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Nonproportional Relationships

Proportional Relationships

If a linear equation can be written in the form of

ൌ

Then the relationship is PROPORTIONAL.

RELATIONSHIPS vary directly.

Example 1 – Proportional Relationships

Marcos is a personal trainer at a gym. In addition to his salary, he receives a bonus for each

client he sees.

Number of 1 2 3 4 5

Clients

($)

First, graph this relation and describe any pattern between the number of clients and the

amount of bonus pay. Then, write an equation to describe this relationship:

So we have…

The graph demonstrates a linear relationship and it also passes through the point ሺǡ ሻ

because when Marcos sees 0 clients, he receives 0 pay.

Example 1 - Continued

Now that we have seen that the graph of the Proportional

Relationship is linear, we need to calculate the slope – the rate

of change – so we have…

ൌ

͓

ૢ െ

ൌ ൌ

െ

So for each client that Marcos sees, he earns $45 in bonus pay.

Example 1 - Continued

Since we know that PROPORTIONAL RELATIONSHIPS

vary directly, we know that…

ൌ

Where, for this problem ൌ ൌ … so we have…

ൌ

pay, , that Marcos will receive for seeing ANY number

of clients, .

You Try 1

A professional soccer team is donating money to a local

charity for each goal they score. Write an equation to

describe this relationship. Then use this equation to

predict how much money will be donated for 12 goals.

Number of 1 2 3 4 5

Goals

Donations 75 150 225 300 375

($)

to be…

ൌ ૠ

And that if the soccer team scores 12 goals, then they

will have donated $900.

Proportional vs. Non-Proportional Relationships

As we should have noticed that PROPORTIONAL

RELATIONSHIPS vary directly…

RELATIONSHIPS, the graph will ALWAYS go through the

origin, ሺǡ ሻ.

RELATIONSHIPS, do NOT vary directly…

RELATIONSHIPS, the graph will NOT go through the

origin, ሺǡ ሻ.

Example 2 – Non-proportional Relationships

Write an equation in function notation for the given graph:

points on the graph…

1 2 3 4

9 12 15 18

Example 2 - Continued

We should have that the rate of change is…

െ

ൌ

െ

െ ૢ

ൌ ൌ ൌ

െ

RELATIONSHIPS do NOT vary directly, we CANNOT use…

ൌ

Example 2 - Continued

Moreover, we know that NON-PROPORTIONAL RELATIONSHIPS do NOT pass

through – their Y-Intercepts are not – the origin, ሺǡ ሻ.

ሺǡ ሻ.

ൌ

ൌ

1 2 3 4

9 12 15 18

You Try 2

Write an equation in function notation for the graph:

ൌ െ

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