \'lith 10 of tho 13 crows 'over tho area placing th0ir mines offectively in briofed positions, and the ramaining 3 crews placing than in effective i"13.ter depths rlhera they may be of value. Of tho 13 runs, 8 arc confirmed by radar scope photogralJhs and 5 are baaed on navigator's data ..
(6) Minefield Charlie (Fukuoka 9.nd Karatsu ArGas) - The minefields in thGse areas I"/oro also planted approxima t e ly as brief 00. Of the 10 crews over "the> Fukuoko ar oa ," 9succceded in placing their mines effectively in briefed positions, although 2 were forced to salvo because of rack mlfunctions. The 1'eooining crolV prob3.bIy dropped their mines all land. In tho IC9.rstsu area, all 5 crows over tho ar oa placed their mines effectively in briefed posi t Lons ; Of the 15 runs total, 11 are conf irmed by radar and tho romaindor aro based on navigator's data .. i. In glneral the mil1o~layin.g results in this sories of missions are excellent and dcmonerr-ato €l:x:ceptiom.l skill on the pgrt of the partiCipating cravs. Tablo III Code Designation for to Section A

Mines and Mine Preparation

1.. The type mochanism .Lnd the preparation and sotting of the components in all mines are specified by the following codel a.

b\ rat

Symbol (lett

or)

- !I'klchaniam and Preparation" Doad Period {seconds}

Code Lottor A· B C D E F G H I J
K

Mechanism M-9 Mod 1

• " •
"

• • • " • "
"

3
51

Typo Looks 2 Look Reverse

~

8

lOt 5!

"
2 Look Random

3
8

lOt 5i

"

"

3

. 3 Look Rever-se

"

L
M

M-ll

N R S
Q,

V

A- 3 Mod 1 MMl A-3·Mod2 (JJ. Microfarad A-3 Mod2 (2

2 Look Reverse Normal Increasod de" sensitive period condenser
II

lot

8

"

"

in firin';
II

X

1:~

[I

n

-

cha11Ilcl)
"

-23-

§'!QB.~!

b., Code
(A thru

Second Symbol (number) L)*

~ Sonsiti
M.-ll

vity Setting.
A-3-1 MMl ( Q,)

M-9-1
(ll"'*

M-U

~

1

'2

5 6
7

4

3

Infinito 20
100

10

In! .. 20000 10000 6000 3000

.J.?J.

(M)

M.. n

Normal

..J3l
2-3

(M)

_ill
Q

eN)

3~i
4-

6-9

i

4

Medium Med.ium Mediwn

Fino

(<;2

1000
100

.ill50 30
20 10

A-6 (X)

f

_ ...

15

•*

Lott 0r refors to first symbol ($00 above) .. Numeral in paren , refers to notes bGlol'l': (1) Value of resistance shunted acroas sonsi t1'o1 operating coil. e 2) Value of resi stan co shunt ad 'loros s sear ch coi I, or (J) Value of toroid current in microrunpclre.s necessary to firo mechanism. d(lsonsitizcd by transformer shunting.· (4) Valuo of condenser- 1m micrOf3I'<'lds added to inter-look desensl t iz.er oil' cui t. CS) Sensi t ivity swit ch sot tins, or oqui 1131 en tin caeo of grid circuit modification. (6 ) Value of rGsistal1cc shunted acrose search coil •. c. Code No.
1

Third Symbol (number-) .. Ship Count Setting. Actuations
~Numbor

(Not

PJl,tl

Setting)

to Fire on TBt

Code No.

2

1 2

6
7
9 8

Actuations to Fire (NUmber of .. B) T

6

3

5
d.
eo

4

4 5
Dash between Fourth third

3

9
symbol. Setting.

10

7 8 9

symbol and fourth .. Delayed

Symbol (letter)

;\rming

Code Letter

A

-

a

B

4uning Dela,y 45 Min .3 brs
12 bra 18 bra
1 day 2 days .3 days 5 days

Coda Letter
N

;Ir!!Iing Delay
25 days 30 days

P
Q, R S

o

20 day.s

D E
F G H

35 d<zys
40 d9.Ys 60 d l,y.s 70 days 80 days

T
U V W

50 dnys

I J
K

7 d.ays 10 days
days 15 days 18 days

13

X
Y

90 days 100 days
llO d,'O\YS 120 days

L
M

Z

f,

Fifth

Symbol (manber-) .:. Stcriliz.ation

Time 111'ter .u-ming.
Steriliznti on Time "U't·e.r Arming 110-140 day.s 140-170 days 170.. 200 days None

Code N1.l.rnbor;

Timo .Qttor Arming
30..50

Sterilization

Code Number

5

.3 Ii.

1 2

15-.30

0-15

50, 80 days ..
80-110 days

days days days

6

7 9

8

"'24'"

~I

o

rn

(/)1

I

I

I

_.,

_

-..ut

QInIIo

~~.

_

---

~

(NII'ATA A.REA)

'" oa

I"t&IIIR

_

UML& •

o _~
~;

..-----..,__... - ..-.~ . _w. __....---AL~ CA& ..-wmID

• ... ~

'-.OENe . -~--; ..---~""""''''.'''''''"Mr _F.~.~""" ..
DO MPH

- aooo- eoGOn II"tDCA'RO ... INIUO

~

_

.tlnIICK.

.....

- _.i__"_-+ __

-..J~

__

...L.._r-____:_

_'__,,:__:I.--+_":""_!_

.... :a.--._D

~........ W. .......·M...

~

~~--__ ",. ... I... A~

.. n._IG_,,' _
.
_flit ..........

__...
,_

.. .._..·
.....

=
_

•• • ....,.

.~,. ..,...,. ,
....... 110IrIIIICATD

,..,.

___ e •
_ •• "

,_

._.

_ ,. ..... ......urc.. _ ..
~.. .,. TO " .. lIT.

1ft

....... _'.
If.,

.. .-, -,,-- ..
UNWI ..

NADA_
MINING
_aT ...... ~ ..I! 0...,..., Of' ...~ ........ PLM1'&D ." OR I'CAA.

."m:

MIS~IONa
~T' ft.ttLO '-0

,C'_· 5HlIiIOf4OSEK1

SlANTS AN

t
j

ALTITUD£ ~. 5000- .,000 FT. ~l.IBR"Tl[b Jf'C)~TItD AIR SPtEEQ

I

'-EQEND
.1000 L.&_ ....... :~T'OI't SCO"-~O~ ~ : _""'ED JOOIoITICI"
' OIl ... 'nC, • C»" A"TTAC.K.

_
_" _

o

iOOO ~.

__

I.OCATIOI'I

_._-._

• .,

""~_llrwl""'I» a. _
.... fl

.

....
MI •

OGATlOI"I. • toOO .... MI"I&:

n-.58 •
__

"" ~ .......

1ll-32 Ir. 1..... 4

"""'110..... Il .tau.4, ... ...... . __ _"" u ..
" ..._AI_ ., 13 ••
1)1-22 I

_"la",.

__ ""'l'1. I •• 'a, 15.u. ..· lJII' _, '" 16.
U: , .. U..

SECRET

r

MINING
BeST ... VA\l.AeLe MIMES P\.ANTCO

MISSION:.at
A ",.

CAT ...

(TSURUGA AREA)

OF 1"1ruo.1. _TIO"'_ ,N 01>. N!!4R "111\.0 Z •••

"LTITWOE - 50008000 FT. CAL.IBRATED INOICATI!:O AIR &PltlO

&..E.GENC
1000 .... MII"IC'

UKAT,on COI't"",MCO II!j( .......... ___ rrll:!" M ~ ""I~ __ IICO~ IIHOTO_ -

.... ~c .""',,. or: ATTAC.K.
o IOOQ ....

-..C:

LOCA .... Ort 004"'10"1.

~OU"Tl,," ~

.. ,1OI't "" ort",L.OI"IG; ..... U)C","MQ" ClATlOri.

1OI4Im>G__

~_TM_
.. TAIIUI"

••

_.SNI.Q ......,....
_o Ito, ~.~. ..,~
.-.xu.
I'll "... ..•_ 01' A'l'TAe.:
.., ,,"-

OIl~

""_1S

..... ' .,
. .. '

UTA_O

SALvoaoMroea:_AA"" oel'iClTlr..... Of' ........ CIIlC ... Qlllf'IOTE."u _ ......0 COI"II'>Il_TIOI'f TO 1.OCII:notI. NOTC.:
,,~o; __ T1O'" o~ UC>4 II(IIf'IC I,. ~T.O ,'" ......... &'1< It TO I"Io;LO OJIIDCIU ...... AaMC.O'IV·' I'IUMEAAI.... e..... R;rTT LINk Of' C 'TO 0ItDea

.

~

DROPPING 15 ..AOM "18..,.

TO

rT".

WAKASA

o

TARGET Z .. • Z.,
II<lAL~ 111111,"0
MI~E. IlAUllllM. 10 M.LES l-ipoapDO ,CALE WUM' 'I.OTTE~

*

SECRET

SeCRET

I
f '
_.l..-_

MINING
...

MIS~IONS
." CIA. NEAR
01' ~

........

"

-~.'

().1AIZURU- MIYAZU AR

"'-N't'T1I!.O

a.TA

·l

j

WAKASA,

.'

~ J:
'II>

1011

~6 i' "OJ
_~ .• .!..., •.• -L.

III

Q

:JII

IWI'1U

...

,. ...............

PL.J\MTIO 11"1 QA "EAR.

1..

QlCTA

OP I'IM ....L. POSoIT.on" ",IILD NAN

OF

(NANAO-FUS~IKI AREA)
ALT1TUDIE - .000' eOOOFT. .CAIoIM"Tt!D If'lDlFATI!.P AIR 5PEI.D UO MPI-I

1000 t.a. ~:
&000 ~.. ""."., ~\IQ&DM""":~

_I ~

o

.. _

UlCM'lIII"I COI'II" ....

," • ..,.. TAiUln liT gooCHO..".. .. 1'0' Of' ~!l.T """". ," TH« ST.oroo DI' ATT""'''''

.,.,. ,0..,.

ao ." ~..",.
........
anr.1 I"OCATlOI"'.

..

I.IICMJD" DM~_O
CUW:1.11 ~I'IOTI'

......,_...

&111."0· ,..... ~·

DIII'IOTI"C

O

CONOI_TICI4'" N
01' III\Q< Mil'll

...,.,g

rtOTCl
... ~ ~ ~I.. .• TO

_

I'TItLI:I O~!l.. .." ..... ne.O TO .<t-P...... C!U't'T TO LJI"I1( 0" "","r;IIo.OAo.II .........0 I. 1"1110'"' TO~ 'TO .OTTOM.

I.

InotCA'TIlO '"

IKUJI

ISHIDA

da
MIKKAICHI

_l

.....

......

*1-- ~
'Iif,lla)

.......\0 ..
_

II 001:.. 1iaU04 M • .z:pl_MlOD. .... tfbM~.
J.UJ.lClu4 0111

)1-<J:1. 1,)'-'1 I, ~ .. ',1011 •• .. o'b'a,"t4~
.J»l,oa:1C1D •••

1_.
01'0

'0

IU

0,..

- ...... ao
...

"Id. ..

tollol I.

ou.~

~

_tl••"'".r ,., 1<1001
._
, i ..

.. ,_ Plrac!t.\floe '_ilUft ob .. ~.

••

20

~=.ape.a ~I

al .. hll04 '0 U;lMl~ .U 011) "' t'7) HI 1 1004

il4

- ....... . ""'1_
__. '.10 ...

JU... 1& ... 131.l.S II #' "" 01 3l-.U.
0,..,

16 _

Jo'i'""-t
N.

OEJll04oi1 • to.ll ..... c'bIlU"f' ••

DIll ~N1C11111 ...

-~----:::-r:----_'_-;--"""""'~=:---"

1\' ' ,

-.--"

,--

..

¥ •• ~ ••,-

I
I t

, ,

""
i ••.,.~ ••_.. ••......

v.o

...........

,

,i'-

.....

~(y..

..~.~ .....

~

.,..

.

,.;,

,.

~

'il

(J
..

.,,~
~"~""Im~n"j''''

"

PART I II

- B I\DAR

1. Radaz- BonbingAN/APQ-13J a.
b .. Number

of aircraft

mining prim:lry areas

I.

190

Number of 3ircr3.ft

r-o Leas ing minos by radar:

179
11

c. Numb r of aircr'lft o
d. o.

rrdc"3.sing minos by D.B.I'

Percentage of rsdF'lI'sets opor tivo over t"1rgct: Numb r- of aircraft o using ml"imuth st3bilization:
al rcrsft

94.5%
130

72.8

f. g.

forQontago of mning I_

using azimuth stnbi!ilization:

at 6500 to 12,000 ft.

Avcraga maximum r3.Ilgo of landfsll:

68,,5 nautical

·milo8 at

h. 'Average maximum range of 10,000 to 16.000 ft.

b0'1COI18:

136 naut i.es I milos

2. Radar Navigation APN-41
a.
b.

Both fixed and trailing

antennas ware .uaed •.

Average msxirmna usable r:!ngo I (1) (2) !kound-wavc: Sky-waves 400 Dautic3l 1300 nat tical milos,
mi Lca ,

c.

Fi ve malfunct ions ',vore reported.

3.

IFF .. SCR-625: a. b. 100 per cent operations nero reported.

Sets ~ore checked on 3D 3veragc of 40 times per aircr3ft. P.iRt. IV - GONNERY'"

l~
2.

No. of

A/e

firing:

6.
T

400 3.

Average turret load: OF UA

400

400

LA

400

. U' 400

"5
4. 5. No.
.. Based.

UF

Average No. of rounds fired in conbat por turret,

.!!A
2

"4
980.

T

"6

LA

Y:.

3
170.

Nco of rOW1ds fired in combat:

of rounds used for tost firing' .250. Hot.
Of'f'i co·rs
I

..\vorage per gun:

6,. Oms Loaded I
on Wins Gunnory

Roport s.

-41'§!.QEE.1:

7.

Malfunotions'

C.F.C. - none ::md Cal .50 M.G. - Link jam.

8. Equipment oporation (totll perCGntBgc operative): 100% and Oal .50 M. G. - 99.73% 9. Remarks. Only 10 enonv aircr3tt attaoked This aooounts tor tho small number ot rounds tired low averagos tor turret tiring.

C.F.C.-

on those missions. in canbat am. the

-42-

: Mission No ~.-

-

---;.,-;-

.

175

ISUIDiiiNFS
I
Loca

tion

3220N-13245E 3230N-13230E~ OON-13230E: 32 32OON-133:30N Entiro,/ Missio~---------,

.

-I

177

.

j

t

I

179

.

-1
-\

Time on Location Location Time on Location

I

--------.~----------~--------~.-------;
3330N-13930E Entire Mission

I

1=:-

=·-====:F====~,~====F=:====,*===-I

!

i~OO

II
I !

r~E!l
--

Timo on Location

---+----Loc·::J,tion

2000N-14330E ... -'--.-<""". l.32030Z 132230Z 1520302 152230Z 182030'Z. 182230Z 202030Z 202230Z

I

I

Location

~os

Sarno as for respective positions 1Lstod far each mission

I
\

-

I

of first

!
I

suhraar-i ne 201600z 2017302

! ,
I

I

I I

LOC'ltion Time on Location

-------

Timo on Location

I
I

131630Z 131730Z 3330N-13930E 131630Z

151600z 151700Z

181600z 181730Z

I

I
- ._-_.-- ~ -

I~A~

j

I

I

131~ -.- --.

VESSELS

Location

Tim~~-t_-----t--·~·--1--I--I . .-+-=i -Location .. -----,----. Entire Mission
i

!

I

i 1800N-14430E .-/---

!

=+
I
I

-+
._'-------=

I

~oc~t~ON-13~~·

I

Time on

I

131000Z

--t,

. ~930E

280ON-13~OOE

1~::~:_j_~319:_

!

181200Z 181900Z the critical

'\

201200Z 2019002 times

Crash boats were stationed off Tinian during t'ake-off and land il1g for each mission.

ot

"'43-

_
Air-Sea Rescue Facilities

-..... ~ ~. - ~

_---

Mission No.
SUBMARINES

180

_. !;:.::: ..=1;:::. ..::::_ 82=.

::::=:::::::=1-_ ~ Hl4

==::::::I~'.=. -:1:::85 :::===:::::=
=.·

Location
00-.---

3230N-1323oJ!- : 3400N ..1413QE 13200N-13230E!3200N-13300E

Time

El;~i~·--·-~2 . __ ~----..--- ..~i ----_. -1·-·-------Mission

Location Location

------.i--.----+------f-------.-,
3230N-

I I
,

--r-- -- - --- --i.-."-Time on :
DUMBOS ' 2000N-14330E
I

-----

---"

13230EI

-j--------I

c __

7"""_,;-.~o_c~t/o~_ . _;___.=:===Location

__.: ~~~~~::~SSii--

,-_.
..

_-----"
__

._.._..

".;

.

--

... _ ..-

SURFACE VESSELS

1-

Location

---t----.

!

.

1800N~14430E

.~

I

""----

,,/ .

__

._- ----_------ _,-_._--_.

i~:t~~n ~~:SiO~f---->-Location Time on Lo ca ti on
.. _. __ -

. 26~!0~~d

12BoON-13745E 12~O~~-1~93~E_

__

.

__ :

I

------

2211002 221·800 Z

-r
i
1

~~~o~- 1380~E_
• __ ".

28~O_N-13800E

__

._.

241200Z 241900Z

261200Z271200Z 261900Z 271900Z

,_

*Two super dumbos were used to orbit the t imesspe cif ied ..

the Slbmarine

position

at

Orash boabs weresta ti oned off 1'i ni an dur ing the cri t i ca.L times of take-ot'f and landing for each mission,

..4.. 4

ANNElX

B

WEATHER

Put

I ...iss ion No. 173 M

Part II - Mission No. 175 Part III ...ission No. l77 M Pa.rt IV ...iss.ion No. 179 M Part V ...ission No. 180 M Part VI ...ission No. 182 M Part VII ...ission No. 184 M Part VIII ... Mission No. 165

Missions No

173. 175. 177. 179. 180, 1aL.. 184 Qlld 185 20, 22, 24. 26 and 27 Ma.y 1945

13, 15, IB,

-45 ..

PART 'I

-'"MISSION NO.

173

WEATHER

SUMMARy

PLANNING FORECAST
4-5/10 low cloud base 1600 tops 6 to 10,000 ft inoreasing after 2200K to 7/10 with freguent light to moderate showers, Route: To ?SON: To 270MI To coast: Tokyo and
Nagoya

base s , 10/10 low cloud base 1200 tops 16.000 ft with scattered layers of 6/10 middle cloud from 14,000 to 18,000 i't and rainshov..ers. 4. to 5/10 low cloud base 2000 tops 5000 ft.
Srune a.s at

3/10 low cloud base 2000 tops 4000 ft with 3/10 middle cloud from 15,000 to 17,000 ft and two layers of high cloud from 22,000 to 24,000 ft and 27-30,000 ft. All clearing except low and highest layer by 1600K, :3/10 low c loud base 3000 tops 6000
ft.

Kobe and
West OPWTION.i..L

FOREOAST

~1EATHER ENCOUNTERED

Base at
Take Orf
I

e/ro

low cloud.

base

1800 top 8-15,000 £t; silO middle cloud base 11.000 top 13,000 ftj lailO high cloud at 30,000 ft; visibility 15 miles lowering to 2 miles in .showers, Route o ~ To 21 N: Same as basss. 210N to 230N: 10/10 low cloud base 1000 top 8-15,000 ftj 10/10 middle cloud in layers between 11,000 and 15,000 ftj a/IO high cloud at 21, 000 ft i vis ib i1ity 15 miles lowering to 1 mile in showers. 230N tg 250NI 5/10 low cloud base 2000 top 5000 ft; 4/10 middle cloud base 12,000 top 13.000 ft. 250N to Target Areq: 3/10 low cloud base 2500 ft, bop 5000 ft. Target: Shlmonosskl: 5/10 low cloud base 3000 ft top 6000 tt; 2/10 middle base 14,000 ft top 14,500 ftj 6/10 high Cloud at 26,000 fti visibility 6-10 miles in haze. NiigatBI 6/10 low cloud. base 3000 top 6000 ftl 5/10 middle cloud base 14,000, top 15,000 ft, 10/10 high cloud 26,000 ftj visibility 10 miles in haze; light rime ic ing in middle clouds.

3-5/10 low cloud base 1800 top 5 to 6000 ft; 7/10 middle cloud base 8000 ft; 8/10 high cloud at 20.000.

To 20°N'; Same Ilsbases. 200N to 22oN: 10/10 low cloud base 1000 top 8 16,OOO ttj laLla middle clouds 1n layers between 9000 and 20.000 ft; vis ibility 10 miles lowering to 1 mile in showers; lightning. 220N to 27oN1 6-8/10 low cloud, base 1500 top 6000 ft; 8/10 middle cloud in layers between 9000 and 20,000 feet. a70N to Target Area: 5/10 low cloud becoming 1/1 a at end of zone , base 2000 top 3-4000 ft.
w

Shimonoseld: 0-2/10 low cloud, base 2000 ft top 3000 ft i vis Ib il1ty 10 ,

miles in haze. Niigatal Clear with patches of ground fog.

--~~- ~-.-

-- --.-

~

_. ~ .-.. ~

-

-46-

Route .B.lt.urnln,
Same

; Outgoing. Same a.s Route Outgoing except
fO,T

o.s Route

cumulonimbus and showers at 24oN.

encountered

Bus e on

Return: 4/10 low cloud base 2000 top 6 to 10,000 it 1 4/10 high cloud at 30,000 ft.

6-9/10 low cloud base 1200 top 6_15,OO( ft; 5-6/10 middle cloud base 10.000 . top 11,000 it; vlsibll ity 2-5 miles 10
rain.

WINDS .fl.tOFT .. FORECAST
8@,Se to

20 oN -10

200

n

to 'JOON -10 -01
08

300R to

Tauet

Tar,et 270/60 270/45
270/35

20,000 15,000 10,000

a.ooo

6,000 4,000 2,000

Surfa.ce

245/15 235/13 225/13 210/11 200/13 170/14 145/18 135/13

310/45
310/35 320/25

-01

10 14 19 24

22
28

330/20 350/15 010/15 040/15 Missing

12 16 18 21

290/46 300/38 305/28 305/23 305/19 315/15 155/12
170/07

I

-14 -05 05 09 14 16 19 23

270/'30 260/20 250/15
~40/12 210/08

-17 ..7 0 03 08

13
15 17

21

WINDS ALOFT
Base to 200 61°00
Surface 130/10

.. OBSERVED

n

TiI'get
290/26

-12

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F.\RT I." tJE/\.TIDR SUMMARY

BASES:

only
FlOUTE:

4/10 low cloud I base 1600 I t.opa 5000 it with scattered light showers j soattered middle cloud olearing to 3/10 low cloud
by

ISaaX.

.

10/10 low cloud, ba B e 1000, tops. wi th 1ayered. mid.. d.Le cloud to20 ,000 ft and continuous rain. To2ZON; 5/10 low cloud. base 2000, tops 6000 with 5/10 bo nils of middle 01oud, bas e 14.000, tops 16.000 ft·. To CO£lst: 10/10 100 end middlo cl aud in cold front with tops t 020 1000 ft and rain fit;tend ing t,o and over Ja.pan 'uest of 1.s6~t breaking ,.to 5/10 100 F base 2000, tops 6000 it. 4/10 middle cloud .. base 14.000. tops 16,000 it. \10st of 1:360:E.
'Yo Honshu and Kyushu I 2... /10 low cloud; ~ at 23.000 ft .• ForecB.st 4/10 high !cloud

To 20~: To 236i\i:

same as bases.

T-tIRGETS:

Operational

,leather

Encountered

4/10 lOR cloud. 1600, top 6-8000 ft; 3/10 middle cloud. base 12,000 ft, top 13,000; 4/10 high cloud at :30,000 ft j visibili t.1 15 miles. lowE:r ingt a 2 miles in showers. base Out: To ISDN: Same as bases. l8Dr.l' to 26ot.J: . 4-5/10 low cloud ,base 1800, top 6':'7000 ft; occasional top 15,000 ft; 1/10 middle cloud a.t 12,000 ft; 4/10 high cloud !l.t ,30,000 ft i ' so at t er-ed Ugh t sb 00' er s • 26I)J to 29~: 8/10 1011 cloud, baSe 1000, top 9000 ft with occaai.ona I tops to 18. 000 f t; 10/10 .middl e c10ud.• base 10,000 ft, top 15,000 ft; 8/10 higb cloud at 26,000 ftj visibility 10 miles lower ing to 1-2 roi1es in sh ewers i light rime ice above 12,000 ft. 29CJ.J to 33e>:N: 5-6/10 100' cloud I base 1800 it. ,top 7000 it; 6/10 middle cloud base 14,·000 t top 15. 000 .it j: 2/10 bigh a1 aud tlt 27.000 ft. 33DN to target area: 3/10 lovl cl oud, base 2.000 ft., top 5000 ft I. 4/10 middle cloud at 15.000 ft. Route

Base at Take Off:

2/10 10'11 cloud. base 2000 rt, top 5000 ft; 8/10 high cloud at 2:5,000 ft.

;TO '20CU: 4/10 low cloud. OO8e2oo0 \ ft '" top 5-6000 ft; 6/10 high cloud ;at 25,000 ft, ;20CJ! jto 26%: 7/10 ION cloud I base ,'1500 ft, tqp 8000 f't YJith occasional 't ops to 15.,;20.000 ft. becaning 4/10 top 5000 ft at end of 'Z.one; a.io/ic "middle cloud in layers bet\1'een la,aOr and 20,000 ft jtb underst crmsj, rain ·J;'eduoed visibility fran 15 miles to 1 mile. ,26 ~ to 32 ~ : 4/10 low cloud. 00 se 2000 ft I top 5000 ft i_ visibility 1.0 mi1esin light haze, .32 ON to target area: 3/10 10'i7 clou.& base 2000. top 4000 .:ft., 8-10/10 mid ... dl e a1cud" base 9 000. top 11.000 ft i visibility 12 miles in haze.

Tal"get: NilgoY£.: 3/10 low cl.oud t rose 2000 ,top 5000 ft; 4/10 middle cloud. at 16,000 ft i visibility 12 miles.

,Nagoya: 3/10 low cloud ,base t 9p 4000 ft ,9/10 .middleclou(l,

'9000,

top 11.000 :ft; visibility

2000, baae

miles in ba,zej. winds a.t 8000 ft 270 degrees at 35 knots. Samo as Route

were

lO

Returning:

Route,

same as Route

Outgoing.,

OUtgOing.

..61 ..

QQ!!E.!I2.~fi4L!1

15 miles.
Winds Aloft a-tse to 2S?N

.'

_-.

.-

,..,---.-

-------

--

-

,J-

.. '---

ft.

._ Forecast

250Ji to 300H 250/65 250/55 250/45 250/35 270/25 300/20 300/15 -22 -11 -01 08 16 17 21

,oan

to

3l1,o:t

Target

Surfaoe

25.000 20.000 15.000 10,000 5.000 2,000

2.95/35 230/30 230/25 220/20 200/18 190/15 170/13

..0 2 -09
02

19 22 26

11

250/70 250/60 250/50 260/35 280/25 290/20 280/16

-24 -14 -04 05 09 14

19

250/75 250/65 260/5.5 270/40 290/30 300/25 290/18

..8 2 ... 18

... 07
02 08 12 14

Winds l~oft mse to 250n

- Obsarved to

25~

100ff

TarBet 265/38

18,000 11.000
7.000

250/25 270/40

260/42 240/33

----

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PART 111.- MISSION. NO, 177.
WEATHER_ SYMIMRY PLANNING FORECAST

~

~:

3/10 low clouds, base 2000 ft top 5-8000 ftl 1/10 middle cloud. base 12.000 ft; 4/10 high cloud base 30tOOO ft. conditions as at bases, 3/10 low clouds base 2000 top 5000 ft, 10/10 low Oloud base 1000 ft. top 6-20,000 ft j 10/10 middle cloud base 9000 ft. top 16,000, 10/10 high cloud at 22,000 ft; rainshowers. ?SON to the COAstr 5/10 low cloud, base 2000 top 5000 ft.

Terre»'

~~sterp Kyushuj Southern Cout

6-9/10 low cloud base 2000 top 5000 ft; 6/10 high cloud at. 23,000 ft coming in by l800K. of HonShu; 1-3/10 low cloud base 3000 top 6000 ft WEATHER ENCOUNT~RD 3-4/10 low cloud base 1800 with scattered showers at Tinian.

OPERATIONAL FORECAST
Base at Take Orr r VIC low cloud base 1800 it top eOOO ftj 2/10 middle cloud base 13,000 top 14,000 ft,

Route ~ To 230NI Same condition. as bases. 230N to 270NI 10/10 low cloud base 1000 top 6-10,000 rt i 10/10 middle cloud base 11,000 ft top 22,000; 10/10 high cloud base 25,000 ft; light Fime icing; visi~ bi1ity 12 miles lowering to 2-3 mile in rime. 270n to 300Ns 5/10 low cloud base 2000 ft top 5-6000 ft i 6/10 middle cloud base 11.000 ft. top 13,000 ftj 2/10 high cloud at 27,000 ft; visibility 8 milaB in haze. 30~N to target areal 3/10 low cloud base 2000 top 4000 ft: 1/10 high cloud at 26,000 ft. Target I Shimonoseki Straits: 3/1,0 low cloud base 2000 top 4000 ft; 1/10 high cloud at 30, 000 it; visibilIty 6 miles in haze. Wqknsal 5/10 low cloud base 2000,top 6000 ftl visibility 7 ;flilesin haze. Route Retllrning: Same as Route.Ourgoing Base on Return: 4/10 low cloud base 1600 top 6·8000 ft •

To 2loN: 3-4/10 low cloud ba.se 2000 ft. top 5-6000 ft. 210N to 230N: 8-10/10 low cloud base 1000 top 7-9000 ft; 10/10 m.iddle cloud base 9000 top 11.000 ftj scattered light showersj visibility 15 miles low ering to 1 mile in rain. 230N to 260NI 3-5/10 low cloud base 2000 top 5000 ft; 8/10 middle cloud base 9000 top 11.000 ft. 26°N to 32oN: 2-5/10 low cloud base 3000 top 5000 ftj visibility 15 miles in 1 ight haze. 320N to target lUeal 10/10 clouds in layers from 2000 ft to 14,000 ft, be oc lng solid with tops rising to 22,000 t 24,000 ft; moderate to heavy turbulenc rime tc ing with some olear ice reporte perSistent light contrails at 25,000 f Shimonoseki StUits 1 7-8/10 low eIouc ba.se 1600 ft top 5000 ft; 6-9/10 midd: cloud between 7~~000 ft and 10·14,000 ftl 4/10 high cloud at 25,000 rtj vis: bllity 10-12 miles in han.

Same

as Route Outgoint.

1-3/10 low cloud base 2000 ft; visibility unrestricted.

.QQlIll12K1iI..lAk

10,000 5,000 2,000 Sur.f'aoa

280~15 160/15 225/15 135/13

11 20 25 30

240/15 240/15 250/15 230/10

11

19
24 29

295/23 .. 310/19 340/15 160/10

~---,

--

07 15 20

23

290/30 290/20 280/10 280/05

04 13 20

17

WINDS 14,000 7,000

ALOFT ..

OB SERVEP
250N to Tar,ej;

20°1 :to 2501
270/15

Tar,et
300/24

285/42

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) PROG " t:)STIC;PArM-uA~'f3-' .~~" 200Z .:

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PART

.IV .. MISSION WEATHER

NO,

179

S"tJMV,ARY

PLANNING FORECAST 4-6/10 low cloud base 1500 tops 5 to 10,000 ft with show~rB in evening reducing ceiling temporarily to 1000 ft,
BO!:jte I

IQ IQ

To as ON ,

10/10 low cloud and middle cloud to 18, 000 tt with rain and cloud thickening in afternoon to '25,000 ft in afternoon in approaching warm front wave, 6/10 low cloud base 2000 tops 6000 ft; 3/10 middle gOIUI:t : cloud from 14,000 ft to 16,000 ft both increasing

~loN:

Same

as

baee

s,

slowly during the day.

TarrretsI

All:

8/10 low cl.oud be.se 1500 tops 7000 ft i 6/10 middle cloud from 14.000 to 17.000 ft; 6/10 high cloud from 25_27,000 ft west ot Nagoya. increasing to 10/10 afternoon and upper

cloud moving into area east of N~goya in afternoon.

OPERATIONAL FORECAST
BaBEl at

JEATHER' ENCOUNTERED
3-5/10

Take Off: 5/10 low cloud base 1800 top 6-8000 ft; 1/10 middle cloud at 15,000 tt; 2/10 high cloud at 30,000 ft; visibility 15 miles lowering to 2 to 3 miles in showers. Route ~ To 250ygt Same as bases except no showers. &sON to 280Nf 8/10 low cloud base 1200 top 6-10,000; 2/10 middle cloud base 15.000 ft, top 16,000 ft; 4/10 high cloud at 28,000 tt; visibility 10 miles lowering to 2·3 miles in showers. 28ol~ to 30oN: 10/10 low cloud base 1000 top 8-14,000 ft j 10/10 middle clodd base 12,000 ft, top 17,000 ftl 4/10 high cloud at 27,000 ft; light rime ice above 14,000 ft; light to moderate rain reducing visibility to 1 mile. :3p ~ to 34 ON I 5/10 low cloud bQse 2000 top 5000 ft.

low cloud base

1600

ft.

3-5/10 low cloud base 16 to top 5-7,000 tt: 6-10/10 m.iddIe cloud base 7000 top 8000 ft sta.rting at l8CNj visibility 20 miles lowering to 8 miles in scattered light showers. I 210N to 24oN: 6/10 low cloud base 1000 tt top 10-12,000 ft with build ups to 25,000 ft; 10/10 middle clouds between 7000 and 8000 tt and 9000 and 20, 000 ft i visibility 10 miles lowarinl to 0-2 miles 1n heavy rain; moderate to heavy turbulence and lightning. iliON to 280Nz 1-3/10 low clouds base 1800 top 4-5000 rt becoming 6/10 at th, end ot the zone; ~/10 middle clouds, between 16~000 and 17,000 ft. cRoN tg 50 NI 8/10 low cloud base 1500 top 6-10,000 tt; some tops to 20,000 ft; 10/10 middle clouds base 12,000 tt; visibility 10 miles lowerinl to 5 miles in light showers. 300N to t,rget areaf 8-10/10 low clout top 5.6000; "5-9/10 middle cloud base 14,000 top 16-18,000 ftj visibility 15 miles.

To

ZION: 1800 ft,

-61-

CON

F IDE

NT IAL
Shlmongsekl Stn;U1 6.8/10 low cloud base 1800 top 5-6000 ft; 8_10/10 m1ddIe cloud ba.se 14,000 ~op 21,000 ft. 36~ to1360Er 9-10/10 low cloud top 5000 it; 10/10 middle cloud base BOO~ ft, top 9000 ft; visibility 8 miles ~ he ze , -nnda o.t 6500. 310, 25 knotS.

Wakasal 2000 top at 28,000 miles in
Route

ft; visibility

Tar&:E!t: Shim,onq!!ekl StraUs: 6/10 low cloud base 2000 top 5000

6-10 miles

in ha~e.

10/10 low oloud base 5000 it; 1/10 high cloud tti visibility 6-10

haze.

Returnin&,: S~de as Route
Base on

Outgoing

Not

ava.ila.b1e

Returnl

4/10 low cloud base 6-8000 tt; 2/10 high visibUity cloud at 30,000 ttj 15 miles
1800 top

1-2/10 low cloud base 1600 ft; 6/10 high cloud at 30,000 tt; visibility
20 miles.

WINDS .ALOFT - FORECAST Base to 200W
25,000 20,000 15.000 10,000 5,000 230/10 180/10 160/10 140/10 110/10 100/10 100/10 -21 -10 00 10

BOOS to ggoN 260/38
260/26 255/22 255/18 255/16 250/14 250/09

2g0N to 260/50 250/40 270/35 270/25 320/20 360/14 040/12

§SON -29 -16 ..05 04 10 16 24

Tvg;et
260/50 270/40 270/35 280/25 330/20 010/14 040/10

-23
-12 -01 09 17

-2B -18 -08
02

a.ooo

17
23
28

09
16 21

22
26

SLlri'ace

t7

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