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International Brain Research Organization
THE WORLD’S NEUROSCIENTISTS TO CONVENE IN FLORENCE IN 2011
IBRO celebrates its 50th year with the 8th IBRO World Congress of Neuroscience
In this issue:
Funding Fellows & Alumni
As IBRO celebrates its 50th year in 2011, the organization – along with the Italian Society of Neuroscience (SINS) – invites the world’s neuroscientists to Florence, Italy, for the 8th IBRO World Congress, taking place July 14-18. Hosted once every four years in collaboration with an IBRO member society, the IBRO World Congress of Neuroscience is a seminal, worldwide event reflecting IBRO’s core mission of promoting international collaboration and exchange of scientific information.
“IBRO is the major international society for neuroscience, as its scientific interests are very broad and its core mission is to diffuse neuroscience throughout the entire world, beyond national interests,” said Domenico Pellegrini, the executive secretary of the 2011 IBRO World Congress. “We look forward to hosting neuroscientists from all countries at the IBRO World Congress in Florence, one of the most historic and beautiful cities in the world.” “The target participants are neuroscientists of every age and level, from all countries in the world,” said Dr. Pelligrini. “In particular, the IBRO meeting will give the opportunity to scientists and students from countries with limited resources to present their scientific achievements, to meet their more expert and senior colleagues, to establish collaborations and to plan exchange visits.” To this aim, a large programme has been launched for young people to take the opportunity to spend one month in European Laboratories in the period of the meeting. The Young Investigator Programme, organized by the IBRO Congress Committee, will arrange visits of selected young scientists from countries with limited resources in European laboratories for one month in conjunction with the IBRO meeting. “The Young Investigators Programme was a key factor in selecting Florence as the site the IBRO World Congress in 2011,” said IBRO President Carlos Belmonte. “We are pleased with the Florence Organizing Comittee’s efforts in reaching out to regions of the world that need assistance, and interfacing with laboratories across Europe to provide valuable training opportunities. In addition, IBRO has also set aside a fund to help as many deserving neuroscientists as possible with travel to Florence to attend the IBRO World Congress.” Florence, a literal open-air museum that was the heart of the Italian Renaissance, is regarded by many as the art capital of Italy and was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1982. Attendees will enjoy the beautiful skyline outlined by the domes of the many Florentine churches on the way to the congress centre, strolling along the same streets Michelangelo and Dante walked through in their time. The gardens and palaces, together with the Uffizi’s paintings, will provide a magnificent background for this meeting. The IBRO 2011 World Congress will take place at the Fortezza da Basso, a Medicean fortress located in the heart of Florence, within walking distance to major hotels, the central train station, museums and tourist attractions. Most Congress delegates will be accommodated within walking distance of the fortress, ranging from 5-star hotels to budget/student accommodation. For more information on the meeting, please visit the IBRO World Congress 2011 Web site: www.ibro2011.org. The scientific content will span all aspects of international neuroscience, with the following plenary lectures: Fifty Years of IBRO Albert Aguayo (McGill University, Canada) The neurobiology of pain and its control Allan I. Basbaum (University of California, San Francisco, USA) Molecular genetics of neurodegenerative dementias Christine van Broeckhoven (University of Antwerp, Belgium) Optical technologies for probing neural signals and systems Karl Deisseroth (Stanford University, USA) Motivational value in the human brain Ray J. Dolan (University College London, UK) Regulation and function of adult neurogenesis in the hippocampal formation Fred H. Gage (Salk Institute, USA) Defining the neuronal circuitry of fear Andreas Lüthi (University of Basel, Switzerland) Visualizing circuits in the developing visual system Joshua R. Sanes (Harvard University, USA) Local control of synaptic function Erin M. Schuman (Max Planck Institute, Germany) Useful signals from the motor cortex Andrew B. Schwartz (University of Pittsburgh, USA) In addition, 20 symposia and 40 workshops will round out the educational programme, as well as poster presentations and satellite meetings.
Neuroscience News Regions & Training IBRO’S Initiatives
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IBRO Travel Grants application deadline: February 1, 2011 Abstract submission closed: March 31, 2011 Early Registration deadline (with discounted rate): March 31, 2011 Deadline for online registration: June 15, 2011
Visit the IBRO World Congress Web site: www.ibro2011.org
Carlos Belmonte elected for second term as IBRO President, sets sights on formalizing inter-regional activities
The IBRO Governing Council has elected Dr. Carlos Belmonte, who ran uncontested, for a second term as IBRO President. During his term in office as IBRO Secretary-General from 1998-2001, Dr. Belmonte made several lasting contributions, including the reorganization of IBRO into six regions based on
Carlos Belmonte, IBRO President Continued on page 8
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IBRO’S FUNDING 2010 - 2011
New laboratory exchange programmes strengthen regional collaboration
In the past year, several of IBRO’s regions have initiated laboratory exchange programmes, either within their region or between regions. These exchanges provide opportunities for young neuroscience researchers from diverse geographic and scientific areas to broaden the scope of their training. Funding is provided to defray the cost of travel and to subsidize living costs. Following are four IBRO regional exchange programmes currently running. Applications are made online. Since the rules for each programme differ, please refer to the IBRO Web site for the most up-to-date information and application deadlines.
InEurope IBRO-APRC Exchange Fellowships within the AsiaPacific Region PROLAB IBRO-LARC Short Stays
IBRO Travel Awards give hundreds an opportunity to network and present research abroad
One of the ways in which IBRO helps enhance the careers of promising neuroscientists – as well as to connect researchers across borders and regions – is through the funding of travel grants. Through a competitive process, funds are awarded to high-quality neuroscientists from diverse geographic and scientific areas who wish to participate at international meetings and events. In the past two years, IBRO has provided funding support to more than 350 neuroscientists through our various funding programmes. Through its International Travel Grant Programme alone, IBRO has funded the travel of more than 90 young neuroscience researchers in 2009-10 to present their research, gain valuable insights and connect with others in an international setting.
Symposia & Workshops recipients 2010
Asia Pacific Region Ghose (India): Third SERC School in Neurosciences – Imaging the Nervous System, December 2009 McLachlan (Australia): Current Neuroscience Research across the Asia-Pacific Region, February 2010 Latin America Region Cardona Gomez (Colombia): VII Encuentro Nacional de Neurociencias, April 2010 Castelló (Uruguay): Workshop in Fluorescence Microscopy, March 2010 Palacios (Chile): Latin American Summer School in Computational Neuroscience, January 2010 Roque (Brazil): LASCON 2010, January 2010 Western Europe Region Martínez García (Spain): ECCN6: Adaptive Function and Brain Evolution, April 2010 Sallet (United Kingdom): Motivational and Cognitive Control, June 2010
To facilitate laboratory exchanges…
within Europe (the Western Europe and Central & Eastern Europe regions) Ph.D. students and postdoctoral fellows
among Latin normally within American and the Latin Caribbean America Region Neuroscience research groups
Postdoctoral fellows, junior faculty, and senior Ph.D. students with a good publication record 45 Four to six months Up to US $8,500
Ph.D. students and postdoctoral fellows
Priority given to doctoral students and postdocs
Age Limit Length of stay
35 Up to four weeks Up to 3000 euros
No age limit Three to six months Up to 3000 euros
40 Not specified
IBRO’s International Travel Grafts Programme awardees cross the globe to participate in international meetings
Up to 1000 euros
IBRO (the International Brain Research Organization) is the global neuroscience federation dedicated to the promotion of neuroscience and communication between brain researchers around the world, with special emphasis on assisting young investigators in the developing world. Incorporated in 1961, IBRO now counts 84 member societies in 61 countries around the world, with a membership of more than 75,000 neuroscientists.
IBRO Neuroscience Schools expand around the world
IBRO has unique expertise and experience in training programmes that focus on fostering international contacts in brain research. Since 2000 IBRO has organized more than 150 Neuroscience Schools, which create interactive networks among students and teachers during training courses. As a result, IBRO Alumni total more than 4000, who keep in touch with each other via the IBRO Web site and their Facebook page. The growth of the IBRO Schools Programme reflects the high demand for neuroscience training in developing parts of the world. The ability to respond to this increasing demand is made possible due to the dedication and generous spirit of IBRO’s volunteers and partners, which include UNESCO, SfN FENS, NIH, ISN, and INMHA, among others. Many past participants of IBRO’s training programmes are now established scientists and are giving back by serving as faculty members in IBRO Schools, contributing to the development of the next generation of neuroscientists in their region.
IBRO announces its 2011 Research Fellows
IBRO has awarded three promising young researchers with one-year research fellowships in order to broaden the scope of their neuroscience training by working abroad in high-quality laboratories: Cecilia Hanzel: 2011 IBRO Research Fellow During her fellowship at McGill University (Canada), Cecilia Hanzel, from Argentina, will explore the role of the intracellular A peptides in an early inflammation process in Alzheimer’s disease. Shruti Baijal: 2011 Rita Levi-Montalcini Research Fellow The fellowship will allow Shruti Baijal, from India, to get extensive experience with fMRI at the University of Miami (USA) and will advance her theoretical background on executive control. Yohannes Woldeamanuel, 2011 John G Nicholls Fellow Yohannes Woldeamanual, from Ethiopia, will perform research at the Albert Einstein College of Medicine (USA) that he hopes will someday help to improve outcomes in neonatal status epilepticus.
International Brain Research Organization
President Carlos Belmonte (Spain) Secretary-General Pierre Magistretti (Switzerland) Treasurer Steve Redman (Australia) Treasurer-Elect Quentin Pittman (Canada) Regional Committee Chairs Abdul Mohammed (Africa) Hitoshi Okamoto (Asia/Pacific) Ryszard Przewlocki (Central & Eastern Europe) Osvaldo Uchitel (Latin America) Gregory Quirk (U.S./Canada) Juan Lerma (Western Europe) IBRO Secretariat 255 rue Saint-Honoré 75001 Paris, France Phone: +33 1 46 47 92 92 Fax: +33 1 46 47 42 50 Executive Director Stephanie de La Rochefoucauld email@example.com Director of Programmes & Communications Robynn Rockstad-Rex firstname.lastname@example.org IBRO Webmaster & Head of IT Ante Padjen email@example.com IBRO News Editor in Chief Robynn Rockstad-Rex firstname.lastname@example.org
IBRO Schools per year
For more information on IBRO's funding programmes: http://funding.ibro.info
NEWS FROM OUR FELLOWS AND ALUMNI
IBRO Alumni in the spotlight
The IBRO Alumni Committee has kept its alumni in the spotlight by continuing to organize symposia at regional and international meetings. The symposia provide a showcase from which to highlight the achievements of some of the young scientists who have benefited from IBRO support in the form of fellowships and travel grants and, in particular, those who have attended IBRO schools. These presentations focus on their scientific achievements and also on how the school experience has impacted their careers and influenced the direction of their research. Last year at the Society for Neuroscience meeting in Chicago, USA, the IBRO community heard how their Cold Spring Harbor and Woods Hole School experience boosted the careers of four scholars who attended, through the generosity of the SfN International Affairs Committee/US National Committee. At this year’s meeting in San Diego, the focus was on three young scientists: Valeria Della-Maggiore (Argentina), who has received Return Home funding from IBRO, enabling her to establish her own laboratories in her home country after having spent several years of postdoctoral study abroad; and the other two – Musa Mabandla (South Africa) and Jing-Ning Zhu (China) – who are alumni of the IBRO Schools Programme. This event was followed by a party for friends of IBRO and all IBRO Alumni.
The IBRO Return Home Programme
Many less affluent areas of the world have problems in retaining (or retrieving, after overseas training) their skilled biomedical researchers. Furthermore, they lack the resources to support scientists who may wish to return home after training. The International Brain Research Organization (IBRO) has been particularly concerned about this issue in regard to neuroscience and its application to brain diseases. In 2006, IBRO launched its Return Home Programme to develop policies and coordinate efforts with other organizations to provide more aid to those researchers trained overseas who wish return to their home countries. In the first few years of the programme, IBRO partnered with the Society for Neuroscience (SfN) to provide $15,000 returnhome grants – essentially, start-up funding – to high-potential young investigators identified through a competitive application process. Since then, the IBRO Return Home Programme is now a part of IBRO’s Fellowships & Travel Grants Programme, fitting with that committee’s philosophy that returnhome funding is an integral part – as well as the logical outcome – of the continuum through which IBRO supports the emerging careers of young neuroscience investigators worldwide. In addition, the number and size of IBRO’s return-home awards have been increased.
Michael Kihara, Samir Aboucha, Susan Sara, MS Abubakar, Sunday Bisong, in Egypt.
In December 2009, IBRO Alumni from the ARC region contributed a symposium to the recent Society of Neuroscientists of Africa (SONA) meeting in Sharm el Sheikh, Egypt. The symposium was entitled “Advances in the Diagnosis and Treatment of Neurological Disorders: Contributions of IBRO Alumni in the African Region.” Contributors were MS Abubakar (Nigeria), Michael Kihara (Kenya), Sunday Bisong (Nigeria), and Samir Aboucha (Morocco). And at the Federation of European Neuroscience Societies (FENS) Forum in Amsterdam, in July 2010, the IBRO Alumni Symposium featured contributions from those who have attended FENS/IBRO schools in Europe. The title of this event was "Encoding dynamic information in neuronal circuits," with contributions from Magor Lörincz (Portugal), Johannes Letzkus (Switzerland), Claire Wyart (USA) and Paolo Massobrio (Italy). The educational programme was followed by a party held for all FENS/IBRO Schools Alumni. “We are looking ahead to Florence and the 2011 IBRO World Congress of Neuroscience,” said IBRO Alumni Committee Chair Susan Sara. "There we will continue the tradition of showcasing the scientific achievements of our alumni through a symposium, and we are planning a special social occasion where faculty and students of IBRO Schools around the world can meet, renew old friendships and make new contacts within our burgeoning Alumni community.”
IBRO Return Home funding recipient shares challenges, successes from Argentina
Alberto Javier Ramos returned to Argentina after his postdoctoral experience in Canada with just enough funds to cover essential equipment for his lab. At the time, he was obtaining exciting new results from working with several new molecular and cell biology techniques that he learned in Canada, which had never before been used in his institute, nor were these novel approaches common in Argentinean labs. But lack of additional funding had prevented Ramos from continuing using these techniques in order to complete and confirm his results. “This extremely complicated situation was making me seriously consider the possibilities of moving again to a foreign country to fully develop my career,” said Ramos. “I really wanted to stay in Argentina and contribute somehow to the development of the country. IBRO helped me many times with travel grants and awards that allowed me to travel and take part in several meetings around the world, and so I thought getting this IBRO [Return Home] grant would make an essential difference, allowing me to work independently in my own country.”
IBRO Research Fellow reports on her progress
Recent IBRO Research Fellow Parisa Gazerani, who is from Iran, writes about her experience during her one-year research fellowship in 2008 and how this opportunity has helped further her career and research work in her new lab in Denmark: The IBRO Fellowship enabled me to take a postdoctoral position in Dr. Brian E. Cairns' lab at the University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada, where I could obtain excellent knowledge and experience in basic animal pain research and in vitro assays, which are essential components to conduct a full translational pain research. Dr. Cairns' excellent mentorship and the ultimate lab facilities greatly enhanced my qualifications and expanded my understanding of the basic peripheral mechanisms underlying craniofacial pain, which will hopefully lead to better pain management in the future. A summary of the data [obtained through my research] was presented at the 29th Annual Canadian Pain Society Conference in Quebec City, Canada, and was awarded the best basic science research poster. Currently, I am an assistant professor at the Center for Sensory-Motor Interaction (SMI), Department of Health Science and Technology, Aalborg University, Denmark. My research area is basically in the field of neuroscience, pain. We investigate mechanisms that underlie pain with a translational approach (forward translation and backtranslation) to achieve better insight into fundamental mechanisms of nociception, identify biomarkers of pain and modulate pain pharmacologically. This could lead to the development of novel drugs to treat or prevent pain. The IBRO fellowship has played a significant role in my career. It has not only opened a new window in my research in pain, but also [has served
“I feel that the synergy achieved by the different IBRO programmes is largely improving and modernizing the way of doing neuroscience in Latin America.”
When Ramos received a $15,000 Return Home funding award from IBRO, he used the money to buy equipment and reagents needed to continue his work, as well as to upgrade an old electron microscopy lab that he received. Ramos upgraded this space to a multi-purpose laboratory where he and his students perform different techniques from molecular biology to neuroanatomy.
Albert Ramos Javier, IBRO Return Home Fellow
“The IBRO Return Home funding really made an essential contribution to keep my lab up and running,” said Ramos. “In addition, travel grants from IBRO allowed my students and me to travel to meetings, to visit labs to learn techniques and to participate in the Schools. I feel that the synergy achieved by the different IBRO programmes is largely improving and modernizing the way of doing neuroscience in Latin America.” As a result of their research, Ramos’s research team at the Institute for Cell Biology and Neuroscience at the University of Buenos Aires has recently published their second article, appearing in the Journal of Neurochemistry. In addition, Ramos learned last December that his research team just received their first large grant from ANPCyT, basically quadrupling the funding he has received in the past. He believes that having received the Return Home grant from IBRO has helped him to attract additional funding. “It is important to receive this kind of grant very early in one’s career because it means that an international, prestigious organization ‘believes’ in our potential even before we are able to demonstrate it,” said Ramos.
as] a venue to share ideas with experts in this field, which definitely enhanced my credibility and ultimately the quality of my work. The fellowship assisted me to stay in another lab and work with an expert team towards my scientific progress as an independent scientist. Once again, I deeply appreciate IBRO and its wonderful award to encourage and support me towards gaining profession in the field of pain, which I am passionate about.
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IBRO Research Fellow Parisa Gazerani works in pain research.
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NEUROSCIENCE NEWS FROM IBRO
IBRO Animals in Research Committee The Brain Campaign: crosses the globe to promote ethics guidelines Increasing public awareness in neuroscience, from Australia to Zimbabwe
Committee Chair Sharon Juliano reports: In October 2009, a long-standing member of our team, Sarah Pallas, presented a two-day workshop in Queretera, Mexico, as a part of the Miledi Neuroscience Training Program, which also included presentations to faculty, students and other members of the university. She was accompanied by the Director of AAALAC International (Association for Assessment and Accreditation of Laboratory Animal Care), Chris Newcomb. The workshop included discussion of why the ethical treatment of animals in relation to research is important and the impact of international guidelines on the use of experimental animals. In December 2009, members of our committee attended the SONA Congress (Society of Neuroscience in Africa) in Sharm el Sheikh, Egypt, where we presented a symposium discussing animal and human ethics – “The Value of Ethics in Conducting Research” – including components necessary to begin an animal use program (presented by Kris Turlejsk and myself) and the importance of ethical behavior in running a lab (presented by Beth Fisher, Michael Zygmond and Willie Daniels). In June 2010, I presented a workshop on Research Ethics as part of an IBRO school in Kinshasa, DR Congo, “Diet, Toxins and the Environment,” and a talk during the APRONES meeting, also in Kinshasa, on the ethics of using animals to study degenerative disease. Also during 2010, Pedro Maldonado presented Research Ethics topics at an IBRO school being held in the Dominican Republic, for researchers in Haiti. Finally, we are planning a workshop in Students at an IBRO School in Kinshasa, DRC, participate in a "Research Ethics" India in the near future. workshop led by Dr. Sharon Juliano. IBRO’s Public Education Committee, chaired by Elspeth McLachlan, aims to improve and widen knowledge about research on the brain and its diseases to people throughout the world. To achieve this, IBRO works in partnership with DABI (Dana Alliance for Brain Initiatives), SfN (Society for Neuroscience), EDAB (European Dana Alliance for the Brain) and FENS (Federation of European Neuroscience Associations), encouraging and supporting brain awareness events through the Brain Campaign. Activities are held in schools and the wider community, mostly during Brain Awareness Week in March of each year. The IBRO Public Education Committee, which includes representatives from all regions of the world, provides funding for events in Africa, Asia-Pacific and Latin America that increase public awareness of the brain and attract young people to study neuroscience and take up research careers. During 2009-10, support was provided for 23 events in Africa, 16 in Asia-Pacific, and 9 in Latin America. Of the wide range of activities funded, several were local Brain Bee competitions, which are proving increasingly popular amongst high school students. IBRO has made the booklet Neuroscience: Science of the Brain available in 21 languages through the Brain Campaign website (www.braincampaign.org) and Comparative brain display during Brain is currently seeking to assist Awareness Week 2010 in Perth, Australia. others in undertaking further translations. The Committee also encourages people in all parts of the world to improve the quality and availability of basic neuroscience information in languages other than English through social media Web sites.
New Chair for Western Europe Regional Committee
Professor Juan Lerma, Director of the Instituto de Neurociencias of Alicante, Spain, has been elected Chair of the IBRO Western Europe Regional Committee (WERC). Prof. Lerma was elected to WERC in 2007 and was also the scientific director of the First Kemali-IBRO Mediterranean School of Neuroscience, “The Synapse from Beach to Bedside,” held in Naples, Italy, in September 2009. The focus of his research is glutamate receptors in neuronal physiopathology. The international impact of Prof. Lerma’s research has been very significant, and he has been invited to participate in international meetings such as the British Physiological Society, the European Foundation of Biochemistry Societies (FEBS), the prestigious Gordon Conferences and the Conferences Jacques Monod. In addition, Prof. Lerma has been elected as an EMBO member and belongs to the European DANA Alliance for the Brain (EDAB). He is an associate editor of Neuron and a reviewing editor of Neuroscience. He succeeds Professor Monica Di Luca, who served on WERC since 2001 and was its Committee Chair since 2006. “During the years she was chairing WERC, Monica did a great job,” said Dr. Lerma. “All European neuroscientists recognize her effort, and we in WERC will no doubt miss her enthusiastic and professional drive.”
New members elected for CEERC and WERC
The results of the election of new members of IBRO’s Central and Eastern European Regional Committee (CEERC) and Western Europe Regional Committee (WERC) are: CEERC: Chair Ryszard Przewlocki (Poland, re-elected), Pavla Jendelova (Czech Republic), Oleg Krishtal (Ukraine), Mihai Moldovan (Denmark, reelected) WERC: Joana Almeida Palha (Portugal), Micaela Morelli (Italy), HansJoachim Pflüger (Germany), Susan Sara (France, re-elected) The term of membership of IBRO’s Regional Committees is four years, with half the membership replaced every two years. Members may be re-elected once.
Juan Lerma, new WERC Chair
Women in World Neuroscience Committee hosts events around the world
The IBRO Committee on Women in World Neuroscience (WWN) has supported a number of major initiatives around the world this year to promote their mission, and to create training and networking opportunities for IBRO’s members. The following faculty and trainees received WWN funding over the past year: Viji Ravindranath (Indian Institute of Science) for the panel discussion “Indian Women in Neuroscience”; Fatima Shad Kaneez (University of Karachi) for the symposium “Connecting Women’s Health and Neuroscience”; Illana Gozes (Tel-Aviv University) for the panel discussion “Opportunities for Women in Neuroscience”; Anja Lanz (University of British Columbia) for the symposium “Women in the Pipeline”; and Katza Gazdik and Anastasia Kuzmin (University of British Columbia) for the symposium “Secrets of the Female Mind.” WWN Committee member Kathie Olsen organized the workshop “Stress and the Brain: Effects on Addiction, Cognition and Well Being” in Washington, DC, in celebration of Women’s History Month (March 2010). Additionally, the IBRO WWN Committee hosted a symposium during the 2010 Society for Neuroscience meeting in San Diego, USA, titled “Meet the Editors: How to Get Published in Major Neuroscience Journals,” which was followed by a mentoring session. A needs assessment initiative earlier in the year in Washington brought together senior and junior women from China, Jamaica, Vietnam, Spain, the United Kingdom, Norway, Haiti, Lebanon, Jordan, and Canada to share their scientific experiences abroad. Many of the participants provided insights on managing and leading programs in resource-poor nations, and the particular challenges facing women. Other needs assessments were performed in 2009 in India and in Egypt. Connect to the expanding network of IBRO Women in World Neuroscience on Facebook.
The IBRO Reporter
For the latest news about our members, events, programmes and funding – sent by email to our members. Please keep your membership updated at www.ibro.info.
NEUROSCIENCE NEWS FROM IBRO
Honours for distinguished neuroscientists and IBRO members
Robert H. Wurtz, a pioneer and leader in the field of neurophysiology, is the recipient of the 2010 Neuroscience Prize of the Peter and Patricia Gruber Foundation. His research has led scientists to a deeper understanding of how the brain is organized to produce behaviour. Dr. Wurtz was formerly the National Academy of Sciences representative to the IBRO Governing Council. Sten Grillner, of the Nobel Institute for Neurophysiology, Karolinska Institute, Sweden, and Chair of IBRO's Memberships and Partnerships Committee, has been elected to the National Academy of Sciences (USA) in recognition of his distinguished and continuing achievements in original research. Lourdes Cruz was named as one of the five exceptional women scientists from around the world to receive the Award in the Life Sciences by the L’ORÉALUNESCO For Women in Science partnership. A professor at the Marine Science Institute at the University of the Philippines Diliman, Dr. Cruz has served on the IBRO Symposia & Workshops Committee. John G. Nicholls was presented the Award for Education in Neuroscience by the Society for Neuroscience (SfN). The prize recognizes individuals with a distinguished career who have made outstanding contributions to neuroscience research and education. His collaboration with IBRO as the founding director of the IBRO Visiting Lecture Team Programme (VLTP) has provided assistance to promising researchers in more than a dozen countries.
Neuroscience, the journal A message from the Chief Editor
Stephen Lisberger reports: The core mission of Neuroscience is to publish original scientific papers that have a high quality and are of interest to a wide group of readers. Through rigorous editorial procedures, careful monitoring of the speed of our editorial process, and the diligent work of our editors and reviewers, Neuroscience accomplishes this goal. In the past year, we have made a number of changes that we hope will solidify our core mission and further improve the quality of papers. We have changed the structure of the sections in the Journal to reflect the five main intellectual areas in which we receive submissions, affording better visibility to the papers we publish. With the advent of electronic publishing, we have found that all papers are handled rapidly – moving from submission to first decision with a median time of fewer than 28 days. This allowed us to stop offering the “Rapid Communication” format while still providing rapid review and publication. In an effort to place the relevant knowledge within the published literature, we have informed our authors that we will no longer post “Supplementary Figures and Text” on our Web site. Neuroscience has the freedom to publish long papers when necessary, and we encourage authors to include all relevant material within the body of the paper. Of course, we wish to encourage the use of alternative formats and we will happily post supplementary material in formats that cannot (yet) be embedded in a PDF, e.g. movies, sound clips, etc.
John Nicholls, founding director of the IBRO VLTP, teaching in Cameroon
Carol Barnes received the SfN Mika Salpeter Award, a prize recognizing individuals with outstanding career achievements in neuroscience who have also actively promoted the professional advancement of women in neuroscience. Dr. Barnes, who formerly served on the IBRO Governing Council, was selected to receive the award for her care and dedication as a researcher and a mentor.
IBRO Governing Council elects new treasurer
At the IBRO Governing Council (GC) meeting that took place on November 13, 2010, in San Diego, USA, IBRO Secretary-General Pierre Magistretti announced that Quentin Pittman of the University of Calgary, Canada, has been elected by the GC as IBRO Treasurer. His three-year term begins in 2011. Dr. Pittman is currently a medical scientist at the Alberta Heritage Foundation for Medical Research, a university professor and fellow of the Royal Society of Canada. At the University of Calgary, Dr. Pittman has been chairman of the Neuroscience Research Group, assistant dean (Medical Science) and is currently education director of the Hotchkiss Brain Institute. He has been active in review bodies for many scientific agencies, including the MRC, CIHR, Heart and Stroke Foundation of Canada, Human Science Frontiers Program and the NIH. His involvement with IBRO goes back more than 30 years. Dr. Pittman has been an IBRO visiting lecturer, organized and taught in IBRO schools, trained IBRO New IBRO Treasurer fellows and participated in many of the IBRO Quentin Pittman congresses. In addition, he is familiar with the workings of a number of national or international organizations, with experience as a councilor or member of the executive of the International Neuroendocrine Federation, International Union of Physiological Sciences, Canadian Physiological Society and Canadian Association for Neuroscience. Dr. Pittman takes over from two-term IBRO Treasurer Steve Redman (pictured, right), who will work closely with Dr. Pittman during 2011 to ensure a smooth transition of duties and continued careful management of IBRO's finances.
Imaging team win Neuroscience Cover Competition
The winning cover of IBRO’s annual Neuroscience cover competition for 2009 is from an article by T. Tadi, L.S. Overney and O. Blanke, of the Laboratory of Cognitive Neuroscience, Brain-Mind Institute, École Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne, Switzerland. (Professor Blanke is also with the Department of Neurology, University Hospital, Geneva, Switzerland.) The article, "Three sequential brain activations encode mental transformations of upright and inverted human bodies: A high resolution evoked potential study,” was published in Neuroscience, Vol. 159 (2009), No. 4, 1315- 1325. The first author, Tej Tadi, described the research behind the paper and the technique behind the image: "Research at the Laboratory of Cognitive Neuroscience, EPFL is focused on the investigation of functional and neural mechanisms of body perception, corporeal awareness, and self consciousness in the normal brain and in neurological and psychiatric disease. We combine techniques from experimental psychology and cognitive science with Neuroimaging (high density EEG and fMRI) and Virtual Reality. The cover illustration displays brain activity in the temporo-parietal cortex, 220 milliseconds after stimulus onset when participants were asked to imagine their body in the Neuroscience winning cover position and perspective of the humanoid body presented on the computer screen. The image was created using a combination of 3D modeling software (MotionBuilder; Autodesk, USA) and EEG analysis software (Cartool, University of Geneva). The 3D environment and humanoid were created using the modeling software. The brain activity from EEG data was then superimposed onto the image."
IBRO's Visiting Lecture Team Programme
Steve Redman presents his final Report from the Treasurer to the IBRO Governing Council in November 2010.
Both IBRO Secretary-General Pierre Magistretti and President Carlos Belmonte expressed their deep appreciation of Dr. Redman for his service to IBRO: "Steve has been the leader of IBRO finances in very difficult times, and I must say his work was done with a very high level of skill, so that after this big economic crisis, IBRO has ended up having more money than before the crisis began," said Dr. Belmonte. "We need to thank Steve for his dedicated work over the past six years and his success in handling our finances very well."
Headed by Prof. Jack McMahan of Stanford University, USA, the IBRO Visiting Lecture Team Programme (VLTP) gave four courses over the past year at the following sites: Qingdao, China; La Paz, Bolivia; Guatemala City, Guatemala; and Yaoundé, Cameroon. The VLTP offers experiment-based lecture courses in economically developing countries that cover a variety of topics of current interest in basic neuroscience. Courses are often held in remote parts of the world. The lecture team consists of five members internationally recognized for their excellence as experimentalists and teachers. The intense interaction between lecturers and participants throughout VLTP courses is a hallmark of this IBRO program, which encourages a higher level of interaction and participation during the working sessions. In addition, the local faculty benefit from their interaction with VLTP lecturers. In all, nearly 250 students were able to attend these courses offered by the VLTP within the past year, which were co-funded by the Grass Foundation. During the VLTP course held in La Paz, Bolivia, the Bolivian Society for Neuroscience was founded with the participation of the students and professors of neuroscience who attended the course.
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NEWS FROM THE REGIONS 2009-2010
Africa Regional Committee (ARC): Chair Abdul Mohammed. The ARC organized four schools and a workshop in 2009 and eight schools and courses in 2010. The First IBRO School of Neuroscience in Cameroon: Infections and Brain Dysfunction: Sleep, Epilepsy and Behaviour (organized by A.K. Njamnshi and K. Kristensson) took place on August 25-30, 2009. UNESCO cosponsored the First IBRO School in Rwanda: Clinical Neurophysiology and Disorders of the Nervous System (organized by P. Luabeya, M. Arroyo and R. Kalaria) took place August 30 to September 6, 2009. The 22nd African School in Neuroanatomy Neurochemistry (organized by L. Dorbani-Mamine and N. LakhdarGhazal), also co-sponsored by UNESCO, took place in Algiers from October 8-15, 2009. Largely supported by the International Society for Neurochemistry (ISN), the 21st IBRO African Region Neuroscience School on “Cell Death Mechanisms and Neuroprotective Strategies in Neurological Disorders (organized by R. Butterworth and R. Kalaria), took place in Al-Fayoum, Egypt, from December 2-6, 2009. This School was held in parallel with the 2nd Teaching Tools Workshop in Neurosciences in Africa (organized by S. Juliano), which received partial funding from UNESCO. 6, 2010, in St. Denis, La Reunion Island. The 26th IBRO-ARC Advanced School of Neuroscience: Comparative Neuroanatomy and Behaviour (organized by N. Patel) was held from December 11-18, 2010, in Nairobi, Kenya. In addition, the Society of Neuroscientists of Africa (SONA) 2009 Meeting (organized by N. Patel, Y. El-Wazir and A. El-Gohary), with support from IBRO and other organizations, was held in Sharm el Sheikh immediately following the ISN-IBRO School in Fayoum, Egypt. This allowed the IBRO School students to attend the SONA Meeting and contribute posters of their work. Asia Pacific Regional Committee (APRC): Chair Hitoshi Okamoto. In 2009, APRC ran three schools: 1) 10th IBRO School of Neuroscience (Kolkata, India): December 29, 2008, to January 8, 2009 [Organizer: K. Mohanakumar, Indian Institute of Chemical Biology]. 2) 11th IBRO School of Neuroscience (Hong Kong, China): January 7-17 [Organizers: W-H. Yung, the Chinese University of Hong Kong, and K. Yung, Hong Kong Baptist University]. Twenty-four participants also presented their own research work at the 6th Asian Biophysics Association Symposium at the Annual Scientific Conference of The Hong Kong Society of Neurosciences (January 12-15). 3) ANS-IBRO Australiasian-AsiaPacific Summer School on Neuroethology (ANU Kioloa Coastal Campus, Australia): January 20-27 [Organizers: J. Hemmi and J. Zeil, Australia National University], co-sponsored by the Australian Neuroscience Society. Participants also had the chance to present their own research work at the Australian Neuroscience Society Annual Conference held at Canberra (January 27-30). In 2010, APRC will have run five neuroscience schools: 1) Associate School of Neuroscience (Bangkok, Thailand): January 27 – 31 [Organizer: K. Tilokskulchai], which had been rescheduled several times since 2008 due to political turmoil in Bangkok. 2) Advanced School of Neuroscience (Okazaki, Japan), February 15 – 26 [Organizer: K. Imoto]. 3) School of Neuroscience (Hong Kong), May 31 - June 11 [Organizer: W-H Yung]. 4) Bioimaging, Behavior and Functional Genomics (Selangor Darul Ehsan, Malaysia) October 3 - 15 [Organizer: 1. Parhar]. 5) Study of Human Brain Structure and Function using Magnetic Resonance Imaging and Spectroscopy (Manesar, India) November 29 - December 10 [Organizer: N. Chatterjee Singh]. In addition, APRC sponsored four researchers (from China, Hong Kong and India) for exchange fellowships to spend four to six months in a host laboratory within the Asia Pacific region. Central and Eastern Europe Regional Committee (CEERC): Chair Ryszard Przewlocki. In 2009, CEERC supported the Hungarian Neuroscience Meeting, January 22-24 in Budapest, and the 9th International Congress of the Polish Neuroscience Society, September 9 in Warsaw. In addition, the following regional neuroscience conferences were supported by CEERC: SiNAPSA Neuroscience Conference 2009 with an educational workshop on memory, September 26-29 in Ljubljana, Slovenia; the 5th “Gheorghe Marinescu” Symposium of the National Neuroscience Society of Romania, October 1-3 in Bucharest; “Molecular view of a synapse and its proteolytic remodeling in neuronal plasticity” Symposium, September 1-6 in Wierzba, Poland; "Neurogenomics and Neuroimaging of Developmental Disorders" Symposium, April 30May 5 in Dubrovnik, Croatia; and the 5th International Workshop, “Sleep: a window to the world of wakefulness,” September 20-22 in Rostov-on-Don, Russia. The conference support was directed mainly to young scientists and to special CEERC-IBRO sponsored sessions.
Poster session at cellular neuropathology training school, in Kiev CEERC partially funded a training school, “Cellular neuropathology: in vitro model,” in Kiev, Ukraine, from June 3 to 7, 2010. Forty-two scholars from sixteen countries attended the school, including eleven outstanding scientists as invited speakers: M. Bentivoglio (Italy), G. Burnstock (UK), C. Giaume (France), O. Krishtal (Ukraine), C. Matute (Spain), A. North (UK), O. Petersen (UK), R. Pochet (Belgium), G. Skibo (Ukraine), A. Verkhratsky (UK), and N. Voitenko (Ukraine). The program comprised eleven lectures in various topics of neuropathology, two poster sessions and eight laboratory sessions, including the immunohistochemical study of glial reaction and using neuronal stem cells in the hippocampus after ischemic injury. In addition, there were three dinner socials and two excursions, including a visit to the Ethnographic Museum, an introduction to Ukrainian cuisine, sightseeing in Kiev, and a river cruise.
Participants of the DRC School said they appreciated the friendly interaction with faculty members, pictured above. More than 500 young people from more than 30 African countries have been trained in nine years since IBRO schools in Africa were initiated in Petersburg, South Africa. The 22nd Advanced IBRO School in Africa took place in Kinshasa, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), from June 9 to 13, 2010, attracting 25 participants from four African countries (the DRC, Cameroon, Ethiopia and Rwanda) who were all post-graduate students involved in clinical or basic neuroscience programs in their home countries. The objective of the course was to provide the participants with recent advances on the role of toxins and dietary habits in neurodegenerative diseases. Faculty members were also assigned to share their research experience and career paths for scientific development with the students. The faculty hailed from the USA, Europe, and Africa and included active research neuroscientists with a vast experience of teaching subjects in neuroscience at various levels to a variety of students. They included course organizers D. Tshala-Katumbay (USA/DRC) and J. Mwanza (USA/DRC), S. Juliano (USA), J. Weeks (USA), K. Michels (USA), M. Bentivoglio (Italy), T. Tylleskär (Norway), W. Daniels (South Africa), J. Tshibanda (Belgium/DRC), R. Mukendi (Belgium/DRC), P. Luabeya (Belgium/DRC), D. Kambangu (France/DRC), P. Kayembe (DRC), T. Kayembe (DRC), J. Muyembe (DRC), D. Mumba (DRCo), and D. Musibono (DRC).
In addition, 2009 saw the launch of a novel program called InEUROPE (the IntraEuropean Mobility Project), originated by CEERC and WERC. The program funds short visits to European laboratories for young neuroscientists to learn new techniques or methods required for their studies. Three applicants from Poland, Georgia and Romania were awarded funds to visit laboratories in Hungary, England and Germany, respectively. CEERC also supported the First IBRO-Kemali Mediterranean School of Neuroscience, in order to stimulate networking among young scientists within the Mediterranean Sea region. So far in 2010, CEERC has supported three meetings and workshops: The International Workshop 2010, January 21-23 in Pécs, Hungary; “Cellular Neuropathology: In Vitro Models” Symposium, June 3-7 in Kiev, Ukraine; and the 9th International Conference on “Brain Energy Metabolism: Mitochondrial-Cytosolic Interactions: From Energetics to Pathogenesis” at Semmelweis University, July 7-10 in Budapest, Hungary. CEERC also funded travel grants to attend the FENS Forum in Amsterdam in July 2010 for 44 post-docs and PhD students as well as supported the FENSIBRO Alumni Symposium and Social, in addition to the Media Training Workshop. Latin America Regional Committee (LARC): Chair Osvaldo Uchitel. Local institutions (universities, research institutes, national research councils, private foundations) and international scientific organizations co-sponsored the activities promoted by LARC over the past year. The following activities took place within the region in 2009: A. Schools. 1) 14th Latin American School of Neurosciences (organized by O. Macadar), a well-established school on several aspects of neuroscience, Uruguay. 2) Neurotransmitter Receptors: Signaling and Stimulus-Transcription Coupling (organized by A. Ortega), Mexico. 3) Advanced School of Neuroethology (organized by D. Tomsic), Argentina. B. Courses/workshops. 1) Motivated Behavior, Stress and Addiction. From molecules to behavior
The First IBRO/ILAE Neuroscience School: Fundamentals on epilepsy: Neurobiological, clinical and therapeutic approaches (organized by G. Avanzini and M. Bentivoglio, with local organizers A.K. Akpalu and S.K. Ohene) was held in Accra, Ghana, on January 16-22, 2010, and received funding from UNESCO. The 3rd Annual Kinshasa Aprones Congress (organized by P. Luabeya and T. Kayembe) covering cerebral malaria and degenerative diseases, took place June 14-15, 2010, and was partially supported by UNESCO, FIC and NIEHS. The Association of Neurological Sciences of Ethiopia joined with IBRO to put on the 2nd Regional Teaching Course in Sub-Saharan Africa (organized by G. Zenebe), taking place June 24-27, 2009, in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. The 22nd Advanced IBRO School: Diet, Toxins and Neurodegeneration (organizers: J-C Mwanza and D Tshala-Katumbay), was held in Kinshasa, DRC, on June 9-13, 2010. The 3rd Regional Teaching Course in Sub-Saharan Africa (organized by R. Kalaria) was held from July 8 to 10, 2010, in Abidjan, Cote d'Ivoire. The 25th IBRO/ISN Neuroscience School in Africa: Onslaughts on the central dopaminergic system (organized by W. Daniels) was held October 24-28, 2010, in Durban, South Africa. The first ARC-WERC inter-regional collaboration, the 23rd IBRO-UNESCO School of Neuroscience: Neurobiology of Infectious Diseases: A View for Global Neuroscience (organized by R. Bruzzone, M. Dubois-Dalcq, P. Gasque and K. Kristensson) was held November 27 to December
Laboratory experience at the Minokoshi Lab, Japan. The two-week Advanced School of Neurosciences was held in Okazaki, one of oldest cities in Japan, from February 15-26, 2010. Fourteen students from eight countries participated in the Advanced School designed for young researchers (including faculty, doctoral and postdoctoral students) interested in neuroscience research. The School focused on novel methods and techniques in neuroscience research, and the two weeks of training included nine special lectures and 14 courses of laboratory experiences. In particular, emphasis was placed on imaging techniques and in vivo electrophysiological recordings. The Advanced School provided an excellent opportunity for young researchers to experience performing cutting-edge experimental methods by themselves.
NEWS FROM THE REGIONS 2009-2010
(organized by M.E. Andrea Coke), Chile. 2) III Latin-American Summer School on Epilepsy (LASSE) – Epileptogenesis in the developing brain: basis for treatment and prevention (organized by E.A. Cavalheiro), Brazil. 3) Advanced Graduate Course: Molecular & Cellular Mechanisms of Neuronal Damage - Therapeutical Approaches (organized by J. Segura-Aguilar), Chile. 4) Molecular Basis of Neurodegeneration (organized by L.L. Velazquez Perez), Cuba. 5) Psychotropic, recreational and therapeutic drugs (organized by N. Weisstaub), Argentina. 6) 15th International Symposium on Chromaffin Cell Biology (organized by A. HernandezCruz), Mexico. 7) Mother-child relationships (organized by A. Ferreira), Uruguay. 8) New trends in motor learning and brain plasticity (organized by V. Della Maggiore), Argentina. 8) Plasticity and Regeneration of the Nervous System (organized by E. Del Bel), Brazil. C. Travel. Financial aid was granted to 17 graduate students and postdocs to carry out research/training stays in foreign laboratories (nine selected applicants) or to present their results at international scientific meetings. D. Federation of Neuroscience Societies of Latin America and the Caribbean (FALAN). This federation was created with the strong commitment of LARC at a foundational meeting in Uruguay, supported by a special grant from IBRO. Representatives from LARC, Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Uruguay, Colombia, Mexico, Cuba and Costa Rica signed the founding document. The following activities took place in 2010: A. Schools. 1) The Latin American Summer School in Computational Neuroscience and Biomedical Applications (organized by A. Palacios), Chile. 2) PABSELA Stem Cell Research Training 2010: Mining the Cancer Transcriptome in the CNS (organized by B. Caputto Argentina. 3) Signal transduction in the Central Nervous System: Facts and Principles (organized by A. Ortega), Mexico. B. The ProLab Programme was launched to promote cooperative research by laboratories from two different Latin American and Caribbean countries. C. Intra-regional exchange: A total of 14 travel grants and 14 short research stays were awarded. D. Courses/workshops. Nineteen courses, workshops and symposia were supported by LARC.
The IBRO-LARC Advanced School of Neuroscience, "Neurotransmitter Receptors: Signaling and Stimulus Transcription Coupling," took place in Mexico City, Mexico, from October 26 to November 6, 2009, in the Zacatenco Campus of the Centro de Investigación y de Estudios Avanzados del Instituto PolitécnicoNacional (CinvestavIPN). The School was co-directed by Arturo Ortega A group lab during the Advanced and José Aguilera. A total of 20 School in Mexico City, 2009 graduate students from Perú, Brazil and Mexico attended the lectures and the work in the laboratories. The School covered the modern concepts of neurotransmission, placing a strong emphasis in ligand-receptor binding, intracellular signaling cascades and gene expression regulation, both at the transcriptional as well as the translational levels. Activities were divided into four-hour morning lectures and afternoon experimental work. Lectures included Neurotransmitter Receptor Binding Techniques, Signaling Principles, Post-translational Modifications (phosphorylation, ubiquitination, acetylation), Epigenetic Control of Gene Expression, Inducible Transcription Factors, Translational Control and Activity-dependent Gene Expression Regulation. Students and teachers were lodged in the same hotel and shared every meal, resulting in a good interaction in the academic and social realms.
a Hispaniola School of Neuroscience on “Trauma and the Brain,” held in Santiago, Dominican Republic, from September 30 to October 9, 2010. IBRO North American Schools: The committee continues to work with IBRO’s Board of Schools and the Marine Biological Laboratory (MBL) and Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory (CSHL) to identify highly qualified research trainees (IBRO alumni) to participate in summer neuroscience courses there. Five students (from Brazil, Chile, India, Mexico and Romania) were awarded grants in 2009. Students from Argentina, Brazil, Colombia, Cyprus, India, Mexico, Sri Lanka and Uruguay were awarded fellowships for 2010. Students are encouraged to visit the USCRC web site and consider applying for 2011 fellowships. The 3rd Canadian IBRO School in Neurodegeneration and Regeneration was held in Vancouver, from May 24 to June 3, 2009. Twelve students from seven different countries attended the course, with students from the Asia Pacific region enrolling for the first time since the school began. Ottawa, Canada, was the site of the 4th Canadian IBRO School of Neuroscience, held May 15-24, 2010, which brought twelve students from Africa, Latin America and the Asia-Pacific to Canada. The Canadian School is unique in that instead of the faculty travelling to the students' geographic area, the students come to the faculty.
The postgraduate programme welcomes Latin American students, providing a nice scenario for exchanges among European and nonEuropean students. WERC also shared activities directed at Latin American students with the French Society of Neuroscience (SdN). It was a novel initiative of the SdN to award travel fellowships to young Latin American neuroscientists during the last year of their doctoral degree or during their early postdoctoral stage, to allow them to attend the SdN meeting and to visit French laboratories in their quest for a post-doctoral position. To further support intra European mobility, WERC launched the InEurope project in 2009 as a joint activity with CEERC, which now is fully operative; supported young neuroscientists in participating in the Amsterdam FENS Forum; and cooperated with CEERC and FENS in the FENS/IBRO European Neuroscience School Committee. Finally, in 2009, WERC also supported the First KemaliIBRO Mediterranean School of Neuroscience, entitled “Synaptic Transmission and Plasticity,” held in the Stazione Zoologica “A. Dohrn” in Naples, from September 21 to 30, 2009. Students from twelve Mediterranean countries attended the School. In 2010, WERC also provided a total of 33 travel fellowships to the FENS Forum in Amsterdam. In addition, WERC joined with ARC to organize an inter-regional school, with participation from APRC, at La Réunion, an EU region in the Indian Ocean, on November 22-25, 2010. The topic of the school was “Pathogenic and neuroprotective mechanisms in CNS infections.”
FENS-IBRO European Neuroscience Schools Programme
Dr. Gregory Quirk leads a workshop on research tools during the Hispaniola School. This year’s international activity was the Hispaniola School of Neuroscience: Trauma and the Nervous System, which took place from September 29 to October 8, 2010, in Santiago, Dominican Republic (organized by G. Maestre). This school aimed to enhance the capacity of Haitian and Dominican participants to understand, teach, and respond to the mental health consequences of a disaster, such as the earthquake that occurred in Port au Prince, Haiti, in early 2010. Therefore, everything was taught from the point of trauma, from basic neuroscience to neuroethics, treatments and research with trauma victims. This was the first-ever IBRO School in Hispaniola (Haiti and Dominican Republic), and it was supported by the NIH grant to NASUSCRC, and IBRO's Latin America Regional Committee (LARC), with additional funds from IBRO. The School's 20 students were medical students, psychologists, psychiatrists, neurologists, neurosurgeons and other physicians, mostly from Haiti, some of whom had lost close family members in the earthquake. The eight faculty members came from the U.S., Haiti, Africa and Latin America.
Western Europe Regional Committee (WERC): Chair Juan Lerma. In 2009-2010, WERC supported a number of high quality scientific educational programs through awarding students’ fellowships. First, continuing a fruitful tradition, WERC supported the Sevilla School in Neuroscience, organized by Jose-M. DelgadoGarcia, a European programme officially included in the Postgraduate Programme of the Universidad Pablo de Olavide.
The Western Europe Regional Committee (WERC) , the Central & Eastern Regional Committee (CEERC) and the Federation of European Neuroscience Societies (FENS) continued their successful collaboration in the organization of the FENS-IBRO European Neuroscience Schools Programme. Nine schools took place during 2010: Brain evolution and its consequences for brain pathology (an SfN School), Naples, Italy, March 21-26; Looking Back at Mount Ararat: diversity and cross-fertilization among approaches to memory, Yerevan, Armenia, April 5-10; European Pain School: translating pain science into pain medicine, Siena, Italy, May 30June 6; Cognition and Action: systems neuroscience approaches to understanding complex behaviour, Dubrovnik, Croatia, June 5-11; Neuroproteomics in Animal Models for Neurodegenerative Disorders, Smolenice, Slovakia, June 20 - 26; Advanced Course on Computational Neuroscience, Freiburg, Germany, August 2 - 27; Imaging Neural Function, Lausanne/Geneva, Switzerland, August 22 - September 10; Visual Neuroscience: from spikes to awareness, Rauischholzhausen, Germany, August 29 - September 10; Translational Research in Basal Ganglia Disorders, Mallorca, Spain, September 20 - 24, 2010. The FENS-IBRO European Neuroscience Schools Programme aims to enrich the neuroscience education of students and young investigators throughout Europe. Faculty from around the world participate. http://fens.mdc-berlin.de/fens-ibro-schools
US/Canada Regional Committee (USCRC): Chair Dr. Gregory Quirk; Vice-Chair Dr. Janis Weeks. The IAC-USNC separated into two committees in May 2009. The IBRO programmes and activities supported by the IAC-USNC are now carried out by the US-Canada Regional Committee. The USCRC and the Society for Neuroscience–International Affairs Committee (IAC) maintain close ties and have three joint committee members. Financial support for the committee’s activities is provided by the National Institutes of Health Neuroscience Blueprint for Research via the U.S. National Academy of Sciences, the Society for Neuroscience, and IBRO. Courses and workshops: The USCRC supported the “Teaching Tools Workshops: A Call for Integrated Neuroscience Education in Africa.” The December 2009 Teaching Tools Workshop took place in conjunction with the Society of Neuroscience in Africa (SONA) meeting in Egypt. The 2010 Teaching Tools Workshop was held September 11-15 in Nairobi, Kenya. The committee also supported
The Kemali-IBRO School fostered networking across borders in countries of the Mediterranean basin. The First Kemali-IBRO Mediterranean School of Neuroscience closed on Wednesday, September 30, 2009, after ten days of intense learning and exchange of ideas about the synapse and its plastic mechanisms. It was held at the Stazione Zoologica "A. Dohrn" in Naples, Italy. The school comprised 26 students from 12 Mediterranean countries (Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Egypt, Israel, Palestinian Authority, Turkey, Greece, Croatia, Italy, France and Spain) and 14 faculty members who were mostly but not only from European countries. This school was the first event marking the new partnership between IBRO and the Dargut and Milena Kemali Foundation, which will jointly organize a school every two years, bringing together young neuroscientists across the Mediterranean basin. This "inter-regional" event involved three Regional Committees of IBRO (ARC, CEERC and WERC). The School scientific director was Juan Lerma (Alicante Neuroscience Institute), and the managing director was Kathy-Ann Koralek.
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IBRO’S INITIATIVES KINDLE NEUROSCIENCE DEVELOPMENT
A word from Marina Bentivoglio, Meeting in Beirut netted plans for possible past IBRO Secretary-General Middle East Chapter of IBRO
I have been participating in IBRO activities for many years before my office as Secretary General. My 2007-2009 term in office has represented an exciting parenthesis of my collaboration with IBRO, as these past three years have given me the wonderful opportunity to expand my views on IBRO activities beyond the African continent. One of my most vivid memories of IBRO activities is my first visit to Kinshasa, DR Congo, in 2006. There were riots in the city, and a workshop and IBRO School had been planned. I was in close contact with one of the organizers, Pierre Luabeya, who told me that the situation was under control. However, I consulted on behalf Marina Bentivoglio of my colleagues with Albert Aguayo, at that time President of IBRO. Albert told me “I would go. My thoughts will be with you”. We went. We found there a large group of smiling and friendly students waiting for us. At the workshop which preceded the School, we could not close the hall doors because of the crowd. Every morning to reach the School site, we passed between rows of tanks, waving at the soldiers. On April 14, 2010, IBRO Secretary-General Pierre Magistretti and President Carlos Belmonte met with several neuroscientists from the Middle East in Beirut, Lebanon, to explore ways in which IBRO could play a role in helping to promote further development of neuroscience within the Middle East as well as throughout the Arab-speaking world. The neuroscientists attending from Lebanon, Yemen, the Emirates and Saudi Arabia provided an overview of neuroscience training and research from within their respective countries
“Relying on human power, creativity and generosity, IBRO does not represent any national strategy or policy, and truly gathers all of them.”
In my office as Secretary General, I have had a unique opportunity to appreciate how effective IBRO is as a really worldwide organization in neuroscience, highly flexible and with minimal bureaucracy. Relying on human power, creativity and generosity, IBRO does not represent any national strategy or policy, and truly gathers all of them. Despite fantastic progress and technological and scientific achievements in brain research, the global village of neuroscience is still far from being global. Lots of work is needed. To the hundreds of young investigators from disadvantaged countries who attend IBRO Schools in the South of the world, I wish to repeat what I tell them in person: the competition is tough, and research in neuroscience requires funds that are difficult to obtain, even in rich countries. There is no reason for you to compete with young investigators working in laboratories of the highest standards. But with training, dedication and motivation you can contribute unique knowledge. Build bridges at home; build bridges, especially when you leave home to work in foreign countries; build bridges for a better world of neuroscience and, ultimately, for a better world. Please DO and KEEP DOING!
Carlos Belmonte (Continued from page 1)
Left to right: A. Al-Hayani, A. Adem, H. Lashuel, C. Belmonte, P. Magistretti, O. Mukhtar El-Agnaf, A. Abyad (not pictured: K. Kallab)
“Conditions seem to be ripe at the moment for catalyzing some emerging initiatives to help Middle East countries gain a stronger foothold for the benefit of neuroscience research, not only within each individual country, but also throughout the Middle East,” said Professor Magistretti. During the meeting, a consensus was reached for starting with a concrete activity to demonstrate IBRO’s seriousness in investing in the Middle East region and to bring together key people – a network of those from the region as well as Middle East expatriates currently living abroad – who can drive future initiatives for the region. The 1st IBRO Neuroscience Conference in the Middle East will take place from February 7 to 9, 2011, at the United Arab Emirates University in Al Ain. In addition to featuring the latest breakthroughs in neuroscience, the conference will provide local scientists the opportunity to network and establish collaborations with expatriate neuroscientists from the region. The conference will follow an IBRO neuroscience school, which will take place from January 30 to February 5, 2011.
Celebrating 50 Years: From the IBRO Archives
geographic, social and economic criteria. This structure has succeeded in giving neuroscientists in different parts of the world a direct voice in defining their own needs and priorities in research and science education. In his current role as IBRO President, Dr. Belmonte is championing the formalization of an inter-regional programme for bringing together brilliant neuroscience students from two or more regions and offering them the possibility of building mutual personal knowledge and teamwork around scientific activities, with the aim of establishing long-term ties and collaboration. Already, several of IBRO’s regional committees have taken the initiative to collaborate on the organization of schools. The 2009 Kemali-IBRO Mediterranean School of Neuroscience held in Naples, Italy, comprised 26 students from 12 countries (Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Egypt, Israel, Palestinian Authority, Turkey, Greece, Croatia, Italy, France and Spain). This inter-regional school, which now will be held every two years, involves three IBRO Regional Committees: the Africa (ARC), Central Europe (CEERC) and Western Europe (WERC) regional committees. The 23rd IBRO-UNESCO School of Neuroscience, recently held in La Reunion Island, was a collaboration between ARC and WERC, with participation from the IBRO Asia-Pacific Regional Committee (APRC). In addition, a second level of inter-regional interaction has emerged from the organizers of upcoming IBRO World Congress in Florence: the idea of creating a Young Scientists Visiting Programme around major neuroscience meetings. With this programme, those traveling from afar to international meetings can gain additional benefit from a month-long stay at a local laboratory – receiving training and building relationships – before returning home. At the IBRO Governing Council meeting in San Diego, USA, on November 13, 2010, Dr. Belmonte and IBRO Secretary-General Pierre Magistretti encouraged IBRO’s Regional Committee members to continue organizing inter-regional
Photo courtesy of Piergiorgio Strata The photo above was taken of the speakers at the First IBRO World Congress in Pisa, Italy, in 1961. Front row: J.L. O’Leary, J.C. Eccles, G. Moruzzi, D. Albe-Fessard, F. Bremer, P. Anokhin, A. Fessard, R. Granit, K. Lissak, W.R. Adey. Second row: R. Jung, W. Grey Walter, H.H. Jasper, J.M. Brookhart, H.W. Magoun, G.F. Rossi, M. Carreras, O. Pompeiano. Third row: M. Jouvet, K-E. Hagbarth, A. Hugelin, P. Buser, P. Dell, A. Arduini, A. Zanchetti, R. Naquet, G.F. Ricci.
schools and other educational activities. In early 2011 Governing Council members will vote on the specific structure of this plan, which includes establishing a central team to support IBRO’s individual regions in organizing inter-regional schools and provide logistics for these and other activities. “The idea here isn’t only about the scientific training, it is about bringing together the future leaders of neuroscience regardless from where they come,” said Dr. Belmonte. “We hope that 20 years from now, as a result of our efforts, they will still be in contact as friends and collaborating with each other. This has very favourable implications for not only the advancement of neuroscience research, but also for world peace.” “I really see this as the future of IBRO, and IBRO is the perfect organization to make this happen,” he added.
IBRO members: Please update your details in the IBRO Members database for the latest information about IBRO's activities: www.ibro.info