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EFFECTIVENESS OF BANGLAORE DRY PORT

Chapter 1

INTRODUCTION TO
INTERNATIONAL TRADE

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INTRODUCTION TO INTERNATIONAL TRADE

The term trade is commonly understood to mean exchange of goods and


services and merchandise among people. Trade has been categorized as internal
and external trade. According to Wamerman and Haltman “international trade
consists of transactions between residents of different countries”. Thus
domestic trade occurs within the political boundaries of different nations,
whereas international trade occurs across the political boundaries of different
nations. Foreign trade is a powerful engine of economic growth triggering and
radiating dynamic impulses in any economy. India with a population of over
900 million is the second most populated county and with an area of 3.3 million
square kilometres, the 7th largest country in the world. Tragically its share in the
world is minuscule 0.6%. In fact India’s foreign trade amounts to just 19% of
its GDP. For a country of India’s size, area, rich factor endowment, maritime
and merchandise record, it is indeed a vast untapped market with unrealized
potential. In the post independent era, foreign trade was not yet bestowed due
attention, as the priorities were sequestered towards other sectors. Public
policies were largely inward looking, import substituting, regulation control

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ridden and the economy was insulated from international competition, this
resulted in a high cost economy with outdated technology not viable units and
uncompetitive products lines in the market.

It was only the second plan period that the importance of manufacturing and
capital goods sector was recognized. The growth strategy was headed by Dr.
Alexander, Sir Tandon and Sri Abid Hussain.

A major development of the present decade is the successful completion of the


Uruguay round of multilateral trade negotiations in December 1993. India
along with 110 countries authenticated the result of the Uruguay round by
signing the final act in Marrakesh in April 1994 leading to the formation or
WTO on 1st February 1995.

Due to bold measures initiated by the government of India import of capital and
intermediate goods are free of quantitative restrictions. The tariff rate is 50%
compared to the rate of 300% and higher which prevailed before 1991.

The changes in trade policies have led to a change in the trading environment
within the country and boosted our exports. Indications are that exports may
cross $75 billion about 2000A.D.

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EXPORTS in previous years: Exports during March, 2011 were valued at US


$ 29134.89 million (Rs. 131081.97 crore) which was 43.8 per cent higher in
Dollar terms (42.2 per cent higher in Rupee terms) than the level of US $
20254.14 million (Rs. 92149.26 crore) during March, 2010. Cumulative value
of exports for the period April-March 2010 -11 was US $ 245868.29 million
(Rs 1118822.85 crore) as against US $ 178751.41 million (Rs. 845533.62
crore) registering a growth of 37.5 per cent in Dollar terms and 32.3 per cent in
Rupee terms over the same period last year.

GAINS FROM INTERNATIONAL TRADE

1. The most obvious gain is that a variety of goods available in the county
will increase. Often it is either impossible or not economically feasible to
produce certain goods within a country, even though demand for them
many is great. The increased variety of goods available through trade
enhances the standard of living of the country.
2. The value of international marketing to individual producer’s financial
institutions, merchants, carriers and other business is not difficult to
understand. They are interested in foreign trade or investment because of
direct and indirect profits derived from it. Export enables many industries

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to keep their labour and capital employed more fully and continuously to
expand their plants more rapidly than domestic commerce.

3. International trade involves territorial division of labour and regional


specialization in production. This leads to increased productivity, thus
lower cost and more mass output.

4. Sometimes some natural resources, or derived products, cannot be


developed within the nations. The commodities are essential for the
industrial production and the only source of supply many are through
trade. If commodities are not imported, production of related products
will obviously cease.

5. While imports sometimes are viewed as competing to domestic products.


It must be recognized that imports of goods, services and capital are
necessary to provide foreigners with the means of payment for
domestically produced exports.
6. The worldwide locations of production and marketing capacity provide
opportunity for increased profits. Reduced transportations costs may
results from overseas production. Advantage of scale may be achieved by

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concentrating production on one location and exporting to other


countries.

7. Production and marketing abroad basically are geared towards expanding


markets for the firm’s products, but as we have seen, they may be only
attempts to maintain existing markets by producing behind trade barriers.

8. There are other indirect methods by which profits are increased. The
profits of the total company may be increased by the method of transfer
pricing used when products and services are sold by one company unit to
another. The subsidiary may pay royalties levied for management
services from headquarters for headed services to improve the
subsidiaries operations.

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Chapter 2

INTRODUCTION TO DRY
PORT

Introduction
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The dry port concept is based on a seaport directly connected with inland
intermodal terminals, where goods in intermodal loading units can be turned in
as if directly to the seaport. Between the seaport and the inland terminals, here
denoted dry ports, relatively large goods in intermodal loading units can be
turned in as if the terminal was positioned directly to the seaport. In such dry
ports large goods’ flows can shift freight volumes from road to more energy
efficient traffic modes that are less harmful to the environment. In addition a
dry port can relieve seaport cities from some of the congestion, make goods
handling more efficient and facilitate improved logistics solutions for shippers
in the ports.

A dry port (sometimes inland port) is an inland intermodal terminal directly


connected by road or rail to a seaport and operating as a centre for the
transhipment of sea cargo to inland destinations.

In addition to their role in cargo transhipment, dry ports may also include
facilities for storage and consolidation of goods, maintenance for road or rail
cargo carriers and customs clearance services. The location of these facilities at
a dry port relieves competition for storage and customs space at the seaport
itself.

The dry port concept

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➢ Intermodal terminal

➢ Situated inland

➢ Rail connection to a seaport

➢ Offers service that is available at seaports (customs clearance,


maintenance of containers, storage, forwarding, etc.)

How they make import and export easier, and increase


trade.
➢ Better customs checking/clearance/easier collection of taxes/revenue
➢ Better Hinterland Connectivity
➢ Better transport links/easier and cheaper transport to the associated sea
port Container (stuffing and stripping) facilities
➢ Better management
➢ Storage in sheds and open areas
➢ Refrigeration available (in case of reefer container terminals)
➢ Quicker processing/less time lost/avoid delays at associated sea port
➢ Less congestion at associated sea port/eases pressure at associated sea
port.

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Background
This project report was planned in regards to the need for facilitating transport
operators in their practical international networks and multilateral cooperation.
Close co-operation between transport and logistics companies within an
organized network creates opportunity to plan international transport and
optimise the use of transport equipment and resources. An important feature is
the network’s facilitation of cooperation nationally and internationally, which
hereby creates efficient transport chains and network solutions for optimal
cargo flow and distribution.

Another motivation for investigating networks is that experience shows, that


the networks can offer the local/regional productive system the best solutions in
terms of logistics, transport and warehousing activities. This implies to control
both the transport cost increase and the industrial productivity competitiveness.

As such a dry port does not necessarily need to be built from scratch. An inland
terminal can easily be developed to also encompass dry port facilities. If an
inland terminal fulfils the following three conditions it can in theory obtain
status as a dry port:
• The terminal should have direct connection to a seaport either by rail or
by road
• The terminal should have a high capacity traffic mode
• The terminal should offer the same types of facilities as can be found in
a seaport.

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In order to obtain these conditions it should for instance be possible to make the
customs clearance in the dry port. In this way the goods for overseas travel can
be made ready already in the dry port and in this way save time and money,
because the ITU can be loaded directly onto the ship. When the capacity of a
seaport is increased because of the extra available areas at the dry port, it can
also have the positive consequence that larger ships can call the port and in this
way increase the productivity.

Dry Port functions.


To ensure an effective Dry Port there are two general objectives:
• Consolidation of maritime goods in intermodal short- and long distance
transport flows;
• Collecting and distribution of local, regional and international transports.

To achieve these two objectives it is necessary for the terminal to


carry out the following functions:
• Management of container flows to different ports;
• Consolidation of individual container flows;
• Reduction of pre- and end haulage with road transport and expansion of
rail transport;
• Offering special- and extra services;
• Reduction of transport costs;

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• Increase the firms of ship owners and the port influence to ensure an
intensification of the Transport Chains effectiveness.

To achieve these functions it is required to consider the following


measures:
• To offer centrally placed areas;
• Offer the choice: Reloading or shunting;
• Offer co-ordination between different operators;
• Organisation of pre- and end haulage;
• Using advanced or existing technology;
• Offer an integrated flow of information on railway-, Dry Port-, road- and
rail.
• Maritime related data.

Benefits from a dry port


➢ Increases seaport capacity
➢ Increases seaport productivity
➢ Reduces congestion at seaports
➢ Reduces congestion in seaport cities
➢ Reduces risk for road accidents
➢ Reduces road maintenance cost
➢ Lowers environmental impact
➢ May serve as a depot

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➢ Improves seaport’s access to areas outside its traditional hinterland.

Dry Ports in the Transport Chain.

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Dry Port advantages:

Consequently Dry Ports’ advantages and disadvantages are those actual inland
Terminals’ advantages and disadvantages.
In the report the following dry port advantages are taken into consideration:
• Reducing total transport expenses;
• Shift from road to rail transport, which is more environmental friendly.
• Connecting cargo handling from the port with other types of cargo at one
Common transport centre;
• Strengthening the ports in transport chains;
• Strengthening multi-modal solutions;
• Reducing the use of expensive, centrally located areas in the port;
• The seaport gets a larger hinterland and can therefore obtain a competitive
Advantage, because the seaport now can store a larger amount of ITU’s
• Possibly avoiding traffic bottlenecks, which give less congestion on the roads
Near the harbour area, due to the fact that a modal change has happened.
• Reducing local environmental problems in the cities;

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• Integrating port areas with the cities.


• Especially in Less Developed Countries (LDC’s) the development of the
hinterland can be beneficiary for an area in form of creation of jobs in the
affected area.
The possibility of speeding up the customs clearance process for goods
transferred overseas can be gained by establishing dry ports with the right to
conduct customs clearance.

Chapter 3

INTRODUCTION TO
BANGALORE DRY PORT

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INLAND CONTAINER DEPOT OF BANGALORE


The need for Inland Containers arose when it had become difficult for
importers to clear their goods which arrive by sea for which the importer was
required to go to the port of receipt of the goods for clearing the same. Inland
Container Depot Bangalore is a dry port wherein facility to clear goods of
imports received in containers by sea to Chennai & Cochin is facilitated. These
containers arrive by Rail or Road and are custom bonded by the Custodians i.e.
M/s. Container Corporation of India, a public Sector Organisation under the
Ministry of Railways. ICD. Bangalore incidentally is India's first dry port.
Started in 1981 was working from Bangalore Cantonment Railway Station.
Later in 1993 it was shifted to Whitefield, Bangalore – 66. The ICD started
functioning at Whitefield, Bangalore with effect from 1.4.93. M/s. Air France
& M/s. Lemuire has started bonding facility from Feb 2000.Recently the
Government has allowed consolidation of LCC Cargo in respect of shipping
lines. This will help small importers / exporters who deal with cargo which is
small in volume.

BACKGROUND OF THE FORMATION:

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Ever since globalization transformed the transport sector, national boundaries


have become permeable to penetration by trade, creating the need for flexible
transport solutions.

Inter modals and containerization was the by-products of this era and was
poised to metamorphosis transport of "general cargo", moving it 'seamlessly'
through sea and land arteries. Forty years ago, the physical process of exporting
or importing goods was arduous. Goods needed to be transported by lorry to the
port, unloaded into a warehouse and then reloaded into the ship 'piece by piece'.

Malcolm McLean's idea of containerization changed the basics of cargo


transport by standardizing the dimensions of the container and simultaneously
improving the productivity of ports by mechanizing handling of container-
carrying 'cellular' ships and reducing their handling to a few hours only.
Unitization helped elimination of multiple handling of cargo and made transfers
quick, cheap and easy. As containerization came to stand for 'cargo care', it
grew by leaps and bounds the world over.

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• It was in 1981 that the first ISO container was moved inland by the
Indian Railways to India's first Inland Container Depot (ICD) at
Bangaluru.

• Expansion of the network to 7 ICDs by 1988 saw increase in the


handling of containers.

• Along the way, a strong view emerged that there was a need to set up a
separate pro-active organization for promoting and managing the growth
of containerization in India.

• Container Corporation of India Ltd. (CONCOR), under the


Companies Act, and commenced operation from November 1989 taking
over the existing network of 7 ICDs from the Indian Railways.

• It is now an undisputed market leader having the largest network of 59


ICDs/CFSs in India.

• It has and will continue to play the role of promoting containerization of


India by virtue of its modern rail wagon fleet, customer friendly
commercial practices and extensively used Information Technology.

• The company developed multimodal logistics support for India’s


International and Domestic containerization and trade.

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CORPORATE MISSION:

“Our mission is to join with our community partners and stake holders to make
CONCOR a company of outstanding quality. We do this by providing
responsive, cost effective, efficient and reliable logistics solutions to our
customers through synergy with our community partners and ensuring
profitability and growth. We strive to be the first choice for our customers. We
will be firmly committed to our social responsibility and prove worthy of trust
respond in us.”

QUALITY POLICY:

We are committed to provide reliable, responsive, and safe and value added
logistic services in a cost effective & consistent manner using latest innovations
to ensure complete customer convenience & satisfaction and value for money

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through continual improvement of our quality management systems and


processes.

Facilities:-

Government has specified the Customs area in respect of ICD, Whitefield, and
Bangalore. The ICD extends over an area of 54 hectares of which 27720 Sq
Mtrs. is fully protected and allotted for stacking of International Containers.
This ICD is capable of handling 50,000 TEUs (Twenty feet Equivalent Units)
per annum. There are two container stacking yard one the international yard
and another the domestic yard which has a handling capacity of 1000
containers.

The containers come in by rail from Chennai and Cochin and there are three rail
lines capable of reception and dispatch of these containers. This ICD also has
sophisticated handling equipment like Top lift trucks, Terminals, Tractors and
forklifts for complete smooth operations of the stuffing and de-stuffing of
Cargo. There is a 2x2 lane gate/inspection complex for the Customs to examine
the goods and ensure smooth clearance of the goods. There is a pit less Weigh
Bridge with a capacity of 60 Tonnes.

TECHNICAL CAPABILITIES AND RESOUCES


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1.) Handling Equipment

CONCOR has generally followed a policy of organizing specialized


cargo/container handling services by deployment of state-of-the-art equipment
on contractual basis.

➢ 4 reach Stackers of loaded container handling.


➢ 4 cranes for empty containers handling.
➢ 3cranes for handling heavy cargo.
➢ 13 forklifts for cargo handling.
➢ Electronic weighing scales.
➢ Electronic Road Weigh bridge 60 ton capacity.

2.) Wagons

After starting operations with make-shift container wagons that were provided
by the Indian Railways, CONCOR started acquiring state-of-the-art high speed
container flats (BLC wagons), capable of running at 100 kmps. Since last 9
years. These have been progressively introduced on major container circuits in
the last three years, as a result of which transit times have reduced and service
quality has shown considerable improvement. 7200 such wagons are already
deployed, and CONCOR plans to add to that fleet every year to cater to the
growth in business as well as to replace outworn rolling stock.

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Bonded Warehouse:-

There are 6 Bonded warehouses with an area of about 14,000


Sq. Mtrs., for warehousing export and import cargo. There is
one warehouse specially for storing of Export Coffee Beans
which is one of the main items of export. Of late, even bonded
trucking has started from Chennai, whereby goods that come
by flight up to Chennai are brought by Road to Bangalore and
then bonded at ICD, Bangalore. Goods from 73 containers in
1981, ICD, Bangalore is presently handling approximately
about 21000 loaded containers per annum and 12500 empty
containers per annum. The Customs Revenue through this
formation has also shown a steep increase over the years starting from a
meagre Rs. 12.5 lacks in 1981 to 345.27 Cores (in 2000 - 2001). The sections
are separately formed like the Admission Section, Assessment Section, Bonds
section and Pre - Audit Section etc.

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CORE BUSINESS OF THE Bangalore ICD

CONCOR's core business is characterized by three distinct activities, that of a

carrier, a terminal operator, and a warehouse operator.

1.) Carrier

Rail is the mainstay of CONCOR's transportation plans & strategy. Majority of


CONCOR terminals are rail-linked, with rail as the main carrier for haulage.
Facilities are, however, provided for first and last mile transportation by road
also.

2.) Terminal Operator

CONCOR's customs bonded Inland Container depots are dry ports in the
hinterland, and serve the purpose of bringing all port facilities including
Customs clearance to the customer's doorstep. The rail links enable us to
facilitate the moving of large volumes over long distances in the most cost
effective manner.

3.) CFS (CONTAINER FRIEGHT STATIONS) Operator

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The key value we offer is the provision of a single-window facility co-


Coordinating with all the different agencies and services involved in the
containerized cargo trade, from Customs, and Railways, to road hauliers,
Custom House Agents and shipping lines. To achieve a high degree of
customization, we offer packages designed to provide the most cost-effective
combination of road and rail. This enables us to offer services which can be
individually tailored to every customers specifications, minimizing customers
own efforts.

DESIGN AND LAYOUT OF ICD/CFS

The design and layout should be the most modern state of art equipped with
mechanical/electrical facilities of international standard. A key to good layout
is the smooth flow of containers, cargo, and vehicles through the ICD/CFS. The
design broadly encompasses features like:

RAIL SIDING, CONTAINER YARD, GATE HOUSE, SECURITY FEATURES,


BOUNDARY WALLS, OFFICE BUILDING AND PUBLIC AMENITIES.

1. The track lengths and number of tracks should be adequate to handle rakes
and for stabling trains.

2. The perimeter fencing and lighting must meet the standards required by
custom authorities.

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3. The administration building is the focal point of production and processing


of all documentations related to cargo and containers and its size.

4. A good communication system and computerization and EDI connectivity is


essential.

INFRASTRUCTURE

1. Office building for ICD, CUSTOM OFFICE and a separate block for user
agencies.

2. Warehousing facility separately for exports and imports and long term
storage of bonded cargo.

3. Gate complex with separate entry and exit.

4. Adequate parking space for vehicles awaiting entry to terminal.

5. Internal road for services and circulating areas.

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6. Computerized processing of documents with capability of being linked to


EDI.

7. Separate facility for EXIM CELL is also available.

DISTINCTION BETWEEN ICD AND CFS

Functionally there is no difference between the ICD/CFS as both are transit


facility, which offer services for containerization of break-bulk cargo and vice-
versa. These could be served by rail and/or road transport.

a) INLAND CONTAINER DEPOT (ICD)

• An ICD is generally located in the interiors (outside the port towns) of the
country away from servicing ports.

• Aggregation and Segregation of containers takes place.

b) CONTAINER FREIGHT STATION (CFS)

• CFS is an off dock facility located near the servicing port which helps in
decongesting the port by shifting cargo and custom related activities
outside the port area.

• They generally deal with break-bulk cargo.

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FUNCTIONS OF ICDs/CFSs

The primary function of ICD/CFS may be summed up as under:

• Receipt and dispatch/delivery of cargo

• Stuffing and stripping of containers

• Transit operations by rail/road to and from serving ports

• Custom clearance

• Consolidation and desegregation of LCL cargo

• Temporary storage of cargo and containers

• Reworking of containers

• Maintenance and repair of container units.

Brief on TR:

What is TR?

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TR means Transfer of Residence. The term "TR" under the Baggage Rules,
1998 is used with reference to a person/persons returning from abroad on a
bonafide transfer of residence to India.

The provisions relating to Transfer of Residence are covered under Rule 8 of


the Baggage Rules, 1998 read with Appendix - "F" appended to the said rule
and also read with Notification No. 137/90 Customs dated 20.3.90 as amended.
The provisions relating to unaccompanied baggage are covered under Rule 9 of
the Baggage Rules, 1998.

The conditions stipulated to avail TR are as follows:

1The person / persons should have been stayed abroad for a minimum period of
two years immediately preceding the date of his arrival on TR.

2 The total stay in India on short visit during the two preceding years should
not exceed 6 months and the person has not availed this concession in the
preceding three years.

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The following relaxations have also been provided in relation to above


conditions.

(a) For condition (1) above, short fall of up to 2 months his stay abroad can be
condoned by Asst. Commissioner of Customs if the early return is on account
of (I) terminal leave or vacation being availed of by the passenger or (ii) any
other special circumstances.

(b) For condition (2) above, Commissioner of Customs may condone short
visits in excess of 6 months in deserving cases.

(c) No relaxation has been provided for condition no. For condition (3) above,
Further, the person should also give a declaration to the effect that the goods
have been in his possession abroad or the goods are purchased by such person
at the time of his arrival, but before clearance from customs, from the duty free
shop located in the arrival hall of the international airport.

The passengers returning on a bonafide transfer of residence can import used


personal and household articles free of duty. However, a concessional duty of
25% adv has been prescribed vide Not. No. 137/90 customs dated 20.3.90 as
amended for certain electronic goods specified in the Table annexed to say not.

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This concessional duty is applicable for one unit of each item per families and
the person claiming the benefit of this notification affirms by a declaration that
no other member of the family had availed of or would avail of, the benefit of
the said notification in respect of that item and the total aggregate value of such
goods shall not exceed rupees one lakh fifty thousand the goods brought in
excess of the perishable units under Not. No. 137/90 will be charged at the
baggage rates of 50% advelorem prescribed vide not. No. 136/90 customs dated
20.3.90 as amended.

Foreign nationals can also avail the facility of TR. In addition to the above
conditions / requests they are required to produce valid Visa and residential
permit for stay issued by the Police Authorities.

For more details please refer rule 8 and 9 of Baggage rules 1998, read with Not.
No. 136/90 & 137/90 both customs dated 20.3.90 as amended.

The passengers returning on a bonafide transfer of residence can import used


personal and household articles free of duty. However, a concessional duty of
25% adv has been prescribed vide Not. No. 137/90 customs dated 20.3.90 as
amended for certain electronic goods specified in the Table annexed to say not.

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This concessional duty is applicable for one unit of each item per families and
the person claiming the benefit of this notification affirms by a declaration that
no other member of the family had availed of or would avail of, the benefit of
the said notification in respect of that item and the total aggregate value of such
goods shall not exceed rupees one lakh fifty thousand the goods brought in
excess of the perishable units under Not. No. 137/90 will be charged at the
baggage rates of 50% advelorem prescribed vide not. No. 136/90 customs dated
20.3.90 as amended.

Foreign nationals can also avail the facility of TR. In addition to the above
conditions / requests they are required to produce valid Visa and residential
permit for stay issued by the Police Authorities.

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Network of concor Terminal

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Export (yearly):-
Export movement therefore researchers restricted themselves to the data
pertaining to export only at ICD Bangalore. The total export, change in export
and percentage change in export is illustrated in the form of table and charts for
better understanding. We have considered only recent data as older data is
obsolete and is not reliable in the today’s changing business dynamics.

Export OF CONTRIANERS IN LAST 3YREAS


Year Exports in
(TEU’S)
2008-09 32,093
2009-10 24,850
2010-11 28061

Unit is TEU’S (twenty foot equivalent units).

GRPAH SHOWING OF EXPORT OF CONTRIANERS IN LAST


3YREAS

EXPORTS MADE AT BANGALORE DRY PORT

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%OF %OF %OF


TOTAL TOTAL TOTAL
SL COMODITIES
EXPORTS EXPORTS EXPORTS
NO
(2008-09) (2009-2010) (2010-2011)
1 UPS SYSTEM 24.19% 23.91% 23.06%
2 GHERKINS 15.41% 16.47% 11.93%
3 GRANITE 13.26% 14.94% 12.96%
4 COFFEE 4.87% 5.98% 6.47%
5 GRINDING MEDIA 3.26% 3.66% 4.63%
BALL
6 RADIATORS 1.57% 2.86% 4.09%

GRAPH SHOWING EXPORTS MADE THOURGH BANGALORE DRY


PORT

IMPROTS (yearly):-
IMPORTS movement therefore researchers restricted themselves to the data
pertaining to IMPORT only at ICD Bangalore. The total import change in
import and percentage change in import is illustrated in the form of table and
charts for better understanding. We have considered only recent data as older
data is obsolete and is not reliable in the today’s changing business dynamics.
IMPORTS OF CONTAINERS MADE IN LAST 3YREAS

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EFFECTIVENESS OF BANGLAORE DRY PORT

Year IMPORTS in
(TEU’S)
2008-09 32,948
2009-10 24,886
2010-11 33,348

Unit is TEU’S (twenty foot equivalent units).

GRAPH SHOWING IMPORTS OF CONTAINERS MADE IN LAST


3YREAS

IMPORTS MADE AT BANGALORE DRY PORT

%OF %OF %OF


TOTAL TOTAL TOTAL
SL COMODITIES
IMPORTS IMPORTS IMPORTS
NO
(2008-09) (2009-2010) (2010-2011)
1 MACHINES 4.3% 5.37% 7.89%
2 FURNITURE 6.08% 4.98% 6.01%
3 MATERIALS 4.32% 4.62% 4.28%

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4 BATTERIES 3.17% 3.6% 2.19%


5 MARBLES 3.21% 2.85% 3.3%
SLABS/GRANITE
6 STEEL 2.31% 2.68% 2.47%

GRAPH SHOWING IMPORTS MADE THROUGH BANGALORE DRY


PORT

Earnings of concor in past 3yrs (amount in cores)


International

Years Trade
2008-09 68.88

2009-10 47.26

2010-11 53.57

Graph showing Earnings of concor in past 3yrs


(amount in crores)

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EFFECTIVENESS OF BANGLAORE DRY PORT

The most happening market in Bangalore ICD

➢ United sates
➢ UAE
➢ Germany
➢ United kingdom
➢ France etc.

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EFFECTIVENESS OF BANGLAORE DRY PORT

Chapter 4

COMPANY PROFILE

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EFFECTIVENESS OF BANGLAORE DRY PORT

HISTORY OF THE COMPANY

Forbes & Company Limited is one of the oldest companies of world that
is still in business. The company traces its origin to the year 1767 when John
Forbes of Aberdeen shire, Scotland started his business in India. Over the years,
the management of the company moved from the Forbes Family to the
Campbell’s to the Tata Group and now finally to the well known Shapoorji
Pallonji Group; leaders in infrastructure, construction and real estate
businesses, amongst many others.

Forbes & Company Limited have three main businesses, namely Engineering,
Shipping and Logistics and Business Automation. Many of these businesses
have joint ventures with world leaders and are present throughout India and in
many other countries.

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Forbes & Company Limited have a tradition of excellence and total customer
delight as its singular aim.

The company, listed on the Bombay Stock Exchange, has an eminent Board of
Directors and the day to day affairs of the company are managed by a Senate of
experienced persons.

Forbes & Company Limited - Shipping & Logistics Division

• Established in 1767 by Sir John Forbes as a Trading company.

• The oldest registered surviving company in India, and one of the oldest in
the world.

• Part of the Shapoorji Pallonji (SP Group) business conglomerate, one of the
most respected business houses in India.

• Shipping has traditionally been a major activity of the group:

The two identities “Forbes & Patvolk” of shipping division have been well
known brands in the Industry in India for decades.

• We are member of BIMCO, FIATA, IATA, CHA, ACAAI, AMTOI,

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EFFECTIVENESS OF BANGLAORE DRY PORT

MANSA & various other logistics related associations.

• We have 19 offices across major ports and Inland Cargo Depots in India.

SERVICES OFFERED

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Logistics – Door to Door


• We offer total integrated Logistics solution.

• We transport by rail, air, sea and road to suit every individual transport
specification.

• Worldwide network with synergized total logistics operation to and from


India.

• A one-stop answer for all your transportation needs.

• Warehousing.

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EFFECTIVENESS OF BANGLAORE DRY PORT

• Customized Services for every single door - to - door logistics need.

Forbes Patvolk is the Shipping Division of Forbes & Company Limited. It is


involved in shipping activities like Liner Agency, Forbes Container Line,
Container Freight Stations, Multimodal Transportation, Logistics, Feedering,
Tramp and Chartering Services.

Forbes Patvolk is a member of several national and international associations


such as IATA, MANSA, and AMTOI etc. Professionally managed, Forbes
Patvolk has emerged as an institution which believes in achieving excellence
in all its ventures.

Forbes Patvolk has diversified into new business spheres such as Container
Freight Stations and Ship Owning. It is headed by a team of qualified
professionals who have both the experience and the expertise to lead a
progressive and quality conscious organization.

Today, the company has established itself as a name to reckon with in the
shipping industry. With offices in all major ports, airports and inland dry
ports, Forbes Patvolk has a presence spanning the whole of India. It has
received industry wide recognition for its integrity and impeccable business
practices. Forbes Patvolk has also obtained ISO 9001:2000 certifications for
its superior quality practices.

Over the years, Forbes Patvolk has emerged as a preferred shipping partner. It
is poised for further growth through an expansion in the rendered services.
Thereby, it aims to offer a fully integrated logistic solution to all its

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EFFECTIVENESS OF BANGLAORE DRY PORT

customers.

Liner Agency
Liner Agency is one of the core activities of Forbes Patvolk. The division is
associated with reputed worldwide shipping companies such as Swire
Shipping, MOL and APL. This division provides worldwide container
transportation on major long haul routes.

State-of-the-art IT systems and a strong office infrastructure across the


country have given Forbes Patvolk the edge in bringing reliable services of
international standards to customers. High frequency sailings ensure quicker
transit time and substantial savings in cost. The liner agency has been
successful in expanding its activities to reach a wider market and to source
traffic from far hinterland.

Today, Forbes Patvolk is acknowledged widely for achieving excellence in


worldwide ocean transportation logistics.

Forbes Container Line


Forbes Container Line Pvt. Ltd., a Singapore registered company, is the Non
Vessel Operating Container Carrier (NVOCC) division of Forbes Patvolk. It
is a 100% subsidiary of Forbes & Company Limited.

Forbes Container Line, a reputed name within the shipping industry, has large
inventory of containers, a worldwide network of reputed agents, as well as a

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EFFECTIVENESS OF BANGLAORE DRY PORT

professionally managed marketing network.

Its services include multimodal transport operations for both LCL group age
and FCL. The inventory includes all types of equipments in all the major
ports and inland points of India. Besides offering containers from mainline
operators at competitive rates, Forbes Container Line also operates its own
fleet of boxes and issues its own fully insured multimodal transport
documents.

Today, Forbes Container Line is recognized for its commitment to quality and
professionalism in handling international container shipments.

Logistics
The Logistics Services of Forbes & Company Limited is dedicated to
providing multi-modal solutions based on customer needs. The department
has extensive experience in establishing and operating global supply chains to
deliver products, as and when required.

Exporters and importers can benefit from an array of services. Besides


handling the customary sea / air freight and customs clearance, the division
handles export / import consolidation, project cargo, bonding, warehousing
and transportation by every mode of transport.

The Air Cargo division offers door-to-door distribution services and transport
arrangements for cargo, both domestic and international, on various airlines.
It also has a tie-up with Yusen through Forbes Yusen Global Logistics
network for air cargo shipments worldwide.

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EFFECTIVENESS OF BANGLAORE DRY PORT

The Forbes Logistics team comprises of professionals with a profound


knowledge of all procedures involving transporting goods across borders.
Customers are always assured that whatever be the size or nature of their
consignment, it will reach its destination safely and on time.

About The Company


Forbes Patvolk is the shipping division of Forbes & Company Ltd., belonging
to the Forbes & Company Limited, established in 1767. The group is a part of
the Shapoorji Pallonji business conglomerate, one of the most respected
business housesinIndia.

Over the years, Forbes Patvolk has expanded its services to include a host of
shipping activities like Container Yard and Container Freight Stations, Ship
Owning and Management, Forbes Container Line, Multimodal Transportation,
Tramp and Chartering Services, Logistics and Supply Chain Management,
Feeder Services, Freight Forwarding and Liner Agencies.

Forbes Patvolk is associated as an active member of several international and


national associations like BIMCO, FIATA, IATA, MANSA, AMTOI, ACCAI,
etc.
Forbes Patvolk has emerged as a dynamic company having both the experience
and the expertise to become the most preferred shipping partner for all its

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EFFECTIVENESS OF BANGLAORE DRY PORT eed
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EFFECTIVENESS OF BANGLAORE DRY PORT

Our vision
Our goal is to emerge as a leader with global recognition as the most preferred
service provider in shipping freight and logistics.

At Forbes Patvolk, we believe that we prosper when our customers' prosper.


That's why we are committed to not just meet, but to exceed their requirements.
When it comes to quality of service, there is no compromise. Our Endeavour
has always been to enhance our efficiency so that we can anticipate our
customers' needs and respond to them promptly and effectively.

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EFFECTIVENESS OF BANGLAORE DRY PORT

Container Freight Station

Forbes & Company Ltd. has two state of the


art container freight stations at Veshvi &
Mundra.

The CFS has a common user facility with


public authority status equipped with fixed
installations and offering services for handling and temporary storage of
import/export laden and empty containers carried under customs control, where
goods are cleared for home use, warehousing, temporary admissions, re-export,
temporary storage for onward transit and outright export.

The CFS is well equipped with the best and latest technology equipments of
international standards. The CFS provides full range of logistical services
within the supply chain.

Location

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EFFECTIVENESS OF BANGLAORE DRY PORT

• • Located in close proximity to the National Highway No.4B


In the vicinity of J.N.P.T head office in Mumbai

Value added services


• Empty Storage Yard in the adjoining area for all types of ISO containers

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EFFECTIVENESS OF BANGLAORE DRY PORT

with repair/washing/cleaning/pre-tip facility


• On line tracking system for cargo and containers
• Online tariff
• Online assessment /invoicing
• Online vessel schedules
• Cargo palletising /choking /lashing
• Highly experienced and qualified staff to handle cargo and containers /
customer grievances
• Canteen facilities for users and staff
• Rest rooms for drivers
• Office space for users with locker facilities
• Availability of bank and petrol pump within the vicinity
• Fumigation services
• Measurement service through licensed measurers

Quality and environment

• Pleasant ambience
• Forbes Patvolk is an ISO 9001:2000 quality conscious organization
• Strict standards of quality, occupational health & safety and environment are
established and maintained.

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EFFECTIVENESS OF BANGLAORE DRY PORT

Tramp Agency
Forbes Patvolk is one of the leaders in
Tramp Agency business. With a presence in
all the major ports of India, the company
handles all types of vessels including
cruise, defence, cable, heavy lift and bulk cargo. Forbes Patvolk is also a
member of BIMCO (Baltic and International Maritime Council). As an agent
on behalf of the principal, the company provides comprehensive services by
adapting to the particular need of the principal. Activities such as cargo
coordination, vessel husbanding, crew management, port formalities and
other legal activities are undertaken. The agency can undertake husbanding
and overseeing of diverse vessels like bulk carriers, product tankers, edible
oil tankers, LPG vessels, crude carriers, heavy lifts and project shipments,
cable ships, research vessels, passenger vessels, floating on / off oil rigs and
salvage vessels.

PORT INFORMATION & NETWORK

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HEAD OF EACH BRANCHES


LUDHIANA MR. S DUTT
MUMBAI MR. ASWATHA NAGENDRA
NEW DELHI MR. SURAJIT SARKAR
JAIPUR MR. PRAYAS BHATT
KANDLA MRS. SHEENA MATHEW
MUNDRA MR. SRINIVAS M RAO
INDORE MR. JIGER SHAH
KOLKATA MR. ASHOK MENON
NAGPUR MR. A KSHIRE

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PUNE MR.MOBIN
VISHAKHAPATNAM MR.K VENKATRAMAN
SECUNDERABAD MR. V N ARAVIND
CHENNAI MR. RAVIKUMAR
BANGALORE MR.UDAY BAGADE
KOCHI MR. SANTOSH KUMAR
TUTICORIN MR.R GOMES

PRODUCT PROFILE

Ship Owning
Forbes Patvolk has recently ventured into the field of ship owning. The ship
owning division of the company presently comprises of one container vessel.

In keeping with the company's quality control policy, the vessel is maintained
carefully and great emphasis is laid on safety regulations onboard. A
continuous survey cycle ensures that the vessel is examined regularly and is

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EFFECTIVENESS OF BANGLAORE DRY PORT

seaworthy. The crew manning the vessels is carefully selected on the basis of
training, physical fitness and experience as per STCW standards.

SEA FREIGHT

Liner Agency
Forbes Patvolk is one of the oldest and most respected agency houses in India.
Having represented the premium and the most reputed lines, we have the
expertise and the professional edge over our competitors by being innovative
and having a customer friendly approach.

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EFFECTIVENESS OF BANGLAORE DRY PORT

The Liner Agency is one of the core activities of Forbes Patvolk. The division
is associated with reputed worldwide shipping companies such as Swire
Shipping. State-of-the-art IT systems and a strong office infrastructure across
the country has given Forbes Patvolk the edge in bringing reliable services of
international standards to customers. The liner agency has been successful in
expanding its activities to reach a wider market and to source traffic from far
hinterland

AIR FREIGHT

Forbes Logistics & Freight Forwarding

Forbes Logistics Services have extensive experience in designing and operating


global supply chains that deliver products to wherever they are required. The
division offers a host of services to exporters and importers.

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EFFECTIVENESS OF BANGLAORE DRY PORT

Forbes Logistics has several ambitious plans and is poised to become one of the
largest companies in the field of heavy lift and project transportation.

CUSTOM CLEARANCE

Forbes Patvolk has recently ventured into the field of ship owning. The ship
owning division of the company presently comprises of one container vessel.

In keeping with the company's quality control policy, the vessel is maintained
carefully and great emphasis is laid on safety regulations onboard. A
continuous survey cycle ensures that the vessel is examined regularly and is
seaworthy. The crew manning the vessels is carefully selected on the basis of
training, physical fitness and experience as per STCW standards.

PROJECTS & CONSOLIDATION

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EFFECTIVENESS OF BANGLAORE DRY PORT

Forbes Logistics Services have extensive experience in designing and operating


global supply chains that deliver products to wherever they are required. The
division offers a host of services to exporters and importers.

Forbes Logistics has several ambitious plans and is poised to become one of the
largest companies in the field of heavy lift and project transportation.

BONDING & WAREHOUSING

The chartering wing of the company is managed by experienced personnel. It


takes vessel on short and long term time charter and thereafter operates them on
worldwide basis catering to in-house and associate company requirements.

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EFFECTIVENESS OF BANGLAORE DRY PORT

The Company is presently focusing on Handy size / Handymax vessels on the


dry bulk sector and about 6000-12000 tonner chemical tankers.

The wing also offers commercial management to companies who do not have
their own logistic sections by providing a one-stop solution for all their needs
such as drawing and execution of contracts of affreightment, voyage and time
charter fixture and execution of voyages, freight estimates, lay time
calculations, bunkering and resolution of disputes all under one roof.

Chapter 5

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Research design

DESIGN OF THE STUDY

NEED FOR THE STUDY:

How dry port is effective in international trade how the logistics


companies and exporters and importers get benefited through dry port

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EFFECTIVENESS OF BANGLAORE DRY PORT

and how dry port handle the cargos at CFS how they are moved from
ICD to seaport.

OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY:

✔ To study about ICD Bangalore how it helps to international trade.


✔ To study what are the services provided by Bangalore ICD for
their customers.
✔ How ICD helps to Logistics Company to move their containers to
destinations.
✔ To study how the logistics companies provide services to
importers and exporters through Bangalore ICD
✔ Study covers the critical factors which are considered while
choosing a mode of transportation.

Selection of the problem:

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➢ To analyze how Dry port effective in international trade in Bangalore


➢ To analyze the DRY port how it helps to importers and exporters in
sending goods and in receiving goods.
➢ What is the major role played by Dry port when goods or exported and
imported.
➢ How dry port helps to Logistics Company what are the benefits provided
for logistics companies.

Tools for data collection:

➢ Project report on Dry port how it helps to international trade from


various journals, magazines, reports and newspaper.
➢ Data collected from the college library and various books.
➢ Data collected from the internet and concor website.
➢ By personal interviews with various shipping companies, CHA, Freight
Forwards and concor officials about dry port effectiveness and usefulness
through questionnaires.

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LIMITATIONS OF THE STUDY:

➢ Time was major constraint due to which the project could not be done
with maximum time and in depth analysis could not b made.
➢ Information collected is in general and not with regard to a single
company as a result of which realistic examples has not been given.
➢ The information executed by the respondents may or may not be true
because some respondents may not be serious. However all possible has
been made to collect the information as authentically as possible.
➢ Limited data available.
➢ Lack of cost analysis because the data were confidential.
➢ Comparatively less experience of researches

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Chapter 7

DATA ANALYSIS AND


INTERPRETATION

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1) Since how many years are you being used Bangalore ICD facilities?

Table 1

Years No. of Respondents


1 to 5 years 8
5 to 10years 24
More than 10years 20

Analysis: From the chart above it can clearly be seen that 8 of the respondents
are being used ICD Bangalore facilities for 5 years, 24 of the respondents are
being used ICD for 10 years, 20 of the respondents are being used for more
than 10years.

Interpretation:

This show most of the shipping companies and CHA’s are being used
Bangalore ICD more than 5 years to 10 years.

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Graph 1

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EFFECTIVENESS OF BANGLAORE DRY PORT

2) Which are the major commodities exported from Bangalore ICD for last
3years?

Table 2
Years Products No. of
Respondents
2008-2009 Granite 18
2009-2010 Gherkins 10
2010-2011 UPS systems 22

Analysis: From the chart above it can clearly be seen that 18 of the respondents
are being exporting U P S Systems from past 3years, 10 of the respondents are
being exporting Gherkins from past 3years, and 22 of the respondents are being
exporting Granites.

Interpretation:

This shows more of U P S Systems are been exported, even Granites also been
exported more.

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Graph 2

3) How are the charges of ICD Bangalore?

Table 3
Charges No. of Respondents
High 4
Reasonable 32
low 4

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Analysis: From the chart above it can clearly be seen that 4 of the respondents
says that Bangalore ICD charges HIGH, 32 of the respondents says that
Bangalore ICD charges REASONABLE , 4 of the respondents says that
Bangalore ICD charges LOW.

Interpretation:

By this analysis we can understand that Bangalore ICD charges reasonable


price so most of respondents are happy with the price.

Graph 3

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EFFECTIVENESS OF BANGLAORE DRY PORT

4) Does the ICD Bangalore offer any discounts?

Table 4
Discounts No. of
Respondents
Yes 6

No 34

Analysis: From the chart above it can clearly be seen that 15% of the
respondents says that discounts are been given only at special cases not every

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EFFECTIVENESS OF BANGLAORE DRY PORT

time, 85% of the respondents says that there is no discount will be given to
them.

Interpretation:

Maximum number of respondents says there is no discounts are given to them.

Respondents are expecting for discounts so the cost of freight comes down.

Graph 4

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5) What is the response time taken by ICD Bangalore team to your service
requirements?

Table 5
Response for No of Respondents
service
Fast 2
Medium 24
Slow 14

Analysis: From the chart above it can clearly be seen that 2 of the respondents
says that response time taken by Bangalore ICD for service is fast, 24 of the
respondents says that response time taken by Bangalore ICD is medium, 14 of
the respondents says that response time taken by Bangalore ICD is slow.

Interpretation: This shows that response time taken for service is medium.
The respondents expect response time for service should be fast.

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Graph 5

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EFFECTIVENESS OF BANGLAORE DRY PORT

6) What is the status of the goods when it is delivered to ICD up to Gateway


port?

Table 6
Status of goods No of Respondents

Good condition 34

Damaged condition 6

Analysis: From the chart above it can clearly be seen that 15% of the
respondents says that goods delivered at I CD still gateway port will be
damaged, 85% of the respondents says that goods delivered at I CD still
gateway port it will move in good condition.

Interpretation: Maximum numbers of respondents are satisfied goods sent


always goes in good condition.

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EFFECTIVENESS OF BANGLAORE DRY PORT

Graph 6

7) Rate the level of immediate action taken by ICD Bangalore in case of


natural calamities?

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EFFECTIVENESS OF BANGLAORE DRY PORT

Table 7
Natural calamities No of Respondents
action taken
Immediate 10
Normal 24
Delayed 6

Analysis: From the chart above it can clearly be seen that15% of the
respondents says that when natural calamities occurs action taken by Bangalore
ICD is immediate, 60% of the respondents says that when natural calamities
occurs action taken by Bangalore ICD is normal, 25% of the respondents says
that when natural calamities occurs action taken by Bangalore ICD is delayed.

Interpretation: maximum number of respondents says that action taken when


natural calamities is normal. They expect response should be immediate.

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EFFECTIVENESS OF BANGLAORE DRY PORT

Graph 7

8) What is the level of security for the goods stopped at ICD Bangalore?

Table 8

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EFFECTIVENESS OF BANGLAORE DRY PORT

Security for goods No of Respondents

Good 16

Average 18

poor 6

Analysis: From the chart above it can clearly be seen that 16 of the respondents
says that security for goods stopped at Bangalore ICD is good, 18 of the
respondents says that security for goods stopped at Bangalore ICD is average, 6
of the respondents says that security for goods stopped at Bangalore ICD is
poor.

Interpretation: maximum number of respondent feel that security for goods


stopped at Bangalore ICD is average. Still ICD Bangalore can perform well by
giving good security.

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EFFECTIVENESS OF BANGLAORE DRY PORT

Graph 8

9) What is your level of satisfaction about the services of ICD Bangalore?

Table 9

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EFFECTIVENESS OF BANGLAORE DRY PORT

Level of satisfaction No of respondents


Good 8
Average 22

poor 10

Analysis: From the chart above it can clearly be seen that 8 of the respondents
says that level of satisfaction about the services of ICD Bangalore is good, 22
of the respondents says that level of satisfaction about the services of ICD
Bangalore is average, 10 of the respondents says that level of satisfaction about
the services of ICD Bangalore is poor.

Interpretation: By this we can understand that most of respondents say level


of satisfaction of service of Bangalore ICD is average. Still service can be
improved by giving training to their staffs.

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EFFECTIVENESS OF BANGLAORE DRY PORT

Graph 9

10) What is the level of overall services provided by the ICD Bangalore to
you?

Table 10
Over all services No of Respondents
Excellent 4
Very good 8
satisfactory 24
Unsatisfied 4

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EFFECTIVENESS OF BANGLAORE DRY PORT

Analysis: From the chart above it can clearly be seen that 10% of the
respondents says that overall services provided by the ICD Bangalore is
excellent, 20% of the respondents says that overall services provided by the
ICD Bangalore is very good, 60% of the respondents says that overall services
provided by the ICD Bangalore is satisfactory, 10% of the respondents says that
overall services provided by the ICD Bangalore unsatisfied.

Interpretation: Maximum numbers of respondents say overall services


provided by the ICD Bangalore are satisfactory. Lot of managerial skills have
to be improved.

Graph 10

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EFFECTIVENESS OF BANGLAORE DRY PORT

11) How would you rate Bangalore ICD?

Table 11
Rating No of
Respondents
Excellent 6
Very good 0
Good 14
average 16
Below average 2
poor 2

Analysis: From the chart above it can clearly be seen that 15% of the
respondent’s rate for Bangalore ICD excellent, 35% of the respondents rate for
Bangalore ICD good, 40% of the respondent’s rate for Bangalore ICD average,
5% of the respondents rate for Bangalore ICD below average, 5% of the
respondents rate for Bangalore ICD poor.
Interpretation: maximum number of respondents rate the Bangalore ICD is
average. They must improve in their infrastructure and management skills.

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EFFECTIVENESS OF BANGLAORE DRY PORT

Graph 11

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EFFECTIVENESS OF BANGLAORE DRY PORT

12) Does the Bangalore dry port is effective for international trade?

Table 12
Effectiveness No of
Respondents
Yes 35

No 5

Analysis: From the chart above it can clearly be seen that 34 of the
respondents says Bangalore DRY PORT is effective for international trade, 4 of
the respondents say is not effective.

Interpretation: maximum number of respondents agrees Bangalore ICD is


effective in international trade. If still more facilities and benefits are given for
international trade still more growth can be found in international trade.

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EFFECTIVENESS OF BANGLAORE DRY PORT

Graph 12

Finding and Suggestions.


➢ I have observed that Dry Port has been more effective for international
trade.

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➢ From past many years shipping liner, CHA and freight forwards are
being used Bangalore Dry Port facilities.
➢ From past 3 years U P S System, Granites, Gherkins and Coffee are
exported.
➢ Bangalore ICD charges reasonable rate most of shipping liners, CHA and
freight forwards are happy with the rates.
➢ Bangalore ICD does not give any discounts to shipping liners, CHA and
freight forwards when they export or import the goods.
➢ Most of the shipping liners, CHA and freight forwards says response
time taken for service is medium.
➢ The goods delivered to destination or Gateway port will be in good
condition.
➢ When natural calamities occurs response time is normal.
➢ The security to goods which stopped at ICD is average.
➢ The level of satisfaction about the service of ICD Bangalore is average
still it has to improve.
➢ The rating of Bangalore ICD is average.
➢ Dry port has set in centre of business locations where there are more
exporter and also importer where it has been helpful to them in sending
goods and receiving the goods.

➢ I have found that Bangalore dry port has been more helpful to logistics
companies to export and import the goods easily.

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➢ Early days without dry port every logistics and importing and exporting
companies need to go for nearest sea port to export their goods or to
import their goods now burden of going there has been reduced because
once the goods sent to dry port the CONCOR will send that goods
through rail to the sea port in same way the import goods received and
kept in ICD the importer has to provide all document and charges to dry
port than goods will be cleared.
➢ The cost will be reduced for exporter if he exports from ICD.
➢ The time will be saved to logistics and exporting and importing
companies because every day there is train movement from ICD to
seaport transit time will be reduced.
➢ In ICD there is customs clearance where all the goods are examined on
the spot and sent for export.
➢ In ICD they follow strict documents to be provided while both exporting
and importing the goods.

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Suggestions
➢ The Bangalore ICD has to improve lot in there infrastructure.
➢ There is no proper lights, roads, man power to stuff and dyestuff the
goods.
➢ They must improve in management skills.
➢ The handling equipments are not proper and older technology is been
used they must use new equipments and new technology where
international trade will grow.
➢ There is no proper maintenance in ICD, more oils leaks, urine passing,
spiting etc.
➢ They should appoint good agents to maintain the ICD.
➢ The Bangalore ICD has not used new technology of EDI system still it is
using older software for recording the transaction.
➢ When the job order is placed they take lot of time where it makes delay
to move the containers.

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CONCLUSION
By this analysis I have understood how dry port helping for international
business. The in international trade will grow when more goods are exported
and imported there is necessary for ICD where goods can be loaded largely and
exported and imported.
This paper contends that the dry port concept goes beyond the Conventional use
of rail shuttles for connecting a seaport with its Hinterland. Being strategically
and consciously implemented jointly by several actors, it also goes beyond the
common practice in the transport industry.
Even the extra services offered at the studied dry ports, such as customs
clearance and storage.
Due to the scope of the study; however, the fact that so many developing
countries’ governments have realized the importance of dry ports.

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