Standard V – Environmental Education Contents

Section I: The Environment – Near & Far………………………2 • Introducing the Environment…….…………………….………….2 • Plants and Animals………...………………………………………3 • Adapting to the Environment………………………..………..…...3 • Plants & Animals of the Desert……………………....……………3 • Plants & Animals of Cold Regions………………………………...3 Section II: The Environment & A Child’s Needs….……………4 • Dependence on the Environment…..……………………...………4 • Cloth & Clothing……………...…………………….……………..4 Section III: Care & Protection Of The Environment…….……....5 • Looking After Our Home………………………………………….5 • What Can We Do?…………………………………………………5 Some Useful Websites……………………………………………..6

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Standard V – Section I: The Environment – Near & Far
Introducing the Environment !
The environment is everything around us. It includes the sky and the birds, a rock or a river, your “Smokin Joe’s” pizza and the box it came in and even other people. The environment is made up of living and non-living things. While rocks and sand and nonliving things, a parrot flying from tree to tree is a living thing. In fact, all plants and animals are living things. The Seven Characteristics of Living Things : 1. They need to take in food from the environment for energy. 2. Show some kind of movement (it may be internal or external). 3. Exchange gases with the environment (breathing). 4. Excrete & remove waste from the body. 5. All living things grow. 6. Sensitive to changes in the environment around them (feel). 7. All living things reproduce. Sometimes it is not so easy to decide what is living and what is not. A car moves, but it is not a living thing, while a tree doesn’t seem to move, but it is a living thing. Strawberry jam came from a living plant but it is not a living thing. See if you can distinguish between Living & Non-living. Label each of the images below as a) living, b) always non-living c) non-living but once part of a living thing.

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Standard V – Section I: The Environment – Near & Far
Plants & Animals
Plants and animals are the two main groups in living things. There are many differences between plants and animals but the main difference is that plants can produce their own food while animals cannot. Can you think of more differences between plants & animals. List them in the table below.

Plants & Animals of the Desert
Plants and animals of the desert have to adapt to hot and dry conditions. There is where little rainfall in the desert and so the most important thing is conserving water. Shown below is a desert plant & a desert animal. How have they adapted to the hot and dry desert condition?

Plants

Animals

Adapting to the Environment
The Earth has many different kinds of environments. Some of them are cold like the Himalayas while other are very hot, like the Thar desert in India. In order to live in these very different places, plants and animals need to adapt to their surroundings. Sometimes the environment may change so quickly that living things are unable to adapt and die out. This may happen if there is a volcanic eruption or a meteor impact, and it may also happen when humans change the environment like burning a forest or polluting a river. Write examples of ways in which people have changed nature in your area & so have prevented plants & animals from living in it

Plants & Animals of Cold Regions
Plants and animals in cold regions have to adapt to freezing temperatures, ice and snow. Shown below are 2 very different animals from a cold region. How have they adapted their environment?

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Standard V – Section I: The Environment & A Child’s Needs
Dependence on the Environment
All living things depend on the environment in one way or another. The most important things that the environment gives us are food & water. While plants are capable of producing their own food animals like humans have to go in search of food, or grow it as people do. There are four kinds of food: 1. Carbohydrates (sugars) 2. Fats 3. Proteins 4. Minerals and Vitamins.

Cloth & Clothing
As human beings we also depend on the environment for other things, things that most animals and plants don’t need. One of these essential products is cloth. Cloth is used for a variety of things but one of the most important uses of cloth is to create clothing. Can you think of some other uses for cloth? List these uses in the space below: 1. _____________________________ 2. _____________________________ 3. _____________________________ There are many different kinds of cloth. Most of them, like cotton is natural and comes from a plant or animal, but other materials like nylon are synthetic and are man-made.

Carbohydrates and fats are energy foods, they give us the energy to work, play and move around. Proteins are foods that help the body grow and repair itself. These foods are very important for children. Finally, minerals and vitamins help our bodies function and are needed for healthy tissues. Assignment: A Food Diary Write a diary of all the foods you eat for breakfast, lunch and dinner for five days. Put each food item into one of the food categories shown above. Bring your diary to class and within your group discuss which foods from your diet are healthy and which are not.

Match the natural cloth shown below to its plant or animal source: Cotton

Wool

Linen

Silk

Hemp/Jute
(Image References: Wikipedia, USDA, GFTCL)

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Standard V – Section III: Care & Protection Of The Environment
Looking After Our Home
Although the earth provides us with all the things we need, food and water, cloth, and materials for building houses and offices, human beings have begun to abuse the environment by either taking more than we need (over-exploitation) or destroying natural resources through pollution and the destruction of natural habitats. Label the images below that show some of the ways in which people harm the environment Assignment: Pollution Watch Everyday, even if we don’t realize it, we take part in different activities that cause pollution. Try and find out how much pollution you and your family create in a day by making a table (like the one shown below) of your activities. Try and think of ways in which those activities may have been avoided.
Time 8 am 6 pm Activity Breakfast Ate wafers, threw packet Pollute? Alternative NO YES YES Bus Use a bin

10 am Car to School

What Can We Do?
There are many different things, that we as individuals can do to help protect and look after our environment. Some of these things include: ♦ Conserving water when we have a bath or when we brush our teeth

♦ Taking public transport or forming
carpools

♦ Saying NO to plastics, using cloth or
It is now very important that we learn to take better care of out environment. Successful protection needs responsible governments & industries to implement laws and policies to protect the natural world. However, there is a lot that we can do to help protect our planet Earth. paper bags.

♦ Recycling and reusing paper ♦ Not buying products made from
endangered plants and animals Can you add to this list?

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Standard VI – Some Useful Websites
Food & Agriculture Organisation of the U.N
This UN site contains information on the environment, pollution and waste.

http://www.fao.org/ U.N Environment Programme
Information on environmental issues and waste.

http://www.unep.org/ Kids Against Waste
Information on waste generation and management.

http://www.kidsagainstwaste.org/# Recycle City (EPA – U.S.A)
A great website for students who want to learn more about waste and the three R’s.

http://www.epa.gov/recyclecity/ Energy Hog
A fun website on energy and its conservation.

http://www.energyhog.org/childrens.htm Wikipedia
An online encyclopedia

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia

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