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Preface The Logic Proof of the Existence of Allah The Number of Divine Names of Allah Allah's Diving Acts Attributes of the Exalted Self Attributes related to the Divine Acts Allegorical Verses The Attribute of the “Face” The Attribute of the “Hand” The Attribute of the "Eye" Allah’s Company Allah’s Descent to the Lower Heaven The Speech of Allah Other Attributes of Allah Salvation in Understanding Allah’s Attributes “Be! and it is!” The Human Being’s Deeds Amidst Favour and Justice References
The Holly Names Of ALLAH
ALLAH The Most GRACIOUS ( AL-RAHMAN) The Most MERCIFUL (AL-RAHEEM) The KING ( AL-MALIK) The ALL-HOLY (AL-QUDDOUS) The PEACE-GIVER (AL-SALAM) The BESTOWER of Security (AL-MU’MIN) The LORD of SUPREME SWAY (AL-MUHAYMEN) The MIGH TY (AL-‘AZIZ) The COMPELLER (AL-JABBAR) The Most PROUD (AL-MUTAKABBIR) The CREATOR (AL-KHALIQ) The MAKER (AL-BARI’) TheBESTOWER of Forms (AL-MUSSAWIR) The FORGIVER(AL-GHAFFAR) The SUBDUER (AL-QAHHAR) The Great GRANTOR (AL-WAHHAB) The Great PROVIDER (AL-RAZZAQ) The OPENER (AL-FATTAH) The OMNISCIENT (AL-‘ALEEM ) The WITHHOLDER (AL-QABIDH) The ENLARGER (AL-BAASIT) The ABASER (AL-KHAFIDH) The EXALTER (AL-RAFI‘ ) The BESTOWER of Honour (AL-MU‘IZZ) The DEGRADER (AL-MUZILL) The ALL-HEARING (AL-SAMEE‘) The ALL-SEEING (AL-BASSEER) The JUDGE (AL-HAKAM)
The JUST (AL-‘ADL) The BENIGNANT (AL-LATEEF) The ALL-AWARE (AL-KHABEER) The Most FORBEARING (AL-HALEEM) The SUPREME (AL-‘AZEEM) The ALL-FORGIVING (AL-GHAFOUR) The Most APPRECIATING (AL-SHAKOUR) The Most HIGH (AL-‘ALEY) The Most GREAT (AL-KABEER) The PRESERVER (AL-HAFEEZ) The Powerful MAINTAINER (AL-MUQEET) The RECKONER (AL-HASEEB) The LORD of MAJESTY (AL-JALEEL) The GENEROUS (AL-KAREEM) The WATCHFUL (AL-RAQEEB) The RESPONSIVE (AL-MUJEEB) The Vastly BOUNTIFUL (AL-WASI‘) The ALL-WISE (AL-HAKEEM) The Most LOVING(AL-WADOUD) The Most GLORIOUS (AL-MAJEED) The LORD of RESURRECTION (AL-BA‘ITH) The WITNESS (AL-SHAHEED) The TRUTH (AL-HAQQ) The DISPOSER of Affairs (AL-WAKEEL) The ALMIGHTY (AL-QAWEY) The OMNIPOTENT (AL-MATEEN) The PROTECTOR (AL-WALIY) The PRAISEWORTHY (AL-HAMEED) The All-Knowing COUNTER (AL-MOHSY) The ORIGINATOR (AL-MUBDI’) The REPEATER (AL-MU‘EED) The LIFE-GIVER (AL-MUHYI) The DEATH-INFLICTOR (AL-MUMEET) The EVER-LIVING (AL-HAYY) The Self-SUBSISTING (AL-QAYUM) The Great FINDER (AL-WAJID) The LORD of GLORY (AL-MAJID) The ONE (AL-WAHID) The BESOUGHT of All (AL-SAMAD) The ABLE (AL-QADIR) The POWERFUL (AL-MUQTADIR) The ADVANCER (AL-MUQADDIM) The DELAYER (AL-MU’AKHIR) The FIRST (AL-AWWAL) The LAST (AL-AKHIR) The MANIFEST (AL-ZAHIR) The IMMANENT (AL-BATIN) The GOVERNER (AL-WALY) The Most EXALTED (AL-MUTA‘ALY) The BENEFICENT (AL-BARR) The ACCEPTOR of Repentance (AL-TAWWAB) The AVENGER (AL-MUNTAQIM) The EFFACER of Sins (AL-‘AFUW) The Most COMPASSIONATE (AL-RA’OUF) The LORD of SOVEREIGNTY(MALIK-AL-MULK) The MASTER of MAJESTY and HONOUR(ZOUL-JALALWAL-IKRAM) www.islambasics.com 2
The EQUITABLE (AL-MUQSIT) The GATHERER (AL-JAMI‘) The Self-SUFFICIENT (AL-GHANEY) The Great SUFFICER (AL-MUGHNY) The PREVENTER (AL-MANI‘) The Harm-INFLICTOR (AL-DHAAR) The Benefit-GIVER (AL-NAFI‘) The LIGHT (AL-NOUR) The GUIDE (AL-HADY) The Great INNOVATOR (AL-BADEE‘) The EVERLASTING (AL-BAQY) The INHERITOR (AL-WARITH) The DIRECTOR to the Right Way (AL-RASHEED) The Most PATIENT (AL-SABOUR)
The studies that were made concerning this topic started by his wives such as Om Salama. has the perfect Ability to describe the true essence of the Exalted Self. though these lights increase day by day. Wakee‘ who was the teacher of the Imam Malik. is but an endeavour. All what the early believers said. Glory be to Him. and what the recent and coming believers may say. may Allah. Al-Alousy.com 4 . YASSIN ROUSHDY www.Preface The best knowledge that deserves to be known is knowing Allah. then I must ask Allah for His Aid and beg for His Forgiveness for any faults or mistakes I may possibly make. Praise and Glory be to Him. this humble attempt to try to know Allah. no one save Allah has the most perfect and true knowledge of Allah. Ibn-Al-Mubarak. and the Prophet’s Companions. Moreover. who were the ones that were closest to the Prophet. May Allah forgive all our sins and accept our efforts and reward us with the best of rewards. discussing it is complex and not easy. Ibn-Taymeya. Allah’s Prayers and Peace be upon him. Ibn-‘Uyayna. Of those who studied this subject are also the four famous Imams and Na‘eem Ibn-Hammad who was the teacher of Al-Bukhari who is the most acknowledged collector of the Hadith. and we must always confess our inability and lack of knowledge. The topic of this book is an interesting yet intricate matter. gentle and discerning reader. Muhammad Ibn-Al-Hasan. That is why I present to you. Al-Galalein. generation after generation through the efforts of the scholars of the Muslim nation. the early believers. AlRazi. may Allah be pleased with them.islambasics. Glory be to Him. accept and reward all these efforts and forgive the errors. concerning the topic of this book which is (Monotheism and the Names of Allah). so that we may attain the utmost of the lights that this kind of knowledge may present. Sofian Al-Thawry. But if I do delve in this subject. only Allah. Glory be to Him. till Allah. He is the One Who hears all things and responds to those who supplicate Him. inherits the earth and everyone thereon. I was keen on presenting a thorough summary of all the viewpoints of our ancestors. Al-Baghawey. having the honour of humbly expressing my opinion and suggesting the most acceptable viewpoints. Ibn-El-Qayem. and many other scholars who studied the Hadith and the interpretations of the Qur’an. Al-Bukhari.
The Logic Proof of the Existence of Allah Existence The Word. the Knowledge. and the Known .
its all-inclusive knowledge must precede the acknowledged so that the acknowledged coincides with the eternal knowledge of the Necessary Being. because every essence is restricted to a limited space in which it must either be still or moving. it is impossible to assume that any direction can be attributed to the Necessary Being. must have absolute existence. as well as the causes of their annihilation. and this is impossible because the Necessary Being is that who is self-existent. both stillness and motion are incidental. If the Necessary Being was not eternal. All directions are incidental and described in relation to the human body. has neither a limited essence nor a body. If the human being had been created in a different shape. How would the Necessary Being occupy a body if its existence had been eternal? This denotes that this Being is self-existent.g.  It must not be divisible. and all these qualities apply only to incidental things. consequently a number of existing things liable to non-existence or composition. Thereupon. which have an independent existence. and the existence of the Necessary Being is not due to any cause save itself.  It must not be restricted to directions. while the existence of a rival would have spoiled the order of all possible things because of differences in wills and choices. or that it can be restricted to directions. is not temporal and does not need a body to occupy. because if it had been divisible the resultant would have been a number of partitions. self-existent having no opponent. Every body is incidental and needs the precedent existence of its creator.  Non-existence can never befall the Necessary Being. it must have no body as every body must have a spatial limit and must be made of a number of matters.  It must not require a body to occupy. and anything associated with an incident is incidental. and this is impossible because all possible beings are in constant need of the absolute existence and presence of the Necessary Being. with no other Necessary Being or grantor of existence. below. as all the possible things exist at a certain time and according to certain characteristics. in front. it is not a formed body and does not resemble bodies neither in form www. the means of their existence. Anything that occupies a body is temporal and is not selfexistent.com 6 .  It must not be composed of parts. it is the life that is neither affected by sleep nor slumber. eternal and everlasting with no end.  It must be ever-living in order to grant life to all living things. there would have been no directions created. Moreover.  It must have no limited essence. Hence it would have needed the existence of something else. it would have needed an originator. at the back.  It must be omniscient.  It must have an overwhelming will and absolute freedom of choice. If we assume anything save this.  It must have no body. Since it has no limited essence. Its life must be eternal. Therefore. it needs no cause to endow it with existence and is the originator of all existing things. otherwise it would be deprived of itself and this is impossible. ability and will would have been reduced. they are either above. if it had been composed of parts its existence would have depended on the existence of these parts.  It. their survival. and it could have been otherwise. having no partner. subsisting without cessation. Moreover. unique with no equal. because if this were the case it would have required the precedent presence of these parts. How could any direction be attributed to the Necessary Being if all directions are incidental?  All the epithets of perfection attributed to any created being must be attributed to the Necessary Being in the most perfect manner because it is quite illogical to assume that the created being is more perfect than the creator. e. solely. The existence of a helper would mean that the Necessary Being does not have absolute ability. and anything whose existence is preceded by a period of non-existence is an incident and needs a cause to endow it with existence.islambasics. to the left or to the right. the Necessary Being could only be one. but requires the existence of this body preceding its own existence. or else its knowledge. It must be the first with no beginning.  It must have absolute ability so as to be able to originate and create all the possible and potential things. then this will denote that it has a period of nonexistence. Therefore they exist according to the eternal will of their originator and creator.The Necessary Being must have the following epithets:  It must be eternal. and this is impossible as aforementioned. as a sphere. If there had been any other Necessary Being it would have been either a helper or a rival.
com 7 .nor in nature. it is omniscient where its all-inclusive knowledge encompasses every single thing. and what it does not will never occurs because its will overwhelms its creatures. This perfect knowledge is eternal and is neither altered nor corrected according to events. never seized by slumber or sleep. Thereupon. What occurs is only what the Necessary Being wills. it accomplishes everything where nothing can escape its all-inclusive knowledge. having the ability to create and invent. nor is anything beyond its power. This Necessary Being is ever-living. non-existence or annihilation.islambasics. the mind must perceive the essential inter-relation between the creator of existence and every www. It has absolute power. it can never be affected by death.
and had been derived from nothing. had not been preceded by non-existence. And there is none like unto Him: All epithets of supremacy.com 8 . Let us delve in an attempt to reveal lights of the Divine meanings of the Most Beautiful Names of Allah. www. perfection and might are attributed to Him. Allah describes Himself as the Ever-Living and the Self-Existent.islambasics. the word (the Self. Praise and Glory be to Him. Moreover. Nor is He begotten: This is because He needs nothing. The word (the Ever-Living) includes all epithets of perfection of the Supreme Being.He begetteth not: Allah does not need anyone to help or succeed Him.Existent) includes all epithets of perfection of His Divine Acts.
but only the truly worshipped God is named Allah. it isn’t derivative because if it had been so.com 9 Allah .islambasics.ahf cm BT 41 www. then it should have had a root from which it had been derived and consequently the word Allah would have been recentr0 0 ec-41 799. Is the word Allah a defective noun or a derivative noun? There are three viewpoints: 1) The word Allah is a defective noun because it has no dual nor plural form.868 436 Tm /F3.(1) ALLAH The origin of the word is elah.0 1 Tf ( ) 8 eam /F2 .0 1 Tf (1u u1. secondly. and all what is worshipped is so called.
Allah is the Most GRACIOUS. one perceives a kind of Grace inaccessible to mankind’s power. 2. The Most GRACIOUS is He whose Mercy prevails over everything in this world. Most Gracious! It is He Who has taught the Qur’an. Perfection lies in the perfect ability to convey and fulfill the needs of the necessitous.” (TA-HA. diseases and the like that we perceive in this world are nothing but mercy although they may be covered and hidden from man. He endows them with a myriad of favours. which means mercy. Most Gracious. evil may be a blessing covered with a mantle of evil. said. they are complete because He conveys His Grants to those whom He wishes to favour. good is full of mercy and is meant in itself. then He guides them to Faith and to all means of felicity. is suggestive of the attribute’s relationship with those whom Allah has Mercy on.(2) The Most GRACIOUS (AL-RAHMAN) (3) The Most MERCIFUL (AL-RAHEEM) The Most GRACIOUS and The Most MERCIFUL are two honourable names of Allah denoting that to Him all grace and mercy are attributed. Praise and Glory be to Him. the merciful person may not be able to convey his help and grants to the needy. or call upon Rahman” (ISRAA’. the Most GRACIOUS. then He grants them His Bliss in the hereafter. That’s why AL-RAHMAN is more specific than AL-RAHEEM. Moreover. call upon God. In other words. Most Gracious is firmly established on the Throne. The Most GRACIOUS. Allah. and as a noun it is mentioned in the Qur’an as an entire noun in. in a way that becomes His Exaltation. The perfect mercy is endowing the necessitous with favour. To man. essentials and luxuries. Allah’s Grace and Mercy are complete and prevalent. He creates them. 5). Glory be to Allah Whose Mercy and Grace encompass every single thing. He has taught him speech” (RAHMAN. is a noun and an epithet. the worthy and the unworthy with necessities. 3. The name AL-RAHMAN can never be attributed to any one save Allah.” (AHZAB. and He did not say: Full of Grace.com 10 . Glory be to Him. the prevailing Mercy is endowing the necessitous and the non-necessitous. AL-RAHMAN. in this world and in the hereafter. Prophet Muhammad. as for their prevalence. He has created man. and the Most MERCIFUL is He who distinguishes the believers with His Mercy in the hereafter. this name directly follows the name of Allah in. He is Allah. the sweet and bitter. “God. Glory be to the Most GRACIOUS. 4). as if by doing a merciful deed he is trying to overcome his own feelings of painful sympathy. 1. As an epithet. says. the Most MERCIFUL. Allah’s Prayers and Peace be upon him. the Most GRACIOUS. Most Merciful” . mercy is not void of a heart-rending painful tenderness that overwhelms the merciful person. The two names AL-RAHMAN and AL-RAHEEM. Allah’s Mercy and Grace inundate the necessitous and the non-necessitous. in Arabic. Any evil that afflicts the human being is not meant in itself and this is one of the secrets of providence and fate that we are ordered to believe in. “Say. said. “When Allah created this world. All disasters. the most perfect bliss is offered to them when they beam in brightness and beauty looking towards their Lord’s Countenance. “In the name of God. “God. Most Gracious! It is He Who has taught the Qur’an. Most Beneficent to people. but Raheem can be attributed to human beings. are derived from the word rahma. 1. is denotative of an attribute related to the Exalted Self. www. Allah. It was said that Allah is the Most GRACIOUS of this world and of the hereafter and He is the Most MERCIFUL of the hereafter. He wrote there above His Throne (My Mercy precedes My Wrath) ” (Hadith). 2). “God. From the word AL-RAHMAN. whereas the Most MERCIFUL.” (RAHMAN.islambasics. 110). 43). the good and evil of it. “And He is Full of Mercy to the Believers. that’s why the name the Most GRACIOUS. is never mentioned in a transitive way in the Quranic verses.
and is the source of every peaceful thing in the entire universe. 16).islambasics. saves the believers from torture and greets them in the home that will last for ever. the PEACE-GIVER. Allah is too Exalted for even all the perfect epithets known among human beings. he is in earnest need of his subjects’ support. to whom all perfection and sublimity are attributed. Glory be to Allah. the king will either die or have his kingdom invaded or demolished by someone else. and is needed by everyone. Jinn. Man’s utmost effort led him to divide the attributes and the epithets into those of perfection and those of defects. www. He is Allah. is too Exalted for any description perceptible by senses or imaginable by minds or foreseen by consciences. praise be to the KING. and animals. Allah. He possesses this world and the hereafter. Glory be to the ALL-HOLY. on Doomsday all claims tumble and Allah calls. and remedy from diseases and plights.(4) The KING (AL-MALIK) The KING is He Who dispenses by His Self. He grasps heavens and earth and shakes them vigorously saying. whether of perfection or defect. He is the PEACE-GIVER. He is needed by every single one of His creatures and He dispenses with everything. He is Allah. Any king of the created beings can not dispense with everything because he is stricken with poverty to Allah. protection from his foes and enemies. the Possessor of every possessor or possessed. the One. Whose Attributes are void of defect. Praise and Glory be to Him. He is the Lord of Power and Authority as He is the Creator of all kingdoms. is He Who is free from fault. (5) The ALL-HOLY (AL-QUDDOUS) The Arabic noun is derived from the word quds. as no evil on earth is exempt from a good aspect hidden within it. His Epithets and His Attributes with any existing being. Of course. It was said that all what is imaginable and perceptible by your mind is totally different from the reality of Allah. In reality. the ALL-HOLY.com 11 . His Deeds free from evil. The ALL-HOLY is he who is too exalted for any needs or defects. the Irresistible!” (GHAFIR. He says. Praise be to the Lord and Possessor of Existence. and attribute them to Allah. Allah’s Divine Acts are free from absolute evil that is meant in itself. only some of his people will need his power. Praise and Glory be to Him. There are kingdoms of human beings. Allah. His Kingdom is everlasting and eternal. “I’m the KING. and it is a miscalculation to use any epithets of mankind. (6) The PEACE-GIVER (AL-SALAM) AL-SALAM. where are the kings of earth? where are the tyrants? where are the haughty?” (Hadith). Allah is the absolute KING. which means pure. Glory be to the KING of all kings. “Whose will be the dominion that day?” as no one answers. “That of God. Allah is too Exalted for the most perfect attributes of man. and any kingdom is inevitably ephemeral.
organs and weapons. Blessed be Allah. as diseases.” (AL-I-‘IMRAN. (8) The LORD of SUPREME SWAY (AL-MUHAYMEN) AL-MUHAYMEN is He Who holds supremacy over His creatures’ acts.com 12 . (There is no god but Allah) are My words and I am Allah. 18). and as disguise and changing colors to match their environment in chameleons. moment of death and all their deeds. Glory be to the LORD of SUPREME SWAY. Allah’s name AL-MU’MIN can be perceived as asserting Allah’s evidential consolidation to His messengers whom He had elected. as what befalls them from enemies and blights. subject to all sorts of perdition and loss from within. The true BESTOWER of SECURITY is He Who is able to provide all the means of safety and peace. He is the Guard Who preserves and protects every single thing. The torrential fear is the fear from eternal damnation in the hereafter and to be entrenched against it can only be attained by declaring (There is no god but Allah). blessed be the BESTOWER of Security. and no fear can be felt but under the overwhelming possibility of non-existence and perdition. by revealing their miracles and gifts that prove their truthfulness. The one who is deprived of all these endowments is bestowed with means of flight as wings in birds. 1). To Allah all supremacy and Exaltation is attributed. sustenance.(7) The BESTOWER of Security (AL-MU’MIN) The BESTOWER of SECURITY is He to Whom all thoughts and ideas of safety and security are exclusively attributed and are derived from His Supremacy. Allah says. These are the words Allah guided us to. God knoweth that thou art indeed His Apostle. On contemplating existence. says. medicines. the LORD of SUPREME SWAY. and He grants them the secrets of the mode of operating them. entrenching them against any assault that demolishes. www. anyone who will say these words enters My Fort and will be entrenched against My Torture” (Hadith). eradicates or transgresses. “Yea. Allah’s Prayers and Peace be upon him. barricades. you will find a balance that adjusts everything. Preservation and His Sovereign Sway.islambasics. The Prophet. Whose Presence is the Source of Security to the whole world. He is Allah. and from without. Allah. He is the Guardian of this world. is the One Who surveys all affairs by His AllAwareness. No safety can be best appreciated except in the time of fear and danger. “There is no god but He: that is the witness of God. Praise and Glory be to Him. Allah endows every creature with all the means of security and safety through senses. He prevents the access of fear to whoever He secures. “Allah says. All creatures are feeble and weak.” (MUNAFIKUN. the real essence of it along with all the worlds with everything awesome and delicate therein. He is Allah.
0 1 Tf (aziz) Tj ET Q q 0. Allah is the absolute MIGHTY. one of the meanings of ‘aziz is the thing that is rare and unparalleled. In the Arabic language. Other meanings are the unattainable.com 13 . So these different meanings should blend together to give the full and perfect meaning of the epithet ‘aziz. Who is too Exalted for the perception of mental facg s0 -10n0F3.islambasics. the peerless and the sought-after.24 0 0 -0 www.(9) The MIGHTY (AL-‘AZIZ) The word ‘aziz is denotative of great power and superiority.
Therefore. then creation. a grain of weed is. that is.formation. www. the sword is sharp and cutting even when it is sheathed. Glory be to Him. so when He created He created in accord with this attribute and He does create what He likes for He is the CREATOR. a tree. If we explore matters carefully. the MAKER and the BESTOWER of Forms eternally and permanently. then shape. then the making from non-existence. He is the CREATOR after creating. The most acceptable viewpoint is that the attribute derives existence from the existence of the Exalted Self and this had been taking place since eternity. Praise and Glory be to Him. the linkage between these parts. All these things are organized in such an exact way that any defect in organization or management will lead to the total collapse of the whole universe. He is Allah. the first thing they need is planning and evaluation. The form of things. Divine attributes are either related to the Divine Acts or to the Exalted Self of Allah. their forms and the links that bind all things together. some people said that Allah has been described as the CREATOR before He created anything. had been the CREATOR even before He created the universe. examples of the former kind of attributes are (the CREATOR. The attribute had been deriving existence from His Existence. pertain to Divine Acts. making. Furthermore. and shape-formation. then on drinking it your thirst is really quenched. Allah. and even the atom with the exact linkage between the nucleus and its particles. These attributes. for example the ant. because if it is thrown on a piece of land a tree will emerge. others said that He cannot be described as the CREATOR before creation because He had been existing while nothing existed. The accuracy and exactitude of Allah’s Creating Power can not be perceived except by contemplating the universe as an entity then as fragmented sections and minute details. for Allah had been the CREATOR even before He created. the bee. and He will be for ever the CREATOR. these organs are the heavens. learning is the conveyance of the acknowledged from the instructor’s mind to the receiver’s mentality and this is the Divine Act of the BESTOWER of Forms Who endows the human being with memory and imagination. Allah is the CREATOR as far as planning and evaluation are concerned. then the most minute parts need them as well. so when you drink water it really quenches your thirst. from one aspect. As the universe with its great parts needs the system of creation. so when you use it.islambasics. arrangement of the parts. the plant. the need of the whole to its fractions and the mutual relationship between one fraction and another are scenes that can be conspicuously observed in the celestial bodies and the terrestrial creatures: the animal. and the human being not to mention earth and its constituents. then the shape-formation. the stars and the earth with all that they contain. the construction of the different parts. its sharp and cutting quality is proved. Similarly. He is the MAKER Who brings to existence and He is the BESTOWER of Forms Who gives a definite form to the created being so that it exactly suits the aim of its creation. their general appearance. the MAKER and the BESTOWER of Forms).(12) The CREATOR (AL-KHALIQ) (13) The MAKER (AL-BARI’) (14) The BESTOWER of Forms (AL-MUSSAWIR) Anything that is created from non-existence to existence needs planning and evaluation. then the quality of the grain of weed is proved. as aforementioned. Someone may ask: how would He be described as the CREATOR before He created the universe? We would say that water quenches thirst and this is the potential action of water before you drink it.com 14 . The entire universe can be compared to a body composed of organs co-existing to attain a certain function. the MAKER and the BESTOWER of Forms eternally and permanently. we will find that knowledge is but an image of that which is known in one’s mentality. hence it bears the ability of quenching thirst when it is in a jar.
Glory be to the FORGIVER. Ghafir. maghfira is the veiling and forgiveness of all of our sins with Allah’s Favours and Mercy along with His overwhelming Endowment of repentance. He is Allah. never would ye be able to number them” (NAHL. moreover He is ALGHAFFAR (the FORGIVER) Who forgives again and again the recurring sin. He is Al-Ghafour (the Liberal in Forgiving). then he is called waheb. Allah reveals the exquisite and conceals the ignominious in this world then He overlooks them in the hereafter. Praise and Glory be to Him. He is Allah. Praise and Glory be to Him. All existing things in heavens and on earth are in His Grip and this can not be attained save by Allah. He veils the sinners’ sins though He possesses the perfect and absolute power to reveal the impact or the effects of these sins on the body or the face. Who forgives the sins. and He does not let anybody know them. All existing things are helpless. The SUBDUER’s means to subdue and conquer His enemies are amazingly infinite. Allah is Al-Ghafir. which means grantor. He is Allah. 18). If someone grants without anticipating any compensation and without expecting any benefit. lavish donation or abundant gifts can be bestowed save by Allah Who fulfills all the needs of the necessitous. He is the Great GRANTOR of bounties Who says: “If ye would count the favours of God. www. Glory be to Him.(15) The FORGIVER (AL-GHAFFAR) The original meaning of the Arabic word ghafr is veiling and concealing. the One. No grant. the Irresistible. says.com 15 . Second. Who forgives a multiplicity of sins. Fourth. furthermore. (17) The Great GRANTOR (AL-WAHHAB) The name AL-WAHHAB is derived from the word heba. and ghaffar are also derived from the word ghafr. He faces the believer with his sins without the knowledge of anybody then He changes the evil deeds into righteous ones and blots the sins out of his Book of Reckoning and makes the believer’s organs along with His angels forget all the committed sins. the SUBDUER. and on the Day of Resurrection the Almighty calls from above “Whose will be the Dominion that Day? That of God.islambasics. and so will be the case on Doomsday. (16) The SUBDUER (AL-QAHHAR) The SUBDUER is He Who subdues and vanquishes overwhelmingly everything and anything. He is the Great GRANTOR. Allah veils man’s ignominious ideas and thoughts and hides them in his heart so that no one can ever know them.” (AN‘AM. Praise and Glory be to Him.” (GHAFIR. 18). Allah veils and conceals the internal ugliness of the human being’s body and He adorns this body with an exquisite outward appearance. Veiling has various manifestations: First. Allah. “He is the Irresistible. ghaffour. watching from above His worshippers. which means the gift or donation void of compensation or purpose. He veils and conceals the committed sins. 16). Third.
The Great PROVIDER endows all the existing beings with all the means that can maintain their forms and shapes.We ask thee not to provide sustenance. and clothes. Praise and Glory be to Him. says. 22). (19) The OPENER (AL-FATTAH) Allah is the OPENER Who opens anything that is locked with His Power and Care.” (HUD. “Verily We have granted thee a manifest Victory. says. “If someone flees his subsistence. Allah.com 16 . “Our Lord! Decide thou between us and our people in truth. air. He will provide you with the means of subsistence as He endows birds with their sustenance. 6). then his subsistence. We provide it for thee” (TA-HA.(18) The Great PROVIDER (AL-RAZZAQ) Allah is the Creator of subsistence and the ways of maintaining it. Praise and Glory be to Him. for Thou art the best to decide. Allah opens the gates of success to His apostles and prophets so they occupy heavenly dominions. Prophet Muhammad. all is in a clear record.” (FAT-H.” (ZARIYAT. Allah’s Prayers and Peace be upon him.. www. “For God is He Who gives all sustenance. Praise and Glory be to Him. they leave early in the morning with empty stomachs and return corpulent” (Hadith). He remedies all blights with His Guidance and reveals to scientists and men of intellect the intricate meanings and grants them perception and delicate information.” (A‘RAF. will reach and outstrip him till it enters his mouth” (Hadith). He opens the safes of His Mercy and lets them inundate His creatures. Lord of Power. In Allah’s mighty Powers lie the keys of the unknown.” (ZARYIAT. Praise and Glory be to the Great PROVIDER. He knoweth the time and place of its definite abode and its temporary deposit. He lifts the veil from the hearts of His chosen men. 1). hearts with insight. “. “If you trust in Allah and recommend your souls to Him as you should. Glory be to the OPENER. as if it were a lion. “There is no moving creature on the earth but its sustenance dependeth on God. 132). He is Allah. says. souls with revelation. as also that which ye are promised. 89). 58). “And in heaven is your sustenance. Steadfast for ever. water. 2).islambasics. and bodies with sustenance such as food. He is the Creator of the living beings and all the means of conveying livelihood to them and their enjoying it. Allah. “What God out of His Mercy doth bestow on mankind there is none can withhold” (FATIR. He provides minds with knowledge and wisdom. He is Allah.
He comprehends all things in His Knowledge: the evident and the hidden. the slightest and the most awesome. Allah. He knows everything about His www.islambasics. Praise and Glory be to Him. The comprehensiveness and clarity of His all-inclusive Knowledge can not be perfectly estimated or comprehended by the human mentality. is the OMNISCIENT since eternity.com 17 .(20) The OMNISCIENT (AL-‘ALEEM ) Allah is conversant with everything. the first and the last. He knows the ins and outs of everything.
5). meaning that Allah exalts the believers and abases the pagans.. to vanquish.” (HAJJ.and the branches of fruit there.. He is the BESTOWER of Honour.but lower thy wing in gentleness to the believers. Allah says.Thou enduest with honour whom Thou pleasest. 127). Of these two names of Allah (the ABASER. 134). in this verse (manageable) means that Allah has given man the necessary intelligence and has made the earth tractable to that intelligence. Glory be to the ABASER and the EXALTER. “. As for the reprehended humiliation. and degrades with His Vengeance the rank of whom it pleases Him to degrade. 72). 14). Azalla means to degrade.but honour belongs to God and His Apostle. From the previous verses it is manifest that (abasing) and (exalting) can be concrete as well as abstract. EXALTER). “. and takes it away from whomsoever He pleases. of them some do carry them and some they eat. originates and restores. and Thou bringest low whom Thou pleasest. 154). 15). 20). Allah says.God will raise up to the suitable ranks and degrees.. here the implied honour is disgraceful and full of arrogance. for instance.. 8). Allah exalts with His Favours and Honours whom it pleases Him to exalt. It is conspicuous that attributes that are related to the Divine Acts are contradictory showing that the power and might of Allah are infinite. (25) The BESTOWER of Honour (AL-MU‘IZZ) (26) The DEGRADER (AL-MUZILL) Allah gives power to whomsoever He pleases. He elevates the truth and abases the evil. Praise and Glory be to Him.” (MULK..” (HIJR. “. and He says..” (ZUKHRUF. Allah says. will hang low in humility” (INSAN. 57). “And that We have subjected them to their use. Allah says. Allah says. 3).“.” (MUNAFIQUN. inflicts harm and gives benefit.. He is Allah.and such as God shall disgrace.” (MUJADILA. “. fame and glory.” (YA-SIN.” (NISAA’.lowly with the Believers. there is praised humiliation. Moreover. Allah relates what the rejecters will say. and to the Believers. prestige and honour. those of you who believe and who have been granted mystic Knowledge.(23) The ABASER (AL-KHAFIDH) (24) The EXALTER (AL-RAFI‘ ) Khafdh means to cause descending. it is said that Allah. urging people to treat parents with kindness and affection. 26). Praise and Glory be to Him. 206).will be among those most humiliated. “And remember Abraham and Ismail raised the foundations of the House” (BAQARA. 11). 32).. whoever is honoured by Allah is mighty. He honours the obedient and degrades the disobedient. “And out of kindness lower to them the wing of humility.. “It is He Who has made the earth manageable for you. support and give might. “. mighty against the Rejecters. The praised might is that of Allah.” (ISRAA’.” (MUJADILA. He possesses the actions and the counteractions. and exalts His worshippers by victories.. He says. to put someone to shame. 18). He abases His enemies by humiliation. many will it exalt. The humiliation mentioned here is void of oppression but is voluntarily undertaken as the believers are humble to Allah. “. The Arabic word muzill also means to make things submit or yield. vain might is that which is full of arrogance as mentioned in the Quranic verse. “. The two names of Allah (the BESTOWER of Honour. He has the power to do what He pleases. lowers and exalts. as some people www..islambasics. Praise and Glory be to Him. degrades and honours. “When it is said to him ‘Fear God’ he is led by arrogance to more crime.” (WAQI‘A.before we were humbled and put to shame” (TA-HA. The root of the word mu‘izz is azza which means to strengthen.” (TUR. He exalts the believers by nearing them and degrades His enemies by keeping them at a distance.We raised over them the towering height of Mount Sinai. 88). Allah says about the rejecters. “. He withholds and enlarges. it is disgraceful as it is the upshot of oppression. The two names are epithets of His Divine Acts and are related to His Divine Will and Power.” (BAQARA. 24).but We strengthened them with a third. Raf‘ means to exalt or elevate. “Many will it bring low. humiliate and demean. “By the Canopy Raised High. “.com 18 . Allah says.” (AL-I‘IMRAN..” (MAI’DA. abases the pagans by agonizing them and elevates the believers by bestowing blessings on them. “.and We raise some of them above others in ranks. Allah grants life and death.” (YA-SIN. “. 14). none can raise to honour. the DEGRADER) are two attributes related to the Divine Acts.
” (MUJADILA. a third group said that the attribute is not the described but at the same time they are not different. Praise and Glory be to Him. but it is an epithet through which anything that is heard is revealed to Him.” (ZUKHRUF. His Attributes can not be compared to those of His creatures’. 75). because Allah’s Attributes are beyond the perception of our minds. 181). All incidents. We should say that Allah is All-Knowing having knowledge. Languages are His Creation. to see. All what has been said is not permissible.” (SHU‘ARAA’. He is Allah. their abilities. 1). He is the BESTOWER of Honour and the DEGRADER. orders. “By no means! Proceed then. no darkness or veils can conceal anything from His Divine Vision that is too Exalted for being linked to an organ. and all their movements. for man should not let his mind think of what is unpardonable to think of. His ALL-HEARING Power encompasses all the misgivings of the souls. they can not be compared to the attributes of any other being. Living having a life. Allah says to Moses.or they think that We hear not their secrets and their private counsels? Indeed We do.said. Speaking. are known to Him. No glimpse of ideas can escape Him. and happen because He wants them to happen. nothing skips His ALL-HEARING Power. perceived these Divine Attributes in accordance with their literal meanings.com 19 . Our ancestors. 46) . We are with you. 80). He is Allah. He created people. and invention. therefore. www. the ALL-HEARING. and to hear. creating. even if it is concealed. because He is the One Who assigns. “God hath heard the taunt of those who say: Truly. besides. Allah’s ALL-SEEING Power is a Divine Epithet through which all what is seen is revealed to Him. As Allah’s Exalted Self can not be compared to those of His creatures’. and they did not wade through comparisons and definitions that are derived from the fact that these epithets are also attributed to the created beings. 96). Glory be to the ALL-SEEING. and others claimed that the two are different. this is impossible with respect to Allah. without letting the mind think about how this could take place. As the Exalted Being can not be compared to any other being. may Allah be pleased with them . all what He does is never void of wisdom. and ALL-HEARING having means to speak.. existence. from a linguistic point of view. no existent being can be eclipsed from His ALL-SEEING Power whether it is manifest or covert. It is not logical to assume that it is Allah’s duty to do anything. so no language can ever be intricate for Him. ALL-SEEING.. “. Allah sees the secrets of thoughts. God is indigent and we are rich” (AL-I‘IMRAN. and all what occurs in the universe is but His making. to record. both of you. Allah is obliged to do nothing. nothing can escape His ALL-SEEING Power even what is under the grains of sand. with Our signs. Praise and Glory be to Him. 15) .” (HAJJ. 62).islambasics. and non-existence are but His Creation. The ALL-HEARING is Allah Whose Knowledge encompasses everything. this power is perfect in receiving all sounds and voices. “For God is He Who hears and sees all things. We should attribute to Him only what He attributed to Himself without interpretation or analogy and assign the knowledge of the true essence of His Attributes to Him. “God is the Creator of all things” (ZUMAR. “But God has created you and your handiwork” (SAFFAT. Nothing can escape His Knowledge even if it were covert. and He says. “God has indeed heard and accepted the statement of the woman who pleads with thee concerning her husband. so are His Attributes. He has the power to charge us with trusts. and prohibits. all actions done by any created being are also Allah’s creation. that is to say. and will listen to your call. They did not delve beyond the literal meaning of these Divine Attributes. no call can ever occupy or hinder Him from hearing and answering another call. (27) The ALL-HEARING (AL-SAMEE‘ (28) The ALL-SEEING (AL-BASSEER Two of the attributes that are related to the Exalted Being. Allah is the ALL-SEEING. knowledge. “.for I am with you : I hear and see everything” (TA-HA. He says. Duties ought to be done otherwise harm would happen sooner or later. Some scholars said that the attribute and the described are one and the same. All-Powerful having an overwhelming power. we can not understand the true essence of Allah’s attributes. hidden or faint. Willing having volition. and Our Messengers are by them. He is too Exalted for having His ALL-HEARING Power linked to an organ.
and Thou art the Justest of Judges!” (HUD.their real wish is to resort together for judgment in their disputes to the Evil One. nay. Allah’s creatures turn.” (NISAA’. and deals with absolute justice. 57).” (FUSSILAT.” (AN‘AM.” (YUNUS. 164).. between souls by guiding them to obedience and to the right way. puts everything in its place. “. Allah’s Justice can not be properly known unless one perfectly estimates His Divine Acts.” (INFITAR. and He. as mentioned in the Qur’an. “But God has endeared the Faith to you and has made it beautiful in your hearts. 60). Shall I seek for judge other than God?” (AN‘AM. between His Justice and His Gracious Favours. 79)..” (NISAA’. “. distinguishes between the righteous and the evildoers. (30) The JUST (AL-‘ADL) The JUST is He Who is fair and is too exalted for oppression or injustice in His Divine Acts and Judgments.” (MA’IDA. “That man can have nothing but what he strives for. “But God wronged them not. Allah says.. in this world. That the fruit of his striving will soon come in sight. “. 78). 113). they wronged their own souls. this is a favour from Allah as He said. knowledge... and deciding between people. “. 39. The contemplator sees that every single thing is put perfectly in its place. The Arabic word hokm. nothing can blemish His Divine acts.” (GHAFIR. but whatever evil happens to thee is from thy own soul. The judge whose judgment can never be turned back is Allah. “Say.to each of them We gave judgment and knowledge. He settles matters between His creatures.and God will confirm and establish His Signs” (HAJJ. 105). 13. The judge is also the one whom people resort to for judgment. He rights wrongs. 8).. 40). 35) . Glory be to the JUDGE. “. He says. and He has made hateful to you unbelief. 79).and when ye judge between man and man that ye judge with justice.. 58). granting them content and bliss. “. for He is the Best to decide. as in.” (ANBIYA’. “. He says about Himself. and rebellion. Praise and Glory be to Him. never will Allah fail His promises. 45). Praise and Glory be to Him.. says “. He gives everyone his due. A grace and favour from God.” (HUJURAT. 7. 109).appoint two arbiters.and be patient and constant till God do decide.com 20 . 31). the hidden aspects of the Judgments of the JUST are far more than the manifest ones. And the Wicked they will be in the Fire.. The word hakam denotes the perfection of what is done. one from his family.. “. “.islambasics. such indeed are those who walk in righteousness. wickedness. “As for the Righteous.” (NAJM. which means judgment... He is Allah.for God doth command according to His Will and Plan.” (ANBIYA’. “. 14). 52). they will be in Bliss.” (NISAA’. 46). the causes and effects are set in the most perfect and refined pattern. It is Allah Who has endeared the true Faith to the Believers. conferred a great favour on the believers by saying. About His judgments concerning human beings Allah says. “. 2).” (NISAA’. If any good befalls him.(29) The JUDGE (AL-HAKAM) The judge is the one who decides between opponents. and the other from hers. 33).” (AL-I-‘IMRAN. Allah’s Will is carried out according to His Plan. Allah.for God is Lord of grace abounding” (BAQARA. Allah judges between hearts.the Command rests with none but God. sovereignty.nor is thy Lord ever unjust in the least to His servants.” (NISAA’. decides between truth and falsehood. is related to wisdom and judiciousness. “Whatever good happens to thee is from God. “God did confer a great favour on the Believers when He sent among them an Apostle from among themselves. www. “And great is the Grace of God unto thee.but God never wishes injustice to His Servants. the judge also rules and governs.. treating fairly every soul in accord with its deeds. if the human being is afflicted with misery then this happens in accord with His Justice. and He says of the pagans. 114). “. He says.” (NAHL.We did witness their judgment. Glory be to Him.
The finTst details of Allah’s GraciousnTss and Benignity to His creatures are countless.. He is too Exalted for being restrirBT 4to locations. brings out pearls from oysters. 59) “..Allah knows the most minute details of every secret and all the mysterious aspects of the invisible. He is able to mould things in a way so refinT 4that they may appear counter4to what is meant of them.” (TAUBA. the hidden. Allah is the All-Aware of the core and essence of things. then this is the perfect meaning of the Arabic word lutf which means benignity. “God hath already informed us of the true state of matters concerning you. His Benignity to His creatures is countless. He is nearer4to every being than its own self. “Should He not know. “. and the human being from mingled sperm. which is khibra in Arabic. He says. 94).com 21 . 100). then how it is inspired how to suck its mother’s breast soon after4its birth. the apparent and the hidden aspects of things.gracious is God to His servants. (31) The BENIGNANT (AL-LATEEF) The all-knowing Omniscience of Allah encompasses everything. He is imperceptible and inaccessible to our visions.” (AN‘AM. He is Allah. grants him all the means to utilize4its advantageous elements and to get rid of its harmful elements without any intervention of the human being. about Him of any acquainted with such things. Praise and Glory be to Him. He that created? And He is the One4that understands the finTst mysteries and is Well-acquainted with them. 18).and He is the Wise. He is Allah. the Master of All-Awareness is Allah. 7). acquainted with all things. when benignity of the Divine Acts blends with the subtlety of omniscience. The Arabic word khabar means in English. the ALL-AWARE is He Who knows every movement. “And how canst thou have patience about things about which thy understanding is not complete?” (KAHF. www. and dispels blights and worries when one is afflirBT . places.” (FURQAN. Allah is the the ALL-AWARE. nevertheless.. Glory be to the JUST. silk from silkworms. incisors and canine teeth. Praise and Glory be to Him.” (SHURA. then He conveys them benignly and tenderly to the deserving. When omniscience intermingles with the inmost secrets of things then the result will be all-awareness. then.” (YUSUF.. 19). Allah. directions or lands.” (MULK. 14).Allah had been existing while the universe was non-existent. (32) The ALL-AWARE (AL-KHABEER) The ALL-AWARE is He from Whom nothing is hidden whether on earth or in heaven. Contemplate the nourishment of the fetus in its mother’s womb. “Ask thou. Praise and Glory be to Him. He is Allah.Verily my Lord understandeth bTst the mysteries of all that He planneth to do. and how the teeth are divided into molars. the invisible and the manifest. honey from bees.islambasics. Contemplate how Allah grants man his sustenance with no hardship. “.soon will I bring you from there some information. Praise and Glory be to Him. Furthermore. “. Glory be to the BENIGNANT. and it is never unjust to rule in one’s kingdom. 68). no mind or idea can ever perceive the essence of His Exalted Self. the announcement and information with which a speaker mentions a certain event. Have a look at the utilization of the tongue as a shovel and at the same time it is used in articulation.” (NAML. Allah is the BENIGNANT Who imposed upon us what does not exceed our endurance though He granted us more than our need. then contemplate how the emergence of the teeth is delayT 4till the baby is weaned.
Al-Ghaffar is an intensive form that suggests recurring forgiveness again and again.Forgiving. Most Merciful” (YUNUS.” (HIJR. Accordingly the sky is greater than the earth and the earth is greater than a mountain. hence. 45). 5)..(33) The Most FORBEARING (AL-HALEEM) The Arabic word helm means forbearance. 49). 235). the Most FORBEARING. is denotative of veiling and screening. Allah said “Who forgiveth sin. “Tell My Servants that I am indeed the Oft. and to pass it unpunished.” (FATIR. Glory be to the ALLFORGIVING. He is Allah. is a form that denotes perfection and inclusiveness of forgiveness..is not He the Exalted in Power. He is Allah. If eyesight fails to catch the end or the limits of something. 107). the sky can not be encompassed by the field of vision yet the brain can gauge its dimensions. Praise and Glory be to Him.” (BAQARA. He challenged and crippled mental faculties that can never perceive Him and surpassed the utmost attainment of the mental abilities. Praise and Glory be to the Most FORBEARING Who forbears and forgives. He overlooks sins. on the other hand. The Most FORBEARING is He Who does not hasten to punish. Allah is the SUPREME Who is greater than everything.islambasics. He Who forgives again and again . says. Most Forbearing. hence.” (ZUMAR. is not provoked by the sinner’s sin nor by the tyrant’s oppression. “. Praise and Glory be to Him. “If God were to punish men according to what they deserve. He is Allah. endurance and self-control.and He is the Oft-Forgiving. He can never be seen by the eye. He witnesses the deeds of the disobedient and sees him breaking His Commands but He is not overwhelmed by wrath and is never exasperated.and know that God is Oft-forgiving. which means to forgive. it is concerned with the number of times of forgiveness. www.” (GHAFIR. forgives the sinners and grants them a delay till they repent. can not be grasped by eyesight and can not be perceived by mental faculties. hence it is concerned with the quality of forgiveness. and the mind can never form a mental image of Him. and is never in need of a helper. He forgives the sinners though He is perfectly capable of punishing them as they deserve. He possesses the highest grades of Honour and Glory. (34) The SUPREME (AL-‘AZEEM) The Arabic word ‘azeem is originally used to describe anything of a big stature. to forgive a sin is to veil it. His Supremacy has never been marked by an initiation nor His Glory will ever have a termination. then it must be greater than anything which can be caught by eyesight. Most Merciful. efface it. “. Allah. AL-GHAFOUR. (35) The ALL-FORGIVING (AL-GHAFOUR) As mentioned before the Arabic word ghafr. Allah.. He would not leave on the back of the earth a single living creature. 3) “.com 22 .
Glory be to Allah. then He praises His Own Acts because the human beings’ deeds are His creation. everything is mean and servile. then the Most APPRECIATING is Allah. The human being is higher in rank than the animal. He says. Appreciation could be by praise and could also be by giving something as a reward.how excellent in Our service ever did he turn to Us!” (SAD. rewards the human being lavishly with much greater rewards than his good deeds. something is higher than the other. the people who are chosen by Allah are higher than the ordinary people. the more the reward the greater the giver. then His Self can not be grasped or encompassed by human or created mentality. Since Allah. The existing thing is conditional on non-existence that www. when praise is bestowed from someone of dignity. When He praises His worshippers’ righteous deeds. must have a high rank in comparison with that to which it is compared. then no one can ever imagine a more gracious reward. He had been existing when everything had been nonexistent. “Such in truth are the Believers. angels are higher than human beings.(36) The Most APPRECIATING (AL-SHAKOUR) The Most APPRECIATING is He Who endows abundantly and lavishly even if deeds are minute. (38) The Most GREAT (AL-KABEER) Allah is the Most GREAT in everything for He is Eternal and Self-Sufficient. Exaltation is denotative of the perfection of His Self. thus He is the Most HIGH. Allah guides people to take heed and to be grateful to Him. both the word and its opposite are applicable to concrete as well as to abstract degrees. and the maker is higher than what he makes. On contemplating Allah’s Attributes. Compared to Him. “. He is known to be the Most GREAT through the perception of senses and minds. and rewards the simple duties. without doubt. forbearing of faults. As appreciation comprises praise and reward. Allah endues people with high degrees and bestows unlimited bliss for the limited deeds. either in place or in rank. He is Allah. the alive is higher than the dead. The name AL-‘ALEY is derived from the Arabic noun ‘olow (which means being high). (37) The Most HIGH (AL-‘ALEY) AL-‘ALEY is He to Whom infinite Highness is attributed. He is Allah. His rank is infinitely Great.” (ANFAL.for Abraham was. in the Qur’an He praises his thankful worshippers. Praise and Glory be to Him. the perfection of His Self denotes the Perfection of Existence that is attributed to two main things: First: Allah’s existence is everlasting and eternal. 4). so we say.islambasics. Praise and Glory be to Him.. you find that He is the Creator eternally and permanently with no beginning and no end. He is the Supreme over His creatures with His Power and Might. “. then his praise has its great value. 75).. Anything that has highness in rank or intellectual degrees. Allah is Most HIGH above having partners or foes. to Whom all Exaltation is attributed. compassionate and given to look to God” (HUD. 30). As Allah is Exalted. Praise and Glory be to Him. its direct opposite is sofl (which means being low).com 23 .
the absence of which leads to the loss of his life.. for instance. the PRESERVER is the All-Knowing Whose knowledge is unalterable and everlasting. or the plant. such as human beings and animals. must retain an instinctive body temperature. He is Allah. moreover. Every creature is endowed with means of defence as senses and weapons. gave every creature the means to preserve himself from these external factors. 57). thus leading to a balance. Allah. the animal.” (HUD. then they would have repelled and demolished one another. for example. Allah preserves the existing and the created things that span millions of years. He is Allah. as enemies.com 24 . by means of which the human being exists. hence it is imperfect. and coldness would have dissipated heat. he knows that he is in need of water. beverages. He is the All-Aware of every single thing in the heavens and on earth and preserves their existence as well. as well as the living beings that last for decades. by maintaining and retaining their existence. He preserves the existence of things from repulsion and antagonism by maintaining a delicate balance between its contradictory states. or means of disguise and flight. medicines and other things so that if anything overwhelms another. The human being. Perdition can be darted at any creature from external factors. www.for my Lord hath care and watch over all things. gathers in the human being’s body contradictory elements and if it were not for His Preservation to them. when a man feels thirsty. Praise and Glory be to Him. Preservation is also attained by letting man know all the means of utilizing these provisions that Allah created to preserve man. Second. he needs solidity that supports his body such. He preserves all His created beings and their bodies with all the contradictory and opposing elements that these bodies contain. when he feels chilly he warms himself. such as the balance between heat and cold. even atoms. He is the Eternal Originator. Allah created a myriad of foodstuffs.islambasics. can not be counted save by the PRESERVER Who says. then He. Glory be to Him. “. (39) The PRESERVER (AL-HAFEEZ) Allah. then it will be neutralized by a third thing to keep a balance between all existing things. by preserving them from demolition and extinction. Preservation makes the contradictory elements within one equal resisting force. that is. therefore. as the bones. All the means of preservation possessed by Allah. Who is everlasting must be called AL-KABIR.precedes or succeeds its existence. so if the person who lives for a long but limited lifetime is called kabeer. such as blood. People usually call the human being whose lifetime is long kabeer. What is applicable to man and animal can also be applied to plants and inanimate things. moisture and dryness in the bodies that are composed from repelling elements either in the human being. the Most GREAT. Preservation could also be by supplying what is lacking of the necessary elements. Praise and Glory be to Him. This preservation is attained by the following: First. Whose existence is eternal and permanent. Praise and Glory be to the PRESERVER. he needs moisture and fluidity that supply his body with nutrients. Praise and Glory be to Him. A human being must also have a degree of coldness that helps to maintain his temperature constant. heat would have evaporated moisture. which in fact are nothing but a blend of contradicting elements. the GREAT above all. for example. such as earth and heaven. Allah. victuals. Second: Allah’s Existence is the existence from which every existence is derived.
Allah’s name AL-MUQIT also denotes that He overwhelms everything with His Power and is responsible for all things with His comprehensive and all- www. with which He maintains the faculties of all living things and grants them what suffices the existence of their bodies. as foodstuffs and beverages.islambasics. science and knowledge.com 25 .RECKOfulMAINT ) ( (40) The Powerful MAINTAINER (AL-MUQEET) The Powerful MAINTAINER is He Who creates all the bodily and spiritual nourishment.
sublimity and splendour are but glimpses of His Light and traces of His Sublime epithets. this can not be attained save by the WATCHFUL. is the One Who is perfect in His epithets. 78). full of Majesty. 93). He is Allah. Allah never fails anyone who resorts to Him and hopes never supersede His Power. Allah’s Watch is eternal and permanent. AL-JALEEL. 27). all beauty. mentioned in the Qur’an what one of the believers said. He honours His created beings with His overflowing Favours. He does not miss a thought. But will abide for ever the Face of thy Lord.” (RAHMAN. 26. is He Who forgives the sinners even though He is capable of punishing them. Glory be to the LORD of perfect MAJESTY and absolute Greatness.” (YA-SIN. (43) The GENEROUS (AL-KAREEM) The GENEROUS. He Listens and responds to the call of the supplicant when he calls on Him. His Attributes.and watch ye! for I too am watching with you!” (HUD. He has no partner or equal neither in Himself. He says. and will eternally remain to be. www. 26. No slumber can seize Him. 18). Glory be to the GENEROUS. He is Allah. the Most Great is the One Who is perfect in His Self. in the heavens or on earth. He is the Exalted One. “. none can raise to honour. which means the Most Generous or the Most Bountiful. He grants without being supplicated. nor sleep. Allah. Al-Akram. AL-KAREEM. Glory be to Him. perfection. and grants His chosen people with His flooding Blessings. on promising He never breaks His Promises.com 26 . “Blessed be the name of thy Lord. whereas the Supreme is the One Who is perfect in both. He forbids that anyone is resorted to or called on save Him. is the superlative adjective of ALKAREEM. 27). He is the Lord of donation and generosity. “. says. no weight of an atom can escape Him or His Knowledge no matter whether it is in a rock.” (RAHMAN. Allah is unparalleled. Thereupon. the Generous. Praise and Glory be to Him. (44) The WATCHFUL (AL-RAQEEB) Allah watches and observes all things. Allah.” (‘ALAQ. Bounty and Honour.” (HAJJ. He cares not how lavishly He gives nor to whom He grants.. He is. Anyone who is deprived of Allah’s honour will never be honoured by anyone. “Proclaim! and thy Lord is the Most Bountiful. nor in what He does. Glory be to Him. “All that is on earth will perish. “Ah me! Would that my people knew what I know.(42) The LORD of MAJESTY (AL-JALEEL) The LORD of MAJESTY.and such as God shall disgrace.. to look at His Sublime Countenance on Doomsday is far greater than all the bliss of Paradise.islambasics. and nothing can escape Him. 3). For that my Lord has granted me forgiveness and has enrolled me among those held in honour. which means the Generous. He is Allah.
and if you contemplate the favours that Allah grants His people you will find that they have no limit. www.. “Such is the artistry of God Who disposes of all things in perfect order. and wisdom is the best knowledge of the best of sciences. yet would not the words of God be exhausted in the writing.” (NAJM. His Might overwhelms and subdues everything. Allah. He. 156). Allah is the Self-Sufficient Whose inexhaustible Treasures can never be depleted.” (KAHF.” (TA-HA. “. even if we added another ocean like it. Allah. The adjective is derived from the Arabic noun se‘ah which means vastness. He has known these needs since eternity.He Who gave to each created thing its form and nature. (46) The Vastly BOUNTIFUL (AL-WASI‘) The Vastly BOUNTIFUL. He says. 88).” (A‘RAF. Praise and Glory be to the RESPONSIVE.but My Mercy extendeth to all things.” (NAML.(45) The RESPONSIVE (AL-MUJEEB) The RESPONSIVE is the One Who answers the prayers of the supplicant when he calls on Him.” (LUKMAN. knows perfectly and fully the need of the necessitous before they supplicate Him. the ALL-WISE is the Master of absolute wisdom and knowledge.His Throne doth extend over the heavens and earth.” (BAQARA. He. All vastness no matter how extensive must have a limit. He is the Bestower of Favours before souls call on Him. 60). so He has planned and created the means for answering prayers before they are even uttered. 50). Allah’s Knowledge encompasses everything. knows the most exalted things of the holiest sciences. nothing can ever blemish or escape His all-embracing Knowledge that is void of any doubts. Who is All-Aware of everything. Praise and Glory be to Him. Might. Allah says. The Vastly BOUNTIFUL is Allah. for He knows His Exalted Self. Praise and Glory be to Him. Strength and Beneficence. Knowledge. says “Or who listens to the soul distressed when it calls on Him. Furthermore. His Mercy is all-embracing and so are His Treasures.. (47) The ALL-WISE (AL-HAKEEM) The wise is the one who has wisdom. the Best to create!” (MU’MINUN. He is the Most Generous Whose Mercy embraces both the believers and the pagans. He says. for its aid. and further. “He Who has made everything which He has created most Good” (SAJDA. He is Allah. “Say: If the ocean were ink wherewith to write out the words of my Lord. His Sovereignty is unlimited. Praise and Glory be to the Vastly BOUNTIFUL. 14). His Attributes and His Most Beautiful Names. Whose sea of all-embracing and vast Knowledge has no shore. As for the well-management and the mastery over all things.. it could be attributed to both knowledge and favours. Praise and Glory be to Him. I will answer your prayer. sooner would the ocean be exhausted than would the words of my Lord.. with seven oceans behind it to add to its supply. “So blessed be God. alone. but only the vastness of Allah’s Generosity has no end. or He turns away from him evil equal to the bliss of what he asked for.islambasics. Wisdom also denotes well-management of things and supreme skill. Praise and Glory be to Him. “And if all the trees on earth were pens and the ocean were ink. says. gave it guidance.com 27 .call on Me. 109). and who relieves its suffering” (NAML.” (GHAFIR. 62). Allah. the ALL-WISE. “. “. His Knowledge is permanent. 27). 32). “. “Verily thy Lord is ample in forgiveness. He is Allah. He is Allah. is He. He answers the prayers by His loving Kindness so that the supplicant is either granted what he wants and what is more blessed and beneficial to him. 7). 255).
“It is in Books held greatly in honour. and the extensive vast dominion eternally and permanently. full of all glory. the Divine Acts of the Most LOVING do not suggest that.” (HUD. loving those who resist God and His Apostle even though they were their fathers or their sons. Glory be to the Most GLORIOUS. Allah. Glory be to Him. “And He is the Oft-Forgiving. because the Qur’an is very useful and benevolent.” (HUD. what Allah.” (Qaf. The name AL-WADOUD. “Qaf. Glory be to the Most LOVING. He is Exalted in rank and His Divine Acts are full of goodness and His Donation is lavish and abundant. 14). then He grants them the ability to love Him. then it is called glory. Praise and Glory be to Him. then he says to the Exalted Assembly. Allah. says. “O Gabriel! I do love this person. The Divine Acts of the Most Merciful are directed and granted to the feeble and the necessitous.” (MARYAM. He. and His Love to all the creatures is by the donation of their sustenance.for my Lord is indeed full of mercy and loving-kindness. 90). Allah says. 13. 14). then his love will enter the heart of everybody on earth” (HADITH). He says. He is extremely perfect in Glory and Honour. 15). He also says. loves them first. 22). “Thou will not find any people who believe in God and the Last Day.” (BURUJ. Glory be to Him. “On those who believe and work deeds of righteousness.” (MUJADILA. 96).soon will God produce a people whom He will love as they will love Him.” (BURUJ. Whose grants are lavish and great. Exalted in dignity.(48) The Most LOVING (AL-WADOUD) The word wadoud is derived from waddahu which means to love a person. The Most LOVING. bestows and donates is the result of His Love. Glory is attributed to Allah since eternity. will God Most Gracious bestow Love.. He is Allah.” (‘ABASA. the Most Merciful. “. says. 73). The Love of Allah to His creatures is great.islambasics. or their brothers or their kindred. by the Glorious Qur’an. and because as He described it. He calls Gabriel and says. the Most LOVING. so love him!” so Gabriel loves that person. so do love that person!” So the Exalted Assembly loves him. “When Allah loves one of His creatures. AL-MAJEED. 1). “Lord of the Throne of Glory. yet mercy is the bestowing of goodness and blessings to the one Allah has mercy on. He described His Words in the Qur’an and said.” (MA’IDA. on the other hand. 57). He is Allah. is the sole Owner of perfect and complete Honour. “. He bestows His Love on His creatures by making them know Him. His love to the sinners is mantled in forgiveness. loves this person. Full of loving-kindness..com 28 . kept pure and holy. Praise and Glory be to Him.. He loves the believers who love Him and He is pleased with those who work deeds of righteousness so He praises them for their deeds.for He is indeed worthy of all praise. the Most GLORIOUS. “Behold! Allah. (49) The Most GLORIOUS (AL-MAJEED) Allah. where the love mentioned in this verse is His Love to them and their love to Him. When honour blends with the goodness of the act. www. is near in meaning to Al-Raheem. “.
He also resurrects souls from the death of heresy to the life of faith and Monotheism.” (BAQARA. “As to the dead. 56).com 29 . then will they swear to Him as they swear to you. Praise and Glory be to the LORD of RESURRECTION. 213). “Now send ye then one of you with this money of yours to the town. 18). let him find out which is the best food to be had and bring some to you” (KAHF. Resurrection is the creation after death. 52). and He. says. God will raise them up. why then do ye not celebrate His Praises?” (WAQI‘AH. He says. and hath knowledge of all that ye have done by day. (50) The LORD of RESURRECTION (AL-BA‘ITH) The Arabic verb ba‘atha means: to send. by day doth He raise you up again. Accordingly no one knows the true essence of the LORD of RESURRECTION except Allah. resurrects creatures on Doomsday and reveals what is locked up in their hearts and raises up those who are in the graves. “. the LORD of RESURRECTION. He sends apostles with laws and legislations. He is . He says.” (AN‘AM.islambasics. and someone’s knowledge that he does not understand is a kind of perception. . “Ah! Woe unto us! Who hath raised us up from our beds of repose” (YA-SIN. what the dead will say after their resurrection is mentioned in. said about the Companions of the Cave. The word ba‘atha also means: to wake someone up from sleep. that a term appointed be fulfilled. whereas the present life is the first creation.” (MUJADILA. 61. says. “. And you certainly know already the first form of creation. He resurrects all existing things from the darkness of non-existence to the light of existence.and creating you again in forms that ye know not. 19). Allah... Allah.and God sent Messengers with glad tidings and warnings” (BAQARA. “Then We raised you up after your death. 62). We cannot fully understand the meaning of (the LORD of RESURRECTION) unless we know the meaning of (the last creation) and this is impossible before it actually happens.(YUNUS. “It is He Who doth take your souls by night. “Then We roused them in order to test which of the two parties was best at calculating the term of years they had tarried” (KAHF. says.” (AN‘AM. Praise and Glory be to Him. Allah. Glory be to Him. www. “One day will God raise them all up for Judgment. and they think that they have something to stand upon. Glory be to Him. then will they be turned unto Him. resurrects the dead by bringing them out of their graves and will make them alive again on the day of Judgment. 36). 12). “Then after him We sent apostles to their Peoples” 74).
and whatever deed ye mankind may be doing. “.that will be a day of Testimony. says. He says. nothing escapes Him in His Kingdom. Ashhada means to make someone testify or take witness. when all these things intermingle with the Knowledge of the manifest matters. “And they witnessed all that they were doing against the Believers” (BURUJ. when this supreme Mastery over all things blends with the Knowledge of the inmost invisible secrets.islambasics. He is the WITNESS to all things on Doomsday. then He is the WITNESS. 51).and let neither scribe nor witnesses suffer harm. then He is the All-Aware. Praise and Glory be to Him. Allah.” (KAHF. 7). “So everyone of you who is present during that month should spend it in fasting” (BAQARA. Allah said. “.” (NUR... Allah is the Omniscient.(51) The WITNESS (AL-SHAHEED) The Arabic verb shahida means to witness.and made them testify concerning themselves. Praise and Glory be to Him. Allah says. Allah. 185). “.and a witness from among the Children of Israel testifies to its similarity with earlier scripture and has believed” (AHQAF. 6). among those who assert their belief in Allah. “. Special testimony is borne by the angels who witness and record the believers’ reward.19). Glory be to Him. “.then write us down among those who bear witness” (AL-I-‘IMRAN.. 53). decides between people in the most just way. that is to say.. as in. 103). Am I not your Lord who cherishes and sustains you? They said.” (HUD. “. where all the creatures will be present and will witness its horrors. “I called them not to witness the creation of the heavens and the earth nor even their own creation. 61). 18). “. 10). 37).and the witnesses will say. “.. Praise and Glory be to Him. 26). He is the Omniscient. “.. for the prayer and reading in the morning carry their testimony!” (ISRAA’. AL-SHAHEED means the WITNESS Who sees. Allah. The word mashhad means the time or place where evidence is taken. “. Witness is a decisive statement..com 30 . Allah.and the morning prayer and reading. says. God is witness between me and you. and the angels will also be present. we are witnesses thereof when ye are deeply engrossed therein. what thing is most weighty in evidence? say... “. 78).” (BAQARA. saying. “Say..” (YUNUS. “.and one of her household saw this and bore witness” (YUSUF. or to say or do something in order to give evidence. 282).. these are the ones who lied against their Lord! Behold! the Curse of God is on those who do wrong!” (HUD. ‘Yea! we do testify’. He is Allah. 172).. “.” (AN‘AM. Shahida also means to swear and take an oath “. Glory be Him.and woe to the Unbelievers because of the coming Judgment of a momentous Day!” (MARYAM. to be present and notice. or where people are produced to be judged. 53). 6). observes and witnesses every single thing.for God is Witness to all things” (MUJADILA.. 282). Ashhada also means to make someone present at the time of something occurring to make him notice it and testify. it is an adverb of time and place. because His Knowledge is absolute and eternal.is it not enough that thy Lord doth witness all things?” (FUSSILAT.” (A‘RAF.but take witnesses whenever you make a commercial contract” (BAQARA. the All-Aware and the WITNESS. www.their solitary evidence can be received if they bear witness four times with an oath by God that they are solemnly telling the truth. says..
He is the Reality. the state in which all falsehood and pretence will vanish. “The Sure Reality! What is the Sure Reality?” (HAQQA. “Then the Blast overtook them with justice!” (MU’MINUN. 1. 4). true from another aspect. wisdom. says. So we can describe things as (true) if they exist. worth of something or keen on it.islambasics. Praise and Glory be to Him. hence the absolute TRUTH is Allah. it becomes true. they are but vain Falsehood . whereas haqeeq means true. as it exists through the power of the Creator. and every truth derives its essence of truthfulness from Him. 2). “And now they reject the truth when it reaches them” (AN‘AM. it is the only true statement eternally and permanently. 87).com 31 .(52) The TRUTH (AL-HAQQ) Al-haqq means the truth which denotes the undoubted evidential reality. and the perfection of things. what can not exist on its own is false and untrue. 41).” (QASAS. everything that we are informed of is either exclusively false or exclusively true. He is Allah. 73). Speech could be described as true or false. and what is absolutely true is the thing that is possible by itself. Allah. 88). literally on tongues. What is absolutely false is the thing that is impossible because of its nature. then He is the eternal TRUTH. as for knowing anything save Him this can not be attained except for the duration of its existence. “It is He Who created the heavens and the earth in true proportions” (AN‘AM. or if they are sighted and seen. He is the TRUTH for ever and ever. Praise and Glory be to Him. The best knowledge that deserves to be known is our knowledge of Allah and His Existence. the sure reality or truth. and the absolute truth will be laid bare. true from another. does not deserve to exist in itself. The Arabic verb haqqa means that something is proved or made manifest as mentioned by Allah. everything. “One for whom it is right to say nothing but truth about God” (A‘RAF. the most truthful of all words are the words we utter on declaring our profession of Monotheism (There is no god but Allah). 105). we can deduce that as Allah is the only One Who has true existence and had been existing since eternity. 5). because He is the only One Who exists without the need of anything to make Him exist. “That is because God. He is the TRUTH. says. “Such in truth are the believers” (ANFAL. save Him. truthfulness. Praise and Glory be to Him. As it has no existence it is untrue.” (HAJJ. Things are distinguished by their opposite. Glory be to Him. What is possible by itself and mandatory by something is false from one aspect. Allah. justice. www. once this thing perishes all the data and the information about it becomes false. Glory be to Allah Who has been existing since eternity. 62). or it may be false from one aspect. He says “Everything that exists will perish except His own Face. From this. it is true and real. the event that must inevitably come to pass. “What cause can we have not to believe in God and the truth which has come to us” (MA’IDA. picturesquely in minds. Yet the only One Who deserves to be the TRUTH is He. Whose existence is eternal and permanent and knowing Him and professing the belief of His Existence had been true eternally and permanently. and once it comes to exist (that is to say when Allah creates it). He says. Al-haqq may also mean the Qur’an. and those besides Him whom they invoke. resurrection. In other words.
. Moreover. no harm ever touched them. 5). “. He is the Strong One.” (TAKWEER. He is the One to Whom every minute thing is committed and entrusted. Exalted in Might. 159). the DISPOSER of Affairs.truly the best of men for thee to employ is the man who is strong and trusty.. can be used to denote concrete meanings. “. 20).(53) The DISPOSER of Affairs (AL-WAKEEL) Allah.com 32 . “Behold! We shall entrust their charge to a new People who reject them not. (54) The ALMIGHTY (AL-QAWEY) Allah is the ALMIGHTY. and this trustee could only be Allah. all hearts are entrusted to Him. and suffices and satisfies with His lavish endowments everyone who dispenses with everything save Him. Allah says. But it only increased their Faith. manages graciously all the affairs of the believers. Able to enforce His Will. “. Quwah. The Arabic word wakeel is derived from wakalla which means (to entrust someone to do something). He says. the daughter of Shu‘ayb described Moses as being strong and mighty. “He was taught by one.” (AN‘AM. a trustee may be unworthy to be entrusted except when authorized. or his Deeds.for thy Lord. no feebleness can ever affect His Self. 89). Praise and Glory be to Him. 63). 54). hence the one who is truly and rightfully the DISPOSER of all Affairs is Allah. The absolute reliance and submission is the complete dependence on whoever is entrusted to be in charge. and frightened them. 26). like mind. 19. He says. “Say.then gave you strength after weakness.. hence wakeel may also mean (the one who helps and protects). “..” (AN‘AM. his Attributes.” (AN‘AM. Praise and Glory be to Him. electricity. And they returned with Grace and Bounty from God. by His Exalted Self. but Allah will suffice all the needs of His creatures without the slightest defect. which means mighty. then after strength gave you weakness and a hoary head” (RUM. radiation such as laser and the like. 102). Endued with power. He is the DISPOSER of Affairs. the power of gases. no weakness can ever affect Him. “Hold firmly to what We have given you” (BAQARA.” (NAJM. Mighty in Power. when someone is powerful he is said to be mighty. is indicative of absolute power and ability. and power. not mine is the responsibility for arranging your affairs.. they said: For us God sufficeth and He is the best Disposer of affairs. He perfectly protects everyone who commits his soul to Him. “Verily this is the word of a most honourable Messenger.if ye do really believe in God. 66). as He is sufficient to His creatures. Indeed He has guided us to the ways we follow” (IBRAHIM. Allah protects His creatures for He is the Best DISPOSER of Affairs. described himself in the Qur’an as the ALMIGHTY in the verses. the ALMIGHTY. Qawey. The word quwah may also have various meanings of power. then in Him put your trust if ye submit your will to His” (YUNUS.” (AL-I-‘IMRAN. and to be contented with the consequences no matter how undesirable. where nobody knows the meaning of that power. save Allah.islambasics. 173. 174). 40). 84). which means might. determination and volition. and Allah. only to Him could everything be entrusted. with rank before the Lord of the Throne. or could be entrusted with all affairs. but He Who deserves.” (QASSAS. “Then when thou hast taken a decision put thy trust in God. we will perceive that the Creator of these sundry www.” (HAJJ. 12). a trustee may fulfil some of the affairs committed to him. and Gabriel was described by Allah in the Qur’an. for they followed the good pleasure of God” (AL-I-‘IMRAN. as was mentioned in the Qur’an. that everything and every single affair be committed and entrusted to Him is Allah. Praise and Glory be to Him. “.” (HUD. He disposes the affairs of those who have no trustee. “Men said to them: a great army is gathering against you. and Able to enforce His Will. Furthermore.for verily God is Full of Strength. He is Allah. chemical reactions. for God loves those who put their trust in Him. “No reason have we why we should not put our trust on God. If we contemplate all the created powers in the universe as gravity. The trustee could either be entrusted with some affairs. and in this case he is imperfect. 66). It can also denote firm will. “And He hath power to dispose of all affairs.
2418774cmBT5000-501037628Tm/F1.0 1 Tf (Allah)lp45 (Who has perfek o www.0149f652439ATEEN 2171jETQq0.2418774cmBT4100-41300311T28Tm/F4.20-0.2400-0.com 33 . Glory be to the ALMIGHTY.01Tf32439ATEEN)ETQq0. (55) The OMNIPOTENT (AL-MATEEN) 221TjETQq0.65628Tm/F4. unchangeable and fixed.2400-0. Allah is the One Who has perfect and unconquerable Power.0896A2381)TheOMNIPOTENT)570ETQPRAISEWORTHY-0. no one objects His Actions. or prev 1 F1. He is Allah.2418774cmBT5000-501053.11Tf( AL-MATEEN is derived from matana which means being firm.powers has a Power that we can not perfectly perceive. The essence of Allah’s Power cannot be known by a creature’s mentality.2418774cmBT4100-41300784Tm/F3.2400-0.islambasics.2418774cmBT4100-41300455Tm/F2.01Tf(A226TjETQq0.
49).” (ZUMAR. praise and glorification. they will say.com 34 . “Not a leaf doth fall but with His Knowledge. He is the All-Seeing of the evident and manifest things. Allah. The previous words are said by the believers on seeing Paradise. “Praise be to God Who has truly fulfilled His promise to us.. Glory be to Him. and ye will answer His call with words of His praise. Praise and Glory be to Him.and He surrounds all the mysteries that are with them. 34).” (NAML.and the cry on all sides will be. and He also ended it with praise. but to commend is to praise someone absolutely for his favours. began creation with praise. “It will be on a day when He will call you. “He does take an account of them all. “. He takes account of all existing things. nothing escapes Him in heavens or on earth. To praise is to glorify someone for a volitional favour. and of every single movement.” (‘ARAF. Ahsa may also mean to calculate. as we are told about them in the Qur’an. 94). The real praise Allah is worthy of is only known and perfectly estimated by Him. Allah’s Peace and Prayers be upon him said. “Write the man’s exact words till I retrieve him then he will be endowed with a complete reward”.islambasics. “.“Say. and has given us this land in heritage. (58) The All-Knowing COUNTER (AL-MOHSY) Ahsa means to count and register. “Praise be to God Who has removed from us all sorrow.” (ISRAA’. the PRAISEWORTHY Who praised Himself. 43). Who hath guided us to this felicity. as You perfectly praised Yourself’ (HADITH). where that is what the believers will say when they are resurrected. www. (Praise be to Allah as becomes the Glory of His Countenance and the Greatness of His Throne!). Ready to appreciate service.. It was reported that when a man said. Praise and Glory be to Allah Who comprehends all things in His all-inclusive Knowledge and takes account of every single thing. the believers say. Allah says about the ancient nations. “Ah! woe to us! What a book is this! It leaves out nothing small or great. Allah said. 28). Praise be to God. 12). and when they are saved from hell. the most exalted thing that can be uttered is the profession of Monotheism. it was said that praise is more exalted than the profession of monotheism because it comprises monotheism. On perceiving the felicity of the hereafter. 34). the PRAISEWORTHY as He praised Himself since eternity.. of the deeds of creatures. but takes account thereof!” (KAHF. and hath numbered them all exactly” (MARYAM. Praising Allah spreads between heaven and earth.and of all things have We taken account in a clear Book of evidence. Who created the heavens and the earth” (AN‘AM. “Praise be to God. 59). His Omniscience has no limit but is beyond our perception because what He takes account of is unlimited. “.Praise be to God. He is the All-Knowing of the hidden and invisible things. the All-Knowing COUNTER.and count accurately their prescribed periods” (TALAQ. “.” (YA-SIN. small and great is on record . Praise be to God. 52. 52). 53). for our Lord is indeed Oft-Forgiving. “But if ye count the favours of God. Praise and Glory be to Him. “All that they do is noted in their Books of Deeds. Allah. never will ye be able to number them” (IBRAHIM. says. says. Every matter. those who indulged in sin and crime will be surprised by what they find registered about them. the Lord of the Worlds!” (ZUMAR. 74). 75).” (QAMAR. angels ascended and asked Allah how can they register the man’s words. nor anything fresh or dry. we can dwell in the Garden as we will. 1). Allah’s power is unlimited. Praise and Glory be to the All-Knowing COUNTER. “. He is Allah. 1). but is inscribed in a Record clear to those who can read” (AN‘AM. never could we have found guidance. they say.” (FATIR. The root of this Arabic verb is counting by using pebbles as this is how the Arabs used to count. Glory be to Allah. 12). and Peace on His servants Whom He has chosen for His Message. On Doomsday. green or withered. is aware of every existing thing in detail. He says. Allah.. He is the PRAISEWORTHY eternally and permanently. Prophet Muhammad. He is Allah. and on entering they say. 59). Actually.. had it not been for the guidance of God. there is not a grain in the darkness or depths of the earth. ‘I can not encompass all that I should praise You for. and takes account of every single thing” (JINN. “Then We roused them in order to test which of the two parties was best at calculating the term of years they had tarried!” (KAHF. Allah.
4) “See they not how God originates creation then repeats it” (‘ANKABUT. 29). then raised him up again . and He gave you life” (BAQARA. viruses. Nay. Examples of origination and repetition are countless such as the grain and the tree. 28). so shall ye return” (A‘RAF.(59) The ORIGINATOR (AL-MUBDI’ (60) The REPEATER (AL-MU‘EED To originate is to create an unprecedented thing. then repeats it.seeing that ye were without life.” (NAJM. 44). 122).. 29). The Arabic verb bada’a is to create something in an unexampled and unprecedented form.. Life-giving and Death-inflicting are inaccessible save to Allah.. Moreover. 259).but God caused him to die for a hundred years. “It is He Who creates from the very beginning. The Death-INFLICTOR takes away life. Allah differentiated between death and murder. then this would be repeating. 49).com 35 . the ORIGINATOR created everything from non-existence to existence. (61) The LIFE-GIVER (AL-MUHYI) (62) The DEATH-INFLICTOR (AL-MUMEET Allah. and He gave you life. “How can ye reject the faith in God? Seeing that ye were without life. They are living. plants and all living organisms such as microbes. to whom We gave life.” (BAQARA. “It is He who begins the process of creation. Allah. the Life-GIVER created life in every living being. “And say not of those who were slain in the way of God: They are dead. where life-giving and death-inflicting are two Divine Acts that are related to His Will and Power. and the true essence of the Spirit is known only to Allah. Glory be to Him. says. and will again bring you to life. “Think not of those who were slain in God’s way as dead. He inflicts death on living beings by making them sleep and gives them life by waking them up. the egg and the hen. the Death-INFLICTOR created death in every being on whom He inflicts death. says. 169). and minute organisms. Death precedes life as the universe had been non-existent. and again to Him will ye return” (BAQARA. 154). whereas the true Death-INFLICTOR is Allah. “Such as He created you in the beginning. “He Who created Death and Life” (MULK.. Allah. 28). Allah. 19). He says “If he died or were slain” (AL-I-‘IMRAN. He raises to life everything from non-existence to existence. “. He. “Can he who was dead. and for Him it is most easy” (RUM.it is He Who beginneth the process of creation and repeateth it” (YUNUS. Forms of life in human beings. Anyone who kills or causes death for instance by hunting.islambasics. we are forbidden to think of those who were slain fighting for the cause of Allah as dead. does not take life nor does it inflict death but it only inflicts damage on the body or destroys it. Glory be to the ORIGINATOR and the REPEATER. Life and death are created by Allah. Nay.and Falsehood neither creates anything new nor restores anything” (SABA’. “. animals. Glory be to Him. because life itself is a great secret and death is a far greater secret and a labyrinthine mystery. slaughtering or murdering. “That it is He Who granteth Death and Life . He bestows life on whom He pleases and inflicts death on whom He pleases. He says. 13). 9). Allah is the Creator of life and death. then will He cause you to die. 27). “. though ye perceive it not” (BAQARA. “When I have fashioned him in due proportion and breathed into him of My spirit” (HIJR. bacteria. Moreover.even as We produced the first Creation so shall We produce a new one” (ANBIYA’. the REPEATER repeats their creation after they perish. they live finding their sustenance in the Presence of their Lord” (AL-I-‘IMRAN. “. He gives life to the earth. www. 144). He bestows life on hearts and souls by endowing them with the light of Faith. and breathed into him something of His Spirit” (SAJDA. but if it had been preceded by something similar. Glory be to Him says. Allah said. 50). and a Light whereby he can walk amongst men” (AN‘AM. and He can restore life” (BURUJ. 2). “Then contemplate the memorials of God’s Mercy! How He gives life to the earth after its death” (RUM.. are awe-inspiring and thoughtprovoking. The secret of life in the human being lies in the Spirit. He is Allah. and He. then on Doomsday He resurrects them after their death. “But He fashioned him in due proportion. He is the Creator of life in every living being. 104). “.
(63) The EVER-LIVING (AL-HAYY) Allah. judgment. Eternal” (BAQARA. 111). no achievement can be fulfilled save by His Own Will. Glory be to the Self-SUBSISTING. Lord of the worlds” (GHAFIR. This name. is never attributed to anyone save to Him. It was said that this name is Allah’s greatest Attribute. He is Self-Existing and SelfSufficient. is He to Whom eternal life is designated. He is Supreme in perfection and in organizing His Kingdom. Praise and Glory be to Him. Praise and Glory be to Him. the Self-Subsisting. Eternal. ‘O the Ever-Living. the life of a human being is superior to that of an animal as acts and perception place man in a more elevated position.islambasics. He created perception. Praise be to God. Allah will succour him. the Ever-LIVING. under Whose Awareness all perceptible things are included and to Whose Sovereignty all creatures submit. The believer is superior to the sinner who is superior to the pagan. discretion and assessment. He is the Ever-Living. calls the pagan: dead. He. Allah. what befalls souls can never befall Him. absolute existence is attributed. “He is the Living One. Truly. said. the Living. He says. Thereupon. He is too exalted to be limited to locations and is far above change. 22). Allah is the Ever-LIVING. “Nor are alike those that are living and those that are dead” (FATIR. “All faces shall be humbled before Him. He dispenses with everybody and everything. To the Ever-LIVING. His Life is inaccessible to perdition. That is to say. and by analogy. His Life had not been preceded and will never be followed by non-existence He accomplishes all what He plans. the degree of sublimity and superiority is gauged according to perception and acts. defects or non-existence. says. the Ever-LIVING is He. (64) The Self-SUBSISTING (AL-QAYUM) Allah is the Self-SUBSISTING Whose Existence does not need anything. the Living. the SELF-SUBSISTING! I’m calling for Your Mercy’s relief!’ (HADITH). the Self-SUBSISTING. says. Glory be to Allah. death. the Self-Subsisting. the Self-SUBSISTING eternally and permanently. there is no god but He. nothing can escape His Knowledge. giving Him sincere devotion. Praise and Glory be to Him. It is He Who gives existence to every existing thing. In life. the Ever-LIVING. Allah. everybody depends on Him. hence the life of an animal is superior to that of a plant. the Self-SUBSISTING.” (TA-HA. As the grades of life vary according to the level of perception and acts. the Ever-LIVING calls the believer: living. He created life itself. Allah is the Ever-Living. where this will be on Doomsday. Who possesses these two epithets. Allah's blessings and peace be upon him. He is Allah. mentalities. but no one can dispense with Him. www. call upon Him. Prophet Muhammad. no one can ever perfectly know the Life-GIVER and the Death-INFLICTOR save Allah. and that if someone calls for His Help by calling upon this name. He is Allah. and existence in life is derived from His Supreme Existence. Praise and Glory be to Him.The body’s contact with the spirit and its parting with it are two matters beyond science and the human mentality.com 36 . 255). “God! There is no god but He. 65). hearts. He is Allah.
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