Haiti Earthquake The 2010 Haiti earthquake was a catastrophic magnitude 7.0 Mw earthquake.

Its ep icentre was near the town of Léogâne, approximately 25 km (16 miles) west of Port-au -Prince, Haiti's capital. The earthquake occurred at 16:53 local time (21:53 UTC ) on Tuesday, 12 January 2010.[4][5] By 24 January, at least 52 aftershocks meas uring 4.5 or greater had been recorded.[6] As of Feb. 12, an estimated three mil lion people were affected by the quake;[7] the Haitian Government reports that b etween 217,000 and 230,000 people had been identified as dead, an estimated 300, 000 injured, and an estimated 1,000,000 homeless. The death toll is expected to rise.[8][9] They also estimated that 250,000 residences and 30,000 commercial bu ildings had collapsed or were severely damaged.[10] The earthquake caused major damage to Port-au-Prince, Jacmel and other settlemen ts in the region. Many notable landmark buildings were significantly damaged or destroyed, including the Presidential Palace, the National Assembly building, th e Port-au-Prince Cathedral, and the main jail. Among those killed were Archbisho p of Port-au-Prince Joseph Serge Miot,[11] and opposition leader Micha Gaillard. [12][13] The headquarters of the United Nations Stabilization Mission in Haiti ( MINUSTAH), located in the capital, collapsed, killing many, including the Missio n's Chief, Hédi Annabi.[14][15] Many countries responded to appeals for humanitarian aid, pledging funds and dis patching rescue and medical teams, engineers and support personnel. Communicatio n systems, air, land, and sea transport facilities, hospitals, and electrical ne tworks had been damaged by the earthquake, which hampered rescue and aid efforts ; confusion over who was in charge, air traffic congestion, and problems with pr ioritisation of flights further complicated early relief work. Port-au-Prince's morgues were quickly overwhelmed; tens of thousands of bodies were buried in mas s graves.[16] As rescues tailed off, supplies, medical care and sanitation becam e priorities. Delays in aid distribution led to angry appeals from aid workers a nd survivors, and some looting and sporadic violence were observed. On 22 January the United Nations noted that the emergency phase of the relief op eration was drawing to a close, and on the following day the Haitian government officially called off the search for survivors. The magnitude 7.0 Mw earthquake occurred inland, on 12 January 2010 at 16:53 UTC -5, approximately 25 kilometres (16 mi) WSW from Port-au-Prince at a depth of 13 kilometres (8.1 mi)[4] on the Enriquillo-Plantain Garden fault system.[24] Stro ng shaking associated with intensity IX on the Modified Mercalli scale (MM) was recorded in Port-au-Prince and its suburbs. It was also felt in several surround ing countries and regions, including Cuba (MM III in Guantánamo), Jamaica (MM II i n Kingston), Venezuela (MM II in Caracas), Puerto Rico (MM II III in San Juan), an d the bordering Dominican Republic (MM III in Santo Domingo).[1][25] According t o estimates from the USGS, approximately 3.5 million people lived in the area th at experienced shaking intensity of MM VII to X,[1] a range that can cause moder ate to very heavy damage even to earthquake-resistant structures. The quake occurred in the vicinity of the northern boundary where the Caribbean tectonic plate shifts eastwards by about 20 millimetres (0.79 in) per year in re lation to the North American plate. The strike-slip fault system in the region h as two branches in Haiti, the Septentrional-Orient fault in the north and the En riquillo-Plaintain Garden fault in the south; both its location and focal mechan ism suggest that the January 2010 quake was caused by a rupture of the Enriquill o-Plaintain Garden fault, which had been locked for 250 years, gathering stress. [26] The rupture was roughly 65 kilometres (40 mi) long with mean slip of 1.8 me tres (5.9 ft).[27] Preliminary analysis of the slip distribution found amplitude s of up to about 4 metres (13 ft) using ground motion records from all over the

ham pering delivery of aid to Jacmel.000 inmates to escape. The main road linkin g Port-au-Prince with Jacmel remained blocked ten days after the earthquake.5 or greater since the January 12 quake.[96] Experts have questioned the val idity of these numbers.[39] and two of Haiti's largest cellular telephone providers. and on January 24 USGS reported that there had been 52 aftershocks measuring 4. professor emeritus in environmental histo ry at Northeastern University."[45] There was considerable damage to communications infrastructure. I don't know why it hasn't been done.9.000 reside nces and 30.[58][59] The Prison Civile de Port-au-Prince was also destroyed. Guiteau Jean-Pierre. most of the radio stations wen t off the air and only 20 of the 50 stations in Port-au-Prince were back on air a week after the earthquake. causing one to collapse completely.[53] Many government and public buildings were damaged or destr oyed including the Palace of Justice. head of the south-east division of the UN World Food Programme sai d that "We ask the same questions to the people in charge.[48] Roads were blocked with road debris or the surfaces broken.[54][55] The National Palace was severely damaged.[95] Haitian authorities also estimated that 300.3 and 5.[5 6][57] though President René Préval and his wife Elisabeth Delatour Préval escaped inj ury.[7] On 10 February the Haitian g overnment gave a confirmed death toll of 230.[33] Withi n the first nine hours 32 aftershocks of magnitude 4. H azem el-Zein. the National Assembly. "I do not think we will ever know what the death toll is from this earthquake". The United States Geological Survey (USGS) recorded eight aftershocks in the two hours after the main earthquake. in the northern part of Haiti. Fibre-optic connectivity was also disrupted . the Supreme Court a nd Port-au-Prince Cathedral.[51] According to Reporters Sans Frontières (RSF). 12 of which measured magnitude 5. The Gonaïves seaport.[60] The earthquake struck in the most populated area of the country. The public telep hone system was not available.0 or greater.000 had been injured[10] and as many as one million Haitians were left homeless. U N Assistant Secretary-General for Peacekeeping Operations.[45] which was the largest referral hospital in south-east Haiti.[97] and Belgian disaster response expert Claude de Ville de Goyet n oted that "round numbers are a sure sign that nobody knows. I can only think th at their priority must be somewhere else.000 commercial buildings were severely damaged and needed to be demo lished. When asked why the road had not been opened. Anthony Penna. a wealthy suburb of Port-au-Prince. The Internation al Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies estimates that as many as 3 million people had been affected by the quake. noted that his organisati . Damaged buildings in JacmelThe quake seriously damaged the control tower at Tous saint L'Ouverture International Airport[47] and the Port-au-Prince seaport.[98] while the d irector of the Haitian Red Cross. also collapsed. warned that casualty estimates could only be a "g uesstimate"..[48] which rendered the harbour unusable for immediate rescue operations.[10] The deputy mayor of Léogâne reported that 90% of the town's buildings ha d been destroyed. Digicel[49] and Comcel Haiti. with magnitudes between 4.000. The quake affected the three Médecins Sans Frontières (Doctors Without Borders) medi cal facilities around Port-au-Prince. said.2 or greater were recorded. Michel District Hospital in the southern town of Jacmel. remained operational.[44] as di d the St.[52] In February 2010 Prime Minister Jean-Max Bellerive estimated that 250. A hosp ital in Pétionville.[50] both reported that their services had been affected by the earthquake. allowing ar ound 4.They promise rapid r esponse.. To be honest."[98] Edmond Mulet.world.

Luiz C arlos da Costa. as their focus had been on the treatmen t of survivors.[100] At least 85 United Nations personnel working with MINUSTAH w ere killed.[11] aid wor ker Zilda Arns and officials in the Haitian government. including opposition lea der Michel "Micha" Gaillard. but among the dead were aid workers. embassy staff. and his deputy.[15] Around 200 guests were killed in the collapse of the Hôtel Mon tana in Port-au-Prince. including thirty members of the Fédération Haïtienn e de Football.on had not had the time to count bodies.[98] The vast majority of casualties were Haitian civilians.[102] . Hédi Annabi.[12] Also killed were a number of well-known Haitian musicians[99] and sports figures. foreign tourists and a number of public figures whic h included Archbishop of Port-au-Prince Monsignor Joseph Serge Miot.[101] among them the Mission Chief.

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