Special Eurobarometer 317

European Commission

Discrimination in the EU in 2009
Fieldwork May-June 2009 Report Publication November 2009

Report
Special Eurobarometer 317 / Wave 71.2. – TNS Opinion & Social

This survey was requested by Directorate General Employment, Social Affairs and Equal Opportunities and coordinated by Directorate General Communication
This document does not represent the point of view of the European Commission. The interpretations and opinions contained in it are solely those of the authors.

Special EUROBAROMETER 317

DISCRIMINATION IN THE EU IN 2009

TABLE OF CONTENTS
INTRODUCTION ............................................................................................4 1. SETTING THE CONTEXT .............................................................................8 2. THE PERCEPTION OF DISCRIMINATION IN EUROPE ...............................11 2.1 The perceived level of discrimination ....................................................... 11 2.2 Attitudes to diversity in public office ........................................................ 14 2.3 Diversity in the media ........................................................................... 15 3. EXPERIENCE OF DISCRIMINATION .........................................................22 3.1 Personal experience of discrimination ...................................................... 22 3.2 Seeing others discriminated against ........................................................ 25 4. COMBATTING DISCRIMINATION.............................................................30 4.1 Assessment of efforts made to fight discrimination .................................... 30 5. KNOWLEDGE OF THE LAW .......................................................................34 5.1 Knowledge of one’s rights as a victim of discrimination .............................. 34 5.2 Preferred reporting ‘points’ in case of harassment or discrimination ............. 38 6. VIEWS ABOUT EQUAL OPPORTUNITIES IN EMPLOYMENT .......................43 6.1 Factors which put citizens at a disadvantage ............................................ 43 6.2 Support for measures to provide equal opportunities in employment............ 45 6.3 Support for monitoring measures............................................................ 48 6.4 Perception of whether enough has been done to increase diversity in the work place........................................................................................................ 53 7. DISCRIMINATION ON GROUNDS OF ETHNIC ORIGIN .............................60 7.1 The perceived extent of ethnic discrimination ........................................... 60 7.2 Changes in the perceptions of ethnic discrimination ................................... 64 7.3 Measuring discrimination on grounds of ethnic origin ................................. 67 7.4 Attitudes towards different ethnic groups ................................................. 69

-1-

Special EUROBAROMETER 317

DISCRIMINATION IN THE EU IN 2009

8. DISCRIMINATION ON GROUNDS OF AGE ................................................71 8.1 The perceived extent of discrimination on grounds of age........................... 71 8.2 Changes in the perceptions of discrimination on grounds of age .................. 73 8.3 Experience of age discrimination............................................................. 75 8.4 Attitudes to citizens aged under 30 and citizens aged over 75 in the highest political office ............................................................................................ 76 9. DISCRIMINATION ON GROUNDS OF DISABILITY....................................78 9.1 The perceived extent of disability discrimination........................................ 78 9.2 Changes in the perceptions of discrimination on grounds of disability ........... 81 9.3 Measuring disability discrimination .......................................................... 83 9.4 Attitudes towards disabled people in public office ...................................... 84 10. DISCRIMINATION ON GROUNDS OF SEXUAL ORIENTATION .................85 10.1 The perceived extent of discrimination on grounds of sexual orientation ..... 85 10.2 Changes in the perceptions of discrimination on grounds of sexual orientation ............................................................................................................... 88 10.3 Measuring discrimination on grounds of sexual orientation ........................ 90 10.4 Attitudes to LGBT people ..................................................................... 91 11. DISCRIMINATION ON GROUNDS OF GENDER........................................92 11.1 The perceived extent of discrimination on grounds of gender .................... 92 11.2 Changes in the perceptions of discrimination on grounds of gender ............ 95 11.3 Experience of discrimination on grounds of gender .................................. 97 11.4 Attitudes to women in the highest political office ..................................... 98 12. DISCRIMINATION ON GROUNDS OF RELIGION OR BELIEF ...................99 12.1 The perceived extent of discrimination on grounds of religion or belief........ 99 12.2 Changes in the perceptions of discrimination on grounds of religion or belief ............................................................................................................. 102 12.3 Experience of discrimination on grounds of religion or belief.................... 105 12.4 Attitudes to citizens of a different religion or belief in public office............ 106

-2-

...................... 107 13.................... 107 13...Special EUROBAROMETER 317 DISCRIMINATION IN THE EU IN 2009 13...................................................................2 The perceived impact of the crisis on levels of discrimination in the labour market ........ THE IMPACT OF THE ECONOMIC AND FINANCIAL CRISIS .... 109 CONCLUSION ........................................................1 The perceived impact of the crisis on the importance and funding of equality and diversity policies ............................................................................................................... 117 ANNEXES Technical specifications Questionnaire Data tables -3- ...

.

available at http://ec. may take appropriate action to combat discrimination based on gender.pdf 5 More details can be found in the ‘Framework strategy for non-discrimination and equal opportunities for all’ published by the European Commission in 2005. the European Union adopted two very far-reaching laws1 to prohibit discrimination in the workplace based on racial or ethnic origin.info 4 Discrimination in the European Union: (special Eurobarometer 263). the survey also covered the three Candidate Countries: Croatia.stop-discrimination. This European Year aimed to inform citizens of their rights. http://ec. the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions . As far as racial and ethnic origin is concerned. new questions were added notably to measure the extent to which the economic crisis may hamper the implementation of anti-discrimination policies and efforts. This initiative led the way to a bolder strategy seeking to give momentum to the fight against discrimination in the EU5.pdf -41 . sexual orientation and religion or belief outside the employment sphere and a communication which presents a comprehensive approach to step up action against discrimination and promote equal opportunities7. The European anti-discrimination legislation is one of the most extensive in the world. In 2000. this legislation extends to other aspects of daily life. the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions .europa. Directive 2000/43/EC of 29 June 2000 and Directive 2000/78/EC of 27 November 2000. Bisexual and Transgender people. to celebrate diversity and to promote equal opportunities for everyone in the European Union. disability. Drawing on the successful implementation of the 2007 European Year of Equal Opportunities for All6. Gay. The first survey4 was conducted in the summer of 2006 in anticipation of the 2007 European Year of Equal Opportunities for All. the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (FYROM) and Turkey. In addition and for the first time. the European Parliament. please see www. 2 Throughout the report we use the acronym LGBT to refer to Lesbian.europa. such as education and social services.Special EUROBAROMETER 317 DISCRIMINATION IN THE EU IN 2009 INTRODUCTION This report presents the results from a new Eurobarometer survey on discrimination.equality2007. This time. Fieldwork June-July 2006. the Council.europa. The latest survey was conducted between 29 May and 15 June 2009. Social Affairs and Equal Opportunities.europa. racial or ethnic origin. 3 For more information on the rights to non discrimination and equal opportunities. Fieldwork February-March 2008. Both directives are based on Article 13 of the Amsterdam Treaty establishing the European Community which reads: "the Council. disability. religion or belief. religion or belief. age or sexual orientation".eu or www. the Commission adopted under its renewed social agenda on 2 July 2008 a nondiscrimination package comprising: a proposal for a new directive on equal treatment prohibiting discrimination on grounds of age.pdf. These texts come in addition to numerous laws that have been adopted at EU level since 1975 to promote equality between women and men in the workplace3.eu/employment_social/fundamental_rights/pdf/pubst/poldoc/com07_en. It is the third in a series of surveys commissioned by the European Commission DG Employment.Implementation. 8 Discrimination in 2008: (Special Eurobarometer 296). Discrimination occurring in the workplace on the grounds of gender is prohibited by several other directives that have been adopted since 1975. age or sexual orientation2.eu/public_opinion/archives/ebs/ebs_296_en. disability.Non-discrimination and equal opportunities: A renewed commitment {SEC(2008) 2172} /* COM/2008/0420 final. acting unanimously on a proposal from the Commission and after consulting the European Parliament.eu/public_opinion/archives/ebs/ebs_263_en. 6 Communication from the Commission to the Council. results and overall assessment of the 2007 European Year of Equal Opportunities for All COM/2009/0269 final 7 Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament. The second survey was conducted in early 2008 to track how perceptions and opinions in this field had changed in the intervening year8. http://ec.

Perceptions of discrimination covering attitudes to different groups and the perceived extent of discrimination in Europe.htm The result tables are included in the annex. before providing a detailed look at relevant variations between different segments of society. 3. The latter analysis groups are all derived from answers to socio-demographic questions asked in the survey: ♦ ♦ Age. 11 QE16 Do you have friends or acquaintances who are…? 10 9 -5- . Views on equal opportunities in employment.eu/public_opinion/index_en. whether directly experienced by citizens or witnessed as happening to a third person. A detailed analysis of discrimination on individual grounds. In the report the six legally prohibited grounds of discrimination in the EU are examined: 1. Gender Ethnic origin Religion or beliefs Age Disability Sexual orientation The report proceeds with the following structure: ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Setting the context. the report firstly presents overall results at the EU level. Assessments of efforts made to combat discrimination.Special EUROBAROMETER 317 DISCRIMINATION IN THE EU IN 2009 All three surveys have been carried out by TNS Opinion & Social network. An examination of media coverage of diversity. The methodology used is that of Eurobarometer surveys as carried out by the Directorate General for Communication (“Research and Political Analysis” Unit)9. 6. 5. This is followed by a breakdown of results by country. urbanisation and place of birth (the typical sociodemographic questions of the Eurobarometer). Diversity of the respondent’s social circle11 (a question that is also analysed in this survey). including whether citizens think of themselves as belonging to a minority group and the diversity of citizens’ social circles. attitudes. http://ec. An examination of the effect of the economic crisis on the perceived extent of discrimination and on efforts to combat it. The findings from this survey provide insight into the perceptions. This note indicates the interview methods and the confidence intervals10. 4. education. 2. Measurements of discrimination in Europe. It should be noted that the total of the percentages in the tables of this report may exceed 100% when the respondent has the possibility of giving several answers to the same question. Knowledge of one’s rights as a potential victim of discrimination. noting any significant evolutions compared to the 2008 survey. A technical note on the manner in which interviews were conducted by the Institutes within the TNS Opinion & Social network is appended as an annex to this report. knowledge and awareness of discrimination and inequality in the European Union and the Candidate Countries in 2009. In analysing each of these issues.europa. gender.

fairly rare or very rare in (OUR COUNTRY)? Discrimination on the basis of… 14 QE17 Where you live. Sexual minority: n=255 (1%). Minority in terms of disability: n=586 (2%). Whilst the Eurobarometer covers a cross-section of Europeans.. namely: ♦ ♦ Perceptions of how widespread discrimination is in one’s country13..europa.. in your opinion.eu/public_opinion/index_en. In understanding the focus of this study. of citizens in the Candidate Countries and/or EFTA countries. The Eurobarometer website can be consulted at the following address: http://ec. could you please tell me whether. QE3 In the past 12 months have you personally felt discriminated against or harassed on the basis of one or more of the following grounds? Was it discrimination on the basis of. Religious minority: n=1092 (4%).? QE4 In the past 12 months. it is very widespread. Any analysis of the results pertaining to these specific sub-groups must therefore be treated with caution15. 15 .. do you consider yourself to be part of any of the following? Please tell me all that apply.? 13 QE1 For each of the following types of discrimination.htm We would like to take the opportunity to thank all the respondents across the continent who have given their time to take part in this survey. Without their active participation. Whether respondents consider being part of a minority group14. this implies that only a small number of citizens belonging to the various minority groups in the EU will have been included in this study. fairly widespread. have you witnessed someone being discriminated against or harassed on the basis of one or more of the following grounds? Was it discrimination on basis of. The EU27 sample sizes of the minority groups covered by the survey are as follows: Ethnic minority: n=1210 (5%). readers are reminded that the Eurobarometer is a general population survey of EU citizens aged 15 and. this study would not have been possible. in some instances. In addition some results are strongly linked with key attitudinal positions.Special EUROBAROMETER 317 DISCRIMINATION IN THE EU IN 2009 ♦ Whether the respondent has been discriminated against or witnessed discrimination occurring (two further questions which are also analysed in this survey12). -6- 12 .

which will be agreed following the conclusion of negotiations currently taking place at the United Nations. For practical reasons. -7- . the abbreviation “DK” refers to “don’t know” responses. only the interviews conducted in the part of the country controlled by the government of the Republic of Cyprus are recorded in the category “CY” and included in the EU27 average.Special EUROBAROMETER 317 DISCRIMINATION IN THE EU IN 2009 In this report. 16 Readers should note that the report includes graphs showing the break-down of responses to questions at the EU27 level. The abbreviations used in this report correspond to16: ABBREVIATIONS EU27 BE BG CZ DK D-E DE D-W EE EL ES FR IE IT CY CY (tcc) LT LV LU HU MT NL AT PL PT RO SI SK FI SE UK HR TR MK European Union – 27 Member States Belgium Bulgaria Czech Republic Denmark East Germany Germany West Germany Estonia Greece Spain France Ireland Italy Republic of Cyprus* Area not controlled by the government of the Republic of Cyprus Lithuania Latvia Luxembourg Hungary Malta The Netherlands Austria Poland Portugal Romania Slovenia Slovakia Finland Sweden The United Kingdom Croatia Turkey The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia** * Cyprus as a whole is one of the 27 European Union Member States. In these graphs. However. ** Provisional code which does not prejudge in any way the definitive nomenclature for this country. The interviews conducted in the part of the country not controlled by the government of the Republic of Cyprus are recorded in the category “CY (tcc)” [tcc: Turkish Cypriot Community]. the countries are represented by their official abbreviations. the “acquis communautaire” is suspended in the part of the country that is not controlled by the government of the Republic of Cyprus.

close to six out of ten Macedonians say that they have friends who are Roma (59%). The latest survey reveals that the social circle of Europeans has become more diverse: close to two out three Europeans have friends or acquaintances who are of a different religion or have different beliefs to them (64%. cultural attitudes also play a factor. For example. For each type of friend/acquaintance included in the survey. +2 percentage points). . o Is somewhat more common among citizens with a political orientation that is to the left of the spectrum. lesbian. which will be explored in greater detail below. just three percent of Romanians say the same. compared to just four percent of Cypriots who give the same answer. 17 18 QE16 Do you have friends or acquaintances who are…? Full results for this question can be found in the annexes of this report -8- .Diversity in friends is most widespread in terms of religion. o Is somewhat more common among men than it is among women. +3 percentage points) or of a different ethnic origin to them (57%. particularly with regard to sexual orientation.Special EUROBAROMETER 317 DISCRIMINATION IN THE EU IN 2009 1. the main determining factors are: ♦ Having friends/acquaintances of different ethnic origin: o Naturally. o Is more common in urban areas than rural areas.varying attitudes towards homosexuality. It can be observed that citizens’ contact with others who are “different” from themselves varies depending on the citizens’ socio-demographic characteristics18. There is wide variation here between countries. Despite slight increases since 2008. bisexual or transgender (LGBT) friends or acquaintances (38%. an important analytical distinction to be made when analysing different levels of discrimination is whether citizens count members of different groups amongst their own social circle17. it remains comparatively rarer for citizens to have gay. o Becomes less common with age. +3 percentage points). o Becomes more common the longer one stays in full-time education. disability and ethnicity As noted in the earlier surveys. We look at the extent of diversity in Europeans’ social networks and how many citizens define themselves as belonging to a minority group. This reflects inter alia . However. This has considerable impact on attitudes to the subject. +3 percentage points) and close to three out of five have friends or acquaintances who are disabled (58%. Whilst close to seven out of ten Dutch citizens say they have LGBT friends (68%). SETTING THE CONTEXT This chapter aims at establishing the background to the topic of discrimination. +4 percentage points) or to have Roma friends (17%. more common amongst those not living in their country of birth. Clearly this is related to the respective proportions of the local populations who are Roma. which are in part explained by demographics.

that is LGBT or disabled is higher.Few citizens feel they are part of a minority group – ♦ ♦ ♦ As already noted in the previous surveys. A list of the minority groups under discussion here was read out. In reality. o The longer citizens stayed in full-time education. the more likely it is. o Is more common amongst those not living in their country of birth. 20 QE17 Where you live. o The longer citizens stayed in full-time education. whilst only a minimal proportion consider themselves as falling into any of the minority groups under discussion here20. the more likely it is. Four percent of Europeans are unable to answer to this question. the proportion of the EU population that does not belong to majority ethnic/religious groups. Having LGBT friends/acquaintances: o Is much less likely amongst those aged 55 or above. Overall 85% do not define themselves as being part of any minority group.Special EUROBAROMETER 317 DISCRIMINATION IN THE EU IN 2009 ♦ Having Roma friends/acquaintances: o This is least likely among citizens aged 55 and over. Having friends/acquaintances of a different religion or different beliefs: o Is less likely among citizens aged 55 and over. do you consider yourself to be part of any of the following? Please tell me all that apply. the Eurobarometer is a general population survey.21 19 No general definition of minority was offered to the interviewees when they were asked this question. Having disabled friends/acquaintances: o Is considerably more common when citizens themselves have a chronic physical or mental health problem. depending on the definition of disability used. Consequently. o Is more common among citizens with a political orientation that is to the left of the spectrum. (MULTIPLE ANSWERS POSSIBLE) 21 As noted in the introduction. o Is somewhat more common in urban areas than rural areas. For example. there are very few citizens who consider themselves as part of a minority group where they live19. the percentage of disabled citizens in the total EU population has been variously estimated at between 16% and 20%. minorities are under-represented. -9- . o Becomes considerably more likely the longer citizens stayed in education. .

It is used throughout the whole document. Where you live. do you consider yourself to be part of any of the following? Please tell me all that apply. (MULTIPLE ANSWERS POSSIBLE) .10 - .Special EUROBAROMETER 317 DISCRIMINATION IN THE EU IN 2009 QE17.% EU27 An ethnic minority A religious minority A minority in terms of disability A sexual minority Any other minority group (SPECIFY) None of the above (SPONTANEOUS) DK 4% 5% 4% 2% 1% 1% 85% * The abbreviation DK refers to the respondents stating “Don’t know”. .

.

religion or belief 2009 2008 53 51 39 42 NB: “Don’t know” and “non-existent” (SPONTANEOUS) answers are not shown 22 QE1: For each of the following types of discrimination. could you please tell me whether.Special EUROBAROMETER 317 DISCRIMINATION IN THE EU IN 2009 2.22 QE1 Perception of discrimination on the basis of… . in your opinion.. Whilst in 2008 the majority view was that discrimination on these two grounds was rare.% EU …ethnic origin 2009 2008 Rare 32 33 Widespread 61 62 …age 2009 2008 37 52 42 58 . fairly widespread.. This holds also true for disability.sexual orientation 2009 2008 43 41 47 51 . Whilst the former has seen no significant change since 2008. it is very widespread. followed by discrimination on grounds of age (58%) and disability (53%).Discrimination on ethnic grounds is considered the most widespread Discrimination on grounds of ethnic origin (61%) is seen to be the most widespread form of discrimination in the EU. we note a large shift in public opinion over the past year on the latter: Europeans now far more often perceive discrimination on grounds of age (+16 percentage points since 2008)..1 The perceived level of discrimination .disability 2009 2008 41 49 53 45 .11 - .. more than half of Europeans now consider these two grounds for discrimination to be widespread.gender 2009 2008 53 56 40 36 . fairly rare or very rare in (OUR COUNTRY)? Discrimination on the basis of… .. with an increase of +8 percentage points in perceptions that this is widespread.. THE PERCEPTION OF DISCRIMINATION IN EUROPE 2...

it is very widespread. however. there still exist sizable proportions who express contrary views. could you please tell me whether. a ‘non-existent’ answer should be seen as a highly positive response.25 This is particularly true for discrimination on the basis of gender where around two-thirds (65%) consider that this has become less widespread. the same shift in views concerning discrimination on the basis of age and disability is found. gender and sexual orientation grounds and two percent on age and disability grounds. Later in the report. ethnic origin (48%) and age (47%). age and disability this also applies to sexual orientation (47%)24. This argument is further developed in subsequent chapters. One possible explanation of the increased perception of discimination on the grounds of age and disability is that the 2007 “European Year of Equal Opportunities for All” has increased awareness of these two grounds among Europeans. For both age and disability. that both of these two grounds are perceived to be ‘rare’ by an absolute majority (both 53%). Discrimination overall is perceived as less common now than five years ago - When asked to make a comparison with the situation five years ago. three percent for discrimination on ethnicity. in your opinion. highlighting considerable differences in perception between countries and by socio-demographic and cultural factors as well as personal experience of discrimination. citizens are more likely to say that discrimination on all six grounds has become less widespread. However. The proportions of EU citizens giving such answers are four percent for discrimination on religious grounds. for example prohibiting discrimination based on additional grounds.Special EUROBAROMETER 317 DISCRIMINATION IN THE EU IN 2009 Hence in 2009. a higher proportion of Europeans consider discrimination to be widespread than to be rare: apart from discrimination on grounds of ethnic origin. However. It should also be noted that citizens were also able to give the spontaneous answer that they consider a particular type of discrimination to be non-existent in their country. It is also the case that a substantial proportion of Europeans – over one third . It can be noted at the same time. there are notable increases in the share of ‘more widespread’ answers (+9 and +5 percentage points respectively). these results are analysed in greater detail. for four of the six grounds of discrimination examined in this survey (all those on which discrimination is legally prohibited in the EU23). 24 QE1 For each of the following types of discrimination. and many have done so. fairly widespread. there is also evidence that the economic crisis has impacted people’s views.12 - . Comparing results with those of 2008.think that discrimination on the grounds of gender and religion or belief is widespread. although discrimination on these grounds was considered more widespread in 2008 (-4 points). would you say that the following types of discrimination are more common or less common in (OUR COUNTRY)? Discrimination on the basis of… . six out of ten citizens think that discrimination regarding sexual orientation and disability has become less widespread and around half hold this view with regard to discrimination on the basis of religion and belief (56%). Although a different type of response to that of the two ‘rare’ answers (fairly rare and very rare). 23 The EU Member States are free to adopt stricter anti-discrimination legislation. Furthermore. an impact that may not yet have been registered in the 2008 survey. fairly rare or very rare in (OUR COUNTRY)? 25 QE2 If you compare the situation with 5 years ago.

13 - . further improvements concerning discrimination on the basis of ethnic origin and religion or belief are noted. QE2. For these two grounds.Special EUROBAROMETER 317 DISCRIMINATION IN THE EU IN 2009 At the same time. would you say that the following types of discrimination are more common or less common in (OUR COUNTRY)? Discrimination on the basis of… -% EU Less w idespread More widespread …age 2009 2008 47 57 33 42 …ethnic origin 2009 2008 48 44 41 48 …religion or belief 2009 2008 56 52 32 38 …disability 2009 2008 60 67 29 24 …sexual orientation 2009 2008 60 61 28 29 …gender 2009 2008 65 67 24 24 NB: “Don’t know” answers are not shown . If you compare the situation with 5 years ago. the share of ‘less widespread’ answer has steadily increased since 2008.

2 Attitudes to diversity in public office In order to further uncover citizens’ attitudes to different groups.14 - . citizens were first asked how they feel about having citizens from different minority groups as a neighbour.4 6. There is more reluctance when it comes to homosexuality. The question requires the respondent to say how comfortable they would be having someone from a specific group assigned to their country’s highest political office.eu/public_opinion/archives/ebs/ebs_296_en.% EU27 Average score out of 10 A woman A disabled person A person from a different religion than the majority of the population A homosexual (gay man or lesbian woman) A person from a different ethnic origin than the majority of the population A person aged under 30 A person aged over 75 8.4).5 6.europa. please see Special Eurobarometer 296: http://ec. . in the 2009 survey this question has not been asked. especially if the person were over 75 (4. And using a scale from 1 to 10. They have relatively few qualms with the highest political office being occupied by a woman (8. Age is also an issue. '1' means that you would be "very uncomfortable" and '10' means that you would be "totally comfortable" with this situation.8 26 QE6 And using a scale from 1 to 10.9). 27 The responses are considerably more negative than those given in 2008.8).5 7. but also if they were under 30 (5.5 each) or having a different ethnic origin than the rest of the population (6.pdf .Special EUROBAROMETER 317 DISCRIMINATION IN THE EU IN 2009 2.Acceptance of diversity in the public sphere varies Europeans make strong distinctions depending on the group in question. a question that was introduced for the first time in 2008 has been asked again this year26. QE6.2). please tell me how you would feel about having someone from each of the following categories in the highest elected political position in (OUR COUNTRY)? .5 6.5) or a disabled person (7. However. please tell me how you would feel about having someone from each of the following categories in the highest elected political position in (OUR COUNTRY)? On this scale. It appears that this is due to a context effect: in 2008. religion (6.2 5.9 4. For 2008 results. using a scale from 1 to 10 where 10 represents being ‘totally comfortable’27.

in terms of …… ‘The total ‘No’ answers are reported. ‘religion or belief’ (35%). a significant share of Europeans is of the view that diversity is not sufficiently reflected in the media. with 44% of Europeans feeling that diversity on this aspect is not sufficiently reflected in the media. Across all grounds for discrimination.3 Diversity in the media . Around a third of Europeans also holds this view when it comes to ‘ethnic origin’ (36%). these overall figures mask variations according to socio-demographic groupings and between countries.28 As illustrated in the below graph. Again. not really. Do you think that diversity is sufficiently reflected in the media. around a quarter of Europeans feel that diversity is not sufficiently reflected in the media (26%). In terms of ‘gender’. ‘age’ (33%) and ‘sexual orientation’ (31%). which combine ‘No definitely not’ and ‘No. 2. in terms of… ? No Yes DK Disability 44% 48% 8% Ethnic origin 36% 55% 9% Religion or belief 35% 52% 13% Age 33% 59% 8% Sexual orientation 31% 56% 13% Gender 26% 66% 8% 28 29 QE11: Do you think that diversity is sufficiently reflected in the media.A significant share of Europeans feels that diversity is not sufficiently reflected in the media In wave 71. . which are treated further down in the report (see chapters 7 to 12).29 QE11. the various grounds for discrimination were measured.2 a new question was added to ascertain to what extent Europeans see diversity reflected in the media. this perception is particularly widespread for ‘disability’.15 - .Special EUROBAROMETER 317 DISCRIMINATION IN THE EU IN 2009 Again.

Hungary (each 53%). Other countries where at least half of the respondents share this view are Sweden (58%).Special EUROBAROMETER 317 DISCRIMINATION IN THE EU IN 2009 Looking at the national level. Spain (51%) and Belgium (50%).16 - . the following pattern emerges: For the aspect of ‘disability’. . with 65% of citizens feeling that diversity is not sufficiently reflected in the media in this respect. Greece. the highest proportion of ‘Total No’ responses can be seen in France.

with this view next most pronounced in Italy (47%) and Greece (46%).Special EUROBAROMETER 317 DISCRIMINATION IN THE EU IN 2009 Regarding ‘ethnic origin’.17 - . . the survey shows that one respondent in two in Spain feels that it is not sufficiently reflected in the media (50%).

18 - . the survey shows that over half of the respondents in Greece feel that it is not sufficiently reflected in the media (57%).Special EUROBAROMETER 317 DISCRIMINATION IN THE EU IN 2009 In terms of ‘religion or belief’. As such. . the Greeks voice a significantly higher level of criticism than other Europeans with the next highest level of ‘Total No’ responses recorded in the Czech Republic (45%).

19 - . with a total of 58% saying that this kind of diversity is not sufficiently reflected.Special EUROBAROMETER 317 DISCRIMINATION IN THE EU IN 2009 The response pattern for ‘age’ sees Greece again as the country where responses on diversity in the media are least positive. Turkey (50%) and Austria (48%) follow. .

Special EUROBAROMETER 317 DISCRIMINATION IN THE EU IN 2009 Greece also records the highest ‘Total No’ responses in terms of ‘sexual orientation’.20 - . . (51%). although similar observations are recorded in Turkey (49%).

Special EUROBAROMETER 317 DISCRIMINATION IN THE EU IN 2009 Finally. The next highest proportion of ‘Total No’ responses is recorded in Turkey (44%). . a large share of people feel that diversity in terms of gender is not sufficiently reflected in the media (55%).21 - . the survey shows that particularly in Greece.

.

disability.(MULTIPLE ANSWERS POSSIBLE) . 3. 31 QE3 In the past 12 months have you personally felt discriminated against or harassed on the basis of one or more of the following grounds? Please tell me all that apply. either as directly experienced by the respondent or when witnessed as a third party. As in 2008. the proportions answering that discrimination is widespread are substantial. which three precent report having experienced32.31 83% of Europeans say that they have not felt discriminated against in the year prior to this survey and one percent lacks an opinion.1 Personal experience of discrimination . In the past 12 months have you personally felt discriminated against or harassed on the basis of one or more of of the following grounds? Please tell me all that apply. In this chapter we analyse discrimination. ethnic origin. . sexual orientation.16% of Europeans say they were discriminated against in the last year In the course of the 12 months leading up to the survey. religion or belief. (MULTIPLE ANSWERS POSSIBLE) 32 A further 3% indicate that they have been discriminated on a different ground than any of the six ‘official’ grounds. it is still more likely to be seen as widespread rather than rare. QE3.22 - . age is the most common ground of self-reported discrimination. age30. with six percent experiencing this over the course of the year.% EU 2008 Yes 2009 16% 15% Age Gender Ethnic origin Disability Religion or belief Sexual orientation For another reason DK 3% 3% 3% 2% 2% 2% 1% 2% 1% 1% 3% 3% 1% 2% 6% 6% 30 Note: it was intentionally not specified in the questionnaire whether this was on the grounds of age or youth. Overall. even with the evident positive development that Europeans believe it to be on the decrease rather than on the rise. 16% of citizens report that they personally felt discriminated against or harassed for at least one of the grounds under consideration here: gender. so as to allow the respondent to interpret ‘age discrimination’ as they see it.Special EUROBAROMETER 317 DISCRIMINATION IN THE EU IN 2009 3. For four of the six grounds. This is followed by discrimination on the grounds of gender and ethnic origin. EXPERIENCE OF DISCRIMINATION Thus far we have seen evidence of the perceived extent of discrimination in Europe.

with discrimination on the ground of ethnic origin and age accounting for a large share of this (8% each). Single-digit self-reporting levels are noted only in Greece (6%). self-reported discrimination on the ground of ethnic origin is highest among Macedonians.23 - . Malta (7%) and Romania (9%).Special EUROBAROMETER 317 DISCRIMINATION IN THE EU IN 2009 In terms of national results. In fact. . In Austria. The highest rate of self-reported discrimination is seen in the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (25%). the variations are rather moderate. After the Macedonians. Austrians and Italians have the highest self-reported discrimination (22% each). age discrimination represents the largest share of this (7%) while in Italy gender is most commonly reported (7%).

Religion or belief n=1092).24 - . ethnicity and sexual orientation. The recorded increase among respondents who self-define themselves as belonging to a minority in terms of sexual orientation is based on very small sample sizes which do not make it possible to validate the shift since 2008. 33 33 In 2009. a quarter of those Europeans who say that they belong to a minority group in terms of their ethnic origin also say that they have felt discriminated against on these grounds in the last 12 months. there were no options for ‘age’ or ‘gender’. In 2008. this figure was even lower (n=190). NB: For the question on self-defining as part of a minority.Special EUROBAROMETER 317 DISCRIMINATION IN THE EU IN 2009 . These findings are generally very similar to those obtained in 2008. 255 respondents self-defined themselves as belonging to a sexual minority. The graph below illustrates this link. QE3 / QE17 In the past 12 months. Caution: small bases. have you personally felt disciminated against or harassed on the basis of one or more of the following grounds? .% EU27 % of those self-defining as minority who experience discrimination on relevant grounds 2008 2009 33% Disability 31% 25% Ethnic origin 23% 23% Sexual orientation 12% 11% Religion or belief 12% Bases: All self-defining as a minority for grounds under consideration (Disability n=586. In contrast. This suggests either that self-perceived minorities are more likely to experience discrimination or that the experience of discrimination or harassment is a significant factor in citizens perceiving themselves to be a ‘minority’ in these term. the reported rate of experienced ethnic discrimination stands at only three percent when we consider all Europeans and not just those who define themselves as belonging to a minority group.There is a clear link between experiencing discrimination and feeling part of a minority The data point to a strong relationship between citizens defining themselves as part of a minority group and the experience of discrimination. Sexual orientation n=255. Ethnic origin n=1210. For example. . with this particularly notable in the case of discrimination on the grounds of disability.

e. . It is quite logical that this figure is higher than that for self-reported discrimination. have you witnessed someone being discriminated against or harassed on the basis of one or more of the following grounds? Please tell me all that apply.2 Seeing others discriminated against . In the past 12 months. Around a quarter (26%) say they have seen this happening in the 12 months leading up to their interview34.Special EUROBAROMETER 317 DISCRIMINATION IN THE EU IN 2009 3. ● Perceptual factors: if a respondent is to some extent sensitive to the idea of discrimination they are more likely to perceive an incident as being one of discrimination. ● A given respondent may also witness more than one incident of discrimination over the course of a year and thus be ‘double counted’ in this way. have you witnessed someone being discriminated against or harassed on the basis of one or more of the following grounds? Please tell me all that apply.Around a quarter of Europeans report witnessing discrimination or harassment in the past year An alternative measure of the extent of discrimination is to ask whether citizens have witnessed other citizens being discriminated against or harassed.25 - . QE4. . for a number of reasons: ● There may be more than one witness to an incident of discrimination (i. it would be ‘double-reported’).% EU27 2008 Yes 2009 26% 29% Ethnic origin Age Disability Sexual orientation Religion or belief Gender For another reason DK 8% 7% 6% 7% 6% 6% 5% 6% 5% 5% 3% 2% 2% 1% 12% 14% 34 QE4 In the past 12 months.

the results are broadly similar to those obtained in 2008 when 14% of Europeans had witnessed ethnic discrimination and seven percent had witnessed age discrimination. Considering the latter. This order represents a reversal of the top two items seen for the question on self-reported discrimination. . whilst age is the second most common with eight percent saying they have witnessed this. ethnic origin is the most common with 12% saying they have witnessed discrimination on these grounds. QE3/QE4 .Experience of discrimination -% EU27 % personally experienced % witnessed 12% 8% 6% 1% 3% Ethnic origin 6% Age Sexual orientation 2% Disability 3% Gender 6% 5% 1% 5% 3% 3% Religion or For another belief reason Again.26 - . when we examine specific grounds for discrimination. the order of results differs between self-reported and third party-witnessed discrimination.Special EUROBAROMETER 317 DISCRIMINATION IN THE EU IN 2009 We also notice that.

Third-party reported discrimination. on any grounds. is lowest in Malta (12%). . In all three countries. we see that over a third of Swedes (42%). Austrians (38%) and Danes (36%) say that they witnessed discrimination over the period in question.27 - . 20% in Sweden and 16% in Austria).Special EUROBAROMETER 317 DISCRIMINATION IN THE EU IN 2009 .Wide variation in results from one country to the next Looking at the national results. the large overall figure is in particular a result of high rates of claims to have witnessed discrimination on ethnic grounds (23% in Denmark.

● Living in an urban area (30%) rather than a rural village (23%). It should be noted that all these groups are more likely to have diverse social circles (see chapter 1) and this is a key factor in making citizens more likely to report having witnessed discrimination (see below). Citizens who belong to a particular minority (self-defined) are much more likely to witness discrimination on the grounds of that minority classification. thereby making them more ‘sensitive’ to discrimination issues. 26% who belong to a sexual minority witnessed discrimination on the grounds of sexual orientation. 23% of disabled citizens witnessed discrimination on the grounds of disability. the following are likely to increase a respondent’s chances of claiming to have witnessed discrimination: ● Being younger rather than older: 35% of those aged 15-24 report witnessing discrimination or harassment. 33% of citizens who define themselves as belonging to an ethnic minority witnessed discrimination on the grounds of ethnic origin. ● Staying in full-time education for longer: 32% of citizens staying in education until the age of 20 or above have witnessed discrimination compared to 18% of those finishing at the age of 15 or earlier.Several factors influence how likely someone is to say that they have seen discrimination or harassment We can distinguish between four layers that influence results for these questions: 1. 2. Personal experience of discrimination and The effect of social contact with citizens from minority groups. 3.Special EUROBAROMETER 317 DISCRIMINATION IN THE EU IN 2009 . 4. Concerning general factors. In other words. There is a very strong relationship between having experienced discrimination oneself and witnessing it happening to others: 17% of those who were not discriminated against themselves in the period in question report having seen it happening elsewhere. All these groups are also more likely to have higher levels of media access.28 - . compared to 69% of citizens who were discriminated against on one ground and 77% of those discriminated against on multiple grounds (these being citizens who report experiencing discrimination on multiple grounds in the 12 months before the survey)35. General factors that make a respondent more likely to witness discrimination. 35 Caution: note small base size here (812 respondents report being discriminated against on multiple grounds) . Belonging to a minority (self-defined membership). compared to 19% of those aged 55+.

We explore this in more detail in the chapters below on specific forms of discrimination. BY HAVING FRIENDS WHO ARE… Different ethnic origin 17% Roma 19% 8% 10% Disabled LGBT 12% 6% 6% There is also a strong link between having witnessed discrimination happening (or indeed being discriminated against) and the belief that discrimination is widespread. have you witnessed someone being discriminated against or harassed on the basis of one or more of the following grounds? Ethnic origin Disability Sexual orientation Total % Yes QE16. .29 - .Special EUROBAROMETER 317 DISCRIMINATION IN THE EU IN 2009 Having a social network characterised by diversity clearly has an effect in making a respondent more likely to witness discrimination on the relevant grounds. particularly when it concerns racial discrimination. QE4 In the past 12 months.

to some extent’ (38%) and ‘no. Opinion tends to be more qualified than absolute. Seven percent give a ‘don’t know’ answer indicating that awareness is high for this topic36. with answers for ‘yes’. not really’ (33%) outnumbering those for ‘yes. A positive development has now been recorded for the second successive time since the survey was first carried out in 2006. would you say that enough effort is made in (OUR COUNTRY) to fight all forms of discrimination? . 36 QE9 In general. 44% express the opposite view.1 Assessment of efforts made to fight discrimination . Over the past year. COMBATTING DISCRIMINATION 4.Special EUROBAROMETER 317 DISCRIMINATION IN THE EU IN 2009 4. definitely not’ (11% each).30 - . we can see that opinion is divided as to whether sufficient efforts are being made in citizens’ countries to fight all forms of discrimination: Whilst a slight majority of 49% think that this is the case. definitely’ and ‘no. positive answers have increased by 2 percentage points whilst negative answers have decreased by 4 percentage points.Opinion of national efforts made to combat discrimination is divided between those who think these are sufficient and those who do not Taking aggregate results at EU level.

28% of Latvians and 31% of Swedes feel current efforts are sufficient. The relationship between evaluations of the efforts being made to combat discrimination and perceptions of it being widespread or not is present in some countries but not in others (see chapters 6-12). the Netherlands (63%) and Luxembourg (62%). followed by Cyprus (65%).Special EUROBAROMETER 317 DISCRIMINATION IN THE EU IN 2009 As in 2008. but in Latvia discrimination is generally seen as very rare whilst in Sweden it is seen as much more widespread. Sweden and Latvia are both countries where a low proportion of citizens think that current efforts suffice. As just one example.31 - . . At the other end of the scale. the highest proportions who think that enough effort is being made are found in Finland (68%).

A significantly more critical stance concerning the national efforts made to fight all forms of discrimination is also noted in Malta (-9). Romania and Austria (both -8). QE9. They do not differ as such from citizens who do not belong to a minority group.Special EUROBAROMETER 317 DISCRIMINATION IN THE EU IN 2009 Considering the evolutions at national level. Conversely. This sentiment is even more widely voiced by citizens who say they belong to a minority group not specified by the interviewer (62%). in a number of countries. Conversely. would you say that enough effort is made in (OUR COUNTRY) to fight all forms of discrimination? Yes No Total % QE17. In general. higher levels of satisfaction are reported. QE9: Assessment of efforts: Notable changes 2008 – 2009 Note: Figures shown = % ‘yes’ 2008 Belgium Slovakia Poland Germany Ireland France Italy Estonia Bulgaria Hungary Austria Romania Malta Greece 54% 47% 30% 53% 45% 38% 39% 46% 39% 41% 57% 51% 52% 51% 2009 60% 53% 36% 58% 50% 43% 43% 42% 34% 36% 49% 43% 43% 40% Change (% points) +6 +6 +6 +5 +5 +5 +4 -4 -5 -5 -8 -8 -9 -11 -Evaluations differ depending on minority membershipThe survey reveals that citizens who belong to a sexual minority are particularly likely to feel that not enough effort is being made in their country to fight all forms of discrimination (58%). CITIZENS WHO SELF-DEFINE AS BELONGING TO … Ethnic minority 50% 45% Religious minority 45% 50% Sexual minority 40% 58% Minority in terms of disability 44% 53% Other None 49% 44% 30% 62% 50% 44% . half of citizens who say they belong to an ethnic minority feel that enough effort is being made in their country.32 - . we see that citizens in Greece are now much more critical than was the case in 2008 (-11 points).

WITNESSED DISCRIMINATION IN LAST 12 MONTHS Yes 53% 40% No 39% 58% 49% 44% 51% 43% *Note: Results for multiple grounds should be considered as indicative due to the small base (n=812). In general. experience of discrimination – whether it has happened to the respondent personally or whether they claim to have witnessed it happening to someone else – is also an important influence on opinions of the sufficiency of efforts made to fight discrimination. QE9.33 - . . CITIZENS PERCEIVING DISCRIMINATION IN (OUR COUNTRY) TO BE WIDESPREAD Ethnic origin 44% 52% Gender 41% 55% Sexual orientation 41% 55% Age 45% 50% Religion or belief 42% 54% Disability 41% 54% 49% 44% Similarly. would you say that enough effort is made in (OUR COUNTRY) to fight all forms of discrimination? Yes No Total % QE3. citizens are more likely to say that enough effort is made in their country if they are: ● Male: 51% of men think current efforts suffice. compared to 47% of women.e.Those that think discrimination is widespread are more likely to feel that current efforts to fight it are insufficient It is important to note that evaluations of measures being taken at national level are very much related to views on the pervasiveness of discrimination in society. only 3% of Europeans have experienced multiple discrimination in the last 12 months. ● Aged 55 and over: 52% of those aged 55 and over say enough effort is made compared to 44% of those aged 15 to 24. EXPERIENCED DISCRIMINATION IN LAST 12 MONTHS No Single Ground 41% 54% Multiple Grounds* 32% 65% QE4.Special EUROBAROMETER 317 DISCRIMINATION IN THE EU IN 2009 . i. Citizens who perceive discrimination to be widespread are more likely to feel efforts are insufficient. QE9. would you say that enough effort is made in (OUR COUNTRY) to fight all forms of discrimination? Yes No Total % QE1. In terms of general socio-demographic factors. Those who have witnessed discrimination are more likely to think these efforts sufficient. In general.

1 Knowledge of one’s rights as a victim of discrimination . only one-third of EU citizens say that they know their rights. KNOWLEDGE OF THE LAW In this brief chapter we examine the extent to which citizens are aware of their rights in cases of discrimination and harassment. 27% would not). the UK (49% vs. QE10. views in this regard have not changed much since 200837. 43%).34 - . Malta (45% vs. We also test a newly added question to ascertain which reporting points citizens prefer in the event that they have been a victim of harassment or discrimination. there are nonetheless some countries where more citizens say they would know their rights rather than they would not: Finland (63% would know vs.) 12% 11% 3% 3% 2009 DK Although the direction of results in most countries is close to the overall EU average. 37 QE10 Do you know your rights if you are the victim of discrimination or harassment? . should they be a victim of discrimination or harassment (33%). with the remainder saying that ‘it depends’ (12%). Sweden (47% vs.Special EUROBAROMETER 317 DISCRIMINATION IN THE EU IN 2009 5.The majority of Europeans still do not know their rights related to discrimination or harassment As in 2008. 5. Over half (52%) give the opposite answer. Do you know your rights if you are the victim of discrimination or harassment? -% EU27 2008 33% Yes 33% 52% No 53% That depends (SPONT. 41%) and Slovenia (41% vs. 38%). 44%). As the graph below shows.

44%).35 - . . It can be noted in this context that in Austria the proportion of citizens saying they have suffered discriminated in the past year (22%) is above the EU average of 16%. there is a nearly even split (45% vs.Special EUROBAROMETER 317 DISCRIMINATION IN THE EU IN 2009 In the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia. The lowest proportions knowing their rights are recorded in Austria (16%).

. compared to. there are a number of countries that have seen substantial fluctuations in knowledge of rights since the last survey.Awareness levels not much higher among minority respondents The survey reveals that citizens who belong to a minority only slightly more often report awareness than other citizens. CITIZENS WHO SELF-DEFINE AS BELONGING TO … Ethnic minority 37% 47% Religious minority 34% 49% Sexual minority 35% 43% Minority in terms of disability 37% 51% Other None Yes No 33% 52% 40% 45% 33% 53% 38 These findings need to be seen as only indicative due to the small proportion of self defined minorities interviewed. Knowledge of rights: Notable changes 2008 – 2009 Note: Figures shown = % ‘yes’ 2008 UK France Sweden Ireland Spain Bulgaria Malta Slovakia Italy Czech Republic Hungary Greece Portugal Poland 41% 31% 41% 30% 32% 17% 49% 46% 31% 40% 39% 35% 35% 36% 2009 49% 38% 47% 36% 36% 21% 45% 41% 25% 33% 32% 27% 24% 24% Change (% points) +8 +7 +6 +6 +4 +4 -4 -5 -6 -7 -7 -8 -11 -12 . a third of European citizens38. on average.Special EUROBAROMETER 317 DISCRIMINATION IN THE EU IN 2009 Although the EU average has remained stable over the last year. QE10 Do you know your rights if you are the victim of discrimination or harassment? Total % QE17.36 - . The only group that stands out are citizens who say they belong to a minority group not specified by the interviewer: four out of ten feel they know their rights if they are the victim of discrimination or harassment.

Fieldwork February-March 2008. We see that the knowledge gap between those who stayed in full-time education the shortest and the longest is very large and in fact even larger than it was in 200839. with the latter generally increasing the longer a respondent has spent in education.Victimisation does not increase awareness It is important here to consider whether citizens have actually experienced discrimination or not. http://ec.europa.Length of education an important influence on knowledge Education is a much more telling factor of claimed knowledge. compared to 33% of those who did not experience discrimination. this gap is not a large one and it could be argued that raising awareness amongst those who have already experienced discrimination or are liable to do so in future is a matter of high importance. QE10 Do you know your rights if you are the victim of discrimination or harassment? Yes No Total % Yes 33% 52% BY AGE OF FINISHING FULL-TIME EDUCATION 1521% 64% 16-19 33% 52% 20+ 44% 42% Still studying 33% 51% 39 Discrimination in 2008: (special Eurobarometer 296). . We can see that these citizens do have a slightly higher level of awareness – 35% of those experiencing discrimination on a single grounds and 37% of those experiencing it on multiple grounds say that they know their rights. Caution: small bases. However.Special EUROBAROMETER 317 DISCRIMINATION IN THE EU IN 2009 . QE10 Do you know your rights if you are the victim of discrimination or harassment Yes No Total % Yes QE3. BY EXPERIENCE OF DISCRIMINATION LAST 12 MONTHS NO 33% 53% SINGLE GROUND 35% 48% MULTIPLE GROUNDS* 37% 45% 33% 52% *All citizens who experienced discrimination on more than one grounds over the course of the last 12 months.pdf . as these citizens would most need to be aware of their rights.eu/public_opinion/archives/ebs/ebs_296_en.37 - .

the majority of EU citizens prefer to report the case to the police or a lawyer One of the newly added questions in this wave aimed at ascertaining which reporting points citizens preferred in the event that they became a victim of discrimination or harassment. with the police being the preferred first reporting point. to whom would you prefer to report your case? Firstly? -%EU Police Lawyer Body for the promotion of equal treatment Trade Unions Tribunals NGO's . It can be hypothesised. The gap between the former and the latter is considerable. the majority of European citizens mentioned ‘the police’ or ‘lawyer’ first as a preferred reporting point. Just over one European in ten spontaneously mentioned ‘don’t know’ (12%).associations Other (SPONTANEOUS) DK 5% 14% 34% 13% 13% 4% 5% 12% 40 QE15a In case you are the victim of discrimination or harassment. to whom would you prefer to report your case? Firstly? . further mentions of preferred reporting points are for the ‘body for the promotion of equal treatment in one’s country’ and a ‘trade union’ (13% of Europeans mention these respectively as a first mention). especially when looking at the total mentions later on.2 Preferred reporting ‘points’ in case of harassment or discrimination -In the event of becoming a victim of discrimination or harassment.40 As can be seen in the chart below. with the police being mentioned by 34% of EU citizens and ‘a lawyer’ by 14%.Special EUROBAROMETER 317 DISCRIMINATION IN THE EU IN 2009 5. From a list of possible answers that were polled.38 - . All other reporting points receive equal or less than five percent of mentions. that a lawyer is the second step in a reporting process. QE15a In case you are the victim of discrimination or harassment.

The aggregated analysis of total mentions sees the above results repeated.Special EUROBAROMETER 317 DISCRIMINATION IN THE EU IN 2009 Citizens were given the opportunity to provide second and third mentions as well. wee see the following results: . to whom would you prefer to report your case? Total mentions -%EU Police Lawyer Body for the promotion of equal treatment Tribunals Trade Unions NGO's .associations Other (SPONTANEOUS) DK 8% 11% 18% 27% 35% 35% 55% 51% Looking at the national level for total mentions. with ‘lawyer’ now being mentioned by 51% of Europeans after ‘police’ at 55%: QE15T In case you are the victim of discrimination or harassment.39 - .

To whom would you prefer to report your case of discrimination? Police Trade Unions Lawyer Tribunals Body for the promotion of equal treatment (SPECIFY THE NAME ACCORDING THE COUNTRY) NGO's associations 35% 51% 47% 38% 29% 44% 32% 40% 50% 18% 33% 25% 42% 33% 45% 26% 37% 21% 53% 36% 29% 31% 34% 39% 42% 25% 74% 32% 33% 24% 24% 23% 11% 17% 41% 16% 22% 65% 24% 17% 45% 18% 27% 33% 26% 28% 19% 13% 38% 13% 36% 31% 36% 19% 15% 13% 20% 24% 50% 56% 32% 17% 23% 21% 15% 17% 12% 14% 22% 20% 25% 21% 10% 12% 6% 13% 9% 16% 11% 20% 27% 26% 10% 28% 11% 20% 17% 7% 40% 13% 27% Lowest percentage by item Lowest percentage by country 27% 18% 8% 10% 5% 4% 11% 9% 11% 14% 3% 8% 6% 4% 9% 14% 9% 12% 6% 7% 15% 7% 4% 4% 4% 17% 9% 13% 14% 16% 6% 9% 11% Other (SPONTANEOUS) DK EU27 50% 41% 55% 57% 65% 27% 38% 71% 52% 50% 60% 61% 28% 45% 59% 37% 56% 35% 53% 42% 28% 47% 59% 54% 43% 39% 45% 47% 43% 45% 59% 42% 42% Highest percentage by item Highest percentage by country 34% 47% 43% 24% 29% 32% 11% 44% 46% 38% 35% 38% 38% 48% 36% 44% 18% 16% 35% 44% 39% 53% 23% 40% 27% 11% 28% 55% 51% 35% 11% 5% 15% 11% 4% 12% 20% 19% 3% 11% 5% 8% 4% 18% 16% 4% 18% 10% 10% 15% 21% 28% 14% 8% 8% 7% 5% 14% 8% 15% 12% BE BG CZ DK DE EE IE EL ES FR IT CY LV LT LU HU MT NL AT PL PT RO SI SK FI SE UK 64% 52% 66% 64% 47% 52% 43% 64% 58% 58% 65% 53% 46% 48% 71% 59% 62% 65% 44% 50% 44% 61% 58% 71% 55% 46% 48% HR TR MK 65% 62% 56% .40 - .Special EUROBAROMETER 317 DISCRIMINATION IN THE EU IN 2009 QE15.

41 - . The country results are even more extreme in the case of national bodies for the promotion of equal treatment. The proportion of citizens who would prefer reporting to this body in the case of victimisation ranges from 18% in Spain to 74% in Sweden. For instance.Special EUROBAROMETER 317 DISCRIMINATION IN THE EU IN 2009 -Diverse reporting preferences at country level An examination of the national resuts reveals a strongly diverse pattern of preferences. . The strong diversity of preferences reflect different attitudes and relations with official instances as well as varying degrees to which specific bodies have been set up and operationalised in the Member States. the extent to which Europeans would report their case of discrimination to a lawyer ranges from 27% in Estonia to 71% in Greece.

53%). ● Regarding the various age groups. We also see a preference in those in the older age group of 40-54 years of age for this reporting point. ● In terms of occupation we see preferences by those self-employed for ‘lawyer’ and ‘NGOs’ with 59% and 21% compared to EU averages of 51% and 18% for these reporting points. . citizens in the different sociodemographic groups show the following preferences in reporting (looking at ‘total mentions’): ● For the ‘police’ (55% EU average). 55% average) as well as for a ‘body for the promotion of equal treatment in one’s country’. The latter education categories also show a preference for NGOs. with 21% and 23% respectively compared to the EU average of 18%. with 38% of these mentioning this preference vs. This is repeated when looking at the ‘body for the promotion of equal treatment’ (35% EU average) with these age groups as well as those with higher education levels or those still studying showing higher figures (44% and 41% respectively).Special EUROBAROMETER 317 DISCRIMINATION IN THE EU IN 2009 In terms of general socio-demographic factors. those somewhat older (25-39 year age group) as well as those having ended their education at 20+ years of age indicate a preference (55% and 56% respectively). For the ‘police’ we see similar figures repeated with those who have ended their education at 15 years of age also showing a preference (59%) as well as those who are still studying (62%). those in the 25-54 age group indicate a preference (38% and 37% for the 25-39 years and 40-54 years groupings) as do those still studying (37%). the youngest age group of 15-24 years show a preference for the ‘police’ (61% vs. ● For ‘tribunals’ (35% EU average). females are slightly more likely to express a preference compared to men (57% vs. A similar picture is seen for ‘trade unions’ (at 27% EU average) with those in the age group of 25-54 years of age indicating a preference (33% and 32% for the 25-39 years and 40-54 years groupings) as well as those with longer time spent in education (34% for those who have ended their education at 20+ years of age). 35% at EU average.42 - . With regards to ‘lawyer’ as a preferred reporting point (51% EU average).

.

Special EUROBAROMETER 317

DISCRIMINATION IN THE EU IN 2009

6. VIEWS ABOUT EQUAL OPPORTUNITIES IN EMPLOYMENT
The European Union Equality in Employment Directive implements the principle of equal treatment in employment and training irrespective of religion or belief, disability, sexual orientation and age41. The Racial Equality Directive42 provides the same protection regarding race and ethnic origin, as well as applying outside the labour market, for example to social protection and access to goods and services. This is in addition to the numerous laws adopted in the past 30 years to fight discrimination based on gender and to allow for equal treatment of women and men in the workplace. In this chapter we examine three aspects of equal opportunities in employment plus a question newly added in 2009: 1. Factors which are seen as putting someone at a disadvantage, 2. Support for measures aimed at ensuring equal opportunities, and 3. Support for the monitoring of the implementation of equal opportunities policies. 4. Whether citizens feel that is enough is being done to increase diversity in the workplace 6.1 Factors which put citizens at a disadvantage In order to test perceptions of equal opportunities in the workplace, citizens were asked which factors they feel may put job applicants at a disadvantage if a company had to choose between two candidates with otherwise equal skills and qualifications43. - A job candidate’s look and age are seen as the factors most likely to put them at a disadvantage; disability and ethnic origin now feature less As can be seen from the chart below, it is clear that the EU public still feels that a ‘level playing field’ in employment is far from a reality, with significant proportions of citizens seeing a range of criteria as being likely to lead to disadvantage. In analysing these results, it should be borne in mind that there may be some degree of ‘under-claim’ in that some citizens may feel it is more socially acceptable to give certain answers (particularly if they are thinking about the question in terms of whether they themselves were to be hiring). Close to half of Europeans (48%) in 2009 believe that a candidate’s look, dresssense or presentation and the candidate’s age would be a disadvantage. This is followed by skin colour or ethnic origin (38%), having a disability (37%) and the candidate’s general physical appearance (36%).

41 EC Directive 2000/78/EC of 27 November 2000 establishing a general framework for equal treatment in employment and occupation. 42 EC Directive/2000/43/EC of 29 June 2000 implementing the principle of equal treatment between persons irrespective of racial or ethnic origin. This Directive offers a more comprehensive protection than the EC Directive 2000/78/EC (see above foot note): it covers employment and occupation and also education, social protection (including social security and healthcare), social advantages and access to goods and services, including housing. 43 QE5 In (OUR COUNTRY), when a company wants to hire someone and has the choice between two candidates with equal skills and qualifications, which of the following criteria may, in your opinion, put one candidate at a disadvantage?

- 43 -

Special EUROBAROMETER 317

DISCRIMINATION IN THE EU IN 2009

We see that ethnic origin and disability are less and less seen as a disadvantage. Following a drop of eight points in the percentage of citizens who feel that disability would be a disadvantage between 2006 and 2008 a further fall has now been noted (-4 from 41% to 37%). Concerning skin colour or ethnic origin, the percentage of citizens who feel that this would be a disadvantage decreased from 42% to 38% in the latest survey following a drop of 4 points between 2008 and 2009. Conversely, the percentage of citizens who feel that age would be a disadvantage has increased since 2008 (+3 points). This is in line with the fact that – compared to 2008 – citizens are now considerably more likely to say that discrimination on the basis of age is widespread in their country (see chapter 10, below).

QE5. In (OUR COUNTRY), when a company wants to hire someone and has the choice between two candidates with equal skills and qualifications, which of the following criteria may, in your opinion, put one candidate at a disadvantage?- % EU 2008 The candidate’s look, dress-sense or presentation The candidate's age The candidate’s skin colour or ethnic origin A disability The candidate’s general physical appearance (size, weight, face, etc.) The candidate’s way of speaking, his or her accent The expression of a religious belief (for example, wearing a visible religious symbol) The candidate’s gender The candidate’s sexual orientation (for example, being gay or lesbian)* Whether the candidate is a smoker or not The candidate’s name The candidate’s address None of those (SPONTANEOUS) Other (SPONTANEOUS) DK 4% 5% 2% 1% 4% 3% 22% 26% 19% 22% 18% 21% 16% 18% 13% 14% 9% 9% 2009 48% 50% 48% 45% 38% 42% 37% 41% 36% 38% 30% 34%

*NB: Since 2008 this item was given as ‘The candidate’s sexual orientation (for example, being gay or lesbian)’ It is important to note that whilst most of the factors examined in this question represent ‘discrimination’ if they are used as the basis for a hiring decision, this is not the case for the factor seen as most likely to lead to disadvantage – look, dress sense or presentation. For many jobs, presenting a professional appearance will be as important an aspect as skills and qualifications.

- 44 -

Special EUROBAROMETER 317

DISCRIMINATION IN THE EU IN 2009

6.2 Support for measures to provide equal opportunities in employment - EU citizens are highly supportive of equal opportunities measures As we have seen above, citizens consider that several factors other than skills and qualifications play a role in the selection of job applicants. Perhaps because of this, there is strong support for the implementation of specific measures aimed at providing equal opportunities in the field of employment44. This support ranges from 63% for specific measures related to sexual orientation to 81% for measures related to disability. This question was also asked in 2006 and 2008. However, in 2008, a slightly modified version was fielded to include specific examples of the types of ‘measures’ that could be implemented (special training schemes or adapted selection and recruitment processes). These were not included in the 2006 and 2009 versions. Because of this, it is best to focus on the evolution between 2006 and 2009. Over time, we have seen a slight decline in support for special measures, with the exception of ethnic origin where opinions have not evolved. However, the ranking of the grounds for special measures was identical in all three surveys.

44

QE7: Would you be in favour of or opposed to specific measures being adopted to provide equal opportunities for everyone in the field of employment? Specific measures for people depending on their…

- 45 -

Special EUROBAROMETER 317

DISCRIMINATION IN THE EU IN 2009

QE7. Measures being adopted to provide equal opportunities for everyone in the field of employment In favour or opposed to measures depending on ...? -%EU
Opposed …disability 13 10 …age 17
2009 2006

In favour

2009 2006

81 87

77 84

12 …gender 18 16 …ethnic origin 23
2009 2006

2009 2006

75 79

69 70

23 …religion or belief 25

67 70

2009 2006

23 …sexual orientation 28 25
63

2009 2006

66

- 46 -

we stress that any variations in results between different groups represent minor variations in the overall pattern. 72% of disabled respondents express support. where the difference is that those aged 55+ are slightly less supportive. For example. which is that of wide support amongst EU citizens for equal opportunities measures. QE7 In favour of specific measures being adopted to provide equal opportunities for everyone in the field of employment…depending on. compared to 66% of respondents for whom the measures are meant. It shows that disabled people are particularly supportive of specific measures being adopted to provide equal opportunities for everyone in the field of employment. Disability Ethnic origin Religion or belief Sexual orientation QE17. This is not so true for measures based on age.. it can be seen that the youngest age group is more favourable towards the adoption of specific measures. namely those who say they belong to a religious minority.Special EUROBAROMETER 317 DISCRIMINATION IN THE EU IN 2009 An analysis as to whether support for specific measures is higher when people are personally affected provides interesting insight. when the measures concern religion or belief. CITIZENS WHO SELF-DEFINE AS BELONGING TO … Total Ethnic minority Religious minority Sexual minority Minority in terms of disability Other None 81% 69% 67% 63% 77% 71% 66% 59% 73% 68% 66% 59% 70% 64% 61% 59% 82% 73% 72% 66% 73% 56% 53% 48% 81% 70% 68% 64% As an overall pattern. . QE7 In favour of specific measures being adopted to provide equal opportunities for everyone in the field of employment…depending on. Disability Age Gender Ethnic origin Religion or belief Sexual orientation BY AGE Total Age 15-24 81% 77% 75% 69% 67% 63% Age 25-39 80% 78% 75% 69% 69% 65% Age 40-54 82% 78% 75% 70% 67% 65% Age 55+ 78% 82% 79% 77% 74% 72% 67% 75% 73% 66% 64% 58% Ultimately. they are also more supportive when the measures concern other minorities. Not only are disabled people more in favour when the measures concern them. however.47 - .

-4) remains more widespread than support for monitoring the composition of the work-force (52%. in 2009 this was still the case. citizens were also asked a further question45 about equal opportunities measures in the workplace.The majority of Europeans support monitoring measures aimed at evaluating equality in the workplace based on ethnicity - Europeans remain favourable towards both of these proposals. Support for monitoring recruitment procedures (67%. . applying more specifically to ethnic origin. -5). To what extent do you support or oppose the following in the workplace? . This question arose from the results revealed by the 2006 Eurobarometer: discrimination on the basis of ethnic origin was perceived as the most widespread throughout the EU and. as we have already seen. Citizens were asked to indicate whether they support or oppose two measures: 1.Special EUROBAROMETER 317 DISCRIMINATION IN THE EU IN 2009 6. although it should be noted that public opinion is less positive than in 2008. these results continue to provide clear evidence of strong support for active measures to ensure and monitor equality of opportunity at work. Despite the falls recorded since 2008.3 Support for monitoring measures As in 2008. Monitoring the composition of the work-force in order to evaluate the representation of citizens from ethnic minorities.48 - . 45 QE8. Monitoring recruitment procedures to ensure that candidates from ethnic minorities have the same chance of being selected for interview or hired as other candidates with similar skills and qualifications. 2.

-5). and Denmark (66%. -7). -11). monitoring the composition of the work-force for representation.Special EUROBAROMETER 317 DISCRIMINATION IN THE EU IN 2009 For the first item.49 - . +1) Cyprus (67%. . Support is weakest in Austria (31%. Conversely. Sweden and Slovakia an outright majority rejects these measures. in Austria. the most supportive publics are found in Greece (78%. Germany. -11) and Germany (33%.

50 - .Special EUROBAROMETER 317 DISCRIMINATION IN THE EU IN 2009 .

-6). The lowest support is noted in Malta (50%. with an absolute majority in all countries being in support. -1). 10) and Austria (50%. -5). concerned with recruitment procedures. . The most favourable citizens of all after Sweden are found in Denmark (78%. the country-bycountry picture is more homogenous. -1) and the UK (77%. In Sweden. for instance. there is strong support for monitoring recruitment procedures (79%. with 78% of citizens feeling that discrimination is widespread. Finland (77%.51 - .Special EUROBAROMETER 317 DISCRIMINATION IN THE EU IN 2009 For the second item. -4).

. ● 54% (+2) support monitoring workplace composition. yet a majority rejects the monitoring of the composition of the work-force (57%). . Age is also important with youngest citizens being more supportive than ‘older’ Europeans: ● 73% (+11 compared to those 55 years of age and over) support monitoring recruitment procedures. support for these monitoring measures depends on people’s personal situation and experiences. Among citizens who have experienced multiple discrimination in the past year: ● 72% (+5 compared to EU average) support monitoring recruitment procedures. Among citizens born outside Europe: ● 73% (+6 compared to EU average) support monitoring recruitment procedures. ● 58% (+6) support monitoring workplace composition. Among citizens belonging to an ethnic minority (self-defined): ● 71% (+4 compared to EU average) support monitoring recruitment procedures. Hence we find that for instance in Sweden – where 78% of citizens feel that discrimination is widespread – there is strong support for monitoring recruitment procedures (79%).Support is related to personal experience and age As for the measures examined in the preceding section. ● 58% (+6) support monitoring workplace composition.Special EUROBAROMETER 317 DISCRIMINATION IN THE EU IN 2009 The results point to a strong distinction between the two measures and it must be noted that there does not appear to be a relationship between support for these measures and the extent to which discrimination on the ground of ethnic origin is perceived to take place. Among citizens with Roma friends: ● 72% (+5 compared to EU average) support monitoring recruitment procedures. ● 59% (+7) support monitoring workplace composition.52 - . ● 56% (+10) support monitoring workplace composition.

47 The bases are: Ethnic origin (QE14. to some extent’.1). more than half of European citizens (54%) spontaneously said that the question and the various grounds of discrimination about which it asked were ‘not applicable’. Age (QE14.46 . citizens were asked whether they felt that enough has been done to increase diversity in the work place for the six grounds of potential discrimination. . maternity leave.4 Perception of whether enough has been done to increase diversity in the work place As part of the newly added questions in this wave. ‘Total No’ combines “no.5) – n = 12296. Disability (QE14. house persons or those of other status who are not in the workplace (sickness. the ‘not applicable’ responses have been excluded and the percentages have been recalculated on the base of the remaining respondents47. This percentage of Europeans includes those who are not in work: the unemployed.53 - . students. Do you think that enough is being done to increase diversity in your work place as far as… is concerned? -%EU27 Total Yes Total No DK Gender 58% 33% 9% Age 55% 37% 8% Ethnic origin 51% 39% 10% Disability 48% 42% 10% Religion or belief 48% 39% 13% Sexual orientation 46% 38% 16% 46 QE14: Do you think that enough is being done to increase diversity in your work place as far as… is concerned? Total Yes’ combines ‘Yes definitely’ and ‘Yes.3) – n = 12248.). Religion or belief (QE14.4) – n = 12507. etc. For the purpose of analysis.The majority of citizens in the workplace are positive about the level of what has been done to increase diversity in the workplace As this question is specifically asked in the workplace context. QE14.6) – n = 12328. Gender (QE14. definitely not’ and ‘no. the retired.n = 12389. Sexual orientation (QE14.Special EUROBAROMETER 317 DISCRIMINATION IN THE EU IN 2009 6. not really’ from the scale.2) – n = 12426.

‘age’. ‘Sexual orientation’ shows the lowest figure at 46%.54 - . The lowest levels of ‘total yes’ responses are noted in Turkey and Romania (28% and 35% respectively). and ‘ethnic origin’ showing 50% results for ‘total yes’. . this aspect also generates the highest level of ‘don’t know’ responses.Special EUROBAROMETER 317 DISCRIMINATION IN THE EU IN 2009 Amongst those in the workplace. Belgium follows suit at 70%. we see that the Nordic countries such as Denmark (72%) and Sweden (71%) emerge as those where the majority of citizens in the workplace state that enough has been done to increase diversity in the workplace in terms of ‘gender’ (58% EU average). Turning to the national analysis and looking at the ‘total yes’ responses. the survey thus shows that the absolute majority feels that enough is being done to increase diversity in the workplace for all grounds for discrimination. with ‘gender’.

55 - . However. we see the lowest levels of ‘total yes’ again occurring in Turkey with 26%. as well as Denmark. . Germany and the UK are more positive with levels of 67%+. citizens in the workplace in Slovenia and Sweden. followed by Romania (33%).Special EUROBAROMETER 317 DISCRIMINATION IN THE EU IN 2009 In terms of ‘age’ (EU average ‘total yes’ of 55%).

followed closely by the Nordic countries of Denmark and Sweden at 64%. where 65% of citizens think that measures are adequate. The countries with the lowest levels in this respect are Turkey and Bulgaria where less than a third feels that enough has been done (27% for Turkey and 30% for Bulgaria).56 - . . Levels are highest for Slovenia and the UK.Special EUROBAROMETER 317 DISCRIMINATION IN THE EU IN 2009 The picture for ‘ethnic origin’ (51% yes at EU average) is somewhat similar.

Turkey and Bulgaria consistently report similar results.Special EUROBAROMETER 317 DISCRIMINATION IN THE EU IN 2009 A similar pattern emerges across the remaining three grounds for discrimination. with Belgium also reporting high levels for the latter aspect. . In terms of lower levels of approval for all three aspects.57 - . with the UK and Slovenia showing higher levels for ‘disability’ and ‘religion or belief’ as well as ‘sexual orientation’.

58 - .Special EUROBAROMETER 317 DISCRIMINATION IN THE EU IN 2009 .

59 - .Special EUROBAROMETER 317 DISCRIMINATION IN THE EU IN 2009 .

.

this figure is even higher (12%). in your opinion. fairly rare or very rare in (OUR COUNTRY)? Discrimination on the basis of… .1 The perceived extent of ethnic discrimination . Attitudes to the particular group in question.48 There is a considerable degree of variation from one country to the next in opinions of the prevalence of ethnic discrimination. immigration and multiculturalism feature in public discourse. Swedish (78%).Ethnic discrimination continues to be seen as widespread by the majority of EuropeansOf the six grounds of discrimination examined in the survey. French. In these three countries we also find an above average proportion of citizens saying that discrimination on the grounds of ethnic origin is non-existent (10%. fewer than 4 in 10 Lithuanians (26%). It is seen as widespread by at least three-quarters of Dutch (80%). How these views have changed over time. At the other end of the scale. This covers the following areas: • • • • The perceived extent of the type of discrimination in the respondent’s country. Poles (33%) and Latvians (34%) share this view. National differences for measures of reported discrimination – both as experienced by the citizen and witnessed as happening to someone else.Special EUROBAROMETER 317 DISCRIMINATION IN THE EU IN 2009 7. Four percent say that they ‘don’t know’.60 - . whilst 45% think that it is fairly widespread. as measured by the question on comfort with having a member of that group elected to the highest political office of one’s country.For each of the following types of discrimination. discrimination on grounds of ethnic origin is seen as the most widespread: 16% of European citizens think that this is very widespread in their country. 7. The above figures should be interpreted in context of the particular ethnic profiles of the given countries and the extent to which issues such as ethnicity. DISCRIMINATION ON GROUNDS OF ETHNIC ORIGIN From this chapter onwards. 9% and 11%. it is very widespread. fairly widespread. respectively compared to EU average of 3%). Danish and Maltese (both 77%) citizens. we conduct a more detailed examination of discrimination on the six different grounds. Hungarian (both 79%). 48 QE1. A quarter think that it is fairly rare with a further seven percent considering that it is very rare and just three precent giving the spontaneous answer that it is non-existent in their country. In Bulgaria and Estonia. could you please tell me whether.

61 - .Special EUROBAROMETER 317 DISCRIMINATION IN THE EU IN 2009 .

National variations in perceptions of ethnic discrimination defy a simple explanation This wide difference between national results is a complex phenomenon that defies a simple explanation.62 - .Special EUROBAROMETER 317 DISCRIMINATION IN THE EU IN 2009 . an explanation for this could be that the perception of ethnic discrimination in national contexts is driven by the prominence of related issues in the national media and the visibility of ethnic minority populations. in some countries there is a relationship between ethnic discrimination reported as witnessed (rather than experienced) by a citizen and the belief that discrimination is widespread. the perception of ethnic discrimination as widespread is not related to more citizens actually experiencing discrimination in these countries: none of the countries where at least three-quarters see ethnic discrimination as widespread have above average self-reported discrimination levels on ethnic grounds (see chapter 3). Nonetheless. Witnessed Ethnic Discrimination discrimination on ethnic grounds widespread % % (diff from EU) (diff from EU) High perception of ethnic discrimination as widespread (75% or over) 80% 19% Netherlands (+19) (+7) 79% 15% France (+18) (+3) 79% 11% Hungary (+18) (-1) 78% 20% Sweden (+17) (+8) 77% 23% Denmark (+16) (+11) 77% 6% Malta (+16) (-6) Low perception of ethnic discrimination as widespread (30%) or under 26% 4% Lithuania (-35) (-8) 33% 4% Poland (-28) (-8) 34% 7% Latvia (-27) (-5) . Again. as shown in the table below. In the first place.

Poland and Latvia.1 DISCRIMINATION ON GROUND OF ETHNIC ORIGIN Widespread Rare Total % QE16.Having friends of a different ethnic origin makes citizens more sensitive to discrimination on this ground Here an important factor is having friends who are of a different ethnic origin.Special EUROBAROMETER 317 DISCRIMINATION IN THE EU IN 2009 We can see that: ●The Netherlands. An alternative means of exploring different perceptions is to look at how they differ according to socio-demographic and political factors. ●This link is weaker in France and does not hold for Hungary and Malta. 5% of citizens consider themselves to be part of an ethnic minority. 49 It should be noted that having Roma friends is less of a distinguishing factor: overall. 67% of citizens for whom this is the case say that discrimination is widespread in their country. Given that the same is also true for believing this kind of discrimination to be widespread. . In other words. SELF-DEFINED MINORITY Ethnic* 65% 31% 61% 32% 67% 29% 36% *Note: In this table. ●The reverse link (fewer witnessing ethnic discrimination. compared to 61% of citizens without Roma friends. fewer believing it is widespread) is evident in Lithuania. 64% of citizens with Roma friends believe discrimination is widespread. Interestingly. The figure drops to 54% for those without such friends49. and think that this is widespread in their country. the figures for those who say that they belong to an ethnic minority should be considered as indicative due to the small base (n=1210). we can conclude that the make-up of one’s social circle is key in making the individual more ‘sensitive’ to perceiving different grounds for discrimination and to believing them to be common. We have already noted (see chapter 2) that citizens with friends who represent a certain type of minority are more likely to say they have witnessed discrimination on those particular grounds. those who consider themselves to be part of an ethnic minority are only slightly more likely than average to think that ethnic discrimination is common in their country. Sweden and Denmark are countries where higher than average proportions of citizens claim to have witnessed ethnic discrimination. QE1. . FRIENDS WITH DIFFERENT ETHNIC ORIGIN Yes No 54% QE17.63 - .

By looking at the evolution of opinion since 2006. Thus. these distinctions hold for most grounds for discrimination. As will be shown below. Through examining the question of whether ethnic discrimination is perceived to be more or less widespread than it was five years ago. rather than being specific to ethnicity. 33% in 2008 and 32% in 2009). However. we see that at the EU level the perception that ethnic discrimination is widespread is slowly decreasing (from 64% in 2006 to 62% in 2008 to 61% now) although the view that it is rare is more volatile (30% in 2006 vs. we find a more mixed situation with large improvements in some countries mirrored by a more negative view in others.64 - .Special EUROBAROMETER 317 DISCRIMINATION IN THE EU IN 2009 Finally. we note that the belief that ethnic discrimination is more widespread is: • • • more common amongst the youngest group of citizens (65%) compared to the oldest (57%).2 Changes in the perceptions of ethnic discrimination Having examined in detail the static picture in terms of perceived ethnic discrimination. more frequent amongst citizens who spent the longest time in education (66%) compared to those who spent the shortest time (57%). . we find that the proportion of citizens who think that ethnic discrimination is widespread has gone down most in the UK (-11) but this is mirrored by an even larger increase in Hungary (+12). This can be done in two ways: 1. . more likely to be held by citizens with left-wing political views (69%) than by those with centrist or right-wing views (both 59%). 2. we now briefly examine the dynamic view.Perceived extent of ethnic discrimination remains widespread Taking the first approach. if we focus on the most recent changes at national level. 7.

50 Despite these improvements. 50 QE2. 23% in 2008) and most widespread in The Netherlands (80% vs. 79%). As in 2008. led by Hungary (73%) and Malta (66%). based on a more medium-term comparison with five years ago.If you compare the situation with 5 years ago.A small majority feel that ethnic discrimination is now less widespread than five years ago Taking the second approach. there are six countries where an absolute majority believe that discrimination is now more widespread. Close to half of citizens feel that the opposite is the case (48%). discrimination on ethnic grounds is perceived to be least widespread in Lithuania (26% vs. there are only seven countries where an absolute majority feel that ethnic discrimination has become less widespread over the past five years led by Cyprus (70%) and Croatia (65%). . would you say that the following types of discrimination are more common or less common in (OUR COUNTRY)? Discrimination on the basis of… . Conversely.Special EUROBAROMETER 317 DISCRIMINATION IN THE EU IN 2009 Perception of ethnic discrimination as widespread in country: Notable changes 2008 – 2009 Note: Figures shown = % ‘very widespread’ + %’fairly widespread’ 2008 UK Ireland Greece Italy Poland Czech Republic Bulgaria Romania Latvia Slovenia Finland Malta Cyprus Hungary 69% 52% 76% 76% 28% 52% 34% 40% 27% 43% 65% 69% 61% 67% 2009 58% 46% 71% 71% 33% 57% 40% 46% 34% 50% 72% 77% 70% 79% Change (% points) -11 -6 -5 -5 +5 +5 +6 +6 +7 +7 +7 +8 +9 +12 Despite these variations. we see that just over four in ten citizens feel that ethnic discrimination is now more widespread (41%).65 - . These figures reflect more positive perceptions than the previous two surveys when close to half of respondents still perceived discrimination on the grounds of ethnic origin to be widespread (49% in 2006 and 48% in 2008). it should be noted that the same extremity of views noted in 2008 also exists in 2009.

66 - .Special EUROBAROMETER 317 DISCRIMINATION IN THE EU IN 2009 .

as on the whole these do not much exceed the overall EU average of three percent. National results for witnessing discrimination on ethnic grounds vary from the EU average (12%) more than they do for witnessing discrimination on the basis of other grounds. In the past 12 months have you personally felt discriminated against or harassed on the basis of one or more of the following grounds? Please tell me all that apply.52 Regarding the measure of personal experience of discrimination. have you witnessed someone being discriminated against or harassed on the basis of one or more of the following grounds? Please tell me all that apply. 52 QE4. This may well be linked to particular ethnic groups who live in these countries. and whether people think they have seen someone discriminated against in the same period. . we do not present the results for each country here. As was demonstrated earlier. Denmark and the Netherlands) also rank among the highest when it comes to feeling that this form of discrimination is widespread. however. those countries with the highest proportions of citizens who think that they have seen discrimination on the grounds of ethnicity occur (Sweden.67 - . We do note.Special EUROBAROMETER 317 DISCRIMINATION IN THE EU IN 2009 7.In the past 12 months.3 Measuring discrimination on grounds of ethnic origin In this survey we have used two methods to measure discrimination – whether someone has personally felt discriminated against in the last 12 months51. 51 QE3. that eight percent of Macedonians and six percent of Bulgarians and Turkish citizens say that they had been discriminated against on grounds of ethnicity in the 12 months leading up to the survey.

Special EUROBAROMETER 317 DISCRIMINATION IN THE EU IN 2009 .68 - .

3) Highest results by country Denmark. this average figure conceals wide variations at the national level: the results range from 3. The Czech Republic (4.69 - 53 .. . please tell me how you would feel about having someone from each of the following categories in the highest elected political position in (OUR COUNTRY)?. the average ‘comfortable’ score on a scale from 1 to 10 is 6.3 And using a scale from 1 to 10.0 in Sweden.4) Greece (4. Poland (7.0) France (7.5) QE6.4 Attitudes towards different ethnic groups We end this chapter by examining attitudes to ethnic diversity as measured by the question on how ‘comfortable’ or not citizens would be with having someone of a different ethnic origin from the majority of the population in the highest elected political position in their country53.Special EUROBAROMETER 317 DISCRIMINATION IN THE EU IN 2009 7. A person from a different ethnic origin than the majority of the population? .6) Lowest results by country Malta (4.5 in Cyprus to 8.2. Level of comfort with person from different ethnic origin in the highest elected political position in (YOUR COUNTRY) EU average EU average 6.2) Cyprus (3.2) Austria.Strong national variations in the extent to which Europeans feel comfortable about having a different ethnic majority in their country’s highest elected political position For the EU as a whole.2 Sweden (8. However..

5 vs. The youngest citizens (6. We see that citizens with friends or acquaintances of a different ethnic origin tend to feel more comfortable (average of 6.3)55 are more comfortable than those born in the country in question (6. the groups that are most comfortable with having someone of a different ethnicity elected to the highest political office are also those who we have seen earlier are most likely to have a diverse social circle. Citizens with left wing views (6. .7) are more comfortable than the oldest (5. 6.70 - 54 . On average: • • • • Citizens born outside Europe (7.8).Special EUROBAROMETER 317 DISCRIMINATION IN THE EU IN 2009 As seen throughout the survey. This result should be seen in the context of the question wording which stresses “someone from a different ethnic majority”.8 compared to 5. The survey shows that the average comfort level among citizens who define themselves as belonging to an ethnic minority is – for the EU as a whole – not much higher than average (6. Finally.2) Citizens with the longest educations (6.7).5 for those without such friends or neighbours)54. 6.0) than those with friends or neighbours from ‘ethnic minorities’.2)56. respondents from an ethnic minority are – as other respondents .7) are more comfortable than those with right wing views (5.8) are more comfortable than those with the shortest educations (5. In other words. 56 Due to small bases (n=1210 for self-defined ethnic minority).6). Linked to this. Contrary to what we noted earlier. we cannot examine the extent to which comfort levels among ethnic minorities would differ between countries.asked how they feel about having someone from a different ethnic group than themselves in the highest political office. 55 Due to the small number of citizens who were born outside Europe (n=574) these results can only be regarded as indicative. it is interesting to note that disabled respondents tend to feel more comfortable than those who say they belong to an ethnic minority about having a person from a different ethnic origin elected to the highest national political position (6.8 vs.5). citizens with Roma friends or neighbours feel even more comfortable (7. the composition of a respondent’s social circle is an important factor.

.

Luxembourg.Public opinion has shifted considerably since 2008: the majority of Europeans now perceive discrimination on grounds of age to be widespread As noted in chapter 1. with 79% saying that age discrimination is widespread in their country.1 The perceived extent of discrimination on grounds of age .Special EUROBAROMETER 317 DISCRIMINATION IN THE EU IN 2009 8. could you please tell me whether. Regardless of the above distinction. 57 It it important to remember that when citizens were asked to estimate the extent of age discrimination. Denmark. . it is very widespread. fairly rare or very rare in (OUR COUNTRY)? Discrimination on the basis of… 58 The six countries are Turkey. Ireland. 57 QE1. In fact. they were not asked to differentiate between whether it is on the grounds of old age or youth. the majority view in all but six countries58 is that age discrimination is widespread. in 22 of the 30 countries surveyed this opinion is held by an absolute majority. Two percent think that discrimination on grounds of age is nonexistent in their country and a further three percent say that they ‘don’t know’. followed by citizens in the Czech Republic (74%). France (68%). If in 2008 an outright majority of Europeans perceived discrimination on this ground to be rare (52%). opinions about the extent of discrimination on grounds of age have turned around in the course of a single year. the balance has shifted in 2009 with 58% now perceiving it to be widespread (16% very widespread. 42% fairly widespread) compared to 37% who believe it is rare (10% very rare. Malta and Germany. DISCRIMINATION ON GROUNDS OF AGE 8.71 - . Hungarian citizens top the list. fairly widespread. Thus citizens will have had different ideas in mind when thinking about this question. 27% fairly rare).For each of the following types of discrimination. Latvia (67%) and The Netherlands (66%). in your opinion.

Special EUROBAROMETER 317 DISCRIMINATION IN THE EU IN 2009 .72 - .

38% slightly less widespread. would you say that the following types of discrimination are more common or less common in (OUR COUNTRY)? Discrimination on the basis of…Age . when invited to make a comparison with the situation five years previously the proportion of citizens who feel that such discrimination is now less widespread (47%. Furthermore. which are more likely to seen as widespread by the youngest group of citizens. The economic crisis seems to lie at the core of this shift in opinion: one of the perceived consequences of the crisis is that the jobs of older Europeans are less secure. Left-wing citizens (63%) think it is more common than do those with centrist (54%) or right-wing views (57%).73 - . with the exception of Portugal where only a minor increase has been recorded (+2). France and The Netherlands (both +22). This trend is noted in all countries surveyed. +24 points). Despite the significant shift in opinion since 2008.4 If you compare the situation with 5 years ago.Older citizens are more likely to say age discrimination is widespread As already noted we cannot be sure whether a respondent associates ‘age discrimination’ with a specific age group. QE1.Perception that age discrimination is widespread has increased throughout the EU Since 2008. The largest increases have been recorded in Cyprus (+27). 8. 10% far more widespread. the difference between these two opinions is now considerably smaller than it was in 2008 (+5 points vs.2 Changes in the perceptions of discrimination on grounds of age . the perception that age discrimination is widespread has increased from 42% to 58% (+16 points).4 DISCRIMINATION ON GROUNDS OF AGE Widespread Rare Total % 58% 37% BY AGE 15-24 49% 45% 25-39 56% 40% 40-54 60% 36% 55+ 60% 33% Other distinctions discrimination: • • are more along typical lines seen for other grounds for Women (60%) are more likely to see age discrimination as widespread than men (55%) are. 32% slightly more widespread).59 However. This is in direct contrast to the other grounds. 59 QE2. Romania (+25). 9% far less widespread) still slightly outnumbers the percentage that feels it is now more widespread (42%. these shifts are above 10 percentage points in all other countries surveyed.Special EUROBAROMETER 317 DISCRIMINATION IN THE EU IN 2009 . apart from Italy (+8). The only thing we can say on the basis of the survey is that citizens aged 40 or over are more likely to say that discrimination on ground of age is widespread.

This view is particularly strong in Cyprus (77%) and is next highest in Denmark (64%) and Malta (62%).Special EUROBAROMETER 317 DISCRIMINATION IN THE EU IN 2009 In fourteen of the thirty countries surveyed the majority view is that age discrimination is now less widespread. Conversely. there are also three countries where at least six out of ten citizens feel the contrary: 73% of Hungarians. 65% of Czech and 60% of Slovakians think it is now more widespread. .74 - .

with eight percent reporting the latter. Other countries showing higher than average levels of reported discrimination – for both measures – are Sweden and Slovakia. there is no significant gap between experienced and witnessed discrimination. Unlike ethnic discrimination.Special EUROBAROMETER 317 DISCRIMINATION IN THE EU IN 2009 8. with 11% saying they have experienced it and 17% that they have witnessed it. Age discrimination is ‘most’ prominent in the Czech Republic. However.3 Experience of age discrimination . EXPERIENCED AGE DISCRIMINATION (QE3) EU average 6% 1 (Highest) 2 2 Lowest Czech Rep. ‘age’ continues to represent the most common ground of self-reported discrimination.75 - . at six percent. (11%) Sweden (9%) Slovakia (9%) Cyprus (1%) WITNESSED AGE DISCRIMINATION (QE4) EU average 8% Czech Rep. (17%) Sweden (14%) Slovakia (14%) Cyprus. Malta (2%) .Age is the ground for discrimination that is most frequently experienced Whilst we have seen public perceptions of age discrimination shift in the course of the year. and young and old may be susceptible to suffer discrimination under various (often differing) circumstances. This comparatively high figure may well be due to the fact that age is a shared attribute relevant to all. the proportion of citizens reporting that they have been discriminated against has not changed.

9 Croatia (7.3) Denmark (7.2) FYROM (5.Special EUROBAROMETER 317 DISCRIMINATION IN THE EU IN 2009 8.0) Germany (4.0)60.8) Romania (7. the countries most receptive to having such a political leader are Croatia (7. Europeans are – on average – more comfortable with the idea of someone aged under 30 (5. with the expressed level of comfort decreasing the older the respondent. Here. .7).8) in this position.4 Attitudes to citizens aged under 30 and citizens aged over 75 in the highest political office Next we present attitudes to having “young” or “old” people occupying the highest political position in the respondent’s country.8) Highest results by country Romania (7. .0) Lowest results by country As would be expected. A very low score is recorded in Germany (4. respondents were asked how comfortable they would be with someone aged under 30 or a person aged over 75 in this position.9) than they are with that of someone aged over 75 (4.3) and Denmark (7.3). Poland (7. Of the two. 60 The full results for this question can be found in the annexes of this report.such as having someone from a religious minority or a woman in office (see section 1.76 - . Level of comfort with someone aged under 30 in highest political office in one's country EU figure EU average 5.Relatively low levels of comfort with both a very young and a very old holder of the highest political office Having someone aged under 30 or above 75 in the highest political office of one's country both provoke significantly more discomfort than some of the other scenarios presented to citizens .2). we can see a clear relationship between a respondent’s age and answers to this question. Considering the example of a person aged under 30.7) Poland (7.

8 Highest results by country Poland (5. Latvia.8 5.3 For the situation with a person older than 75.1 Age 25-39 5. FYROM (3.Poland (5.9 7.0 6. Even in the country with the highest results .3) Cyprus (3.1) Lowest results by country Having seen the link between being younger and feeling more comfortable with a younger political leader.7 Level of comfort with a person aged over 75 in highest political position Average score out of 10 BY AGE EU average Age 15-24 5.the average score is just 1.3 5. it is notable that the variation in average comfort levels among individual countries is less.9) .8 . QE6. In fact.5 4. Citizens in Cyprus are least comfortable with the idea of being led by a person that is older than 75.8).1 points higher than the EU average (4.77 - . we might suppose that the reverse would be true for having an older leader.7) Bulgaria.Special EUROBAROMETER 317 DISCRIMINATION IN THE EU IN 2009 QE6. Level of comfort with someone aged over 75 in highest political office in one's country EU figure EU average 4.9) Spain (5.6 Age 55+ 4. we see that this is not the case – it is the group of youngest respondents that is more comfortable with an older leader – even if the difference in average comfort levels between the age groups is small.0 Age 40-54 4.4 Level of comfort with a person aged under 30 in highest political position Average score out of 10 BY AGE EU average Age 15-24 Age 25-39 Age 40-54 Age 55+ 5.

.

Latvia. the majority now feel that it is widespread (53%: 13% very widespread. As for the two other grounds of discrimination already discussed.1 The perceived extent of disability discrimination Just over half of Europeans perceive discrimination on grounds of disability to be widespread The same shift noted for age has occurred with regards to discrimination on grounds of disability. with the countries where discrimination is seen as most widespread being France (74% widespread). Belgium.78 - . Turkey (34%). . 40% fairly widespread). Greece (both 63%) and The Netherlands (62%). DISCRIMINATION ON GROUNDS OF DISABILITY 9. and Austria (39%). Two percent think that discrimination on the grounds of disability is non-existent in their country and a further four percent say that they ‘don’t know’. 31% fairly rare). country-by-country results exhibit a strong degree of variation. If the majority view in 2008 was that discrimination on grounds of disability was rare (49%).Special EUROBAROMETER 317 DISCRIMINATION IN THE EU IN 2009 9. Ireland (35%). The countries where this perception is least common are Malta (33%). Just over four out of ten citizens now believe it is rare (41%: 10% very rare. Hungary (both 64%).

79 - .Special EUROBAROMETER 317 DISCRIMINATION IN THE EU IN 2009 .

although it should be noted that the link applies to having all kinds of different friends and is not limited to having disabled friends61.80 - . However. i. unlike the results described earlier for ethnicity. citizens who declare to belong to a minority in terms of disability much more often say that in their view discrimination on this ground is widespread.4 FRIENDS WHO ARE DISBALED Yes 56% 39% QE17 SELF-DEFINED MINORITY Disabled* 69% 29% No 50% 43% *Note: Results for self defined minority as disabled should be considered as indicative due to the small base (n=586). QE1. Holding left-wing views (51%) is discrimination on gender have less discrimination. In fact.As can be expected.e. . only 2% of citizens consider themselves to belong to this minority group. Factors such as age and impact on people’s views concerning the extent of this ground of 61 In fact. citizens with LGBT friends are even more likely to feel that discrimination against disabled citizens is widespread (60%).Special EUROBAROMETER 317 DISCRIMINATION IN THE EU IN 2009 . disabled citizens are most likely to see discrimination on this ground as widespread There are several variables that are linked to the perception of discrimination on grounds of disability being widespread. as already noted it appears that citizens who self-define themselves as being disabled are more likely to say that discrimination on the various grounds is widespread.6 DISCRIMINATION ON GROUNDS OF DISABILITY Widespread Rare Total % 53% 41% QE16. political views (60%) as opposed to centrist (52%) or right-wing a further factor that makes citizens more likely to consider the grounds of disability as widespread. having friends who are disabled makes one more likely to believe that discrimination is widespread in the country where one lives – this same link was also seen for discrimination on ethnic grounds. For example.

11% far less widespread). This trend is noted in nearly all countries surveyed. Hungary and the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia is that discrimination on this ground is now less widespread than it was five years ago. shifts of at least 10 percentage points have been recorded. Following a significant move away from the belief that discrimination on this ground was widespread in 2008.Special EUROBAROMETER 317 DISCRIMINATION IN THE EU IN 2009 9. the majority of citizens nevertheless feel that it is less widespread than five years ago (60%: 49% slightly less widespread.81 - . the perception that discrimination on grounds of disability is widespread has increased from 45% to 53% (+8 points). with Cyprus (+26) and Romania (+22) showing the largest shift in the percentage of citizens who now feel that discrimination on the grounds of disability is widespread in their country. Austria (+1) and Portugal (+2). with the exception of Italy (-1).Sixty percent say discrimination on grounds of disability is less widespread than five years ago When invited to make a comparison with the situation five years ago. Countries where this shift is 15 percentage points or more are shown in the table below. . 24%) and the proportion that feels it is now less widespread has gone down (60% vs. the trend since 2008 is the same: the percentage of citizens believing that discrimination on the grounds of disability is now more widespread than five years ago has gone up since 2008 (29% vs. the majority view in all countries except Latvia. that despite the notable increase since 2008 in the perception that discrimination on grounds of disability is widespread. 67%).2 Changes in the perceptions of discrimination on grounds of disability . Namely. we see a similar situation to that noted for age discrimination. In 17 of the 27 EU Member States. the 2009 results as such represent a return to the situation in 2006. Yet it should be noted that for this measure as well.In most countries discrimination on grounds of disability is now perceived to be more widespread At EU level. At the national level. Perception of discrimination on grounds of disability as widespread in country: Notable changes 2008 – 2009 Note: Figures shown = % ‘very widespread’ + %’fairly widespread’ 2008 2009 Cyprus Romania Belgium Spain Hungary Netherlands Bulgaria 30% 30% 46% 41% 49% 47% 32% 56% 52% 63% 56% 64% 62% 47% Change (% points) +26 +22 +17 +15 +15 +15 +15 .

82 - .Special EUROBAROMETER 317 DISCRIMINATION IN THE EU IN 2009 .

.63 Proportion of citizens witnessing discrimination on grounds of disability of 12 months EU figure EU average 6% Sweden (12%) Highest results by country Austria (9%) Lowest results by country Croatia. with six percent saying that they have witnessed this happening to someone else. Hungary.Special EUROBAROMETER 317 DISCRIMINATION IN THE EU IN 2009 9. As in 2008.3 Measuring disability discrimination . two percent of citizens across Europe say they were discriminated against because of a disability in the 12 months preceding the survey62. Portugal (3%) Malta. Greece. In the past 12 months have you personally felt discriminated against or harassed on the basis of one or more of of the following grounds? Please tell me all that apply. In the past 12 months. Lithuania. Cyprus (2%) 62 QE3. have you witnessed someone being discriminated against or harassed on the basis of one or more of the following grounds? Please tell me all that apply.Self-reporting and witnessing of discrimination on grounds of disability over the course of a year remains at the same level as in 2008The increased perception that discrimination on the grounds of disability is widespread is not matched by increased levels of self-reporting of this ground for discrimination.83 - . 63 QE4.

Relatively high acceptance of disabled persons in the highest political officeEuropeans are relatively comfortable with the idea of having a disabled person in the highest elected political office in their country. Hungary (5.7 in the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia to 8. please tell me how you would feel about having someone from each of the following categories in the highest elected political position in (OUR COUNTRY)? A disabled person.0) are much more comfortable than the other occupational groups.4.64 Close to a third of Europeans report feeling totally comfortable with this idea.84 - .1).8) Highest results by country Ireland (8.4).4 Attitudes towards disabled people in public office . 64 QE6. followed by those with disabled friends or with friends of a different religion (both 7.Special EUROBAROMETER 317 DISCRIMINATION IN THE EU IN 2009 9.6) Lowest results by country Bulgaria. there are large variations at the country level with average ‘comfort’ scores ranging from4.0 vs.7) Denmark (8. . However.7).4 Sweden (8. Finally. The survey again highlights how important having a diverse circle of friends is.8 in Sweden. Level of comfort with a disabled person in the highest elected political position in one’s country EU figure EU average 7. These respondents selected point 10 on the scale from 1 to 10 and the average comfort level is 7.7) At a personal level.6 And using a scale from 1 to 10. it is interesting to note that managers (8. 7.6) FYROM (4. Europeans with LGBT friends feel most comfortable (8. it is perhaps not surprising to find that respondents who say they are disabled feel more comfortable than average with the idea of having a disabled person in the highest elected national office (8.

.

85 - . Three percent think discrimination on grounds of sexual orientation is nonexistent in their country and seven percent state ‘don’t know’. namely that discrimination on grounds of sexual orientation is seen as being particularly widespread in many of the Mediterranean countries. the three countries where it is seen as being most widespread are Cyprus (66%) and Greece (64%). 35% fairly widespread). DISCRIMINATION ON GROUNDS OF SEXUAL ORIENTATION 10. it is very widespread.3 For each of the following types of discrimination. in your opinion.65 It is now seen as the fourth most widespread ground for discrimination in the EU. Just under half think that it is widespread (47% widespread: 12% very widespread. fairly widespread. Examining the national results we see the same pattern as in 2008. For example.Special EUROBAROMETER 317 DISCRIMINATION IN THE EU IN 2009 10. 65 QE 1. 11% very rare).Just under half of EU citizens think that discrimination on grounds of sexual orientation is widespread in their country In contrast with what we found for discrimination on the grounds of age and disability. Italy and France (both 61%) also have results far above the EU average of 47%. could you please tell me whether. Europeans are on average now less inclined to see sexual orientation as a widespread ground for discrimination in the EU than was the case in 2008. fairly rare or very rare in (OUR COUNTRY)? Discrimination on the basis of… Sexual orientation (for example being gay or lesbian) .1 The perceived extent of discrimination on grounds of sexual orientation . as opposed to 43% who think that it is rare (32% fairly rare.

86 - .Special EUROBAROMETER 317 DISCRIMINATION IN THE EU IN 2009 .

SELF-DEFINED MINORITY Sexual* 57% 39% No 44% 43% *Note: In this table. In the Czech Republic. It is seen as more common by citizens on the political left (51%) than those in the centre or on the right (both 45%). 42%). In Bulgaria. Citizens who stayed in education until at least the age of 20 (48%) are more likely to see it as being widespread than those who finished studying at the age of 15 or younger (44%). Conversely. . However due to small sample sizes. In Slovakia. only 1% of citizens consider themselves to be part of a sexual minority.87 - . In Estonia. The other relevant factors in the perception of the extent of discrimination on grounds of sexual orientation also follow the patterns examined above: • • • • The youngest citizens (53%) see it as being more widespread than the oldest (42%). The results of the survey seem to indicate that people who feel they are part of a sexual minority more often perceive discrimination on this ground to be widespread. we see that having LGBT friends makes one more likely to think that discrimination on this ground is widespread. 15% vis-à-vis the EU average at 38%. It can also be noted that a lower than average proportion of citizens in these countries report that they have LGBT friends66. 67 66 The highest proportions are noted in The Netherlands (68%). the Czech Republic (both 22%). we can see that discrimination on grounds of sexual orientation is perceived as much less widespread in many of the newer entrants to the EU – the bottom four countries are Bulgaria. Men are slightly more likely to perceive it as rare than are women (45 vs. 20%. followed by Sweden and France (both 59%). 17%. we can not attach any statistical proof to this finding. QE1.3 DISCRIMINATION ON GROUNDS OF SEXUAL ORIENTATION Widespread Rare Total % 47% 43% QE16. the result for those who say that they belong to a sexual minority should be treated with extreme caution due to very the small base (n=255). LGBT FRIENDS Yes 53% 43% QE17. in countries where an above average proportion reports having LGBT friends the perception that discrimination on grounds of sexual orientation is widespread is towards the higher end of the country ranking67. In other words. seven percent have LGBT friends.Special EUROBAROMETER 317 DISCRIMINATION IN THE EU IN 2009 Looking at the lower percentages. Hence. Slovakia (27%) and Estonia (28%).

88 - on 20 November 2008: . At the same time. significantly fewer citizens in Italy and the UK now believe that discrimination on grounds of sexual orientation is widespread in their country than was recorded in 2008. Perception of discrimination on grounds of sexuality as widespread in country: Notable changes 2008 – 2009 Note: Figures shown = % ‘very widespread’ + % ‘fairly widespread’ 2008 Italy UK Greece Ireland Lithuania Portugal Cyprus Czech Republic Estonia Germany Spain Denmark Latvia Romania Luxembourg Netherlands 72% 50% 73% 38% 43% 65% 73% 27% 32% 40% 48% 34% 36% 45% 34% 45% 2009 61% 40% 64% 30% 36% 58% 66% 22% 28% 36% 44% 38% 40% 49% 39% 54% Change (% points) -11 -10 -9 -8 -7 -7 -7 -5 -4 -4 -4 +4 +4 +4 +5 +9 68 See. the corresponding figures were 50% and 41%. The belief that it is widespread has dropped by four percentage point since 2008 (from 51%) whilst the view that it is rare has increased by two percentage points (from 41% in 2008). In fact these figures can be linked to the increased incidence of attacks against LGBT people in recent years. The most prominent instance is the nine-point increase amongst the Dutch in the belief that discrimination on grounds of sexual orientation is widespread.2 Changes in the perceptions of discrimination on grounds of sexual orientation .html. a topic that has been widely covered by the Dutch media68.nos. a report from the Dutch news channel NOS http://www. for instance. there are a few exceptions. In 2006.Discrimination on sexual grounds in the EU is now perceived to be less widespreadThe perception of how widespread discrimination on the grounds of sexual orientation is has fallen since 2008 to a level below that recorded in 2006. Although this drop in the perceived extent of discrimination is noted in many countries.Special EUROBAROMETER 317 DISCRIMINATION IN THE EU IN 2009 10.nl/nosjournaal/artikelen/2008/11/20/201108_homos. .

69 QE2.Discrimination on grounds of sexual orientation is seen as less widespread now than five years ago When making a medium-term comparison with five years ago. the majority opinion is that discrimination on grounds of sexual orientation is now less widespread. These figures are very similar to those obtained in 2008 (61% vs. citizens are much more likely to say that discrimination on grounds of sexual orientation is now less widespread (60%) than they are to say it is more widespread (28%).Special EUROBAROMETER 317 DISCRIMINATION IN THE EU IN 2009 .89 - . 32%). There are some exceptions with the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia being the only one where citizens who think it is now more widespread significantly outnumber those who think that it is less widespread (39% vs.69 In virtually all countries of the EU. would you say that the following types of discrimination are more common or less common in (OUR COUNTRY)? Discrimination on the basis of… Sexual orientation (for example being gay or lesbian) .3 If you compare the situation with 5 years ago. 29%).

Discrimination on grounds of sexual orientation much more likely to be witnessed than experienced Just one percent of citizens across the EU report experienced discrimination on the grounds of sexual orientation over the year before the survey. Swedes and Austrians (both 9%) are the most likely to say this. Proportion of citizens witnessing discrimination on grounds of sexual orientation of 12 months EU figure EU average 6% Netherlands (10%) Highest results by country Sweden. The Dutch (10%). a higher proportion of citizens think they have witnessed this discrimination taking place (6%).3 Measuring discrimination on grounds of sexual orientation . the highest self-reported level is noted in Italy. Cyprus (1%) . As with the general pattern. At four percent. Austria (9%) Lowest results by country Bulgaria.90 - . Czech Republic.Special EUROBAROMETER 317 DISCRIMINATION IN THE EU IN 2009 10.

Level of comfort with a LGBT person in highest political position EU figure EU average 6.91 - .5 70 QE6.5 QE16. Europeans with LGBT friends are much more open to the idea of having them in political office than Europeans without LGBT friends.Special EUROBAROMETER 317 DISCRIMINATION IN THE EU IN 2009 10.Strong national variations in the degree to which people feel comfortable with having a LGBT leader in their country The survey reveals large variations in the extent to which Europeans feel comfortable with the idea of having a LGBT person holding the highest political office in their country.4) Lowest results by country Bulgaria(3.2 And using a scale from 1 to 10.4 Attitudes to LGBT people . .0 No 5. QE6. Romania and Turkey (each 3.7). please tell me how you would feel about having someone from each of the following categories in the highest elected political position in (OUR COUNTRY)? A homosexual (gay man or lesbian woman).4) Netherlands (8.5 Sweden (8.70 On average. Denmark (8. we find that people in Sweden (8. while people in Bulgaria (3. Turkey (3.4) report feeling least comfortable. If we examine the average scores on the comfort scale from 1 to 10. the importance of having LGBT friends or acquaintances in shaping opinions is evident. around a quarter of Europeans (27%) would feel totally comfortable with this situation.2) Romania.2) In this context again.2) feel most comfortable with having a LGBT leader in their country.3 Level of comfort with LGBT people in highest elected office Average Total % 6.7) Highest results by country Denmark (8.2).3 LGBT FRIENDS Yes 8.4) and the Netherlands (8.

.

we find three countries where an outright majority feel gender discrimination is widespread: Hungary (57%). could you please tell me whether.Special EUROBAROMETER 317 DISCRIMINATION IN THE EU IN 2009 11. 71 QE1.92 - . FYROM and Turkey. Finland (each 67%) and Germany (65%) think gender discrimination is rare in their country. France (54%) and Sweden (52%). DISCRIMINATION ON GROUNDS OF GENDER 11. In five further countries public opinion is divided: Greece. that it is non-existent and four percent ‘don’t know’. spontaneously. around two in three people in Luxembourg (69%). At the other end of the scale. Looking at the exceptions. fairly rare or very rare in (OUR COUNTRY)? Discrimination on the basis of… Gender . Cyprus.Over half of citizens in the EU think that gender discrimination is rare Discrimination on grounds of gender is one of the two forms of discrimination perceived by more citizens as being rare than widespread: 53% think it is rare (15% very rare and 38% fairly rare) and 40% that it is widespread (33% fairly widespread and 7% very widespread). in your opinion. Three percent say. Ireland.1 The perceived extent of discrimination on grounds of gender . fairly widespread. it is very widespread.2 For each of the following types of discrimination. Italy.71 This overall pattern is found to exist in all countries but a few. Denmark.

Special EUROBAROMETER 317 DISCRIMINATION IN THE EU IN 2009 .93 - .

2 DISCRIMINATION ON GROUNDS OF GENDER Widespread Rare Total % 40% 53% POLITICAL VIEWS LEFT 47% 49% CENTRE 39% RIGHT 38% 55% 55% . the survey reveals a considerable gender gap: 44% of women in Europe believe it is widespread.94 - .Women are much more likely than men to say gender discrimination is common Even if both genders are more likely to see gender discrimination as rare rather than widespread.2 DISCRIMINATION ON BASIS OF GENDER Widespread Rare Total % 40% 53% BY GENDER MALE 37% FEMALE 44% 49% 56% The usual differences according to political leanings – with those to the left being more likely to think that discrimination is widespread – are also strongly evident in the case of gender discrimination. with this rising to 16 points for those in the centre and 17 points for those on the right. QE1. Citizens on the political left are more likely to say that this is widespread than rare by a gap of just two percentage points. compared to 37% of European men.Special EUROBAROMETER 317 DISCRIMINATION IN THE EU IN 2009 . QE1.

from 36%). As is frequently the case with anayses of shifts. Many individual countries reflect this overall trend and many of these countries are those where the proportions considering gender discrimination to be widespread most decreased in 2008.2 Changes in the perceptions of discrimination on grounds of gender . in many countries we find a return to the 2006 situation.Special EUROBAROMETER 317 DISCRIMINATION IN THE EU IN 2009 11. In other words. In two Mediterranean countries in particular. from 56%).95 - .Gender discrimination is seen to be as widespread as in 2006 after a temporary decrease in 2008 The 2009 results are very similar to those obtained in 2006 and represent an increase in the perception that gender discrimination is widespread since 2008. we see that gender discrimination is now far less often seen to be widespread than was the case in 2008. The proportion answering either very or fairly widespread has increased (+4 points. with a near-corresponding decrease in the share of those answering either fairly rare or very rare (-3 points. Perception of discrimination on grounds of gender as being widespread in country: Notable changes 2008 – 2009 Note: Figures shown = % ‘very widespread’ + %’fairly widespread’ 2008 Spain Portugal Italy Germany Bulgaria Estonia Czech Republic Belgium France Slovenia Netherlands Romania Cyprus Hungary 54% 43% 49% 23% 13% 26% 38% 31% 46% 30% 27% 25% 34% 43% 2009 45% 35% 46% 30% 20% 33% 45% 39% 54% 40% 38% 38% 48% 57% Change (% points) -9 -8 -3 +7 +7 +7 +7 +8 +8 +10 +11 +13 +14 +14 . The largest increase has been recorded in Hungary and Cyprus (both +14). there are also some exceptions.

the opinion that discrimination is now less widespread reaches even higher proportions.However. around two-thirds say gender discrimination is less widespread than it was five years ago The shifts since 2008 regarding the measure which asked for a comparison with the situation five years previously are very minor and the dominant view remains that gender discrimination has declined considerably. whilst around two-thirds (65%) hold the contrary opinion. Denmark (78%) and Finland (75%). This is especially the case in Cyprus (82% less widespread).72 In many countries. 72 QE2.96 - . As in 2008.2 If you compare the situation with 5 years ago. Less than a quarter (24%) think that it is now more widespread than five years ago. Hungary is the only country where more citizens think that gender discrimination is now more widespread than five years ago (51%) than think it is now less widespread (42%). would you say that the following types of discrimination are more common or less common in (OUR COUNTRY)? Discrimination on the basis of… Gender .Special EUROBAROMETER 317 DISCRIMINATION IN THE EU IN 2009 .

There is no difference between men and women when it comes to witnessing discrimination (5% of both genders have witnessed it). This is considerably higher than the second-ranking country (Spain. EXPERIENCED GENDER DISCRIMINATION (QE3) Highest 1 2 2 Lowest WITNESSED GENDER DISCRIMINATION (QE4) EU average (5%) 1 2 3 Sweden (14%) Spain (8%) 6 countries (7%) Portugal (1%) EU average (3%) Hungary (8%) Sweden (7%) Italy (7%) Poland (1%) ..Three percent of Europeans say they have experienced gender discrimination in the past 12 months In the EU as a whole..Special EUROBAROMETER 317 DISCRIMINATION IN THE EU IN 2009 11.Gender discrimination is experienced much more by women than by men Although gender discrimination can encompass both sexes. with this rising to eight percent in Hungary and seven percent in Italy and Sweden.. 74 QE4.Gender .3 Experience of discrimination on grounds of gender . have you witnessed someone being discriminated against or harassed on the basis of one or more of the following grounds? Please tell me all that apply. 73 QE3 In the past 12 months have you personally felt discriminated against or harassed on the basis of one or more of of the following grounds? Please tell me all that apply.. it is experienced more often by women (5%) than men (2%).97 - .73 Five percent of the total sample report having witnessed gender discrimination in the year before interview. three percent of citizens say that they experienced discrimination on the ground of gender in the 12 months before they were interviewed. at 8%). Gender. In the past 12 months.74 A far higher than average proportion of Swedes (14%) say that they saw this happening during the 12 month period in question.

All countries record a very high average result here.1 And using a scale from 1 to 10. .5) Ireland. with the Swedes and Lithuanians being most comfortable of all with the idea (average score is 9.8) Portugal (7. Just 1% would be very uncomfortable.3). Lithuania (9. 8. Level of comfort with a woman in highest political office of one's country EU figures EU average 8.Special EUROBAROMETER 317 DISCRIMINATION IN THE EU IN 2009 11. FYROM (7. we emphasise that this is a minor variation on the overall pattern. Slovenia (9. Over 8 out of 10 citizens in these two countries (84% and 81%) and in Denmark (81%) feel totally comfortable. 75 QE6.5 out of a maximum of 1075. please tell me how you would feel about having someone from each of the following categories in the highest elected political position in (OUR COUNTRY)? A woman 76 There are also small differences depending on education with citizens who stayed in full-time education giving a higher score (8.4 Attitudes to women in the highest political office .5 Sweden.6) Whilst there is something of a gender difference here with women showing an average level of comfort higher than that for men (8.3) Lowest results by country Italy. which is that EU citizens show very little prejudice in terms of gender when it comes to the issue of political office76. with the average ‘comfort rating’ being 8.2).98 - . Around half of respondents (49%) answer that they would be totally comfortable with having a woman in this position (point 10 on the scale).6) Highest results by country Denmark (9.9) than citizens who left school aged 15 or younger (8.The average European is very comfortable with a female holding the highest political office The idea of having a woman in the highest elected political position causes little discomfort for the vast majority of Europeans surveyed.6 out of 10 for both countries).8 vs.

.

Again responses are more moderate than extreme. The map below demonstrates that all the new Member States except Cyprus and Slovenia are below the EU average and towards the bottom of the ranking. followed by Denmark (55%). Discrimination based on religion/belief is seen as most widespread of all in the Netherlands (59%) and France (58%). could you please tell me whether.Special EUROBAROMETER 317 DISCRIMINATION IN THE EU IN 2009 12. although still perceived as widespread by close to four out of ten Europeans Discrimination on grounds of religion or belief is considered to be the least widespread form of discrimination in the EU: 39% of citizens say that this is widespread and over half (53%) think that it is rare77. just 12% of Czechs and Slovakians. compared to 9% saying it is very widespread and 16% that it is very rare. At the other end of the scale. in your opinion. In the three Candidate Countries views are closer to the EU average. fairly widespread. 13% of Latvians and 14% of Lithuanians think this type of discrimination is common in their country.1 The perceived extent of discrimination on grounds of religion or belief . it is very widespread. DISCRIMINATION ON GROUNDS OF RELIGION OR BELIEF 12. fairly rare or very rare in (OUR COUNTRY)? Discrimination on the basis of… Religion or belief .99 - . 77 QE1. Sweden (53%) and Greece (51%). Belgium (54%). Four percent think that it does not exist in their country and the same proportion is unable to answer. with 30% and 37% respectively saying that this type of discrimination is fairly widespread or fairly rare.5 For each of the following types of discrimination.Discrimination on grounds of religion or belief is now seen as the least widespread form in the EU. These are all countries where there is relatively little religious diversity. We note that these are all countries where immigration issues feature prominently in the public debate.

100 - .Special EUROBAROMETER 317 DISCRIMINATION IN THE EU IN 2009 .

Citizens who self-define as a religious minority (51%).101 - . FRIENDS OF A DIFFERENT ETHNIC ORIGIN 67% 42% 50% 59% 42% 56% DISCRIMINATION IS WIDESPREAD ON GROUNDS OF… EU27 TOTAL LGBT FRIENDS ROMA FRIENDS DISABLED FRIENDS FRIENDS WITH DIFFERENT RELIGION …Ethnic origin …Gender …Sexual orientation …Age …Religion …Disability 61% 40% 47% 58% 39% 53% 71% 46% 53% 61% 64% 44% 51% 65% 42% 49% 60% 41% 56% 65% 42% 48% 59% 41% 56% 62% 40% 58% 47% 60% . opinion follows the familiar pattern. only 4% of citizens say that they belong to a religious minority.e. QE1. This indicates that having a social circle that includes friends or acquaintances of a different sexual orientation may make citizens more perceptive of the issue of discrimination in general. SELF-DEFINED MINORITY Religious* 51% 45% 39% 53% 41% 53% *Note: Results for those who consider themselves to be part of a religious minority should be considered as indicative due to the small base (1092).Special EUROBAROMETER 317 DISCRIMINATION IN THE EU IN 2009 In terms of social groupings. Again we note that citizens with LGBT friends are more inclined to feel that discrimination on the grounds of religion or belief is widespread (47%) than those with friends belonging to the group of citizens that is perceived as suffering discrimination.5 DISCRIMINATION ON BASIS OF RELIGION OR BELIEF Widespread Rare Total % QE16. 36% of those without such friends). i. with this type of discrimination being more likely to be perceived as widespread by: • • • • The youngest citizens (43%) rather than the oldest (34%).5 FRIENDS WHO HAVE DIFFERENT RELIGION OR BELIEF Yes No 36% 53% QE17. Citizens with left-wing views (44%) more than those with right-wing views (36%). Citizens with friends who have a different religion or belief from their own (41% vs.

Following a three point drop between 2006 and 2008. we now note a further decline of three points (from 42% in 2008). Thus since 2006. The most notable shifts in the opposite direction have occurred in the UK (-11) and Italy (-10) where 45% now believe discrimination on the basis of religion or belief is widespread.Overall. This drop is matched by an increased tendency to believe this form of discrimination is rare: from 47% to 51% in 2008 with a further increase of two points noted in the latest survey. the opinion that discrimination on the basis of religion or belief is widespread continues to fall since it was first measured by this survey in 2006. we have moved from a state of opinion that was split roughly evenly to one where a majority think discrimination is rare.102 - . the belief that discrimination on grounds of religion or belief is widespread has increased significantly in a number of countries. the perception that discrimination on religious or belief grounds is widespread continues to decline Overall. Perception of discrimination on grounds of religion or belief as widespread in country: Notable changes 2008 – 2009 Note: Figures shown = % ‘very widespread’ + %’fairly widespread’ 2008 UK Italy Portugal Spain Denmark Malta Bulgaria Netherlands Hungary Slovenia Austria Romania Finland 56% 55% 36% 41% 62% 39% 15% 55% 17% 33% 41% 20% 27% 2009 45% 45% 27% 32% 55% 35% 19% 59% 23% 39% 47% 27% 34% Change (% points) -11 -10 -9 -9 -7 -4 +4 +4 +6 +6 +6 +7 +7 .Special EUROBAROMETER 317 DISCRIMINATION IN THE EU IN 2009 12. with the largest shifts noted in Finland and Romania (both +7). Despite this overall shift.2 Changes in the perceptions of discrimination on grounds of religion or belief .

45%) and Austria (45% vs. -6).103 - . this is also the majority view (46% ‘more widespread’ vs. Most countries follow the general pattern.5 If you compare the situation with 5 years ago. in the Netherlands and Denmark. In France. and Slovakia (72%). 39% ‘less widespread’) whilst public opinion is divided in Sweden (46% vs.Overall. the majority view is that discrimination on religious grounds is less widespread than five years ago There has been a further increase since 2008 in the proportion of citizens who feel that discrimination on grounds of religion or belief is now less widespread than it was five years ago78. would you say that the following types of discrimination are more common or less common in (OUR COUNTRY)? Discrimination on the basis of… Religion or belief . 78 QE2. At the same time. an outright majority of citizens consider discrimination to be more widespread than it was five years ago (55% and 52%. respectively). with more citizens thinking discrimination is now less widespread. 47%). +4) and less than a third think it is more widespread than it was five years ago (32%. An outright majority holds this view (56%.Special EUROBAROMETER 317 DISCRIMINATION IN THE EU IN 2009 . This belief is expressed at extremely high levels in Cyprus (79%) the Czech Republic (78%).

Special EUROBAROMETER 317 DISCRIMINATION IN THE EU IN 2009 .104 - .

. 79 QE3.105 - .Special EUROBAROMETER 317 DISCRIMINATION IN THE EU IN 2009 12. In terms of witnessing discrimination. Proportion of citizens witnessing discrimination on grounds of religion or belief over 12 months EU figure EU average 5% Denmark (15%) Highest results by country Sweden (11%) Austria. 11% of citizens born outside of the EU and 10% of citizens born in the EU but outside the country of survey have witnessed this form of discrimination. The Netherlands (10%) From the country ranking it is apparent that witnessing this form of discrimination is related to the extent to which countries are culturally diverse. Hungary.3 Experience of discrimination on grounds of religion or belief . Austria (5%) and Italy (3%). By far the highest result here is recorded in Denmark (15%). witnessing discrimination on grounds of religion or belief is least common in the Czech Republic. the proportion of citizens who report this form of discrimination is two percent or less in all surveyed countries. Religion or belief 80 QE4. five percent say that they saw this happen on the grounds of religion or belief in the year before interview80. In the past 12 months. This is also evident when the influence of origin is considered: • • 16% of citizens who belong to a religious minority have witnessed this form of discrimination.. only one percent of citizens say that they experienced discriminated on the grounds of religion or belief in the year leading up to their interview79. In the past 12 months have you personally felt discriminated against or harassed on the basis of one or more of of the following grounds? Please tell me all that apply.. Apart from the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (6%).One percent of citizens report experiencing discrimination on grounds of religion or belief in the past year Across the EU. At one percent. have you witnessed someone being discriminated against or harassed on the basis of one or more of the following grounds? Please tell me all that apply. Malta. followed by Sweden (11%). Austria and the Netherlands (each 10%).. Religion or belief . Romania and Portugal.

we see that on average close to a quarter of Europeans (24%) would feel totally comfortable with the idea of a person from a minority religion holding the highest political office in their country.7 in Cyprus to 8.Close to a quarter of Europeans would feel totally comfortable with having a person from a religious minority as political leader in their country Finally. On the comfort scale from 1 to 10.Special EUROBAROMETER 317 DISCRIMINATION IN THE EU IN 2009 12.1) Highest results by country Ireland (7.4 Attitudes to citizens of a different religion or belief in public office .8) Sweden (7.8) Lowest results by country Malta (4.5 Poland (8. giving a rating of 10 out of 1081.1 in Poland.2) Austria (4.5.106 - . please tell me how you would feel about having someone from each of the following categories in the highest elected political position in (OUR COUNTRY)? A person from a different religion than the majority of the population .7) 81 QE6. Level of comfort with a political leader with a different religion than the majority of the population EU figure EU average 6.6) Cyprus (3. the EU average is 6. This average figure conceals high variations at the national level: the results range from 3.5 And using a scale from 1 to 10.

107 - .Almost half of Europeans see the crisis as having a negative impact on the importance and funding of policies promoting equality and diversity As part of the newly added questions in the wave under discussion. As can be seen throughout all Eurobarometer questions that deal with the crisis.1 The perceived impact of the crisis on the importance and funding of equality and diversity policies .Special EUROBAROMETER 317 DISCRIMINATION IN THE EU IN 2009 13. definitely not’). Europeans were asked about their views on how the crisis would impact the importance of equality and diversity policies in their countries and whether these policies would receive less funding due to the crisis. will be considered less important and receive less funding? .82 82 QE12 Do you think that due to the economical crisis the policies promoting equality and diversity in (OUR COUNTRY). Equality and diversity policies are no exception to this rule. Just over a third felt it would have no impact (26% ‘not really’ and 8% ‘no. the mood in spring 2009 is indeed somber and Europeans at this time have few illusions about the impact of the crisis on all types of policies. with about one in six (17%) stating ‘don’t know’ on this question. THE IMPACT OF THE ECONOMIC AND FINANCIAL CRISIS 13. will be considered less important and receive less funding”. 49% of Europeans stated that this would definitely (11%) or to some extent (38%) have an impact. When asked whether they thought that “due to the economical crisis the policies promoting equality and diversity in (our country).

Special EUROBAROMETER 317

DISCRIMINATION IN THE EU IN 2009

As might be expected, across countries wide variations can be seen. The country with the most somber assessment is Sweden, where 68% of citizens feel that the crisis will have an impact. Denmark and the Netherlands follow closely at 67% and 66%, with 65% of Slovenians and Latvians also feeling that the crisis will have an impact on equality and diversity policies in their countries. Conversely, Spanish citizens do not share this view, with 55% expecting no impact (versus EU average of 34% ‘Total No’ answers to this question). The highest ‘don’t know’ responses can be found in Malta and Bulgaria with 39% and 37% respectively. Further countries where more than 30% of citizens answer ‘don’t know’ are Portugal and Cyprus, at 32% and 33% respectively).

- 108 -

Special EUROBAROMETER 317

DISCRIMINATION IN THE EU IN 2009

13.2 The perceived impact of the crisis on levels of discrimination in the labour market - The crisis is seen as most contributing to an increase in levels of discrimination in the labour market on grounds of ‘age’ The crisis was further discussed with European citizens in terms of discrimination in the labour market and the extent to which it may contribute to discrimination on various grounds in the labour market. As illustrated in the graph, the greatest contribution of the crisis to an increase in discrimination levels is on the grounds of ‘age’. In earlier chapters, we already made the link between the crisis and the increased perception of age discrimination. This link is futher confirmed by the results presented here: 64% of European citizens indicate that the economic crisis will contribute to an increase of discrimination on the grounds of age in the labour market. Just under a third (29%) disagrees and less than a tenth (7%) doesn’t know.83 Looking later at the ‘don’t know’ levels in more detail, we see opinions on this particular ground for discrimination being most firm. A possible increase in the levels of discrimination in the labour market on grounds of ‘ethnic origin’ and ‘’disability’ is perceived by more than 50% of Europeans (57% for the former and 56% for the latter). More than 40% of Europeans state that the crisis will contribute to increased levels of discrimination in the labour market on grounds of ‘gender’ (43%) and ‘religion or belief’ (42%), with half of Europeans giving ‘Total No’ answers to these two grounds of discrimination (49% respectively). The crisis is seen to have less of impact on grounds of ‘sexual orientation’ in the labour market, with fewer than four in ten Europeans seeing the crisis contributing to this aspect (37%).

83 QE13: Do you think that the economic crisis will contribute to an increase of discrimination on the basis of…in the labour market? ‘Total Yes’ combines ‘Yes definitely’ and ‘Yes, to some extent’; ‘Total No’ combines “no, definitely not’ and ‘no, not really’ from the scale.

- 109 -

Special EUROBAROMETER 317

DISCRIMINATION IN THE EU IN 2009

QE13. Do you think that the economical crisis will contribute to an increase of discrimination on the basis of… in the labour market? -%EU27 Yes No DK

Age

64%

29%

7%

Ethnic origin

57%

34%

9%

Disability

56%

36%

8%

Gender

43%

49%

8%

Religion or belief

42%

49%

9%

Sexual orientation

37%

52%

11%

Looking at the national level, a clear trend in terms of highest ‘Total Yes’ responses on each grounds of discrimination emerges: High proportions of Greek and Slovenian as well as Finnish citizens feel that the crisis will contribute to an increase in levels of discrimination on all grounds in the labour market. On the grounds of ‘age’ the picture is somewhat more varied, with 83% of Finns thinking that the crisis may contribute to increased levels of age discrimination in the labour market. Greece and Latvia follow suit with 80% of citizens feeling this way.

- 110 -

Special EUROBAROMETER 317

DISCRIMINATION IN THE EU IN 2009

- 111 -

112 - . with Cyprus and Finland following at 78%. Seventy percent of Slovenians also share this view. .Special EUROBAROMETER 317 DISCRIMINATION IN THE EU IN 2009 Over eight out of ten Greeks (83%) believe that the crisis may contribute to increased discrimination on the grounds of ethnic origin.

Results for these two countries are similar for the grounds of ‘religion or belief’ and ‘sexual orientation’: 63% of Greeks and Slovenians feel that the crisis will contribute to an increase in discrimination levels on the former aspect.Special EUROBAROMETER 317 DISCRIMINATION IN THE EU IN 2009 Over three quarters of Greek and Finnish citizens (each 77%) see a potential increase of discrimination on the basis of disability in the labour market. with 76% of Slovenians following suit. .113 - . 66% of Greeks and 64% of Slovenians see the crisis as potentially contributing to discrimination on grounds of gender. with 62% of Slovenians and 61% of Greek citizens seeing such a potential increase on grounds of ‘sexual orientation’.

114 - .Special EUROBAROMETER 317 DISCRIMINATION IN THE EU IN 2009 .

Special EUROBAROMETER 317 DISCRIMINATION IN THE EU IN 2009 .115 - .

116 - . .Special EUROBAROMETER 317 DISCRIMINATION IN THE EU IN 2009 It is worthwhile looking at patterns emerging in the ‘don’t know’ levels. whereas more than one in five Maltese and Bulgarians state ‘don’t know’ for the other grounds of discrimination (which is double or more than the relevant EU averages for ‘don’t know’). Three countries consistently record the highest levels for all grounds of discrimination compared to the EU averages for ‘don’t know’ on these aspects: about one in five Portuguese (18%) state ‘don’t know’ for ‘age’ (versus the EU average of 7%).

with noticeably lower levels of comfort being reported in countries where immigration particularly. The report also examined. with “age” being the most common (6%) grounds upon which discrimination was experienced in the 12 months leading up to the study. this is 4% lower than last year.Special EUROBAROMETER 317 DISCRIMINATION IN THE EU IN 2009 CONCLUSION As with its predecessors. with a shade under half (49%) of Europeans being “totally fine” with this. the views of minority groups although these results can only be seen as indicative due to small sample sizes. with many Mediterranean countries considering discrimination in this regard to be quite widespread. The results are very illuminating. but this varies with the respect to whether LGBT people form part of a person’s social circle as well as again by country with the Scandinavians countries appearing more comfortable than countries newer to the EU. this study analysed the opinions and perceptions of Europeans on issues and public policies that relate to discrimination. religion/belief was considered by Europeans to be the least widespread form of discrimination. This profile of perceptions of discrimination on the grounds of religion/belief suggests that the issue remains largely latent but potentially troublesome. while new entrants to the EU particularly did not seem to think that this form of discrimination is widespread. However. . Comfort with those of religious minorities varied quite widely. Europeans would also feel least comfortable with someone from an ethnic minority or non-middle-aged as measured by the comfort rating for a person so described attaining to the highest elected position in their country. In general. Discrimination on the grounds of gender or religion/belief was not perceived by Europeans to be widespread.who indicated they belong to an ethnic minority on average only slightly more frequently perceive ethnic discrimination as being widespread in their country (65% vs. Just less than half of Europeans (47%) considered discrimination based on sexual orientation to be widespread. Overall. Views of respondents who belong to an ethnic minority The 1210 interviewees – five percent of the total sample . Europeans would be most comfortable with a woman attaining to such an office. Cognisant of the global financial crisis that the European Union has found itself very much a part of. was noted to form an important part of the public debate. Europeans appear comfortable with a LGBT person attaining to the highest elected office in their country. a decision was taken to broaden this year’s study to include an examination of how this crisis would be effecting European perceptions and opinions when it came to discrimination. although it is now closely followed by age (58% in 2009 vs. The degree to which this was considered widespread varied importantly by country. the survey highlights the following: Personal experience of discrimination Personal experience of discrimination remains largely at 2008 levels. Overall. where possible. 62% in 2008) in 2009. This Eurobarometer has further extended our analysis of how these perceptions and opinions change through time (this being the third such study). 42% in 2008). 61% EU average). Perceptions of discrimination Ethnic origin remains the most widely perceived ground for discrimination in Europe (61% vs. followed by a person with a disability.117 - . There is a particularly high degree of comfort with a woman attaining to the highest elected office in a country. 16% of Europeans reported experiencing discrimination in 12 months leading up to the study.

the five following findings stand out clearly from the data of which the first two may well be of a short term nature. Finally. This compares starkly with the EU average of 39% and it would thus appear that belonging to a religious minority makes citizens much more perceptive of the occurrence of discrimination on this ground.118 - . representing four percent of the total sample.e. Having a disability is the only other ground for discrimination that is now seen by more Europeans as being widespread than was the case last year (53% in 2009 vs. . Overall. this is significantly more than in 2008 when 42% of Europeans considered it to be widespread. This increase of three percent on last year’s level sees age becoming the most common perceived disadvantage when seeking a job (together with a candidate’s look. dress and presentation) and will no doubt colour public perception of the crisis as jobs become more scarce than they have been in many years. Views of respondents who belong to a sexual minority Only 255 of the interviewees indicated that they belong to a sexual minority. Views of disabled respondents The survey includes 586 respondents who self-define themselves as disabled. with 48% of respondents considering one’s age to be a disadvantage when seeking employment. This wave saw an increase in the perception that discrimination occurred with respect to age and disability compared to 2008. on the various grounds) is widespread. 1. A quarter of these respondents personally felt discriminated against on the ground of their ethnicity. Considering the current economic crisis. The results of the survey seem to indicate that people who feel they are part of a sexual minority more often perceive discrimination on this ground to be widespread and more frequently report having been discriminated against. 53% EU average) and a third of them have personally felt discriminated against because of their disability. Of these respondents. In 2009 an outright majority of Europeans (58%) considered discrimination on the basis of age to be widespread. two percent of the total sample. it appears that disabled Europeans are more likely to feel that discrimination in general (i. However the sample is too small to give these findings any statistical weight. while 49% of those aged 1524 hold this view). Again. these results are only indicative and need to be treated with caution.Special EUROBAROMETER 317 DISCRIMINATION IN THE EU IN 2009 Views of respondents who belong to a religious minority There were 1092 interviewees who indicated that they belong to a religious minority. This group of Europeans much more often says that in their view discrimination on grounds of disability is widespread (69% vs. 45% in 2008). The perception that discrimination upon the grounds of age is widespread is noticeably more prevalent amongst those who are 40 years or older (60% of those aged 40-54 hold this view. just over half perceive discrimination on grounds of religion or belief to be widespread (51%). this perception around age found an ominously strong expression in views about discrimination in the labour market.

Finally. ethnic origin (57%) and disability (56%). while those without gave an average rating of 5. it appears in particular that having a social circle that includes friends or acquaintances of a different sexual orientation may make citizens more perceptive of the issue of discrimination in general. support remains firmer for policies that monitor recruitment processes (67%) rather than composition of the workforce (52%). Considering the above finding around age and disability. This sort of finding is now consistent across three waves of this Eurobarometer study and is. continues to be the degree of diversity to be found in one’s social circle.5. three percent and two percent respectively. in this context. it is important to note that the majority of Europeans think that the economic crisis will lead to an increase of discrimination in three specific areas: on the grounds of age (with 64% of Europeans believing this). as well as comfort with minorities. it is encouraging that this wave saw a net increase in the diversity to be found in Europeans’ social circles with respect to at least five minority groups. support for equal opportunities measures in the workplace appears to have remained at the high levels reported in 2008 (ranging from 81% for disability-targeted measures to 63% for measures dependent upon sexual orientation). have spent longer in full-time education. The advent of the financial crisis has lowered confidence that European governments will continue to address issues of discrimination with the same level of funding and sense of priority. The most important determinant of sensitivity to discrimination. those with LGBT friends gave an average rating of 8. live in urban areas and who describe themselves as holding political views that are more to the left of the political spectrum. . It is quite stunning how potent an influence diversity in one’s social circle is upon attitudes to minorities. 3. Being open-minded and having contact with minorities is the factor with the most positive influence on people’s attitudes. they are less likely to consider efforts to combat discrimination to be sufficient. although these remained at lower levels (38% and 14% respectively). However. When rating out of 10 how comfortable (with 10 being completely comfortable) they would feel with a LGBT person attaining the highest elected office in the land. Given the positive association between high levels of diversity in one’s social circle and acceptance of minorities. With respect to particular workforce monitoring policies. are disabled (58%) or are of different ethnic origin (57%). +2 percentage points) people saying that enough is being done and fewer people (44%. Finally. Europeans expect that the financial crisis will see less funding allocated to policies aimed at combating discrimination as well as these policies declining in priority. Increases of similar magnitude were noted for the incidence of people with LGBT friends and Roma friends. going to continue being so. Yet. -4 points) saying that not enough is being done than was the case last year. it should be noted that a positive evolution has been noted now for two surveys in a row when it comes to combatting discrimination in general.Special EUROBAROMETER 317 DISCRIMINATION IN THE EU IN 2009 2.119 - . Nearly two out of three people have friends who hold different beliefs to them (64%). no doubt. People who are more likely to have a diverse social circle appear to be those who are younger. with slightly more (49%. this is an increase on the last wave of three percent.5 – a significantly lower rating. where citizens perceive discrimination to be widespread (on any of the six grounds specified by the EU).

a significant proportion of Europeans does not feel that diversity is sufficiently reflect in the media. Around a third of Europeans also holds this view when it comes to ‘ethnic origin’ (36%). such as bodies for the promotion of equal treatment or tribunals appears to be low with fewer citizens selecting these as the preferred reporting point. Furthermore. . This lack of awareness also affects citizens who belong to a minority.120 - . Europeans are not sufficiently aware of their rights. With the clouds of recession hanging over many European economies. the survey reveals that citizens who have actually experienced discrimination are also not significantly more aware of their rights: 35% of those experiencing discrimination on a single grounds and 37% of those experiencing it on multiple grounds say that they know their rights. it is encouraging to see the progress that the European Union has made in a number of ways when it comes to reducing discrimination. This report does. This lack of knowledge is further evident from the finding that the majority of Europeans would prefer to report to the police if they felt they had been discriminated against. Encouragingly.Special EUROBAROMETER 317 DISCRIMINATION IN THE EU IN 2009 4. Whilst the latest survey thus reveals a positive shift in that the social circle of Europeans has become more diverse. Diversity is not sufficiently reflected in the media. the data has also begun to reveal the social mechanism by which such discrimination may be resolved—the social circle and the role of education and awareness raising. These citizens only slightly more often report awareness than average. however. ‘religion or belief’ (35%). In terms of ‘gender’. Efforts and policies that seek to work with this reality will no doubt go some way to ensuring that the other major finding of this report—that Europeans largely believe that the economic crisis will reduce the efforts made to combat discrimination—will remain largely that. Hence the survey highlights that raising the awareness of all Europeans in terms of discrimination laws is a matter of high importance. with 44% of Europeans feeling that diversity on this aspect is not sufficiently reflected in the media. 5. ‘age’ (33%) and ‘sexual orientation’ (31%). Awareness of the existence of special agencies. around a quarter of Europeans feel that diversity is not sufficiently reflected in the media (26%). Only a third of Europeans say they know their rights should they be a victim of discrimination or harassment (33%). This is particularly a concern when it comes to ‘disability’. Knowledge levels have not improved since 2008. point to an immediate challenge in that discrimination on the grounds of age and disability is perceived as being more widespread than last year. expectations.

.

ANNEXES .

.

TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS .

.

SPECIAL EUROBAROMETER 317 “Discrimination in the EU in 2009”
TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS

Between the 25th of May and the 17th of June 2009, TNS Opinion & Social, a consortium created between TNS plc and TNS opinion, carried out wave 71.2 of the EUROBAROMETER, on request of the EUROPEAN COMMISSION, Directorate-General for Communication, “Research and Political Analysis”.

The SPECIAL EUROBAROMETER 317 is part of the wave 71.2 and covers the population of the respective nationalities of the European Union Member States, resident in each of the Member States and aged 15 years and over. The SPECIAL EUROBAROMETER 317 has also been conducted in the three candidate countries (Croatia, Turkey and the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia). In these countries, the survey covers the national population of citizens and the population of citizens of all the European Union Member States that are residents in these countries and have a sufficient command of the national languages to answer the questionnaire. The basic sample design applied in all states is a multi-stage, random (probability) one. In each country, a number of sampling points was drawn with probability proportional to population size (for a total coverage of the country) and to population density.

In order to do so, the sampling points were drawn systematically from each of the "administrative regional units", after stratification by individual unit and type of area. They thus represent the whole territory of the countries surveyed according to the EUROSTAT NUTS II (or equivalent) and according to the distribution of the resident population of the respective nationalities in terms of metropolitan, urban and rural areas. In each of the selected sampling points, a starting address was drawn, at random. Further addresses (every Nth address) were selected by standard "random route" procedures, from the initial address. In each household, the respondent was drawn, at random (following the "closest birthday rule"). All interviews were conducted face-to-face in people's homes and in the appropriate national language. As far as the data capture is concerned, CAPI (Computer Assisted Personal Interview) was used in those countries where this technique was available.

ABBREVIATIONS Belgium Bulgaria Czech Rep. Denmark Germany Estonia Ireland Greece Spain France Italy Rep. of Cyprus Latvia Lithuania Luxembourg Hungary Malta Netherlands Austria Poland Portugal Romania Slovenia Slovakia Finland Sweden United Kingdom Croatia Turkey Former Yugoslav Rep. of Macedonia TNS Dimarso TNS BBSS TNS Aisa TNS Gallup DK TNS Infratest Emor TNS MRBI TNS ICAP TNS Demoscopia TNS Sofres TNS Infratest Synovate TNS Latvia TNS Gallup Lithuania TNS ILReS TNS Hungary MISCO TNS NIPO Österreichisches Gallup-Institut TNS OBOP TNS EUROTESTE TNS CSOP RM PLUS TNS AISA SK TNS Gallup Oy TNS GALLUP TNS UK Puls TNS PIAR TNS Brima

COUNTRIES

INSTITUTES

BE BG CZ DK DE EE IE EL ES FR IT CY LV LT LU HU MT NL AT PL PT RO SI SK FI SE UK HR TR MK TOTAL

N° INTERVIEWS 1.000 1.009 1.033 1.001 1.523 1.007 1.007 1.000 1.007 1.078 1.048 501 1.012 1.022 504 1.000 500 1.079 1.001 1.000 1.020 1.023 1.022 1.037 999 1.006 1.317 1.000 1.003 1.009 26.756

FIELDWORK DATES 29/05/2009 17/06/2009 29/05/2009 8/06/2009 29/05/2009 14/06/2009 25/05/2009 17/06/2009 29/05/2009 14/06/2009 29/05/2009 14/06/2009 29/05/2009 11/06/2009 29/05/2009 14/06/2009 29/05/2009 14/06/2009 29/05/2009 15/06/2009 29/05/2009 14/06/2009 27/05/2009 14/06/2009 29/05/2009 14/06/2009 29/05/2009 10/06/2009 25/05/2009 17/06/2009 29/05/2009 13/06/2009 29/05/2009 13/06/2009 28/05/2009 16/06/2009 29/05/2009 11/06/2009 29/05/2009 16/06/2009 29/05/2009 16/06/2009 29/05/2009 11/06/2009 28/05/2009 12/06/2009 29/05/2009 17/06/2009 29/05/2009 15/06/2009 29/05/2009 13/06/2009 29/05/2009 15/06/2009 28/05/2009 14/06/2009 29/05/2009 12/06/2009 29/05/2009 3/06/2009 25/05/2009 17/06/2009

POPULATION 15+ 8.786.805 6.647.375 8.571.710 4.432.931 64.546.096 887.094 3.375.399 8.691.304 38.536.844 46.425.653 48.892.559 638.900 1.444.884 2.846.756 388.914 8.320.614 335.476 13.017.690 7.004.205 32.155.805 8.080.915 18.246.731 1.729.298 4.316.438 4.353.495 7.562.263 50.519.877 3.734.300 47.583.830 1.648.012 453.722.173

For each country a comparison between the sample and the universe was carried out. The Universe description was derived from Eurostat population data or from national statistics offices. For all countries surveyed, a national weighting procedure, using marginal and intercellular weighting, was carried out based on this Universe description. In all countries, gender, age, region and size of locality were introduced in the iteration procedure. For international weighting (i.e. EU averages), TNS Opinion & Social applies the official population figures as provided by EUROSTAT or national statistic offices. The total population figures for input in this post-weighting procedure are listed above.

Readers are reminded that survey results are estimations, the accuracy of which, everything being equal, rests upon the sample size and upon the observed percentage. With samples of about 1,000 interviews, the real percentages vary within the following confidence limits:

Observed percentages Confidence limits ± 1.9 points ± 2.5 points ± 2.7 points

10% or 90%

20% or 80%

30% or 70%

40% or 60% ± 3.0 points

50% ± 3.1 points

QUESTIONNAIRE .

.

dites-moi si. il s’agit de quelque chose de très répandu. selon vous. in your opinion.1 QA1 TREND MODIFIED De l’origine ethnique Du sexe De l’orientation sexuelle (par exemple être homosexuel ou lesbienne) (M) De l’âge De la religion ou des convictions D’un handicap EB69. fairly rare or very rare in (OUR COUNTRY)? Discrimination on the basis of… (SHOW CARD WITH SCALE – ONE ANSWER PER LINE) (READ OUT – ROTATE) (434) (435) 1 2 3 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 3 3 3 3 3 3 4 4 4 4 4 4 5 5 5 5 5 5 6 6 6 6 6 6 (436) (437) (438) (439) 4 5 6 Ethnic origin Gender Sexual orientation (for example being gay or lesbian) (M) Age Religion or belief (M) Disability EB69.DK wide y y rare exist spre wide rare ent ad spre (SP ad ONT ANE OUS ) (LIRE – ROTATION) 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 3 3 3 4 4 4 5 5 5 6 6 6 (436) (437) (438) (439) 4 5 6 2 2 2 3 3 3 4 4 4 5 5 5 6 6 6 (434) (435) 1 2 3 Très Plutô Plutô Très Inexi NSP répa t t rare rare stant ndu répa (SP ndu ONT ANE ) QE1 For each of the following types of discrimination. it is very widespread. plutôt rare ou très rare en (NOTRE PAYS). QE1 Pour chacun des types de discrimination suivants. Des discriminations sur base … (MONTRER CARTE AVEC ECHELLE – UNE REPONSE PAR LIGNE) Very Fairl Fairl Very Non. fairly widespread. assez répandu. ASK QE TO EU27 + HR + TR + MK Discrimination is understood to mean when a person or group is treated less favourably than others because of specific personal characteristics.1 QA1 TREND MODIFIED QuestionnaireEB712 25/57 13/05/2009 . could you please tell me whether. POSER QE EN UE27 + HR + TR + MK Parlons d'un autre sujet.Let's talk about another topic.

les discriminations suivantes sont plus répandues ou moins répandues en (NOTRE PAYS) ? Des discriminations sur base … If you compare the situation with 5 years ago. par rapport à il y a 5 ans. would you say that the following types of discrimination are more common or less common in (OUR COUNTRY)? Discrimination on the basis of… (MONTRER CARTE AVEC ECHELLE – UNE REPONSE PAR LIGNE) DK (LIRE – ROTATION) Un peu Beaucoup Beaucoup Un peu moins moins plus plus répandues répandues répandues répandues NSP QE2 (SHOW CARD WITH SCALE – ONE ANSWER PER LINE) (READ OUT – ROTATE) Slightly Far more Slightly Far less more widesprea less widesprea widesprea widesprea d d d d 2 2 2 3 3 3 4 4 4 5 5 5 (440) (441) 1 2 3 De l’origine ethnique Du sexe De l’orientation sexuelle (par exemple être homosexuel ou lesbienne) (M) 1 1 1 2 2 2 1 1 1 2 2 2 3 3 3 (440) (441) 1 2 3 Ethnic origin Gender Sexual orientation (for example being gay or lesbian) (M) 2 2 2 EB69.1 QA2 TREND MODIFIED QuestionnaireEB712 26/57 13/05/2009 .QE2 Et diriez-vous que.1 QA2 TREND MODIFIED 3 4 5 (444) (445) 6 3 3 4 4 5 5 (442) (443) 4 5 De l’âge De la religion ou des convictions (M) D’un handicap 1 1 1 4 4 4 5 5 5 (442) (443) 4 5 Age Religion or belief (M) 1 1 3 3 3 4 4 4 5 5 5 (444) (445) 6 Disability 1 EB69.

.1 QA4 TREND MODIFIED QuestionnaireEB712 27/57 13/05/2009 . De l’orientation sexuelle 4. EB69. 5. avez-vous été le témoin d’une discrimination ou du harcèlement d’une personne à cause de l’une ou plusieurs des raisons suivantes ? Veuillez me donner toutes les réponses qui s’appliquent à la situation. 9.1 QA4 TREND MODIFIED (455-463) 1. D’un handicap 7.QE3 Au cours des 12 derniers mois. 5.1 QA3 TREND MODIFIED QE4 In the past 12 months. 7.LIRE – PLUSIEURS REPONSES POSSIBLES) (SHOW CARD . vous êtes-vous personnellement senti(e) discriminé(e) ou harcelé(e) à cause de l’une ou plusieurs des raisons suivantes ? S'agissait-il d'une discrimination ou d'un harcèlement sur base . 8. QE3 (DO NOT READ OUT – SHOW CARD WITH LETTERS – MULTIPLE ANSWERS POSSIBLE) (446-454) 1. NSP EB69. 6. 2. 2. 8. In the past 12 months have you personally felt discriminated against or harassed on the basis of one or more of of the following grounds? Please tell me all that apply. 7. 3. Non (M) 9.READ OUT . De l’origine ethnique 2. De la religion ou des convictions 6.MULTIPLE ANSWERS POSSIBLE) (455-463) 1. 4. Pour une autre raison (M) 8.. 8. ? Veuillez me donner toutes les réponses qui s’appliquent à la situation. De l’âge 5. 3. 2. 7. 5. 6. 9. 3.1 QA3 TREND MODIFIED Ethnic origin Gender Sexual orientation Age Religion or belief Disability For another reason (M) No (M) DK (NE PAS LIRE – MONTRER CARTE AVEC LETTRES – PLUSIEURS REPONSES POSSIBLES) (446-454) 1. 9. EB69. 4. have you witnessed someone being discriminated against or harassed on the basis of one or more of the following grounds? Please tell me all that apply. (MONTRER CARTE . Ethnic origin Gender Sexual orientation Age Religion or belief Disability For another reason (M) No (M) DK De l’origine ethnique Du sexe De l’orientation sexuelle De l’âge De la religion ou des convictions D’un handicap Pour une autre raison (M) Non (M) NSP EB69. QE4 Au cours des 12 derniers mois. Du sexe 3. 6. 4.

A disability The expression of a religious belief (for example wearing a visible religious 9. visage. Le fait que le candidat fume ou pas 11. Others (SPONTANEOUS) (M) 14. The candidate’s general physical appearance (size. his or her accent 4. dress-sense or presentation 12. The candidate’s look.1 QA7 TREND MODIFIED (MONTRER CARTE – LIRE – ROTATION – PLUSIEURS REPONSES POSSIBLES) (464-478) 1. lesbienne) (M) 7. L’âge du candidat 8. NSP EB69. which of the following criteria may. The candidate’s way of speaking. l’accent du candidat 4. selon vous. L’adresse du candidat 3. face.) 13. being gay or lesbian) 6. The candidate’s name 2. Le look. tous les critères qui. weight. None of those (SPONTANEOUS) (M) 15. quels sont. when a company wants to hire someone and has the choice between two candidates with equal skills and qualifications. la façon de s’habiller ou de se présenter du candidat 12. etc. The candidate’s gender The candidate’s sexual orientation (for example. L’existence d’un handicap L’expression d’une conviction religieuse (par exemple le port d’un signe 9. peuvent défavoriser un candidat ? In (OUR COUNTRY). 7. Autres (SPONTANE) (M) 14. The candidate’s skin colour or ethnic origin 5. Le nom du candidat 2. La façon de parler. etc. The candidate’s address 3. symbol) 10. Whether the candidate is a smoker or not 11. poids. religieux visible) 10. dans la liste suivante.1 QA7 TREND MODIFIED QuestionnaireEB712 28/57 13/05/2009 . in your opinion. Aucun de ceux-là (SPONTANE) (M) 15.QE5 En (NOTRE PAYS). put one candidate at a disadvantage? QE5 (SHOW CARD – READ OUT – ROTATE – MULTIPLE ANSWERS POSSIBLE) (464-478) 1. DK EB69. La couleur de peau ou l’origine ethnique du candidat 5. L’apparence physique générale du candidat (taille. The candidate's age 8. Le sexe du candidat L'orientation sexuelle du candidat (par exemple être homosexuel ou 6. lorsqu’une entreprise cherche à embaucher quelqu’un et qu’elle a le choix entre deux candidats de compétences et de qualifications égales.) 13.

please tell me how you would feel about having someone from each of the following categories in the highest elected political position in (OUR COUNTRY)? QE6 (SHOW CARD WITH SCALE .(SI NECESSAIRE.1 QA8 QuestionnaireEB712 29/57 13/05/2009 .ONE ANSWER PER LINE) . (MONTRER CARTE AVEC ECHELLE .UNE REPONSE PAR LIGNE) .QE6 Et sur une échelle de 1 à 10. EXPLIQUER AU REPONDANT QU'IL S'AGIRAIT DU PRESIDENT\ PREMIER MINISTRE\ CHANCELIER. ETC. pourriez-vous me dire ce que vous ressentiriez si une personne appartenant à chacune des catégories suivantes était élue au plus haut poste politique en (NOTRE PAYS). SELON LE CONTEXTE NATIONAL) (LIRE – ROTATION ) 1 Très mal à l’aise 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Tout à fait à l’aise And using a scale from 1 to 10.1 QA8 EB69. AS RELEVANT IN YOUR NATIONAL CONTEXT) 4 Indiff DK erent (SP ONT ANE OUS ) 5 6 7 8 9 10 Total ly comf ortab le (READ OUT – ROTATE) 1 Very unco mfort able 2 3 Indiff NSP érent (SP ONT ANE ) (479-480) 4 4 5 5 6 6 7 7 8 8 9 9 10 10 11 11 12 12 1 2 1 1 2 2 3 3 4 4 1 2 A woman A homosexual (gay man or lesbian woman) (481-482) 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 3 1 1 1 2 2 3 3 (479-480) 5 5 6 6 7 7 8 8 9 9 10 10 11 11 12 12 (481-482) 3 A person from a different ethnic origin than the majority of the population (483-484) 4 (485-486) 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 5 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 4 1 1 2 3 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 (483-484) 4 A person aged under 30 1 2 3 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 (485-486) 5 A person from a different religion than the majority of the population (487-488) 4 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 (491-492) 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 (489-490) 1 2 3 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 (487-488) 6 1 2 3 6 7 1 1 2 2 3 3 4 4 5 5 6 6 7 7 8 8 9 9 10 10 11 11 12 12 (489-490) 7 A disabled person A person aged over 75 1 2 3 (491-492) Une femme Un homosexuel (un homme homosexuel ou une femme lesbienne) Une personne d’une origine ethnique différente de la majorité de la population Une personne âgée de moins de 30 ans Une personne d’une religion différente de la majorité de la population Une personne handicapée Une personne âgée de plus de 75 ans EB69. EXPLAIN TO THE RESPONDENT THAT THIS WOULD BE THE PRESIDENT\ PRIME MINISTER\ CHANCELLOR..(IF NECESSARY. ETC.

QE7 Seriez-vous favorable ou opposé(e) à la mise en place de mesures spéciales destinées à donner des chances égales à tous dans le domaine de l’emploi ? Des mesures comme, par exemple, des programmes de formation spéciaux ou processus de sélection et recrutement adaptés à des personnes en fonction … ? (MONTRER CARTE AVEC ECHELLE – UNE SEULE REPONSE PAR LIGNE) DK (LIRE – ROTATION) Tout à fait Plutôt Plutôt Tout à fait favorable favorable opposé(e) opposé(e) 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 3 3 3 3 3 3 4 4 4 4 4 4 NSP

Would you be in favour of or opposed to specific measures being adopted to provide equal opportunities for everyone in the field of employment? Measures such as, for example special training schemes or adapted selection and recruitement processes, for people depending on their...

QE7

(SHOW CARD WITH SCALE – ONE ANSWER PER LINE)

(READ OUT – ROTATE)

Totally in Somewhat Somewhat Totally favour in favour opposed opposed 2 2 2 2 2 2 EB69.1 QA9 TREND MODIFIED 3 4 5 (497) (498) 6 3 3 4 4 5 5 (495) (496) 4 5 De l'âge De la religion ou des convictions (M) D'un handicap 3 3 3 4 4 4 5 5 5 (493) (494) 1 2 3 De l'origine ethnique Du sexe De l'orientation sexuelle (M)

(493) (494)

1 2 3

Ethnic origin Gender Sexual orientation (M)

1 1 1

5 5 5 5 5 5

(495) (496)

4 5

Age Religion or belief (M)

1 1

(497) (498)

6

Disability

1

EB69.1 QA9 TREND MODIFIED

QuestionnaireEB712

30/57

13/05/2009

QE8 Dans quelle mesure soutenez-vous ou vous opposez-vous aux mesures suivantes sur le lieu de travail ? (MONTRER CARTE AVEC ECHELLE - UNE REPONSE PAR LIGNE) Totally oppose DK (LIRE – ROTATION) Vous soutenez tout à fait Vous Vous êtes Vous êtes tout à fait soutenez plutôt plutôt opposé(e) opposé(e) NSP

To what extent do you support or oppose the following in the work place?

QE8

(SHOW CARD WITH SCALE - ONE ANSWER PER LINE) Somewhat Somewhat support oppose

(READ OUT – ROTATE)

Totally support

1 2 3 4 5 Surveillance de la composition de l’ensemble des employés pour évaluer la représentation des personnes issues de minorités ethniques 1 2 Surveillance des procédures de recrutement pour s’assurer que les candidats issus de minorités ethniques ont autant de chances d’être invités à des entretiens ou embauchés que d’autres candidats à compétences et qualifications égales 1 2

Monitoring the composition of the work-force to evaluate the representation of people from ethnic minorities

1

1

3

4

5

(499) 2 3 4 5 2

(499) 3 4 5

2

Monitoring the recruitment procedures to ensure that candidates from ethnic minorities have the same chance of being selected for interview or hired as other candidates with similar skills and qualifications

1

(500) EB69.1 QA10

(500)

EB69.1 QA10

QuestionnaireEB712

31/57

13/05/2009

QE9 D’une manière générale, diriez-vous que l’on fait suffisamment d’efforts en (NOTRE PAYS) pour lutter contre toute forme de discrimination ? (MONTRER CARTE – LIRE – UNE SEULE REPONSE) (501) 1 2 3 4 5 Oui, tout à fait Oui, plutôt Non, plutôt pas Non, pas du tout NSP EB69.1 QA11 (501) 1 2 3 4 5

In general, would you say that enough effort is made in (OUR COUNTRY) to fight all forms of discrimination?

QE9

(SHOW CARD – READ OUT – ONE ANSWER ONLY)

Yes, definitely Yes, to some extent No, not really No, definitely not DK

EB69.1 QA11

QE10

Do you know your rights if you are the victim of discrimination or harassment?

QE10

Connaissez-vous vos droits si vous faites l’objet d’une discrimination ou d’un harcèlement ?

(READ OUT) (502) 1 2 3 4 Oui Non Cela dépend (SPONTANE) NSP EB69.1 QA12

(LIRE) (502) 1 2 3 4

Yes No That depends (SPONTANEOUS) DK

EB69.1 QA12

QuestionnaireEB712

32/57

13/05/2009

QE11 Pensez-vous que la diversité est suffisamment représentée dans les média, en ce qui concerne … ? (MONTRER CARTE AVEC ECHELLE – UNE REPONSE PAR LIGNE) No, not really (LIRE – ROTATION) No, definitely not 4 4 4 4 4 4 NEW 5 (507) (508) 6 1 2 3 5 5 5 5 5 (503) (504) (505) (506) 1 2 3 4 5 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 3 3 3 3 3 De l'origine ethnique De l’âge De l’orientation sexuelle De l’âge De la religion ou des convictions D'un handicap 4 4 4 4 4 4 DK Oui, tout à Oui, plutôt Non, plutôt Non, pas fait pas du tout NSP

Do you think that diversity is sufficiently reflected in the media, in terms of…?

QE11

(SHOW CARD WITH SCALE – ONE ANSWER PER LINE) Yes, to some extent 2 2 2 2 2 2 3 3 3 3 3 3

(READ OUT – ROTATE)

Yes, definitely

(503) (504) (505) (506)

1 2 3 4 5

Ethnic origin Gender Sexual orientation Age Religion and belief

1 1 1 1 1

5 5 5 5 5 5

(507) (508)

6

Disability

1

NEW

QE12

Do you think that due to the economical crisis the policies promoting equality and diversity in (OUR COUNTRY), will be considered less important and receive less funding?

QE12

Pensez-vous que, en raison de la crise économique, les politiques encourageant l’égalité et la diversité en (NOTRE PAYS) vont être considérées comme moins importantes et donc recevoir moind de fonds ? (LIRE – UNE SEULE REPONSE)

(READ OUT – ONE ANSWER ONLY) (509) 1 2 3 4 5 Oui, tout à fait Oui, plutôt Non, plutôt pas Non, pas du tout NSP NEW

Yes, definitely Yes, to some extent No, not really No, definitely not DK

(509) 1 2 3 4 5

NEW

QuestionnaireEB712

33/57

13/05/2009

plutôt Non. definitely (510) (511) (512) (513) 1 2 3 4 5 Ethnic origin Gender Sexual orientation Age Religion and belief 1 1 1 1 1 5 5 5 5 5 5 (514) (515) 6 Disability 1 NEW QE14 Do you think that enough is being done to increase diversity in your work place as far as… is concerned? QE14 Diriez-vous que l’augmentation de la diversité sur votre lieu de travail est suffisamment encouragée en ce qui concerne … ? (MONTRER CARTE AVEC ECHELLE – UNE REPONSE PAR LIGNE) (SHOW CARD WITH SCALE – ONE ANSWER PER LINE) Yes. not really (LIRE – ROTATION) No. to some extent 2 2 2 2 2 1 2 3 4 5 6 NEW 2 4 5 3 (520) (521) 3 3 3 3 3 4 4 4 4 4 5 5 5 5 5 (516) (517) (518) (519) No. plutôt Non. definitely (LIRE – ROTATION) Oui.QE13 Pensez-vous que la crise économique va contribuer à l’augmentation de la discrimination sur base … sur le marché de l’emploi ? MONTRER CARTE AVEC ECHELLE – UNE REPONSE PAR LIGNE) No. not really No. pas fait pas du tout NSP (516) (517) (518) (519) 1 2 3 4 5 Ethnic origin Gender Sexual orientation Age Religion and belief 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 3 3 3 3 3 3 4 4 4 4 4 4 5 5 5 5 5 5 (520) (521) 6 Disability 1 L'origine ethnique L’âge L’orientation sexuelle L’âge La religion ou des convictions Un handicap NEW QuestionnaireEB712 34/57 13/05/2009 . pas fait pas du tout NSP Do you think that the economical crisis will contribute to an increase of discrimination on the basis of… in the labour market? QE13 (SHOW CARD WITH SCALE – ONE ANSWER PER LINE) Yes. definitely not 4 4 4 4 4 1 2 3 4 5 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 3 2 2 2 2 2 3 3 3 3 3 6 NEW De l'origine ethnique De l’âge De l’orientation sexuelle De l’âge De la religion ou des convictions D'un handicap 4 5 (514) (515) 5 5 5 5 5 (510) (511) (512) (513) 4 4 4 4 4 4 DK Oui. to some extent 2 2 2 2 2 2 3 3 3 3 3 3 (READ OUT – ROTATE) Yes. tout à Oui. plutôt Non. tout à Oui. plutôt Non. definitely not DK (READ OUT – ROTATE) Yes.

to whom would you prefer to report your case? Firstly? QE15b QE15c QE15a QE15b And then? QE15c And finally? (ONE ANSWER PER COLUMN) (READ OUT – ROTATE) (522) (523) (524) QE15a QE15b QE15c EN ET ET ENFIN PREMIER ENSUITE 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Trade Unions NGO's .QE15a Au cas où vous seriez victime de discrimination ou de harcèlement.1 D47 EB69. à qui préfèreriez-vous vous adresser ? En premier ? Et ensuite ? Et enfin ? (UNE REPONSE PAR COLONNE) (522) (523) QE15a QE15b FIRSTLY AND THEN (LIRE – ROTATION) 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 NEW QE16 Avez-vous des amis ou des relations … ? (UNE REPONSE PAR LIGNE) Yes 1 1 1 1 1 (529) 2 2 2 2 3 3 3 3 (525) (526) (527) (528) 2 3 4 5 2 3 1 No DK (LIRE) D’une autre origine ethnique que la vôtre Oui 1 1 1 1 1 Non 2 2 2 2 2 NSP 3 3 3 3 3 5 6 7 8 5 6 7 8 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 A des syndicats A des ONG – associations Aux tribunaux A un organisme pour l’égalité des chances (SPECIFIER EN FONCTION DU PAYS) A un avocat A la police Autre (SPONTANE) NSP 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 (524) QE15c AND FINALLY In case you are the victim of discrimination or harassment.associations Tribunals Body for the promotion of equal treatment (SPECIFY THE NAME ACCORDING THE COUNTRY) Lawyer Police Other (SPONTANEOUS) DK NEW QE16 Do you have friends or acquaintances who are…? (ONE ANSWER PER LINE) (READ OUT) 1 People whose ethnic origin is different from yours (525) (526) (527) (528) 2 3 4 5 (529) Roma Homosexual Disabled Of a different religion or have different beliefs than you Roms Homosexuel(le)s Atteint(e)s d'un handicap D’une religion ou de convictions différentes des vôtres EB69.1 D47 QuestionnaireEB712 35/57 13/05/2009 .

3. 5. 6. 6. 3.CODE AT THE OFFICE) 5 2 (537.LES AUTRES ALLER EN QE18 QE17o Which other(s)? (WRITE DOWN .538-547) (NOTER EN CLAIR . Where you live. do you consider yourself to be part of any of the following? Please tell me all that apply. 7. CODE 6 IN QE17 . CODE 6 EN QE17 . considérez-vous que vous appartenez à l’un des groupes suivants ? Veuillez m’indiquer tous ceux qui s’appliquent à vous.1 D51 ASK QE17o IF "ANY OTHER MINORITY GROUP".QE17 Sur votre lieu de résidence.SPECIFY) DK EB69. Une minorité ethnique Une minorité religieuse Une minorité sexuelle Une minorité liée à un handicap Aucun d’entre eux (SPONTANE) Un autre groupe minoritaire (SPONTANE . 2.OTHERS GO TO QE18 QE17o Quel(s) autre(s)? POSER QE17o SI "UN AUTRE GROUPE MINORITAIRE". QE17 (READ OUT – ROTATE – MULTIPLE ANSWERS POSSIBLE) An ethnic minority A religious minority A sexual minority A minority in terms of disability None of the above (SPONTANEOUS) Any other minority group (SPONTANEOUS . 7. (LIRE – ROTATION – PLUSIEURS REPONSES POSSIBLES) (530-536) 1. 2.538-547) NEW NEW QuestionnaireEB712 36/57 13/05/2009 .SPECIFIER) NSP EB69.1 D51 (530-536) 1.CODER AU BUREAU) 5 2 (537. 5. 4. 4.

.MONTRER CARTE . vous considérez-vous comme étant .1 D44 QE18 Do you suffer from a chronic physical or mental health problem which affects you in your daily activities? Souffrez-vous d’un problème de santé chronique physique ou mental qui vous gêne dans vos activités quotidiennes ? Yes No Refusal (SPONTANEOUS) EB69.1 D44 QE18 Do you consider yourself to be…? D44 (DO NOT READ .SHOW CARD .1 D48 QuestionnaireEB712 37/57 13/05/2009 .1 D48 (550) 1 2 3 Oui Non Refus (SPONTANE) (550) 1 2 3 EB69.LISTE PRE-CODEE .ASK ALL A TOUS D44 Vous-même.ONE ANSWER ONLY) (548-549) 1 Catholic 2 Orthodox 3 Protestant 4 Other Christian 5 Jewish 6 Muslim 7 Sikh 8 Buddhist 9 Hindu 10 Atheist 11 Non believer\Agnostic 12 Other (SPONTANEOUS) 13 DK EB69.UNE SEULE REPONSE) (548-549) 1 Catholique 2 Orthodoxe 3 Protestant 4 Autre chrétien 5 Juif 6 Musulman 7 Sikh 8 Bouddhiste 9 Hindouiste 10 Athéiste 11 Non croyant \ agnostique 12 Autre (SPONTANE) 13 NSP EB69.. ? (NE PAS LIRE .PRECODED LIST .

.

TABLES .

.

QE1.1 For each of the following types of discrimination. could you please tell me whether. in your opinion. fairly widespread. it is very widespread. fairly rare or very rare in (OUR COUNTRY)? Discrimination on the basis of… Ethnic origin TOTAL DK 4% 2% 6% 2% 1% 4% 4% 8% 4% 6% 2% 5% 4% 1% 5% 7% 5% 2% 5% 2% 5% 8% 5% 7% 3% 3% 1% 2% 6% 30% 25% 18% 20% 12% 18% 5% 7% 5% 4% 8% 5% 41% 48% 54% 71% 40% 57% 77% 55% 54% 48% 41% 46% 71% 66% 79% 71% 70% 34% 26% 46% 79% 77% 80% 63% 33% 57% 46% 50% 49% 72% 78% 58% 61% 32% 27% 42% 39% 22% 39% 40% 44% 43% 44% 28% 31% 16% 24% 28% 50% 57% 48% 18% 17% 18% 29% 50% 34% 37% 44% 47% 27% 20% 35% 50% 37% 36% Widespread Rare 16% 23% 10% 15% 26% 10% 11% 11% 8% 10% 26% 15% 25% 18% 19% 5% 4% 11% 33% 37% 28% 15% 5% 9% 11% 11% 10% 12% 19% 16% 8% 17% 27% 33% 31% 27% 48% 30% 42% 51% 45% 43% 37% 33% 36% 45% 51% 54% 53% 51% 29% 22% 35% 46% 40% 52% 48% 28% 48% 35% 39% 39% 60% 59% 42% 22% 28% 32% 19% 31% 32% 35% 30% 26% 19% 23% 15% 19% 20% 34% 34% 38% 15% 14% 15% 23% 37% 28% 23% 33% 36% 25% 18% 30% 5% 14% 7% 3% 8% 8% 9% 13% 18% 9% 8% 1% 5% 8% 16% 23% 10% 3% 3% 3% 6% 13% 6% 14% 11% 11% 2% 2% 5% 12% 2% 2% 2% 12% 4% 1% 1% 1% 1% 11% 10% 1% 1% 1% 3% 9% 4% 10% 3% 1% 1% 45% 25% 7% 3% Very widespread Fairly widespread Fairly rare Very rare Non-existent (SP.) EU27 26756 BE BG CZ DK D-W DE D-E EE IE EL ES FR IT CY LV LT LU HU MT NL AT PL PT RO SI SK FI SE UK 1000 1009 1033 1001 1092 1523 431 1007 1007 1000 1007 1078 1048 501 1012 1022 504 1000 500 1079 1001 1000 1020 1023 1022 1037 999 1006 1317 HR TR MK 1000 1003 1009 .

could you please tell me whether.QE1. in your opinion.) EU27 26756 BE BG CZ DK D-W DE D-E EE IE EL ES FR IT CY LV LT LU HU MT NL AT PL PT RO SI SK FI SE UK 1000 1009 1033 1001 1092 1523 431 1007 1007 1000 1007 1078 1048 501 1012 1022 504 1000 500 1079 1001 1000 1020 1023 1022 1037 999 1006 1317 HR TR MK 1000 1003 1009 . fairly widespread.2 For each of the following types of discrimination. it is very widespread. fairly rare or very rare in (OUR COUNTRY)? Discrimination on the basis of… Gender TOTAL DK 4% 1% 5% 1% 1% 3% 3% 2% 5% 6% 3% 4% 5% 2% 5% 7% 3% 2% 7% 2% 3% 5% 4% 8% 3% 3% 1% 2% 6% 29% 26% 21% 19% 17% 23% 6% 8% 7% 4% 8% 5% 42% 41% 44% 39% 20% 45% 31% 29% 30% 35% 33% 20% 49% 45% 54% 46% 48% 29% 33% 25% 57% 34% 38% 28% 30% 35% 38% 40% 36% 31% 52% 43% 40% 53% 59% 56% 51% 67% 66% 65% 61% 48% 67% 49% 49% 42% 45% 47% 56% 51% 69% 39% 54% 60% 58% 57% 56% 43% 54% 59% 67% 46% 50% 48% 43% 44% Widespread Rare 7% 9% 4% 12% 5% 4% 5% 9% 5% 3% 14% 7% 10% 8% 9% 5% 6% 4% 13% 10% 6% 6% 5% 5% 6% 7% 5% 4% 8% 8% 8% 12% 16% 34% 29% 28% 30% 16% 33% 26% 25% 25% 26% 28% 17% 35% 38% 44% 38% 39% 24% 27% 21% 44% 24% 32% 22% 25% 30% 32% 33% 31% 27% 44% 35% 41% 30% 39% 47% 40% 41% 43% 32% 36% 30% 35% 36% 33% 29% 39% 34% 47% 29% 34% 46% 40% 44% 44% 27% 38% 41% 56% 37% 40% 18% 26% 12% 20% 26% 24% 18% 16% 31% 19% 14% 6% 12% 18% 17% 17% 22% 10% 20% 14% 18% 13% 12% 16% 16% 18% 11% 9% 10% 1% 19% 3% 1% 2% 2% 2% 14% 7% 2% 3% 4% 3% 10% 9% 3% 2% 5% 11% 8% 5% 11% 3% 2% 1% 1% 33% 38% 15% 3% Very widespread Fairly widespread Fairly rare Very rare Non-existent (SP.

it is very widespread. in your opinion. fairly widespread. could you please tell me whether.3 For each of the following types of discrimination.QE1. fairly rare or very rare in (OUR COUNTRY)? Discrimination on the basis of… Sexual orientation (for example being gay or lesbian) TOTAL DK 7% 3% 27% 3% 2% 4% 4% 4% 14% 10% 5% 6% 5% 5% 11% 19% 8% 8% 8% 2% 7% 12% 5% 15% 5% 7% 3% 3% 11% 20% 20% 12% 14% 14% 14% 5% 10% 9% 8% 19% 21% 53% 37% 44% 45% 22% 22% 38% 36% 36% 33% 28% 30% 64% 44% 61% 61% 66% 40% 36% 39% 44% 57% 54% 41% 50% 58% 49% 47% 27% 50% 57% 40% 47% 43% 49% 39% 70% 59% 58% 58% 61% 45% 55% 34% 49% 32% 32% 28% 39% 38% 52% 44% 33% 44% 48% 30% 33% 28% 43% 61% 46% 40% 48% 34% 34% 26% Widespread Rare 12% 11% 5% 4% 9% 8% 8% 9% 8% 9% 22% 10% 16% 15% 25% 11% 12% 10% 15% 22% 13% 7% 16% 13% 19% 16% 6% 7% 10% 10% 20% 18% 28% 33% 19% 16% 34% 17% 18% 29% 28% 28% 24% 20% 21% 42% 34% 45% 46% 41% 29% 24% 29% 29% 35% 41% 34% 34% 45% 30% 31% 21% 43% 47% 30% 36% 22% 48% 44% 41% 40% 38% 29% 32% 23% 35% 29% 23% 21% 26% 24% 38% 32% 23% 36% 35% 23% 26% 16% 31% 39% 40% 35% 39% 13% 17% 22% 15% 17% 18% 23% 16% 23% 11% 14% 3% 9% 7% 13% 14% 14% 12% 10% 8% 13% 7% 7% 12% 12% 22% 6% 5% 9% 3% 12% 5% 1% 2% 2% 2% 13% 5% 2% 2% 1% 2% 1% 10% 7% 1% 4% 2% 4% 8% 4% 8% 5% 5% 1% 1% 35% 32% 11% 3% Very widespread Fairly widespread Fairly rare Very rare Non-existent (SP.) EU27 26756 BE BG CZ DK D-W DE D-E EE IE EL ES FR IT CY LV LT LU HU MT NL AT PL PT RO SI SK FI SE UK 1000 1009 1033 1001 1092 1523 431 1007 1007 1000 1007 1078 1048 501 1012 1022 504 1000 500 1079 1001 1000 1020 1023 1022 1037 999 1006 1317 HR TR MK 1000 1003 1009 .

4 For each of the following types of discrimination.QE1.) EU27 26756 BE BG CZ DK D-W DE D-E EE IE EL ES FR IT CY LV LT LU HU MT NL AT PL PT RO SI SK FI SE UK 1000 1009 1033 1001 1092 1523 431 1007 1007 1000 1007 1078 1048 501 1012 1022 504 1000 500 1079 1001 1000 1020 1023 1022 1037 999 1006 1317 HR TR MK 1000 1003 1009 . could you please tell me whether. fairly rare or very rare in (OUR COUNTRY)? Discrimination on the basis of… Age TOTAL DK 3% 1% 6% 1% 2% 3% 2% 2% 4% 6% 3% 2% 4% 2% 3% 3% 4% 1% 5% 1% 4% 4% 4% 7% 3% 3% 1% 1% 5% 26% 29% 17% 18% 19% 15% 5% 11% 4% 4% 8% 4% 47% 33% 60% 53% 58% 74% 39% 46% 48% 56% 51% 36% 60% 61% 68% 54% 54% 67% 59% 37% 79% 44% 66% 46% 51% 53% 55% 52% 64% 63% 55% 61% 58% 37% 44% 27% 23% 58% 50% 49% 42% 36% 53% 38% 35% 30% 39% 42% 26% 34% 57% 19% 48% 33% 44% 40% 38% 30% 42% 32% 36% 44% 33% 44% 48% 32% Widespread Rare 16% 12% 17% 29% 6% 10% 12% 20% 9% 9% 20% 16% 21% 15% 11% 20% 14% 7% 33% 14% 18% 10% 13% 9% 13% 14% 20% 11% 12% 18% 15% 9% 29% 32% 24% 31% 41% 41% 45% 33% 36% 36% 36% 42% 27% 40% 45% 47% 39% 43% 47% 45% 30% 46% 30% 48% 36% 38% 44% 42% 38% 44% 52% 43% 43% 31% 16% 19% 41% 34% 34% 31% 26% 31% 26% 25% 25% 27% 26% 19% 23% 39% 15% 29% 26% 32% 29% 30% 20% 31% 24% 32% 36% 27% 13% 11% 4% 17% 16% 15% 11% 10% 22% 12% 10% 5% 12% 16% 7% 11% 18% 4% 19% 7% 12% 11% 8% 10% 11% 8% 4% 8% 6% 2% 9% 2% 1% 1% 1% 9% 5% 2% 1% 3% 2% 4% 4% 2% 1% 3% 6% 5% 5% 8% 3% 1% 1% 42% 27% 10% 2% Very widespread Fairly widespread Fairly rare Very rare Non-existent (SP. it is very widespread. fairly widespread. in your opinion.

could you please tell me whether. fairly widespread.QE1. in your opinion. it is very widespread. fairly rare or very rare in (OUR COUNTRY)? Discrimination on the basis of… Religion or belief TOTAL DK 4% 2% 10% 2% 2% 3% 3% 4% 8% 6% 4% 5% 5% 3% 6% 6% 6% 3% 7% 2% 4% 5% 5% 7% 3% 4% 2% 3% 7% 33% 26% 18% 22% 16% 26% 7% 9% 12% 4% 7% 5% 34% 42% 39% 54% 19% 12% 55% 33% 32% 24% 18% 19% 51% 32% 58% 45% 40% 13% 14% 30% 23% 35% 59% 47% 24% 27% 27% 39% 12% 34% 53% 45% 39% 53% 43% 52% 79% 42% 62% 63% 70% 55% 67% 45% 61% 37% 47% 55% 63% 61% 63% 65% 51% 39% 44% 61% 61% 53% 54% 70% 64% 44% 47% 55% 42% 44% Widespread Rare 9% 15% 3% 2% 14% 6% 6% 4% 3% 4% 15% 5% 17% 10% 7% 2% 3% 6% 4% 10% 15% 11% 5% 3% 4% 8% 1% 4% 10% 11% 8% 16% 18% 26% 26% 21% 39% 16% 10% 41% 27% 26% 20% 15% 15% 36% 27% 41% 35% 33% 11% 11% 24% 19% 25% 44% 36% 19% 24% 23% 31% 11% 30% 43% 34% 32% 30% 47% 33% 43% 43% 43% 34% 35% 29% 38% 33% 37% 30% 33% 31% 43% 36% 33% 32% 34% 41% 47% 29% 38% 33% 54% 36% 37% 11% 22% 32% 9% 19% 20% 27% 21% 32% 16% 23% 4% 10% 25% 30% 30% 20% 29% 18% 7% 10% 20% 14% 24% 16% 37% 10% 8% 10% 1% 19% 7% 1% 2% 2% 2% 19% 8% 4% 3% 3% 2% 18% 19% 1% 9% 7% 5% 10% 7% 13% 4% 14% 1% 30% 37% 16% 4% Very widespread Fairly widespread Fairly rare Very rare Non-existent (SP.5 For each of the following types of discrimination.) EU27 26756 BE BG CZ DK D-W DE D-E EE IE EL ES FR IT CY LV LT LU HU MT NL AT PL PT RO SI SK FI SE UK 1000 1009 1033 1001 1092 1523 431 1007 1007 1000 1007 1078 1048 501 1012 1022 504 1000 500 1079 1001 1000 1020 1023 1022 1037 999 1006 1317 HR TR MK 1000 1003 1009 .

) EU27 26756 BE BG CZ DK D-W DE D-E EE IE EL ES FR IT CY LV LT LU HU MT NL AT PL PT RO SI SK FI SE UK 1000 1009 1033 1001 1092 1523 431 1007 1007 1000 1007 1078 1048 501 1012 1022 504 1000 500 1079 1001 1000 1020 1023 1022 1037 999 1006 1317 HR TR MK 1000 1003 1009 .6 For each of the following types of discrimination.QE1. fairly widespread. fairly rare or very rare in (OUR COUNTRY)? Discrimination on the basis of… Disability TOTAL DK 4% 2% 13% 2% 2% 2% 2% 2% 4% 6% 4% 3% 5% 3% 5% 6% 4% 3% 6% 3% 4% 4% 4% 8% 3% 4% 2% 4% 6% 27% 28% 20% 19% 19% 15% 6% 11% 4% 4% 8% 8% 44% 34% 53% 63% 47% 51% 42% 41% 43% 48% 49% 35% 63% 56% 74% 55% 56% 64% 50% 43% 64% 33% 62% 39% 47% 57% 52% 52% 44% 56% 58% 50% 53% 41% 34% 31% 45% 56% 55% 54% 50% 38% 53% 35% 38% 23% 38% 40% 27% 40% 52% 31% 57% 35% 52% 44% 36% 33% 42% 50% 42% 38% 43% 46% 47% 35% Widespread Rare 13% 16% 12% 11% 8% 8% 9% 12% 10% 8% 22% 11% 22% 14% 10% 17% 10% 8% 20% 10% 15% 7% 11% 12% 15% 15% 8% 8% 14% 13% 14% 12% 25% 30% 22% 28% 47% 35% 40% 34% 33% 34% 36% 39% 27% 41% 45% 52% 41% 46% 47% 40% 35% 44% 23% 47% 32% 36% 45% 37% 37% 36% 48% 44% 37% 26% 21% 36% 40% 41% 41% 39% 27% 30% 24% 28% 20% 28% 27% 21% 28% 37% 24% 36% 28% 38% 35% 29% 22% 31% 35% 37% 31% 34% 8% 10% 9% 16% 14% 13% 11% 11% 23% 11% 10% 3% 10% 13% 6% 12% 15% 7% 21% 7% 14% 9% 7% 11% 11% 15% 5% 7% 9% 1% 9% 2% 2% 1% 9% 6% 2% 2% 2% 1% 4% 4% 1% 2% 4% 5% 5% 3% 7% 3% 2% 1% 40% 31% 10% 2% Very widespread Fairly widespread Fairly rare Very rare Non-existent (SP. in your opinion. could you please tell me whether. it is very widespread.

1 If you compare the situation with 5 years ago.QE2. would you say that the following types of discrimination are more common or less common in (OUR COUNTRY)? Discrimination on the basis of… Ethnic origin TOTAL DK 11% 4% 22% 7% 4% 12% 12% 12% 24% 13% 4% 14% 7% 2% 21% 25% 19% 6% 6% 7% 7% 21% 9% 19% 10% 7% 4% 7% 11% 49% 26% 32% 16% 16% 16% 8% 14% 8% 27% 44% 44% 65% 42% 48% 47% 30% 48% 55% 36% 36% 40% 31% 42% 53% 43% 49% 47% 28% 31% 27% 35% 73% 66% 58% 54% 17% 29% 32% 45% 45% 45% 48% 41% 49% 48% 45% 41% 52% 52% 48% 45% 45% 47% 53% 37% 46% 70% 48% 48% 46% 21% 28% 35% 39% 62% 62% 49% 45% 48% 51% 45% 48% 41% 48% 9% 12% 6% 9% 16% 5% 4% 5% 5% 15% 21% 6% 11% 11% 6% 6% 4% 8% 32% 35% 14% 13% 2% 6% 7% 9% 9% 6% 8% 12% 6% 13% 20% 21% 31% 24% 35% 24% 39% 39% 31% 32% 35% 26% 27% 32% 37% 38% 36% 22% 25% 23% 27% 41% 31% 44% 41% 15% 23% 25% 36% 36% 39% 40% 29% 40% 29% 34% 36% 44% 43% 38% 34% 29% 36% 44% 35% 38% 55% 36% 35% 40% 18% 23% 33% 33% 45% 53% 31% 39% 38% 48% 43% 40% 9% 19% 11% 5% 8% 9% 10% 11% 16% 11% 9% 2% 8% 15% 12% 13% 6% 3% 5% 2% 6% 17% 9% 18% 6% 10% 3% 2% 8% 32% 39% 9% Far more widespread More widespread Less widespread Slightly more widespread Slightly less widespread Far less widespread EU27 26756 BE BG CZ DK D-W DE D-E EE IE EL ES FR IT CY LV LT LU HU MT NL AT PL PT RO SI SK FI SE UK 1000 1009 1033 1001 1092 1523 431 1007 1007 1000 1007 1078 1048 501 1012 1022 504 1000 500 1079 1001 1000 1020 1023 1022 1037 999 1006 1317 HR TR MK 1000 1003 1009 .

2 If you compare the situation with 5 years ago.QE2. would you say that the following types of discrimination are more common or less common in (OUR COUNTRY)? Discrimination on the basis of… Gender TOTAL DK 11% 4% 23% 6% 5% 11% 10% 7% 25% 16% 5% 14% 9% 2% 19% 24% 18% 7% 8% 8% 7% 17% 9% 19% 10% 6% 4% 6% 12% 47% 28% 37% 15% 20% 18% 9% 14% 8% 29% 38% 37% 62% 48% 55% 26% 19% 32% 17% 14% 16% 24% 23% 19% 33% 26% 28% 29% 16% 30% 31% 17% 51% 23% 20% 28% 18% 24% 29% 38% 35% 21% 20% 23% 70% 58% 62% 78% 75% 74% 69% 52% 65% 67% 69% 58% 62% 82% 51% 45% 65% 42% 69% 72% 65% 65% 67% 52% 52% 59% 75% 74% 65% 24% 65% 5% 5% 3% 9% 2% 1% 2% 4% 4% 5% 9% 5% 6% 6% 3% 6% 6% 4% 13% 9% 3% 6% 3% 6% 7% 6% 7% 2% 2% 5% 5% 9% 14% 24% 29% 23% 21% 16% 23% 15% 13% 14% 20% 19% 14% 24% 21% 22% 23% 13% 24% 25% 13% 38% 14% 17% 22% 15% 18% 22% 32% 28% 19% 18% 18% 53% 30% 45% 64% 56% 56% 56% 40% 42% 45% 53% 52% 48% 57% 39% 35% 54% 34% 46% 64% 45% 50% 55% 31% 43% 45% 65% 67% 53% 17% 28% 17% 14% 19% 18% 13% 12% 23% 22% 16% 6% 14% 25% 12% 10% 11% 8% 23% 8% 20% 15% 12% 21% 9% 14% 10% 7% 12% 19% 51% 14% Far more widespread More widespread Less widespread Slightly more widespread Slightly less widespread Far less widespread EU27 26756 BE BG CZ DK D-W DE D-E EE IE EL ES FR IT CY LV LT LU HU MT NL AT PL PT RO SI SK FI SE UK 1000 1009 1033 1001 1092 1523 431 1007 1007 1000 1007 1078 1048 501 1012 1022 504 1000 500 1079 1001 1000 1020 1023 1022 1037 999 1006 1317 HR TR MK 1000 1003 1009 .

would you say that the following types of discrimination are more common or less common in (OUR COUNTRY)? Discrimination on the basis of… Sexual orientation (for example being gay or lesbian) TOTAL DK 12% 4% 42% 10% 5% 10% 10% 9% 32% 18% 7% 13% 8% 5% 26% 29% 20% 14% 8% 5% 10% 22% 9% 26% 11% 13% 5% 6% 14% 40% 23% 20% 13% 19% 12% 11% 26% 29% 36% 32% 39% 53% 42% 32% 29% 18% 19% 22% 19% 20% 21% 25% 24% 42% 23% 36% 35% 20% 38% 36% 21% 44% 31% 38% 29% 29% 30% 37% 44% 27% 28% 23% 25% 67% 40% 71% 73% 71% 70% 70% 43% 58% 58% 70% 51% 57% 75% 36% 35% 59% 42% 61% 57% 61% 49% 61% 37% 45% 60% 67% 71% 61% 28% 60% 7% 9% 5% 4% 4% 3% 4% 7% 6% 8% 14% 5% 9% 9% 5% 9% 9% 6% 15% 14% 9% 8% 7% 7% 11% 10% 4% 3% 3% 7% 11% 9% 20% 25% 23% 19% 20% 13% 15% 18% 16% 16% 14% 19% 16% 28% 18% 27% 26% 15% 29% 27% 15% 29% 17% 29% 21% 22% 23% 26% 34% 23% 25% 20% 18% 48% 21% 46% 58% 51% 50% 47% 31% 38% 42% 54% 46% 46% 63% 27% 26% 49% 30% 47% 52% 46% 37% 52% 23% 38% 40% 59% 59% 48% 19% 19% 25% 15% 20% 20% 23% 12% 20% 16% 16% 5% 11% 12% 9% 9% 10% 12% 14% 5% 15% 12% 9% 14% 7% 20% 8% 12% 13% 21% 46% 14% Far more widespread More widespread Less widespread Slightly more widespread Slightly less widespread Far less widespread EU27 26756 BE BG CZ DK D-W DE D-E EE IE EL ES FR IT CY LV LT LU HU MT NL AT PL PT RO SI SK FI SE UK 1000 1009 1033 1001 1092 1523 431 1007 1007 1000 1007 1078 1048 501 1012 1022 504 1000 500 1079 1001 1000 1020 1023 1022 1037 999 1006 1317 HR TR MK 1000 1003 1009 .3 If you compare the situation with 5 years ago.QE2.

would you say that the following types of discrimination are more common or less common in (OUR COUNTRY)? Discrimination on the basis of… Age TOTAL DK 11% 5% 21% 5% 6% 10% 9% 6% 21% 17% 5% 13% 9% 3% 15% 17% 22% 5% 8% 8% 8% 18% 8% 19% 8% 5% 5% 12% 12% 43% 29% 26% 13% 23% 11% 9% 16% 7% 35% 32% 56% 56% 52% 37% 40% 50% 65% 30% 44% 44% 47% 38% 31% 42% 41% 48% 38% 20% 57% 49% 26% 73% 30% 51% 46% 28% 35% 40% 49% 60% 49% 39% 38% 55% 29% 30% 64% 46% 47% 47% 41% 52% 58% 54% 39% 53% 77% 28% 34% 52% 22% 62% 41% 46% 54% 57% 41% 43% 35% 46% 49% 50% 42% 47% 10% 10% 17% 24% 4% 8% 9% 13% 9% 10% 13% 8% 11% 10% 2% 20% 13% 4% 31% 9% 9% 12% 5% 9% 10% 12% 20% 7% 5% 9% 9% 7% 25% 26% 25% 31% 30% 33% 41% 26% 36% 35% 34% 29% 21% 29% 33% 37% 28% 18% 37% 36% 22% 42% 21% 42% 34% 23% 26% 30% 37% 40% 42% 34% 29% 43% 18% 23% 54% 37% 38% 38% 32% 34% 41% 44% 35% 42% 60% 22% 26% 43% 18% 42% 37% 34% 43% 49% 24% 37% 28% 42% 45% 42% 12% 11% 7% 10% 9% 9% 9% 9% 18% 17% 10% 4% 11% 17% 6% 8% 9% 4% 20% 4% 12% 11% 8% 17% 6% 7% 4% 4% 8% 32% 38% 9% Far more widespread More widespread Less widespread Slightly more widespread Slightly less widespread Far less widespread EU27 26756 BE BG CZ DK D-W DE D-E EE IE EL ES FR IT CY LV LT LU HU MT NL AT PL PT RO SI SK FI SE UK 1000 1009 1033 1001 1092 1523 431 1007 1007 1000 1007 1078 1048 501 1012 1022 504 1000 500 1079 1001 1000 1020 1023 1022 1037 999 1006 1317 HR TR MK 1000 1003 1009 .QE2.4 If you compare the situation with 5 years ago.

QE2. would you say that the following types of discrimination are more common or less common in (OUR COUNTRY)? Discrimination on the basis of… Religion or belief TOTAL DK 12% 5% 26% 10% 4% 11% 11% 11% 30% 16% 9% 15% 9% 3% 24% 28% 19% 12% 8% 7% 8% 21% 10% 20% 9% 10% 6% 9% 13% 49% 28% 29% 17% 18% 24% 9% 14% 11% 25% 40% 36% 66% 46% 53% 45% 19% 12% 52% 29% 30% 31% 17% 21% 38% 25% 46% 38% 18% 18% 21% 29% 27% 30% 55% 45% 15% 25% 21% 42% 18% 30% 46% 35% 50% 55% 78% 44% 60% 59% 58% 53% 63% 62% 66% 39% 53% 79% 58% 51% 52% 61% 62% 38% 47% 64% 65% 59% 49% 72% 64% 45% 52% 32% 56% 6% 9% 3% 1% 14% 3% 4% 5% 4% 5% 10% 3% 10% 8% 2% 2% 3% 4% 6% 9% 13% 11% 2% 5% 4% 7% 3% 2% 6% 9% 5% 12% 15% 20% 28% 21% 36% 16% 11% 38% 26% 26% 26% 13% 16% 28% 22% 36% 30% 16% 16% 18% 25% 21% 21% 42% 34% 13% 20% 17% 35% 15% 28% 40% 26% 38% 30% 46% 38% 46% 45% 41% 38% 38% 43% 49% 36% 42% 59% 39% 35% 44% 35% 44% 35% 38% 45% 52% 33% 42% 39% 60% 42% 43% 12% 25% 32% 6% 14% 14% 17% 15% 25% 19% 17% 3% 11% 20% 19% 16% 8% 26% 18% 3% 9% 19% 13% 26% 7% 33% 4% 3% 9% 26% 42% 14% Far more widespread More widespread Less widespread Slightly more widespread Slightly less widespread Far less widespread EU27 26756 BE BG CZ DK D-W DE D-E EE IE EL ES FR IT CY LV LT LU HU MT NL AT PL PT RO SI SK FI SE UK 1000 1009 1033 1001 1092 1523 431 1007 1007 1000 1007 1078 1048 501 1012 1022 504 1000 500 1079 1001 1000 1020 1023 1022 1037 999 1006 1317 HR TR MK 1000 1003 1009 .5 If you compare the situation with 5 years ago.

would you say that the following types of discrimination are more common or less common in (OUR COUNTRY)? Discrimination on the basis of… Disability TOTAL DK 11% 4% 26% 7% 5% 11% 10% 7% 19% 16% 6% 14% 9% 3% 18% 20% 18% 8% 7% 10% 9% 14% 8% 20% 7% 8% 5% 10% 12% 47% 31% 30% 17% 24% 13% 10% 16% 13% 26% 29% 44% 64% 55% 43% 33% 31% 32% 22% 24% 26% 31% 27% 24% 37% 26% 33% 31% 16% 43% 36% 24% 49% 17% 30% 30% 20% 29% 35% 43% 37% 27% 24% 25% 63% 43% 61% 73% 65% 64% 62% 54% 60% 63% 68% 53% 60% 81% 39% 44% 58% 43% 76% 60% 61% 66% 63% 45% 50% 55% 68% 66% 63% 29% 60% 6% 7% 10% 7% 2% 2% 3% 7% 6% 8% 10% 4% 7% 7% 3% 13% 7% 6% 15% 6% 5% 7% 3% 7% 8% 8% 7% 2% 3% 6% 6% 6% 18% 20% 23% 26% 26% 21% 25% 20% 22% 23% 24% 21% 16% 27% 22% 26% 24% 13% 30% 29% 18% 34% 11% 25% 23% 17% 22% 27% 35% 30% 25% 21% 19% 51% 29% 48% 62% 52% 52% 51% 40% 37% 46% 54% 48% 48% 64% 32% 33% 48% 34% 49% 55% 44% 52% 54% 28% 42% 41% 61% 59% 52% 12% 14% 13% 11% 13% 12% 11% 14% 23% 17% 14% 5% 12% 17% 7% 11% 10% 9% 27% 5% 17% 14% 9% 17% 8% 14% 7% 7% 11% 23% 49% 11% Far more widespread More widespread Less widespread Slightly more widespread Slightly less widespread Far less widespread EU27 26756 BE BG CZ DK D-W DE D-E EE IE EL ES FR IT CY LV LT LU HU MT NL AT PL PT RO SI SK FI SE UK 1000 1009 1033 1001 1092 1523 431 1007 1007 1000 1007 1078 1048 501 1012 1022 504 1000 500 1079 1001 1000 1020 1023 1022 1037 999 1006 1317 HR TR MK 1000 1003 1009 .QE2.6 If you compare the situation with 5 years ago.

(DO NOT READ OUT – MULTIPLE ANSWERS POSSIBLE) TOTAL Age Disability No 83% 82% 85% 82% 86% 86% 87% 87% 82% 87% 94% 85% 83% 76% 90% 84% 88% 83% 80% 90% 88% 76% 87% 85% 85% 83% 81% 88% 79% 79% 0% 1% 1% 5% 2% 8% 1% 2% 6% 1% 1% 3% 4% 1% 6% 87% 81% 72% 2% 4% 1% 2% 1% 1% 2% 3% 2% 1% 1% 1% 2% 2% 1% 2% 2% 3% 2% 1% 2% 2% 1% 1% 1% 2% 1% 1% 3% 3% 4% 2% 2% 3% 3% 3% 2% 2% 3% 0% 3% 5% 3% 5% 2% 2% 4% 1% 2% 1% 4% 2% 2% 2% 6% 6% 3% 2% 4% 3% 6% 5% 5% 11% 5% 5% 5% 5% 6% 3% 2% 5% 5% 5% 1% 8% 5% 5% 8% 2% 5% 7% 4% 4% 5% 8% 9% 5% 9% 8% 2% 2% 1% 2% 1% 1% 1% 1% 1% 0% 0% 1% 3% 1% 1% 0% 2% 1% 0% 2% 5% 1% 1% 1% 1% 0% 1% 1% 2% 1% 3% 3% 6% 3% 3% 2% 2% 1% 5% 3% 1% 2% 3% 4% 1% 3% 1% 4% 3% 1% 2% 5% 0% 1% 1% 2% 2% 1% 3% 4% 2% 6% 8% 2% 4% 5% 4% 2% 4% 4% 2% 2% 3% 2% 3% 2% 4% 3% 7% 2% 2% 2% 4% 8% 3% 2% 6% 1% 3% 2% 4% 3% 2% 7% 3% 2% 1% 1% 1% 1% 1% 2% 1% 3% 1% 2% 1% 4% 0% 0% 1% 1% 1% 1% 2% 1% 3% 0% 1% 0% 1% 1% 1% 3% 1% Ethnic origin Gender Sexual orientation Religion or belief For another reason DK 1% 0% 3% 0% 0% 1% 0% 0% 2% 2% 1% 2% 1% 1% 0% 1% 3% 0% 2% 4% 3% 5% 2% 2% 0% 1% 1% 1% 6% 3% EU27 26756 BE BG CZ DK D-W DE D-E EE IE EL ES FR IT CY LV LT LU HU MT NL AT PL PT RO SI SK FI SE UK 1000 1009 1033 1001 1092 1523 431 1007 1007 1000 1007 1078 1048 501 1012 1022 504 1000 500 1079 1001 1000 1020 1023 1022 1037 999 1006 1317 HR TR MK 1000 1003 1009 .QE3 In the past 12 months have you personally felt discriminated against or harassed on the basis of one or more of of the following grounds? Please tell me all that apply.

QE4 In the past 12 months. (MULTIPLE ANSWERS POSSIBLE) TOTAL Age Disability No 72% 75% 78% 70% 64% 69% 70% 72% 75% 75% 80% 69% 72% 71% 80% 76% 85% 74% 73% 86% 68% 59% 78% 81% 79% 73% 72% 73% 58% 70% 3% 2% 3% 7% 4% 7% 4% 6% 8% 3% 5% 4% 2% 1% 5% 80% 76% 69% 6% 5% 4% 4% 7% 7% 7% 8% 6% 4% 3% 6% 6% 4% 2% 5% 3% 8% 3% 2% 8% 9% 3% 3% 4% 4% 7% 7% 12% 7% 3% 1% 3% 3% 3% 3% 3% 2% 2% 0% 4% 4% 1% 3% 1% 2% 4% 0% 1% 3% 4% 2% 2% 2% 6% 5% 3% 5% 2% 3% 8% 6% 7% 17% 8% 8% 9% 13% 9% 4% 3% 9% 4% 5% 2% 11% 6% 7% 8% 2% 9% 10% 8% 5% 6% 8% 14% 8% 14% 9% 4% 2% 1% 15% 7% 7% 5% 2% 4% 4% 2% 6% 3% 2% 3% 2% 5% 1% 1% 10% 10% 3% 1% 1% 5% 1% 5% 11% 6% 5% 12% 8% 9% 9% 23% 14% 12% 7% 10% 15% 14% 17% 15% 9% 14% 7% 4% 12% 11% 6% 19% 16% 4% 6% 5% 8% 10% 12% 20% 12% 7% 9% 11% 4% 7% 7% 3% 2% 7% 7% 4% 4% 5% 4% 2% 3% 8% 5% 6% 2% 2% 3% 4% 7% 3% 5% 6% 3% 1% 4% 6% 7% 6% 14% 4% 6% 1% 1% 7% 5% 5% 8% 4% 5% 3% 6% 6% 8% 1% 2% 2% 8% 2% 3% 10% 9% 5% 5% 2% 2% 3% 5% 9% 6% 5% 6% Ethnic origin Gender Sexual orientation Religion or belief For another reason DK 2% 1% 4% 1% 0% 1% 1% 1% 2% 2% 0% 0% 2% 0% 2% 1% 0% 1% 3% 0% 3% 3% 3% 5% 2% 1% 0% 0% 1% 1% 6% 4% EU27 26756 BE BG CZ DK D-W DE D-E EE IE EL ES FR IT CY LV LT LU HU MT NL AT PL PT RO SI SK FI SE UK 1000 1009 1033 1001 1092 1523 431 1007 1007 1000 1007 1078 1048 501 1012 1022 504 1000 500 1079 1001 1000 1020 1023 1022 1037 999 1006 1317 HR TR MK 1000 1003 1009 . have you witnessed someone being discriminated against or harassed on the basis of one or more of the following grounds? Please tell me all that apply.

put one candidate at a disadvantage? (ROTATE – MULTIPLE ANSWERS POSSIBLE) A disability The candidate’s name The candidate’s address The candidate’s gender Whether the candidate is a smoker or not The candidate’s sexual orientation (for example.QE5 In (OUR COUNTRY). which of the following criteria may. face.) 36% 42% 27% 31% 69% 43% 43% 43% 31% 27% 47% 28% 53% 23% 51% 26% 25% 46% 29% 42% 49% 59% 30% 34% 23% 41% 25% 46% 52% 30% 19% 28% 24% 2% 1% 1% 1% 0% 2% 3% 4% 2% 1% 0% 3% 0% 2% 4% 2% 5% 3% 3% 4% 1% 1% 1% 2% 3% 6% 1% 1% 1% 1% 2% 3% 12% Other (SP. etc. his or her accent EU27 16% 11% 4% 46% 6% 7% 8% 7% 10% 4% 3% 49% 6% 18% 1% 3% 24% 4% 13% 25% 16% 3% 2% 6% 18% 10% 10% 71% 6% 25% 2% 15% 3% 5% 4% 17% 41% 16% 21% 14% 16% 31% 20% 18% 24% 23% 12% 48% 27% 44% 34% 27% 17% 13% 18% 7% 14% 15% 6% 6% 4% 6% 28% 9% 9% 11% 4% 31% 2% 5% 19% 6% 3% 4% 2% 9% 6% 7% 13% 10% 3% 5% 2% 8% 6% 6% 20% 7% 29% 20% 26% 62% 34% 33% 28% 26% 36% 33% 17% 47% 25% 54% 17% 19% 42% 18% 31% 47% 43% 16% 13% 31% 22% 21% 24% 77% 25% 58% 30% 48% 63% 40% 40% 38% 23% 33% 46% 31% 64% 30% 33% 13% 9% 43% 65% 43% 53% 55% 25% 30% 17% 21% 41% 52% 67% 22% 16% 16% 29% 39% 17% 20% 31% 17% 12% 20% 14% 23% 14% 22% 12% 15% 29% 28% 19% 22% 26% 20% 18% 15% 32% 35% 26% 37% 10% 16% 12% 12% 34% 14% 14% 16% 14% 12% 25% 13% 23% 18% 37% 14% 15% 25% 16% 31% 27% 25% 25% 17% 19% 22% 15% 30% 35% 11% 45% 69% 61% 65% 54% 57% 70% 56% 33% 52% 43% 55% 30% 64% 51% 57% 61% 64% 42% 53% 59% 52% 48% 44% 59% 69% 52% 61% 34% 47% 40% 49% 61% 37% 40% 51% 52% 27% 43% 28% 50% 21% 55% 46% 46% 52% 43% 35% 52% 42% 40% 34% 34% 56% 36% 54% 66% 28% 36% 13% 8% 68% 35% 36% 39% 14% 16% 21% 11% 36% 7% 13% 6% 7% 33% 7% 17% 53% 49% 10% 7% 4% 24% 5% 27% 55% 16% 15% 6% 25% 58% 19% 19% 19% 17% 14% 5% 11% 12% 2% 6% 10% 11% 26% 20% 14% 25% 27% 21% 7% 8% 31% 14% 32% 38% 21% 26756 13% 9% 30% The candidate’s skin colour or ethnic origin 38% 19% 18% 48% 37% 22% 16% The candidate’s look.) 4% None (SP. when a company wants to hire someone and has the choice between two candidates with equal skills and qualifications. dress-sense or presentation 48% 51% 28% 49% 75% 59% 59% 61% 53% 42% 46% 42% 67% 37% 63% 39% 29% 69% 47% 56% 73% 60% 38% 42% 26% 35% 35% 59% 76% 40% 25% 34% 23% The candidate’s general physical appearance (size. in your opinion. being gay or lesbian) The candidate's age The expression of a religious belief (for example wearing a visible religious symbol) The candidate’s way of speaking. weight.) 4% 5% 6% 4% 1% 1% 4% 7% 3% 2% 3% 1% 2% 3% 2% 3% 1% 1% 4% 7% 5% 6% 2% 5% 5% 0% 1% 6% 5% 1% 0% 3% 4% 6% 4% 2% 2% 2% 3% 3% 5% 1% 1% 4% 2% 3% 8% 3% 11% 6% 12% 3% 1% 1% 3% 2% 0% 1% 1% 12% 7% 5% 9% 5% BE BG CZ DK D-W DE D-E EE IE EL ES FR IT CY LV LT LU HU MT NL AT PL PT RO SI SK FI SE UK 1000 1009 1033 1001 1092 1523 431 1007 1007 1000 1007 1078 1048 501 1012 1022 504 1000 500 1079 1001 1000 1020 1023 1022 1037 999 1006 1317 HR TR MK 1000 1003 1009 DK TOTAL .

6 8.5 9.3 7.6 8.9 9.6 8.6 8.8 8.6 8.1 8.9 8.3 9.8 8.1 9.) DK 1% 3% 1% 2% 1% 1% 1% 1% 1% 1% 1% 1% 1% 3% 4% 1% 1% 1% 3% 1% Average 8.4 9.5 8.8 7.6 8.2 9.7 8.3 8.6 8.9 9.0 8.4 8.8 EU27 2% 2% 1% 2% 2% 3% 1% 1% 4% 1% 1% 4% 2% 1% 1% 1% 1% 1% 2% 1% 2% 1% 2% 1% 3% 2% 4% 10% 26756 1 Very uncomfortable 1% 10 Totally comfortable 49% BE BG CZ DK D-W DE D-E EE IE EL ES FR IT CY LV LT LU HU MT NL AT PL PT RO SI SK FI SE UK 1000 1009 1033 1001 1092 1523 431 1007 1007 1000 1007 1078 1048 501 1012 1022 504 1000 500 1079 1001 1000 1020 1023 1022 1037 999 1006 1317 HR TR MK 1000 1003 1009 . please tell me how you would feel about having someone from each of the following categories in the highest elected political position in (OUR COUNTRY)? A woman TOTAL 1% 1% 1% 1% 1% 1% 1% 1% 1% 1% 1% 1% 1% 1% 1% 2% 1% 1% 1% 2% 1% 2% 2% 6% 3% 7% 3% 5% 4% 5% 8% 5% 9% 11% 7% 8% 8% 7% 62% 36% 51% 1% 1% 1% 1% 1% 1% 1% 2% 1% 1% 3% 1% 1% 1% 2% 2% 1% 2% 2% 1% 2% 1% 1% 1% 2% 1% 1% 1% 1% 2% 2% 1% 2% 1% 1% 3% 1% 1% 1% 3% 1% 1% 4% 1% 3% 2% 1% 4% 1% 1% 4% 4% 7% 2% 7% 8% 10% 6% 2% 5% 5% 6% 5% 6% 8% 2% 8% 7% 5% 3% 10% 3% 7% 5% 3% 8% 7% 3% 6% 3% 3% 7% 1% 3% 3% 4% 3% 1% 3% 6% 4% 8% 3% 3% 1% 3% 6% 3% 3% 5% 2% 6% 3% 1% 8% 6% 1% 3% 8% 5% 7% 4% 5% 5% 5% 4% 3% 5% 11% 5% 13% 5% 4% 1% 6% 8% 4% 9% 7% 4% 8% 8% 3% 8% 7% 1% 3% 13% 7% 15% 3% 11% 11% 10% 6% 8% 15% 13% 14% 15% 11% 10% 5% 7% 13% 9% 17% 11% 8% 17% 10% 7% 14% 15% 4% 9% 12% 8% 12% 6% 7% 7% 8% 8% 8% 13% 12% 11% 13% 8% 8% 5% 5% 8% 11% 11% 6% 7% 9% 10% 6% 13% 16% 3% 6% 53% 47% 36% 81% 48% 47% 44% 60% 69% 49% 49% 56% 28% 60% 49% 81% 50% 42% 58% 53% 38% 64% 16% 36% 75% 36% 37% 84% 64% 1% 2% 6% 4% 7% 12% 9% 7% 2% 18% 14% 1% 14% 14% 12% 8% 5% 1% 1% 1% 9% 12% 3% 17% 9% 7% 2% 13% 8% 29% 17% 2% 3% 9% 2% 3% 1% 17% 3% 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Indifferent (SP.8 7.1 And using a scale from 1 to 10.6 8.3 8.QE6.5 8.5 8.0 7.1 7.

1 8.5 Average 3% 4% 3% 1% 1% 4% 4% 6% 3% 1% 7% 2% 2% 5% 6% 4% 1% 2% 3% 1% 2% 5% 2% 2% 5% 2% 5% 2% 1% 4% 4% 7% 13% 15% 18% 18% 16% 14% 22% 7% 16% 17% 20% 14% 7% 15% 23% 16% 29% 15% 17% 5% 18% 23% 12% 15% 26% 10% 24% 18% 8% 27% 21% 5% 13% TOTAL EU27 26756 A little uncomfortable 18% BE BG CZ DK D-W DE D-E EE IE EL ES FR IT CY LV LT LU HU MT NL AT PL PT RO SI SK FI SE UK 1000 1009 1033 1001 1092 1523 431 1007 1007 1000 1007 1078 1048 501 1012 1022 504 1000 500 1079 1001 1000 1020 1023 1022 1037 999 1006 1317 HR TR MK 1000 1003 1009 .6 8.3 9.8 8.6 8.5 8.1 And using a scale from 1 to 10.6 8.6 8.6 8.9 8.5 8.8 8.6 8.9 9.1 7.8 7.6 8.3 7.7 8.6 8.5 9.3 8.9 9.1 9.8 7. please tell me how you would feel about having someone from each of the following categories in the highest elected political position in (OUR COUNTRY)? A woman Uncomfortable Comfortable 70% 78% 62% 62% 90% 66% 65% 62% 74% 85% 76% 74% 80% 56% 79% 67% 90% 62% 63% 78% 81% 55% 79% 42% 56% 88% 63% 68% 91% 79% 79% 55% 65% 8.0 8.2 9.4 9.QE6.3 8.0 7.8 8.4 8.

7 3.6 3.6 7.5 6.4 6.4 6.5 8.6 3.0 7.0 4.6 5.8 4.1 5.6 6.) DK 2% 13% 2% 1% 1% 3% 4% 1% 2% 1% 2% 5% 2% 4% 5% 1% 2% 6% 5% 8% 1% 4% 1% 1% 1% 2% 9% 9% Average 6.8 5.4 3.7 8.4 5.6 8.7 3.2 5.4 6.4 4.2 And using a scale from 1 to 10.5 EU27 6% 33% 8% 4% 9% 9% 9% 31% 7% 32% 4% 6% 12% 51% 34% 45% 8% 21% 11% 2% 12% 15% 7% 37% 27% 23% 10% 3% 11% 37% 47% 47% 26756 1 Very uncomfortable 12% 10 Totally comfortable 27% BE BG CZ DK D-W DE D-E EE IE EL ES FR IT CY LV LT LU HU MT NL AT PL PT RO SI SK FI SE UK 1000 1009 1033 1001 1092 1523 431 1007 1007 1000 1007 1078 1048 501 1012 1022 504 1000 500 1079 1001 1000 1020 1023 1022 1037 999 1006 1317 HR TR MK 1000 1003 1009 . please tell me how you would feel about having someone from each of the following categories in the highest elected political position in (OUR COUNTRY)? A homosexual (gay man or lesbian woman) TOTAL 4% 1% 10% 1% 3% 4% 4% 3% 3% 2% 5% 2% 2% 5% 6% 7% 4% 3% 6% 2% 1% 3% 5% 4% 8% 7% 6% 7% 1% 2% 5% 9% 7% 6% 6% 4% 4% 3% 1% 9% 3% 5% 4% 2% 3% 6% 1% 2% 6% 1% 3% 4% 2% 2% 14% 14% 13% 3% 6% 5% 3% 5% 5% 7% 6% 3% 6% 4% 3% 7% 5% 7% 5% 3% 8% 4% 1% 8% 6% 6% 6% 5% 7% 8% 2% 4% 3% 4% 7% 3% 3% 3% 6% 5% 2% 6% 4% 2% 5% 4% 4% 3% 3% 6% 4% 2% 8% 5% 6% 5% 4% 6% 6% 1% 3% 8% 6% 17% 5% 15% 16% 16% 9% 6% 8% 9% 9% 9% 8% 11% 7% 8% 11% 11% 4% 15% 7% 10% 6% 8% 10% 17% 4% 7% 6% 3% 11% 2% 5% 5% 6% 4% 5% 8% 9% 5% 11% 3% 4% 2% 3% 6% 8% 5% 8% 4% 6% 4% 4% 12% 6% 3% 3% 10% 2% 7% 5% 4% 4% 4% 4% 5% 8% 14% 7% 12% 2% 3% 2% 7% 6% 6% 13% 8% 5% 6% 5% 5% 8% 7% 5% 6% 14% 1% 7% 5% 7% 7% 7% 5% 9% 7% 11% 12% 11% 3% 3% 3% 7% 5% 8% 18% 8% 8% 9% 4% 6% 8% 11% 7% 8% 10% 1% 3% 4% 6% 6% 3% 5% 7% 5% 9% 7% 5% 3% 3% 3% 3% 3% 6% 11% 3% 4% 3% 2% 3% 4% 7% 4% 6% 36% 6% 6% 65% 24% 24% 24% 15% 43% 12% 32% 44% 11% 14% 9% 17% 28% 9% 29% 40% 12% 26% 7% 6% 26% 5% 11% 67% 45% 5% 4% 10% 6% 7% 9% 6% 8% 3% 15% 26% 1% 17% 16% 15% 10% 7% 3% 2% 2% 10% 13% 4% 25% 15% 6% 2% 13% 9% 31% 9% 4% 7% 9% 2% 4% 3% 3% 4% 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Indifferent (SP.4 4.2 5.7 7.7 7.QE6.2 4.5 7.7 4.4 7.4 3.

7 4.2 And using a scale from 1 to 10.7 7.8 4.7 7.5 8.4 7.4 5.2 5.6 3.4 6.1 5.4 4.2 5.5 Average 20% 10% 49% 14% 10% 18% 18% 19% 40% 12% 43% 9% 11% 24% 61% 48% 54% 14% 36% 17% 5% 23% 26% 17% 52% 38% 36% 24% 6% 17% 47% 62% 57% 23% 9% 12% 26% 15% 42% 14% 28% 28% 32% 22% 19% 30% 36% 23% 38% 17% 22% 15% 21% 28% 28% 23% 39% 20% 27% 19% 21% 35% 36% 13% 20% TOTAL EU27 26756 A little uncomfortable 27% BE BG CZ DK D-W DE D-E EE IE EL ES FR IT CY LV LT LU HU MT NL AT PL PT RO SI SK FI SE UK 1000 1009 1033 1001 1092 1523 431 1007 1007 1000 1007 1078 1048 501 1012 1022 504 1000 500 1079 1001 1000 1020 1023 1022 1037 999 1006 1317 HR TR MK 1000 1003 1009 .7 8.5 6.4 3.QE6.8 5.6 3.6 5.5 7.6 7.4 3.6 6.4 6.2 4.4 6.7 3.7 3.0 7.4 6.6 8.0 4. please tell me how you would feel about having someone from each of the following categories in the highest elected political position in (OUR COUNTRY)? A homosexual (gay man or lesbian woman) Uncomfortable Comfortable 42% 60% 8% 16% 75% 37% 37% 34% 25% 59% 24% 52% 64% 27% 21% 15% 23% 39% 17% 43% 69% 22% 39% 20% 12% 36% 18% 30% 78% 58% 25% 17% 18% 4.

1 6.QE6.4 5.0 7.1 7.6 7.5 5.) DK 2% 1% 6% 2% 1% 1% 1% 2% 2% 4% 1% 2% 2% 2% 3% 3% 2% 4% 1% 3% 3% 4% 5% 3% 1% 1% 1% 1% 5% 2% Average 6.6 3.2 6.2 6.4 6.8 EU27 15% 17% 12% 9% 13% 15% 21% 12% 12% 34% 3% 5% 9% 48% 12% 25% 9% 11% 26% 8% 16% 4% 2% 8% 15% 9% 6% 4% 11% 10% 15% 16% 26756 1 Very uncomfortable 10% 10 Totally comfortable 22% BE BG CZ DK D-W DE D-E EE IE EL ES FR IT CY LV LT LU HU MT NL AT PL PT RO SI SK FI SE UK 1000 1009 1033 1001 1092 1523 431 1007 1007 1000 1007 1078 1048 501 1012 1022 504 1000 500 1079 1001 1000 1020 1023 1022 1037 999 1006 1317 HR TR MK 1000 1003 1009 .0 6.5 8.9 5.4 4. please tell me how you would feel about having someone from each of the following categories in the highest elected political position in (OUR COUNTRY)? A person from a different ethnic origin than the majority of the population TOTAL 5% 5% 7% 6% 5% 9% 8% 6% 3% 4% 7% 3% 4% 5% 5% 7% 7% 3% 4% 9% 4% 8% 3% 2% 3% 7% 6% 6% 2% 2% 5% 7% 6% 6% 6% 6% 4% 5% 6% 14% 12% 13% 7% 6% 5% 10% 5% 8% 8% 4% 8% 7% 5% 7% 25% 17% 20% 10% 6% 10% 6% 8% 8% 9% 8% 4% 8% 6% 3% 7% 8% 9% 6% 5% 9% 5% 7% 11% 7% 5% 5% 8% 9% 9% 3% 4% 7% 6% 11% 4% 5% 6% 8% 6% 5% 7% 7% 5% 9% 4% 6% 6% 3% 9% 9% 7% 9% 5% 6% 6% 6% 9% 12% 4% 4% 14% 13% 16% 7% 14% 15% 19% 13% 9% 10% 11% 11% 12% 9% 15% 10% 9% 16% 13% 11% 16% 8% 11% 13% 11% 12% 16% 7% 10% 6% 6% 12% 3% 5% 5% 6% 6% 7% 7% 9% 6% 13% 4% 6% 3% 5% 10% 6% 9% 10% 6% 6% 7% 4% 12% 8% 4% 6% 9% 6% 5% 7% 5% 5% 4% 6% 8% 7% 12% 10% 12% 4% 6% 4% 7% 8% 4% 15% 7% 7% 9% 9% 6% 11% 13% 8% 8% 11% 5% 5% 8% 7% 7% 4% 9% 7% 8% 10% 12% 9% 4% 7% 6% 10% 8% 5% 14% 5% 10% 13% 8% 7% 11% 11% 11% 8% 5% 4% 1% 5% 5% 4% 3% 6% 6% 4% 8% 6% 4% 1% 4% 3% 2% 3% 1% 6% 3% 6% 3% 6% 5% 5% 5% 6% 4% 15% 13% 4% 44% 16% 15% 11% 21% 29% 8% 29% 35% 9% 11% 13% 23% 23% 12% 13% 17% 6% 32% 8% 15% 28% 8% 8% 49% 38% 6% 6% 12% 7% 9% 9% 5% 7% 2% 11% 16% 1% 12% 11% 7% 8% 5% 2% 2% 9% 13% 4% 21% 8% 5% 1% 6% 9% 31% 15% 3% 5% 5% 1% 4% 3% 13% 3% 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Indifferent (SP.5 5.4 5.2 4.5 5.4 5.6 7.2 5.4 5.2 5.2 5.4 6.2 7.4 4.3 5.3 And using a scale from 1 to 10.6 6.0 4.5 5.5 4.

5 4.4 4.5 5.4 6.2 5. please tell me how you would feel about having someone from each of the following categories in the highest elected political position in (OUR COUNTRY)? A person from a different ethnic origin than the majority of the population Uncomfortable Comfortable 37% 31% 21% 11% 58% 28% 26% 18% 36% 42% 20% 47% 53% 22% 17% 24% 33% 35% 22% 19% 38% 14% 48% 25% 29% 39% 24% 23% 66% 50% 40% 26% 35% 6.5 8.2 6.4 5.5 5.3 And using a scale from 1 to 10.6 3.0 6.6 7.4 6.4 5.6 6.2 4.5 5.4 4.0 7.QE6.6 7.9 5.2 7.2 Average 21% 30% 31% 28% 20% 30% 31% 36% 23% 20% 49% 12% 12% 21% 62% 27% 38% 17% 24% 40% 18% 35% 14% 9% 16% 30% 24% 22% 9% 17% 20% 28% 28% 36% 27% 32% 37% 31% 44% 20% 29% 31% 37% 31% 29% 31% 38% 32% 47% 20% 34% 23% 25% 43% 33% 41% 42% 26% 32% 35% 27% 44% 49% 23% 28% TOTAL EU27 26756 A little uncomfortable 34% BE BG CZ DK D-W DE D-E EE IE EL ES FR IT CY LV LT LU HU MT NL AT PL PT RO SI SK FI SE UK 1000 1009 1033 1001 1092 1523 431 1007 1007 1000 1007 1078 1048 501 1012 1022 504 1000 500 1079 1001 1000 1020 1023 1022 1037 999 1006 1317 HR TR MK 1000 1003 1009 .0 4.4 5.8 5.2 5.1 7.4 5.5 5.2 6.1 6.3 5.

9 6.2 4.2 6.0 5.7 5. please tell me how you would feel about having someone from each of the following categories in the highest elected political position in (OUR COUNTRY)? A person aged under 30 TOTAL 5% 3% 5% 2% 3% 11% 10% 8% 4% 5% 4% 4% 6% 3% 6% 4% 6% 5% 5% 2% 5% 4% 3% 3% 2% 7% 5% 8% 4% 6% 4% 4% 9% 4% 6% 7% 3% 7% 5% 8% 10% 12% 6% 6% 6% 9% 6% 5% 8% 7% 7% 7% 9% 5% 46% 22% 17% 8% 6% 6% 5% 14% 14% 11% 9% 5% 6% 7% 8% 7% 9% 9% 7% 6% 10% 3% 11% 11% 5% 8% 2% 9% 9% 15% 6% 10% 8% 6% 8% 7% 10% 9% 9% 6% 8% 8% 6% 8% 8% 6% 6% 7% 8% 8% 7% 11% 10% 4% 8% 3% 6% 8% 12% 8% 9% 13% 10% 13% 12% 11% 11% 13% 14% 11% 10% 12% 16% 11% 8% 14% 13% 15% 10% 11% 16% 12% 7% 12% 9% 12% 9% 15% 14% 14% 9% 5% 9% 5% 3% 3% 4% 6% 7% 9% 9% 9% 13% 6% 7% 4% 6% 8% 6% 11% 8% 4% 8% 5% 5% 12% 9% 10% 5% 12% 7% 11% 8% 4% 5% 6% 6% 6% 11% 17% 10% 14% 9% 9% 4% 8% 10% 7% 13% 9% 7% 10% 9% 6% 9% 11% 12% 6% 13% 8% 13% 10% 6% 6% 5% 8% 7% 12% 11% 11% 12% 6% 9% 5% 11% 10% 10% 10% 9% 10% 11% 12% 9% 12% 9% 10% 7% 8% 6% 8% 6% 3% 3% 2% 5% 6% 10% 8% 5% 6% 6% 6% 4% 4% 5% 9% 4% 4% 7% 3% 9% 5% 9% 6% 4% 3% 17% 22% 14% 38% 7% 7% 6% 22% 31% 19% 22% 19% 12% 21% 20% 30% 15% 20% 27% 10% 15% 36% 8% 29% 25% 16% 6% 24% 23% 9% 8% 12% 8% 9% 10% 5% 5% 2% 9% 11% 1% 8% 7% 3% 7% 4% 1% 1% 1% 6% 6% 2% 12% 6% 6% 1% 7% 9% 20% 14% 2% 2% 2% 1% 2% 1% 12% 2% 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Indifferent (SP.1 6.4 6.3 6.2 6.2 6.0 6.1 5.) DK 1% 5% 1% 1% 1% 2% 2% 1% 1% 2% 1% 2% 4% 2% 2% 4% 4% 2% 1% 1% 4% 1% Average 5.5 5.4 7.3 5.4 6.0 3.7 7.QE6.5 5.1 4.8 7.1 6.9 5.9 6.8 6.4 And using a scale from 1 to 10.7 6.6 6.1 5.9 6.0 EU27 7% 11% 4% 5% 22% 25% 33% 12% 8% 10% 3% 7% 6% 22% 9% 16% 9% 6% 8% 8% 9% 6% 5% 2% 14% 7% 7% 7% 14% 3% 7% 24% 26756 1 Very uncomfortable 10% 10 Totally comfortable 18% BE BG CZ DK D-W DE D-E EE IE EL ES FR IT CY LV LT LU HU MT NL AT PL PT RO SI SK FI SE UK 1000 1009 1033 1001 1092 1523 431 1007 1007 1000 1007 1078 1048 501 1012 1022 504 1000 500 1079 1001 1000 1020 1023 1022 1037 999 1006 1317 HR TR MK 1000 1003 1009 .8 6.6 7.4 5.

2 6.7 7.2 4.3 5.9 6.6 6.1 6.7 5.8 6.0 6.1 4.4 6.8 6.2 6.5 5.0 5.4 6.9 5.9 Average 24% 17% 22% 13% 13% 48% 49% 52% 25% 18% 21% 14% 21% 16% 37% 23% 29% 20% 21% 14% 24% 24% 15% 16% 5% 30% 21% 30% 17% 30% 11% 17% 40% 25% 29% 27% 41% 28% 41% 31% 28% 29% 31% 33% 32% 37% 44% 42% 45% 30% 36% 27% 36% 35% 31% 50% 40% 22% 37% 26% 29% 38% 47% 44% 35% TOTAL EU27 26756 A little uncomfortable 37% BE BG CZ DK D-W DE D-E EE IE EL ES FR IT CY LV LT LU HU MT NL AT PL PT RO SI SK FI SE UK 1000 1009 1033 1001 1092 1523 431 1007 1007 1000 1007 1078 1048 501 1012 1022 504 1000 500 1079 1001 1000 1020 1023 1022 1037 999 1006 1317 HR TR MK 1000 1003 1009 . please tell me how you would feel about having someone from each of the following categories in the highest elected political position in (OUR COUNTRY)? A person aged under 30 Uncomfortable Comfortable 33% 39% 36% 35% 55% 16% 15% 13% 35% 44% 42% 41% 35% 30% 33% 34% 40% 30% 36% 46% 24% 28% 53% 22% 49% 39% 36% 22% 38% 32% 62% 37% 30% 7.4 5.4 And using a scale from 1 to 10.7 6.1 6.3 6.QE6.5 5.6 5.1 5.2 6.8 7.0 3.9 6.4 7.0 6.1 5.

8 4.7 7.4 5.9 5.5 6.8 5.5 5.5 And using a scale from 1 to 10.6 5.QE6.9 3.1 6.1 6.8 5.1 5.) DK 2% 6% 1% 1% 1% 1% 1% 1% 2% 2% 2% 1% 2% 4% 2% 2% 4% 1% 4% 2% 4% 5% 1% 3% 1% 2% 1% 2% 5% 2% Average 6.1 5.0 7.2 7.3 7.0 6.0 6.6 6.8 8.9 EU27 14% 15% 4% 13% 8% 9% 17% 10% 5% 25% 2% 6% 7% 45% 11% 20% 7% 4% 25% 8% 14% 2% 2% 4% 12% 2% 3% 6% 10% 7% 21% 15% 26756 1 Very uncomfortable 7% 10 Totally comfortable 24% BE BG CZ DK D-W DE D-E EE IE EL ES FR IT CY LV LT LU HU MT NL AT PL PT RO SI SK FI SE UK 1000 1009 1033 1001 1092 1523 431 1007 1007 1000 1007 1078 1048 501 1012 1022 504 1000 500 1079 1001 1000 1020 1023 1022 1037 999 1006 1317 HR TR MK 1000 1003 1009 .3 6.2 4.8 4.8 6.7 5.3 5.2 6.8 6.6 7.6 7.9 5. please tell me how you would feel about having someone from each of the following categories in the highest elected political position in (OUR COUNTRY)? A person from a different religion than the majority of the population TOTAL 4% 9% 6% 3% 6% 6% 6% 4% 3% 3% 6% 3% 4% 4% 7% 5% 5% 3% 2% 9% 4% 5% 1% 1% 1% 5% 2% 5% 3% 3% 5% 7% 6% 4% 8% 6% 3% 7% 5% 15% 9% 12% 6% 5% 7% 9% 5% 7% 11% 3% 10% 6% 3% 7% 30% 16% 20% 9% 6% 4% 5% 6% 6% 6% 6% 2% 6% 4% 6% 7% 7% 9% 6% 5% 4% 8% 7% 9% 3% 3% 3% 6% 3% 9% 4% 4% 8% 6% 7% 5% 6% 6% 6% 5% 3% 7% 6% 6% 8% 5% 5% 5% 5% 5% 6% 8% 12% 4% 4% 4% 4% 4% 9% 5% 5% 13% 10% 19% 11% 16% 17% 22% 13% 7% 10% 11% 14% 12% 11% 16% 9% 13% 14% 12% 12% 15% 8% 11% 13% 11% 10% 21% 11% 11% 6% 7% 12% 4% 5% 6% 8% 7% 5% 9% 10% 5% 10% 3% 4% 3% 5% 9% 5% 8% 10% 4% 7% 6% 5% 13% 11% 7% 5% 11% 6% 8% 9% 6% 6% 4% 7% 7% 8% 15% 10% 13% 2% 7% 4% 8% 9% 4% 14% 9% 6% 9% 8% 6% 8% 12% 10% 8% 10% 6% 7% 8% 8% 7% 6% 8% 8% 9% 11% 11% 10% 4% 7% 6% 9% 10% 3% 14% 6% 8% 12% 10% 8% 13% 10% 11% 9% 5% 5% 3% 4% 4% 4% 4% 5% 8% 7% 7% 5% 6% 2% 5% 5% 4% 5% 4% 4% 1% 6% 3% 8% 6% 12% 4% 6% 5% 14% 15% 8% 33% 21% 19% 12% 23% 44% 12% 28% 29% 11% 13% 14% 28% 18% 21% 15% 18% 7% 46% 9% 20% 33% 19% 8% 34% 35% 5% 6% 13% 7% 9% 9% 6% 8% 1% 12% 24% 1% 13% 13% 10% 12% 6% 1% 3% 2% 10% 15% 5% 21% 15% 5% 2% 8% 10% 35% 18% 3% 11% 7% 1% 4% 2% 11% 3% 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Indifferent (SP.

6 6.8 4.8 5.QE6.5 6.8 6.7 5.9 5.6 7.8 5.9 5.9 3.3 6.5 And using a scale from 1 to 10.1 5.2 4.7 7.8 4.5 Average 16% 32% 28% 11% 24% 20% 21% 27% 19% 10% 37% 9% 15% 19% 59% 25% 31% 15% 10% 41% 19% 29% 6% 6% 8% 23% 8% 17% 13% 16% 16% 36% 27% 33% 26% 31% 38% 28% 45% 29% 34% 35% 40% 32% 22% 33% 42% 35% 43% 21% 32% 21% 31% 36% 28% 42% 45% 21% 30% 31% 26% 35% 54% 32% 29% TOTAL EU27 26756 A little uncomfortable 35% BE BG CZ DK D-W DE D-E EE IE EL ES FR IT CY LV LT LU HU MT NL AT PL PT RO SI SK FI SE UK 1000 1009 1033 1001 1092 1523 431 1007 1007 1000 1007 1078 1048 501 1012 1022 504 1000 500 1079 1001 1000 1020 1023 1022 1037 999 1006 1317 HR TR MK 1000 1003 1009 .1 5.2 6.0 6.4 5.1 6.2 7.3 5.8 8.8 6.0 7.9 5.6 7.3 7.1 6. please tell me how you would feel about having someone from each of the following categories in the highest elected political position in (OUR COUNTRY)? A person from a different religion than the majority of the population Uncomfortable Comfortable 39% 29% 25% 18% 46% 33% 30% 22% 36% 59% 28% 46% 46% 27% 19% 26% 38% 31% 36% 22% 36% 14% 61% 25% 38% 47% 44% 22% 52% 49% 47% 22% 37% 6.6 5.0 6.

6 And using a scale from 1 to 10.9 6.3 6.4 6.3 5.4 7. please tell me how you would feel about having someone from each of the following categories in the highest elected political position in (OUR COUNTRY)? A disabled person TOTAL 2% 2% 4% 1% 1% 2% 2% 3% 4% 1% 2% 2% 1% 3% 2% 4% 4% 2% 5% 1% 1% 3% 5% 5% 4% 3% 2% 2% 5% 10% 2% 4% 8% 2% 6% 4% 8% 11% 11% 4% 8% 5% 9% 7% 6% 12% 7% 6% 11% 6% 6% 46% 20% 13% 3% 5% 4% 2% 4% 4% 6% 7% 1% 3% 3% 2% 4% 3% 5% 6% 2% 7% 2% 2% 3% 2% 7% 6% 7% 5% 6% 1% 2% 4% 5% 5% 2% 3% 3% 4% 5% 2% 4% 4% 3% 6% 5% 5% 5% 2% 7% 4% 3% 7% 2% 7% 7% 5% 6% 8% 2% 2% 10% 15% 16% 6% 16% 16% 18% 11% 3% 8% 11% 10% 9% 12% 15% 11% 7% 12% 10% 6% 19% 7% 12% 11% 12% 10% 17% 5% 7% 7% 8% 14% 3% 6% 6% 7% 6% 5% 7% 11% 5% 11% 6% 6% 3% 3% 9% 6% 6% 10% 3% 5% 6% 4% 13% 12% 3% 3% 11% 7% 11% 7% 7% 8% 8% 5% 6% 12% 14% 9% 14% 9% 7% 4% 7% 8% 7% 13% 13% 6% 7% 9% 8% 10% 15% 5% 7% 15% 7% 12% 7% 8% 8% 7% 7% 11% 17% 14% 14% 14% 10% 10% 7% 11% 9% 12% 19% 11% 9% 13% 8% 8% 14% 15% 10% 10% 11% 3% 5% 8% 7% 6% 3% 7% 9% 12% 8% 11% 8% 6% 7% 5% 7% 5% 10% 10% 4% 7% 3% 5% 5% 10% 7% 7% 7% 28% 14% 9% 60% 28% 28% 23% 23% 53% 29% 27% 40% 16% 34% 20% 28% 27% 14% 29% 35% 15% 51% 7% 13% 30% 15% 8% 62% 53% 3% 4% 11% 7% 9% 11% 7% 8% 3% 10% 18% 1% 15% 15% 12% 8% 6% 1% 2% 2% 11% 13% 4% 25% 8% 9% 2% 12% 8% 24% 13% 4% 6% 5% 1% 3% 1% 14% 3% 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Indifferent (SP.5 5.6 7.3 8.4 8.2 8.5 8.9 6.7 EU27 5% 13% 3% 2% 3% 3% 7% 15% 1% 5% 3% 2% 2% 12% 7% 20% 5% 13% 5% 2% 4% 2% 5% 9% 12% 4% 3% 2% 3% 1% 7% 24% 26756 1 Very uncomfortable 4% 10 Totally comfortable 32% BE BG CZ DK D-W DE D-E EE IE EL ES FR IT CY LV LT LU HU MT NL AT PL PT RO SI SK FI SE UK 1000 1009 1033 1001 1092 1523 431 1007 1007 1000 1007 1078 1048 501 1012 1022 504 1000 500 1079 1001 1000 1020 1023 1022 1037 999 1006 1317 HR TR MK 1000 1003 1009 .0 6.6 7.4 7.) DK 2% 1% 9% 2% 1% 1% 1% 2% 2% 2% 1% 1% 2% 1% 1% 3% 2% 3% 5% 1% 2% 3% 7% 8% 3% 1% 2% 1% 2% 5% 4% Average 7.4 6.8 6.8 6.0 8.1 6.5 7.2 7.6 6.3 4.9 5.7 7.3 8.4 5.9 7.5 5.6 6.8 8.QE6.

0 6.2 7. please tell me how you would feel about having someone from each of the following categories in the highest elected political position in (OUR COUNTRY)? A disabled person Uncomfortable Comfortable 51% 54% 24% 26% 75% 44% 42% 34% 37% 73% 57% 49% 66% 38% 50% 36% 40% 44% 27% 51% 63% 30% 67% 23% 26% 43% 39% 30% 79% 70% 69% 32% 25% 8.6 6.3 8.6 7.5 5.7 7.7 7.3 5.3 7.8 6.9 6.9 5.4 Average 9% 10% 22% 8% 5% 9% 10% 15% 26% 4% 11% 8% 5% 10% 17% 16% 30% 9% 25% 8% 5% 7% 4% 14% 20% 24% 13% 11% 3% 7% 5% 17% 42% 23% 32% 26% 32% 34% 46% 18% 32% 33% 37% 27% 16% 31% 39% 27% 40% 31% 33% 23% 20% 36% 27% 28% 50% 18% 31% 33% 29% 40% 53% 15% 19% TOTAL EU27 26756 A little uncomfortable 31% BE BG CZ DK D-W DE D-E EE IE EL ES FR IT CY LV LT LU HU MT NL AT PL PT RO SI SK FI SE UK 1000 1009 1033 1001 1092 1523 431 1007 1007 1000 1007 1078 1048 501 1012 1022 504 1000 500 1079 1001 1000 1020 1023 1022 1037 999 1006 1317 HR TR MK 1000 1003 1009 .0 8.6 7.3 6.5 8.5 7.5 5.QE6.6 And using a scale from 1 to 10.8 6.4 6.4 7.3 4.8 8.6 6.1 6.9 6.4 8.4 6.4 5.9 7.2 8.

2 5.9 4.3 3.1 5.4 3.2 3.8 4.3 3.0 4.QE6.8 4.9 2.9 3.) DK 1% 6% 1% 1% 1% 1% 1% 4% 1% 1% 1% 2% 1% 3% 2% 3% 4% 6% 3% 1% 1% 1% 4% 1% Average 4.0 5.7 4.7 4.7 5.4 4.7 And using a scale from 1 to 10.3 EU27 15% 34% 22% 20% 24% 29% 50% 23% 19% 29% 8% 21% 10% 55% 35% 38% 31% 17% 33% 18% 13% 12% 9% 22% 28% 28% 15% 16% 20% 33% 33% 51% 26756 1 Very uncomfortable 19% 10 Totally comfortable 11% BE BG CZ DK D-W DE D-E EE IE EL ES FR IT CY LV LT LU HU MT NL AT PL PT RO SI SK FI SE UK 1000 1009 1033 1001 1092 1523 431 1007 1007 1000 1007 1078 1048 501 1012 1022 504 1000 500 1079 1001 1000 1020 1023 1022 1037 999 1006 1317 HR TR MK 1000 1003 1009 .4 3.1 5.8 4.0 3.8 5.1 3.1 3.1 4.8 4.1 4.9 4.4 5. please tell me how you would feel about having someone from each of the following categories in the highest elected political position in (OUR COUNTRY)? A person aged over 75 TOTAL 9% 9% 11% 8% 10% 12% 11% 9% 7% 8% 10% 8% 10% 7% 5% 13% 8% 10% 8% 6% 8% 5% 6% 7% 11% 7% 12% 16% 6% 8% 11% 12% 10% 8% 6% 5% 4% 5% 4% 10% 7% 6% 6% 4% 4% 8% 2% 2% 4% 4% 3% 4% 3% 2% 9% 13% 11% 13% 10% 16% 12% 13% 12% 9% 12% 6% 10% 10% 12% 7% 6% 14% 8% 10% 12% 8% 13% 11% 11% 10% 9% 9% 12% 18% 11% 11% 9% 7% 12% 5% 8% 7% 5% 7% 6% 9% 11% 13% 9% 8% 7% 6% 6% 8% 8% 10% 10% 6% 9% 7% 8% 8% 14% 11% 9% 12% 9% 10% 14% 10% 10% 8% 11% 8% 10% 11% 15% 11% 5% 9% 9% 11% 13% 12% 12% 12% 9% 13% 10% 13% 10% 10% 11% 11% 7% 3% 9% 5% 4% 4% 6% 6% 8% 9% 9% 6% 11% 4% 4% 3% 5% 7% 6% 10% 11% 5% 6% 5% 7% 8% 7% 8% 6% 8% 3% 6% 7% 5% 5% 3% 5% 7% 8% 12% 6% 13% 3% 3% 4% 7% 7% 5% 10% 9% 6% 7% 5% 7% 5% 8% 9% 6% 9% 1% 4% 6% 5% 5% 3% 7% 7% 5% 8% 7% 9% 4% 2% 4% 5% 7% 5% 9% 6% 7% 9% 4% 5% 6% 5% 9% 6% 4% 1% 1% 4% 2% 2% 1% 3% 4% 4% 6% 2% 5% 2% 2% 3% 2% 3% 3% 2% 3% 4% 3% 3% 3% 3% 2% 5% 3% 12% 7% 3% 17% 9% 8% 2% 12% 19% 5% 15% 8% 7% 8% 5% 13% 6% 9% 9% 7% 10% 24% 4% 9% 10% 3% 3% 13% 17% 11% 9% 11% 7% 7% 7% 3% 5% 2% 8% 8% 7% 6% 3% 6% 4% 1% 2% 10% 5% 3% 5% 8% 2% 1% 8% 7% 19% 9% 3% 2% 2% 2% 2% 7% 1% 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Indifferent (SP.2 4.9 4.7 5.

2 3.3 3.1 4.8 4.1 3.8 4.2 4.8 Average 38% 37% 55% 46% 43% 48% 52% 67% 41% 33% 49% 27% 43% 23% 66% 62% 55% 52% 38% 47% 40% 29% 28% 26% 42% 44% 52% 49% 34% 38% 52% 51% 66% 28% 19% 15% 36% 22% 37% 30% 27% 26% 22% 29% 28% 36% 43% 40% 45% 20% 23% 22% 29% 35% 31% 41% 42% 26% 35% 28% 35% 31% 39% 38% 32% TOTAL EU27 26756 A little uncomfortable 35% BE BG CZ DK D-W DE D-E EE IE EL ES FR IT CY LV LT LU HU MT NL AT PL PT RO SI SK FI SE UK 1000 1009 1033 1001 1092 1523 431 1007 1007 1000 1007 1078 1048 501 1012 1022 504 1000 500 1079 1001 1000 1020 1023 1022 1037 999 1006 1317 HR TR MK 1000 1003 1009 .4 4.1 4.1 5.1 3.9 3.7 5.1 5.9 2.0 5.7 4.9 4.9 4.7 4.4 3.3 3. please tell me how you would feel about having someone from each of the following categories in the highest elected political position in (OUR COUNTRY)? A person aged over 75 Uncomfortable Comfortable 21% 25% 9% 7% 26% 17% 15% 6% 22% 30% 14% 29% 17% 21% 14% 9% 19% 13% 18% 17% 18% 19% 36% 16% 15% 18% 13% 10% 27% 26% 17% 20% 16% 4.8 4.QE6.3 5.0 3.8 4.7 And using a scale from 1 to 10.9 4.7 5.4 3.0 4.4 5.2 5.

QE7...1 Would you be in favour of or opposed to specific measures being adopted to provide equal opportunities for everyone in the field of employment? Measures such as. for people depending on their. for example special training schemes or adapted selection and recruitement processes. Ethnic origin DK 8% 3% 14% 9% 3% 6% 7% 7% 8% 10% 1% 5% 6% 10% 3% 13% 20% 10% 5% 14% 3% 10% 13% 9% 11% 5% 6% 3% 4% 8% 9% 12% 12% 4% 6% 11% 7% 17% 8% 80% 65% 69% 13% 18% 23% 59% 74% 60% 62% 68% 67% 61% 78% 72% 72% 79% 68% 64% 72% 60% 62% 73% 73% 55% 58% 51% 74% 75% 77% 80% 69% 74% 68% 74% 38% 12% 31% 35% 26% 26% 32% 14% 18% 27% 16% 26% 26% 25% 27% 18% 17% 22% 31% 39% 39% 13% 16% 12% 15% 25% 23% 28% 18% 69% 23% In favour Opposed TOTAL EU27 20% 35% 19% 29% 27% 26% 21% 37% 35% 30% 31% 27% 17% 41% 21% 16% 38% 27% 21% 24% 12% 21% 26% 41% 38% 19% 23% 35% 38% 31% 26% 39% 49% 39% 30% 39% 39% 41% 33% 41% 41% 40% 41% 37% 42% 48% 41% 47% 31% 39% 46% 35% 46% 34% 34% 39% 53% 49% 36% 42% 50% 51% 33% 36% 26% 8% 23% 17% 17% 17% 20% 8% 13% 20% 10% 14% 18% 15% 18% 12% 12% 17% 20% 19% 32% 10% 11% 8% 11% 20% 18% 14% 11% 12% 4% 8% 18% 9% 9% 12% 6% 5% 7% 6% 12% 8% 10% 9% 6% 5% 5% 11% 20% 7% 3% 5% 4% 4% 5% 5% 14% 7% 26756 Totally in favour 27% Somewhat in favour 42% Somewhat opposed 15% Totally opposed 8% BE BG CZ DK D-W DE D-E EE IE EL ES FR IT CY LV LT LU HU MT NL AT PL PT RO SI SK FI SE UK 1000 1009 1033 1001 1092 1523 431 1007 1007 1000 1007 1078 1048 501 1012 1022 504 1000 500 1079 1001 1000 1020 1023 1022 1037 999 1006 1317 HR TR MK 1000 1003 1009 .

..QE7.2 Would you be in favour of or opposed to specific measures being adopted to provide equal opportunities for everyone in the field of employment? Measures such as. Gender DK 7% 1% 11% 7% 4% 5% 5% 6% 7% 10% 5% 5% 9% 3% 12% 19% 9% 4% 8% 2% 7% 11% 9% 11% 4% 5% 4% 4% 7% 7% 9% 9% 3% 7% 11% 6% 16% 7% 84% 68% 73% 10% 16% 20% 72% 81% 73% 56% 72% 72% 69% 78% 81% 96% 85% 70% 72% 90% 64% 68% 75% 83% 88% 55% 72% 79% 75% 79% 89% 75% 71% 62% 78% 27% 8% 20% 40% 23% 23% 25% 15% 9% 4% 10% 25% 19% 7% 24% 13% 16% 13% 4% 43% 21% 10% 16% 10% 7% 20% 25% 34% 15% 75% 18% In favour Opposed TOTAL EU27 32% 50% 37% 32% 36% 37% 39% 42% 46% 58% 41% 30% 26% 68% 27% 23% 42% 42% 45% 28% 28% 30% 26% 48% 49% 28% 26% 37% 44% 38% 29% 43% 46% 39% 30% 40% 31% 36% 24% 36% 35% 30% 36% 35% 38% 44% 40% 46% 22% 37% 45% 33% 41% 43% 27% 44% 49% 49% 31% 40% 47% 45% 25% 34% 15% 4% 12% 16% 13% 13% 12% 7% 6% 3% 5% 12% 11% 3% 16% 8% 9% 10% 3% 20% 14% 7% 11% 6% 4% 14% 17% 14% 8% 12% 4% 8% 24% 10% 10% 13% 8% 3% 1% 5% 13% 8% 4% 8% 5% 7% 3% 1% 23% 7% 3% 5% 4% 3% 6% 8% 20% 7% 26756 Totally in favour 36% Somewhat in favour 39% Somewhat opposed 10% Totally opposed 8% BE BG CZ DK D-W DE D-E EE IE EL ES FR IT CY LV LT LU HU MT NL AT PL PT RO SI SK FI SE UK 1000 1009 1033 1001 1092 1523 431 1007 1007 1000 1007 1078 1048 501 1012 1022 504 1000 500 1079 1001 1000 1020 1023 1022 1037 999 1006 1317 HR TR MK 1000 1003 1009 . for example special training schemes or adapted selection and recruitement processes. for people depending on their.

QE7.3 Would you be in favour of or opposed to specific measures being adopted to provide equal opportunities for everyone in the field of employment? Measures such as. Sexual orientation DK 9% 1% 22% 9% 4% 8% 8% 8% 12% 12% 7% 6% 11% 5% 15% 25% 10% 10% 10% 3% 12% 17% 11% 16% 5% 8% 6% 5% 9% 14% 18% 16% 10% 22% 24% 9% 24% 17% 67% 36% 43% 24% 40% 40% 66% 50% 62% 62% 57% 56% 53% 62% 76% 74% 76% 65% 64% 77% 47% 44% 65% 57% 81% 50% 53% 59% 72% 52% 75% 57% 59% 55% 72% 33% 28% 29% 34% 35% 36% 39% 26% 12% 26% 17% 29% 25% 18% 38% 31% 25% 33% 9% 47% 35% 24% 17% 32% 20% 35% 35% 40% 19% 63% 28% In favour Opposed TOTAL EU27 26% 22% 24% 26% 25% 24% 20% 29% 41% 30% 32% 29% 18% 45% 16% 10% 36% 21% 38% 25% 15% 18% 26% 25% 36% 16% 18% 33% 38% 27% 16% 21% 40% 20% 22% 40% 28% 38% 36% 32% 32% 33% 33% 35% 44% 44% 36% 46% 32% 31% 34% 29% 36% 43% 25% 38% 41% 46% 27% 39% 41% 41% 22% 34% 18% 17% 19% 18% 20% 20% 19% 15% 8% 18% 9% 14% 16% 11% 23% 16% 16% 25% 6% 21% 26% 16% 12% 18% 14% 26% 23% 16% 11% 15% 11% 10% 16% 15% 16% 20% 11% 4% 8% 8% 15% 9% 7% 15% 15% 9% 8% 3% 26% 9% 8% 5% 14% 6% 9% 12% 24% 8% 26756 Totally in favour 26% Somewhat in favour 37% Somewhat opposed 16% Totally opposed 12% BE BG CZ DK D-W DE D-E EE IE EL ES FR IT CY LV LT LU HU MT NL AT PL PT RO SI SK FI SE UK 1000 1009 1033 1001 1092 1523 431 1007 1007 1000 1007 1078 1048 501 1012 1022 504 1000 500 1079 1001 1000 1020 1023 1022 1037 999 1006 1317 HR TR MK 1000 1003 1009 . for example special training schemes or adapted selection and recruitement processes.. for people depending on their..

for example special training schemes or adapted selection and recruitement processes. Age DK 6% 1% 12% 6% 4% 4% 4% 5% 7% 8% 4% 4% 8% 3% 10% 19% 9% 4% 9% 2% 7% 10% 8% 11% 4% 5% 4% 5% 8% 8% 13% 10% 2% 7% 10% 7% 17% 8% 83% 63% 72% 10% 20% 20% 76% 78% 76% 50% 76% 76% 77% 79% 81% 90% 87% 76% 75% 87% 68% 68% 73% 84% 86% 66% 69% 79% 80% 75% 85% 75% 75% 59% 79% 23% 10% 18% 46% 20% 20% 18% 14% 11% 10% 9% 20% 17% 10% 22% 13% 18% 12% 5% 32% 24% 11% 12% 14% 11% 20% 21% 36% 13% 77% 17% In favour Opposed TOTAL EU27 28% 40% 34% 23% 33% 33% 34% 36% 43% 45% 40% 31% 23% 50% 25% 20% 37% 39% 39% 23% 24% 26% 28% 37% 43% 26% 24% 27% 40% 35% 22% 39% 48% 41% 33% 48% 38% 42% 27% 43% 43% 43% 43% 38% 45% 47% 45% 52% 37% 43% 48% 36% 45% 47% 43% 45% 53% 52% 38% 42% 49% 51% 32% 39% 16% 7% 12% 23% 15% 15% 10% 10% 8% 8% 5% 11% 11% 6% 17% 10% 13% 9% 4% 18% 18% 8% 8% 11% 9% 16% 16% 20% 9% 7% 3% 6% 23% 5% 5% 8% 4% 3% 2% 4% 9% 6% 4% 5% 3% 5% 3% 1% 14% 6% 3% 4% 3% 2% 4% 5% 16% 4% 26756 Totally in favour 32% Somewhat in favour 45% Somewhat opposed 11% Totally opposed 6% BE BG CZ DK D-W DE D-E EE IE EL ES FR IT CY LV LT LU HU MT NL AT PL PT RO SI SK FI SE UK 1000 1009 1033 1001 1092 1523 431 1007 1007 1000 1007 1078 1048 501 1012 1022 504 1000 500 1079 1001 1000 1020 1023 1022 1037 999 1006 1317 HR TR MK 1000 1003 1009 ..QE7.4 Would you be in favour of or opposed to specific measures being adopted to provide equal opportunities for everyone in the field of employment? Measures such as. for people depending on their..

. Religion or belief DK 8% 3% 16% 9% 3% 7% 7% 7% 8% 9% 7% 6% 10% 2% 14% 21% 11% 6% 12% 4% 11% 12% 10% 12% 5% 6% 4% 6% 8% 9% 13% 11% 4% 9% 13% 7% 16% 9% 80% 62% 67% 13% 22% 24% 59% 71% 62% 77% 63% 61% 54% 74% 76% 80% 76% 63% 66% 83% 57% 63% 66% 77% 78% 46% 51% 74% 73% 76% 82% 68% 67% 54% 72% 38% 13% 29% 20% 30% 32% 39% 18% 15% 20% 17% 31% 24% 15% 29% 16% 23% 17% 10% 50% 38% 14% 17% 12% 13% 26% 29% 40% 20% 67% 25% In favour Opposed TOTAL EU27 20% 35% 25% 42% 25% 24% 19% 36% 43% 36% 29% 24% 17% 46% 20% 16% 35% 36% 32% 19% 12% 24% 25% 42% 39% 24% 18% 27% 37% 33% 25% 39% 47% 37% 28% 39% 36% 37% 35% 38% 37% 35% 38% 33% 44% 47% 39% 49% 37% 37% 47% 31% 41% 46% 27% 39% 50% 48% 34% 43% 44% 49% 27% 35% 24% 10% 18% 10% 18% 19% 22% 9% 10% 15% 10% 16% 17% 9% 19% 9% 14% 13% 8% 24% 29% 10% 11% 8% 9% 16% 19% 19% 12% 14% 3% 11% 10% 12% 13% 17% 9% 5% 5% 7% 15% 7% 6% 10% 7% 9% 4% 2% 26% 9% 4% 6% 4% 4% 10% 10% 21% 8% 26756 Totally in favour 27% Somewhat in favour 40% Somewhat opposed 15% Totally opposed 10% BE BG CZ DK D-W DE D-E EE IE EL ES FR IT CY LV LT LU HU MT NL AT PL PT RO SI SK FI SE UK 1000 1009 1033 1001 1092 1523 431 1007 1007 1000 1007 1078 1048 501 1012 1022 504 1000 500 1079 1001 1000 1020 1023 1022 1037 999 1006 1317 HR TR MK 1000 1003 1009 .QE7. for example special training schemes or adapted selection and recruitement processes.. for people depending on their.5 Would you be in favour of or opposed to specific measures being adopted to provide equal opportunities for everyone in the field of employment? Measures such as.

QE7. for example special training schemes or adapted selection and recruitement processes. for people depending on their.6 Would you be in favour of or opposed to specific measures being adopted to provide equal opportunities for everyone in the field of employment? Measures such as... Disability DK 6% 2% 12% 7% 5% 4% 4% 4% 8% 8% 4% 4% 9% 3% 11% 18% 8% 4% 8% 2% 7% 10% 9% 11% 4% 7% 3% 5% 7% 6% 13% 11% 3% 6% 11% 7% 16% 9% 84% 65% 69% 9% 19% 22% 81% 80% 74% 46% 82% 83% 83% 80% 85% 94% 90% 81% 76% 89% 70% 69% 76% 80% 88% 77% 72% 81% 81% 75% 87% 72% 80% 73% 82% 17% 8% 19% 49% 14% 13% 13% 12% 7% 6% 6% 15% 15% 8% 19% 13% 16% 16% 4% 21% 21% 9% 10% 14% 9% 21% 17% 22% 11% 81% 13% In favour Opposed TOTAL EU27 33% 42% 27% 24% 41% 41% 40% 39% 51% 51% 42% 35% 25% 54% 30% 21% 45% 36% 45% 41% 27% 31% 30% 40% 44% 23% 29% 42% 45% 38% 28% 41% 46% 37% 28% 48% 38% 47% 22% 41% 42% 43% 41% 34% 43% 48% 46% 51% 35% 40% 48% 31% 44% 43% 36% 45% 50% 51% 35% 43% 49% 51% 31% 37% 11% 6% 14% 21% 9% 9% 9% 10% 4% 5% 3% 7% 11% 3% 14% 9% 9% 13% 3% 11% 16% 7% 8% 10% 7% 16% 13% 10% 7% 6% 2% 5% 28% 5% 4% 4% 2% 3% 1% 3% 8% 4% 5% 5% 4% 7% 3% 1% 10% 5% 2% 2% 4% 2% 5% 4% 12% 4% 26756 Totally in favour 37% Somewhat in favour 44% Somewhat opposed 8% Totally opposed 5% BE BG CZ DK D-W DE D-E EE IE EL ES FR IT CY LV LT LU HU MT NL AT PL PT RO SI SK FI SE UK 1000 1009 1033 1001 1092 1523 431 1007 1007 1000 1007 1078 1048 501 1012 1022 504 1000 500 1079 1001 1000 1020 1023 1022 1037 999 1006 1317 HR TR MK 1000 1003 1009 .

QE8.1 To what extent do you support or oppose the following in the work place? Monitoring the composition of the work-force to evaluate the representation of people from ethnic minorities TOTAL DK 13% 6% 22% 11% 4% 8% 7% 6% 16% 17% 1% 25% 12% 13% 19% 17% 30% 20% 14% 36% 5% 9% 20% 22% 21% 9% 10% 10% 5% 11% 20% 9% 17% 12% 3% 16% 12% 36% 14% 56% 52% 53% 32% 12% 33% 55% 63% 49% 66% 33% 33% 31% 49% 63% 78% 52% 48% 61% 67% 36% 52% 50% 63% 45% 48% 31% 45% 60% 63% 51% 39% 58% 38% 63% 39% 15% 40% 30% 59% 60% 63% 35% 20% 21% 23% 40% 26% 14% 47% 18% 30% 23% 19% 47% 60% 35% 18% 16% 40% 51% 32% 57% 26% 52% 35% Supports Opposes EU27 16% 24% 11% 32% 9% 8% 7% 14% 25% 27% 17% 16% 15% 28% 9% 13% 19% 19% 18% 15% 6% 10% 19% 25% 19% 7% 13% 13% 30% 15% 21% 23% 41% 31% 30% 39% 39% 38% 34% 24% 25% 24% 35% 38% 51% 35% 32% 46% 39% 27% 39% 31% 44% 27% 33% 25% 35% 41% 38% 32% 32% 45% 25% 33% 29% 10% 27% 17% 32% 33% 36% 15% 12% 15% 15% 24% 21% 12% 29% 13% 19% 15% 14% 24% 38% 24% 15% 8% 24% 35% 23% 25% 14% 10% 5% 13% 13% 27% 27% 27% 20% 8% 6% 8% 16% 5% 2% 18% 5% 11% 8% 5% 23% 22% 11% 3% 8% 16% 16% 9% 32% 12% 26756 Totally support 17% Somewhat support 35% Somewhat oppose 21% Totally oppose 14% BE BG CZ DK D-W DE D-E EE IE EL ES FR IT CY LV LT LU HU MT NL AT PL PT RO SI SK FI SE UK 1000 1009 1033 1001 1092 1523 431 1007 1007 1000 1007 1078 1048 501 1012 1022 504 1000 500 1079 1001 1000 1020 1023 1022 1037 999 1006 1317 HR TR MK 1000 1003 1009 .

2 To what extent do you support or oppose the following in the work place? Monitoring the recruitment procedures to ensure that candidates from ethnic minorities have the same chance of being selected for interview or hired as other candidates with similar skills and qualifications TOTAL DK 11% 5% 22% 9% 4% 7% 6% 4% 12% 17% 1% 23% 9% 11% 16% 14% 24% 11% 13% 29% 3% 11% 18% 20% 19% 8% 8% 5% 3% 8% 13% 7% 8% 5% 3% 11% 11% 31% 13% 71% 59% 68% 18% 10% 19% 68% 70% 64% 78% 53% 52% 49% 70% 69% 74% 62% 74% 69% 71% 62% 64% 72% 70% 50% 70% 50% 62% 71% 72% 68% 64% 77% 79% 77% 27% 8% 27% 18% 40% 42% 47% 18% 14% 25% 15% 17% 20% 13% 24% 12% 17% 17% 21% 27% 39% 20% 9% 9% 24% 28% 18% 18% 15% 67% 22% Supports Opposes EU27 25% 30% 18% 49% 21% 21% 19% 34% 34% 30% 21% 33% 19% 30% 26% 21% 37% 27% 21% 34% 11% 16% 29% 34% 32% 17% 31% 56% 44% 26% 28% 38% 45% 31% 30% 43% 40% 46% 29% 32% 31% 30% 36% 35% 44% 41% 41% 50% 41% 36% 43% 35% 43% 29% 36% 39% 46% 42% 38% 36% 47% 46% 23% 33% 22% 6% 21% 8% 24% 25% 28% 9% 8% 19% 9% 10% 16% 10% 16% 9% 12% 14% 15% 13% 26% 14% 8% 5% 15% 22% 13% 8% 9% 5% 2% 6% 10% 16% 17% 19% 9% 6% 6% 6% 7% 4% 3% 8% 3% 5% 3% 6% 14% 13% 6% 1% 4% 9% 6% 5% 10% 6% 26756 Totally support 28% Somewhat support 39% Somewhat oppose 14% Totally oppose 8% BE BG CZ DK D-W DE D-E EE IE EL ES FR IT CY LV LT LU HU MT NL AT PL PT RO SI SK FI SE UK 1000 1009 1033 1001 1092 1523 431 1007 1007 1000 1007 1078 1048 501 1012 1022 504 1000 500 1079 1001 1000 1020 1023 1022 1037 999 1006 1317 HR TR MK 1000 1003 1009 .QE8.

would you say that enough effort is made in (OUR COUNTRY) to fight all forms of discrimination? TOTAL No. not really DK 7% 4% 15% 3% 2% 4% 4% 2% 12% 11% 6% 4% 7% 4% 11% 15% 4% 5% 7% 2% 6% 16% 14% 15% 2% 4% 2% 2% 5% 41% 26% 24% 18% 25% 20% 7% 14% 7% 34% 35% 49% 59% 51% 44% 60% 34% 44% 43% 59% 58% 52% 42% 50% 40% 55% 43% 43% 65% 28% 43% 62% 36% 43% 63% 49% 36% 53% 43% 53% 53% 68% 31% 56% 36% 51% 53% 55% 37% 38% 46% 46% 39% 60% 39% 53% 50% 31% 61% 42% 34% 59% 50% 35% 45% 48% 33% 42% 45% 43% 30% 67% 39% 49% 44% Yes No 33% 29% 40% 38% 38% 29% 29% 31% 35% 29% 40% 28% 38% 41% 22% 47% 32% 28% 40% 37% 28% 34% 37% 27% 30% 35% 30% 27% 40% 28% 7% 11% 15% 17% 8% 9% 15% 11% 10% 20% 11% 15% 9% 9% 14% 10% 6% 19% 13% 7% 11% 11% 6% 12% 10% 13% 3% 27% 11% 11% 11% 13% 6% 8% 11% 18% 17% 11% 9% 17% 8% 11% 8% 5% 20% 4% 8% 19% 7% 6% 15% 13% 3% 7% 8% 7% 12% 10% 7% 17% 5% 8% 7% 29% 27% 42% 47% 28% 36% 32% 41% 41% 41% 33% 33% 32% 44% 35% 38% 45% 24% 35% 43% 29% 37% 48% 36% 33% 46% 35% 46% 41% 58% 24% 39% 38% Yes.QE9 In general. definitely not EU27 26756 BE BG CZ DK D-W DE D-E EE IE EL ES FR IT CY LV LT LU HU MT NL AT PL PT RO SI SK FI SE UK 1000 1009 1033 1001 1092 1523 431 1007 1007 1000 1007 1078 1048 501 1012 1022 504 1000 500 1079 1001 1000 1020 1023 1022 1037 999 1006 1317 HR TR MK 1000 1003 1009 . definitely Yes. to some extent No.

QE10 Do you know your rights if you are the victim of discrimination or harassment? TOTAL 33% 32% 21% 33% 29% 27% 26% 24% 32% 36% 27% 36% 38% 25% 42% 24% 36% 32% 32% 45% 38% 16% 24% 24% 30% 41% 41% 63% 47% 49% 28% 28% 45% 61% 45% 44% 8% 10% 9% 3% 17% 2% 54% 52% 49% 65% 51% 51% 53% 53% 44% 63% 54% 59% 48% 49% 64% 49% 56% 52% 41% 55% 47% 63% 56% 51% 38% 48% 27% 43% 44% 11% 17% 15% 5% 18% 19% 22% 13% 15% 10% 8% 2% 21% 9% 11% 10% 8% 12% 8% 5% 33% 9% 14% 13% 18% 7% 8% 8% 5% 3% 10% 3% 1% 4% 4% 1% 2% 5% 2% 1% 6% 1% 5% 4% 4% 6% 2% 4% 4% 6% 6% 3% 4% 2% 2% 2% 52% 3% Yes No DK EU27 26756 That depends (SP.) 12% BE BG CZ DK D-W DE D-E EE IE EL ES FR IT CY LV LT LU HU MT NL AT PL PT RO SI SK FI SE UK 1000 1009 1033 1001 1092 1523 431 1007 1007 1000 1007 1078 1048 501 1012 1022 504 1000 500 1079 1001 1000 1020 1023 1022 1037 999 1006 1317 HR TR MK 1000 1003 1009 .

to some No.QE11. definitely No. not really not extent EU27 26756 BE BG CZ DK D-W DE D-E EE IE EL ES FR IT CY LV LT LU HU MT NL AT PL PT RO SI SK FI SE UK 1000 1009 1033 1001 1092 1523 431 1007 1007 1000 1007 1078 1048 501 1012 1022 504 1000 500 1079 1001 1000 1020 1023 1022 1037 999 1006 1317 HR TR MK 1000 1003 1009 . definitely Yes.1 Do you think that diversity is sufficiently reflected in the media. in terms of…? Ethnic origin TOTAL DK 9% 5% 10% 8% 4% 7% 7% 8% 12% 19% 7% 8% 7% 14% 11% 13% 13% 7% 21% 5% 7% 11% 21% 23% 5% 8% 3% 7% 12% 33% 26% 17% 6% 12% 6% 8% 14% 14% 53% 48% 63% 39% 38% 23% 60% 63% 57% 62% 63% 61% 54% 59% 54% 54% 43% 55% 46% 61% 48% 59% 54% 58% 41% 66% 54% 53% 42% 51% 60% 61% 65% 58% 63% 35% 27% 35% 34% 30% 32% 38% 29% 27% 46% 50% 37% 47% 25% 41% 28% 33% 35% 38% 29% 39% 36% 37% 26% 35% 31% 32% 35% 25% 55% 36% Yes No 12% 15% 20% 13% 15% 19% 18% 15% 12% 11% 14% 10% 9% 6% 14% 5% 10% 15% 21% 7% 17% 12% 8% 6% 10% 14% 12% 10% 18% 16% 12% 11% 24% 41% 37% 39% 45% 43% 44% 47% 44% 43% 39% 47% 43% 40% 33% 46% 40% 47% 43% 49% 39% 37% 34% 49% 42% 45% 36% 41% 46% 49% 55% 40% 47% 29% 22% 29% 28% 25% 26% 29% 26% 24% 38% 40% 29% 39% 21% 36% 24% 30% 27% 30% 25% 32% 30% 33% 23% 28% 26% 31% 29% 21% 6% 5% 6% 6% 5% 6% 9% 3% 3% 8% 10% 8% 8% 4% 5% 4% 3% 8% 8% 4% 7% 6% 4% 3% 7% 5% 1% 6% 4% 43% 30% 6% Yes.

QE11. definitely No. definitely Yes. not really not extent EU27 26756 BE BG CZ DK D-W DE D-E EE IE EL ES FR IT CY LV LT LU HU MT NL AT PL PT RO SI SK FI SE UK 1000 1009 1033 1001 1092 1523 431 1007 1007 1000 1007 1078 1048 501 1012 1022 504 1000 500 1079 1001 1000 1020 1023 1022 1037 999 1006 1317 HR TR MK 1000 1003 1009 . to some No.2 Do you think that diversity is sufficiently reflected in the media. in terms of…? Gender TOTAL DK 8% 4% 11% 7% 4% 6% 6% 7% 13% 19% 5% 6% 6% 14% 12% 14% 10% 7% 19% 7% 6% 10% 20% 22% 4% 7% 3% 4% 11% 31% 29% 19% 5% 15% 6% 8% 14% 14% 56% 42% 61% 36% 44% 25% 70% 57% 63% 76% 71% 70% 62% 60% 59% 45% 78% 76% 57% 48% 53% 61% 68% 67% 55% 72% 57% 64% 43% 54% 60% 64% 77% 74% 67% 26% 32% 30% 20% 23% 24% 31% 27% 22% 55% 17% 18% 37% 38% 35% 25% 22% 26% 26% 21% 37% 26% 37% 24% 36% 29% 20% 22% 22% 66% 26% Yes No 20% 26% 21% 21% 25% 27% 27% 22% 16% 17% 12% 35% 21% 8% 11% 7% 11% 22% 27% 16% 22% 15% 13% 6% 14% 15% 19% 15% 38% 19% 15% 10% 22% 41% 32% 39% 44% 36% 42% 51% 44% 43% 40% 44% 42% 33% 43% 55% 49% 37% 46% 50% 46% 40% 39% 50% 42% 51% 37% 40% 45% 45% 62% 36% 48% 21% 25% 24% 17% 18% 18% 20% 23% 19% 42% 15% 15% 32% 26% 32% 22% 20% 22% 19% 17% 31% 23% 32% 21% 29% 25% 19% 19% 19% 5% 7% 6% 3% 5% 6% 11% 4% 3% 13% 2% 3% 5% 12% 3% 3% 2% 4% 7% 4% 6% 3% 5% 3% 7% 4% 1% 3% 3% 46% 22% 4% Yes.

in terms of…? Sexual orientation TOTAL DK 13% 8% 15% 9% 6% 8% 8% 9% 15% 22% 12% 23% 8% 19% 12% 15% 21% 19% 21% 7% 7% 13% 21% 28% 5% 12% 4% 15% 16% 29% 31% 19% 7% 18% 10% 10% 21% 25% 54% 30% 46% 36% 49% 29% 60% 45% 52% 64% 64% 63% 57% 52% 50% 49% 67% 47% 47% 47% 56% 58% 49% 46% 44% 69% 53% 55% 43% 44% 63% 51% 72% 60% 60% 32% 40% 39% 30% 28% 29% 34% 33% 28% 51% 21% 30% 45% 34% 32% 27% 30% 35% 35% 24% 40% 32% 36% 28% 32% 37% 24% 25% 24% 56% 31% Yes No 15% 18% 15% 13% 16% 23% 22% 19% 12% 12% 11% 23% 9% 5% 7% 13% 14% 13% 16% 9% 17% 9% 10% 7% 12% 17% 10% 14% 24% 17% 15% 7% 15% 39% 23% 31% 42% 30% 39% 48% 41% 41% 38% 40% 38% 38% 44% 38% 42% 40% 43% 44% 36% 30% 35% 52% 44% 45% 36% 32% 46% 41% 58% 36% 43% 26% 28% 32% 26% 24% 25% 26% 28% 23% 40% 17% 22% 38% 26% 28% 23% 26% 27% 27% 21% 33% 25% 31% 21% 25% 30% 23% 21% 21% 6% 12% 7% 4% 4% 4% 8% 5% 5% 11% 4% 8% 7% 8% 4% 4% 4% 8% 8% 3% 7% 7% 5% 7% 7% 7% 1% 4% 3% 41% 25% 6% Yes.3 Do you think that diversity is sufficiently reflected in the media. definitely Yes. definitely No. to some No. not really not extent EU27 26756 BE BG CZ DK D-W DE D-E EE IE EL ES FR IT CY LV LT LU HU MT NL AT PL PT RO SI SK FI SE UK 1000 1009 1033 1001 1092 1523 431 1007 1007 1000 1007 1078 1048 501 1012 1022 504 1000 500 1079 1001 1000 1020 1023 1022 1037 999 1006 1317 HR TR MK 1000 1003 1009 .QE11.

to some No. definitely Yes. definitely No. in terms of…? Age TOTAL DK 8% 5% 12% 7% 4% 5% 5% 5% 12% 19% 1% 5% 6% 6% 14% 10% 13% 10% 7% 21% 5% 6% 10% 20% 22% 4% 8% 3% 6% 11% 34% 32% 20% 8% 18% 7% 7% 16% 14% 51% 34% 59% 42% 50% 27% 63% 55% 58% 65% 66% 64% 55% 58% 56% 41% 67% 65% 54% 52% 54% 58% 58% 60% 52% 62% 46% 55% 42% 49% 60% 60% 69% 61% 58% 32% 33% 35% 31% 29% 31% 40% 30% 25% 58% 28% 29% 40% 34% 36% 29% 32% 33% 27% 33% 48% 35% 38% 29% 36% 32% 28% 33% 31% 59% 33% Yes No 14% 18% 17% 15% 13% 21% 20% 16% 12% 14% 8% 27% 14% 6% 8% 6% 11% 15% 18% 11% 12% 7% 10% 6% 11% 13% 14% 11% 22% 13% 12% 7% 20% 39% 27% 39% 45% 38% 43% 52% 45% 44% 39% 46% 42% 33% 40% 51% 48% 44% 48% 47% 43% 42% 41% 50% 39% 45% 36% 38% 47% 46% 58% 39% 45% 27% 26% 26% 27% 23% 24% 29% 27% 20% 45% 23% 25% 33% 27% 32% 25% 29% 27% 22% 27% 38% 30% 33% 25% 29% 27% 27% 27% 26% 5% 7% 9% 4% 6% 7% 11% 3% 5% 13% 5% 4% 7% 7% 4% 4% 3% 6% 5% 6% 10% 5% 5% 4% 7% 5% 1% 6% 5% 45% 27% 6% Yes.4 Do you think that diversity is sufficiently reflected in the media. not really not extent EU27 26756 BE BG CZ DK D-W DE D-E EE IE EL ES FR IT CY LV LT LU HU MT NL AT PL PT RO SI SK FI SE UK 1000 1009 1033 1001 1092 1523 431 1007 1007 1000 1007 1078 1048 501 1012 1022 504 1000 500 1079 1001 1000 1020 1023 1022 1037 999 1006 1317 HR TR MK 1000 1003 1009 .QE11.

5 Do you think that diversity is sufficiently reflected in the media.QE11. to some No. definitely No. definitely Yes. in terms of…? Religion or belief TOTAL DK 13% 8% 13% 10% 5% 7% 7% 6% 13% 20% 17% 21% 7% 15% 11% 13% 21% 18% 23% 6% 7% 11% 22% 25% 4% 11% 3% 14% 14% 31% 24% 18% 8% 13% 9% 8% 13% 17% 53% 50% 56% 39% 37% 27% 58% 49% 45% 59% 62% 60% 55% 49% 53% 43% 47% 44% 53% 50% 47% 55% 48% 39% 44% 67% 54% 51% 37% 45% 60% 53% 62% 48% 59% 34% 38% 45% 36% 31% 33% 39% 38% 27% 57% 36% 35% 40% 35% 42% 32% 31% 43% 33% 27% 39% 38% 41% 30% 36% 36% 35% 38% 27% 52% 35% Yes No 11% 14% 14% 9% 13% 20% 18% 12% 9% 13% 9% 11% 9% 6% 6% 4% 9% 13% 12% 8% 17% 10% 8% 5% 9% 14% 12% 9% 15% 13% 11% 13% 21% 42% 37% 35% 44% 35% 36% 46% 42% 42% 43% 40% 40% 34% 36% 35% 47% 44% 43% 46% 35% 27% 36% 50% 44% 43% 32% 36% 46% 41% 53% 33% 46% 28% 30% 35% 30% 27% 27% 28% 33% 22% 44% 27% 27% 34% 28% 36% 27% 28% 33% 26% 23% 33% 31% 35% 26% 28% 26% 33% 32% 23% 6% 8% 10% 6% 4% 6% 11% 5% 5% 13% 9% 8% 6% 7% 6% 5% 3% 10% 7% 4% 6% 7% 6% 4% 8% 10% 2% 6% 4% 41% 29% 6% Yes. not really not extent EU27 26756 BE BG CZ DK D-W DE D-E EE IE EL ES FR IT CY LV LT LU HU MT NL AT PL PT RO SI SK FI SE UK 1000 1009 1033 1001 1092 1523 431 1007 1007 1000 1007 1078 1048 501 1012 1022 504 1000 500 1079 1001 1000 1020 1023 1022 1037 999 1006 1317 HR TR MK 1000 1003 1009 .

in terms of…? Disability TOTAL DK 8% 5% 10% 6% 4% 6% 6% 5% 12% 19% 1% 6% 8% 7% 15% 9% 13% 12% 10% 21% 6% 6% 9% 21% 24% 4% 9% 2% 11% 12% 33% 27% 21% 10% 16% 9% 8% 16% 17% 49% 41% 53% 43% 43% 30% 45% 56% 52% 47% 58% 56% 49% 54% 48% 46% 43% 27% 53% 47% 55% 57% 43% 37% 50% 48% 49% 57% 43% 39% 60% 57% 57% 31% 48% 50% 34% 42% 49% 36% 38% 46% 34% 33% 53% 51% 65% 40% 38% 36% 30% 45% 53% 29% 46% 45% 34% 36% 37% 36% 34% 41% 58% 40% 48% 44% Yes No 10% 11% 17% 10% 8% 18% 16% 11% 9% 13% 9% 9% 5% 6% 8% 6% 8% 12% 10% 12% 7% 8% 9% 6% 7% 14% 10% 7% 8% 10% 11% 8% 17% 38% 33% 36% 34% 39% 42% 39% 40% 40% 38% 45% 35% 37% 34% 22% 47% 39% 49% 49% 31% 27% 38% 41% 41% 48% 37% 32% 46% 47% 50% 23% 38% 38% 27% 34% 40% 30% 31% 37% 30% 25% 41% 35% 43% 34% 28% 32% 25% 34% 38% 23% 38% 36% 28% 32% 31% 29% 27% 38% 39% 32% 12% 7% 8% 9% 6% 7% 9% 4% 8% 12% 16% 22% 6% 10% 4% 5% 11% 15% 6% 8% 9% 6% 4% 6% 7% 7% 3% 19% 8% 38% 34% 10% Yes. definitely Yes. to some No. definitely No.QE11. not really not extent EU27 26756 BE BG CZ DK D-W DE D-E EE IE EL ES FR IT CY LV LT LU HU MT NL AT PL PT RO SI SK FI SE UK 1000 1009 1033 1001 1092 1523 431 1007 1007 1000 1007 1078 1048 501 1012 1022 504 1000 500 1079 1001 1000 1020 1023 1022 1037 999 1006 1317 HR TR MK 1000 1003 1009 .6 Do you think that diversity is sufficiently reflected in the media.

will be considered less important and receive less funding? TOTAL No. definitely not EU27 26756 BE BG CZ DK D-W DE D-E EE IE EL ES FR IT CY LV LT LU HU MT NL AT PL PT RO SI SK FI SE UK 1000 1009 1033 1001 1092 1523 431 1007 1007 1000 1007 1078 1048 501 1012 1022 504 1000 500 1079 1001 1000 1020 1023 1022 1037 999 1006 1317 HR TR MK 1000 1003 1009 .QE12 Do you think that due to the economical crisis the policies promoting equality and diversity in (OUR COUNTRY). not really DK 17% 10% 37% 11% 4% 15% 14% 14% 17% 19% 4% 10% 19% 23% 33% 13% 24% 22% 14% 39% 8% 12% 24% 32% 27% 9% 10% 10% 5% 14% 27% 21% 16% 9% 12% 8% 14% 21% 17% 50% 46% 59% 36% 33% 24% 51% 41% 61% 67% 52% 51% 45% 60% 63% 61% 35% 44% 39% 40% 65% 52% 47% 56% 31% 66% 52% 48% 46% 44% 65% 63% 64% 68% 60% 39% 22% 28% 29% 33% 35% 41% 23% 18% 35% 55% 37% 38% 27% 22% 24% 31% 30% 30% 26% 36% 28% 22% 29% 26% 27% 26% 27% 26% 49% 34% Yes No 26% 33% 20% 23% 23% 23% 24% 29% 19% 14% 28% 32% 29% 32% 16% 17% 19% 27% 24% 21% 22% 28% 24% 17% 20% 20% 23% 24% 18% 22% 6% 2% 5% 6% 10% 11% 12% 4% 4% 7% 23% 8% 6% 11% 5% 5% 4% 6% 9% 4% 8% 4% 5% 9% 6% 4% 2% 9% 4% 8% 11% 9% 9% 17% 19% 14% 15% 16% 19% 21% 17% 6% 10% 6% 6% 21% 11% 7% 13% 7% 22% 9% 9% 8% 13% 19% 11% 11% 20% 13% 10% 13% 17% 40% 33% 42% 42% 32% 44% 48% 38% 36% 29% 41% 42% 44% 29% 34% 33% 34% 44% 41% 40% 43% 24% 44% 43% 39% 38% 31% 46% 52% 53% 48% 47% 38% Yes. to some extent No. definitely Yes.

not really DK 9% 4% 12% 5% 3% 7% 7% 8% 8% 10% 5% 9% 12% 7% 9% 14% 8% 7% 22% 3% 7% 15% 18% 15% 3% 3% 2% 2% 10% 29% 28% 19% 11% 11% 14% 6% 16% 10% 54% 45% 57% 40% 39% 33% 62% 55% 62% 58% 53% 53% 49% 57% 69% 83% 74% 60% 49% 78% 49% 40% 63% 71% 55% 72% 64% 44% 55% 44% 70% 65% 78% 73% 54% 34% 33% 33% 39% 40% 40% 43% 35% 21% 17% 21% 31% 39% 15% 42% 46% 29% 22% 23% 25% 29% 41% 27% 41% 27% 32% 20% 25% 36% 57% 34% Yes No 26% 27% 26% 25% 31% 28% 29% 33% 26% 14% 14% 16% 24% 32% 9% 32% 33% 23% 18% 14% 20% 22% 33% 21% 27% 22% 24% 19% 18% 31% 7% 7% 8% 8% 12% 11% 10% 9% 7% 3% 5% 7% 7% 6% 10% 13% 6% 4% 9% 5% 7% 8% 6% 14% 5% 8% 1% 7% 5% 8% 16% 17% 17% 20% 13% 13% 14% 15% 16% 29% 34% 25% 19% 10% 34% 12% 7% 24% 27% 20% 21% 15% 8% 11% 14% 30% 19% 21% 26% 13% 13% 15% 21% 41% 30% 36% 45% 38% 42% 45% 40% 39% 34% 41% 40% 49% 49% 41% 39% 44% 37% 33% 39% 44% 35% 51% 49% 36% 44% 30% 40% 46% 57% 47% 41% 41% Yes. definitely Yes. definitely not EU27 26756 BE BG CZ DK D-W DE D-E EE IE EL ES FR IT CY LV LT LU HU MT NL AT PL PT RO SI SK FI SE UK 1000 1009 1033 1001 1092 1523 431 1007 1007 1000 1007 1078 1048 501 1012 1022 504 1000 500 1079 1001 1000 1020 1023 1022 1037 999 1006 1317 HR TR MK 1000 1003 1009 .QE13.1 Do you think that the economical crisis will contribute to an increase of discrimination on the basis of… in the labour market? Ethnic origin TOTAL No. to some extent No.

definitely Yes. not really DK 8% 4% 12% 4% 3% 5% 5% 5% 8% 10% 6% 8% 12% 8% 7% 13% 7% 8% 20% 4% 6% 13% 19% 15% 3% 2% 1% 2% 10% 30% 28% 22% 9% 15% 14% 6% 17% 10% 55% 40% 54% 39% 43% 36% 35% 43% 54% 32% 36% 38% 48% 49% 41% 66% 53% 43% 37% 59% 53% 46% 41% 56% 30% 37% 47% 43% 50% 43% 64% 54% 60% 45% 43% 61% 45% 42% 65% 59% 57% 47% 43% 49% 34% 41% 49% 51% 33% 40% 41% 52% 36% 50% 59% 47% 44% 31% 42% 33% 44% 39% 53% 47% 43% 49% Yes No 37% 46% 36% 29% 49% 40% 39% 34% 31% 36% 27% 30% 38% 40% 23% 30% 29% 43% 29% 33% 46% 33% 36% 26% 28% 25% 34% 34% 37% 40% 15% 9% 13% 16% 19% 18% 13% 12% 13% 7% 11% 11% 11% 10% 10% 12% 9% 7% 17% 13% 14% 8% 5% 14% 8% 10% 5% 16% 7% 12% 10% 9% 11% 14% 5% 7% 9% 16% 11% 11% 22% 14% 13% 7% 16% 13% 9% 12% 13% 5% 6% 8% 8% 9% 11% 27% 13% 13% 12% 10% 12% 13% 18% 43% 27% 36% 26% 32% 40% 27% 29% 29% 32% 38% 30% 44% 39% 30% 30% 43% 40% 37% 29% 43% 25% 31% 39% 35% 41% 32% 37% 41% 47% 33% 33% 33% Yes. to some extent No.2 Do you think that the economical crisis will contribute to an increase of discrimination on the basis of… in the labour market? Gender TOTAL No.QE13. definitely not EU27 26756 BE BG CZ DK D-W DE D-E EE IE EL ES FR IT CY LV LT LU HU MT NL AT PL PT RO SI SK FI SE UK 1000 1009 1033 1001 1092 1523 431 1007 1007 1000 1007 1078 1048 501 1012 1022 504 1000 500 1079 1001 1000 1020 1023 1022 1037 999 1006 1317 HR TR MK 1000 1003 1009 .

not really DK 11% 3% 25% 6% 3% 7% 8% 9% 13% 14% 1% 8% 10% 12% 13% 13% 21% 10% 12% 21% 4% 9% 19% 20% 21% 5% 6% 4% 5% 10% 28% 26% 18% 11% 18% 16% 8% 21% 23% 53% 35% 43% 39% 44% 34% 32% 35% 30% 29% 28% 28% 28% 37% 35% 61% 42% 39% 37% 54% 42% 38% 40% 40% 27% 37% 38% 38% 50% 43% 62% 37% 57% 37% 38% 65% 40% 64% 68% 65% 64% 63% 50% 51% 38% 50% 51% 51% 33% 45% 41% 50% 48% 52% 59% 53% 43% 30% 36% 33% 57% 39% 58% 52% 37% 52% Yes No 39% 49% 30% 38% 50% 43% 42% 42% 33% 39% 31% 36% 39% 41% 21% 32% 28% 41% 39% 38% 47% 39% 35% 25% 24% 25% 43% 36% 40% 44% 16% 10% 26% 18% 22% 22% 21% 17% 12% 7% 14% 12% 10% 12% 13% 13% 9% 9% 14% 12% 14% 8% 5% 12% 8% 14% 3% 18% 8% 13% 9% 8% 11% 5% 4% 5% 5% 6% 11% 8% 19% 11% 13% 7% 15% 11% 8% 12% 10% 6% 7% 5% 8% 10% 18% 27% 9% 13% 9% 8% 15% 15% 16% 38% 20% 27% 24% 24% 25% 25% 23% 23% 22% 26% 27% 42% 31% 26% 30% 39% 31% 30% 28% 30% 21% 30% 33% 30% 40% 25% 35% 28% 44% 28% 30% 28% Yes.3 Do you think that the economical crisis will contribute to an increase of discrimination on the basis of… in the labour market? Sexual orientation TOTAL No. definitely not EU27 26756 BE BG CZ DK D-W DE D-E EE IE EL ES FR IT CY LV LT LU HU MT NL AT PL PT RO SI SK FI SE UK 1000 1009 1033 1001 1092 1523 431 1007 1007 1000 1007 1078 1048 501 1012 1022 504 1000 500 1079 1001 1000 1020 1023 1022 1037 999 1006 1317 HR TR MK 1000 1003 1009 .QE13. to some extent No. definitely Yes.

to some extent No. definitely not EU27 26756 BE BG CZ DK D-W DE D-E EE IE EL ES FR IT CY LV LT LU HU MT NL AT PL PT RO SI SK FI SE UK 1000 1009 1033 1001 1092 1523 431 1007 1007 1000 1007 1078 1048 501 1012 1022 504 1000 500 1079 1001 1000 1020 1023 1022 1037 999 1006 1317 HR TR MK 1000 1003 1009 . not really DK 7% 4% 10% 4% 2% 5% 4% 3% 7% 11% 5% 7% 11% 8% 5% 11% 6% 6% 21% 3% 5% 11% 18% 15% 3% 3% 1% 2% 9% 24% 28% 15% 8% 16% 10% 6% 16% 10% 62% 40% 65% 32% 44% 25% 61% 73% 75% 61% 69% 69% 69% 73% 57% 80% 72% 63% 48% 73% 80% 66% 66% 74% 43% 76% 72% 58% 60% 55% 75% 75% 83% 75% 59% 35% 17% 21% 37% 26% 27% 28% 20% 32% 20% 23% 30% 41% 19% 15% 23% 28% 20% 36% 21% 23% 31% 22% 30% 22% 22% 16% 23% 32% 64% 29% Yes No 22% 28% 12% 15% 29% 17% 18% 24% 16% 24% 16% 18% 22% 33% 13% 11% 16% 22% 16% 26% 17% 17% 24% 18% 19% 17% 16% 15% 17% 27% 7% 5% 6% 8% 9% 9% 4% 4% 8% 4% 5% 8% 8% 6% 4% 7% 6% 4% 10% 4% 6% 7% 4% 11% 5% 6% 1% 6% 5% 7% 22% 16% 33% 36% 12% 24% 26% 34% 32% 18% 33% 26% 21% 12% 23% 36% 24% 22% 34% 12% 27% 28% 14% 17% 20% 38% 30% 26% 23% 18% 18% 14% 27% 44% 26% 38% 45% 40% 39% 49% 45% 43% 35% 41% 39% 47% 46% 42% 36% 50% 44% 42% 44% 40% 31% 49% 44% 44% 43% 35% 37% 45% 57% 52% 41% 42% Yes. definitely Yes.4 Do you think that the economical crisis will contribute to an increase of discrimination on the basis of… in the labour market? Age TOTAL No.QE13.

5 Do you think that the economical crisis will contribute to an increase of discrimination on the basis of… in the labour market? Religion or belief TOTAL No. not really DK 9% 3% 15% 5% 3% 6% 6% 7% 9% 12% 7% 10% 12% 8% 9% 15% 8% 11% 21% 4% 8% 14% 19% 15% 4% 4% 2% 4% 11% 33% 30% 24% 12% 14% 18% 7% 15% 12% 48% 41% 46% 45% 44% 42% 52% 36% 26% 51% 36% 36% 35% 36% 35% 63% 45% 49% 40% 54% 31% 29% 43% 28% 29% 54% 54% 33% 41% 34% 63% 25% 56% 54% 42% 45% 49% 69% 46% 58% 58% 58% 55% 53% 37% 48% 41% 48% 38% 60% 56% 49% 61% 50% 42% 38% 53% 40% 51% 33% 71% 42% 42% 47% 42% 49% Yes No 36% 35% 38% 40% 36% 38% 39% 42% 38% 37% 28% 33% 31% 39% 26% 41% 36% 40% 40% 34% 35% 28% 42% 30% 34% 26% 43% 38% 31% 40% 10% 11% 29% 10% 20% 19% 16% 17% 16% 9% 15% 10% 9% 12% 19% 20% 9% 21% 16% 7% 10% 11% 10% 17% 7% 28% 4% 11% 7% 13% 10% 14% 10% 5% 10% 8% 9% 10% 9% 7% 19% 12% 15% 7% 13% 6% 5% 13% 6% 7% 14% 10% 5% 7% 10% 26% 5% 11% 12% 10% 10% 17% 18% 38% 24% 28% 38% 26% 21% 41% 28% 27% 25% 27% 28% 44% 33% 34% 33% 41% 25% 24% 30% 22% 22% 40% 44% 28% 34% 24% 37% 20% 45% 42% 32% 32% Yes. definitely Yes.QE13. definitely not EU27 26756 BE BG CZ DK D-W DE D-E EE IE EL ES FR IT CY LV LT LU HU MT NL AT PL PT RO SI SK FI SE UK 1000 1009 1033 1001 1092 1523 431 1007 1007 1000 1007 1078 1048 501 1012 1022 504 1000 500 1079 1001 1000 1020 1023 1022 1037 999 1006 1317 HR TR MK 1000 1003 1009 . to some extent No.

not really DK 8% 3% 15% 4% 3% 5% 5% 5% 8% 11% 7% 7% 12% 8% 6% 13% 7% 7% 20% 3% 6% 13% 18% 16% 3% 5% 2% 3% 10% 26% 28% 15% 9% 15% 13% 7% 15% 13% 58% 42% 59% 35% 43% 28% 55% 60% 67% 55% 53% 54% 56% 72% 50% 77% 60% 57% 41% 70% 75% 62% 56% 69% 33% 67% 57% 51% 59% 50% 76% 63% 77% 73% 52% 42% 25% 29% 42% 42% 41% 39% 20% 39% 23% 33% 36% 47% 22% 19% 25% 37% 24% 47% 30% 37% 36% 23% 34% 21% 32% 21% 24% 38% 56% 36% Yes No 28% 33% 20% 23% 32% 29% 29% 30% 16% 28% 18% 25% 27% 37% 13% 14% 17% 30% 20% 31% 24% 26% 29% 19% 22% 17% 23% 20% 17% 33% 9% 5% 6% 10% 13% 12% 9% 4% 11% 5% 8% 9% 10% 9% 5% 8% 7% 4% 16% 6% 11% 7% 4% 12% 4% 9% 1% 7% 5% 8% 16% 14% 20% 21% 11% 14% 16% 22% 26% 11% 26% 18% 18% 8% 14% 30% 20% 17% 23% 8% 16% 11% 10% 16% 17% 35% 16% 18% 25% 14% 16% 15% 24% 42% 27% 35% 41% 40% 46% 44% 39% 38% 34% 46% 39% 51% 42% 39% 33% 56% 45% 42% 39% 46% 25% 51% 46% 41% 43% 33% 41% 47% 59% 48% 38% 40% Yes.6 Do you think that the economical crisis will contribute to an increase of discrimination on the basis of… in the labour market? Disability TOTAL No. to some extent No. definitely Yes. definitely not EU27 26756 BE BG CZ DK D-W DE D-E EE IE EL ES FR IT CY LV LT LU HU MT NL AT PL PT RO SI SK FI SE UK 1000 1009 1033 1001 1092 1523 431 1007 1007 1000 1007 1078 1048 501 1012 1022 504 1000 500 1079 1001 1000 1020 1023 1022 1037 999 1006 1317 HR TR MK 1000 1003 1009 .QE13.

definitely not Not applicable (SP.1 Do you think that enough is being done to increase diversity in your work place as far as… is concerned? Ethnic origin TOTAL No.) EU27 26756 BE BG CZ DK D-W DE D-E EE IE EL ES FR IT CY LV LT LU HU MT NL AT PL PT RO SI SK FI SE UK 1000 1009 1033 1001 1092 1523 431 1007 1007 1000 1007 1078 1048 501 1012 1022 504 1000 500 1079 1001 1000 1020 1023 1022 1037 999 1006 1317 HR TR MK 1000 1003 1009 . definitely Yes.QE14. to some extent No. not really 13% 14% 16% 18% 13% 11% 11% 12% 14% 8% 18% 12% 12% 18% 13% 12% 7% 11% 13% 10% 19% 17% 13% 13% 14% 8% 17% 21% 10% 11% 12% 11% 7% 7% 6% 5% 60% 67% 66% 4% 7% 5% 17% 9% 17% 19% 17% 12% 3% 10% 7% 4% 5% 5% 4% 7% 3% 9% 6% 4% 6% 5% 5% 5% 4% 4% 8% 3% 7% 5% 3% 7% 3% 9% 3% 4% 2% 54% 51% 48% 51% 52% 52% 54% 52% 53% 53% 58% 51% 53% 52% 46% 65% 50% 62% 54% 48% 49% 59% 58% 55% 60% 45% 48% 43% 55% 2% 9% 6% 1% 3% 3% 3% 5% 6% 2% 3% 5% 7% 3% 13% 9% 8% 3% 11% 2% 3% 9% 6% 9% 3% 4% 3% 6% 3% 27% 14% 21% 31% 29% 29% 27% 22% 30% 18% 21% 28% 16% 27% 24% 14% 27% 18% 17% 28% 24% 14% 20% 15% 26% 25% 25% 37% 29% 17% 26% 25% 17% 16% 16% 16% 21% 11% 27% 18% 16% 24% 18% 17% 12% 15% 17% 18% 22% 24% 18% 16% 21% 11% 26% 24% 14% 13% 5% 54% 5% 23% 18% DK Yes No 7% 7% 4% 4% 12% 10% 10% 9% 9% 10% 5% 5% 7% 2% 6% 5% 5% 10% 5% 5% 8% 4% 3% 3% 3% 10% 5% 5% 19% 12% 5% 2% 7% 12% 7% 10% 20% 10% 17% 19% 19% 19% 18% 13% 20% 13% 16% 21% 14% 21% 19% 9% 17% 13% 12% 20% 20% 11% 17% 12% 16% 20% 20% 18% 17% 16% Yes.

not really 12% 10% 14% 15% 9% 10% 10% 8% 14% 8% 15% 9% 11% 18% 13% 9% 8% 9% 10% 9% 14% 13% 11% 12% 13% 7% 16% 16% 10% 9% 11% 10% 7% 8% 6% 4% 60% 68% 66% 3% 7% 5% 18% 9% 18% 19% 16% 11% 3% 8% 7% 4% 4% 4% 4% 7% 3% 9% 4% 3% 4% 5% 5% 5% 3% 3% 5% 3% 4% 4% 3% 7% 3% 8% 2% 3% 2% 54% 51% 47% 50% 52% 52% 52% 52% 53% 53% 58% 51% 53% 53% 46% 64% 49% 60% 54% 48% 48% 59% 57% 55% 60% 44% 48% 43% 55% 1% 8% 4% 1% 2% 2% 1% 6% 5% 2% 2% 4% 7% 3% 12% 8% 7% 3% 8% 2% 3% 7% 7% 9% 2% 3% 2% 4% 3% 32% 19% 27% 36% 32% 32% 35% 21% 31% 21% 27% 31% 18% 26% 28% 15% 32% 24% 24% 33% 32% 19% 21% 16% 28% 29% 32% 40% 31% 13% 22% 22% 13% 14% 14% 12% 21% 11% 24% 13% 14% 22% 18% 14% 13% 12% 13% 14% 17% 17% 15% 15% 20% 10% 24% 18% 13% 11% 4% 53% 4% 27% 16% DK Yes No 9% 10% 6% 7% 17% 15% 15% 17% 8% 11% 6% 7% 8% 3% 5% 7% 5% 12% 7% 11% 11% 8% 4% 3% 4% 12% 7% 8% 25% 13% 5% 2% 6% 13% 7% 12% 22% 13% 20% 19% 17% 17% 18% 13% 20% 15% 20% 23% 15% 21% 21% 10% 20% 17% 13% 22% 24% 15% 18% 12% 16% 22% 24% 15% 18% 18% Yes. to some extent No.) EU27 26756 BE BG CZ DK D-W DE D-E EE IE EL ES FR IT CY LV LT LU HU MT NL AT PL PT RO SI SK FI SE UK 1000 1009 1033 1001 1092 1523 431 1007 1007 1000 1007 1078 1048 501 1012 1022 504 1000 500 1079 1001 1000 1020 1023 1022 1037 999 1006 1317 HR TR MK 1000 1003 1009 . definitely not Not applicable (SP. definitely Yes.2 Do you think that enough is being done to increase diversity in your work place as far as… is concerned? Gender TOTAL No.QE14.

definitely not Not applicable (SP.) EU27 26756 BE BG CZ DK D-W DE D-E EE IE EL ES FR IT CY LV LT LU HU MT NL AT PL PT RO SI SK FI SE UK 1000 1009 1033 1001 1092 1523 431 1007 1007 1000 1007 1078 1048 501 1012 1022 504 1000 500 1079 1001 1000 1020 1023 1022 1037 999 1006 1317 HR TR MK 1000 1003 1009 .QE14.3 Do you think that enough is being done to increase diversity in your work place as far as… is concerned? Sexual orientation TOTAL No. to some extent No. definitely Yes. not really 13% 13% 11% 15% 13% 12% 12% 10% 13% 9% 18% 11% 11% 18% 16% 11% 7% 12% 11% 11% 15% 16% 11% 15% 14% 9% 17% 24% 9% 9% 11% 10% 6% 9% 8% 7% 61% 67% 66% 4% 10% 11% 15% 5% 10% 20% 18% 13% 4% 14% 9% 7% 5% 5% 5% 11% 2% 12% 5% 4% 5% 6% 7% 6% 3% 5% 5% 4% 7% 5% 3% 9% 2% 13% 4% 3% 2% 55% 51% 50% 51% 53% 53% 54% 52% 54% 53% 59% 51% 53% 52% 47% 65% 49% 64% 54% 49% 49% 59% 58% 56% 60% 46% 48% 44% 55% 1% 18% 7% 4% 5% 5% 6% 11% 9% 2% 6% 8% 9% 6% 18% 13% 13% 7% 9% 4% 6% 12% 8% 10% 6% 6% 6% 11% 5% 27% 6% 19% 25% 25% 25% 25% 13% 26% 15% 19% 26% 15% 20% 17% 9% 23% 13% 21% 28% 22% 13% 16% 11% 23% 18% 18% 33% 29% 17% 25% 24% 20% 17% 17% 15% 24% 11% 30% 16% 15% 23% 22% 18% 13% 15% 16% 16% 19% 23% 16% 18% 23% 11% 30% 28% 12% 11% 5% 54% 7% 21% 18% DK Yes No 6% 7% 2% 5% 10% 11% 11% 11% 5% 8% 3% 4% 7% 2% 4% 3% 3% 8% 4% 6% 10% 3% 2% 2% 2% 9% 4% 4% 19% 11% 5% 2% 4% 10% 3% 6% 20% 4% 14% 15% 14% 14% 14% 8% 18% 12% 15% 19% 13% 16% 14% 6% 15% 9% 15% 18% 19% 11% 14% 9% 14% 14% 14% 14% 18% 15% Yes.

to some extent No.) EU27 26756 BE BG CZ DK D-W DE D-E EE IE EL ES FR IT CY LV LT LU HU MT NL AT PL PT RO SI SK FI SE UK 1000 1009 1033 1001 1092 1523 431 1007 1007 1000 1007 1078 1048 501 1012 1022 504 1000 500 1079 1001 1000 1020 1023 1022 1037 999 1006 1317 HR TR MK 1000 1003 1009 . not really 13% 13% 13% 17% 12% 10% 10% 9% 13% 9% 17% 13% 11% 18% 15% 10% 7% 10% 11% 8% 16% 16% 13% 14% 14% 8% 14% 17% 9% 10% 13% 11% 7% 7% 6% 4% 60% 67% 66% 3% 7% 5% 17% 9% 18% 20% 17% 11% 2% 9% 8% 4% 4% 4% 5% 6% 3% 10% 5% 4% 5% 4% 4% 4% 3% 3% 6% 4% 6% 4% 4% 8% 3% 7% 3% 4% 2% 53% 51% 46% 50% 52% 52% 52% 52% 54% 53% 58% 51% 53% 51% 46% 64% 50% 60% 54% 47% 47% 59% 57% 55% 59% 44% 48% 43% 55% 1% 8% 3% 1% 2% 2% 2% 5% 7% 2% 2% 5% 6% 3% 11% 8% 7% 2% 9% 2% 3% 7% 6% 8% 2% 3% 2% 5% 2% 31% 19% 26% 33% 32% 32% 32% 24% 27% 18% 22% 29% 18% 27% 29% 17% 30% 24% 23% 31% 28% 17% 19% 15% 28% 32% 30% 39% 31% 15% 22% 25% 16% 14% 14% 14% 19% 12% 27% 18% 15% 23% 19% 14% 11% 13% 14% 14% 20% 22% 17% 18% 22% 11% 21% 20% 13% 12% 4% 53% 4% 26% 17% DK Yes No 8% 9% 5% 7% 14% 13% 13% 14% 9% 8% 4% 5% 8% 3% 6% 8% 6% 11% 6% 8% 9% 5% 3% 3% 3% 10% 7% 7% 17% 12% 5% 2% 7% 12% 7% 11% 22% 14% 19% 19% 19% 19% 18% 15% 19% 14% 17% 21% 15% 21% 21% 11% 19% 18% 15% 22% 23% 14% 16% 12% 18% 25% 23% 22% 19% 18% Yes.QE14. definitely not Not applicable (SP. definitely Yes.4 Do you think that enough is being done to increase diversity in your work place as far as… is concerned? Age TOTAL No.

not really 13% 12% 15% 15% 14% 12% 12% 12% 16% 8% 19% 12% 11% 17% 16% 10% 7% 12% 11% 10% 17% 16% 12% 13% 14% 7% 15% 23% 11% 10% 12% 10% 6% 8% 7% 6% 60% 67% 66% 4% 7% 6% 16% 9% 16% 20% 17% 12% 4% 10% 9% 6% 5% 5% 7% 9% 3% 11% 6% 5% 5% 6% 6% 5% 3% 5% 6% 4% 7% 4% 4% 8% 3% 12% 3% 4% 2% 55% 51% 49% 51% 52% 53% 53% 52% 54% 53% 59% 51% 53% 52% 47% 65% 50% 63% 54% 49% 48% 60% 58% 55% 60% 45% 48% 43% 56% 2% 12% 7% 2% 4% 4% 3% 8% 8% 2% 5% 7% 8% 2% 15% 11% 12% 6% 10% 3% 5% 10% 7% 9% 4% 5% 5% 8% 3% 27% 12% 20% 27% 27% 26% 25% 15% 27% 15% 18% 26% 17% 24% 22% 12% 23% 15% 20% 27% 24% 14% 18% 14% 26% 23% 21% 34% 29% 16% 25% 24% 20% 17% 17% 19% 25% 11% 30% 18% 16% 22% 22% 16% 12% 15% 16% 16% 21% 23% 16% 17% 22% 10% 27% 26% 15% 12% 5% 54% 6% 22% 18% DK Yes No 6% 6% 4% 6% 11% 11% 11% 10% 6% 9% 3% 4% 7% 2% 5% 5% 5% 7% 5% 5% 9% 4% 2% 2% 3% 9% 7% 4% 16% 11% 4% 2% 6% 12% 7% 10% 21% 8% 14% 16% 16% 15% 15% 9% 18% 12% 14% 19% 15% 19% 17% 7% 16% 10% 15% 18% 20% 12% 16% 11% 17% 16% 17% 18% 18% 16% Yes. definitely not Not applicable (SP. to some extent No. definitely Yes.QE14.) EU27 26756 BE BG CZ DK D-W DE D-E EE IE EL ES FR IT CY LV LT LU HU MT NL AT PL PT RO SI SK FI SE UK 1000 1009 1033 1001 1092 1523 431 1007 1007 1000 1007 1078 1048 501 1012 1022 504 1000 500 1079 1001 1000 1020 1023 1022 1037 999 1006 1317 HR TR MK 1000 1003 1009 .5 Do you think that enough is being done to increase diversity in your work place as far as… is concerned? Religion or belief TOTAL No.

definitely not Not applicable (SP. not really 14% 17% 14% 19% 16% 11% 11% 12% 14% 10% 18% 12% 13% 16% 12% 11% 8% 17% 13% 10% 20% 16% 14% 16% 13% 9% 17% 24% 17% 11% 12% 11% 8% 8% 7% 7% 60% 67% 66% 4% 7% 6% 16% 8% 13% 20% 18% 15% 6% 13% 8% 6% 4% 4% 3% 10% 4% 11% 6% 8% 5% 3% 6% 6% 6% 5% 6% 5% 6% 5% 3% 8% 4% 10% 4% 8% 3% 54% 51% 48% 51% 52% 53% 54% 53% 55% 53% 59% 51% 53% 53% 46% 66% 49% 62% 54% 48% 49% 60% 58% 56% 60% 45% 49% 43% 55% 1% 11% 5% 2% 3% 2% 1% 7% 6% 2% 2% 3% 7% 2% 15% 9% 7% 4% 11% 3% 3% 8% 6% 9% 3% 4% 3% 7% 2% 22% 11% 20% 25% 30% 30% 30% 16% 25% 16% 21% 25% 19% 30% 22% 11% 21% 16% 19% 24% 26% 13% 17% 14% 24% 24% 20% 25% 29% 23% 27% 27% 22% 15% 15% 15% 24% 14% 29% 18% 21% 21% 15% 17% 14% 23% 18% 16% 25% 22% 19% 19% 21% 13% 27% 28% 25% 14% 6% 54% 4% 22% 20% DK Yes No 6% 6% 3% 4% 8% 11% 11% 11% 6% 9% 2% 4% 7% 3% 8% 5% 3% 7% 4% 6% 6% 5% 2% 3% 3% 9% 5% 4% 12% 11% 4% 2% 5% 12% 6% 8% 16% 8% 16% 17% 19% 19% 19% 10% 16% 14% 17% 18% 16% 22% 17% 8% 14% 12% 13% 18% 21% 11% 14% 11% 15% 19% 16% 13% 18% 16% Yes. to some extent No.) EU27 26756 BE BG CZ DK D-W DE D-E EE IE EL ES FR IT CY LV LT LU HU MT NL AT PL PT RO SI SK FI SE UK 1000 1009 1033 1001 1092 1523 431 1007 1007 1000 1007 1078 1048 501 1012 1022 504 1000 500 1079 1001 1000 1020 1023 1022 1037 999 1006 1317 HR TR MK 1000 1003 1009 .QE14.6 Do you think that enough is being done to increase diversity in your work place as far as… is concerned? Disability TOTAL No. definitely Yes.

) 12% 5% 15% 11% 4% 12% 12% 12% 20% 19% 3% 11% 5% 8% 4% 18% 16% 4% 18% 10% 10% 15% 21% 28% 14% 8% 8% 7% 5% 14% 8% 15% 12% Body for the promotion of equal treatment EU27 26756 BE BG CZ DK D-W DE D-E EE IE EL ES FR IT CY LV LT LU HU MT NL AT PL PT RO SI SK FI SE UK 1000 1009 1033 1001 1092 1523 431 1007 1007 1000 1007 1078 1048 501 1012 1022 504 1000 500 1079 1001 1000 1020 1023 1022 1037 999 1006 1317 HR TR MK 1000 1003 1009 . to whom would you prefer to report your case? Firstly? TOTAL Tribunals DK 5% 3% 8% 3% 1% 2% 3% 3% 4% 1% 5% 9% 5% 7% 2% 5% 3% 2% 6% 2% 2% 5% 10% 9% 7% 2% 4% 3% 1% 5% 4% 12% 8% 8% 7% 9% 10% 8% 10% 40% 45% 36% 3% 4% 7% 20% 21% 10% 4% 19% 19% 18% 14% 13% 22% 4% 14% 7% 17% 14% 25% 6% 17% 5% 23% 14% 8% 13% 14% 11% 9% 7% 31% 8% 8% 10% 14% 8% 21% 20% 14% 8% 8% 16% 16% 13% 18% 14% 7% 10% 9% 6% 13% 2% 12% 18% 7% 10% 16% 14% 10% 5% 10% 34% 33% 43% 26% 27% 27% 31% 36% 20% 37% 36% 35% 44% 35% 32% 34% 46% 42% 39% 42% 24% 27% 28% 44% 35% 47% 27% 12% 33% 7% 4% 3% 6% 5% 6% 8% 9% 9% 3% 4% 4% 1% 8% 12% 6% 7% 4% 6% 11% 5% 2% 2% 2% 7% 5% 7% 8% 10% 13% 14% 34% 5% Lawyer Police 13% 19% 6% 10% 49% 10% 10% 12% 7% 27% 8% 14% 17% 10% 18% 9% 5% 22% 5% 19% 8% 20% 7% 5% 7% 10% 11% 35% 36% 18% 11% 6% 9% 16% 3% 9% 4% 3% 6% 2% 4% 3% 2% 2% 3% 6% 6% 7% 5% 2% 3% 1% 4% 2% 6% 2% 5% 7% 8% 2% 11% 2% 4% 2% 2% 4% Trade Unions NGO's associations Other (SP.QE15a In case you are the victim of discrimination or harassment.

QE15b In case you are the victim of discrimination or harassment. to whom would you prefer to report your case? Secondly? TOTAL Tribunals 14% 9% 17% 17% 4% 11% 12% 11% 13% 5% 13% 17% 17% 13% 8% 16% 22% 8% 19% 8% 4% 12% 25% 23% 21% 9% 13% 12% 2% 14% 16% 24% 17% 15% 8% 8% 24% 28% 24% 15% 14% 12% 2% 5% 4% 20% 20% 15% 10% 17% 17% 16% 15% 21% 18% 7% 11% 8% 16% 14% 15% 12% 14% 10% 24% 14% 12% 14% 11% 17% 19% 10% 33% 14% 23% 21% 29% 31% 33% 32% 30% 14% 20% 38% 26% 21% 31% 35% 16% 25% 34% 22% 30% 16% 29% 19% 14% 30% 26% 27% 20% 17% 24% 18% 14% 16% 28% 11% 12% 16% 14% 16% 15% 17% 16% 15% 13% 12% 11% 17% 12% 16% 16% 11% 15% 13% 15% 16% 19% 17% 16% 11% 4% 2% 1% 4% 3% 3% 4% 3% 4% 4% 2% 1% 2% 2% 4% 4% 2% 2% 6% 3% 2% 3% 1% 4% 2% 7% 4% 7% 13% 26% 15% 3% 12% 6% 7% 7% 5% 8% 8% 10% 26% 13% 5% 13% 14% 14% 15% 25% 14% 10% 20% 18% 15% 10% 9% 12% 13% 12% 7% 13% 7% 19% 8% 13% 16% DK 9% 13% 6% 6% 12% 8% 8% 7% 8% 15% 4% 8% 9% 9% 7% 8% 6% 10% 6% 10% 15% 11% 6% 6% 4% 6% 8% 11% 15% 9% 7% 3% 5% 13% 5% 14% 7% 13% 9% 6% 9% 8% 6% 7% 6% 7% 8% 10% 9% 4% 7% 3% 5% 5% 6% 4% 10% 12% 15% 5% 10% 5% 10% 6% 2% 8% Trade Unions NGO's associations Lawyer Police Body for the promotion of equal treatment Other (SP.) EU27 23683 BE BG CZ DK D-W DE D-E EE IE EL ES FR IT CY LV LT LU HU MT NL AT PL PT RO SI SK FI SE UK 949 857 924 963 962 1341 379 802 814 967 897 1025 965 479 831 862 482 825 448 967 854 789 739 877 938 955 929 952 1137 HR TR MK 921 856 887 .

QE15c In case you are the victim of discrimination or harassment. to whom would you prefer to report your case? Thirdly? TOTAL Tribunals 22% 24% 30% 30% 21% 19% 20% 23% 30% 10% 29% 28% 21% 21% 35% 33% 37% 30% 34% 12% 14% 25% 20% 22% 38% 17% 28% 15% 9% 16% 29% 36% 26% 13% 13% 10% 17% 17% 15% 13% 7% 12% 1% 6% 5% 13% 13% 18% 16% 13% 13% 12% 11% 14% 12% 9% 10% 13% 12% 13% 10% 10% 13% 9% 12% 13% 16% 13% 14% 16% 17% 11% 13% 17% 23% 16% 19% 21% 20% 21% 27% 14% 20% 19% 17% 21% 16% 17% 13% 20% 20% 20% 21% 24% 19% 13% 17% 14% 24% 18% 18% 20% 21% 14% 10% 9% 13% 12% 11% 6% 8% 14% 14% 9% 10% 10% 8% 7% 6% 11% 10% 11% 11% 13% 16% 10% 6% 10% 8% 14% 21% 7% 2% 2% 1% 5% 3% 3% 3% 2% 3% 5% 1% 2% 1% 2% 5% 4% 1% 2% 4% 3% 2% 4% 2% 7% 3% 7% 6% 6% 13% 19% 11% 3% DK 8% 11% 6% 8% 4% 8% 8% 9% 6% 9% 6% 9% 9% 10% 5% 5% 5% 8% 5% 11% 13% 9% 10% 7% 4% 5% 6% 6% 7% 8% 8% 3% 5% 13% 8% 9% 8% 11% 8% 9% 8% 8% 7% 8% 8% 10% 9% 11% 10% 5% 6% 3% 6% 4% 7% 8% 8% 14% 11% 5% 10% 6% 9% 11% 4% 9% Trade Unions NGO's associations Lawyer Police 15% 5% 12% 7% 11% 17% 16% 13% 21% 22% 10% 14% 17% 18% 17% 21% 14% 11% 13% 27% 14% 10% 9% 16% 17% 11% 14% 20% 13% 21% 6% 10% 18% Body for the promotion of equal treatment Other (SP.) EU27 20797 BE BG CZ DK D-W DE D-E EE IE EL ES FR IT CY LV LT LU HU MT NL AT PL PT RO SI SK FI SE UK 893 794 862 915 887 1230 341 594 708 923 777 885 832 405 619 738 433 660 366 821 772 720 651 763 826 888 812 884 925 HR TR MK 847 741 745 .

QE15T To whom would you prefer to report your case of discrimination? (MAX. 3 ANSWERS) TOTAL Tribunals 35% 34% 47% 43% 24% 28% 29% 31% 32% 11% 44% 46% 38% 35% 38% 38% 48% 36% 44% 18% 16% 35% 44% 39% 53% 23% 40% 27% 11% 28% 43% 59% 42% 33% 24% 24% 47% 45% 42% 65% 62% 56% 6% 9% 11% 51% 47% 38% 29% 45% 44% 41% 32% 40% 50% 18% 33% 25% 42% 33% 45% 26% 37% 21% 53% 36% 29% 31% 34% 39% 42% 25% 74% 32% 50% 41% 55% 57% 66% 65% 62% 27% 38% 71% 52% 50% 60% 61% 28% 45% 59% 37% 56% 35% 53% 42% 28% 47% 59% 54% 43% 39% 45% 64% 52% 66% 64% 46% 47% 50% 52% 43% 64% 58% 58% 65% 53% 46% 48% 71% 59% 62% 65% 44% 50% 44% 61% 58% 71% 55% 46% 48% 10% 5% 4% 11% 8% 9% 11% 11% 14% 3% 8% 6% 4% 9% 14% 9% 12% 6% 7% 15% 7% 4% 4% 4% 17% 9% 13% 14% 16% 35% 51% 55% 8% 27% 41% 16% 22% 65% 24% 24% 25% 17% 45% 18% 27% 33% 26% 28% 19% 13% 38% 13% 36% 31% 36% 19% 15% 13% 20% 24% 50% 56% 32% 23% 11% 17% 40% 13% 27% 17% 23% 21% 15% 18% 17% 13% 12% 14% 22% 20% 25% 21% 10% 12% 6% 13% 9% 16% 11% 20% 27% 26% 10% 28% 11% 20% 17% 7% 18% Trade Unions NGO's associations Lawyer Police DK 11% 5% 15% 11% 4% 12% 12% 12% 20% 19% 3% 11% 5% 8% 4% 18% 16% 4% 18% 10% 10% 15% 21% 28% 14% 8% 8% 7% 5% 14% 8% 15% 12% Body for the promotion of equal treatment Other (SP.) EU27 26756 BE BG CZ DK D-W DE D-E EE IE EL ES FR IT CY LV LT LU HU MT NL AT PL PT RO SI SK FI SE UK 1000 1009 1033 1001 1092 1523 431 1007 1007 1000 1007 1078 1048 501 1012 1022 504 1000 500 1079 1001 1000 1020 1023 1022 1037 999 1006 1317 HR TR MK 1000 1003 1009 .

QE16.1 Do you have friends or acquaintances who are…? People whose ethnic origin is different from yours TOTAL 57% 58% 67% 41% 62% 57% 51% 27% 79% 52% 53% 65% 74% 50% 70% 66% 59% 75% 50% 31% 63% 44% 25% 60% 55% 65% 47% 47% 75% 71% 69% 38% 80% 30% 56% 19% 1% 6% 1% 42% 32% 59% 38% 42% 48% 72% 21% 47% 47% 35% 25% 48% 30% 33% 40% 24% 49% 66% 37% 55% 74% 38% 42% 34% 52% 52% 24% 28% 1% 1% 1% 1% 1% 1% 2% 1% 1% 1% 1% 3% 1% 1% 2% 3% 1% 1% 1% 1% 1% 42% 1% Yes No DK EU27 26756 BE BG CZ DK D-W DE D-E EE IE EL ES FR IT CY LV LT LU HU MT NL AT PL PT RO SI SK FI SE UK 1000 1009 1033 1001 1092 1523 431 1007 1007 1000 1007 1078 1048 501 1012 1022 504 1000 500 1079 1001 1000 1020 1023 1022 1037 999 1006 1317 HR TR MK 1000 1003 1009 .

QE16.2 Do you have friends or acquaintances who are…? Roma TOTAL 17% 6% 51% 22% 5% 8% 6% 2% 12% 5% 7% 38% 15% 10% 4% 27% 12% 8% 51% 6% 5% 7% 7% 20% 42% 12% 46% 22% 9% 16% 22% 10% 59% 78% 85% 40% 5% 1% 89% 47% 78% 91% 91% 93% 98% 88% 94% 93% 62% 83% 88% 96% 73% 87% 91% 48% 91% 95% 90% 92% 78% 55% 87% 53% 78% 90% 83% 5% 2% 4% 1% 1% 1% 2% 2% 1% 1% 1% 3% 3% 1% 2% 3% 1% 1% 1% 1% 82% 1% Yes No DK EU27 26756 BE BG CZ DK D-W DE D-E EE IE EL ES FR IT CY LV LT LU HU MT NL AT PL PT RO SI SK FI SE UK 1000 1009 1033 1001 1092 1523 431 1007 1007 1000 1007 1078 1048 501 1012 1022 504 1000 500 1079 1001 1000 1020 1023 1022 1037 999 1006 1317 HR TR MK 1000 1003 1009 .

3 Do you have friends or acquaintances who are…? Homosexual TOTAL 38% 53% 7% 20% 53% 35% 34% 29% 17% 40% 17% 56% 59% 32% 16% 12% 7% 57% 11% 32% 68% 26% 11% 21% 3% 17% 15% 35% 59% 56% 9% 5% 6% 86% 89% 80% 5% 6% 14% 45% 83% 78% 44% 61% 62% 67% 81% 55% 83% 42% 39% 65% 83% 84% 88% 41% 77% 66% 31% 67% 83% 70% 84% 77% 80% 61% 36% 42% 2% 10% 2% 3% 4% 4% 4% 2% 5% 2% 2% 3% 1% 4% 5% 2% 12% 2% 1% 7% 6% 9% 13% 6% 5% 4% 5% 2% 58% 4% Yes No DK EU27 26756 BE BG CZ DK D-W DE D-E EE IE EL ES FR IT CY LV LT LU HU MT NL AT PL PT RO SI SK FI SE UK 1000 1009 1033 1001 1092 1523 431 1007 1007 1000 1007 1078 1048 501 1012 1022 504 1000 500 1079 1001 1000 1020 1023 1022 1037 999 1006 1317 HR TR MK 1000 1003 1009 .QE16.

QE16.4 Do you have friends or acquaintances who are…? Disabled TOTAL 58% 62% 60% 51% 59% 52% 52% 51% 65% 62% 38% 68% 65% 55% 55% 68% 63% 66% 48% 42% 58% 48% 47% 58% 38% 64% 67% 57% 63% 73% 65% 43% 68% 35% 53% 31% 4% 1% 38% 37% 49% 41% 47% 47% 48% 35% 37% 62% 32% 34% 44% 44% 32% 36% 33% 51% 57% 42% 51% 52% 39% 59% 36% 32% 43% 36% 27% 3% 1% 1% 1% 1% 1% 1% 1% 1% 1% 1% 1% 1% 1% 3% 3% 1% 1% 41% 1% Yes No DK EU27 26756 BE BG CZ DK D-W DE D-E EE IE EL ES FR IT CY LV LT LU HU MT NL AT PL PT RO SI SK FI SE UK 1000 1009 1033 1001 1092 1523 431 1007 1007 1000 1007 1078 1048 501 1012 1022 504 1000 500 1079 1001 1000 1020 1023 1022 1037 999 1006 1317 HR TR MK 1000 1003 1009 .

5 Do you have friends or acquaintances who are…? Of a different religion or have different beliefs than you TOTAL 64% 62% 59% 44% 66% 73% 69% 53% 61% 73% 38% 63% 75% 51% 62% 78% 55% 76% 65% 37% 80% 61% 44% 61% 54% 72% 78% 66% 70% 79% 74% 24% 77% 26% 70% 22% 6% 1% 36% 36% 50% 32% 25% 29% 44% 37% 25% 62% 33% 23% 46% 38% 20% 43% 21% 26% 60% 18% 37% 53% 32% 41% 27% 20% 32% 26% 19% 2% 5% 6% 2% 2% 2% 3% 2% 2% 4% 2% 3% 2% 2% 3% 9% 3% 2% 2% 3% 7% 5% 1% 2% 2% 4% 2% 33% 3% Yes No DK EU27 26756 BE BG CZ DK D-W DE D-E EE IE EL ES FR IT CY LV LT LU HU MT NL AT PL PT RO SI SK FI SE UK 1000 1009 1033 1001 1092 1523 431 1007 1007 1000 1007 1078 1048 501 1012 1022 504 1000 500 1079 1001 1000 1020 1023 1022 1037 999 1006 1317 HR TR MK 1000 1003 1009 .QE16.

do you consider yourself to be part of any of the following? Please tell me all that apply.QE17 Where you live.) DK A religious minority A sexual minority A minority in terms of disability Any other minority group (SP.) EU27 26756 BE BG CZ DK D-W DE D-E EE IE EL ES FR IT CY LV LT LU HU MT NL AT PL PT RO SI SK FI SE UK 1000 1009 1033 1001 1092 1523 431 1007 1007 1000 1007 1078 1048 501 1012 1022 504 1000 500 1079 1001 1000 1020 1023 1022 1037 999 1006 1317 HR TR MK 1000 1003 1009 . (ROTATE – MULTIPLE ANSWERS POSSIBLE) TOTAL 5% 5% 15% 5% 3% 5% 5% 2% 8% 3% 1% 4% 3% 4% 1% 6% 3% 6% 5% 1% 3% 5% 1% 2% 8% 6% 7% 3% 4% 8% 3% 5% 10% 3% 2% 3% 0% 0% 0% 1% 1% 3% 91% 83% 81% 0% 0% 1% 2% 9% 5% 4% 6% 2% 3% 3% 3% 2% 2% 3% 1% 3% 3% 6% 1% 3% 2% 6% 3% 5% 5% 8% 3% 3% 10% 6% 7% 4% 4% 5% 2% 0% 1% 1% 0% 1% 1% 0% 0% 1% 1% 2% 0% 0% 1% 1% 1% 1% 3% 0% 1% 0% 1% 0% 1% 2% 1% 3% 1% 3% 2% 1% 1% 2% 3% 2% 1% 2% 3% 2% 1% 2% 3% 1% 3% 1% 2% 4% 2% 1% 0% 3% 3% 2% 4% 3% 83% 77% 86% 90% 89% 89% 90% 71% 89% 97% 89% 87% 81% 97% 84% 85% 82% 85% 85% 87% 81% 91% 85% 79% 84% 76% 86% 84% 81% 1% 1% 0% 0% 0% 0% 1% 1% 1% 0% 0% 1% 1% 1% 2% 0% 0% 0% 2% 1% 1% 1% 4% 6% 5% 2% 3% 3% 3% 16% 2% 2% 3% 7% 6% 7% 4% 4% 7% 2% 4% 3% 8% 6% 5% 8% 4% 4% 1% 4% 1% 2% 85% 1% 4% An ethnic minority None of the above (SP.

QE18 Do you suffer from a chronic physical or mental health problem which affects you in your daily activities? TOTAL 14% 17% 12% 12% 24% 12% 13% 15% 22% 6% 9% 8% 19% 3% 18% 18% 13% 14% 19% 11% 21% 18% 20% 13% 16% 18% 14% 16% 27% 21% 20% 9% 15% 79% 86% 84% 1% 5% 1% 82% 87% 87% 76% 86% 86% 84% 78% 94% 91% 92% 81% 96% 82% 82% 86% 84% 80% 89% 79% 79% 79% 85% 83% 80% 84% 84% 73% 79% 1% 1% 1% 2% 1% 1% 1% 1% 2% 1% 3% 1% 2% 1% 2% 2% 85% 1% Yes No Refusal (SP.) EU27 26756 BE BG CZ DK D-W DE D-E EE IE EL ES FR IT CY LV LT LU HU MT NL AT PL PT RO SI SK FI SE UK 1000 1009 1033 1001 1092 1523 431 1007 1007 1000 1007 1078 1048 501 1012 1022 504 1000 500 1079 1001 1000 1020 1023 1022 1037 999 1006 1317 HR TR MK 1000 1003 1009 .

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful