# TUTORIAL #10 November 8th -12th, 2010 Solutions – Chapter 7, + Equilibrium Review ______________________________________________________________________________ CHEM 1A03 1.

A bird has a much lower heat capacity than a person, and a much lower fraction of their body mass is water. A bird of mass 75 g, is caught out in a November rain, and its body temperature drops by 3 degrees. The bird generates energy through cellular respiration while flying, at a rate of 250 J /kilometer of flight. How far will the bird have to travel to raise his body temperature by 3.0 degrees, if his body’s heat capacity is 3.0 J/g.oC.

q = m × C × ∆T q = 75 g × 3.0 J ×3o C = 675 J g .o C
 required energy = 675 J

Flight requirement =

675 J = 2.7km 250 J / km

2. A piece of stainless steel (specific heat = 0.50 J.g-1.oC-1) is transferred from an oven at 183oC to 125ml of water, at 23.2oC. The water temperature rises to 51.5oC. What is the mass of the steel? Heat lost by steel = heat gained by water qsteel = -(m x C x ∆T) = qwater = (m x C x ∆T) J J 1.00 g − m × 0.50 o (51.5 − 183)o C = 65.8m = 125ml × × 4.18 o (51.5 − 23.2 )o C 1ml g. C g. C 65.8m = 1.48 × 10 4 J 1.48 × 10 4 = 2.2 × 10 2 g 65.8

m=

3. Upon complete combustion, the indicated substances evolve the given quantities of heat. Write a balanced equation for the combustion of 1.00 mol of each substance, including the enthalpy change, ∆H, for the reaction. a) 0.584 g of propane, C3H8, yields 29.4 kJ b) 0.136 g of camphor, C10H16O(s), yields 5.27 kJ a) q =

− 29.4kJ 44.10 g × = −2.22 × 10 3 kJ / mol propane 0.584 g 1mol
− 5.27 kJ 152.24 g × = −5.90 × 10 3 kJ / mol camphor 0.136 g 1mol

b) q =

TUTORIAL #10 November 8th -12th.43o C + 1.000 atm of O2. At equilibrium.19 g  mol kcal    = 1.0-2(0. Caffeine undergoes complete combustion in a bomb calorimeter.136kJ / C T final = Tinitial + ∆T = 22.34 × 10−4 [0. its molecular formula is C8H10O2N4.2 kcal/mol.506 atm = 1.390 o C ∆T = o 5.184  0.2  194. Heat absorbed by calorimeter = qcombustion x moles = heat capacity x ∆T ∆T = qcombustion × moles heat _ capacity 1mol  kcal kJ    × 4.506] . if the initial temperature of the water is 22. 2010 Solutions – Chapter 7. What is the value of Kp? 2NO O2  2NO2 0 +2x 2x I 1.0-2x 1. and its heat of combustion is -1014. pressure of oxygen: 0. eqm pressure of NO = 1.506atm.494) = 0. Po2 = 0. with an initial pressure of 1.988]2 = 1.82 o C 5. therefore x = 0.000 atm of NO and 1.0 1. What is the final temperature.0-x From eqm.3268g.012]2 [0.136 kJ/oC.012 atm And eqm pressure of NO2 = 2(0. The atmospheric oxidation of nitrogen monoxide.988 𝐾𝐾𝑝𝑝 = [𝑃𝑃𝑁𝑁𝑁𝑁 ]2 �𝑃𝑃𝑁𝑁2 � �𝑃𝑃𝑁𝑁𝑁𝑁2 � 2 = [0. 2NO(g) + O2(g) 2NO2(g) was studied at 185oC.43oC? The mass of caffeine is 0.390 o C = 23.3268 g × 1014.494atm Therefore. The calorimeter assembly has a heat capacity of 5. + Equilibrium Review ______________________________________________________________________________ CHEM 1A03 4.494) = 0.0-x.0 C -2x -x E 1.