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As Jordan watches, his brother receives an electric shock from touching the frayed toaster cord. Jordan is now intensely afraid of toasters. This best illustrates that fear can be learned through A) linkage analysis. B) stimulus generalization. C) reinforcement. D) observational learning. 2. Internal, stable, and global explanations of one's own failures are indicative of A) pessimism. B) optimism. C) introversion. D) extraversion. 3. The prominent feature of mood disorders is the experience of A) paranoia. B) emotional extremes. C) social phobia. D) flat affect. 4. One cluster of personality disorders marked by dramatic or impulsive behaviors is exemplified by the ________ personality disorder. A) catatonic B) avoidant C) histrionic D) schizoid 5. Which perspective suggests that depression is a reaction to loss and the internalization of unresolved anger toward parents? A) learning B) psychoanalytic C) social-cognitive D) biological
and autonomic nervous system arousal. 7. Disruptive or withdrawn behavior. C) ADHD. Among women. D) hypochondriasis. antidepressant drugs stimulate the growth of neurons in the A) reticular formation.6. 10. By boosting serotonin. the stresses and demoralization of poverty are especially likely to precipitate A) depression. C) delusions of persecution. D) abnormally large and the thalamus is abnormally small. wildly optimistic states of emotion. A generalized anxiety disorder is characterized by A) alternations between extreme hopelessness and unrealistic optimism. apprehension. D) cerebellum. C) hippocampus. 8. the fluid-filled areas of the brain are A) abnormally small and the thalamus is abnormally large. and solo play have been noted as early warning signs of A) obsessive-compulsive disorder. C) panic disorder. poor peer relations. A major depressive disorder is most likely to be characterized by A) alternations between extreme hopelessness and unrealistic optimism. B) abnormally small and the thalamus is abnormally small. B) hyperactive. B) schizophrenia. 9. B) feelings of personal worthlessness. D) schizophrenia. Among schizophrenia patients. D) a continuous state of tension. C) offensive and unwanted thoughts that persistently preoccupy a person. Page 2 . C) abnormally large and the thalamus is abnormally large. 11. B) dissociative disorders. D) a persistent irrational fear of other people. B) sympathetic nervous system.
Page 3 . C) estrogen. C) observational learning. 14. Which of the following disorders was more common in Freud's day than it is today? A) dissociative identity disorder B) depression C) anorexia nervosa D) conversion disorder 15.12. 13. D) generalized anxiety disorder. D) bipolar disorder. Larry's behavior is most characteristic of A) obsessive-compulsive disorder. Larry has difficulty organizing his daily schedule of work responsibilities. 16. B) hypochondriasis. C) a dissociative disorder. Many believe Handel suffered a mild form of A) hypochondriasis. B) stimulus generalization. George Frideric Handel composed his Messiah during three weeks of intense. D) acetylcholine. Drugs that alleviate mania tend to reduce levels of the neurotransmitter A) norepinephrine. Rats that received unpredictable electric shocks in a laboratory experiment subsequently became apprehensive when returned to that same laboratory setting. D) reinforcement. B) dopamine. creative energy. He often makes careless mistakes or fails to complete his work because he is easily distracted. C) attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder. This best illustrates that anxiety disorders may result from A) classical conditioning. B) agoraphobia.
Sadie is so fearful of being overwhelmed by anxiety that she rarely steps outside her apartment. A conversion disorder is most likely to be characterized by A) very specific physical symptoms that have no apparent physiological basis. Hunt is most clearly suffering from A) hallucinations. September Page 4 . 20. and autonomic nervous system arousal.” Mr.17. 19. C) obsessions. C) obsessive-compulsive disorder. Sadie's behavior is most characteristic of A) somatoform disorder. The thought of going shopping and getting lost in a crowd terrifies her. This idea best illustrates the ________ perspective. so she has her groceries delivered. It has been suggested that compulsive acts typically exaggerate behaviors that contributed to the survival of the human species. Mr. February D) Asia. 21. February C) North America. Because of her fear. working at home. B) dissociative identity disorder. September B) Australia. B) agoraphobia. D) generalized anxiety disorder. D) delusions. C) a continuous state of tensions. People born in ________ during the month of ________ are at increased risk for schizophrenia. A) Europe. B) alternations between extreme hopelessness and unrealistic optimism. A) psychoanalytic B) biological C) learning D) humanistic 18. she earns her living as a freelance writer. D) offensive and unwanted thoughts that persistently preoccupy a person. apprehension. Hunt believes that he is the president of the United States and that he will soon become the “King of the Universe.
B) offensive and unwanted thoughts that persistently preoccupy a person. A sense of being separated from your body and watching yourself with a sense of detachment is a symptom of A) agoraphobia. C) major depressive disorder. C) PTSD. C) false beliefs of persecution or grandeur. irrational fears of specific objects or situations. D) obsessive-compulsive disorder. 25. Obsessions are A) periodic episodes of intense dread accompanied by frightening physical sensations. If identical twins share a single placenta rather than having separate placentas. B) antisocial personality disorder. She has withdrawn from friends and family because she feels worthless and unlovable. A) antisocial personality disorder B) hypochondriasis C) schizophrenia D) a dissociative disorder Page 5 . C) generalized anxiety disorder. B) dissociation. B) absolved people of personal responsibility for their own behavior. 26. Gabrielle is most likely suffering from A) PTSD. Inattention. 27. D) ADHD.22. D) persistent. 24. The greatest shortcoming associated with explanations of psychological disorders in terms of demon possession is that these explanations A) led to some harsh and ineffective remedial treatments. and impulsivity are major symptoms of A) DID. 23. C) encouraged many to believe there was no such thing as insanity. their chances of being similarly affected by ________ are dramatically increased. Gabrielle has felt lethargic and has been unable to get out of bed in the morning. D) agoraphobia. D) were relevant only to severe disorders such as schizophrenia. hyperactivity. For the last month. B) OCD.
C) experience anorexia nervosa. An incapacitating and highly distressing fear about being embarrassed in the presence of others is most characteristic of A) antisocial personality disorder. D) catatonia. B) attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder. B) report physical symptoms of psychological distress. C) obsessive-compulsive disorder. Page 6 . 29. D) social phobia. His therapist suggests that Julius continues his maladaptive bathing because this behavior temporarily reduced his anxiety on many past occasions. B) panic disorder. Maladaptive behaviors that reduce worry and fear are most indicative of A) an anxiety disorder. 30. A) psychoanalytic B) humanistic C) learning D) biological 31. Compared with people in many Western countries. C) schizophrenia. people in China more often A) exhibit dissociative identity disorder. C) preadolescent children.28. 32. Julius is obsessed with avoiding germs and feels compelled to bathe at least 10 times a day. C) bipolar disorder. B) generalized anxiety disorders. 33. Gender differences in depression are least noticeable among A) old adults. D) obsessive-compulsive disorder. A breakdown in selective attention is most likely to be experienced by those who suffer from A) phobias. B) young adults. D) suffer from bipolar disorders. D) teen children. The therapist's suggestion most directly reflects a ________ perspective.
the social-cognitive perspective suggests that people should be encouraged to explain their failures in terms that are both A) external and global. We can more easily extinguish a fear of driving a car than a fear of holding snakes. B) bipolar disorder. C) social circumstances and psychological factors. Without warning. D) bipolar disorder.34. William. C) a dissociative disorder. and he breaks out in a cold sweat. 38. is unable to remember anything of a bombing raid in which his plane was severely damaged and two crew members were killed. a college student. D) panic disorder. Rishi most likely suffers from A) generalized anxiety disorder. his heart begins to pound. B) a phobia. Because he himself suffered no physical injuries. 35. his hands get icy. Page 7 . psychologists suspect that William probably suffers from A) a phobia. B) internal and global. C) obsessive-compulsive disorder. This is best explained from a ________ perspective. 36. complains that he feels apprehensive and fearful most of the time but doesn't know why. In order to break the vicious cycle of depression. D) internal and stable. an airplane pilot. Rishi. D) biological evolution. B) the DSM-IV-TR. The medical model of psychologically disordered behavior is most likely to be criticized for neglecting the importance of A) genetically influenced abnormalities. C) external and temporary. A) humanistic B) learning C) biological D) psychoanalytic 37.
43. Page 8 . A) personality B) acute C) free-floating D) reactive 41. The billionaire aviator Howard Hughes insisted that his assistants carry out elaborate hand-washing rituals and wear white gloves when handling any document he would later touch. Melissa is fearful of men and refuses to go out on dates. Psychological disorders characterized by inflexible. D) linkage analysis. A) psychoanalytic B) biological C) social-cognitive D) learning 40. D) antisocial personality disorder. According to the ________ perspective. anxiety is sometimes produced by the submerged mental energy associated with repressed impulses. and socially maladaptive behavior patterns are called ________ disorders. C) the medical model. His behavior best illustrated the symptoms of A) bipolar disorder. Her therapist suggests that she is fearful because she was sexually abused by her father when she was young. B) schizophrenia. A) biological B) humanistic C) psychoanalytic D) learning 42.39. enduring. Positive psychological changes that result from struggling with extremely challenging life crises demonstrate A) post-traumatic growth. The therapist's suggestion most clearly reflects a ________ perspective. B) dissociation. C) obsessive-compulsive disorder.
Noah's therapist suggests that Noah developed a dissociative identity disorder in order to misbehave without feeling a strong sense of personal shame. Petrides usually sits passively in a motionless stupor. mania D) schizophrenia. Page 9 . 47. A) psychoanalytic B) biological C) social-cognitive D) humanistic 46. phobia B) obsession. One facet of the positive psychology movement has been the introduction of a classification system designed to aid in the process of A) explaining psychological disorders. B) inappropriate laughter. 49. C) an irrational fear of people. C) assessing human strengths. C) catatonia. Although Mrs. A) delusion. Repeatedly thinking about your own death is to ________ as repeatedly washing your hands is to ________. She most likely suffers from A) an obsessive-compulsive disorder. B) a somatoform disorder. she sometimes repetitiously shakes her head or waves her arms. D) a bipolar disorder. compulsion C) depression. D) reducing current reliance on the DSM-IV-TR. B) shortening the time it takes to classify psychological disorders. 48. B) their own self-importance. The therapist's suggestion most directly reflects a ________ perspective. Those with narcissistic personality disorder are likely to be preoccupied with A) delusions of persecution.44. C) an expressionless face. One of the negative symptoms of schizophrenia is A) uncontrollable outbursts of rage. D) physical symptoms of distress. D) loud and meaningless talking. dissociation 45.
increasing D) more. a(n) ________ proportion of American children have been treated for this disorder. ADHD is diagnosed ________ often in girls than in boys. decreasing Page 10 .50. A) less. increasing C) more. In the decade after 1987. decreasing B) less.
B Difficulty: Objective: Page: 615 6. B Difficulty: Objective: Page: 612 9. C Difficulty: Objective: Page: 618 8.Answer Key 1. D Difficulty: Objective: Page: 602 7. B Difficulty: Objective: Page: 611 4. A Difficulty: Objective: Page: 632 Difficult 8 Difficult 13 Easy 12 Difficult 18 Medium 13 Easy 4 Difficult 13 Easy 12 Medium 17 Medium 16 Medium 19 Page 11 . D Difficulty: Objective: Page: 625 11. D Difficulty: Objective: Page: 606 2. A Difficulty: Objective: Page: 619 3. C Difficulty: Objective: Page: 628 5. B Difficulty: Objective: Page: 628 10.
C Difficulty: Objective: Page: 612 23. D Difficulty: Objective: Page: 613 13. D Difficulty: Objective: Page: 622 19. B Difficulty: Objective: Page: 603 20. C Difficulty: Objective: Page: 625 22. A Difficulty: Objective: Page: 606 17. D Difficulty: Objective: Page: 608 15. A Difficulty: Objective: Page: 617 16.12. C Difficulty: Objective: Page: 595 14. B Medium 12 Medium 1 Difficult 9 Medium 13 Medium 8 Easy 8 Medium 14 Difficult 5 Easy 9 Difficult 16 Easy 12 Page 12 . A Difficulty: Objective: Page: 608 21. B Difficulty: Objective: Page: 607 18.
24. Difficulty: Objective: Page: 603 D Difficulty: Objective: Page: 595 A Difficulty: Objective: Page: 596 B Difficulty: Objective: Page: 609 C Difficulty: Objective: Page: 626 B Difficulty: Objective: Page: 608 D Difficulty: Objective: Page: 603 C Difficulty: Objective: Page: 606 A Difficulty: Objective: Page: 601 C Difficulty: Objective: Page: 614 C Difficulty: Objective: Page: 622 A Easy 6 Easy 1 Medium 2 Medium 10 Medium 17 Difficult 9 Medium 5 Medium 8 Easy 4 Easy 13 Medium 14 Page 13 . 31. 25. 27. 30. 33. 26. 28. 32. 29. 34.
39. 45. 40. 43. Difficulty: Medium Objective: 4 Page: 602 C Difficulty: Difficult Objective: 13 Page: 620 C Difficulty: Medium Objective: 8 Page: 606-607 C Difficulty: Easy Objective: 2 Page: 596. 42.35. 41. 597 C Difficulty: Difficult Objective: 10 Page: 609 A Difficulty: Easy Objective: 8 Page: 606 A Difficulty: Medium Objective: 18 Page: 628 D Difficulty: Difficult Objective: 8 Page: 606 C Difficulty: Medium Objective: 6 Page: 603 A Difficulty: Easy Objective: 7 Page: 605 B Difficulty: Difficult Objective: 6 Page: 603 A Page 14 . 38. 36. 44. 37.
Difficulty: Objective: Page: 611 C Difficulty: Objective: Page: 623 C Difficulty: Objective: Page: 599 C Difficulty: Objective: Page: 623 B Difficulty: Objective: Page: 628 B Difficulty: Objective: Page: 595 Medium 11 Difficult 14 Easy 3 Medium 15 Medium 18 Medium 1 Page 15 . 50. 48. 49.46. 47.
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