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International Brain Research Organization
IBRO SPREADS THE WORD AROUND THE WORLD
Secretary-General Marina Bentivoglio assesses IBRO’s global future
Eyes wide open worldwide and with a global vision, IBRO looks at a rapidly changing and growing neuroscience community. A protagonist of cooperation in brain research across all continents, IBRO is unique, and internationally recognized as such, in its role to develop cooperation in brain research worldwide. In the last decade, IBRO has obtained remarkable achievements in this direction, thanks to the dedication and enthusiasm of neuroscientists who collaborate with and work voluntarily for IBRO around the globe and to their strong belief in neuroscience without barriers. Enduring and fruitful partnerships in all continents are at the core of IBRO’s activities. In North America, the wonderful relationships with IBRO’s giant member, the Society for Neuroscience (SfN), are constantly growing. In Europe, the wellestablished partnership with the Federation of European Neuroscience Societies (FENS), a giant IBRO member, has led to the organization of successful courses for young investigators, the joint IBRO-FENS Programme of European Neuroscience Schools (PENS). The Society for Neuroscience (SfN) has recently joined in the PENS venture, which can now foster the participation of North American students. In Asia, the partnership with the Federation of Asian-Oceanian Neuroscience Societies (FAONS) has also led to the organization of successful schools and initiatives in the very vast Asian-Pacific world region. In Latin America, IBRO has fostered the birth of the Federation of Neuroscience Associations in Latin American and the Caribbean (FALAN), founded in April 2009 under IBRO auspices. In Africa, IBRO has established enduring relationships with the Society of Neuroscientists of Africa (SONA) since its foundation in 1993: more than 15 years of support and close association with African neuroscience, which in recent years has been supported by the UNESCO International Basic Science Programme (IBSP) and the Rita Levi-Montalcini Foundation. And IBRO relationships with supranational federations are increasing with the continuing direct relationships with IBRO members, comprising societies, associations and groups, in a steadily growing number of world countries.
In this issue:
3rd IBRO Canadian School, Vancouver, Canada, May 2009, a multi-partner IBRO school for young researchers from across the world
All this helps in IBRO’s unique mission for the development of international cooperation, with the focus on networking and capacity-building in world regions with special needs. IBRO’s eyes are wide open with the focus on the training of students and the provision of assistance to young scientists in disadvantaged countries of the world. We have IBRO alumni all over, a better and bigger neuroscience community, a global neuroscience community. And international is going intercontinental: IBRO’s initiative of ‘inter-regional’ schools and activities (i.e. with liaisons between two or more of IBRO’s six world regions) is growing and will be further developed. This is also witnessed by the launching of the series of Kemali-IBRO Mediterranean Schools: following its agreement with the Kemali Foundation, signed in April 2008 in Naples, IBRO began in September 2009 a new venture across the continents facing the Mediterranean basin. Towards the end of my mandate as IBRO Secretary-General, I wish to express my deepest gratitude to all IBRO members and to neuroscientists worldwide for having given me the opportunity to participate in this exciting global venture and adventure. Witnessing the impact of the communication with the common language of brain research, despite the diversity of spoken languages and cultural environments, has been and remains a challenge, an emotion, a reward. Thanks a lot to IBRO, and let’s keep going! Marina Bentivoglio Secretary-General, IBRO
Funding Fellows & Alumni Neuroscience News The Regions Education & Training IBRO’S Partnerships
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Kemali-IBRO partnership holds first school
A partnership between the Dargut and Milena Kemali Foundation for Basic and Clinical Neurosciences (DMKF) and IBRO was forged in April 2008. The collaboration focuses on capacitybuilding in the Mediterranean region, with the objective to overcome cultural or political 'barriers' in this area. The First Kemali-IBRO School of Neuroscience was held at the Stazione Zoologica "Anton Dohrn" and the Kemali Foundation, Naples, Italy, Sept 21-30, 2009. It represented the first of a series of schools to foster networking across borders in countries of the Mediterranean basin and to embrace the European and African IBRO Regional Committees.
IBRO's Partnerships in the World of Neuroscience ... page 8
IBRO Secretary-General Elect sees IBRO in unique position as worldwide organization
Yun-Quing Li and Marina Bentivoglio (centre) with colleagues, 4th Military Medical University, Xi’an, China
2nd Regional Teaching Course, Addis Ababa, Ethiop: a joint EFNS, WFN, IBRO collaboration
Neuroscience Journal TOCs e-mailed to all IBRO members
Pierre Magistretti, Professor and Director, Brain Mind Institute, Federal Institute of Technology (EPFL), Lausanne, Switzerland, is to be the next Secretary-General of IBRO. His three-year term of office begins in January 2010. Echoing the major global goals of IBRO, Pierre Magistretti stated: “I view IBRO as a real worldwide organization, with a unique position, in this respect, in the neurosciences. Along theses lines, I see as the main priority for IBRO in the coming years the expansion and strengthening of its role to stimulate the progress of neuroscience in disadvantaged countries. Indeed, IBRO's unique niche is to facilitate access to continuing education and training of the most talented young neuroscientists, especially from such countries. No other society or organization has this as its main goal. This effort should of course be coordinated with neuroscience societies and federations in the ‘advantaged’ part of the world (such as Europe, North America, Japan, Australia). Indeed, while the missions of such organizations are primarily to organize and support neuroscience activities within their world region, they represent ideal partners for those IBRO's activities that are focused on the disadvantaged areas of the world, for example by facilitating contacts, providing faculties and host laboratories for young neuroscientists. In this regard, federations such as the Federation of European Neuroscience Societies (FENS) or FAONS (Federation of Asian-Oceanian Neuroscience Societies) and large societies - especially the largest, Pierre Magistretti the Society for Neuroscience - will be respected partners for such initiatives. Another priority will be to expand the outreach activities of IBRO worldwide by inspiring and supporting them and by providing the necessary documentation to facilitate the public understanding of neuroscience. This is an essential activity for establishing a fruitful dialogue with society, the media and policy-makers. I am particularly committed to these activities in which I have been personally involved for several years. IBRO should ensure that such materials are available in as many languages as possible besides English. Here again, partnerships with national neuroscience societies and with organizations such as the Dana Alliance for Brain Initiatives will be extremely important.”
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Vo l u m e
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IBRO’S FUNDING 2010 - 2011
IBRO welcomes applicants for 2010-2011
IBRO’s Funding Programme promotes neuroscience, especially in less well-funded countries, by providing support to high-quality neuroscientists from diverse geographic and scientific areas (US/Canada Region excluded). Research Fellowships: support for work abroad in good laboratories Return Home Fellowships: aid for researchers trained overseas who wish to return to their home countries Studentships: support for short stays in good overseas laboratories Travel Grants: support participation at international neuroscience meetings Symposia & Workshops: partial funding of neuroscience events to encourage research particularly in resource-restricted regions Public Education Events: increase public awareness of the brain worldwide through events related to brain research and its application to diseases of the brain All funding information on the IBRO web site http://funding.ibro.info
Winner of Albert J. Aguayo Fellowship announced
The Fonds de la recherche en santé du Québec (FRSQ) and the Institute of Neurosciences, Mental Health and Addiction (INMHA) of the Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR) in partnership with IBRO announced the award of the newly created Albert J. Aguayo Fellowship to Rolando Avilés Reyes of the Cellular Biology and Neuroscience Institute, Faculty of Medicine, Buenos Aires University, Argentina. The Fellowship, named after Dr Albert J. Aguayo, past President and past Secretary-General of IBRO, marks Dr Aguayo's outstanding contribution to neuroscience in Quebec, Canada and the world. The purpose of the fellowship is to provide the opportunity for young researchers from developing countries to spend a three-month term in a Quebec laboratory or research centre in order to enhance their training and career development in the field of neuroscience research. Rolando Avilés Reyes will spend three months in the host laboratory of Dr Phil Barker, Neurological Institute and Hospital, Mc Gill University, Montreal. Rolando's research interests are in sleep apnea and while in Montreal he hopes to learn certain molecular biology techniques and apply protocols that will answer specific neuroscience questions. He will also work on the secondary effects of intermittent hypoxia from which sleep apnea patients suffer. Roland will work in Roland Avilés Reyes Montreal from March to June 2010, when he will return to his Buenos Aires laboratory. There he intends to analyse the NFKB role in sleep apnea, at the same time using the molecular biology techniques he has learned in Montreal.
Symposia & Workshops recipients 2009
Africa Region Ihunwo (South Africa): 17th Conference of the Int'l Federation of Associations of Anatomists, Aug 2009 Asia Pacific Region Albright (India): Workshop on Cognitive Neuroscience, Feb 2009 Central & Eastern Europe Region Kostovic (Croatia): Neuroimaging and Neurogenomics of Developmental Disorders, April 2009
Santiago, Chile, workshop, Jan 2009
Brain Research Organization
Executive Committee President Carlos Belmonte (Spain) Secretary-General Marina Bentivoglio (Italy) Treasurer Steve Redman (Australia) Regional Committee Chairs Abdul Mohammed (Africa) Hitoshi Okamoto (Asia/Pacific) Ryszard Przewlocki (Central & Eastern Europe) Osvaldo Uchitel (Latin America) Carol Barnes (US/Canada) Monica Di Luca (Western Europe) IBRO Secretariat 255 Rue Saint-Honoré 75001 Paris, France Phone:+33-1-46-47-92-92 Fax: +33-1-46-47-42-50 Executive Director Stephanie de La Rochefoucauld email@example.com Director of Programmes Robynn Rockstad-Rex firstname.lastname@example.org IBRO Web Site Webmaster & Head of IT Ante Padjen email@example.com Senior Editor Andrée Blakemore firstname.lastname@example.org 'IBRO News' Editor in Chief Andree Blakemore email@example.com
Young scientists reap benefits of Return Home Fellowships
In 2006 and 2007 research neuroscientists Elaine Gavioli (Brazil) and Guillermo Lanuza (Argentina) won IBRO Return Home Fellowships to enable them to set up labs in their own countries. Elaine Gavioli returned to Brazil in 2006, having spent two years as a postdoc at the Dept of Experimental and Clinical Medicine, Section of Pharmacology, Università di Ferrara (Italy), where she worked with Prof. Girolamo Calo’, an expert in in vitro and in vivo pharmacological characterization of novel peptidergic systems. She was appointed professor in the Post-Graduate Programme in Health Sciences at the Universidade do Extremo Sul Catarinense (Criciuma, Brazil), has had numerous collaborations, and has been able to set up her own lab working in the field of neuropeptides. Elaine (2nd left) and her group) Guillermo Lanuza was working on neuronal development at Martyn Goulding’s lab, Dept of Molecular Neurobiology, Salk Institute for Biological Studies, La Jolla, CA, USA, when he was awarded a Return Home Fellowship in 2007. He moved back to Argentina in April 2008 and returned to the Fundación Instituto Leloir in Buenos Aires as a junior group leader. His research is aimed at answering how distinct types of neurons with specialized functions differentiate during development. He has recruited two students and one postdoc who contribute significantly to the work. The first instalment of his Return Home award was used for setting up the lab, acquiring basic equipment and consumable reagents.
Balaban (Russian Federation): IX East European Regional Int'l Conference Simpler Nervous Systems, Sept 2009 Kaczmarek (Poland): Molecular View of a Synapse and its Surroundings, Sept 2009 Sergeeva (Russian Federation): 2nd International Conference on Neuroimaging and Neurodynamics, Sept 2009 Latin America Region Andrés Coke (Chile): Motivated Behaviours, Stress and Addiction, Jan 2009 Segura-Aguilar (Chile): VI Neurotoxicity Society Meeting, April 2009 Rotstein (Argentina): Neuron-Glial Interactions in Synapse Formation, Sept 2009 Mato (Argentina): School J. A. Balseiro Modeling in Neuroscience, Oct 2009 Hernandez-Cruz (Mexico): 15th International Symposium on Chromaffin Cell Biology, Nov 2009 Western Europe Region Panzica (Italy): 5th Int'l Meeting on Steroids and Nervous System, Feb 2009 Geula (Cyprus): 5th Int'l Conference of Alzheimer's Disease and Related Disorders, May 2009 Kofler (Austria): Neuropeptide Festival 2009, July 2009
The IBRO Reporter
For the latest neuroscience news and events e-mailed monthly to all members. Please keep your membership updated at www.ibro.info
PENS: Programme of European Neuroscience Schools
An IBRO-FENS (Federation of Neuroscience Societies) collaboration, PENS aims to enrich the neuroscience education of students and young investigators throughout Europe. Faculty from around the world participate. PENS web site: mars.glia.mdc-berlin.de/pens
NEWS FROM OUR FELLOWS AND ALUMNI
The IBRO Alumni Programme
Susan Sara, Alumni Programme Chair, reports
IBRO alumni speak at SfN 2008: Three distinguished IBRO alumni who had attended CHSL or MBL neuroscience summer courses at CSHL or MBL summarized their recent research at the IBRO social during the SfN 2008 meeting in Washington, DC, November 2008. Their participation at the schools was sponsored by the IAC-USNC/IBRO and each recounted how the school experience had impacted on her scientific career. Guang Yang (China) attended the MBL course on Neurobiology in 2003. A postdoc at New York University, she described her experiments using in vivo imaging of new spines formed in response to sensory experience. Maria Castello (Uruguay), attended the MBL course on Neural Systems and Behavior in 2004. Her subsequent studies in development of sensory-motor neural networks using weakly electric fish as a model clearly reflect her school experience. Maria de la Paz Fernandez (Argentina, attended the CSHL course on Neurobiology of Drosophilia in 2005 and related her current interesting results on gustatory perception, courtship and aggression in that species. The IBRO Alumni Committee in collaboration with the IAC-USNC is organizing a similar event at the SfN 2009 meeting in Chicago. It will be a satellite event that Guang Yang, Maria Castello and will combine a mini-symposium with a social reception for all IBRO Alumni and Maria de la Paz Fernandez faculty, IBRO volunteers and friends of IBRO. Four alumni of CSHL and MBL, representing four continents, will make a brief presentation their work. This will be followed by a party with music from the IBRO regions. We are looking forward to welcoming the IBRO community on Sunday, October 18, 2009 at 6pm. All alumni who are registered on the IBRO Alumni web site will receive an invitation, so please make sure that your registration is up to date and remind your fellow alumni to register. http://alumni.ibro.info More alumni events: Neuroscientific societies from Latin America, Caribbean and the Iberian Peninsula assembled together for the I IBRO-LARC Congress of Neurosciences (I NeuroLatAm), in Buzios, Brazil, September 1-4, 2008. A successful alumni symposium was held at the Congress; speakers, all IBRO Alumni, were: Emanuel Mora (Cuba), Biodiversity as a useful neuroethological tool in Latin America; Sebastián Curti (Uruguay), Electrophysiological specializations of primary auditory afferents to the Mauthner cell; Rui Daniel S. Prediger (Brazil), Role of Cellular Prion Protein (PrPc) in cognitive function; Magdalena Sanhueza (Chile), Oscillatory activity in the olfactory amygdala; Ramiro Freudenthal (Argentina), NF-kappaB in memory consolidation and neural plasticity. The alumni of the African region will have their opportunity to be heard at the Society of Neuroscientists of Africa (SONA) meeting in Sharm El-Sheikh, Egypt, in December 2009. Young scientists who have attended IBRO schools in the ARC region or have had IBRO fellowships from the region will recount how their IBRO experience has impacted on their careers and helped them to develop their teaching and research in their home countries.
Nigerian Research Fellow spends year at Penn State College of Medicine
James O. Olopade, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria reports: I was awarded an IBRO Research Fellowship in 2007 and I reported to Dr James Connor’s lab, Dept of Neurosurgery, Penn State College of Medicine, USA in February 2008 to work for one year on aspects of vanadium toxicity in the brain. In the year there I learned about such procedures as immunohistochemistry, atomic absorption spectrophotometry, cellular oxidative stress analysis, apoptosis assay, myelin quantification, western blotting and an array of in vivo experiments. My work in collaboration with other lab members revealed some novel findings, eg: primary oligodendrocytes were far more sensitive (LD 50 of less than 100uM) to vanadium when compared to matured oligodendrocytes and astrocytes (LD 50 of 150200uM) in cultures; developmental exposure of neonates to vanadium leads to destruction of oligodendrocytes with concurrent astrogliosis in white matter tracts. I am now back in Nigeria and have been given lab space as an Assistant Professor at the Comparative Anatomy, Environmental Toxicology and Neuroscience Unit, Dept of Veterinary Anatomy, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria. I am also preparing a Fogarty grant with my mentor Dr Connor so that the research and experience during the IBRO Research Fellowship can used in Nigeria in collaboration with the Connor lab. Our focus now is to look at the interactions between iron deficiency and vanadium toxicity both experimentally and epidemiologically. James Olopade
CSHL summer course fellows report
The Joint Society for Neuroscience International Affairs Committee/National Academy of Sciences Committee to the International Brain Research Organization (IACUSNC/IBRO US/Canada) in collaboration with IBRO sponsor students to participate in courses at the Marine Biology Laboratory (MBL), Woods Hole, MA, USA and Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory (CSHL), Cold Spring Harbor, NY, USA. The students are all IBRO alumni, having taken part either in IBRO Neuroscience Schools or the Visiting Lecture Team Programme. Aniko Ludanyi (Hungary) and Claudia M. Garcia-Peña (Mexico) describe their experiences on courses at CSHL in 2008. Aniko Ludanyi, Institute of Experminetal Medicine, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Budapest, Hungary: In 2008, I had the great honour of participating in the Advanced Techniques in Molecular Neuroscience course at CSHL, thanks to the financial support of IBRO. I work on the fine anatomical structure of the endocannabinoid system in the hippocampus; the methods we use are principally descriptive. I wanted to gain a more complex view of the endocannabionid system, so I needed to investigate functional aspects of this system by the help of molecular manipulations. The course was a great opportunity for me to learn new skills from experts and to network with a lot of interesting people. The practical modules of the course covered up-to-date experimental techniques, like the use of viral and BAC vectors, RNAi technique and single cell PCR techniques. Each module was supervised by skilful and enthusiastic scientists, to whom we could turn if we needed practical help or had a question to discuss. Based on my skills from the ATMN course, we have started doing experiments by which to examine the in vivo localization and function of proteins of the endocannabinoid system. The course instructors also gave detailed lectures to explain the theoretical background of the methods. The Aniko Ludanyi invited speakers gave fascinating lectures, and listening to them has not only expanded my scope in neuroscience, but has also inspired me to aim high and to do unique and valuable work. Finally, I wish to thank IBRO for the award that enabled me to attend the CSHL course. Claudia Garcia-Peña, Biomedical Science Program, Neurobiology Institute, UNAM, Campus Juriquilla, Mexico: Wonderful things happened to me on the ATMB course in 2008. I learned techniques that allowed me to visualize and record biological phenomena in vivo, such as cell migration, cell proliferation, and many other aspects in mouse embryos, adult mice, tadpoles. The molecular biology procedures that I learned helped me understand how to obtain RNA and DNA fragments and how to disrupt the translation process with interference RNA. Besides the scientific aspects, I learned about different cultures, different traditions from different countries such as Korea, China, India, Italy, Brazil, Ukraine, Romania, Germany, Serbia and, of course, Claudia Garcia-Peña the USA. The diversity of people enriched my mind and my soul. Thanks for everything!
Alumni symposium participants (Susan Sara centre), Buzios
IBRO Research Fellow from Poland at Brain Imaging Research Centre, Scotland
IBRO Fellow for 2007-8, Bartosz Karaszewski worked on metabolic disturbances in brain ischemic regions at the Medical University of Gdansk, Poland. He then carried out clinical work on neurological diseases as well as experimental projects at the Medical University of Gdansk, the Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Scientifique (INSERM), Paris, the University of Oslo, and the Brain Imaging Research Centre for Scotland, Div. of Clinical Neurosciences, University of Edinburgh, where he took up his IBRO Research Fellowship. Dr Karaszewski’s work focused on brain metabolic disturbances following acute ischemic stroke; magnetic resonance techniques in neurology; administration and in vivo molecular imaging of stem cells transplanted to brain or transfused on experimental model of acute ischemic stroke; qualitative and quantitative neurochemical analysis; brain chemistry changes in hypoxic stress; and experimental modeling of brain ischemic/hypoxic injury. Part of his time in Edinburgh involved the organization of the project: patient recruitment process; magnetic resonance imaging protocols; blood collection protocols and material storage; collection of the scientific data and material from patients in the study; organization of the experimental sub-study. During his fellowship, Dr Karaszewski gained experience in human brain imaging techniques and data analysis; genetic analysis of human samples; stroke management (practice Bartosz Karaszewski in Scottish clinical stroke system, working with British patients); transgenic animals preparation techniques, experimental methods of in vivo neuroimaging, animal brain surgery. Prof. Joanna Wardlaw, Director of the SFC Brain Imaging Research Centre, was Dr Karaszewski’s main supervisor and he is grateful to Prof. Martin Dennis and Dr Malcolm Macleod for their help with his research Bartosz Karaszewski while at Edinburgh.
IBRO members: please update your details in the IBRO Members database for the latest information about IBRO’s activities: www.ibro.info
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NEUROSCIENCE NEWS FROM IBRO
Women in World Neuroscience Programme
Judy Illes, Chair of IBRO’s new Women in World Neuroscience (WWN) Programme, set the pace when she announced the Committee’s Position Statement earlier this year: “Women in World Neuroscience was formed to enhance opportunities for work and career development, mentoring, and networking for women in neuroscience. Our vision is for an improved environment for career advancement in neuroscience for Women in World Neuroscience at the SfN women in all regions of the world Meeting, Washington, DC, 2008 with special attention to women in developing countries, and in all aspects of the neuroscience endeavor.” The committee met for the first time during the SfN Meeting in Washington, DC, November 2008, when it made a number of recommendations to further its mission. At the meeting there was significant discussion about how to encourage girls and young women to pursue interests in science, particularly in cultures in which there are social inequities. Notions of what makes a good mentor were discussed. It was agreed that educating senior scientists and decision-makers in the challenges that women face and suggesting actions that can be taken to create a gender-friendly workplace will be critical in removing obstacles currently facing women in neuroscience. IBRO members from around the world, all keenly aware of the need to improve the situation for women scientists, have formed WWN subcommittees to cover such issues as development, outreach, awards, needs assessment, conferences, socials and press. Sharon Hyrnkow, Orly Weinreb and Connie Atwell are due special recognition for their extra efforts in helping to shape and lead the initiatives of the Committee.
THE BRAIN CAMPAIGN
Increasing public awareness in neuroscience
IBRO’s Public Education Committee, chaired by Elspeth McLachlan, continues to spread the word by promoting brain events around the world in a bid to increase awareness of the brain and the impact of research on neurological disease worldwide. Through the Brain Campaign, the committee, in partnership with DABI (Dana Alliance for Brain Initiatives), SfN (Society for Neuroscience), EDAB (European Dana Alliance for the Brain) and FENS (Federation of European Neuroscience Associations), encourages and supports brain awareness events. IBRO provides awards in countries outside North America and Europe represented in its African, Asia-Pacific, Central and Eastern Demonstrating cells in Mangalore, India Europe, and Latin American regions. Most of these events are held during Brain Awareness Week, held each March, which has evolved into a powerful global initiative with more than 2,000 partners from diverse institutions and associations as well as community groups in 76 countries. IBRO also funds the organization of local and national Brain Bee competitions, in preparation for sending national winners to the International Brain Bee competition run by Dr Norbert Myslinski (University of Maryland, USA). In addition, IBRO has translated the booklet Neuroscience: Science of the Brain into 17 widely spoken languages, and is currently engaged in additional translations. Current projects include translating basic information about neuroscience for the general public in many countries and extending the recent SfN initiative to increase the quality and availability of neuroscience material in Wikipedia through its web sites in languages other than English. Brain Campaign web site: www.braincampaign.org
Brain child, Perth, Australia
Animals in Research Committee holds events Carlos Belmonte awarded around the world Spanish National Prize in Biomedical Research
Committee Chair Sharon Juliano reports: The Animals in Research Committee held its Second Workshop on the ethical issues in animal experimentation at the Institute of Biophysics, Yerevan, Armenia, October 22-23, 2008. Lecture topics included the fundamentals of animal care, the scale of invasiveness in experimental procedures, and implementation of European directives. The Armenian scientific community received strong support from IBRO on its way to modernizing Armenian science. At the end of June 2009, committee member Pedro Maldonado participated in the Ege Biennial International Neuroscience Graduate Summer School, Izmir, Turkey and gave a plenary lecture, Good Conduct of Experimental Research: New Perspectives, Codes and Practices in Animal Research. He also presented a workshop during the school. In October 2009, another of our team, Sarah Pallas, participated in the Ricardo Miledi Neuroscience Training Program to be presented in Queretaro, Mexico, accompanied by the Director of AAALAC International (Association for Assessment and Accreditation of Laboratory Animal Care). After an impressive workshop last year in Queretaro, Mexico, the team was invited back to give a larger presentation within the structure of the Miledi Training Program and in conjunction with the Instituta Neurobiologica, UNAM, Queretaro. They presented a two-day workshop for the Miledi students and members of the university. In December 2009, the Committee will coordinate a symposium at the Society of Neuroscience in Africa (SONA) Congress in Sharm El-Sheikh, Egypt. The symposium will discuss animal and human ethics (The Value of Ethics in Conducting Research). Carlos Belmonte, President of IBRO, Professor in the University Miguel Hernandez and founder of centres of excellence for the study of neurosciences, was awarded the National Prize in Biomedical Research by the Spanish Government in March this year. The National Prize in Biomedical Research “Gregorio Marañon” was created by the Spanish Government in 2001 together with similar Prizes in other scientific fields, including Biology, Physics and Earth Sciences, Mathematics, Chemistry, Natural Resources, Engineering, Carlos Belmonte Technology, Humanities, and Law and Economics. The Prizes are awarded every two years to Spanish scientists “who have performed outstanding research of international relevance and contributed to the advancement of Science, technology transfer and progress of humankind.” Professor Belmonte was honoured for “his brilliant scientific work and his significant contribution towards the promotion of biomedical research in Spain and in the international arena.” Carlos Belmonte founded and directed the Instituto de Neurociencias de Alicante in 1986 and served as director for over 20 years. The Institute has become the main neuroscience research centre in Spain, where more than 280 people work. Professor Belmonte is a member the Spanish Royal Academy of Sciences, the Academia Europea, and the Academy of Sciences and Literature, Mainz.
IBRO congratulates Rita LeviMontalcini on her 100th year
Rita Levi-Montalcini, Nobel laureate, celebrated her 100th birthday in April this year. Promoter of science in Italy and supporter of women in science, Rita Levi-Montalcini achieved a career of distinction. In 1986 she was awarded the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine, shared with her colleague Stanley Cohen for the discovery of Nerve Growth Factor. In 2002 IBRO received a generous donation from the Rita Levi-Montalcini Foundation to create two fellowships for young women neuroscientists from Africa. The Foundation, established by Rita Levi-Montalcini and her late sister Paola, is committed to the education of African girls and young women. The fellowships are ongoing and have been most successful. Rita Levi- Montalcini once said: "It is imperative to help the young, especially women, working in places where there is little support for science."
Rita Levi-Montalcini and Stanley Cohen, Rome, April 22, 2009
IBRO to assist WHO in revision of Diseases of the Nervous System
The World Health Organization (WHO) has started the procedure for revision of the International Classification of Diseases (ICD)-10 Chapter VI: Diseases of the Nervous System. IBRO has been requested to participate and has nominated Krister Kristensson (WERC member) to represent IBRO. Suggestions for inclusion in the coming ICD-11 of entries that may be lacking or insufficiently dealt with in the present edition are welcome. For such suggestions, send a title and a short (23 sentence) definition to the IBRO representative in the International Advisory Group: Krister Kristensson, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden (e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org).
NEUROSCIENCE NEWS FROM IBRO
8th IBRO World Congress of Neuroscience, Florence, Italy, July 14-19, 2011
Young Investigator Visiting Program
The Organizing Committee of the 8th IBRO World Congress of Neuroscience, to be held in Florence, Italy, July 14-19, 2011, is to launch a Training Program for selected young investigators from countries with limited resources. The Program will arrange, on the occasion of the 8th IBRO World Congress, one-month stays in European laboratories, which will allow guest young investigators to meet senior and junior scientists and become familiar with the laboratory’s environment, facilities and techniques in different fields of brain research, and to favour future exchanges and networking. Lodging expenses and travel fare to or from Florence (before or after the Congress) will be covered by the Young Investigator Visiting Program. The application will be launched in 2009, and the call for applications and application forms will be available on the Congress web site www.ibro2011.org and on the IBRO web site www.ibro.info. For more information contact the Chair of the Young Investigator Visiting Program Committee, Micaela Morelli: email@example.com
Increase in IBRO’s affiliated organizations
Pakistan Society of Basic and Applied Neuroscience is IBRO’s 84th affiliated member
The Pakistan Society of Basic and Applied Neuroscience (PSBAN) is IBRO’s latest affiliated organization (AO), bringing the total number of AOs to 84. The Society is represented by Prof. Dr. Kaneez Fatima Shad, Secretary of the Society. PSBAN was launched at the Dr. Panjwani Center for Molecular Medicine and Drug Research, International Center for Chemical and Biological Sciences, University of Karachi, Pakistan in 2007 and registered in May 2008.
Honours for distinguished neuroscientists and IBRO members
George Paxinos, Prince of Wales Medical Research Institute and University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia, was admitted to the Australian Academy of Science (AAS) in May this year. Prof. Paxinos is Chair of IBRO’s World Congress and Regional Meetings Committee. He is distinguished as a neuroscientist on construction of brain and spinal cord atlases. As quoted from the Australian Academy of Science: “Election to the Fellowship recognises a career that has significantly advanced the world's store of scientific knowledge.” Ying Shing Chan, University of Hong Kong and Chair, IBRO Asia Pacific Regional Committee, 2002-8, was awarded the first Australian Neuroscience Society (ANS) Medallion at a ceremony at the SfN meeting in Washington, DC, 2008. The Medallion was awarded in appreciation of Prof. Chan's services to neuroscience in the Asia Pacific region of the world. ANS President David Vaney stated: "The Society appreciates the seminal contributions that YS has made to the Asia Pacific Regional Committee of IBRO … we also appreciate his long service to the Executive Committee of the Federation of Asian-Oceanian Neuroscience Societies (FAONS).” Sten Grillner, Nobel Institute for Neurophysiology, Karolinska Institute, Sweden, was awarded the Kavli Prize for Neuroscience in September 2008 in Oslo, Norway. He was one of three scientists who won the neuroscience prize: the other two were Pasko Rakic, Yale University School of Medicine, US and Thomas Jessell, Columbia University, US. Sten Grillner is Chair of IBRO's Memberships and Partnerships Committee and is also President-Elect of the Federation of European Neuroscience Societies (FENS). The Kavli Prizes are awarded in the research fields of astrophysics, nanoscience and neuroscience. Their founder is the Norwegian-American businessman and philanthropist Fred Kavli.
IBRO Information Systems
The purpose of IBRO Information Systems is to support of IBRO’s fundamental mission - to serve more than 45000 IBRO members through more than 20 programmes guided by some 300 committee members, the Governing Council representing 85 affiliated organizations, and the core administration. The major areas of support include: • Identifying, coordinating and securing the distribution of information and services to the IBRO community, in particular, the maintenance of web sites, all interactive data collection for IBRO schools and funding programmes, a helpline for members at large (firstname.lastname@example.org) and the analysis of data helping the IBRO governance to understand the numerous activities of IBRO. • Maintaining the secure, state-of-the-art and cost-effective infrastructure with a continuous pursuit for the best choices for growth. • Establishing strategic development planning within the budgetary and human resource constraint taking into consideration the lifecycle of products and services. IBRO members: please update your details in the IBRO Members database for the latest information about IBRO’s activities.
Neuroscience the journal
A message from the Chief Editor
Ole Petter Ottersen reports: A primary goal of any science journal is to attract the best manuscripts from the leading laboratories and to improve further these manuscripts through a fair and competent peer review process. We know that the physical appearance of the journal is important, as is the quality of the publishing services and the reviewing and editorial procedures are important. Neuroscience scores high on these counts, as judged by authors' satisfaction surveys. But even more critical is the speed by which the manuscripts are handled. Every scientist would like to see that a decision is made as swiftly as possible. Thus a short time to first decision represents a major competitive advantage for any journal. Neuroscience decided in 2005 that a primary goal of the journal was to cut down the time to first decision to 30 days. This goal was reached in 2006 and the time to first decision has remained under 30 days ever since. In 2007 Neuroscience launched a new category of paper: Neuroscience Forefront Reviews. They are by invitation only and will be written by leading scientists who have introduced new concepts, models or methods in neurobiology. We hope that the Forefront Reviews will emerge as reference papers in the respective fields. The Forefront Reviews will be an addition to the regular reviews.
Imaging team win Neuroscience Cover Competition
The winning cover of IBRO’s annual Neuroscience cover competition for 2008 is from an article by F. Luo, T.R. Seifert, R. Edalji, R.W. Loebbert, V.P. Hradil, J. Harlan, M. Schmidt, V. Nimmrich, B.F. Cox, and G.B. Fox, of the Abbott Laboratories, Abbott Park, IL , USA. The article, 'Non-invasive characterization of -amyloid1-40 vasoactivity by functional magnetic resonance imaging in mice', published in Neuroscience, Vol. 155, Issue 1 (2008), 263-269. Co-author Dr Gerard Fox described the research: "The main objective of our Experimental Imaging team, located within Advanced Technology at Abbott Laboratories, is to develop, apply and translate non-invasive in vivo imaging in a focused manner to directly impact and de-risk preclinical drug discovery programs, and to effectively translate these capabilities to clinical programs across our pharmaceutical division. This paper represents an application of fMRI that allows us to assess the functional effects of exogenous amyloid beta administration and it is this point that we attempted to convey on the cover image.”
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NEWS FROM THE REGIONS 2008-2009
IBRO’s Regions continue to develop and expand their neuroscience networks
IBRO is able through its six Regions to give neuroscientists in different parts of the world a direct voice in defining their needs and priorities in research and science education. The Regional Committees identify and prioritize specific activities relevant to their individual Region. Africa Regional Committee (ARC): Chair Abdul Mohammed. A Neuroimmunology School was held at the College of Medicine of the Suez Canal University, Ismailia, Egypt, Nov 24-Dec 3, 2008 (organizers: Yasser Wazir, Nilesh Patel and Krister Kristensson) and supported by UNESCO and ARC IBRO. The main topic was infectious diseases of the brain, highly prevalent in the African continent. An Advanced Behavioural Neuroscience School (organizers: A. Mohammed and N. Patel) was held at ICIPE (International Centre of Insect Physiology and Ecology), Nairobi, Kenya, Dec 13-20, 2008. The focus was to provide detailed information on methodology and running experiments, collect and analyse data, and present the results of their experiments. A highlight of the students’ presentation was the talk by Rita LeviMontalcini Fellow 2008, Catherine Gatome, on Neurogenesis in Fruit-eating Bats. The Association pour la Promotion Rita Levi-Montalcini Fellow Catherine Gatome speaks des Neurosciences (APRONES) held its in Nairobi 2nd International Congress in Kinshasa, DR Congo, May 25-26, 2009, in collaboration with the Congolese League against Epilepsy and the League against Hypertension. The congress with the themes Epilepsy and Stroke was organized under the auspices of President Joseph Kabila (organizers: P.M.K. Luabeya and T. Kayembe). A symposium Environmental Toxicant-induced Neurodegeneration was held in Kinshasa (DR Congo), May 28, 2009, organized by the Neuroscience Education Forum (NEF) and sponsored by IBRO. The organizers also received substantial financial support from the Center for Research on Occupational and Environmental Toxicology (CROET) at the Oregon Health and Sciences University. The symposium brought together an international team of speakers; participants included 15 young doctoral candidates from Congolese universities and research centres. The 2nd Regional Teaching Course (RTC) in the Neurological Sciences in Sub-Saharan Africa, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, June 24-27, 2009, was a joint collaboration between EFNS, WFN and IBRO and hosted by the Neurology Dept (G. Zenebe), Addis Ababa University (AAU) and the Association of Neurological Sciences of Ethiopia at the Black Lion Hospital in Addis. European and African faculty members shared their knowledge and experience, encouraging neurologists in training to excellence in practice and research. An IBRO school Infections and Brain Dysfunction: Sleep, Epilepsy and Behaviour took place in Yaoundé, Cameroon, August 25-30, 2009 (organizers: A.K. Njamnshi and K. Kristensson). A neuroscience school focusing on Clinical Neurophysiology and Diseases of the Nervous System was organized at the Nemba Hospital Training Centre, Gakenke District, Rwanda, August 31-Sept 5, 2009 (organizers: P.M.K. Luabeya, D. Katumbay-Tshiala and R. Kalaria). Asia Pacific Regional Committee (APRC): Chair Hitoshi Okamoto. (A) Schools: Our structured 3-tier programmes provide different learning platforms for young neuroscientists at different stages of their career. 1. Associate Schools: 5-day, lectures, group discussion (on relevant journal articles) and demonstration of selected techniques. a) 12th Associate School (Shanghai, China), June 16–21, 2008. Co-sponsored by International Society for Neurochemistry and Asia-Pacific Society for Neurochemistry (organizer: Yi-Zhun Zhu, School of Pharmacy, Fudan University, China). 27 students were from Bangladesh, China, India, Korea, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, and Thailand. Students also attended the 8th Biennial Scientific Meeting of the Asian-Pacific Society for Neurochemistry. 2. Schools: 2-week school, lectures, tutorials and well-defined lab projects (25 students). a) 10th IBRO School of Neuroscience (Kolkata, India), Dec 29, 2008-Jan 8, 2009 (organizer: Kochupurackal P Mohanakumar, Indian Institute of Chemical Biology). b) 11th IBRO School of Neuroscience (Hong Kong, China), Jan 7-17, 2009 (organizer: Prof. Wing-Ho Yung, Chinese University of Hong Kong and Prof. Ken K.L. Yung, Hong Kong Baptist University). Twenty-four participants also presented their own research work at the 6th Asian Biophysics Association Symposium cum Annual Scientific Conference of the Hong Kong Society of Neurosciences (Hong Kong, Jan 12-15, 2009). 3. Advanced Schools: Emphasis on problembased learning in the design of research projects using state-of-the-art technology of the host institute. a) 3rd IBRO Advanced School of Neuroscience (Osaka, Japan), July 14–25, 2008. Co-sponsored by Global Center of Excellence Summer School, Osaka University (organizer: Izumi Ohzawa, Graduate School of Frontier Biosciences, Osaka University). Some participants attended RIKEN BSI Summer School after the school. b) ANSIBRO Australasian-Asia-Pacific Summer School on Neuroethology (ANU Kioloa Coastal Campus, Australia), Jan 20-27, 2009 (organizer: Jan M. Hemmi and Jochen Zeil, Australia National University); co-sponsored by the Australian Neuroscience Society. Participants had a chance to present their own research work at the ANS Annual Conference held in Canberra (Jan 27-30, 2009). (B) Exchange Fellowship Scheme: Four candidates (from China, Hong Kong and India) were awarded fellowships. Central and Eastern Europe Regional Committee (CEERC): Chair Ryszard Przewlocki. Our committee continues to encourage and support educational programmes within the region with special emphasis on empowering networking between young neuroscientists. To facilitate access to regionspecific information, a new CEERC site was created within the IBRO web site and is maintained by committee members. The committee has supported meetings of the national neuroscience societies with international participation from the region, e.g. the 12th Meeting of the Hungarian Neuroscience Society, Budapest, Hungary, Jan 22-24, 2009. We supported international conferences and symposia organized in the region: an international symposium Neuroimaging of Developmental Disorders, Dubrovnik, Croatia, Sept 1216, 2008, with scientists from more than 14 countries; an IBRO/UNESCO Workshop: Animal Issues in Scientific Research, Yerevan, Armenia, Oct 22-23, 2008; and a large conference on Mechanisms of the Neuronal and Neuroendocrine Regulations, Moscow, Nov 24-26, 2008, organized by the Koltzov Institute of Developmental Biology RAS, the Pavlov Russian Physiology Society and the Dept of Biological Sciences of the Russian Academy of Sciences. We supported the Slovenian SiNAPSA Neuroscience Conference with an Educational Workshop on Memory, Ljubljana, Sept 2629, 2009; the 9th International Congress of the Polish Neuroscience Society, Wierzba, Poland, Sept 1-6, 2009, the first FENS Featured Regional Meeting; and Sleep as a Window to the World of Wakefulness, Rostov-onDon, Sept 21-22, 2009, organized by the Russian Somnological Society (RSS) and sponsored by the Russian Humanitarian Science Foundation (RHSF). CEERC also supported students from the CEERC Mediterranean region to participate in the First Kemali-IBRO Mediterranean School of Neuroscience on the neuroscience of synapse, Naples, Italy, Sept 21-30, 2009. A collaborative effort between CEERC and WERC has resulted in establishing a successful PENS schools programme. The co-operation should be further strengthened by activation of interregional networking and mobility of young scientists. This aim could be achieved by promoting short research goal-directed visits between labs. The programme will allow young scientists to carry out collaborative studies, learn new techniques, and write joint papers and grant applications. One of the programme objectives is to attract young investigators from the WERC region to visit and work in CEERC labs. Latin America Regional Committee (LARC): Chair Osvaldo Uchitel. (1) Schools: IV IBRO School of Neuroscience, Brazil, Aug. 25-Sept. 11, 2008, focused on stem cells, developmental neuroscience and plasticity, and cognitive neuroscience, carried out in connection with NEUROLATAM (see below). The 5th Latin American IBRO-LARC Annual School of Neuroscience, Argentina, Dec. 1-15, 2008, focused on protein folding and aggregation in neurons: from development to disease. The now traditional regional 14th Latin American School of Neurosciences, Uruguay, March 16-April 3, 2009, focused on several aspects of neuroscience. (2) Courses, workshops and symposia: Fifteen events were carried out in connection with NEUROLATAM. The following events were approved for the second semester of 2009: Motivated Behavior, Stress and Addiction: From Molecules to Behavior (Chile); Molecular & Cellular Mechanisms of Neuronal Damage: Therapeutic Approaches (Chile); Molecular Basis of Neurodegeneration (Cuba); Psychotropic, Recreative and Therapeutic Drugs (Argentina); 15th International Symposium on Chromaffin Cell Biology (Mexico); Mother-Child Relationships (Uruguay); and New Trends in Motor Learning and Brain Plasticity (Argentina). (3) Intraregional exchange awards: This programme supports travel of students and postdocs to regional meetings or to research/training stays in other labs within the region. In the second semester of 2008, out of 155 applications 82 were approved for attendance to NEUROLATAM with extra funds from IBRO Central to LARC and three were approved for research/training lab stays. In 2009, 18 awards for attendance to meetings and six for research/training stays were granted. (4) NEUROLATAM: The 1st Neuroscience Congress of Latin America, the Caribbean and the Iberian Peninsula (NEUROLATAM) was held in Buzios, Brazil, Sept. 1-4, 2008 with great success. Much of LARC funding normally allocated to activities throughout the year was awarded to activities in connection with NEUROLATAM. IBRO Central also made a special contribution to this congress. (5) FALAN: Following a decision taken at Canadian Association for Neuroscience (CAN) and the Canadian Institute of Neuroscience, Mental Health and Addiction (INMHA) of the Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR) worked with the IAC-USNC on a number of activities to further IBRO’s objectives. Financial support for the committee’s activities is provided by the National Institutes of Health Neuroscience Blueprint and SfN, as well as IBRO and specific activity supporters. Courses and workshops in other regions: The IAC-USNC supported the 5th Ege Biennial International Neuroscience Graduate Summer School, Neuro-Glial Interactions from Womb to Tomb in Health & Disease, Izmir, Turkey, June 29July 3, 2009. The course was targeted at junior scientists and aimed to advance the knowledge and technical skills of neuroscientists from Turkey, the Balkans, the Mediterranean, the Middle East, the Turkic States, and the Black Sea Region. The next Teaching Tools Workshop will be held in Egypt in December 2009 in conjunction with the SONA conference. As in past years, the Grass Foundation and SfN will continue to support the Ricardo Miledi Program. A course entitled Miledi's Contributions to Translational Science: Basic Neurobiology and Clinical Aspects will be held at Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Juriquilla, Queretaro, Sept 14-Oct 9, 2009. IBRO North American Schools: The committee worked with IBRO’s Board of Schools and the Marine Biological Laboratory (MBL) and Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory (CSHL) to identify highly qualified research trainees (IBRO alumni) to participate in summer neuroscience courses there. Eight students from Hungary, India, Latin America and South Africa were awarded funds. The 3rd Canadian IBRO School in Neurodegeneration and Regeneration was held in Vancouver, May 24-June 3, 2009. Twelve students from seven different countries attended the course, with students from the Asia Pacific region enrolling for the first time since the school began. Travel Fellowships: In addition to the CSHL, MBL and Ricardo Miledi travel fellowships, SfN supported 30 students from resource-restricted countries to present their research at SfN 2009, Chicago, IL. Committee Realignment: The IAC-USNC (International Affairs Committee-US National Committee for IBRO) has separated into two committees. The programmes and activities supported by the IAC-USNC are continuing, but will be carried out by either the Society for Neuroscience’s International Affairs Committee or by IBRO’s US-Canada Regional Committee. Each committee remains dedicated to the dissemination of knowledge to the world's neuroscientists, the promotion of research and professional training activities across international borders, and the enhancement of public awareness of neuroscience worldwide. Western Europe Regional Committee (WERC): Chair Monica Di Luca. The WERC aims to foster neuroscience in Western European countries, promoting mobility in and out of Europe and sustaining educational programmes. In 2009 many initiatives, conferences and schools were supported to generate a European platform for exchanges for our young colleagues. We supported the 3rd Edition of the Official Master Program on Neurosciences and Behavioral Biology, Pablo de Olavide University, Seville, Spain, organized by José Delgado García. The school provides Spanish-speaking postgraduate students with adequate training to obtain a PhD in Neuroscience and Behavioral Biology. The Pablo de Olavide University also provides the whole legal framework necessary to extend validation of the corresponding official degrees to all the foreign universities and institutions collaborating with the program. We awarded travel grants to PhD students and young postdocs attending the 5th International Meeting Steroids and Nervous System, Torino, Italy, Feb 14-18, 2009, organized by R. Melcangi and G. C. Panzica, and the symposium New Frontiers in Neurophotonics, Bordeaux, France, Oct 20-23, 2008, organized by Daniel Choquet, a new programme covering non-linear optics for neuroscience, new probes for imaging, high-resolution imaging of neuronal structures and functions, and nanoscale organization of the synapse. New initiatives launched in 2009: The InEUROPE (IntraEuropean Mobility Project) funds study visits to European institutions by researchers working in Europe to acquire new methods or specific techniques that are necessary for their work. This project is a close collaboration between CEERC and WERC and will be open soon for application. WERC supported a programme for training and short visits of young investigators from countries with limited resources in European laboratories; this will take effect at the IBRO Congress 2011 in Florence, Italy. WERC helped the committee (M. Morelli and M. Pizzi, Italian Society of Neuroscience, and L. Fagni, French Society of Neurosciences) to create a network of European Institutions offering training for young investigators and to disseminate the initiatives in research and academic institutions in less well-funded countries. Finally, WERC continued its cooperation with CEERC and FENS (Federation of European Neuroscience Societies) on the PENS (Programme of European Neuroscience Schools) committee, whose primary goal under the guidance of Roberto Caminiti is to organize the PENS schools.
Foundation of FALAN NEUROLATAM, representatives from Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Mexico, Uruguay and Venezuela founded the Federation of Neuroscience Societies of Latin America and the Caribbean (FALAN) in Montevideo, Uruguay, April 2, 2009, during the 14th Latin American School of Neurosciences, with special support from IBRO Central. The first elected President of FALAN is Rommy von Bernhardi (Chile). (6) LARC: The annual LARC committee meeting was held at the same time in Uruguay. New members joined the committee, which now comprises Osvaldo Uchitel (Chair), Horacio Vanegas (Vice-Chair), Mario Guido (Treasurer), Alonso FernandezGuasti, Dora Fix Ventura, Luiz Carlos de Lima Silveira, Alejandro Munera and Fernando Torrealba. US/Canada Regional Committee (IAC-USNC): Chair Carol Barnes. The Society for Neuroscience (SfN), the National Academy of Sciences (NAS), the
Official Master Program, Seville, Spain
EDUCATION & TRAINING 2008-2009
Expansion of Neuroscience Schools around the World
Asia Pacific Region IBRO School of Neuroscience: Hong Kong, Jan 6-17, 2009. The Hong Kong Society of Neuroscience hosted an IBRO School of Neuroscience with the purpose of providing a platform for senior PhD students and junior postdoctoral fellows in the Asia Pacific region to meet in an environment where they could acquire knowledge of both theoretical and technological advances in key areas of neuroscience research. Attending were 23 participants from six countries in the Asia Pacific region. IBRO-ANS (Australian Neuroscience Society) Advanced Neuroscience School on Neuroethology: Australian National University, Canberra, Australia, Jan 20-27, 2009, in conjunction with the 2009 ANS Meeting in Canberra, Jan 27-30, 2009. Neuroethologists seek to understand biodiversity from the perspective of neural systems and behaviour. The IBRO-ANS School aimed to provide a forum for the next generation of neuroscientists from across the Australasian and Asia Pacific region to meet and interact with established neuroethologists from around the world and to get an overview of current neuroethological research in Australia.
US/Canada 3rd Canadian IBRO School of Neuroscience: Neurodegeneration and Regeneration, Vancouver, Canada, May 24-June 3, 2009. Twelve students from Argentina, Brazil, Indonesia, China, India, Morocco, Kenya and Cuba enrolled in the school. There was a strong emphasis on teaching comparative strategies most efficiently to model neuro-degeneration and apply combinatorial regenerative strategies. Students were encouraged at each stage to consider humanistic and ethical principles into their training. The faculty comprised a team of neuroscientists/clinician-scientists bridging between basic science and clinical medicine; they emphasized the power of collaboration in advancing understanding of neurodegenerative disease pathology and designing novel repair strategies. A variety of clinical (PET, MRI) and scientific (confocal, 2photon) imaging approaches were taught and demonstrated. The course included intense theoretical and practical sessions, and interaction between scientists and students was promoted in all academic activities as well as in other daily activities, such as a session for students’ presentations and round tables. National and international sponsors were IBRO, Montreal Neurological Institute, Canadian Association of Neurosciences (CAN), INMHA (Canada), IAC-USNC (North American IBRO Regional Committee). Western Europe and Central & Eastern Europe Regions The Western Europe Regional Committee (WERC), the Central & Eastern Regional Committee (CEERC) and the Federation of European Neuroscience Societies (FENS) continue their successful collaboration in the organization of the Programme of European Neuroscience Schools (PENS). There were seven schools planned for 2009: Training in Sleep Research and Sleep Medicine, Bertinoro, Italy, May 8-13, 2009; European Pain School, Siena, Italy, June 13-20, 2009; Stress, Drug Addiction and Eating Disorders, Dubrovnik, Croatia, June 21-28, 2009; Metabolic Aspects of Chronic Brain Diseases, Günzburg, Germany, July 9-5, 2009; Advanced Course in Computational Neuroscience, Freiburg, Germany, August 3-28, 2009; Neurodevelopmental Programming and Phenotypic Plasticity, Rhodes, Greece, Sept 6-13, 2009; Synaptic Mechanisms and Synaptopathies, Bordeaux, France, Sept 13-Oct 2, 2009 Visiting and Lecture Team Programme The Visiting Lecture Team Programme (VLTP) runs lecture courses for young neuroscience students in less well-funded, often remote parts of the world. The programme is run by a team of international neuroscientists and organized in collaboration with local and regional neuroscience associations. The Grass Foundation has been the major partner in funding VLTP courses since 2003. San José, Costa Rica, July 30-August 6, 2008. Eighty students from eight Caribbean countries attended the lecture course that aimed to expose them to modern techniques and multidisciplinary approaches to study the brain. There were 30 international faculty. The course followed the usual VLTP format: daily one-hour smallgroup sessions, each group led by one of the VLTP lecturers. Lecturers led a daily 1-2 hour tutorial on how to present 10-min talks for international meetings. Asunción, Paraguay, Sept 3-5, 2008. The 40 students participating were in the third, fourth and fifth years of medical school and were keen to learn about modern research on the nervous system. Each morning there were three lectures, with the aim of showing students how to carry out experiments with limited resources as well as presenting interesting advances in neurobiology. Each day lecturers met with three or four groups and carried out experiments. The lecturers discussed the concept of double-blind experiments, how to evaluate data, how to plan the next experiments.
IBRO has unique expertise and experience in training programmes that focus on fostering international contacts in brain research. Since 1999, IBRO has run a Neuroscience Schools Programme, organized by the committees of the IBRO’s six Regions of the world and aimed at creating interactive networks among students and teachers during training courses. Twenty-nine schools are planned for 2009; a selection of reports for 2008-09 follows. Africa Region Workshop on Chronobiology and Sleep: Ouarzazate, Morocco, Oct 20-27, 2008. The school was a joint venture between IBRO, UNESCO IBRO-IBSP (International Basic Sciences Programme) and the International Society of Neurochemistry (ISN) and was also in partnership with the Province of Ouarzazate. Students were from Egypt, Nigeria, Zimbabwe, Cameroon, DRC, Kenya, Senegal and South Africa. The workshop included two days of lectures open to the public at the Palais des Congrès, Ourzazate, with wide participation of school students. Afternoons were devoted to technical workshops on video track recording of the study of animal activity and behaviour and neuronal stimulation using The Nerve Network Software (Dr Sernagor), and workshops on experiment design, statistical analysis and setting up a lab in Africa. A threehour session was spent on 10-min presentations by each student. A 90-min session dealt with resources available to students in Africa from IBRO and ISN programmes.
Advanced School on Neuroethology, Canberra
Latin America Region 5th Latin American IBRO/LARC-INMHA Annual School of Neurosciences: Protein Folding and Aggregation in Neurons: From Development to Disease, Córdoba y Rosario, Argentina, Dec 3-17, 2008. In the last few years, a growing body of evidence has emerged that points to protein misfolding, aggregation and accumulation as key pathogenic events common to most (if not all) neurodegenerative diseases. Scientists from America and Europe focused their teaching on the molecular mechanisms of neurodegenerative disorders using a multidisciplinary approach. Upto-date scientific information and state of the art technologies were presented in the context of protein misfolding and neuronal dysfunction. The course included intense theoretical and practical sessions and interaction between scientists and students was encouraged in all academic activities as well as in other daily activities that were organized for all participants, such as a session for students’ presentations and round tables. Latin American Advanced School of Neuroscience: Montevideo, Uruguay, March 16-April 3, 2009. The school was directed by Federico Dajas and Omar Macadar; participants included 28 graduate students from Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Cuba, Peru, Venezuela, Spain and Uruguay and 40 lecturers. The school encompassed the field of neuroscience from cellular and synaptic physiology to systems and behaviour. The lectures included: basic neurophysiology, development and neurogenesis, glia-neuron interactions, neurodegeneration and neuroprotection, neural systems underlying behaviour, and neuroethology. Students carried out hands-on work and learned different techniques: intracellular recording, patch clamp, extracellular field recording, cell culture, microdialysis, molecular analysis, immunohistochemistry, hypoxiaischemia models, behavioural experiments, and modeling. Other activities included specialized scientific meetings with local and invited scientists; round tables on animal care and how to develop a scientific career in Latin America; two mini-symposia ‘Neural Codes and Plasticity’ and ‘Neurodegeneration and Neuroprotection’. The school was sponsored by the International Society for Neurochemistry (ISN), Agencia Nacional de Investigación e Innovación (ANII), International Society for Neuroethology (ISN), Programa de Desarrollo de Ciencias Básicas (PEDECIBA), Comisión Sectorial de Investigación Científica (CSIC-UdelaR), Labimed SA, Sociedad de Neurociencias del Uruguay (SNU), and Sociedad Uruguaya de Biociencias (SUB).
Neuroimmunology of Disease Course: Ismailia, Egypt, Nov 24Dec 3, 2008. Thirty students came from South Africa, Kenya, Nigeria, Sudan, Tunisia, Ethiopia, Yemen and Egypt. The first part of the school was devoted to basic immunology covering the fundamentals of innate and adaptive immune responses, cytokines/chemokines and signalling molecules in immune defence. Lab work included ELISA, immunofluorescence and immune fixation techniques for selection of monoclonal bands. The second part presented an overview of the basics of the nervous system and its interaction with the immune system in health and disease, including the immune-mediated disorders of the nervous system. Lab demonstrations involved perfusion and brain dissection, immunohistochemistry of brain sections, culture of nervous tissues, and ionic channel analyses. A UNESCO IBRO-IBSP partnership. School on Behavioural Neuroscience: Nairobi, Kenya, Dec 13-20, 2008. Students from Morocco, South Africa, Kenya, Uganda, Nigeria, Zimbabwe and Cameroon attended the school which covered the principles and use of different lab techniques and methodology in quantitative studies in behaviour. The appropriateness of the different methods in assessing different behavioural and emotional states were included as well as experimental design, relevant statistical analysis, paper writing, publication process, and elements of proposal writing. The students ran experiments, collected and analysed data and presented the results. An INMHA/UNESCO IBRO-IBSP partnership.
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IBRO’S PARTNERSHIPS IN THE WORLD OF NEUROSCIENCE
Neuroscience networking in Latin America
The foundation of the Federation of Neuroscience Societies of Latin America and the Caribbean (FALAN) in Montevideo, Uruguay on April 2, 2009 was witnessed by IBRO SecretaryGeneral Marina Bentivoglio and marked the beginning of a new liaison between the Federation and IBRO. Osvaldo Uchitel, Latin America Regional Committee (LARC) Chair, predicts: “FALAN will soon play a prominent role in the development of the neurosciences in Latin America by becoming an international voice to increase awareness on the subject. FALAN’s main goals are focused in fostering the interaction between the scientific communities in our continent by creating networks and organizing meetings with significant participation of students and young scientists.” Rommy von Bernhardi, President of FALAN, commented: “IBRO’s knowhow and administrative organization will be very valuable for the establishment of FALAN’s structure and initial activities. IBRO will also be needed partially to support some activities, especially those oriented to the empowerment of the smaller neuroscience communities that lack resources. FALAN expects to promote development of neuroscience in the underrepresented countries by organizing regional thematic advanced courses taught by neuroscientists from the region."
UNESCO IBSP-IBRO in Africa, 2008-2010
A partnership between UNESCO’s International Basic Sciences Programme (IBSP) and IBRO was formed a year ago with the aim of developing and sustaining brain research across the African continent. In March 2009 in Paris, the UNESCO Director General published a report, The Development and Outcomes of the International Basic Sciences Programme, in which is described “the development of the IBRO/UNESCO African Neuroscience Network that seeks to establish effective research collaboration between national institutions, increase the quantity and quality of neuroscience training in Africa, facilitate the access of African trainees to schools and courses organized in other regions and encourage and support the return to their home country of well-trained African researchers.” The enterprise, Ismailia School: IBRO Secretary-General Marina sometimes also involving other partners (European Federation Bentivoglio centre at table of Neurological Societies, World Federation of Neurology, Society for Neuroscience, Institute of Neurosciences, Mental Health and Addiction) has proved to be highly successful with schools and workshops being held across Africa, from Senegal to Morocco, Rwanda to Ghana, DR Congo to Egypt.
PENS, FENS and Europe
Across Europe there is a large networking factor emerging. PENS (Programme of European Neuroscience Schools) is a joint IBRO/FENS (Federation of European Neuroscience Societies) programme that not only trains students and young investigators throughout Europe, but also assists the development of neuroscience outside Europe by training promising students who intend to return to their home countries. FENS President Helmut Kettenman says: “FENS sees itself as part and partner of IBRO. Our common initiative, the PENS schools, is a continuous success and a highlight of FENS activities.” The Western Europe Regional Committee (WERC) and Central & Eastern Europe Committee (WERC) work with FENS in the running of the PENS schools; the successful collaboration continues. CEERC Chair Ryszard Przewlocki says of this collaborative effort (CEERC/WERC) that “the co-operation should be further strengthened by activation of interregional networking and mobility of young scientists. This could be achieved by promoting short research visits between labs.” In her report on WERC activities (see p. 6), Monica Di Luca describes the new project InEUROPE (IntraEuropean Mobility Project), which funds study visits to European institutions by European researchers to acquire new techniques, as “a close collaboration between CEERC and WERC.” The Society for Neuroscience (SfN) has recently joined the European network: SfN, FENS (Federation of European Neuroscience Societies), IBRO and PENS are organizing the first joint PENS-SfN School in Naples, Italy, March 2010: http://mars.glia.mdc-berlin.de/pens
SfN and IBRO work together in commitment to disadvantaged countries
As part of the group working with the IBRO US/Canada Regional Committee (IAC-USNC), the Society for Neuroscience (SfN) has been involved in a number of activities over the last year, including the 1st Teaching Tools School and Neuroscience Workshop, Saly, Senegal, June 2008; the 2nd Teaching Tools School and Neuroscience Workshop, Sharm El-Sheikh, Egypt, Dec, 2009; 2nd Canadian IBRO School, Montreal, Canada, May, 2008; and the 3rd IBRO Canadian School, Vancouver, Canada, May 2009. SfN Travel Grants were awarded to IBRO alumni to participate in the SfN Annual Meeting 2008 as well as MBL (Marine Biology Laboratory) and CSHL (Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory) summer courses. SfN also contributed funding for one IBRO Return Home Fellowship. Carol Barnes, Past President and Chair, International Affairs Committee, Society for Neuroscience, commented: “The IAC-USNC and SfN are pleased with the results of another year of successful collaboration with IBRO in support of our common goal of advancing neuroscience in developing countries. With the recent enhancements to SfN’s international strategy and changes to committee structure, we look forward to a new phase in SfN’s ongoing close collaboration with IBRO, one that maximizes our organizations’ unique and complementary strengths in pursuit of our respective missions.”
IBRO in continuing collaboration with EFNS and WFN
Raj Kalaria, former Africa Regional Committee (ARC) Chair, reports on a healthy clinical-basic partnership: “IBRO Africa has been forging strong links with the major neurological federations to promote clinical n e u ro s c i e n c e s i n A f r i c a . O u r collaboration with the World Federation of Neurology (WFN) and the European Federation of Neurological Societies (EFNS) continues to thrive. An initiative led by EFNS President Jacques De Reuck (Belgium) reached another milestone in June 2009 with the 2nd Regional Teaching Course (RTC) in the Neurological Sciences with the themes Stroke and Epilepsy in Sub-Saharan Africa, held in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, June 24-27, 2009; it was a joint cooperation between EFNS, WFN and IBRO and hosted by the Neurology Dept (G. Zenebe), Addis Ababa University (AAU) and the Association of Neurological Sciences of Ethiopia at the Black Lion Hospital in Addis. European and African faculty members s h a re d t h e i r k n o w l e d g e a n d experience, encouraging neurologists in training towards excellence in practice and research. IBRO ARCSONA has also renewed links with PAANS (Pan African Association of Neurological Sciences) with the intent of making the African Journal of Neurological Sciences a more robust publication. The event was made possible by generous contributions from UNESCO and IBRO.”
Asia Pacific energy in brain research
On her visit to Japan, Korea and China in July, Secretary-General Marina Bentivoglio met many distinguished neuroscientists and experienced firsthand the impressive development of neuroscience in those countries. At RIKEN Institute, near Tokyo, Japan, Prof. Bentivoglio met Tadaharu Tsumoto, President of the Japan Neuroscience Society (JNS), who expressed a highly positive view of IBRO’s worldwide activities. Prof. Tsumoto represents JNS, a distinguished member of IBRO, on the IBRO Governing Council. IBRO congratulates JNS for its growth, welcomes its plans to promote internationalization and collaboration. With a large number of academic institutions having set neuroscience as a priority in the life sciences, and with very active exchanges between Japanese and Chinese neuroscience communities, brain research is flourishing in South Korea. In Seoul Marina Bentivoglio met Prof. Yoo-Hun Suh, Director, the Neuroscience Research Institute, the Cognitive Science Institute, and the National Creative Research Institute Center for Alzheimer’s Dementia, also a member of IBRO’s Asia Pacific Regional Committee, and Prof. Kyungjin Kim, Director of a nationwide research program, the 21st Frontier Program in Neuroscience. President of the Korean Society for Brain and Neural Science, an affiliated member of IBRO. Open to collaboration, Korean neuroscience will strengthen its ties with IBRO in international initiatives. In addition to the Korean Society for Brain and Neural Science, the Societies for Brain Imaging and for Neurodegenerative Diseases (Prof. Yoo-Hun Sun is President of the latter) have been founded in South Korea in recent years, bridging the basic and translational neurosciences. IBRO looks with admiration and high expectations at the growing Korean neuroscience community, with which joint ventures will increasingly be established. The rapidly expanding neuroscience community in China is becoming a “Dragon” of Chinese science and maintains strong ties with IBRO, with whom it has been a close partner since IBRO’s foundation. Ever keen to strengthen international cooperation, China has hosted many IBRO activities (especially IBRO schools) both on the mainland and in Hong Kong. Emerging onto the Asian and global stage of brain research, Chinese institutions are now recruiting Chinese investigators trained abroad (Europe, USA, Japan) as well as foreign scientists. In Beijing, Xi’an, Hangzhou, Shanghai and Hong Kong, where centres of excellence have been established, Prof. Bentivoglio met many Chinese neuroscientists who play leading roles in Chinese neuroscience. IBRO will stand close by the “Neuro-Dragon” as it
Kyungjin Kim, Marina Bentivoglio and Yoo-Hun Suh, Seoul, Korea
Marina Bentivoglio with Qunyuan Xu, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China
plays an increasing role in IBRO activities in the pursuit for worldwide cooperation in brain research. She also received a warm welcome from colleagues of the Taiwanese Society for Neuroscience, with fruitful discussions about the present and future work on brain research in Taipei, Kaohsiung and Tainan. Former APRC Chair Ying Shing Chan describes the importance of partnership: “IBRO-APRC has through its schools created learning platforms for training young neuroscientists; it also maintains a close interaction with the Federation of AsianOceanian Neuroscience Societies (FAONS). IBRO’s role in our region has escalated steadily thanks to the enthusiasm of newly elected leaders of national neuroscience societies in the region.”
Masao Ito (RIKEN) and Hitoshi Okamoto (APRC Chair), Tokyo, Japan
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