WELD DISCONTINUITY EVALUATION GAIDE

Internul Concavitv
ASME Section WII - Div I
Smoothly contoured concavity permitted ,f equal

reinforcementis provided (UW-35.d) ASME 831.3 Shall not reduce the total thiclcnessof the joint, including reinforcement to less than the thickness of the thinner of the components beingjoined. Totaljoint thiclcness including weld reinforcement) : t (Table341.3.2) API 1I04 Density of any area exceedingthe density of the thinnestadjacentbasenrctal is unacceptable. (9.3.6.)

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Slug Inclusions
l i i

i',;!

t'n

ti
t*

,l

,{
",u

ur

""4r 1"{ .

-"t*.

ASME Section WII - Div 1 100okRsdiosran' ,, Material thickness Max. slag length <3/4" I/4" 3/4" to 2 I/4" I/3 t > 2 l/4" 3/4" - t in I2t Max total Length (UW-S1.b.2 b.3) and ASME Section WII - Div I Snot Radiosran' r Max length of 2/3t Max total length t in l2t of weld Max width of 3/32" or I/3t .(UW-52.c.2) ASME 831.3 SevereCvclic Conditions Max length I/3t Max total length t in I2t of weld Max width of 3/32" or I/3t (Thu lesser) (Table34I .3.2) ASME 831.3 Normal Fluid Service Max length 2t Max total length 4t in 6" ofweld Max width of 1/8" or l/2t (The lesser)(Table341.3.2) API 1IO4 Max width l/13", The total eccumulatedlength shall not exceed8% of the weld length.Isolated inclusions are not exceed in any continuous12"-fo,pipe 2 2" 3/8" O.D. and larger. For pipe O.D. less than 2 3/8" inclusionsare limited to 3 times the thinnestof the

pipes beingjoined (9.3.8) t : Vf/allthiclcness

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SIae Inclusions
|i* ' : ASME Section r-*-iir,:$r.r,:rq,,.r*11r:;!i;.;,.:ff1!;ti4 WII - Div I 100% RadiogranhV

i

t*@ \t r *

@ , unf - *
$o' .o'

' ,

', :
, ,,

"2

Material thiclcness <3/4" ,,,i 3/4,, to 2 I/4,, ::
> 2I/4r,

Max. slag length I/4" I/3 t
3/4r,

;,;-**"r,;

;;'rl,:'::,;;'-,,,..r*;',.',;4^*;J.ho**;"rs,::i;.!ii:;+ir"*:i*r:ro#i;;*'*r*ir*s+ririt:idii:i;t:ai))i

Max total Length - t in I2t (UW-5 1.b.2and b.3) ASME Section WII - Div I S^ot Radiosra-' ', Max length of 2/3t Max total length t in I2t of weld Max width of 3/32" or I/3t (UW-52.c.2) ASME f.31.3 SevereCvclic Conditions Max length 1/3t Max total length t in I2t of weld Max width of 3/32" or I/3t (Thu lesser) (Table341.3.2) ASME 831.3 Normal Fluid Service Max length 2t Max total length 4t in 6" ofweld Max width of I/8" or I/2t (The lesser) (Table341.3.2) API 1104 Max width I/13", The total accumulatedlength shall not exceedB% of the weld length.Isolated inclusionsare not exceed2" in any continuousI2" for pipe 2 3/8" O.D. and larger. For pipe O.D. less than 2 3/8" inclusions are limited to 3 times the thinnest of the pipes being joined (9.3.8) t: Wall thickness

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WELD DISCONTINUITY EVALUATION GUIDE

Excessive Root Penetrution
ASME Section WII - Div 1 Material thiclcness Max Height I/I6" to 3/32" r/32" > 3/32" to 3/I6" t/16" >3/l6" to I/2" 5/32" > I/2" to I" 3/I6" >I" to2" I /8" >2" to 3" s/32" >3" to 4" 7/32" >5" 5/r6"

(uw-35,d)

ASME 831.3
Material thiclcness < I/4" > I/4" to I/2" >l/2" to I" Over I " (Table34I .3.2) API 1I 04 Not Covered Max Height

r/r6"
T /8" 5/32"

3/r6"

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WELD DISCONTINAITY EVALUATION GUIDE

fncom-' ' Fasion
:ja

I l
:s
,',
.t r

t

{. '''{
I
f-

T:: '*1 "" 4l'

'""/J":!:4t:','1':J:'/\'.:! ' , , ' , : ,ASME SeCtiOn WII

*
f

:, . :,,,, ,. Ir{one Allowed (UW-5l,b,l)

- DiV I

.tr
I 4'{.

*

f,
f

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,,

s

.J n

ASME 831.3
I,{one Allowed (Table341.3.2) API 1104 Rootpass: Maximum l" length of 12" of weld or 9% of total weld length (9.3.4) Sidewall of betweenbeads (cold-lop): Max length per indication< 2", 2" in 12" of weld and total length or any indications not to exceed80% of total weld length (9.3.5)

!.r!"af

,t",*i;r;dj'*:#*tniA.

#sl,':,,,,,.,,.,.,.,,!:inii:*i!jt:!t:i*1

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WELD DISCONTINUITY EVALUATION GUIDE

fncom^- ' Penetrution
ASME Section VIII - Div I IVone allowed (UW-S I,b,I)
f {i:,.,.

ASME 831.3 SevereCvclic Conditions IVone allowed (Table341.3.2) ASME 831.3 Normal Fluid Service Max depth of 1/32" or 20% of Wall Thiclcness, whicheveris smaller. Max length of I I/2" in 6" of weld. Ir{one allowedfor long seams. (Table34I .3.2) API 1104 Max I" in 12" ofweld or Bo% weld length if less of than 12" (9.3.1) For inadequatecrosspenetration: Maximum of 2" and cumulative2" in I2" of continuous weld (9.3.3)

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WELD DISCONTINAITY EVALUATION GUIDE

Incomplete Penetration Due to High-Low
ASME Section VIII - Div I I{one allowed (UW-S I,b,l) ASME 831.3 IVoneallowed (Table341.3.2) API I1O4 Max individual length: l " Max accumLtlated length of 3" in 12" of continuous weld (9.3.2)

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WELD DISCONTINUITY EVALUATION GUIDE

Cracks
+t "' 14:r: rffi {

I "1 .t
iur

1
7

t:.fi ::t':t :t:':r$. ::,:1 rrflhs !::,:t

ASME Section VIII - Div I It{one allowed (UW-S I,b,I)

1_,

r.w ' :ll.
:

.,,,,.$ASME 831.3

",a:lii

IVoneallowed (Table341.3.2) API I1O4 Shallow Crater crack or star crack not be longer than 5/32". Shallow Crater crack or star cracks are locatedat the stoppingpoint of weld beadsand are result of weld metal contractions during solidifi cation. Cracks of any size or location in the weld are not allowed

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WELD DISCONTINUITY EVALAATION GAIDE

r0

Crucks
.T
,!

't

,,

'

f'

s , :,,: .

g

r"' *.
: ,

Try1"7
. ! :.

:,.
:

: x

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. ,,

ASME Section VIII - Div I ft lt{one I,b,l) allowed (UW-S ASME 831.3 I{one allowed (Table341.3.2) API I1O4 Shallow Crater crack or star crack not be longer than 5/32". Shallow Crater crack or star cracksare locatedat the stoppingpoint of weld beadsand are result of weld metal contractionsduring sol idifi cation. Cracks of any size or location in the weld are not allowed

r"
: f $

*t$,,,,1",
" s . '

'.' .

.

lii':'; -Ji'tt :l'i,',':o;:'

.,,, I -.";-,:..,:..,

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WELD DISCONTINUITY EVALUATION GUIDE

n

Crucks
, "4.""'=

x '*
.4, \ 'to ,.'n.'
. l

..*'t i
, ! f

ii,''4rir$ras+h,:hv*':* ASME

Section

WII

- Div

I

.'

^ ,.'* {
.f

*l .I

.i l{one allowed (UW-5I,b,I)
q 1*I

,-{",

.s

*J ASME 831.3
It{one allowed (Table341.3.2) API 1104 Shallow Crater crack or star crack not be longer than 5/32". Shallow Crater crack or star cracks are locatedat the stoppingpoint of weld beads and are result of weld metal contractionsduring solidification. Cracks of any size or location in the weld are not allowed

I

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TryE DISCONTINUITY EVALUATION GAIDE LD

t2

Misalignment
ASME Section WII - Div I Mat. Thiclcness Long. Max. < I/2" I /4t > l/2" to 3/4" r/8" >3/4" to I-1/2" r/8" > I-I/2" to 2" r/8" >2" Lesserof I/16 t or 3/8" (UW-33a) Circum. Max. I/4 t 1/4 t

3/r6"
I/B t I/Bt or 3/4"

ASME 831.3
Inside diametersof components end to bejoined at must be aligned within engineeringdesignand welding procedure ( WPS (the lesser of I/4 t or ). 3/16" recommended). the externalsurfacesof the If two components not aligned, the weld shall be are taperedbetweenthe surfaces. (328.4.3) API 1IO4 Theoffiet shouldnot exceedI/8" Greater ffiet causedby dimensionalvariations shall be equally distributed around the circumference thepipe. (7.2) of

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WELDDISCONTINUITY EVALAATION GUIDE

l3

TungstenInclusions
I

{

is
1 A

or,

.\ "\"

.{ W , , l{* r *
@ ,nr s':" '" "'""-

I d

ASME Section WII - Div I 100% Radioeraohv Material thiclcness Max slag length <3/4" I /4" 3/4" to 2 I/4" I/3 t > 2 I/4" 3/4" : t in I2t Max total Length (rW-S1.b.2and b.3) ASME Section WII - Div I Sn 'Radioeraohv Max length of 2/3t Max total length t in I2t of weld (UW-52.c.2) Max width of 3/32" or 1/3t ASME /.31.3 SevereCvclic Conditions Max length 1/3t Max total length t in I2t of weld Max width of 3/32" or I/3t (Thelesser) (Table341.3.2) ASME 831.3 Normal Fluid Service Max length 2t Max total length 4t in 6" of weld Max width of I/8" or I/2t (Thelesser) (Table341.3.2)

API 1IO4 Max width l/l3", The total accumulatedlength shall not exceed8% of the weld length.Isolated inclusionsare not exceed in any continuous12" 2" "forpipe 2 3/8" O.D. and larger. For pipe O.D. less than 2 3/8" inclusionsare limited to 3 timesthe thinnestof thepipes beingjoined (9.3.8) t : Wall thiclcness

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WELD DISCONTINUITY EVALAATION GUIDE

14

PorosiU
|-'",-" ,lfl "' *{ /
'i,

-t" ,',,*-,*'' ',:1, :

Ju n:*"*-.,', ***' ^"=-wd**i'*i*'e*

.'

, *.""

.

Maximum sizefor any indication shall be the lesserof 1/4t or 5/32". Isolated indications separatedby at least l" is the lesserof I/3t or I/4". For t >2" Themaximumacceptable size is 3/8" (Appendix 4) ASME Section WII - Div 1. Soot Radioera-bv Roundedindicationsare not a factor in the acceptabilityof welds if that welds not required to befully radiographed. (UW-52,(c),(3)) ASME 831.3 SevereCvclic Conditions Maximum sizefor any indication shall be the lesserof 1/4t or 5/32". Isolated indications separatedby at least I" is the lesserof I/3t or l/4". For t >2" Themaximumacceptable size is 3/8". Not surfaceporosiQ allowed. ASME 831.3 Normal Fluid Service For t < l/4", requirementsare the sqmeasfor severecyclic conditions. For t > I/4" requirementsare 1.5 times thosefor severecyclic conditions. Not surfaceporosiQ allowed.

API 1104 Max dimensionl/8" or 25% of weld thiclcness, whicheveris smaller, (9.3.9.2) Cluster: Max area of I/2" diameter.Max individual pore S l/16". Max 1/2'lmgth in 12" ofweld. (9.3.9.3) Hollow bead:Max length l/2'. Max 2" length in 12" ofweldwith individual discontinuities exceeding I/4" in length separated by at least 2". The total accumulated ofweld length (9.3.9.4) length shall not exceed80%

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WELD DISCONTINUITY EVALAATION GUIDE

l5

Externul Concavitv
ASME Section WII - Div I Smoothly contoured concavity permitted if equal reinforcementis provided (UW-35.d) ASME '.31.3 Shall not reduce the total thiclcnessof the joint, including reinforcementto less than the thiclcness of the thinner of the components being joined. Total joint thiclcness including weld reinforcement) - t (Table34I .3.2) API I1O4 DensiQ of any area exceedingthe density of the thinnestadjacentbasemetal is unacceptable. (9.3.6.)

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WELD DISCONTINAITY EVALUATION GUIDE

t6

Burn - Through
ASME Section WII - Div I
Ir{ot Covered. see (Jndercut

ASME 831.3
It{otcovered,seeIncompletepenetration API 1IO4 Maximum dimensionshall not exceedI/4" or the thinnestof thepipe wall thiclcness being joined. Ir,lot film densiQ exceedthat of thinnestadjacentbasematerial. Total of maximumdimensions 12" of weld shall not in exceedI/2"

(e.3.7.2)

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WELD DISCONTINUITY EVALUATION GUIDE

I7

(Jndercut- Ca- Puss
, '* -,
t" I , f r* 'td
. li.:r:s :er.::,,r: :r.:*ras l,:$lki+1

.s"

. ' , ,' * '
f :, :: d 1.,:,
S '

't r€

-t.

\

' j

,

{

ASME Section WII - Div I Theweld must befree of coarseripples,grooves, over laps, abrupt ridges or valleys. Ary thiclcness reduction due to welding shall not exceedthe lesser of I/32" or I0% of adjoining wall thicl*tess. (UW-3s(a) and (b)(1) and (2)) ASME 831.3 SevereCvclic Conditions I{ot allowed (Table341.3.2) ASME 831.3 Normal Fluid Service Max Depth of I/32" or 25% of wall Thiclwtess, whicheveris smaller, lVot allowed longitudinal butt joints. (Table341.3.2) API 1104 Total length of undercutshall not exceed in I2" 2" of weld. The total accumulationsshall not exceedI/6 of the weld length (9.3.1 I) For mechanicalmeasurement when is available Depth > 1/32" o ) 12.5%of wall thiclcness, whicheveris smaller, the undercutis not allowed. Depth > I/64" or between and 12.5%of wall 6% thiclcness whicheveris smaller, length: 2" I any continuousI2" weld length or l/6 the weld length, whicheveris smaller. Depth -< l/64" or -< 6?5of pipe wall thiclcness whicheveris smaller, the undercutis acceptable,

regardless of length (9.7. 1)

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WELD DISCONTINAITY EVALUATION GUIDE

l8

Porositv
ASME Section WII - Div I 100% Radiography Maximum sizefor any indication shall be the lesserof I/4t or 5/32". Isolated indications separatedby at least I" is the lesserof 1/3t or I/4". For t >2" The maximumacceptable size is 3/8" (Appendix 4) ASME Section WII - Div I S'ot Radiosra^' " Roundedindications are not a factor in the acceptabilityof welds if that welds not required to befully radiographed. (rJW-52,(c),(3)) ASME 831.3 SevereCvclic Conditions Maximum sizefor any indication shall be the lesserof 1/4t or 5/32". Isolated indications separatedby at least l" is the lesserof I/3t or l/4". For t >2" The maximumacceptable size is 3/8". Not surfaceporosiQ allowed. (Table341.3.2) ASME 831.3 Normal Fluid Service For t < I/4", requirementsare the sameasfor severecyclic conditions. For t > I/4" requirementsare 1.5 timesthosefor severe cyclic conditions. ll/ot surfaceporosity allowed. (Table341.3.2) API 1104 of whicheveris smaller, (9.3.9.2) Cluster: Max dimensionI/8" or 25o% weld thiclcness, Max area of 1/2" diameter. Max individual pore 3 I/16". Max I/2" length in 12" ofweld. (9.3.9.3) Hollow bead: Max length 1/2". Max 2" length in l2" ofweldwith individual discontinuities exceeding 1/4" in length separated by at least 2". Thetotal accumulatedlength shall not exceed8% of weld length (9.3.9.4)

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WELD DISCONTINAITY EVALAATION GAIDE

t9

Undercut- Root Pass
ASME Section VIII - Div I The weld must befree of coarseripples, grooves, over laps, abrupt ridges or valleys. Any thiclcness reduction due to welding shall not exceedthe lesser of I/32" or I0% of adjoining wall thiclcness. (UW-3s(a) and (b)(t) and (2)) ASME 831.3 SevereCvclic Conditions It{ot allowed (Table341.3.2) ASME 831.3 Normal Fluid Service Max Depth of 1/32" or 25% of wall Thickness, whichever is smaller, Not allowed longitudinal butt joints. (Table341.3.2) API 1104 Total length of undercutshall not exceed in 12" 2" of weld. The total eccumulations shall not exceedI/6 of the weld length (9.3.I I) For mechanicalmeasurement when is available Depth > I/32" o ) 12.5%of wall thiclcness, whichever is smaller, the undercutis not allowed. Depth > I/64" or between and I2.5% of wall 6% thiclcness whicheveris smaller, length: 2" I any continuousI2" weld length or I/6 the weld length, whichever is smaller. Depth :< I/64" or -< 60% pipe wall thiclcness of whicheveris smaller, the undercutis acceptable, regardlessof length. (9.7.I)

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WELD DISCONTINUITY EVALUATION GUIDE

Porositv
tryTTtTYtffiryryrys
: . [ ' ' ' . . , ' l

ASME Section VIII - Div I 100% Radioera-hv Maximum sizefor any indication shall be the lesserof 1/4t or 5/32". Isolated indications separatedby at least l" is the lesserof 1/3t or I/4". For t >2" The maximumacceptablesize is 3/8" (Appendix 4) ASME Section WII - Div I S-ot Rodioeraphv Roundedindicationsare not a factor in the acceptability of welds if that welds not required to befully radiographed. (UW-52,(r),(3)) ASME 831.3 SevereCvclic Conditions Maximum sizefor any indication shall be the lesserof I/4t or 5/32". Isolqted indications separatedby at least I" is the lesserof I/3t or I/4". For t >2" Themaximumacceptable size is 3/8". Itlot surfoceporosiQ allowed. (Table341.3.2) ASME 831.3 Normol Fluid Service For t < I/4", reqltirementsare the sameasfor severecyclic conditions. For t > I/4" requirementsare 1.5 times thosefor severecycltc conditions. Not surfaceporosity allowed. (Table341.3.2)

API I1O4 Max dimensionI/8" or 250% weld thickness, of whichever is smaller, (9.3.9.2) Cluster: Max area of 1/2" diameter. Mm individual pore S I/16". Max I/2" length in 12" ofweld. (9.3.9.3) Hollow bead: Max length I/2". Mm 2u length in I2" ofweldwith individual discontinuities exceeding1/4" in lmgth separated by at least 2". length shall not exceed8% ofweld length (9.3.9.4) The total accumulated

XPEAAO TOP INfENIEPO SOPfE EAIEXEP PYEAA AANIEA'.

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