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SILVER CYANIDATION

Riantika Rafni (333408 1636)

2011-05-31

Metallurgical Engineering

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OUTLINE
Prefac e The Kinetic of Dissolution Factors Affecting The Dissolution Rate Applicati on Referenc es
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Preface
What is leaching?? What is cyanidation??

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The Kinetic of Dissolution Rate Click icon to add picture

Schematic representation of the dissolution of silver in cyanide solution

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Effect of cyanide concentration

Factors Affectingadd picture Click icon to The Dissolution Rate

Graphic of cyanide concentration

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Effect of Hydrogen Ion Concentration

Diagram between concetration and rate of dissolution

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Effect of Temperature
Increasing the temperature cause increase the rate of dissolution

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Effect of Oxygen Click icon to add picture Concentration
At low cyanide concentration, the rate of dissolution depends only on the cyanide concentration, while at high cyanide concentration the rate depends only on the oxygen pressure
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Rate of dissolution of silver at different pressure and different NaCN concentrations

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Metallurgical Engineering

Effect of Foreign Ions
1.

Accelerating effect e.g : lead, mercury, etc. Retarding effect e.g :
Ø.

2.

FeS : consumption of oxygen from solution ZnS : formation of complex cyanide S2- : formation of thiocyanate
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Ø.

Ø.

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Application
Silver is by-product from gold leaching at PT. Antam

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References
• •

Habashi. 1980. Principles of Extractive Metallurgy vol.2. Science Publisher: Paris Deitz G.A, Halpern J. 1953. Reaction of Silver With Aqueous Solutions of Cyanide and Oxygen. http://extractivemetallurgy.blogspot.com/searc

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Thank’ s

for you r atten tion

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Revision
1.

Why the rate decrease when the pH above 12? Because when the pH above 12, the pH is increase but the pOH will be decrease. So the cyanide ion (CN-) will evaporate. The cyanide ion that evaporate in large amount can decrease the recovery and the rate of dissolution. (Reference : Laporan Kerja Praktek PT. Antam)

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Revision
2.

[KOH] comes from? The reagant that usually used for cyanidation are KCN or NaCN. If we use KCN for cyanidation, the reaction for silver cyanidation become : 4 Ag + 8 KCN + O2 + 2 H2O  4 KAg(CN)2 + 4 KOH so from that reaction we know the KOH comes from KCN. (Reference : Principle of Extractive Metallurgy by Habashi)
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