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Solr & Lucene at Etsy

Gregg Donovan Technical Lead, Search

1.5 years Solr & Lucene at 3 years Solr & Lucene at

8+ million members

9.3 million items

800k+ active sellers

1+ billion pageviews / month

Maximize Solr out-of-the-box

Hack at a low-level

Know when to do each


Don’t fear trunk

http://localhost:8393/solr/placesuggest/ select? q={!lucene}s* &sfield=latlong&pt=37.595804,-122.364521 &sort=div(geodist(),sqrt(sum(population,50))) %20asc

{!lucene} {!field} {!term} {!boost} {!func} {!dismax} {!edismax}

Cheap ranking awesomeness

ExternalFileField ftw!

schema.xml: <fieldType name="file" keyField="treasury_id" defVal="0" stored="false" indexed="true" class="solr.ExternalFileField" valType="float"/> <field name="hotness" type="file"/> /search/data/treasury/external_hotness.1306390802088: 1=2.3 2=1.7 3=1.1 Solr query: sort={!func}hotness+desc

ExternalFileField caveats

More relevance: boost query

http://localhost:8983/solr/listings/select? q={!boost b=$rel v=$qq} &rel=category:furniture^10+OR+((-material:acrylic) ^5) &qq=desk

Impression tracking

Side-by-Side testing

Cheap performance wins

Put off sharding till you must

cat ${indexDir}/* > /dev/null

Return IDs, minimize stored fields

RAM: $10-20 / GB

SSD: 0.1ms vs 10ms seek



Tools for low-level hacking

Continuous deployment

One button. So easy a dog could do it.


Tracking GC

export GC_DEBUG="-verbose:gc -XX:+PrintGCDateStamps -XX:+PrintHeapAtGC -XX: +PrintGCApplicationStoppedTime -XX:+PrintAdaptiveSizePolicy XX:AdaptiveSizePolicyOutputInterval=1 -XX:+PrintTenuringDistribution -XX: +PrintGCDetails -Xloggc:/var/log/search/gc.log"





Java Primitive Library
fastutil trove4j

Know the hooks
SolrRequestHandler SearchComponent QParserPlugin SolrEventListener SolrCache ValueSourceParser

SolrIndexSearcher gotchas
reference counting using it as a cache key:
WeakHashMap<SolrIndexSearcher,MyValue> myCache...

Example: personalized collections

fq={!term f=id}123 OR {!term f=id}456

Need a map of PK to docId

Use custom SolrCache plus SolrEventListener to fill it

i18n currency sorting and filtering

currency.xml: <currencyConfig version="1.0"> ! <currencies> ! ! <currency name="United States Dollar" symbol="$" code="USD"/> ! ! <currency name="Australian Dollar" symbol="$" code="AUD"/> ! ! <currency name="Canadian Dollar" symbol="$" code="CAD"/> ! ! <currency name="Czech Koruna" symbol="Kč" code="CZK"/> ... ! </currencies> ! <rates> ! ! <rate from="USD" to="AUD" rate="1.168750"/> ! ! <rate from="USD" to="CAD" rate="1.085000"/> ! ! <rate from="USD" to="CZK" rate="20.107500"/> ! ! <rate from="USD" to="DKK" rate="5.323750"/> ... </rates> </currencyConfig>

price:[$10.00 to $50.00] price:[10.00USD to 50.00USD] price:20.00EUR @Override public Query getRangeQuery(QParser parser, SchemaField field, String part1, String part2, final boolean minInclusive, final boolean maxInclusive) { final MoneyValue p1 = MoneyValue.parse(part1, defaultCurrency); final MoneyValue p2 = MoneyValue.parse(part2, defaultCurrency); if (!p1.getCurrencyCode().equals(p2.getCurrencyCode())) { throw new SolrException(SolrException.ErrorCode.BAD_REQUEST, new ParseException("Cannot parse range query " + part1 + " to " + part2 + ": range queries only supported when upper and lower bound have same currency.")); } String currencyCode = p1.getCurrencyCode(); final MoneyValueSource vs = new MoneyValueSource(field, currencyCode, parser); return new SolrConstantScoreQuery(new ValueSourceRangeFilter(vs, p1.getAmount() + "", p2.getAmount() + "", minInclusive, maxInclusive)); }

Replication gotcha


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