³Khrushchev¶s defeat in the Cuban Missile Crisis established the irreversible decline of Soviet Union´.

I am not totally agree with the topic in my opinion US and USSR were almost both sides won . However Khrushchev lost prestige and the result for USSR was China broke from Soviet Union. In contrast , Kennedy gained prestige. But I am on US¶s side and I would like to discuss this topic from US¶s At the beginning of September 1962, U2 spy planes discovered that the Soviet Union was building surface to air missile launch sites which is called as SAM. There was also an increase in the number of Soviet ships arriving in Cuba which the United States government feared were carrying new supplies of weapons. President J. F. Kennedy complained to the Soviet Union about these developments and warned them that the United States would not accept offensive weapons in Cuba.
As the Cubans now had SAM installations they were in a position to shoot down U2 spy planes. Kennedy was in a difficult situation. Elections were to take place for the United States Congress in two months time. The public opinion polls showed that his own ratings had fallen to their lowest point since he became president. In his first two years of office a combination of Republicans and conservative southern Democrats in Congress had blocked much of Kennedy's proposed legislation. The polls suggested that after the elections he will have even less support in Congress. Kennedy feared that any trouble over Cuba would lose the Democratic Party even more votes, as it would remind voters of the Bay of Pigs disaster where the CIA had tried to oust Fidel Castro from power. There were one other poll which is showed that over 62% of the population were unhappy with his policies on Cuba. Consequence, the Republicans attempted to make Cuba the main issue in the campaign. This was probably in Kennedy's mind when he decided to restrict the flights of the U2 planes over Cuba. Pilots were also told to avoid flying the whole length of the island. Kennedy hoped this would ensure that a U2 plane would not be shot down, and would prevent Cuba becoming a major issue during the election campaign. On 27th September CIA agents got information that Cuba have nuclear weapons. After this U2 spy plane photographs also showed that unusual activity was taking place at San Cristobal. However, it was not until 15th October that photographs were taken that revealed that the Soviet Union was placing long range missiles in Cuba. President Kennedy's first reaction to the information about the missiles in Cuba was to call a meeting to discuss what should be done. Robert S McNamara who is the Secretary of State for Defence that time suggested the formation of the Executive Committee of the National Security Council. Fourteen men attended the meeting and included military leaders, experts on Latin America, representatives of the CIA, cabinet ministers and personal friends whose advice Kennedy valued. Over the next few days they were to meet several times. During their discussions they considered several different strategies for dealing with the crisis. They included the following: Do nothing. The United States should ignore the missiles in Cuba. The United States had military bases in 127 different countries including Cuba. The United States also had nuclear missiles in several countries close to the Soviet Union specially in Turkey . It was therefore only right that the Soviet Union

This treaty stated that neither would explode nuclear bombs during testing in the atmosphere. the United States. after more than eight years of difficult negotiations. This was a popular treaty in America . the UK and the Soviet Union signed the Limited Nuclear Test Ban Treaty. Use the United States Navy to stop military equipment reaching Cuba from the Soviet Union. Blockade of Cuba. Negotiate with Russia . In return for the Soviet Union dismantling her missiles in Cuba.should be allowed to place missiles in Cuba. Nuclear Weapons. The one positive thing to come out of the crisis was the creation of a hot-line between Moscow and Washington to allow for easier communication between the two nations leaders at a time of crisis. First is the establishment of faster communications between the superpowers which is the Hotline. However on 5th August in 1963. Bomb Missile Bases. The reason that by that time relations between the two were improving was to prevent further complications in the political and diplomatic relations between the two nations. Send United States troops to Cuba to overthrow Castro's government. When discussing these strategies. In 1963. the United States would withdraw his nuclear missiles from Turkey and Italy. In addition to pave the way to nuclear disarmament and lessen the number of nuclear weapons in the world. Use nuclear weapons against Cuba or the Soviet Union. relating today the movement can be traced to the Cuban missile crisis. Consequence There were a lot of consequences and changes that were meaningful which help turn the tide of the cold war. Invasion. Carry out conventional air-strikes against missiles and other military targets in Cuba. President Kennedy and his advisers had to take into consideration how the Soviet Union and Cuba would react to decisions made by the United States. both nations signed the Nuclear Test Ban Treaty. Also we have how it changed the way of thing of people. This was inspired by the Cuban missiles crisis to limit more the tensions. Even with the collapse of the Soviet Union many of the policies created out of the crisis are still used today and also the Nuclear Test Ban Treaty makes it possible for Nuclear weapons from being tested. Also the crisis inspired the birth of the anti-nuclear movement. Conclusion The end result of the crisis was seen as a huge success for Kennedy but contributed to the downfall of Khrushchev in Russia. The United States should offer the Soviet Union a deal. This event created awareness for nuclear proliferation. the reason for that was at the time most studies on nuclear weapons were already complete and the purpose of nuclear testing was to create more tensions between them. The missiles could then be put out of action and the Soviet Union could no longer use Cuba as a military base.

1997. The Cuban Missile Crisis is one of the single most important and significant diplomatic moment in History because if it had gone wrong some of us wouldn¶t be here and others would probably be living in irradiated desert.W.asp .loc. The answer of the topic is Khrushchev lost prestige and he had failed. New York: W. Kennedy. A. 1999. It almost destroyed us but it brought new awareness of nuclear proliferation. 2005. New York: Norton.html http://www. A.org/jfk/cuban/ http://avalon. Castro.thinkquest. The crisis almost cost us our world. But thankfully.html http://www. Cuba was the start of the end of the Cold War.law. and Kennedy.: Stanford University Press. Changes from this event were made to help us avoid another crisis like this in the future. He was seen as the men who faced down the USSR.edu/subject_menus/msc_cubamenu. 1988. Fursenko. Sheldon. http://library.yale. China broke from Soviet Union. 1958-1964. NY: Random House. Cuba remained a Communist dictatorship however America left it alone the reason for that was USSR took his missiles from Cuba. Danger and Survival: Choices About the Bomb in the First Fifty Years. Stern.org/11046/days/index. McGeorge. Norton.that of a greater respect for each other The Cuban Missile Crisis was a very dangerous event in political history. Even if though many don't pay attention to its affects in today's world. Stanford Calif.and a sign that something positive had come out of the Cuban Crisis .hpol.gov/exhibits/archives/colc. Robert F. the successful diplomacy saved us and open new doors to peace and coexistence. Bibliography Bundy. One Hell of a Gamble: Khrushchev. Kennedy gained prestige. The Week the World Stood Still: Inside the Secret Cuban Missile Crisis. New York. and Seymour Martin Lipset collection. the Cuban Missiles Crisis changed the way diplomacy is conducted. 1st ed. Thirteen Days: A Memoir of the Cuban Missile Crisis. Particularly.

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