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GENERAL REVIEW

Andhra Pradesh is endowed with abundant broad picture of the A.P. economy since
natural and human resources amid independence appears to follow the
competitive socio-economic advantages. The millennial historic flow indicating rise,
state has a geographical area of 275.04 lakh decline and eventual restoration. A.P’s
hectares accounting for 8.37% of the economy like the national economy broke
Country’s area constituting the 4th largest from the past growth trend in and around
State in the country. With a projected 1980.
population of 8.47 Crores as on 1st March, The average annual growth of the economy
2011, the state accounts for 7.16% of of the Andhra Pradesh till beginning of 80s
country’s population making it the 5th most was a little over 3% and progressed towards a
populous State. The State, situated in a higher growth trajectory after 80s. The State,
tropical region and has the 974 km long since its formation to the beginning of
coastline and stands as the 2nd longest in the Second Five Year Plan, has successfully
country having rich potential for marine implemented various policy initiatives and
fisheries. growth oriented programs focusing
The state has 63,814 Sq.Kms of Forest area essentially on poverty alleviation and
constituting 23.2 % the total geographical employment generation to record higher
area. Andhra Pradesh is endowed with a growth.
variety of physiographic features ranging After a moderate performance during the
from high hills, undulating plains to a coastal Ninth Five Year Plan (1997-98 to 2001-02),
deltaic environment. The state is blessed with the economy of the State accelerated in the
major river systems like the Godavari, Tenth Five Year Plan (2002-03 to 2006-07)
Krishna, Pennar, Vamsadhara and 36 other to register impressive growth. The growth
rivulets. The state’s share of dependable momentum continued during the 11th Plan
flows at 75% dependability from the river also, as the State registered an average GSDP
systems is estimated at 2764 TMC growth rate(at 2004-05 prices) of 7.93%
(Thousand Million Cubic Feet). against All-India’s GDP growth rate of
Andhra Pradesh has bountiful natural 8.16% during the first four years(2007-08 to
resources endowed with fertile land, water 2010-11) of 11th Five Year Plan.
and conducive agro-climatic conditions. It is
Due to a number of strategic initiatives put in
an agriculturally-prosperous state and largest place in the State, by and large the living
producer of rice in India. The state is also the standards of the people have improved. The
leading producer of cash crops like Tobacco,
strength of the economy is evident from the
Groundnut, Chillies, Turmeric, Oilseeds,
remarkable transition to a high growth path,
Cotton, Sugar and Jute. It produces some of
which has been achieved in the recent years.
the finest fruit varieties of mango, grapes, Macro-Economic Aggregates:
guava, sapota, papaya and bananas. Andhra The state economy witnessed the strongest
Pradesh has emerged as a most preferred
phase since 2004-05 onwards. While the
destination in the Country for Information
Nation’s economy grew at an impressive rate
Technology and IT enabled services and
of 8.62% the performance of the State
become home for Indian IT majors. With economy was even more impressive with the
several holy pilgrim centres, ports, rivers, average growth of 8.75% during 2005-06 to
beaches and hill stations the state is an
2009-10. The distinguished feature of the
important tourist attractive place both for
state economy during this period was
national and international travelers.
remarkable progress registered by all the
Economy: three sectors of the economy.
The economy of Andhra Pradesh since The GSDP of the state for the year 2010-11
formation has progressed rather slowly and at constant (2004-05) Prices as per advance
turned vibrant over a period of time. The estimates is Rs.3,71,007 crores as against

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Rs.3,40,712 crores for 2009-10 (Quick vegetables, tamarind and other essential
Estimates) reflecting a growth of 8.89% commodities.
which is higher than the All India GDP
growth rate of 8.58% during 2010-11. The Consumer Price Index for Industrial Workers
sectoral growth of GSDP comprises of 8.39% (CPI – IW) increased by 11.7% in the state
in Agriculture sector, 7.79% in Industries during 2010 when compared to the previous
sector and an impressive growth of 9.61% in year. The Consumer Price Index for
the Services sector. Agricultural Labour in the State has
increased by 11.43% during when compared
The Per Capita Income of Andhra Pradesh at to the previous year. The Average Daily
current prices (Advance Estimates) is Wages of Artisans and Field Labour (both
estimated at Rs.60,224 in 2010-11 as against Women and Men) have increased during the
Rs.51,025 in 2009-10. At current prices, the year 2010 (Jan-Dec.) when compared to the
Per Capita Income has increased by 18.03 previous year.
percent while at constant (2004-05) prices, it
has gone up from Rs.36,345 in 2009-10 to Public Distribution
Rs.39,240 in 2010-11 registering a growth There are 44,498 Fair Price Shops
rate of 7.97 per cent. functioning in the State. Out of them 6,586
are in urban areas and 37,912 are in rural
Public Finance areas. There are 1,79,16,901 White cards,
The State’s own tax revenues have grown by 15,57,800 AAY and 93,200 Annapurna cards
5.45% in the year 2009-10 over the previous and 29,94,431 pink cards in the State. As a
year i.e. 2008-09 and stood at Rs.35,176 nutritional support to the poor, supply of rice
crores. The State’s own non-tax revenue has to BPL families at Rs.2/- per kg is being
declined to Rs. 7,803 in the year 2009-10 implemented.
from Rs.9,683 crores in 2008-09. Sales Tax Seasonal Conditions
continues to be the major source of revenue The rainfall received during the South West
in the State. The revenue realized through Monsoon period for 2010-11 was 810 mm. as
Sales Tax during 2009-10 was Rs.23,640 against the normal rainfall of 624 mm.
Crores as against Rs.21,852 Crores during recording an excess by 30 %. The rainfall
2008-09 registering an increase of 8.18%. received during the North East monsoon
Out of total expenditure of Rs.78,688 Crores period for 2010-11 was 333 mm as against
during the year 2009-10, capital expenditure the normal rainfall of 224mm recording an
constitute 17.53%. excess of 48%.
Agriculture - Advance Estimates 2010-11
Prices Kharif
The Average Daily Retail Prices of Rice (II As per the advance estimates, the area under
sort), Groundnut Oil, Common Tamarind food grains during the year 2010-11 is
(without seed) and Onions (Gr II) have expected to be 78.08 lakh hectares as against
shown increasing trend where as Redgramdal 66.66 lakh hectares during 2009-10, which is
(II sort) and Red Chillies Dry (Gr. II) prices an increase by 17%. The total production of
have decreased during the year 2010(Jan.- food grains for the year 2010-11 is estimated
Dec.) when compared to 2009(Jan-Dec.). to touch 189.78 lakh tonnes as against 156
lakh tonnes during 2009-10, which shows an
The Government has continuously monitored increase of 22%.
the price situation and took measures to bring The area under Rice during 2010-11 (Kharif
down the prices of Onions, vegetables and and Rabi) is estimated at 45.63 lakh hectares
other essential commodities by continuing while it was 34.41 lakh hectares in 2009-10.
the Market Intervention Scheme. Steps were The production estimates in 2010-11 (Kharif
also initiated to bring down the prices by and Rabi) under rice is also expected to reach
procuring and selling at reasonable prices at 134.33 lakh tonnes, while it was 108.78 lakh
Rythu Bazaars, the items of Onions, tonnes in 2009-10. During Kharif 2010,

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12.02 lakh quintals of seed was distributed Andhra Pradesh is distinguished in
with a subsidy value of Rs. 155.86 crores. production of several spices, fruits and
Agricultural Credit vegetables viz., Chillies, Turmeric, Sweet
The Annual Credit Plan 2009-10 for the State Orange, Lime / Lemon, Papaya, Oil Palm;
was Rs. 32,500 Crores towards Agriculture Mango, Banana, Grapes, Sapota,
Credit. The achievement under Agricultural Pomegranate, Cocoa, Cashew, Tomato
credit disbursement was Rs.37,574 crores Brinjal, Bhendi, Tapioca and cut flowers.
(115.61%). The area under horticultural crops during
During Kharif 2010, Rs. 16,372 crores (94%) 2009-10 is 19.60 lakh hects. The total value
Crop loans are disbursed against the target of of exports of horticulture commodities is
Rs. 17,474 crores. Under Agricultural Term Rs.1721.66 Crores during 2009-10.
loans during Kharif 2010, Rs. 5046 crores
(107%) is disbursed against the target of Rs. Livestock and Livestock Products
4,696 crores. Over all achievement during Livestock and dairying activity is more
Kharif 2010 is Rs. 21,418 crores against the lucrative and provides sustainable daily
Kharif target of Rs. 22,170 crores (97%). income to nearly 60 Lakh families even
Weather Based Crop Insurance Scheme during adverse seasonal conditions. The
(WBCIS): Livestock population in the state as per 2007
For the first time in the State, the “Weather census consists of 112.23 lakh Cattle,
Based Crop Insurance Scheme” (WBCIS) is 132.72 lakh Buffaloes, 255.39 lakh Sheep,
introduced during Kharif 2009 season on Red 96.26 lakh Goats, 1239.85 lakh Poultry
Chilly Crop in Guntur District on pilot basis besides others. The growth of milk
and it was implemented successfully. production is 9.0%, eggs 5.7% and meat
During Rabi 2009-10 season, Coriander, crop production 12.6% during 2009-10. The
is notified on Pilot basis under Weather animal health care is attended by 20
Based Crop Insurance Scheme in Adilabad, Veterinary Polyclinics, 3 Super Specialty
Kadapa, Kurnool and Prakasam Districts. Veterinary Hospitals, 278 Veterinary
During Kharif 2010 season Weather Based Hospitals, 1826 Veterinary Dispensaries, 42
Crop Insurance Scheme is extended to Red Mobile Veterinary Clinics, and 3110 Rural
Chilly (I) & (UI) in Guntur and Warangal Livestock Units in the state. 270.53 Lakh
districts, Cotton (I) & (UI) in Adilabad, cases were treated, 4.22 Lakh castrations
Khammam & Warangal districts, Sweet were done and 402.03 Lakh vaccinations
Lime (Mosambi) in Nalgonda and Oil Palm were conducted by these institutions during
in West Godavari District. the year 2010-11(up to 30-9-2010).
Co-operation Fisheries
The PACS have been re-organized from 4465 Andhra Pradesh ranks First in Brackish water
to 2940 in the State. Kisan Credit Cards have shrimp and Fresh water prawn production;
been issued to 35.25 lakh farmer members of Second in Fresh water fish production and
the PACS. During 2009-10 MARKFED has Fifth in Marine fish production. About 1.4
achieved a business turnover of Rs. 1058.39 million people are employed in this sector
crores. 919 Consumer Cooperative Societies either directly or indirectly. During 2009-10,
are functioning in the State with a turnover of 12.93 lakh tonnes of fish/prawn is produced
Rs.151.30 crores as on March 2010. in Andhra Pradesh. About Rs.3,000 Crore
Horticulture worth of marine exports are taking place
Horticulture has emerged as a vital and from the state which is nearly 40% of the
growing element of farming, providing a marine exports from India.
wide range of choices to the farmers for crop Forestry
diversification. It also provides ample Forest area constitutes 23.2% of the total
opportunities for establishing number of food geographical area of the State. Out of the
processing and agro-industries which total forest area, Reserved Forest area
generates substantial employment accounted for 50,478 Sq. Kms. Protected
opportunities. forest forms 12,365 Sq. Kms. The forest

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products in the state include Timber, Medium Enterprises are established
Bamboo, Firewood & Charcoal, Beedi leaves providing employment to 1,81,375 persons
and miscellaneous. The income accrued involving an investment of Rs.7053.17
from forestry sector in the State was crores. The State has received Rs.16178.95
Rs.103.37 crores in 2009-10 and Rs.45.11 crores of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI)
crores in 2010-11 (upto September 2010). inflows as equity from January,2005 to
September,2009.
Sericulture Government of Andhra Pradesh have
The economic advantages of Sericulture
announced Industrial Investment Promotion
industry lies in its high employment potential
Policy 2010-2015, in the year 2010 extending
with low investment. Andhra Pradesh is the
various incentives for the MSME Sector and
second largest producer of Mulberry and Large Industries.
tassar cocoons in the country. The farmers
cultivating castor and Tapioca can utilise There are 113 SEZs approved by the
30% of the castor / Tapioca leaf for rearing Government of India, of which 74 are
of Eri silk worms with out any deterioration notified and 27 are operationalised and
in the yield of castor seed and Tapioca tuber, created employment is at 82,606 so far.
to get additional income of Rs.2,000 to Department of Chemicals & Fertilizers,
4,000. During 2010-11, up to Sept. 2010 Government of India has accorded approval
DFLs Production including BVHDFLs in in March 2009 for development of Petroleum
Govt.and Pvt. Sectors., is 47.784 Lakh Nos., Chemical and Petrochemical Investment
CB Cocoon Production 19,688.58 MTs, BV Region (AP PCPIR) in Visakhapatnam –
Cocoon Production 347.161 MTs and Tasar Kakinada Region in an extent of 603.58
cocoon Production 74.684 lakh Nos. Sq.Km.
The capital employed by 29 State Level
Marketing Public Enterprises was Rs.28,601.63 crores,
There are 327 Agricultural Market
with a turn over of Rs.24,868.43 crores. 19
Committees under which 891 market yards
SLPEs, out of the 29 have made profit
are notified in the State. The Market
totalling to Rs.1126.38crores during 2007-08.
Committees have collected Rs.405.00 crores
towards market fee during 2009-10 and Mines and Geology
Rs.250.00 crores during 2010-11 (upto Nov. The State produces about 100 to 110 million
2010). tonnes of industrial minerals and 200 million
There is a network of 106 Rythu Bazars in cubic meters of dimensional stones and
the State in which about 45,000 farmers sells building materials. There are 1966 Mining
over 1.75 Lakh quintals of vegetables, on an leases and 8959 quarry leases for Major
average, every week directly to the minerals (Industrial Minerals) and Minor
consumers. Minerals (Construction Minerals) with an
extent of 37,031 hectares and 13,189 hectares
Industrial Development respectively. 10,140 Mineral Concession
Since beginning of Single Window applications have been disposed in the year
Clearance Act in 2002, about 81,279 2009-10 and 3791 in the year 2010-11(upto
clearances were issued in respect of 48,449 September 2010). A Mineral revenue of Rs.
units with a proposed investment of 958.42 Crores achieved upto September 2010
Rs.3,39,464 Crores and an employment (1st half year) against the annual target of
potential of 11,54,913 persons as on 30- Rs.2695 Crores.
09-2010. After introduction of Industrial Commerce and Exports
Policy in 1991, so far 3,012 industries have IT software contributes more than 45 percent
gone into production with an investment of to the total exports. The exports from the
Rs.63,483 crores providing employment to State have recorded Rs.73,143 crores in the
4,55,129 persons. During the years 2009-10 year 2009-10 while it was Rs.77,605 crores
and 2010-11, about 10,728 Micro, Small and in the previous year 2008-09.

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Irrigation National Highways constitute 4,730 Kms, the
Under Jalayagnam Programme 86 projects State Highways 10,470 Kms, Major District
(44 Major + 30 Medium + 4 Flood Banks + 8 Roads 32,205 Kms and Rural Roads 22,989
Modernisation) were considered for Kms. The density with reference to R&B
execution. With the above projects, including Road Network in the State is 0.23 Kms per
Minor Irrigation and APSIDC, 98.41 lakh one Square Kilometer and 0.86 Kms per
acres (new) will be created besides 1,000 persons.
stabilization of 22.26 lakh acres. During
2004-05 to 2009-10 (up to 10/2010), 12 The total length of the rural roads under
projects were completed and water released Panchayat Raj is 1,34,687 Kms in the State
for 21 more projects creating partial as on 30-9-2010. Out of this, Other District
Irrigation Potential. The new IP created from Roads consist of 5,546 Kms, Major District
2004-05 to 2010-11(uptoJan.2011) is 22.94 Roads 1,203 Kms and Village roads 1,27,938
lakh acres (new) and 3.87 lakh acres Kms. The surface details of the P.R Roads
(stabilization). are CC Roads 3,353 Kms, BT 33,739 Kms,
WBM 22,480 Kms and Gravel 74,115 Kms.
Modernization of Delta Systems and other
projects has been taken up with a cost of Rs. Transport
The Road Transport Corporation has 7
15001.45 crores. Under Minor Irrigation
Zones, 23 Regions and 210 Depots with a
about 78,000 tanks are serving an ayacut of
total fleet strength of 21,905 buses and 1.19
46.50 lakh acres including 66,000 tanks
lakhs employees on rolls as at the end of
transferred from Panchayat Raj Department
with an ayacut of 14.70 lakh acres. October, 2010.
All the depots having fleet operation were
Power
computerized and linked through a Dial up
The installed capacity in the State up to the
network. The fuel efficiency is 5.19 per litre
end of September 2010 (including share from
Central Sector) is 14,769.96 MW. The energy during 2010-11 (upto Oct’10). It operates
available from various sources for use during about 79.09 lakhs KMs and transports about
1.25 crore passengers daily. Average
2010-11 was 37877 MU. The number of
Vehicle Productivity per day works out to
consumers served has increased from 218.27
364 kms.
lakhs to 223.53 lakhs to the end of September
2010. The per capita consumption has reached Airports
929 KWh during 2009-10. 4197 sub-stations At the Hyderabad International Airport,
and 7,59,931 distribution transformers are during the year 2010(April to September),
existing. The annual total revenues from sale Domestic passenger growth is around
of power is Rs.14696.08 Crs. (including non- 18.88% YoY, whereas International
tariff income and excluding Govt. support/ passenger traffic has grown by 8.89%.
subsidies). Government has provided a Tariff Overall from April to September 2010-11,
subsidy of Rs.3652.81 Crs during the year the passenger traffic (Domestic and
2010-11. The Tariff subsidy provided to International) has shown a growth of 16.17%
agricultural sector is Rs 2074.31 Crs and cross YoY.
subsidy to agricultural sector is Rs.2393.96 For the period April to September 2010-11,
Crs. During 11th five year plan i.e. 2007-12, Domestic Cargo growth is around 31.86%
2736 MW was already added to the present YoY, whereas International Cargo volume
installed capacity ( ie. 1336 MW under State has grown by 22.65 %. Overall Cargo has
sector, 108 MW is under Central sector, 1128 shown growth of 26.65% YoY.
MW is under private, 164 MW is under Non Foundation stone for upgradation of
conventional Energy Projects). Tirupathi Airport as International Airport
was laid on 1-9-2010. This existing
Roads operational airport of the Air Ports Authority
The total R&B Road Network in the State is of India (AAI) is in an area of 312 acres and
70,394 Kms as on 31-03-2010. Of this, the proposed to be developed in 964 acres.

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Sea Ports and an income of Rs.116.70 crores earned.
There is one major Port at Visakhapatnam During 2010-11, tourists inflow is 20.59
under Government of India and 14 Non- lakhs and income earned is Rs.59.41 crores
Major Ports under State Government. Ports up to Sep.10.
offer tremendous potential for development Information Technology
and for the growth of a wide spectrum of IT sector in A.P. is making steady strides for
maritime activities such as international rapid socio-economic development of the
shipping, coastal shipping, ship repairs, State. As of now, the share of IT exports
fishing, captive ports for specific industries, from Andhra Pradesh occupies 15% of
all weather ports, tourism and sports etc. national IT exports. IT sector contributes to
Communications more than 49% of total exports from all
There are 104 Mukhya Dak Ghars/ Head sectors in the State. IT sector created gainful
Post Offices, 2,339 Sub Post Offices and direct IT employment to about 2.75 lakhs
13,703 Branch Post Offices, 152 Telegraph educated youth of the State. To make Andhra
Offices and 4,213 Telephone Exchanges in Pradesh one of the fore runners in IT sector
the state. There are a total of 551.29 lakh in the Country, the new Information &
telephone connections at the end of Communications Technology (ICT) Policy
September, 2010 in the state. Out of 2010-2015, effective from 1st July 2010, has
which, 23.92 lakh connections are wireline been brought out. 57 IT- SEZs were
(land line) and 527.37 lakhs are wireless approved by GOI, of which 43 were notified
(GSM, CDMA and WLL (F)) Phones. and 17 have become operational. An
Banking Investment of Rs.4385.92 crores was made in
The number of scheduled bank offices in the IT/ITES-SEZs and 30,807 Direct
State is 7,229 at the end of September, 2010. employment and 11,514 Indirect employment
The aggregate deposits amounted to is generated so far in the operationalised
Rs.2,53,164 crores and the total bank credit IT/ITES- SEZs.
extended was of the order of Rs.2,84,230 Population
crores as on 30-9-2010. The credit-deposit The state accounts for 7.2 per cent of the total
ratio of the banks in the State is 114.57% as population in the country in the year 2001,
against RBI norm of 60%. Total priority having declined from 8.3 per cent in 1961.
sector advances to net bank credit is The population of Andhra Pradesh almost
Rs.1,40,462 crores (47.85%) against RBI quadrupled in the last century from 19.1
norm 40%. Agricultural advances to Net million in 1901 to 76.2 million in 2001. Out
Bank Credit are Rs.76,600 crores or 26.09% of which, 38.5 millions are males and 37.7
of Net Bank Credit (NBC) against RBI norm are females. The decadal growth of
of 18%. SSI Advances (outstanding) is population was, in fact, below 15 per cent
Rs.24,444 crores which accounted for 8.33% until 1961; it rose till 1991 and the growth
of NBC. Other priority sector advances are at rate, 24.2 per cent during 1981-91 was the
Rs.39,418 crores forming 13.43% of NBC. highest ever recorded. Later, it has decreased
Tourism to 14.6 percent during 1991-2001 which was
Andhra Pradesh with more then 600 tourist lower compared to the All-India rate of 21.53
locations attracts the largest number of percent. The density of the State is 277
tourists in India. More than 7 million visitors persons per square kilometer as against 313
visit the state every year. Andhra Pradesh in the country. For the first time, the sex ratio
tourism is known as Koh-i-Noor of India. in the State has increased and it stood at 978
APTDC runs 53 hotels and other tourism as against 933 for All India. Population of
facilities with 1049 rooms, a fleet of 126 SCs and STs works out to 16.19% and 6.59%
buses that cater to varied tour packages; a respectively.
water fleet with 120 boats that provide Literacy
pleasure cruises and river cruises. The The literacy rate of the state is 60.47 in 2001
Tourists inflow during 2009-10 was 77.48 as against 44.08 in 1991. The literacy rate of
lakhs including local and foreign travelers the state is lower than that of all India

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literacy rate of 64.84. While the overall Education Programme is being implemented
literacy rate has improved, the male literacy under BOOT Model by seven agencies in
rate has increased from 55.1 to 70.32 per 5,000 High schools from 2008-09 for 5 years
cent. The increase in female literacy rate with and in 1,300 high schools from 2010-11 for 5
more than 54 % i.e. from 32.7 percent in years.
1991 to 50.43 percent in 2001 is an
encouraging trend. Intermediate Education
School Education There are 804 Government Junior Colleges
As per the article 21A and 93rd Constitutional and 12 Government Vocational Junior
Amendments 2009, education has become a colleges of Intermediate Education. 34
fundamental right. This article clearly spells Vocational courses are also offered in 1,355
out the responsibility of the state to the extent Junior colleges in the field of Engineering &
of providing free and compulsory education Technology, Agriculture, Home Science,
to all the children from the age of 6 to 14 Para-medical, Business & Commerce and
years. Government is committed to achieve Humanities. In addition to 590 Exclusive
total literacy by 2015 and in this direction Private Vocational Junior Colleges, 12
initiated several schemes for both Exclusive Government Vocational Junior
quantitative and qualitative improvement. colleges and 753 Junior Colleges (both
The department provides schooling facility to Government and Private) are also offering
school age population of 1.33 crore children. Vocational courses. The overall pass
The state has achieved 99% access at percentage in the Intermediate is 64.69%.
elementary level and 85.7% at secondary Girls’ performance at 67% is better than that
level. During 2009-10, in the Elementary of boys at 63%.
Education sector there were 65,932 Primary
Schools and 15,384 Upper Primary schools. Collegiate Education
Under Secondary Education there were There are 248 Government Degree Colleges
18,143 High Schools and 104 Higher and 179 Aided colleges in the state with a
Secondary schools. The enrolment in the total enrolment of 3,67,106. During the last
state as on 30-09-2009 was 133.66 lakhs in two years 37 Restructured courses were
all types of schools, out of which 53.92 lakhs started in 83 sections of 53 degree colleges.
were in Primary schools and 23.96 lakhs and Similarly, 27 Restructured Post Graduation
54.77 lakhs were in Upper Primary and High courses were started in 62 sections of 48
schools respectively. During 2009-10, there colleges.
were 4,51,092 teachers in position in all
types of schools in the state. Out of which, Technical Education
1,69,159 in primary schools, 90,077 in The intake in the Engineering courses is
upper primary schools, 1,87,709 in High 2,75,750 in 707 institutions; in the MCA
schools and 4,147 teachers in higher courses is 48,160 in 664 institutions; in the
secondary schools. Government have MBA courses is 78,495 in 937 institutions;
committed itself to fill-up all the existing 26,275 in the B.Pharmacy courses in 292
teacher vacancies and sanction necessary institutions; in the D. Pharmacy course is
additional posts to achieve teacher pupil ratio 3,305 in 48 institutions; and the intake in
of 1: 40. The percentage pass of students in Polytechnic courses is 62,225 in 232
S.S.C examinations during 2009-10 is 81.63 institutions.
which is higher than the previous year pass of
78.83%. Family Welfare
Midday Meal Scheme is being implemented Family Welfare Department is providing
in the State from January 2003 to the children maternal health care, child health care and
of classes I to VII and to the children of family welfare services to the people through
classes VIII to X from October 2008. During 12,522 Sub-Centres; 1,570 Primary Health
2010-11, 84.90 lakh children are covered Centres in Rural Areas; 82 Post Partum
under this programme. The Computer Units; 131 Urban Family Welfare Centres

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and 267 Urban Health Centres in Urban Health
Areas. Government of Andhra Pradesh have
The estimated Birth rate, Death rate and launched a revitalised School Health
Infant Mortality Rates for the year, 2009 in Programme under the name Jawahar Bala
the state are 18.3, 7.6 and 49 respectively as Arogya Raksha Scheme, Child Health
against 22.5, 7.3 and 50 for All India (as per Improvement Programme (CHIP). This
Sample Registration System, Bulletin programme attempts to bring to the notice of
Jan.2011). Expected life at Birth, (2006-10) all the stakeholders working for children’s
for Male and Female in the State are 65.4 and health, the current status of School Health and
69.4 as against 65.8 and 68.1 for All India. the need to revitalise the programme.
Maternal Mortality Ratio (MMR) is defined CHIP was launched on the occasion of
as the proportion of maternal deaths during Children’s Day ie. 14th November, 2010 and
the year per 1,00,000 live births reported, it aims to cover all school-age children in
which is 154 in the state as against 254 in All Andhra Pradesh. In 2010-11, CHIP will
India in 2004-06 as per the Sample cover 82 lakh children in 22 Districts of AP.
Registration System April, 2009. The components under this programme
includes Screening, health care and referral,
Rajiv Aarogyasri Health Insurance Immunization, Micronutrient (Vitamin A &
Scheme Iron Folic Acid) management and
Rajiv Aarogyasri health insurance scheme was deworming etc.
introduced in the year 2007 with an objective to Women Development and Child Welfare
improve access of Below Poverty Line (BPL) Various development and welfare
families to quality medical care for treatment of programmes/ schemes are being implemented
diseases involving hospitalization and surgery to provide access of women, particularly
through an identified network of health care those belonging to weaker sections, in the
providers. The total coverage under Aarogyasri- rural areas and in the informal, unorganized
I and II schemes was for 942 procedures. Since sector – to education, health and productive
inception of the scheme till 12th January 2011, resources and for the development and
23,582 Medical camps were held by the network welfare of children in the State. There are
hospitals in rural areas and 40.06 lakh patients 106 Institutions for Children and 34
were screened in these health camps. So far Institutions for Women are being run to cater
20.35 lakh patients were treated as out- patients to the needs of Children and Women in
and 9.99 lakh patients treated as in-patients in difficult circumstances. 387 ICDS projects
344 network hospitals under the scheme. 8.71 and 91,307 Anganwadi centres are
lakh patients underwent surgery / therapy at a functioning for the welfare of the children.
pre-authorized amount of Rs. 2491.51 Crores. Rajiv Gandhi Scheme for Empowerment of
Adolescent Girls(AGs)-SABALA) is being
A.P. Vaidya Vidhana Parishad (APVVP) implemented to enable self-development and
APVVP hospitals are providing out- patient, empowerment of AGs; Improve their
in-patient services, Diagnostic services and nutrition and health status. Adolescent Girls
Laboratory services. in the age group of 11 to 18 years in 7
There are 233 hospitals in the state, of which, districts and 117 Projects would be covered
17 are District Hospitals with 4,400 beds, 58 during 2010-11.
Area Hospitals with 5,800 beds, 122
Disabled Welfare
Community Health Centres with 4,840 beds,
For the welfare of disabled persons, 40
10 Specialty Hospitals with 824 beds and 26 Hostels and 3 Homes are functioning in the
Dispensaries under the control of APVVP.
State with a sanctioned strength of 4,215
There are 2,534 medical, 4,733 nursing and
boarders/ inmates. 11 Residential Schools (6
3,893 paramedical, 2,743 support and
for Hearing Impaired and 5 for Visually
administration cadres working for the health Impaired) are functioning in the State with a
cause of the people. sanctioned strength of 1850. There are two

8
Residential Junior Colleges, one for hearing strength of 1,41,971, 442 Hostels with a
impaired and another for visually impaired strength of 77,420 and 4,317 Girijana Vidya
with a sanctioned strength of 60 each and 6 Vikasa Kendras (Single Teacher Schools)
KGBV schools for disabled girls in the state. renamed as Government Primary Schools
Economic Rehabilitation and Development (TW) with a strength of 1,01,852. 81% of
schemes are being implemented with bank students passed SSC exams held in March,
linkage. 2010. 272 institutions are being run by
Backward classes Welfare Gurukulam (APTWREIS). 93% of students
Backward Classes population falls under 135 in TW Residential Schools passed in SSC
communities pursuing traditional activities. Public Examinations held in March, 2010.
Government is implementing several welfare, The lands recognized under RoFR Act are
educational and economic development proposed to be developed under ‘RoFR Land
programmes for the welfare of the Backward Development programme of MGNREGS’ thus
classes people. There are 1,422 Govt. B.C. providing wage employment to poor tribal
hostels, including 14 hostels for De-notified farmers as well as giving them an opportunity
and Nomadic Tribes. A total strength of to develop their own lands. In the first phase,
1,78,969 boarders were admitted in the B.C. 1.6 lakh acres are proposed to be fully
hostels during 2009-10 and 1,70,511 have developed at an estimated cost of Rs. 310.00
been admitted during 2010-11. cr. Under Recognition of Forest Rights Act,
Social Welfare 2006 (RoFR) a total of 3,30,143 claims were
As per 2001Census, the Scheduled Castes received to cover 19,65,741 acres, and
population forms 16.19% of the total 1,67,582 certificates of titles were issued to
population. There are 2,358 hostels in the cover 14,44,049 acres so far.
State with an intake of 2.46 lakhs borders. 79 Minorities Welfare
Ananda Nilayams are functioning in the A.P. State Minorities Finance Corporation is
State. 50 percent of the seats in Ananda assisting the weaker sections of Minorities
Nilayams are filled up with orphan students. viz., Muslims, Sikhs, Buddhists and Parsis
24,724 students are admitted in the hostels etc., for their socio economic development
during 2010-11. Govt. have sanctioned 400 through banks for which the corporation
college hostels i.e., 200 for boys and 200 for provides subsidy component for the economic
girls during 2009-10. assistance schemes and Grant-in-Aid for
House sites were provided to 4,13,764 S.C welfare Schemes.
beneficiaries under Indiramma programme 1st Youth Services
phase. 4,79,562 house sites were distributed Skill Development training programme for
upto September 2010 under INDIRAMMA 5000 candidates in construction related trades
phase II and 2,42,077 house sites have been through National Academy of Construction
distributed so far under Indiramma was implemented during 2010-11.
Programme 3rd Phase. Housing
S.C Finance Co.op Society had provided an Under Weaker Section Housing Program,
amount of Rs 511.09 crores towards financial since inception 95,22,146 houses have been
assistance for the benefit of 3,54,938 SC completed (comprising of 87,57,084 in rural
beneficiaries during 2009-10. An amount of and 7,65,062 houses in urban areas) till the
Rs. 334.77 crores was provided towards end of 31st March 2010. 2,50,854 houses
financial assistance for the benefit of have been completed(2,33,265 in rural and
2,07,600 SC beneficiaries up to October,10 17,589 in urban areas) during the year 2010-
during 2010-11. 11 (upto September 2010).
Tribal Welfare Rural water Supply and Sanitation
The tribal population of Andhra Pradesh The Government is determined to solve the
according to 2001 Census is 50.24 lakhs drinking water problem in rural areas by
constituting about 6.59% of the total delivery of adequate, safe and potable
population. Tribal Welfare Department is drinking water to all rural people, Safe water
maintaining 599 Ashram Schools with a to fluoride, brackish and other polluted

9
habitations. During the year 2009-10, 5374 Watershed Development Programme, Self
habitations are covered by spending an Help Groups and related Programmes and
amount of Rs. 913.46 Crore. Employment Guarantee Scheme are being
Total Sanitation Campaign (TSC) implemented. There are 109.79 lakh Self
The TSC Projects are sanctioned in 22 Help Group members in 9.75 lakh SHGs
districts in the State in a phased manner by organized into 38,334 Village Organizations
Government of India with matching share (VOs) and 1,099 Mandal Samakhyas (MSs).
from State Government, beneficiaries and In addition to the above, there are 138
panchayats. Under the Programme, 39,39,689 Mandal Vikalangula Sangams, 17 Chenchu
Individual Sanitary Latrines (ISLs), 96,823 Mandal Samakhyas, 7 Fishermen Mandal
School toilets, and 3,292, Anganwadi toilets Samakhyas and 20 Yanadi Mandal Samakyas
have been constructed since inception till in the State. Society for Elimination of Rural
March, 2009. During the year 2009-10, Poverty (SERP) has facilitated Rs.2,999.23
2,38,305 ISLs, 2242 School toilets, and 764 crores of Bank Loans to 1,64,151 SHGs up to
Anganwadi toilets have been constructed. October 2010 during 2010-11. Under Pavala
Vaddi scheme, Rs.193.74 crores was
Urban Water Supply and Sanitation reimbursed to 5,67,332 groups during 2010-
Water Supply Improvement Schemes are 11 up to Sep.2010, thus totaling the
being taken up in Urban Local bodies from reimbursement to Rs.777.60 crores since
time to time to improve per capita water inception of the scheme i.e., 2004.
supply on par with National Standards. Under the Land Access Programme up to
During 2009-10, 13 water supply schemes October 2010, 3.85 lakh cases related to land
were completed and commissioned under disputes of poor were resolved and created
Plan, UIDSSMT and HUDCO grants, duly accessibility of 4.72 lakh Acres to the SHG
adding 90.84 MLD of water at a cost of members. Out of these, 1,58,769 are SCs
Rs.212.59 Crores. and 65,874 are STs.
Hyderabad Metropolitan Development A total of 71,96,034 pensions to Old Age,
Authority (HMDA): Widow, Handicapped etc., are targeted to be
a) Outer Ring Road Project (Hyderabad) distributed every month. During the year
Government has taken up major 2010-11, Rs. 1094.23 Crores is distributed to
infrastructure facilities in Hyderabad City 65,13,326 pensioners. (upto Oct.’10).
including the construction of Outer Ring 43,13,882 SHG members are enrolled into
Road. The 158 Km long Outer Ring Road Dr. YSR Abhaya Hastham scheme.
provides connectivity to various National Remote and Interior Areas Development
Highways, State Highways and MDRs. The Programme (RIAD)
ORR is being taken up as an eight lane Remote and Interior Areas Development
access controlled expressway with a design programme has been evolved for improving
speed of 120 KMPH. In addition, 2-lane the Socio Economic conditions of the people
service roads on either side are being living in Remote & Interior Areas. 5,622
provided. The entire project is being habitations were identified in 332 mandals
implemented in 3 phases. covering a population of 54.38 lakhs in 18
b) Flyovers in Hyderabad districts and developmental programmes are
a) P.V.N.R. Elevated Expressway, b)Flyover implemented.
at Lunger House Junction, c)ROB on Spinal
Road at Kukatpally and d) Flyover at Hitech Backward Region Grant Fund (B.R.G.F.)
City Junction have been completed and The programme is being implemented in 13
opened to public traffic during the last one selected districts in the State with an
year. allocation of Rs.335.28 crores under
Rural Development Development Grant and Rs.13 crores under
The Rural Population in the State is 554.01 Capacity Building. Annual Plan for the year
lakhs consisting of 73% of total population. 2010-11 was approved by the High Power
Rural Development Programmes viz., Committee with an estimated cast of Rs

10
518.70 crores for taking up 51,714 works. It given -- 4.63 lakhs temporary Ration Cards,
includes 11,128 works with an amount of Rs. which will also have the coverage Arogyasri;
107.70 crores under SC Sub-Plan and 6,797 Pensions to 1.31 lakh eligible applicants;
works with an amount of Rs. 66.02 crores 2.97 lakh people covered under Dr.YSR
under ST Sub-Plan. Abhayahastam; sanction letters to 2.89 lakhs
people under Housing programme and 1.93
Rajiv Palle Bata lakh patta / possession certificates issued;
Rajiv Palle Bata is a programme involving payment made to 90,542 beneficiaries who
dialogue between the Leader and people. have constructed houses up to basement
The programme was started in 2004. In all level; 1.75 lakh job cards and 7.31 lakh work
54,541 petitions have been received in the allocation orders were issued to Srama Sakti
entire state of which about 98.02% have been Sanghas under MGNREGS; Rs.288.27
responded to. In all, 1,195 assurances have crores amount disbursed to 4.96 lakhs SHGs
also been made during public interactions out in Rural and Rs.80.30 crores amount
of which, 1080 (90.38%) have been redressed disbursed to 1.47 lakhs urban SHG groups
and 107 (8.95%) assurances are under under Pavala vaddi.
different stages of implementation while Poverty
8(0.67%) are yet to be addressed.
As per the official estimates of poverty
rajapatham: released by the Planning Commission,
Prajapatham is an interaction amongst public, poverty ratios of rural areas and urban areas
their elected representatives and a team of of AP for 2004-05 were 11.2% and 28.0%
public servants in their own territory. respectively and that for the State as a whole
Prajapatham focuses on a set of priority was 15.8%. The corresponding figures for
issues identified at a particular juncture. The All India during the same period were 28.3%,
programme was initiated during the year 25.7% for rural and urban areas and 27.5%
2005. It was conducted from 19th April 2010 for the Nation as a whole. Over the period,
to 15th May 2010 in entire State, in which the percentage of people below poverty line
3,12,888 grievances have been received and has declined both for the State as well as for
1,43,524 grievances have been redressed. All India. The paradoxical situation in
respect of Andhra Pradesh was that the urban
Rachabanda poverty was higher than the rural poverty.
Rachabanda programme is a New Initiative
taken up by the Government recently with Employment and Unemployment
the basic objective to instill more confidence The number of establishments in the
among the public by redressing their organized sector has grown to 21,564 by
grievances on the spot and in a bid to take the March, 2010. Out of these, 13,789 were in
administration to the door steps of the Public Sector and 7,775 were in Private
people. To oversee the implementation of Sector. Skill Development Initiative Scheme
developmental programmes, delivery under Modular Employable Skills (M.E.S) is
mechanism to the targeted people and to take being implemented. Under Rajiv Udyog Sri,
stock of the situation at focal point, Gram various training programmes by the Line
Panchayat level by their elected Departments have led to placement of 82,736
representatives and a team of officials candidates from November 2009 to June
concerned. 2010. The rural unemployment rates as well
as urban unemployment (per 1000 persons)
The Rachabanda programme was conducted in Andhra Pradesh as well as All India have
between 24th January and 12th February, 2011
increased during 1993-94 to 1999-2000.
in 24,845 Gram Panchayaths / Municipal
However, during the period 1999-2000 to
wards out of 26,763 GPs/Wards with a 2004-05, the rural and urban unemployment
success rate of 93%. During the programme
rates in respect of Andhra Pradesh have
the following welfare benefits have been
decreased.

11
11th Five Year Plan – An appraisal period when the State could register a growth
The state economy, as measured by growth in rate of 12.02% and a highly impressive
the Gross State Domestic Product (GSDP), growth rate of 8.89% during the 4th year
(2010-11) of the 11th Plan period. In between,
on an average grew at 7.93% at Constant
despite the impact of the global slowdown,
(2004-05) prices during the first four years
the State could register a moderate growth
(2007-08 and 2010-11) of the 11th Five Year
Plan period - almost catching up with the All performance (growth in excess of 5%) during
India’s GDP growth of 8.16% for the same the years 2008-09 and 2009-10. This
recovery in the growth pattern during 2010-
period.
11, not only augurs well for the residual year
This impressive growth performance in the
of the 11th Five Year Plan but for the ensuing
State is marked by a phenomenal growth in
the beginning year (2007-08) of the 11th Plan 12th Five Year Plan also.

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