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316 316L

UNS S31600 AND S31603

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STAINLESS STEEL

• Excellent Corrosion Resistance • Good Elevated Temperature Strength • Good Pitting Resistance

Economical Oxidation Resistance
Applications Potential Type 316 Stainless Steel is widely used in applications requiring corrosion resistance superior to Type 304, or good elevated temperature strength. Typical uses include exhaust manifolds, furnace parts, heat exchangers, jet engine parts, pharmaceutical and photographic equipment, valve and pump trim, chemical equipment, digesters, tanks, evaporators, pulp, paper and textile processing equipment, parts exposed to marine atmospheres and tubing. Type 316L is used extensively for weldments where its immunity to carbide precipitation due to welding assures optimum corrosion resistance.

316/316L-B-08-01-07

............03 max..00 ...... the prefix mega is used to indicate 1... 2 Metric Practice ... 2... 5 Cold Working ..00 ........ 5 Oxidation Resistance ............................ has been accomplished in accordance with ASTM E380...........00 . 16.....5 Specifications ... 2 Composition ... customary units.. 1 Product Description ........... AK Steel and the AK Steel logo are registered trademarks of AK Steel Corporation.....00 0.. 0.00 max.... 0...........S........ 2 . Metric Practice Values shown in this bulletin were established in U.............. Applications suggested for the materials are described only to help readers make their own evaluations and decisions........................14.AK STEEL 316/316L STAINLESS STEEL Table of Contents Page Applications Potential . 4 Corrosion Resistance ......00 .... The newton (N) has been adopted by the SI as the metric standard unit of force as discussed in the AISI Metric Practice Guide...... The metric equivalents of U...........3..........................14..............045 max..............045 max. 0..................00 10.... Composition Type 316 % Carbon Manganese Phosphorus Sulfur Silicon Chromium Nickel Molybdenum Nitrogen Iron 0...... There is no warranty with respect to values of the materials at other locations..................00 2.. 0...........030 max...............................................5 PRODUCT DESCRIPTION Type 316L is an extra-low carbon version of Type 316 that eliminates harmful carbide precipitation due to welding. known as the International System of Units (SI)........... and widths up to 48" (1219 mm)...... 2..00 10.....................35 mm) max......... Balance Type 316L % 0.. but are intended for general information only... inquire................10 max...........2 Available Forms ......08 max...... Data referring to mechanical properties and chemical analyses are the result of tests performed on specimens obtained from specific locations of the products in accordance with prescribed sampling procedures..... Conversion to the metric system.................... 5 Weldability. 3 Physical Properties ..000.... 16........ 2 Mechanical Properties ......................................3.... Balance Available Forms AK Steel produces Types 316 and 316L Stainless Steels in thicknesses from 0.......000 units and the term meganewton per square metre (MN/m2) is used.S...............25" (0...... and are neither guarantees nor to be construed as express or implied warranties of suitability for these or other applications.00 0..18.5 Formability .........00 .......00 ...........18............... 0...00 max.... customary units shown may be approximate........... The term for force per unit of area (stress) is the newton per square metre (N/m2)......03 max. Since this can be a large number............ The unit (N/m2) has been desig- The information and data in this product data bulletin are accurate to the best of our knowledge and belief.........01" to 0.............................................................................................. 0...25 to 6..... For other thicknesses and widths..... any warranty thereof is limited to the values obtained at such locations and by such procedures.......................10 max.......75 max.................00 2..........75 max. 5 Heat Treatments ..............................

2% YS ksi (MPa) 42.0 (579) 81.0 78.0 16.0 13.0 15. Mechanical Properties Table 1 Typical Room Temperature Properties UTS ksi (MPa) Type 316 Type 316L 84.5 2. ksi (MPa).0 57.0 3.0 21.5 24.0 3.000 10.5 10.0 (558) (538) (524) (483) (393) (241) (165) 0.2% YS ksi (MPa) 35. and the SI units for stress is: 1000 pounds/in2= 1 kip/ in2 = 6.0 16.0 18.0 27.8948 megapascals (MPa).0 35. The relationship between the U.0 (290) 42.0 3.0 (290) Elongation % in 2" (50.0 70.0 76.0 – (172) (94) (48) (24) (14) – 3 .8 mm) 51 48 47 44 40 37 44 Table 3 Stress Rupture Properties Test Temperature °F (°C) 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 (593) (649) (704) (760) (816) (871) Stress.000 100.S.5 7.0 24.8948 meganewtons/m2(MN/m 2) = 6.000 hours hours hours 36.0 6.nated a pascal (Pa).5 (248) (165) (106) (69) (41) (24) 28.5 10.5 – (193) (114) (69) (41) (24) – 25.0 (241) (214) (190) (165) (145) (124) (110) Elongation % in 2" (50.0 6. for rupture in: 1.0 24.0 (558) 0.0 31.8 mm) 50 50 Hardness Rockwell B79 B79 Table 2 Elevated Temperature Properties Temperature °F (°C) 400 600 800 1000 1200 1400 1600 (204) (316) (427) (538) (649) (760) (871) UTS ksi (MPa) 81.

ksi (MPa) 120 (827) 100 (689) 80 (552) 60 (414) 40 (276) 20 (138) 0 0 10 20 30 80 60 40 20 70 80 0 % Elongation 40 50 % Cold Reduction 60 Physical Properties Density. °F (°C) – 2500 .4) Mean Coefficient of Thermal Expansion.212°F (0-100°C) – 0.0) 32 . ksi (MPa) 28.2 x 103 (77 x 103) in torsion Magnetic Permeability.1399) 4 Percent .200 (1379) 180 (1241) 160 (1103) 140 (965) m Ulti 0 Y .2550 (1371 .100°C) – 8.5) 32 . BTU/lb/°F (kJ/kg•K) 32 .4 (74) Specific Heat. H = 200 Oersteds Annealed – 1.2) 32 .3 x 10-6 (18.12 (0.9) Modulus of Elasticity.1500°F (0 . in/in/°F(µm/m•K) 32 .29 lbs/in3 7.315°C) – 9.9 x 10-6 (16.2 % ate n Stre gth gth ield n Stre Stress.4 (21.50) Thermal Conductivity.1 x 10-6 (19.4 (16.0 x 10-6 (16. BTU/hr/ft2/ft/°F (W/m•K) at 212°F (100°C) – 9.02 max.1200°F (0 . microhm-in (microhm-cm) 68°F (20°C) – 29.99 g/cm3 Electrical Resistivity. 0.0 x 103 (193 x 103) in tension 11.7 x 10-6 (17.1000°F (0 .1600°F (0 .538°C) – 9. Melting Range.1212°F (0 .2) at 932°F (500°C) – 12.649°C) –10.5) 32 .871°C) –11.

deep drawn. ANSI/AWS B2.22. Formability Types 316 and 316L can be readily formed and drawn. they exhibit excellent ductility and may be readily roll formed. Heat Treatments Types 316 and 316L are non-hardenable by heat treatment. Annealing is essential to restore ductility and to lower hardness for subsequent forming operations.9. these grades work harden at a lower rate than Type 304.009-90 [GTAW 300’s @ . These particular alloys are generally considered to have poorer weldability than Types 304 and 304L. Special consideration is required to avoid weld “hot cracking” by assuring formation of ferrite in the weld deposit.050" .1. They also provide good resistance to most chemicals involved in the paper. (800:982-0355) 3. Cold Working Due to the higher nickel content.14"] 5. and in certain chloride. ANSI/AWS B2.0. ANSI/AWS B2.1. “Welding of Stainless Steels and Other Joining Methods. ANSI/AWS A5. Severely formed parts should be annealed to remove stresses. minimum UTS and elongation) 2. Types 316 and its low-carbon “L” version are well known in reference literature and more information can be obtained in the following ways: 1. the maximum exposure temperature is about 1600°F (871°C). They provide excellent resistance to pitting type corrosion such as encountered in a sea coast environment. A major difference is the higher nickel content for these alloys which requires slower arc welding speed and more care to avoid hot cracking.050" 0. bromide and iodide solutions.2100°F (1038 . AWS E/ER 316L and 168-2 are most often specified. formic and tartaric acids. ANSI/AWS B2. When a weld filler is needed.14"] 7. Specifications Types 316 and 316L Stainless Steel sheet and strip are covered by the following specifications: Type 316 AMS 5524 ASTM A 240 QQ-S-766 MIL-S-5059 Type 316L AMS 5507 ASTM A 240 QQ-S-766 5 .14"] Oxidation Resistance The maximum temperature to which Types 316 and 316L can be exposed continuously without appreciable scaling is about 1700°F (927°C).Corrosion Resistance Types 316 and 316L Stainless Steels exhibit better corrosion resistance than Type 304. For intermittent exposure.005-90 [GMAW 300’s @ . In the annealed condition. and bent. textile and photographic industries.” SSINA. phosphoric.1-8-024-94 [GTAW 300’s @ 1/8" 1-1/2"] 6.4 (filler metals.1. Weldability The austenitic class of stainless steels is generally considered to be weldable by the common fusion and resistance techniques. They are particularly useful in one to five percent sulfuric acid solutions up to 150°F (66°C) as well as acetic.013-91 [SMAW 300’s .1149°C). “Welding Stainless Steels. and A5.1-8-023-94 [SMAW 300’s @ 1/8" 1-1/2"] 8. ANSI/AWS B2. Annealing: Heat to 1900 . A5.” FDB #SF-71 4.050" 0. then rapidly quench.

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