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CORDON of winged aon- tries, extending from the V'7 A 'V' of point northeastorn Maine to the southern point of Toxas, and from h A the southern Up of Call- fornla to tho northern . boundary of Washington; skeen-eye- d a of llno ! hawks, watching- our entire coast line flying fur out to sea on tho lookout for an approaching enemy in tinio of war, and In time of peace merely patrolling tho coast to take note of floating derelicts or vessels In distress and communicating information by wireless to sta- tlons on shoro; such is the suggestion for one means of increasing our coast defense. Already preparations have been mado for the establishment of the first of these connecting zones, on Cas-cBay, near Portland, Me., and it is hoped that in a few months other units will have been established at various points on tho Atlantic and Pacific seaboards. Roar Admiral Robert E. Peary Is the father of tho project, which Is receiving tho activo support of tho Aero Club of America, and tho principally Malno station was established through tho efforts of Peary. At present itho plan Is to divide tho entire coast line Into sections of convenient length and In cach'scctlon to establish a station con- sistlng of a hangar for housing a seaplane and an equipment sufficient to make all minor repairs with larger stations at Intorvals, where more complicated repairs could be made. Each station would have a seaplane, to carry a driver and an observer, and equipped with wireless apparatus for communicating with stations on shore. Tho present plan is to have patriotic citizens of tho coast communities furnish funds for the erection of the station, the upkeep and main- tonanco devolving upon the naval militia of the various' coast states. The plan of the Aero Club has been In- dorsed President Wilson, formor Secretary Garrison and Secretary Daniels and numerous
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solved by the application of alir craft as wonderful as any economist could wlBh; opportunities to gain distinction splendid enough to satisfy the most ambitious person. By Including mill- tan" dolegates it will bo possible to evolve per- of aeronau- and feot tical resources which will bo of utmost value for the maintenance of the Monroe doctrine and the protection of tho American continents from "Thoro will undoubtedly be thousands of ae- roplanes put in uso Lr sporting and commercial purposes in South Amerrca in the coming few years. As soon as there are 10,000 aeroplanes In use, the American nations will bo in the position of the porcupine, which spends its days in peaceful pursuits, harming no one, birt is over ready to defend Itself." Jon Barrett, director general of tho Pan- American Union, says regarding It: "The aeroplane may yet become the moBt poworful physical influence to bind tho Amor- Jean natiorrs togetlier and to make the Monroe There is Influence. doctrine a no other portion of the world where tho aoro- plane in ito ultimate efficiency can accomplish more for communication than In many sections Such large portions of of Latin America. Central and South America are characterized

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A rough outline of tho suggested work of this

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aerial patrol I3 to have the seaplanes in each Bection tako their position some fifty miles off Jhoro and patrol their beats continuously back and forth. In dear weather they could fly 000 feet or more above the eca level, and at night or in fog much lower.
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le iuickly sent to headquarters of the char- - der way by the Aero Club to numerous a,cr', number and probable destination of any training schools inmore the country, and
liostlio vessels. Tho syatem as a whole Is a national- - prop- osltlon, 'but each section 1b a local matter, and the .money nilsed for equipment and up- keep ofach section sljould flow to tho com- munlty equipping It. According to tho plans, tho total cost would be fJOO.OOO, and the dl- vision Into fifty inlts or fifty stations would make the cost to each community $10,000. Peary, tho Aero Club and others behind tho movement are enthusiastic over the prospcctB of its success. The plan is in line with the general proparcd- The valuo of ricss movement of tho countr aerial observation has been fully demonstrated In the present war, and Inventors are work- lng constantly to Increase the scope and elH- elency of the airship. As an offensive proposl- Hon, its valuo is almost nothing. Truo it is (he Zeppelins have done some damage in Eng- land and France, and the aeroplanes of the allies have mado reprisal? in kind, but none of these actions have beep of great military value. "Women and children have been the principal victims in these air raids, and if any military stores were destroyed they were of little 1m- portuncc, jn tthlh connection tlc avjatlon department national militia is receiving considerable of nttention,JUBt now. The New York branch has two. 'aeroplanes, and has issued an appeal for funds 10 increaKo tho acofjc of Its work. It is proposed (0 establish an aviation school In of'l-lou- t. R. C Boiling, Now Tork, In charge of the Now York National Guard commander dozn aWatlon department, who alieady has-J-

men under training.

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Uian 51100,000 has boon raised by private subscription in various states. Since tho beginning of tho war it Jias been Hhown that Germany had made more progress than any of her enemies In the art of flying, tho balance of power bolng In tho Zeppelins. Although the English, French, Italian and Russian aerial service has dono considerable work, Iho aviation department of Germany excels all others, Just as tho German development In artillery and submarines han been far ahead of any othor nation. But whon Americans sot out in earnest to develop along a given lino they generally outstrip all rivals, and it is believed this will bo the result In tho present movomont' In aeronautics. It Is known that many aeroplanes are being mado In this country for tho use of the allies, and only recently It was btatcd that a new monster plane was being developed here, which would be six times larger than any yet tried, and would bo able to carry sufficient gasoline to give It a cruising range of moro than 600 miles at a speed of seventy-fiv- e miles an hour. Tho power plant consists of seven motors, bIx of ICO and ono of 40 horse-powWith about eight passengers, (his machino has a further capacity for carrying 700 gallons of gasoline, 00 gallons of oil and a useful load of 3000 pounds. It is equipped with a now type of gun. It was Btatcd that this 'aeroplane would bo used for bombarding Gormnn ports next spring. When hostilities began In Europe there was constant expectation of great aerial battles. such as had been predicted In warfare-- - ro- horse-poWer

Preparations are also unestablish aviation cities throughout

mances, but, with the exception of a few isobotwoen hostile aircraft, nothing has been dono along that line. Who Knows but what there yet will be waged a gigantic aerial battle between the German and their auxiliary airplanes and tho new typo of craft now being developed for tho allies. Since tho war began the German Fokkcr has boon developed, and It Is said that this 1ms caused numerous casualties to enemy craft on account of Its speed, and zlzo, which offers but a small apot as a target for attack. It is krrown that many American aerial inventors are now working in the service of tho allies, and it may be safe to say that whop the United States once decidea to fully develop an aerial branch of tho army and navy it will be oxcellod by none in the world.

lated engagements

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by precipitous mountain ranges nnd vast jungle ureas that long years must elapse before rail- load construction can "master tho difficulties that these physical conditions present. During tho period while scientists, engineers and con- structors are harnessing the water powers of the mountains and conquering the jungles for railway lines that will bring all these regions Into close contact with the cantors of popula- tion, the aeroplane builder and tho aeronaut must thread lines and routes through the skiss that, though invisible, will bind tho portions of America with such'intimate and useful tiesx and means of communication that there will be no possible disruption or separation of tha nations and their peoples, Included in and which stand 'for v ism." Alan R. Hawloy, president of the Aoro Club of America, says: "I believe, with Mr. t. that tho aeroplanes of today, which already make possible to carry a dozen passengers and :t it ton of useful load at a speed of clghty-Ilv- o mljcs per hour, can solve nrost difficult prob- lems of transportation, and that if applied for this purposo as well as for sport in and be- tween tho nations of tho Western Hemisphere. thoy will becorno ono of the most effective factors in bringing these nations Into closer and most friendly alliance. In the words of t, Mr. 'the aeroplane will knit the states of tho Westorn Hemisphere Into an Integrally united, and friendly combination, allied for their sport. trade and commerce, as well as for strength In tlmo of possible war.' "There aro thousands of places not yet con- nccted by railways or roads right In the Unitcd States, and there must bo tens of thousands in the Western Hemisphere whert aeaopluirof could transport mall and 'express merchandise at a fraction of the lime required at the prcs cnt time." Tho proposed federation is Indorsed by many
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EPRESENTAT1VES 'ns: aero assocla(Ions of tho Unitcd statcg and tnc ) Principal countries of Cen- &4s. tral and South America I y. will meet at Santiago, I . J Chile, next month for. tho Purposo of forming an ae- "nTV I ,.,hrr,. ronautlc federation of t , mP?erq" In brJer' th0 Proposed or- bC a Unlon ot cl societies ,1 ,t Aernaul,C8 ,n their respective coun- trieu-pAmerican continent Tho federation
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will have charge, of the regulation of aeronautics on the American continent; it will be directed and administered by tho usual officers and a board consisting of five delegates from each country. An effort will be mado to make New York tho headquarters of tho federation, whero permanent ofllccB will bo maintained. The Aero Club of America has made an offer aviation trophy, to of a $10,000 be competed for by tho representatives of tho different countries, tho first contest for which seis to tako place at Rio Janeiro. Tho club has as its lected Albcrtos Santos-Dumoat tho Chile meeting, and the noted aviator is now on ills wn.y there. out, The organization, if successfully carried would mean a wonderful impetus to aeronautics
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In the westorn hemisphere. In discussing thiB. Henry Woodhouso, president of tho Aoro Club, says: ' It Is expected that

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of the aeronautic engineers of each country will result in Important scientific developments. Thoro are problems of engineering to bo solved as huge ns were solved by Qoothals, McAdoo and othor muster bulldors; juridical and legal questions to bo decided as stupendously dlfllcult as any Gladstone would wish' them; possibilities for the development of International relations greater than were ever conceived; problems pf transportation to bo

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