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Item Motors

Failure Mode Too Much Current

Failure Mechanism Inadequate resistance in circuit

Effects Destroy motor Motors stop working Burns user Fire Craft no longer functions correctly (loss of propulsion)

Risk Priority Sev. Occ. 5 4 4 6 7 3 9 2 3 3

Recommended Improvement Det. 1 1 1 1 3 RPN 20 24 21 18 27 Provide adequate resistance in the circuit. Check the current throughout the circuit with an ammeter. Enclose the propellers in a casing to prevent contact with objects.

Propellers

Propeller(s) break

Propeller(s) come into contact with rigid object

Software

Program stops working correctly Stops working

Glitch in program

Light sensor

Light sensor gets wet

Bump sensor Electrical System

Bump sensor doesn’t Hit Excess Voltage

Craft leaning too far back Short circuit

Craft no longer functions correctly (coordination of all inputs and outputs is flawed) System no longer functions correctly (Program can no longer use distance to steer craft) Craft won’t reverse when contact with obstacles Arduino fried ( craft no longer functions correctly)

3

6

2

36

Rigorously test the program beforehand.

3

2

2

12

2

5

1

10

Position the light sensor in a position to reduce the likelihood of contact with water. Waterproof electrical connections. Distribute weight effectively and correctly. Use a fuse to prevent voltages

4

2

2

16

Current flows to ground via alternate route.

Faulty insulation

Sparks (Fire) Sparks (Burns) Shock System no longer works correctly (power to components interrupted)

9 7 7 3

2 2 2 4

2 2 2 2

36 28 28 12

Use high quality wiring. Test circuitry before use. Thoroughly check the system for any faults in insulation. Check the wiring between deployments

Water on electrical components

Inadequate waterproofing

Batteries

Acid Leakage

Overvoltage

High Temperatures

Bad Battery

Sparks(Fire) Sparks (Burns) Craft no longer functions correctly (power to components interrupted) Shock Chemical Burns Craft no longer functions correctly (power to components interrupted) Chemical Burns Craft no longer functions correctly (power to components interrupted) Chemical Burns Craft no longer functions

9 7 3

2 3 7

2 2 2

36 42 42

Use adequate waterproofing. Check waterproofing for any damage.

3 8 3

7 3 5

2 1 1

42 24 15

Use adequate resistance in the circuit.

8 3

2 2

2 2

32 12

Avoid excessive temperatures.

8 3

2 3

2 2

32 18

Check battery beforehand. Use a reliable brand of battery.

Collection System

Net gets tangled in propellers.

Net too large/Not buoyant enough.

correctly(power to components interrupted) Propellers restricted (craft stops moving + strain put on motors) Net ripped (Balls no longer contained)

3

4

1

12

2

5

1

10

Test net effectively. Make net relatively skinny. Use adequate floatation (if not excess), to keep the net well above the propellers. Alternatively, encase the propellers in a guard to prevent entanglement. Fashion the hull out of reliable materials. Use reliable connection methods. Cover hull in cloth/duct tape to hold components together incase connection comes apart

Hull

Hull breaks

Excessive collision

Craft no longer functions correctly.

3

2

2

12

Other components end 5 up in water.

1

2

10

]The biggest risks for this project are related to the electrical system of the craft. The failure mode with the greatest risk is contact between the electrical components and water, due to inadequate waterproofing. This could result in sparks, causing either burns or fire, shock, and of course, the craft no longer functioning correctly. To reduce the risk of these occurring, adequate waterproofing it required. In particular, the arduino and batteries should be placed in a watertight container. The wiring from this container leading to the sensors and motors should also be waterproofed, namely by running the wiring through waterproof tubing. It is also recommended that this waterproofing be thoroughly checked and also tested before use, to further ensure that water is kept out. This waterproofing should be regularly checked for any damage. Automate Watercraft

Propulsion

Navigation

Hull

Electrical System

Motors

Propellers

Software

Light Sensor

Bump Sensor