Celebration of Independence day….

15th August 2007….60 Years of Celebration of Independence Day….

Sare Jahan Se Achachha Hindostan Hamara Hum Bulbule Hai Iske Ye Culsitan Hamara….. You know about Indian Flag...... IN 1917….. The Home Rule Bal Ganga Dhar Tilak adopted a new flag in 1917. The flag had union jack at the top, near hoist. The rest of the flag contains five red and four green strips. It had seven stars on it in the shape of “Saptarishi” Constellation which is sacred one for Hindus. It also had a crescent moon, star at the top fly end. This flag didn’t become popular in masses.

IN 1921….. As Mahatma Gandhi communities of India to be represented in the flag of the nation, so a new flag was designed. At the top was white then green and at the bottom was red color. In this flag white symbolized minority communities of India, green was for Muslims and the red one was for Hindu and Sikh communities. The “Charkha” was drawn across all the bands symbolizing the unification of these communities. IN 1931…… Some people were not at all happy with the communal interpretation of the flag. Keeping all this in a view a new flag was designed. This color signified combined spirit of Hindu yogis as well as Muslim dervish. In another flag by Pingali Venkayya had three color. Saffron was at the top Followed by white in the middle and green being the lowermost. The “Charkha” was at the center of white color. This flag was passed at the meeting of Congress Committee in 1931 and was adopted as the official flag of the Committee. IN 1947….. When India got independence, a committee headed by Rajinder Prasad was formed to discuss the National Flag of India and they decided to adopt the flag of Indian National Congress with suitable modifications as the flag of India. As a result the flag of 1931 was adopted as Indian flag but “Charkha” in the middle was replaced by “Chakra” (wheel) and hence our national Flag came into being.

It is time when we must sit back and remember the freedom strugglers. He remains a symbol of peace to this day. It is a special hand spun yarn made up of cotton. 3. lead the country to freedom with his non violent ideals. Mahatma Gandhi… The father of the nation.. without whom we may never have got our freedom. No flag or emblem should be placed either above the national flag or to its right. . All other flags to be placed to the left of the national Flag if they are hung in a line. 2. Independence Day and Mahatma Gandhi’s Birthday. The official flag specifications require flag to be made up of just ”Khadi”.. 1. The ratio of its width to its length is two is to three. Sardar Vallabhai Patel….The Indian National Flag came into being in its present form at the meeting of Constitutional Assembly on 22nd July 1947. He was responsible for uniting princely sates into country. 4. Bhagat Sing threw a bomb when the Legislature was in session and was arrested.. The flag contains three equal strips of Saffron. silk and wool. is present in the middle of the white strip. A navy Blus color “Chakra” known as “Ashoka Chakra” having Twnety-four spokes. According to flag code of India citizens of India did not have the right to hoist the Indian flag except for some important days like Republic day. National Heroes…. White and Green clor respectively. For a code of conduct National Flag…. Bhagat Singh….The National Flag should always be taken down in the evening at sunset.

2. He was one of the most prominent leaders of the Indian Independence Movement against the British Raj. He was elected President of the Congress when he was just 35. lead her people into a battle against the British in which she fought like a tigress. Remembered for his court statement in which he proclaimed ‘Swaraj is my birthright and I will have it!’ Maulana Abul Kalam Azad…. The Persian invaders converted it into Hindu. 1. 3. he and health scientists of his time conducted complicated surgeries. The largest employer in the world is the Indian railway system. The Queen of Jhansi. You know about Yeh Mera India……. Trigonometry and Calculus are studies which originated in India. The name “Hindustan” combines Sidhu and Hindu and thus refers to the land of Hindus. 2600 years ago. employing over a million people! . Bal Gangadhar Tilak…. 4. Sushruta is the father of surgery. Algebra.Rani Laxmi Bai…. Subhash Chandra Bose… He also known as Netaji.

New Delhi . The ‘place value system’ and the ‘decimal system’ were developed in 100 BC in India.. The world’s highest Cricket ground is in Chail. Built in 1893 after leveling a hilltop. New Delhi Lal Kila pictures . consolidated ayurveda 2500 years ago in India Peacock .Ayurveda is the Earlies School of medicine known to mankind.5.. 6.Our National Flower Mango –Our National Fruit Our capital city of India…. Mughal Garden at Rashtrapati Bhawan. Charaka. The World’s first university was established in Takshashila in 700BC.Our nation bird Tiger .500 students from all over the world studied more than 60 subjects. The father of medicine. this cricket pitch is 2444 meters above sea level 7. New delhi Rashtrapati Bhavna at night looks like…… Rashtrapati Bhavan. The University of Nalanda built in the 4th century was one of the greates achievements of Ancient Indian in the field of education. More than 10.Our National Animal Lotus . Himachal Pradesh.New Delhi….

.. New Delhi Most well come in my country……… gate is always open………….India Gate.

appealed to Brahma. he killed the first six sons of Devaki. Remembering the divine instructions. unable to bear the burden of sins committed by evil kings and rulers. and promised to hand over every new born child to him. . the divine baby was born in Kamsa's prison. On the day Kamsa's sister Devaki was married off to Vasudeva. At midnight on ashtami. who assured him that he would soon be born on earth to annihilate tyrannical forces..Today is Gokulastami also known as Janamastami. He was naughty in his childhood days.. He was to exchange his boy and bring Yashoda's baby daughter back to the prison. The birthday of Krishna falls on the Astami of Krishna Paksh (the eighth day of the dark fortnight) in the month of Bhado (August-September). the Creator for help.. Krishna. is a unique character in Hindu mythology. now in Uttar Pradesh state) and his people were utterly terrified of him. The Story of Krishna Birth. Vishnu assured them that "nothing shall bar your path". In this way. eight days after Raksha Bandhan.. While crossing river Yamuna.. The frightened Kamsa immediately unsheathed his sword to kill his sister but Vasudeva intervened and implored Kamsa to spare his bride. where Nanda's wife Yashoda had given birth to a daughter. the eighth incarnation of Lord Vishnu. an akashvani or voice from the sky was heard prophesying that Devaki's 8th son would be the destroyer of Kamsa. Vasudeva held his baby high over his head. He asked Vasudeva to carry him to the house of his friend. The festival of Krishna Janamastami is the celebration of Lord Krishna's birthday. Then suddenly Lord Vishnu appeared before them and said he himself was coming to rescue them and the people of Mathura. Brahma prayed to the Supreme Lord Vishnu. When Devaki gave birth to her first child. romantic as a young man. Kamsa came to the prison cell and slaughtered the newborn. the cowherd chief Nanda in Gokula right after his birth. One such evil force was Kamsa. and proved to be a profound philosopher in his adulthood as illustrated by the Bhagwat Geeta. The rain fell in torrents and the river was in spate. Devaki and Vasudeva started lamenting its fate and theirs. Kamsa relented but imprisoned both Devaki and her husband Vasudeva. He jerked his legs and was unfettered! The massive iron-barred doors unlocked and opened up. Even before her 8th child was born. Mother Earth. But the water made way for Vasudeva and miraculously a five-mouthed snake . the ruler of Mathura (in northern India.. Vasudeva clasped the child to his bosom and started for Gokula. but found that his legs were in chains.

Vasudeva came back to Mathura and as he entered. ..followed him from behind and provided shelter over the baby." Krishna is also known to be a very mischievous child who annoyed Yashoda (Nanda's Wife) Maiyya (mother) a lot…. But this times it skipped from his hand and reaching the sky. It describes the excuses which Krishna gives to his mother yashoda explaining that he was not responsible for stealing of the butter from the gopikaas. he rushed inside the prison and tried to kill the baby. the doors of the prison closed themselves. with one hand [His left one] Govardhana hill and held it up. He exchanged the babies and hurried back to the prison of Kamsa with the baby girl.. When Kamsa came to know about the birth. Vishnu (Krishna). She was transformed into the goddess Yogamaya. he found the door of Nanda's house open."Maiya Mori Main nahi makhan khayo” …………. Early in the morning. all the people at Gokula rejoiced the birth of Nanda's beautiful male child. who told Kansa: "O foolish! What will you get by killing me? Your nemesis is already born somewhere else. When Vasudeva reached Gokula.

This event is very similar to Valentine's Day In his youth Krishna killed Kansa along with all his cruel associates. thousand of couples pilgrim to the Taj to see the marble monument shining in moonlight by the river Yamuna. one Radha was special to Krishna. Among all the gopikaas. India. He arbitrated in the fight between the Pandavas and Kauravas in Mahabharata. and reinstated Ugrasen as the King of Mathura. As the Taj Mahal is regarded as a love symbol. He killed Kamsa. and then settled in Dwaraka( in Gujarat State) along with his brother Balarama and learnt the traditional arts of fighting including archery. The moon is believed to be the brightest due to the angle of the earth and the sun. liberated his parents from prison. Following the tradition. with a view to improve their love.Amorous and mischievous acts as Raas-Lila of Krishna………. Rajasthan. . every year millions of couples come out at night to face the fullest and brightest moon. It is also said in the religious books that the God Krishna and Goddess Radha came out from their temple on this night to play Raas (a stick dance) in Nathdwara.

. Dwaraka (in Gujarat State) known as Krishna’s Dhaam . City.. Lord Krishna. which is together termed as the Bhagvad Gita. During the war he is well known for his monologue to Arjuna on the battlefield. (Close up view of the 2000 year old temple tower) The entrance to Dwaraka temple complex . God.Krishna instructs Arjuna during the war of Mahabharata.

. So this is sweet for 4th September…. ..Janmashtami/ Srijayanthi is on 4 september.

Humayun Abandoned an ongoing militrary campaign to ride to her rescue. Down south. A group of women from the Brahmakumari sect tied rakhis on the wrists of Pakistani prisoners in Chandigarh's Central Jail during a special function (2006) organised by jail authorities. a day to celebrate the wonderful bond between a brother and sister. According to the Hindu legend Indra's Wife Sachi was the first woman to intiate a bond of protection (raksha). When Bengal was partitioned in 1905 Rabindranath Tagore used the occasion of Rakasha Bandhan as a community festival and gave a call to tie a rakhi amongst all Hindus and Muslims so as to maintain peace and harmony between the communities and spread the nationalist spirit among people from different ethnic backgrounds. In Central India. Punya Paradayak-the bestower of boons. . Rani Karnavati of Chittor sent a rakhi to the Mughal Emperor Humayun when she was threatened by Bahadur Shah of Mewar. Better known as Nariyal Purnima or coconut Full Moon festival by people living in the coastal area especially Konkan. There is a similar kind of celebration in Nepal called Janai Purnima when men of the higher caste change their sacred thread (Janai) While a red or yellow protection cord (a raksya bandhan) is tied around the wrists of other people. an offering of a coconut (nariyal) is made to the sea that marks the beginning of the fishing season. Raksha Bandhan is known by various names: Vish Tarak-the destroyer of venom.Raksha Bandhan. Rakhi Purnima is also called Kajri Navami when wheat or barley is sown. Rakhi Purnma is known as Avani Attam or Upakarman and is an auspicious day for Brahmins who change their holy thread (Janeyu). Especially Madhya Pradesh and Chattisgarh. So on a symbolic note the Rakhi is also a talisman ensuring protection of the righteousness from the forces of evil. A bond that is pure and special as nature itself. It is a day of relevance to farmers. and Pap Nashak-the destroyee of sins.

Considered to be the world's largest rakhi-50m long and weighing 15kg was in 2005 tied around a neem tree in Lucknow's Prince of Wales Zoological Gardens with the aim to raise awareness about conservation and environmental protection .

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