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Anup Kumar Keshri

EC3400, Department of Mechanical and Materials Engineering


10555 W. Flagler St., Florida International University, Miami, Florida - 33174
Phone: 305-348-6552(o), 786-282-5879(c), Fax: 305-348-1932
E-mail:
EDUCATION
* Sept. 2006 - July 2010
Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D) in Materials Engineering, Department of Mechanical a
nd Materials Engineering, Florida International University, Miami, GPA 3.69/4.0
* Aug. 2002 - Aug. 2004
Masters of Science (M.S.) in Metallurgy and Materials Engineering, Indian Instit
ute of Technology (IIT), Madras, India.
* July 1998 - July 2002
Bachelor of Engineering (B.E.) in Metallurgical Engineering, Bihar Institute of
Technology (BIT), Sindri, India. (First Class with Honors)
PROFESSIONAL EXPERIENCE
* Aug. 2006 - Continuing
Research Assistant, Department of Mechanical and Materials Engineering, Florida
International University, Miami, Florida, USA
* Aug 2004 - Aug 2006
Assistant Manager, Business Excellence Group, Six Sigma and Research & Developme
nt (R&D), Ispat Industries Limited, Mumbai, India
TECHNICAL SKILLS
Process:
* Expertise in fabrication of various types of coatings by Plasma spraying
* Expertise in Accuraspray sensor (online monitoring of plasma spray processes)
* Arc Melting Furnace with suction casting system for synthesizing bulk metalli
c glass
Materials Characterization:
* Field Emission Scanning Electron Microscopy (FE-SEM)
* Environmental Scanning Electron Microscopy (ESEM)
* High Resolution Transmission Electron Microscopy (HR-TEM)
* Energy Dispersive Spectroscopy (EDS)
* Optical Microscopy
* X-ray Diffractometer (XRD)
* Raman Spectroscopy
* Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC)
* Surface Roughness Profilometer
* Pull- off AdhesionTester
* Optical Pyrometer
* Micro-Hardness Tester
* Tribometer (Wear and Friction from room temperature to high temperature~800 C
)
KEY RESPONSIBILITIES
* To develop the corrosion protection and wear resistance coatings
* Characterization and evaluation of coatings
* Optimization of plasma spray processing parameters
* Assist in the development of near net shape structure by plasma spraying
* To analyze and interpret data
* Operation and maintenance of robot, powder feeder and spray gun
* Guide team members in plasma spraying operations
* Procurement of chemicals and supplies in the Laboratory and to keep the labor
atory clean and organized
* Deliver presentations, reports and publications in peer-reviewed journals
LAB IN-CHARGE
* Plasma Forming Laboratory
* High Temperature Tribology Laboratory
* Optical Microscopy Laboratory
* Sample Preparation Laboratory
RESEARCH WORK SUMMARY
Present Work
1. PhD Research: Development of Comprehensive Process Maps for Carbon Nanotube R
einforced Ceramic Nanocomposite Coatings with Improved Fracture and Wear Propert
ies
This includes the use of novel powder processing approach viz. chemical vapor de
position (CVD) technique for synthesizing uniformly dispersed carbon nanotube (C
NT) reinforced aluminum oxide (Al2O3) powder. Plasma spraying is utilized to fab
ricate CNT reinforced ceramic matrix composite. Parametric study on the CNT rein
forced powders was performed to establish reproducibility of the nanocomposite c
oatings in the real-life plasma spray environment. Microstructures of as-sprayed
coatings have been studied to understand over all microstructure. Effect of CNT
on mechanical properties and tribological properties has been investigated. The
characterization includes measuring microhardness, thermal conductivity and mic
rostructure and mechanical characterization using XRD, FTIR, SEM/EDS, TEM, Micro
-Raman Spectroscopy, Nanoindentation with Scanning Probe Microscopy and Tribomet
er.
2. Liquid Precursor Plasma Spraying of CNT reinforced ceramic matrix composite.
3. Synthesis of Lead Zirconate Titanate (PZT) Coating via. Plasma Spraying and S
tudy of Nanomechanical Behavior of the Plasma Sprayed PZT Coatings.
4. Synthesis of Hafnium based Bulk Metallic Glass.
Work Experience in Ispat Industries Limited, Mumbai, India
Composition and microstructural characterization of Steel Coils and Optimization
of EBT filling Mass for Electric Arc Furnace using Six-Sigma tool: This include
s the use of Optical Emission Spectrometry (OES) and Optical Microscopy. Optimiz
ation of Eccentric Bottom Tapping (EBT) Filling Mass for Electric Arc Furnace us
ing Six-Sigma tools. Consumption of EBT filling mass was reduced from 1.8 kg/Tls
to 1.2 kg/Tls.
Masters Thesis
Synthesis and Enhancement of properties of Cu-Al-Ni shape memory alloy (SMA) by
Alloying and thermo-mechanical Processing: Cu-Al-Ni shape memory was synthesized
using ingot casting method. Microstructural characterization of the SMA were in
vestigated which include the use of OES, XRD, Optical Microscopy, SEM. Cast SMA
alloys were rolled in hot rolling mill and ductility and shape memory properties
were studied.
Undergraduate Project
To study the Application of Rheocasting in Ingot Casting
ACADEMIC AWARDS AND HONOURS
1. Dissertation Year Fellowship award: University Graduate School, Florida Inter
national University for 2009-2010
2. Arthur E. Focke leadership award by ASM Foundation for attending the leadersh
ip camp during Summer-2008 at University of Illinois, Urbana Champaign.
3. Delegate of "President's Council of Student Advisors (PCSA)"formed by The Ame
rican Ceramic Society (ACerS)
4. First in Regional Technical presentation competition organized by Material Ad
vantage at FIU, on 16th Nov. 2007.
5. Third in Oral presentation competition organized by Material Advantage at FIU
, on 13th April. 2007.
6. First in Student Technical Poster competition organized by Material Advantage
at FIU, on 17th Nov. 2006.
7. Best Paper presentation award in "TRANSMAT EXPO-2004" International Conferenc
e held on Nov. 8th -10th in Mumbai, India
8. "Mr. Anup makes ISPAT proud" article came in ISPAT HR buzz Dec '04 issue for
representing Ispat at "TRANSMAT EXPO-2004" International Conference.
9. Ranked Sixth in the batch of 32 undergraduate students in BS degree at Bihar
Institute of Technology, Sindri, India.
10. Served as Chair of Material Advantage chapter in 2008-2009 at FIU, Miami, Fl
orida, USA
11. Served as Secretary of Material Advantage chapter in 2007-2008 at FIU, Miami
, Florida, USA
12. Executive member of Cry America, FIU, Miami, Florida, USA
13. Served as an Executive Committee Member, Indian Society of Techanical Educat
ion, B.I.T Sindri Chapter, India
PAPERS PUBLISHED IN PEER REVIEVED JOURNALS
1. A. K. Keshri, S. R. Bakshi, Y. Chen, T. Laha, X. Li, C. Levy and A. Agarwal,
"Nanomechanical Behavior of Plasma Sprayed PZT Coatings", Surface Engineering Vo
l. 25[4] (2009) 270-275
2. A. K. Keshri, K. Balani, S. R. Bakshi, V. Singh, T. Laha, S. Seal and A. Agar
wal, "Structural Transformation in Carbon Nanotubes During Thermal Spraying", Su
rface and Coatings Technology Vol. 203 (2009) 2193-2201 (Ranked 5th among TOP 25
articles in Surface and Coatings Technology journal for April-June 2009)
3. A. K. Keshri, J. Huang, V. Singh, W. Choi, S. Seal and A. Agarwal, "Synthesis
of Aluminum Oxide Coating with Carbon Nanotube Reinforcement Produced by Chemic
al Vapor Deposition for Improved Fracture and Wear Resistance", Carbon Vol. 48 (
2010) 431-442
4. A. K. Keshri, J. Huang, W. Choi, and A. Agarwal, "Intermediate Temperature Tr
ibological Behavior of Carbon Nanotube Reinforced Plasma Sprayed Aluminum Oxide
Coating" Surface and Coatings Technology Vol. 204 (2010) 1847-1855
5. A. K. Keshri, R. Patel. and A. Agarwal "Comprehensive Process Maps to Synthes
ize High Density Plasma Sprayed Aluminum Oxide Composite Coatings with Varying C
arbon Nanotube Content" Surface and Coatings Technology, Manuscript in press
6. D. Lahiri, A. K. Keshri, V. Singh, S. Seal and A. Agarwal, "Carbon nanotube t
oughened hydroxyapatite by spark plasma sintering: microstructural evolution and
multi-scale tribological properties", Carbon Vol. 48 (2010) 3103-3120
7. R. Patel, A. K. Keshri, G. S. Dulikravich and A. Agarwal, "An Experimental an
d Numerical Algorithm for Near Net Shape Forming of Thin Walled Ceramic Structur
es by Plasma Spraying", Journal of Materials Processing Technology Vol. 210 (201
0) 1260-1269
8. Y. Chen, S. Omar, A. K. Keshri, K. Balani, K. Babu, J.C. Nino, S. Seal and A.
Agarwal, "Ionic conductivity of plasma-sprayed nanocrystalline yttria-stabilize
d zirconia electrolyte for solid oxide fuel cells" Scripta Materialia, 60 (2009)
1023-1026
9. S. R. Bakshi, A. K. Keshri, V. Singh, S. Seal, A. Agarwal, "Interface in Carb
on Nanotube Reinforced Aluminum Silicon Composites: Thermodynamic Analysis and E
xperimental Verification", Journal of Alloys and Compounds Vol. 481 (2009) 207-2
13
10. K. Balani, A. K. Keshri, D. Lahiri, J. E. Tercero and A. Agarwal, "Nano-scra
tching of Hydroxyapatite Reinforced with Aluminum Oxide and Carbon
Nanotubes", JOM, Vol. 61 (2009) 63-66
11. D. Lahiri, A. K. Keshri, S.R. Bakshi, A. Agarwal, "Dual Strengthening Mechan
ism Induced by Carbon Nanotube in Roll Bonded Aluminum Matrix Composite", Materi
als Science and Engineering A, Vol. 523 (2009) 263-270
12. S. R. Bakshi, Y. Chen T. Price, D. Zhang, A. K. Keshri, D. G. McCartney, P.
Shipway and A. Agarwal, "Microstructure and Wear Properties of Aluminum/Aluminum
-Silicon Composite Coatings Prepared by Cold Spraying", Surface and Coatings Tec
hnology Vol. 204 (2009) 503-510
13. D. Lahiri, F. Rouzaud, S. Namin, A. K. Keshri, N. Tsoukias, L. Kos, A. Agarw
al, "Effect of CNT Addition in Polylactide-Caprolactone Copolymer on Mechanical
Strengthening and Interaction with Human Osteoblast Cells in- vitro" ACS Applied
Materials and Interfaces Vol. 1 (2009) 2470-2476
14. D. Lahiri, F. Rouzaud, T. Richard, A. K. Keshri, S. R. Bakshi, L. Kos and A.
Agarwal, "Boron Nitride Nanotube Reinforced Polylactide-Polycaprolactone Copoly
mer Composite: Mechanical Properties and Cytocompatibility with Osteoblasts and
Macrophages in vitro", Manuscript accepted to Acta Biomaterialia. doi:10.1016/j.
actbio.2010.02.044
15. K. Balani, S. P. Harimkar, A. K. Keshri, Y. Chen, N. B. Dahotre and A. Agarw
al, "Multiscale wear of plasma-sprayed carbon-nanotube-reinforced aluminum oxide
nanocomposite coating" Acta Materialia, Vol. 56, Issue 20, Dec. 2008, pp: 5984-
5994.
PAPERS UNDER Prepration (in Peer Reviewed Journals)
1 A. K. Keshri, and Arvind Agarwal "Effect of Density on Wear and Bend resistanc
e of Plasma Sprayed Carbon Nanotube Reinforced Aluminum Oxide Nanocomposite Coat
ings" Manuscript under preparation
2 A. K. Keshri, and Arvind Agarwal "Role of Processing Conditions and Carbon Nan
otube on Aluminum Oxide Splat Formation: Experimental and Simulation Approach" M
anuscript under preparation
CONFERENCE PRESENTATIONS
1. A. K. Keshri, K. Balani, T. Laha, S. R. Bakshi, A. Agarwal, "Comparative Stud
y of Carbon Nanotubes/Plasma Interaction during Various Thermal Spray Processes"
Presented in International Thermal Spray Conference-2009 held in Las Vegas, Nev
ada, May 4-7, 2009
2. S. R. Bakshi, Y. Chen, A. K. Keshri, D. G. McCartney, P. Shipway and A. Agarw
al, "Wear Behavior of Aluminum/Aluminum-Silicon Composite Coatings Prepared by C
old Spraying" Presented in International Thermal Spray Conference-2009 held in L
as Vegas, Nevada, May 4-7, 2009
3. R. Patel, A. K. Keshri, G. Dulikravich, A. Agarwal, "An Experimental and Nume
rical Algorithm for Near Net Shape Forming of Thin Walled Ceramic Structures by
Plasma Spraying" Presented in International Thermal Spray Conference-2009 held i
n Las Vegas, Nevada, May 4-7, 2009
4. D. Lahiri, S. Namin, T. Richard, A. K. Keshri, S. Bakshi, N. Tsoukias, A. Aga
rwal, "Copolymer-Boron Nitride Nanotube Composite for Biodegradable Scaffold app
lication", 25th Southern Biomedical Engineering Conference-2009, Miami, May 2009
5. K.Balani, A. K. Keshri, A. Agarwal, "Plasma Sprayed Aluminum Oxide-Carbon nan
otube Composite Coatings with Improved Fracture Toughness and Wear Resistance" S
ub-Micron and Nanostructured Ceramics-2009 held in Colorado Springs, Colorado, J
une 7-12, 2009
6. R. Patel, A. K. Keshri, G. Dulikravich, A. Agarwal, "An Experimental and Nume
rical Algorithm for Near Net Shape Forming of Thin Walled Ceramic Structures by
Plasma Spraying", presented in US National Congress on Computational Mechanics -
2009 held in Columbus, Ohio, July 16-19, 2009
7. A. K. Keshri, J Huang, V Singh, W Choi, S. Seal and A. Agarwal, " Synthesis o
f Al2O3 Coating Reinforced with In Situ Grown CNTs for Improved Fracture and Wea
r Resistance" Surface and Modification Technology-2009 Chennai, Tamilnadu, India
, Nov. 2-5, 2009
8. D. Lahiri, F. Rouzaud, T. Richard, A. K. Keshri, S. R. Bakshi, L. Kos and A.
Agarwal, "Poly Lactide-Caprolactone Copolymer - Boron Nitride Nanotube: A Novel
Polymer Composite for Biodegradable Scaffold Application", International Confere
nce on Mechanics of Biomaterials and Tissues, Clearwater Beach, Florida, USA Dec
ember 13-17, 2009
9. A. K. Keshri, J. Huang, W. Choi, and A. Agarwal, "Chemical Vapor Deposited Ca
rbon Nanotubes Reinforced Aluminum Oxide Coating with Improved Fracture and wear
resistance" International Conference & Exposition on Advanced Ceramics and Comp
osites, Daytona, Florida, 25-28th Jan. 2010
10. D. Lahiri, A. Benaduce, F. Rouzaud, J. Solomon, A. K. Keshri, L. Kos, A. Aga
rwal, Investigation on Wear Resistance of Plasma Sprayed Hydroxyapatite-Carbon N
anotube Composite Coating on Orthopedic Implant and Cytotoxicity of Wear Debris,
International Conference & Exposition on Advanced Ceramics and Composites, Dayt
ona, Florida, 25-28th Jan. 2010
POSTER PRESENTATIONS
1. K. Balani, A. K. Keshri, D. Lahiri, S.R. Bakshi, J.E. Tercero, A. Agarwal, "N
anotribology of Plasma Sprayed Hydroxyapatite Reinforced with Aluminum Oxide and
Carbon Nanotubes", International Conference on Advanced Nanomaterials and Nanot
echnology, Dec. 9-11, 2009, Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati, India.
2. D. Lahiri, F. Rouzaud, A. K. Keshri, L. Kos and A. Agarwal, "Biocompatibility
of Plasma Sprayed Hydroxyapatite-Carbon Nanotube Coating for Orthopedic Implant
s with Improved Mechanical Properties", International Conference on Mechanics of
Biomaterials and Tissues, Clearwater Beach, Florida, USA December 13-17, 2009
CONFERENCE PROCEEDING PUBLICATIONS
1. X. Li, A. K. Keshri, A. Agarwal and C. Levy, "A Multifunctional MWCNT Strain
Sensor: Sensing and Damping Characteristics" NSTI-Nanotech 2009, ISBN 978-1-4398
-1782-7 Vol. 1 (2009) 484-487
2. X. Li, C. Levy, M. Li, A. K. Keshri, and A. Agarwal, "A Multifunctional MWCNT
Composite: Strain Sensing, Damping and Application to Structural Vibration Cont
rol", Paper IMECE2009-11599, Proceedings of the International Mechanical Enginee
ring Congress and Exposition, Lake Buena Vista, FL, Nov. 2009
3. A. K. Keshri, P. Singh, and U. Chakkingal "Effect of heat treatment on the ch
aracteristics of Cu-Al-Ni shape memory alloys". Proc. International Conference o
n Heat Treatment, Jan 2004, Chennai, pp. A2, 1-5
4. A. K. Keshri, P. Singh, and U. Chakkingal "Cu-Al-Ni as Smart Materials as an
Automotive Applications". Proc. International Conference on Transmat Expo-2004,
Nov. 2004, Mumbai, pp 36-37
5. A. K. Keshri, P. Singh, and U. Chakkingal "Effect of compositions on Cu-Al-Ni
shape memory alloys". Proc. International Conference on International Symposium
for Research Scholars, Dec 2004, Chennai. pp. 1-7
REFERENCES
Prof. Arvind Agarwal
Associate Professor,
Dept. of Mechanical and Materials Engineering
Florida International University,
Miami, Florida, USA
email:
Prof. Wonbong Choi
Associate Professor,
Dept. of Mechanical and Materials Engineering
Florida International University,
Miami, Florida, USA
email:
Prof. Cesar Levy
Professor,
Dept. of Mechanical and Materials Engineering
Florida International University,
Miami, Florida, USA
email: