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UISSIDN FLOWN

NO.
'",IV""

::.r:

COP. Y ,. NO. 41

SECRET

Forewot',d,

XXl Bomber Command ~ission No., 181, flown on .23-24 May lW45 against Tokyo UrbE!ll At eEl, South. , Flnal damage assessment for th~s strike is LncIuded l,n Tactical Mission Report No. 183, covering the attack 131'1 the 'l'o!-:yoUrban Ar<;)aflown on, 25 May 1945.

Tpis Tactical Mission Report covere;

Mission No. 179 and 180weF.e special missions and Ylill receive Special d1 stri button.

_HEADQUAR '!EBB
XXI BaaBER OOlliMAND
APO 234

TACTICAL MISSION REPORT
Field Order No. 78 Tar get: Mission Tok;YGI Ubran Ar ea Japan No. 181

Table

of CClntents

Page

J.2...
1

Ta,ctiQal

NarratIve.

'. • • 'III.... • •. I - Navigation Chart •• ' • •• Bombardiers' Aiming Points III ...Flight Iilngineering Charts
:it • Iii, iii ,I' it , .. • .. • • iii ..

Annex n. - Oper at10ns

9

Part

...

Part Part
'

n-

•• •••• .....

10
11

J?art Part

IV ... Radar

Scope Photos

••••••••••

12 14
15 16

V - Radar • • eo • • • • • '. • • • • .' Port VI - Gunnery • • • • • • • • • •••• Part VII - .hir-Seo. Rescue Chart .0 • • • • • ..
,II • • •. • • ,. ... • ... • •

17

Annex B - W'e :).:t,her
Port

Weather Surnrnlll'Y • .. • II ... 'Forecast Wen.thet' VB. ......... Observed Weu,thar Part II! ...Prognostic Map Part IV- Synoptic Map • • .'
1 ...

Part

. . . . . .. . .
... 41 .. .. .. • • ..

18
19 21 22
23 24 25 27

,.

. .. . . . , . ..
'

.
II ..

,

..

..

,.

..

..

..

.

• • • • • '. '. • • Annex C ... Comm-unicatlons. Part I ... Radar Couttter Measures. Part 11- R",dl0 •• • • • • • • • :.nn0X D - Intelligence

0

• • ••• • • • • • • PEl.rt I ... Enemy Air Opposition "••• Po:rt II ... Enemy Anti uirer.aft •••• P(;1.rt II I • Da.mage J..ssess 6me.n.t.
G 11 drn.e t

30
31 3S 38

iii

..

;,.nne x E ~ Co ns
lumel<

d stut

i stl cal

SU1lllllo:ry

F _ XXI Bomoer

Gommnnd Field

Order
'

.....
""

......

..

5:3

Prepared

By: :'~2 Se'ction XXI BO.mbar Gomm.and

I :: :: : :: :: : : r : : r : : : : I : :

SECRET By Auth. of the e.G.: XXI Bomber Command

: ja ,II1J~, ]945 : Do.;te Initials: : : :: :: : ~: : :: : : : : : : :: : :' :' : : :
XXI BCW3ER COlWAND
APO 234

idDG ~

HEADQUAR'IERS

12 July
SUBJECT:

1945

RepOl't

of

Operations, General.

23 ..34 Mo.y 1945

TOI

Oommanding

Twentieth

Air Force,

Washington

25, D.C.

IDENTIFICATION

OF MISSION':

0.. Field Order NUmlier 78, Heo.dquartersXXI Bomber Command, do.:ted 23 Ma.y 1945, directed the 58th, 73rd, ;513th. and 314th Bombardment V;lugs to po,.rticipo.te in an inoendiary atto.ck on the southern Tokyo. Urban AreCl in Missien Number 181.

b•

Tar·get

Snecified:
0.

(l ) Thea vasue.I and rnda;!' target, (2)

u thern

To.kyo. Ure an Areo. Was to

be the primary

No secondary

or

1 as t resort

ta.rgets

were

specifi

ad.

2,

STRATEGY -ANDFL..;N OF OPER.:"TION:
0..

Strategy:

a tt8.ok.s etfo'rtto

(1) Dec 18ion was mo.d.e to. lUn 2 filo.rimlll!l-effo.rt i ncendio.ry on tbe City of TOkyo wi thin 0. minimum time inte.r·val in an r educe the val ue of the war industry remo.in.i.ng in Tok-ft.

(2) In the plo.l'U1ing of these ijUl·sions, the grelltsst difficulty encountered was in the selection of the axiso·!, Iltto.ck due to the hao.vy anti o.lrcraft dere nsesof Tokyo. The o,xil> of att(l;ck f inal.ly decided upon wa.s co.nsidered to be the be.st in order to strike :).ccurntely o.nd to obtai.n the le'ust p'ro.'boJ~le battle damage, (:3) filti tude 0. ttaek to. be used ace ur acy • drift. smoke" and ther;, 0.1s ,

off

10k.

o.r

requi red

consider!). tion

(4) Due to foreca.st poor WEIuther in the to. ·getareo.. it wo.;s n·eoessary to p Lun both of these strikes for i ndi vidual oi r~ ero.ft ut night. us ing the g611e1"n1method of atto.(}k employed on simi lll.r missions in the past.
b.

lmportQnoe

of T!ll'g~t:

(1) Both i ndustrinl n nd r e,s:!'d,ep,ti0.1 d Ls t r-Lcts were inc luded ill.' the tar get o.~'eCl. . lmportClnt enginesril'lg. , Cliro,rn1't parts, ta.nki;. all and rolling stack plant;:!: reprallented and thearsa lsserved by the g,~ whioh hus its terminus o.t the north end T 0.,. (1.:1.'do Main Run roo.d Line. of this distriot.
-1-

I).

Details gf 'booing

- O,entlonpl

s

(~,

Detprminatiop

of BRmh Load;

1. Bomb SelectioQC Incendiary bombs o.nd clusters ,...erehosen as the wea.pon to effeot destruction of the to.rpt C area. Each V~ng Was scheduled to employ 0. po.thfinder force o.go.inat .the 4: ea.stern aiming points and Wa.s to co.rry AN~47A2 incendiary bombs multiple suspended. The first 40 a.ircro.tt of ea.ch wi~. including pathfinders (except for the 58th Wing), were o.lso scheduled to ellrry M47A2 incendiary bombs. The 58th W ng w~s scheduled to 10lld only 18 a.ircra.ft with M47 incendiary bombs because of a shortage of T19 adapters a.t the time that the mission Was planned. ;.mQXimum number of planes from ea.ch Wing other tha.n the obove were scheduled to carry 500 pound aimable incendiary clusters containing Y69 bombs.
~. Fuzing of Incendigries: hN-M47A2 incendiary were fuzed instanta.neous nose. Base altitude of att4ck was 9000 feet, therefore, all clusters were fuzed to open 5000 feet above the tar&~t to insure proper functioning of clusters, maximum efficiency of penetratioR and functioning of individual bombs, and uniform dispersion of bombs within the cluster pattern. bombs

1.. Intervg,lometer Setting: Experience of this Command on previous missions of this type ~s indicated tha.t a setting of 100 feet for M47 bombs and 50 feet for clusters of M69 bombs is sto.'tisfactory and therefore was selected for this mission. The density within individual p Lane patterns was expected to be :::.pprosimo.tely that desired over the entire target oren.
. 1.. D.iscuss ion of Bomb Se lectian: Ba.sed on results of previous miSSions, 0. combination of incendiary bombs and clusters of M69 bombs ha.s been found to be o.n efficient bomb 10.::u1 rOT atto.c.kon mi.xe-d urba.n and industrial ur aaa, Maximum effort wn.s directed in an effort to obtain a. dansity of 225-250 tons of incendiary bombs pel' square mile of the target ar eu , in this cuse approxim:ltely 10 square miles.

~'7

(b)

Bombing

Datat

1. SiDce this WIlS to be 0. night attack, the aXiS of attacK wns primo.rlly dependent upon 2 factors: th~ best rndar approo.ch and the antillircr:U't defenses in the target a.re::..

£. Tbe best rndnr o.ppro~oh on this ta"~t 1s axis of' :338 degrees acr-oss Tokyo BIl.Y,but this npproc. h wa.s ..,111111nOoted since it would su.bject the Cltto.ckingforce to intense c.nt.iircroft fire. Furthermore, turbulenae and smoke \'Ioulaprob:::.bly enbe countered before bombs a.wQY. since the predicted surfa.ce wind Wa.s expected to be from 330 dG.greos. An axt e or 35 degreOls "llS oonsidered. but this would take the uttaCking rorce over nn ~eo. thllt is considered to be the most highly defended in the Empire from Il sea.rchlight and flak standpoint.
:ll).

l. An nxis of nttuok of 84 degrees was finnlly 1 cted for the follow1n; reo.SODII: it supplied 0. good To.da.rtu.rning S:i:t at the IP (Ho.ehioji ); it provided 0. downwind o.pproc.chto the P i to.rge t , c.nd"o.ntic po.ted f1o.k o.nd searchl ight de:fensBs were Consider_ ablY wee.ker on this a.xis tho.n on o.ny other.
-2-

!. Following this COrnInnnd'.s policy of sending pathfinder "ircroft over the target to light up selected aimin,!!; points. eo.eh Wing WetS to assign 12 aircrai't to serve :;1.S pathfinders. These };lathflnderswere to be timed so tha.t they would precede the ma.in force to the tnrgetby 10 minute S j both p athflnders and main force 1'J9re to rly the same route to the target. Pc.thfinde.rs were to be instructed to light Up the Gustern most aiming poi.nts. If these instructions were Cnrried out, o.l1 aircraft of' the main force could drop short of fires sturted by pathfinders with a. minimum numbe r- of bombs dropped outside of the target area.
.2. Compressibi.1ity was ngnin stressed and all Uing,s were to use their own method of t.iming airc ', aft r so that the whole Bomb'tir Command co,uld be dompressed· ove'r the target in the shCl'rtest poss ibIs time.

.2. illti tudes,
and drifts, and other data Coml]l.at1d, L.ithoDlo§aA~... S09th

axe sor were as roll·ow::;: Toky,?): 58th Wing:

attack, ground speeds. (Reference. -XXI Bomber

~.

Bombi ng Al ti ~ude : 10,000 to 10,800 feet. AXl.S of Atta.ck: 84 degrees 1;r1.18. Wind: 4-1 mi18 S per he 1.1r Ir om 275 degrees. Drif't : It de gree s right. Grounil Speed: 312 mil-as per hour Length of Run :30 mil~s.· Time af Rl.ln: 5t minutes. Mean Paints of i!Ilpaet: ·081063 and 05;305.2 ~. 7:3rd Wing:

Bombing Al ti tude: 11.000 to 11,800 feet .• Axis of ;.ttack: 84 degrees true. Dl'1£t; 1 degree right. Ground Speed,; 318 mUes psr hour. Length of Run: :;0 mil e a, Time of Runt 5 minutes. 1I>ieail Points of' impact: 087088 afili 05008,6.

Bombing Al ti tU.de: 9000 to 9800 feet. Axh of Attack: 84 de,grees true. D'rift: 1 degree right. Ground Speed; :;.015 mil eo per hour •. s Length of Run: 30 miles. Time of' Run: 6 m irurtea, Mean P oint of Impao t : 06$038.

S.

3.14thWl,ng:

Bombing ;'1 ti tude:

.'-.xis or,:..tte..ck:

12. 000 ~ 12.aOO :re et . 83 d.egrees Drift: 1tdegrees right .. Ground Speed: 324 miles per hour .. L.ength of Run: :30 miles. T.ime of Run: 4l; minutes. Mean Point of Impact, 074112,

Navigation:

ReMon
Base

for

Chs?1oe

to
Iwo Jtma

to

Tactical

Doctrine of

3436N··13814E,

to

Departure Point on the coast t.ifLed by radar. A point 10 miles

Ja.pan easily

lden-

3532N~13912E (Initial Paint) to

from Hachi.oJi

for

tho

turn

to

the

target. Tokyo Urba.n South.
;,. point off Iwa Jima. the coast of Jo.pnn to make the turn to

TaIget
to 3535111"-14040E to

Iwo Jima.

to

Base

Tacti c a,1 Doctr i.ne ,

(3)

Flight Engineering: (a.) FUght ~lalJ: .hltitudese.nd speeds, el:Cep~ for

b010lbing run and campress ion of the striking force. we re planned for maximum. fuel economy and safe-ty. Assemblies would be effected only as efforts to compress thestrikipg forces.

(b)

La Bding : data ind.ieated that the 58th. bomb ba::r tank;s and would oarry gallons. The 314th ".'lingwould for So total fuel load of oppr ex ..
were spec 1 -

..1. Fuel reserve 731"dl and 313th Wings woul¢ require no a 1:;otd fuel lo·ad of approximatel;' 6500 c.o.rry 1 partioJ ly f.illed bomb bay ta.nk imately 59'00 gallons.
fied. Pot~ntialbomb

~. No maxi mUlnor minimum bomb loads loads were a,s follows:
.Q~

12.
.9..

58tbWing
73:rd ".'inS 313tb Wing 314th Wing

.&..
..§.

~ •

15. 000 Hi. 000 18,000 12,000

pounds pounds

pounds
pounds
0. t

l>11lmuni on load t1

wo.sE:stimated

300 pound.s.

(a) lIli t maximum

u_aage of

The radar

"Various routes used were sal eo ted to per-~ I!Jld 9'11"l:I.s1·on f enemy n.ntiai.roro.ft. o

(b) The departure point (3436N .. 13814E)vte.1I mOllt distinctive lnappearanoe.,Wle flying from thhpo1nt to the initilll . t the r-ad aT ope re to r wou.I d he.ve Vii tht n runge exc ellen t radar 0 heok :p0lon ~" Surug.EI. Beq, Yakosuka Peninsula. and the entire lye-stern ha.lt
l?oil'l~S.

of TakYo

.Bay.

na~ti (c) The initi~l point (3S32N - 139l3E) was 10 point cal Hmiles southwest of the town of Hachioj ita good radar check point. alfway along the route from the departure point to the initial and the radar operator would be able to piclc up the initial point 16 target. area. thus insur1.ng 0. good bombing run.

t;

'Were r-e __ . (d). The to.rget o.reo. and the mann pOints of 1mpo.ct adlly dutingulsha.ble by radar, using the adjacent Tokyo Bay ~:a a.sl'efer6nce. The bombing run it ~.elf WOoS long enough to perm:! t radar operator to "kill" rll,te and course,

(6) For compressibility of the force over the t~r~t and since the above bombing run was a good r",dar run. the pathfinder's were to be :;Hmt over this s ame route.
(5 ) Radar Goun ter Meo,sures :

(0. ) H waS pI armed to use 18 ReM Obse I've r sto DIP enr1y-wa.rn.in,g; and gun-laying r-adar s nnd to conduct 0. genero.l search in the region of 40 -3000 megacycles. Search r-ece iva r8. pul ee tJ,.l'Iclyzers. 'a.nd DIP o.ntennas wl:>r~ to. be employed and o.os<lrvutions we re to. be made throughout the islands en route to. the target as well as in the target
area itself. (b) be dispensed (6 ) It for was a1 so pI nnned to curry rope in each airprotectiGn from senr-e hl ights and fl ok ,

:plane

to

J.i:r -Sa a Rasoue r

the

mission

(a ) Nnval : The Ne..vy was furni she d wi th d eta i Ls of and furoi_shed the following facili ties for cdr-set:. rescue •

.. 1
aU,ring the entire missi0fH 32-00N-14050E,

Four at

s.ubmo.rines 3430N-14045E.

were

sto.tioned

as follows at

o.t 3·3lSN-14045E,.

and at 3000N-14100Eo

.£:.
during 1411

Three

surra,ce at

vessles

were

sto.tio"ed

oa,

the

entire

mission

as follows;

2800N-14100B,

~t e530N-

and at

l800N -144308 •

.2.

Pi ve Duml;Jos were

a s si gned

as f'o

nOVlS;

I'l. t

6?'

3000N-14100E f rom 2S1~ 302 to .2'32030Z; a.t 2600N-14l00E from 231900Z to 23.2100 Z ;e.. t 263 ON ~1411 OE from 2319302 to 232130Z ; at 200 ON ~14330B from 251930Z to 23 2130Z i und at North Field. Guam, for toke -off :md landing .•.

.!.
vie i ni ty of Sat]? an. "tr:$0-off and 1 o,ndi ng,

Crush

boots

were

assigned in
thee r i ti c:.l

th!;l

imlllediElte of

'Ii ni o.n. and Guam during

pe ri ods

(b) J..rmvl This Commend o.ssigned '3 Supcr~Dumbos (B_29'8) to orbit the rollowingpositio~sdurtng the return po.ssn.ge of tho s tr i}:.a a1 'reI' aft: '3 43. ON -14i045E. ;)430N-14045E, o.nd. '3 200N-140.508.

(l)

Enemy Ai rDopOsUi.on'

(0.) EnelllY fighter strength was ecstimo.ted at 378 ero,tional aircrl).i't, Night-righton s~rength for the To~yo are a was op. ted at approxi.mnte1y 56 twin~anglne. :Holes nnd 27 !Hgnel-engine est1mn fi ..hterS i '. t It had been noticed that do.y fghters - seo.rohlight
nJ.Gh ., ....•

_6-

ill the

Combination technique Tokyo ar ea.. (2)

had shown considerable

improvement,

pnrtlcularly

Eqemy Aptia.i reraft!

(0.) Hso.vy o.nthlrCl:"aft Guns: In Tokyo proper there total of 480 heo.vy guns. approximately 280 of which would be ~lithin range of OUT aircraft en the planned route end axis of o.ttack. n o.ddi tion to the Gre'Qter Tokyo i;l.sfenses. ther€- were 24 heavy gunS a.t Tachika:wa. 16 o.t ZrunlCl, o.nd lOMd Chiba (e.crasB Tokyo Bay). These defenses would be ju.st barely within range of our aircraft on the propoSed route.
Vlo.S ~

oJ. ti tude', t.1veness,

9000

r ee t·,

(b)

Automatic ilJeapons ~ At the nut omat 1e wea.p ons waul hove

a

r"commended base Slight to no erf ee ~

(0) Sa nrchU ghts : ci.ppro xi/lliltely 150 to 200 s ear-c h~ lights had been raport(jd in the Tokyo area. The seo.rchlight tc.ctics ho.d shown improvement on past missions but ho.d u tendency to :drop off in ei'l'ecti venes s as the e.ttack progressed.
(d) of Be.r:to.ge BalloDlls; No bo.rr~ge balloons at the attack had been reported in the Tokyo e.reCL.

proposed 3.

altitudes

E,XECtlTION OF ·THE MISSION: a.· Take ,.0f f : Take off
w.o..s

nccompli shed

o.s 1'011 cws ,

Strike J.ircraft Airberne

Pathfinder

.A/O Airborne
9 12 12

Fi.rst

Str ike Ai I'C rni' t .orr Last orr 2311138 2311:312 231133Z 2311262 2311332 ..

. 58t.h
'73rd 313th 314th

TDT.J.. The above
total

118 156 91 149 . 514 does not

_u__
44 include

230958Z 231010Z 231001Z 230924Z 230924Z

5 Super~Dumbo .:llrcr::tft

b. Rou ta Out,: 1,i ro-raft procee,ded individually to the tflr~ get using radar for checking posi t.1on. on lwo. Jimo. Qlld the No.n~o Shoto Is1unds. Bnd weather hindered celestlal naVlgo.tion o.nd limi tl'ld visual Observa.t.1o.ns. c. Over Target,

(1 ) Primary Tar get.: F.1ve hundre d t\"len ty air.:: I' nit (ineluding po.thfin.ders) dropped 3645.7 tons of bombs from ZHS:sn to 23l83SZ from altitudes r angf.ng fr.om 7800 to l.5,100 feet on the SOU.th T.ol~yo Urban ",reo.,
(2) Tp.rge ts of (loDortong..,. , Fi ve a.i rorci" t dropped 40.6 bombs Oil tcr .. ge tsor opp ortulli ty. (See Consolid.ted Statistlco.l ... . ) Sw:nmury fo r di spos1 tlOn of bombs
0f

tons

"d..

Rout.e

BOook.'

The route

baek was flown

as briefed.

-s-

6.

Landings (1)

i

Landin~s

were m~de at

home bases

us follows:

First 58th 73rd. 3l3th

i.ircmft

LM t

Ai fC .fnl' t

240015Z 232314Z

240219Z 240 222Z 240215Z 2402~6Z. 240245Z

314th
TOT.~

232305Z 2400l4Z 23.2305Z

fuel

shortages f.

(2) Forty-nine a.ircroi't landed and mech~nico.ltroubles.

:\t lwo Jima because

of

finder

ail'cruft

Remainder of force: and 1 Super-Dumbo

Thirty-one Gtr ike were non-effective.

o.i rcraft.

2 patb-

g. Losses: Seventeen aircraft wer'e lost 2 we r e lost to aQtiaircro.ft. 1 to f'Lak and fighters. mec hnnd.c ed reasons, and 10 to unknown Causes. CSse tical
Summary for details) h. OperatiO!]!?l (1) Summary: (Se e. J..nl)Elx A, Part

on this mission: 4 to accident
Gonsolidated

and Stat!;:;-

Navie:nt;io,n:

If

for

na.vi go.tion

(2)

Bombing:

{See

.Annex A, Part

II,

for

aiming

points)

(I).) The greatest dif'fic~lty encountered on thj.s Jll.ission waS in idefl"tifying the intial point. which a gsograpbical point. Other diffieul ties encountered were searohlights on the bomb run. and smoke cQvering the a. imingpo rnt.s , (b) The bambi ng 'was done primarily by .re..dar; howused visual sighting when C!.iming points could be

ever,

s erae aircraft

identified. (C )l'Jl.e
period o.f 120 minutes, entire force was oval' the tn.rge t wi thi n e.

(:3 )

Flight

Enwinee.r i M :

(S.el:l .iUln9JX A.. Pa.r t In,

for

(n)

NBp:.\}tlye

of !.las

ton

n.s FloW:·

crui sing, altitudes 1t· tudes varied
"'-_, J.

to

200 0;.5 to COlinpress
jUst.

_

1.. Climb and. Crlli sa to J (10 go : C11 mb.s to were effected immediately after to.ke~~ff. Cruising .crom 4000 to 10.000 feet nnd speeds nrled from 195
the

forces. GHmbs were were 230 OAS.

eff

octed

2. Climb to BombiD." .at;itus\es: b®f'ore making, 1o.ndfo;~ 1. Bombd ng speeds ~. Ret.urn . to. Bpse:
11..

Ret.urn. o.l titudes The beat return

var i e d from 10,000

to

20,000

teet,

.!!:.
o:t l85 O';.S •.

wns made at 10,.000 feet

-7SECRET --- ......,_

......

SOme airplanes Co.Pacitles.

(b) reduced

COmments aver age

on Mission: Loo.ding bomb loads below the

M41;'2 bombs in 18!.t co.r....ring ~. OJ

p (4) Rp.dar: (See Annex A, Part IV, and V. for Radar scope it hotos (lIld details). o.f the 520 aircraftbombl nl5the primary tnrget \~~7bcmbed by radar. Thirty-s!lx a.ddi t1 onal o.l1'cr:J..ft used 0. radar run 11 th vi a-ual co r-r-e c tions.

(5)
The crew of"' 14445E.
C

Gunne.ry
J..j, 0

1

(See

;.nnex

.At Po.rt

VI, for

d·etalls) f or char t) ",eN ty of 16..... -

'" v (

.......L '·S"

e)

Eleven

r -Se ~ Res cue 1 (See Annex .d, Part VI I. th e 58th W Lng bailed out in the vicini crew members were rescued and 1 is missing.

r

L,
Wa.s g,enero.lly j,

Weuther;
as briefed,

(See, i.nne,x B,Po.rt

I,

for

deto.ils),

The weather

Oommunications (l)Rndnr

l

details)
in escaping

Counter

Measures:

(See i.llnex

O. Part

I.

for

it vms

(a) searchlights ineffeotive.

Some crews ll'ldico.ted· that af~r ha.vi.l').g been coned.

rope WaS effective others reporwd

that

(b) . Eighty-.nin.e

radar

£.ignols

were

intercepted.

(2) .BSdio: (See Annex Pnrt II, fer detai Is). Thirtyone strike reports were l'ec.¥=ived by the Ground Stations. Sevr<;nteen requests for Hr/DF1 bearings were received and sent to airCraft .in dir. ficulty. Net discipline was reperted as; fair,
k, Intelligence Summary:

a,

(J:) Enemy .Air Opposi tien: (See k.nnex D. Part I, for deto.ils ) • It is es timated that 60 enemy n ire I'd t ma.de 00 attacks, causing the loss of 1 B-29 and damc.ge to. 6 others. Glo.ims were 7 des.troyed. 2 probably destroyed. and 2 dMl~ed.

(

(2) Rnemy.n.ntiaircrg£t: (See Annex D,Port II, fer d,eto.;ilS). Medium to. heavy !lnti o.iror!lf!t was m.oder~te to. intense (U'},d nCcur o.tecm thi s mi s S rori, Two ,00i.1'or i't were lest a due to f1ok nnd 1 due to e. combinlltion of flak. and enemy airor:ll't. A totd O'f 63 air .. croi't WQ.s da.lM,ged by flak. (3 ) deto.i1S). (0.) The 'l'3rd o.nd313th Wings reported numerous fires d smoke in urban .(!I.reas, exaot locatien 0.1' whioh couf d not be Q.s,oeran .. d The 314th Wing reported i'ires lo.Co.ted 0.8. fO'llolVS: _ (refe:nmce to.ln;o~be'r Co.mm(J.ndLitho. _ Moso,io,. TokyO, South) 064142 - 010145, XXI 076140 075123 _ 084128. 010081 - 07000], nnd 040025 - 040035 621$? -- .. , -. .. • O. _ mo.ll fire,s leoo.ted 4500 yards west or Tokyo Ce.l>tle.,
NUJIIs:t'ouS s

DLillIB.ga As.s €I as msnt:

(S,es .litne,;: D,

Part

II I.

f·or

(b)
p.nn0X

For

fin.lll do.mo.ge o.s,SIessment.

see

r@po.rt in

the

incendiary

- XXI Bomber Command Tacticol Mission Report No. 183 covering D of -. -.. 0.. ttac,k on the TokyO' Urbo.n Are 0. all: 25- 215Me.y 1945,

;;/ .t: f
-8.

CURTIS E.

Major General.

LeMAY I Il, S•. . A Com.mo.ruUng

t: /o:«,

Pa:rt

I - Navi.gl'ltion

Chart

Po.:rt II

.~ :A.imingPolnts

Part
Part

IV ... Radar
V ... Ro.d~ ,

Soope Photl'ls.

Pa,rtVI - Gunnery

c'

Part

VII ... Mr-Sec.Rescue

Chart

MUIl:!.'OP lIe. 181

KEY

-1-'

ALL

WINGS

I
I
1
\
30·

1

,i/
OKINAWA

!
,

I
1

___ _._ .. ._1

I

.
e

"CHICHI

JIMA

I I I
1

-I

-+--I

-25

I I

I I

20'

TARGET

2316402 2:316292
2317092 231647Z 2317062 2316202 231622i! 231834i!

lsI,

I

II

LAND'S END
Is1, ' Last

Lost

2316502 2316391 23172.21 2316352 2317002 2316312 NOT GIVEN

PART V .. RADAR

1.

.AN/:AP9-13:
11.

Sets Sets

operative operative

o·n tnke-oi'f:

506.

b. c, d.
1;1.

of Ale

bombingl for

475.
-over target: 94 per on bomb runt cent,

Percentage

operative

Ale

No. of A/e using Sets operati

Q,z,imuth stabilization 451. gets: 65

324.

va on Illnding;

r.
g..

Average

maximum ro.nge of.to.r

Milt

lc 0.1 miles,

A.vsro.g.e maximWll range

of beacons:

14.0 n.m. 102 n.m,

115 131

eooo feet .. 10,800 feet n.m. - 5000 feet n.m ... 10,000 .. 20.000 feet
n.m,

h.
i.

Avol'o.ge maximum rp,nge
Number of fai;turss in

of land£' 0.11: le,o.d. e.ircroit:

46.5
10

water, within

j. Q.0mmentsl The 73rd Wing reported extensive noise over spots. circles, and snow and tro.lls. Some sets were jammed until 10 miles of land£o.ll. Tar~ts were weok due to. interference and poor sensitivity, Thick g;ras:s and excessivs spiraling Vj(lre noted
in the to.rget 2. Radar
0...

area. Na:viwation Total humber APN-4j AFN-9: of fixes reported: 2386, for eo.ch type'~

b

Ante'M.EL used' and usable

(1) (2)
c. d. Seven

Ground wave Sky wave set'S" were reported

me.ximum runge Trailiru:: 1$13 1200 inopera.tiVS. •.

~

489.5

1069

No i,t)terf",renca

wors raported

:3:.l;FF
a. b.

:

SCR ~69S.:
Located turned time,s ON a.nd OFF as per checkedl None SOP.

Number of (1) (2) (3) (4)

31'3th Wing: 314th Wing:

Every

20. minutes

73rd Wing: 58th Wingl

25 time,s

aver3ge avero.;e.

34 times

c.

One set

we.s r-eporte d i nopero. ti ve.

-15-

4.

bbsolute
11.

Altimeter SCR-718;
of sets were ope.rative Inopcra.tive. 417 throughout mission: 202.

Number

b.

Sl.x sets

5. Bombing: Of the 520 o.ircro.ft bombing the primlll'Y to.J'~t. bombed by 'radnr and 36 used a radar run with visua,l corrections.

PART VI - GUNNERY·
1. No. of ":"irero.ft Fidungt 141.

440 :3

335

350

320 Guns:

300 Three Wings 100.ded hot and 1 Wing

Me.thod $If Loa.ding

cold,
4. 5.
I:D '< \~~-

Rog-nds of A!nrnunit10D Fi.red
.Rounds of hmmunit.i9il Used

in Combl!;.t: 4690 rounds in Test Firing: 2410 r-ounds

>~
t;l t=l
("]

6.

il,verag;e_ Rounds

Expendeg

per

T_u[re1:; in· ComhQ.tj

I'" o
C::I

z~

~

r~

60

:50

75

65

115
C,F,C. waS 99.4 per 98.6 pIOIrcent operati.Te'.

VJ

r; ~

3
~

7. EljuipmentPerformance; -and SO-cal. machine guns were

Gent

ope .•auve

~ I

-

»Based

on Wing Gunnery

Officers'

Reports.

!

.......~ t~·······

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T{J;:L

J

00

MISSION

N_Q.181

FIRST HALF SECOND " SEGOND
FIRST .I:IALF
II

OF 58 WING .. S8...
OF 73
II

AIM'G POINTS ._ 0

ALL ALL

OF OF

313314

WING
WING

73

WING --II

~-~ ~-~
J(

® C a

MISSION DATE ~ AIR SEA \

NO ....~8r.L.1_I MA
I.

XXIBOMCOM._-RESCUE

--II
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ttl "-<

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0 t<l

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1

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eA-

SUBMARINE SURFACE NAVY SUPER VESSEL

DUMBO DUMBO

0<111 ufT'bo on St etlon 0 t G D DurIng Takeoff 8 'olndl .....;'AM

~.

BOMBER

COMMANO

SECRET

__

~_Rl"RI)

J

/

WEATHER

Part -I - We!, ther Part Part Part

S1.lIlI.mary

II - Chart - Forecast Weather vs. Obserwed Weather III - ProgQostic Map

IV - Synoptic Map

WEATHER

SUMMARY

PLANNING FORECAST Bgses: 4/10 low cloud. rain. increasing To 200N: 240N: base 1800. tops 6000 rt With intermittent to 7/10 throughout the day.

As bnae s ,

8/10 low cloud, base 2000, top 6000 rt with 1/10 tops to 12.000 ft, 10/10 layered middle cloud from 12.000 to 20.000 rt in po Le.r trough 400 miles wide of Iwo Jima. A weakening cold front with 10/10 low and middle cloud o.nd showers and with tops of all cloud to 28,000 ft. To co!').st: 6/10 low cloud, base 1600. tops 600 ft; 4/10 middle c loud, base 14.•000, tops 16, 000 ft increased 1n secondary front near 3ZoN to 10/10 low OJ:n middle clOUd with tops to 20,000 ft.
'1:0

Tar!!et, :

TOkyo:

10/10 low and 10/10 midd.le cloud solid to 20.000 ft on night or 22-23 May decreasing in thickness of layers during day, finally by 0300K 24 May becoming 10/10 low from 2-6000 ft; 5/10 middle cloud from 14-16,000 ft; 5/10 high 27-29,000 ft.

OPERATIONAL _FORECAST
BOoseat Take Off: WID lowe loud, base 1800, top 6000 ft; 2/10 middle cloud, bn.se 13, ODD, top 14,000 ft; 3/10 high e l oud at 30,000 ftj sCattered rain showers.

WEJ..T11ER ENe OUNTERED
2000 ft,

4/10 low cloud. 5000 ft.

base

top

Route Out: To 19QN: Same as base s , To 2;\°N; 2-3/10 low cloud, base 190N to 230N; 6/10 low cloud, 1800 ft. top 4000 ft, ~th 6/10, base 2000 ft. top 6000 ft betop to 15, 000 ft at 2loN. coming 5/10. 2lioN to 26°N: 6/10 low cloud, base 230N to 25oN; 9/10 low cloud, 2000 ft, top 4-6000 ft. base 1500, top 8'1010,000 ftj 10/10 260Nto 30°111: 10/10 low cloud, base middlo cloud, base 10,000 rt; top 1000, top 5000 r t becoming 9000 ft i 2D.OOOftj 8/10 high c l oud at 10/10 middle cloud. ban 9000 ft, top 23,000 ft. visibility 10 miles 11,000 rt becoming 15,000 ft, and loworing to 1 mUe in ro.in shcwe r-s, another la.yer, base 15.000 ft. top 2SoN to 270N: 6/10 low clouds, base 20,000 ft sta.rting a.t 28oN; ligbt 2000 ft. top 6000 ft; 10/10 middle turbulence ~d rime iCing; visibility oloud, ba.se 10,000, top 20.000 ft, 15 miles lowering to 1 mile in rain silO high cloud at 24,000 ft. between 280N to SOolf. 270N to :n0N': 4/10 law aloud, DOoNto 3.1°111: 9/10 low cloud, top ~a.SG 2000 ft, top 6000 ft; 7/10 6000 ft; 10/10 middle cloud, base middle cloud, base 12,000 ft, top 9000 ft. top 12,.000 ft; a/l0 middle 14,000 ft becoming 5/10; 8/10 high cloud, bnsa 15.000 ft, top 19.000 ft. cloud ~t 26,000 ft. 340N to tfl,rf"et: 9/10 low cloud, top .;u0l~ to 330N= 7/10 low clouds, ba ae 6000 ft; 6/10 middle Cloud, bo se 1500 rt, top 8-12,000 ftj 7/10 mid- 9000 ft, tap 10,000 ft; 6/10 ~iddle dle cloud, bo.se 13,000 ft. top cloud, base 18,000 ft, top 20.000 i't. 7 000 ft; 6/10 high clouds at ~'ooo ft; visibility 12 miles low~ g to 1-2 miles in rain. arl.n

-1$-

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MAP

COliOO!NIC •.tTI ONS

:Part

I ~RB.df;lZ' COl>lnter Measures

Part 11 - Redio

c

UifSiOI}, No. 181 23~24 Uay 1945

PART I
1. PIU'PO'S6! EI..

- RJJ)J..R COUNTER ME:AStmES

To D/F early-warning To continue To confuse radar

and gun-laying search in the by the

radars. mc region.

b. c.
2.

38-3000

enemy radar

~se of rope.

Methad: following

a. Fifteen observers participated and used the equipment to accomplish the search; 16-APR-4, 4-APR-5. 15-AFA-H. and l-APA-23.
b. Rope was dispensed when conside~ed necessary.

6-APA-24.
10 seconds

at

the

rate

of 3 bund.l es per

3.

Results:

a. It was reported that the use of r~pe helped many aircraft e sc ape searchlights after having been coned. Others who 'Were coned relilorted that rope did not help, probably due to the fact that visual sighti nc; was used by the enemy ·after the ini ti 901 ill umination of these a.i rp Lane a, b.
Radar search resulted in the following intercepts:

~,

Character;!,st.icS 00066 04 1195 04 00067 1000 00068 1000 16 00068 0490 40 09\!lS 16 00068 00069 0490 48 0760 00010 15 00070 0510 20 0490 00071 37 0490 00071 36 00073 0500 38 37 00074 0490 0490 00074 34 00074 0495 34 00075 1870 11 05 1880 00075 00075 1862 05 10 1258 00075 0440 30 00075 1000 30 00075 ()0077 1258 05 0464 20 00077 1900 06 00078 0490 28 00078 0490 30 00079 0490 46 00080 1880 04 00080 0350 35 00080 a-, Origin.

Time Date 3540N-13950E 052445 0331 3320N-14000E 0255 052445 351,5N~13830E 052445 0325 3307N.13947E 0150 052445 0303 3445N-1390SE 052445 0150 3307N-13947E 052445 0140 321SN-13920E 052445 0230 3420N .. i3850Ei 052445 052445 3507N-13940E 0301 0230 3406N -1393 2E 052445 0240 3450N-13820E 052445 052445 0331 3540N-13950E 0232 3455N·13905E 052445 3U7N.13815E 0225 052445 0322 052445 3510N-13830E 052;),45 0350 3540N-14100E 0331 052445 '3540N-13950E 0255 052445 3530N-lSS-3SE 0330 052445 3415N-13820E 0245 353DN-13900E 052445 0254 35:;ON-13930E 052M5 0331 052445 3515N-I3840E 0355 052445 3540N-14100E 0355 052'145 3530N-14050E 0521).45 0431 3530N-13935E 0200 3l00N_13940E 052445 0335 3;i40N-13950E 052445 0524015 0200 3300N-13910E

Coorgin!itelj

21 121 21 122 21 121 21 122 21 122 21 122 21 121 21 121 21 122 21 122 21 121 21 121 21 122 21 121 21 121 21 121 21 121 21 121 21 121 21 121 21 121 21 121 21 121 21 122 21 122 21 121 21 121 21 121

At

1l! £!
S

Use~
GL

P
S
P P

GL EW
E"?I

OUO'J On03 CHI CRI
OHI CHI

E'i'f
EW

P S S P
P

EI/{

EW OOB CHI EW CHI
E;"

S S P S S S S S S S S S S
P

f)i{

CHI " CHI
CHI
OHI CHI
CHI

E\'{
I!]:'{

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GL
OL

OL

OTA03 OTA03 OTA03

E),\{

CHI OBI CHI CHI CHI
OTA03 OTA03

G1 GL EW EW

GL

OTAOS

P S
S

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Elf GL OTA03 EW CHI

b*, Method,

c*. realibU1ty
_?.5 _

_§'§.f'B!I

'-,

\.....

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OJ

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~ $:

0

t"I

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00

....
~ ~

3500N-13640E 052445 0240 21 121 3215N-1391OE 052445 0205 21 lel. 3:535N-1.383OE 052445 0316 21 121 3525N~140IOS 052445 031'7 2l 121 3500N-13900E 052445 0245 21 121 2520N-loUOOE 052445 0040 21 121 2640N-14208E 0524..15 0035 21 122 2705N-14212E 052445 0025 21 122 3315N-14055E 052445 0430 21 121 ···ooosn 3420N-14055E 052445 0349 21 121 00101 052445 0435 21 121 3310N-14055E 00102 3100N-13920E 052445 0137 21 121 00103 3307N-13947E 052445 0212 21 122 00104 3105N-14050!: 0524/15 0410 21 121 00105 11215 052445 0251 21 122 3325N-13935E 00105 0340 3530N-13900E 052iJ.45 0245 21 121 0560 052445 0140 21 121 OOH'O 3215N-13930E 00120 0000 3530N-13900E 052-1.45 0245 21 121 00130 0130 3530N-1390OE 052445 0245 21 121 00135 0580 052445 0340 21 121 M30N-14100E 00140 1000 3500N-1410OE 052445 0330 21 121 00147 04i2 0524,i5 0300 21 122 3410N-14007S 00147 0500 3345N-14000E: 052445 0432 21 121 049,5 08 3207N-13920E OOH9 052445 0201 21 121 00150 0450 03 3530N-13900E 052446 0245 21 121 00150 0495 00 340SN-13915E 052445 0243 21 122 052,145 0215 21 121 00150 0000 03 3220N-13905E 00152 0000 01 3300N-13850E 052-145 0235 21 121 00153 0494 08 3450N -14000E 052415 0418 .21 121 00153 1030 10 3106N-13932E 052445 0200 21 122 00155 0506 05 3440N-14000E 052445 0422 21 121 00155 0497 08 3320M-14000E 052<'15 0441 21 121 00J.56 0000 OS 3025N-13S115E 052(,,15 0135 21 121 ,00091 0359 35 3430N-13810E 052445 6336 21 121 00156 0495 06 3505M-13850B 052445 0300 21 121 052445 0200 21 122 00156 0495 08 3145N-14100E 00156 0350 00 3120N-13940E 052445 0120 21 121 00158 0000 03 3505N-13830$ 052445 0317 2-1 121 00160 1035 06 3225~r-13930E 052445 0141 21 122 00160 0-'.60 08 3235N-14215E 052445 0537 21 122 00184 1005 04 3540N-14100E 052445 0345 21 121 00186 1000 03 3540N-14000E OS2~45 0345 21 121 00186 1000 02 3S2S.N-13850E 052d.·l5 0334 21 121 00196 20QO 03 3440N~13815E 052445 0304 21 121 00195 1045 06 3446N-138S0E 052145 0226 21 122 00196 0500 IS 3530N-l<1030E OS2;J,45 0312 21 121 00197 0485 05 2750N-14015E 0524'15 0106 21 121 001ge 1000 04 3530N-13940E 0524,1,5 0300 21 121 00199 1010 05 3540N-139S0E 052·H5 0335 21 121 00200 1800 011 3540N-14100E 052,:'450345 21 121 00200 1150l 07 3540N-13840E 052'~45 0329 21 121 00202 1010 04 3500N-13830E 052445 0246 21 121 00202 1881 07 3400N.13830E 052445 02ol5 2.l 121 00206 1160 05 3540N-14100E 052445 0345 21 121 00208 1000 05 :3530N-HOOOE 0521].450310 21 121 00209 1000 05 3520N-l4.040E 0524,15 0320 21 121 00209 1360 03 3540N-14100E os.?·as 03115 21 121 001168 0485 13 2950N-13955E 052445 0140 21 121 01200 0000 00 3400N-14100E OS2·a5 0430 21 121 052-145 01].30 21 121 01910 0000 00 32S0N-HOSOE 05'2445 0241 21 121 00189 .0000 .()~.'3~'20N:,,138#OE
a~, origin, b*. method. 04• nli£o.bi 1i ty -26-

0008a 00080 00080 00080 00085 00089 00089 00089 00090

Ch!!.!:AIi:liS!t~I:tlEl
0740 0490 0432 1200 0980 0370 0368 0370 0615 3250 1123 0983 Og80 0678

Q9gDii DI'liel

15 44 30 07 20 40 40 40 12 15 22 13 14 05 35 20 20 30 40 60 30 15 07

R&.t!.

.u..

JI!

~

.Q!!.a
S S S EW S GL S !."If S EW

• em • em

001010002 001010202 C EW 001010202 P Elf 001010202 S EW 001010002 S 00 000000000 S EW 001010002 S E1fI 001010002 P ET! 001010002 S Ef[ 001010002 P n 001010002 S EW 001010202 S m 001010202 S E'7 oo101Q202 S ~" 001030003 S EW' 001030003 S E",{ 001030003 P EW 001030003 S E ~. 001030003 S E'.'1 001030003 S E'R' 001030003 P g'" 001030003 S 'E'N 006040003 S E,; 0060'-0003 S E'.{ 001030003 P S· 006040003 S Ef 001030003 S E""i 001030003 S s: 001 30003 S g-"' 001010202 S 1;""1" 00103000S P S'"I 001010002 S E: 00103000S S ER 006 40003 P sr- 0060·10003 P S' 001030003 S OL 00102 S GL 00'~02 S GL 00402 00.01 S E'P GL OO~02 S E\~ 001020002 S S': 001020002 S GL o 402 S GL 00402 S GL 00-101 S OL 00,102 S GL 00-102 S OL 00401 S GL 00402 S GL OW02 S GL 00402 S GL OO.J.Ol S 00 00000 S 00 ")0000 S 00 00000 S GL 00.l02

OTA03

..

....

.2§..2.BK!

<.\.

Remarks: a, Five shipbo.rne radars Vlere D/FI ed on this mission1 had characteristics and the others were of the lSO-mc type. ' b. Unusual signals heard on this mission were:

MK-CHl

468/1€lS/l:?

1.200/000/00,

and 1910/000/00.

1. StriKe Reports: Thirty-one strike reports messages were reyeived by the Ground Stations; 8 f~om the 73rd ~ircre.fti 9 from the 3 14th i 6 from the 313th;" and_ 8 from the 58th.
2. 'Fox Transmissions: The regulation ':feather Signals were the only "Pox" type illeSSages transmitted Station. be the aircraft during this mission. (UCOPAC) and Time by the Ground

3. FrequenCies: Atmospheric interference was slight. The 3 and 6 megacycle strike frequencies of all ~Hngs received some enemy jamming. The 11 megacyole fre quencj e s proved the most effective· for thi s mission. F 0 llowi ng is a per-c entage b re akdcwn of tr af ric pe r fre que ney : 8 pe r cent on 3 megaeycle s i :32 per cent on 7 megacycl es j and 60 per cent on 11' magaeyol.ee , 4. Navigational Aids: Two requests for VHF/OF bearing!! 'lrere obtained througn the facilities of Condor Base, Sa.ipan. Aircreft made 17 re!;luests for HF/DF bearings, all 17 Viere obtained. The 313th !fing reported' using air-to-air homing effectively. Range4~, homers, and broadcast stations were also used successfully. 5. Net DiSCipline and Securitv: Net disc:fpline \~e.s reported as fair. Some operators were continuing the practice of not wa.iting until other airo raft fini shed transmi ttin&:; before sendi ng thei r me ssages. Steps have been taken to prevent recurrence, There were several incidents in which aircraft broke radio silence to say they were aborting. One aircr~.ft asked f9r a normal check bearing. contrary to In:struction.s • .~ missions Enemy Transmissions: The following incidents and jamming were reported during this mission:
B..

of enemy trans-

3145

kc s e

partially

(l) Jap net effective. ( 2) (3) (4)
(5)

operating

between

2415002 and 2U900Z W!l~

Steady

tone and V I.,S ove r tar gc t were very ef feo tl va. for five minutes at M.2147Z was ineffoot1v9.
WOoS

Jap voice Bagpi~)e Bagpipe

jo.mming o.t .241500'4 jalIlJl)ing at noise

po.rtlally

effective.

23172<1Z was effective.

(6)
b, 0055

Screeching
kc s
i

at 231810Z; was eJ'fectiv6.

(1) e;('fGlct1ve.
(2)

Bagpipe jamming at 23U301... Enemy R/T at
231743Z

231515Z,

nnd 231957Z

wOoB

and 23.2020Z was partially

~fre~tiv~.

_wl_
'§'~£R~1.

_ , _(~)
blJtWoarl 241300Z

,om

- UtJl?loWn -'stiitlon
201.160020.

tflUibml tt~d_"'AG

mrd-

aP!R- intermittently C':r
"DoS

..

vro1"03 'pM'tlo.1iy·

_, (-4) Steady hum -iro.rylrig'·iii."pltoh erfective. (5) .. Steo.dy motot-';'l1lco noiseo.t

,.nd J,ap 24153CZ

O17Or t:J.J'gIIIt

very

effeatlye_

c.
d,

11060

kOSI

OW

on wc.y to target

was effective"

:}020 !Ses 1

Bagpipe

from 1600Z to 1900Z was part1a.lly

erf ecti ve ..
e,6645 kOl:l1 Sta.tions VV2. 9D7. aDS, 4YS., Qlld 60T aend1nt CWbetween241010Z and 242200Z llere partio.lly effective. f.

10305 ko§ I
399:0 kcs: 7415 kc s' f +0620 (2) koa: Bagp,ipe

NegHgible. Negl1g1bl e. Keyed C'!r a,t 241200Z o.nd 241900Z was i notrec tl 170.
Keyed CW at 24.02,203
W'tI.S

g.
h. 1.

inef'i'eettvtl.

tone at 2314592 was effective,
rand 11160 kcs; Negligible.

j.

3410 kos.

lHQkcs,

!I..

The 314t h ~'/i repo:rted ng,

aircraft at sec.,

and :ground

giving
b,

SElver,nl urgen t mus.sages be tween station concerning n burningplnne that crashed time und position of Sighting. A,ppropi"illte action WQ.8

taken.
nSgt. John R, Oro*.358,92963,
quoted :Crom !,l. report from the 3l3th Wing: 6th Bomb -Group, radio opera.tor on 43V'75& a.ssume,d duties of naVigator when the crew Iltlvigo.tor n.nd some other erow members bo.ile,dout over the target. Trailing wire and fixed o.tI. tennn were. shot- off so thQ.t his :radio signals "Jere not gotting out when he tLttempt03d to QUJ. He then resorted to the Lor!l.1l set. plotted n fix. just south of' the m£linlo.nd, to estlibl1 sh thS ai ro1'o,,;t' s pod tioo. Thh eno.blod M.m to dra.w 0. course lin!;! for lwo Jimo.. A Ler an fix 15 minutes later esto.bl1 shed the faot th'o.tthso.irorai't Ii'"S on Cl directccu.rse to 1m J.ioo. where ans-It!ergenoy landiQg wo.sm!idtil, II The following is e, D1stresa trllJ'f'1c from the 73rd was reported aB folloW'tl.1 ~The Wing 1"0.13.10, sta:ti on reoe i wd 2 emergency rne,ssages from .00IrortU't indio nt1 nga poss.l ble d ito hi ng, The f 1r·!>t arner genoy m&lIso.&"l"ltoe1 1I'ed sto:ted that theo.iroro1't ','10.6 on 2 engines o.nd that dt toh!.ng WQ.S pooslble. i'!b:ila Supro.d o.nd AACS DfF we rG 0.1131" ted und tho mellsar broken, the ro.d10 s.to.t1 on ,i nterce'pte dthe so.memees o.ge boeing s0nt to Ai. r .Se (l ResouII'tl t two Jim!'); on :3755ko\5, A short t1m-a later this pla.no Wo.s oonte.oted euid 0. £'t::-: ','10.11: obta1oeo.1:ly Supro.d and forwo.rded to the o.1rcrllft. Twenty· m1. nut e position .reports W3l"e r<:lce 1V6d fr 0Ill t he c:.i.ror!l1't UIltll 1 t lo.nded aofoJ:y o:t lwo J1mo.~ The seoond omargenoy m!)sso.go reoel'rod lndloo.toci 0. possibleo di.tolli.ng due to lack of fUel. Suprnd we:1I 'Cl.go.in notified, Course and nlt1tudoof the o.1ro1'nft were fOrWnrded to ;.DCC t.o IInClble tho.t stc:U.on to plck up the dilltreasad airo1'o.ftontM radar soope. T,ht<a.i,..erW't- Wal5'the~. l')!.!lt!mJ.o-ted. tlIJ t!U"n !.til IFF to emerge !ley. The.d r· craft landed aafelyat Salpan. ~

\

d.
covcre d the

The 58th Wing received f' 011 owing:

11 distress

warning

me8s~ges Whioh

FROM
(1 ) 2OV751 'Engine out. Jimo.. 'I controls out. making for lwo

( 2) (3) (4) (5 ) (6 ) (7 ) (8 )
(9 )

34V751 09V'753

.No more informa.tion aSighted red fla.res

e n unidentified at 2615N 14.l03E.

B-29.· source

unknown.
"Emergency, engine. 3405N 14045E.~ 'No. 0No. 4 engine
·4

30V752

instruments
hnve enough

out.

Position

32V751 26V751 56V753

out,

to nwke

Tinian.·

out.

Position

1955N 14330&.' to

'Plune
an,ot,he;r

crashe d.' a.ircPOi't).

(Thi s mes suge referred

18V752 5V751

"Burned oun fire,

posi tien short

2925N 14.128&.' of fuel, ETA.

~La.nding a;b lwo Jima., 22072, ·Em ,23:50Z. ft

(10)

:nV752
51 V754

~Major b "ttle

dOJD.o.g~, Landd ng ut lwo J mil;. •

(ll )

~My Loro.n line of position is 3H 2462, sigbted debr is. and 1 goo dye ~r. Unable to locat,e

survivors. 8. Equipment Mnlfunctl.Qn§: .AN/ART-l:5: 1 relny stuck, 1 inoperOltive .• 1 antenna. ,shot off. AN/ARN-7: 1 inoper'lltive, 11sense 0.0.tenno.s br eken, .SCR-522: 1 inopero.ti.ve. SGR ..2'7I1N: 1 ontenno. broken, RL-il2; 16 lnoper-ati ve , RC-36 (Il1terphone): 1 inoper-uti ve, :3 microphone buttons inopera.tive. 1:1 defective hae.dsets,3 microphone switches sticking.

\

Part

1 ~ Enemy Ail' Opposi tiQn

PIll'_t It Part III

~ Enel;!l.y ntiaircraft A
.. Pamo.ge
ASlSessrnent

PART I (Based on evaluated Statistical Summary)

~ ENEMY AIR data which

OPPOSITION Wila not aVo.Hable for Conaolido.teJd

this loss bo,bly

1. SU!IlIlIar!P It is estimated that 60 Jo.panese fighters 1nter<le-pted night attack. Enemy fighters made 98 attaclcs. contributed to the of lB~29. and d'amo.ged 6 other's. Claims vl6re 7 destroyed. 2 pro .. destroyed. and 2 damaged.

2. Early Warning: It" i.5 beli6v6,d that the Yolcosuka Il.rea WO,Sin full: Il.lert 4to 5 hours prior to 1 andf 0.11. Bovlever. some conf'4sion in the early~warning sy'stems may have been caused by the XXI Bomber Command :mining mission occurring that so.me night. Only 1 of the 96 o.ttaelcs wo.a made prior 3. fields

to the IP.
Weoithe.L; Operatlone.lV1E1o.ther e.xistad over 0.11 enemy righter Tokyo area.

lnthe

~.

4. Routes Flown by B~29sl The first bndfllll oceurred ut Co.ps Omlle a;t 16!6Z. The lP was a few miles south of Rilchioji. first bombs away Wo.8 by pathfinder crewSet:t 1639Z o.nd by lead elements at 1650Z. Tne 1 aSt 'bombs away took place at l838Z. Total time from first to last bGlrnbS'!lvoaywa.S approximately 2 hours. The la.st alrcralt =de ese 1 and! s end at 18452, B~29s wi thdre1N over theJ_apun coast 511 g,htly

north

of Mobara. airfield.;

5.
confusion or due to

Deployment

of

Jg:P Fighters,

a; Jap fighter interception waS bolnted, probablY due to the in the eo.rly~V/arning system caused by the mining mission erAl a breakdown in the el:19myl s e.arly~wa.rning :)JId figbter..eontrol

tao.m.

b. Qne att[\ck wa.s mll.de by W1 uQidentified plane ot se e prior e to the IF, The first Jap fighter,s were probably (.l.irborn at :l.pproxi .. mo..tely the time of bombs IlWa.y by our pathfinders. Among the eo..ly (l.ti;o.,ckers were lrvicngs (or Nicks), Midget o.ircrc.ft, and unidentified fighters which attMked 20~25 minutee e.fttlr first bomb o.wo.y by po.thfitlde:ra. c. It is est.iTnClted that 15~20 tvnn~engine fighters llnd 35-40 s1 ngl _engine int",Ce,ptcrs [let the B.295.; 'l'ho:t thei r i ntercapUOIl was e belated is borne cut by the faot that ~pproximately 36 per cent of ths o.tto.cks took place eIter IP to bomb o.\\\o.y. 39 per cent c.fter bombs o.wo.y to lo.nd' s end. and a surprisingly high po r cent. 22 ::U'ter lo,nd;' send. The usuo. po.ttern of nttack~o.sninst B~29s. for the sMl~ target, is l o.pproximo.tely 50, 35 and 5 Fel:" cent. respectivoly, d..• Nicks from 10-50 miles a. and unidentified out to sea, is
0.

\

fighterS

,'lOre reported:

attocking

F.ollowing

breakdown

ot

ottucks

by typ'" of

enelllY air-

~:51-

Enemy Aircrllf't

Number
90

Per cont 92

Unidentified (Including s orne Irving
poss,i.b1e Midget Alc ond flare s )

Di.nD.b Nic}:: O.sc.!il.l' Tojo Zeke Totul 6.

.J1_
96 100

:3 1) 1) 1) 1)

,3

5

ElnemyTuctics.:

0.. Reports of ,atto.cks by rookets and possible midget 0.1rare consolidated with thoaeencountered onlXl Bomber Commo.nd Mission No. 183 and ere reparted in detail in the Tactical Ilission Report for thut inission,

croft

b.

a.pp roAch.

Attacks i'r·am the rear corrtd nued to be the fnvorlte ulght Fo11 awi ng i.s .0.. chart showi ng di rection and 1 eve 1 or o.ppro:!lCh.

Direction

of

and Level of Approach Enemy Aircraft

T!1Ital Nwnber of Attacks

7%

12%

10%

18%

L
Left 113%

10~ \

FROM ABOVE FRO» LSVEL 29%

5%

The enemy interceptors made the nUl.jority of their attacks on 9-29 cened by seQrchlights. Fighter-searchlight coordination a.ppeared improved over tha.t of previous missions but this Wo.B evidently offset by the tardiness of the enemy in getting his aircraft. airborne. 8. Claims: a., and :3 U/Iby
'b.

1 8

Destroyed Tail, .

ttl:

2 U/I

by Nose,

1 U/ I by RB. 1 Nl.c1c by RSG,

Probg.b1y

Destroyed

(21:

1 U/I by

ta

o-nd 1 U/l by RSG.

c.

Damaged (2.11

1 Zeke by RSG and 1 Dinah by Tail.

"'''''''*'''
PART.

n: ...EN§MY

.lJiiTIAIRCRJl.FT

1.

SUJIlllIB.ry of1;.ttfJ,ckl
B..

Tb.e primary

tl\\l'get was attacked

by aircrnft

of 4 wings

as

followS \
Main Force 58th llY'i,plt. 73rd Win£. ;g3th WinE 3l<J,th "/int:. 137 1705-18382

']otol WC (les~ Patl:&inders)
Time Over Target

112
1712-1836Z 9800.13.900

144
17172-18332

85
1650Z-1818Z

10,900-12, 200 8000_13.300 11.000-15. 1QO 11.600 ft, 9500 ft. 12,300 ft.

Al.tltude Bracket
10.000 ft. Axis of At.tack

b.
on the' force
S6ma

preceded the mdnl'orce as pa hf'1Dden axe s ,all the main force. Bnse a1 ti tude 1"01' ttle pathi' i nder

Forty~two aircraft

t

\

was 8000 .feet, e , Fi va aircre:f't E1.,tto.clced tnrgats of opportun1 ty. lJeager and inaccurate heavy and, medium na.k \Vo,s enco·untered in the Shh.uokn tsu area, No flak 'Was reporte.d from Sagara or H(lIl!llJDn • d. Un.deroe:st all. the route in waS 7/10 to 9/10 for the l'ir·st part of the force, In the target area weo.tMr varied frOll! C... U 0 9/10. V to, duc;o imar 11y to smoke. Jo, VOl" age winds 'it'S r e .28 .35 knots from 265 • PI'

Coors' t pnte.,§
Cino.aso.ld (Lo.ndfIl.11)

3436N. l&114E

}Je.llger

o.nd va ry i oe.C curate.

11. gh t

o.nd heaVY.

Locatign

Coordinates Meager

Remarks

Shimi&u Shhuoka (Surgua Wnn)
Nunuuu (Sur~ga GotambD. Wan)

3458N138228

to moderate

and

inaccurate,

medium and heavy.
M(l(lgtor and innccurate, medium. n.nd

:!I50cH·
138528 351eD· 1'3857E

heavy.
Meager , he,D.VY. and inaccurate, medium and

(Ep.st of Mt. 'FuSi)
Mo.tsur,o.kl

3445N. 1'38-:l.5E

Gun Fla.shes

I.P.
Sout.h

SWof &Chioji)
of Chofu. '3540N ..
13932&
2635.N-

(10 mi.

Meager and inaccurate. 7/10-9/10 undercast. Moderate and inaccurate

heavy through

aided

by 30

(Tokyo Area)
Ho.ho. J tm!il.
Shushim,a 3,. Flak

s/i.,
Maa.ger end. inc.ccul'ate,. roedi um.

14204E 2712N.. 14055E fr~om !Pto TaT get Afer<:

a. On leo.ving the !P on the first port of the bc-mb run. many o.ircroi't encountered gen,E)rally meager, 's1>o,ro.,diC nnd inaccurate heavy and medium £"i1'e. Some crows, of the U;3th Wing reported whnt se.e:;:ed to be 1:'_ releti vely flnk-.free o.re,o. between the 1P and bomb relense 11 De. This area WaS reported to be uS8d for senrchlight and fighter coord 1M.·· tion~ As Ili reraft p rogre s£:.d along the bomb run. penetrating further into the Tokyo def'ense-s, flak bueame more intonse and at-cu.rate. b. FInk in the to.,rgetareo. waS both h.;:c.VY end medium. First e uircru:f't ov,eE. ,the target encountered generally modernte to intans and accurate :f.'lok. the i ntens 1ty nnd uocur o.ey gro.duo.lly r educ ing as the o.ttaclc progressed. Toward the end of t.he o.tto.ck, o.i rcrnft r epo roted .fl:ukDoS menger :lnd inncourote or nd L, Smoke in the target arOSco. helped to bluhket l!I.!J.ny ba;t,teries and searchlights. AB on Po.st missionS, almost nIl intense flalc eneountered o.nd fInk dnmo.ge sustnined wo.S by those O;iroraf't illwnino.tad 'tIY se.archlightS. hl~' plo.nes po.ssed through the t'~.:rgat Ooren without bain-g ill\JJllino.tad or fired upon. Oopprox1ll1~telY 25 'PGrcent of the, 'o.ttllcking force mElating thos e oo,nd1 tIo,nS. 1.:06t flnk 0nc.ountcred w:.,s heC'LVYcaliber, but 1:.h6 report persists tho.t 0. high pari'ormo.)1ce automo.tie weo.pon is present in the SClIlth Tokyo defense stio , (Comment 1 ThiS poss 1bly is the noVl Jo.pOonese 37mm or 40mm Ilutomo. cwmon.) I\avy .i'lo.k !;enerD.lly consisted of prodiGted conoentrn,tions. Many bn.r ro-g were seen during the lost 'Part '0'1' thO o.ttnck,. and con~ as ces tinuously poi ntad fire WOos re'Ported in seVEral i. nstnn •
4. FJ p.k

\

on

'.'Tt thd:bo.wnl

..1:.2 Ll):nd' sEnd.,;;
Ill"eu.

flilk

a , On depaT-tOlrs from tho ta.rgElt Wo.s sporadic. both heovy and medium.

It

the mo.jor1 ty of thi) \V(\s gan'er.allY im;Cc lU"o.te.

dro.lI/Q.l;
.34-

Location
Kiso.ra.zu

Coordi

nate, Meager

B9DJ8rka and inaccurate, heavy

3523N1 3955E 3526N-

Mohar a.

1401aE
Chiba. 3536N-

Very mengel' firing. Menger and

:ll:1d in!1ccura.ta.

henvy. BUm!
o.nd medium

l400SE
Goi 3630N .. 14006E

ino.ccurate.

henvy

Meager

c.nd 1 no,ccnrate.

Naval Vessels: Tokyo Bay.

Meagor s 3342N14060E 3445NMeo.~t'

and

innccurate,

madi

WII.

No.vol Vessel

Oond ln~ccuro.te.

medl~.

No.vo.l Ve oS·ses I
Vessels

14015E
N'u:vo.l MOON14052& 3S0SNH048E 3450N14045& 3445N-14040E 3327N14026E 361 ON14038E

Meag!'lt' and Lnac cur-abe , medium., up to about 3000 fe,et. Meager o:nd ina.ccurate, up to about 3000 feet,

fro.cere

medium.

Tt"acers

NOovol Ves sles

Meo.ger and i ncccur-at.e , Iiled!\m!,
up to about 3000 feet. MC'lo.ger and .inaccurate, u,p to about 3000 feet. Moderate and inaccurate, medium.

'rrn.cef'a
Tro.oers

Naval Ves:sels

Naval

Vessels

mediw;:..

Na.val

Vessels

[1.. Two aircraft ware derin1tely lost due to flak encountered tmd I was lost due to fl nk and enemy a1rcro1't cOliIolneod.· T~n other ai:rct'o.:f't were lost to unknown cause s, this figuNl probc.bly InclClded some flak loss.

b. A tot!.>.l of 53 aircraft out of 483 atto.cking 1111 to.rga ts WOoS druno.ged by I'Lak, This was 13.04 per cent "1' tho a ttaoking forco. Considering the strength of the enemy defenses in this o.retl. and tho nll.J1lber of pr<')"Vious night missions to the Tokyo ar-en , this, was not o.n C'l)(ce,ssive cost. It is believed tho.t the new ~s of attack from the west c,ontr.1butod to the oomparatively low do.mc..goT:!.Ce,

0.. Generally •. the' enemy saarchl1gh tact-tiCS on th1 <5 mi.ssion ,,;'Ore o.n improvement ove.r previous missions. In most OIlSGS. the lights mre, Viall coord~ noted with f'lak und f'ighters in the to.rget area 'but v(1.ri ed frQI!I poor to exoe 11 <!lnt on tho D._"DP Tonch. .Linny aire ro.ft we re c arriad by ,;roupsof ·<l!·0l" .5 11 ghts. but- the· .'1aptineeo o.ra I> t1l1 not, usi ng thei resar chl i €;ht d.e,{'C'l to be st e.dvo.ntngEl si nee t ho;l 1'6 ""'0 r-I) nse ;r;-eports of as ma.ny as 12~:30 lights trao-king :l. s1ngle n1 rcr:li't. T1mo

~:3S-

ot pi ok-up or aircraft varied from a few instnntaneou. 'fliok.' (probo.bly by ro.cl.ar-controlled mllSter lights) to 1/2 _ 'minutes. The clear ,weather and light of the moon a8Sisted in m~y illuminations of
o.irc:caft. b. Again. almost 100 per cent of the o.irCroIt encounter1Qg fl:o.k were, those coned by searchlight". Few o.ircrlU't tho.t were not illuminated reported c.ny flak o.t QJ.l. This ho.!J been the genero.l traM
in enemy night

JfA

tactics

on all

such

missions

to

d~te.

"0,. Rope, de synchronl to.tion of engines. clou.dc. o.nd smoko were ef.fective deterrents to sao.rchlights. Lights 1n some OnSes tro.Okad bhe rope as it fe.ll from the o.ircrilft, but thero Vlere fe .. er Cc.ses ot searchlights searohing Widly and lo.sing c.ircr-:\.ft once they ho.d been conad,

fli<*:ed

d. Thera ware reports of severnl greenish-blue lights "hicb oJlnnd off and Bomet1messeemed to signo.l sec.rcblighte 1n tbe o.rso.. Severa.l C"HlWS obs'arvad large, powerful green Hghts or flashes on the ground, These Clashes o.ppeared to light a large 0.1"130. of the aky nnd may be employed to Il!!lsi:rt in searchlight 1l1u.mino.tion. the target were

e. Most searchl:!.ghta on the route to and from hCllllpored by an underco.at o.h"dwere ineffect! va,

muto

numbers

r.

The following of sea.rchUghts

is a tabu1 at10n .reportad;

of

the

loco. tien

Md

appron

..

Target

Area ... 150.,.200
50 25

(MusashillO Areo. (South, Imp eri 0.1 Pal ace (North Tokyo Bay (Yokeham~ Chiba Irenlnsulil.

{TrumaRl~er

25
25
25 20-30

H!llIlaJllo.tsu 5..12 Zam 12
Rirat'5u.ka.

IP

Nu:ma<:1.\. _

Kls~azu
Shores
7.

or

3.6
Surusa Say 20-30 and Peepy Firn.s: 1.D.the area covered

Bno.hJ.ji

12 :3 420

Atsugi

3

BlQck91!t 0.,

Sto.ckout

by this

a.tto..ck was co!:!plet.e.

b. Sonte f1.ro·8 were reported from IP to t:lX" get. but 1t wns !"lot dete.rmlned whoth"r the se were deooys or (3n.r1y bomb NleMEla,

miss1Qn.

There we,re many reports of ground-to-:lir-rookets on th1:s They were observed .!\t Yckoh!lJIlo.. Ka.\'!tLGald. Xo.t.s1U" :Yeswrn 11. Tokyo, and Chi b Q Pen 1neul a, They weze f.i red in sal VoS of f rOlii 1 to 6 at. 0. tll]le. Some of the r·ookets rose to the lOV'el ofths a!rcrru'tl othcl'shurst Il,tlln estimated 3000 taut, None \"lara reportsd CIS offectIvo,
0..

b,

Enemy fighters Saver-Ill o.lrorllft

were observsd reporUid

to .f1y through

tM

f"lnk b... .ta. r the
tn.!'-

get

area,

0.

p hoe pbor-eu s bUT3tllin

d. Various·b aIls of f'ire I were reported. Som.e aeel!l8d to approach llircra1't and than di, va to the ~round. One plane reported II fIcit bqrst which broke into 2 streams of flame, descended. ~d than bur.st with a tremendous fla.sh. e. Crts aircraft reported ananem~ o.ircroit d.ropping paraChute :tIaras 4 miles west of Tokyo. Flares VieM yeUd'iN and opened 13,000 fe,et. Six to ten other fl (U'6S possibly suspended bv paro.chutes wero seen, It was thought that these were to 1Uwilina.te B~29sfor righters andl or for flak and sea.rohlights. f. 8. altitude, There were no reports of barrage bo.lloons, "changes 1n Course,

Evasiye Action: Evasive nction included and .speed following bombs o.wo.y.

~37-

PMT

III

- DMlkGE ASSESSMENT

1. The 56th Wing reported that no photogro.phs were received, The 73rd and 313th Wing reported numerOU8 fires and smoke in the urb~ nrea. but exact location of smoke and fires could not be nSGartc.ined. The 314th Wing repcr ted fires located as follows (reference XXI B.C. Lithomosa.ic Tokyo, South): 0541112-070145, 062133-075140, 075123-064128. 010061-070061. and 040025-040035, Numerous smnll fires were lecnted 4500 yards west of Tokyo Oastle,
XXI Bomber Command

Final damage assessment covering this mission is included in Tactical Mission Report No, 183, covering the incendio.ry o.tt~ck on the Tokyo Urban Area on 25-26 May 1945,

2,

-:58-

CON,S.CLIDA'l'ED. STATIST leAL. SUMMARY

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rUSSION DhTE

181 23 May 1945

FLIGHT DJITA & FUEL CONSUMPTION

UNIT
JtIRCRAF1' OONSIDERED

58TB
102 15:00

11G
;§.

"-

73M wG

313TH RG 45 14:20
b

34TH (;G

21 B.C. 408

134 13:49 2769

a

AVO. FLYING TIME AVa. DISTANCE .nOW.N ~wa'utical Air Miles)

1~7 15:19
2850

14:38 ~795

28J8

"

2664

FUEL CO NS·UMEl).:

l!.verOlge
Maximum Minimum

5965 6350 5350

5896 6355 5465
631

591.1

6099

59'i8
,

6347
5106

6791 5674
603

6191 5106

FUEL 1'lMi111I NING : Average
Maximum Minimum AVG. G/ILS •. USj<~b Pl1!l. HOUR x, l;G. GALS. aSED FER MILE 666 1275 300 6/:.7

bJ)

1034
150 426.6 2.13

1391
:C7)

1505 152
398.1 2• .1&.

15(15
1:"0

397.7
2.12

412·5
2.22

.... 08.0

~·4
3':9:m

TOT:II.L US:&;D

ON J1IRBORNE

Ale

747730

.

990643

5~14610

I

959?SS

a Ex.c1udes pa thfi ooel' aircraft. liExcludes aircraft c!3.l'r:l'ing M-47A2'::: 8" they w;:re not ';ollsitierecl ma.in fcreca in computing weight data.

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BOMBER C()¥MJiND FIELD OJYlY

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FROM: TO •

COM Gm COM COM COM COM

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BOM COM BOM WTNG BOM Trj"ING BOM 1.'HNG BOM ';i'ING

GEM 58TH G~ 73RD GEN 313'IH GEN 314TH

SECRET - -- --By Auth of CG XXI Be

INFO:

C03RD PHOTO

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Date

XXI BOMB"'l:R· COl'lruID GUAM

0730K
FTIm 1. 2. ORDERN1:1].IBllll; 78. t:rnitted. The XXI Bomber on 0 Day. Command strikes Tokyo Urban Area with

23 !4ay'.1945

maximum effort

3•

a•

58th Wing:
(1) Target: WI .TQkyo Urban 1Irea
Force

Required

'---'
(2)
(3)
III '< "2. ;po

0$106) 053062 !Uti tude of attack: Pathfinders take Altitude enroute:
10,000

Fir st Half 58th Wing Se eond Half 58th t7ing to 10,300 feet.

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off at zero hour plus 12 minutes. 3,000 - 3,800 feet and 8,000 - 8,800 feet. only the ir easternmost

\~ .::2 ~.
~
CJ

(4)
~ n r >( 5) (6)

Pathfinders 58th Wing will Pin point MPI assigneo;i.. Bomb Load:
(a)

(JJ

00

.... '"rj

t;.j

~~

0

First

carry ·114 7A2. IB IS.

18 aircraft

Oller target·

including pathfi/liers J:1-b9 bombs.

v
b.?3rd

(b)
Wing:

Balance

of'. fQI'" ee carries

cl us ter"s containing

(1)

Target:

Tokyo Urban Area.
For ce Reguired

UPI
087088 060086 (;2) Altitua", Pathfinders Altitudes of attack: 11,000

Fir st Half 73rq Wing Sec.om BalinI'd Wiry;

to

llj@

feet. 24 minutes.

C~)
(4)
(5) (6)

take off at zero ern·oute:4,OOO-

hour plus

4.,800 fflet and 9,000 - 9,800 feet.
pin

Pathfinde.rs 7.3rd I.Ving will MPI assigl'l.ed.
Bont> Load:

point only theiI" easternmost

(a) ('e)

Fir at. 40 ai roraft over t.ar-ge t, including carry M4711.2IBis .• Bal ance of for ce carry
cl uster s oont",ining

pa thfinders
u-69 born!),",.

E77/3

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EN

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~]_Qg~l
FIE:[D ORDm NtMI:;]R 78 CONTINUED
e.

313th W~: (1) Target: Tokyo Urban Area. Farce Required All Aircraft
of: Attac.k:

MPI
06603B (2:) (:» (4) (5) Altitude 9,000 to

9,sao

feet.

Pathfinders AUitudes Bomb Load: (a) (h)

take of f at zero hour plus IB minutes. Enroute :2,000 to2,BOQ feet

am

7,000

to 7,BOO ft.

F:irst 40 aircraft carry M47Ai2 IBIs.

over target

including pathfiniers containing M-69 boebs ,

Balance of fcrceoarriea

olusters

d.

314th Wing: (1) Target:. Tokye Urban Area .• i'orce Regudred

MPI
074112 (2) (3) (4) (5) Altitude Altitude of Attack: Enroute: 12,000 to 12,BOJ fset.

All .lircraft

5,000 to 5,800 feet and 10,000 to 10,800 ft.

Pathfinders
Bomb Load:

take off at zero hour.

(a) (b'

First

carry M47A2 IB's,

40 aircraft

mer the target clusters

incltrl:irg pat:tfinders cmt ain.ing l!-69 bcmb , s

Balance of for cec arries

x.

(1)

Each wing will IiPlIs.

assi.gn 12 lead crews as pathfinders for the purpose of preceding the main force to pip po:i.nt desig'lated Route:
Base

(2)

Iwo Jima 3436N - 13814E 3532!1' - JJ912E
Target

(IF)

3535N - 1404ClE Iwo ·Jirre
Base

(3J
(4)

MPI rs.ference Pathfinders

.. :i:5 XXI Bomber C(mlllm.d Lith&-.l.lo-saie all

"Tokyo Sou1il."

wings bamb from 5 ..000 -ItI:l 5 ..800 fe.Jt.
.fbI'

(5)

AltitudeelU'oute

pathfinders

8.lll¥~s

is

5,000 to 5,,-000 ft.

SECRE'I' FIE:Lo (RDm. NUMBER 78 CONTINUED

-- -_

--

(fol

Time Control: -10 minutes Qff, each wi.ng Pathfinders cru.ise at 200 main force crutses at 195 U.igbt plans of 'remainder 70 minutesl
wing takes

aftar the last pathfinder,of each will start takeoff or main force. MPHClAS, the fir st part of the MPH GI;\S enrout e , Wings will make of force to compr-eaa atta..ck into Setting s:
OtIS

·(7)

Fusing and Intorvdometer ( a) (b) (c) M4?A2 IB ':;; fused All clusters Intervalometc.r

insta tnans

nOSB. above the targ~.

fused to open 5,000 feet Setting:
)0

100 feet for 10147A2 a, IB' f'.!ct fer all c1uster:5.

(8)

D Day and Zero

Ho'l.ll' is

~31930K.

4.

a. h.

No change. Taptical Missien Numbtn' 181.

5.

CoiiKnunications: a. XXI Bomber Command SOl and SOP for strike and IFF pro cedure • reports, cord:.act reports,

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.
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VI

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.; .... ,.,. MON'l'GOMJiIi'r:

,!I-c.4 -r ~;.~"...
D/QPNS
DISTRIElJTION: 2 aa wg

I.EllilY
COl..'1}~ BO!!CQl.I:XXI

o

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DlSTRIllUTION

Hln1on. No. 181

01 STRIBUTION TA.9uc4 Co'Ov No. 1
.<I

MISSION

REPORTS·

3
4 IS

6 7 6
9

11

10
12

13
14

IS

16
17 16 19

COlJ(mo.nding Ganerw., Twenti~th ""1r Foree Commanding Gel'lel"nl. XXI Bomber Commo.nd Dopu,ty COlllmC':nd,er, Twe,ntie,th Air Force Chiof ofStcJ'f. TVXlntioth';o1 r Fo roo Chief of Stoif. XXI Bombo~ Command Deputy CIs. Opns , XXI Bombo,r Commo.nd ,l)!!puty C/S.SuP & M=t1nt. XXI Bomber CO!lImnnd AC of B, A" ... 2, XXI Bomb;lr OQlllrnnnd Commanding General, Army Air Forces A'l':rN; AC/ AS. In to111genc c Commander in C,hie!'. Pac:i.f1c Ocean Aroas (Adv, Hq) Commander in Chic,!,. Pe.cif1c OCOan Areas (Rear Hq) Chief of Naval Ops,rations. OP-16 ..V Joiot Intelligence C,D"ntor, Pacific Ocean Araas Commander ,f4r Force. Pacific Fleet Commander, Th1rdFloet Commander. Fifth Fleet Commandor. First Carrier Task .Foroe

Commander, Marianas

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Commande,r in Chi ef I U. S. .Ar~ F arcos, Pacific Commandin,g~nerB.l. U. S, .Army Forces, Pac,Uie OC3LD ArCall Commtlnding General. Allil;-d Air Forces, 21 Scu:thwes·t Fa.cHio· Areas . Commanding General. SOlltchw3St. Pacific Area.s, .IJTN: G·2 22 (For Seoti,.on2.2. ReM) Commanding ~neral. Far East ,-Ur Forces 23 Com.ma.nding Gon.eral, U. S. Strategic Ai r Forces In Europe 24 Commanding General. Eighth Air Pe rcc 25 Commanding General. Mediberraneall Alli"d Ail' Forces 26 OO!llllUl,oding General. Fiftoenth Air Foroe 27 2B _ 2& COllunnnding General. Soventh Air Foreo Comm,'tl.nding General. VII Bombe.rCommCllld 30 VII Fighter Command, 31 _ S2 Gommand.1ng Genar'al. Oom.m.lllldlng Genl!lre.l. Eleventh Air Porco 35 COIlUlLllnding GoMrol. XX Bomber Col!I!IInnd 34 Commund ing !len er-o.l, 38 th Fly1 ng tra..Uu ng Wing 35 OOIlll!l.o,pd Hq" Allied Air FONee, South\"70,st PaG1flc Mao.,. 36 ATTN: Sani or Intlll1l1gonce Ott ice r R..... A.P. COIlUll .. o.nding (lenard. 58th. BombaI' dmaon t Wing 37 O'oml'llondi.ng Ql:,nera.l. 73rd Bombardment Will.! 36 CO'l'tlmand.ingGene:ral., 313th Bombo.rdmantWlng 39 Command.ing Gel'lo:ro.l. 314th Bombnrdmont Wing 40 Comrnllnding Generlli. 315th Bombllrdmollt '::1r.g 41 CO)lmul,nding orricer., 3rd Photo RoCOll Squa.dron ~2 CollUtltulding Orf'icol't 41st Pbo1:o" ReOo}] SqUIl.drotl 45 Oomma.nd inS Off iee1', :!!3rd Stot:f. sti oJll Contro 1 Unit ,'l,4 Ohemical \r{urfarI'lOrf1oer. XXI Bomb"%' Comm..:md AS Ta.otics IUl,d. Tro.ining 80.0t1.0118, A-S. XXI BOlIlbar Command 46 Ordnanco Orfioer, XXI BOlllbar COI!IQ!n.nd 47' Comma.nding Off10er, XXl BOlllber Command, Golllbnt Stll.glng .:),8 Center (p roviG 1.011111) 49 _ 50 Historioal Offioer. XXI Bomber CO!ll1llnnd GenertLl •. .i.rlll,}' ~lr Fomes, 51 _ eo Commanding ATTN: i!i.C/J..S Intelligol1ce, Co11eo'l;;.ion D1villie-ll

20

Copy NS..

61 62
63 64, 65

66

87
86

69 90 91 92 93
94 95

96 97
96

99 100
101

102
103

104

lOS
107

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108
109 110

I!II!!

Army Air Forces Pnc1fio Ocean Ared, Board Commanding Goneral. Army Air Forces Po.Ci.f1c Ocean hreaa., ATTN t Director of COIIlllIunico.tions For I Counter Meneurea Air J.no.ly 81s Ce nte r COillinQ.nd1n.g Offioer, 6th Bomb Group (VB) Comllulnd1ngOff1cer. 9th Bomb Group (VB) Commnnd.lng Officeri 16th Bomb Group (VR) Commo.nd1ng OfUoar, 19th Bomb Group (VB) Commnnd.1ng Ofi' 1 oer, 29th BorobGr oup (VB) - Commnnding Officer, 39th Bomb Group (VH) Commanding Officer, 40th Bomb Group (VE) Commanding Officer; 330th Bomb G.roup (VB) Commanding Offioer. 331st Bomb Group (VH) Commanding OffiCer, U4th Bomb Group (VB) Cor.unanding 0fricer~ 4-62nd Bomb Group (VR) Commanding Offioer, 468th Bomb Group (VB) COll!lRllndil'lg Offioer, 4-97th Bomb Group (VB) Commanding Officer, 498th Bomb Group (VB) GommanQ.ing Officer, ~99th Bomb Group (va) Oommo.ndinl;; Of'!' i cer, SOOth .BOI!IbGroup (VB) Commo.n.ding Officer, 50lst BombGl"oup (VB) ColllmaJ1din/!'i Orf i0.6r. 502,nd Bo.mb Gt'o up (VEl) Com~nding Ofr leer, 504:th Bomb Group (VB) Gommanding Office.r. 5C'5\:h 130mb Group (V1I) COmlneo.nding Officer. S09tq Composite Group Conunanti.ing Officer. 655th Bomb Squadron (H) ('WR) Commanding Offi:oer, Twentieth ;'ir Forco LeQ.d Crew Sehool Commo.nding Office-I', 15th Fighter Group CO.mlnandj.,ng Officer, 21st Fighter Group Commnnding Officer. SOoth Fighter Group Rep o.rti ngl1n:l. t, ;'.2. XXI Bomber Coi~mn.nd (Pile Copy) l15Reporti.~'l.g Unit, A·2. XlI Bombar COi!lIII.a.nd Com~nd1ng
ATTN: .AAF Eva.lunt10n

Genera.l.