ME 415: Refrigeration and Building Mechanical Systems

Assignment:02
space to be maintained at 23oC dbt and 18oC wbt has a sensible heat gain of 25 kW and a rate of moisture gain of 9 kg1hr. Moist air enters the space at 15.5oC dbt. Outside air at 35oC dbt and 25.5'C wbt is supplied for ventilation purposes at a rate of 390L/s of standard air. The system to be used is elementary summer a/c system. Estimate: a) the dbt and wbt of the air entering the cooling coil, b) refrigeration load.
1.

A

2.

A space is to be maintained at 27oC dbt has a sensible heat gain of 13 kW and a rate of latent heat gain of 8.5kW. The system to be used is the elementary summer a/c system with bypass of re-circulated air. The mass flow rate of air supplied to the space is 1.1 kg/s. Outside air at

38oC and 17oC dew-point temperature is introduced into the system at a rate of 0.28 kg/s. The air exiting from the cooling coil is saturated and at a temperature of 7oC. Clearly sketch and label all points and process lines on a psychrometric chart in addition to the schematic diagram of the system. Estimate: a) dbt and rh of air supplied to the space. b) rh of the space. c) refrigeration load.
t J.

wbt has a sensible heat gain of 110 kW and a moisture gain of 150 kg/hr. The chilled air leaves the cooling coil at l2oc dbt and 90o/o rh. The system used is summer A/C system with reheat. Clearly sketch and label all points and process lines on a psychrometric chart in addition to the schematic diagram of the system.
space to be maintained at 24"Cdbt and 18oC

A

Estimate: dbt and rh of air supplied to the space. b) rh of the space. c) refrigeration load.
a) 4.

Size the supply-duct system shown in figure below using equal friction method and round duct. Specify the total pressure needed at location I for this system if the diffrrsers both have atotal pressure loss of 15 Pa.

CD3-f0
+
3000

2ii nr

l/s

5.

Estimate the cooling load of rooms

I

and 4 of the figure below:

E

(1)

(3)

E

(2) 10m

(4)

15m

Day l2M April, time 3PM and 5 PM.

Given that: r Floor
'O
o

a a o a o
o

concrete 101.6 mm face briclq 101.6 film common brick, 9.5 mm cement plaster sand aggregate, 6.4 mm plywood. Windows :25o/o of wall area,13 mm clear glass with U:3.0 WUm2 C

Walls :

height = 3 m Roof = q/pe 3, 100 mm light weight

ACH :l/hr Light :25Wlmz of floor area Room (1) : glmrnasium, accommodating

a o
a

a

5 people Room = instrumentation laboratory, at20"C Room = kitchen, at 35t dbt Room oflice room, accommodating 10 people using 5 PCs No heat transfer through floor Use design conditions recornmended by ASHRAE Assume any reasonable value.

(2) (3) (4) :

Pnoblem l
Qs=)-5*,tJ
Gr= G'-25

kN

T66=2o*c

7

Tt,b:lE"C

ego
--_

Lls:

o.4 6 B

kgls

-..rrd* I , |;'- - <:.5

L-

/(ois bwo Sain

-

g kV/2.r
^25OQ

.

Or

: mu /n^: dr.

:6.25kA

sHR:-6fu-:#*:o.B
From, ps6ehroys1ric c*arD

Q6: A2%
Qz=

('4)z:

to'Bxlo3

(i1

:

lO-

-3 2xlo

G27"

a4 = 16 '7 5^tog

Rd _zBzx(27eil5"s) ..._nP" (o- ro I - o- 6zx o'o otgo)xto"
ZOs: maCp (C-11
+
2e

o.a2g ,e/kB

kN : //la-x t'O 2 k3/t'<6-t< (z? -t5'5)

)

mss:

9.26 t<{s

. r1s2- g.26

- 0-469 ^ 2'B kgls

AJ

oatl, d b:

azTltz+/)t<

TIt2'tIfi4

Mq : -

(tO.g*fout 2.b)

+ (16.+

5zlo3- o'4G8)

+ tib:

tt.GSxtog

Fron, FugehromeVrie

CharD,

6: 24.7"C Tub O: lg.2"C 4e: 55 kil/txg
TOa

lua:4t'6UA\LA

RtE: nabftt"u- lrd - @s-ua)^ aru|

: o.,ar,[(55- 41.6) - (t1.65*lou : 4g.g8 RtA
Ans
Condi Fion

lo'2x(ou)*4-r,6*E5J

of air enberirB bho e-ooling coil
o

Tdb: 24-7 C -Tub: lg.2'C
l2te,frigeraAiort Load - 4g'Og kN

Lf,

t:

()
!E

I'sychronre trics

I

cO

r"{

*\

nii

T $

s o d

O

ui
cr

) F
J

$ u G

: u
F
lo

= o
&
6

-J

(J>rrl -' 2u

O: O tR F

F.rt ,, 0a uJ <(/)ii :f!

o
it)

() ()

q

o
a

ul ,, ti (, 5cr(r tr LrIY @ t d tr ) lt.), !! -ts'.i() {l
() 01

6#[, \.US] '6o-g
Li!-! ulFo nJd

ul

(.
f:

!9/oo

r.j
ul

dg6 )-E @o <z

o
I

()
()

uJ

2

I r

Itig.

I

ASIIIIAE Psychrometric Chart No. I

ProbLem 2

es=t5k6

gL-*E.SM

27"Q dbr)

O.zBkg/s Tdb= eB"C

7"C

t00 Q

Tdp= I7"C

SH

R,:

9s
@s+9r

t3 le+b.5
.

: 0.6
522

Froyq,

trs6ch

romebric Charv

Qz=

ZOs

: majp Q;-n)

4 te - l-lx t"o2*(zl- T,) 4 n -l5.4fc:q
From, Pe6chromobric

CharD, (pr:Q? :1AZ

Aloat, m+Tz : frzbT-z <- m6-T-6

1 n+'Tt : (r"- mza)Tlz + (^t * mza) Ta + t.t < 15.41 : (O.Az-mza)x21 + (O.28+ mto)xV
)

frb:

o.e 5

k6/s

. fltzb: O.4+ kg/s

-' flg: 0,63 k@S

Nloru, moTg:

m

=) O.6e x Tg : O-O5 x 2V t O.29xgA

"oT"

+ rn4Tz1

+ To: O2"c
Fron, Pstychr

meyric Char &6:22-5 t<il/kg
o

Ft

4ts:62 t il/kg
b

o:

I t .7

5xto3

(106: C,.2rf O3
RtE

:

-

[@s- %) - (ua- ot^)^ Arcf ^ o. 6ex[(Az-22.o)* (tr.tsxtoou

6-

z*io") * 4.t86x+l

: 25kN

4ns. Supplied Air Condivion -rot: l5.4fC q-76%
Space
(P

= 52%

fLel ri Zerabiort Load, 25kN

l'sychromctrics

t.ll

c\l

E

s o
Q-

s
\

o
U

d f F

a u
4

E u
F dl J f 6

u,

o
o

z
o

C u,
L!

7 ()
(tl

o9 >d
F< cr ui <a
O
:c
I

rJ

(,

o

7

t F
-l-

UJ

=

rri

6H t)

t l

lT

()
'z-

(,

(

6S > a* o-fr
^uJ

u t o
F t!

o
tY.

I ul c) (J tl ul

F tl

I

d

(1

UJF
Id aa <z

#i

() d. {:
rrl

z i:
1

t,i
I

o
F
ul

o o
(-)

il r!

l,'ig.

I

ASIIIIAE Psychrornclric Chart

N<t.

I

Problen ?

9s=

/

!Otxtnl

Qt=-''-t c
;-,.rr = Ier'C

HcaL,c, C.C l2 'c go%

9r: uuhot:26,o;^ 25OO: loqkl4 gHp-: 9*= : o-5
-=. @s*9e
F

t50

rom, P et6chro rneVr'tc Char

D'

CortdiTion

af A\r SupP0ed,

-IgU: lB.2oC

,p,: 60T.
Clondi hion
N

of SVaco' Qr: 562 (f"-r)

oat,

9s :
llo

ma,Cp

+
P'E

:

rrlax ( -o2x (zt-t - L8'2)

+ fr&: lA' 6 "ds
: fis L&u- t6)- (us- a:a)^A""1
I

a.6 [ ( gt - e2. 5) -

(t

o's^ lb3- v'7 5 ^be) x4-BGxt2f

_-

04 t.5 kN (Ans )

I 'oN t.nllJ J!.rtrurorrl:r,{s(l ilVlllSV

I ':ltrt
m
1)

a)

o

o
)'.

a It 1
:l z

n 9; IT
()a

o t

(t,

G)

<tri m?

m

n

m

,
fl

L)

rn

o o n

in on
trl

! J

,
I t

6) 7)

a I# o I *1 EE n CIn o ?
m
-J

-o

o
O

T ()

rl

c,

2

C}

4 o o :c v -t z o

ttl

a
tn Itr

I
I

,

2 ()

f @

v
c r @
-{ m

3 T

m D

+ c u F

o

o

3 rr

s o

] o)

t

t'I

s)!JlcluoJrlJ,{s(l

Problen 4
cD 3-10
B
--_--_.>.
4

Bn/s

I

5n
A

zooo€/s

3ooo0./s

SD 5-ro

Leb, us Arssu-WO,

VOlocivy ab
V

-

lonvion 6n/s

I

3
lOooL/s

Secbion-

O (nuls)

I Y (^ /s)

De.au@rt

aP/t o.B8
o.3A
o-

t

(n)

Due.b

Loss

t-A
AB

3t

2l
2
I

I

a
25 7.2

6go
5Bo

20
5

tv.6
4.4

B-z
AC

25 4.2
6. 25 6" 25

580
450
45o

88_

25
5

2Z

o_48

4.4

e,-g

o.g8 7O"4 Pct

25

22

To2al drcP loss

:

FihhnT Losees

5o o-to
Socvion'

tnb +:o'g , X:oa2 , Cb: o'44 Pv: (#)': (#)': et.6Pa.
AP,

b:

Cb

Pv:

lb.QPa4^"

Socaton:

IAC +: o.B vo v'v
Pv=

Ag

: o.44, cs - Q- 156'

(hl':

(?:3 )n: 2o.47 Pa.

AP,-c: Cs Pv: O.6GPa
oD g-to

genvior\:

AOz
Pv=

(+*)": €:f,# :
D

P:

53Ofrn

, %:

o'o54

ot.GPo'

APa-t-'= e.o Pv = l.A Pa

Soctzon:

ACg
P,r=

- 45O mm ,

CD

=

O-O

6

(#)': :

2b -47Pa-

APn-u: %P,
ToVat Fiukng Loss -Tobal Duca Loss

l"4Pa
Frooeure, reqwrOd

- 20.66 Pa : ]o' 4 Pa Dilf e:eer Loss:2x 15: eo Pa Toaat Loss : l2t"oGPa &

aD lou.uion I l2l " OOPa

Problem 5

Nco
I
I

I

3
+
t5m

Floor l'1eig[t:: ern

ld'r

s

+d
: t2

| -E=

2

Aeeumin& Td:25-5"C f or taovh roDftl I & 4

l}m
APril

Dab

, rimo; ?Pm and 5P^

Hnb
R'oof

Con d ucuance Calcul6tvi on

: fbpn g,

tOOmm lighV

netBhb @ncrebQ
O. 9|6

(abte

tza)

(raua t'j)

AO+E2+ EetCl4+Eo : o.ogg+o. O 5o+0.5 87+ o.l2| Q,: o.59+
U

:

l.

og N/rrrn c
lOt.6nm Conmon Sricl<
o.7 24

Nall:
k

lOl.6nm
Foco brie)<

9"5nm
@-rne)1b Plasrer

6.4mm
Pt 5au

ood

Sand

{rom
fZ=

t.

bTb

o.1 2

o.lz + o.o53

Tablo 16 & 17

b/X

0.01c +
fovoYo': o' 282

o' l4

+

o.

ot3

U: 0-64 N/n'C

%ndu.cVanca -Throu4h Shaded Nall
lLoom
I

Ooecri p7iort
l. Easb Nall

A

U

TD

g
Go5.A<

IB

e.64

9.5
5.5
O.e
5.5

2. Souhl,MU
O. Grass on Effii,

22.5

9.54

4O8.o+

6
v.5

g
3

t7l
t

.ek?ss on ttffi

29,75

29s= lgOAjG w

[Loom 4

Doscdpai on
l. No

A

U

TD

rVh Nall

3e35
IB
Natl

o.&
9.54

9.5
5.5
5.5

il 05.ot

2"

NaV

Nall

o50A6

3.6lase on Uosb
4 " Glass

6
l(.25

3
2,

gg
o20.6

on Norhh
Nail

9.5

Z9*: lgo 5"a7 N

Calculabion for CoalinA Load Te,mpe.raVuro DiFFerence.
R'oo{
:

CL-r D

ab b p^ - 99"C I (raue t2b)

*pn:

o'r(2

J

cLT Do: (Ctr
For

D + L M)

^K+

5. e

- Ti) + (To,ou- 29 ,4)
+ ( 2v.5 -29.4)

bpm'. CLTD,: [OO+ (-o. S)] *l

: 36.6"C
For

LM:
Olgl.52A%'a!=

- O'5 (r"uetQ
2v'6 (ratota $

Rnw'l:Q:8Ox

(.og,o
l" O g

e6.G:
x36"6

frr [2.oom+, g = [2Ox

-

4737

n

For 7pm CLTDc: [40+C o 5)]xl + (z+.5 -29'4)

:
Fn
fuoon I

e7-6"c
Og

: @ : 8Oxl"
O

xOV.6 : SZ+e'42U

For tuoorh

4:

-

(20 x /-og x e7 -6

:

4

g(B og A

hal{s: AssurrlnA Qroup G Nall
f2'oo m
I

3p^
NesU tAalt'.

Tabte t5

Table tO
LM=O

CLTD: 3l"C CLTDc:29'l?

Norhh
5pm

Natl' cLTD - tb'c cLTDc: looc'

LM=-l"l

hg'l'c LM:o uall '- c-LTa - 4o'c cLToo= i^, C)-TDe: I l"C LM= -l'l $orrf orbh Lt)al:'. CtfD: (4"C

boom 4:

?pm
Eaea Na(l
'.

Table

Soubh Nat(:

cLrD: ctrp.: (5,1"Q LM=O ctrgl:24oc, cLTDc: 8.22.6"C LM: O-5
CLT):
I

l5 11"c,

-Table

13

5pm

6'C, C[C Oc: 13.1" C Soubh Nall: c,LTf : 17"c, cLTos:15.6"c
Easb Nall'.

Glass:

I

Smrn

cln-r glass CLTQ- a (oP^) C-,LTO : 7 (5p^)

(raute

2 o)

bnducVion bhrorc?h Sunnv na1
R.raoml z

Tine 3p^
cLTDc
tB 22.5

Degri pbion

g
I

l.

Ne^sb

Nail

3.54 o.54

29,1

A54.zS

2" AJ orbh Nall
e" Gtas

lo
B

v 9,6.5

s

(we-sA)

6
i.5

g
2-

t44
180

4. G(ass (Norah)

a

z9s:2974-75n

floom
!._<+i

ll

5pm

i
t.

De,sqi pbi on
Nensa Nall

ct_TDc

tg
22.5

9.54
O.5q

g8.l

24 21.7
87 6.(5

12. N orbh
I l

Natl

il
+
7

3. Gtass (ru e-sb)

6 7.5

g
3

t26

4.Gto*s(Norrh)
R'oom

4; Tme Cp^
U

Dosc;i pbi on t----| /. Eas v Nall
I

1

Cur P"
t5,I zz"6
i
I

i

i

I

12.
I

Souvh N all

9.54 3g.75 9.54
G
lt.2 5

t8

9a 2.H
2700.1

I
l

g" Glass (r,o.sa)

g

I

t44

4. Glas s (Souvh)
Rtoom

e

4:

5pr4

Daseri p bio n
l"

L
to
ob.45
9.54

CLTD c

Easv Nall
(eo"sa)

t5

955. B
74 20et "071
I I

2" Soubh NaIl

b.54

I7
7

3. Gtass

6
tt.25

3

r26
296. 25

I
t

I

4. Glass (sorPh)

3

v

Solar Henb Gcin WtrouAh Glass

g: A.3e^ SHG F^a,"x.CLF
,"bt"l"^ toutn,g
fuoom
I

$c,= O-ag
-rable'
21

O Prn

Norhh..@:a.6xO.33xllvxO.82-633.2o4N hsesb: 9: 6x O. 8Bx7/9x O.4 5 - lVoA.3-44n
5p^
Norbh: 9: 7-5x O'BA x'l IV x o'7

Nosb: 9:
f?nom 4 3Pm

5 : 5-79 " 15 n 6xo. ag=vtgx o.G4:z429.64N

Easa: g - 6x o'8zx719 x o' 29
5P^

:

/l o o'

gozan

Soubh:@=(l'25xo-8gx'l26xo'59:V9s'966N

I : 6x O-8Bx ztQx O- 22 : 57e^lgN soubh, 9: (l-25x O-98>< z6xo.4g: $e6- oezN
EasP:
I

,Air Exphanry, ACu-l/h.,
t f2toom

l-

i--''

I

V: f;xexlO : 24Orng V : Z4O ,no//", - O. OOV mo/s

9s:

l2oo V (ro-Tl) : t2OoxO.O6Vx@g-25 :GOOn
V (uo-/Ai)

5)

@L: OOOoxtl

: :
[tuoom 4

gOooxlos* o-oG7
IA

x(zoxtbu- lr'a^r74)

o8.5N

V: l7x|x\:

e6or"'

i - oaoms/A"r: o-l ns/s 9s: t2oox O.t x (e g-25.5)

:

gooN
,c;ooox { 06,- O, lx

@r:

(zo^rbu-l l' 5 ,.tos)

2: 255ON

H""? G.ain due bo occupanzs
[?.toom

I:

G\mnnuiu^ - e,

no O, n.

9s: 2lOx5:lO5Ol4 (toate z8) or : 9t ex 5 : t575 l,'J
[Uoom

4: Offtc-a

fuoom- (O peoVlq

0s : Texto :75oN :: 5lDtA (raule 2e) At-: loxo
Hen"b

Gain due bo EqluipmenPs

flooml: 9e:ON R.nom 4'. gs: eooxo :
Hu.U Ctain due ao

lSooN

ti At'tus.
:!5x5Oxlxlxl
:
2C-0C.N

Wom

l: Os: Pt-*bFxDxCLF

lZoorn

4: 9s: z7x l2ox I xlxl
:
OOOON

9*
t,

Q,

Heab conduc?ion

a) tuoof
b) shadded l,,Jall

3lgt"52
lOOs.ta
2974.75

uivh glass
c) Sunli b Lualt Ulbh Blass
2"

Solar HaD Gain
bhrough utindow
Norvh

6 Oa.2o4

|
I

Llesv

t70g.a44l

I

a. Act+

600
zoo o
t

I

I

t7 O8.5

l

4. Lighbs
5. oe-cupanbs

o50 o

I

515

6.

EquipmertPs
t

o50

0

e2

ao.s

ToVat:

t6785N- 4.8 bon

Coolin} Load QtculaVion

for tuoom l: 5pm

l.Hena conducbion
a) rzoof

3zl 8.7 2
(398.t6
o587. ss

b) sha*ded H att Uibh glas s

c) San tip uatt ulvh glass %. Sotar Heab Gain
bhroug,h Hingow
Nor vh

5+ g. t5

Nav
3. Actt

2429.44
6-0c.

lvo 8.5

4. Ltghvs

2000
to 50

5.

Occupanbs

6-EqulpnexVs

o

t4365

o2ae.5

Totul: t 8l5ON - 5.2 bon

Coolin\ Load @lculahion tor Rtoom 4: Time g pm

9*
l. Heab condtrcbion

Oz-

a) l7'oof
b) shadded tActtt

41 A7.29

t905.07

uibh gtass
c)
S

untib

Lnail

Utbh g(ass 2. 9olqr tieab G.ain bhroxgh uindout
EoeD

4 07 6.305

I I Oo.g3

Souph

v e 5.gg

3. Acu

9oo

2550
550

4. t-ighas
5. Occatpanps G.
Equi p men7 e

gooo
75o
l 5c.0

tgl 56

etoo

Touat: 2t gO 5 N

- 6.2 bon

Coolin4Load QlcutcVicrn

'Por n'oofn

4:

Qpry

l. Heab Conducbion a) Atoof
b)

49tg.Oa
lgo5.o7

suoadacl tuatt ulvh ahss
wtvh $aes

e) sunb Uatl

b349.tzs

Z.$olar Ha7
EosP
9oubh
O. Acu

Gain

bMo*gh Nindou

&s5.tg
506.8e

9oo
30oo 750
1500
I

\.

Lighvs

5. aecupan?s
6. EqlwpnenVs

v700
2 OEOO N

eloo
'-" 6 bon

Tobal:

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful