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Submited By : EKTA .D.

CHORDIA 08-ITG-71 080410116071

Submited To : KAUSHAL DALWADI

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CERTIFICATE
This is to certify that MISS. EKTA .D. CHORDIA I.D. No. : 08-itg-71 (080410116014) of programme t.y.i.t - A (v sem) has satisfactorily Course E-Commerce NOVEMBER 2010. Completed his term work in for the term ending in

STAFF IN CHARGE: KAUSHAL DALWADI

HEAD OF DEPARTMENT:

DATE:

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INDEX
1. TITLE PAGE……………………………………………………………………………………………………………1

2. CERTIFICATE………………………………………………………………………………………………………..2

3. ACKNOWLEDGEMENT……………………………………………………………………………………..…4

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About E-Commerce…………………………………………………………………………….5

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What Is Wikimedia Foundation……………………………………………………………..7

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History and growth..............................................................................................9

7.

What Is Wikipedia ………..………………………………………………………………………………..11

8.

Advantages Of Freely Licensed Wikipedia………………………..…..…….13

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Free Software…………..…………………….……………………………………………….…….……16

10. How

big is wikipedia ……………………………………………………….……………………….……..17

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11. How

popular is wikipedia………………………………………………… …….……….…..….…..18

12. Swot

analysis……………………………………………………………………………………………..……….19

13. Edit

across namespaces……………………………………………………………….………………..20

14. Two

views of wikipedia………………………………………………………………….……….……….21

15.Conclusion………………………………………………………………………………………….22

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT
A Seminar is a very important part of the technical curriculum and that to when bachelor program, which is aimed at developing fundamental concept of a technical subject. The educational level of student is raised as his theoretical and practical understanding becomes more powerful. A seminar on a particular subject will grow and interest for a deep knowledge on particular topic. A seminar on different topics for each and every student will always expand the span of technical knowledge in student.

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It builds up cooperation help us to develop confidence and makes effective communication in student. I wish to express my deep sense of gratitude of “KAUSHAL DALWADI” Of “Information Technology Dept”, S.V.I.T.VASAD for guiding and helping us to prepare the project on “Wikipedia”. I heartily acknowledge his cooperation and assistance, which could spare his valuable time and help in preparing project. I am grateful to all other friends, who helped me in my project. Lastly, I would express my wholehearted appreciation to the SVIT family for the continuous support, encouragement and invaluable tips.

What is E-commerce?
 Electronic commerce or e-commerce refers to wide range of online business activities for products and services.
 E-commerce is the use of Electronic

communications and digital

information processing technology

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BUSINESS To CONSUMER (B2C)

BUSINESS To BUSINESS (B2B)

TYPES OF E-COMMERCE

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Business processes that support Business processes that buying and selling activities support buying and selling

activities
BUSINESS TO GOVERNMENT (B2G)

CONSUMER TO CONSUMER (C2C)

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 BUSINESS TO CONSUMER(B2C)
  Business sell product or service to individual consumers. Ex.Walmart.com sells merchandise to consumer through its website.

 BUSINESS TO BUSINESS(B2B)

Business sell product or service to other companies. Ex.Grainger.com sells industrial supplies to small and large businesses through its website.

 Business processes that support buying and selling activities
 Business and other organizations maintain and use information to identify and evaluate customers ,suppliers ,and employees. Increasingly ,businesses share this information in carefully managed ways with their customers ,suppliers ,employees ,and business partners. Ex.Dell Computer uses secure Internet connections to share current sales and sales forecast information with suppliers. • The suppliers can use this information to plan their own production and deliver components parts to Dell in the right quantities at the right time.

 Consumer to Consumer(C2C)
 Participants in an online marketplace can buy and sell goods to each other. Because one party is selling, and thus acting as a business ,so C2C as a part of B2C E-Commerce. Ex • Consumers and businesses trade with each other in the eBay.com online marketplace.

 BUSINESS TO GOVERNMENT(B2G)
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Business sell goods or services to government agencies, so B2G as a part of B2C E-Commerce. Ex.CAL-Buy portal for business that want to sel online to the State of California.

What Is Wikimedia Foundation ?

 Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. is a non-profit charitable organization headquartered in San Francisco, California, United States, and organized under the laws of the state of Florida, where it was initially based.  It operates several online collaborative wiki projects including Wikipedia, Wiktionary, Wikiquote, Wikibooks, Wikisource, Wikimedia Commons, Wikispecies, Wikinews, Wikiversity, Wikimedia Incubator and Meta-Wiki. Its flagship project, Wikipedia, ranks among the top ten most-visited websites worldwide.  The creation of the foundation was officially announced on June 20, 2003 by Wikipedia co-founder Jimmy Wales, who had been operating Wikipedia under the aegis of his company Bomis.

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Goals : The Wikimedia Foundation falls under section 501(c)(3) of the US Internal Revenue Code as a public charity.  Its National Taxonomy of Exempt Entities (NTEE) code is C60 (Adult, Continuing Education).  The foundation's by-laws declare a statement of purpose of collecting and developing educational content and to disseminate it effectively and globally.  The Wikimedia Foundation's stated goal is to develop and maintain open content, wiki-based projects and to provide the full contents of those projects to the public free of charge.  This is possible thanks to its Terms of Use (updated and approved on June 2009, to adopt CC-BY-SA license).

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History and growth : Jimmy Wales, Founder of the Wikimedia Foundation, in December 2008  The Wikimedia Foundation was created from Wikipedia and Nupedia on June 20, 2003.  It applied to the United States Patent and Trademark Office to trademark Wikipedia on September 17, 2004.  The mark was granted registration status on January 10, 2006. Trademark protection was accorded by Japan on December 16, 2004, and in the European Union on January 20, 2005.  Technically a service mark, the scope of the mark is for: "Provision of information in the field of general encyclopedic knowledge via the Internet.  There are plans to license the use of the Wikipedia trademark for some products, such as books or DVDs.

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 The name "Wikimedia" was coined by American author Sheldon Rampton in a post to the English mailing list in March 2003.  With the foundation's announcement, Wales also transferred ownership of all Wikipedia, Wiktionary and Nupedia domain names to Wikimedia along with the copyrights for all materials related to these projects that were created by Bomis employees or Wales himself.  The computer equipment used to run all the Wikimedia projects was also donated by Wales to the foundation, which also acquired the domain names "wikimedia.org" and "wikimediafoundation.org".  In April 2005, the US Internal Revenue Service approved (by letter) the foundation as an educational foundation in the category "Adult, Continuing Education", meaning all contributions to the Wikimedia Foundation are tax deductible for U.S. federal income tax purposes.  On December 11, 2006, the Wikimedia Foundation board noted that the corporation could not become the membership organization initially planned but never implemented due to an inability to meet the registration requirements of Florida Statute.  Accordingly, the bylaws were amended to remove all reference to membership rights and activities.  The decision to change the bylaws was passed by the board unanimously.  On September 25, 2007, the Wikimedia Foundation board gave notice that the operations would be moving to the San Francisco Bay Area. Major

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considerations cited for choosing San Francisco were proximity to likeminded organizations and potential partners as well as cheaper and more convenient international travel than is available from St. Petersburg.  The one billionth edit to a Wikimedia project took place in April 16, 2010.

What Is Wikipedia ?

 Wikipedia is a free, web-based, collaborative, multilingual encyclopedia project supported by the non-profit Wikimedia Foundation.  Its 16 million articles (over 3.4 million in English) have been written collaboratively by volunteers around the world, and almost all of its articles can be edited by anyone with access to the site.  Wikipedia was launched in 2001 by Jimmy Wales and Larry Sanger and is currently the largest and most popular general reference work on the Internet, ranking seventh among all websites on Alexa.  The name Wikipedia was coined by Larry Sanger and is a portmanteau from wiki (a technology for creating collaborative websites, from the Hawaiian word wiki, meaning "quick") and encyclopedia.  Although the policies of Wikipedia strongly espouse verifiability and a neutral point of view, critics of Wikipedia accuse it of systemic bias and

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inconsistencies (including undue weight given to popular culture), and allege that it favors consensus over credentials in its editorial processes.  Its reliability and accuracy are also targeted.  Other criticisms center on its susceptibility to vandalism and the addition of spurious or unverified information, though scholarly work suggests that vandalism is generally short-lived, and an investigation in Nature found that the material they compared came close to the level of accuracy of Encyclopædia Britannica and had a similar rate of "serious errors.”  Wikipedia's departure from the expert-driven style of the encyclopedia building mode and the large presence of unacademic content have been noted several times.  When Time magazine recognized You as its Person of the Year for 2006, acknowledging the accelerating success of online collaboration and interaction by millions of users around the world, it cited Wikipedia as one of several examples of Web 2.0 services, along with YouTube, MySpace, and Facebook. Some noted the importance of Wikipedia not only as an encyclopedic reference but also as a frequently updated news resource because of how quickly articles about recent events appear.  Students have been assigned to write Wikipedia articles as an exercise in clearly and succinctly explaining difficult concepts to an uninitiated audience.

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Advantages Of Freely Licensed Wikipedia ?

 Often, people wish to "donate" copyrighted materials to Wikipedia. These materials may be text (including monographs, articles, etc.) or images (including photographs).  They may or may not already be posted on some other web site. They may or may not actually be appropriate for inclusion in Wikipedia.  This page exists to provide some guidance in these matters.  Most of what is on this page also applies to work in the public domain, but the focus is on copyrighted materials, because they raise more complicated issues.  When you contribute material to Wikipedia, you are not giving us exclusive use of it. You still retain any rights you previously held, but you are giving non-exclusive license under Creative Commons AttributionSharealike 3.0 Unported License (CC-BY-SA) and the GNU Free

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Documentation License (GFDL) (unversioned, with no invariant sections, front-cover texts, or back-cover texts).  Note that there is no way to say "you can use this in Wikipedia, but not anywhere else or in derivative works."  Also, because some derivative works may be commercial, we cannot accept materials that are licensed only for education use or even for general non-commercial use.  Note, too, that the Wikimedia Foundation's Terms of Use allow text by others or which you have co-authored with others to be imported under CC-BY-SA or CC-BY-SA-compatible license alone, without need to verify compatibility with GFDL, but text for which you hold the copyright yourself must be licensed under both CC-BY-SA and GFDL.  Please be aware that the content you donate is subject to continuous editing by the Wikipedia community.  It may be added to, subtracted from, rearranged, illustrated, split into multiple articles, translated into other languages, and otherwise changed beyond your expectations.  Your contribution will always be part of the page history, so you retain credit for your work — our licenses require us to provide that credit, and to ensure that you are not held liable in any sense for the changes others make to your work.  Do remember that one of the benefits of this freedom to edit is that you are freely able to incorporate the improvements that others make into your own website or source work, so long as it remains under the CC-BYSA or GFDL.

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Free Software

 Free software, software libre or libre software is software that can be used, studied, and modified without restriction, and which can be copied and redistributed in modified or unmodified form either without restriction, or with minimal restrictions only to ensure that further recipients can also do these things and that manufacturers of consumerfacing hardware allow user modifications to their hardware.  Free software is generally available without charge, but can have a fee, such as in the form of charging for CDs or other distribution medium among other ways.

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 In practice, for software to be distributed as free software, the humanreadable form of the program (the source code) must be made available to the recipient along with a notice granting the above permissions.  Such a notice either is a free software license, or a notice that the source code is released into the public domain.  The free software movement was conceived in 1983 by Richard Stallman to satisfy the need for and to give the benefit of software freedom to computer users.  Stallman founded the Free Software Foundation in 1985 to provide the organizational structure to advance his Free Software ideas.  From 1998 onward, alternative terms for free software came into use. The most common are software libre, free and open source software (FOSS) and free, libre and open source software (FLOSS).  The Software Freedom Law Center was founded in 2005 to protect and advance FLOSS. The antonym of free software is proprietary software or non-free software.  Commercial software may be either free software or proprietary software, contrary to a popular misconception that commercial software is a synonym for proprietary software.  An example of commercial free software is GNAT. Free software, which may or may not be distributed free of charge, is distinct from freeware which, by definition, does not require payment for use.  The authors or copyright holders of freeware may retain all rights to the software; it is not necessarily permissible to reverse engineer, modify, or redistribute freeware.  Since free software may be freely redistributed it is generally available at little or no cost. Free software business models are usually based on adding value such as applications, support, training, customization, integration, or certification.  At the same time, some business models which work with proprietary software are not compatible with free software, such as those that

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depend on the user to pay for a license in order to lawfully use the software product.

How Big Is Wikipedia ?
 Wikipedia currently has 3,475,973 articles in total in the English version alone.  In a past comparison of encyclopedias, Wikipedia had about 1,400,000 articles with 340 million words in total, the Encyclopædia Britannica had about 85,000 articles with 55 million words in total, and Microsoft's Encarta had about 63,000 articles and 40 million words in total.

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Thanks to the mass-collaboration of Wikipedians, the enlargement of Wikipedia continues at a rapid pace, a pace much greater than that of conventional encyclopedias. In 15 months the publicly distributed compressed database dumps may reach 1 terabyte total size.

Big Wikipedia Globally :-

 English – 412,000 articles  German – 172,000 articles  Japanese – 87,000 articles  French – 66,000 articles  Swedish –53,000 articles  Over 1.2 million across 200 languages 19 with >10,000. 52 with >1000

How Popular Is Wikipedia ?

 An adjective referring to any people or population  Social status, the quality of being well-liked or well-known  Popularity, the quality of being well-liked.

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 The mainstream, the quality of being common, well-received, in demand  Popular culture, popular fiction, popular music  Populace, the total population of a certain place  Populism, a political philosophy seeking to use the Populous, a 1989 computer game, the seminal god game; instruments of the state to benefit the people as a whole  see also Populous (series)   Popular (TV series), a teenage dramedy on The WB Popular Holdings, a Singapore-based educational book company  Popular, Inc., a Puerto Rican-based financial services company, also known as Banco Popular inc   The Popular Magazine a former literary magazine The Popular (Department Store) was a former department store in El Paso, Texas

 Swot analysis

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 Strength
 Provides computer services at feasible rate especially home services Provides Online selling of computer accessories

 Weakness

Economically not as sound as google Does not possess global market Great loss due to dispute

 

 Opportunity
  Chances of getting the judgment in favour Global market

 Threat
   Chances of judgment against it. Trademark dilution Competitive market

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Edits across namespaces
    Articles 85% Talk pages 8% User Page 3% User Talk Pages 4% These percentages are stable in 2003 And 2004

Broad Types
      Social types - Socialites, Trolls Article types - Worker Bees, POV pushers Policy types - Police, Judges Controversy lovers - Moths Pseudo-users - Sock puppets, Vandals Extra-Wiki - Mailing list, IRC, Board activities, Developers

Implications
 Emergent Model  Need reputation mechanisms like Ebay, Slashdot  Users are tiny, have no power

 Community Model  Reputation is a natural outgrowth of human interactions  Users are powerful, must be respected

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Two Views of Wikipedia
 Emergent Phenomenon, pseudoDarwinian  Community of thoughtful users,Emergent Phenomenon

Emergent Phenomenon
 Thousands of individual users who don’t know each other each contribute a little bit  Out of this emerges a coherent body of work

Edits by Anons - %
 Controversial, intruiging  Yes, you can edit this page 23

 Without logging in!  Anonymous ip numbers can edit Wikipedia, and do  But these edits make up a total of around 18% of all edits, with some evidence of a downward trend over time  Anecdotally, many regular users report sometimes editing anonymously by accident or as a quiet form of Sock Puppeting

Conclusion
 Wikipedia is a community.  Automated and artificial Slashdot-style reputation metrics are not needed and may not be desirable.  Achieving quality levels equalling or exceeding traditional publishing models can be expected without “emergent” magic.

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