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Submitted To: Prof. S.P Bansal Director ( M.T.A dept.) Submitted By: Archana Ganate M.T.A Sem. 3rd

Roll No. 324



Preface Acknowledgement

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PART-A 1. Map of Kullu 2. Map of Manali(city) 3. Introduction 4. Introduction to the leadership development camp 5. Objectives of the leadership development camp 6. Itinerary 7. Trekking itinerary 8. Detailed itinerary 9. Need of leadership development camp Manal i:
1. Introduction

6 7 8 9 10 11-13 14-16 17 18-19 20 21-26 2123283032 33 34 35 36-41 42 43 44 45

2. Brief descriptions of all the tourist destinations

3. Impact of tourism in mountain areas(+ve)

4. Impact of tourism in mountain areas(-ve)

5. The directorate of mountaineering and allied sports (dmas), Manali

6. Institute organize activities 7. Conclusion & recommendations PART-B
1. Various activities done during cam

2. Factors affecting the spirit of adventure tourism
3. Hands of tourism in Manali’s development

4. What we learned? 5. Experiences


Conclusion References

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This project is all about the ‘’Leadership Development Camp’’ which was conducted in the month of Jul.-Aug. (2010). The area visited was Manali. For the leadership development of individuals a group of 35 students of M.T.A. Semester –III went for leadership development course to Manali mountaineering institute ABVIMAS for a course of adventure. The trip was for 9 days 27th Jul to 4th Aug. 2010 and a senior teacher Dr. Chander Mohan accompanied the group. This tour was the greatest opportunity to trek in Himachal and have training in such a prestigious institute. We got professional training of rock climbing, trekking and river crossing. We got the practical knowledge of adventure tourism and its scope in Himachal Pradesh. Such types of adventure trips are organized by the department, for the students to develop the leadership qualities and develop team spirit with all other positive and negative aspects of tourism at the place. While preparing the project it was kept in mind that the project should be brief, to the point and should convey the valuable data which is actually needed. But besides of all the best efforts some errors might have crept in. I shall be grateful to the teachers to forgive me for that.


who helped me out in every possible way and guided me while preparing the project report. Shimla. Jaswinder Singh. I express thanks to my brother Sanjeev Ganate for his tireless help. who was our tour coordinator. Dr.ACKNOWLEDGEMENT I express my profound regards to Prof. 5 . Last but not the least. Summerhill. and my parents who guided and encouraged me all the way in completing this project report. I express my sincere thanks to Dr. Mr. Director. S. Institute of Vocational Studies. I am also thankful to my class mates who helped me directly or indirectly in completion of this project report. Mr. (Archana Ganate) Date: October 28. Suman Sharma. because of whom efforts the organization and sponsorship of tour to Manali was made possible. HPU.P. Sonia Khan.2010 Place: Shimla. Chander Mohan Parsheera. Now I shall pay my thanks to Dr. Sushma Rewal Chugh. Bansal. My sincere thanks go to Anita Verma my class mate and my dear friend for her guidance and all the efforts she put to help me in completing this project report.

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in turn. The patches of green surround the town as it has an ascending elevation towards the Himalayas from its southwestern end. starts looking at life from a new angle. Termed sometimes as the cradle between the lesser Himalayas. It takes him to new environments and places. And that is because he had visited new and unknown tourist destinations. One of the most beautiful adventure destinations of India. This can be seen in the establishment of the government of tourism. Manali is basically a small town in the Kullu valley of Himachal Pradesh. Tourism gives a new lease of life to the spirit of adventure and sustenance of a person. There is widespread optimism that tourism might be the powerful and beneficial agent of both economic and social change. Indeed tourism has stimulated employment and investment. Tourism as an industry does not only plays an economic harbinger for the develop countries but also for the developing countries. the entire valley gives probably the best scenic view in the country. Manali draws a good number of tourists from within the country and abroad every year. 9 . Rich in its scenic splendor. Manali is extremely popular with the tourists for its lavish display of un-spoilt natural beauty.INTRODUCTION Tourism is the physical as well as mental transportation of person from one place to another. Some tourist spots make long lasting impressions on the mind of the person who travels to those spots. Though irregular in formation. modified land use and economic structure and made a positive contribution of balance of payments in many country and worldwide. The unique features of those new environments stimulate the mind of the person. He. widespread encouragement and sponsorship of tourist developments and the proliferation of small business and the multinationals contributing to and deriving from the tourism industry.

MANALI. The program is held at the ATAL BIHARI INSTITUTE OF MOUNTAINEERING AND ALLIED SPORTS. this program was really helpful for the students of vocational studies as the main objective of this program was to impart the knowledge about the various adventure sports. This program is offered in the third semester for the MTA’s. then it can be said that it’s a camp which comprises of various activities to harness the best of an individual. This type of program will help the professionals of future to tackle the situations of similar type in the similar terrine and under the worst conditions. the habitat of this area along with the vegetations and many other things of this region.INTRODUCTION TO THE LEADERSHIP DEVELOPMENT CAMP The department of tourism administration offers the courses of MTA which helps the students to develop their personality into efficient tourism professionals. good communication skills. The various activities that are undertaken in these days are repelling. team spirit. It can also be stated that the LDC is helpful for the students to understand the mountain ecology system. rock-climbing. customer handling and a power of making spontaneous decisions in the worst situations. 10 . understanding the tourism phenomena. The major objective of the LDC was just to harness the leadership qualities of each and every student. During the course period the department offers a program named as LEADERSHIP DEVELOPMENT CAMP (LDC). organizing skills. This program of nine days had imparted us the knowledge of good management skills. These activities are undertaken in the time period of 9 days as this program is of 9 days only. and river-crossing and trekking etc. As it was said above that this program comprise of various activities. If this program is taken in the broader sense. Such type of program helps the students to handle the situations in the future when they will go to serve the industry.

To the students like us this is a field which had given us exposure in order to enhance our personality.  This program had given us an overview of working of tourism industry as tomorrow we will be the only one to serve this industry. recreation etc where as for the industry it is another mean of making money. excitement and thrill of all the adventure sports of which they had only read in books only. The main objectives of this program can be concluded in the following manner: It helps to develop the leadership qualities in an individual so that he/she can handle the group of people under his/her leadership.  This program has helped us to develop a feeling of group coordination and cooperation.  This program had taught us to make instant to decisions which will help us to grow in a liberal and free manner.  It helps to build a confidence level in an individual’s so as one could serve the industry more efficiently.  It has also built our capability to survive against the worst conditions like rains. To a tourist it’s just a concept for travel. in order to achieve a well groomed personality it is necessary to make the best out of such tours. leisure.  It had provided us a chance of experiencing the fun. So. It is only the group effort and coordination which will help us to survive in the industry.  It made us understand the type of adventure activities that can be done in mountains and under what circumstances.OBJECTIVES OF LEADERSHIP DEVELOPMENT CAMP Tourism is a wide and varied field.  Communication and well groomed personality is one of the major aspects of tourism industry.  Choosing the best sight for the camping in the conditions prevalent. 11 . storms etc. snow. to different people the concept of tourism is different. The arrangement of such program during the course period is helpful to groom our personality.  Here we also learn how to use different equipments and objects for the adventure sports and in the worst situation.  It made us understand the present scenario of the mountain tourism and its changing conditions.

This tour had made us learn this thing to a certain extent.  This program had given us opportunity to make contacts with professionals who are already established in this industry. so as in order to have a good social life everybody had to be firm with the norms of the society. Social adaptability: .As it is said that human being is a social animal. The main motive behind arranging such type of camps is to develop the ability of leadership inside the students. Team work is the result of cooperation and co-ordination only. In order to have a good and successful event the motives and object should be clear in one’s mind. Co-ordination:. These motives of a leadership development camp can be explained in the following manner. The motives of these types of programs can be categorized under the following subheads:a) Effective intelligence b) Co-ordination c) Social adaptability d) Influencing ability e) Determination f) Organizing ability Without any motive any of the program or tour is incomplete. 12 .  With this type of program people are keener to develop the tourism system. Effective intelligence:-With the help of these types of arrangements the students cane to know about the need of effective intelligence that will help us to survive in the worst conditions.  It had also given us opportunity to interact with the people of Manali region. The region. Therefore in order to have a good and efficient group it is necessary to have a nice co-ordination between the people comprised in a group. For the near future it is very important for the tourism professionals to know how to deal with different people. Arrangement of such type of programs is helpful in creating social adaptability amongst the students.In order to have a proper connections between the groups and the people of the group such type of arrangements are necessary. Through such programs the students become independent and as a result the students tend to adapt their surrounding conditions as soon as possible. The customs and culture of the region had mesmerized us with its diversity being within Himachal Pradesh only. If the work is done in a coordinated manner then only it can be stated as the team work. A wrong move can be fettle in the tough terrains like one of the Himalayas. So in order to survive in the harshest conditions one should be aware of the techniques that should help them to manage and coupe up with the conditions of Himalayan region.

In order to survive in these types of regions then the determination quality should be present inside an individual.In order to arrange an efficient tour it is necessary that the tour and people who are on to the tour should be arranged in a proper and channelized manner. If one could not be determined enough then he/she could not survive in the toughest and the roughest terrains of THE GREAT HIMALAYAS. Such type of program helps us to improvise our determination power.Influencing ability: . Today’s students of tourism are tomorrow’s tourism professionals so in order to have an efficient organizer such programs are necessary. (The influence should always be always towards the positive things). We want to explore and discover many of the new things and often get influenced by that.The age as a student’s is one among those where they want to learn and are prone to get influenced by different thing.The term determination literally means ‘THE WILL POWER’. Such type of program helps us to come in contact with other customs and cultures therefore we always tend to adapt to those rituals and customs in our lives. Organizing ability: . Determination: . The ability of organizing such type of tours can be only meant only when the students are exposed to such type of conditions. The tasks and the harsh conditions in Himalayan region help us to get stuck to the decisions that were earlier made by us. 13 .

2( 28-07-2010) Manali    Admn. Dinner & Stay in Mountaineering Institute Manali. Registration Medical check-up Visit to the museum & introduction of equipment’s 14 . Arrival at Manali 6:30 PM.Lunch on route.ITINERARY OF LEADERSHIP DEVELOPMENT CAMP Name of the tour Name of the Institution (course) Leadership Development Camp Institution of vocational studies (MTA and BTA) HPU Shimla-5 Number of Packs Date of Departure Date of Arrival Back Day 1( 27-07-2010) Place Shimla-Manali    54 27th July 2010 4th August 2010 Description Start journey-shimla-8:00AM.

walks towards Anjni 4(30-07-2010) Solang NalaBakerthach  Breakfast at Solang Nala  Trekking To Bakerthach. 6( 01-08-2010) BakerthachSolang Nala    Breakfast at Bakerthach.  Trekking To Solang Nala. 15 . Lecture on Himalayan environment.  Lecture manner. Trekking Back to Solang Nala. On rope and basic knots Artificial rock Climbing. on Mountain Etiquettes and 5( 31-07-2010) BakerthachByas Kund  Trekking to Byas Kund and Byas Kund Glacier.  Breakfast at Manali.  Lunch and dinner at Solang Nala.  Lunch and Dinner at Bakerthach.   Breakfast. At evening rappelling on nearby Rock.    3( 29-07-2010) Manali-Solang Nala Issue of equipment Opening address Lec. Lunch and dinner at Bakerthach.  Acclimatization Mahadev Temple.

   9( 04-08-2010) Manali-Shimla  Lunch and Dinner at Manali. Local sightseeing. Closing ceremony at ABVIMAS conference hall. 8( 03-08-2010) Solang NalaManali    Breakfast at Solang Nala. 16 . In Morning River Crossing activity. Deposit of equipment. Back To Manali by bus.  7( 02-08-2010) Solang Nala     Lecture on First-aid Lunch and Dinner at Solang Nala. Breakfast. Lunch and dinner at Solang Nala Lecture on Himalayan Environment. Going back to Shimla. At Evening Demonstration of Rescue activity.

SOLANG NALA – MANALI Leaving this wonderland the track leads you back to Dhundi and Solang Nala in about five hours. DAY 3: BAKERTHACH . the source of river Beas.SOLANG NALA (2480 Mt) The trek starts from old Manali winding up gradually through several old villages.BAKERTHACH (3200Mt) The trek leads through a cool herbs laden area and bypasses small rivulets on the way to Dhundi. night at Dhundi. DAY 2: SOLANG NALA .BEAS KUND (3690 Mt) Uphill trek through meadows and glaciers to Beas Kund. a small glacier lake and origin of river Beas. It also takes you to a small glacier lake named "Beas Kund". The walk to Solang valley is about 12 km. surrounded by trees. DAY 4: BAKERTHACH . Solang has become famous for its ski slopes. Camp at Solang Nala.TREKKING ITINERARY The trek provides a panoramic view of the mountain range Pir Panjal and Dhauladhar. 17 . DAY 1: MANALI . from where you have a nice view of Hanuman Tibba (5930 Mt). From Solang Nala transfer to Manali by Bus.

18 . which is 8 Kms from Manali. After that we packed our bags and got ready for our journey after our breakfast. After we went for registration and medical check-up. Dinner and overnight stay at mountaineering institute DAY 2: (28th July 2010) In the morning at 6 we went for tea in the mess. We stayed there for some time and had our tea then we started our journey for Solang. Overnight we were in Manali. In afternoon we went for issue of equipment’s that were required in our trekking. The trip was fun all together. Suman Sharma. At 2 in the afternoon we reached the Manali Institute of Mountaineering and Allied Sports Solang center. We boarded the HRTC bus from Shimla ISBT at 0900 hrs. carabineers etc. Then we started again our journey and reached the village Shenag and then we reached Palchan. After our lunch we went to the wall in the premises which is meant for artificial rock climbing. Our stay here was in the hostel dormitories allotted by the Directorate of Mountaineering and Allied Sports. Then we enjoyed our evening tea. The whole of our group including boys and girls climbed the wall with the help of ropes. There we have to stay for a night so we relaxed there for some time and had our lunch. DAY 3:(29th July 2010) On this day we had our morning tea at 6 and took bath. sit harnesses. Coming back from the Manali we went our dinner. Manali. The journey came to an end when the group reached Manali ISBT around 1830hrs. Here we had a meeting with Mr. Then we visited the Manali Mall and Manali town. which is three kilometers from Palchan. Chander Mohan Prashar and Mr. At 9 in the morning we started to our first destination of the trek that is Solang. Then we visited the museum and there we got the introduction of various equipment used in trekking and mountaineering. At 10 in the morning we went for administrative block for briefing. At 4 in the evening we went for our acclimatization walk to the nearby holy place Anjni Mahadev.DETAILED ITINERARY DAY 1:(27th July 2010) The group started its journey from Shimla. It was a difficult trek through old Manali. Then we went for lunch in the mess. On our way we stayed for some time in village Gausahal and there interacted with local community of the village and tried to get some information on the problems faced by them and the benefits they can derive from tourism. We had our lunch on our way.

From this place we can see various peaks named as Hanuman Tibba. Overnight we were in Bakarthach. It was really nice journey and it really made us feel very proud of us that we are able to complete this trek in such a good manner. After that we went for river crossing activity on nearby river in Solang Nala . We had dinner at night. Overnight we were in Solang. There is also one observatory in the place which keeps the check on the snow in the area. In Beas Kund there is a glacier from where the Beas originates. After that we returned to the institute and had dinner there. Beas Kund is 3 kilometers from Bakarthach. It is a place from which the Dhauladhar range and Pir Panjal ranges segregate from each other. 19 . After lunch we went for rappelling activity at nearby rock in Solang and also had a lecture on First Aid. Having our lunch and enjoying our time in the camp in the evening we went to our walk to the nearby area and collected the wood for the bonfire. On our way moving along the River Beas we reached Dhundi which is 8 km from Solang. After evening tea we went for demonstration of rescue activity which was done by instructors by involving some of our seniors.Coming back from the walk we had our dinner and went to our beds as it was very cold place. After enjoying the place we came back to our camp at Bakarthach. DAY 5: (31st July 2010) In the morning after our breakfast we started our journey to Beas Kund. The Beas Kund is tank type area where the water is stored and glacier is there it is a cold place It is a beautiful place to see and it attracts a large no. Then we had our dinner and packed our bags for the next day to come back to our camp at Solang. At evening we had a lecture on Himalayan Environment. After so much hard work we reached our halting point for the day that was our camp site at Bakarthach. We reached the place and had our lunch. At night we had our dinner and did bonfire and spent the time singing the songs. After spending some time we moved started moving to Bakarthach which is 4 Kms from Dhundi. Friend Ship Peak. This was the first time for all of us that we walk on the surface of a Glacier. It is a small place where no one lives only the Shepard’s are there with their goats are found. . It was a nice journey from Bakarthach to Solang. . Seven Sisters. . On our way back to camp we decided to take another route which passes through Solang Glacier. DAY 7: (2nd August 2010) In the morning we had our tea and breakfast. Overnight we were in Solang. Overnight we were in Bakarthach DAY 6: (1st August 2010) In the morning after our breakfast we started our journey back to Solang. In afternoon we reached Solang. After reaching at camp we had our lunch and stayed at the camp only.After that we had our lunch back at institute and after some time of rest we had a lecture on Himalayan Environment. We rested for some time in Dhundi. Here we had a Lecture on Mountain Etiquettes and manner. of tourists. On the way we can see beautiful waterfalls. DAY 4: (30th July 2010) In the morning we had our tea and breakfast and started our journey to our next destination which was Bakerthach. It was a beautiful place from there Govt of India has started constructing a tunnel to Lahaul and Spiti which will keep the district Lahaul the year round. we also crossed the river tributaries by wood lodges. Overnight we were in Solang.

because he has to guide his workers for a constructive work. But the real leader is one who faces all such conditions and problems with courage and work hard to achieve the goals of the organization. After lunch we had the closing ceremony in which we were presented Batches of DMAS by Col. who can face any type of crises (shortage of transport. In short to operate in this industry or to work efficiently in industry. Overnight we were in Manali DAY 9: (3rd August 2010) As this was the last day of our trip and from early in the morning we all individually started our journey back to our respective places of residence. NEED OF LEADERSHIP IN PRESENT SCENARIO We are living in very challenging world. everyone has to develop leadership qualities. Leader can show good and constructive path to his followers. Leader is who can handle a group.DAY 8: (1st August 2010) In the morning after our breakfast we started our journey back to Manali by bus which was arranged by ABVIMAS (Manali) for us. 20 . This type of situation is known as “CRISIS MANAGEMENT”. In tourism industry leader have to play a crucial role. After reaching Manali we submitted back the equipment’s issued to us. But during our journey our vehicle faces some problem and there is no solution at that time. and security of customer).S. Than it all depends on the leadership quality of the tour leader. safety. In present scenario. because tourism industry is sensitive industry. we have to work hard and look for capable Leadership. How he manages or handles the situation. H. After that we want to Manali for sightseeing. we are facing uncut major problem round the world that is terrorism. Suppose we are organizing a tour and our tour is going to XYZ destination. which directly affects our tourism industry. To overcome the hurdles of present scenario. it requires capable and handy leadership. Things are changing within seconds. Chauhan.

Manali is extremely popular with the tourists for its lavish display of un-spoilt natural beauty. the name of Manali used to be Dana. Due to its cool and comfortable climate. Manali draws a good number of tourists from within the country and abroad every year. it was renamed as Duff-Dunbar after a European resident of the town. Rich in its scenic splendor. which falls in the months of July and August. Location : Manali is situated at an altitude of 1. and the snowy white peaks. Past : In old times.5 sq km It is also an ideal place for the adventure sports like the skiing. The patches of green surround the town as it has an ascending elevation towards the Himalayas from its southwestern end.926 meters and is spread over an area of 12. As it is just 40 km away from Kullu. the entire valley gives probably the best scenic view in the country.INTRODUCTION One of the most beautiful adventure destinations of India.MANALI . Later. the main town is far away from the original Duff21 . But today. Though irregular in formation. hiking and trekking etc. natural bounty. Termed sometimes as the cradle between the lesser Himalayas. Manali remains busy welcoming tourists all round the year. Manali is basically a small town in the Kullu valley of Himachal Pradesh. one can visit this site anytime of the year though it is advisable to avoid the monsoon season.

Himalayan Griffon Vulture. the woodlands of Manali support a wide range of flora and fauna. Snow pigeon and numerous other varieties. it is said that the name Manali came from the term Manu-Alaya meaning the home of Manu. The wildlife sanctuaries provideexcellent habitat for hundreds of species many of which are counted as being part of the endangered variety. Himalayn ibex. Like the rest of India. poplar. Flora and fauna: The stunning variety of Manali flora and fauna is largely responsible for the immense beauty of this region. the craze to visit Manali was at peak especially among the western hippies not only for the pleasing view but also for the high quality marijuana that is grown in this area. Manali was also ruled by the British and owing to its picturesque location several British settlements sprung up here within a short span of time. apple orchards and gurgling streams. Brown bear. Grey Heron. Musk deer. The undulating meadows and wooded hill sides lined with pine. even today the inhabitants of this place like to call themselves the residents of Duff-Dunbar. the name Manali evolved. Thus. Black bear. the great Hindu lawgiver. Koklas. The avian varieties found in Manali. With the passage of time. first stepped on land here after the great deluge. Snow leopard. The nature is mesmerizing all the more during the months of April till June and September till October. White Stork. During the 1970s-80s. The beautiful hills of Manali is a safe haven for Leopard. The wide range of faunal varieties is inevitably mentioned while referring to Manali flora and fauna. Chakor. This also made many of the hippies settle down in and around Manali. With the light drizzles of the rainy months the greenery in Manali opens a newer vista. which has changed the face of the city.Dunbar village situated at the banks of the river Manalsu. especially in the Manalsu valley. Black StorkWestern Tragopan. are Monal. However. Barking deer. 22 . According to a legend. The verdant green forests are a treasure trove of the rich flora and fauna of Manali. Kingfisher. Eurasian Sparrowhawk. Manu. Porcupine and numerous other varieties. Nestled amidst the serenity of varied jungle. fir. oak and deodar brings out the romance of Manali.

The scenic spots of Nehru Kund and Rahalla Falls. due to a conflict with the elders of the village and Manali council. PANORMIC VIEW OF BEAS KUND VASHIST HOT WATER SPRINGS AND TEMPLE : Around 3 km from Manali. which is truly breath taking.MAJOR TOURIST SITES While in Manali you may visit the religious sports like Hadimba Devi temple. Vasistha [3] a sage narrated Yoga Vasishtha an ancient scripture to 23 . a small village with natural sulphur springs. the source of river Beas. Modern bathhouses. the road of Rothang Pass is closed. is also nearby. Manu Temple.050 feet above sea level. It is the highest point on the Manali-Keylong road and provides a wide panoramic view of mountains rising far above clouds. Close by is a small lake called Dassaur Lake. Tibetan Monastery and the Vashisht Spring. In closed. ROHTANG PASS: Rohtang Pass at an altitude of 13. is another adventure tourist site where it can be cold even on a summer day. across the Beas river is Vashist. Beas Kund.

also boasts a pair of old stone temples.Rama. A unique and an extremely profound discourse. SOLANG VALLEY. 24 . It is a picturesque spot and offers splendid views of glaciers and the snow-capped mountains. A. and is adorned with elaborate woodcarvings those lining the interior of the shrine. blackened by years of oillamp and incense smoke. B. the former capital of Manali. opposite each other above the main square. is 13 km northwest of Manali and famous for its 300-meter ski lift. Vaishisht. Dedicated to the local patron saint Vashista. the smaller of the two opens on to a partially covered courtyard. drinking chai and smoking chillums with whoever will join them in reverence to The Lord Shiva and Guru Vashshist. that provides innumerable insights and secrets to the inner world of consciousness. Jagatsukh. There is ruined fort here by the name of Manaligarh. are particularly fine. There is also the Manu Maharishi Temple. The temple baths are separated into male and female and the water is often unbearably hot. In this ornate quadrangle is the resting place of the local and transient sadhus. is also an important spot. famous for its orchards and old guesthouses. ANJINI MAHADEV TEMPLE MANU MAHARISHI TEMPLE At a distance of 3 km northwest of Manali is Old Manali. SOLANG VALLEY : Ppopularly known as Snow Point. dedicated to sage Manu. This extremely huge scripture covers all the topics that relate to the spiritual study of a seeker.

What to Buy: 25 .e. Manali naturally becomes the ideal getaway. MANALI After Hours : Being a small adventure destination one cannot expect to have an extravaganza in the after hours. It gives an idea of the life style. HADIMBA MATA TEMPLE. If one wishes to see the snowfall on the high mountain peaks.MANU TEMPLE. between the months of November and February. MANALI Best Time To Visit : Though there isn't any specific time that one could define as the best for visiting this charming city. one has to visit this place during winters i. But. As during this time the summer become unbearable in the tropical plains. one can definitely savour what the local market and the small town have to offer. the months when a good number of tourists visit this place are between June and October. behaviour. and way of the people there. Taking a lazy walk in the town area gives one a real taste of the town and its pulse.

but not transport. From May to July and. landscapes etc.While shopping in Manali. The 12-km hike up the western banks of the Beas to the Solang Valley is worth all the efforts made. In the summers. 26 . waterfalls. There are several good hikes from Manali. amulets. Lama Dugh meadow is a six-km hike up to the Manalsu Nala. west of Manali town. passes. food. The charges generally include accommodation. Other local specialties are Himalayan handicrafts. There are a number of temple. 52 km south of the town. The Mountaineering Institute at Solang Nullah is a good training ground for mountaineering enthusiasts. depending on the monsoons. Around the bazaar. Heli skiing is possible in the deep snowfields. bright borders. Skiing is a major pastime in Manali. The Mountaineering Institute and Allied Sports is about three km from the Mall and offers mountaineering and kayaking courses. There are flights to Delhi via Shimla. which are mainly assorted Tibetan curios such as prayer wheels. some basic rafting is possible on the Beas. Facilities for skiing are available at Solang Nullah (January-March) and Rohtang Pass (during summer). from mid-September to mid-October. Angling in the Kullu valley is possible at Larji. Permits can be obtained also at Patlikhul. several travel agencies organize paragliding on the slopes of the Solang Nullah. locally made woollen products are definitely a must buy. dorjes (thunderbolts). innumerable stalls are stacked with hand-woven goods and pillbox Kullu topis (caps). there are those famous Kullu shawls with delicate. The trips generally begin at Pirdi and continue 16 km down to Jhiri. How to Reach : Manali is connected by air to some of the important cities in the region through regular flights from its nearest airport at Bhuntar. The Himachal Pradesh Tourism Development Corporation provides day permits for fishing. Besides. the local Manali market also has some exotic handicrafts to offer. Katrain and Kasol. Kayaking is possible on the Beas River. masks. monasteries. equipment. Besides one can also opt for the various adventure sports organized here every year. and a guide. musical instruments and thangkas (picture or representation of a deity on cloth). The famous Kullu cap is a favourite for everybody and quite useful too. Besides. Adventure Sports: The best thing to do during the visit to the quiet adventure destination of Manali would be to visit the beautiful picturesque sites in and around the city. One can definitely opt for a few items as memorabilia of the visit to this wonderful adventure destination.

which is basically organized by the women folks of this place. the winter sport carnival held in the midFebruary draws a good number of tourists from all over the country and abroad. Private tour operators also run scheduled tourist coaches that take one around almost all the places of importance within a fixed time. 135 km away. The closest narrow-gauge railhead is at Jogindernagar. Dussehra gets special attention all over the valley. Fairs and Festival : Though almost all the festivals are celebrated with zest and devotion. but the charges of these are on the higher side. Taxis are also available. Moreover. The distance from Delhi via Mandi is 585 km. Taxis are also available to make visit to different places easier for the tourist. is another major event of this place. The closest broad-gauge railheads are Chandigarh (310 km) and Ambala (355 km). People from in and around the countryside come to visit this fair. the Himachal Pradesh State Tourism Development Corporation (HPTDC) plies luxury buses to Manali. 27 . The Hadimba Devi fair is another important event in this place and a rather big fair is organized in the Hadimba Devi temple complex. The festival is celebrated in the month of October during the autumn season when the rest of the country celebrates Durga Puja and Vijaya Dashami. Chandigarh and Delhi. Moreover. Private tour operators offer tour packages too. The celebration goes on for a few days when all the people of the Kullu valley take part enthusiastically. the state transport corporation buses connect almost all the major places of the entire valley. The Doongri Forest festival. and from Shimla it is 270 km From Shimla. Auto rickshaws and buses are the commonest and most preferred modes of transport for travel in and around the town area.Manali is well connected by trains to most of the important places in the region. which is held during the spring season when the valley is at its spectacular and colourful best.

trails/woodlands Helps    Maintenance of scenic landscapes Research/Environment Impact Studies Retreat from marginal hillside farming 28 .IMPACTS OF TOURISM IN MOUNTAIN AREAS (POSITIVE) Taking up the positive impacts of tourism over the mountain areas and the people of the mountain areas the researchers come to the following conclusions: To began with firstly we have Ecology- Encourages     Ecological awareness Conservation measures Measures to hold pollution Cleanliness in Campground/Parks.

Next to this research we have Socio-Cultural aspects and under this the researchers had made following observations Preserves     Cultural monuments/ruins Folk traditions Cultural properties Art or history Responsible for      Tourists Space organizations Urbanizations (Third world) Increased communication Modernization of facilities Encourages       Education Training of Craftsmen/Expedition Contact with outside world Speedy knowledge Rediscovery of lost traditions Fund mobilization Last segment to this research we have the Economic aspect and it states the following points Creates  Job opportunities  Foreign exchange  Additional income/taxes 29 .

 Better multiplier  Diversification of economy  Jobs for unskilled/semi-skilled Improves     Infrastructure Local arts/crafts Regional development Standard of living IMPACTS OF TOURISM ON MOUNTAIN ENVIRONMENTS (NEGITIVES) Taking up with the tourism impacts over the Ecology the researchers come to the following conclusion: 30 .

Destruction of • • • Forests (Energy) Fauna (Poaching) Grazing lands (Camping) Pollution • • • • Water Air Noise Trash. Garbage trails Degradation of • • • • • Landscape Scenic appeal Promotion of throw away mentality Congestion/Overburdening Hygiene problems Coming down to the second major negative impact of tourism over mountain it emphasizes on Socio-Cultural aspect. • Cultural loss • Alienation • Vandalism • Selling out antiques • Imitation of Western Culture Changes • Lifestyle • Negative architecture 31 .

• Settlement patterns • Folk traditions • Customs Promotes • Moral Laxity • Crime/Gambling • Drug addiction • Inferiority (locals) • Beggar mentality Disturbs • Religious practices • Indigenous style • Social cohesion Lastly coming down to its impact on Economy the researchers concluded the following points Encourages • • • • • • • • • • Inflationary trends Conspicuous consumption Demonstration effect Imports for tourism leakages Privileged treatment of Tourists Withdraws labor Overburdens communal services Overuse of scare resources Uneven economic development Tourist enclaves 32 .

The Institute was established under the personal initiative of Late Pandit Jwaharlal Nehru. The institute was later named as the Directorate of Mountaineering and Allied Sports and more than 80. the then Prime Minister of India. kitchen. Training is imparted under the guidance of 22 experienced instructors (including four Everesters) who have extensive experience in Skiing and Mountaineering in Himalayas. Therefore tourism is the only vibrant field which has different faces from good to ugly this field this is the only field which can be developed under isolation and trinity of environment. The Institute's aim was to encourage young generation to go to the mountains and participate in adventure activities and interact with Nature. THE DIRECTORATE OF MOUNTAINEERING AND ALLIED SPORTS (DMAS). Keeping in view the value of adventure sports. which can be called as the complex and self-embraced tourism. HP providing specialised training in Mountaineering. Water Sports. It has a spacious campus with administrative offices. a modern auditorium. library. Tourism certainly presents an unkind paradox when it assumes faces that are ‘good’. MANALI The Directorate of Mountaineering and Allied Sports (DMAS).• • • Seasonal dependence Dependence on tourism Domination by externals(cities) Thus these are the negative impacts which the growth of tourism is doing towards the mountain areas. Alps.000 people have been trained in different adventure activities since its inception. the present Institute was established in 1961 at Manali as the Western Himalayan Mountaineering Institute (WHMI). stamina. Skiing. Trekking and Rock Climbing. The DMAS has 100 employees. (France) and Norway. participation with nature helps the individual to develop will power. Character building and National Integration. team spirit and comandership and thus channalises the energy towards Leadership. ‘bad’ and ‘ugly’. lecture rooms. Mountain Rescue. Manali is an Indian institution located in Manali. dining hall and hostel accommodation for 33 . confidence.

Trekking. The institute has played a major role towards the promotion and development of adventure tourism. Camping sites of ABVIMAS (Bakkerthach) 34 . Skiing. Water Sports. Rock Climbing. imparting training in Mountaineering. It is the second oldest Adventure Sports Institute in India . Summer Skiing competitions. The DMAS has established 9 training centres all over Himachal Pradesh to provide adventure tourism training to the locals and others from all over the country and abroad. Outbound Adventure activities and Mountain rescue. Water Regatta. Mountain rescue etc.300 and teenage accommodation for 250 participants. regularly. White water Rafting and Kayaking competitions. DMAS has produced a good number of mountaineers and skiers of National and International eminence. Mountaineering expeditions. There is also fitness training area and meteorological observatory post. The institute has been organising National Winter Games Championships. INSTITUTE ORGANISE ACTIVITIES The Atal Bihari Vajpaee Institute of Mountaineering & Allied Sports (DMAS) was established in the year 1961 at Manali in Kullu District of Himachal Pradesh.

Skiing. The Institute is located in Manali. CONCLUSION AND RECCOMMENDATIONS According to me. HP providing specialised training in Mountaineering. we almost fulfilled the objectives of the trip. as the name itself indicates was to develop and polish the leadership qualities in the management students. Water Regatta. Mountaineering expeditions. Keeps away froms drug-peddlers. Water Sports. Take off your shoes and leather goods before entering place of worship. 35 . The objective of trip. The institute has played a major role towards the promotion and development of adventure tourism. White water Rafting and Kayaking competitions. The Institute was established under the personal initiative of Late Pandit Jwaharlal Nehru. regularly. Don’ts trespass into peoples fields and avoid plucking fruits Donts encouragebeggars.Since its inception the Institute has trained more than 96. the then Prime Minister of India. Mountain rescue etc. Mountain Rescue. Summer Skiing competitions. Institute has produced a good number of mountaineers and skiers of National and International eminence. Trekking and Rock Climbing. I want to give some recommendations for the betterment of LDC and tourism in Manali • • • • • • In LDC camp more adventure activities must be held Avoid buying things in plastic bags and plastic bottles. The institute has been organising National Winter Games Championships.000 trainees from India and abroad in different disciplines of adventure activities.

The benifites both economices and social of growth of tourism industry are widely spread thoughout Valley and this can be traced out in lifelihood and lifestyle of local people residing there. 36 .

The favourable period for trekking is May to October. 37 . Kheerganga (2960m). Chandertal (4270m). So. This is the region which provides the match of beautiful slopes with the breath taking adventurous activities. in order to experience those breath taking activities the Leadership Development Camp was the best way. Padum (3600m) and Pin Parbati Pass (4810m). The main trekking areas are Beas Kund (3690m). Green pastures and woodlands will lure you to experience the world’s best region for adventurous activities.VARIOUS ACTIVITIES DONE DURING LDC. MANALI… Manali region is also known for the adventure sports done here. Manali encloses the world’s finest skiing slopes along with the splashing and roaring rivers.

Skiing competitions are organized every year in Solang Nala at National and International level which is at a distance of 11km from Manali town. and Deo Tibba (6001m) are most popular amongst the climbers. Inderkeel Parvat (6220m). Measure the charming rapids of River Beas and nostalgic water currents while rafting from a place called Pirdi to Jhiri (16 km).October is the best time for rafting.climbing. The Beas Kund (3690m).June and mid-September to mid. Humdinger Adventures is a pioneer agency conducting white.May to mid. Manali is a government body conducting adventure activities in the valley. Aleo.crossing in the valley. peaks of then these regions are the best ones.water rafting in the valley since many years.May to mid. If one has the enthusiasm and desire to conquer the mountains. Mountaineers can also enjoy rock. The best time for mountaineering is mid.June and mid-September to midOctober when the nature is at its best. Following are the adventure activities which are performed in the regions of Kullu. ice. Western Himalayan Institute of Mountaineering and Allied Sports. Certain peaks of the Western Himalayas in Kullu lie hitherto unexplored. and river. The favourable period is midDecember to the end of June. Mid. Hanuman Tibba (5930m).climbing.Manali:-  TREKKING  PARAGLIDING  RAFTING  SKIING  HELI-SKIING  ANGLING& FISHING  JEEP SAFARI  MOUNTAINEERING  ROCK CLIMBING  ROCK RAPPELLING 38 . Solang slopes are paradise for winter skiing and Rohtang Pass (3980m) offers summer skiing. Due to safety reasons the sport takes a break during winters and monsoons.Ski slopes of Solang Nala are famous for winter sports and are easily approachable.

39 . Several treks lead over from Kullu valley to Lahaul & Spiti.River crossing: The breath taking task done in the beautiful mountains of Solang Nalla TREKKING The main trekking areas in Himachal are the Dhauladhar and Pir Panjal ranges easily accesible from Kullu valley.

Important Trek Routes: Trek Beas Kund Manali Bijlimahadev-Malana-Chanderkhani Pass Manali. Malana Chandratal Manali. Zanskar Pin Valley Parvati & Spiti valley Period May to October May to October Mid June to September May to October July to September Mid June to Mid October Mid-July to September Trekking towards Beas KUnd. Many old temples lie along the way. Lahaul. Zanskar Padum Manali.Zanskar. Spiti Chanderkhani-Malana-Khirganga Manali. Season: April to middle of June. 40 . Lahaul. To access Lahaul valley trekkers have to wait until Rohtang Pass opens which is usually in June. Lahaul. Most treks pass through rugged and unspoiled terrain. deep forests and beautiful streams. Kinnaur and Kangra. Parvati valley Lamayuru Manali. Malana. and mid-September to mid-October. The higher regions get cold in October.

namely flying. The origin of this sport goes back to the 1940's but only recently became more popular due to the increase in safety in the gliders. This can be organized all round the year subject to weather conditions. A fly over fitted over the river would help you to cross it. the spectacular scenery as well as launch sites like Solang. A little bit of summer skiing can be done even on the Rohtang pass. Bijli Mahadev and Bhaikhali. RAPELLING IN SOLANG NALLA Skiing The region of Kullu valley is famous for skiing. Paragliding Kullu valley. Rappelling Rappelling & river crossing can be organized at a few sites around Manali. Imagine one soaring like an eagle on top of the beautiful Himalayan ranges. The best slopes are available at Bhrigu peaks near Hamta. Paragliding is a sport which has taken the world by storm. 41 . is a heaven for aero sport enthusiasts. Skiing involves sliding on snow with the help of a snow board or a pair of skies attached to your feet. Rappelling would involve coming down from a cliff with the help of ropes & carabiners. The pilots are able to fulfill one of humanity's oldest human dreams. Season: February to June and September to November. described as one of the finest launch sites in the world. Aero sport enthusiasts are delighted with the local wind conditions.Manali. Skiing courses and competitions are held every year at Solang Nala above Manali. It was the time to do some action as the purpose was just to touch the heights of the Great Himalayas in order to seek follow the path of Beas Kund….

Enjoy the formidable bend. Mountaineering inspires man to attain the inner elusive peak within him.While undertaking the skiing adventure. these peaks have been tried by experienced mountaineers from all over the world. The magic of the wind rushing past as you slide down on the snow clad slopes artistically cutting figures of eight or the sheer pleasure of water skiing will leaves you spellbind. 42 . you will be encountering. where your all dreams come true. With an average altitude of 5. But it also requires exhaustive planning. Solang Valley has good skiing slopes equipped with an excellent lift. expertise and experience. peaks in Kullu valley offer challenging playground for Indian and International expeditions as well. it also offers views of the glaciers and snowcapped mountain peaks.January .March. that will definitely leads you to the world of fantasy. Every day is full of fresh challenges that have to be conquered and appreciated. camaraderie. turns and jumps of skiing by taking up longer ski runs with faster speed on the mighty Indian Himalayas. succession of blissful days.000 to 6. specialized equipment. A splendid valley between Manali and Kothi. If one wants to do something exciting and also want to rejuvenate their senses in a real manner then one should visit this land of Kullu and Manali. These were the description of some of the major adventurous activities performed in the the region of Kullu and Manali. Location for skiing 13 km from Manali. when you are at any skiing resort. Mountaineering For the most adventurous. esprit de corps and team spirit is developed through mountaineering.000 meters. Bonhomie. budgeting. Season: .

A route to solang nala. valleys. So. rivers. Manali. The tough terrain of The Great Himalayas had taught us to make the fullest of the less resources and abide with each other in difficult situations. it is not false to say that adventure tourism is directly depending on nature’s attitude. forests. 43 . A good snowfall season can boost many adventure sports as Skiing. Factors Affecting the Spirit of Adventure tourism Adventure tourism is widely dependent upon the natural resources. mainly snow. wind etc.

the snowfall is not up to standard than we have to look towards other alternates because low snowfall directly affects adventure sports like Skiing. Hand of tourism in Manali’s development 44 . If we are successful in maintaining the balance among different aspects of adventure tourism we will end up in getting good results. There are many other adventure sports such as rock climbing.Heli-skiing. We should plan which adventure sport we are going to promote more so it is more beneficial to us. trekking depends upon geographical features. White river rafting etc. White river rafting etc. We should plan in such a way that we have more positive impacts and we are able to minimize the negative impacts. If in a certain year. During this time we should encourage other adventure sports like trekking more. We have to make balance among Snow season and Geographical features.

g) Provide quality and professional services at reasonable price. Manali has huge potential to boost adventure tourism but the question is that how we can enhance adventure tourism in Manali? The answer to this question is given in by the following points: a) Develop professional approach. f) Involve local people in any campaign. i) Try to boost geographical adventure sports. If some location has everything according to tourism potential. b) Try to maintain balance between young talent and experienced staff. j) Try to work out any government project. Manali has vast potential to develop adventure tourism and still we have to introduce other schemes to boost tourism. k) Make handy proposal for the development of adventure sports. First we have to make difference between Snowy adventure sports and geographical sports because both of them are very important for the development of Manali as a place to hold year around adventure activates. Same concept is viable to Manali. it should be utilized. 45 . c) Work out process to utilized natural resources in eco-friendly way. e) Aware local people about the need of eoc-friendly environment. Positive utilization of resources or talent can be handy. d) Invite private companies.If something has the potential. it should be properly utilized. h) Provide safety and security.

During this tour we had learned to live in a group and work as a team not as an individual. The whole concept of this camp was just to develop a positive change in our lifestyles. running for the better task performances. Team spirit and co-ordination was the major motive of this LDC program and today the students are proud to say that they had learned to manage all the things around them. trekking to the highest point of Beas Kund. 46 . Waking up early in the morning. We had learned to manage in order to co-ordinate so as to get the right influencing power which will help in social adaptability which will lead us towards an effective intelligence in order to have a high determination power. During this 9 days tour all the majorly described motives of this camp were attained by the students. living like a family and of course the new bonds and relations will remain in the memories forever and ever.What we had learned From this ‘LDC’? Leadership development camp. This was the type of program which had leaded our lives towards a new path. Manali. doing daily exercises. Therefore the LDC has helped us in many ways.

The two classes of BTA and MTA were combined together and the program of LDC was made. The students of both the classes had no knowledge about each other there was a relation of just seniors and juniors. These sweet memories will remain forever in our mind. So. The co-ordination and corporation between the groups was one of the remarkable deeds that were done. their patience and calmness was the only thing which had made the brats of IVS does the tasks efficiently. Rest the LDC program is just a history which we expect to be remembered with its positive aspects not the negative one. The majestic mountain ranges covered with the snow peaks. 47 .EXPERIENCES DURING THE CAMP…. This was the talk about the students but coming down to our instructors. as to build up an efficient ‘TOURISM PROFESSIONALS’ such type of experiences are required. Whenever the journey starts it gets started with few people and those people are not even known to each other. the glaciers and the breath taking view of the sight. such was the case with our journey too. watching all these things was an experience to hold us mesmerized for our life long memories. After this journey the two classes came together to be known as a family of IVS. This was the camp which brought all of us together and gave an opportunity to know each other.

apple orchards and what not. beautiful valleys. 48 . “Leadership Development Camp. The objectives of the camp were almost completed in these days. In the last I would only like to express my words of gratitude to the Director of IVS. As the name only suggests.” was meant to harness and polish our leadership qualities to the best of our individuality and personality. The Leadership Development Camp was meant to give us information about the tourism phenomena. Manali is the region which had gained fame in such a small period of time. the Instructors at DMAAS. in order to maintain Manali as a tourist place and to let it be a place of habitat we have to start thinking about the overcrowding of this place. Prof.Bansal. The camp came to an end on 4th August 2010 after 9 days. my classmates of MTA. The construction of hotels. The program named as MTA was started in the year 1992.P. the Faculty members of IVS. S. awareness of the world and their place in it and the thirst for new experience. This was the tour which was the practical exposure for the students of MTA and BTA. which is a two years master’s degree. Without the help and trust of these people the ‘LEADERSHIP DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM’ was incomplete. my Parents and of course to my friends. All adventure activities shares characteristics that combine immigration. So. These courses provide us in-depth knowledge of the tourism industry. adventurous sports. I today fell proud to be the part of this wonderful field of tourism and above that the part of IVS family. parking etc is leading Manali towards the path of deterioration. The place is famous for many things like the pilgrimage centres. This event gives us a chance to take up different type of adventure activities.CONCLUSION The much adorable and flourishing streams of today’s challenging world is the field of ‘Tourism’.

Manali Brochures Personal experiences Internet 49 .P state guide • Directorate of Mountaineering and Allied Sports (DMAS).REFERENCES • • • • • Lonely Planet H.

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