Rf.

~~~~·"';

-....

RESTRICTf

tJISSIONNO,--..J

~ ,.., .....

FLOWN

,,1~
NO. ! '"

COpy

FORE\VORD

This report Mission

Covers XXI Bolil.ber Command the Yokohama.

Ne. 186, flown against

Urb a.n lndustriQJ.
01;

./;.reo. en 29 May 1945.
>I< '"

'* '"

Missiens No. 184 and 185 were speciq_l
.Missions

and the .reportlt will receive distributien.

speoial

Mission

Ne. 183. flown against

the

Tokye 'Urban .Are"" has olreo.dy baen published as
Q

separate report.

M.lssion

No. 182

WaS

a specia.l

missio'n

and the report
dis 'brl b ut~ on..

will

receive

special

XXI

HEADQUARTElts B OMS Em COMMAND bPO 234

TACTICAL MISSION REPORT Field Order No. 80 Tr3;rget: Yokohamc. Urban Industrill.l Mission Areo.. No. 186

29 May 1945 :rllbl,,! of. Qontcmja Pc.ge

-.li2...
Tacti cnl Narro. t1VG.

......

' ..

'''.111

••••

,.,.

1
9

Annex A .. Op·eratio,ns. • • " " • • • .. ... .. _ , • • • • • ,. • Pnrt I .. Navigation Track Chart. • • • ••••• Purt I I .. Meun Points of Impo.ct., ••• ••• Purt III .. Flight Enginaering Churts ••••••• Po.rt IV - Ro.dnr • • • Part V -,Gunnery. • o. P"rt VI .. Air-Be;" Rescue.. •••••• Part vn .- Fi,ghter Escort Mission Report. .. ..
0 • • • 0 • • '0 • • • • • • '0 • • .' • 0 •

10

11

12
H 15
16

.iu:ln,ex E .. We'(\th~r.

Part Purt

.. I .. YieD-ther Summary.. • • • • • • •
'iii • • .' • • • • .. • •

II

.. Forecast

Wec.ther

vs

Observed lNeather. • •• Po,rt III .. Prognostic Mnp Part IV. '.. Synop t,i c MaP. • • • • • Communi. en, ti e:ns.
Part Purt

·. · .... . ,. .. . .. · .. . ........ ...
• II!I • • • III • • • It It ...

17
20

21

.. .. • • • • .. • • • • • • '. •
Measures
0 •••••

I .. Radar Count,er II .. Radio ••••

••

0

0

••••••

.>.nne:>::D .. In tell i genee,. • • • • .. • • .' • • .. 0 .. • • • .... Part I - En.0my Air ~poai tion • • .. • • • • • •• Purt II .~ EJ,0my Antiai,reraft. • • • • • • • • ••
Part I II ~ Ilo.mo.ge Asse.ssment. Stati • • • • .. .. .Annex E .. Co naol i dated ,;,nnex F -XXI s ti ca.1 Summo.ry., nnd
0• • .. •
0 • • ...

31
32 35 40

. ..

44
S3

Bomber Commo.nd Fl.e1dOrder
Li t no..JIlos a1 • • .' • .• ••

i.nnex

G ~ Dist:I'''i.bution.

• • • '. • ..

..

i!!I'

III

Prep!U'ed

By:
l<.~2 S03ction XXI Bomber COlllll1nnd

1:::111tll:.I:::21:",::I.

By Auth. of the C.G.
XXI Bomber Commnnd
I

SECRET

15 July ~ Do.te

....\ . lAIn1t1o.1s

; : : ~~: : : : : : : : : : : : : : : 1: : : : :

HEADQ.U;.R TERS

XXI BOMBER COMM.·,ND
..;,pO 234

15 July SUBJECT:

1945

Report of ~ttuck
2S1 Mo.y 1945

on the

Yokohrun~ Urb~n Industri~l

hrec.

TO: I,

Commanding Genbral. IDENtIFICATION

Twentieth

hir Force,

iaeh1ngton

25. D.C.

OF MrSSI01~:

a, Fiel<:l Order Number 80. F.eo.dquartors XX! Bomber Command. dnted 29 May 1945, directed the 58th. 73rd. 313th, n~d 314th Bocb~dmont Wings to t!:'ke part in a coordinttted do.ylight maximum-cffort, high-nltitude incendiary o.tt~ck on the city of Yokoh=mo. ~th fighter escort to be provided" in Bomber Command Mission ~lU!:lber 186.

xxr

b•

Tar

e.:e tSpec

i f.ied:

assigned. the l':\dar tc.rget.

(1) Primnrv VisuCil and Rodnr TClrl!'et.: ,_il 4 'l"illgs ,,-ere Yckohnmn UTb:cn Industrid .,re!);. as prim..n.ry vi.sua I .. nd

(2)

No secondary

or l::st

resort

t-'":rgets

were

specUisd.

2.

STRATEGY AND PLANS OF OPERATIONS:

D.. Strute gy Il.nd PI nn of .~ttock: Bcc cusc of the i norc .""!soJd, number of losses sustc.ined by this CO!JU1l:-.nd tho previou.s two law-Io~l in inc ondi'ary ntta.cks. 1 t WCLS. dec ided that 0. change in the pl:..n of ntt..-:.ck would be nece ss o..ry. j.. high-.::.l ti tude fo rma.tion :::.ttc.ck WIlS p I annod for this missioR. Tho plan c(tllod for tha groups to cross:. timo control poil'lt en the coast of Jnpnn o.t 4-nlinu.te intervcls, c.llowing approximately l-minute interva.ls botwoon squadrons. The menn points of impact wore to be hit in rotation in an attempt to gi vc the cr ews en opportunity to get nt lcnst ana visunl synchronous drop on o'":ch point before tbe smoke should be come excessive. E:\ch ~Ving "'::loS c.ssi&nod a specific mean point of impact instead of assi~ning a group from eaoh Wing, as was planned in e. similar attack on North ~Ia.goya. It waS doc Ided tbat the downwind mean point of impact waS to be attackod first, on e, dO\'/nwi nd run. in 0 r dDT to tal<: e advantagD of the pre valIi ng wi nds ,

b. ImportB11ClG o·r Tl'lrf"e t: ~ The oi tv of Yokohama, wi. th a population of 968,091 (1940 census), is the fifth largest city of Japan, and is it,s second largest port~ Shipbuilding and automotive industries are among the most important activities of tho city. although aircraft. stoel, rubber. radio. ahd telephona plants arc also located thera. Tho target ar e a for this mission included tho downtown commercial aroa, through which industrial installations are scattered. partioularly toVlard the d<>cks and the wat~r front urease This area is also charaoterized by .a high population density.

-1-

c.

Details (1)

of 1'1a.Ming:,-., Operationa,l:

Bombing P1ap!1: (a) Determina.tion of Bomb Load:*

1. The 58th Wing, which wa.s assigned mean point of impact 096072, was originally scheduled to carry E48 incendiary clusters, However, due to the lack of' surveillance on these clusters. it become necessary to change tho load to clusters of M59 bombs, futed to open 5000 feet above the tar got. 1. The 73rd Wing was o.ssigned 2 mean points of impact with 2 groups ec hedu I ad to a:tte.ck euc h poi nt. Of the 2 groups assigned to stri1!:e mean point of impact 123060, I g-roup Wo.5 to carry AN-M47A2 incendiary bombs while: bhe other group was to carry clusters of M69 bombs. The 2 groups scheduled to strike mean point of :imp(lct 079053 were originally dcsigno.ted 0. bomb lond of E48 clusters but this WaS changed to clusters of M69 bombs because of the b,clC of surveillance on the E48 type. The !l.K-M47A2bOl:ilbswere I'uze d inBt~ntaneous nose while the clusters of M69 bombs were fused to open 5000 feet above the target.
~. The 313tn lIIing was ass igned mean point of impact 077110 with one-half of the force scheduled to curry AN-U47A2 incendiary bombs fuzed instantaneous nOSe, ~nd the other ho.1f to carry 500-pqund a.imahle clusters of M69 bombs fuzed to open 5000 feet above the target.

.!. The 314th impact 069082 and scheduled to carry srune conditions, as the 313th Wing•

Wing was Ilssigned mean point of the Garno bomb load. under the

.2. The combinution of t,147 incendi!lrY bombs and clusters of M69 bombs had been employed very successfully in previous attacks en mixed industrifl.l and urban ar eus , It vms expected that thi IS effort would p I nee a ground dens i ty of 200 to 225 tons of bombs pe r SqUD.1'6 mile on the to,r get area.
(b) __ BomMng .Dni::.n..:

1. The factors instrUI:'lental in the decision to u se an axis of attack of a.pproximately 6,1 degrees ware: n disting~ishable initial point easily recognizable by both bombers and fighter escort; a predicted surface wind that would kc op the JneIl1l points of impact clear of smoke for all attacking formutionsj a small amount of drift; and a m1nim~m amount of antiaircraft opposition.
so that the probable all of' the important (Mount Fuji) ideal poil'1t

_g. The 5 mean points of impD.ct were selected circular error of 1.1000 feat for each would cover are as in the city •

.:2. It was expected that the inl tid point WQuld Q,;) easily identifiable and that it would be an 1'01' the rendezvous with the fighter escort •

.!. It was e:xpected that the per-spec t i va Charts offset bombing, wOich were to be provided for all Wings. would help alleviate PIlSt difficu.lties of bombing through smoke if these conditions should be eFloountered •. ... See Pa.rt II, Annex A, !U'ld Li tllomosni c , .. l1l1OX Ii', for Mo!Ul.Pointe of Impact,
1'01'

-2-

,

.2. The timing control for the Wi11f!;s as 10 w arranged that all groups would bomb wi th1n 4 nt1nutes 01: ea.ch othel', and all squadrons within 1 minute of each other. It was expected that thi s timi ng would achieve maxi.mum satura.tion of the antio.1rcraft defol'lses ElS well as complete saturation of the fire-fighting defensBs •
be

.2. Ai rcraft carry1ng the Y47 A2 bombs were to instructed to fly a flat forma.tion in oroer to limit the 'P0ssibllity of this type bomb striking other aircra.ft flying in the, wing elements of the forma.tion.

1.
wiros were to be tied in

In an B,ffort· to eliminate safe drops , arming on all incendia.ry bonha and clusters, nltitude 0:£' atta.ck, and 4 \lings. The 1n1tlnl of attock and antic1. as ri ght. re Bpect iva ly. ;_.rings were planned as

g. The initia.l point. o.ntlcipo.tod dri.ft wero to be the same for all point was to be Mount Fuj i. whi Ie the 801 ti tude p·e.ted dri:£' t were te be 18, 000 fee t elnd 3 de grc The axes of att~ck and ground speed for all 4
follows:
Axis of Attack 58th 73'Fd 313th 84 84 81 83 degrees degrees degrees degrees

Ground Snc.ed, 335 338 332 337 miles per hour

30 minutes :3Q miputes

miles -per hour miles _per hour
miles per hour use the foIl o'1l'ing

314th

(Ie )
route Route ~ Bas'etc Assembly :

Navi gli. ien t

:.

All aircraft

wt'Jre to

Rcn s on forOhc\oe II Tactical Doctrine. recognized

'60
343650N-136l000E to 3500N-13810E

Lc.ndfa.ll. This point would be ea..sily either vi su o.lly or by rudo.r. This po int was chosen defenses. turns on to in order to

tho iuiti oJ. point and avoid heavy antie.-iroraft

3S 22N ...l 3844E

to

Irtitlo.1 Point (Mount Fuji). Ell.sily disti ngul shub 1e both vi sua l I Y snd by rndur , Thi spo in t u1so wouJ.d provide a good downwind run. Yokohfl;lllel

to Tilrget to 3511N-140221!l to B w:;o

IwoJimu to
(3)

Telot t.c 0.1 Dootr ine. Flie:nt Elng:l.neeri.ps::

eel) Fuel reSIH'VI) deltel indioated th!lt a.l rcraft of till 58th. 73rd. and 313th Wings would carry full wing and center wing tanks for 0. toto1 rue1 10El.d of 5750 gul10ns.. It was indicated tho.t s ome of tho o..iroroj't of the 314thWing would r-equ t ro. in ud.d1tion to full wing

fuel

and

cen~er wing tanks, a partially filled load of approxiaately 6850 gallons,

bomb bay tank

for

Bn

average

(b) No maximum or minimum bomb load WD.S specified. It wa.s estimated that the 58th, 73rd, and 3l3th I"Tings could carry a bomb load of approximately 14,000 pounds and the 314th Wing 0. load of approximately 11,000 pounds,

(0)
mated o.t .1800 pounds

The arnmuniticn load per aircro.ft.

for

0.11 4 \'Iings

was esti-

(0.) It was expected that ro.dar navigation en route to landfall would be excellent, since the ccur so Vlould run pnro.llel to the IZUi Shichito lalands, It was planned that these iBlunds would be used as the second assembly area, (b) Landfall point (3436301'1 - l38l000E) would be for making a radar wind since it is 0. sharp distinctive point on tfte coust. Mount FUji. the 1nitio.l pOint, was Consid€red to be the best radaF chock.point in the area and could be recognized from the l~ndtall point.
excellent Yokohama waS considered to be un excellent radar projection into Tokyo Bay. It was expee bed that all 5 mean pOints of impact could be bombed by the synchronous radar-bombsight techniiiJ.ue and if visual conditions should exist. radar could be used to set up course. and range for the bombnrdier. (c)

to..rget due to its

distinctive

(5)

ReM: (a)
Because of the noticsQble improvement in the missions, it Vias decided to embark immediately time orrensi ve in RCli on botb day and night

Tokyo defenses on recent upen a full scale, full missions.

(b) It VIUS planned to fly .26 RCY ob servers on this mission. in order to bo.rrage jo.m the frequency band froa 190 to 210 megacycle s o,lld to spot jrun the 180 to 190 and In Oto 220 llIeg!l.cyc Le bands. Either an APT·l or APQ-2 was to be installed in each nircraft ~d n spread of 2 to 3 megacycles wo.s to be used if sufficient jammers v~re available. At the time of pl~nning there \rere no elactronic ja:mmors on hand for use in the 75 megacycle regicn but it vms p Lcnned to continue the employment of rope. (c) It \ms pl~nnod to continuo and gun-laying radar. ~ner~l seurch and

to DIE' early-warning

(6) Air.SeaRoi!!cUI.'II (See Pnrt VI, Annex A, for details), The No.vy was furnished wit,h details of the miSSion and the fol1owin~ f o.ci 11tie s were provided: 4. sl1bmnl' nes. 6 Dumb , EUld3 surfaoe i os craft. In addition to these facilities. the Navy assignod orash boats and S Dumoos in the immediate vicinity of the Commnndbases to cnrry out elirsea rescue work during the critioal periods or take-off and land1n,g. This Command assigned 3 Super-Dulllbos (B-;;!:9' s) to orM t tha submurino positions. (7) to be provided Fighter Escort: Fighter eSC01't by the> VII Fighter OamcOl'1l1. was requested 8.nQ

VIas

d.
vided for this WIls considered

Details

Dr P1annlng~-Intel11gencel

(1) Enemy Air Oopaaitiopt Fighter escort was to be promis:sion since the enemy fighter strength 1n this area. to be the highest of' any i'i.ghter control ZOne in the Jl1po.neseBupire. It was abo decided tha.t the B-29' s should perform a quick breaka:way from the target o;ren to the sea. aLnce the Je.pa.nese fighters have shown little tendency to follow from lantP Bend.

(2)

Einemv j~ntlljlircrgit;

(a.) I n the YOkoharna.~K a.wllaale i defense are iii. there 107 heavy g1.lhS tha.t eQuId beef'fectl ve ago.instll.ircr aft in the tGrgetarea.. In addition to these guns there wera the fallowing ad.jo.ca1b defended, areas: Zruna (we.st of Yokohwna) - Ie heavy guns; Hiratsuka. (southwest of Yokohama.) - 62 heavy guns; K!taratu (ellst of Yokoha.m~) - 18 he Clil1Y guns. The Zama. and Ki Z'llI.ra..zu dar a nee s would not avoided on the plClnned r oube but the Hlratsu.ka defenses would be.
WEre

oa

(~) ~t WI2S dGcid!?d that the force would at'te.ck from the wast, making la.tJ.dfe.ll west .of Omll;e~Saki and avoiding the 3hi zuoke, and Shimb u derans 0 5 en route to the i ni ti al poi n t. T hi" attack from the> west would tll.k:e the aircraft downwind, thereby materially z-edue i ng .al'l.ti alTara£' t eff ecti veneas bec ause .01' the increa.sed ground speed .of the ai:rcraft. This axis of Clttc..ck would alsc enable the aircraft te avoid the Tokyo defenses (to the north) and the J1i.ratsuk:a and Yokcsuku defenses (to the south), and would bring the aircraft under fire for the shortest possible time from the smallest 111.1Ji1iber Qi' guns.
Tni
but

5

(0) 1> breakaway to the aou theas twas reco!!1lflG.nded. wouJ:d b r1 ng; the a.irc rat t wi thi n range of' the Ki.l: ar-az u def e nse s would avoid the larger defense,s at Kawasaki and Yok'OsukCl..• 3.
EXECUTION a. OF THE MISSIO.N: Take ~off was v,ccomplished us follcws; Last "'-!rora.ft 'I'clce-oft 261613Z

Tnke-off=. Aircraft Airborne 13:2

First

Wing 58th 7:5rd

Aircro.ft Take-off 281644Z 261707Z 261701Z MIS!!)?;
261640Z

149
83 146 510·

ane2/lZ
281e04·Z

:3}3th

3Hth
1CU B.C,Total

2818072
2618242

b. Route Ou.t I Long runge navigc. i on wa..!i acoomplished t by c.irero!'t proceedi.ng il'ldi viduo.lIy to the lYing (\Sssmbly Zone s. ;'ssem.bl.ies were acoomplished without diffioulty exoept fOT I grou .. that lul.d 131 igl:!t troub Ie in form,ing.. This grol.loP loft tM Cl.6sGmbly urea 8 minutes 10.teo .. The a.bove totni doe e not escorts for fighters. il'lolude 4 Super-Dumbo.s o.nd :3 Nuvigo.tiounl

.5 ..

c.

Over Target!

(1) Primary TargGtj Early formations found weather conditi.ons clear over thB target. but smoke partially obscured the target during lo.ter pho.ses of the atto.ck. Targe t n.re Q. nnviga tion was e.c compEsned in most insto.ncBs by ro.do.r. ;" total of 454 aircraft dropped 25651.6 tons of in(:end.ie.ry bombs and clUsters on the primary target !'r om 290022Z. to 290130Z 0. tal t1 tude B from 17,500 to 21.000 f eo €It. Tbreo ,hundred Clnd f 1 VB aircraft bombed vi sually and 149 bombed. ai thar by l"n.de,r or by.visual Sighting on reference or of"fsst point.

(2) Targets of Opportuni. ty I (See Consolidc.ted StatistiCal Summary, Anne~ E, for breakdown of targets and types of bomb!! dl'opped) TWBnty~two ai.rcrElft. one of which also bombed. the primlll'Y to.rget.bombed 11 targets of opportunity droppin'g 120.1 tons of Inoendiary bombs and clusters.
(3) eUectiw. d. R0ute B-29" s landed Back: The return at 1'110 lima. Aircrai't landed route ~s flown. as briefed. ThirtyRemal nder of Foree : Thlrty-f'l VI;>nir·cro.ft \WI"O non-

nthe

t:l.i tiems

e. Landing: as follows:

o.t

baae sunder

good -Nen ther

COD.-

First

Landing 29'0629Z 290613Z 290622Z 290710Z 290613Z

Lo.st Landing
291021'&

S8th
73rd 313th 314th

290905Z 29Q903~
291155Z

XXI B. C Total

291155Z

.Losses: Seven B-29' s "rere lost duo to the following ro asons : e Demy o.iro r.u' t - 1; enemy !lnti a i r-orni' t - 3 I a n9lny Ili r c ro1' t o.nd o.ntio.ircruft ~ 1 (thi.s a.ircroJ't ditched); unknown ~ 2 (both o..ircrtlft d i tci:led'.
g.

r..

Operations (1)

SummgIv:

Nllv!f!9,tiRn:

(See .knnex A. Part

I,

for

trnok

Chart).

(0.) The gro.o..test difficulty encountered over the to..rgot VIUS from srnokOe; aused by bombs dropped by sarlier c formations" Two fot'InQ.tlons from one of thB Wings flliled to bomb the primo.ry turget. One of these forma tio·ns ml Bsild the ini tinl polnt whi Ie the Ie a..d plo.ne of the other hnd. 00 .inoperntive rnd'a.r sot (Uld failed to .reUn~ quish the lead pos1 ti·on. Generally, the first f oi"m:l.tions into the ta.rget are~ hlld good v1,sua.l runs and bombedclBar targ~tS. The later forma. tions bec.auae of ex.treme amoko conditions, were compaU Bd to use offset refere·noe points for the-ir bombing. Some forma t10ns 0.1· tered course from tha briefed axi s 0{ a ttaclc bc oa.us e of interfereno 1;1 from other r o rme,t:l.ons flying Cl. col11.sion ceur sc ,
I

(b) The. 73rd Wing e.xper1anced malfunctions of B-10 in 5 a.1rornft. It is planned to replo.ca these shackles with the B-7 type uS Boon as a suffioient supply oan ba provided. Four ai.rcr.af't experienced difficulty with pneumatic bomb b.ay doors. Thera were few other malfunctions reported., ehaoldas Mount Fuji. the initial point, was considered and was eo.ally identified o.cc()rCl1ng to reports from. all Wings. The axis of' attack 'NO.S considered hig_hly so.t1sfo.ctory bGe auee efthonumerous checkpoints o.long the cour se , Tho average drift reported was 4 degre as Lef t, ':"11 i'ormo.t1one Vlere over the tll.:I'get within a pqr iod of 68 minutes.

(0)

wry

a Il.tisf'o,ctory

charts,

(:3) Fl i gnt End nosri ng 1 (Se G· Annex .h., Part nnd Consolidated Statisticet1· SummOlry, Annex E. for (a) Narrative

In.

for

dGtails).

of' the }diBsloD a.BFloWD I

croft that

. 1. CHmb g.lJd.Cruise to Ja:olln t Indi v1dua.1 airasoended to the cruising aLti tude of 5000 feet and mc..into.lned Gl.l"tatude for 4 hours. whereupon they ascended to 9000 feet where grou]? ussomblies were MGomplished. 1. third climb. in rorm~,tlon. eleva:tedthe forces tel the bombing ul ti tuda of l!i!.j 000 fe.et •
condu.cted wi thou.t
by

.&:. Cruise to the Targetl The boebing dH.tiQ1.:Ilty in 001 \.U'!IhS of !5qua.qrons,

run

WIlli

:2. Return tu Base: The best ret!Un VIUS IlH!.de aircraft orul,Bing at 15,000 feet until c, 100 foot per minute 1st down could be mad!il.
M

(b)

Comments on the

Mission i
were approximately

1.
h~ss than antic ipated.

Bomb loads

1000 pounds

A Most of the 314th nnd n raw of ths S.9th i'ling aircraft cc.rried c bomb bay t~.Ji,k. ;.ircrcl't of the 73rd o.nd 313'th ~7ingsdid not carry bomb bo,y tanks.
(4)
(6)

Rp,siAr: Gunnery:

(Seo Annex A, Part (See hnnex ;,., Part

IV, for
V. for

u.dp,r

Nport).

detnih).

(6) [,ir-Sea Rescl.!.G! (See bnn,,;:';: .:., Part VI,. for chart) There mre :3 known at tohings on this mission. One o.ircrnI't from tM 56th '!!ing ditched en routs to the to.rgGt wi th 9 !;Ian of Il orew of 12 being rescued, Two aircraft from -epe 3l4th "Jing ditcbed Oll the ro ute back wi th :3 men :r rom 0 ne airc.rof t und 7 raen from th<l othe r be1ng z:escue d, Enoh Il.iroraft cur-r Io d a or ew of 11 men. (7) Fighter E.ecort: (Soe :,lln!)X Part VII. for VII Fightar C'o!)llllo.nd Mis,sion Report). :. total of 101 P-Sl' e of th" VII F::L~li.te'r Commo.ndWOoS airborne und aCoompanied. a .. 29 formnt1ons over thCl tal'ge tare f.l.. T.he're were (3 P -51' 8 o.nd 2: pi 10t8 m1,8sing on this lilis siGn while el)()my losses c.lo.imEld as 0. %'EIsul of' 1'-51 Iltto.oks _roo t dostroyed, 9 llrobc.b1y da~tr0Y'"d. and 23 damagod.

.i.,

M

~. We@r the!: ; (Se So J.nnex B, r or detClil s).. ·{klll; thar co nd i t1 ons ;,/Ore o.pproximo.te1y as pre die tie d, Cle,ar oondi tiol1 s)CistEld fl t th.a tho tc.rgot•

.7 ..

1.

Communioation!? (1) ReM:

I

(Se." Annex

five
ployed

ReM observers
jamming

1!artlcipated

to:G:ticBon

on this (lnemy radar.

e,

Part

I, for details). Twentymis'sion and effect.lvely em-

were

(2) R!ldio: (See Lnnex C. Part II, for deto.ils). There numerous instances of heavy interferenoe, both ene.my and local, on the IlmGg1ll.0Yc frequenoy. Le Other frequencies received only a. few lnstehoes 01' interfere·nee. There were no violations of security and. net discipline was fair Cor the most part, j.

Intelligence

Summary:

(1 ) Enemy .Air Opposition: (Se e ;.n."'I.ex D. Part I. for Between 140 and 200 J apane ae r 19htcra intercepted the B-29' Ii 1"-51 esCorts on this mission. The B-29' s.encounteredSS to 60 flightets that m"de appr'Oximately 110 ·o.tto.ckson. the B~29 fO%'t'lations. One B-29 was lost when it was. r ammod by au e namy r ighte r ave r the tIlX'.. get o.l'ld 4 B - 29' s we r e damage as a r-e su 1 t of attacks d by 6 nBIaY airo r tU' t,. l3-29 crews cla.imed 5 enomy ai:rcrnft destroyed, 5 probably destroyed. and 9 dama.ged. de1;o.ils). o.nd thoir
(2) Enemy ;.nt1airc:rilft: (See Annex D, Pa.rt II, for de'to.ils). In gGneral, tho r,tntiaircraft ove r the te.rget area was 1ntense t acct1.raw. and o.f' heQv:yc eI i,bel'. Conti nuously pOinted o.nd pre .. dicted concentl'ath>n types Qf fire control wer-e tha most frequo:;:ntly reported. a.lthel.lg.1i. a sizable number of barragoSs\vere observed.
t;l
l'1

a:l
"<

>
~

\~?. "<
'Z l>

(3)

Damage /.ss,essmenJi!

(See

Al1l1.ex Df Part

III,

tor

~

l"'l r"

details). mission
entire <totals

~

>~ o

(a) Damage tQ Yoko ha.ma city as a re s ul t of' th11ii 6.9 square miles (a.pproximawly 34 pa.r eent of the

I~;;~S l"l
,
.

city).
(b)

Industrial
• Total

damage inc Iud.:s .20 numbered

targots
1il11es

drunl'l,ge& or d'estroyed

(c)

Qr

4<1'

psr· cent

of the entire

d.affi.o.geto city.

Y'okQhru<lo.

1 s noVi 6. P sqllo.ra

1//H·-lAi C1JR TIS E, Le1J;.Y.,
Major General, U. S.... , , Oommanding.

five:: ~ .._

OPElR;.TIONS
Part 1 .. Nllviga.t1on Track Obnrt .. Heap. Points
01' Ii!lPaet

PGll't II Pnrt III

.. F1i.ght E~ineering

Cha.rts

Po.l't IV .. Rad,ar Part V .. Gunnery

PtIl't VII ... Fighter

Escort Mission Report

MhslO'D N'g. 166 29 Mo.y 19405

IAPRIL

1945 130·

PARTI NAVIGATION
135"

8EOR€T

I

I

I
LEGEND -J:--

I

I.~

---3I3th ------

58th.Wing,...~ 73n;1. • ~.... ~ .• 3I4th. a

.

"

.if'
o

OKINAWA'

'25"-'-

--,_~_'_Ir

I I I I

"CHICHI

JIMA

I

I

r

LANDFALL rst, LMI

TARGET 2,90014Z 2901182 2900292 2,901282 29002~l 290113Z 290025>!290129l
1'51. Lost

LANDS

58th,' 2900032 73rd.· 290Q052" 313th~ 282357Z • 3141h.' 2900031'

2900532 2991QQZ , 'i900 46:l!

,~§8gj::I~~gl~:~
290oaOl 290120Z!' 2'90035Z 2901392 1

1st

I

END

Lest

290bSH!

TAKEOFF
58th. '2616442

LANDING

313fh • 291701e281dQ4Z 3141h. • 281640Z 2816072 TR)."''' CHART XXI 'BOM8ER COMMAND SECRET 7-.59- 54

281613Z 7'3rd 281707 it 281,824;!! .•

I'sf,

/lClSf

1st. Losl 290629"le91021~ 290613;Z 290905Z: 290622Z 290903.i! 2:907!Ol!! 2911M l

,REPROOUC2:0 115tt1..Pt U.

SECRET

MISSION NO.186 ME A N POI NTS OF IMPACT

58th.

313th.

73rd. 73rd.
u

314th.

----~

SECRET

7

i
.L,L"\.;
i '_-1.

:
...

i

········1··········\·· ····[········1···········1·········:·········· ..... o-,

........ +
j

,

j

.

l'
\. ---l-_-;

-"----

!

.L ..

+.
!

i

·····,········t··············I . ..·•

g:()OO "

1{ooo

~n
!l~TE

PMT IY - RAllAR

1. Equipment
D..

l'erfo:r;:mnnOG I
I

There were 492 opera.tive 1.N/JlJ>Q-13' B on to.k& orf. ~7 opera.tive ovor target (9~%), and 447 opera.tive on return Azimuth stabilho.t:ion ,Sst%). The o.ve'ro.ge mo.ximum range miles a.t 18,000 feet, of' 1.N!APQ 13Is we.s 61i ne.utico.l .. beaCon reception
wnB used on bombing run by

(8~.

2'78 a1rcrGft.

The average ma.ximum ra.nge of radar nauti c 0.1 mile S 0. 12, 000 f' ('jot. t
Tho

ft.S

127

average 50 nautioal

mo.ximwn rang!;! of AN!APQ..l3 on Inndfe.ll mile S'. of'

point

WOoS

s•

There wera 2 failures
ThGre

J.JiI! J.PQ .. 13

reported

by lead

a.irera!t.
1 of

Sc!R.L.718 ,

wer's 8 failures

of JJt!APN .. 4.

1 of SCR-695. and

2,

The atre;rlllge mOoximum ,rnnge of equipment for grollnd wo.vss WOoS 'SS6 ne.ut:iCal miles with fixed antenna. and 619 no.ut1cc.l mile" with1U'ai 1i~ wire antenna i ,for sky wavesi,twus 795 no.utlco.l miles with fixed antennu und 911 no.ut1co.l milos with tralling Lox:p:ql w;j;re ante
Mil.

0..

Thera we,re 11 r!l.do.r rele(l.s6lS and 9 visual sightings on referenCe. or ClfCs"t pOi.nts repa'r ted, One hundred Ilnd t"'il611tyn1ne aire roi't dropped on these I' e Ie tIosa . s The ldent1f Ie atl of lo.ndfo.ll. ini tinl pointl and met1ll po:l.nts of impact by ro.dar ·wns reportdd in 0.11 co.se& as good.

b,

on

.. 14 ..

1.
2.

No. of
.Average

A!e

firing:
load:

377

turret

2300 3. J~verQ.ge

994 no. of rounds

10.12 fired

1200 turret:

1300.

in comba.t per

!
17'7 4.. 5. 6. No. of roun.ds No. of' rounds Guns Loaded:

55
fired used in for

53
combat: test

64 62.080.. 40,40.4. ;,verag£l per

firing:

gun:

30..

58t.h Wing

73.rd Wing Cold

313th Wing

314.th ':'TiM Cold

Bot
7. Malfunction.s:

Hot
C..:.L,.SO

O.F.C_
Ra.nge Wheel .. I Turret hunt - 1
Gun chargers -4

M,G. spring"
:5

Broken driving Hsndspa.ce .. 1

8.

.Equ1trment ope.r!l.tion

(toto.l percentage

opero.ti va) ;
Cl.L_ .50 M. G•

• Bo.se.oiI on Wing Gunnery

o.ffioers'

reportS.

- 15 -

APRIL 194~ 130-

SEC;HET

G

2.90030Z 1029023<f-' PosSlng of Strike Af

-3!S

J

300----~--------------------+------------------4~~

..~~~~~to-.-p-O-~~i~~~~

I

I
1

PO!iSi ng of Strike

1--c

I

I
I
1

29;02.l5Z to possfg of Striu
"CHICHI JIMA

OKINAWA

I -'-,--, T,-" I
1
20.
0

p;'ssing. of Strike 2902452: to posslng of Strike

l.IC
,I

--,--+---25
JIMA

Ii

I
I
1

I

e-

1\

t.

y

0-

SUBMARINE SURfACE VESSEL

A --NAVY

OUMBO OUMBO

A --SUPER

Submorlnes were ,ofem~ onelol ion fore nllTe ml HftlI.

-_-_._-

f
lu
UAM Crosh ;Boots ond 2. were 05$.,.;Qn8d.' ,In ',he immediQte.~ivicinity

I

o~mbl

SAIPAN, TINIAN 6 North Fi d. GUAM far Tok.eof' ond L.ondinoa. . '

ot'.

1;'0' 'fRAOK GHART XXI BOMBER

':1:1

0

I ....

I

COMMAND

SEORET

PART VII

• FIGHTl!1l .ESCORT MISSION REPORT VII Command, this of the Mission

The following is the report of the Comm.IloIld1ng General. Fighter Command,hi.FPOA. This o.genoy ill not e. unit of' this but its report is reprod.u.ced herein as an important part of' Command's operations and 1n order that the oomplete picture mission may be p·re.sentad. by the XXI Bomber Commo.nd To.cticol Reports.

HE;:.DQU;,.RT ERS

VII

FIGHTElR COOL.'JID

IVlO Ju.,jh

Mission Number 163 F.1eld Order No. 109 Date of Mission 29 May 1945

CONSOLIDA'I'EID MISSION REPORT
0.. Our Forces (Air): 101 P·5la. b. Enemy Forces (1I.1r): 140 to '150 enemy fighters. Zekea, TOJas", Jack", Humps, ·Nioks. Oscar-s and Georges in thc.t order, with Zekes o.nd TOjos representing over 60 per cent of the total.

I.,

2.

a.

b.
25 d.runo.ged.

Our L08S08: Enemy Losses:

:5 P.Sls

(Air)

and 2 pilots 26 destroyed,

missing. 9 probc,bly

destroyed,

15tP. Ft.r Gp:

Destroyed
Probo.bly

(Air) 6 Zekes,
2 HMI1H3,

2 foj.os, 2. Jacks, 1 George. 1 Nick:
lekes, 2; Jll.ck.s, 1 Oscar; Total 7. 2 Tojos. 2. :aske",

Total 14. Destroyed (':'11')4
5 OseaNt

Da.mo.ged (A,ir)

1 Hump, 1 Jack. 1 T/8 unidentified; Total 12,
21st Ftr Gp: Des tr6yed ProbaJ;lly 7 To jo S I 4. Zeke So 1 Os 00.1' Totul 12. Destroyed (.'::.1r) 1 rojo. 1 Zekei (Air)
;

'rota12•
Damaged (Air) 6 fojos, 4 Zekes. identified; Totnl 1 SIB un11, by the

NotE:

Above claims are subject 01afms Bonrd.

to confirmation

3.
Bombar

Mission

e

Turgat:

VLRfighter
Yokohruno..

iJ6mlllO.nd mission

o.go.i.Mlt

esoort of me.ximllI!l effort XXI 29 iio.y 1945. per VII Fe FO No, l·09r 0615-0639 0645·0700 1000 1000-1110 10S0-1120 1366-14.28

280800K Mo.y 1945. 4. Times: l'c.ke

Rend. w/nav
- Rend w/bomber~ Ovel' To..rget Rally Point Lnndod Bnsa

orr

N0.rrQ,t1$!l1 ;.. toto.l of 101 p..sle.of the' VII Fighter Command were o.irborn~~r ut 0639 toascort .B ~298 all. an inoen.diury r ad d on. Yokohlllllc.. Rende ;o;vous wi th No. 'Viga tor B':'29s w".s mo.de n t 10,000 f' <:let oval' Ki to. Rock at 0700. Appro:x:tmntely 215 miles from b a ae on cour e e to the tnrget the

righters let down to 1500 feet to get beneath an overcast. nnd then recovered to 20.000 feet by the time the Departure Point 1'IIlB renched. ;"t the DP I), ccver-Lng fighters escorted the N~vigator B~298 to the R.ally Point while 97 P451s went to the Initio.l Point (Fug1 Mtn.) and picked up the bomber stream. The bombers arrived ~t the IP in elements from 3 to 12 aircroft, nnd nS ouch element turned townrd the target area. a. fUght of fighters joined up with it, flying po.ro.llel, 1n tl'all and o.bcu t 2000 feet o.bove the bomber-s VIih some fighters t north of the bomber stream. nnd. some south of it. The fighters flew mutu(ll BU'Pport into the to.rget area, and then made 1600turns nod returned to tho, IP to pick up more bombers. In this 'Wf:j,y the bomber stream. was po.trol1ed

or

from

1000 to 1110. The firs t airborne e·nemy Vlere encountered in the, vicinity of Atsugi airfield Oil the way into the tar got, ulthough tho mnjerity of interception.s came after Ilbembs o.wa.y" with acme '!./;. following our forces OJ! far o.~ the .RP. It is estimnted thnt the P-51.s oncountered 140 to 150 enemy fighters, the majority of which were Zekes, end the remBioder Tojos, J(lcks ,. H9.mps, O,sCQ.TS and Georges. M:l.ny of the 0. tts.cks against our fighters Were frem higb astern. It Was notod that the Jo.ponese in noarly eVGry o.ttnck had an 0.1 ti tudo o.dvrmto.ge or he did not close. ifust of the attempted o.tto.cks on thG bombers o.ppec.red to be hend on or belly o.tto.cks. The Ja.panese fighters were much more a.ggre,ssive tow:.rd our fighters durtng this mission tho-n on. any previous mission. mcldng numerous coordinated rt tto.cks with from '3 to 7 p lanes but it was found that our mutual support ta.ctics •••. scissoring ••• worked very well in d1 s couragip.g the enemy freme10sing rnng,o. One fighter f.:roup r~ort8
I

that ip. every case where mutual support was flown the enemy broke oft attuc'~ Japa.nese evasive tacti.cs and breakew3..vS consisted or spl1 t-esses
followed by di'l'es to minimum o.ltitudes. :J.nd slow tight t.urns using flc.ps. Friendly fi.ghter pilets found thnt their speed O.dvClnta.gew.::..s usually enough to evade the enemy if they were ha.rd pr-e se ed , During t.he time spent in the target nr en P-51 pilots destroyed 20. probnbJy destrQyed"9 and dp.maged 23 enenzy o.ircl"ej't. Friendly losses over the to.rget we,re 2 P· ..51s pilets, nnd 0. third pilet 'p1l.rc.chuted. during the return tobnse, but was picke,d up by 0. surr cce rescue vessel.

i

ana

Four

P-5l:J were drunaged. FInk was he,o.vy and lo.rgely ef barrage or predicted coneentro.tion type,s, intense, to moderate. varying accerding to reports of pilots . ~riving intheo.reo. with diffe>rent sections of' th{l. bomber str",nm.. Flc.k OC'l!l6 from YokohQJllo., Tokyo and the Kiso.rntU arens, Laq:;e WIl1te bursts we.r lSI rep orted, and small b I D.Ck bu rs ts. c lOBelly spaced. Al ti. tudes rc.nged from Fl.rmes landed nt base from 1346 to 1428. One P .. Sl wns abortive during; thi s mis sian because or mecha.nionl dii'ficlll ties. P-6ls of the VII FIghter Command go..ve no.vigntionol n8s1stanoe to r6turni~ fighters wi thin seve ro.l hundr ad mil es or b nse., 5. 0... Weg.the:t: At toke orf and anroute visi bili ty we.:.'; unlimited except wh i Le pass i ng through a wenk nar row fran tnl :tC!ne75 m.ile s no rotA of I\70 whe;re light showers redUCed visibility to. 1 1:1110,. Over t.o.q;,;,t there were overc,,"s"!: cirrus at 24.0001 wi t.h 0. fow sao. ttered lowcloUQs .. Vi sib 11 i ty wa.s 15 .1)111 s , Return ccmdl tl ana ;1era simi Un r to outgo! ng e except,fot' some increase in oloudoover and light shOl¥ers.

15, ooo to 20, OOOf eet.

oases

or
7.

b. Cgmmup.lg!),j:ii = DU functioned oQ§ well exc.ept for poor reception n:nd of wea.k tro.ns:m1s&lon.

.1,.501

a too.

a,

pmmunj,t19D Illxpeod.ed:

44,065

r-ounds

f ift)'

onlibre.

b. Gasoline Consumed: 42,604 ga.llons of gasol1ne conllumad; avera.ge go.llons oonsumed per plane, 431.5; tl.vero.ge gallons remaining per plane, 57.5. Remarks: Flak over the to.rget was reported as moderate to and ne cur abe 0..9 to the 0.1 tude of the bombers. ti Two B-298 were .seen to go down over the ta.rget. and one waa observed to brook 01'1' frcmthe bomberstreM. smoking bedly, but under control. Lo.rge fireS were observed o.rising from Yokohruna., especia.lly in the ..southern section of' the city_ B1110'1'I8 of b,lack smoke rose to 12,000 feet, with flcmes v.is1ble thr'ough the smoke. Bombing Wo.s reported o.s extreme_ly aCcura.te, with numerous fires being observed ilIllll.edlately o.f'ter th.e first plane,s of the bomber streom had p;J.ssed the target o.rea..· Enemy fighters a,ttecked usually in groups of three to five, but on one oCCll.sion the attacking group of' Zekes numbered seven. Very few of thl>l c.tta:cks were p re as ed by o,singlo plane, .;,.ttncks were mo.de from 6 01 clock, for high stern passe.s.in most instan.coB, but in s.ome holo.ted instances the enemy fighters attempted headon and low side passes. In most co-ses, po'sitiveO;ction by our pilots. such C'.S turning to Iil.eet a. pursuing enemy. or jumping an enemy who Was pu:rsulngnnother of our p lanes, sufficed to cause him to bz-euk-off and to o.dopt defens i ve tactics. These defensive measures, consisted of split.es,sing. losing Qltitude ro.p:l,dly. then le'Velling off in a slow, tight turn to the left. using flt';PSi the enemy thus utilized the high m:meuvero.bllity of his 1"1one, t\:\rning ins id·e o.f our P -51s, onus ing them to overshoot. Several Toj cs I when 0.tta.cked., ~ ull ad up, is napped ever on thei rb ::tc).:: and SI c.t'tempted to coma iilown in pasi tion over the c.ttc.cking plus, but. were unable'to execute this JJlo.neuver uccessfully. s In those instll-IlC6S in which GmT fighters were forced to run from Tajos, they had no tUffl cul ty in leaving them. The co·nsideredju.dgment of the pilots il!'l to enemy righter activi ty wtl,S tb.at the enemy was aggressive. but did not press 8,

intena.s.

his

~cJ:vu'ntage.

In6'17ery attack, (lOemy pl::mes had em altitude advtlntage of three thousand feet, and a.ppeared reluctant to Il.tto.ck when on the s.ame 1 evel. Mutl11l1 s upp or't Wo.s us ad by our p i1 0 ts qUi te efr eo t1 vel y for purpose oi' driving enemy cdroraft off ,or the t~.ili5 of cur pla.nes. In 9'i!'ery cus e Whe,re mutuul sUpport or scissoring wo.stried the enemy

to five

broke

off.

Moore MOOR~ Brign.di er Cklnero,l, Cor.uno.ndl ns.

TIE,

S/E.

Us",.

,

Pa~t I - Weather ~
Part

n _Chart
Part III

... ForecBBt Weather " Obs~rvea Weather _ Prognostic M.ap

VB.
.

Part IV - ~opt;l.C

Map

Mission No. 186

29 May 194,

CONFIDENTIAL ------_ ... _--PART I ... WU'J'HER
MissiOlil

SUMMARl' Datel 29 May 1945

No. 186 FLANNING FORECAST

BASES, 4/1Q low cloud, base 2000 rt, topa 6000 it in morning and early afternoon, increasing to. 6/10, base 1000 rt, top 8-12,000 ft with Bhowers; 5/10 middle cloud, base 12,000 ft, tops 14,000 ft in evening. ROUTE I To 170NI As bases. To. 26C!1 ~/lO low clouo&,ba.se 2000 ft,. top 6000 ft with scattered tops to. ro.ooo ft. . To ':WONI 6/10 low Clouds, base 10-1200 rt, tops 8-10,000 ft; 10/10 layered middle cloud, base 12,000 ft,tops 17,000 f't; 7/10 high cloud at 25-30,000 ft, all breaking slowly to north. 'Xc coast: 4-6/10 low cloud, base 1800 :rt,. top 5-7000 ft; 3/10 middle cloud, base 14,000 rt, top 16,000 tt, diminisMng to nil by-coast ex.cept west of l;360E where weak frontal conditio.os exist to. coast. base 3000 ft, top 5000 ft; 6/10

TARGEl'SI Tokyo and Nagoyal 3/10 low cloud, high cloud at Jb,OOO ft. Operati.onal Forecast

Weather Encountered 3/10 low cloud, base lBOO ft, top 6000 f't with scattered middle and high cloudj visibility 1.2 rues. 2-4/10 lot'T cloud, base 2000 ft, top 6000 ft with occasional tops to 12,000 and scattered patches o·f Jlliddle c.lOnd to front at 260N, wbere low cloud increased to 10/10, tops io» rt, with few bu.iJ.ding to base of layered midole clouds at BODO ft. North of frOnt, which extended for 150 m1J.es, cloud gradually decreased to 2/10 low ..cloud in sc.sttered patches with middle cloud riSing to layers of br¢ken higb cloud, base 18,.000 ft, top.s 23,000 ft.

~i,
Z

o:J

»

Base at 'Xake Off, 3/10 low cloud, bas~ 1800 i't, top 5000 :f't; ;VI0 Jiliddle cloud, base 14,000 it, top 15,000 ftl 2/10 high cloud at 30,000 ft.
0

>

.~ g
s:
-=!:

t<l

Ii

o

?;, ..J ~

!;"'

Route OI:itl 'to ·20~t Salll.e a.s bases, 2O<>N 240NI 3/10 low ololld, base 2000 to

,

r;;

o

.

ft, top ,..7000 ft,; 3/10 high cloud at 28,000 ft. 240W to 260.NI 4/1Q low cloud, base 1800 .ft, top 6000 ft; 3/10 middle cloud at 25,000 f't; fog at 100 J1ma. . 260N to. .280Nr s/io low cloud, base 1000 ft, top 8-.15,.000 ft; 10/10 middle olcud, in lE'vers between 10,.000 and 20,000 ft; S/lO, hl.gh cloud at 24,000 ft; v;i.sibility 6 l!li1es lowering to .2 miles in light to moderate shooel's; light rime icing. 2SoN to JOON: ,/10 ~ow.cloud, base 2000, tops. 6000 f't; 4/10 m:Lddlecloud, base 12,000 ft, top 14,000 ft; SIlO high oloud at 24,000 ft.. " .lOoN to 340NI 4/10 low cloud, base 2000, top 5000 ft; '3/10 middle cloud,. base 14,000 tt, top 15,000 ft} 6/10 high cloud at 26,000 ft.

Target:

3./10low cloud, base 2000, tcp 5000 ft; 4/10 high cloud at 26,000 ft; V'i.sibility 1:0 mues.

Practically
high
f't

of attack, e,nd to. 2O,OOOf't; by t.he. time the. last sauadrons were reJ.eaBing. Vl.sibllity 15 mUes.
which descended quickly

during first

no low cloud "IIi th 9/10 cloud rtrhich was based at 28,000

portion

_2i1._

Route ReturniMI

Same as Route Outgoing

Similar to rOUte to target except BOuth of 2QON, where ~ow c10ud was increased to 6/~O with 5/~O middle cloud at 11,000 it and showers scattered thrUout the zone.

Base on. Retu:rn:4/10 low cloud):!, base 4-6/10 low cloud, base 1500 ft, 2000 ft, top 6-10,000; 3/10 middle cJ.ouds,tops 6-12,000 it with scattered base 14,000 ft., top 14,500 ft;. vis,ibility ehmvers at Timan and Sa1pan end 15 miles. one heavy shower for .:30minutes during landing period at Guam giving vi eib1ll ty of ; mUe and ceiling of 400 ft. Winds Aloft - Forecast. Base to 200N .;20°tj

to

260N

260N to

350N -23

Target _25 -15 19000(.270/J..a -J3~ -10 18000(270/46 -08) 17000 (2f:IJ/44

25,000 20,000 15,000 10,000

2,000 Surface

5,000

200/15 190/15 180/15 160/15

-20 -09 01

140/20
120/18 100/1.5

11

19 25 29

250/20 21.1J/m 240/15 2,30/15 210/1.0
190/10

-09 -09

01 II

19
25

170/05

29

.255/53 255/45 255/:38 245/28 190/20 145/17 115/09

-03 _05 12
18

-13

ZlO/60

:no/50

22

Surface

270/10

20

Winds .AJ..oft - Observed Base to 20~N 18,500 15,000

target
240/45 250/35

91°00 7,000 5,000

230/24
:L00/18

2)0/20

3,000

120/17 nO/lS

2,)0/24

.

~ I:>(

~

,G

~

R
~

.~

.~
0 0 0 0 0 0 0_ III
N

n
LL.J

0 C> 0_. N
<:)

a a
0

LIl-

0 0

b

a-

c:.::
V')

<:( '"'-

u

~

t')

I

I

-/

J
rc
oo sr
MAP
\

Y /945

.

u

c

GOMMUNICAtTIQNS

P~t

II - Radio

~~ ~
\~ §. ~ •z-t I'<l

..

,

.I

..
~

S'
&
.

n r""' >-

-F 3
~

~

,
j

~

I

I'·

Mias10n

No •.

186

-26-

----SEORET

...

PART I _ ROM 1. Purpose a. b.

I

To D/F ear1y_marnlng To continue search

and gun..J.aying
in the )8-3000

radars. me region.

c. To barrage jam the en.emy gIln-laying radars in the 190210 me b8l')d and to spot jam the 180-190 me banda or to fill 8IIy gaps in the baX'rage in. an effort to render the enElID,Y gun...l.ay1ng radars useless. 2. Method I

a. Twenty_five observers participated and used the following ty?es of equipment to accomplish the search and jammingl A.PB-4, AP4-ll, APJL6, APA.-2.4, APT_1, and APQ-2. h. An. a.ttempt was made to inatallan electronic jammer, either an ~PT-l or APQ-2, on each airplane but due to equ1.pme;nt shortages some groups W81'8 not able to do so. Almost every squadron individually covered the complete jamming band (190-210) using 11 apr-ee.c1 from 2 to 4 mc depending upon the eqUipment available. The jammers 'l"el"e turned off 50 mUes beyond Land l send. that c. Spot jammers 19i?re employed to jam any gun..laying radars ap.pe(:tre.clin the 190-190 mc and 210-220 mC bands. ). Results:

a. The 190.-2].0m.c band was thoroughly covered by ja.mr.ing transmitters except in a few CaS.9S in WhiCh gallS appeared due taearly

returns

j amIDSrS whenever

or malfunctions of equipment. possible.

These gapS wer,e filled

by spot

_, b. A jam-and-look-thI'ough procedure used by the spot jBl:1!:!1er ope3."atol"s reveaJ.ed that radars ceased operation allowing the jacmer to be tuned to ~other radar. c. Effective search in the 200mc region was not possible ovez< the maiilland because of the interference caused by the jez:::m.ers and because the observers were operating spo.t Jammers at this time. The following intercepts were madel

Characterist:ics 00071 0455 34 00076 2000 07 00077 3000 07 00078 3000 07
00078

Looation
35JON

Data

TilDe

~

~

0*

tJse

Type

J240N l,3850E 052945 0957
l)930E .3530N 13940E )430N 13810E J515N 1J.oJOE 2830N 14ZL.5E 3JOON 138)OE 3310N ]JBJOE JJ05N lJ950E 3)05N 13950E 2700N 14135E 'DON 14020E Z70SN 14212E *B

OoOBO 00090 00090

.3000

0010)

00148 00156 00156 0490 0015€> 0495 *A ~ Origin

0470 0750 1500 0950 0490 0495

10

48 13 12 13

as

09

14

10

21 121. s 05294.5 1105 21 121 S 052945 llOO 21 121 S 052.945 1042 21 121- B 052945 lllO 21 121 S 0227 21 122 P 0529.45 052945 1007 21 121 s 052.945 100B 21 12;1 S 052945 :2324 21 122 P 0529.45 0200 2l 122 P 052945 0700 21 122 P 052945 0700 21 l.22 P 0529.4:5 0700 21 122 l'
*0.

OL E.'W EW EW
Elf

EW CHI Ot O'I'A03 Gt OTAD) Ot OTOO3

EN

EW
EW Ei1

0010,3

00000

00000

00101 02J2 00103

001010002

001010002

orAD) 00000

- Method

- Reliability

- 27 _
§'!!Q.~'§!

Characteristics 0471 00188- 0780 00202 1000 00293 1000 00295 1000 00312 1000 00390 2000 00158 00163
01$2

Location

~

.!!.m!
1124 0715 2357 2333

A* 21

.!!: ~ !!!! ~

09 08 15 08 10 04 09 05

3405N 1,39.32E 052945 26.40N 1420SE 052945 3352N 1.3937E 052945 3302N 13945E 052945 3445N 14040E 052945 3415N IJ805E 052945 3.400N 13815E 052945 .35JON IJ940E 052945 *B - Method

21 21 21 llaJ 21 1030 21 10;zo 21

liDO

122 P EIT 00103 122 P EW 0010.3 122 P EN 00102 122P EW 00102 l2lS 00 00000 12J. S 00 00000 1213 00 00000 21 121 S 00 00000

*A _ Origin 4.
the water.
Remarks.

*0 _ Reliability

s.
b.

TM-ee early_warning Unusual signals

radars were

D/F' ed

to positions

in

295/1000/4,

293/1000/10.

intercepted

weret

JW/':lJJOO/5,w!1000/9,

******
PART lIRADIO 1. Strike Reports~ There were 59 strike reports received by the ground stations. Ttoenty were transmitted by the 73rd 'Jing, 14 by the 58th, 15 by the 314th, and 10 by the 31,3th. The 73ro Wing reported that one aircraft relayed a strike report for another air~raft unabUl to contact the ground station due to fe.ultyequip~ent. 2. Fox Transmissions! The 73rd Wing re1'Jorted that 1:31 radio operators out of 135 received 8 Fox-type nDummy!! massage transmitted by the ground station prior to Bombs Away. The 58th F1ng sent one !!Dummyll message ld'lich was .Logged by 87 operators out of' 124 aircraft over the target. EigJity-five per cant ·of aircrai't radio operators of the )l,3th Wing received and logged a Fox-type message tranSmitted from the ground station. Reasons given for aircraft not receiving the messages included being on 1nterpbone over the target,. :preparing strike reports, faulty equipment, weak signals, and atmosnherics.

3. Frequencies: The 7.3rd Wing reported bea.vy interference, both enemy and local, on its 11 megacycle i"requency. Frequency 11080 kds received intentional CWj81l1!1Ung, interf'erence from NBAand N018,
ute a new frequency ror ilOaO kcs which 1s used quite extensively by the 7Jrd Wing aircrai't despite the heavy interference. Other freq'l:l.9nci9a received only a few instances of' interference. Following is a percentage breakdown of traffic per frequencYJ 16 per cent on 3 megacycles; 26 oer cent on 7 megacycles; and 58 per cent on 11 megacycles. 4. Na~gat1ona1 Aider Ten requests .for HF/~F bearings were raeeivsc oy- the ground stntions. All 10 bearings uere f'urn1shed the aircraft. Three requests for VHF/DF bellrings nere obtained. The 3l3th Wing reported that 1dr-to-air homing ITas used ef'.facU vely. Rangers, ho~ers, and bron~cn~t stntion facilities in the Marisnas end Bonin Islands 'o'1erc uead successfully.
end .radio teletype signals. Action has been ta.1cen to substit-

_28_
SEORET - ...... ----

/

50 Net l!liscipline and SecuritYI 'l'h.e 58th -iring indicated tha~ some aerial. operators delayed traffic handling by using long call up end reply after communications had been established and signal strength and readability good; that aircraft asked for weather Just be£ore or after a scheduled weather broadcast; that aircraft called the ground station to inquire if there ""ere any traffic; thl't aircraft failed to m.o.n:itor before starting transmission; and that one aircraft sent E\; ditching message when actually referring to a sea marker sighted. Corrective action has been taken in eaen instance to prevent recurrence. The 7Jrd Wing reoortec' one incident of an aircr~t il'lterfering with another plane's transmi.asion. The 313th and Jl4th Wings reported l1f81rll net disciol.1ne. No violations of security were reported.

6. Enemy Trans!l1issitZlMI The follOwing incidents of jamming and enemy transm:tssi.ous were intercepted during this mis.sionl
a,

partially

1145 Kcg; effective. €,055 Kes:

Jap net operating

f.rom l700Z to 1900Z was

b.

were

partially

(1) OW and voice between lwoand effective.

mainland

and return eff·ecti.ve.

(2)
(J)
C.

Tone signal
Jap statio!).

in target

area was partia.J.ly

!lit 2:300Zwas effective.

JJ:flBO Kes:

(1) Unknown radio teletype signals soaSI!l.odlcall.y received dUring this mis~ion I'rere ver;yeffeet-ive. (Bearing f"ram Sal.pan ground station 255°). (2) effective. Intentional OWfrom 2..300Zto 060QZ was oartlally at Ol3QZ lIi'ere l.neff'ecti ve.

(.3)
d. e.
f.

Voice transmissions Negligible.

)020 Kcs: 6615 Kesl lOJ05 .Kcs:

OWfrom 220aZ to 0200Z was partially OW-from. 2000Z. to O!JOZ Negligible. Keyed OW at 1915Z and 010221
WIlt! "185

e£fective.

ineffective.

g. h.
i.

3990 Kes:

7415 Kes: 10820 Kcs;
(1)

inili'fe.ctive...

M:iJred nU!IIbersano

letters

at OlOOZ W\.""l'e ineffeotive.

(2) e£feoM.ve.
j. k.

Steady bummingfrom 0210Z to 02)OZ _13 part:ial.l.y
,s1gn"ls at 17.20Z were
.1s1IIIIling

;34l.0 KoslOW 7,310 Kesl

ine.f'feeti va,

Severe Bagpipe

at 1.305Zwas effective.

- 29-

~~q!!_~.!

1.

11160XeSI

(1) OW at 0150Z was ineffective.
(2) Automatic key1n~ at .2001Zwas part1a1.l1 ef'fectivE'.

7. Distressl The 314th Wing reported that tro aircraft calleo 1n to the grOlmd station concerning another aircraft ditching, giving the location and neces.sary information needed for ra&eUe.,. .Appzoprlate acti0D was taken in both instances. The 7.3rd and .3l)th Wing reported no emergency or dj"stress tr~nsmisslons. The 58th Wing ground stations recorded ths following messages'

TIME
04Z.3Z 0510Z 0225Z Q22:3Z 0250Z OJ05Z

FROM

TEXT

B_29 ditched end pos.ition. 57V752 2.3V'15.3 Sea ma~ker sighted ana position. 12V'75.3 20V751 4.3V751 14V752, 13V753 J.4V752 6V7a 6V751

0.315Z o422Z
o447Z

0314z

Q]V709

Engine trouble and position; dest1netion Air CTIil ft. 26V751 ra:mmed no parachutes. j Sighted life raft and position. Mashnote 20 ditchod and position. Sighted aircraf't on island. .Located submarine. Dumbo eircling !lUrvi vors. Sea marker and posit.ion. Received 10 position reports. throughout

1'f11'O Jima.

return.

8.:Ecluipment Malfunctions.: AN/ARN-7~ 1 inoperative; 1 inoper~ tive on loop position; 2 sense antennas broken. SCR-269C: 2 inoper~ ti ve; 1 s ense antenna broken. BC., 48: 2 inoperative j J poorsb,.je lding .. J (piCking up engine noise). SOR-522: 4 inoperative; 2, tranSltitter in.operati.ve; 2 receiverl:! inoperative,; 1 dyn8lllotor inoperative. Rjj-4JI J: inoperative; 1 indicator fl.ashing c<lntinuously. R(L,36: 4 inoperative; 3m1arophon.e but tonsinopera:ti ve I .3 microphone sri tches mopera ti va. AN/ART-13: 2, no side tone. RL-42; 15 in.operati ve or sticldng ..

_)0 _ SEORET ......... _---

D

INTl!!LLlGENC§

Part I - Enemy b1~ Opposition Part
Po.rt

n - Enemy

Antiaircraft

III· -- Damnge Assesslll8nt

1,-

Mlss1ogNo.186

Pi.RT I ..

ENEMY

FIGi{TE8 REACTION·

1 • Summ!lIT. ~ Between 140 und 200 J Ilpo.nes e righters intercepted the P-51 escorte,d B-29 forma.tions on this mission. The B-29' s encl!luntered 56 .. 6,) fighters i the P ..51 , s reported. 140 encounters. One 5-.29 WIlS lost when it was rammed by an enomy fl!5hter. Four B..29's Were drunaged as ~'. result of o.tto.o-ks by enemy fighters. 5-29 crewe clo.imed 5 enemy aircraft destroyed. 5 probably destroyed, and 9dom.aged. 2. ES;I!'ly' Wp;rninl1:: Becn.use of the figh.ter reception that Clwo.ited the P-51 , sand B-29' S, it is beHaved that the Japanese had nmple early wo.rnin·g. 3. the Weather: Weo,'tlber QVer 0..11 Jo.panese fighter fields we.! such nelds were operational. VisibHi ty was 10 - 15 miles with extending to 22,000 feet. Jl).p!l:pese Fighter a, Denloymonjp

tha't ho.ze

4.

iJ\

The bulk of the enemy's fighters nppeur ad between the where the P-51' s enc.ounteredo.pprQxiI!W.tely 140 inte:rcept-ors. The B-29"s received 50 per cent of their interception from lundfallto IP •. 25 per oent after IP to bombs away, and 4.5 per cent oJ'tSl' bombs away to land's end. The fighter escort probo.bly reduced enemy interception of B-29' Ii by 60 - 7{) percent and reduced mo.terlallythe num~er of Jtl;panese attacks over the t~rget areo.. particularly on

lP ::tn.Gl. the target,

the bomb run.
b. il,n analysis of' the lo~o.tion of c:tto.cks o.nd the type of aircraft attacking indico.tes that probably mostef the enemy o.ircro..ft i:n the area west of Tokyo were, Jilpunese Army fighters, I"m.erells the in tercel' ti ons lUnde 0 n the wi thd.ro.:wi ng B-29' S wer e by J npane s e Navy i'i g;hte,r5 , An estima.t'ed120 - 130 interceptors m~t the P-Sl's and B-29's prior to b0l1ibs QWay and another 50 .. 60 between Toqo and Yo!lkosuka oyer the bn_y aren. 5. Jgpnn.ese Fighter TMtg§: per cent of enemy attc.c.ks etUDe from o.bove intercept.J.ons were ID:l.dant the front qUllrter

~. Thirty-four o.nd 60 ]ler cent of' the

orB-29's.
'" Bassed on evo.luo.ted data,

not

availo.ble

for

the

C(llMolldated

Sto.tis ti cal

Summo..ry.

Direction

und Level

9£ ),ttB.ekB

1

Direct

ion and Level o.f ApFoach of Enemy ..\ircruft Total Number of Attacks

Nose

\

6'0%

21%

1

3%

FROM ABOVE FROM LEVlil. .FROM BELOW

e , One B~29 r ep orte~ two wM te exp 1asians t rasemb 11 ng phosphorus bursts. w1th 0. white ball of f ire coming out of the smoke ouusad by these e.xplosions. This followed the B~29 for about one minute, closing to 300 yo.rds. It appeared to hcve been lo.unched from the ground. d.. A piloted r-ocket pinne, desoriped as very smo.ll with a {'uealage sho.p!;ldlike (1 bullet, WIlS reported. It had very short mngs nnd no hori~ontel tllil surfaces. It we.G pnlntOlld white ond was 9b.served nbout 200 feet. belcw the B-29 on a teciproco.l 09urS9 and moving o.t high speed. No. srooke trail was o.bser'ted nnd it millie no. o.ttempt to follow. e. The·l"e was one re,por·t cf a I> iogl e-engi ne aircl"a:f't L'irin.g on 0.. formo.t1o n wi th FO cke-cs, The I' ock €Its were thought to ha ve,b sen fired frOID under the win.!;s o.fth6 o.ircra.i't.

"
-33-

.!~_g,ill.l

r. One B-29 WaJI rammed by Ii Nick. :,J though there is a. def!n! te pOi5sibill ty tha.t the ra.mming was deliberate, there is no Ooneluslve evidence to support this contention and it is at lea.st equnlly possiblt!l tho.t the Niok wo.s dEI.IIIEI.ged and out of oontrol at the time of the orash. Details areas follows: Seve:rfll crew members saw an enemy righter, Ni ek, approxim"te1y 1 mile ahea.d of them and slightly abovesevero.l formntions which were preceeding them to the ini.t1o.1 point, Severo.l cr ew meljlbers c1o.imed toot !Lt first they were of the opinion that the fighter was prapo.ring to o.ttack these fOTlIlCltions in front, but he di.d not do so o.nd bego.n hending tilwo.rd thei.r :Cormc.tion in 0. gentle dive, The notion of the fighter. which 'VIQ.s500 feet abovetha fo:rmo:tion, is not ols.Ql" since some crew members pelieve that he wg,s firing; as he come down from tho 11 0' c,lock pOsition,. while others cr e convinced that he did not fire a shot. Some crew members clnlm that hG stc..rted em attaok on the leo.d o.ircroft and wo.s hi.t in the r 19ht engi.ne by B~29 f ire. Upon being h1 t, this version says tho.t flo.me and smoke were corning from the right engine while the Niok wus o.bout 100 y.o.rds out end that hill right wim.g suddenly dropped aa he veered off from the lend B-29 M.d crashed into A/e 894. Crew m.embers o:.reo.bout equally divided ne to whether thecro.sh oG(:,urrod between. Nu.mbers 1 o.nd 2, engines or bctween Numbers 3 :,l.lld 4,. An explMion occurred upon eontact (l;hd ei thaI" the let t or l"ight wing of the 5-29 wo.s sheered off and the Nick disintegrated.

g.

One enemy o.iroraft

WaS repl!lrted

to

be n -T eM I'll "

h, One Toj 0 r ale;'ls ed 0. ph"llsp horus bomb jus t cl'tar the IP. This e;qJloded iI'l.e:ffectively 70 ya.rds abQve and 1000 ynrd4;l to the rear the 8th Sq_uo.dron. Toj.o continu,ed on its rc.oiproco.l heading o.pproxim""tel ly 1000 fe et nbove wi th:out P. £' ollow-up atto.ck.

or

6. noorgipnted AttQAk§; One 'l'Itro TaJas crone in line ..o.sterl'l in a. inta!'v~l, Mnr the IF, press.ing to coorqination but exc eptio.ne.lly bo.d 7, Breakdown of Enemy Attacks:

coordinated :ltto..ck wns reported. fly.thrsugh attnok with::. wide wi thin 800 and 1000 Ylll'ds, Good gunne.ry "DoS exhibited.

Enemy Airouft Tojo Zeke TOlJ¥ Nick Uni dent1£' i.ed. O.saor Jo.ck Irving HOJfIp

No. Attacks 19

PotgG>nt 11

18
15

16
8 6 6 :3 .2 11,0'" than half of' the nttneks

16 14
13 13 8
8 6

15

Fr enk

TOTAL

.... ~
100 were broken off at

:5

>II Sl1ghtly less 200 yo.vds or I eo!!.

8. I Tony by

~:
0..

Destroyed (5):' 1 .,Jo.ck o.nd I Nick by Nose, Te.il, and 1 Z,eke by Nos 1;1, and !:ISO,

1 T'''jo by RB.

Osoar

b. Probably Destroyed (5) I by RB, 1 Jack by Nose and Tail. e; Ill'l.mag:ed. (9): by RSG;

1 Niok by Nose, 1 Ja.ck and 1 and 1 Zake by LB a.nd Tail. 2 Tojo,s, 1 Tony, o.nd 2 TJ/l

1 Ho.mpt 1 Ni ck,

'by Nose; 1 U/l

and 1 Zeke by RB and RSG.

1.

Sumrollty

of Attg.rus.~ target waS ..attacked by o.ircro.ft 31"5 65 131 00 22Z-0113 Z 0025 Z -Cll3oe 00 17,500-19 •.200 18,000-20.1 18.500 18,500 19,000 810~142.s 76°_116°
4

Primary followe: \flNG:

of 4 Wings

as

58 122 0027 Z-01l8 Z 18,600-19,800 18.500 810_105°

73 136 0029 Z..OI.28 Z 18,200-21,000 18,500

Toto;} ";'ircraft
Time Over

Alti tu.q,.a Br'!lcket Avero.ge .hl titu.d:e .&xis of Attack. b
€jlimera:lly
i

Target

Slo_10e0

Cloq,d underca.st in the to.rl5e't area WaS reported to be from CA'ITUto 2/10. However, one rling reported C.WTJ to 8/10 as a re s ul t of smoke in tar get area. Winds 0.t bombing a.l ti tude oS ro:nged lit 242° .. 250°. o..iJ'"Craft including of opportu.ni 1

from 38-45 kneta
Q.

Twenty-one
OUB

A/e
ty.

'\'Ihich

0.150 bombod

the

P rimo.ry, 2.

bemb ed. vari

targets

§l1nk

En

Rou.'te

t.o T.argeAj: is a tabulation
or tb:e .flak encountered

The following to to..rget aroa:

an

route

LOCATION Eas t or Puj i.ywno,

gOORDIij£I.'rES

Moderate and inaceurat$. Barroge fire with bhck
5530N _ 13925E

Heavy.

bur"ts~

Meo.get to medart:. to und il\e.cc:uro.t,e, Heavy. Predi cted concan t:r o.t ions,
barrllge, Il,n.doontinuo·usly pointed .• 4.99th Group reported mengel' and Il.Coura,ta borl"nga, Heavy.

Bo.yonno.ise

3.l56N .. 139S4E
Rocks 3S30N .. l3936E

!.lengel' nnd in(l.coul'ata" Manger and inaocurate.

Heo.vy.
Heavy.

Was t of .Aoga Shl.mo.

3227N .. 13930E (ApprolC.)
3S06N _ 159&8E

Airoro.ft at 7000 feet ra,pol"ted medium, fairly !l,Ooll.rate flnk.
Msagar

Hachijo Jimo.

to Moderllta nn.d nCCul'ate, He~lfy.. Oontinuou,S}y poil\ted (AlO a.tto.cked this Q.~ target or opportun.i ty. )

.-35-

..§.j;.fll~.I.

LOPUION Omaesakl

OOORDINATES 3935N - 13610E Scattered ~eavy.

REMARKS meager and lnaceure..te.

Meager and inacouro.te, Heavy. Orowe roportod .~ bo.ttery lo0o.t$d somewhere on Fujlyo.me.. Chichi Jl.mo. 2704N • 142l3E Meager und ino.ccura,te, Heavy. Oontinuously pointed fire-white bUrsts. Meager to moderate o.nd in:lceuro.te,

Shizuoko.-Shimlzl.\

Area. 3S00N - 13830E

Heavy. Kozu Shima
Sa.gc.mi RivlZlr Area M12N .. l3910E 3520N - 13920E Mell.ger o.nd inaec.uro.te, Ha~vy.

4-5 gun batteries visually observed. J,iany formattonll f 1rat encountered flak: on bomb run in
thi

s vicinity.

3.

Flo.knt

Target:

of thc

0.. Tho f 011 Gwing .f1D.kencount6lred in

~lS
the

0.

summary (a hronol 13 anI1 y by Gr cup oS ) gi t!lrget areo.; times indiC:l.ted 0.%'& ::1.11

Z time".
OO~2-0029 505" Grow, encountered Continuously approximutely 313th Wing: Aircrnft of this Group intense and accurate, heavy rlllk. pOinted' and bur rage type fire lusted 5 minutes. Ones.ircrnft wus observed

lost to fl.ok:.
0025-0030 3Hth l'hD!!': ,A.,:I. rcro.!'t of thi s group encountered !'luk reported as intense unt! accurate, 'lYle1 v S of 20 ai 17or uf t retu.rni ng to b cs e were do.mngsd by flak (3 landed 0. t lwo and .2 ditched).
!19th Grow.

0027 ..0035

4624 Group, seta WiN I Airortll.'t of this Group reported intense. ino.ccuro.te to o.C'Our(1t6,. henvy black flak. Allo.ircI'o.ft 'we.re ()i ther h1t or nrooked - and 13 lIluff.ered mo.Jor damage., Predic tad co ncentI'll ti ons wol'!lI I' ep orted s i.mul to:neous ly wi th oonti nue us ly poln ted. !'ire, Average duration of f1r6 W:1.S r sported 0.6 7' minutes. Alt1 tude Wo.l!I 18,800 to 19.500 fest. SOOth Grgup. 7~~ '11n"'; Airorlltt bombed in 4 Squ;:\dr~rus from 17,800 to 20,800 feat, Flo.k in target 0.17(10. merged with flak on the bomb run o.t -"tSUS! tll"EI:I. Flak '\<I.(lS inten:!le and (\OOllro.te, n.nd heavy. All 3 typell of f ire. oontrol were rep'o rtG d wi thb ClIrro.ges bei ng pr.edomi nnnt. Eight niro rllf' t _ 17e do.mClged. .All sq uo.drol)." dr opp ed 191 thin 1 mi nu teo gOUh Or0\lP. 313th VHngl First Squo.dron of a nirorllft. flying at 18.000 to 18,500 feet, enoount<lred moderate to - ~ntens e and aueure te henvy .r1 rue. .u 1 :5 typ tH' of fire control were observed. Fire lo.sted 10 minlltoll.

Second Squadron of 9 aircraft at 18,000 teet encountered dense smoke over the target, rising o.t places to bombing al ti tl:lde. 'Flak Wo.s intenlSe and ina.ccuro.te. heavy, cOl.lsist,ing of a barrage of 2 minutes sto..rt1ng just before bomb releQ.se.

0040-0043

19th Group. 54th reported intense do.maged and one Second fonnatil;ln I:lntilo.lmost to £1 rue 0.15 intense, 36 nircrci.ft Oi1'er

Wine: First Squadron (10 Ale) and D.ccurab heavy flak,. All A/e were spun into the wc.ter en route home. was close behind and esc'aped flu the target. All format,tone repor'ted Oondlno curntoto i nnccur-o te~-20 out of the to.rget were do.mo.ged.

0044-0113

6th Group. 3Uth Win[~ First formation of' this Group reported, intense and ::J.ccurate, heo.11y o.nd continu,ously pointed fire for abou.t 5 minutes. Second formc.tl·on reported menger and inaccuraw, continuously pointed heavy flo.:k, 46Bth. Group, 58th Wipp-: Aircro.ft of this Group rep or t ad moderate to intens<I Clad f o.i r] y accurn te heavy flak. forf>.pprox.imately 3 minute". Continuously p0inted and barrage flir·e were reported. 497th Group, 734 W1n~; Aircraft of: this Group I;Incountereg. :t'lo.k about 2 m.inutes before bombs away and r'apo'rted moderate to intense and o.ocuro.te bea.vy flak. mostly barrage, which lasted about 5 minutetl. Nj,ne, ai.rorai't suffered dain.nga during the attack. 444th Gr0uD, 58th 1~TiM: Aircroft of this Group reported m.0derate and inacou.rute to aocurate flnk, Barrage and predicted ooncentro.tioll:l were reported. The target ar en hOod a 10/10 .sm.okelUlderco.st by thi ",

0048-0051

0051 .. 054 0

0056 ..110 0

time.
0103 .. 108 0
,29th Group, ?>14th Wing! AirerEll't of thi s Group .r'sported 1'lok as moderate to intense N'ld cceurn teo Fifteen airc·ro.ft suffered flo.k dl\lllage. 49Bth Group. '1':50:1 WID!t: i.ircro.ftof this Group 1II'el'e in 0. vGry tight 4 squadron form.ation (verbol report from D cis Ops. 73d '!ling), This tight formation o.ppareht1y sOoturOoted the defenses because the first squadron reported fi.re for li minutes, theM, 1 minute,o.nd the 3d e.hd 4th. minute 6Mb. Reports wE,remea.ger I mod'e,rnte, me,ager, o.nd meClger for squ(I,d.rons in order, Fire was f'o.ir1y o.ccuro.te for squndroM2 und 4. ino.ocurQ.te for the others, Flak wo.s heavy a.nd conSisted .0'1' barrogsa and e.ontinuously pointed f.ire.

Ol07-0110

t

0114-0116

49th QrOU.D, Seta WIog: Ai ro rlli' t or thi s Grollp rep or tad meager to moderate a.nd accur-at-e ha!l.v.Y"flnk,. 'continuQul11y pointed. Weather was reported o.s C.i.W to 1/10; dense amoka over the turget Wo..B baing blown to the nOTth,.. Flail: stnrte:d about 2 minutes prior "to bomb relea.se.

0115 ..0129

'"'ing' AirorElft o~ this Group re.p o:rted rna dera. te' and nco-urate to inneCIlN1.te. f 1 ck, Ei gh.t a.i re ra.ft (36 in. Group) S <lstni ned damage.
330tb. Gl'!"PUD,;'J4tb

Second Squadron or 9 aircraft at 18,000 teet encountered dense smoke over the to.rget. rising o.t placee to bomb.. ing altitude. FInk wo.s intense and inaccurate, heo.vy. consisting of 0. barrage of' 2 m1nutes sto.rt1ng just befo,re 'pomb release. 00>W-0045 19th Group, 314th W~ngl F1rst Squndron (10 Ale) reported intens's and ().ccu,re.te haivy f'lo.k. .tUl;.je were da.mo.gad and one spun into the wc.ter en route bome. Seco)'ld forma tioo WM cloBe beht cd and esc!l.ped flak until o..lmoBt to the target. All form.o.t:l.on& reported flak all intense und aCcurllto to ino.ccurate~~,20 out of 35 ai,rQro.ft over the target wera d:llllaged,

0044-0113

5'\ih

Gr ow •. :313tl1 W1P1l': Fi rs t format:l. en of this Gr oup reported intense and accllrute. hco.vy and continuously pointed fire for about 5 minutes. Second formation reported meagGr and ino.ccurata, cont.inuously point,,>d hoaavy flak.

0048 ...00$7

46Bth G!'oup, 58th Wi.n!>"1 Aircroft of this Group l"fYported moderute 'to intGnse and fairl y necur e, te heo.",¥!lok for o.pproximntely 3 minutea, Continuously pOinted o.nd bo.rra.ryt fira were reported. ~97th Grou:!).

00510·0054

7~g. Wing~
t'lnk

enoountered
and reported flak, mostly Nine a.ircraft

Aircro1't of this Group about 2 ml.nutesbefore bombs away moderllte to intense and :!.ce.uro.te heo.vy ba.rrage. which lusted o.bout 5 minutes, suffered, dwno.ge during the Iltto.ck. WiN" : Aircraft and inaccurnte of this Group to accur:l te flak.

44<lth Group, 56th reported moderate

Barrage and predicted

The

to.rget

ar ea had n

ro/io

concentro..tioM

were .reported.

smoke lUlderco.st

by

thill

time. 29th Group, 3l4th 'Nipp" I Airoroi't of this Group reported flak as moderate to intense and accurate, ]' if' teen 0.1 rct" t suff €I red no.k damage. rtf' 0107 ..0110 498th Or oup. 13dW1M: ;'1 rOl a.ft of thl s Group 'l'!'Gr Q i.n 0.. vor'l tight. 4 squ:;;dr.on fo.rmatlon (verbol repoJ't from D CIS Ops., 73d Wing), This ti.t;ht formation applU'ent1y sntu.rn.ted the defenses because the first squadron reported; fire for It minutes, the 2d, 1 minute, and the 3d and 4th, minute e,aoh. Reports were meo.,er, model' ate" me age l'. and meo.ger for $quo.droh8 in order, Fire WD,S £o.irly accurate fOl' squadroM 2: and 4. Ino..ccuro.te for' the others. Flp;.l;: Wll~ heavy an.d consisted of ba.rrages and oont.inuously point!ild fir'e,

t

0114..0116

49th grqup, 58tb, WitH:: Airo:;raft of tbis Group reported mea.ger to moder'o.te and o.courate he:cvy fInk. oontlnuoulily pointed. Weather was reported (1.$ C.... to 1/10; dense W smoke ove'r the target 'Was be,ing blown to the! north. 1l'1 a.k started about 2 lUi nutes prior to 'bomb release, 330th Grgup.31 Uh WjlJl'"' A1rernft ·of this Group reported moderate a.nd (loourate to inc.,ooura.te flak. Eight ai.roraft (38 in Group) sustained damage.

0115-0129

0123-012a

499$ GroUP, 734 Wing;1 Airoraft of thh Group reported meager to moderate and inD.ceurate heavy fInk., All 3 type.!! of fire control were observed.

b. In general, the flak over the to.rget o,reo. 'I'Ifl.8 intense. land he.o.vy. Continuous ly poi.nted Illld predi cted cone entro.tioh types of' fire control were the most frequently reported. 0.1 though 0. s1 zab 1 e number of b.EI.I'rages we·re ob served, o.oouro..te,

I
0.

c,

A study of the Group chronolog1eo.1
3 phases as followlI:. Pha.se I - The first

flak

reports
target

parmi till

br~ukd'WOn into

tntenu
flnkj

6 group.s over the flak;

received

Phase II _ The next 5 groups received Phase III

moderste

to intens.,

_ The 1a.st 4 groups received meo.ger to modar9lb 1'lalc.

This gradual dect-ease. of the 'luFl,ntitv of fire encountered by the first Md l!lst groups over the target may be reasonably attributed. to any or o.ll of the following factors: (1)
(2)

Gr adual

incre!ls e of over C!l.St dUe to smoke I
or

Gu'n crew f!ltig\l:e; Dverheatimg

(:3)

file

gun tubes

ing of guns or tire-control

or possible molfunctionequipment.
until

one_third

d. Flak was not encountered by any airoraft, of the bomb nm (Atsugi area).

the lut

The following

is

a. tabulation

of .011 rlok encountered

alte.r

leavin,gttl.rget
LOC.&TION Futtsu

area: OOORDINh.TES 3S1eN ,_ 139508

RWWS
Modero.to and nOCul'llte. Henvy., continuously pOinted for a mi.nutes. Meo.ge'rto modero.te, :l.n~oouro.te nnd ..heavy, Contlnu.ousl:y pointed fire. One formo.tlon reported intense Dnd o.ccurate predieted oonoentr'ation here, Menger Md inMcuro.te.

Kl sarat u (e1 ty and No. volA:i rSto. ti on)

:5524N-

1395SE

Land's End (Olci tsu .. Ko.lsuurl). Area)
Ship
IS

3510N .. It015E

i

r\

B1lY neal"

:5S15N _ 1:3940E

Yol;osuka
2 '!tl.l'Ikers

Area.
(Steo.mi nf!;

Mell.garo.nd 1nllool.lrate 'bo.rra.go. YellOl'l and green burst!!. Menger nnd 1nnoGurllte.

aoros;:!

Tokyo Bay)

Unidentified Islands south of' Ko.tsuuro. along Coo-at of ChibaPenlnsulo. 5.

Very meo.ger (6 bursts) inaccura.te.

o.nd

Swru:qa.ry. ot'f\.;i.rera£_t

Lost

onq Dq.ma,ed:

Three airoraft were lost directly to floJ< on this mission. Out of 475 nircrnft atto.cking. 169 or 35.58% sustained flo.kdo.mage.

0..

one

very

One enemy o.i'rcto.rt (Zeke) approached high nnel dropped ino.ccurate bom,b on formation (loco.tion not given). 4 phosphorus bombs were ino.ccuro.te. The reporting .

dropped nircl"aft.

b., Between lP Clnd the to.rget, through the overcllstj 0.11 were Wila at 18,800 feet. c.

.

o.n

o.ircrat't

O,ne enemy o.ircnl,ft (Tony) fHpped 0. pho5pborus b cmb at o.t 20,200 feet.. The burst was 200 feet high and 3000

.reatb ehind.
d. Twa ino.ceurate ground-to.air rockets were reported over

the target
nnd then Giza-of

o.ren.
e. A la.rge explosion was noted. The burst turned into e, bal;!, of smoke.-approxlmutely !l< normal heo.vy AI A burst. was fi rey red 10 times the

deep orange
~olved

Over the tar .. get one flnk bUrst \'1e.3 reported as being or a red ball which apf}!liI'ently hung momentc.rily and into n persistent white l)hosphorus smoke. g. Thre:e to four neo.r the radar crater. balloons were reported eo.l>t and wast of the

r.

side

or

Mte.nnai3 vlere reported

on the

south

Fuj.iya.ma h.

Two barrage

So.gruni Rj.ver

roou:th .at ~OOO • 6000 :feet. 0,01100n8 o.i rcraft. were reported

i. Over Miynk.e, Island two peo.r~sho.ped o.t 16, 000 i'eet--the sDJlle a1 ti tude 0.8 reporting

-39 ..

o 0 NFl DEN T A L ~---------' I ..... PART III_ DAMAGEASSESSMENT REPORTIt YOKOHAMA CITY 1. M' §!..tmmarYI

a. Damage to Yokohama city resulting from XXI Bomber Command iss~on}186,29 May 1945,totala 6.9 square miles, which represents about 3"'116 of the entire city.
b.

destroyed. class1f.ied

Industrial.

damag'€ includes

2D numbered raid

tll.l'gets

damaged or

c.

The area. destroyed by this as IIcommerc1a1." (Ref. A).

113primarll.y

in the

zone

represents
2.

d •. Total

44%

damage to Yo.kohama 1s now 8.9 square of the entire city. SummarY:.

miles,

which

Statist.i_cal
a,

,O).U'l:'ent Strike:
Sq. mil.eB

~-

Area ot Oity Area of City destroyed ArE;8 of Incena.:i.aryZone I destroyed
Area of Incendiary Area of lneendiary Zap.a II Zone 11 destroyed Area of In.cendiary Zone I

Per Cent

20.2
6.9

34.0
97.0
62.0

.70

.72

7.32

4.5-4

Target
Target

Target

;\rea 90.17-3W7 ArOil8 destrGyed Area 90.17-3608 b. Total ])8.@lIge:

3.8 .12 3.0

3.·2

Target Area destroyed

1.4

48.0

Area of City Area of City destroyed Area of Incendiary Area of Incenaiary Zone I Zone 1 destro,yed

Sq. miles 20 •. 2

Per Cent

8.94

44.0
99.4

.71.9

.72

Area of Incendiary

Zo.M II J.rea of Incendiary Zone II destroyed

-4.8

7.'32

Target .Area 9O.l7-.3607
Target Area destroyed

.3.& .15

'targot Area 90.17-3608

J.O
#80

* XXI

Target Area destl'oyea BC, CIU D! A Report

1.68

56.0

-40a ..... 0 NFl
DEN ----,---'_ T ...... A L I

_-

,. ,
.3

3. Itemization
TARGET NO.

or Industrial

»amagel
TAHOE'!'NAME Hodogaya BUb Station Kanagawa Steam Pcnver Plant i"ukashima Freight Yards Station, Junction, Overpass Ure.ga Dockyard Nippon Carbon Co., Plant 111 Nls.san Auto Co. Infl.a.mDltble storage Docks Yokohama Electric Co. Power Plant Hodogaya Soda (Chemicals) Nippon Electric Wire & Cable Yokohama Harbor Passenger Wharves Kyoitsu Warehouse Mltsubishi Warehouae Yokama Warehouse National Silk Conditioning Bouse East Asia Development Co. lfarebouse Nanin8 Warehouse ToBh1Jl & Shinko 17arehouse Unidentified industry

2

62
63

4

66

6 7 8
9

499
522

'7l.

67

destroyed 98% n 80~ gutted

95'

DAJIlAQE

25%

901'

II

90%

destroyed

10 11 12 1.3
16

1338 1346 1430 1432
1442 1.399

20%

20% 5% 80%

..

gutted destroyed

"

II II

14 15

1438

15% minor ~a.mage

5%

1440

19 1:493 20 XXI 3054

18

17

144.3

100%

10%

90% destroyed
II

1451

144&

10% 85%

4% 80%

" n

"

4%

" " "

ReferenceSl Inclosures

A.

B. eIU Damage Assessment
1.

AOF 90.17

15 September

Report

1944

47
lim1ts, incendiary

I

2.

City Diagram (arbitrarr city zones and target areas) Mosaic showing damage

-41.-

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DJ!. 'l·E.~_2SLJ.!&L.19l:5 __

[UNIT

CONSIDERED

IAIRCRJIFT

1

21 B.C. 108 130
66

111

415
14;29 2794

I

AVERAG1G l!'LYlNGTIiIiill:

13:54
2805

14:06
2672

Jl.YERAGE ElISTI1NC£ FLOWN I U~""uUcal Air Miles)
FUl;L CONSUMED: Avere.ge

2819

I 2828
6"-~
~.._-')

15:14

6Q.U

5910

601J 6493

6071

Maximum Minimum
FUEL REi',IIAItHNG:

6630
5350

6J65 554l 826
1185
"

7390 5?73

7390
53-;0

5568
790 1]3;:>
287

Average
Ms~imUIil

691 1.350 JOO 410.0
2.15

922

811

Minimum
GALS. US£;D .!'Fit HOUR

]80 432.0

I

l44l IOC iu:»

1W 100
!.l9.J

AVG. GALS. USED E'ER nLE-

TO'i'AL USliiD ml ~IRBORNE A/C

,

i 4758/,2 1892418 I I ~--~~--~~~---------~--------~--------------."1»4616 1867589
( 3G20.:..65

2~~~L

I~

2.25

2.23

2.1 ....

--NO.
AVG. AVG. !iVG. AIRCRAFT AIRBORNE

1__ 132
!

1.1,9 a 74920 60167

8, b
74801 6Q6~0

146 b

I

-=:10

EASIC WT. OF AIRCRAFT USEFUL LOAD NO. OF BOMBS
WilDED

75053 60369
29.7-E46

'1.562)
60J21 Lapd

7~lJb
60))7

AVG. WT .• OF BOJlliBS I.OhDED
AllG.

I 12608
6731 40J86
7375

.'"Iix,ed Load I Mixed

Load r!L'Ced

13090 6738

12963 680~

'?'OJ(l
7244

lZOI.O 6892

FUEL

LOADED

AVG" VfT. AVG. MIse.

OF

FUEL WEIGHT

LO.!illED

40428
6649
:.

40824
6833

43464
6927 1135944

41352 69J..5 11547J

AVG. GROSS a Exelud,es Excludes

wr,

J\~I

Tj,KE OFF

!

135422

135087

13"<:22
~7.sU~~ E-36

i.

§

fighter eScllrt aircraft. su)er dumbo fl.ircre.ft.

I

E-46

'!-47i\ie

E-2S M-17i\1
(;o;moke)

:125 1.tI~.

4~5 1hs. 360 Ib". J<;O 1bs. 46~ 1hz.
70 Lbs ,

'~-47/\2 (:.8.)

t:l

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f"l

o
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til

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-s:sSS.CR.ET ------

COIofGSNBOMOOY 21
TO:

CCNGEN8OM'I/'G $8 COM::·_E?,r..:t'::::L!.'JG 314
COMGENI3OM'1fG 73 C<in:S~:.,;v~\'G 31,3

§. ! Q !! ! I
By Auth

')

of CG XXI Be

INFO:

CQMGEiI.'JJCMVIG'31$
C03~ .~fJOTO

..

ia13

<-~1 4z 7..sjj!a
Date

I

CrG 93.4
FIEID ORDER N11MBER 80

I

XXI BCl<!BER COMMAND

1000
YOKOHAMAURBP.~J DlDUBTRIA!. ~1'tEA Chart 1:218,aaO, Maps for Plotting: Primary
I. Visual

GUAM

29 MAY 1945

Japan Aviation

MP1 Reference:

.:0::1 Bom Com Litho-Mosaic Urban Area."

"Yokohama

Fighters will escort bombers from departure point to target area am then fly in -target area and pa,trol route fro·m initial point to target r or approx :i:mate1 30 minutes. y Om f:ish ter gro up will pr se.ede bombers into '!,.arget area and strafe airfield and installations. Rally point for fight er-a will be 351m - 140.22E. A su'br:erine will be on station at th is point for rescue purposes .• The XXI Bom Coin attacks Yokohama Urban Ihdustrial Area with effort· wit h i);1cemiary bombs f rom high a1 tit ude, , 52th Wing: maximum

2.

J. a.

hIP I 09f:JJ72
Time Control:

.Axis of Attack

Effart

84 Degr.ees True

1st group crosses 2nd group cr6sses Jrd group crosses 4th group crosses
Altitude

dE;!WttlI'1? control dep3rture control departure. control depq.rtur e cant rol

at D Hour plus at D Hour plus point at D Hour plus point. at, D Hour plus
point point

8 min. 24 min. /.,,0min. 56 min.

overcast.

enrout.e

4,000

it - 4,800

ft or 500 feet

on top of
f't

Bomb load and fusi.ng: E-4B clusters fused to open 5,000 above tar,get with interllalometer setti.ng of )0 feet·.~ b. 73rd ll(l'ing:

MFl
123060 079053 Tim.s Control:

Axis 0/ Attack

Effort
.. J<laximum eUor

84°30' True S4 "30 I True

! lIJarimum effort

t

group crosses departure 2nd group cr08,ses departure 3rd group Cl'OSS'BS departure
1st 4th
group crOSSBS

point at D Hour plus 12 min. point at D Hour plus 28 min. cont.r'ol point at D Hour plus 44 min.
c.ontrol
e

control

departur

control

point

at

0 Hour plus

60 min.

Altituse

enroute:

6,000 - 6,800

ft or 500 ft on top of overCAst,

Bombload and fu.sing:

On MP.!123060 - one group - 1J47A2 and one group clusters of M-69 bombs, On .!.IPl 079053 - Clust.ers of M-69 bombs, M-47A2 fused instantaneous nose. with intervalomet03:r' setting of 75 ft. Olusters fused t.o open 5,000 ft. above target with intervalollleter setting of 30 ft. ;307/3

§.];!Ui~!
FtEID c. ORDER NUMBER 00 COII1l'INUED 313th Wing:
l{PI Axis

of Attack True

Effart

077110 Time Control:

Sl030'

departur e deParture Jrd gl?OUP leaves dopart.ure 4th group leaves departure

2m group leaves

Is t group leaves

point point point point

at at at at

D Hour. D Hour plus 16 min. D Hour plus )2 min.. D Hrur plus 48 min. on top of overcast.

Altitude

enroute

- 5,000 - 5,800 it or 500 feet

Bonb load snd fusing·: Half' ferc,; will o arry J.i-47A2and half force will carry cl uste rs of M-69 bcmbs with int ervalometer 6 et ling oil 75 feet for hl-47A2',sand 30 ft for clusters. Clusters all fuped to Open .5,000 fel)t above target and U-47A2 fused 'iith instantane ru s nose , d.

314 th "lirg: MPI
0690$2
Tim Cant ro.1 : Axis of Attack

Effort

83° Trw

1st g0Up crosses 2nd group crosses 3rd group crosses 4thgl!'otp, crosses
A1t.itude enroate cast.

d<;partUt'e point departure point departure point depa:nU1'e point - 3,000-

at at at at

D l'irur D Hrut' D Hmr D Hoor

plus plu,s plus plus

20 min. 36 min. 52 min. on t.op of over-

4

min.

3,800 teet

or 500 feet

Bonb load ,snd rusir~p Aail force will carry U-47A2 fused with instantaneous nose and with intorva'ometcr setting of 75 feet and half farce willcarx:.v clusters of M-69 bonb s fused to OICn 5,000 feet above t argot;. and :d th int cr val orne ter set ti ng of 30 feet. Method of Attack: Column 0 f s<;padrons positions in an elen:ent stacked up.• Altitude of Attack: squadrons •. ROQte: Base
lwo Jime.
'tIIit

h aircraft

f.l,ying

slot

IA,OOO foet base l'O:.th500 feet

bctw02en

."

Assembly ZOl"ll II 3436]ON - I)SIOE (DepartUI'13 Point) 3500N - 13810E 3522~~- 13844 (IP)
Targ:(.>t

3 511N- 14022E
!wo Jima

Base

D Day m d D Flour - 2910001{

No change.
b. This is Tactic a1 Mis si on No. 186

2.:§.g_a~.I
FlELD 5. ORDER NtMl1!R SO CONTINlJED

Communications: a. (1) (2) (3) (4) XXI Born Oom sal
and, lFF proced
tr

am
es.

SOP for strike

reports,

cQ'ltact

repO["ts

Each night squadron will be eq.d.pped to barrage region 190-210 megacycle s, Observations of the extent. and reliability will be made while avcr the target.

jamm the

of the barrage

Spot jamming will be conducted CNel' the frequency ran._,f76s 180-190 and 210-220 mega.cycles, as desired by the wing ReY officer end as governed by the capabil:i±.y r:€ eaeh wing. Jamners will be kept. in operation at all times Whon closer than 50 miles to Honshu, and "Iill be turned off at all other times, except for prcflight. and postfligrt:. frequency checks wl'l.ich are to be made on the ground while the janm.:;rs are inst aned in the airplanes.

(;)

LEMAY

cou GBJ xn

BO~~COI.._

:orSTRIt!UTION

Mission No. 186

--

RESTRIOTED ....... .....

-- ~--...

COpY No.
1

.3 4

2

5

6 7
8 9

10 11 12 13 15

14
16

commanding Gent'll"al. J.:rmy Air Farces commanding General. U.S. Army Strategic Air Forces (Reat) cotmnanding General. U.S. Army Strategic Air Forces (Guam) Colllll'l£lnding General. Twentieth Air Force commanding General. Eighth Air Force (Okinawa) COJl'lD).9ndern Chief, i U.S. Army Forces. P:lcific Chief of Navul Operfltions, OP~Ib-v Commander in Chief, Pacific Fleet CAdy Hl) Comnander i.n chief, Fa dfic Fleet (Rear Hq) Comnand er A ir Force, Pacific Fleet commander. Third Fle",t Commander, Fiftl:l Flet:t Commf'.nder, First Carrier Task Ferce Qomnnnder. MarilJ.na.s Commanding.. General. U.S. krmy Forces. Middle pacifie Com:nanding Ge nera.l. Allied Air Forces. Southwest Po.e ifie
.Areas

commanding General, Far East Air Forces Corrmu;nding Gener.::.l. U,S. strategio Air Forces in EUrope 18 Oomrnandi.og General, Mediterranean .Allied .hir Forces 19 COlllIllElndingGeneral, Fifteenth Air Force 20 Cornmnnding General, Seventh 1;.ir Force 21 - 22 Gomm...'1nding General. VII Bomber Golllt!l8.nd 23 GOl1mundingGenerol, VII Fighter Gommnnd 24 - 25 commondin~ General, Eleventh A ir Force 26 Gomn.... ding Gen&ral, B 301st Figb:ter Wing 27- 31 Senior Intelligene e Officer. R .1l...A.F Gommalld. 32 1>llied Air Forces. southwest .pacific ,u-ees Commander in Chi Elf, U.S. Army Fore es , Fa cif Lc 33 ATTN: 0-2 (For Section 22, RCIW) Joint IntellJ,;3ence Center, pacific Ocean Areas 34 Gommf!.nd.ing Generol, Army Air ~orces 35 ATTN: AG/As. Intelligence CGmmandingGeneral, Army Air For·ces 36 - 65 ATTN: AG/AS, lnt ellig9nce. Gollection Division A<\F EVnl uot i on Board, c/o GOlIilllmlding General 66 U.S .. Army strategic Air Forces (Admin) Collllllnnd ing Genera 1, U.S. .Army S t ro t etJ,ie Air Forc ea 67 .ATTN: Direct or of Communic,:\1; ons i FOR.: Counter Me:lsures Air 1. no lye is Ge nt er commantli.ng Officer" Twentieth Air Force Lead CI'GV' Scnoel 68 Brigadier General H. S. Honsell, Jr. 69 Chief of Stoff. Twentieth Air Force 70 Deputy C/S. Opus, Twentieth 1,jX' Force 71 De put c/s, Sup & Ma. int, '!W en t i eth .1. i1' Fore e 72 i£ of S, A-2. Twentieth Air Force 73 Chemical ~inrfare Officer, Trlenti03th .;.ir Force 74 Or dnance OfficEr. 'It'! ent iEth Air Force 75 Director of Tactics. 1---3,1\-: ellti eth HiI' Fore OJ 76 Historicol Officer, Twentieth Air Force 77 - 78 Commanding G",ne~ol. .s8t h BOIIlbro:-dme Wi 116 nt 79 COmIDnIlding General, 7:srd BOInbflrdment \-/ing 80 Commanding General. 3l_3th Bombm'dm~nt Wing 81 COI'lIJ1lCInding General, 3l4th Bombc:rdmellt \/ing 82 COlIllllond.ing General, 3l5th Bom~rdment ,JiIlB 83 CamIllOOing Officer, O 3rd photo Raeollflllis90noC 5q 84 Co~nd.i I'lg Off ic er , 41st ph at 0 Rco anna i ss~ nee SII. 85 Co=nding .Of'.ficer. 55th Sq Long R01"lge ••eo ther (H) 86 commanding Off ic er , 'IV! cnt iath A ir Fore e c·omba t st ~Bing 87 CEnter (Pr ovisiODol)

17

y

CopY No.

88 89
90 92

Commending

91

93 94

97 98

95 96

100 10;1. 102 103 104 105 106 107 108

99

33rd Statist ica.l Control unit 6th Bomb Group (ViI) comnronding Officer. 9th Bomb Group (VH) C011l1ll'E:mding Officer, 16th Bomb Group (VB) Cortmi9nding off Le er , 19th Bomb Group (VB) COt1iTi!lnding Officer. 29th Bomb Group (VH) COlIllKmding Officer. 39th B:lmb Group (VH) commcmding Officer, 40th Bomb Group (VH) Commr.nding Officer, 330th Bomb Group (VB) COlllllll'lndi ng Officer. 331st Bomb Group (VB) oomnu.mdingOfficer. 444th BombGroup (VH) Conmanding Off ie er , 1J.62nd Bomb Group (VH) Corcrno.nding Officer. 468th Bomb Group (VB) Cormnending Of'ficer. 497th Bomb Group (VH) Comrrnmdiog Officer. 498th Bomb Group (VH) C'omn€lnding Officer. 499th Bomb Group (VH) o ommanding Of f i e er, S OOtb Borab Gr'oup (VB) COlJinandi.ng Officer, 501st Boob Group (VFI) Commo.nding Officer, S02nd Bomb Group (VH) dormnflnding Officer. 504th Bomb Group eVH) Gommanding Officc-r. S05th Bomb Group (VB)
CblJiJlanding Offieer,
Officer.

109
110

Gomm,uw.ing Officer. COf{llllZlnding Officer.

11:2

111

113 114 - 12:5 Reporting

509th CompOI'li t e Gr'oup 15th Fighter Group (VlR) Commnnding Offi.cer! 21st Fighter Group (VIR) Oommanding Officer! 506tb Fighter Group (v!..R) Reporting Unit. A-2. Twentieth .\ir Force (File

Copy)

unit • .\-2, Twentieth ,\ir

Force

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